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Posted in Emigration research on April 14, 2015
Most posts on this blog tell of campaigners for women’s rights. However among them I have already included two of more general interest that relate to the history of my own family. One – ‘Glad Were They To Rest on Australia’s Shore’ – is a story of emigration, telling of the perilous journey to Australia undertaken by my great, great, great, great grandfather and several of his children. The other – ‘War: 4 August 1914: And What The War Held For My Family’ – tells of my grandfather’s involvement in the First World War, his death on the Italian Front and the repercussions it had for his immediate family.
In that latter post I mention how his wife, my grandmother, never seemed to recover from his death. As a child I was always conscious of her sadness. What I did not know then and, indeed, have only discovered in the last few months, is how this (enforced) ‘desertion’ by her husband – when she was in her ’20s – echoed an entirely voluntary desertion by her father when she was not yet three years old.
The following story demonstrates a woman’s helplessness in the late 19th century. How could a deserted wife, with two very young children, possibly prevail on a husband for maintenance if he chose not to provide it and made a new life for himself on the other side of the world? Of course, I may be maligning him and he may have sent money back, but nothing gets away from the fact that his children were denied their father.
Some years ago I had looked briefly at this branch of my family’s history and had noted the birth of my grandmother, Margaret Dowie, in 1887, and of her brother, William, in 1888. The latter’s birth was registered by his father, William Shillinglaw Dowie (a grandson of the intrepid Australian emigrant) – but, rather to my surprise, that was the last trace I could find of this great-grandfather.
By the time the 1891 census was taken young Margaret and William Dowie were living with their mother back in the Falkland (Fife) home of her parents. Although their mother described herself as ‘Married’ there is no husband at home – nor was he there at the time of the following two censuses – in 1901 and in 1911. Nor could I find him anywhere else in Scotland, England or Ireland. To be absent from his family on each census day over three decades seemed to be more than a coincidence.
When my grandmother married in 1912 her father’s name appeared on her wedding certificate as though he were still alive; by the time her brother, William, married in 1918, his father is described as ‘deceased’. But, search as I might, I could find no trace of his death in Scotland, England or Ireland in the years between 1912 and 1918. I even spent some time hunting for his will in both the English and Scottish jurisdictions – but to no avail.
This is the kind of ‘absence’ that would until recently have gone unremarked. Unless it was part of a handed-down family story how could one spot such an absence? My mother never mentioned that she had an ‘absent’ grandfather – and when she was alive it never occurred to me to ask specific questions about generations that far back in time. Did she know what had happened to him? I don’t know.
It was only at the beginning of this year that a contact researching another branch of the Shillinglaw family pointed me in the right direction – across the Atlantic..
I had long since ceased looking for William Shillinglaw Dowie but, coincidentally, had by now acquired a subscription to ‘Ancestry’ that extended beyond the UK and Ireland. And, lo and behold, the absent great-grandfather was absent no longer.
I can now see that he arrived in the US in November 1889, barely a year after registering the birth of his son. He applied for naturalization in August 1904, while living in New York and working as a packer. Back in Scotland, like several generations of his family before him, he had worked as an estate or market gardener.
By the time of the 1910 Federal Census William Shillinglaw Dowie was living in Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington State. It was hardly possible to have moved further from the Scottish village in which his first family were living. He was now working as a US customs inspector and was living with May, his ‘wife’ of 15 years.
In 1920 the couple were still living in Tacoma and William Dowie was in the same occupation – but the household had been augmented by the arrival of a nephew, William P. Dowie, from Glasgow and a ‘foster son’, William M. Dowie. The latter was 8 years old and had been born in Washington State. On the census form, under the columns for place of birth of ‘Father’and ‘Mother’ is written ‘Don’t Know’.
However by the time of the 1930 Federal Census all such doubts had dissipated and William M Dowie was firmly acknowledged by William and May Dowie as ‘Son’ and the place of birth of his Father and Mother are the same as their own. I can find no trace of a marriage between May and William Shillinglaw Dowie – so presumably he was not, at least, a bigamist. But what effrontery to give the son of the second liaison the same name (his own, of course) as that he had given to his first-born son. He really had written thatScottish-born boy – and his sister – out of his history.
Did his ‘first family’ back home in Falkland know anything of the whereabouts of their husband and father? Did they know of the existence of this second family? The second William Dowie was only one year old when his half-sister, Margaret Dowie, my grandmother, was married and the information that her father was alive (and a ‘market gardener’) was stated on her marriage certificate.
They probably did know – for William Shillinglaw Dowie had not cut himself off from his siblings. As we saw, in 1920 one of his Glasgow nephews was living with him and that boy’s father, Donald Dowie, had moved his family from Glasgow to Seattle – quite close to Tacoma. Back in Falkland William Dowie’s wife must, over the years, surely have been able to make contact with her husband’s Glasgow family and garner some information as to his whereabouts.
Back in November 1889 did William Shillinglaw Dowie set off for America with a promise that when he had settled and found work he would send for his wife and two children? Or – and this seems more likely – had there been a marriage breakdown and – because he could – he set off for pastures new? Whatever the reason the result was a deserted wife, forced to return to her parents’ home, and two children left fatherless.
William Shillinglaw Dowie died in 1946, a few months after I was born. But he had presumably been ‘dead’ to his first family since 1918 when his son described him as such when giving the information to be included on his wedding certificate. His American son died in 1973. Did he know about this father’s other family? He does not seem to have left any children to carry on that line – allowing no possibility of interrogating that particular strand of the past.
It takes little imagination to guess the heartache that lies behind this family story. The deserted wife died in 1927, still living in what had been her parents’ home, now home to her own widowed daughter (my grandmother) and her two children. The pattern of a single mother left alone to bring up her children was repeating itself.
And how bizarre to think that although his wife and children probably knew next to nothing about the life of William Shillinglaw Dowie once he had crossed the Atlantic, nowadays not only am I able to uncover all this hidden history with the click of a few computer keys but I can even view a photograph of this errant great-grandfather’s grave.
Posted in Books And Ephemera For Sale on March 19, 2015
Woman and her Sphere
5 Owen’s Row
London EC1V 4NP
Item 495 (for description see below)
Index to Catalogue
Non-fiction: Items 1-169
Biography: Items 170-240
Ephemera: Items 241-356
Postcards: Items 357-360
Fiction: Items 361-393
Suffrage Non-fiction: Items 394-410
Suffrage Biography: Items 411-413
Suffrage Fiction: Items 414-422
Suffrage Ephemera: Items 423-478
Suffrage Ephemera (Kate Parry Frye Collection); Items 479-503
Suffrage Postcards: Real Photographic (including Marsden Collection): Items 504-552
Suffrage Postcards: Commercial Comic: Items 553-578
Suffrage Postcards: Suffrage Artist: Items 579-585
Women and the First World War: Items 586-599
- 500 HOUSEWIVES Five Hundred Household Hints Country Life 1926  The hints originated in ‘House & Garden’ – supplied by readers. Very good £8
- ALEXANDER, Sally Women’s Work in 19th-century London: a study of the years 1820-50 Journeyman Press 1983  First published in ‘The Rights and Wrongs of Women’ (ed Mitchell and Oakley, 1976). Soft covers – fine £8
- ALLEN, Jennifer (ed) Lesbian Philosophies and Cultures State University of New York Press 1990  Paper covers – very good £5
- ALLSOPP, Anne The Education and Employment of Girls in Luton, 1874-1924: widening opportunities and lost freedoms Boydell Press/Bedfordshire Historical Record Society 2005  Examines the education of Luton girls and its relationship with employment opportunities. Mint in d/w £20
- ANDREWS, Maggie The Acceptable Face of Feminism: the Women’s Institute as a social movement Lawrence & Wishart 1997  Soft covers – mint £9
- ANON Enquire Inside For Everything You Want to Know In Your Domestic and Social Life W. Foulsham no date [1930s?]  Paper covers – good – some foxing £4
- Anon The Intelligent Woman’s Guide to Shopping Retail Trading Standards Association no date   ‘How to be sure of getting value for money. How to be sure of distinguising good quality from bad. How to be sure of paying the right price.’ Card covers – very good £10
- ANON You And I Cookery Book: an effort to meet a need in the cheapest form Birling Publishing Co no date [1930s?/1940s?]  A spin-off of the ‘You and I’ magazine, published in connected with the YWCA. ‘Over 1000 carefully seleccted household hints and reccipes’. I can’t work out when this was published – it contains several recipes with ‘War-time’ in their titles – but am not sure if this is looking back to WW1 or whether it was published during WW2. But others seem to use a surprising amount of sugar and eggs for cooking in a time of strict rationing. But, whenever, ‘Economy’, was the watchword. Paper covers – front cover present but detached – back cover missing £2
- BANET-WEISER, Sarah The Most Beautiful Girl in the World: beauty pageants and national identity University of California Press 1999  Paper covers – mint £5
- BARRATT, Alexandra (ed) Women’s Writing in Middle English Longman 1992  In Longmans Annotated Texts series. Soft covers – fine £10
- BASCH, Françoise Relative Creatures: Victorian women in society and the novel Schocken Books 1974  Very good £4
- BEACHY, Robert Et Al (eds) Women, Business and Finance in 19th-century Europe: rethinking separate spheres Berg 2006  Fine £12
- BEER, Janet Kate Chopin, Edith Wharton and Charlotte Perkins Gilman: studies in short fiction Palgrave 1997 r/p  Focusses on a wide range of short fiction by these three women writers. Hardovers – fine £12
- BERESFORD, John (ed) John Macdonald Memoirs of an Eighteenth-Century Footman
Travels (1745-1779) Routledge 1928 (r/p)  The footman was a Scottish highlander and through his eyes we see the maelstrom of 18th-century life – in England, Scotland and on the continent – as he travelled ‘in service.’ Excellent reading. Very good £12
- BERRY, Mrs Edward And MICHAELIS, Madame (eds) 135 Kindergarten Songs and Games Charles and Dible, no date   ‘These songs are printed to supply a want in English Kindergartens’ – the music is, of course, included – as are movement instructions. Mme Michaelis ran the Croydon Kindergarten. Very good £48
- BLACK, Clementina Sweated Industry and the Minimum Wage Duckworth 1907  With an introduction by A.G. Gardiner, chairman of the executive committee of the National Anti-Sweating League £45
- BLAIR, Kirstie Form & Faith in Victorian Poetry & Religion OUP 2012  By assessing the discourses of church architecture and liturgy the author demonstrates that Victorian poets both reflected on and affected ecclesiastical practices – and then focuses on particular poems to show how High Anglican debates over formal worship were dealt with by Dissenting, Broad Church, and Roman Catholic poets and other writers. Features major poets such as the Browning, Tennyson, Hopkins, Rossetti and Hardy – as well as many minor writers. Mint in d/w (pub price £62) £35
- BLOCH, R. Howard Medieval Misogyny and the Invention of Western Romantic Love University of Chicago Press 1991  Soft covers – fine £18
- BLOOM, Stanley The Launderette: a history Duckworth 1988  Soft covers – very good £3
- BOARD OF EDUCATION Special Reports on Educational Subjects vol 15 HMSO 1905  ‘School Training for the Home Duties of Women. part 1 The Teaching of “Domestic Science” in the United States of America’. Exhaustive – 374pp – paper covers – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £10
- BOARD OF EDUCATION Special Reports on Educational Subjects vol 19 HMSO 1907  ‘School Training for the Home Duties of Women. Part III The Domestic Training of Girls in Germany and Austria’. Paper wrappers marked and worn -internally good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8
- Boucé, Paul-Gabriel (ed) Sexuality in 18th-century Britain Manchester University Press 1982  Includes essays by Roy Porter, Ruth Perry and Pat Rogers – among others. Very good in d/w £24
- BOYD, Kenneth Scottish Church Attitudes to Sex, Marriage and the Family 1850-1914 John Donald 1980  Fine in d/w £18
- BRAITHWAITE, Brian And BARRELL, Joan The Business of Women’s Magazines Kogan Page, 2nd ed 1988  Fine £8
- BRANDON, Ruth Other People’s Daughters: the life and times of the governess Weidenfeld & Nicolson 2008  Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £12
- BRITTAIN, Vera Lady Into Woman: a history of women from Victoria to Elizabeth II Andrew Dakers 1953  Good – though ex-public library £8
- BRUMBERG, Joan Jacobs Fasting Girls: the history of anorexia nervosa Vintage 2000  Soft covers – fine £8
- BULLEY, A. Amy and WHITLEY, Margaret Women’s Work Methuen 1894  With a preface by Lady Dilke. In the ‘Social Questions of To-day’ series. Very good in original cloth – scarce £55
- BURMAN, Sandra (ed) Fit Work for Women St Martin’s Press (NY) 1979  Presents a collection of papers which discuss the origins of the domestic ideal and its effects on activities usually undertaken by women. Fine in d/w £12
- BURSTALL, Sara A. The Story of the Manchester High School for Girls 1871-1911 Manchester University Press 1911  Cover marked and faded – internally very good. Scarce £38
- BY THE AUTHOR OF ENQUIRE WITHIN UPON EVERYTHING The Reason Why: Domestic Science Houlston & Sons c 1900? reprint  First published in 1869 to give ‘Intelligible Reasons for the Various Duties which a Housewife has to Perform’. Introducing ‘science’ into the ‘domestic’. Answers to such questions as ‘Why does flesh when much boiled become tasteless and stringy?'; ‘Why do we blow the fire?'; ‘Why should hair too distant from the eyebrows be parted only in the centre?'; ‘Why is it necessar to turn mattresses at frequent intervals’ etc etc. Good £8
- BYRNE, Katherine Tuberculosis and the Victorian Literary Imagination CUP 2010  Explores the representations of tuberculosis in 19th-century literature and culture. fears about gender roles, degeneration, national efficiency and sexual transgression all play their part in the portrayal of ‘consumption’, a disease which encompassed a variety of cultural associations. Mint in d/w (pub price £55) £35
- BYTHELL, Duncan The Sweated Trades; outwork in 19th-century Britain Batsford 1978  Very good in d/w £12
- CADBURY, Edward, MATHESON, M. Cecile and SHANN, George Women’s Work and Wages: a phase of life in an industrial city University of Chicago Press 1907  US edition of this study of women’s work in Birmingham. Good – inner hinge a little loose £50
- CALVERTON, V.F. and SCHMALHAUSEN, S.D. (eds) Sex in Civilsation Macaulay Co (NY) 1929 (reprint)  With an introduction by Havelock Ellis. Contributors include Beatrice Forbes-Robertson Hale, Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Margaret Sanger. Good – 719pp – heavy £12
- CHAPMAN, Beatrice Wallis And CHAPMAN, Mary Wallis Status of Women Under English Law: a compendious epitome of legislative enactments and social and political events arranged as a continuous narrative with references to authorities and acts of Parliament George Routledge 1909  ‘..rendering easily accessible the main facts of the political position of women from 1066 to the present-day.’ Good – and scarce. £65
- CHAPONE, Mrs On the Improvement of the Mind together with Dr Gregory’s, Legacy to His Daughters and Lady Pennington’s, Advice to Her Absent Daughter, with An Additional letter on the Management and Education of Infant Children Scott, Webster and Geary, no date c. 1835  A compendium of Good Conduct – a ‘four in one’. With engraved frontispiece and title page -good in slightly rubbed half leather and marbled boards £38
- CHASE, Ellen Tenant Friends in Old Deptford Williams and Norgate 1929  With an introduction from the work of Octavia Hill. Ellen Chase (1863-1949) was an American who in 1886 came over from Boston to work with Octavia Hill. The book begins with a chapter describing ‘The management of houses on the Octavia Hill plan’ and ends with ‘Notes on house management’ – in between are descriptions of life in the slum ‘courts’ of Deptford. This copy bears the ownership inscription of ‘Elizabeth Sturge 2 Durdham Park Bristol’ (a house that, incidentally, now bears a blue plaque recording her occupancy) – one of Bristol’s pioneers in the field of women’s suffrage and women’s education Very good – scarce £85
- CHECKLAND, Olive Philanthropy in Victorian Scotland: social welfare and the voluntary principle John Donald Ltd 1980  Fine in fine d/w £20
- CLAPP, Elizabeth and JEFFREY, Julie Roy (eds) Women, Dissent and Anti-Slavery in Britain and America, 1790-1865 OUP 2011  Essays by David Turley, Timothy Whelan, Alison Twells, Clare Midgeley, Carol Lasser, Julie Roy Jeffrey, Stacey robertson and Judie Newman – with an Introduction by Elizabeth Clapp. Mint in d/w (pub price £60) £25
- CLARKE, Norma Dr Johnson’s Women Hambledon and London 2000  investigates lives of Elizabeth Carter, Charlotte Lennox, Elizabeth Montagu, Hester Thrale and Fanny Burney – exploring their relationship with Dr Johnson, with each other and with the world of letters. Excellent reading. Mint in d/w £8
- CLARKE, Patricia The Governesses: letters from the colonies 1862-1882 Hutchinson 1985  Fine in fine d/w £7
- COHEN, Monica Professional Domesticity in the Victorian Novel: women, work and home CUP 1998  Offers new readings of narratives by Jane Austen, Charlotte Bronte, Dickens, George Eliot, Emily Eden etc to show how domestic work, the most feminine of all activities, gained much of its social credibility by positioning itself in relation to the emergent professions. Soft cover – fine £25
- COLLET, Clara Report by Miss Collet of the Statistics of Employment of Women and Girls HMSO 1894  Report prepared under the aegis of the Board of Trade – Employment of Women (Labour Department). Very good – 152pp – bound into new protective card covers £65
- COLLET, Clara Report by Miss Collet on the Money Wages of Indoor Domestic Servants HMSO 1899  Women workers were in the overwhelming majority of those considered in this report. Fascinating information. Very good in original card covers £55
- CORNFORD, L. Cope And YERBURY, F.R. Roedean School Ernest Benn 1927  Large format – heavily illustrated – photographs and line drawings – good internally, spine cloth split £5
- COWAN, Ruth Schwartz More Work For Mother: the ironies of household technology from the open hearth to the microwave Basic Books (NY) 1983  Very good in d/w £10
- CRAIG, Elizabeth Housekeeping Collins 1947  With many photographs. In ‘Elizabeth Craig’s Household Library’ series. Good in torn d/w £8
- CRAWFORD, Elizabeth Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle Francis Boutle 2009 (r/p)  Pioneering access to education at all levels for women, including training for the professions, the women of the Garrett circle opened the way for women to gain employment in medicine, teaching, horticulture and interiior design – and were also deeply involved in the campaign for women’s suffrage. Soft covers, large format, over 70 illustrations. Mint – new book £25
- DAVID, Deirdre (ed) The Cambridge Companion to the Victorian Novel CUP 2012 (2nd ed)  This second edition includes essays by Kate Flint, Caroline Levine, Nancy Armstrong, Lyn Pykett and Clare Pettit – amongst others. Soft covers – mint £15
- DAVIDOFF, L and HAWTHORN, R A Day in the life of a Victorian Domestic Servant Allen & Unwin 1976  Soft covers – very good – scarce £10
- DAVIES, Emily Thoughts On Some Questions Relating to Women, 1860-1908 Bowes and Bowes (Cambridge) 1910  A selection of papers written by Emily Davies between 1860 and 1908. This copy bears the ink ms. inscription ‘Presented by Rev J. Ll. Davies D.D. This name, however, has been mistranscribed on label of The Working Men’s College Library – to which it was presented – as ‘Rev J.H. Davies D.D.’. John Llewelyn Davies was, of course, the very influential, liberal and supportive brother of Emily Davies. First edition, maroon cloth on cover a little marked and with a stain on free front endpapers. Otherwise clean and tight – with excellent photograph of Miss Davies as frontispiece. A scarce book £80
- DICKENS, Andrea Janelle Female Mystic: great women thinkers of the Middle Ages I.B. Tauris 2009  Soft covers – fine £10
- DON VANN, J. and VANARSDEL, Rosemary T. (eds) Periodicals of Queen Victoria’s Empire: an exploration University of Toronto Press 1996  Fine in fine d/w £18
- DURHAM, Edith High Albania Virago 1985  First published in 1909. Soft covers – very good £8
- DYHOUSE, Carol Feminism and the Family in England 1880-1939 Basil Blackwell 1989  Soft covers – very good £12
- ELLIS, Mrs Sarah Stickney The Select Works Henry G. Langley (New York) 1844  Includes ‘The Poetry of Life’, ‘Pictures of Private Life’, ‘A Voice From the Vintage, on the force of example addressed to those who think and feel’
Good in original decorative cloth £48
- EVANS, Mary (ed) The Woman Question: readings on the subordination of women Fontana 1982  Paper covers – good £4
- FINDLAY, J.J. (ed) The Young Wage-Earner and the Problem of His Education: essays and reports Sigwick and Jackson 1918  For ‘His Education’ read also ‘Hers’. The essays include: ‘From Home Life to Industrial Life: with special reference to adolescent girls, by James Shelley, prof of education, University College, Southampton; ‘The Young Factory Girl’ by emily Matthias, superintendent of women employees, the Phoenix Dynamo Manufacturing Co, Bradford and the reports include: ‘Working Girls and Trade Schools (London)’ by Theodora Pugh and ‘The Sons and Daughters of Farming Folk’ by J.J. Findlay. Very good
- FREVERT, Ute Women in German History: from bourgeois emancipation to sexual liberation Berg 1989  Fine in d/w £8
- FRYE, Susan And ROBERTSON, Karen (Eds) Maids and Mistresses, Cousins and Queens: women’s alliances in early modern England OUP 1999  A collection of essays exploring how early modern women associated with other women in a variety of roles, from alewives to midwives, prostitutes to pleasure seekers, slaves to queens, serving maids to ladies in waiting …’. Fine £28
- FULFORD, Roger Votes for Women: the story of a struggle Faber 1957  Still an interesting study. Bears the ownership inscription of Hazel Mews, author of ‘Frail Vessels’ . Fine in d/w £5
- FULLER, Sophie The Pandora Book of Women Composers Pandora 1994  Fine in d/w £15
- [GARDINER], Sarah Gardiner (ed) Leaves from a Young Girl’s Diary: the journal of Margaret Gardiner 1840-41 Tuttle, Moorhouse & Taylor Co (NY) 1927  The journal kept by Margaret Gardiner who, with her father, a NY State Senator, her mother and her sister (who was to become the wife of a US President), sailed across the Atlantic to Europe. They landed at Liverpool and then proceeded to ‘do’ Europe. Delightful. Very good – scarce £45
- GARRETT, Rhoda and Agnes Suggestions for House Decoration in Painting, Woodwork, and Furniture Macmillan 1876  Rhoda and Agnes Garrett set up their house decorating business in 1874. A study of their work constitutes one section in my book ‘Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle’ and demonstrates that the illustrations in ‘House Decoration’ were based on the rooms that Rhoda and Agnes knew best – those in their own home at 2 Gower Street, Bloomsbury. This copy is in quite good condition – cover a little rubbed and marked (books in the ‘Art at Home’ series, of which this is one, were, rather ironically, not very well produced!) £110
- GEORGE, W.L. Eddies of the Day Cassell 1919  Includes a section on ‘Woman and the Future’. Good £4
- GEZARI, Janet Last Things:Emily Bronte’s Poems OUP 2007  A study of the poems, reinstating them at the heart of Romantic and Victorian concerns while at the same time underlining their enduring relevance for readers today. Mint in d/w £15
- GILBERT, Sandra And GUBAR, Susan No Man’s Land: the place of the woman writer in the twentieth century Yale University Press 1994  Vol 3 – ‘Letters From the Front’ .477pp – mint in d/w £25
- GLENDINNING, Caroline And MILLAR, Jane (eds) Women and Poverty in Britain Wheatsheaf 1987  Mint in d/w £5
- GOLDSMITH, Margaret Women and the Future Lindsay Drummond 1946  A study of what the position was likely to be in the post-Second World War world. Scarce.Fine – in very slightly chipped d/w £25
- GOLLANCZ, Victor (ed) The Making of Women: Oxford essays in feminism Allen & Unwin 2n ed, 1918  Contributions from, among others, Maude Royden and Eleanor Rathbone. Good – scarce £65
- GULLET, Gayle Becoming Citizens: the emergence and development of the California women’s movement 1880-1911 University of Illinois Press 2000  Paper covers – mint £8
- HARRISON, Austin Pandora’s Hope; a study of woman Heinemann 1925  Good internally – cover chipped and bumped £2
- HARTLEY, C. GASGUOINE Motherhood and the Relationship of the Sexes Eveleigh Nash 1917  Includes a chapter ‘The Position of Women as Affected by the War’. Good – uncommon £10
- HELSINGER, Elizabeth Et Al (eds) The Woman Question: Social Issues, 1837-1883 Manchester University Press 1983  Volume II of ‘The Woman Question: Society and Literature in Britain and America, 1837-1883′. Fine £15
- HELSINGER, Elizabeth K. Et Al (eds) The Woman Question: Society and Literature in Britain and America, 1837-1883 Manchester University Press 1983  Vol 1, ‘Defining Voices’. Focuses on representative texts, figures and controversies for what they reveal about the general character of the Woman Question rather than their historical connections with earlier and later phases of the debate. Fine £15
- HILL, Georgiana Women in English Life: from mediaeval to modern times Richard Bentley 1896  An excellent study – in two volumes. Most of the second volume is devoted to the position of women at the end of the 19th century – written by one who was very much involved with the woman’s movement. Very good – a little bumped at top and bottom of spine. A scarce set £75
- HOFFMAN, P.C. They Also Serve: the story of the shop worker Porcupine Press 1949  Soft covers – very good £8
- HOLCOMBE, Lee Victorian Ladies at Work: middle-class working women in England and Wales 1850-1914 David & Charles 1973  Very good in chipped d/w £25
- HOLDSWORTH, Angela Out of the Doll’s House: the story of women in the 20th century BBC 1988 (r/p)  Paper covers – very good £5
- HOLLIS, Patricia Ladies Elect: women in English local government 1865-1914 OUP 1987  Excellent study. Paper covers – good – now a scarce book £23
- HOLT, Anne A Ministry To The Poor: being a history of the Liverpool Domestic Mission Society, 1836-1936 Henry Young (Liverpool) 1936  Very good – scarce £45
- HORSFIELD, Margaret Biting the Dust: the joys of housework Fourth Estate 1997  Mint in d/w £5
- HOUSMAN, Laurence Ploughshare and Pruning-Hook: ten lectures on social subjects Swarthmore Press 1919  A collection of papers, originally given as lectures – including ‘What is Womanly?’ (1911) and ‘Art and Citizenship’ (1910). Very good in d/w £10
- (HUTCHINSON) Kathleen Coburn (ed) The Letters of Sara Hutchinson from 1800 to 1835 Routledge 1954  Friend of Mary and William Wordsworth – loved by Coleridge. Good £18
- JEFFREYS, Sheila The Spinster and Her Enemies: feminism and sexuality 1880-1930 Pandora 1985  Soft covers – fine £8
- JOHNSON, Patricia E. Hidden Hands: working-class women and Victorian social-problem fiction Ohio University Press 2001  ‘Argues that the female industrial worker became more dangerous to represent than the prostitute or the male radical because the worker exposed crucial contradictions between the class and gender ideologies of the period and its economic realities’. Soft covers – mint £15
- KAPLAN, Cora Sea Changes: culture and feminism Verso 1986  Soft covers – fine £8
- KAPLAN, Gisela Contemporary Western European Feminism Allen & Unwin 1992  Fine in d/w £5
- KENEALY, Arabella Feminism and Sex-Extinction E.P. Dutton & Co (NY) 1920  Anti-feminist eugenicist polemic. US edition is scarce. Very good internally – cloth cover a little bumped and rubbed £25
- KERTZER, David and BARBAGLIO, Marzio (eds) Family Life in the Long Nineteenth Century 1789-1913 Yale University Press 2002  A collection of essays under the headings: Economy and Family Organization: State, Religion, Law and the Family; Demographic Forces; Family Relations. 420pp Heavy. Mint in d/w £18
- KESTNER, Joseph Protest & Reform: the British social narrative by women, 1827-1867 Methuen 1985  Very good in d/w £8
- KING, Brenda Silk and Empire Manchester University Press  A study of the Anglo-Indian silk trade, challenging the notion that Britain always exploited its empire. Mint in d/w (pub price £55) £25
- KIRBY, Joan (ed) The Plumpton Letters and Papers CUP for the Royal Historical Society 1996  Letters addressed mainly to Sir William Plumpton (1404-80) and his son, Sir Robert (1453-1525). Good in marked d/w- but has perhaps been exposed to damp at some point £10
- KIRKHAM, Margaret Jane Austen, Feminism and Fiction Harvester 1983  Soft covers – fine £10
- KLEIN, Viola Working Wives: a survey of facts and opinions concerning the gainful employment of married women in Britain Institute of Personnel Management no date (1960)  A survey carried out in co-operation with Mass Observation Ltd. Paper covers faded – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £10
- LEE, Julia Sun-Joo The American Slave Narrative and the Victorian Novel OUP 2010  Investigates the shaping influence of the American slave narrative on the Victorian novel in the years between the British Abolition Act and the American Emancipation Proclamation – and argues that Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Gaskell, Thackeray and Dickens integrated into their works generic elements of the slave narrative. Mint in d/w (pub price £40) £15
- LERNER, Gerda The Creation of Feminist Consciousness: from the middle ages to 1870 OUP 1993  Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £13
- LEVINE, Philippa Victorian Feminism 1850-1900 Hutchinson 1987  Paper covers – very good £5
- LEWIS, Judith Schneid In the Family Way: childbearing in the British aristocracy, 1760-1860 Rutgers University Press 1986  Very good in slightly chipped d/w £25
- LITOFF, Judy Barrett And SMITH, David C. We’re In This War, Too: World War II Letters from American Women in Uniform OUP 1994  Fine in d/w £16
- LLEWELYN DAVIES, Margaret (ed) Life As We Have Known it by Co-operative Working Women Virago 1977  First published in 1931- with an introduction by Virginia Woolf. Soft covers – good £5
- LLEWELYN DAVIES, Margaret (ed) Maternity: letters from working women collected by the Women’s Co-operative Guild Virago 1984 (r/p)  First published in 1915. Soft covers – very good £8
- LOANE, M. An Englishman’s Castle Edward Arnold 1909  Martha Loane was a district nurse – this study of the homes of the poor is the result of her social investigation. Good £18
- LOFTIE, W.J. A Plea for Art in the House: with special reference to the economy of collecting works of art, and the importance of taste in education and morals Macmillan 1879 (r/p)  First published in 1876 – around the same time as Rhoda and Agnes Garrett’s book in the same series ‘Art at Home’ – and evincing many of the same touchstone’s of taste in home decoration. Goodish – a little rubbed and bumped £18
- LOOTENS, Tricia Lost Saints: silence, gender, and Victorian literary canonization University Press of Virginia 1996  Fine in d/w £35
- LYNCH, Mary Sewing Made Easy The World’s Work 1940  Co-published with Garden City Books (NY). How to make your 1940 costume – acknowledgement is made to Simplicity Patterns many of whose patterns are included in the book. Very good – large format £8
- MCCANN, Jean Thomas Howell and the School at Llandaff D. Brown (Cowbridge) 1972  Good – ex-university library £15
- MACCARTHY, B.G. The Female Pen; women writers and novelists 1621-1818 Cork University Press 1994  First published in 1944, this edition with an introduction by Janet Todd. Soft covers – 530pp – fine £12
- MCCRACKEN, Peggy The Romance of Adultery: queenship and sexual transgression in old French literature University of Pennsylvania Press 1998  Fine in fine d/w £38
- MACE, Jane Playing with Time: mothers and the meaning of literacy UCL Press 1998  Paper covers – mint £5
