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Woman and her Sphere
Index to Catalogue
Non-fiction: Items 1-158
Biography: Items 159-216
Ephemera: Items 217-311
Postcards: Items 312-315
Fiction: Items 316-337
Suffrage Non-fiction: Items 338-351
Suffrage Biography: Items 352-355
Suffrage Fiction: Items 356-366
Suffrage Ephemera: Items 367-419
Suffrage Ephemera (Kate Parry Frye Collection); Items 420-439
Suffrage Postcards: Real Photographic: Items 440-481
Suffrage Postcards: Commercial Comic: Items 482-507
Suffrage Postcards: Suffrage Artist: Items 508-513
Women and the First World War: Items 514-522
1. REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONERS FROM CONNECTICUT OF THE COLUMBIAN EXHIBITION OF 1893 AT CHICAGO Case, Lockwood and Brainard Co 1898  Fine – many photographs £15
2. 500 HOUSEWIVES Five Hundred Household Hints Country Life 1926  The hints originated in ‘House & Garden’ – supplied by readers. Very good £8
3. ALEXANDER, Sally Women’s Work in 19th-century London: a study of the years 1820-50 Journeyman Press 1983  First published in ‘The Rights and Wrongs of Women’ (ed Mitchell and Oakley, 1976). Soft covers – fine £8
4. ALLEN, Jennifer (ed) Lesbian Philosophies and Cultures State University of New York Press 1990  Paper covers – very good £5
5. ALLSOPP, Anne The Education and Employment of Girls in Luton, 1874-1924: widening opportunities and lost freedoms Boydell Press/Bedfordshire Historical Record Society 2005  Examines the education of Luton girls and its relationship with employment opportunities. Mint in d/w £20
6. ANDREWS, Maggie The Acceptable Face of Feminism: the Women’s Institute as a social movement Lawrence & Wishart 1997  Soft covers – mint £9
7. ANON Enquire Inside For Everything You Want to Know In Your Domestic and Social Life W. Foulsham no date [1930s?]  Paper covers – good – some foxing £4
8. Anon The Intelligent Woman’s Guide to Shopping Retail Trading Standards Association no date   ‘How to be sure of getting value for money. How to be sure of distinguising good quality from bad. How to be sure of paying the right price.’ Card covers – very good £10
9. ANON You And I Cookery Book: an effort to meet a need in the cheapest form Birling Publishing Co no date [1930s?/1940s?]  A spin-off of the ‘You and I’ magazine, published in connected with the YWCA. ‘Over 1000 carefully seleccted household hints and reccipes’. I can’t work out when this was published – it contains several recipes with ‘War-time’ in their titles – but am not sure if this is looking back to WW1 or whether it was published during WW2. But others seem to use a surprising amount of sugar and eggs for cooking in a time of strict rationing. But, whenever, ‘Economy’, was the watchword. Paper covers – front cover present but detached – back cover missing £2
10. BARRATT, Alexandra (ed) Women’s Writing in Middle English Longman 1992  In Longmans Annotated Texts series. Soft covers – fine £10
11. BASCH, Françoise Relative Creatures: Victorian women in society and the novel Schocken Books 1974  Very good £4
12. BEACHY, Robert Et Al (eds) Women, Business and Finance in 19th-century Europe: rethinking separate spheres Berg 2006  Fine £12
13. BERRY, Mrs Edward And MICHAELIS, Madame (eds) 135 Kindergarten Songs and Games Charles and Dible, no date   ‘These songs are printed to supply a want in English Kindergartens’ – the music is, of course, included – as are movement instructions. Mme Michaelis ran the Croydon Kindergarten. Very good £48
14. BLACK, Clementina Sweated Industry and the Minimum Wage Duckworth 1907  With an introduction by A.G. Gardiner, chairman of the executive committee of the National Anti-Sweating League £45
15. BLAIR, Kirstie Form & Faith in Victorian Poetry & Religion OUP 2012  By assessing the discourses of church architecture and liturgy the author demonstrates that Victorian poets both reflected on and affected ecclesiastical practices – and then focuses on particular poems to show how High Anglican debates over formal worship were dealt with by Dissenting, Broad Church, and Roman Catholic poets and other writers. Features major poets such as the Browning, Tennyson, Hopkins, Rossetti and Hardy – as well as many minor writers. Mint in d/w (pub price £62) £35
16. BLOCH, R. Howard Medieval Misogyny and the Invention of Western Romantic Love University of Chicago Press 1991  Soft covers – fine £18
17. BLOOM, Stanley The Launderette: a history Duckworth 1988  Soft covers – very good £3
18. BLUM, Deborah Ghost Hunters Century 2006  Study of the Society for Psychical Research, founded in 1882. Soft covers – mint £4
19. BOARD OF EDUCATION Special Reports on Educational Subjects vol 15 HMSO 1905  ‘School Training for the Home Duties of Women. part 1 The Teaching of “Domestic Science” in the United States of America’. Exhaustive – 374pp – paper covers – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £10
20. BOARD OF EDUCATION Special Reports on Educational Subjects vol 19 HMSO 1907  ‘School Training for the Home Duties of Women. Part III The Domestic Training of Girls in Germany and Austria’. Paper wrappers marked and worn -internally good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8
21. Boucé, Paul-Gabriel (ed) Sexuality in 18th-century Britain Manchester University Press 1982  Includes essays by Roy Porter, Ruth Perry and Pat Rogers – among others. Very good in d/w £24
22. BRAITHWAITE, Brian And BARRELL, Joan The Business of Women’s Magazines Kogan Page, 2nd ed 1988  Fine £8
23. BRANDON, Ruth Other People’s Daughters: the life and times of the governess Weidenfeld & Nicolson 2008  Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £12
24. BRITTAIN, Vera Lady Into Woman: a history of women from Victoria to Elizabeth II Andrew Dakers 1953  Good – though ex-public library £8
25. BRUMBERG, Joan Jacobs Fasting Girls: the history of anorexia nervosa Vintage 2000  Soft covers – fine £8
26. BULLEY, A. Amy and WHITLEY, Margaret Women’s Work Methuen 1894  With a preface by Lady Dilke. In the ‘Social Questions of To-day’ series. Very good in original cloth – scarce £55
27. BURMAN, Sandra (ed) Fit Work for Women St Martin’s Press (NY) 1979  Presents a collection of papers which discuss the origins of the domestic ideal and its effects on activities usually undertaken by women. Fine in d/w £12
28. BURSTALL, Sara A. The Story of the Manchester High School for Girls 1871-1911 Manchester University Press 1911  Cover marked and faded – internally very good. Scarce £38
29. BY THE AUTHOR OF ENQUIRE WITHIN UPON EVERYTHING The Reason Why: Domestic Science Houlston & Sons c 1900? reprint  First published in 1869 to give ‘Intelligible Reasons for the Various Duties which a Housewife has to Perform’. Introducing ‘science’ into the ‘domestic’. Answers to such questions as ‘Why does flesh when much boiled become tasteless and stringy?'; ‘Why do we blow the fire?'; ‘Why should hair too distant from the eyebrows be parted only in the centre?'; ‘Why is it necessar to turn mattresses at frequent intervals’ etc etc. Good £8
30. BYRNE, Katherine Tuberculosis and the Victorian Literary Imagination CUP 2010  Explores the representations of tuberculosis in 19th-century literature and culture. fears about gender roles, degeneration, national efficiency and sexual transgression all play their part in the portrayal of ‘consumption’, a disease which encompassed a variety of cultural associations. Mint in d/w (pub price £55) £35
31. CADBURY, Edward, MATHESON, M. Cecile and SHANN, George Women’s Work and Wages: a phase of life in an industrial city University of Chicago Press 1907  US edition of this study of women’s work in Birmingham. Good – inner hinge a little loose £50
32. CALVERTON, V.F. and SCHMALHAUSEN, S.D. (eds) Sex in Civilsation Macaulay Co (NY) 1929 (reprint)  With an introduction by Havelock Ellis. Contributors include Beatrice Forbes-Robertson Hale, Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Margaret Sanger. Good – 719pp – heavy £12
33. CHAPMAN, Beatrice Wallis And CHAPMAN, Mary Wallis Status of Women Under English Law: a compendious epitome of legislative enactments and social and political events arranged as a continuous narrative with references to authorities and acts of Parliament George Routledge 1909  ‘..rendering easily accessible the main facts of the political position of women from 1066 to the present-day.’ Good – and scarce. £65
34. CHAPONE, Mrs On the Improvement of the Mind together with Dr Gregory’s, Legacy to His Daughters and Lady Pennington’s, Advice to Her Absent Daughter, with An Additional letter on the Management and Education of Infant Children Scott, Webster and Geary, no date c. 1835  A compendium of Good Conduct – a ‘four in one’. With engraved frontispiece and title page -good in slightly rubbed half leather and marbled boards £38
35. CHASE, Ellen Tenant Friends in Old Deptford Williams and Norgate 1929  With an introduction from the work of Octavia Hill. Ellen Chase (1863-1949) was an American who in 1886 came over from Boston to work with Octavia Hill. The book begins with a chapter describing ‘The management of houses on the Octavia Hill plan’ and ends with ‘Notes on house management’ – in between are descriptions of life in the slum ‘courts’ of Deptford. This copy bears the ownership inscription of ‘Elizabeth Sturge 2 Durdham Park Bristol’ (a house that, incidentally, now bears a blue plaque recording her occupancy) – one of Bristol’s pioneers in the field of women’s suffrage and women’s education Very good – scarce £85
36. CHESTER, Gail And NIELSEN, Sigrid (eds) In Other Words: writing as a feminist Hutchinson 1987  Paper covers – mint £3
37. CLAPP, Elizabeth and JEFFREY, Julie Roy (eds) Women, Dissent and Anti-Slavery in Britain and America, 1790-1865 OUP 2011  Essays by David Turley, Timothy Whelan, Alison Twells, Clare Midgeley, Carol Lasser, Julie Roy Jeffrey, Stacey robertson and Judie Newman – with an Introduction by Elizabeth Clapp. Mint in d/w (pub price £60) £25
38. CLARKE, Patricia The Governesses: letters from the colonies 1862-1882 Hutchinson 1985  Fine in fine d/w £7
39. COHEN, Monica Professional Domesticity in the Victorian Novel: women, work and home CUP 1998  Offers new readings of narratives by Jane Austen, Charlotte Bronte, Dickens, George Eliot, Emily Eden etc to show how domestic work, the most feminine of all activities, gained much of its social credibility by positioning itself in relation to the emergent professions. Soft cover – fine £25
40. COLLET, Clara Report by Miss Collet of the Statistics of Employment of Women and Girls HMSO 1894  Report prepared under the aegis of the Board of Trade – Employment of Women (Labour Department). Very good – 152pp – bound into new protective card covers £65
41. COLLET, Clara Report by Miss Collet on the Money Wages of Indoor Domestic Servants HMSO 1899  Women workers were in the overwhelming majority of those considered in this report. Fascinating information. Very good in original card covers £55
42. CORNFORD, L. Cope And YERBURY, F.R. Roedean School Ernest Benn 1927  Large format – heavily illustrated – photographs and line drawings – good internally, spine cloth split £5
43. CRAIG, Elizabeth Housekeeping Collins 1947  With many photographs. In ‘Elizabeth Craig’s Household Library’ series. Good in torn d/w £8
44. CRAWFORD, Elizabeth Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle Francis Boutle 2009 (r/p)  Pioneering access to education at all levels for women, including training for the professions, the women of the Garrett circle opened the way for women to gain employment in medicine, teaching, horticulture and interiior design – and were also deeply involved in the campaign for women’s suffrage. Soft covers, large format, over 70 illustrations. Mint – new book £25
45. CUNNINGTON, C. Willett Feminine Attitudes in the Nineteenth Century William Heinemann 1935  Good £15
46. DAVID, Deirdre (ed) The Cambridge Companion to the Victorian Novel CUP 2012 (2nd ed)  This second edition includes essays by Kate Flint, Caroline Levine, Nancy Armstrong, Lyn Pykett and Clare Pettit – amongst others. Soft covers – mint £15
47. DAVIES, Emily Thoughts On Some Questions Relating to Women, 1860-1908 Bowes and Bowes (Cambridge) 1910  A selection of papers written by Emily Davies between 1860 and 1908. This copy bears the ink ms. inscription ‘Presented by Rev J. Ll. Davies D.D. This name, however, has been mistranscribed on label of The Working Men’s College Library – to which it was presented – as ‘Rev J.H. Davies D.D.’. John Llewelyn Davies was, of course, the very influential, liberal and supportive brother of Emily Davies. First edition, maroon cloth on cover a little marked and with a stain on free front endpapers. Otherwise clean and tight – with excellent photograph of Miss Davies as frontispiece. A scarce book £80
48. DICKENS, Andrea Janelle Female Mystic: great women thinkers of the Middle Ages I.B. Tauris 2009  Soft covers – fine £10
49. DON VANN, J. and VANARSDEL, Rosemary T. (eds) Periodicals of Queen Victoria’s Empire: an exploration University of Toronto Press 1996  Fine in fine d/w £18
50. DUBE, Allison Fire with Water: generations and genders of Western political thought Parhelion Press (US) 1998  Paper covers – mint £5
51. DYHOUSE, Carol Feminism and the Family in England 1880-1939 Basil Blackwell 1989  Soft covers – very good £12
52. ELLIS, Mrs Sarah Stickney The Select Works Henry G. Langley (New York) 1844  Includes ‘The Poetry of Life’, ‘Pictures of Private Life’, ‘A Voice From the Vintage, on the force of example addressed to those who think and feel’ Good in original decorative cloth £48
53. EVANS, Mary (ed) The Woman Question: readings on the subordination of women Fontana 1982  Paper covers – good SOLD £4
54. FERRIS, Paul The Nameless: abortion in Britain today Hutchinson 1966  Very good in d/w SOLD £2
55. FINDLAY, J.J. (ed) The Young Wage-Earner and the Problem of His Education: essays and reports Sigwick and Jackson 1918  For ‘His Education’ read also ‘Hers’. The essays include: ‘From Home Life to Industrial Life: with special reference to adolescent girls, by James Shelley, prof of education, University College, Southampton; ‘The Young Factory Girl’ by emily Matthias, superintendent of women employees, the Phoenix Dynamo Manufacturing Co, Bradford and the reports include: ‘Working Girls and Trade Schools (London)’ by Theodora Pugh and ‘The Sons and Daughters of Farming Folk’ by J.J. Findlay. Very good £25
56. FREVERT, Ute Women in German History: from bourgeois emancipation to sexual liberation Berg 1989  Fine in d/w £8
57. FRYE, Susan And ROBERTSON, Karen (Eds) Maids and Mistresses, Cousins and Queens: women’s alliances in early modern England OUP 1999  A collection of essays exploring how early modern women associated with other women in a variety of roles, from alewives to midwives, prostitutes to pleasure seekers, slaves to queens, serving maids to ladies in waiting …’. Fine £28
58. FULLER, Sophie The Pandora Book of Women Composers Pandora 1994  Fine in d/w £15
59. [GARDINER], Sarah Gardiner (ed) Leaves from a Young Girl’s Diary: the journal of Margaret Gardiner 1840-41 Tuttle, Moorhouse & Taylor Co (NY) 1927  The journal kept by Margaret Gardiner who, with her father, a NY State Senator, her mother and her sister (who was to become the wife of a US President), sailed across the Atlantic to Europe. They landed at Liverpool and then proceeded to ‘do’ Europe. Delightful. Very good – scarce £45
60. GARRETT, Rhoda and Agnes Suggestions for House Decoration in Painting, Woodwork, and Furniture Macmillan 1876  Rhoda and Agnes Garrett set up their house decorating business in 1874. A study of their work constitutes one section in my book ‘Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle’ and demonstrates that the illustrations in ‘House Decoration’ were based on the rooms that Rhoda and Agnes knew best – those in their own home at 2 Gower Street, Bloomsbury. This copy is in quite good condition – cover a little rubbed and marked (books in the ‘Art at Home’ series, of which this is one, were, rather ironically, not very well produced!) £110
61. GATHORNE-HARDY, Jonathan The Rise and Fall of the British Nanny Victorian (& Modern History) Book Club 1972  Good in d/w £3
62. GILBERT, Sandra And GUBAR, Susan No Man’s Land: the place of the woman writer in the twentieth century Yale University Press 1994  Vol 3 – ‘Letters From the Front’ .477pp – mint in d/w £25
63. GOLDSMITH, Margaret Women and the Future Lindsay Drummond 1946  A study of what the position was likely to be in the post-Second World War world. Scarce.Fine – in very slightly chipped d/w £25
64. GOLLANCZ, Victor (ed) The Making of Women: Oxford essays in feminism Allen & Unwin 2n ed, 1918  Contributions from, among others, Maude Royden and Eleanor Rathbone. Good – scarce £65
65. GREER, Germaine Slip-Shod Sibyls: recognition, rejection and the woman poet Viking 1995  Fine in d/w £8
66. HARRISON, Austin Pandora’s Hope; a study of woman Heinemann 1925  Good internally – cover chipped and bumped £2
67. HARTLEY, C. GASQUOINE Motherhood and the Relationship of the Sexes Eveleigh Nash 1917  Includes a chapter ‘The Position of Women as Affected by the War’. Good – uncommon £10
68. HELSINGER, Elizabeth Et Al (eds) The Woman Question: Social Issues, 1837-1883 Manchester University Press 1983  Volume II of ‘The Woman Question: Society and Literature in Britain and America, 1837-1883′. Fine £15
69. HELSINGER, Elizabeth K. Et Al (eds) The Woman Question: Society and Literature in Britain and America, 1837-1883 Manchester University Press 1983  Vol 1, ‘Defining Voices’. Focuses on representative texts, figures and controversies for what they reveal about the general character of the Woman Question rather than their historical connections with earlier and later phases of the debate. Fine £15
70. HESSELGRAVE, Ruth Avaline Lady Miller and the Batheaston Literary Circle Yale University Press 1927  An 18th-century Bath literary salon. Lady Miller was the first English woman to describe her travels in Italy. Fine £55
71. HILL, Georgiana Women in English Life: from mediaeval to modern times Richard Bentley 1896  An excellent study – in two volumes. Most of the second volume is devoted to the position of women at the end of the 19th century – written by one who was very much involved with the woman’s movement. Very good – a little bumped at top and bottom of spine. A scarce set £75
72. HOFFMAN, P.C. They Also Serve: the story of the shop worker Porcupine Press 1949  Soft covers – very good £8
73. HOLCOMBE, Lee Victorian Ladies at Work: middle-class working women in England and Wales 1850-1914 David & Charles 1973  Very good in chipped d/w £25
74. HOLDSWORTH, Angela Out of the Doll’s House: the story of women in the 20th century BBC 1988 (r/p)  Paper covers – very good £5
75. HOLLIS, Patricia Ladies Elect: women in English local government 1865-1914 OUP 1987  Excellent study. Paper covers – good – now a scarce book £23
76. HOLT, Anne A Ministry To The Poor: being a history of the Liverpool Domestic Mission Society, 1836-1936 Henry Young (Liverpool) 1936  Very good – scarce £45
77. HORSFIELD, Margaret Biting the Dust: the joys of housework Fourth Estate 1997  Mint in d/w £5
78. HOUSMAN, Laurence Ploughshare and Pruning-Hook: ten lectures on social subjects Swarthmore Press 1919  A collection of papers, originally given as lectures – including ‘What is Womanly?’ (1911) and ‘Art and Citizenship’ (1910). Very good in d/w £10
79. (HUTCHINSON) Kathleen Coburn (ed) The Letters of Sara Hutchinson from 1800 to 1835 Routledge 1954  Friend of Mary and William Wordsworth – loved by Coleridge. Good £18
80. INNESS, Sherrie (ed) Running For Their Lives: girls, cultural identity and stories of survival Rowan & Littlefield 2000  Paper covers – mint £5
81. JEFFREYS, Sheila The Spinster and Her Enemies: feminism and sexuality 1880-1930 Pandora 1985  Soft covers – fine £8
82. JOHNSON, Patricia E. Hidden Hands: working-class women and Victorian social-problem fiction Ohio University Press 2001  ‘Argues that the female industrial worker became more dangerous to represent than the prostitute or the male radical because the worker exposed crucial contradictions between the class and gender ideologies of the period and its economic realities’. Soft covers – mint £15
83. KAPLAN, Cora Sea Changes: culture and feminism Verso 1986  Soft covers – fine £8
84. KAPLAN, Gisela Contemporary Western European Feminism Allen & Unwin 1992  Fine in d/w £5
85. KENEALY, Arabella Feminism and Sex-Extinction E.P. Dutton & Co (NY) 1920  Anti-feminist eugenicist polemic. US edition is scarce. Very good internally – cloth cover a little bumped and rubbed £25
86. KERTZER, David and BARBAGLIO, Marzio (eds) Family Life in the Long Nineteenth Century 1789-1913 Yale University Press 2002  A collection of essays under the headings: Economy and Family Organization: State, Religion, Law and the Family; Demographic Forces; Family Relations. 420pp Heavy. Mint in d/w £18
87. KESTNER, Joseph Protest & Reform: the British social narrative by women, 1827-1867 Methuen 1985  Very good in d/w £8
88. KING, Brenda Silk and Empire Manchester University Press  A study of the Anglo-Indian silk trade, challenging the notion that Britain always exploited its empire. Mint in d/w (pub price £55) £25
89. KIRBY, Joan (ed) The Plumpton Letters and Papers CUP for the Royal Historical Society 1996  Letters addressed mainly to Sir William Plumpton (1404-80) and his son, Sir Robert (1453-1525). Good in marked d/w- but has perhaps been exposed to damp at some point £10
90. KIRKHAM, Margaret Jane Austen, Feminism and Fiction Harvester 1983  Soft covers – fine £10
91. KLEIN, Viola Working Wives: a survey of facts and opinions concerning the gainful employment of married women in Britain Institute of Personnel Management no date (1960)  A survey carried out in co-operation with Mass Observation Ltd. Paper covers faded – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £10
92. LEE, Julia Sun-Joo The American Slave Narrative and the Victorian Novel OUP 2010  Investigates the shaping influence of the American slave narrative on the Victorian novel in the years between the British Abolition Act and the American Emancipation Proclamation – and argues that Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Gaskell, Thackeray and Dickens integrated into their works generic elements of the slave narrative. Mint in d/w (pub price £40) £15
93. LEVINE, Philippa Victorian Feminism 1850-1900 Hutchinson 1987  Paper covers – very good £5
94. LEWIS, Judith Schneid In the Family Way: childbearing in the British aristocracy, 1760-1860 Rutgers University Press 1986  Very good in slightly chipped d/w £25
95. LLEWELYN DAVIES, Margaret (ed) Life As We Have Known it by Co-operative Working Women Virago 1977  First published in 1931- with an introduction by Virginia Woolf. Soft covers – good £5
96. LLEWELYN DAVIES, Margaret (ed) Maternity: letters from working women collected by the Women’s Co-operative Guild Virago 1984 (r/p)  First published in 1915. Soft covers – very good £8
97. LOANE, M. An Englishman’s Castle Edward Arnold 1909  Martha Loane was a district nurse – this study of the homes of the poor is the result of her social investigation. Good £18
98. LOFTIE, W.J. A Plea for Art in the House: with special reference to the economy of collecting works of art, and the importance of taste in education and morals Macmillan 1879 (r/p)  First published in 1876 – around the same time as Rhoda and Agnes Garrett’s book in the same series ‘Art at Home’ – and evincing many of the same touchstone’s of taste in home decoration. Goodish – a little rubbed and bumped £18
99. LOOTENS, Tricia Lost Saints: silence, gender, and Victorian literary canonization University Press of Virginia 1996  Fine in d/w £35
100. LYNCH, Mary Sewing Made Easy The World’s Work 1940  Co-published with Garden City Books (NY). How to make your 1940 costume – acknowledgement is made to Simplicity Patterns many of whose patterns are included in the book. Very good – large format £8
101. MCCANN, Jean Thomas Howell and the School at Llandaff D. Brown (Cowbridge) 1972  Good – ex-university library £15
102. MACCARTHY, B.G. The Female Pen; women writers and novelists 1621-1818 Cork University Press 1994  First published in 1944, this edition with an introduction by Janet Todd. Soft covers – 530pp – fine £12
103. MCGREGOR, O.R. Divorce in England: a centenary study Heinemann 1957  Very good in d/w £10
104. McMILLAN, Margaret The Child and the State The National Labour Press 1911  In which she advocated giving poor children a more broad and humane education than they currently were receiving. Vol 9 in the Socialist Library series. Card covers – very good £28
105. MCQUISTON, Liz Women in Design: a contemporary view Trefoil 1988  Highlights the work of 43 designers from Britain, the US, Europe and Japan. Very good in d/w £5
106. MALOS, Ellen (ed) The Politics of Housework Allison & Busby 1980  Fine in d/w £4