- MCGREGOR, O.R. Divorce in England: a centenary study Heinemann 1957  Very good in d/w £10
- McMILLAN, Margaret The Child and the State The National Labour Press 1911  In which she advocated giving poor children a more broad and humane education than they currently were receiving. Vol 9 in the Socialist Library series. Card covers – very good £28
- MCQUISTON, Liz Women in Design: a contemporary view Trefoil 1988  Highlights the work of 43 designers from Britain, the US, Europe and Japan. Very good in d/w £5
- MALVERY, Olive Christian Baby Toilers Hutchinson 1907  A study of the child workers of Edwardian Britain. Good £38
- MANNIN, Ethel Practitioners of Love: some aspects of the human phenomenon Hutchinson 1969  A study of ‘Civilised Man’s inordinate capacity for the biological and psychological process called “falling in love”‘. Perhaps Ethel Mannin is ripe for reappraisal. Very good in d/w £3
- MARKS, Lara Metropolitan Maternity maternity and infant welfare services in early 20th century London Rodopi 1996  Soft covers – fine £22
- MARTIN, Jane Women and the Politics of Schooling in Victorian and Edwardian England Leicester University Press 1999  Mint (pub price £65) £35
- MASON, Michael The Making of Victorian Sexuality OUP 1994  Fine in d/w £14
- MEWS, Hazel Frail Vessels: woman’s role in women’s novels from Fanny Burney to George Eliot Athlone Press 1969  Very good in d/w £12
- MILL, John Stuart The Subjection of Women Longmans, Green, Reader & Dyer 1869 (2nd ed)  In original mustard embossed cloth – top inch or so of spine split and frayed. With faded shelf-mark sticker on spine and label on front paste-down of the Burnley Mechanics’ Institute. Front inside hinge a little stretched. Otherwise good internally. I’m pleased to think that the members of the Mechanics’ Institute took such an obvious interest in the subject. £85
- MITTON, G.E. (e.d.) The Englishwoman’s Year Book and Directory 1914 Adam & Charles Black 1914  An essential reference work. Very good condition £90
- MONK, Una New Horizons: a hundred years of women’s migration HMSO 1963  Very good in slightly torn d/w £20
- MOTION, Andrew (ed) Interrupted Lives in Literature National Portrait Gallery 2004  Studies of Angela Carter, Katherine Mansfield, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Christopher Marlow, Edward Thomas and Sylvia Plath. Soft covers – fine £7
- MUMM, Susan (ed) All Saints Sisters of the Poor: an Anglican Sisterhood in the 19th century Boydel Press/Church of England Record Society 2001  A history of the Sisterhood that was founded by Harriet Brownlow Byron in 1850 to work in the slums of Marylebone – but then spread its net much wider. This volume comprises material drawn from the Sisterhood’s archives. V. interesting. Mint £30
- NORWICH HIGH SCHOOL 1875-1950 privately printed, no date   A GPDST school. Very good internally – green cloth covers sunned – ex-university library £15
- NUNN, Pamela Gerrish Victorian Women Artists Women’s Press 1987  Very good in d/w £18
- ORRINSMITH, Mrs The Drawing Room: its decoration and furniture Macmillan 1877  In the ‘Art at Home’ series. ‘The author has endeavoured to give more particular directions as to the furnishing and adornment of the Drawing-Room than was possible in the Miss Garretts’ volume treating of the whole subject of ‘House Decoration’ .’ Very good – missing free front end paper many illustrations – a scarce book £45
- OSBORNE, Honor And MANISTY, Peggy A History of the Royal School for Daughters of Officers of the Army 1864-1965 Hodder & Stoughton 1966  Good – ex-university library £12
- PALMER, Beth Women’s Authorship and Editorship in Victorian Culture OUP 2011  Draws on extensive periodical and archival material to bring new perspectives to the study of sensation fiction in the Victorian period. Mint in d/w (pub price £60) £35
- PALMER, Paulina Lesbian Gothic: transgressive fictions Cassell 1999  Paper covers – mint £5
- PEDERSEN, Frederik Marriage Disputes in Medieval England Hambledon 2000  The records of the church courts of the province of York, mainly dating from the 14th c, provide a welcome light on private, family life and on individual reactions to it. Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £25
- PHILLIPS, M. And TOMPKINSON, W.S. English Women in Life and Letters OUP 1927  Describes the lives of Englishwomen of the past, some rich, others poor and unknown – using both historical sources and fiction – from the 14th century to the mid 19th. Very good £20
- PHILLIPS, Margaret Mann Willingly to School: memories of York College for Girls 1919-1924 Highgate Publications 1989  Good in card covers – though ex-library £10
- POOVEY, Mary Uneven Developments: the ideological work of gender in mid-Victorian England Virago 1989  Paper covers – fine £12
- RAPPOPORT, Jill Giving Women: alliance and exchange in Victorian culture OUP 2012  examines the literary expression and cultural consequences of English women’s giving from the 1820s to the First World War – in the work of Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Elizabeth Gaskell and Christina Rossetti – as well as in literary annuals and political pamphlets. Through giving, women redefined the primary allegiances of teh everyday lives, forged public coalitions, and advanced campaigns for abolition, slum reform, eugenics, and suffrage. Mint in d/w (pub price £45.99) £32
- RENDALL, Jane The Origins of Modern Feminism: women in Britain, France and the United States 1780-1860 Macmillan 1985  Soft covers – very good £15
- ROBINSON, Jane Angels of Albion: women of the Indian mutiny Viking 1996  Very good in rubbed d/w £8
- ROTONDARO, Anna Women at Work on London’s Transport 1905-1978 Tempus 2004  Collection of images charting the history of women at work on London’s transport. Soft covers – mint £6
- ROYDEN, A. Maude Political Christianity G.P. Putnams’ 1923 (r/p)  Dedicated to members of the Guildhouse congregation. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8
- SALES, Roger Jane Austen and Representations of Regency England Routledge 1996  Soft covers – mint £15
- SCUTT, Jocelynne (ed) Breaking Through: women, work and careers Artemis (Australia) 1992 (r/p)  Paper covers – mint £4
- SEARLE, Arthur (ed) Barrington Family Letters 1628-1632 Royal Historical Society 1983  In the main letters to Lady Joan Barrington, the focal point of the extended family, the dowager and respected matriarch on a recognisable early 17th-century pattern. Very good £12
- SEIDLER, Victor The Achilles Heel Reader: men, sexual politics and socialism Routledge 1991  Paper covers – mint £5
- SHIMAN, Lilian Women and Leadership in Nineteenth-Century England Macmillan 1992  Fine in d/w (which has slight tear at top of spine) £28
- SHOWALTER, Elaine Inventing Herself: claiming a feminist intellectual heritage Picador 2001  An exploration of feminist intellectuals from the 18th century to the present – from Mary Wollstonecraft to Naomi Woolf. Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £15
- SMITH, R.D.(edits and introduces) The Writings of Anna Wickham: free woman and poet Virago 1984  Soft covers – very good £5
- SPENDER, Dale Time and Tide Wait for No Man: the story of a feminist political weekly in the 1920s Pandora 1984  Selections from the first 15 years of ‘Time and Tide’. Soft covers – fine £6
- SPROULE, Anna The Social Calendar Blandford Press 1978  Takes us through the Season. Very good in d/w £5
- STAFFORD, H.M. Queenswood: the first sixty years 1894-1954 privately printed 1954  History of the school. Good – ex-college library £12
- STANLEY, Liz Et Al (eds) Auto/Biography: Bulletin of the British Sociological Association Study Group on Auto/Biography (1993)  Vol 2, no 1 ‘Research Practices’. Soft covers – fine £9
- STENTON, Doris Mary The English Woman in History Allen & Unwin 1957  Good reading copy – ex-library £15
- STONE, Dorothy The National: the story of a pioneer college Robert Hale 1976  History of the pioneering domestic economy training college – The National Training College of Domestic Subjects. Fine in d/w £12
- TAYLOR, Barbara Mary Wollstonecraft and the Feminist Imagination CUP 2003  Soft covers – fine £17
- TAYLOR, Jane Contributions of Q.Q. Jackson & Walford 5th ed, 1855  The majority of these essays were first published in the ‘Youth’s Magazine’, between 1816 and 1822. Good in original cloth £15
- THE EDITOR OF ‘ENQUIRE WITHIN UPON EVERYTHING’ The Practical Housewife: a complete encyclopaedia of domestic economy and family medical guide Houlston & Sons new ed, no date [c 1890s?]  ‘Will lessen the cares of domestic management, aid the practice of household economy and prove a help in many emergencies.’ The index runs from ‘Ablution, the importance of’ to ‘Zinc ointment’. Good £10
- THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEAR BOOK AND DIRECTORY 1904 A & C Black 1904  Indispensable source of information. Very good internally in library binding £80
- THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEARBOOK AND DIRECTORY 1901 A & C Black 1901  Ed by Emily Janes. Packed with information. Good internally – cloth covers marked – scarce £80
- TOBIN, Beth Fowkes Superintending the Poor: charitable ladies and paternal landlords in British fiction, 1770-1860 Yale University Press 1993  Mint in d/w £18
- TODD, Janet Gender, Art and Death Continuum (NY) 1993  Mint in d/w £14
- TRIMMER, Mrs Abridgment of Scripture History consisting of Lessons selected from the Old Testament for the use of Schools and Families Rivington, stereotyped ed 1811  One of the most popular scripture textbooks of the 19th century. Good in original boards £15
- TYLECOTE, Mabel The Education of Women at Manchester University 1883 to 1933 Manchester University Press 1941  With a newscutting obituary of Dame Mabel Tylecote laid in. Good – scarce £40
- VALENZE, Deborah The First Industrial Woman OUP 1995  Examines the underlying assumptions about gender and work that informed the transformation of English society, and in turn, ideas about economic progress. Charts the birth of a new economic order resting on social and sexual hierarchies which remain a part of our contemporary lives. Soft covers – mint £15
- VINCE, Mrs Millicent Decoration and Care of the Home W. Collins 1923  Mrs Vince had been a pupil of the pioneer ‘House Decorator’, Agnes Garrett. Very good in rubbed d/w £18
- WANDOR, Michelene Post-War British Drama: looking back in gender Routledge, revised edition 2001  Soft covers – mint £12
- WEBSTER’S ROYAL RED BOOKor Court and Fashionable Register for May 1876 Webster and Larkin 1876  A London street guide (Abbey Gardens, St John’s Wood to Young St, Kensington) giving the names of individual householders – combined with a list of the names and addresses of the ‘Fashionable’ – a wide swathe of middle-class London. A very useful directory. In fair condition – very good internally -clean and tight – but decorative, gilt embossed cloth is rubbed and sewing has parted at inside back cover. This early directory is quite scarce £30
- WINSTEAD, Karen (ed) Chaste Passions: medieval English virgin martyr legends Cornell University Press 2000  Soft covers – very good £9
- WOODHOUSE, Annie Fantastic Women: sex, gender and transvestism Macmillan 1989  Mint in d/w £5
- WOODS, Edgar & Diana Things That Are Not Done: an outspoken commentary on popular habits and a guide to correct conduct Universal Publications, no date (1937)  Good £12
- The Ladies’ Who’s Who (with which is incorporated the Ladies’ Court Book and Guide – including Anglo-American Section) The International Art & Publishing Co, Ltd 1923  759-pp of biographical reference – and advertisements. Good and tight in red cloth covers decorated in gilt £55
- (ADDAMS) Louise Knight Jane Addams: Spirit in Action Norton 2011  Biography of the US campaigner for international peace and social justice. Mint in d/w £10
- ALLEN, Alexandra Travelling Ladies: Victorian Adventuresses  Studies of Daisy Bates, Isabella Bird Bishop, Midlred Cabele and Evangeline and Francesca French, Alexandra David-Neel, Jane Digby el Mesrab, Kate Marsden, Marianne North and May French Sheldon. Fine in d/w £10
- (AMBERLEY) Bertrand and Patricia Russell (eds) The Amberley Papers: the letters and diaries of Lord and Lady Amberley Hogarth Press 1937  The epitome of radical liberalism in the mid-19th-century. Both died tragically young. Good £45
- ASHWELL, Lena Myself a Player Michael Joseph 1936  Actress, manager of the Kingsway Theatre, v active member of the Actresses’ Franchise League, working for the Women’s Emergency Corps during the First World War…Good condition in frayed d/w £28
- AVERY, Gillian Behold the Child: American children and their books 1621-1922 Bodley Head 1994  Studies how the literature of the old world influenced the new. With many illustrations. Heavy. Fine in fine d/w £10
- (BEALE) Elizabeth Raikes Dorothea Beale of Cheltenham Constable 1908  Good £15
- BELL, Alan (ed and with an introduction by) Sir Leslie Stephen’s ‘Mausoleum Book’ OUP 1977  Intimate autobiography written for Stephen’s immediate family after the death of his wife, Julia, the mother of Vanessa and Virginia. Very good in d/w £12
- BELL, MAUREEN, PARFIT, GEORGE AND SHEPHERD, SIMON A Biographical Dictionary of English Women Writers 1560-1720 G.K. Hall 1990  Expands the boundaries of what is conventionally recognized as 17th century English literature by uncovering, reintroducing and documenting the lives and works of more than 550 English women who wrote betwen 1580-1720. Fine in d/w £25
- (BERGMAN-OSTERBERG) Jonathan May Madame Bergman-Osterberg Harrap for the University of London Institute of Education 1969  Life and work of the Swedish teacher of gymnastics who introduced her methods to Britain – founding a college to train gymnastics teachers. Very good in d/w £8
- (BERRY) Lewis Melville (ed) The Berry Papers: being the correspondence hitherto unpublished of Mary and Agnes Berry (1763-1852) John Lane 1914  Most engaging letters. With numerous illustrations. Very good £18
- (BRONTE) Dudley Green Patrick Bronte: father of genius The History Press 2008  Fine in fine d/w £10
- (BURNEY) Joyce Hemlow (ed) Fanny Burney: selected letters and journals OUP 1986  Follows her career from her romantic marriage to the impoverished French émigré General d’Arblay to her death 46 years later. Fine in fine d/w £12
- (BUTTS) Nathalie Blondel (ed) The Journals of Mary Butts Yale University Press 2002  500pp – heavy – mint in mint d/w £20
- (CLARKE) Mary G. Clarke A Short Life of Ninety Years privately printed 1973  An interesting life – born in Aberdeen into the Anderson family (her uncle was Skelton Anderson, husband of Elizabeth Garrett), she attended the local high school, and then went to Girton – before entering a lifetime of teaching, culminating in the headmistress-ship of Manchester High School for Girls. Very good – cover slightly marked £18
- (CLIVE) Mary Clive (ed) Caroline Clive: from the diary and family papers of Mrs Archer Clive (1801-1873) Bodley Head  Life among the ‘Landed Gentry’ – beautifully edited by Mary Clive – who had the knack. Good in rubbed d/w £10
- DE FRECE, LADY Recollections of Vesta Tilley Hutchinson 1934  Her autobiography. Good conditiion. Scarce £35
- (DE STAEL/CONSTANT) Renee Winegarten Germaine de Stael and Benjamin Constant: a dual biography Yale University Press 2008  Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £12
- DUNFORD, Penny A Biographical Dictionary of Women Artists in Europe and America since 1850 Harvester 1990  Fine £35
- (EDEN) Violet Dickinson (Ed) Miss Eden’s Letters Macmillan 1919  Born, a Whig, in 1797. Her letters are full of social detail. In 1835 she went to India with her brother when he became governor-general. Very good £28
- (GLASPELL) Barbara Ozieblo Susan Glaspell: a critical biography University of North Carolina Press 2000  Soft covers – fine in fine d/w £18
- (HAMMOND) Mrs John Hays Hammond A Woman’s Part in a Revolution Longmans, Green 1987  The ‘Revolution’ was the Boer War – her husband was imprisoned by the Boers. Good £30
- (HARRISON) Amy Greener A Lover of Books: the life and literary papers of Lucy Harrison J.M. Dent 1916  Lucy Harrison (a niece of Mary Howitt) studied at Bedford College, then taught for 20 years at a school in Gower St (Charlotte Mew was a pupil at the school and v. attached to Miss Harrison) and then became headmistress of the Mount School, York. Good – pasted onto the free front end paper is a presentation slip from the editor, Amy Greener, to Mary Cotterell £18
- HAYS, Frances Women of the Day: a biographical dictionary of notable contemporaries J.B. Lipincott (Philadelphia) 1885  A superb biographical source on interesting women. Good in original binding – with library shelf mark in ink on spine- scarce £75
- (HOWE) Valarie Ziegler Diva Julia: the public romance and private agony of Julia Ward Howe Trinity Press International 2003  Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £10
- (HUMBERT) Agnes Humbert Résistance: memoirs of Occupied France Bloomsbury 2008  Memoirs of Agnes Humbert (1894-1963), an art historian who helped form one of the first organised groups of the French Resistance. First published in France in 1946, this translation, by Barbara Mellor, is the first in English. Mint in d/w £5
- (JAMESON) Clara Thomas Love and Work Enough: the life of Anna Jameson Macdonald 1967  Good £10
- (JAMESON) G.H. Needler (ed) Letters of Anna Jameson to Ottilie von Goethe OUP 1939  Very good internally – cover marked £20
- (JAMESON) Judith Johnston Anna Jameson: Victorian, feminist, woman of letters Scolar Press 1997  An examination of Jameson’s non-fiction writing in the context of her life. Mint in mint d/w £20
- (JEX-BLAKE) Margaret Todd The Life of Sophia Jex-Blake Macmillan 1918  Interesting biography of a difficult woman – founder of the London School of Medicine for Women. Very good – with slight marking on front cloth cover. £30
- KELSALL, Helen Berridge House Who’s Who, 1893-1957 privately published   A list of all the pupils and staff of the National Society’s Training College for Domestic Subjects – with a short history of the college. Paper covers – good £12
- LANE, Maggie Literary Daughters Robert Hale 1989  Studies of Fanny Burney, Maria Edgeworth, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Charlotte Bronte, George Eliot, Emily Dickinson, Beatrix Potter and Virginia Woolf – and their fathers. Very good in d/w £15
- LEDUC, Violette Mad in Pursuit Rupert Hart-Davis 1971  Post-war literary Paris. Very good in chipped d/w £3
- (MCCARTHY), Lilllah McCarthy Myself and My Friends: with an aside by Bernard Shaw Thornton Butterworth 1933  Autobiography of the actress and theatre manager. Good – front hinge a little slack £10
- (MARTIN) Sarah Martin A Brief Sketch of the Life of the Late Miss Sarah Martin of Great Yarmouth: with extracts from the Parliamentary Reports on Prisons; her own Prison Journals etc C. Barber (Yarmouth) 2nd ed, 1844  Prison visitor, dressmaker, Sunday School teacher. Her comments on the prisoners are particularly interesting. Good in original cloth £35
- MARTINDALE, Hilda Some Victorian Portraits and Others Allen & Unwin 1948  Biographical essays of members of her circle – including Adelaide Anderson, factory inspector. Very good in d/w £18
- (MAYNARD) Catherine B. Firth Constance Louisa Maynard: mistress of Westfield College Allen & Unwin 1949  Very good – scarce £15
- (MEYNELL) Dame Alix Meynell Public Servant, Private woman: an autobiography Gollancz 1988  Interesting background information on her family, the Dowsons, who ran the Nottingham Women’s Suffrage Society – as well as her own memoirs of life as an administrative grade civil servant and the wife of Sir Francis Meynell. Fine in d/w £12
- (MONTGOMERY) Catherine Andronik Kindred Spirit: a biography of L.M. Montgomery, creator of Anne of Green Gables Athenaeum 1993  Very good- in fine d/w £8
- (MOODIE/TRAILL) Charlotte Gray Sisters in the Wilderness: Susanna Moodie and Catherine Parr Traill, pioneers of the Canadian backwoods Duckworth 2001  Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £12
- [MORGAN] Sydney Lady Morgan Passage From My Autobiography Richard Bentley 1859  ‘The following pages are the simple records of a transition existence, socially enjoyed, and pelasantly and profitably occupied, during a journey of a few months from Ireland to Italy.’ Good – in original decorative mauve cloth £18
- (MORRELL) Robert Gathorne-Hardy (ed) Ottoline:the early memoirs of Lady Ottoline Morrell; Ottoline at Garsington: memoirs of Lady Ottoline Morrell Faber, 1963 and Faber, 1974 (respectively  Two volumes together, as a set – both good in d/w £28
- NEWNHAM COLLEGE REGISTER 1871-1950 privately printed  packed with biographical information on students and staff. Soft covers – 2 vols – good – although backing on vol 1 is coming unstuck and outermost cover of vol II is missing- internally very good – scarce £40
- (NICHOL) Anna Stoddart Elizabeth Pease Nichol Dent 1899  (1807-1897) Scottish Quaker – daughter of the founder of the Peace Society, suffragist, chartist, anti-vivesectionist. Very good – scarce £35
- (NIGHTINGALE) Lynn McDonald (ed) Florence Nightingale’s European Travels Wilfrid Laurier Press 2004  Her correspondence, and a few short published articles, from her youthful European travels. She is an excellent observer and reporter. Fine in d/w – 802pp £45
- (NORTON) Jane Gray Perkins The Life of Mrs Norton John Murray 1910  Very good £16
- (NOURSE) Mary Alice Keekin Burke Elizabeth Nourse, 1859-1938: a salon career National Museum of American Art 1983  A study of the artist. Soft covers – large format – many illustrations – very good £15
- (OSBORN) Emily Osborn (ed) Political and Social Letters of a Lady of the Eighteenth Century: 1721-1771 Griffith Farren, Okeden and Welsh (London) 1890  Living in London and Chicksands (Bedfordshire), she managed her son’s involved estate. Her letters reveal to us 18th-century life – political, social and domestic. Very good internally -paper on spine and corners a little rubbed – gift inscription, 1895, to ‘Lady Strathmore’ – the present Queen’s great-grandmither £45
- (PHILIPS) Philip Webster Souers The Matchless Orinda Harvard University Press 1931  An account of the life of Mrs Katherine Philips, the first woman in England to gain the reputation of a poetess.Good – ex university library £28
- (PINZER) Ruth Rosen & Sue Davidson The Maimie Papers Virago 1979  Correspondence, beginning in 1910, between Fanny Quincy Howe, a distinguished Bostonian, and Mainie Pinzer, a Jewish prostitute. Fascinating. Paper covers – very good £5
- (PUREFOY) G. Eland (ed) Purefoy Letters 1735-1753 Sidgwick & Jackson 1931  The letters of Elizabeth Purefoy (1672-1765), whose husband died in 1704, and her son, Henry Purefoy. Elizabeth Purefoy was, as her epitaph recorded, ‘a woman of excellent understanding, prudent and frugal’ and her letters are full of domestic detail. Very good – two volumes £40
- (RHYS) Francis Wyndham And Diana Melly (eds) Jean Rhys Letters 1931-1966 Deutsch 1984  Very good in d/w £12
- (ROBINS) Octavia Wilberforce Backsettown & Elizabeth Robins published for private circulation 1952  A little tribute – telling how Elizabeth Robins came to set up the retreat at Backsettown in Sussex. With lovely photograph of Elizabeth Robins tipped in as frontispiece. Fine in paper wraps – with a birthday inscription on free front endpaper – scarce £38
- (RUSKIN) Mary Lutyens (ed) Young Mrs Ruskin in Venice: the picture of society and life with John Ruskin 1849-1852 Vanguard Press (NY) 1965  Very good in d/w £12
- (SEEBOHM) Victoria Glendinning A Suppressed Cry: life and death of a Quaker daughter Routledge 1969  The short, sad life of Winnie Seebohm, smothered by her loving family. She enjoyed a month at Newnham in 1885, before returning home and dying. Good in d/w – though ex-library £4
- (SEWELL) Mrs Bayly The Life and Letters of Mrs Sewell James Nisbet, 3rd ed 1889  Memoir of the Quaker writer of moral didactics for children; she was mother of Anna Sewell. Good £12
- SICHERMAN, Barbara et al (eds) Notable American Women: The Modern Period Belknap Press of Harvard University Press 1980  Soft covers – 773pp – heavy – very good £12
- (SLATE/SLAWSON) Tieri Thompson (ed) Dear Girl: the diaries and letters of two working women 1897-1917 The Women’s Press 1987  Letters and diaries of two women whose friendship was played out against the background of the suffrage movement. Paper covers – very good £6
- (SMITH) David Thomson With Moyra McGusty (eds) The Irish Journals of Elizabeth Smith 1840-1850 Clarendon Press 1980  A selection from the journals of Elizabeth Smith of Baltiboys, C. Wicklow, giving a graphic account of the Irish famine of the 1840s. Fine in d/w £10
- (SOYER) Ruth Cowen Relish: the extraordinary life of Alexis Soyer, Victorian celebrity chef Weidenfeld 2006  Chef and kitchen designer to the Reform Club and reformer of army catering. Mint in d/w £8
- (STUART) Hon. James A. Home (ed) Letters of Lady Louisa Stuart to Miss Louisa Clinton David Douglas (Edinburgh) 1901 & 1903  Two volumes – complete set. The first volume covers the period 1817 to 1825 and the second volume (called ‘Second Series’) that from1826 to 1834. Society observed. Very good – two volumes together £38
- (TENNANT) Violet Markham May Tennant: a portrait The Falcon Press 1949  Biography of the first woman Factory Inspector in England. Very good in chipped d/w – a presentation copy from the author to Uplands School library £10
- (TENNYSON) James O. Hoge Lady Tennyson’s Journal University Press of Virginia 1981  Fine in d/w £18
- (TROUBRIDGE) Jaqueline Hope-Nicholson (ed) Life Amongst the Troubridges: journals of a young Victorian 1873-1884 by Laura Troubridge John Murray 1966  Very good in rubbed d/w £10
- (TUCKER) Agnes Giberne A Lady of England: the life and letters of Charlotte Maria Tucker Hodder & Stoughton 1895  The standard biography of a popular children’s and religious writer – who spent the later years of her life as a missionary in India. Good – though ex-university library £28
- (TUSSAUD) Kate Berridge Waxing Mythical: the life and legend of Madame Tussaud John Murray 2006  Fine in d/w £8
- (TWINING) Louisa Twining Recollections of My Life and Work Edward Arnold 1893  She was an early ‘social worker’ – involved with workhouse visiting, promoting the idea of poor law inspectors and was herself a poor law guardian. Very good – scarce £68
- (WATERSTON) Lucy Bean And Elizabeth Van Heyningen (eds) The Letters of Jane Elizabeth Waterston 1866-1905 Van Riebeeck Society (Cape Town) 1983  A Scotswoman, she went as a missionary to Africa – to the Cape – returning to Britain in 1874 to train as a doctor – first, for a short time, with Sophia Jex-Blake in Edinburgh and then as one of the first students at the London School of Medicine, qualifying in 1879. She then returned to Africa, eventually settling in Cape Town, where, during his period there as editor of the\i Cape Times\i0 , one of her closest friends, although v much younger than her, was Edmund Garrett, cousin to Millicent Garrett Fawcett, on whose commission to investigate concentration camps during the Boer War, Jane Waterston served. Fine £25
- (WHARTON) R.W.B. Lewis And Nancy Lewis The Letters of Edith Wharton Simon & Schuster 1988  Fine in fine d/w – 654pp £12
- (WOOLF) Virginia Woolf A Writer’s Diary Hogarth Press, 6th imp 1972  Fine in d/w (previous owner’s name neatly written on free front endpaper) £12
- (WORDSWORTH) Robert Gittings And MANTON, Jo Dorothy Wordsworth OUP 1985  Fine in d/w £5
- Mother India’s Daughters: the significance of the Women’s Movement Women’s International League no date   ‘The Women’s Movement in India is growing with a rapidity and vigour which is probably without parallel..it is essential that British men and women should be prepared to give it their understanding, sympathy and support. 8-pp pamphlet – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8
- VICTORIA LEAGUE – BATH BRANCH – AWARD OF MERIT  The Victoria League was founded by women in 1901 to promote greater understanding between all parts of the British Empire – concentrating on hospitality and education. This certificate – Award of Merit – was awarded to Francis A. Bodger – for ‘Australia’, presumably an essay. Francis Ainsworth Bodger was born in 1877, in 1911 was a sergeant in the Royal Artillery, and died in Bath in 1940. The certificate gives the name of the Branch President as Leila Cubitt, and she died in Bath in 1951. The decorative certificate has at its centre a black & white illustration by Robert Anning Bell ‘What is the Flag of England Winds of the World Declare’. Good £12
- ABBOTSHOLME SCHOOL (THE NEW SCHOOL), DERBYSHIRE Timetable for May, June & July, i.e. June (or ‘Summer’ ) Term  ‘This timetable was exhibited (Bronze Medal) at the Paris Exposition of 190o’. What a model of a timetable – multi-coloured, indeed much multi-coloured cross-hatching – covering a 7-day week and allowing for all aspects of this particular school’s life – divided into the Physical, the Intellectual, and the Moral and Religious – yet stipulating the time spent on undressing and cleaning teeth, gardening, carpentry etc. 48cm x 37.5cm – good – but with 3 slight splits along a fold — ex-Board of Education library – most unusual £15
- ACT NO XIX OF 1929 (Passed by the Indian Legislature) An Act To Restrain the Solemnisation of Child Marriages  Received the Assent of the Governor General, 1 Oct 1929. 4pp – good £3
- ANDERSON, Dame Adelaide The Employment of Children in Egyptian Industry International Labour Office 1930  Reprinted from the International Labour Review, Dec 1930. Paper covers – 32pp – good £4
- ASSOCIATION FOR MORAL AND SOCIAL HYGIENE Collection of Annual Reports  A collection of 13 of the Association’s Annual Reports – 7th (1921/22)-15th (1929/30); 29th (1950)-33rd (1954). Packed with information – and names of members, Paper covers – all in good condition – 13 items – together £50
- ASSOCIATION FOR PROMOTING THE EMPLOYMENT OF HIGH SCHOOL GIRLS IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLWORK Report of Meeting Held at the Westminster Town Hall on Wed Nov 12th 1902  The Association was formed in 1897 and was disbanded in 1905. The Association’s aim, at its most basic, of promoting the employment of middle-class young women – ie those who had attended high schools – in working-class – ie elementary – schools. ‘Higher teachers are now at last waking up to the absolute necessity of training, and Elementary teachers are far more cultured than they were five or ten years ago.’16-pp pamphlet – good £4
- ASSOCIATION OF ASSISTANT MISTRESSES Education Policy (with special reference to Secondary Education) AAM no date (1920s?)  4-pp leaflet. Good – ex-Board of Education library £2
- ASSOCIATION OF ASSISTANT MISTRESSES IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS The Teaching of English 1907  A paper given by Miss C.L. Thomson at the 1907 Annual Meeting of the Association. 16-pp pamphlet – good – ex-Board of Education library £8
- ASSOCIATION OF HEAD MISTRESSES Memorandum Forwarded to the President of the Board of Education, 5 Jan 1907  8-pp pamphlet dealing with the issue of the length of the school day and whether afternoon classes should be compulsory or optional. Good – ex-Board of Education libary £5
- ASSOCIATION OF UNIVERSITY WOMEN TEACHERS Thirtieth Annual Report, 1912-1913 AUWT 1914  Includes a (slightly surprisingly) long list of the members. Soft covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £10
- AUTOGRAPHS (2)  A sheet of paper on which are fixed the cut-out signatures of Marie, Lady Willoughby de Broke, Maud Selborne (the Countess of Selborne), Florence E. Barrett, Henrietta Barnett, Margery Corbett Ashby, Dorothy Jewson, Mabel Dearmer and Hester Kempthorne (wife of a bishop) £45
- AUTOGRAPHS – LEAGUE OF CHURCH MILITANT  4 sheets of paper to which are fixed 28 cut-out signatures of members of the League of Church Militant, the successor to the Church League for Women’s Suffrage. The signatures include thos of Margaret Benn (Lady Stansgate), Hope Joseph (artist), Evelyn Morrison (a WSPU activist), Edith Picton-Turbervill and M.A.R. Tuker. Many of the signatures are identified by pencilled annotations. Together £35
- AUTOGRAPHS – THE GUILDHOUSE  The Guildhouse was an ecumenical place of worship and cultural centre founded in 1921 by Maude Royden. On 4 sheets of paper are fixed 25 cut-out signatures, including those of Maude Royden, Hudson Shaw, Daisy Dobson (Maude Royden’s secretary), Zoe Procter (former WSPU activist), and Katherine Courtney (of the NUWSS). Together £45
- BARTON, Dorothea Women’s Minimum Wages 1921  reprinted from the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, July 1921. Paper covers -c 40pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £6
- BINFIELD, Clyde Belmont’s Portias: Victorian nonconformists and middle-class education for girls Dr Williams’ Trust 1981  The 35th Friends of Dr Williams’s Library Lecture. Paper covers – 35pp – good – scarce £18
- BOARD OF EDUCATION List of Elementary Schools and Training Colleges under the Administration of the Board 1902-1903 HMSO 1903  The lists include the number of pupils at each school, the average attendance and the amount the school received in an annual grant. This is bound with (1) ‘Lists of Secondary Schools, Science and Art Schools and Classes, and Evening Schools under the Administration of the Board 1902-1903′. The lists give details of the number of pupils attending day and night classes in both Science and in Art and the total ammount allocated in grants to each school.