107. MALVERY, Olive Christian Baby Toilers Hutchinson 1907  A study of the child workers of Edwardian Britain. Good £38
108. MANNIN, Ethel Practitioners of Love: some aspects of the human phenomenon Hutchinson 1969  A study of ‘Civilised Man’s inordinate capacity for the biological and psychological process called “falling in love”‘. Perhaps Ethel Mannin is ripe for reappraisal. Very good in d/w £3
109. MARKALE, Jean Women of the Celts Gordon Cremonesi 1975  Very good in d/w – translated from French – the author was professor of Celtic history at the Sorbonne. £5
110. MARKS, Lara Metropolitan Maternity maternity and infant welfare services in early 20th century London Rodopi 1996  Soft covers – fine £22
111. MARTIN, Jane Women and the Politics of Schooling in Victorian and Edwardian England Leicester University Press 1999  Mint (pub price £65) £35
112. MASON, Michael The Making of Victorian Sexuality OUP 1994  Fine in d/w £14
113. MEWS, Hazel Frail Vessels: woman’s role in women’s novels from Fanny Burney to George Eliot Athlone Press 1969  Very good in d/w £12
114. MILL, John Stuart The Subjection of Women Longmans, Green, Reader & Dyer 1869 (2nd ed)  In original mustard embossed cloth – top inch or so of spine split and frayed. With faded shelf-mark sticker on spine and label on front paste-down of the Burnley Mechanics’ Institute. Front inside hinge a little stretched. Otherwise good internally. I’m pleased to think that the members of the Mechanics’ Institute took such an obvious interest in the subject. £85
115. MORGAN, Robin The Demon Lover on the Sexuality of Terrorism Methuen 1989  Fine in d/w £4
116. MUMM, Susan (ed) All Saints Sisters of the Poor: an Anglican Sisterhood in the 19th century Boydel Press/Church of England Record Society 2001  A history of the Sisterhood that was founded by Harriet Brownlow Byron in 1850 to work in the slums of Marylebone – but then spread its net much wider. This volume comprises material drawn from the Sisterhood’s archives. V. interesting. Mint £30
117. NORWICH HIGH SCHOOL 1875-1950 privately printed, no date   A GPDST school. Very good internally – green cloth covers sunned – ex-university library £15
118. NUNN, Pamela Gerrish Victorian Women Artists Women’s Press 1987  Very good in d/w £18
119. ORRINSMITH, Mrs The Drawing Room: its decoration and furniture Macmillan 1877  In the ‘Art at Home’ series. ‘The author has endeavoured to give more particular directions as to the furnishing and adornment of the Drawing-Room than was possible in the Miss Garretts’ volume treating of the whole subject of ‘House Decoration’ .’ Very good – missing free front end paper many illustrations – a scarce book £45
120. OSBORNE, Honor And MANISTY, Peggy A History of the Royal School for Daughters of Officers of the Army 1864-1965 Hodder & Stoughton 1966  Good – ex-university library £12
121. PALMER, Beth Women’s Authorship and Editorship in Victorian Culture OUP 2011  Draws on extensive periodical and archival material to bring new perspectives to the study of sensation fiction in the Victorian period. Mint in d/w (pub price £60) £35
122. PALMER, Paulina Lesbian Gothic: transgressive fictions Cassell 1999  Paper covers – mint £5
123. PHILLIPS, M. And TOMPKINSON, W.S. English Women in Life and Letters OUP 1927  Describes the lives of Englishwomen of the past, some rich, others poor and unknown – using both historical sources and fiction – from the 14th century to the mid 19th. Very good £20
124. PHILLIPS, Margaret Mann Willingly to School: memories of York College for Girls 1919-1924 Highgate Publications 1989  Good in card covers – though ex-library £10
125. POOVEY, Mary Uneven Developments: the ideological work of gender in mid-Victorian England Virago 1989  Paper covers – fine £12
126. RAPPOPORT, Jill Giving Women: alliance and exchange in Victorian culture OUP 2012  examines the literary expression and cultural consequences of English women’s giving from the 1820s to the First World War – in the work of Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Elizabeth Gaskell and Christina Rossetti – as well as in literary annuals and political pamphlets. Through giving, women redefined the primary allegiances of teh everyday lives, forged public coalitions, and advanced campaigns for abolition, slum reform, eugenics, and suffrage. Mint in d/w (pub price £45.99) £32
127. RENDALL, Jane The Origins of Modern Feminism: women in Britain, France and the United States 1780-1860 Macmillan 1985  Soft covers – very good £15
128. ROYDEN, A. Maude Political Christianity G.P. Putnams’ 1923 (r/p)  Dedicated to members of the Guildhouse congregation. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8
129. SALES, Roger Jane Austen and Representations of Regency England Routledge 1996  Soft covers – mint £15
130. SEARLE, Arthur (ed) Barrington Family Letters 1628-1632 Royal Historical Society 1983  In the main letters to Lady Joan Barrington, the focal point of the extended family, the dowager and respected matriarch on a recognisable early 17th-century pattern. Very good £12
131. SEIDLER, Victor The Achilles Heel Reader: men, sexual politics and socialism Routledge 1991  Paper covers – mint £5
132. SHIMAN, Lilian Women and Leadership in Nineteenth-Century England Macmillan 1992  Fine in d/w (which has slight tear at top of spine) £28
133. SHOWALTER, Elaine Inventing Herself: claiming a feminist intellectual heritage Picador 2001  An exploration of feminist intellectuals from the 18th century to the present – from Mary Wollstonecraft to Naomi Woolf. Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £15
134. SMITH, R.D.(edits and introduces) The Writings of Anna Wickham: free woman and poet Virago 1984  Soft covers – very good £5
135. SPENDER, Dale Invisible Women: the schooling scandal Women’s Press 1989  Pioneering research on sexism in education. Paper covers – mint £2
136. SPENDER, Dale Time and Tide Wait for No Man: the story of a feminist political weekly in the 1920s Pandora 1984  Selections from the first 15 years of ‘Time and Tide’. Soft covers – fine £6
137. SPROULE, Anna The Social Calendar Blandford Press 1978  Takes us through the Season. Very good in d/w £5
138. STAFFORD, H.M. Queenswood: the first sixty years 1894-1954 privately printed 1954  History of the school. Good – ex-college library £12
139. STANLEY, Liz Et Al (eds) Auto/Biography: Bulletin of the British Sociological Association Study Group on Auto/Biography (1993)  Vol 2, no 1 ‘Research Practices’. Soft covers – fine £9
140. STENTON, Doris Mary The English Woman in History Allen & Unwin 1957  Good reading copy – ex-library £15
141. STONE, Dorothy The National: the story of a pioneer college Robert Hale 1976  History of the pioneering domestic economy training college – The National Training College of Domestic Subjects. Fine in d/w £12
142. STONE, Merlin The Paradise Papers: the suppression of women’s rites Virago 1976  Fine in d/w £3
143. TAYLOR, Barbara Mary Wollstonecraft and the Feminist Imagination CUP 2003  Soft covers – fine £17
144. TAYLOR, Jane Contributions of Q.Q. Jackson & Walford 5th ed, 1855  The majority of these essays were first published in the ‘Youth’s Magazine’, between 1816 and 1822. Good in original cloth £15
145. THE EDITOR OF ‘ENQUIRE WITHIN UPON EVERYTHING’ The Practical Housewife: a complete encyclopaedia of domestic economy and family medical guide Houlston & Sons new ed, no date [c 1890s?]  ‘Will lessen the cares of domestic management, aid the practice of household economy and prove a help in many emergencies.’ The index runs from ‘Ablution, the importance of’ to ‘Zinc ointment’. Good £10
146. THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEAR BOOK AND DIRECTORY 1904 A & C Black 1904  Indispensable source of information. Very good internally in library binding £80
147. THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEARBOOK AND DIRECTORY 1901 A & C Black 1901  Ed by Emily Janes. Packed with information. Good internally – cloth covers marked – scarce £80
148. TOBIN, Beth Fowkes Superintending the Poor: charitable ladies and paternal landlords in British fiction, 1770-1860 Yale University Press 1993  Mint in d/w £18
149. TYLECOTE, Mabel The Education of Women at Manchester University 1883 to 1933 Manchester University Press 1941  With a newscutting obituary of Dame Mabel Tylecote laid in. Good – scarce £40
150. UNGERSON, Clare (ed) Gender and Caring: work and welfare in Britain and Scandinavia Harvester 1990  Paper covers – mint £5
151. VALENZE, Deborah The First Industrial Woman OUP 1995  Examines the underlying assumptions about gender and work that informed the transformation of English society, and in turn, ideas about economic progress. Charts the birth of a new economic order resting on social and sexual hierarchies which remain a part of our contemporary lives. Soft covers – mint £15
152. VINCE, Mrs Millicent Decoration and Care of the Home W. Collins 1923  Mrs Vince had been a pupil of the pioneer ‘House Decorator’, Agnes Garrett. Very good in rubbed d/w £18
153. WANDOR, Michelene Post-War British Drama: looking back in gender Routledge, revised edition 2001  Soft covers – mint £12
154. WEBSTER’S ROYAL RED BOOK or Court and Fashionable Register for May 1876 Webster and Larkin 1876  A London street guide (Abbey Gardens, St John’s Wood to Young St, Kensington) giving the names of individual householders – combined with a list of the names and addresses of the ‘Fashionable’ – a wide swathe of middle-class London. A very useful directory. In fair condition – very good internally -clean and tight – but decorative, gilt embossed cloth is rubbed and sewing has parted at inside back cover. This early directory is quite scarce £30
155. WILSON, Angelia Below the Belt: sexuality, religion and the American South Cassell 2000  Paper covers – mint £5
156. WINSTEAD, Karen (ed) Chaste Passions: medieval English virgin martyr legends Cornell University Press 2000  Soft covers – very good £9
157. WOODHOUSE, Annie Fantastic Women: sex, gender and transvestism Macmillan 1989  Mint in d/w £5
158. WOODS, Edgar & Diana Things That Are Not Done: an outspoken commentary on popular habits and a guide to correct conduct Universal Publications, no date (1937)  Good £12
159. The Ladies’ Who’s Who (with which is incorporated the Ladies’ Court Book and Guide – including Anglo-American Section) The International Art & Publishing Co, Ltd 1923  759-pp of biographical reference – and advertisements. Good and tight in red cloth covers decorated in gilt £55
160. (ADDAMS) Louise Knight Jane Addams:Spirit in Action Norton 2011  Biography of the US campaigner for international peace and social justice. Mint in d/w £10
161. ALLEN, Alexandra Travelling Ladies: Victorian Adventuresses  Studies of Daisy Bates, Isabella Bird Bishop, Midlred Cabele and Evangeline and Francesca French, Alexandra David-Neel, Jane Digby el Mesrab, Kate Marsden, Marianne North and May French Sheldon. Fine in d/w £10
162. (AMBERLEY) Bertrand and Patricia Russell (eds) The Amberley Papers: the letters and diaries of Lord and Lady Amberley Hogarth Press 1937  The epitome of radical liberalism in the mid-19th-century. Both died tragically young. Good £45
163. AVERY, Gillian Behold the Child: American children and their books 1621-1922 Bodley Head 1994  Studies how the literature of the old world influenced the new. With many illustrations. Heavy. Fine in fine d/w £10
164. (BEALE) Elizabeth Raikes Dorothea Beale of Cheltenham Constable 1908  Good £15
165. BELL, Alan (ed and with an introduction by) Sir Leslie Stephen’s ‘Mausoleum Book’ OUP 1977  Intimate autobiography written for Stephen’s immediate family after the death of his wife, Julia, the mother of Vanessa and Virginia. Very good in d/w £12
166. BELL, MAUREEN, PARFIT, GEORGE AND SHEPHERD, SIMON A Biographical Dictionary of English Women Writers 1560-1720 G.K. Hall 1990  Expands the boundaries of what is conventionally recognized as 17th century English literature by uncovering, reintroducing and documenting the lives and works of more than 550 English women who wrote betwen 1580-1720. Fine in d/w £25
167. (BERRY) Lewis Melville (ed) The Berry Papers: being the correspondence hitherto unpublished of Mary and Agnes Berry (1763-1852) John Lane 1914  Most engaging letters. With numerous illustrations. Very good £18
168. (BURNEY) Joyce Hemlow (ed) Fanny Burney: selected letters and journals OUP 1986  Follows her career from her romantic marriage to the impoverished French émigré General d’Arblay to her death 46 years later. Fine in fine d/w £12
169. (BUTTS) Nathalie Blondel (ed) The Journals of Mary Butts Yale University Press 2002  500pp – heavy – mint in mint d/w £20
170. (CLARKE) Mary G. Clarke A Short Life of Ninety Years privately printed 1973  An interesting life – born in Aberdeen into the Anderson family (her uncle was Skelton Anderson, husband of Elizabeth Garrett), she attended the local high school, and then went to Girton – before entering a lifetime of teaching, culminating in the headmistress-ship of Manchester High School for Girls. Very good – cover slightly marked £18
171. (CLIVE) Mary Clive (ed) Caroline Clive: from the diary and family papers of Mrs Archer Clive (1801-1873) Bodley Head  Life among the ‘Landed Gentry’ – beautifully edited by Mary Clive – who had the knack. Good in rubbed d/w £10
172. DE FRECE, LADY Recollections of Vesta Tilley Hutchinson 1934  Her autobiography. Good conditiion. Scarce £35
173. (EDEN) Violet Dickinson (Ed) Miss Eden’s Letters Macmillan 1919  Born, a Whig, in 1797. Her letters are full of social detail. In 1835 she went to India with her brother when he became governor-general. Very good £28
174. (GLASPELL) Barbara Ozieblo Susan Glaspell: a critical biography University of North Carolina Press 2000  Soft covers – fine in fine d/w £18
175. (HAMMOND) Mrs John Hays Hammond A Woman’s Part in a Revolution Longmans, Green 1987  The ‘Revolution’ was the Boer War – her husband was imprisoned by the Boers. Good £30
176. (HARRISON) Amy Greener A Lover of Books: the life and literary papers of Lucy Harrison J.M. Dent 1916  Lucy Harrison (a niece of Mary Howitt) studied at Bedford College, then taught for 20 years at a school in Gower St (Charlotte Mew was a pupil at the school and v. attached to Miss Harrison) and then became headmistress of the Mount School, York. Good – pasted onto the free front end paper is a presentation slip from the editor, Amy Greener, to Mary Cotterell £18
177. HAYS, Frances Women of the Day: a biographical dictionary of notable contemporaries J.B. Lipincott (Philadelphia) 1885  A superb biographical source on interesting women. Good in original binding – with library shelf mark in ink on spine- scarce £75
178. (HOWE) Valarie Ziegler Diva Julia: the public romance and private agony of Julia Ward Howe Trinity Press International 2003  Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £10
179. (HUMBERT) Agnes Humbert Résistance: memoirs of Occupied France Bloomsbury 2008  Memoirs of Agnes Humbert (1894-1963), an art historian who helped form one of the first organised groups of the French Resistance. First published in France in 1946, this translation, by Barbara Mellor, is the first in English. Mint in d/w £5
180. (JAMESON) Clara Thomas Love and Work Enough: the life of Anna Jameson Macdonald 1967  Good £10
181. (JAMESON) G.H. Needler (ed) Letters of Anna Jameson to Ottilie von Goethe OUP 1939  Very good internally – cover marked £20
182. (JAMESON) Judith Johnston Anna Jameson: Victorian, feminist, woman of letters Scolar Press 1997  An examination of Jameson’s non-fiction writing in the context of her life. Mint in mint d/w £20
183. (JEX-BLAKE) Margaret Todd The Life of Sophia Jex-Blake Macmillan 1918  Interesting biography of a difficult woman – founder of the London School of Medicine for Women. Very good – with slight marking on front cloth cover. £30
184. KELSALL, Helen Berridge House Who’s Who, 1893-1957 privately published   A list of all the pupils and staff of the National Society’s Training College for Domestic Subjects – with a short history of the college. Paper covers – good £12
185. LANE, Maggie Literary Daughters Robert Hale 1989  Studies of Fanny Burney, Maria Edgeworth, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Charlotte Bronte, George Eliot, Emily Dickinson, Beatrix Potter and Virginia Woolf – and their fathers. Very good in d/w. £5
186. MCCARTHY, Lilllah Myself and My Friends: with an aside by Bernard Shaw Thornton Butterworth 1933  Autobiography of the actress and theatre manager. Good – front hinge a little slack £10
187. (MARTIN) Sarah Martin A Brief Sketch of the Life of the Late Miss Sarah Martin of Great Yarmouth: with extracts from the Parliamentary Reports on Prisons; her own Prison Journals etc C. Barber (Yarmouth) 2nd ed, 1844  Prison visitor, dressmaker, Sunday School teacher. Her comments on the prisoners are particularly interesting. Good in original cloth £35
188. MARTINDALE, Hilda Some Victorian Portraits and Others Allen & Unwin 1948  Biographical essays of members of her circle – including Adelaide Anderson, factory inspector. Very good in d/w £18
189. (MAYNARD) Catherine B. Firth Constance Louisa Maynard: mistress of Westfield College Allen & Unwin 1949  Very good – scarce £15
190. (MEYNELL) Dame Alix Meynell Public Servant, Private woman: an autobiography Gollancz 1988  Interesting background information on her family, the Dowsons, who ran the Nottingham Women’s Suffrage Society – as well as her own memoirs of life as an administrative grade civil servant and the wife of Sir Francis Meynell. Fine in d/w £12
191. (MONTGOMERY) Catherine Andronik Kindred Spirit: a biography of L.M. Montgomery, creator of Anne of Green Gables Athenaeum 1993  Very good- in fine d/w £8
192. [MORGAN] Sydney Lady Morgan Passage From My Autobiography Richard Bentley 1859  ‘The following pages are the simple records of a transition existence, socially enjoyed, and pelasantly and profitably occupied, during a journey of a few months from Ireland to Italy.’ Good – in original decorative mauve cloth £18
193. (MORRELL) Robert Gathorne-Hardy (ed) Ottoline:the early memoirs of Lady Ottoline Morrell; Ottoline at Garsington: memoirs of Lady Ottoline Morrell Faber, 1963 and Faber, 1974 (respectively  Two volumes together, as a set – both good in d/w £28
194. NEWNHAM COLLEGE REGISTER 1871-1950 privately printed  packed with biographical information on students and staff. Soft covers – 2 vols – good – although backing on vol 1 is coming unstuck and outermost cover of vol II is missing- internally very good – scarce £40
195. (NIGHTINGALE) Lynn McDonald (ed) Florence Nightingale’s European Travels Wilfrid Laurier Press 2004  Her correspondence, and a few short published articles, from her youthful European travels. She is an excellent observer and reporter. Fine in d/w – 802pp £45
196. (NOURSE) Mary Alice Keekin Burke Elizabeth Nourse, 1859-1938: a salon career National Museum of American Art 1983  A study of the artist. Soft covers – large format – many illustrations – very good £15
197. (OSBORN) Emily Osborn (ed) Political and Social Letters of a Lady of the Eighteenth Century: 1721-1771 Griffith Farren, Okeden and Welsh (London) 1890  Living in London and Chicksands (Bedfordshire), she managed her son’s involved estate. Her letters reveal to us 18th-century life – political, social and domestic. Very good internally -paper on spine and corners a little rubbed – gift inscription, 1895, to ‘Lady Strathmore’ – the present Queen’s great-grandmither £45
198. (PHILIPS) Philip Webster Souers The Matchless Orinda Harvard University Press 1931  An account of the life of Mrs Katherine Philips, the first woman in England to gain the reputation of a poetess.Good – ex university library £28
199. (PINZER) Ruth Rosen & Sue Davidson The Maimie Papers Virago 1979  Correspondence, beginning in 1910, between Fanny Quincy Howe, a distinguished Bostonian, and Mainie Pinzer, a Jewish prostitute. Fascinating. Paper covers – very good £5
200. (PUREFOY) G. Eland (ed) Purefoy Letters 1735-1753 Sidgwick & Jackson 1931  The letters of Elizabeth Purefoy (1672-1765), whose husband died in 1704, and her son, Henry Purefoy. Elizabeth Purefoy was, as her epitaph recorded, ‘a woman of excellent understanding, prudent and frugal’ and her letters are full of domestic detail. Very good – two volumes £40
201. (RHYS) Francis Wyndham And Diana Melly (eds) Jean Rhys Letters 1931-1966 Deutsch 1984  Very good in d/w £12
202. (ROBINS) Octavia Wilberforce Backsettown & Elizabeth Robins published for private circulation 1952  A little tribute – telling how Elizabeth Robins came to set up the retreat at Backsettown in Sussex. With lovely photograph of Elizabeth Robins tipped in as frontispiece. Fine in paper wraps – with a birthday inscription on free front endpaper – scarce £38
203. (RUSKIN) Mary Lutyens (ed) Young Mrs Ruskin in Venice: the picture of society and life with John Ruskin 1849-1852 Vanguard Press (NY) 1965  Very good in d/w £12
204. (SEEBOHM) Victoria Glendinning A Suppressed Cry: life and death of a Quaker daughter Routledge 1969  The short, sad life of Winnie Seebohm, smothered by her loving family. She enjoyed a month at Newnham in 1885, before returning home and dying. Good in d/w – though ex-library £4
205. (SLATE/SLAWSON) Tieri Thompson (ed) Dear Girl: the diaries and letters of two working women 1897-1917 The Women’s Press 1987  Letters and diaries of two women whose friendship was played out against the background of the suffrage movement. Paper covers – very good £6
206. (SMITH) David Thomson With Moyra McGusty (eds) The Irish Journals of Elizabeth Smith 1840-1850 Clarendon Press 1980  A selection from the journals of Elizabeth Smith of Baltiboys, C. Wicklow, giving a graphic account of the Irish famine of the 1840s. Fine in d/w £10
207. (SOYER) Ruth Cowen Relish: the extraordinary life of Alexis Soyer, Victorian celebrity chef Weidenfeld 2006  Chef and kitchen designer to the Reform Club and reformer of army catering. Mint in d/w £8
208. (STUART) Hon. James A. Home (ed) Letters of Lady Louisa Stuart to Miss Louisa Clinton David Douglas (Edinburgh) 1901 & 1903  Two volumes – complete set. The first volume covers the period 1817 to 1825 and the second volume (called ‘Second Series’) that from1826 to 1834. Society observed. Very good – two volumes together £38
209. (TENNANT) Violet Markham May Tennant: a portrait The Falcon Press 1949  Biography of the first woman Factory Inspector in England. Very good in chipped d/w – a presentation copy from the author to Uplands School library SOLD £10
210. (TENNYSON) James O. Hoge Lady Tennyson’s Journal University Press of Virginia 1981  Fine in d/w £18
211. (TROUBRIDGE) Jaqueline Hope-Nicholson (ed) Life Amongst the Troubridges: journals of a young Victorian 1873-1884 by Laura Troubridge John Murray 1966  Very good in rubbed d/w £10
212. (TUCKER) Agnes Giberne A Lady of England: the life and letters of Charlotte Maria Tucker Hodder & Stoughton 1895  The standard biography of a popular children’s and religious writer – who spent the later years of her life as a missionary in India. Good – though ex-university library £28
213. (TWINING) Louisa Twining Recollections of My Life and Work Edward Arnold 1893  She was an early ‘social worker’ – involved with workhouse visiting, promoting the idea of poor law inspectors and was herself a poor law guardian. Very good – scarce £68
214. (WHARTON) R.W.B. Lewis And Nancy Lewis The Letters of Edith Wharton Simon & Schuster 1988  Fine in fine d/w – 654pp £12
215. (WOOLF) Virginia Woolf A Writer’s Diary Hogarth Press, 6th imp 1972  Fine in d/w (previous owner’s name neatly written on free front endpaper) £12
216. (WORTH) Edith Saunders The Age of Worth: courtier to the Empress Eugenie Longmans 1954  Interesting social history. Good – though ex-Boots library, with label pasted on to front cover. £5
217. VICTORIA LEAGUE – BATH BRANCH – AWARD OF MERIT  The Victoria League was founded by women in 1901 to promote greater understanding between all parts of the British Empire – concentrating on hospitality and education. This certificate – Award of Merit – was awarded to Francis A. Bodger – for ‘Australia’, presumably an essay. Francis Ainsworth Bodger was born in 1877, in 1911 was a sergeant in the Royal Artillery, and died in Bath in 1940. The certificate gives the name of the Branch President as Leila Cubitt, and she died in Bath in 1951. The decorative certificate has at its centre a black & white illustration by Robert Anning Bell ‘What is the Flag of England Winds of the World Declare’. Good £12
218. ABBOTSHOLME SCHOOL (THE NEW SCHOOL), DERBYSHIRE Timetable for May, June & July, i.e. June (or ‘Summer’ ) Term  ‘This timetable was exhibited (Bronze Medal) at the Paris Exposition of 190o’. What a model of a timetable – multi-coloured, indeed much multi-coloured cross-hatching – covering a 7-day week and allowing for all aspects of this particular school’s life – divided into the Physical, the Intellectual, and the Moral and Religious – yet stipulating the time spent on undressing and cleaning teeth, gardening, carpentry etc. 48cm x 37.5cm – good – but with 3 slight splits along a fold — ex-Board of Education library – most unusual £15
219. ACT NO XIX OF 1929 (Passed by the Indian Legislature) An Act To Restrain the Solemnisation of Child Marriages  Received the Assent of the Governor General, 1 Oct 1929. 4pp – good £3
220. ANDERSON, Dame Adelaide The Employment of Children in Egyptian Industry International Labour Office 1930  Reprinted from the International Labour Review, Dec 1930. Paper covers – 32pp – good £4
221. ANON Songs for Co-operative Women Printed by Derby Printers, Derby  Asmall booklet containing 30 Songs (words only) – beginning with ‘The Co-operative Commonwealth’ and the ‘Co-operative Heritage’, with at no 4 ‘The Women’s Co-operative Guild’ and at no 30 ‘Jerusalem’. No publisher given but probably issued by the Women’s Co-operative Guild. A version of the Guild’s ‘Woman with a basket’ appears on the cover. No date – but prrobably 1930s. Paper covers – fair £8
222. ASSOCIATION FOR PROMOTING THE EMPLOYMENT OF HIGH SCHOOL GIRLS IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLWORK Report of Meeting Held at the Westminster Town Hall on Wed Nov 12th 1902  The Association was formed in 1897 and was disbanded in 1905. The Association’s aim, at its most basic, of promoting the employment of middle-class young women – ie those who had attended high schools – in working-class – ie elementary – schools. ‘Higher teachers are now at last waking up to the absolute necessity of training, and Elementary teachers are far more cultured than they were five or ten years ago.’16-pp pamphlet – good £4
223. ASSOCIATION OF ASSISTANT MISTRESSES Education Policy (with special reference to Secondary Education) AAM no date (1920s?)  4-pp leaflet. Good – ex-Board of Education library £2
224. ASSOCIATION OF ASSISTANT MISTRESSES IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS The Teaching of English 1907  A paper given by Miss C.L. Thomson at the 1907 Annual Meeting of the Association. 16-pp pamphlet – good – ex-Board of Education library £8
225. ASSOCIATION OF HEAD MISTRESSES Memorandum Forwarded to the President of the Board of Education, 5 Jan 1907  8-pp pamphlet dealing with the issue of the length of the school day and whether afternoon classes should be compulsory or optional. Good – ex-Board of Education libary £5
226. ASSOCIATION OF UNIVERSITY WOMEN TEACHERS Thirtieth Annual Report, 1912-1913 AUWT 1914  Includes a (slightly surprisingly) long list of the members. Soft covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £10
227. AUTOGRAPHS  A sheet of paper on which are fixed the cut-out signatures of Marie, Lady Willoughby de Broke, Maud Selborne (the Countess of Selborne), Florence E. Barrett, Henrietta Barnett, Margery Corbett Ashby, Dorothy Jewson, Mabel Dearmer and Hester Kempthorne (wife of a bishop) SOLD £45
228. AUTOGRAPHS – LEAGUE OF CHURCH MILITANT  4 sheets of paper to which are fixed 28 cut-out signatures of members of the League of Church Militant, the successor to the Church League for Women’s Suffrage. The signatures include thos of Margaret Benn (Lady Stansgate), Hope Joseph (artist), Evelyn Morrison (a WSPU activist), Edith Picton-Turbervill and M.A.R. Tuker. Many of the signatures are identified by pencilled annotations. Together SOLD £35
229. AUTOGRAPHS – THE GUILDHOUSE  The Guildhouse was an ecumenical place of worship and cultural centre founded in 1921 by Maude Royden. On 4 sheets of paper are fixed 25 cut-out signatures, including those of Maude Royden, Hudson Shaw, Daisy Dobson (Maude Royden’s secretary), Zoe Procter (former WSPU activist), and Katherine Courtney (of the NUWSS). Together £45
230. BARTON, Dorothea Women’s Minimum Wages 1921  reprinted from the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, July 1921. Paper covers -c 40pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £6
231. BINFIELD, Clyde Belmont’s Portias: Victorian nonconformists and middle-class education for girls Dr Williams’ Trust 1981  The 35th Friends of Dr Williams’s Library Lecture. Paper covers – 35pp – good – scarce £18
232. BOARD OF EDUCATION List of Elementary Schools and Training Colleges under the Administration of the Board 1902-1903 HMSO 1903  The lists include the number of pupils at each school, the average attendance and the amount the school received in an annual grant. This is bound with (1) ‘Lists of Secondary Schools, Science and Art Schools and Classes, and Evening Schools under the Administration of the Board 1902-1903′. The lists give details of the number of pupils attending day and night classes in both Science and in Art and the total ammount allocated in grants to each school. (2) ‘Evening Schools Aided by Parliamentary Grants’, giving the number of pupils receiving grants. Packed with information on schools and classes in England and Wales. Leather bound, 193pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £28
233. BRITISH, CONTINENTAL, AND GENERAL FEDERATION FOR THE ABOLITION OF GOVERNMENT REGULATION OF PROSTITUTION Fourth Annual Report British, Continental, and General Federation 1879  Covers the year 1878-79. Paper covers – good – a little creased and chipped £12
234. BRITISH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION  Memorandum of the Articles of Association, and by-laws of the British Medical Association, together with a few other items sent with a letter, dated 17 July 1922, welcoming Dr Gladys Stableforth, Moorfields, Fenham, Northumberland as a member of the BMA. £3
235. BRITISH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION Report of Committee on Industrial Health in Factories BMA 1941  43-pp wartime report – paper covers – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3
236. BRITTAIN, Vera (introduces) Prisoners’ Circle: essays by ex-prisoners Prison Medical Reform Council 1943  Paper covers – 32pp – good £5
237. BUTLER, Josephine (ed) The Storm Bell Ladies’ National Association for the Abolition of State Regulation of Vice Feb 1899  Single issue. Contains the rather touching notice: ‘If there should occasionally be some delay or irregularity in the appearance of the Storm Bell, I beg my Friends to judge its Editor leniently….As I have no Sub-Editor, it will be understood that it is not always easy to prepare even so humble a periodical as this, in time to be out exactly at the right date.’ Fine – scarce £28
238. CAMPBELL, Dame Janet Infant Mortality Ministry of Health 1929  International Inquiry of the Health Organisation of the League of Nations, English Section. Paper covers – 118pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8
239. CENSUS OF SCOTLAND 1911 VOL II Report of the Twelfth Decennial Census of Scotland HMSO   Missing front blue paper cover and some pages at end that cover talbels XLVI-LI – but 562pp are present and correct. Withdrawn from the Women’s Library £15
240. CHARITY ORGANISATION REVIEW Vol X (New Series) July To Dec 1901 Longmans, Green 1902  half-yearly bound volume of the COS’s own magazine. Very good £28
241. CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY D.R. Sharpe Centralised Registration of Assistance COS 1911  Paper read on 31 May 1911 at the Annual National Conference of Charity Organisation Societies. Paper covers – 14pp pamphlet – good – unusual £18
242. CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY Miss Pike Friendly Visiting and Personal Service COS 1911  Paper read on 1 June 1911 at the Annual National Conference of Charity Organisation Societies. Paper covers – 11pp – good – a little foxing – unusual £20
243. COMMISSION OF ENQUIRY INTO INDUSTRIAL UNREST: Report of the Commission for Wales HMSO 1917  50pp – good reading copy – bound into later card covers – ex-Board of Education Library £12
244. CONTINUATION SCHOOLS  A collection of material relating to ‘Continuation Schools’ (evening classes). 1) Evidence given by Rev J.B. Paton, D.D. before the Education Commission, Wm Isbister Ltd, 1887, 16pp; 2) The Continuation of Elementary Education: a paper by William Lant Carpenter read at the Society of Arts, Feb 8th 1888, pub by the Recrative Evening Schools’ Association, 24pp; 3) Continuation Evening Classes; recreative and practical by Walter Besant, pub by the Recreative Evening Schools’ Association, 1886, paper covers, 8pp; 4) Continuation Schools: recreative and practical by J. Edward Flower, pub by the Recreative Evening Schools’ Association, 1894, 8pp; 5) Continuation Schools by Charles Henry Watt, pub for the Manchester Statistical Society, 1896, 24pp; 7) Recreative Instruction of Young People by the Rev Dr J.B. Paton, a paper read at a conference of the National Vigilance Association, pub by James Clarke, [first pub 1886, this issue probably 1902]; 8pp; 8) A Plea for Recreative Continuation Schools: evening schools under healthy conditions by the Rev J.B. Paton,, 4th ed (first pub 1885), 12pp; 9) Secondary Education for the Industrial Classes of England, a memorandum prepared by request of the Council of Recreative Evening Schools Association for the Royal Commission on Secondary Education by J.B. Paton, MA, DD, pub by the Recreative Evening Schools Association, 1904 (first issued 1895); 10 The Continuation Schools’ Bill Explained and Commended by the Rev J.B. Paton, Inner Mission Pamphlet, Second Series, no 6, 1905, 12pp; 11) Continuation Schools from a Higher Point of View by J.B. Paton, DD, Inner Mission Pamphlet, Second Series, no 7, 1905, 16pp; 12) report on an Enquiry into the Working of Evening Schools in the County of Cheshire, 1907, 12pp – with detailed pull-out tables; 13) The PRoblem of the Continuation School and its successful solution in Germany. A Consecutive Policy by R.H. Best and C.K. Ogden, pub by P.S. King, 1914, paper covers ( more or less
detached), 80pp; 14) Port Sunlight Works Continuation School; An Address given to the Soap and Candle Trades at Birmingham on 16 March 1920 by J. Knox, MA, printed at the request of the Joint Industrial Council, 1920, paper covers, 22pp; 15) Day Continuation Schools, pub by Federal Council of Lancashire and Cheshire Teachers’ Associations, Sept 1943, 4pp. All in good condition – all paper covers – all ex-Board of Education library. As a collection – together £45
245. COUNCIL OF WOMEN CIVIL SERVANTS Higher Appointments Open to Women in the Civil Service P.S. King 1928  ‘It is believed that the number and the importance of the careers in the Civil Service open to women are not fully recognised…’. 8-pp pamphlet – good- ex-Board of Education library. £10
246. DINNER AND PRESENTATION TO MISS ALISON NEILANS  4-pp leaflet, reprinted from ‘The Shield’, Dec 1938, describing the ‘Silver Jubilee dinner held at St Ermin’s Hotel, Westminster, to celebrate Miss Neilans’ 25 years work with the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene’. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8
247. DISINHERITANCE The Remedies of Lord Astor’s Bill  an article reprinted from ‘The Observer’, Sept 6, 1928. ‘Lord Astor introduced a Bill in the House of Lords last session to modify, to a limited extent, the right of arbitrary disinheritance possessed by spouses and parents in England and Wales and occasionally exercised.’ Double-sided sheet – good £1
248. ELIZA COOK’S JOURNAL VOLS 1-3  Runs from issue 1, 5 May 1849 to issue 156, 24 April 1852. Very good condition – half leather and marbled boards. Each vol £38
249. FABIAN WOMEN’S GROUP Summary of Eight Papers and Discussions upon the Disabilities of Mothers as Workers Fabian Women’s Group (Private Circulation) 1910  Papers by Mrs Pember Reeves, Dr Ethel Vaughan-Sawyer, Mrs Spence Weiss, Mrs Bartrick Baker, Mrs Stanbury, Mrs S.K. Ratcliffe, Miss B.L. Hutchins, Mrs O’Brien Harris. Paper covers – good £15
250. FAWCETT NEWS  The Fawcett Society’s newsletter – a run from July 1984-Dec 1993 – 43 issues. Good – together SOLD £12
251. FEDERATION OF SOCIETIES OF TEACHERS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION  Two of the Federation’s annual reports. First Annual Report (Oct 1935-Sept 1936), 6pp; Fourth Annual Report (October 1938-Dec 1939), 12pp. Both soft covers, both very good. Together £12
252. FRIENDS’ CENTRAL EDUCATION COMMITTEE Inspection of Friends’ Boarding Schools by the Board of Education: General Report 1905  J.W. Headlam was Director of the Enquiry and the author of the Report. Soft covers – 50pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £12
253. GIRLS’ OWN ANNUAL, Oct 1891- Sept 1892  Very good internally – with Extra Christmas Number 1891 and Extra Summer Number 1892 bound in- in publisher’s binding – spine leather rubbed and torn. Includes the colour reproduction of a painting by Kate Greenaway. Heavy £30
254. GIRLS OWN ANNUAL, Oct 1895- Sept 1896  Includes an article on the Bryant & May match girls; ‘A young servant’s outfit, and what to buy for it’. Very good – in decorative binding £35
255. GIRLS’ OWN ANNUAL, Oct 1896-Sept 1897  Very good internally – in slightly worn publisher’s binding. Includes a series of articles on ‘What are the provincial county councils
doing for girls?’ and all the usual wonderful mix – plus the Extra Christmas Number and an extra Diamond Jubilee Number. Heavy £20
256. GOULD, Frederick J. Why Educate?  A lecture given under the auspices of the National Union of Women Teachers, in connection with the Annual Educational Week-end in Chesterfield, September 24, 1926. Paper covers – good – 15pp. Together with a 2-sided leaflet on Educational Reform pub by the Rationalist Association. Both in goodish condition – ex-Board of Education library £4
257. HARRIS, E.M. Married Women in Industry Institute of Personnel Management 1954  Paper covers – 30pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3
258. HENRY, S.A, Health of the Factory Worker in Wartime  two lectures, by HM medical inspector of factories, reprinted from ‘The Lancet’, 11 and 18 Dec 1943. Paper covers – presentation copy from the author £5
259. HMSO Factories (No 2) Bill HMSO 1926  Concerned with working conditions. 102pp – lacking paper covers – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2
260. HMSO Third Report from the Select Committee on National Expenditure: Health and Welfare of Women in War Factories HMSO 1942  24-pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £8
261. HOMERTON COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE  Reports of the Congregational Board of Education on its Training College, Homerton Undenominational College – for the years ending 30 June 1900, 1901, 1902., 1903, 1905. All in good condition – ex Board of Education library – 3 items together £28
262. ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN (SCOTLAND) ACT, 1930 HMSO 1930  ‘An Act to amend the alw as to the duration and recovery of aliment for, and the custody of, illegitimate children in Scotland, and for other purposes connected therewith.’ 4-pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £1
263. INDUSTRIAL HEALTH RESEARCH BOARD OF THE MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL Absence from Work: Prevention of Fatigue HMSO no date (1944)  Life of the war-worker. Paper covers – 20pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £4
264. INDUSTRIAL HEALTH RESEARCH BOARD OF THE MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL Why Is She Away?: the problem of sickness among women in industry HMSO no date (1945)  Soft covers – 22pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £4
265. INTER-ALLIED INFORMATION COMMITTEE Women Under Axis Rule HMSO   No 7 in the ‘Conditions in Occupied Territories’ Reports. good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £10
266. INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE Small Collection of Reports  1) Equal Remuneration for Men and Women Workers for Work of Equal Value (33rd Session), 1950; 2) Equal Remuneration for Women and Women Workers for Work of Equal Value, Report 1 and 3) Report 2 (both 34th Session), 1950; 4) Women Workers in a Changing World, 1963. All card covers – good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £8
267. (JOHNS) Mrs C.E. Johns: A Pioneer Of Women’s Bowls Sussex County Women’s Bowling Association 1970  Biographical pamphlet. Very good £2
268. LEAGUE OF NATIONS HMSO  International Labour Conference: 1) Draft Conventions and Recommendations adopted by the Conference at its 12th session, 30 May-21 June 1929. 34pp; 2) Draft Conventions and Recommendations adopted by the conference at its 16th Session 12 April-30 April 1932. 34pp; 3) Draft Conventions and Recommendation adopted by the Conference at its 18th Session 4 June-23 June 1934. 30pp. All good – together £4
269. LOCAL GOVERNMENT BOARD Supplement in continuation of the Report of the Medical Officer of the Board for 1914-15 Containing a Report on Maternal Mortality in connection with childbearing and its relation to Infant Mortality. HMSO 1915  The 44th Annual Report of the Local Government Board, 1914-15. Complete, but missing its paper covers – otherwise good – 140pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8
270. LONDON INSTITUTE FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF PLAIN NEEDLEWORK Annual Report for the Year ending September 30th, 1909 1909  24pp – good in card covers – ex-Board of Education library £8
271. MACCARTHY, Fiona Work for Married Women Conservative Political Centre 1966  Paper covers – 18pp – good- withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2
272. Manchester High School for Girls  Letter dated 2 April 1873 from Edward Freeman (Somerleaze, Wells, Somerset) writes to ‘My dear Lord’ (possibly a Bishop?) ‘I see your name as a “patron” of the new Girls School to be set up at Manchester. ..I would venture to recommend a candidate for the place of Head Mistress, which I hear that the Committee are going about to fill.’ His recommendation is Miss Macarthur ‘who has been governess in my house for nearly five years. ..She is in correspondence with Miss Vernon, to whom Mrs Kitchener first spoke of her…I think the best witness of my opinion of her is that I have set her to write one of my series of small histories, a History of Scotland which I hope will be out soon.’ ‘though she does not actually understand Latin and Greek, she knows all abou them..’ Unfortunately Miss Macarthur was not appointed; there being far better qualified candidates competing for this sought after position. She was Margaret A.R. Macarthur, born in Scotland in 1842 and was the author of ‘History of Scotland’ in Freeman’s Historical Course for Schools. It would be interesting to find out what happened to her. Mss – 4pp – fine £45
273. MANNING, E. A. Moral Teaching in Schools: a paper read at the Social Science Congress, Brighton Edward Stanford Oct 1875  Elizabeth Adelaide Manning was, among other things, for many years hon sec of the National Indian Association. Paper covers – 16pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £12
274. MINISTRY OF HOUSING AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT Moving from the Slums HMSO 1956  Seventh Report of the Housing Management Sub-committee of the Central Housing Advisory Committee. Paper covers – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £4
275. MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND NATIONAL SERVICE Time Rates of Wages and Hours of Labour HMSO 1952  Covers every type of employment for coal mining to cinema usherette. Paper covers – 248pp £8
276. MINUTE OF THE FRIENDS’ ABOLITIONIST ASSOCIATION ON THE DECEASE OF JOSEPHINE BUTLER  4-pp leaflet marking the death of Josephine Butler – containing a facsmile of her last message, dated 30 May 1906, to the Friends’ Association. Good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library SOLD £2
277. MOSS, E. Jones Solving the Maid-Servant Problem: some homely chats Mercury Press, Northampton  ‘This little book is written in an endeavour to create a happier feeling and better understanding between mistress and maid, and to encourage girls to consider the many advantages that Household Employment offers’. A series of fictitious letters and encounters
tackles the problems that mistresses were encountering as their maids turned their back on housework preferring to find employment in shops and factories. No date given, but 1920s/1930s. Paper covers – very good SOLD £10
278. NATIONAL FEDERATION OF BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL WOMEN’S CLUBS OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND The Changing Pattern: report on the training of older woman NFBPWC 1966  Paper covers – 24pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3
279. PALLISTER, Minnie Socialism for Women ILP no date   ‘Not only the “Intelligent” Women but for all Women’ – with a nod to G.B. Shaw. Paper covers -18-pp pamphlet – good £18
280. REPORT OF A DEPARTMENTAL COMMITTEE ON THE PREVALENCE OF VENEREAL DISEASE AMONG THE BRITISH TROOPS IN INDIA HMSO 1897  33-pp foolscap Report – together with – ‘A Rough Record 1858-1935 on the work of the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene, in connection with the British Army in India’ – 8-pp foolscap report. In good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £12
281. REPORT OF THE MABYS ASSOCIATION FOR THE CARE OF YOUNG GIRLS, 1922 1923  Founded by Mrs Nassau Senior in 1874 ‘to befriend and protect the girls brought up in the Guardians’ Schools, and those of other Public Authorities in the Metropolitan area. The Association tries to ensure for these girls the same chances in life and the same status as those girls who have been brought up in their own homes’. This Annual Report gives full detail of the Mabys work – the homes it ran – and its workers and supporters. Good – 34pp – ex-Board of Education library £15
282. REPORT OF THE STREET OFFENCES COMMITTEE HMSO 1928  The Committee included Margery Fry. Good – 50pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5
283. REVIEW OF REVIEWS  edited by W.T. Stead. the first volume, January-June 1890. As Stead spotted, here was a gap in the market, enabling the interested observer to keep a finger on the pulse of the world. With v useful indexes to articles in current periodicals. Very good £25
284. SENIOR, Mrs Nassau Pauper Schools HMSO 1875  ‘Copy ”of a Letter addressed to the President of the Local Government Board by Mrs Nassau Senior, lately an Inspector of the Board, being a reply to the observation of Mr Tufnell, also a former inspector upon her report on pauper schools’. This was a follow-up to Mrs Senior’s 1874 report. 24pp – large format – disbound. £55
285. SIR HENRY JONES  writes a glowing testimonial for his former pupil, Mabel Atkinson, a candidate for a lectureship at the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire. She was a graduate of Glasgow University and was then a research student at LSE, a Fabian and a suffragette. .LSE Library holds some material on her. Fine £48
286. SMALL COLLECTION DOCUMENTING THE ACADEMIC PROGRESS OF MURIEL LONG AT THE COUNTY HIGH SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, WEST KIRBY 1920-1926  The tenor of Muriel’s school reports is ‘very fair’ – and we all know what that means. But she was clearly much younger than the average age of the class and does quite well in maths and science. Generally her conduct is ‘very good’ but at least one report notes ‘rather noisy in the class room’.Included in the collection are a number of programmes for Speech Day and Annual Sports, dating from the 1920s. In 1926 Muriel went on to Underwood Commercial College in Liverpool to learn shorthand and typing (1st in the class in ‘Office Routine’). I think Muriel married in 1940 and died in 2006 – leaving bequests to Venice in Peril and the Royal Overseas League – so it
doesn’t look as though being graded only ‘very fair’ at Scripture, Ancient History etc had prevented her taking an interest. An eclectic collection of material £45
287. SUMMARY JURISDICTION (MARRIED WOMEN) ACT, 1895 HMSO  An Act to amend the Law relating to the Summary Jurisdiction of Magistrates in reference to Married Women. Paper covers – 8pp – good. Together with ‘ Summary Jurisdiction (Separation and Mainenance) Bill to Amend the Married Women (Maintenance) Acts 1895 and 1920, and section 5 of the Licensing Act, 1905. Paper covers – 6pp – good. And An Act to amend the Law relating to Separation and Maintenance Orders, 1925 – paper covers – 4pp. All withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £2
288. TEACHERS’ GUILD OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND Collection of Annual Reports  Reports for 1896-1897; 1897; 1899; 1900; 1901-1902; 1904-1905; 1905-1906; 1906; 1907-1908; 1908; 1909-10; 1910; 1911-12. The Guild represented both male and female teachers. With much detail of local branches. Each Report c 90pp, in original paper covers (the occasional cover present, but detached) – all in good condition. Together – 13 items £80