(2) ‘Evening Schools Aided by Parliamentary Grants’, giving the number of pupils receiving grants. Packed with information on schools and classes in England and Wales. Leather bound, 193pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £28
- BRITISH, CONTINENTAL, AND GENERAL FEDERATION FOR THE ABOLITION OF GOVERNMENT REGULATION OF PROSTITUTION Fourth Annual Report British, Continental, and General Federation 1879  Covers the year 1878-79. Paper covers – good – a little creased and chipped £12
- BRITISH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION  Memorandum of the Articles of Association, and by-laws of the British Medical Association, together with a few other items sent with a letter, dated 17 July 1922, welcoming Dr Gladys Stableforth, Moorfields, Fenham, Northumberland as a member of the BMA. £3
- BRITISH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION Report of Committee on Industrial Health in Factories BMA 1941  43-pp wartime report – paper covers – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3
- BRITTAIN, Vera (introduces) Prisoners’ Circle: essays by ex-prisoners Prison Medical Reform Council 1943  Paper covers – 32pp – good £5
- BUTLER, Josephine (ed) The Storm Bell Ladies’ National Association for the Abolition of State Regulation of Vice Feb 1899  Single issue. Contains the rather touching notice: ‘If there should occasionally be some delay or irregularity in the appearance of the Storm Bell, I beg my Friends to judge its Editor leniently….As I have no Sub-Editor, it will be understood that it is not always easy to prepare even so humble a periodical as this, in time to be out exactly at the right date.’ Fine – scarce £28
- BYLES, Marie Domicile of Married Women The United Associations, Sydney 1930s??  4-pp leaflet on the question of the domicile of married women in Australia. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £2
- CAMPBELL, Dame Janet Infant Mortality Ministry of Health 1929  International Inquiry of the Health Organisation of the League of Nations, English Section. Paper covers – 118pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8
- CENSUS OF SCOTLAND 1911 VOL II Report of the Twelfth Decennial Census of Scotland HMSO   Missing front blue paper cover and some pages at end that cover talbels XLVI-LI – but 562pp are present and correct. Withdrawn from the Women’s Library £15
- CHARITY ORGANISATION REVIEW Vol X (New Series) July To Dec 1901 Longmans, Green 1902  half-yearly bound volume of the COS’s own magazine. Very good £28
- CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY D.R. Sharpe Centralised Registration of Assistance COS 1911  Paper read on 31 May 1911 at the Annual National Conference of Charity Organisation Societies. Paper covers – 14pp pamphlet – good – unusual £18
- CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY Miss Pike Friendly Visiting and Personal Service COS 1911  Paper read on 1 June 1911 at the Annual National Conference of Charity Organisation Societies. Paper covers – 11pp – good – a little foxing – unusual £20
- COMMISSION OF ENQUIRY INTO INDUSTRIAL UNREST: Report of the Commission for Wales HMSO 1917  50pp – good reading copy – bound into later card covers – ex-Board of Education Library £12
- CONTINUATION SCHOOLS  A collection of material relating to ‘Continuation Schools’ (evening classes). 1) Evidence given by Rev J.B. Paton, D.D. before the Education Commission, Wm Isbister Ltd, 1887, 16pp; 2) The Continuation of Elementary Education: a paper by William Lant Carpenter read at the Society of Arts, Feb 8th 1888, pub by the Recrative Evening Schools’ Association, 24pp; 3) Continuation Evening Classes; recreative and practical by Walter Besant, pub by the Recreative Evening Schools’ Association, 1886, paper covers, 8pp; 4) Continuation Schools: recreative and practical by J. Edward Flower, pub by the Recreative Evening Schools’ Association, 1894, 8pp; 5) Continuation Schools by Charles Henry Watt, pub for the Manchester Statistical Society, 1896, 24pp; 7) Recreative Instruction of Young People by the Rev Dr J.B. Paton, a paper read at a conference of the National Vigilance Association, pub by James Clarke, [first pub 1886, this issue probably 1902]; 8pp; 8) A Plea for Recreative Continuation Schools: evening schools under healthy conditions by the Rev J.B. Paton,, 4th ed (first pub 1885), 12pp; 9) Secondary Education for the Industrial Classes of England, a memorandum prepared by request of the Council of Recreative Evening Schools Association for the Royal Commission on Secondary Education by J.B. Paton, MA, DD, pub by the Recreative Evening Schools Association, 1904 (first issued 1895); 10 The Continuation Schools’ Bill Explained and Commended by the Rev J.B. Paton, Inner Mission Pamphlet, Second Series, no 6, 1905, 12pp; 11) Continuation Schools from a Higher Point of View by J.B. Paton, DD, Inner Mission Pamphlet, Second Series, no 7, 1905, 16pp; 12) report on an Enquiry into the Working of Evening Schools in the County of Cheshire, 1907, 12pp – with detailed pull-out tables; 13) The PRoblem of the Continuation School and its successful solution in Germany. A Consecutive Policy by R.H. Best and C.K. Ogden, pub by P.S. King, 1914, paper covers ( more or less detached), 80pp; 14) Port Sunlight Works Continuation School; An Address given to the Soap and Candle Trades at Birmingham on 16 March 1920 by J. Knox, MA, printed at the request of the Joint Industrial Council, 1920, paper covers, 22pp; 15) Day Continuation Schools, pub by Federal Council of Lancashire and Cheshire Teachers’ Associations, Sept 1943, 4pp. All in good condition – all paper covers – all ex-Board of Education library. As a collection – together £45
- COUNCIL OF WOMEN CIVIL SERVANTS Higher Appointments Open to Women in the Civil Service P.S. King 1928  ‘It is believed that the number and the importance of the careers in the Civil Service open to women are not fully recognised…’. 8-pp pamphlet – good- ex-Board of Education library. £10
- DAME IRENE WARD (1895-1980)  Collecction of letters and cards from Irene Ward (Conservative MP for, first, in 1931, Wallsend and then, 1950, Tyneside) to a friend, Cynthia Josephine Romilly (after her marriage in 1964, Romilly-Luscombe) (1914-2001) – together with a collection of cuttings about Irene Ward that her correspondent pasted onto album sheets – together with a quantity of loose cuttings – following the MP’s career – from the early 1940s. The correspondence continues into the late 1970s. Good – as a collection. £65
- DINNER AND PRESENTATION TO MISS ALISON NEILANS  4-pp leaflet, reprinted from ‘The Shield’, Dec 1938, describing the ‘Silver Jubilee dinner held at St Ermin’s Hotel, Westminster, to celebrate Miss Neilans’ 25 years work with the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene’. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8
- DISINHERITANCE The Remedies of Lord Astor’s Bill  an article reprinted from ‘The Observer’, Sept 6, 1928. ‘Lord Astor introduced a Bill in the House of Lords last session to modify, to a limited extent, the right of arbitrary disinheritance possessed by spouses and parents in England and Wales and occasionally exercised.’ Double-sided sheet – good £1
- EASTMAN, Linda The Child, the School, and the Library reprinted from the Library Journal 1896  She was employed by the Public Library, Dayton, Ohio and the address was given at the first annual meeting of the Ohio Library Association, Cleveland. Small, 22-pp pamphlet – ex-Board of Education library – good £5
- ELECTRICAL ASSOCIATION FOR WOMEN  Rather attractive blue enamel and silver badge – the shield shape badge hanging from a bar engraved ‘Nottingham Branch Vice President’. The EAW was founded in 1924 to ‘popularise the domestic use of electricity’. The Nottinghamshire Archives hold records of the very active Nottingham branch of the EAW. Very good £20
- ELIZA COOK’S JOURNAL VOLS 1-3  Runs from issue 1, 5 May 1849 to issue 156, 24 April 1852. Very good condition – half leather and marbled boards. Each vol £38
- FABIAN WOMEN’S GROUP Summary of Eight Papers and Discussions upon the Disabilities of Mothers as Workers Fabian Women’s Group (Private Circulation) 1910  Papers by Mrs Pember Reeves, Dr Ethel Vaughan-Sawyer, Mrs Spence Weiss, Mrs Bartrick Baker, Mrs Stanbury, Mrs S.K. Ratcliffe, Miss B.L. Hutchins, Mrs O’Brien Harris. Paper covers – good £15
- FAWCETT LIBRARY Annual Reports  covering the years 1968-1972, together with the Annual Report for the Fawcett Society for 1966-67, which included a report on the celebrations marking the centenary of the founding of the suffrage movement. Card covers – all very good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £5
- FEDERATION OF SOCIETIES OF TEACHERS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION  Two of the Federation’s annual reports. First Annual Report (Oct 1935-Sept 1936), 6pp; Fourth Annual Report (October 1938-Dec 1939), 12pp. Both soft covers, both very good. Together £12
- FRIENDS’ CENTRAL EDUCATION COMMITTEE Inspection of Friends’ Boarding Schools by the Board of Education:
General Report 1905  J.W. Headlam was Director of the Enquiry and the author of the Report. Soft covers – 50pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £12
- GIRLS’ OWN ANNUAL, Oct 1891- Sept 1892  Very good internally – with Extra Christmas Number 1891 and Extra Summer Number 1892 bound in- in publisher’s binding – spine leather rubbed and torn. Includes the colour reproduction of a painting by Kate Greenaway. Heavy £30
- GIRLS OWN ANNUAL, Oct 1895- Sept 1896  Includes an article on the Bryant & May match girls; ‘A young servant’s outfit, and what to buy for it’. Very good – in decorative binding £35
- GIRLS’ OWN ANNUAL, Oct 1896-Sept 1897  Very good internally – in slightly worn publisher’s binding. Includes a series of articles on ‘What are the provincial county councils doing for girls?’ and all the usual wonderful mix – plus the Extra Christmas Number and an extra Diamond Jubilee Number. Heavy £20
- GOULD, Frederick J. Why Educate?  A lecture given under the auspices of the National Union of Women Teachers, in connection with the Annual Educational Week-end in Chesterfield, September 24, 1926. Paper covers – good – 15pp. Together with a 2-sided leaflet on Educational Reform pub by the Rationalist Association. Both in goodish condition – ex-Board of Education library £4
- HARRIS, E.M. Married Women in Industry Institute of Personnel Management 1954  Paper covers – 30pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3
- HENRY, S.A, Health of the Factory Worker in Wartime  two lectures, by HM medical inspector of factories, reprinted from ‘The Lancet’, 11 and 18 Dec 1943. Paper covers – presentation copy from the author £5
- HILL, Charles H. E. Memorandum on the National Service Acts, 1939-41 and other emergency legislation prepared for the War Resisters’ International War Resisters’ International 1942  16-pp pamphlet – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £4
- HMSO Factories (No 2) Bill HMSO 1926  Concerned with working conditions. 102pp – lacking paper covers – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2
- HMSO Third Report from the Select Committee on National Expenditure: Health and Welfare of Women in War Factories HMSO 1942  24-pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £8
- HOMERTON COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE  Reports of the Congregational Board of Education on its Training College, Homerton Undenominational College – for the years ending 30 June 1900, 1901, 1902., 1903, 1905. All in good condition – ex Board of Education library – 3 items together £28
- HOUSEWIFE  3 issues of this popular magazine – for April & August 1941 and September 1943. Packed with evocative advertisements – and war-time making-do. Interesting. Good – each £3
- ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN (SCOTLAND) ACT, 1930 HMSO 1930  ‘An Act to amend the alw as to the duration and recovery of aliment for, and the custody of, illegitimate children in Scotland, and for other purposes connected therewith.’ 4-pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £1
- INDUSTRIAL HEALTH RESEARCH BOARD OF THE MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL Absence from Work:
Prevention of Fatigue HMSO no date (1944)  Life of the war-worker. Paper covers – 20pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £4
- INDUSTRIAL HEALTH RESEARCH BOARD OF THE MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL Why Is She Away?:
the problem of sickness among women in industry HMSO no date (1945)  Soft covers – 22pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £4
- INTER-ALLIED INFORMATION COMMITTEE Women Under Axis Rule HMSO   No 7 in the ‘Conditions in Occupied Territories’ Reports. good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £10
- INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE Small Collection of Reports  1) Equal Remuneration for Men and Women Workers for Work of Equal Value (33rd Session), 1950; 2) Equal Remuneration for Women and Women Workers for Work of Equal Value, Report 1 and 3) Report 2 (both 34th Session), 1950; 4) Women Workers in a Changing World, 1963. All card covers – good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £8
- [JEX-BLAKE] Margaret Todd Sophia Jex-Blake  Obituary article by Jex-Blake’s close friend – reprinted from the Royal Free Hospital Magazine. 8-pp – printed by the Women’s Printing Society – fine – in paper covers £5
- JEX-BLAKE, Sophia Medical Education for Women 1872  ‘The substance of a lecture delivered on April 26th 1872, in St George’s Hall, London, The Rt Hon, the Earl of Shaftesbury in the Chair’. The lecture is enhanced by a multitude of footnotes and appendices. Paper wrappers – 86pp. All is good – except that the bottom few lines of pp83-86 (inc) and the back wrapper have disappeared – damp? Very scarce – COPAC lists copies held only at Bristol, Sheffield, Glasgow, LSE & the Women’s Library @ LSE. £55
- JOSEPHINE BUTLER SOCIETY NEWSLETTER  issues for 1973, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1989, 1990, 1992, 2006 . 11 items – paper covers – in good condition Together £6
- LEAGUE OF NATIONS HMSO  International Labour Conference: 1) Draft Conventions and Recommendations adopted by the Conference at its 12th session, 30 May-21 June 1929. 34pp; 2) Draft Conventions and Recommendations adopted by the conference at its 16th Session 12 April-30 April 1932. 34pp; 3) Draft Conventions and Recommendation adopted by the Conference at its 18th Session 4 June-23 June 1934. 30pp. All good – together £4
- LEAGUE OF NATIONS  Council for the Representation of Women in the League of Nations, Annual Report 1926-7. Millicent Fawcett was present at the Annual Meeting of the Council, of which Mrs Ogilvie Gordon was President, in Nov 1927. 4-pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £1
- LOCAL GOVERNMENT BOARD Supplement in continuation of the Report of the Medical Officer of the Board for 1914-15 Containing a Report on Maternal Mortality in connection with childbearing and its relation to Infant Mortality. HMSO 1915  The 44th Annual Report of the Local Government Board, 1914-15. Complete, but missing its paper covers – otherwise good – 140pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8
- LONDON INSTITUTE FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF PLAIN NEEDLEWORK Annual Report for the Year ending September 30th, 1909 1909  24pp – good in card covers – ex-Board of Education library £8
- LONDON PROGRESSIVE EDUCATION COUNCIL Report Jan 1904-June 30, 1905 1905  The Council’s suggested election policy for the forthcoming 1906 General Election included, amongst other items, ‘All schools maintained by public money should be under complete public management and control.’ ‘The Council is the only organisation i London for promoting the principles of National Education, efficient, progressive, free, unsectarian, and under popular control’. With a list of donors and subscribers. 4-pp – good £2
- MACCARTHY, Fiona Work for Married Women Conservative Political Centre 1966  Paper covers – 18pp – good- withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2
- McMILLAN, Margaret The Future of Our Young People Co-operative Union 1911  Paper covers – 12pp – good – ex-Board of Education library £12
- Manchester High School for Girls  Letter dated 2 April 1873 from Edward Freeman (Somerleaze, Wells, Somerset) writes to ‘My dear Lord’ (possibly a Bishop?) ‘I see your name as a “patron” of the new Girls School to be set up at Manchester. ..I would venture to recommend a candidate for the place of Head Mistress, which I hear that the Committee are going about to fill.’ His recommendation is Miss Macarthur ‘who has been governess in my house for nearly five years. ..She is in correspondence with Miss Vernon, to whom Mrs Kitchener first spoke of her…I think the best witness of my opinion of her is that I have set her to write one of my series of small histories, a History of Scotland which I hope will be out soon.’ ‘though she does not actually understand Latin and Greek, she knows all abou them..’ Unfortunately Miss Macarthur was not appointed; there being far better qualified candidates competing for this sought after position. She was Margaret A.R. Macarthur, born in Scotland in 1842 and was the author of ‘History of Scotland’ in Freeman’s Historical Course for Schools. It would be interesting to find out what happened to her. Mss – 4pp – fine £45
- MANNING, E. A. Moral Teaching in Schools: a paper read at the Social Science Congress, Brighton Edward Stanford Oct 1875  Elizabeth Adelaide Manning was, among other things, for many years hon sec of the National Indian Association. Paper covers – 16pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £12
- MINISTRY OF HOUSING AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT Moving from the Slums HMSO 1956  Seventh Report of the Housing Management Sub-committee of the Central Housing Advisory Committee. Paper covers – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £4
- MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND NATIONAL SERVICE Time Rates of Wages and Hours of Labour HMSO 1952  Covers every type of employment for coal mining to cinema usherette. Paper covers – 248pp £8
- MINUTE OF THE FRIENDS’ ABOLITIONIST ASSOCIATION ON THE DECEASE OF JOSEPHINE BUTLER  4-pp leaflet marking the death of Josephine Butler – containing a facsmile of her last message, dated 30 May 1906, to the Friends’ Association. Good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2
- NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF GIRLS’ CLUBS Clubs and Club Making University of London Press 1943  A history – and then 13 chapters on how to run a club. Soft covers – 104pp – good – ex-Board of Education library £12
- NATIONAL FEDERATION OF BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL WOMEN’S CLUBS OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND The Changing Pattern: report on the training of older woman NFBPWC 1966  Paper covers – 24pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3
- PALLISTER, Minnie Socialism for Women ILP no date   ‘Not only the “Intelligent” Women but for all Women’ – with a nod to G.B. Shaw. Paper covers -18-pp pamphlet – good £18
- PIDDINGTON, A.B. The Next Step: a family basic income Macmillan, 2nd imp 1922  A discussion of how a ‘Living Wage’ could be introduced in Australia. Paper covers – 68pp – good £6
- REPORT OF A DEPARTMENTAL COMMITTEE ON THE PREVALENCE OF VENEREAL DISEASE AMONG THE BRITISH TROOPS IN INDIA HMSO 1897  33-pp foolscap Report – together with – ‘A Rough Record 1858-1935 on the work of the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene, in connection with the British Army in India’ – 8-pp foolscap report. In good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £12
- REPORT OF THE MABYS ASSOCIATION FOR THE CARE OF YOUNG GIRLS, 1922 1923  Founded by Mrs Nassau Senior in 1874 ‘to befriend and protect the girls brought up in the Guardians’ Schools, and those of other Public Authorities in the Metropolitan area. The Association tries to ensure for these girls the same chances in life and the same status as those girls who have been brought up in their own homes’. This Annual Report gives full detail of the Mabys work – the homes it ran – and its workers and supporters. Good – 34pp – ex-Board of Education library £15
- REPORT OF THE STREET OFFENCES COMMITTEE HMSO 1928  The Committee included Margery Fry. Good – 50pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5
- REVIEW OF REVIEWS  edited by W.T. Stead. the first volume, January-June 1890. As Stead spotted, here was a gap in the market, enabling the interested observer to keep a finger on the pulse of the world. With v useful indexes to articles in current periodicals. Very good £25
- SENIOR, Mrs Nassau Pauper Schools HMSO 1875  ‘Copy ”of a Letter addressed to the President of the Local Government Board by Mrs Nassau Senior, lately an Inspector of the Board, being a reply to the observation of Mr Tufnell, also a former inspector upon her report on pauper schools’. This was a follow-up to Mrs Senior’s 1874 report.