289. TEACHERS’ GUILD OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND List of Members Alphabetically Arranged 1913  Names and addresses – very useful. Women teachers appear to be in the majority. Soft covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £15
290. THE ASSOCIATION FOR MORAL AND SOCIAL HYGIENE The Alison Neilans Memorial Lectures AMSH  3 of these annual lectures: 1) No 5 Mary Stocks, Josephine Butler and the Moral Standards of Today, 1961; 2) No 6 T.C.N. Gibbens, The Clients of Prostitutes, 1962 and 3) A Summary of the Tenth Alison Neilans Memorial Lecture given by Dr R.D. Catterall, 1967. Paper covers – in good condition, withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £10
291. THE ASSOCIATION OF HEAD MISTRESSES List of Public Secondary Schools for Girls 1903 1903  Card covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £10
292. THE ASSOCIATION OF HEAD MISTRESSES List of Public Secondary Schools for Girls 1905 1905  Card covers – good – ex-Board of Education library £10
293. THE FIRST REPORT OF THE BRISTOL REFUGE SOCIETY for the restoration of females who have unhappily fallen from virtue, ending 6 month 30, 1815; with a list of subscribers printed for Philip Rose, Broadmead 1815  An interesting publication – full of names and address of donors and subscribers. Many Bristol worthies – but also their associates from around the country. A very well produced facsimile. Paper covers – very good £18
294. THE INDUSTRIAL COURT Decision of Industrial Court No 1325: Manipulative Grades – Post Office HMSO July 1927  The case was between the Union of Post Office Workers and the Post Office. In the course of the lengthy expositions, a vast amount of information is given on the working of the Post Office at the time – revealing in great detail the work done by women, which had been the first section of the Civil Service to employ women. Soft covers – 212pp -good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8
295. THE LAUNDRY INDUSTRY EDUCATION BOARD Education, Training and Scholarships in the Laundry Industry Laundry Industry Education Board 1953 (revised)  A vanished world of work. Paper covers – 16pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £8
296. THE NEW SCHOOL, ABBOTSHOLME  boys’ preparatory school founded by Cecil Reddie in 1889 to put into practice his new educational theories. Report form – unlike any other I have seen -a veritable wall chart – 41cm x 51cm -rather elegantly printed in red – covering not only all the usual academic disciplines and sport, but also aesthetic feeling, intution, power to recall, power to induce, pluck etc. Most definitely a new type of schooling. This report form is blank – in fine condition – creased along folds -ex-Board of Education library – most unusual. £10
297. THE SHIELD  ‘The Official Organ of the British Committee of the International Federation for the Abolition of State Regulation of Vice’ – 5 issues. 1) August 1911; 2) Feb-March 1926; 3) May 1940; 4) Oct 1961; 5) Nov 1970 (Centenary Number) All paper covers – good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. – together £12
298. THE SPHERE, 25 March 1916  Includes photographs and text about London work rooms of the Red Cross – making slippers, knitting, sewing – under chandeliers in Grosvenor Sq house. Complete issue – disbound -probably missing back cover – good SOLD £12
299. THE VIGILANCE RECORD  ‘The Organ of the National Vigilance Association’, 3 issues: 1) 15 January 1888, ed Mrs Ormiston Chant 2) April 1926 3) April 1928. All withdrawn from the Women’s Library – in good condition – nicked and creassed at edges. Together £10
300. USEFUL WOMEN  ‘The League of Gentlewomen has been formed with the object of bringing into touch those who want certain kinds of work done with those who are ready and able to do it for them’ – thus reads the preamble to a 4-pp – rather smartly produced – leaflet for ‘Useful Women’. Their office was at 48 Dover Street, Mayfair, in the heart of what was then women’s clubland. The two partners in the enterprise are given as ‘Miss Kerr’ and ‘Mrs Dale’ and the leaflet comprises an A-Z of all the kinds of tasks ‘Useful Women’ would undertake – from ‘Advice and help on all domestic matters’ to ‘Zoo parties arranged.’ A list of referees is given – which includes Dr Elizabeth Sloan Chesser. ‘Useful Women’ had been formed in 1921 (possibly in Brighton) by Lilian Kerr. The financial basis for the scheme was that women who wanted employment lent money to the company. In 1928 she sold the business to a company (presumably the Dover Street incarnation of Useful Women)- of which she was a managing director – paying herself £400 per annum. But being unable to pay back the loans made in 1929 she was judged bankrupt. In 1936 she applied for a discharge but this wasn’t allowed, the registrar taking a very dim view of what was termed her misconduct in accepting money she knew she couldn’t pay back. However Useful Women continued to trade from the Dover Street address certainly until the Second World War. One can only assume that those enquiring about zoo parties knew nothing of the murky financial background of at least one of Useful Women’s partners. How well the firm would have fitted into an Eveyn Waugh novel. 4-pp – very nicely designed and printed leaflet – fine £25
301. VICTORIA UNIVERSITY:THE OWEN’S COLLEGE MANCHESTER Prospectus of the Arts, Science, and Law Department and Department for Women and of Evening and Popular Courses  Prospectuses for Sessions 1896-7, 1898-9, 1899-1900, including full details of the contents of all courses. In good condition in original wrappers (the wrapper for 1896-7 torn and detached) – -each prospectus c 170pp – ex-Board of Education library.. 3 items – as a collection £45
302. WHITE, Florence The Spinsters Manifesto!!: a detailed statement of the case for contributory (non-retiring) pensions at 55 National Spinsters Pensions Association 1945  ‘We herewith present the case for pension consideration for single women at 55, trusting that after perusal you will be impressed by the reasonable nature of the reform advocated, agreeing with us that single women are indeed the OVERLOOKED SECTION in the present Social Insurance Proposals’. Pamphlet -12pp – fine £28
303. WILKINS, Mrs Roland The Training and Employment of Education Women in Horticulture and Agriculture Women’s Farm and Garden Association 1927  Soft covers – 52pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £20
304. WILLS AND INTESTACIES (FAMILY MAINTENANCE) BILL HMSO 1930  ‘The object of this bill is to secure that, in the distribution of the estate of a testator or testatrix, a surviving husband or wife and any surviving children who are of an age necessitating parental support shall have a statutory right to certain provision out of the estate in order to secure the funds necessary for their maintenance.’ Paper covers – 14pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library – good £2
305. WILSON, Dr Helen Prostitution and the Law: is prostitution a trade? Association for Moral and Social Hygiene   reprinted from ‘The Shield’, March 1926. 8-pp pamphlet. Very good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £10
306. WOMAN AT HOME (Annie S. Swan’s Magazine) Hodder & Stoughton 1894  Includes chapters from Annie Swan’s ‘Elizabeth Glen, M.B.; the experiences of a lady doctor’, as well as the usual wide range of interviews, articles -including fashion, cookery and house furnishing, and stories. Good – hundreds of pages! £18
307. WOMEN’S CO-OPERATIVE GUILD 35th Annual Report, 1 May 1917-30 April 1918  Paper covers – 24pp – good – ex-Board of Education library £12
308. WOMEN’S CO-OPERATIVE GUILD 36th Annual Report 1 May 1918-30 April 1919  Paper covers – good – ex-Board of Education library £12
309. WOMEN’S EMPLOYMENT FEDERATION Careers: a memorandum on openings and trainings for girls and women 1964  The 21st ed. Soft covers – 146pp – very good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5
310. WOMEN’S EMPLOYMENT FEDERATION Memorandum on Openings and Trainings for Women, 1947-8  Packed with information on what post-war work opportunities were open to women – from Accountancy to Youth Leadership. With illuminating ads. Paper covers – 66pp – good – ex-Board of Education library £15
311. WOMEN’S INDUSTRIAL COUNCIL Nineteenth Annual Report 1912-13  Includes a long, v interesting and wide-ranging list of lectures given – as well as details of the work undertaken by the council – including the trades into which it had undertaken investigations. Paper covers – very good – ex-Board of Education library £15
312. BEDFORD COLLEGE The Common Room  Real photographic card – I can see a print of G. F.Watts’ ‘Hope’ among the pictures – and is that a portrait of Emily Penrose over the fireplace? I’m not sure. Very good – printed in Berlin so probably dates from pre-1914 – unposted £10
313. CLARK’S COLLEGE, CIVIL SERVICE Preparing for the Lady Clerk’s G.P.O. Exam  Photographic postcard of the young women preparing for this exam which, if they passed, offered a chance of bettering themselves. Very good – unposted £12
314. GEORGE LANSBURY, MP, LCC  real photographic postcard published by the Church Socialist League, London branch, pre – First World War. Fine – unposted £5
315. MERCHANT TAYLORS’ SCHOOL FOR GIRLS  Real photographic postcard of the exterior of the Crosby, Liverpool, girls’ school. The ink message on the back includes ‘The view is of Aunty Nina’s school..’ and continues onto the front of the card on white space to the side of the photograph. Posted in, I think, 1933. Good £10
316. ANON ( W.R.H. Trowbridge) The Grandmother’s Advice to Elizabeth T. Fisher Unwin 1902  ‘Suggested by the ‘Visits of Elizabeth’ by Elinor Glyn.’ Paper covers – good £6
317. BAILLIE, Joanna A Series of Plays in which it is attempted to delineate the stronger passions of the mind Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, & Brown, a new edition 1821  A handsome set – newly rebound in cloth £60
318. BEHN, Aphra Ten Pleasures of Marriage and the second part of The Confession of the New Married Couple printed for the Navarre Society 1950  With an introduction by John Harvey. Good – corners a little bumped £10
319. BRADDON, M.E. Lady Audley’s Secret Virago 1985  First published in 1862. Still a page-turner. Paper covers – very good £4
320. FAIRBAIRNS, Zoe Stand We at Last Virago 1983  A picaresque novel, with a suffrage sequence. Paper covers – very good £4
321. FREED, Lynn The Servants’ Quarters Houghton Mifflin Harcourt 2009  ‘A witty, original take on ‘Beauty and the Beast’ featuring a fiercely intrepid young Jewish girl plagued by fears of the Holocaust, a wealthy, cultured aristocrat horribly disfigured in World War II and a mother whose ambitions know no bounds.’ Fine in fine d/w £7
322. GILLIATT, Penelope The Cutting Edge Secker & Warburg 1978  Fine in fine d/w £5
323. HALL, Marguerite Radclyffe- The Forgotten Island Chapman & Hall 1915  Poems. Very good – scarce £50
324. HASTINGS, Lady Flora Poems William Blackwood 1841  The poems of poor Lady Flora were edited for publication by her sister. Lady Flora, a lady in waiting at court in 1838, was suspected of being pregnant, though unmarried. In fact her body was swollen with illness – and she died. Everybody was then v. sorry. Pasted onto the free front endpaper is a black-bordered printed ‘Elegy on the Death of Lady Flora Hastings.’ Annotation in ink reveals that the copy had in 1882 belonged to Mr John Gladstone, 39 Gunter Grove, Redcliffe Gardens, London S.W.. Latterly the copy had been held in the City of Cardiff Reference Library – perhaps given to it by Mr Gladstone. It bears a ‘Withdrawn from Stock’ stamp as well as the library albel on the front pastedown. The copy, in its original decorative green cloth, is worn along spine and hinge to front board is tender – contents very good £25
325. JESSE, F. Tennyson Moonraker Virago 1981  First published in 1927. Paper covers – very good £3
326. KREITMAN, Esther Deborah Virago 1983  First published in 1936. Paper covers – very good £3
327. LEHMANN, Beatrix Rumour of Heaven Virago 1987  First published in 1934. Paper covers – very good £4
328. LEVERSON, Ada Love’s Shadow Chapman & Hall 1950  Reprint of the 1908 edition. Good £4
329. LITVINOV, Ivy She Knew She Was Right Virago 1988  Paper covers – very good £3
330. MATHESON, Annie Selected Poems Old and New Henry Frowde 1899  Very good £10
331. MORGAN, Fidelis The Years Between: plays by women on the London stage 1900-1950 Virago 1994  Paper covers – very good £8
332. PROCTER, Adelaide Anne Legends and Lyrics Bell & Daldy, 14th ed 1872  Poems by a leading member of the Langham-Place group. very good – leather, with gilt decorations and all edges gilt £15
333. SCOTT, Sarah Millenium Hall Virago 1986  First published in 1762. Paper covers – very good £8
334. SERGEANT, Adeline Alison’s Ordeal James Nisbet no date (1903?)  By a prolific and very professional novelist. £5
335. TAYLOR, Mary Miss Miles OUP 1990  Mary Taylor was the life-long friend of Charlotte Bronte. This edition with an introduction by Janet Horowitz Murray. Soft covers – very good £6
336. TRAVERS, Graham [pseud of Margaret Todd] Mona MacLean: medical student William Blackwood, 14th ed 1899  Novel written by Sophia Jex-Blake’s friend and biographer. Cover marked – scarce £38
337. YEZIERSKA, Anzia Hungry Hearts and Other Stories Virago 1987  First published in 1920. Paper covers – very good £3
338. ANTHONY Jr, Charles The Social and Political Dependence of Women Longmans, Green, and Co 1880 (6th ed)  This was one of the earliest books published in support of J.S. Mill’s proposed amendment to the 1867 Reform Bill – to give qualified women the vote. Interestingly he begins his tract with an analysis of the way in which ridicule was used to dismiss the idea of the enfranchised woman. Charles Anthony was the editor of the ‘Hereford Times’. Helen Blackburn lists the book in her Bibliography for ‘The Record of Women’s Suffrage’ . Very good internally in original decorated cloth, slight rubbing to head and tail of spine – unusual £65
339. ATKINSON, Diane Funny Girls: cartooning for equality Penguin 1997  Soft covers – very good £5
340. CAMPBELL, Olwen W. The Feminine Point of View Williams & Norgate 1952  The report of a Conference which began in the winter of 1947 and included among its members Teresa Billington-Greig and Margery Corbett Ashby. Olwen Campbell was the daughter of Mary Ward, who had been the leading light of the Cambridge Association for Women’s Suffrage. Very good in d/w £18
341. CRAWFORD, Elizabeth (ed) Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary Francis Boutle 2013  £15
342. GIBSON, Sir John The Emancipation of Women Gwasg Gomer 1992  First published in 1891. Gibson was editor of the ‘Cambrian News’ between 1875-1915 and a strong supporter of women’s suffrage in Wales. Soft covers – mint £12
343. KENT, Susan Sex and Suffrage in Britain, 1860-1914 Princeton University Press 1987  Fine in d/w (which has one slight nick) £20
344. LEWIS, Jane Before the Vote was Won: arguments for and against women’s suffrage 1864-1896 Routledge (Women’s Source Library) 1987  A very useful collection of texts. Fine in d/w SOLD £28
345. MARTIN, Anna Mother and Social Reform NUWSS 1913  Two articles reprinted from the ‘Nineteenth Century and After’ issues of May and June 1913 as a booklet. Anna Martin, deeply concerned about the level of infant mortality and general ill-health of poor women and children, argues for easier separation in cases where the husband and father is neglectful or worse, the right of women to a ‘maintenance’ that is in some way defined. With a membership form for the NUWSS tipped in at the front, and a subscription form to ‘The Common Cause’ at the back. Paper covers (with a few nicks at edges) – very good condition -64pp £45
346. MORGAN, David Suffragists and Liberals: the politics of woman suffrage in Britain Basil Blackwell 1975  Fine in d/w £15
347. ROVER, Constance Love, Morals and the Feminists Routledge 1970  Good in d/w – though ex-library £18
348. RUBINSTEIN, David Before the Suffragettes: women’s emancipation in the 1890s Harvester 1986  Soft covers – very good £15
349. SEAWELL, Molly Elliot The Ladies’ Battle Macmillan Co (NY) 1911  She was an American novelist who here argues against women’s suffrage, maintaining that if women were to vote an unlooked-for ‘general revolution’ would be inaugurated. Good – uncommon £38
350. STOPES, Charlotte Carmichael British Freewomen: their historical privilege Swan Sonnenschein, 3rd ed 1907  An important volume in the historiography of the women’s suffrage movement. Mrs Stopes made use of material collected by Helen Blackburn. Good. £65
351. STRACHEY, Ray The Cause: a short history of the women’s movement in Great Britain G. Bell 1928  This copy belonged to Lord McGregor – author of ‘Divorce in England’ , a book that includes a very useful bibliography of works on women’s rights. He has laid in the book a collection of newspaper cuttings, from the 1950s to 1970s, relating to the position of women. The copy of the book is in good condition – but he had bought it as an ex-library copy and has added a few pencilled notes on the back pastedown. An interesting association copy. £55
352. ANON The Suffrage Annual and Women’s Who’s Who Stanley Paul 1913  ‘Contains as much authentic information concerning the Suffrage Societies and prominent women Suffragists as it is possible to obtain at the moment of going to press. It contains biographies of nearly 1000 women and a selection of the many men distinguished in the Cause’. Perhaps the book most useful and most sought-after by suffrage collectors and researchers. Extremely scarce. Good condition SOLD £375
353. (FAWCETT) David Rubinstein A Different World for Women: the life of Millicent Garrett Fawcett Ohio State University Press 1991  Mint in d/w £15
354. (HAMILTON) Cicely Hamilton Life Errant  Her autobiography. In very good condition. Extremely – and surprisingly – scarce SOLD £45
355. (LYTTON) Lady Betty Balfour (ed) Letters of Constance Lytton William Heinemann 1925  Very good – in purple cloth, with design by Syvlia Pankhurst on front cover £68
356. ARMOUR, Margaret Agnes of Edinburgh Andrew Melrose 1911  A novel of its time – the suffrage movement although not central to the plot – flows along behind, occasionally breaking the surface in a discussion of women’s rights and attitudes to the campaign. Interesting – very scarce – I’ve only seen it previously in the Briitish Library. Very good in rubbed paper wrapper – with a little card inlaid – showing that it had been presented to Nesta Prichard, of Form Vb, as a prize for mathematics. £40
357. HAMILTON, Cicely A Pageant of Great Women The Suffrage Shop 1910  The Pageant was written to be performed by members of the Women’s Freedom League – and proved very popular with members of many of the other suffrage societies – combining high moral tone with fund raising opportunity. It was first performed at the Scala Theatre, London, on 10 November 1909, with a cast that included Cicely Hamilton, Ellen Terry, Edith Craig, Marion Terry and Winifred Mayo. With 15 photographs of members of the cast – most by Miss Leon (30 Regent St).and one (Ellen Terry) by Lena Connell. Fine condition. SOLD £95
358. HINE, Muriel The Man With the Double Heart John Lane 1914  The heroine’s mother is a Militant Suffragette; she is not. Good £18
359. JOHNSTON, Mary Hagar Constable 1913  Includes mention of the US women’s suffrage campaign. Very good £12
360. JOHNSTON, Sir Harry Mrs Warren’s daughter: a story of the women’s movement Chatto & Windus 1920  A suffrage novel. Very good – presentation copy from the author’s wife £35
361. LEFROY, Ella Napier The Man’s Cause John Lane 1899  The author was Isabella Napier Lefroy (née Hastie) (1854-1919) – who also wrote under the pseudonym ‘E.N. Leigh Fry’. The novel contains much discussion of the Woman Question – and is among those I list under ‘Novels’ with suffrage content in my ‘Reference Guide’. Good and tight – just a little rubbed on edges- rather scarce £45
362. LUCAS, E.V. Mr Ingleside Methuen, 7th ed, no date 1910/1912?)  A novel with suffrage scenes. Very good £8
363. MASEFIELD, John The Street of To-day J.M. Dent 2nd ed, 1911  Another from my ‘Reference Guide’ list of novels with pro-suffrage sentiment. ‘It seems to me that all the evils in modern life spring direcctly from the absence of women in government’, says one character. Masefield was a friend of Elizabeth Robins and a strong suffrage supporter. Very good £40
364. MASSIE, Chris Esther Vanner Sampson Low, Marston & Co no date (1937)  The heroine is a suffragette. Very good in d/w £35
365. PAGE, Gertrude The Winding Paths Hurst & Blackett c 1911 [8th ed]  A novel with a suffrage theme. ‘The men call them “new Women” with derision, or mannish, or unsexed; but those who have been among them, and known them as friends, know that they hold in their ranks some of th most generous-hearted, unselfish, big-souled women who exist in England to-day…One such as the best of these was Ethel Hayward..’ Good £20
366. SHAW, Bernard Press Cuttings: a topical sketch compiled from the editorial and correspondence columns of the Daily Papers Constable & Co no date (1909)  as
performed by the Civic and Dramatic Guild at the Royal Court Theatre, London, on the 9th July 1909. A suffragette play. In grey card covers a little chipped at edge £35
367. ADA HINES  (1872-1949) of ‘The Nook’, Ashton-on-Mersey, was an artist and a suffragette – the joint founder, in 1909, with her friend and fellow artist, Lucy Fildes, of the Manchester branch of the Women’s Freedom League. Here is an opportunity to acquire a small oil painting by her – unframed – on board – entitled ‘Sunset’. Signed but undated – rather atmospheric. SOLD £75
368. BODICHON, Mrs Reasons for the Enfranchisement of Women London National Society for Women’s Suffrage, no date late 1860s?  Printed by Head, Hole & Co, Farringdon Street and Ivy Lane, E.C. Scarce and important pamphlet -8pp – good £250
369. CAHILL, Richard Staunton A Lecture on Woman’s Rights, Cockermouth, 1888  The painting depicts a woman in neat, plain attire standing on a platform addressing an (unseen) audience. Behind her is a poster that reads ‘A Lecture on Woman’s Rights Will be Delivered [?] in the Lecture Hall of the Young Men’s Christian Association Cockermouth on Wednesday Mrs Smith.’ The painting is signed by the artist Richard Staunton Cahill and is dated 1888. I can certainly place the artist, Irish-born though he was, very close to Cockermouth in the late 1870s/early 1880s. The artist: -Richard Staunton Cahill – born c 1827 in Co Clare. Son of Charles Staunton Cahill who, in 1828/9, was a leading supporter of Catholic Emancipation and of Daniel O’Connell (the Liberator) In 1850 Richard Cahill entered the Royal Hibernian Academy. He lived in Dublin but by 1863 had moved to London and then by 1875 was living in Nottingham and teaching at the Government School of Art there. He still had a Nottingham address in 1877 but by 1879 when he submitted works to the Royal Hibernian Academy of Arts his address was given as ‘Keswick’. In the 1881 census he was living, with his sister, Agnes, in a boarding house in High Street, Crosthwaite. He gave his occupation as ‘artist’, ‘master School of Art’ – so it is possible that he was still employed in Nottingham and spent holidays in Cumberland. In 1882 when he submitted works to the Irish Exhibition of Arts and Manufactures in Dublin his address was again given as ‘Keswick’. On 24 March 1883 ‘The Graphic’ printed a poem Cahill had written protesting against the threat to ‘Lakeland’ posed by the new railway and roads. He must have been closely associated with Canon Rawnsley (who was about to move into Crosthwaite Vicarage) and the Lake District Defence Society. With his nephew (I think) C.S. Cahill, Richard Cahill wrote several songs – ‘Songs of the Lake’ – including ‘Beautiful Keswick’ and ‘Charming Windermere’. As to the subject of the painting: – I know of a couple of women’s suffrage lectures given in Cockermouth in the early years of the suffrage campaign. On 1872 Friday 24 May 1872 a travelling speaker, Jessie Craigen, gave a lecture on ‘Women’s Rights at the Court House, Cockermouth – but I know from written descriptions that Jessie Craigen was large and blowsy – the antithesis of the neat figure in this painting. Lydia Becker, the leader of the women’s suffrage meeting in Manchester, held meeting in Cockermouth on Tuesday 17 January 1882 – but, again, her features are very distinctive and these are not they. For full details of the 19th century women’s suffrage campaign in Cumberland see my Women’s Suffrage Movement: a regional survey p 24. I suspect that the woman lecturer is in fact Miss Mary Smith of Finkle Street in Carlisle, whose ‘Autobiography of Mary Smith: schoolmistress and non-conformist’ was published in 1892. For many years Mary Smith ran a girls’ school from her home and was renowned for giving Penny Readings.