24pp – large format – disbound. £55
- SIR HENRY JONES  writes a glowing testimonial for his former pupil, Mabel Atkinson, a candidate for a lectureship at the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire. She was a graduate of Glasgow University and was then a research student at LSE, a Fabian and a suffragette. .LSE Library holds some material on her. Fine £48
- SMALL COLLECTION DOCUMENTING THE ACADEMIC PROGRESS OF MURIEL LONG AT THE COUNTY HIGH SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, WEST KIRBY 1920-1926  The tenor of Muriel’s school reports is ‘very fair’ – and we all know what that means. But she was clearly much younger than the average age of the class and does quite well in maths and science. Generally her conduct is ‘very good’ but at least one report notes ‘rather noisy in the class room’.Included in the collection are a number of programmes for Speech Day and Annual Sports, dating from the 1920s. In 1926 Muriel went on to Underwood Commercial College in Liverpool to learn shorthand and typing (1st in the class in ‘Office Routine’). I think Muriel married in 1940 and died in 2006 – leaving bequests to Venice in Peril and the Royal Overseas League – so it doesn’t look as though being graded only ‘very fair’ at Scripture, Ancient History etc had prevented her taking an interest. An eclectic collection of material £45
- SUMMARY JURISDICTION (MARRIED WOMEN) ACT, 1895 HMSO  An Act to amend the Law relating to the Summary Jurisdiction of Magistrates in reference to Married Women. Paper covers – 8pp – good. Together with ‘ Summary Jurisdiction (Separation and Mainenance) Bill to Amend the Married Women (Maintenance) Acts 1895 and 1920, and section 5 of the Licensing Act, 1905. Paper covers – 6pp – good. And An Act to amend the Law relating to Separation and Maintenance Orders, 1925 – paper covers – 4pp. All withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £2
- TEACHERS’ GUILD OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND Collection of Annual Reports  Reports for 1896-1897; 1897; 1899; 1900; 1901-1902; 1904-1905; 1905-1906; 1906; 1907-1908; 1908; 1909-10; 1910; 1911-12. The Guild represented both male and female teachers. With much detail of local branches. Each Report c 90pp, in original paper covers (the occasional cover present, but detached) – all in good condition. Together – 13 items £80
- TEACHERS’ GUILD OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND List of Members Alphabetically Arranged 1913  Names and addresses – very useful. Women teachers appear to be in the majority. Soft covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £15
- THE ASSOCIATION FOR MORAL AND SOCIAL HYGIENE The Alison Neilans Memorial Lectures AMSH  2 of these annual lectures: 1) No 5 Mary Stocks, Josephine Butler and the Moral Standards of Today, 1961; 2) No 6 T.C.N. Gibbens, The Clients of Prostitutes, 1962. paper covers – in good condition, withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £8
- THE ASSOCIATION OF HEAD MISTRESSES List of Public Secondary Schools for Girls 1903 1903  Card covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £10
- THE ASSOCIATION OF HEAD MISTRESSES List of Public Secondary Schools for Girls 1905 1905  Card covers – good – ex-Board of Education library £10
- THE FIRST REPORT OF THE BRISTOL REFUGE SOCIETY for the restoration of females who have unhappily fallen from virtue, ending 6 month 30, 1815; with a list of subscribers printed for Philip Rose, Broadmead 1815  An interesting publication – full of names and address of donors and subscribers. Many Bristol worthies – but also their associates from around the country. A very well produced facsimile. Paper covers – very good £18
- THE HOME ARTS & INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION A Collection of the Association’s Reports  The Home Arts & Industries Association was founded in 1884 by Eglantyne Jebb and was instrumental in spearheading a revived interest in the craft movement. The Association had its office and studios in the Royal Albert Hall. The collection comprises the Reports for 1902, 1905, 1906 (1 two-sided leaflet and a 4-pp leaflet setting out barest details of the Association, which appears to have been undergoing a financial crisis. I am not sure whether there were reports for 1907 and 1908), 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918. Most in very good condition (that for 1902 may be disbound, front page is present, but loose). – ex-Board of Education Library. Together £55
- THE INDUSTRIAL COURT Decision of Industrial Court No 1325: Manipulative Grades – Post Office HMSO July 1927  The case was between the Union of Post Office Workers and the Post Office. In the course of the lengthy expositions, a vast amount of information is given on the working of the Post Office at the time – revealing in great detail the work done by women, which had been the first section of the Civil Service to employ women. Soft covers – 212pp -good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8
- THE LADY’S REALM VOL XX Hutchinson May-Oct 1906  Includes the usual eclectic mix of articles, such as ‘Ballooning for Ladies’, ‘Domestic Economy Teaching as a Career for Women’, ‘Duties of a Debutante’, ‘Lady Servants: Are they a success?’ etc. Very good in publisher’s binding £30
- THE LAUNDRY INDUSTRY EDUCATION BOARD Education, Training and Scholarships in the Laundry Industry Laundry Industry Education Board 1953 (revised)  A vanished world of work. Paper covers – 16pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £8
- THE NEW SCHOOL, ABBOTSHOLME  boys’ preparatory school founded by Cecil Reddie in 1889 to put into practice his new educational theories. Report form – unlike any other I have seen -a veritable wall chart – 41cm x 51cm -rather elegantly printed in red – covering not only all the usual academic disciplines and sport, but also aesthetic feeling, intution, power to recall, power to induce, pluck etc. Most definitely a new type of schooling. This report form is blank – in fine condition – creased along folds -ex-Board of Education library – most unusual. £10
- THE SHIELD  ‘The Official Organ of the British Committee of the International Federation for the Abolition of State Regulation of Vice’ – 5 issues. 1) August 1911; 2) Feb-March 1926; 3) May 1940; 4) Oct 1961; 5) Nov 1970 (Centenary Number) All paper covers – good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. – together £12
- THE SPHERE, 25 March 1916  Includes photographs and text about London work rooms of the Red Cross – making slippers, knitting, sewing – under chandeliers in Grosvenor Sq house. Complete issue – disbound -probably missing back cover – good £12
- THE SPHERE, 31 May 1919  single page with words and pictures showing women workers making shells at the Wolseley Motor Works. Good £3
- THE VIGILANCE RECORD  ‘The Organ of the National Vigilance Association’, 3 issues: 1) 15 January 1888, ed Mrs Ormiston Chant 2) April 1926 3) April 1928. All withdrawn from the Women’s Library – in good condition – nicked and creassed at edges. Together £10
- THE WOMEN’S BRANCH FEDERATION Fifth Annual Report, 1912-13  ‘Affiliated to the Social Institutes’ Union’ – ‘unites existing Clubs and Social Institutes for women and girls of the industrial community by promoting amongst them mutual interest and friendly intercourse.’ Good – in original wrappers – 16pp – 2 photos -ex-Board of Education lbirary £12
- THE WOMEN’S BRANCH FEDERATION Sixth Annual Report, 1913-14  ‘We can only conclude by saying that we have endeavoured to raise the standard of London Working Girls by encouraging them to take pleasure in interesting study, and employ their leisure hours in healthy and wholesome recreation.’ With details of all the affiliated Clubs. Paper covers – 16pp – good – ex-Board of Education library £12
- TOULMIN, Camilla A Story of the Factories (c 1842)  ‘It was on a fine summer morning in the year 1841 that three young persons, the children of an agricultural labourer, presented themselves at a certain railway station, and, after obtaining third-class tickets, might have been seen waiting for the arrival of the train…’ They had left their native Dorsetshire to travel to Manchester.. Short story – a tract – 32pp – recently bound in card covers – very good £18
- USEFUL WOMEN  ‘The League of Gentlewomen has been formed with the object of bringing into touch those who want certain kinds of work done with those who are ready and able to do it for them’ – thus reads the preamble to a 4-pp – rather smartly produced – leaflet for ‘Useful Women’. Their office was at 48 Dover Street, Mayfair, in the heart of what was then women’s clubland. The two partners in the enterprise are given as ‘Miss Kerr’ and ‘Mrs Dale’ and the leaflet comprises an A-Z of all the kinds of tasks ‘Useful Women’ would undertake – from ‘Advice and help on all domestic matters’ to ‘Zoo parties arranged.’ A list of referees is given – which includes Dr Elizabeth Sloan Chesser.
‘Useful Women’ had been formed in 1921 (possibly in Brighton) by Lilian Kerr. The financial basis for the scheme was that women who wanted employment lent money to the company. In 1928 she sold the business to a company (presumably the Dover Street incarnation of Useful Women)- of which she was a managing director – paying herself £400 per annum. But being unable to pay back the loans made in 1929 she was judged bankrupt. In 1936 she applied for a discharge but this wasn’t allowed, the registrar taking a very dim view of what was termed her misconduct in accepting money she knew she couldn’t pay back. However Useful Women continued to trade from the Dover Street address certainly until the Second World War. One can only assume that those enquiring about zoo parties knew nothing of the murky financial background of at least one of Useful Women’s partners. How well the firm would have fitted into an Eveyn Waugh novel. 4-pp – very nicely designed and printed leaflet – fine £25
- VICTORIA UNIVERSITY:THE OWEN’S COLLEGE MANCHESTER Prospectus of the Arts, Science, and Law Department and Department for Women and of Evening and Popular Courses  Prospectuses for Sessions 1896-7, 1898-9, 1899-1900, including full details of the contents of all courses. In good condition in original wrappers (the wrapper for 1896-7 torn and detached) – -each prospectus c 170pp – ex-Board of Education library.. 3 items – as a collection £45
- WHITE, Florence The Spinsters Manifesto!!: a detailed statement of the case for contributory (non-retiring) pensions at 55 National Spinsters Pensions Association 1945  ‘We herewith present the case for pension consideration for single women at 55, trusting that after perusal you will be impressed by the reasonable nature of the reform advocated, agreeing with us that single women are indeed the OVERLOOKED SECTION in the present Social Insurance Proposals’. Pamphlet -12pp – fine £28
- WILKINS, Mrs Roland The Training and Employment of Education Women in Horticulture and Agriculture Women’s Farm and Garden Association 1927  Soft covers – 52pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £20
- WILLS AND INTESTACIES (FAMILY MAINTENANCE) BILL HMSO 1930  ‘The object of this bill is to secure that, in the distribution of the estate of a testator or testatrix, a surviving husband or wife and any surviving children who are of an age necessitating parental support shall have a statutory right to certain provision out of the estate in order to secure the funds necessary for their maintenance.’ Paper covers – 14pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library – good £2
- WILSON, Dr Helen Prostitution and the Law:
is prostitution a trade? Association for Moral and Social Hygiene   reprinted from ‘The Shield’, March 1926. 8-pp pamphlet. Very good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £10
- WOMAN AT HOME (Annie S. Swan’s Magazine) Hodder & Stoughton 1894  Includes chapters from Annie Swan’s ‘Elizabeth Glen, M.B.; the experiences of a lady doctor’, as well as the usual wide range of interviews, articles -including fashion, cookery and house furnishing, and stories. Good – hundreds of pages! £18
- WOMEN’S CO-OPERATIVE GUILD 35th Annual Report, 1 May 1917-30 April 1918  Paper covers – 24pp – good – ex-Board of Education library £12
- WOMEN’S CO-OPERATIVE GUILD 36th Annual Report 1 May 1918-30 April 1919  Paper covers – good – ex-Board of Education library £12
- WOMEN’S EMPLOYMENT FEDERATION Careers: a memorandum on openings and trainings for girls and women 1964  The 21st ed. Soft covers – 146pp – very good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5
- WOMEN’S EMPLOYMENT FEDERATION Memorandum on Openings and Trainings for Women, 1947-8  Packed with information on what post-war work opportunities were open to women – from Accountancy to Youth Leadership. With illuminating ads. Paper covers – 66pp – good – ex-Board of Education library £15
- WOMEN’S GROUP ON PUBLIC WELFARE Loneliness: an enquiry into causes and possible remedies National Council of Social Service revised ed 1964  An interesting snapshot of one aspect of the early 1960s. Soft covers – 72pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5
- WOMEN’S INDUSTRIAL COUNCIL Nineteenth Annual Report 1912-13  Includes a long, v interesting and wide-ranging list of lectures given – as well as details of the work undertaken by the council – including the trades into which it had undertaken investigations. Paper covers – very good – ex-Board of Education library £15
- WOMEN’S INSTITUTE CHINA  Cup, saucer and plate – white china rimmed in gold – with WI logo – ‘For Home and Country’ on each piece – in green, red and gold – dating from 1930s/1940s. Just imagine the Institute teas such china has witnessed. No manufacturer’s mark. In fine condition £20
- BEDFORD COLLEGE The Common Room  Real photographic card – I can see a print of G. F.Watts’ ‘Hope’ among the pictures – and is that a portrait of Emily Penrose over the fireplace? I’m not sure. Very good – printed in Berlin so probably dates from pre-1914 – unposted £10
- CLARK’S COLLEGE, CIVIL SERVICE Preparing for the Lady Clerk’s G.P.O. Exam  Photographic postcard of the young women preparing for this exam which, if they passed, offered a chance of bettering themselves. Very good – unposted £12
- GEORGE LANSBURY, MP, LCC  real photographic postcard published by the Church Socialist League, London branch, pre – First World War. Fine – unposted £5
- MERCHANT TAYLORS’ SCHOOL FOR GIRLS  Real photographic postcard of the exterior of the Crosby, Liverpool, girls’ school. The ink message on the back includes ‘The view is of Aunty Nina’s school..’ and continues onto the front of the card on white space to the side of the photograph. Posted in, I think, 1933. Good £10
- BAILLIE, Joanna A Series of Plays in which it is attempted to delineate the stronger passions of the mind Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, & Brown, a new edition 1821  A handsome set – newly rebound in cloth £60
- BEHN, Aphra Ten Pleasures of Marriage and the second part of The Confession of the New Married Couple printed for the Navarre Society 1950  With an introduction by John Harvey. Good – corners a little bumped £10
- BIRTLES, Dora The Overlanders Virago 1987  First published in 1947 – an Australian novel. Paper covers – very good £3
- BLATCHFORD, Robert A Bohemian Girl and Mr Ginnis Clarion Newpaper Co Ltd 1901 (r/p)  Good £18
- BRACKENBURY, Alison Bricks and Ballads Carcanet 2004  Poems. Soft covers – mint £3
- BRADDON, M.E. Lady Audley’s Secret Virago 1985  First published in 1862. Still a page-turner. Paper covers – very good £4
- BUNBURY, Selina The Blind Girl of the Moor: a shepherd’s girl B. Wertheim, Aldine Chambers 1845  A moral tale – with a Scottish setting. Good – rebound £5
- CLIFT, Charmian Walk to the Paradise Gardens Harper & Bros (NY) 1960  First US edition of this Australian novel. Very good in very good d/w, which is slightly chipped at top and bottom of spine £25
- DEAN, Mrs Andrew A Splendid Cousin T. Fisher Unwin, 2nd ed 1893  Volume 20 in the Pseudonym Library. Very good internally – cloth cover a little rubbed £15
- FAIRBAIRNS, Zoe Stand We at Last Virago 1983  A picaresque novel, with a suffrage sequence. Paper covers – very good £4
- FALCONER, Lanoe Mademoiselle Ixe T. Fisher Unwin 7th ed, 1924  In Cabinet Library series £5
- FEINSTEIN, Elaine The Russian Jerusalem Carcanet 2008  A novel of Russia – both Putin’s and Stalin’s – with poems and pictures. Soft covers – mint £5
- FREED, Lynn The Servants’ Quarters Houghton Mifflin Harcourt 2009  ‘A witty, original take on ‘Beauty and the Beast’ featuring a fiercely intrepid young Jewish girl plagued by fears of the Holocaust, a wealthy, cultured aristocrat horribly disfigured in World War II and a mother whose ambitions know no bounds.’ Fine in fine d/w £7
- HASTINGS, Lady Flora Poems William Blackwood 1841  The poems of poor Lady Flora were edited for publication by her sister. Lady Flora, a lady in waiting at court in 1838, was suspected of being pregnant, though unmarried. In fact her body was swollen with illness – and she died. Everybody was then v. sorry. Pasted onto the free front endpaper is a black-bordered printed ‘Elegy on the Death of Lady Flora Hastings.’ Annotation in ink reveals that the copy had in 1882 belonged to Mr John Gladstone, 39 Gunter Grove, Redcliffe Gardens, London S.W.. Latterly the copy had been held in the City of Cardiff Reference Library – perhaps given to it by Mr Gladstone. It bears a ‘Withdrawn from Stock’ stamp as well as the library albel on the front pastedown. The copy, in its original decorative green cloth, is worn along spine and hinge to front board is tender – contents very good £25
- JESSE, F. Tennyson Moonraker Virago 1981  First published in 1927. Paper covers – very good £3
- JOHNSON, Sue The Broken Book Allen & Unwin (Australia) 2004  A novel inspired by the life of the Australian writer, Charmian Clift. Soft covers – mint £6
- KREITMAN, Esther Deborah Virago 1983  First published in 1936. Paper covers – very good £3
- LEHMANN, Beatrix Rumour of Heaven Virago 1987  First published in 1934. Paper covers – very good £4
- LEVERSON, Ada Love’s Shadow Chapman & Hall 1950  Reprint of the 1908 edition. Good £4
- LITVINOV, Ivy She Knew She Was Right Virago 1988  Paper covers – very good £3
- MATHESON, Annie Selected Poems Old and New Henry Frowde 1899  Very good £10
- NEWLIN, Keith (ed) American Plays of the New Woman Ivan R. Dee (Chicago) 2000  Plays by William Vaughan Moore, Rachel Crothers, Augustus Thomas, Alice Gerstenberg, Susan Glaspell and Jesse Lynch Williams. Paper covers – mint £5
- PARRIS, P.B. His Arms are Full of Broken Things Viking 1997  A novel based on the life of Charlotte Mew. Fine in d/w £5
- PIKE, G. Holden Daughters of the Flower Market: a story of four London bouquetieres Religious Tract Society, no date (c 1900?)  Bears a 1904 (boys’) school prize label. Contains a wealth of social observation – and line-drawings £4
- PROCTER, Adelaide Anne Legends and Lyrics Bell & Daldy, 14th ed 1872  Poems by a leading member of the Langham-Place group. very good – leather, with gilt decorations and all edges gilt £15
- SERGEANT, Adeline Alison’s Ordeal James Nisbet no date (1903?)  By a prolific and very professional novelist. £5
- SIGOURNEY, Mrs (ed. F.W.N. Bailey) The Poetical Works of Mrs L.H. Sigourney G. Routledge 1857  Neatly rebound in cloth £10
- TAYLOR, Mary Miss Miles OUP 1990  Mary Taylor was the life-long friend of Charlotte Bronte. This edition with an introduction by Janet Horowitz Murray. Soft covers – very good £6
- TRAVERS, Graham [pseud of Margaret Todd] Mona MacLean: medical student William Blackwood, 14th ed 1899  Novel written by Sophia Jex-Blake’s friend and biographer. Cover marked – scarce £38
- VON ARNIM, Elizabeth The Enchanted April Virago 1986  Soft covers – fine £5
- WOOD, Mrs Henry Mrs Halliburton’s Troubles Richard Bentley 1893  Good reading copy £4
- WOOD, Mrs Henry The Red Court Farm Macmillan 1908 (r/p)  Good reading copy £3
- YEZIERSKA, Anzia Hungry Hearts and Other Stories Virago 1987  First published in 1920. Paper covers – very good £3
- ANTHONY Jr, Charles The Social and Political Dependence of Women Longmans, Green, and Co 1880 (6th ed)  This was one of the earliest books published in support of J.S. Mill’s proposed amendment to the 1867 Reform Bill – to give qualified women the vote. Interestingly he begins his tract with an analysis of the way in which ridicule was used to dismiss the idea of the enfranchised woman. Charles Anthony was the editor of the ‘Hereford Times’. Helen Blackburn lists the book in her Bibliography for ‘The Record of Women’s Suffrage’ . Very good internally in original decorated cloth, slight rubbing to head and tail of spine – unusual £65
- ATKINSON, Diane Funny Girls: cartooning for equality Penguin 1997  Soft covers – very good £5
- CAMPBELL, Olwen W. The Feminine Point of View Williams & Norgate 1952  The report of a Conference which began in the winter of 1947 and included among its members Teresa Billington-Greig and Margery Corbett Ashby. Olwen Campbell was the daughter of Mary Ward, who had been the leading light of the Cambridge Association for Women’s Suffrage. Very good in d/w £18
- DOBBIE, B.M. Willmott Dobbie A Nest of Suffragettes in Somerset: Eagle House, Batheaston Batheaston Society 1979  The story of the Blathwayt family and their involvement in the women’s suffrage movement – copiously illustrated by the photographs taken by Col Blathwayt. Soft covers – quite scarce £26
- GIBSON, Sir John The Emancipation of Women Gwasg Gomer 1992  First published in 1891. Gibson was editor of the ‘Cambrian News’ between 1875-1915 and a strong supporter of women’s suffrage in Wales. Soft covers – mint £12
- KENT, Susan Sex and Suffrage in Britain, 1860-1914 Princeton University Press 1987  Fine in d/w (which has one slight nick) £20
- LEWIS, Jane Before the Vote was Won: arguments for and against women’s suffrage 1864-1896 Routledge (Women’s Source Library) 1987  A very useful collection of texts. Fine in d/w £28
- MARKINO, Yoshio My Idealed John Bullesses Constable 1913  A Japanese illustrator – includes a long chapter, with illustrations, about Christabel Pankhurst and the WSPU. Good – with decorative cloth cover. Bears the ownership inscription of the novelist Beatrice Kean – scarce £100
- MARTIN, Anna Mother and Social Reform NUWSS 1913  Two articles reprinted from the ‘Nineteenth Century and After’ issues of May and June 1913 as a booklet. Anna Martin, deeply concerned about the level of infant mortality and general ill-health of poor women and children, argues for easier separation in cases where the husband and father is neglectful or worse, the right of women to a ‘maintenance’ that is in some way defined. With a membership form for the NUWSS tipped in at the front, and a subscription form to ‘The Common Cause’ at the back. Paper covers (with a few nicks at edges) – very good condition -64pp £45
- MORGAN, David Suffragists and Liberals: the politics of woman suffrage in Britain Basil Blackwell 1975  Fine in d/w £15
- ROVER, Constance Love, Morals and the Feminists Routledge 1970  Good in d/w – though ex-library £18
- RUBINSTEIN, David Before the Suffragettes: women’s emancipation in the 1890s Harvester 1986  Soft covers – very good £15
- SEAWELL, Molly Elliot The Ladies’ Battle Macmillan Co (NY) 1911  She was an American novelist who here argues against women’s suffrage, maintaining that if women were to vote an unlooked-for ‘general revolution’ would be inaugurated. Good – uncommon £38
- STOPES, Charlotte Carmichael British Freewomen: their historical privilege Swan Sonnenschein, 3rd ed 1907  An important volume in the historiography of the women’s suffrage movement. Mrs Stopes made use of material collected by Helen Blackburn. Good. £65
- STRACHEY, Ray The Cause: a short history of the women’s movement in Great Britain G. Bell 1928  This copy belonged to Lord McGregor – author of ‘Divorce in England’ , a book that includes a very useful bibliography of works on women’s rights. He has laid in the book a collection of newspaper cuttings, from the 1950s to 1970s, relating to the position of women. The copy of the book is in good condition – but he had bought it as an ex-library copy and has added a few pencilled notes on the back pastedown. An interesting association copy.
- (LYTTON) Constance Lytton Prisons and Prisons: Some Personal Experience by Constance Lytton and Jane Warton, Spinster William Heinemann 1914  Janie Terrero’s copy which she has embellished with, at the front, pasted-in cuttings of long reviews of the book (‘The Daily News’, 7 March 1914, ‘The Observer’, 8 March 1914), an obituary of Lady Constance ( ‘The Times’, 24 May 1923) and a report of her funeral (‘The Times’, 28 May 1923) and with the end of a signed autograph note to her from Lady Constance – ‘So glad to hear your excellent meeting is bearing fruit’. At the back she has pasted (over the pages of notices of the publisher’s forthcoming books) Christabel Pankhurst’s article on the book, published in ‘The Suffragette’, March 13th and 20th 1914, This first edition of the book is bound in purple cloth, with Sylvia Pankhurst’s ‘sower’ medallion on the front cover. In very good condition (with library stamps in the usual manner) £145
- PANKHURST, E. Sylvia The Suffragette: The history of the women’s militant suffrage movement 1905-10 Gay and Hancock 1911  Janie Terrero has embellished her copy of this book with two real photographic WSPU postcards. One shows Mrs Pankhurst being arrested in Victoria Street on 13 February 1908 and the other shows Christabel speaking in Trafalgar Square – inviting the audience to ‘rush’ the House of Commons, 13 October 1908. In addition she has pasted a very interesting letter written by Eli\abeth Robins and published in ‘The Times’, 4 May 1921 in which she stoutly defends the WSPU policy of militancy – one of her arguments being that suffragettes had the means to kill or injure their opponents if they had chosen to do so. In purple cloth, as issued, with Sylvia Pankhurst’s ‘portcullis’ design in gilt on the front cover- with the symbolic arrow picked out in purple, white and green. An item from the Terrero Bequest, with Manuel Terrero’s decorative bookplate and the Working Men’s College Terrero Bequest label – and usual library stamps. An attractive association copy of a relatively scarce book – the first UK edition £180
- (FAWCETT) David Rubinstein A Different World for Women: the life of Millicent Garrett Fawcett Ohio State University Press 1991  Mint in d/w £15
- (HAMILTON) Cicely Hamilton Life Errant  Her autobiography. In very good condition. Extremely – and surprisingly – scarce £45
- (LYTTON) Lady Betty Balfour (ed) Letters of Constance Lytton William Heinemann 1925  Very good – in purple cloth, with design by Syvlia Pankhurst on front cover £68
- ARMOUR, Margaret Agnes of Edinburgh Andrew Melrose 1911  A novel of its time – the suffrage movement although not central to the plot – flows along behind, occasionally breaking the surface in a discussion of women’s rights and attitudes to the campaign. Interesting – very scarce – I’ve only seen it previously in the Briitish Library. Very good in rubbed paper wrapper – with a little card inlaid – showing that it had been presented to Nesta Prichard, of Form Vb, as a prize for mathematics. £40
- HINE, Muriel The Man With the Double Heart John Lane 1914  The heroine’s mother is a Militant Suffragette; she is not. Good £18
- JOHNSTON, Sir Harry Mrs Warren’s daughter: a story of the women’s movement Chatto & Windus 1920  A suffrage novel. Very good – presentation copy from the author’s wife £35
- LEFROY, Ella Napier The Man’s Cause John Lane 1899  The author was Isabella Napier Lefroy (née Hastie) (1854-1919) – who also wrote under the pseudonym ‘E.N. Leigh Fry’. The novel contains much discussion of the Woman Question – and is among those I list under ‘Novels’ with suffrage content in my ‘Reference Guide’. Good and tight – just a little rubbed on edges- rather scarce £45
- LUCAS, E.V. Mr Ingleside Methuen, 7th ed, no date 1910/1912?)  A novel with suffrage scenes. Very good £8
- MASEFIELD, John The Street of To-day J.M. Dent 2nd ed, 1911  Another from my ‘Reference Guide’ list of novels with pro-suffrage sentiment. ‘It seems to me that all the evils in modern life spring direcctly from the absence of women in government’, says one character. Masefield was a friend of Elizabeth Robins and a strong suffrage supporter. Very good £40
- MASSIE, Chris Esther Vanner Sampson Low, Marston & Co no date (1937)  The heroine is a suffragette. Very good in d/w £35
- PAGE, Gertrude The Winding Paths Hurst & Blackett c 1911 [8th ed]  A novel with a suffrage theme. ‘The men call them “new Women” with derision, or mannish, or unsexed; but those who have been among them, and known them as friends, know that they hold in their ranks some of th most generous-hearted, unselfish, big-souled women who exist in England to-day…One such as the best of these was Ethel Hayward..’ Good £20
- SHAW, Bernard Press Cuttings: a topical sketch compiled from the editorial and correspondence columns of the Daily Papers Constable & Co no date (1909)  as performed by the Civic and Dramatic Guild at the Royal Court Theatre, London, on the 9th July 1909. A suffragette play. In grey card covers a little chipped at edge £35
- A Brief Review of the Women’s Suffrage Movement since its Beginning in 1832 [NUWSS], printed by Vacher & Sons April 1911  16-pp pamphlet. Very good – would be fine but it has lost its staples. With the ownership inscription of a ‘Mrs Kerr’ on the cover. £35
- ADA HINES  (1872-1949) of ‘The Nook’, Ashton-on-Mersey, was an artist and a suffragette – the joint founder, in 1909, with her friend and fellow artist, Lucy Fildes, of the Manchester branch of the Women’s Freedom League. Here is an opportunity to acquire a small oil painting by her – unframed – on board – entitled ‘Sunset’. Signed but undated – rather atmospheric. £75
- BODICHON, Mrs Reasons for the Enfranchisement of Women London National Society for Women’s Suffrage, no date late 1860s?  Printed by Head, Hole & Co, Farringdon Street and Ivy Lane, E.C. Scarce and important pamphlet -8pp – good £250
- CAHILL, Richard Staunton A Lecture on Woman’s Rights, Cockermouth, 1888  The painting depicts a woman in neat, plain attire standing on a platform addressing an (unseen) audience. Behind her is a poster that reads ‘A Lecture on Woman’s Rights Will be Delivered [?] in the Lecture Hall of the Young Men’s Christian Association Cockermouth on Wednesday Mrs Smith.’
The painting is signed by the artist Richard Staunton Cahill and is dated 1888.
I can certainly place the artist, Irish-born though he was, very close to Cockermouth in the late 1870s/early 1880s.