In 1868 she initiated a correspondence with Lydia Becker, who addressed her in a letter of 20 May 1868, as ‘Mrs Smith’. On 2 April 1869, with Mary Smith’s encouragement, Miss Becker gave a ‘woman’s rights’ lecture in Carlisle, which was followed by the founding of the Carlisle branch of the National Society for Women’s Suffrage, with Mary Smith as its honorary secretary. The Carlisle branch was still in existence until at least 1872 but then fades from view. In her autobiography Mary Smith is at pains to describe how she bought ‘plain and comfortable clothing’, writing ‘Nor was I ever ashamed of being plainly dressed’. One who knew her commented that ‘not unfrequently her dress was decidedly antiquated and old fashioned.’ The figure in the painting cuts a very neat figure, attired certainly in plain and comfortable clothing. Mary Smith’s Autobiography does not include any representation of her, alas, but I feel as certain as one can be – with no absolute proof – that it is she who is delivering the ‘Woman’s Rights’ lecture from that platform. I have, as yet, been unable to find a newspaper report of the lecture. Mary Smith died in 1891 and had been ill for a few years before – so I rather think that the lecture had taken place considerably earlier than the date given on the painting. By 1888 (by which time Cahill can be found at a London address) ‘Woman’s Rights’ was no longer really the term that would be used. The suffrage campaign had been making some headway and by 1888 the term ‘women’s suffrage’ would have been more likely to have been used than ‘woman’s rights’, which was more of a 1870s usage. The painting – oil on canvas – is in very good condition. £3,300
370. CHRISTABEL PANKHURST – SUFFRAGE FOR WOMEN SPEECH  This is a 78-rpm record issued by Symposium Records in the early1980s – before the advent of the CD. It was a direct pressing, from the original master recorded by EMI Records Ltd ,of the speech specially recorded by Christabel in London on 18 December 1908. As such it is of historical interest in its own right. In mint (unplayed) condition £30
371. CICELY HAMILTON – Portrait  in charcoal by Cyril Roberts (1871-1949). On the reverse is the inscription: ‘Cyril Roberts, 57 Glebe Place, Chelsea. Miss Cecily [sic] Hamilton’ No 2. Cicely Hamilton (1872-1952) lived for most of her adult life in Glebe Place which was very much a haunt of artists. Cyril Roberts had various Chelsea studios over the years, settling towards the end of his life in Glebe Place. However the two may well have known each other for many years. Roberts’was a reasonably successful portrait artist – his 1923 charcoal & bodycolour portrait of Ellen Terry is now in the National Portrait Gallery. This portrait of Cicely Hamilton is undated (possibly immediately post Second World War) and shows her as an elderly – but still doughty – woman (wearing a shirt and tie). I think it must have been an excellent likeness. Also on the back of the portrait is a label of the British Drama League – noting that the portrait had been given to them in 1960 for their Library. The presentation had been made by Mr Kingsley Adams of the National Portrait Gallery on behalf of Mrs Richard Curle of the University of Ghana. In fact it was Mrs Curle’s son, Adam Curle, who was employed by the University of Ghana – she was presumably living there with him.Cordelia Curle was born Cordelia Fisher and was a cousin to Virginia Woolf .She married – and divorced in 1922 – the journalist Richard Curle and from the mid-1940s to 1951 (at least) was living at 43 Glebe Place; Cicely Hamilton was living at no. 44.. The British Drama League, which had been founded in 1919 was dissolved in 1990. The portrait (25cm w x 35 cm h) is framed – 48cm w x 58 cm h. The portrait is in fine condition – with a hint of foxing on the mount. £490
372. CORONATION PROCESSION 17 June 1911  A stereoscope photograph of ‘The Empire Car’ – part of the ‘Pageant of Empire’ part of the procession staged by the suffrage societies to mark the Coronation of George V. Very good £95
373. ELMY, Elizabeth Wostenholme Woman’s Franchise: the need of the hour ILP 2nd ed, no date   A campaigner for women’s suffrage since the mid-1860s, she had put aside
a lifetime’s aversion to party politics and joined the Manchester ILP in 1904. This article was originally published in the ‘Westminster Review’. In her concise style she analyses the events of the previous 40 years and demands that Liberal MPs who profess to support women’s suffrage honour their pledges. £65
374. HMSO Representation of the People Bill HMSO 1917  ‘A Bill to Amend the Law with respect to Parliamentary and Local Government Franchises..etc’. Clause 4 allowed the vote to women over the age of 30. 42 pages – a good reading copy – missing its paper covers £15
375. KELLEY, Florence Persuasion or Responsibility? National American Woman Suffrage Association c 1905?  Vol 2, No 8 in ‘Political Equality Series’. Small format – 4pp – good – with shelfmark – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5
376. LEIGH SMITH, Barbara A Brief Summary in Plain Language of the Most Important Laws Concerning Women; together with a few observations thereon Holyoake & Co, 2nd edition revised with addition 1856  Barbara Leigh Smith (later Barbara Bodichon) was 27 years old when she wrote this pamphlet, first published in 1854 as part of her campaign to change the Married Women’s Property Acts. This pamphlet is extremely scarce (I have never had a copy for sale before), bound inside recent paper covers. Rather amusingly, the printed price of ‘Threepence’ has been scored through and ‘1 1/2 d’ added – a comment, presumably, then on the interest being shown in the campaign by a public not yet awakened to the cause. Very good £280
377. LETTER WRITTEN ON 6 MARCH 1912  by a young man, ‘Spen’, to his girlfriend, Winnie, in which he writes ‘I expect you have heard of the great crowd at Westminster on Monday night…’ He then describes how he and a friend went down to Westminster at about 9pm and ‘saw the woman arrested who managed to get through the police line …[and] got within 20 yeards of the House of Commons..’ Within this love letter virtually 2 of the 5 and a bit sides are taken up with this description of the WSPU demonstration at Westminster and of window-smashing in Kensington. ‘Spen’ was a assistant at Dyson and Co, a pharmaceutical chemist shop, at 35 Gloucester Road, South Kensington, and he noted that the windows of chemists’ shops seemed to be spared by the suffragettes.. He seems an admirable fellow – in a P.S. he wrote ‘I am enclosing the little book of George Eliot, which I forgot on Sunday'; Winnie was a fortunate young woman. But he did not approve of the suffragettes’ ‘disgraceful conduct’ and did not expect that Winnie would either. Excellent first-hand account of the demonstration on 4 March 1912 £120
378. LONDON AND NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SERVICE Report, October 1st 1938 to March 31st 1943  A Report giving details of how Women’s Service House fared during the early years of the war (bombed) and where the Library was accommodated (Oxford) – together with details of the Society’s perilous financial postition. Good £25
379. LYDIA BECKER  Letter from Lydia Becker to ‘Mr Levi’ – written from 85 Carter St, Greenyes, Manchester on ‘Oct 16′ – I have worked out that the year is1868. ‘Mr Levi’ is probably Prof Leone Levi, to whom she had sent a pamphlet a few days earlier. I think, in response, he had written to her in admiration asking for some material from her for his autograph book. In this letter, in return, she writes ‘I have written out my three Norwich prospositions ,[these are drawn from her address at Norwich to the British Association Section F on 25 Aug 1868] which I hope may serve your purpose as a curiosity! for your autograph book, and a bone of contention for your friends.’ These ‘three Norwich propositions’ are set out on a separate sheet. But, in addition, in her 4-pp mss letter she sets out ‘my general wishes and conclusions as to the rights of women’.. All the material has been carefully attached to a sheet that once was page 77 in a collection of autograph material. Incidentally the material on the reverse, p 78, is in Italian,
lending credence to my supposition that the correspondent was Leone Levi, who had left his native Italy for Liverpool in 1844. A very interesting letter – very good £95
380. MEN’S LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Gladstone on Woman Suffrage MLOWS c. 1909  The Men’s League for Opposing Woman Suffrage was founded in early 1909 and in 1910 merged with the Women’s National Anti-Suffrage League to form the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. This pamphlet – reproducing the Grand Old Man’s words on the subject is pamphlet no 3 issued by the Men’s League, presumably quite soon after its founding in 1909. 4-pp – good, with some foxing, scarce £78
381. MEN’S LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Is Woman Suffrage A Logical Outcome of Democracy? MLOWS c 1909  Pamphlet no 6 published by the short-lived Men’s League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. 4-pp – very good – scarce £60
382. MILLICENT FAWCETT  undated letter (4 November) from 2 Gower Street to ‘Mrs Storey’ noting that she had already received some of Mr Green’s cards (he was, she says, a skilled masseur and the brother of a Mrs Lucas) and she had distributed them amongst her doctor friends. Mrs Fawcett then goes on to say that, although v busy [‘my press of other work’] she hoped to attend Mrs Storey’s Thursday evening (clearly a regular fixture) on 17 December. [This might give a clue to the date -for instance, 17 Dec fell on a Thursday in 1896,- although naturally it did other times in Mrs Fawcett’s long life.] Anyway, she says she’ll try and sellect some story to read suitable for Christmas at Mrs Storey’s ‘evening’ and wonders if she should ask Mrs Wellesley [that is Ada Wellesley, for whom see in ‘Enterprising Women’] and her friends to give ‘a little music and singing.’ Good – has been folded in enveloped £60
383. MISS CHRISTABEL PANKHURST: “Woman’s Suffrage” Vanity Fair Supplement 15 June 19103508 dre)  Portrait by “Spy”, in colour, of Christabel Pankhurst – a single page supplement to ‘Vanity Fair’ . She is wearing the dress (we can now see that it was green; was it the one she was wearing when first seen by Grace Roe speaking in Hyde Park on 21 June 1908?), the brooch (by Ashbee?) and the pendant (by Ernestine Mills?) that she wears in a photograph that was issued by the WSPU as a postcard. Her gesture was presumably characteristic – being the pose depicted in the portrait by Ethel Wright and, very much later, in the statuette by Sir Charles Wheeler. It is interesting to note that this ‘Vanity Fair’ supplement was printed in Hentschel-Colourtype; Carl Hentschel and his wife were ardent suffragists. Fine – scarce £100
384. MISS MORGAN, OF BRECON The Duties of Citizenship Women’s Local Government Society c 1912  Extracts reprinted from a paper read at the Annual Conference of the National Union of Women Workers, Manchester, October 27th 1896. By the time this leafet was issued Miss Morgan had been Mayor of Brecon, 1911-12. 4-pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5
385. NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE The ‘Conciliation’ Bill: Revised Version NLOWS no date (1911)  The 2-sided leaflet, no 33 in the series, is headed ‘Against Votes for Women’ and ends with ‘Vote and Work Against Votes For Women In Parliamentary Affairs’. Very good – very scarce £75
386. NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Mr J.R. Tolmie’s Reply to Mr L. Housman’s Pamphlet NLOWS no date (1913)  The pamphlet of Laurence Housman’s to which this refers is ‘The Physical Force Fallacy’. Pamphlet no 37 issued by the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. 4-pp – very good £65
387. NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Woman Suffrage and the Factory Acts NLOWS no date  A 4-pp leaflet, no 8 in the NLOWS series, pointing out that the ‘Women’s Party’ (ie pro-suffrage campaigners) were opposed to the ‘humane acts’ limiting women’s work in factory etc because ‘most of them harbour such a jealous mistrust of men that
they suppose even their evidently disinterested actions to be prompted by insidious and harmful motive.’ The leaflet concludes ‘To grant women the franchise would therefore be to raise a fresh obstacle in the way of progress and to defer reforms still necessary for the welfare of the working classes..’ Very good – very scarce £75
388. NUWSS BADGE  circular, enamel. The upper half is red and carries the words ‘National Union Of’, the middle horizontal section is white with ‘Women’s Suffrage’ and the bottom half is green with ‘Societies’. The maker’s name is on the reverse ‘Fenwick, B’ham’. The firm of Arthur Fenwick, medallists, badge makers, art enamellers etc, was established in Vyse Street, Birmingham in 1888 and produced at least one other design of badge for the NUWSS. In very good condition SOLD £180
389. PANKHURST, Christabel International Militancy WSPU 1915  ‘A speech delivered at Carnegie Hall, New York, January 13th, 1915′. 24-pp pamphlet, paper covers (with photograph of Christabel Pankhurst). Fine – just with a couple of rust marks from spine staples – in original paper wrappers. Scarce £100
390. PETERSEN, H. Frances The Belief in Innate Rights NUWSS no date   12-pp pamphlet printed for the NUWSS by the Women’s Printing Society – reprinted from the ‘Law Magazine and Review’. Good in original paper covers £12
391. PETHICK-LAWRENCE, Emmeline and Frederick (eds) VOTES FOR WOMEN VOL I October 1907 to September 1908  Bound volume of the first year’s issues of the WSPU newspaper ‘Votes for Women’. From October 1907 until the end of April 1908 the paper appeared monthly, but from the issue for 30 April 1909 it became a weekly. This volume is folio size. It is in very good condition – the spine and corners have been restored using a leather that carefully matches the bright purple original and with new front endpapers. The cream cloth on the front is a little grubby although ‘angel of freedom’ device is still bright. The back cover cloth is surprisingly clean. Laid in is a cutting from ‘The Daily Sketch’ for 22 May 1914 – an array of photographs taken the previous day when the WSPU attempted to petition the King at Buckingham Palace. The volume bears the ownership inscription of ‘Elizabeth Smith’ and is dated ‘Dec 3rd 1909′. Elizabeth Smith, of 81 Sommerville Road, Bristol, was the elder siste of Miss Jessie Smith. The latter was a militant member of the WSPU, prominent as a speaker in Bristol and was arrested in London on ‘Black Friday’ and after taking part in a window-smashing campaign. Elizabeth Smith did participate in the 1911 Coronation Procession but doesn’t seem to have been a militant. SOLD £900
392. PETHICK-LAWRENCE, Emmeline and Frederick (eds) VOTES FOR WOMEN VOL III Oct 1909-Sept 1910  Hefty bound volume of the WSPU weekly newspaper, in original Sylvia Pankhurst-designed boards. Signs of wear at leather corners – spines rebacked – ex Reading University Library – with library label on back boards. Internally very clean and tight, except for page of the Index where paper has split, but with no loss of text.. £900
393. PHILLIPS, Mary The Militant Suffrage Campaign privately printed 1957  ‘This pamphlet is designed to tell in a concise form the story of the ‘Votes for Women Canpaign’ and to explain the reasoned policy on which it was based.’ Mary Phillips had been a leading WSPU organizer. Soft covers – 15pp – scarce £65
394. PHOTOGRAPH OF GROUP OF SUFFRAGETTES IN PRISON UNIFORM  The photograph has attached to it on the reverse a typed slip identifying the women as suffragettes ‘lined up for transport to Holloway Prison in London’ and refers to this happening ‘before the War’. The photo agency is Acme News which operated from the early 1920s to 1952 and I think this image is a ‘reprint’ issued in the inter-war years. I would suggest that this photograph is an example of how newspapers get things wrong. I doubt very much that this photograph was of suffragettes waiting to be taken to Holloway – rather it is a group of WSPU members who donned
replica prison clothing to make a point about how women protestors were being treated. The women are all wearing long dark dresses marked by two prison arrows, white apron and bonnet and with a large cloth hanging down, tucked into their waistband. Each sports a large disc giving their block and cell number in Holloway’s DX wing.They may have been taking part in a rally – such as that outside Holloway on 7 November 1908 when suffragettes wore replica prison clothing in public for the first time – or it may have been to celebrate prison releases. One of the women carries a scroll, perhaps one of the certificates given to those members of the WSPU who had been imprisoned. Anyway, by the time the image was reused by the Acme Agency the idea that women might once have dressed up in replica prison uniform had clearly been forgotten – and what had been a staged appearance had now been converted into a new reality. Well, we all know that if you know anything about anything in a newspaper it’s usually wrong. Whateverr its provenance this is a very good, clear image – all the women look very much like real people. 25cm x 20 cm – very good £65
395. PUNCH CARTOON  13 March 1912, full-page, suffragettes wield hammers in the background as Roman-type matron, bearing a paper labelled ‘Woman’s Suffrage’ comments ‘To think that, after all these years, I should be the first martyr’. the heading is ‘In the House of Her Friends’ £10
396. PUNCH CARTOON  10 January 1912 -full page – ‘United We Differ’. Lloyd George and Lewis Harcourt are back to back on a platform. Lloyd George addressing his side, where a Votes for Women’ banner is to be seen, cries ‘Votes for Women! Don’t you listen to my esteemed colleague!’. While addressing his, male, crowd cries ‘No Votes for Women! My esteemed colleague is talking nonsense!’. Asquith’s cabinet was split on this issue. Very good £10
397. PUNCH CARTOON  21 January 1912 – full page – ‘The Suffrage Split’. Sir George Askwith (the charismatic industrial conciliator), as ‘Fairy Peacemaker’, has tamed the dragon of the Cotton Strike – and Asquith, wrestling to keep a seat on the Cabinet horse turns to him ‘Now that you’ve charmed yon dragon I shall need ye to stop the strike inside this fractious gee-gee.’ £10
398. SNOWDEN, Philip The Dominant Issue Feb 1913  A comment on the ‘Franchise Bill fiasco’ – that is, Asquith’s promise that a Manhood Suffrage Bill would be amended to include women – and the Speaker’s eventual ruling that such an amendment would destroy the Bill. Pamphlet reproducing an article first published in ‘The Christian Commonwealth’ . Good – a little foxed and grubby £25
399. SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE  is the caption to this full page George Belcher cartoon, published in the Tatler on 12 August 1908. Two impoverished old women are talking in the street – a unconsciously jokey exchange – which is the amusing part for the audience of the day (I won’t go into the rather laboured humour which, if it has any suffrage relevance, is only to mock woman’s supposed illogicality)- but what is interesting to us is that one of the old dears is standing holding an advertising bill for the magazine, ‘New Age’, on which the roughly sketched in legend reads something like ‘A Suffragette’s reply to Belfort Bax.’. For the book that sparked off the debate in New Age see item ? Bax had published an article ‘Feminism and Female Suffrage’ in the issue for 30 May, to which Millicent Murby had written a reply that appeared in the issue of 6 June, to which Bax had made a riposte in the issue of 8 August. Single page – very good £15
400. ST JOAN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL ALLIANCE  badge for the society formerly known as the Catholic Women’s Suffrage Society which was founded in 1911 and in 1923 changed its name to the St Joan Social and Political Alliance. The badge, which dates from between 1923 and 1950 is printed with a gold and white fleur-de-lys motif in the centre, blue ground, gold, white and blue border with printed inscription: ‘St Joan’s Social & Political Alliance’. It is made of paper covered with plastic, over metal base. In good condition £35
401. STOPES, Mrs C.C. The Constitutional Basis of Women’s Suffrage Darien Press (Edinburgh) 1908  reprinted from the ‘fortnightly Review’, Sept 1908. 16-pp pamphlet. An ownership inscription on the top right of the front cover appears to be ‘E. C. Haig’ – and I am wondering whether the pamphlet was originally owned by Evelyn Cotton Haig (1863-1954), sister of Florence and Cecilia Haig – all strong supporters of the WSPU. Evelyn Haig lived with her sisters in Comely Bank Ave in Edinburgh – and may well have known Mrs Stopes. An Edinburgh ownership certainly ties in with the Edinburgh publication. Very good £45
402. STRACHEY, Ray The Women’s Movement in Great Britain: a short summary of its rise, methods and victories National Council of Women of Great Britain no date (c 1928)  A pamphlet abridged from Strachey’s ‘The Cause’. Chipped and rubbed – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £10
403. SUFFRAGETTE CHINA – ‘ANGEL OF FREEDOM’ DESIGN  Cup and saucer made by Williamsons of Longton for the WSPU in 1909, initially for use in the refreshment room of the Prince’s Skating Rink Exhibition and then sold in aid of funds. The white china has strikingly clean, straight lines and is rimmed in dark green with a green handle to the cup. Each piece carries the motif, designed by Sylvia Pankhurst, of the ‘angel of freedom’ blowing her trumpet and flying the banner of ‘Freedom. In the background are the intitials ‘WSPU’ set against dark prison bars, surrounded by the thistle, shamrock and rose, and dangling chains.For more information on the WSPU china see this post on my website. One cup and saucer together- both in fine condition. SOLD £1,400
404. SUFFRAGETTE CHINA – ‘ANGEL OF FREEDOM’ DESIGN  Sugar bowl made by Williamsons of Longton for the WSPU in 1909, initially for use in the refreshment room of the Prince’s Skating Rink Exhibition and then sold in aid of funds. The sugar bowl is decorated with the motif, designed by Sylvia Pankhurst, of the ‘angel of freedom’ blowing her trumpet and flying the banner of ‘Freedom. In the background are the intitials ‘WSPU’ set against dark prison bars, surrounded by the thistle, shamrock and rose, and dangling chains. The china was sold as sets – several cups, saucers and plates accompanied by one teapot and one sugar bowl and so, naturally, sugar bowls are something of a rarity. For more information on the WSPU china see this post on my website. In fine condition SOLD £1,400
405. SUFFRAGETTE CHINA – ‘ANGEL OF FREEDOM’ DESIGN  Cup and saucer made by Williamsons of Longton for the WSPU in 1909, initially for use in the refreshment room of the Prince’s Skating Rink Exhibition and then sold in aid of funds. The white china has strikingly clean, straight lines and is rimmed in dark green with a green handle to the cup. Each piece carries the motif, designed by Sylvia Pankhurst, of the ‘angel of freedom’ blowing her trumpet and flying the banner of ‘Freedom. In the background are the intitials ‘WSPU’ set against dark prison bars, surrounded by the thistle, shamrock and rose, and dangling chains. For more information on the WSPU china see this post on my website. One cup and saucer together-both in fine condition SOLD £1,400
406. SUFFRAGETTE CHINA – ‘ANGEL OF FREEDOM’ DESIGN  Cup and saucer made by Williamsons of Longton for the WSPU in 1909, initially for use in the refreshment room of the Prince’s Skating Rink Exhibition and then sold in aid of funds. The white china has strikingly clean, straight lines and is rimmed in dark green with a green handle to the cup. Each piece carries the motif, designed by Sylvia Pankhurst, of the ‘angel of freedom’ blowing her trumpet and flying the banner of ‘Freedom. In the background are the intitials ‘WSPU’ set against dark prison bars, surrounded by the thistle, shamrock and rose, and dangling chains. For more information on the WSPU china see this post on my website. One cup and saucer together- the cup has a tiny hairline nibble – I wouldn’t even call it a crack – but otherwise both pieces are in fine condition £1,200
407. SUFFRAGETTE FELLOWSHIP Roll of Honour Suffragette Prisoners 1905-1914 Suffragette Fellowship no date   16-pp, double column, listing all the suffragette prisoners that the Suffragette Fellowship knew of. A couple of names have been added in ink. Internally fine – cover has shelf markings etc – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Scarce £100
408. THE PIONEER PLAYERS  Programme for the Pioneer Players (Third Subscription Performance) at the Savoy Theatre on 26 November 1911. The play was the first performance of Laurence Housman’s ‘Pains and Penalties’. As the programme highlights, the play had been refused a licence by the Lord Chamberlain because it ‘dealt with a sad historical episode of comparatively recent date in the life of an unhappy lady.’ The play was produced by Laurence Housman and Edith Craid. One of the two assistant stage managers was John Collins, fiance of Kate Parry Frye. Amonst the cast were Gertrude Kingston, Winifred Mayo, Ben Webster, Nigel Playfair, Henry Ainley. Ladies-in-waiting included Cicely Hamilton and Christopher St John.. For an interesting article about the play see an article by Katherine Cockin at http://www2.hull.ac.uk/fass/pdf/LAL2401_03_Cockin.pdf.. The programme contains advertisements for the Actresses’ Franchise Tea on 18 Dec, for ‘Christmas Presents of Hand-wrought Leather’ by Roberta Mills, for Mrs Edith Garrud’s Ju-Jutsu school, for the International Suffrage shop and, naturally, for the Pioneer Players. In good condition – with a few nicks around the edges – with an ink inscription on the fron ‘November 1911) – 8pp £55
409. ‘THE RIGHTS OF WOMEN’  supplement to ‘The Graphic’, 1885, heralding the supplements to be issued in Nov and Dec 1885 on ‘Parliamentary Elections and Electioneering in the Old Days’. As its advertisement for the series The Graphic has chosen to use George Cruickshank’s ”The Rights of Women; or a view of the hustings with female suffrage, 1853.’ We see on the hustings the two candidates – ‘The Ladies’ Candidate’- Mr Darling’ and ‘The Gentleman’s Candidate – Mr Screwdriver – the great political economist’. Elegant Mr Darling is surrounded by ladies in bonnets and crinolines – Mr Screwdriver by ill-tempered-looking boors. The audience contains many women accompanied, presumably, by their husbands who are holding aloft a ‘Husband and Wife Voters’ banner. Another banner proclaims the existence of ‘Sweetheart Voters’ and riding in their midst is a knight in armour holding a ‘Vote for the Ladies’ Champion’ pennant. There do not appear to be many supporters of the opposition. Single sheet 28 cm x 20.5 cm – a little foxed around the edges of the paper but barely afffecting the good, clear image of Crucikshank’s cartoon. £160
410. THE SUFFRAGETTE  US Suffragette – wearing sash that proclaims this (ie ‘Suffragette’), holding aloft a ‘Suffragette’ pennant with one hand while she firmly squashes with the other a little Cupid, whose bow and arrow fly out of his hands. Under her foot is, I think, her heart. The caption is ‘You may think it fun, poor Cupid to snub,/With the hand of a Suffragette,/But he’s cunning and smart, aye, there’s the rub/Revenge is the trap he will set.’ The print is in colour – the Suffragette’s dress dates from c 1913/14, I think. The sheet (18cm x 27 cm) is printed ‘Made in U.S.A.). In good condition – an item that would look attractive mounted and framed. £150
411. THE SUFFRAGETTE, 2 MAY 1913  An issue printed under trying circumstances. The paper’s cover contains only one word – ‘Raided’ – and inside gives details of the police raid on WSPU headquarters, Lincoln’s Inn House, the arrest of its office staff and their subsequent trial. Christabel Pankhurst takes a full page to describe ‘What Militancy Means’. Fair condition – has been folded -spine separating -frayed round edges 8-pp – scarce SOLD £95
412. TICKET FOR THE ROYAL GALLERY ON THE OCCASION OF THE STATE OPENING OF PARLIAMENT IN FEBRUARY 1908  together with a separate printed leaflet issued by the Great Chamberlain’s Office noting that a new ticket (not present)
‘has been issued in substitution for the Green Ticket previously issued, which will not be available’. A handwritten note has been added in ink – ‘re Suffragists’.To have felt it necessary to reissue tickets it would appear that the Great Chamberlain’s Office was sufficiently worried that security arrangements for access to the Royal Gallery might have been compromised, allowing ‘suffragists’ the possibility of creating a disturbance. Although the Parliamentary Archives hold copies of both items, they are unannotated and thus give no indication of why new arrangements had to be made Two items, both in very good condition – scarce. SOLD £50
413. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 16 August 1912  Complete copy – although the pages are detached. The main news in this issue is of the sentencing in Dublin of Mary Leigh and Gladys Evans. Fair reading copy – scarce £60
414. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 26 July 1912  An incomplete copy – pp 693-698 (inc) and 703-708 (inc) – but gives a flavour £30
415. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 27 September 1912  Complete issue. Chipped and rubbed and with some – interesting – annotations £60
416. ‘VOTES FOR WOMEN’ BROOCH/BADGE  White enamel flag carrying the message ‘Votes for Women’. I think this may date from before spring 1908, when the suffrage societies began introducing their ‘colours’. This little flag badge (with a pin at the back) is less highly finished than later badges – and bears no maker’s mark. Peversely a badge such as this is rarer than one that sports the colours of a society. SOLD £150
417. WOMEN’S LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOCIETY The Work of a Public Health Committee WLGS Oct 1918  4-pp leaflet, written by S.M. Smee, chairman of the Public Health Committee, 1912-14 and 1916-18. Good condition – with two punch hole in margin, with no loss of text £5
418. WOMEN’S NATIONAL ANTI-SUFFRAGE LEAGUE On Suffragettes: extracts from ‘What’s Wrong With The World’ by G.K. Chesterton WNASL c 1909  ‘They do not create revolution; what they do create is anarchy’. 2-sided leaflet – noo 30 in the WNASL’s series of leaflets – very good – very scarce £78
419. WSPU MEMBERSHIP CARD  – front half. setting out the Objects, Methods and Membership of the Union The other half – the membership form – has been detached and returned to WSPU headquarters with the 1s fee. Good – a ccouple of spots of foxing – scarce £120
KATE FRYE ARCHIVE
420. BOURNE END AND DISTRICT WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETY  Leaflet announcing that the society was started on 12 July 1911 – this copy annotated in ink with slight alterations and added addresses of the members of the committee. For the unannotated version see p 57 of ‘Campaigning for the Vote’. You can also read there all details of the meetings organised by Kate Frye in Bourne End and District – as she recorded them in her diary. Very good – and, I imagine, unique £200
421. EQUAL RIGHTS RALLY 3 JULY 1926  snapshot taken by John Collins, Kate’s husband, of women with banners entering Hyde Park. One of the banners is that of Tunbridge Wells ‘Do Well Doubt Not’. Very good – as far as I know there are very few – if any – other photos of this rally £95
422. EQUAL RIGHTS RALLY 3 JULY 1926  snapshot by John Collins, Kate’s husband, of women walking into Hyde Park for the rally. The banners of the North London Society for Equal Citizenship and the London Society for Women’s Service are being carried. If anyone else
was taking photos that day, they do not seem to have made their way into public collections. Very good – very scarce. £95
423. FREE CHURCH LEAGUE FOR WOMAN SUFFRAGE Flyer (Preliminary Notice) for a Spring Fair  to be held at Rectory Road Hall, Stoke Newington on 17 and 18 April 1913 (see ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ p 149). With a handwritten addition to the effect that ‘Countess Brassey opens first day’ and ….’Mrs Sadd Brown’. Good – has been folded (by Kate Frye – presumably carried with her to the Fair) and with short tag on reverse where she then fixed into her diary £120
424. INVITATION CARD TO AN INFORMAL TALK ON THE SUBJECT OF THE ‘ENFRANCHISEMENT OF WOMEN’  Kate was there that evening – 12 Dec 1907 – at a talk given by Clementina Black and Malcolm Mitchell at the home of Miss Green at 14 Warwick Crescent. Good – card a little grubby – or at least a little less than gleaming white £65
425. Kate and Agnes Frye  canoeing in the flooded garden of The Plat. Large mounted photograph taken in June 1903 by a local (Maidenhead) photographer (see this post on my blog – http://womanandhersphere.com/2014/02/10/2119/). There is foxing on the mount – but the photograph is fine £40
426. Kate Frye (now Mrs Collins)  dressed in her costume for her final professional role on the stage – as ‘The Nun’s Mother’ in ‘The Miracle’. A mounted studio photograph taken in Oxford in 1933 £30
427. Kate Frye (using her stage name – Katharine Parry) in the costume she wore in Act III of ‘Thoroughbred’  mounted studio photograph taken in Dublin in Aug 1904 when she was on tour there. Kate has annotated the photograph on the back with all the details £40
428. LETTER FROM ADELINE CHAPMAN AND BEATRICE HARTLEY  to members of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage, dated 4 June 1917, telling them that the NCS Committee has sent a resolution to the Prime Minister (Lloyd George) and Mr Bonar Law welcoming the ‘introduction of Women’s Suffrage in the Representation of the People Bill on the lines proposed by the Speaker’s Conference, and note with great satisfacction the large majority on the second reading of the Bill……etc’ The writers then ask NCS members to continue to lobby their MPs to ensure the bill becomes law.’ A cyclostyled letter on NCS headed paper. An interesting letter – I wonder if any other copy of it still exists? I certainly have never seen one – and no copy is held in the small Women’s Library@LSE collection of material relating to the NCS (which, as far as I know, is the only archive that holds any of the Society’s papers) Very good £120
429. LETTER FROM ALEXANDRA WRIGHT to Kate Frye, dated 16 August 1914  telling her all about the setting up of the New Constitutional Society War Relief Work Room. Handwritten – two closely packed sides £150
430. LETTER FROM MRS ADELINE CHAPMAN  to ‘Mrs Parry Collins’ dated 15 August 1918, thanking Kate for her contribution to the gifts given to her – as president of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage – on the society’s disbandonment. Typed on a sheet of the NCS’s headed notepaper. Very good £100
431. MEN’S LEAGUE FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE The Conciliation Bill Explained  Two-sided leaflet, dating from mid 1910. The text, while explaining the Conciliation Bill, which had passed its Second Reading in July 1910, also clearly sought to allay the fears of male electors as to the consequences if the Bill were to be passed. Very good – has been folded – and with tag on reverse where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary £100
432. NEW CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE The Conciliation Bill Explained  Two-sided leaflet. The text is very much the same as that of the Men’s League for Women’s Suffrage leaflet ‘The Conciliation Bill Explained’ – but suitably adapted and definitely issued in 1911. The leaflet is printed by the St Clements Press, the printer to the WSPU. Very good – has been folded – and with tag where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary £100
433. NEW CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE War Relief Workroom Report, July 1915  16-pp booklet – includes description of the war relief work – and names of donors. Mrs Kate Collins (as she now is) is shown as its Secretary – £150
434. NEW CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY WORKROOM  opened by the NCS on the floor above their Knightsbridge office in August 1914 – to employ needlewomen thrown out of work as society braced itself for war. Kate was in charge. The photograph shows, at the back, the NCS flag – the only representation of it that, as far as I know, exists. Kate has annotated the reverse of the photograph ‘War Relief Work Room 1914-1916′. Good – a little nicked and scuffed round the edges – with no loss of image. You can see it reproduced on page 199 of ‘Campaigning for the Vote’. Unique £400
435. NEW CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY WORKROOM PRICE LIST  Roneoed list of prices charged by the NCS for the garments they were producing in their War Relief Workroom at the end of 1914. One section is devoted to garments for Belgian Refugeees and as well as all the usual garments for men, women and children, they were also making Red Cross Frocks, Overalls and Aprons. One-sided sheet – very good – I doubt that another copy survives £180
436. PHOTOGRAPH OF KATE FRYE WITH HER LANDLADIES, THE MISSES BURKITT  – aunts of WSPU suffragette Hilda Burkitt – in their Dover garden, May 1913. See ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ p 153 £100
437. Snapshot taken during a visit to The Plat by Alexandra and Gladys Wright  Kate has annotated the reverse of the photograph indicating who is who. If you would like this original photograph I could also organise a ‘blown-up’ copy (just at cost) £20
438. ‘THE CORONATION’ BY CHRISTOPHER ST JOHN & CHARLES THURSBY  Flyer for ‘Benefit Performance by the Pioneer Players in Aid of the Funds of the International Suffrage Shop’. The performance took place on Sunday 28 January 1912 and Kate Frye took the part of the Statue of the Madonna, carefully dressed and positioned on a rickety pedestal by Edith Craig. Godfrey Tearle, Harcourt Williams and Haidèe Wright were among the other members of the cast. You can read Kate’s description of the day on pp 87-89 of ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ and see there a black and white reproduction of the flyer. The real thing is printed in green on firm cream paper. Has been lightly folded – in very good condition – very scarce £400
439. WOMEN’S TEXTILE AND OTHER WORKERS’ REPRESENTATION COMMITTEE The Labour Party & Women’s Enfranchisement: a Personal Statement by J. Keir Hardie MP  4-pp leaflet, reprinted from the ‘Labour Leader’, 1 Feb 1907. Very good – has been folded and with tag on back page where Kate Frye fixed it in her diary alongside the entry for 9 Feb 1907. £100
REAL PHOTOGRAPHIC CARDS
440. ANNIE KENNEY  photographed by Lambert Weston & Son, 39 Brompton Square, London. She looks very earnest and ethereal – I think the card dates from c 1909. Fine – unposted £120
441. ‘ANTI-SUFFRAGISTS 1913′  is the cryptic printed caption to this photographic postcard. The card was published by Starr & Rignall, Photographers of Cambridge and Ely and my research shows that it was taken on Saturday 19 July 1913 – as the NUWSS supporters walking the Eastern Counties route of the Suffrage Pilgrimage entered Cambridge and took part in a procession around the town. The photograph shows a group of well-dressed young men – the ‘Anti-Suffragists’ – displaying a round footbath to the photographer. What can this mean? The news report in the ‘Cambridge Independent’ of 25 July 1913 has the answer. It reported that ‘Before the procession started a number of undergraduates,languishing in the ‘Long’ [Vacation], marched up with a footbath and a tray, but the services were not required as the Sawston Band had been engaged to play inspiriting marches en route.’ Presumably the tray was to be applied to the footbath to create ‘rough music’. See also # 467. Fine – unposted -photographic cards relating to the Suffrage Pilgrimage are quite rare SOLD £120
442. ARREST OF CAPT. C.M. GONNE  Member of the Men’s Political Union for Women’s Enfranchisement, Parliament Square, November 18th, 1910.’ Capt Gonne was photographed by the ‘Daily Mirror’ being escorted by two policemen during the ‘Black Friday’ tumult. Capt Charles Melvill Gonne (1862-1926), Royal Artillery, was the author of ‘Hints on Horses’ (John Murray, 1904), an active suffragist, who supported his wife, a tax resister, and was a cousin of Maud Gonne, the Irish nationalist heroine. Good plus (a couple of spots of foxing and a little rubbing at one corner) -unusual – unposted £80
443. CHARLOTTE MARSH, Organiser, The National Women’s Social and Political Union  She is photographed in profile by ‘A.W. Dron, Brondesbury’. She is wearing a Holloway brooch (at least I’m virtually certain it is the Holloway brooch) pinned at the throat of her blouse and – certainly – her hunger strike medal. The card is printed with her signature – ‘C.A.L.M.’ A scarce image.The card is unposted and the image is in very good condition – with three small holes along the top edge and one in each of the bottom corners where it has been pinned up £120
444. CHRISTABEL PANKHURST  photographed by Lambert Weston and Son, 27 New Bond St. I think the card dates from c 1907/8. Fine – unposted £60
445. CHRISTABEL PANKHURST  black and white photograph of the portrait of Christabel by Ethel Wright, with Christabel’s printed signature along the bottom of the card. The card will date from c 1909, when the portrait was first exhibited. Having been owned by the family of Una Dugdale since that time, the portrait was bequeathed to the National Portrait Gallery in 2011 and is on permanent display. This postcard – which is in fine condition and unposted- represents one of the WSPU’s ingenious methods of fund-raising. £80
446. CHRISTABEL PANKHURST  photographed by Lambert Weston and Son (Lambert Weston and Son Ltd – Folkestone and Dover) I think the card dates from c 1907/8. Fine – unposted £60
447. CICELY HAMILTON  photograph by Lena Connell. Fine – unposted £65
448. DER SCHRECKEN DER ENGLISCHEN SUFFRAGETTES.  ‘Der schrecken der englischen Suffragettes. welche kürzlich das Schaufenster der Hamburg-Amerika-Linie im Werte von 2000 Mk zertrümmerten’ is the caption to a large-sized real photographic German postcard. The picture shows the damaged window – it is actually that to the left of the magnificent entrance to the Hamburg-Amerika Line’s magnificent (1906) building in Cockspur Street. The window is one large sheet of glass and it looks as though an attacck had been made in two places causing considerable damage. The whole window would have had to be replaced – the value of the damage being put at 2000 marks. Groups of men stand around – not a woman in sight. The card is 17.5cm x 12.5cm – and is an image I’ve never seen before.. The photographer – or
agency for the photograph-was Paul Hoffmann & Co of Berlin. Good condition – unposted – very scarce £150
449. FANCY DRESS PARTY OR A PLAY?  photo of group of men, women and children in vaguely early 20th century attire – with a sign ‘Votes for Women’ prominently displayed. I suspect it may date from the 1920s. £25
450. FLORA DRUMMOND  She wears her WSPU (or as it was at this time ‘NWSPU’) regalia – peaked hat, epaulette, and ‘Votes for Women’ sash. The card bears the printed caption ‘General Drummond, the National Women’s Social and Political Union, 4 Clement’s Inn’. The photograph was taken by Lizzie Caswall Smith (309 Oxford St) and published by Sandle Bros. Unposted – very good. I don’t think I’ve had a copy of this card for sale in the last 15 years – so scarce. £180
451. FRANKLIN, Hugh A.  A rare photograph of, as the caption tells us, a ‘Member of the Men’s Political Union for Women’s Enfranchisement’. Hugh Franklin, a member of a leading Jewish family, was one of the few men to be imprisoned and go on hunger strike as a result of his support for the woman’s cause; on 26 Nov 1910 he took a whip to Winston Churchill. The 1911 census enumerated him in Pentonville Prison. He later married Elsie Duval, a member of the WSPU, and was disinherited by his father for marrying out of the Jewish faith. Fine condition – scarce (I have never had a copy of this card for sale before) £98
452. GREAT VOTES FOR WOMEN DEMONSTRATION IN HYDE PARK  The WSPU rally on Sunday 21 June 1908. Crowds as far as the eye can see – with massed banners, including those of Cardiff and Newport, waving in the breeze. Fine – published by Sandle Bros – unposted £65
453. HATHERLEIGH CARNIVAL  Hatherleigh in Devon has staged a carnival each year in November since 1903. This postcard is a sepia photograph of three children – I rather think they are all boys – dressed as women – glamorously bedecked in flowers – standing beside a vehicle that I think is a bicycle – which is similarly decorated – with flowers and paper lanterns (?) – and bears a large notice ‘Votes for Women’. Good – unposted SOLD £55
454. LONDON LIFE. ‘VOTES FOR WOMEN’  A real photograph of a woman selling issue no 2 of ‘The Suffragette’ (the paper, edited by Christabel Pankhurst, that succeeded ‘Votes for Women’ in Oct 1912, after the removal of the Pethick-Lawrences from the leadership of the WSPU). She is not young, is elegantly dressed, and is wearing her ‘Holloway’ brooch, indicating that she has been imprisoned for the Cause. Ib Rotary Photographic Series ‘London Life’ – fine – a very clear image -unposted £65
455. MISS CHRISTABEL PANKHURST  She is pictured in profile,sitting in a wicker chair in a garden, wearing a cool-looking cotton or voile dress.She has a newspaper on her knee which another photograph taken on the same occasion reveals to have been ‘The Suffragette’ – (see NPG x32608). The photograph was taken in Sept 1913 in France, to where she had escaped eighteen months earlier. The postcard was published by Lambert Weston and son Ltd (Dover, Folkestone and 39 Brompton Square, London SW). Fine – unposted – scarce £180
456. MISS MURIEL MATTERS OF AUSTRALIA, LECTURER  Women’s Freedom League 1 Robert Street, Adelphi, London WC. The card, headed ‘Votes for Women’ , shows Muriel Matters seated, reading a book and was published by the WFL It was posted in Midhurst, Sussex, on 19 November 1908 and the message, to Miss Spencer of 58 Castlehill Avenue, Folkestone, begins ‘I thought you would like this pretty photo…’ Good – with slight creases at the corners – probably where it has been held in an album SOLD £98
457. MR AND MRS PETHICK LAWRENCE AND MISS CHRISTABEL PANKHURST GOING TO BOW STREET, OCTOBER 14 1908  Christabel was on trial, charged with inciting crowds to ‘rush’ the House of Commons – but she and the Pethick Lawrences look very cheerful. Published by Sandle Bros for the National Women’s Social and Political Union. Fine – unposted – scarce £180
458. MRS CHARLOTTE DESPARD  real photographic postcard of her – taken in profile. She is sitting reading a book. On the reverse, written in pencil, is ‘Mrs Despard – (Sister of Sir John General french) & President of the Women’s Suffrage National Aid Corps, organised by the Women’s Freedom League. return to Mrs Thomson-Price, 42 Parkhill Rd, Hampstead’. £55
459. MRS CHARLOTTE DESPARD  real photographic card, photograph by Lena Connell. Fine – unposted £55
460. MRS PANKHURST  photograph by Jacolette. Her ‘Holloway Prison’ brooch is pinned to her artistic blouse . Very good – unposted £55
461. MRS PANKHURST  is photographed standing alongside a rather grand automobile (with a rack on the roof for luggage). She is wearing a bonnet and a long cape and looks elegant and lovely. The photographer was Dennis Moss, Cirencester – and in the background is a house gable of very Cotswoldy-looking stone. I see that Mrs Pankhurst was speaking in Cirencester in July 1911 and would think it likely that the photograph was taken on this occasion.. This is a sequel to another image – taken a few seconds earlier or later – on the same occasion in which Mrs Pankhurst actually has her foot on the running board of the car. I have now identified the car as ‘W.S. 95′ [ie Women’s Suffrage’], an Austin, painted and upholstered in the colours, with white wheels and a green body lined with a narrow purple stripe that the WSPU presented to Mrs Pethick Lawrence on her release from prison in April 1909. A superb image – uncommon – unposted £120
462. MRS PANKHURST  is photographed with her foot on the running board of a rather grand automobile (with a rack on the roof for luggage). She is wearing a bonnet and a long cape and looks elegant and lovely. The photographer was Dennis Moss, Cirencester – and in the background is a house gable of very Cotswoldy-looking stone. I see that Mrs Pankhurst was speaking in Cirencester in July 1911 and would think it likely that the photograph was taken on this occasion..I have now identified the car as ‘W.S. 95′ [ie Women’s Suffrage’], an Austin, painted and upholstered in the colours, with white wheels and a green body lined with a narrow purple stripe that the WSPU presented to Mrs Pethick Lawrence on her release from prison in April 1909. A superb image – uncommon – unposted £120
463. MRS PANKHURST  arrested in Victoria Street, 13 February 1908. She is on her way from the WSPU ‘Women’s Parliament’ in Caxton Hall – a policeman holds her left hand – she carries her ‘Parliament’s’ resolution in the other. Published by Photochrome Ltd – very good- unposted £45
464. MRS PANKHURST AND MRS WOLSTENHOLME ELMY  together at the WSPU’s Hyde Park demonstration on Sunday 21 June 1908. This is a very important image, symbolising the link between the first constitutional suffrage society (founded by Elizabeth Wolstenholme in Manchester in 1865) and the militant WSPU. Apart from its historical significance it is a very good photograph – containing banners, suffragettes in high-Edwardian decorated hats and ‘Votes for Women’ sashes, and a policeman! Published by Sandle Brothers, London EC. The card is unposted but has been pinned up and then carelessly removed – so that there is a little loss of card around the corners – but nothing to interfere with the image itself. Scarce £95
465. MRS PANKHURST, MISS ANNIE KENNEY, & MRS PETHICK LAWRENCE  photographed in an open-topped car. At least Mrs Pankhurst and Annie are seated inside – on the back seat – while Mrs Pethick Lawrence stands alongside. All three women are wearing motor scarves to protect their hats. I think the car is ‘W.S. 95′ [ie Women’s Suffrage’], an Austin, painted and upholstered in the colours, with white wheels and a green body lined with a narrow purple stripe that the WSPU presented to Mrs Pethick Lawrence on her release from prison in April 1909.The cloth-capped driver is Mr Rapley from Holmwood, Surrey, where the Pethick Lawrences had their country house. The card was published by Sandle Bros and the type face used for the caption is the same as that for the ‘Rush the House of Commons’ postcards that date from October 1909 – so I would deduce that this card was published around the same time. Fine – unposted £120
466. MRS PETHICK-LAWRENCE  She stands, three-quarter length, with her hands behind her back. The caption is ‘Joint Editor of “Votes for Women” – ‘Honorary Treasurer National Women’s Social and Political Union 4 Clement’s Inn, W.c.’ Very good – unposted £55
467. MRS WOLSTENHOLME ELMY  real photographic postcard of one of the suffrage campaigns most earnest workers and one of the WSPU’s earliest supporters. The photograph was taken in May 1907 when the WSPU-nominated photographer called at her home. Fine – unposted – scarce £120
468. PHOTOGRAPH TAKEN OUTSIDE THE WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE COMMITTEE ROOM  in Hoe Street, Walthamstow. The photograph shows a group on the pavement outside the Committee Rooms with a board on which is written ‘New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage’. In front of them, on the road, is parked a large motor car, to the front of which is attached another large board inscribed in large letters ‘New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage’. Sitting in the car and waving a large flag is an elegant, grandly be-hatted woman. I have never before seen a photograph of the New Constitutional Society at work, as it were. Kate Frye, our main source of information on the NCS, was not yet quite involved in that society – in fact on the day this card was posted, 28 October 1910, she was attending a meeting of the Actresses’ Franchise League at their office – so I can give no inside information on the NCS campaign at this Walthamstow by-election. This by-election was of particular interest to suffrage campaigners because the Liberal candidate was a cabinet minister, Sir John Simon. Election day was on Tuesday 1 November and the sender of the card, who posted it from Leyton at 7 pm on Friday 28th Oct, was one of the NCS campaigners. She tells her correspondent that ‘We are frantically busy working at Walthamstow By Election. Meetings every day and evening.’ She does not, alas, sign her name – but the recipient was Mrs Radcliffe Crocker of Brant Ridge, Bourne End, Bucks. This is something of a coincidence because Kate Frye called on Mrs Crocker the following 1 May (1911) when she was canvassing for support for a new NCS suffrage society in Bourne End (her home town). Mrs Crocker, the widow of an eminent dermatologist, was, Kate tells us, ‘in, but no good’ – so doubtless hadn’t been particularly impressed by the postcard sender’s Walthamstow campaigning. From the photograph I think that the NCS must have been sharing a committeee room with the Men’s Suffrage League – it certainly is not the Committee Room taken by the WSPU. Above the door is a sign ‘Men’s League Walk In’ – the windows are lined with posters and, with the Men’s League, the Women’s Freedom League and the WSPU, the NCS took part the following day in a procession through Walthamstow that ended with a meeting in Walthamstow Palace Theatre. There is no photographer or publisher of the postcard named – the photo may have been taken by a NCS member – and the image is of the sepia type – rather than crisp black and white. However the image is quite clear – most interesting on a variety of counts – and extremely unusual – I won’t say unique because there were clearly more than one card issued – but I should imagine the chances of finding another were extremely remote. SOLD £150
469. REAL PHOTOGRAPHIC POSTCARD, SUFFRAGE PILGRIMAGE, CAMBRIDGE, JULY 1913  The card is related to ‘Anti-Suffragists 1913′ (see # 439) when in July
1913 women supporters of the NUWSS walking the Eastern Counties route spent a weekend in Cambridge. They arrived on Sat 19 July (an incident from that occasion being depicted in the ‘Anti-Suffragist’ card). This card shows a group of young men, arms linked and carrying a ‘Law Abiding Suffragists Eastern Counties Mid Route’ banner, walking down a road. Behind, also in the middle of the road, are a few women pushing their bicycles (although I don’t think they are Pilgrims) with another contingent just visible in the distance. I think this scene is that described in a speech made on Monday 21 July by Mrs Cowmeadow, who had walked from Cromer, just before the Pilgrims left Cambridge. The ‘Cambridge Independent’, 25 July 1913 recorded her as saying that, ‘She was reminded by the appearance of a gentleman in the crowd of the way certain undergraduates who were not at all in sympathy with the movement, helped them tremendously in the procession on Saturday. They sang a good marching song, and broke open the procession before the procession. For that the suffragists were intensely thankful.’ An anonymous note – perhaps relatively recent – pencilled on the reverse of the card would seem to confirm this explanation. Fine – unposted – photographic cards relating to the Pilgrimage are quite rare.SOLD £120
470. ‘RUINS OF ST KATHERINE’S CHURCH, BURNT DOWN MAY 6 1913′  Real photographic card. There are several images published on postcards of the ruins of St Catherine’s (this is the correct spelling; the card’s publisher was a bit slapdash) Church at Hatcham in Surrey, for the burning of which the suffragettes were thought responsible – but I have never seen this one before. £35
471. ‘SUFFRAGETTE’ POSTCARD  real photographic card – though it must be staged. Set in what appears to be the country – with trees and flowers – it shows a woman in loose-fitting jacket and long skirt – with one of the shield-shaped chevron WSPU badges pinned to her lapel, being apprehended by a policeman in helmet and uniform and sporting an imposing display of medals. The point of the photograph is that the woman is holding out for him to see a copy of the ‘Suffragette’ newspaper. I have never seen this image before. It is issued as a postcard – but no photographer or publisher is cited. Most unusual – unposted – very good (with a slight crease at the bottom right-hand corner where it has been held in (Louisa Thomson-Price’s) postcard album £65
472. THE DROVE, NONINGTON  photographic card showing Rose Cottage which the sender remarks is ‘next door to us’. A jokey card, written by ‘Nell’ and ‘Joe’. Above the addressee’s name is written in large letters ‘Votes for Women (perhaps by Nell) and underneath ‘(I don’t think)’ has been added (perhaps by Joe). Posted in Nonington, Kent, in 1912. Very good – another little example of how ‘Votes for Women’ had entered the public consciousness. £15
473. THE IMPRISONED LEADERS 22 May 1912 Portrait photo of Mrs Pankhurst, flanked by similar images of Emmeline and Frederick Pethick-Lawrence  on a real photographic card published by F. Kehrhahn & Co (for more on whom see http://womanandhersphere.com/2013/01/17/suffrage-stories-the-wspu-photographer-dora-and-the-nazis/) In May it looked as though the leaders were united in their imprisonment; on their release a different story emerged. Fine – unusual – unposted £65
474. THE LATE MISS E. W. DAVISON  Emily Wilding Davison was photographed in mortar board and gown, on the occasion of her graduation – and the photographed was published by the WSPU-sympathising firm, F. Kerahan & Co to celebrate her martyr’s death. Fine – unposted – scarce £200
475. THE WOMEN’S GUILD OF EMPIRE Mrs Flora Drummond – Controller-in-Chief  Card published c 1926 by The Women’s Guild of Empire, from its headquarters at 24 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1. Fine -unposted – unusual £95