The artist: -Richard Staunton Cahill – born c 1827 in Co Clare. Son of Charles Staunton Cahill who, in 1828/9, was a leading supporter of Catholic Emancipation and of Daniel O’Connell (the Liberator)
In 1850 Richard Cahill entered the Royal Hibernian Academy. He lived in Dublin but by 1863 had moved to London and then by 1875 was living in Nottingham and teaching at the Government School of Art there. He still had a Nottingham address in 1877 but by 1879 when he submitted works to the Royal Hibernian Academy of Arts his address was given as ‘Keswick’.
In the 1881 census he was living, with his sister, Agnes, in a boarding house in High Street, Crosthwaite. He gave his occupation as ‘artist’, ‘master School of Art’ – so it is possible that he was still employed in Nottingham and spent holidays in Cumberland.
In 1882 when he submitted works to the Irish Exhibition of Arts and Manufactures in Dublin his address was again given as ‘Keswick’.
On 24 March 1883 ‘The Graphic’ printed a poem Cahill had written protesting against the threat to ‘Lakeland’ posed by the new railway and roads. He must have been closely associated with Canon Rawnsley (who was about to move into Crosthwaite Vicarage) and the Lake District Defence Society. With his nephew (I think) C.S. Cahill, Richard Cahill wrote several songs – ‘Songs of the Lake’ – including ‘Beautiful Keswick’ and ‘Charming Windermere’.
As to the subject of the painting: – I know of a couple of women’s suffrage lectures given in Cockermouth in the early years of the suffrage campaign. On 1872 Friday 24 May 1872 a travelling speaker, Jessie Craigen, gave a lecture on ‘Women’s Rights at the Court House, Cockermouth – but I know from written descriptions that Jessie Craigen was large and blowsy – the antithesis of the neat figure in this painting.
Lydia Becker, the leader of the women’s suffrage meeting in Manchester, held meeting in Cockermouth on Tuesday 17 January 1882 – but, again, her features are very distinctive and these are not they. For full details of the 19th century women’s suffrage campaign in Cumberland see my Women’s Suffrage Movement: a regional survey p 24.
I suspect that the woman lecturer is in fact Miss Mary Smith of Finkle Street in Carlisle, whose ‘Autobiography of Mary Smith: schoolmistress and non-conformist’ was published in 1892. For many years Mary Smith ran a girls’ school from her home and was renowned for giving Penny Readings.
In 1868 she initiated a correspondence with Lydia Becker, who addressed her in a letter of 20 May 1868, as ‘Mrs Smith’.
On 2 April 1869, with Mary Smith’s encouragement, Miss Becker gave a ‘woman’s rights’ lecture in Carlisle, which was followed by the founding of the Carlisle branch of the National Society for Women’s Suffrage, with Mary Smith as its honorary secretary. The Carlisle branch was still in existence until at least 1872 but then fades from view.
In her autobiography Mary Smith is at pains to describe how she bought ‘plain and comfortable clothing’, writing ‘Nor was I ever ashamed of being plainly dressed’. One who knew her commented that ‘not unfrequently her dress was decidedly antiquated and old fashioned.’ The figure in the painting cuts a very neat figure, attired certainly in plain and comfortable clothing. Mary Smith’s Autobiography does not include any representation of her, alas, but I feel as certain as one can be – with no absolute proof – that it is she who is delivering the ‘Woman’s Rights’ lecture from that platform. I have, as yet, been unable to find a newspaper report of the lecture.
Mary Smith died in 1891 and had been ill for a few years before – so I rather think that the lecture had taken place considerably earlier than the date given on the painting. By 1888 (by which time Cahill can be found at a London address) ‘Woman’s Rights’ was no longer really the term that would be used. The suffrage campaign had been making some headway and by 1888 the term ‘women’s suffrage’ would have been more likely to have been used than ‘woman’s rights’, which was more of a 1870s usage.
The painting – oil on canvas – is in very good condition.£3,300
- CICELY HAMILTON – Portrait  in charcoal by Cyril Roberts (1871-1949). On the reverse is the inscription: ‘Cyril Roberts, 57 Glebe Place, Chelsea. Miss Cecily [sic] Hamilton’ No 2. Cicely Hamilton (1872-1952) lived for most of her adult life in Glebe Place which was very much a haunt of artists. Cyril Roberts had various Chelsea studios over the years, settling towards the end of his life in Glebe Place. However the two may well have known each other for many years. Roberts’was a reasonably successful portrait artist – his 1923 charcoal & bodycolour portrait of Ellen Terry is now in the National Portrait Gallery. This portrait of Cicely Hamilton is undated (possibly immediately post Second World War) and shows her as an elderly – but still doughty – woman (wearing a shirt and tie). I think it must have been an excellent likeness.
Also on the back of the portrait is a label of the British Drama League – noting that the portrait had been given to them in 1960 for their Library. The presentation had been made by Mr Kingsley Adams of the National Portrait Gallery on behalf of Mrs Richard Curle of the University of Ghana. In fact it was Mrs Curle’s son, Adam Curle, who was employed by the University of Ghana – she was presumably living there with him. .Cordelia Curle was born Cordelia Fisher and was a cousin to Virginia Woolf .She married – and divorced in 1922 – the journalist Richard Curle and from the mid-1940s to 1951 (at least) was living at 43 Glebe Place; Cicely Hamilton was living at no. 44..
The British Drama League, which had been founded in 1919 was dissolved in 1990.
The portrait (25cm w x 35 cm h) is framed – 48cm w x 58 cm h. The portrait is in fine condition – with a hint of foxing on the mount. £490
- CORONATION PROCESSION 17 June 1911  A stereoscope photograph of ‘The Empire Car’ – part of the ‘Pageant of Empire’ part of the procession staged by the suffrage societies to mark the Coronation of George V. Very good £95
- DYSON, Will Cartoons The Daily Herald 1914  A Second Collection of cartoons drawn by the celebrated Australian cartoonist, Will Dyson (1880-1938), and published in ‘The Daily Herald’. Among the 40 are 6 directly related to the suffrage campaign. In fair condition the middle 2pp have come loose from the staples and the edges are a little rubbed. Could be broken up and the prints framed individually. Large format – 36 x 26 cm – paper covers £85
- ELMY, Elizabeth Wostenholme Woman’s Franchise: the need of the hour ILP 2nd ed, no date   A campaigner for women’s suffrage since the mid-1860s, she had put aside a lifetime’s aversion to party politics and joined the Manchester ILP in 1904. This article was originally published in the ‘Westminster Review’. In her concise style she analyses the events of the previous 40 years and demands that Liberal MPs who profess to support women’s suffrage honour their pledges. £65
- HILL, MISS OCTAVIA Women and the Suffrage 1910  2-sided leaflet, reproducing a letter from Octavia Hill to the Editor of the ‘Times’, dated 14 July 1910. In this she repudiates the necessity of votes for women – ‘Let the woman seek the quiet paths of helpful real work, be set on finding where she is wanted, on her duties, not on her rights…’ The 2-sided leaflet was printed by the National Press Agency Ltd and does not carry the imprimatur of the anti-suffrage society, although I imagine that group was probably behind its publication, the NPA being their usual printer. Good – very scarce £68
- HMSO Representation of the People Bill HMSO 1917  ‘A Bill to Amend the Law with respect to Parliamentary and Local Government Franchises..etc’. Clause 4 allowed the vote to women over the age of 30. 42 pages – a good reading copy – missing its paper covers £15
- KELLEY, Florence Persuasion or Responsibility? National American Woman Suffrage Association c 1905?  Vol 2, No 8 in ‘Political Equality Series’. Small format – 4pp – good – with shelfmark – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5
- LEIGH SMITH, Barbara A Brief Summary in Plain Language of the Most Important Laws Concerning Women; together with a few observations thereon Holyoake & Co, 2nd edition revised with addition 1856  Barbara Leigh Smith (later Barbara Bodichon) was 27 years old when she wrote this pamphlet, first published in 1854 as part of her campaign to change the Married Women’s Property Acts. This pamphlet is extremely scarce (I have never had a copy for sale before), bound inside recent paper covers. Rather amusingly, the printed price of ‘Threepence’ has been scored through and ‘1 1/2 d’ added – a comment, presumably, then on the interest being shown in the campaign by a public not yet awakened to the cause. Very good £280
- LONDON AND NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SERVICE Report, October 1st 1938 to March 31st 1943  A Report giving details of how Women’s Service House fared during the early years of the war (bombed) and where the Library was accommodated (Oxford) – together with details of the Society’s perilous financial postition. Good £25
- LYDIA BECKER  Letter from Lydia Becker to ‘Mr Levi’ – written from 85 Carter St, Greenyes, Manchester on ‘Oct 16′ – I have worked out that the year is1868. ‘Mr Levi’ is probably Prof Leone Levi, to whom she had sent a pamphlet a few days earlier. I think, in response, he had written to her in admiration asking for some material from her for his autograph book. In this letter, in return, she writes ‘I have written out my three Norwich prospositions ,[these are drawn from her address at Norwich to the British Association Section F on 25 Aug 1868] which I hope may serve your purpose as a curiosity! for your autograph book, and a bone of contention for your friends.’ These ‘three Norwich propositions’ are set out on a separate sheet. But, in addition, in her 4-pp mss letter she sets out ‘my general wishes and conclusions as to the rights of women’.. All the material has been carefully attached to a sheet that once was page 77 in a collection of autograph material. Incidentally the material on the reverse, p 78, is in Italian, lending credence to my supposition that the correspondent was Leone Levi, who had left his native Italy for Liverpool in 1844. A very interesting letter – very good £95
- MCCABE, Joseph Woman in Political Evolution Watts & Co 1909  An overview -from ‘ Woman Before Civilisation’ to ‘The Moral Base of Enfranchisement.’Paper wrappers – one nick at spine eats into the margin of a few pages -and a tiny bit of text is lost on two pages, but does not interfere with reading. £28
- MCLAREN, Lady ‘Better and Happier': An Answer from the Ladies’ Gallery to the Speeches in Opposition to the Women’s Suffrage Bill, February 28th, 1908 T. Fisher Unwin 1908  I have always been rather an admirer of Laura McLaren and her straight-forward prose. 46-pp – paper covers present but detached – text otherwise good and tight – scarce £15
- MEN’S LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Gladstone on Woman Suffrage MLOWS c. 1909  The Men’s League for Opposing Woman Suffrage was founded in early 1909 and in 1910 merged with the Women’s National Anti-Suffrage League to form the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. This pamphlet – reproducing the Grand Old Man’s words on the subject is pamphlet no 3 issued by the Men’s League, presumably quite soon after its founding in 1909. 4-pp – good, with some foxing, scarce £78
- MEN’S LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Is Woman Suffrage A Logical Outcome of Democracy? MLOWS c 1909  Pamphlet no 6 published by the short-lived Men’s League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. 4-pp – very good – scarce £60
- MILLICENT FAWCETT  undated letter (4 November) from 2 Gower Street to ‘Mrs Storey’ noting that she had already received some of Mr Green’s cards (he was, she says, a skilled masseur and the brother of a Mrs Lucas) and she had distributed them amongst her doctor friends. Mrs Fawcett then goes on to say that, although v busy [‘my press of other work’] she hoped to attend Mrs Storey’s Thursday evening (clearly a regular fixture) on 17 December. [This might give a clue to the date -for instance, 17 Dec fell on a Thursday in 1896,- although naturally it did other times in Mrs Fawcett’s long life.] Anyway, she says she’ll try and sellect some story to read suitable for Christmas at Mrs Storey’s ‘evening’ and wonders if she should ask Mrs Wellesley [that is Ada Wellesley, for whom see in ‘Enterprising Women’] and her friends to give ‘a little music and singing.’ Good – has been folded in enveloped £60
- MISS MORGAN, OF BRECON The Duties of Citizenship Women’s Local Government Society c 1912  Extracts reprinted from a paper read at the Annual Conference of the National Union of Women Workers, Manchester, October 27th 1896. By the time this leafet was issued Miss Morgan had been Mayor of Brecon, 1911-12. 4-pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5
- NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE The ‘Conciliation’ Bill: Revised Version NLOWS no date (1911)  The 2-sided leaflet, no 33 in the series, is headed ‘Against Votes for Women’ and ends with ‘Vote and Work Against Votes For Women In Parliamentary Affairs’. Very good – very scarce £75
- NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Manifesto: No Votes for Women  ”Why the nation is opposed to the grant of the Parliamentary Vote to Women’. Among the reasons for opposing Votes for Women is ‘(f) Because any proposal to give votes to women would result in swamping the male voter and making women the real rulers of the Empire.’ Leaflet 52 in the NLOWS series. 4pp – fine – scarce £75
- NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Mr J.R. Tolmie’s Reply to Mr L. Housman’s Pamphlet NLOWS no date (1913)  The pamphlet of Laurence Housman’s to which this refers is ‘The Physical Force Fallacy’. Pamphlet no 37 issued by the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. 4-pp – very good £65
- NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Woman Suffrage and the Factory Acts NLOWS no date  A 4-pp leaflet, no 8 in the NLOWS series, pointing out that the ‘Women’s Party’ (ie pro-suffrage campaigners) were opposed to the ‘humane acts’ limiting women’s work in factory etc because ‘most of them harbour such a jealous mistrust of men that they suppose even their evidently disinterested actions to be prompted by insidious and harmful motive.’ The leaflet concludes ‘To grant women the franchise would therefore be to raise a fresh obstacle in the way of progress and to defer reforms still necessary for the welfare of the working classes..’ Very good – very scarce £75
- NUWSS BADGE  circular, enamel. The upper half is red and carries the words ‘National Union Of’, the middle horizontal section is white with ‘Women’s Suffrage’ and the bottom half is green with ‘Societies’. The maker’s name is on the reverse ‘Fenwick, B’ham’. The firm of Arthur Fenwick, medallists, badge makers, art enamellers etc, was established in Vyse Street, Birmingham in 1888 and produced at least one other design of badge for the NUWSS. In very good condition £180
- PANKHURST, Christabel International Militancy WSPU 1915  ‘A speech delivered at Carnegie Hall, New York, January 13th, 1915′. 24-pp pamphlet, paper covers (with photograph of Christabel Pankhurst). Fine – just with a couple of rust marks from spine staples – in original paper wrappers. Scarce £100
- PETERSEN, H. Frances The Belief in Innate Rights NUWSS no date   12-pp pamphlet printed for the NUWSS by the Women’s Printing Society – reprinted from the ‘Law Magazine and Review’. Good in original paper covers £12
- PETHICK-LAWRENCE, Emmeline and Frederick (eds) VOTES FOR WOMEN VOL III Oct 1909-Sept 1910  Hefty bound volume of the WSPU weekly newspaper, in original Sylvia Pankhurst-designed boards. Signs of wear at leather corners – spines rebacked – ex Reading University Library – with library label on back boards. Internally very clean and tight, except for page of the Index where paper has split, but with no loss of text.. £900
- PHILLIPS, Mary The Militant Suffrage Campaign privately printed 1957  ‘This pamphlet is designed to tell in a concise form the story of the ‘Votes for Women Canpaign’ and to explain the reasoned policy on which it was based.’ Mary Phillips had been a leading WSPU organizer. Soft covers – 15pp – scarce £65
- PHOTOGRAPH OF GROUP OF SUFFRAGETTES IN PRISON UNIFORM  The photograph has attached to it on the reverse a typed slip identifying the women as suffragettes ‘lined up for transport to Holloway Prison in London’ and refers to this happening ‘before the War’. The photo agency is Acme News which operated from the early 1920s to 1952 and I think this image is a ‘reprint’ issued in the inter-war years. I would suggest that this photograph is an example of how newspapers get things wrong. I doubt very much that this photograph was of suffragettes waiting to be taken to Holloway – rather it is a group of WSPU members who donned replica prison clothing to make a point about how women protestors were being treated. The women are all wearing long dark dresses marked by two prison arrows, white apron and bonnet and with a large cloth hanging down, tucked into their waistband. Each sports a large disc giving their block and cell number in Holloway’s DX wing.They may have been taking part in a rally – such as that outside Holloway on 7 November 1908 when suffragettes wore replica prison clothing in public for the first time – or it may have been to celebrate prison releases. One of the women carries a scroll, perhaps one of the certificates given to those members of the WSPU who had been imprisoned. Anyway, by the time the image was reused by the Acme Agency the idea that women might once have dressed up in replica prison uniform had clearly been forgotten – and what had been a staged appearance had now been converted into a new reality. Well, we all know that if you know anything about anything in a newspaper it’s usually wrong. Whateverr its provenance this is a very good, clear image – all the women look very much like real people. 25cm x 20 cm – very good £65
- PUNCH CARTOON  13 July 1910, full-page – the caption is ‘Excelsior!’ as Suffragist puts her shoulder to the boulder of ‘Women’s Suffrage’ and says, ‘It’s no good talking to me about Sisyphus; he was only a man’ £10
- PUNCH CARTOON  13 March 1912, full-page, suffragettes wield hammers in the background as Roman-type matron, bearing a paper labelled ‘Woman’s Suffrage’ comments ‘To think that, after all these years, I should be the first martyr’. the heading is ‘In the House of Her Friends’ £10
- PUNCH CARTOON  10 January 1912 -full page – ‘United We Differ’. Lloyd George and Lewis Harcourt are back to back on a platform. Lloyd George addressing his side, where a Votes for Women’ banner is to be seen, cries ‘Votes for Women! Don’t you listen to my esteemed colleague!’. While addressing his, male, crowd cries ‘No Votes for Women! My esteemed colleague is talking nonsense!’. Asquith’s cabinet was split on this issue. Very good £10
- PUNCH CARTOON  21 January 1912 – full page – ‘The Suffrage Split’. Sir George Askwith (the charismatic industrial conciliator), as ‘Fairy Peacemaker’, has tamed the dragon of the Cotton Strike – and Asquith, wrestling to keep a seat on the Cabinet horse turns to him ‘Now that you’ve charmed yon dragon I shall need ye to stop the strike inside this fractious gee-gee.’ £10
- SNOWDEN, Philip The Dominant Issue Feb 1913  A comment on the ‘Franchise Bill fiasco’ – that is, Asquith’s promise that a Manhood Suffrage Bill would be amended to include women – and the Speaker’s eventual ruling that such an amendment would destroy the Bill. Pamphlet reproducing an article first published in ‘The Christian Commonwealth’ . Good – a little foxed and grubby £25
- SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE  is the caption to this full page George Belcher cartoon, published in the Tatler on 12 August 1908. Two impoverished old women are talking in the street – a unconsciously joky exchange – which is the amusing part for the audience of the day (I won’t go into the rather laboured humour which, if it has any suffrage relevance, is only to mock woman’s supposed illogicality)- but what is interesting to us is that one of the old dears is standing holding an advertising bill for the magazine, ‘New Age’, on which the roughly sketched in legend reads something like ‘A Suffragette’s reply to Belfort Bax.’. For the book that sparked off the debate in New Age see item ? Bax had published an article ‘Feminism and Female Suffrage’ in the issue for 30 May, to which Millicent Murby had written a reply that appeared in the issue of 6 June, to which Bax had made a riposte in the issue of 8 August. Single page – very good £15
- SOUVENIR WOMEN’S THEATRE INAUGURAL WEEK  The week ran from 8-13 December 1913 at the Coronet Theatre, Notting Hill Gate. See Naomi Paxton’s blog http://www.naomipaxton.co.uk/blog (14/11/2014) to read more about this idea for a ‘Women’s Theatre’. The 32-pp Souvenir Brochure includes details of the General Committe for the Woman’s Theatre – and its aims, together with articles by Bernard Shaw , Cicely Hamilton, William Archer, and Flora Steele – together with numerous advertisements supporting the various suffrage societies. The back cover of the Brochure sports the device of the Actresses’ Franchise League. In good condition – very scarce £230
- SPALDING, Frances (ed) The Charleston Magazine: Charleston, Bloomsbury and the Arts Charleston Trust issue 19, Spring/Summer 1999  Includes an article ‘A Rich Network of Associations: Bloomsbury and Women’s Suffrage’, written by me (seems a very long time ago). Also an article on Frank Rutter that touches on his suffrage sympathies – and other interesting articles. A much lamented magazine. Fine – card covers £12
- ST JOAN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL ALLIANCE  badge for the society formerly known as the Catholic Women’s Suffrage Society which was founded in 1911 and in 1923 changed it’s name to the St Joan Social and Political Alliance. The badge, which dates from between 1923 and 1950 is printed with a gold and white fleur-de-lys motif in the centre, blue ground, gold, white and blue border with printed inscription: ‘St Joan’s Social & Political Alliance’. It is made of paper covered with plastic, over metal base. In good condition £35
- STOPES, Mrs C.C. The Constitutional Basis of Women’s Suffrage Darien Press (Edinburgh) 1908  reprinted from the ‘fortnightly Review’, Sept 1908. 16-pp pamphlet. An ownership inscription on the top right of the front cover appears to be ‘E. C. Haig’ – and I am wondering whether the pamphlet was originally owned by Evelyn Cotton Haig (1863-1954), sister of Florence and Cecilia Haig – all strong supporters of the WSPU. Evelyn Haig lived with her sisters in Comely Bank Ave in Edinburgh – and may well have known Mrs Stopes. An Edinburgh ownership certainly ties in with the Edinburgh publication. Very good £45
- STRACHEY, Ray The Women’s Movement in Great Britain: a short summary of its rise, methods and victories National Council of Women of Great Britain no date (c 1928)  A pamphlet abridged from Strachey’s ‘The Cause’. Chipped and rubbed – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £10
- SUFFRAGETTE FELLOWSHIP Roll of Honour Suffragette Prisoners 1905-1914 Suffragette Fellowship no date   16-pp, double column, listing all the suffragette prisoners that the Suffragette Fellowship knew of. A couple of names have been added in ink. Internally fine – cover has shelf markings etc – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Scarce £100
- THE NATIONAL WOMEN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL UNION Sixth Annual Report The Woman’s Press 1912  ‘Including Cash Statement and Subscription List for the Year ended February 29th 1912, and Accounts of The Woman’s Press, January 1st-December 31st 1911.’ The Subscription List is a gold mine of names of WSPU members at this important time in the WSPU’s life. Laid in is a – very scarce & revealing – copy typed letter from Mabel Tuke (Honorary Secretary)- presumably sent to every subscriber – dated 22 June 1912 – with the Annual Report. Besides touching on the sale of ‘Votes for Women’ (circulation increasing, but, as everr, more help needed), and commenting on the Government’s proposed Reform Bill, the letter reveals that ‘it is now found necessary and expedient to transfer the Headquarters Officces to other premises…Great inconvenience has always been suffered from the scattered position of the various departments at 4 Clement’s Inn…Negotiations for a suitable building are in progress…’ I think Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence was released from prison (sentenced with her husband and Mrs Pankhurst on grounds of criminal conspiracy) on 22 June 1912 – so it looks as though plans were already underway while she and her husband were still in prison to move the WSPU out of their territory of Clement’s Inn – a precursor for their ousting from the WSPU in October. Very good; the staples are missing – extremely scarce £280
- ‘THE RIGHTS OF WOMEN’  supplement to ‘The Graphic’, 1885, heralding the supplements to be issued in Nov and Dec 1885 on ‘Parliamentary Elections and Electioneering in the Old Days’. As its advertisement for the series The Graphic has chosen to use George Cruickshank’s ”The Rights of Women; or a view of the hustings with female suffrage, 1853.’ We see on the hustings the two candidates – ‘The Ladies’ Candidate’- Mr Darling’ and ‘The Gentleman’s Candidate – Mr Screwdriver – the great political economist’. Elegant Mr Darling is surrounded by ladies in bonnets and crinolines – Mr Screwdriver by ill-tempered-looking boors. The audience contains many women accompanied, presumably, by their husbands who are holding aloft a ‘Husband and Wife Voters’ banner. Another banner proclaims the existence of ‘Sweetheart Voters’ and riding in their midst is a knight in armour holding a ‘Vote for the Ladies’ Champion’ pennant. There do not appear to be many supporters of the opposition.
Single sheet 28 cm x 20.5 cm – a little foxed around the edges of the paper but barely afffecting the good, clear image of Crucikshank’s cartoon. £160
- THE SUFFRAGETTE  US Suffragette – wearing sash that proclaims this (ie ‘Suffragette’), holding aloft a ‘Suffragette’ pennant with one hand while she firmly squashes with the other a little Cupid, whose bow and arrow fly out of his hands. Under her foot is, I think, her heart. The caption is ‘You may think it fun, poor Cupid to snub,/With the hand of a Suffragette,/But he’s cunning and smart, aye, there’s the rub/Revenge is the trap he will set.’
The print is in colour – the Suffragette’s dress dates from c 1913/14, I think.