476. THE WOMEN’S GUILD OF EMPIRE Banner Making for the Great Demonstration, April 17th 1926  The Women’s Guild of Empire organized a demonstration at the critical time just before the General Strike to protest against ‘strikes and revolutionary activity in industry’. The march, which brought women (including, wrote Elsie Bowerman to the editor of ‘The Spectator’, ‘wives of working women who have had personal experience of strikes’) from all regions of the country to London, ended with a Mass Meeting in the Albert Hall, with Mrs Flora Drummond in the chair.The photograph shows Mrs D inspecting banners – ‘Efficiencey and Enterprise’ and another, the wording partially hidden, which may say ‘Best within the Empire’ (??) Issued by the Women’s Guild of Empire c 1926. Fine – unposted – unusual £95
477. VOTES FOR WOMEN  one of those real photographic ‘comic’ cards with young man dressed as a woman standing behind a table and a large ‘Votes for Women’ blackboard. He is holding a large knife (I think) in one hand and a bottle of beer – Benksins Watford – in the other. It is signed across the bottom right corner ‘Your old Pal Dan’ £35
478. VOTES FOR WOMEN  placard is planted beside young girl standing on a barrel under the Trafalgar Square lion. A policeman walks in the background. One of a posed photographic Raphael Tuck series. Fair – a little creased – posted £25
479. ‘WOMEN TO HAVE THE VOTE THIS YEAR’  is what a poster in a shop window proclaims. That is set out in four lines of large bold type – and there is more print between these lines that I cannot read. The poster is displayed in the window of Connop & Son, 54 Beaufort Street, Brynmawr, Montgomeryshire – the photograph shows a general street scene looking down the hill. Connop and Son were Grocers. Henry and Mary Connop and their daughter, Annie (aged 18) were living there in 1901 but by 1911 Henry had retired and the family had moved to Newport. In 1911 the shop at 54 Beaufort Street belonged to the India and China Ta Co. So the photograph was taken before 1911 and, from the dress of women in the street, I would date it to c 1908. Women still had another 10 years and a World War to endure before some of them at least got the vote. A delightful photo of one street in a small Welsh town – and one that shows that the women’s campaign was underway. Very good – unposted SOLD £55
480. WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Miss Sarah Benett  photographed by Lena Connell. In this studio photograph Sarah Benett is wearing her WFL Holloway brooch; she was for a time the WFL treasurer. She was also a member of the WSPU and of the Tax Resistance League. This photograph by Lena Connell was also used on a WFL-published postcard – but this one is not attributed to the WFL. The background to the image is little irridescent. £65
481. WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Mrs Amy Sanderson  Women’s Freedom League, 1 Robert Street, Adelphi, London WC. She had been a member of the WSPU, and, as such had endured one term of imprisonment, before helping to found the WFL in 1907. She is, I think, wearing her WFL Holloway brooch in the photograph. Card, published by WFL, fine – unusual – unposted £65
482. ARE WE DOWNHEARTED? NO!  Black and white postcard by Donald McGill – suffragette, holding on to her ‘Votes for Women’ banner, is carried into the Police Court by a policeman – her bottom very much to the fore – her umbrella fallen to the ground. Good – posted in Battersea on, I think, 24 December 1906 £45
483. ‘AT THE SUFFRAGETTE MEETINGS  you can hear some plain things – and see them too!’ – is the caption to a card showing depictions of suffragettes as buck-toothed old maids. Very good – unposted £45
484. BUT SURELY MY GOOD WOMAN DON’T YOU YEARN FOR SOMETHING …  The suffragettes are canvassing on the doorstep. The artist is Arthur Moreland; the publisher is C.W. Faulkner. Very good – unposted £45
485. ‘HI! MISS! YER TROWSERS IS A-COMING DOWN’  shouts tyke to elegant young woman sporting ‘harem’ trousers. Pre-First World War, pub by Felix McGlennon. Not actually ‘suffrage’ but of the time. Very good – very glossy £25
486. I PROTEST AGAINST MAN-MADE LAWS  The suffragette is in the dock. Artist is Arthur Moreland; publisher C.W. Faulkner. Very good – unposted £45
487. NOW MADAM – WILL YOU GO QUIETLY OR SHALL I HAVE TO USE FORCE?  The suffragette is interrupting a meeting. Artist is Arthur Moreland; publisher is C.W. Faulkner. Fair – unposted £35
488. SOUTHWOLD EXPRESS  ‘A slight engine trouble causes a delay – but is soon remedied’ is the caption. The artist/publisher is Reg Carter – in the ‘Sorrows of Southwold’ series. There are a number of joky cards about the Southwold train. In this one a suffragette sitting in a tree is taking advantage of a breakdown to lob a bomb – shouting ‘Votes for Women’. Very good £35
489. THE SUFFRAGETTE Addresses a meeting of Citizens  A card from a Raphael Tuck series. ‘the Suffragette’ – masculinized, wild-eyed, and wearing a boater and tie harangues a few snotty-nosed childrenIn Raphael Tuck ‘The Suffragette’ Good – posted in 1908 £45
490. The Suffragette Question  A black and white postcard – showing a woman busy at her stove – with the steam from her pot rising in the shape of a large question mark containing thoughts and dreams – ‘We want equal rights with men’ – with lines of women standing in a queue to place their votes in the ballot box. The artist is F.R. Morgan. A US card but very much influenced by the type published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Good £28
491. A THING OF THE PAST, OLD DEAR.  Harridan – wispy hair, big feet, short skirt – being carried off by policeman – while her companion, with ‘Votes for Women’ placard, looks on. Fair – a little creased – an English card originally but issued here, I think, by an American publisher. Certainly it was posted in the US to a Nevada address in 1908 £20
492. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAN MAN BUILT  And this is the policeman all tattered and torn/Who wished women voters had never been born,/Who nevertheless /Tho it caused him distress/Ran them all in,/In spite of their dress:/The poor Suffragette/Who wanted to get/Into The House than man built. With House of Commons in the background, a policeman is battered by one suffragette as he attempts to aprehend another – virgagos both, of course. In the BB London Series. In very good condition – posted on 30 April 1909 £45
493. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT  ‘And these are the members who’ve been sitting late/Coming out arm in arm, from a lengthy debate…’ Fashionably dressed couple, he in top hat and frock coat emerge, engaged in reasonable discussion, from the Houses of Parliament. An ink line at under the text carries the message ‘Will we ever live to see this.’ In BB London Series. Very good – posted in Clapton on 12 May 1909. £45
494. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT  ‘And this is the home of the poor suffragette/And there’s room for a great many more of them in it yet…’ Burly suffragette being
taken in hand by a policeman – with the towers of Holloway in the background. In BB London series. Very good- unposted £45
495. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT  ‘The House that our statesmen for years have controlled/Ruling the world with mind fearless and bold/Can Woman expect to rule such a House/She that’s afraid of a poor little mouse….’ Suffragettes stands on stool as mouse scuttles past – with House of Commons in background. Good – posted 1912 £45
496. VALENTINE SERIES:COMPARISONS The Attitude of Politicians towards Women’s Suffrage  1) At Election Time (when the politician willingly accepts a petition) 2) At Westminster (when a policeman holds the suffragette back as she tries to present a petition to an MP). Staged photographic scenes in colour. Very good -uncommon – unposted £38
497. VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Gimme a Vote You Cowards  Printed in red and balck on white – policemen have a suffragette flat on the ground – while other comrades demosntrate around. Good – has been posted, but stamp removed £45
498. VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Give Us a Vote Ducky! Oh do, There’s a Dear  wheedle three women as they make up to an aging gent. The caption reads ‘Why not try the Good Old Way?’ The sender has added little ink comments of her own (at least I think the sender was a woman). Good. Posted on 17 August 1907. £45
499. VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Safe in the Arms of a Policeman  Printed in red and black on white – dishevelled viragos are carried away by red-faced policemen. Good £45
500. VALENTINE’S SERIES An Appeal to John Bull  The epigraph is :’The woman’s cause is man’s; they rise or fall/Together, dwarfed or godlike, bound or free’. Tennyson.The suffragette in prison holds out her hands for help from a surly John Bull who has turned his back to her. Staged photographic scene in colour. Good – with a spot of surface lost near the bottom of the card and graze to a piece of the text £45
501. VALENTINE’S SERIES A Suffragette in Prison  ‘The long dark night is almost gone,/And freedom’s morn is drawing near;/From prison cell she sees the dawn/Of woman’s liberty appear’ is the caption. Staged photographic scene – of suffragette standing on her stool to look out of the window of her cell – in colour. Good -with a spot of the surface lost near the bottom of the card and slight marking to left of text. Unposted £38
502. VALENTINE’S SERIES The Visiting Magistrate (Scene, In Holloway Prison)  Magistrate: ‘What can I do for you? Have you any complaints to make?’ Suffragette: ‘Yes, I have one demand – Votes for Women’. Staged photographic scene in colour. Very good – unposted £38
503. VALENTINE’S SERIES:COMPARISONS Comparisons are Odious  1) The male political prisoner (sits in his cell equipped with bookcase, wine and cigar) 2) The female political prisoner (the suffragette sits in her bare cell holding her duster and skilly).Staged photographic scenes in colour. Very good – uncommon – unposted £38
504. VALENTINE’S SERIES:COMPARISONS Oh, what a Difference!  1) Reception of a Constitutional Deputation to the British Parliament at Westminster (the suffragettes, holding their petition, approach a line of policemen – beneath a sign saying ‘St Stephens 1/4 mile’ 2) Its result (the suffragette is marched away by the police. Staged photographic scenes in colour. Fine – uncommon – unposted £50
505. VOTES FOR WOMEN: OUR VIEWS AT SOUTHEND-ON-SEA  Sufragette with purple, white and green ribbon around her hat and a purple, white and green tie is holding a ‘Votes for Women’ placard (which incorporates the Sylvia Pankhurst-designed angel motif), advertising ‘Our Views at Southend-on-Sea’. Behind are two photos of Southend’s pier and front. Similar cards were produced for various other seaside resorts. £35
506. WHEN WOMEN VOTE: Washing Day  Father is in the kitchen bathing baby, while his wife and her friends sit in the parlour playing cards and eating chocolates – commenting ‘Yes, my old man is a lazy old wretch’. And that’s what will happen when women have the vote. Mitchell and Watkins series. Posted in 1908 £45
507. YES, MADAM, BY YOUR BUMP OF PERSEVERANCE,  IF YOU LIVE ANOTHER 1000 YEARS YOU MIGHT BECOME PRIME MINISTERESS. Phrenologist feels the bumps of a suffragette (she has spectacles, big feet, and a roll of paper labelled ‘Votes for Women’ rests on her ungainly knee). Drawings of the craniums of Charlie Peace (murderer) and Mr Balfour are pinned to the wall. The pencil-written message – mainly a birthday greeting – ends with ‘Vote for Women’. Posted in Chatteris to ‘Arthur Squires, Decorator etc, Chatteris’. Fair – card rather worn but image is bright SOLD £10
508. HOW THE LAW PROTECTS THE HUSBAND  ‘Husband’s Marriage Vow: “Wth all my Wordly goods I thee endow” Which means, by the law of England, that a man need only keep his wife from becoming a charge on the Ratepayers, be he rich or poor’. Strong black and white image. Card published by the Suffrage Atelier.. Fine – very scarce SOLD £150
509. POLITICAL CONJURING  black and white card by Hope Joseph showing Asquith, by sleight of hand, converting ‘Women’s Suffrage Promises’ into ‘Manhood Suffrage’. The image refers to the introduction of the 1912 Reform Bill, which displaced the Conciliation Bill and threatened to give no votes to women and more votes to men. Pulblished by the Suffrage Atelier, of which Hope Joseph was one of the founders. Fine condition – very scarce SOLD £150
510. THE APPEAL OF WOMANHOOD  Black and white card by Louise Jacobs depicting ‘Womanhood’ hold a scroll saying ‘We Want the Vote to Stop the White Slave Traffic, Sweated Labour, and to Save the Children’. Behind ‘Womanhood’ are an array of downtrodden women and behind them the Houses of Paliament. This image was issued as a riposte to a similar one carrying the anti-suffrage message ‘No Votes Thank You’. Published by the Suffrage Atelier. In fine condition – scarce £150
511. THOMSON-PRICE, Louisa Types of Anti-Suffragists  ‘The gentleman who thinks that women ought not to work and therefore under-pays his typist’. The gentleman depicted is clearly a plutocrat. Louisa Thomson-Price was an early member of the Women’s Freedom League, became a consultant editor of its paper, ‘The Vote’, and was a director of Minerva Publishing, publisher of the paper. She contributed a series of cartoons – including this one – in 1909/10. Louisa Thomson Price took part in the WFL picket of the House of Commons and was very much in favour of this type of militancy. Very good – there are dust marks across two corners where it has been held in an album – scarce SOLD £120
512. THOMSON-PRICE, Louisa Types of Anti-Suffragists  ‘The gentleman who thinks that ‘Women have no right to Vote because they can’t defend their Country.’ The gentleman is a weedy pen-pusher. Louisa Thomson-Price was an early member of the Women’s Freedom League, became a consultant editor of its paper, ‘The Vote’, and was a director of Minerva Publishing, publisher of the paper. She contributed a series of cartoons – including this one – in 1909/10. Louisa Thomson Price took part in the WFL picket of the House of Commons and was
very much in favour of this type of militancy. Very good – slight marks across two corners where it has been held in an album – scarce SOLD £120
513. WRIGHT, Poyntz  is the artist of a black and white card showing the angel of ‘Women’s Suffrage’ holding back the bat-winged demon of ‘Prejudice’. In the background lie the Houses of Parliament. The image was published on the front cover of ‘The Vote’ on 8 June 1912. Fine condition – very scarce (I have never had this card for sale before).
WOMEN AND THE FIRST WORLD WAR
514. BARTON, Edith And CODY, Marguerite Eve in Khaki: the story of the Women’s Army at home and abroad Thomas Nelson, no date (1918)  Part I – in England by Edith M. Barton. Part II – In France by Marguerite Cody. The First World War and the early years of the WAAC. Very good £38
515. [HALL] Edith Hall Canary Girls & Stockpots WEA Luton Branch 1977  Memories of life in the First World War – and of the ’20s and ’30s. During the War Edith Hall’s mother was landlady to munition workers – ‘the Canaries’ (so called because the chemicals turned their skin yellow) at the Hayes factories. Soft covers – signed by the author £10
516. MCLAREN, Eva Shaw (ed) A History of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals Hodder & Stoughton 1919  A very full history of the work of the SWH in the First World War. With 57 illustrations, including a marvellous pull-out panoramic photograph of the Salonika hospital in 1918 – huts and tents as far as the eye can see. 408pp – very good – scarce £65
517. (THURSTAN) Violetta Thurstan Field Hospital and Flying Column: being the journal of an English nursing sister in Belgium and Russia G.P. Putnam’s 1915  Very good – very scarce £65
518. HMSO Munitions of War HMSO 1916  Order, dated June 26, 1916, of the Minister of Munitions. 4-pp leaflet – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £3
519. ‘ON WAR SERVICE’ BADGE  Triangular metal badge with each word of ‘On War Service’ on one of its three sides – and the crown in the middle with ‘1916’ underneath. This badge was issued to women war workers – such as those working in the munition factories. Very good £28
520. SCOTTISH WOMEN’S FIRST AID CORPS  natural-coloured linen canvas satchel with the initials ‘S.W.F.A.C.’ [Scottish Women’s First Aid Corps] machine-embroidered in red on the front.The satchel hangs from a long red grosgrain ribbon strap which has a buckle for altering its length. The bag still contains an Esmarch’s Triangular Bandage – printed with images of how to apply, in a variety of ways, the bandage to wounded men, together with two packs labelled ‘Scottish Women’s First Aid Corps First Field Dressing’, supplied by J. Gordon Nicholson, Pharmaceutical Chemist, 15 Hanover Street, Edinburgh, and two small safety pins on a piece of card, presumably to be used for fixing the bandages. Luckily this SWFAC member was required to put the bandages to the test. The SWFAC had been formed in 1909 by Mary E. Macmillan and came into its own in the First World War, appealing to middle and upper-middle class women who wanted to ‘do their bit’. The SWFAC ran classes in First Aid and sick nursing and some of its recruits then went out to nurse in Italy and Serbia. Very good – an unusual survival £120
521. HENDERSON, Mary H.J. In War and Peace: songs of a Scotswoman Erskine Macdonald 1918  With a foreword by John Oxenham. Mary Henderson from Dundee worked the Scottish Women’s Hospitals unit in Russia and Rumania. ‘A devoted upholder of Woman’s Suffrage’. Good £28
522. MACAULAY, Rose Three Days Constable & Co 1919  Poems. Already an established novelist, during the First World War Rose Macaulay worked as a VAD nurse and a land girl and in early 1917 joined the War Office. Good – a little chipped on spine – in wrapper cover. £25
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Perhaps these books may also be of interest:
Kate Parry Frye: the long life of an Edwardian actress and suffragette
Published by ITV Ventures as a tie-in with the series: ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’ this e-book tells Kate’s life story from her Victorian childhood to her brave engagement with the Elizabethan New Age. For details see here (and many more posts on my website).
Available to download from iTunes or Amazon
Campaigning for the Vote: The Suffrage Diary of Kate Parry Frye
Edited by Elizabeth Crawford
‘Saturday June 14th 1913. [Kate is lodging in Baker Street, London]
I had had a black coat and skirt sent there for Miss Davison’s funeral procession and the landlady had given me permission to change in her room. I tore into my black things then we tore off by tube to Piccadilly and had some lunch in Lyons. But the time was getting on – and the cortege was timed to start at 2 o’clock from Victoria. We saw it splendidly at the start until we were driven away from our position and then could not see for the crowds and then we walked right down Buckingham Palace Rd and joined in the procession at the end. It was really most wonderful – the really organised part – groups of women in black with white lilies – in white and in purple – and lots of clergymen and special sort of pall bearers each side of the coffin. She gave her life publicly to make known to the public the demand of Votes for Women – it was only fitting she should be honoured publicly by the comrades. It must have been most imposing. [Plus much more description of the procession as Kate follows it into King’s Cross station]
Campaigning for the Vote tells, in her own words, the efforts of a working suffragist to instil in the men and women of England the necessity of ‘votes for women’ in the years before the First World War. The detailed diary kept all her life by Kate Parry Frye (1878-1959) has been edited to cover 1911-1915, years she spent as a paid organiser for the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. The book constitutes that near impossibility – completely new primary material, published for the first time 100 years after the events it records.
With Kate for company we experience the reality of the ‘votes for women’ campaign as, day after day, in London and in the provinces, she knocks on doors, arranges meetings, trembles on platforms, speaks from carts in market squares, village greens, and seaside piers, enduring indifference, incivility and even the threat of firecrackers under her skirt.
Kate’s words bring to life the world of the itinerant organiser – a world of train journeys, of complicated luggage conveyance, of hotels – and hotel flirtations – , of boarding houses, of landladies,
and of the ‘quaintness’ of fellow boarders. This was not a way of life to which she was born, for her years as an organiser were played out against the catastrophic loss of family money and enforced departure from a much-loved home. Before 1911 Kate had had the luxury of giving her time as a volunteer to the suffrage cause; now she depended on it for her keep.
No other diary gives such an extensive account of the working life of a suffragist, one who had an eye for the grand tableau – such as following Emily Wilding Davison’s cortege through the London streets – as well as the minutiae of producing an advertisement for a village meeting. Moreover Kate Frye gives us the fullest account to date of the workings of the previously shadowy New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. She writes at length of her fellow workers, never refraining from discussing their egos and foibles. After the outbreak of war in August 1914 Kate continued to work for some time at the society’s headquarters, helping to organize its war effort, her diary entries allowing us to experience her reality of life in war-time London.
Excerpts from Campaigning for the Vote featured in ‘The Women’s Rebellion’, episode 2 of Michael Portillo’s Radio 4 series, 1913: The Year Before –listen here
In his review of the series, published in ‘The Telegraph’, Charles Moore particularly drew attention to Kate’s contribution – see here.
Published by Francis Boutle Publishers – for details see here.
Wrap-around paper covers, 226 pp, over 70 illustrations, all drawn from Kate Frye’s personal archive. £14.99
ISBN 978 1903427 75 0
The Women’s Suffrage Movement 1866-1928: A reference guide
‘It is no exaggeration to describe Elizabeth Crawford’s Guide as a landmark in the history of the women’s movement…’ History Today
Routledge, 2000 785pp paperback £74.99 – Ebook £70
The Women’s Suffrage Movement in Britain and Ireland: a regional survey
‘Crawford provides meticulous accounts of the activists, petitions, organisations, and major events pertaining to each county.’ Victorian Studies
Routledge, 2008 320pp paperback £30
Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle
‘Crawford’s scholarship is admirable and Enterprising Women offers increasingly compelling reading’ Journal of William Morris Studies
For further details see here
Francis Boutle, 2002 338pp 75 illus paperback £25
Copies of all of these books may be bought direct from the publishers or ordered from any bookshop (terrestrial or online)
Posted in Suffrage Stories on June 19, 2015
In May I attended a very interesting seminar – ‘”I am a part of all who I have met”: Why Social Networks Mattered for Suffragette Militancy‘ – given at the Institute of Historical Research by Dr Gemma Edwards of Manchester University. In the course of this Gemma demonstrated how social network theory could be used to re-construct the networks that formed around individual suffragettes and how these networks could then be analysed to demonstrate the subject’s primary relationships and the influences likely to have been exerted on and by them. For an illuminating article by Gemma on the subject see here.
For her paper at the IHR Gemma concentrated on two known suffragettes – Mary Blathwayt and Helen Watts – and related that she had a particular connection with the latter because it was thanks to her own father that papers relating to Helen Watts’ suffragette activities are now held in Nottinghamshire Archives. I little realised when I sat there reading through the Watts’ papers in the late 1990s that they had such a romantic past (or at least romantic to an historical detective).
For, Gemma explained, in the 1980s her father, a Bristol history teacher, had set project work for his class and that one pupil had chosen as her subject the local women’s suffrage movement. She had then been sufficiently enterprising as to place an advertisement in a local paper asking for any new information. Rather amazingly a reply was received from a worker at Avonmouth Docks to say that a quantity of suffrage-related papers were held in a trunk that lay, apparently unclaimed, in a warehouse. The papers related to the suffrage activity of Nottingham-based Helen Kirkpatrick Watts. Gemma’s father was permitted to borrow and photocopy them, subsequently depositing the copies in the Nottinghamshire Archives.
Knowing nothing of this rather bizarre provenance I duly wrote an entry on Helen Watts for The Women’s Suffrage Movement: a reference guide, recounting her suffragette life. I discovered, from an issue of Calling All Women, the newsletter published by the Suffragette Fellowship, that Helen had emigrated to Canada – to Vancouver – in 1965, the wording suggesting that this was a permanent move. I did like to anchor my subjects’ earthly existence with firm birth and death dates but in those pre-internet days I assumed that was as far as I could follow her – having no way then of discovering dates of death in Canada.
However, after Gemma’s seminar I pondered on the mystery of how the trunk could have lain apparently abandoned at Avonmouth. Even though she had flown to Canada and organised for her belonging to have followed her by sea Helen Watts would surely have been on tenterhooks to ensure their safe arrival. Thus it seemed doubtful that the trunk could have failed to leave Avonmouth in 1965.
In the days of my Reference Guide research all tracking of births, marriages and deaths had to be done by working through the hefty volumes held in the Family Record Office and its predecessors. Now, however, I can sit at my computer and at a click find dates in a second. So it was that, after Gemma’s talk, I entered details for Helen Watts and discovered that she had not died in Canada but in England – in Chilcompton, Somerset, aged 91 – on 18 August 1972 . Her permanent address at the time was 36 York Avenue, Hove. Her ’emigration’ had clearly not been permanent. However, one of her sisters, Ethelinda, a teacher, does seem to have taken up permanent residence in Canada, and in 1965 it was presumably Helen’s intention to live with her. Ethelinda Watts died in Vancouver three months after Helen – in November 1972.
My suggestion is, therefore, that the trunk had actually completed its return journey from Canada when it lay forgotten at Avonmouth. Possibly by then Helen Watts was too infirm to keep track of her possessions – however treasured. It is not known what has happened to the trunk and the originals of the papers – perhaps Helen Watts’ wider family (Nevile Watts has numerous descendants) were eventually made aware of them. What must have been her most valuable suffragette mementoes – her hunger-strike medal and Holloway brooch – did resurface – for they were sold at auction in London in 1999. However it is more than likely that Helen Watts carried such an iconic item with her on her journey home rather than consigning it to the trunk.
A little more investigation revealed something more of Helen Watts’ life after her brief and dramatic involvement with the Women’s Social and Political Union than was available when I wrote her Reference Guide biography. By 1911 she had left Nottingham and was living with her brother, Nevile, in Chilcompton in Somerset. He had rebelled in his own way against his family’s Anglican tradition (Helen and Nevile’s father was vicar of Lenton, on the outskirts of Nottingham), was now a classics teacher at Downside College, a renowned Roman Catholic school, and later converted to Roman Catholicism. You can read a short autobiographical article by Nevile Watts here.
Nevile Watts married, fathered five sons, published several books and continued to live in Chilcompton. Helen probably remained in the area for some years – possibly joined by her other sister, Alice. Certainly in the 1950s the ‘Misses Watts’ are listed in the phone book as living at Crosslands, Wells Road, Chilcompton.
The moral of this tale is that papers related to the suffrage movement can turn up in the most unexpected places. If you come across any do let me know…
Kate is living in Pimlico and still working at the office of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage in Knightsbridge. The society is now devoting itself to supporting the war effort.
‘Tuesday 1 June 1915
To office and a very busy day. News of a raid on London last night – Zepps – and bombs have been dropped – some deaths. No places mentioned but I know they went to the East End. So it’s come at last. It is a horrible feeling.
I had a quick lunch with Constance [Constance Gilbey, her cousin] at Tudor. had to go back before 2 o’clock though everything was ready for the meeting and it was a packed one. We had it in our Hall – and the speakers were Miss Damer Dawson – on the Women Police Service and Alexandra [Wright] on the Canteen [set up by the New Constitutional Society at the Enfield Lock Small Arms Factory]. I thought the latter did very well for her, but of course she could not be other than herself and a sort of unpleasingness creeps in and after Miss Dawson who was just delightful – well there it was. But the meeting was a great success – though as I told Mrs Hartley it was a Women’s Police audience and not ours.
Cleared up as much as I could – then as Alexandra and Mrs Fausset waited we ended by walking across the park together. We saw A. to her turning and then went on and had some dinner at Arthur’s Stores. Mrs Faussett’s husband is down with scarlet fever and she is very lonely. We walked together to Royal Oak where she got a bus and I continued my ramble to Marble Arch. Stopped on my way to send Post Cards to Mother, and John to let them know I was safe. Of course all our talk was of Zepps – everyone feverish with the subject and none of us too comfortable about the matter.
Two buses back. A little writing then bed. I couldn’t sleep at first – so read. It been much warmer but a very heavy day.’
For more information on the first London Zeppelin raid see here
Margaret Damer Dawson was one of the founders, in 1915, of the Women’s Police Service.
You can read about Kate Frye’s work as an organiser with the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage in Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s suffrage diary. – for full details see here.
For much more about Kate’s life – as told in her biography, based entirely on her own diary, – see here.
Caroline Anna de Cherois Crommelin (c 1854-1910) was born in Co Down, Ireland, one of the many children of Samuel de la Cherois Crommelin of Carrowdore Castle.
Although of gentle birth, the family had little money. Political unrest in Ulster forced a move to England and after their father’s death in 1885 Caroline Crommelin and her sisters found it necessary to work to support themselves.
Caroline’s elder sister, May, became a novelist and enjoyed a measure of popular success. In 1903 another sister, Constance, married John Masefield (who was very much her junior).
In 1886 another of the sisters, Florence, married a solicitor, Rhys Goring Thomas, and in the late 1880s with Caroline, who seems to have been the driving force, embarked on a career as a ‘lady decorator’. The pair were able to travel easily along the path blazed for them a decade earlier by Rhoda and Agnes Garrett.
Unlike the Garretts, Caroline and Florence do not appear to have had any specific training, although years later Caroline wrote that an apprenticeship was essential. Rather, they relied on what was assumed to be a natural taste absorbed from their early surroundings. In a later interview Caroline described how their father had given the two of them a room in Carrowdore Castle to do with as they wished and from painting and papering this room they had learned their trade. Whereas Rhoda and Agnes Garrett were happy to deal with drains and internal structures, I doubt that such practicalities fell within the Crommelin sisters’ remit.
It was ‘beautifying’ that was the word most often used to describe Caroline Crommelin’s work. An article by Mary Frances Billington in The Woman’s World, 1890, describes how in 1888 Caroline Crommelin set up a depot at 12 Buckingham Palace Road for the ‘sale of distressed Irish ladies’ work’ and then ‘saw a wider market as a house-decorator, so she wrote ‘Art at Home’ on her door-plate, took into partnership her sister, Mrs Goring Thomas..and boldly set forth to hunt for old oak, rare Chippendale, beautiful Sheraton and Louis Seize furniture’. She attended auctions in all parts of the country and, in case there was any doubt as to the propriety of this involvement with trade, reported that she had no difficulty doing business with dealers, meeting only with civility.
Noting the popularity of old, carved oak, the sisters’ bought old plain oak pieces and then had them carved by their own craftsmen. There was always a stock of such pieces in their showroom.
The ‘Arts at Home Premises’ were opened in Victoria Street, London, in early 1891. I think their house was at 167a Victoria Street – certainly by 1898 this was Caroline Crommelin’s work premises, but it’s possible that in the late 1880s she was working from 143 Victoria Street. Of the ‘Arts at Home’ premises The Sheffield Telegraph (9 March 1891) described how’charmingly arranged rooms, stored with delightful old oak, Sheraton, and Chippendale furniture, quaint brass ornaments, old silver, beautiful tapestries, and old china were crowded all afternoon with the many friends of the clever hostesses.’..The oak room featured a delightful ‘cosy corner’ in dark oak with blue china arranged on the top ledge against the pink walls. May Billington’s article includes a line-drawing of a corner of the ‘Arts at Home’ showroom.
In its 23 November 1895 issue the York Herald commented of Caroline Crommelin that ‘Her house in Victoria St is conspicuous to the passer by for the pretty arrangement of its curtains, and inside the artistic element is even more apparent. Miss Crommelin has been very successful as a house beautifier and her opinion has been much sought after and esteemed by those who like the home to be dainty and harmonious.’
In 1891 the sisters also displayed their wares at the Women’s Handicrafts Exhibition at Westminster Town Hall. The Manchester Times singled them (‘two of our cleverest art decorators’) out for praise. ‘These ladies have shown that… old oak furniture need not be gloomy and dusty and that new furniture may be made to look as good as old, even if the old be Chippendale or Sheraton, Queen Anne or Dutch marqueterie.’
One of Caroline Crommelin’s first ‘beautifying’ commissions was carried out for Lord and Lady Dufferin on the British Embassy in Rome in 1890/1891. The Manchester Guardian (8 Oct 1889) reported that she redecorated the entire embassy. Doubtless this plum commission was not unconnected to the fact that the Dufferin estate in Co Down was a mere 10 miles from Carrowdore Castle; the families were presumably known to each other. Rather more surprising is the claim made in an interview with her in the Women’s Penny Paper, 23 Nov 1889, that she had ‘supplied nearly all the furniture to Lord Cholmondeley’s old place at Houton [sic]. Houghton Hall was let to tenants during the 19th century so, perhaps, there is a kernel of truth buried in this statement – but I don’t think we need go looking at Houghton as it is today for evidence of Caroline Crommelin’s involvement in its decoration.
In interviews Caroline Crommelin also made clear that she ‘undertakes, when required, to furnish a whole or any part of a house, either going with the customer to different firms or selecting for them’ and ‘does not confine herself to decorative work alone, and will put up blinds or attend to the whitewashing of a ceiling with the most professional alacrity’.
Both Caroline and Florence were supporters of the campaign to give the vote to women householders and were keen to see women’s advancements in the professions – particularly as architects.
In 1895 Caroline Crommelin married Robert Barton Shaw, nephew of a former Recorder of Dublin, who in the 1901 census return is described as an estate agent. I wonder if his wife helped in ‘beautifying’ houses he had for sale? In 1901 they were living at 50 Morpeth Mansions, Morpeth Terrace. Caroline in this census return is described as an ’employer’. Florence lived close by -in 1891 at 3 Morpeth Terrace. However hers was to be a short-lived career – she died in 1895, aged only 37, a few months before her sister’s marriage. In the 1889 Penny Paper interview Florence was quoted as saying ‘I believe everybody is happier for working. It carries one into a new life, and one does not have time to think of being ill’. In the light of her early death this has a certain poignancy, suggesting she may have had a chronic illness to overcome.
Caroline carried on the business on her own and in 1903 teamed up with her sister, May, to write a chapter on ‘Furniture and Decoration’ in Some Arts and Crafts (ed Ethel Mckenna), published in The Woman’s Library series by Chapman & Hall. In this they ran through the various periods of furniture and room design but did not bother to disguise their support for one style in particular. ‘Anyone of artistic feeling is sensible of a singular sense of well-being on entering a genuine Queen Anne sitting-room. If analysed, the sensation will be found to arise from an instantaneous inner perception that all is in just proportion. The height and size of the room obey accurate laws. Its ceiling is relieved by geometrical designs. The walls are half-wainscoted; the polished floor shows up the tapestry-like carpet in the centre. The ornaments of furniture and general decoration are neither profuse, grotesque, nor severe. In all, the fatal “too much” is avoided.’
Caroline Crommelin (or, rather, Mrs Barton Shaw) died at 18 Albion Place, Ramsgate on 1 February 1910.
Posted in Suffrage Stories on May 21, 2015
Last week I visited two small exhibitions – both centring on the theme of ‘Campaigning’.
The first was a temporary exhibition (alas, it ends tomorrow, Friday 22 May, so hurry to catch it) – Blackguards in Bonnets – at the impressive Jewish Museum in Camden Town. This tells the story of the involvement of Jewish women and men in the struggle for emancipation. It centres particularly on the 20th-century campaign for women’s suffrage in which many members of the Jewish community took leading roles.
The writer, Israel Zangwill, a noted speaker on behalf of the movement, is represented by this image. In March 1912 Kate Frye attended a meeting addressed by him and wrote of it in her diary:
‘”I turned to Mrs Mansel, just before he finished, saying ‘Doesn’t he make one think of – and isn’t he like – Spring’” That word concluded his speech, and it was like the Spring in its freshness and gaiety, life and hope, and so deliciously witty. I have never heard a large audience laugh so quickly and as gladly as this audience, the response was almost before the spoken word, in fact there was not a dull flash of the eye all the evening.’
Also on display are a number of items that related to the involvement in the WSPU and Jewish League for Women’s Suffrage campaigns of the wealthy Lowy family. Henrietta Lowy and four of her daughters had joined the WSPU in 1908.
Here, too, you can see Gertrude Lowy’s hunger-strike medal. She was imprisoned after taking part in the March 1912 window-smashing raid.
But it wasn’t only wealthy members of the established Jewish community whom suffrage campaigners were keen to convert to their cause. In the autumn of 1913 the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage took their message down to the sweatshops of Whitechapel.
This leaflet, printed in Yiddish, was saved by Kate Frye from the quantity she delivered and is on display, together with her diary open at the entry for 27 September 1913, in which she describes a tea party the NCS gave for the local woman and girls, writing:
‘I chatted and handed round. The girls were so nice – nearly all Jewesses. The pitiful tales they tell of the sweated work is awful – and they are so intelligent – and quite well dressed. The Jews are an example to the gentile in that way.’
Later in the week I went to the LSE Library to view their new exhibition space – and the first exhibition to be shown in it.
The theme is ‘Campaigning’ – covering the suffrage movement (a slight nod to male enfranchisement with the greater emphasis placed on the women’s campaign), Liberations – Gay and Female – and campaigns for Peace. One wall of the exhibition space allows for the display of images, moving on a loop – with space in front devoted to a static display of CND badges, a couple of 19th-century documents, an Artists’ Suffrage League poster and a ‘Votes for Women’ scarf. These advertise, as it were, the themes of the three types of campaign.
In the centre of the space is a single display case in which neatly chosen documents highlight the different ways in which the campaigns were organised – and, most importantly in my eyes, stresses the rifts and divisions that are a sine qua non, it would appear, of all pressure groups.
Although small, the exhibition makes its points very well. They stick in the mind. It’s presumably intended to catch the eye of LSE students as they pass in and out of the Library entrance and is not intended to deliver in-depth information. Small and simple is no bad thing.
But, oh dear, I did wish that some acknowledgement of Millicent Fawcett and the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies had been included in the display. ‘Suffrage’ yet again was only represented by Mrs Pankhurst and the WSPU, whereas the Women’s Library@LSE contains a wealth of material inherited from the NUWSS. As I viewed ‘Campaigning’ it occurred to me that it would be rather a good idea if a future exhibition could, in the same simple manner, by making reference to the NUWSS and the Women’s Freedom League (and, perhaps, some of the smaller societies), demonstrate that the women’s suffrage campaign was more complicated and multifaceted than it is popularly presented.
In a previous post I recorded something of how the 1866 women’s suffrage petition came into being. Comprising 1499 names, it was presented to John Stuart Mill, MP for Westminster, by Emily Davies and Elizabeth Garrett.
Names on the printed form of the petition are listed in alphabetical order, usually accompanied by some form of geographical address. Reading through it one notes that, while some towns have mustered only one or two signatures, others have attracted many more.
That a clutch of signatories to the petition lived in Aldeburgh, a small coastal town (1991 inhabitants in 1871) in Suffolk, had everything to do with the fact that Elizabeth Garrett LSA was one of the principal organizers of the petition. Aldeburgh was home to her family, her father, Newson Garrett, a driving force in its development.
Just a few months earlier Elizabeth Garrett had qualified as a doctor, the first woman to do so in Britain, and signed from her London home, 20 Upper Berkeley Street, the premises of her nascent practice and the headquarters of the petition committee. She ensured that the women of Aldeburgh, her home town, were canvassed. It is likely that it was her younger sisters, Agnes and Millicent, both too young to sign, who took petition forms round to their neighbours.
I have extracted the Aldeburgh names from the petition and below give such details as can now be gleaned of these women, none of whom, as far as I can tell, ever again took part in any political protest.
BEGBIE, MRS HAMILTON
She was Anna Eliza Begbie, née Swiney (1839-1915). She married Mars Hamilton Begbie in Cheltenham in 1858; despite his warlike name he had been ordained. By 1866 they were living in Aldeburgh where, according to the Cambridge Alumni List he was headmaster from 1865 to 1869 of ‘Aldborough School’ – a grammar school. They lived at Crespigny House, a late-18th-century mansion.
Although Anna Eliza Begbie doesn’t appear to have taken any further part in the suffrage campaign, it was surely a subject of discussion among her extended family after her brother, John, married in 1871. His wife, [Rosa] Frances Swiney, who lived in Cheltenham, was an influential campaigner for suffrage – and for Theosophy – in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
CRESY, MRS THEODORE GRANT [or Cressy]
She was born Hannah Jane Spencer (1837 -1896) in Wrotham, Kent. She married Theodore Grant Cresy, a surgeon, in 1859 and by the time she signed the petition was the mother of 4 sons; another was born four months later. The family lived in Aldeburgh from 1860 – 1868. During their time in Aldeburgh (1860-1868) the family lived at The Uplands, the house that had been the Garretts’ first home after they returned from London when Elizabeth was a young girl.
Hannah Cresy’s mother-in-law, Eliza Cresy [or Cressy], who lived at Riverhead in Kent, and her sister-in-law, Mary Cresy, who lived in Norwood, also signed the petition, suggesting that the organizers had asked for names of family members likely to be sympathetic to the petition.
CULVER, MRS HENRY
Probably a misreading of ‘Mrs Henry Calver’. She was Mary Anne (1819-?). who lived with her husband, a plumber, painter and glazier master, in the High Street.
Something of a mystery – I can’t find any trace of a Margaret Dance, whether in Aldeburgh or elsewhere. However the signature may have been that of Mary E Dance, daughter of James Dance, Aldeburgh’s parish clerk. It is entirely possible that her signature was mis-transcribed as ‘Margaret’ and she would have been just old enough to sign.
DOWLER, MRS H.T.
There is, however, no doubt about this signatory. She was Frances Harriett Emma Dowler (1812-1899), wife of Henry Turner Dowler, who for 35 years was Aldeburgh’s vicar. The couple had married in 1838. In her autobiography Millicent Fawcett describes how Newson Garrett frequently engaged in very public quarrels with Dowler who besides being vicar was also the town bailiff and a capital burgess. On these occasions Garrett would insist that his family attended church services at the dissenting chapel rather than at Dowler’s church. Relations with Mrs Dowler were unaffected by these rows.
In May 1867 the Rev Dowler performed the wedding service at marriage of Millicent Garrett and Henry Fawcett.
GARRARD, MRS WILLIAM
She was Mary Anne (née Knights) (1819-1870), wife of William Garrard, brewer, maltster and secretary to the Aldeburgh gas company – one of Newson Garrett’s pet projects. In the 1840s William Garrard had been known as ‘the Ipswich Chartist’ and was one of the founders of the Ipswich Working Men’s Association. In the 1860s the couple lived on Church Hill in Aldeburgh.
GARRETT, MRS NEWSON
She was Louisa Garrett (nee Dunnell) ( 1814-1903), wife to Newson Garrett and mother to Louisa (later Smith), Elizabeth (later Garrett Anderson), Newson, Edmund, Alice (later Cowell), Agnes, Millicent (later Fawcett), Samuel, Josephine (later Salmon), and George (another son died in infancy). Although Louisa Garrett was of a far more conservative temperament than her husband she was always supportive of her daughters’ enterprises. She had initially opposed Elizabeth’s desire to become a doctor but, having come round to the idea, was the weekly recipient of letters telling of, at first, the difficulties encountered and later of the success in the medical world achieved as her daughter developed her practice and set up her hospital. Louisa would have signed the petition in the family home, Alde House.
GARRETT, MRS E. Snape Bridge
She was Gertrude Mary Littlewood (c1840-1924) who had married Elizabeth Garrett’s brother, Edmund, in 1862. Unlike his brother, Samuel, Edmund Garrett was not supportive of women’s advancement. In fact he opposed the suggestion that his sister Alice might work in the family business’s counting house. Edmund Garrett and his wife were then living in a house built by Newson Garret next to his maltings at Snape. At the moment (May 2015) it’s for sale – see here for details.
GARRETT, MRS N.D. Calcutta
She was Kate Bruff, who in 1860 had married Elizabeth’s brother, Newson. He was the black sheep of the Garrett family – at this time he was serving with the army in India – a man whose enterprises (unlike those of his sisters) always went awry. Kate’s father, Peter Bruff, was a civil engineer who was involved in several of Newson Garrett (senior)’s plans for improving Aldeburgh. Newson (junior’s) sisters were always rather sorry for Kate.
Despite being so close to Elizabeth Garrett Anderson and Millicent Fawcett, none of this clutch of Aldeburgh-based Garrett women took any further part in the suffrage campaign.
She was probably Harriet Green (b 1824) a widow living at Beach Cottage. She is listed in the 1869 Aldeburgh trade directory as being a lodging house keeper.
HAWKESWORTH, MRS WALTER
She was Florence, the daughter of the Rev Dowler, who in 1865 had married John Walter Hawkesworth.
HELE, MRS FENWICK
She was Harriet Shute (1838-1907) who had married Nicholas Fenwick Hele in 1859. She gave birth to her third daughter, Ida, a couple of months after signing the petition. Her husband was a surgeon and the author of Notes and Jottings About Aldeburgh, In 1866 the family lived in Aldeburgh’s High Street. Harriet continued to live in the town after her husband’s death in 1892 – but died in 1907 at St Johns, Newfoundland.
She could have been either Harriet Hunt (1806- 1884), wife of William Hunt, or Cecilia Hunt (1824- 1868), wife of Edward Hunt. Both men were boat builders. Perhaps the younger woman is the more likely candidate.
JAMES, MRS RHODES
She was Caroline James, a widow by the time she signed the petition. She lived with several servants in a large late-18th-century house in Victoria Road – Wyndham House. She was the grandmother of M.R. James, the author of many Suffolk-based ghost stories.
KERSEY, SARAH, ELIZABETH AND MARIA
Sarah Kersey (1811-1886) in 1865 had a lodging house in the High Street. Maria and Elizabeth were her younger sisters. All three were unmarried.
Sarah Mannall (1797-1869) was the wife of John Mannall. He had run the Crown and Castle Hotel in Orford for many years before eventually handing it over to his daughter and son-in-law
She was probably Mrs Mary Anne Martin, who in 1865 ran a ladies’ school in a house in Brudenell Terrace.
She was Henrietta Vernon-Wentworth who in 1859 had married Arthur Bethell Thellusson. She died in 1873 – on the same day as one of her young daughters. She had seven children and by the time she signed the petition she had already lost two infant daughters and was to lose another three months before her own death. The family lived at Thellusson Lodge. I seem to remember that Millicent Fawcett described the Thellussons as the ‘aristocracy of Aldeburgh'; for the local canvassers for the petition it must have been something of a coup to have Henrietta Thellusson’s signature on the petition.
Alas, I can find no clue at all as to who this final Aldeburgh signatory to the petition could have been.
After having made this initial bid for emancipation it doesn’t appear that the women of Aldeburgh could be tempted to join the suffrage campaign that followed. During the remainder of the 19th century there is no record of a suffrage meeting being held in the town – described by one contemporary Suffolk author as lying in this ‘quiet, grave, sleepy, Conservative region’.
You can read much more about Elizabeth Garrett Anderson and Millicent Fawcett in Elizabeth Crawford, Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle, published by Francis Boutle.
Elizabeth Crawford, The Women’s Suffrage Movement: a regional survey, published by Routledge, surveys the entire suffrage campaign in Suffolk – and in the rest of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland.
Posted in Suffrage Stories on April 28, 2015
In a previous post that I wrote about the 1866 women’s suffrage petition I recorded something of how the petition came into being and investigated the connections that had led an erstwhile near neighbour of mine, Fanny Maughan of Goswell Road, to be a signatory. I deduced that Fanny – or I suppose more especially her husband – were members of a working-class circle supportive of John Stuart Mill who, as MP for Westminster, was to present the petition in Parliament.
Over the years I have researched many of the names on the petition – and thought I’d bring to your attention three other women who caught my eye simply because they lived in another place I know well – south Hackney.
For instance, why was Mrs John Plummer of 4 Homer Terrace, Hackney Wick a signatory to the petition? And who was she?
Mary Ann Jenkinson had been born in Kettering c 1839 and as a young woman earned her living as a milliner. In 1860 she married John Plummer, who worked in a staymaking factory in the town. He had been born in London, an illness in infancy rendering him deaf and lame. His family had been too poor to provide him with any education; he had educated himself. After moving with his family to Kettering he made a name locally as a labourr campaigner and versifier and in 1859 published his first book, Freedom of Labour.
By 1866 the Plummers had moved to London, to Homer Terrace in south Hackney, at the east end of Victoria Park, close to Hackney Wick. In the 1871 census John Plummer described himself as a ‘newspaper editor'; he worked on a wide range of magazines, almanacs, and trade journals and founded the London Figaro.
Political economy was John Plummer’s principal interest and for some years he had been in touch with John Stuart Mill, who in 1862 described him as one of the ‘most inspiring examples of mental cultivation and high principle in a self-instructed working man.’
Therefore it is not at all surprising that in June 1866 Mary Ann Plummer was approached by Mill’s step-daughter, Helen Taylor, and asked to add her signature to the petition – as well as any she could obtain from her friends. (See LSE Archive Mill/Taylor Papers/13 ff 242 for a letter from Mary Ann Plummer to Helen Taylor, 5 June 1866).
At this time – as well as involvement with the suffrage – John Plummer was leading a campaign, supported by Mill, to preserve and extend Victoria Park – in particular to prevent the erection of a large gas works at the Hackney Wick end.
Working alongside Plummer on the Victoria Park Preservation Committee was George Dornbusch, of 11 Grove Villas, South Hackney, whose wife and daughter also signed the suffrage petition.
George Dornbusch was a native of Trieste and had been described by George Holyoake as ‘a fugitive German communist’. He had arrived in England from Hamburg in 1845 and became a leading figure in the early vegetarian movement in London, naming his house in Malvern Road, Dalston – ‘Vegetarian Cottage’. He lived there with his first wife, Amalie, who was also involved with the vegetarian movement (see Gregory Of Victorians and Vegetarians: The Victorian Movement in Victorian Britain). Dornbusch, who was described by Richard Cobden as ‘a most unsafe and excitable person’ was also an activist in the anti-vaccination and the peace movements.
In 1863 Dornbusch was a member of the general committee of the Emancipation Society – along with John Stuart Mill, P.A. Taylor, Dr Richard Pankhurst and many others who were shortly to support the emancipation of women – as well as of slaves.
By 1866 Dornbusch had moved from Dalston to Grove Villas, Hackney Wick and by 1870 he was a vestryman in Homerton Ward.
The Mrs George Dornbusch who signed the 1866 petition was not Amalie but Emma, 20 years Dornbusch’s junior, who in 1861 had been his housekeeper. I presume that Amalie had died although I haven’t found a record of her death – nor can I find any trace of his marriage to Emma. Ada, who also signed the petition, was Dornbusch’s daughter by Amalie.
Although there is no evidence that Emma or Ada Dornbusch continued to be active in the suffrage movement after 1866, George Dornbusch did give his support – as a member of the National Society for Women’s Suffrage in 1867 and 1868 and of the Central Committee of the National Society for Women’s Suffrage in 1871/72 shortly before his death in 1873.He is buried in Abney Park Cemetery.
In 1880 Emma Dornbusch remarried. Her new husband, George Tompsitt, was an Australian shipper ten years her junior and in 1881 they sailed to Australia, together with their young son, George, and Ernest and Conrad Dornbusch, the sons from Emma’s first marriage. Emma kept a delightful diary of the voyage which was published as a pamphlet in Melbourne on their arrival. She died in 1890, in Queanbeyan, New South Wales.
Ada Dornbusch married in 1878 and continued to live in south Hackney with her husband, William Beurle, a dealer in precious stones. She had three children and died in 1909.
There are two other women from Grove Villas whose names are on the petiton – Mrs C.A. Dawson and Mrs A. Young, who both give number 4 as their address. The latter was probably Mary, the wife of Alexander Young, a retired baker and confectioner, who the 1871 census shows living at number 7.
Mary Ann Plummer had taken Helen Taylor’s request seriously and had approached likely signatories amongst her friends in her immediate south Hackney neighbourhood. There were other Hackney women who also signed the petition – but the little group of working-class women, living at the east end of Victoria Park, are linked by their close association with John Stuart Mill.
In 1879 John and Mary Ann Plummer and their family emigrated to Australia, where he enjoyed a successful career as a journalist, continuing to support labour reform. He died in 1914, survived by Mary Ann.