The sheet (18cm x 27 cm) is printed ‘Made in U.S.A.). In good condition – an item that would look attractive mounted and framed. £150
- THE SUFFRAGETTE, 2 MAY 1913  An issue printed under trying circumstances. The paper’s cover contains only one word – ‘Raided’ – and inside gives details of the police raid on WSPU headquarters, Lincoln’s Inn House, the arrest of its office staff and their subsequent trial. Christabel Pankhurst takes a full page to describe ‘What Militancy Means’. Fair condition – has been folded -spine separating -frayed round edges 8-pp – scarce £95
- VOTES FOR WOMEN, 16 August 1912  Complete copy – although the pages are detached. The main news in this issue is of the sentencing in Dublin of Mary Leigh and Gladys Evans. Fair reading copy – scarce £60
- VOTES FOR WOMEN, 26 July 1912  An incomplete copy – pp 693-698 (inc) and 703-708 (inc) – but gives a flavour £30
- VOTES FOR WOMEN, 26 July 1912  runs from front page (p 693) to p 698 and then from p 703-708 (back page) – i.e. pp 699, 700, 701 and 702 are missing. Much about the attack on Asquith and the Theatre Royal, Dublin, by Mary Leigh and Gladys Evans and that by Helen Craggs on Lewis Harccourt’s house. Fair condition £30
- VOTES FOR WOMEN, 27 September 1912  Complete issue. Chipped and rubbed and with some – interesting – annotations £60
- VOTES FOR WOMEN, 21 July 1911  The paper has split horizontally – but you may be able to salvage some info from the ruins! £0
- ‘VOTES FOR WOMEN’ AT THE ‘COURT’  A page from the ‘Bystander’ 24 April 1907 – with illustrations by Norman Morrow of characters and scenes from Elizabeth Robins’ play ‘Votes for Women’, which was staged to some acclaim at the Royal Court Theatre in April 1907. Kate Frye had seen the play on 16 April and writes of it in her diary (see http://tinyurl.com/mbj4jsh). She had in fact worked alongside the play’s star, Edith Wynne Matthison, five years or so earlier during her short stage career. The drawings show all the main characters as well as a rendition of the famous Trafalgar Square meeting scene. Very good £28
- ‘VOTES FOR WOMEN’ BROOCH/BADGE  White enamel flag carrying the message ‘Votes for Women’. I think this may date from before spring 1908, when the suffrage societies began introducing their ‘colours’. This little flag badge (with a pin at the back) is less highly finished than later badges – and bears no maker’s mark. Peversely a badge such as this is rarer than one that sports the colours of a society. £150
- WOMEN’S LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOCIETY The Work of a Public Health Committee WLGS Oct 1918  4-pp leaflet, written by S.M. Smee, chairman of the Public Health Committee, 1912-14 and 1916-18. Good condition – with two punch hole in margin, with no loss of text £5
- WOMEN’S NATIONAL ANTI-SUFFRAGE LEAGUE On Suffragettes: extracts from ‘What’s Wrong With The World’ by G.K. Chesterton WNASL c 1909  ‘They do not create revolution; what they do create is anarchy’. 2-sided leaflet – noo 30 in the WNASL’s series of leaflets – very good – very scarce £78
- WSPU MEMBERSHIP CARD  – front half. setting out the Objects, Methods and Membership of the Union The other half – the membership form – has been detached and returned to WSPU headquarters with the 1s fee. Good – a ccouple of spots of foxing – scarce £120
Kate Parry Frye’s Archive
- BOURNE END AND DISTRICT WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETY  Leaflet announcing that the society was started on 12 July 1911 – this copy annotated in ink with slight alterations and added addresses of the members of the committee. For the unannotated version see p 57 of ‘Campaigning for the Vote’. You can also read there all details of the meetings organised by Kate Frye in Bourne End and District – as she recorded them in her diary. Very good – and, I imagine, unique £200
- EQUAL RIGHTS RALLY 3 JULY 1926  snapshot taken by John Collins, Kate’s husband, of women with banners entering Hyde Park. One of the banners is that of Tunbridge Wells ‘Do Well Doubt Not’. Very good – as far as I know there are very few – if any – other photos of this rally £95
- EQUAL RIGHTS RALLY 3 JULY 1926  snapshot by John Collins, Kate’s husband, of women walking into Hyde Park for the rally. The banners of the North London Society for Equal Citizenship and the London Society for Women’s Service are being carried. If anyone else was taking photos that day, they do not seem to have made their way into public collections. Very good – very scarce. £95
- EQUAL RIGHTS RALLY 3 JULY 1926 MRS PANKHURST  speaking on the Six Point Group platform. The snapshot was taken by John Collins, Kate’s husband. Kate wrote in her diary ‘Heard Mrs Pankhurst and she was quite delightful’. Very good – as far as I know there are no other photos – other than John Collins’ – of this occasion. See ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ p 213 £150
- FREE CHURCH LEAGUE FOR WOMAN SUFFRAGE Flyer (Preliminary Notice) for a Spring Fair  to be held at Rectory Road Hall, Stoke Newington on 17 and 18 April 1913 (see ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ p 149). With a handwritten addition to the effect that ‘Countess Brassey opens first day’ and ….’Mrs Sadd Brown’. Good – has been folded (by Kate Frye – presumably carried with her to the Fair) and with short tag on reverse where she then fixed into her diary £120
- INVITATION CARD TO AN INFORMAL TALK ON THE SUBJECT OF THE ‘ENFRANCHISEMENT OF WOMEN’  Kate was there that evening – 12 Dec 1907 – at a talk given by Clementina Black and Malcolm Mitchell at the home of Miss Green at 14 Warwick Crescent. Good – card a little grubby – or at least a little less than gleaming white £65
- LETTER FROM ADELINE CHAPMAN AND BEATRICE HARTLEY  to members of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage, dated 4 June 1917, telling them that the NCS Committee has sent a resolution to the Prime Minister (Lloyd George) and Mr Bonar Law welcoming the ‘introduction of Women’s Suffrage in the Representation of the People Bill on the lines proposed by the Speaker’s Conference, and note with great satisfacction the large majority on the second reading of the Bill……etc’ The writers then ask NCS members to continue to lobby their MPs to ensure the bill becomes law.’ A cyclostyled letter on NCS headed paper. An interesting letter – I wonder if any other copy of it still exists? I certainly have never seen one – and no copy is held in the small Women’s Library@LSE collection of material relating to the NCS (which, as far as I know, is the only archive that holds any of the Society’s papers) Very good £120
- LETTER FROM ALEXANDRA WRIGHT to Kate Fyre, dated 16 August 1914  telling her all about the setting up of the New Constitutional Society War Relief Work Room. Handwritten – two closely packed sides £150
- LETTER FROM EVELYN SHARP to Kate Frye, 10 Dec 1911  thanking her for her letter after she (Sharp) has been in Holloway. The letter may not be in Sharp’s hand – the body and the letter and the signature are different – presumably Sharp was weak – and so overburdened by letters of sympathy – that she delegated to an amanuensis. £100
- LETTER FROM MARY WAKE (ON BEHALF OF THE COMMITTEE OF THE NEW CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE)  dated January 1918 ‘It is with the greatest joy and satisfaction that your Committee congratulate the members of the New Constitutional Society on the recent triumph in the House of Lords. Although not yet actually on the Statute Book we can for the first time regard women’s suffrage as practically fait accompli…etc’. A cyclostyled letter – on headed NCS notepaper – from a member of the NCS Committee. As far as I know this is the only copy of this letter that survives – although hundreds must have been sent out. £120
- LETTER FROM MRS ADELINE CHAPMAN  to ‘Mrs Parry Collins’ dated 15 August 1918, thanking Kate for her contribution to the gifts given to her – as president of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage – on the society’s disbandonment. Typed on a sheet of the NCS’s headed notepaper. Very good £100
- LONDON SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE Annual Meeting, Caxton Hall, November 10th 1908 – AGENDA  Kate was there – ‘Thursday November 10th 1908
Agnes and I started off. Walked to Notting Hill Gate – went by train to St James’s Park and to the Caxton Hall for the Annual Meeting of the London Society of Woman’s Suffrage. Saw Mrs Harris, Miss Porter and Alexandra – also Mrs Stanbury and no end of the real workers. It was an exciting and stormy meeting and I enjoyed it. Lady Frances Balfour in the chair. Mrs Fawcett, Miss Sterling and Lady Grove spoke. Miss Garrett Anderson and Dr Flora Murray were moving resolutions to really turn the Society into a more Militant affair and as they already have the Social and Political Union and Women’s Freedom League I think we are better as we are. They were easily defeated. We waited to vote – then got away as quickly as we could. ‘
Good – single sheet – a little creased and rumpled – with a tag £45
- MEN’S LEAGUE FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE The Conciliation Bill Explained  Two-sided leaflet, dating from mid 1910. The text, while explaining the Conciliation Bill, which had passed its Second Reading in July 1910, also clearly sought to allay the fears of male electors as to the consequences if the Bill were to be passed. Very good – has been folded – and with tag on reverse where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary £100
- NEW CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE  flyer printed in Yiddish – distributed by the NCSWS during their campaign in Whitechapel in October 1913. Kate Frye ‘gave out handbills and chatted to the crowds’ at open-air meetings. This is one of the handbills that she kept. Translated the message reads:
‘New Constitutional Union for Women’s Rights
136 Whitechapel Road, East
You don’t believe in women’s rights are you willing to hear the other side?
Come to our office from 11 in the morning until 7.30 in the evening and consider why women want rights.
If you do believe in women’s rights then come and hear how you can help them struggle for freedom.
Open-air meeting every evening.
(Printed by Zussman’s Yiddish and English printers, 90 New Road, East)’
The leaflet is reproduced on page 165 of ‘Campaigning for the Vote’. I have never seen another instance of a women’s suffrage leaflet written in Yiddish.
In very good condition – amazing as the paper used is quite flimsy. Probably unique.
- NEW CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE The Conciliation Bill Explained  Two-sided leaflet. The text is very much the same as that of the Men’s League for Women’s Suffrage leaflet ‘The Conciliation Bill Explained’ – but suitably adapted and definitely issued in 1911. The leaflet is printed by the St Clements Press, the printer to the WSPU. Very good – has been folded – and with tag where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary £100
- NEW CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE War Relief Workroom Report, July 1915  16-pp booklet – includes description of the war relief work – and names of donors. Mrs Kate Collins (as she now is) was its Secretary £150
- NEW CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY WORKROOM  opened by the NCS on the floor above their Knightsbridge office in August 1914 – to employ needlewomen thrown out of work as society braced itself for war. Kate was in charge. The photograph shows, at the back, the NCS flag. Kate has annotated the reverse of the photograph ‘War Relief Work Room 1914-1916′. Good – a little nicked and scuffed round the edges – with no loss of image. You can see it reproduced on page 199 of ‘Campaigning for the Vote’. Unique £400
- NEW CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY WORKROOM PRICE LIST  Roneoed list of prices charged by the NCS for the garments they were producing in their War Relief Workroom at the end of 1914. One section is devoted to garments for Belgian Refugeees and as well as all the usual garments for men, women and children, they were also making Red Cross Frocks, Overalls and Aprons. One-sided sheet – very good – I doubt that another copy survives £180
- PHOTOGRAPH OF KATE FRYE WITH HER LANDLADIES, THE MISSES BURKITT  – aunts of WSPU suffragette Hilda Burkitt – in their Dover garden, May 1913. See ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ p 153 £100
- ‘THE CORONATION’ BY CHRISTOPHER ST JOHN & CHARLES THRUSBY  Flyer for ‘Benefit Performance by the Pioneer Players in Aid of the Funds of the International Suffrage Shop’. The performance took place on Sunday 28 January 1912 and Kate Frye took the part of the Statue of the Madonna, carefully dressed and positioned on a rickety pedestal by Edith Craig. Godfrey Tearle, Harcourt Williams and Haidèe Wright were among the other members of the cast. You can read Kate’s description of the day on pp 87-89 of ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ and see there a black and white reproduction of the flyer. The real thing is printed in green on firm cream paper. Has been lightly folded – in very good condition – very scarce £400
- THE REV HUGH CHAPMAN, Incumbent of the Royal Chapel of the Savoy  (and, incidentally, brother-in-law to Mrs Cecil Chapman, leader o f the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage). Three letters from the Rev Hugh to Kate Frye – virtually the only letters – out of the thousands she must have received – that she chose to keep. The Rev Hugh’s somewhat impassioned approach to the ideal of woman’s suffrage and his idealising of suffrage campaigners had quite an effect on Kate – as shown in her diary entries in ‘Campaigning for the Vote’. The (handwritten) letters are dated 11 Dec 1911 and 16 Dec 1911 (concerning the meeting at which he spoke at Bourne End – see ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ pp 83-85) and (typewritten) 8 June 1912 (re the meeting at East Dereham, never to be forgotten by Kate, on 12 June (see ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ p 112-113). With 2 hand- addressed envelopes. Together £200
- THE WOMEN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL UNION A Reply to Mr Gladstone:
Frog-marching in Liverpool Prison  One (no 65) of the large format leaflets produced by the WSPU during the Jan 1910 General Election. This one specifically addresses the Home Secretary on the treatment of Suffrage prisoners. Fine – has been folded and with tag where it has been fixed in Kate Frye’s diary £100
- WESTMINSTER GAZETTE SAT 8 AUGUST 1914  Kate had kept this issue of the paper for the rest of her life. On p7 are items setting out the decision of the London Society for Women’s Suffrage and the NUWSS to suspend all political campaigning for the duration. In very good condition – has been folded £35
- WOMEN’S TEXTILE AND OTHER WORKERS’ REPRESENTATION COMMITTEE The Labour Party & Women’s Enfranchisement: a Personal Statement by J. Keir Hardie MP  4-pp leaflet, reprinted from the ‘Labour Leader’, 1 Feb 1907. Very good – has been folded and with tag on back page where iate Frye fixed it in her diary alongside the entry for 9 Feb 1907. £100
- WSPU FLYER  picked up by Kate Frye at the North Kensington polling station on election day in January 1910. The flyer is 14cm x 11cm and is printed in purple on green on white paper. The message is ‘Vote Against the Government that Imprisons and Tortures Women who are demanding the Vote. Vote for the Women and Keep the Liberal Out.’ Kate was campaigning for the London Society for Women’s Suffrage and, because the Liberal candidate had refused to support women’s suffrage, was united with the WSPU in opposing him. The Liberal candidate was defeated. You can read Kate’s comments at this time in ‘The Great War: The People’s Story – Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette’. The flyer, printed and published by the Women’s Press, is in fine condition – with one slight crease – the ink as bright as the day it was printed – or at least the day that Kate picked it up and put it between the pages of her diary – with the tag by which she affixed it still attached. £100
- ARREST OF CAPT. C.M. GONNE  Member of the Men’s Political Union for Women’s Enfranchisement, Parliament Square, November 18th, 1910.’ Capt Gonne was photographed by the ‘Daily Mirror’ being escorted by two policemen during the ‘Black Friday’ tumult. Capt Charles Melvill Gonne (1862-1926), Royal Artillery, was the author of ‘Hints on Horses’ (John Murray, 1904), an active suffragist, who supported his wife, a tax resister, and was a cousin of Maud Gonne, the Irish nationalist heroine. Good plus (a couple of spots of foxing and a little rubbing at one corner) -unusual – unposted £80
- CHRISTABEL PANKHURST  photographed by Lambert Weston and Son, 27 New Bond St. I think the card dates from c 1907/8. Fine – unposted £60
- CICELY HAMILTON  photograph by Lena Connell. Fine – unposted £65
- DER SCHRECKEN DER ENGLISCHEN SUFFRAGETTES.  ‘Der schrecken der englischen Suffragettes. welche kürzlich das Schaufenster der Hamburg-Amerika-Linie im Werte von 2000 Mk zertrümmerten’ is the caption to a large-sized real photographic German postcard. The picture shows the damaged window – it is actually that to the left of the magnificent entrance to the Hamburg-Amerika Line’s magnificent (1906) building in Cockspur Street. The window is one large sheet of glass and it looks as though an attacck had been made in two places causing considerable damage. The whole window would have had to be replaced – the value of the damage being put at 2000 marks. Groups of men stand around – not a woman in sight.
The card is 17.5cm x 12.5cm – and is an image I’ve never seen before.. The photographer – or agency for the photograph-was Paul Hoffmann & Co of Berlin. Good condition – unposted – very scarce £150
- FANCY DRESS PARTY OR A PLAY?  photo of group of men, women and children in vaguely early 20th century attire – with a sign ‘Votes for Women’ prominently displayed. I suspect it may date from the 1920s. £25
- GREAT VOTES FOR WOMEN DEMONSTRATION IN HYDE PARK  The WSPU rally on Sunday 21 June 1908. Crowds as far as the eye can see – with massed banners, including those of Cardiff and Newport, waving in the breeze. Fine – published by Sandle Bros – unposted £65
- HATHERLEIGH CARNIVAL  Hatherleigh in Devon has staged a carnival each year in November since 1903. This postcard is a sepia photograph of three children – I rather think they are all boys – dressed as women – glamorously bedecked in flowers – standing beside a vehicle that I think is a bicycle – which is similarly decorated – with flowers and paper lanterns (?) – and bears a large notice ‘Votes for Women’. Good – unposted £55
- LONDON LIFE. ‘VOTES FOR WOMEN’  A real photograph of a woman selling issue no 2 of ‘The Suffragette’ (the paper, edited by Christabel Pankhurst, that succeeded ‘Votes for Women’ in Oct 1912, after the removal of the Pethick-Lawrences from the leadership of the WSPU). She is not young, is elegantly dressed, and is wearing her ‘Holloway’ brooch, indicating that she has been imprisoned for the Cause. Ib Rotary Photographic Series ‘London Life’ – fine – a very clear image -unposted £65
- MRS CHARLOTTE DESPARD  real photographic postcard of her – taken in profile. She is sitting reading a book. On the reverse, written in pencil, is ‘Mrs Despard – (Sister of Sir John General french) & President of the Women’s Suffrage National Aid Corps, organised by the Women’s Freedom League. return to Mrs Thomson-Price, 42 Parkhill Rd, Hampstead’. £55
- MRS CHARLOTTE DESPARD  real photographic card, photograph by Lena Connell. Fine – unposted £55
- MRS LILIAN M. HICKS  – photographed by Lena Connell – an official Women’s Freedom League photographic postcard. Mrs Hicks had been an early member of the WSPU, but left to join the WFL in the 1907 split, returning in 1910 to the WSPU. Fine – unposted £13
- MRS PANKHURST  photograph by Jacolette. Her ‘Holloway Prison’ brooch is pinned to her artistic blouse . Very good – unposted £55
- MRS PANKHURST AT TRAFALGAR SQUARE INVITING THE AUDIENCE TO ‘RUSH’ THE HOUSE OF COMMONS ON 13 OCTOBER  Published by Sandle Bros for the National Union of Women’s Social and Political Union in 1908. Fine – unposted £55
- MRS PETHICK-LAWRENCE  She stands, three-quarter length, with her hands behind her back. The caption is ‘Joint Editor of “Votes for Women” – ‘Honorary Treasurer National Women’s Social and Political Union 4 Clement’s Inn, W.c.’ Very good – unposted £55
- PHOTOGRAPH TAKEN OUTSIDE THE WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE COMMITTEE ROOM  in Hoe Street, Walthamstow. The photograph shows a group on the pavement outside the Committee Rooms with a board on which is written ‘New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage’. In front of them, on the road, is parked a large motor car, to the front of which is attached another large board inscribed in large letters ‘New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage’. Sitting in the car and waving a large flag is an elegant, grandly be-hatted woman. I have never before seen a photograph of the New Constitutional Society at work, as it were. Kate Frye, our main source of information on the NCS, was not yet quite involved in that society – in fact on the day this card was posted, 28 October 1910, she was attending a meeting of the Actresses’ Franchise League at their office – so I can give no inside information on the NCS campaign at this Walthamstow by-election. This by-election was of particular interest to suffrage campaigners because the Liberal candidate was a cabinet minister, Sir John Simon. Election day was on Tuesday 1 November and the sender of the card, who posted it from Leyton at 7 pm on Friday 28th Oct, was one of the NCS campaigners. She tells her correspondent that ‘We are frantically busy working at Walthamstow By Election. Meetings every day and evening.’ She does not, alas, sign her name – but the recipient was Mrs Radcliffe Crocker of Brant Ridge, Bourne End, Bucks. This is something of a coincidence because Kate Frye called on Mrs Crocker the following 1 May (1911) when she was canvassing for support for a new NCS suffrage society in Bourne End (her home town). Mrs Crocker, the widow of an eminent dermatologist, was, Kate tells us, ‘in, but no good’ – so doubtless hadn’t been particularly impressed by the postcard sender’s Walthamstow campaigning. From the photograph I think that the NCS must have been sharing a committeee room with the Men’s Suffrage League – it certainly is not the Committee Room taken by the WSPU. Above the door is a sign ‘Men’s League Walk In’ – the windows are lined with posters and, with the Men’s League, the Women’s Freedom League and the WSPU, the NCS took part the following day in a procession through Walthamstow that ended with a meeting in Walthamstow Palace Theatre. There is no photographer or publisher of the postcard named – the photo may have been taken by a NCS member – and the image is of the sepia type – rather than crisp black and white. However the image is quite clear – most interesting on a variety of counts – and extremely unusual – I won’t say unique because there were clearly more than one card issued – but I should imagine the chances of finding another were extremely remote. £150
- ‘RUINS OF ST KATHERINE’S CHURCH, BURNT DOWN MAY 6 1913′  Real photographic card. There are several images published on postcards of the ruins of St Catherine’s (this is the correct spelling; the card’s publisher was a bit slapdash) Church at Hatcham in Surrey, for the burning of which the suffragettes were thought responsible – but I have never seen this one before. £35
- ‘SUFFRAGETTE’ POSTCARD  real photographic card – though it must be staged. Set in what appears to be the country – with trees and flowers – it shows a woman in loose-fitting jacket and long skirt – with one of the shield-shaped chevron WSPU badges pinned to her lapel, being apprehended by a policeman in helmet and uniform and sporting an imposing display of medals. The point of the photograph is that the woman is holding out for him to see a copy of the ‘Suffragette’ newspaper. I have never seen this image before. It is issued as a postcard – but no photographer or publisher is cited. Most unusual – unposted – very good (with a slight crease at the bottom right-hand corner where it has been held in (Louisa Thomson-Price’s) postcard album £65
- THE DROVE, NONINGTON  photographic card showing Rose Cottage which the sender remarks is ‘next door to us’. A jokey card, written by ‘Nell’ and ‘Joe’. Above the addressee’s name is written in large letters ‘Votes for Women (perhaps by Nell) and underneath ‘(I don’t think)’ has been added (perhaps by Joe). Posted in Nonington, Kent, in 1912. Very good – another little example of how ‘Votes for Women’ had entered the public consciousness. £15
- THE IMPRISONED LEADERS 22 May 1912 Portrait photo of Mrs Pankhurst, flanked by similar images of Emmeline and Frederick Pethick-Lawrence  on a real photographic card published by F. Kehrhahn & Co (for more on whom see http://womanandhersphere.com/2013/01/17/suffrage-stories-the-wspu-photographer-dora-and-the-nazis/) In May it looked as though the leaders were united in their imprisonment; on their release a different story emerged. Fine – unusual – unposted £65
- THE WOMEN’S GUILD OF EMPIRE Mrs Flora Drummond – Controller-in-Chief  Card published c 1926 by The Women’s Guild of Empire, from its headquarters at 24 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1. Fine -unposted – unusual £95
- THE WOMEN’S GUILD OF EMPIRE Banner Making for the Great Demonstration, April 17th 1926  The Women’s Guild of Empire organized a demonstration at the critical time just before the General Strike to protest against ‘strikes and revolutionary activity in industry’. The march, which brought women (including, wrote Elsie Bowerman to the editor of ‘The Spectator’, ‘wives of working women who have had personal experience of strikes’) from all regions of the country to London, ended with a Mass Meeting in the Albert Hall, with Mrs Flora Drummond in the chair.The photograph shows Mrs D inspecting banners – ‘Efficiencey and Enterprise’ and another, the wording partially hidden, which may say ‘Best within the Empire’ (??) Issued by the Women’s Guild of Empire c 1926. Fine – unposted – unusual £95
- VOTES FOR WOMEN  one of those real photographic ‘comic’ cards with young man dressed as a woman standing behind a table and a large ‘Votes for Women’ blackboard. He is holding a large knife (I think) in one hand and a bottle of beer – Benksins Watford – in the other. It is signed across the bottom right corner ‘Your old Pal Dan’ £35
- VOTES FOR WOMEN  placard is planted beside young girl standing on a barrel under the Trafalgar Square lion. A policeman walks in the background. One of a posed photographic Raphael Tuck series. Fair – a little creased – posted £25
- ‘WOMEN TO HAVE THE VOTE THIS YEAR’  is what a poster in a shop window proclaims. That is set out in four lines of large bold type – and there is more print between these lines that I cannot read. The poster is displayed in the window of Connop & Son, 54 Beaufort Street, Brynmawr, Monmouthshire – the photograph shows a general street scene looking down the hill. Connop and Son were Grocers. Henry and Mary Connop and their daughter, Annie (aged 18) were living there in 1901 but by 1911 Henry had retired and the family had moved to Newport. In 1911 the shop at 54 Beaufort Street belonged to the India and China Ta Co. So the photograph was taken before 1911 and, from the dress of women in the
street, I would date it to c 1908. Women still had another 10 years and a World War to endure before some of them at least got the vote. A delightful photo of one street in a small Welsh town – and one that shows that the women’s campaign was underway. Very good – unposted £55
- WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Miss Sarah Benett  photographed by Lena Connell. In this studio photograph Sarah Benett is wearing her WFL Holloway brooch; she was for a time the WFL treasurer. She was also a member of the WSPU and of the Tax Resistance League. This photograph by Lena Connell was also used on a WFL-published postcard – but this one is not attributed to the WFL. The background to the image is little irridescent. £65
- WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Mrs Amy Sanderson  Women’s Freedom League, 1 Robert Street, Adelphi, London WC. She had been a member of the WSPU, and, as such had endured one term of imprisonment, before helping to found the WFL in 1907. She is, I think, wearing her WFL Holloway brooch in the photograph. Card, published by WFL, fine – unusual – unposted £65
- WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Mrs Edith How-Martyn , ARCS, BSc  Hon Sec Women’s Freedom League 1 Robert Street, Adelphi, London WC. She is wearing herWFL Holloway brooch. Photographed by M.P. Co (London) – which I think is probably the Merchants Portrait Co in Kentish Town that did a fair amount of work for the WFL. The card is headed ‘Votes for Women’ and was published by the WFL. Fine – unposted £65
- WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Mrs Marion Holmes  card headed ‘Votes for Women’ published by the Women’s Freedom League, 1 Robert St, Adelphi, London WC. Mrs Holmes was joint editor of the WFL paper ‘The Vote’. She is photoraphed wearing herWFL Holloway badge as well as one of the WFL enamel badges. Fine – unusual – unposted £65
- WSPU POSTCARD ALBUM  that belonged to one or more of the Marsden sisters, of 82 Redcliffe Gardens, Kensington. For their fascinating background see my website http://womanandhersphere.com/2012/07/30/suffrage-stories-madame-mantalini/. The album was one of those produced by the WSPU for sale in their shops and the cover carries Sylvia Pankhurst’s design of the woman walking out of prison – casting off the shackles round her ankles – as birds around her fly to freedom. Underneath that ‘Postcards’ is written across on a slant in green and, along the bottom edge – ‘W.S.P.U.’ in purple. The cover is a paleish green – and is now, 100 years later, rather grubby and scuffed.
Inside are 13 WSPU postcards, three of which are addressed to members of the Marsden family. One card (that headed ‘Undaunted’ showing Grace Roe being arrested outside Lincoln’s Inn House) was sent on 16 June 1914 by Muriel Marsden to another sister, who was living at 206 Ayres Road, Old Trafford. That sister may have been Mildred, who died in Manchester that December. In this card Muriel says that she has sold more than 25 of these cards this afternoon – and goes on to discuss the birth of a son to another of their sisters. This card is in itself quite rare – and is in very good condition.
Another card was sent by a friend in June 1910 to Constance Marsden and shows ‘Suffragettes at Henley 1909′. The suffragettes are addressing a packed meeting in the Market Place. This card was produced by a local stationer – John Hawkins, 9 & 11 Duke St, Henley-on-Thames – and I have neverr seen it before. The Marsdens (or one of them at least) showed their interest in the WSPU by pinning up cards – perhaps in a study or bedroom – and this card has drawing pin holes at each corner where it has been on display.
A third card is addressed to Mildred Marsden at Redcliffe Gardens – posted in July 1910 – is an ‘artist’ card – by E. Hartley-Wilson – depicting the sandcastle ramparts that the Anti_Suffrage League has built on Cromer Beach to hold back the tide of ‘Votes for Women’. The message on the reverse from ‘Annie’ reads ‘May you live to see the sandcastle melt away.’ Alas, poor Mildred did not. This is a rare artist card, with no publisher given. It has one pinhole in the centre of the top edge where Mildred, presumably, pinned it to a board.
Please ask me for details of the other cards – which are all published by the WSPU and include portraits of Christabel Pankhurst, Emmeline Pankhurst, Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence either in studio poses or taken in the midst of the campaign.
Along with the album is a press photograph showing a group of young women attired as waitresses standing ready to wait at a dinner. The young woman nearest to the camera is wearing a Hunger-Strike Medal and many of the others are wearing what looks like a large rosette. On the back of this ‘Illustrations Bureau’ photo is inscribed in ink ‘Mildred J. Marsden’. There are also 4 snapshot photos taken on Coronation Day 1911 from a vantage point high up at the corner of Lower Regent St and Pall Mall looking across to Waterloo Place. In the sequence of 4 photos the procession – including the Coronation Coach – slowly comes into view on its way back from the Abbey to Buckingham Palace. Constance Marsden received some acknowledgment as a photographer – perhaps she took these very clear images of London en fete. There is also a snapshot of 4 young women (the sisters?) and a young man crammed into an impressive motor car. Flags fly from the front of the car and at least one newspaper seems to be being held up – is it ‘Votes for Women’ or ‘The Suffragette’?
So not only a very scarce WSPU postcard album – but a collection linked to a specific family and one which shows, in the way we can see that they used the cards for a pin up display, how this household liked to be surrounded by WSPU heroines. £850
Other Cards From the Marsden Collection
- ANNIE KENNEY  photographed by Lambert Weston & Son, 39 Brompton Square, London. She looks very earnest and ethereal – I think the card dates from c 1909. Fine – unposted £120
- ‘ARREST OF MRS PANKHURST, MISS PANKHURST AND MRS DRUMMOND.  MR JARVIS READING THE WARRANT AT CLEMENT’S INN OCTOBER 13, 1908′. They are being charged with inciting crowds to ‘rush’ the House of Commons (see also items ….& ….) The card was published by Sandle Bros and the photograph was taken by the London News Agency – the WSPU had clearly invited the photographer to witness the arrest. The three women and the Inspector Jarvis (& another man) are standing in the WSPU office – with a large poster of Annie Kenney pinned to the wall. Each of the women displays a characteristic expression – Flora Drummond belligerent, Mrs Pankhurst elegantly resigned and Christabel astute. Fine condition, unposted. This is the first time for at least 15 years that I have had a copy of this card for sale. £200
- CHARLOTTE MARSH, Organiser, The National Women’s Social and Political Union  She is photographed in profile by ‘A.W. Dron, Brondesbury’. She is wearing a Holloway brooch (at least I’m virtually certain it is the Holloway brooch) pinned at the throat of her blouse and – certainly – her hunger strike medal. The card is printed with her signature – ‘C.A.L.M.’ A scarce image.The card is unposted and the image is in very good condition – with three small holes along the top edge and one in each of the bottom corners where it has been pinned up £120
- CHRISTABEL PANKHURST  black and white photograph of the portrait of Christabel by Ethel Wright, with Christabel’s printed signature along the bottom of the card. The card will date from c 1909, when the portrait was first exhibited. Having been owned by the family of Una Dugdale since that time, the portrait was bequeathed to the National Portrait Gallery in 2011 and is on permanent display. This postcard – which is in fine condition and unposted- represents one of the WSPU’s ingenious methods of fund-raising. £80
- CHRISTABEL PANKHURST  photographed in the flower-bedecked straw bonnet given to her by Frederick Pethick Lawrence. The bonnet trails long ribbon ties – very romantic. I always thought this choice of bonnet very interesting. Christabel certainly looks very young and pretty in it – but the look in her eyes is pretty steely. Pethick Lawrence selected this image to be used as the frontispiece for Christabel’s posthumous autobiography, ‘Unshackled’. I think the image dates from 1909. The postcard is quite scarce – I actually can’t remember having it in stock before. The card has been pinned up and there are losses – holes at the four corners – where it has been removed from drawing pins – but there is no loss at all to Christabel’s image. Unposted – scarce £40
- FLORA DRUMMOND  She wears her WSPU (or as it was at this time ‘NWSPU’) regalia – peaked hat, epaulette, and ‘Votes for Women’ sash. The card bears the printed caption ‘General Drummond, the National Women’s Social and Political Union, 4 Clement’s Inn’. The photograph was taken by Lizzie Caswall Smith (309 Oxford St) and published by Sandle Bros. Unposted – very good. I don’t think I’ve had a copy of this card for sale in the last 15 years – so scarce. £180
- ‘MISS C PANKHURST AT TRAFALGAR SQUARE INVITING THE AUDIENCE TO “RUSH” THE HOUSE OF COMMONS ON OCTOBER 13  The year is 1909. Now it is Christabel’s turn to address the crowds. Behind her we see Flora Drummond, Mrs Pankhurst, the tip of Jennie Baines’ nose and a poster ‘Votes for Women Come to the House of Commons on Oct 13th at 7.30′. This invitation was deemed as conduct likely to provoke a breach of the peace – and Christabel, her mother, and Flora Drummond were in due course charged.and Christabel was sentenced to 10 weeks in prison. The card is published by Sandle Bros and is in fine,, unposted condition £120
- MISS CHRISTABEL PANKHURST  She is pictured in profile,sitting in a wicker chair in a garden, wearing a cool-looking cotton or voile dress.She has a newspaper on her knee which another photograph taken on the same occasion reveals to have been ‘The Suffragette’ – (see NPG x32608). The photograph was taken in Sept 1913 in France, to where she had escaped eighteen months earlier. The postcard was published by Lambert Weston and son Ltd (Dover, Folkestone and 39 Brompton Square, London SW). Fine – unposted – scarce £180
- MR AND MRS PETHICK LAWRENCE AND MISS CHRISTABEL PANKHURST GOING TO BOW STREET, OCTOBER 14 1908  Christabel was on trial, charged with inciting crowds to ‘rush’ the House of Commons – but she and the Pethick Lawrences look very cheerful. Published by Sandle Bros for the National Women’s Social and Political Union. Fine – unposted – scarce £180
- ‘MRS DRUMMOND AT TRAFALGAR SQUARE INVITING THE AUDIENCE TO “RUSH” THE HOUSE OF COMMONS ON OCTOBER 13′  The card is published by Sandle Bros – the year is 1908. Flora Drummond stands beside one of Landseer’s lions in characteristic pose – her clenched fist raised. Behind her, we can see Mrs Pankhurst, Christabel and, partially hidden by a banner, Jennie Baines, who was also speaking that day. In fine condition – unposted £120
- MRS MABEL TUKE  Joint Hon Secretary, National Women’s Social and Political Union. The beautiful ‘Pansy’ Tuke is presented here, in ‘Real Photo Postcard’ printed in France. The card dates from after 1907. Very good – with one slight crease across the bottom right corner where it has been held in an album – unposted. I haven’t had a copy of this card for sale since 2001 – so I think I can confirm that it is scarce £180
- MRS PANKHURST  captioned ‘Founder and Hon Sec. The Women’s Social and Political Union’. This is a very early WSPU card – dating from c 1905/06 – before the split with Mrs Despard etc and the founding of the Women’s Freedom League – after which the WSPU was technically known as ‘The National Women’s Social and Political Union’. Apart from this nomenclature clue, Mrs P’s large hat (with buckle and feather) is a giveaway. She is photographed sitting in a buttoned tub armchair wearing a dress and large hat. Although no photographer is credited with the picture it is likely to have been taken in a studio – Mrs P did not wear hats for posed indoor photographs after this. There is some foxing on the card – particularly around the margins – but nothing to spoil this unusual image of Mrs Pankhurst. Good – scarce £80
- ‘MRS PANKHURST  Hon Sec National Women’s Social and Political Union 4 Clement’s Inn,, London W.C.’ She is shown sitting at her desk. This card was issued in the same format as that of Mrs Mabel Tuke (see item 543.). It, too, was printed in France and employs the same distinctive typeface. I think it must date from late 1907/1908 £120
- MRS PANKHURST  is photographed standing alongside a rather grand automobile (with a rack on the roof for luggage). She is wearing a bonnet and a long cape and looks elegant and lovely. The photographer was Dennis Moss, Cirencester – and in the background is a house gable of very Cotswoldy-looking stone. I see that Mrs Pankhurst was speaking in Cirencester in July 1911 and would think it likely that the photograph was taken on this occasion.. This is a sequel to another image – taken a few seconds earlier or later – on the same occasion in which Mrs Pankhurst actually has her foot on the running board of the car. I have now identified the car as ‘W.S. 95′ [ie Women’s Suffrage’], an Austin, painted and upholstered in the colours, with white wheels and a green body lined with a narrow purple stripe that the WSPU presented to Mrs Pethick Lawrence on her release from prison in April 1909. A superb image – uncommon – unposted £120
- MRS PANKHURST  is photographed with her foot on the running board of a rather grand automobile (with a rack on the roof for luggage). She is wearing a bonnet and a long cape and looks elegant and lovely. The photographer was Dennis Moss, Cirencester – and in the background is a house gable of very Cotswoldy-looking stone. I see that Mrs Pankhurst was speaking in Cirencester in July 1911 and would think it likely that the photograph was taken on this occasion..I have now identified the car as ‘W.S. 95′ [ie Women’s Suffrage’], an Austin, painted and upholstered in the colours, with white wheels and a green body lined with a narrow purple stripe that the WSPU presented to Mrs Pethick Lawrence on her release from prison in April 1909. A superb image – uncommon – unposted £120
- MRS PANKHURST  arrested in Victoria Street, 13 February 1908. She is on her way from the WSPU ‘Women’s Parliament’ in Caxton Hall – a policeman holds her left hand – she carries her ‘Parliament’s’ resolution in the other. Published by Photochrome Ltd – very good- unposted £45
- MRS PANKHURST AND MRS WOLSTENHOLME ELMY  together at the WSPU’s Hyde Park demonstration on Sunday 21 June 1908. This is a very important image, symbolising the link between the first constitutional suffrage society (founded by Elizabeth Wolstenholme in Manchester in 1865) and the militant WSPU. Apart from its historical significance it is a very good photograph – containing banners, suffragettes in high-Edwardian decorated hats and ‘Votes for Women’ sashes, and a policeman! Published by Sandle Brothers, London EC. The card is unposted but has been pinned up and then carelessly removed – so that there is a little loss of card around the corners – but nothing to interfere with the image itself. Scarce £95
- MRS PANKHURST, MISS ANNIE KENNEY, & MRS PETHICK LAWRENCE  photographed in an open-topped car. At least Mrs Pankhurst and Annie are seated inside – on the back seat – while Mrs Pethick Lawrence stands alongside. All three women are wearing motor scarves to protect their hats. I think the car is ‘W.S. 95′ [ie Women’s Suffrage’], an Austin, painted and upholstered in the colours, with white wheels and a green body lined with a narrow purple stripe that the WSPU presented to Mrs Pethick Lawrence on her release from prison in April 1909.The cloth-capped driver is Mr Rapley from Holmwood, Surrey, where the Pethick Lawrences had their country house. The card was published by Sandle Bros and the type face used for the caption is the same as that for the ‘Rush the House of Commons’ postcards that date from October 1909 – so I would deduce that this card was published around the same time. Fine – unposted £120
- MRS WOLSTENHOLME ELMY  real photographic postcard of one of the suffrage campaigns most earnest workers and one of the WSPU’s earliest supporters. The photograph was taken in May 1907 when the WSPU-nominated photographer called at her home. Fine – unposted – scarce £120
552.THE LATE MISS E. W. DAVISON  Emily Wilding Davison was photographed in mortar board and gown, on the occasion of her graduation – and the photographed was published by the WSPU-sympathising firm, F. Kerahan & Co to celebrate her martyr’s death. Fine – unposted – scarce £200
Commercial Artists’ Cards
- ARE WE DOWNHEARTED? NO!  Black and white postcard by Donald McGill – suffragette, holding on to her ‘Votes for Women’ banner, is carried into the Police Court by a policeman – her bottom very much to the fore – her umbrella fallen to the ground. Good – posted in Battersea on, I think, 24 December 1906 £45
- ‘AT THE SUFFRAGETTE MEETINGS  you can hear some plain things – and see them too!’ – is the caption to a card showing depictions of suffragettes as buck-toothed old maids. Very good – unposted £45
- BUT SURELY MY GOOD WOMAN DON’T YOU YEARN FOR SOMETHING …  The suffragettes are canvassing on the doorstep. The artist is Arthur Moreland; the publisher is C.W. Faulkner. Very good – unposted £45
- ‘HI! MISS! YER TROWSERS IS A-COMING DOWN’  shouts tyke to elegant young woman sporting ‘harem’ trousers. Pre-First World War, pub by Felix McGlennon. Not actually ‘suffrage’ but of the time. Very good – very glossy £25
- I PROTEST AGAINST MAN-MADE LAWS  The suffragette is in the dock. Artist is Arthur Moreland; publisher C.W. Faulkner. Very good – unposted £45
- NOW MADAM – WILL YOU GO QUIETLY OR SHALL I HAVE TO USE FORCE?  The suffragette is interrupting a meeting. Artist is Arthur Moreland; publisher is C.W. Faulkner. Fair – unposted £35
- SOUTHWOLD EXPRESS  ‘A slight engine trouble causes a delay – but is soon remedied’ is the caption. The artist/publisher is Reg Carter – in the ‘Sorrows of Southwold’ series. There are a number of joky cards about the Southwold train. In this one a suffragette sitting in a tree is taking advantage of a breakdown to lob a bomb – shouting ‘Votes for Women’. Very good £35
- THE SUFFRAGETTE Addresses a meeting of Citizens  A card from a Raphael Tuck series. ‘the Suffragette’ – masculinized, wild-eyed, and wearing a boater and tie harangues a few snotty-nosed childrenIn Raphael Tuck ‘The Suffragette’ Good – posted in 1908 £45
- THE SUFFRAGETTE NOT AT HOME  Domestic chaos when the wife and mother is off to her meeting. The artist is Arthur Moreland; the publisher is C.W. Faulkener. Very good – posted £45
- The Suffragette Question  A black and white postcard – showing a woman busy at her stove – with the steam from her pot rising in the shape of a large question mark containing thoughts and dreams – ‘We want equal rights with men’ – with lines of women standing in a queue to place their votes in the ballot box. The artist is F.R. Morgan. A US card but very much influenced by the type published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Good £28
- A THING OF THE PAST, OLD DEAR.  Harridan – wispy hair, big feet, short skirt – being carried off by policeman – while her companion, with ‘Votes for Women’ placard, looks on. Fair – a little creased – an English card originally but issued here, I think, by an American publisher. Certainly it was posted in the US to a Nevada address in 1908 £20
- THIS IS THE HOUSE THAN MAN BUILT  And this is the policeman all tattered and torn/Who wished women voters had never been born,/Who nevertheless /Tho it caused him distress/Ran them all in,/In spite of their dress:/The poor Suffragette/Who wanted to get/Into The House than man built. With House of Commons in the background, a policeman is battered by one suffragette as he attempts to aprehend another – virgagos both, of course. In the BB London Series. In very good condition – posted on 30 April 1909 £45
- THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT  ‘And these are the members who’ve been sitting late/Coming out arm in arm, from a lengthy debate…’ Fashionably dressed couple, he in top hat and frock coat emerge, engaged in reasonable discussion, from the Houses of Parliament. An ink line at under the text carries the message ‘Will we ever live to see this.’ In BB London Series. Very good – posted in Clapton on 12 May 1909. £45
- THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT  ‘And this is the home of the poor suffragette/And there’s room for a great many more of them in it yet…’ Burly suffragette being taken in hand by a policeman – with the towers of Holloway in the background. In BB London series. Very good- unposted £45
- THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT  ‘The House that our statesmen for years have controlled/Ruling the world with mind fearless and bold/Can Woman expect to rule such a House/She that’s afraid of a poor little mouse….’ Suffragettes stands on stool as mouse scuttles past – with House of Commons in background. Good – posted 1912 £45
- VALENTINE SERIES:COMPARISONS The Attitude of Politicians towards Women’s Suffrage  1) At Election Time (when the politician willingly accepts a petition) 2) At Westminster (when a policeman holds the suffragette back as she tries to present a petition to an MP). Staged photographic scenes in colour. Very good -uncommon – unposted £38
- VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Gimme a Vote You Cowards  Printed in red and balck on white – policemen have a suffragette flat on the ground – while other comrades demosntrate around. Good – has been posted, but stamp removed £45
- VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Give Us a Vote Ducky! Oh do, There’s a Dear  wheedle three women as they make up to an aging gent. The caption reads ‘Why not try the Good Old Way?’ The sender has added little ink comments of her own (at least I think the sender was a woman). Good. Posted on 17 August 1907. £45
- VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Safe in the Arms of a Policeman  Printed in red and black on white – dishevelled viragos are carried away by red-faced policemen. Good £45
- VALENTINE’S SERIES An Appeal to John Bull  The epigraph is :’The woman’s cause is man’s; they rise or fall/Together, dwarfed or godlike, bound or free’. Tennyson.The suffragette in prison holds out her hands for help from a surly John Bull who has turned his back to her. Staged photographic scene in colour. Good – with a spot of surface lost near the bottom of the card and graze to a piece of the text £45
- VALENTINE’S SERIES A Suffragette in Prison  ‘The long dark night is almost gone,/And freedom’s morn is drawing near;/From prison cell she sees the dawn/Of woman’s liberty appear’ is the caption. Staged photographic scene – of suffragette standing on her stool to look out of the window of her cell – in colour. Good -with a spot of the surface lost near the bottom of the card and slight marking to left of text. Unposted £38
- VALENTINE’S SERIES The Visiting Magistrate (Scene, In Holloway Prison)  Magistrate: ‘What can I do for you? Have you any complaints to make?’ Suffragette: ‘Yes, I have one demand – Votes for Women’. Staged photographic scene in colour. Very good – unposted £38
- VALENTINE’S SERIES:COMPARISONS Comparisons are Odious  1) The male political prisoner (sits in his cell equipped with bookcase, wine and cigar) 2) The female political prisoner (the suffragette sits in her bare cell holding her duster and skilly).Staged photographic scenes in colour. Very good – uncommon – unposted £38
- VALENTINE’S SERIES:COMPARISONS Oh, what a Difference!  1) Reception of a Constitutional Deputation to the British Parliament at Westminster (the suffragettes, holding their petition, approach a line of policemen – beneath a sign saying ‘St Stephens 1/4 mile’ 2) Its result (the suffragette is marched away by the police. Staged photographic scenes in colour. Fine – uncommon – unposted £50
- WHEN WOMEN VOTE: Washing Day  Father is in the kitchen bathing baby, while his wife and her friends sit in the parlour playing cards and eating chocolates – commenting ‘Yes, my old man is a lazy old wretch’. And that’s what will happen when women have the vote. Mitchell and Watkins series. Posted in 1908 £45
- YES, MADAM, BY YOUR BUMP OF PERSEVERANCE,  IF YOU LIVE ANOTHER 1000 YEARS YOU MIGHT BECOME PRIME MINISTERESS. Phrenologist feels the bumps of a suffragette (she has spectacles, big feet, and a roll of paper labelled ‘Votes for Women’ rests on her ungainly knee). Drawings of the craniums of Charlie Peace (murderer) and Mr Balfour are pinned to the wall. The pencil-written message – mainly a birthday greeting – ends with ‘Vote for Women’. Posted in Chatteris to ‘Arthur Squires, Decorator etc, Chatteris’. Fair – card rather worn but image is bright £10
Suffrage Artists’ Cards
- ARTISTS’ SUFFRAGE LEAGUE Miss Jane Bull  addresses Master Johnnie Bull, asking, ‘Give me a bit of your Franchise Cake, Johnnie’ He replies ‘It wouldn’t be good for you’ She responds ‘How can you tell if you won’t let me try it? it doesn’t hurt those other little girls’ – she points to Finnish, New Zealand, Australian and Norwegian children – boys and girls.Postcard published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. The artists are ‘C.H. & D.M.’ Very good – unposted £75
- COMPANIONS IN DISGRACE  – the sweet girl graduate stands, robed, alongside a convict in his arrowed suit. The heading is ‘Polling Booth’ and the caption ‘Companions in Disgrace’ refers to their shared characteristic. The verse below explains further: ‘Convicts and Women kindly note,/ Are not allowed to have the vote…’ etc. Drawn by ‘C.H.’ and published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Very good – unposted £65
- WOMEN WRITERS’ SUFFRAGE LEAGUE  postcard designed by W.H. Margetson. ‘Woman’ is dragged from the feet of blind ‘Justice’ by the figure of ‘Prejudice’. In very good condition – the black and white version – unposted £55
- YOUNG NEW ZEALAND  cycles on her modern bicycle with its two wheels equal in size. The front one is labelled ‘Male and Female’ and the back one ‘Equal Electoral Rights’. She calls out to old John Bull who is struggling atop a penny farthing, ‘Oh Grandpapa! what a funny old machine. Why don’t you get one like mine?’ The artist is JHD [Joan Harvey Drew]. Published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Very good- unposted – v scarce £75
- ‘ANTI-SUFFRAGISMS ILLUSTRATED’ ‘WOMAN’S PLACE IS IN THE HOME’  An ‘A Patriot’ illustration sowing elderly couple in their cottage – probably in a northern mill town. The man of the household has been injured and is confined to his chair, crutch at his side. He and his wife are looking at two young mill women – presumably his daughters’ and the caption is ‘Who will then earn the Daily Bread?’ Hanging on the wall is what looks very like a portrait of Annie Kenney. Published by the Woman’s Press, 156 Charing Cross Road, London WC. ‘A Patriot’ was cartoonist Alfred Pearse, who produced weekly cartoons for the front page of ‘Votes for Women’ from 1909. I assume that this image appeared in that slot, but haven’t checked the exact date. Good – unposted – a couple of small foxing spots on left-hand edge. Scarcee £85
- ‘THE RIGHT DISHONOURABLE DOUBLE-FACE ASQUITH’  The cartoon by ‘A Patriot’ appeared on the cover of the 19 Nov 1909 edition of ‘Votes for Women’. With one of his faces ‘Citizen Asquith’ is addressing a Peer of the Realm with ‘Down with privilege of birth – up with Democratic rule!’ and with the other he turns to a woman in prison clothes who is holding out her petition for Liberty and Equality and remonstrates ‘The rights of government belong to the aristocrats by birth – men. No liberty or equality for women!’ This image was also produced as a poster and resonated strongly among WSPU supporters. The card was published by the WSPU. In good condition – unposted – with two tiny foxing spots in a margin and a slight ruffling along the edges £85
- ‘VOTES FOR WOMEN’  cartoon by ‘A Patriot’ that was published on the front cover of ‘Votes for Women’ 10 Dec 1909. It shows the ‘three estates’ – peers, men – and women in a line – with the peer writing on the wall ‘The People Not the Commons must decide the Taxes;. On his back the man is writing ‘The Commons as representatives of the People must decide the taxes’ and on HIS back the elegant representative of the women of the UK is writing ‘Women are half the people and demand a voice in deciding the taxes’. The card was published by the WSPU. Very good £85
Women and the First World War
- BARTON, Edith And CODY, Marguerite Eve in Khaki: the story of the Women’s Army at home and abroad Thomas Nelson, no date (1918)  Part I – in England by Edith M. Barton. Part II – In France by Marguerite Cody. The First World War and the early years of the WAAC. Very good £38
- [HALL] Edith Hall Canary Girls & Stockpots WEA Luton Branch 1977  Memories of life in the First World War – and of the ’20s and ’30s. During the War Edith Hall’s mother was landlady to munition workers – ‘the Canaries’ (so called because the chemicals turned their skin yellow) at the Hayes factories.
Soft covers – signed by the author £10
- MCLAREN, Eva Shaw (ed) A History of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals Hodder & Stoughton 1919  A very full history of the work of the SWH in the First World War. With 57 illustrations, including a marvellous pull-out panoramic photograph of the Salonika hospital in 1918 – huts and tents as far as the eye can see. 408pp – very good – scarce £65
- STONE, Gilbert (ed) Women War Workers: accounts contributed by representative workers of the work done by women in the more important branches of war employment George G. Harrap & Co 1917  With a foreword by Lady Jellicoe. Chapters on: munition work; the land; work as a postwoman; banking; as a bus conductor; driver of butcher’s delivery cart; nursing at the Front in France; work as a V.A.D.; working with ‘Concerts at the Front'; and welfare work. Includes a chapter on War Organisations for Women, full of facts and figures – with 12 photographs. Very good – a surprisingly scarce book £60
- (THURSTAN) Violetta Thurstan Field Hospital and Flying Column: being the journal of an English nursing sister in Belgium and Russia G.P. Putnam’s 1915  Very good – very scarce £65
- ANNIE CATON IN HER WAAC UNIFORM  of full-length gaberdine frock-coat and felt hat. Three-quarter-length portrait – issued as a postcard. Unposted £15
- ANNIE CATON IN WAAC UNIFORM  a studio portrait photograph taken in Rouen – not a postcard. Here she is wearing a thigh-length smock over jodphurs and long boots. Her felt hat is tipped up at the side. The photograph is in very good condition, though the surrounding card is a little creased. £15
- HMSO Munitions of War HMSO 1916  Order, dated June 26, 1916, of the Minister of Munitions. 4-pp leaflet – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £3
- ‘ON WAR SERVICE’ BADGE  Triangular metal badge with each word of ‘On War Service’ on one of its three sides – and the crown in the middle with ‘1916’ underneath. This badge was issued to women war workers – such as those working in the munition factories. Very good £28
- SCOTTISH WOMEN’S FIRST AID CORPS  natural-coloured linen canvas satchel with the initials ‘S.W.F.A.C.’ [Scottish Women’s First Aid Corps] machine-embroidered in red on the front.The satchel hangs from a long red grosgrain ribbon strap which has a buckle for altering its length. The bag still contains an Esmarch’s Triangular Bandage – printed with images of how to apply, in a variety of ways, the bandage to wounded men, together with two packs labelled ‘Scottish Women’s First Aid Corps First Field Dressing’, supplied by J. Gordon Nicholson, Pharmaceutical Chemist, 15 Hanover Street, Edinburgh, and two small safety pins on a piece of card, presumably to be used for fixing the bandages. Luckily this SWFAC member was required to put the bandages to the test. The SWFAC had been formed in 1909 by Mary E. Macmillan and came into its own in the First World War, appealing to middle and upper-middle class women who wanted to ‘do their bit’. The SWFAC ran classes in First Aid and sick nursing and some of its recruits then went out to nurse in Italy and Serbia. Very good – an unusual survival £120
- THE LANDSWOMAN: the Journal of the National Association of Landswomen  issue for May 1920. Contains Association News from the National Association of Landswomen – and masses of articles of interest to women working in horticulture and agriculture – many of whom had gained their experience working with the Land Army during the First World War. Good – one page loose where staple has rusted £25
- WAACS 1917/18  Annie (Nance) is seated in the centre of the front row and she identifies the “stout officer just behind me is ‘our mother ‘(Miss Llennehan) and the Suffragette is the Chief boss” (Mrs Chalmers Watson, I think). I think the photograph was taken in England before they sailed for France. Fine – unposted £30
- HENDERSON, Mary H.J. In War and Peace:songs of a Scotswoman Erskine Macdonald 1918  With a foreword by John Oxenham. Mary Henderson from Dundee worked the Scottish Women’s Hospitals unit in Russia and Rumania. ‘A devoted upholder of Woman’s Suffrage’. Good £28
- MACAULAY, Rose Three Days Constable & Co 1919  Poems. Already an established novelist, during the First World War Rose Macaulay worked as a VAD nurse and a land girl and in early 1917 joined the War Office. Good – a little chipped on spine – in wrapper cover. £25
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Perhaps these books may also be of interest:
Kate Parry Frye: the long life of an Edwardian actress and suffragette
Published by ITV Ventures as a tie-in with the series: ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’ this e-book tells Kate’s life story from her Victorian childhood to her brave engagement with the Elizabethan New Age. For details see here (and many more posts on my website).
Available to download from iTunes or Amazon
Campaigning for the Vote: The Suffrage Diary of Kate Parry Frye
Edited by Elizabeth Crawford
‘Saturday June 14th 1913. [Kate is lodging in Baker Street, London]
I had had a black coat and skirt sent there for Miss Davison’s funeral procession and the landlady had given me permission to change in her room. I tore into my black things then we tore off by tube to Piccadilly and had some lunch in Lyons. But the time was getting on – and the cortege was timed to start at 2 o’clock from Victoria. We saw it splendidly at the start until we were driven away from our position and then could not see for the crowds and then we walked right down Buckingham Palace Rd and joined in the procession at the end. It was really most wonderful – the really organised part – groups of women in black with white lilies – in white and in purple – and lots of clergymen and special sort of pall bearers each side of the coffin. She gave her life publicly to make known to the public the demand of Votes for Women – it was only fitting she should be honoured publicly by the comrades. It must have been most imposing. [Plus much more description of the procession as Kate follows it into King’s Cross station]
Campaigning for the Vote tells, in her own words, the efforts of a working suffragist to instil in the men and women of England the necessity of ‘votes for women’ in the years before the First World War. The detailed diary kept all her life by Kate Parry Frye (1878-1959) has been edited to cover 1911-1915, years she spent as a paid organiser for the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. The book constitutes that near impossibility – completely new primary material, published for the first time 100 years after the events it records.
With Kate for company we experience the reality of the ‘votes for women’ campaign as, day after day, in London and in the provinces, she knocks on doors, arranges meetings, trembles on platforms, speaks from carts in market squares, village greens, and seaside piers, enduring indifference, incivility and even the threat of firecrackers under her skirt.
Kate’s words bring to life the world of the itinerant organiser – a world of train journeys, of complicated luggage conveyance, of hotels – and hotel flirtations – , of boarding houses, of landladies, and of the ‘quaintness’ of fellow boarders. This was not a way of life to which she was born, for her years as an organiser were played out against the catastrophic loss of family money and enforced departure from a much-loved home. Before 1911 Kate had had the luxury of giving her time as a volunteer to the suffrage cause; now she depended on it for her keep.
No other diary gives such an extensive account of the working life of a suffragist, one who had an eye for the grand tableau – such as following Emily Wilding Davison’s cortege through the London streets – as well as the minutiae of producing an advertisement for a village meeting. Moreover Kate Frye gives us the fullest account to date of the workings of the previously shadowy New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. She writes at length of her fellow workers, never refraining from discussing their egos and foibles. After the outbreak of war in August 1914 Kate continued to work for some time at the society’s headquarters, helping to organize its war effort, her diary entries allowing us to experience her reality of life in war-time London.
Excerpts from Campaigning for the Vote featured in ‘The Women’s Rebellion’, episode 2 of Michael Portillo’s Radio 4 series, 1913: The Year Before –listen here
In his review of the series, published in ‘The Telegraph’, Charles Moore particularly drew attention to Kate’s contribution – see here.
Published by Francis Boutle Publishers – for details see here.
Wrap-around paper covers, 226 pp, over 70 illustrations, all drawn from Kate Frye’s personal archive. £14.99
ISBN 978 1903427 75 0
The Women’s Suffrage Movement 1866-1928: A reference guide
‘It is no exaggeration to describe Elizabeth Crawford’s Guide as a landmark in the history of the women’s movement…’ History Today
Routledge, 2000 785pp paperback £74.99 – Ebook £70
The Women’s Suffrage Movement in Britain and Ireland: a regional survey
‘Crawford provides meticulous accounts of the activists, petitions, organisations, and major events pertaining to each county.’ Victorian Studies
Routledge, 2008 320pp paperback £30
Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle
‘Crawford’s scholarship is admirable and Enterprising Women offers increasingly compelling reading’ Journal of William Morris Studies
For further details see here
Francis Boutle, 2002 338pp 75 illus paperback £25
Copies of all of these books may be bought direct from the publishers or ordered from any bookshop (terrestrial or online)
Posted in Suffrage Stories on March 16, 2015
Pretend you are taking a GCSE paper. One of questions states that this picture shows Christabel Pankhurst casting her first parliamentary vote. You have to decide whether this statement is true or false.
What clues might you find to point you in the right direction?
Actually there is one so glaring that I am amazed that it can be overlooked. Have a look at her attire.
Q.When were women of Christabel’s age able to vote for the first time?
A. December 1918.
Q. Does that dress and hat look like an outfit suitable for going to the ballot in December of any year?
Q. Are the hat and dress of a style worn in 1918?
A. Most definitely not.
Q. So – if not 1918 when might that flowing gown and flower-bedecked bonnet have been in the mainstream of fashion?
A. Spring 1909.
Yes, that is the correct answer.
In fact the photograph shows Christabel casting a vote in a ballot box that was one of the main features of the WSPU Fair at the Prince’s Skating Rink, Knightsbridge, that ran between 13-26 May 1909. As Votes for Women, 23 April 1909, stated ‘A unique feature of the Exhibition.. will be the polling booth which will occupy one of the corners of the great hall. At this booth women as well as men will cast their votes upon many of the most interesting questions of the day.’ And that is what we see Christabel doing.
And as for that hat? It does strike one as a little incongruous. She isn’t usually seen in anything so maidenly frivolous. And so it is interesting to know that the hat was a gift to her from Frederick Pethick-Lawrence. Moreover when, in the late 1950s, after Christabel’s death, he came to prepare her autobiographical manuscript for publication (Unshackled:the story of how we won the vote) it was a photograph of her wearing his hat that he used for the frontispiece.
I have been amazed how this photograph, described as Christabel casting her first parliamentary vote, has been tweeted and retweeted. It was even used in Amanda Vickery’s ‘Suffragettes Forever’ BBC 2 programme to accompany the voice over telling us that women first voted in December 1918. How this thoughtless use of an incorrect image (by no means the only one) jarred.
Click here to see what Christabel looked like as she campaigned in Smethwick in late 1918 – for she was, of course, both a candidate and a voter. She is centre left in the photo – and you’ll be relieved to see that she is sensibly dressed – complete with muff – to combat the winter chill.
Posted in The Garretts and their Circle on February 27, 2015
In a chapter on ‘Decorative Art in England (Travels in South Kensington, 1882) Moncure Conway commended Rhoda and Agnes Garrett for their ‘admirable treatment of the new female colleges connected with English Universities’. It has always been a niggle that neither I – or anyone else – as far as I know – has ever been able to find any evidence that the Garretts did work on the interior of any women’s college.
As one member of the Garrett family, Elizabeth, was a close friend and supporter of Emily Davies, founder of Girton, another, Millicent, was a founder of Newnham, and Rhoda and Agnes had received their training in the office of J.M. Brydon, sharing an office with Newnham’s architect, Basil Champneys, it would not have been at all surprising if they had been involved with the interior decoration of one or other of the colleges. But neither in Garrett family letters nor in the press is there any mention of Rhoda and Agnes working on the interior of Newnham – or of Girton.
In fact the only mention of work being done by women interior decorators on a Cambridge women’s college relates to furnishings for an early incarnation of Newnham – when, between October 1871 and 1874, it was housed in an ancient, rambling house, Merton Hall. The house belonged (and still belongs) to St John’s College, whose Master was very sympathetic to the Lectures for Ladies’ scheme that had been instigated in Cambridge by Millicent Fawcett, Henry Sidgwick and Jemima Anne Clough.
Merton Hall is first mentioned by Moncure Conway in ‘Decorative Art and Architecture in England’, an article published in Harpers New Monthly Magazine, November 1874. In this, after discussing the work of Rhoda and Agnes Garrett, he tells us that Mrs Hartley Brown and Miss Townshend had set up in the same business as the Garretts, in premises at 12 Bulstrode Street. He then goes on to say that ‘These ladies, who have been employed to decorate the new ladies’ College (Merton) at Cambridge, have not only devised new stuffs for chairs, sofas and wall panels, but also for ladies’ dresses.’ The fact that he uses the past tense seems to indicate that the work was already complete.
A further allusion to this partnership is made by Emily Faithfull when discussing new trade opportunities that have been opening for women. In Three Visits to America (1884) she mentions that ‘Mrs Hartley Brown and Miss Townshend, soon after entering into partnership, were appropriately employed in decorating Merton College, and devised with much success some new stuffs for the chairs and sofas for the use of Cambridge girl graduates.’
That seems quite clear: Mrs Hartley Brown and Miss Townshend had been involved with furnishing Merton Hall (later Newnham) and neither Conway or Faithfull, although discussing the Garretts’ work, made any mention of the Garrtts being similarly employed.
However, when Moncure Conway came to publish Travels in South Kensington in 1882 the Garretts were going from strength to strength and, if the silence in the press is anything to go by, Mrs Hartley Brown and Miss Townshend had gone out of business. One construction might be that, while making no mention of the latter two, Conway lauds the success of the Garretts and, carelessly assigns to them the ‘admirable treatment of female Colleges’. It may be that only one firm of female interior decorators worked on the furnishings of a female college – and that was the partnership of Mrs Hartley Brown and Miss Townshend.
But who were Mrs Hartley Brown and Miss Townshend? I have to confess to drawing a blank on Mrs Hartley Brown – but can make an educated guess at the identity of Miss Townshend.
In his Harper’s 1874 article Conway (who, as we see was prone to getting things a bit muddled) mistakenly describes Mrs Hartley Brown as ‘a sister of Chambray Brown, Esq – a very distinguished architect’. In fact what he meant was that ‘Miss Townshend was a sister of Chambray Townshend…’. The latter was indeed an architect, although not even his wife – indeed particularly not his wife – would have called him distinguished. Unfortunately for us Chambray Townshend had eight sisters. And the question is ‘which one went into business as an interior decorator?’
Well three can be discounted, being in 1874 already married. Of the remaining five, very little is known of the lives of three, although Alicia, who didn’t marry until 1880, is known to have studied art at the Slade and is I suppose a possibility. However I suspect that the two strongest candidates of the five are Isabella (1847-1882) and Anne (1842-1929).
Anne certainly seems to have the most productive work record. According to family information she trained as a nurse at London’s Foundling Hospital and was later Matron at the Hospital for Hip Disease in Childhood (Queen’s Square). When and for how long she was engaged in nursing I don’t know. By 1882 she had moved into philanthropic administration and was secretary of the Metropolitan Association for Befriending Young Servants (MABYs).
Then in 1888 she became the first secretary of the Ladies’ Residential Chambers Co (the founders of which included Agnes Garrett and Millicent Fawcett) and remained involved with the company until 1910. In 1890, when the company was planning a new set of chambers in York Street, Marylebone, it was Anne Townshend who was deputed to consult with Thackeray Turner, the architect, over the company’s specifications for the new building. However nowhere in the minutes of the Ladies’ Residential Co is there any suggestion that she was ever involved with the interior design of either of the buildings.
Isabella Townshend is the more artistic candidate – and she does have a very clear Cambridge connection- being one of the Girton Pioneers. In 1869 she was one of the first five to join Emily Davies at her new college at Hitchin (it was not yet ‘Girton’). She left without taking a Tripos at Easter 1872. Could she then have gone into the interior decorating business?
In Girton College, Barbara Stephen comments that ‘Miss Townshend was not striking in either appearance or manner‘, while reporting Barbara Bodichon’s opinion that [Isabella’s] ‘interests were wide and her mind original’ Barbara Stephen was too young ever to have met Isabella; perhaps she made her rather harsh judgement on the basis of this photograph she included in her book
However, Isabella certainly made a very strong impression on her fellow Pioneers – particularly on Emily Gibson. When Isabella left Hitchin in the 1872 without taking a Tripos (perhaps it was this high-handed approach to all that Miss Davies had to offer that attracted Barbara Stephen’s disapproval) Emily followed suit and the following year married Isabella’s brother, Chambray Townshend.
In Some Memories for Her Friends., Emily wrote of Isabella: ‘She was more mature than many of us, and in quite a different stage of development, but the sort of position she held among us, the sort of influence she exercised over me was chiefly due to her having been swept over by a very early wave of that current of aestheticism which was then just beginning to gather force. The sort of doctrine she taught, or rather that she gave living expression to, was, that the most valuable means of culture was to be found in the enjoyment of the beautiful in nature and art, that a beautiful combination of colours, a delicate bit of decorative work seen and cared for in a reverent and appreciative spirit, could do more for us in the way of training and development than much steady grinding away at mathematics and classics.’
‘She had considerable ability, indeed, many of us gave her credit for a touch of genius, yet she never accomplished much definite work of any kind.’..Isabel took the utmost pains to live from hand to mouth. She would work hard now and again when she felt the subject in hand to be worth working at, but she scorned to tie herself down to do things against inclination for the sake of obtaining some definite mundane good.’
Isabella Townshend was undoubtedly ‘artistic’. Isn’t this a wonderful self-portrait – bequeathed to Girton by Emily Townshend? It wouldn’t at all surprise me if Isabella had not ‘devised new stuff’ for her dress and designed it herself. But did she have the stamina to set up in business? Emily Gibson mentions that in the period between leaving Cambridge and her marriage to Chambray Townshend, he and Isabella were particularly friendly with Walter and Lucy Crane – so she was certainly moving in art design circles.
There is no doubt that interior decorating ran in the family veins. In his Harper’s article Moncure Conway wrote ‘I have become convinced by a visit to a beautiful house which Chambrey Townshend arranged at Wimbledon, that there can be nothing so suitable for somewhat dark corridors and staircases as a faint rose tint. In Mr Townshend’s house, however cold and cheerless the day may be, there is always a glow of morning light. This gentleman has shown that a sage-gray paper with simple small squares (such as Messrs Marshall & Morris make) furnishes a good dado to support the light tints upon walls not papered.’
The house may well have been the Townshend family home at 12 Ridgway Place, Wimbledon, where the unmarried sisters lived with their mother.
Unfortunately Chambray Townshend took the same laissez-faire approach to work as did Isabella. Of him Emily, his wife, later wrote ‘Chambrey Townshend had little push and no business ability to back up his remarkable artistic abilities.’ After his death she regretted she hadn’t devised some opening for his remarkable talent for house decoration ‘when architectural work was not forthcoming’.
If the interior decoration business was run by Mrs Hartley Brown and Isabella Townshend, it may be that Isabella soon lost interest. In the early 1880s she went to Italy to study painting and died in 1882. The Girton Register has it that she died in Italy, ‘of typhoid fever contracted at Capri’. It may well be that she became ill in Italy, but the Probate Register shows that she died on 20 July 1882 at Ealing and was buried at Perivale on 25 July 1882.
So, although Anne Townsend had the stamina and application to run a business, I’m inclined to think that it was Isabella Townshend who, for a brief period, was in partnership as an interior decorator with Mrs Hartley Brown and who provided the furnishings for Merton Hall, the early incarnation of Newnham.
For more about the interior decoration business run by Rhoda and Agnes Garrett see here.
We know from Harpers that it was one of the sisters of Chambray Coker Townshend.
did merton hall – precursor of Newnham – in 1871? Were in Merton Hall from Oct 1871 to 1874
Emily Gibson and Isabella Townshend left Girton (although it was not yet Girton but was still at Hitchin) in summer 1872. So it’s possible that Isabella did some work of this kind. But would Emily Gibson not have mentioned it? She mentions that after leaving she remained v friendly with Isabella and with her brother Chambray whom she married in 1873. She makes no mention of other Townshend sisters.
Sept 1874 ‘Newcastle Courant’ mentioned that ‘Miss Townshend of Bulstrode st’ was following the same vocation as Miss Agnes and Miss Rhoda Garrett’ – but doesn’t mention Mrs Hartley Brown and goes into no details.
Emily Faithfull, Three Visits to America, ‘Mrs Hartley Brown and Miss Townshend, soon after entering into partnership, were appropriately employed in decorating Merton College, and devised much success some new stuffs for the chairs and sofas for the use of Cambridge girl graduates.
see harpers new monthly mag nov 1874 – business 12 bulstrode st. See Moncure Conway, ‘Decorative Art and Architecture in England’ ’employed to decorate the new ladies’ Colllege (MERTON) at CAMBRIDGE,’ have not only devised new stuffs for chairs, sofas and wall panels, but also for ladies’ dresses..’ But he makes no mention of them in Travels in South Kensington, 1882, while commending the Garretts on ‘..their admirable treatment of the new female colleges connected with the English Universities. It has always been a niggle that I – nor anyone else as far as I know – have never been able to find any evidence that the Garretts did work on the interior of any women’s college. Could it be that Moncure Conway misremembered and assigned the work that had been undertaken by Mrs Hartley Brown and Miss Townshend on Merton (later to be Newnham College) to the Garretts? It seems likely that the Hartley Brown/Townshend partnership was short-lived while the Garretts were going from strength to strength in 1882 when Conway was working up his Harpers article into a book chapter.
Interior decorating in the family – of her husband Emily Gibson wrote ‘Chambrey Townshend had little push and no business ability to back up his remarkable artistic abilities. He was gentle and kind, but lacked her energy and intellectual curiosity..’After his death she regretted she hadn’t devised some opening for his remarkable talent for house decoration when architectural work was not forthcoming.
Moncure Conway wrote ‘I have become convinced by a visit to a beautiful house which Chambrey Townshend arranged at Wimbledon, that there can be nothing so suitable for somewhat dark corridors and staircases as a faint rose tint. In Mrr Townshend’s house, however cold and cheerless the day may be, there is always a glow of morning light. This gentleman has shown that a sage-gray paper with simple small squares (such as Messrs Marshall & Morris make) furnishes a good dado to support the light tints upon walls not papered.’
Posted in Suffrage Stories on February 6, 2015
For some time I have been meaning to investigate Charlotte Robinson, ‘Home Art Decorator’ to Queen Victoria, mention of whom I came across years ago while researching the interior design career of Rhoda and Agnes Garrett. Now that I have done so, I’ve discovered, as an added bonus, her family link with one of the WSPU’s more imaginative publicity stunts.
Charlotte Robinson was born c 1859 in Settle in Yorkshire, one of the younger children in the large family of a Yorkshire solicitor. He died in 1870, leaving an estate of c £20,000. A later biographical piece about Charlotte noted that she (as presumably were all the children) was left a share of his property and it was this that gave her the freedom to develop a career.
By 1871 Charlotte had been sent as a boarder to a small school in Bolton but was later moved to the rather more prestigious Queen’s College in London. Education complete she returned home for a time – the 1881 census finds her living with her brother, William, a solicitor, in Keighley. She then spent some time travelling abroad.
For some of that time, certainly in 1883, Charlotte was travelling in America with Emily Faithfull – described on the manifest of the ship on which they travelled to New York as ‘Secretary’. You can read a very interesting article about Emily Faithfull here. It would seem, from remarks recorded by Emily that she had met Charlotte when the latter was still a pupil at Queen’s College.
Emily Faithfull was, of course, a fierce advocate of work for middle-class women so it’s unsurprising that, when interviewed in the 1890s for Manchester Faces and Places, Charlotte described how on her return from her travels ‘she resolved to invest her money in a business which she could control herself instead of returning to the usual round of gaieties, varied by intermittent charitable enterprises.’ The journalist then elaborated – ‘Having always been interested in decorative art, friends who knew her marvellous deftness of touch and infallible sense of colour, strongly advised her to turn these special gifts to account.’
In an interview that appeared in the Women’s Penny Paper, 9 February 1889, Charlotte went into more detail. ‘The idea of house decoration as a profession came to me while travelling through America. I was much struck with the interiors of some of the magnificent houses to which I was invited in some of the principal cities between New York and San Francisco, and on my return to England began to supplement previous artistic study. My first professional business was in furnishing houses, now I decorate them through, as well as working in conjunction with my sister, Mrs McClelland, who presides over the studio from which come the beautiful friezes you have just been admiring.’ So that is how Charlotte Robinson came to become a ‘house decorator.
She was setting up in the house decoration business ten years after the trail had been blazed for women by Agnes and Rhoda Garrett and, like them, she stressed the necessity of undergoing a training. However, although we know that the Garretts were pupils of the architect John Brydon, I’ve been unable to discover where or with whom Charlotte Robinson trained. All that is revealed in the Manchester Faces interview is that she ‘went through the necessary course of study and thoroughly qualified herself for the work.’ As Emily Faithfull put it in a later article Charlotte studied ‘house decoration from hearth tiles to frieze painting’.
According to Emily Faithfull, Charlotte Robinson first went into business in London. This must, I think, have been immediately on their return from America – and was probably by way of dipping a toe in the water. But very soon – probably in late 1884/early 1885 – the two women moved to Manchester and, as Emily wrote, ‘regardless of that bugbear which terrifies most women – she [Charlotte] put up her own name over the door.’
That door gave entrance to 20 South King Street, in the central Manchester shopping district, the premises serving primarily as a shop. It would seem from other remarks that Charlotte’s design work was done at home – 10 Plymouth Grove – the house she shared with Emily Faithfull. By 1886 a part of 20 South King Street had been given over to a ‘Typewriting Office’, run by a Miss Giles. As the Manchester Courier remarked when reporting this ‘Doubtless the typewriter will soon become as popular here as in America’. One can imagine that this was a development of which Emily Faithfull was fully supportive.
It is clear from every description that Charlotte Robinson’s ideas of interior design were the antithesis of those of Rhoda and Agnes Garrett. It is impossible to imagine the latter displaying mirrors such as one to be found in Charlotte Robinson’s establishment – for on it was painted ‘a pool fringed with rushes in which a wild duck and her brood were swimming, while the old mallard was taking wing to enjoy the pleasures of the world beyond – after his kind – leaving to the mother the care of the little fluffy yellow ducks, whose very feathers seemed to move with the passing wind’. (Manchester Courier, 6 February 1885).
Items such as this were produced not in Manchester but in London, in the studio of Charlotte’s sister, Mrs McClelland (33 Warwick Avenue, Paddington). Epsey McClelland was twelve years older than Charlotte – in the 1891 census she is described as a widow, a ‘decorative artist’, living with her daughter at the Warwick Avenue address. In an article on ‘Ladies as Shopkeepers’, reprinted in Pall Mall Gazette, (23 December 1887), Emily Faithfull extolled Charlotte’s taste – ‘Her furniture designs are simple and unique; she has dainty and quaint arrangements for cosy nooks and odd corners, and has good reason to be proud of the work of the artists employed in in the studio over which her clever sister, Mrs McClelland is the presiding genius.’
In 1887 Charlotte Robinson took stands at two exhibitions. In Saltaire in June she showed ‘..beautiful painted screens, brackets, plaques, a corner cabinet richly decorated with painted flowers and an excellently painted frieze.’ (Leeds Mercury 3 June 1887).
Of the Manchester Jubilee Exhibition, June/July 1887, the Cabinet Maker and Art Furnisher wrote:- ‘Miss Charlotte Robinson showed a frieze, corner sideboard, overmantel, draught screen, fire screens, Tuckaway tables, and other knickknacks, all, more or less decorated with the light and fanciful painting for which she had made a name. It is in some aspects too “pretty” for our taste, but it is none the less skilful. This lady is happy in the sprightly woodwork forming the foundation of her paintings. The corner sideboard is particularly pleasing.’
We can get a clearer picture of the ‘light and fanciful painting’ from a description given of Charlotte’s stand at the Glasgow Exhibition the following year. ‘Visitors to this stand ought to note the billet-doux writing table, a facsimile of that purchased by the Princess of Wales, and invented and patented by Miss Robinson. Beside this is the ‘Interloper’ chair purchased by the Countess of Rosebery. Both are painted with white French enamel, and decorated with blue tom tits. There are two friezes, specially designed for drawing rooms bearing groups of roses and chrysanthemums and one for a smoking room, with a design of wild ducks in flight.’ (Glasgow Herald 25 May 1888).
Blue tom tits for the ladies and wild ducks for the gentlemen – an aesthetic very different from that of the Garretts, whom Sir Hubert Parry commended – writing in his diary while staying in their house – ‘The quiet and soothing colour of the walls and decoration and the admirable taste of all things acts upon the mind in the most comforting manner. I was quite excised of the vulgar idea that everything ought to be light & gaudy & covered with gilt in London.‘
In late 1888 Charlotte received the accolade of being appointed ‘Home Art Decorator’ to Queen Victoria. Over 20 years earlier Emily Faithfull had been appointed publisher and printer in ordinary to the Queen, her brushes with scandal having apparently done nothing to dent her reputation in the eyes of the royal family. On 9 October 1889 the Leeds Mercury reported that ‘Miss Charlotte Robinson has had the honour of submitting to her Majesty some dessert d’oyleys painted on silk, from sketches taken near Palé as mementoes of Her Majesty’s visit to Wales’ and, as we have seen the Princess of Wales had already bought one of her writing tables’.
By October 1888 business was sufficiently prosperous for Charlotte to open a London showroom – in Mayfair – at 20 Brook Street – and in the same month was appointed as editor of ‘the decorative department’ on the magazine, The Queen, in succession to Mrs Talbot Coke. She was now in a position both to dictate taste and to supply the means of achieving it. She held her position on The Queen for the rest of her life. A small measure of this power was the fact that in an advertisement a Gloucester furnishing store, Messrs Matthews, regularly mentioned that their stock was approved by the leading Art Critics of the Day – such as Charlotte Robinson, Mrs Talbot Coke and Mrs Panton.
The interview given to the journalist from the Women’s Penny Paper took place in the Brook Street showroom, among the ‘cream coloured music racks, dainty billet doux tables, LouisSeize screens etc which provide an artistic public with useful as well as beautiful wedding and birthday gifts’. Charlotte commented that ‘I spend a great deal of time in Manchester, where I have a large business to control, and much is taken up in travelling “back and forth” as we say in the north, between the various houses I have to decorate and furnish in London and the country.Through The Queen I have to advise about houses in every part of the world.’
However for all the reports of how busy she was with her commissions – ‘She can drape a room in less time than it takes most people to think of it’ – there is no information now available to tell us who her clients were or which were the houses she decorated. In the case of the Garretts I was able, from a variety of sources, to piece together a short list of their clients, but I can find no trace at all of Charlotte Robinson’s private clients. There is mention that in in June 1892 she was commissioned to decorate a hotel being erected in Manchester for the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway, that she did some work for Cunard, and that she was called upon to redecorate the Lord Mayor’s Parlour in Manchester Town Hall. The latter is a superbly Gothic creation and certainly no place for tom tits and wild ducks.
Emily Faithfull died in 1895, leaving all her property to Charlotte. In her will, which had been written in 1893, she wrote that’ I feel sure that any loving members of my family, who may survive me, will appreciate my desire that the few possessions I have should be retained for the exclusive use, and as the absolute property, of my beloved friend Charlotte Robinson, as some little indication of my gratitude for the countless services for which I am indebted to her, as well as for the affectionate tenderness and care which made the last five years of my life the happiest I ever spent.’
After Emily’s death Charlotte Robinson continued to cut a dash in Manchester society. The local newspapers record her attendance at numerous balls and conversaziones – for instance, in July 1899 dressed in white brocaded silk and heliotrope velvet. On these occasions she is often in the company of Julia Dux, who lived close by in Plymouth Grove.
Charlotte Robinson’s career was brought to a premature end, however, by her death at home, in October 1901. She left £3100 – and the executors of her will were her sister, Epsey, and her niece Elspeth McClelland.
The latter, then aged 22, continued along the path that her aunt had, to a degree, forged and, with the changing times, was able to become more fully a professional and practise as an architect. You can read an account of her career here. She, like her aunt Charlotte, was clearly a woman of independent thinking and, not unsurprisingly, was swept into the Edwardian suffragette movement, achieving a certain notoriety in 1909 when she was one of the ‘Human Letters’ sent as a publicity stunt to 10 Downing Street. You can see a photograph here of Elspeth posing for the camera – with Daisy Solomon, her fellow ‘Letter’, on the left and Annie Kenney in support on the right. Under her married name – Mrs Elspeth Douglas Spencer – she has an entry in the Suffrage Annual and Woman’s Who’s Who.
Thus, by way of Charlotte Robinson’s ‘home art decoration’ , we can trace a line of endeavour that stretches from Emily Faithfull’s involvement in the 1860s with the Langham Place Group (middle-class women intent on improving work opportunities for their sisters) to a woman architect who, in her short life, managed to design and build several houses – as well as giving birth to three children. It was, apparently, that third birth that in 1920 killed her – putting an end to another interesting career.
For more about the interior design work of Rhoda and Agnes Garrett see Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle, published by Francis Boutle.
Posted in Kate Frye's Diary on February 2, 2015
Kate and her family were never ones to miss an ‘Occasion’ and as occasions went few were more important in the nation’s eyes than the funeral of Queen Victoria.
Kate went by tube with her mother and sister, Agnes, to Lancaster Gate and remarked on the vast numbers of people pouring into Hyde Park. They then walked to Edgware Road, near Burwood Place, to a Leverett and Frye grocery store – one in the chain owned and run by Kate’s father.
Saturday February 2nd 1901
It [the shop] had all been boarded in – the big round step and the two skylights in front and at the side so there was lots of room and it was quite private. The window had been let to a party – Mr Hunt’s friends took the two skylights – we and another lady had the step – till the five chance customers who had bought the only seats sold turned up then they had the front behind the barrier. Much to our surprise who should walk in but Annie and Guy Gold and later Amy – Mrs Watney – and her son Jack. We all saw most perfectly .
[Kate sat or stood on a box on the high step from 9.15 to 1.15 – it was cold]. Miles and miles of soldiers – a regal soldier’s funeral truly and the most impressive one possible. We could see them coming half the length of the Edgware Road – from the Marble Arch and they looked like some long long wave. The brass helmets then the banners. I never took my eyes off the coffin whilst it was in sight – as if I couldn’t let our Queen go. Before the body had gone a band playing Chopin’s Funeral March and now ever will the scene come back to me when I hear those sad strains – that to me is the only Funeral March.
Some of the uniforms were magnificent – but the German Emperor had a Field Marshall’s uniform as had the King. I do love the Emperor’s face – he is so striking – I am glad to have seen him. The King looked round our way – so I saw him well – he looked very pale and puffy but nicer than I expected.
The funeral procession was making its way to Paddington Station, from where the coffin journeyed on to Windsor – which explains why it was travelling up the Edgware Road. Kate, along with the rest of Britain, was not to be so impressed by the German Emperor in later years. I suppose Kate was surprised to see Annie and Guy Gold because they were members of higher-status branch of the family and would not, perhaps, have been expected to choose a grocer’s shop as their grandstand.
For much more about Kate’s life – as told in her biography, based entirely on her own diary, – see here.
Posted in Kate Frye's Diary on January 22, 2015
Kate, who had just celebrated her 23rd birthday, is living with her family in middle-class comfort at 25 Arundel Gardens, north Kensington.
Tuesday January 22nd 1901
The Queen is Dead. We heard the paper boys in the street about nine o’clock. As I write the bells are tolling. The earth will be a very black place for a few weeks. I am about to undress for bed but stopped to write these few lines first.
Wednesday January 23rd 1901
I looked out a black coat and skirt of Agnes’ to send to Abbie [an impoverished cousin] as I know she has not black at all – and of course could not buy any, poor girl – and one would feel it so much now.
Stella [an older, glamorous, friend, reported that at Whiteleys] the people were standing 8 and 10 deep at the glove counter waiting to be served [with black gloves].
What a blessing we all have a few black garments – it would be a terrible rush to get any made. Last night I took some coloured ribbon from an otherwise all black hat & pinned in a black feather I had by me –so with my black coat and skirt and a black silk front to a blouse I was quite alright.
It seemed a funny sort of day – between a bank holiday and a Sunday. [Went with Stella to tea at the Empress Club – new premises] which really are magnificent – a most gorgeous place. [For more about the Empress Club see here.]
[Afterwards they walked along Bond Street and Oxford Street to Marble Arch tube station] I never saw such a sight as the shop windows – everything black in them – even the fancy shops and as for the Drapers it looks too awful. Everyone is dressed in mourning – men with the deepest of hat bands etc – not a piece of colour anywhere – and of course black shutters to all the shops. [A fancy dress party that Kate had been so looking forward to – she had her Nell Gwynn costume ready – was cancelled.] Our future is a blank. All theatres still shut.
Tuesday January 29th 1901
They were selling little crape rosettes in the streets – as they sell red, white and blue ones on festive occasions – they looked very horrid.
For much more about Kate’s life – as told in her biography, based entirely on her own diary, – see here.