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Suffrage Stories: An Army Of Banners – Designed For The NUWSS Suffrage Procession 13 June 1908

An Army of Banners


Army Banner Picture1In June 2008 I was invited by The Women’s Library to give a talk on suffrage banners to mark the 100th anniversary of the first of a new style of spectacular processions staged by the British women’s suffrage movement. For it was on the afternoon of Saturday 13 June 1908 that over 10,000 women belonging, in the main, to the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies processed through central London to the Albert Hall, where they held a rally.The image above was that used to publicise the procession.

The talk I gave was accompanied by a Powerpoint illustrating all the designs for the banners mentioned or, indeed, the banners themselves. Although, or copyright reasons, I am unable to insert these illustrations directly into this article I have provided links on which you can click to see them for yourselves.

1908 ProcessionAnd what was the reason for the procession?

It was to draw the country’s – and the government’s -attention to the women’s demand that they should be given the vote – on the same terms as it was given to men.

Yet by 1908 the campaign was already 42 years old. Since 1866 thousands of meetings had been held in cities, towns, villages, and hamlets throughout the entire British Isles – from Orkney to Cornwall and from Dublin to Yarmouth. Some of these had been no more than small gatherings in cottages, others had been held in middle-class drawing rooms, in Mechanics’ Institutes, in market places and in church halls –  while many others had been held in the largest public halls of the largest cities of the land. Yet despite all this activity women had not achieved their goal.

At times they had thought they were coming close – when, for instance, a franchise bill managed to jump a few of the parliamentary hurdles. And 1908 was one of those times. In 1906 a Liberal government had been elected – and the suffragists, despite many past disappointments, always had higher hopes of the Liberals. And now, just a few months previously, in February 1908, a Liberal MP had introduced yet another women’s suffrage bill in Parliament – and it had actually passed its second reading – before being blocked. Another failure, of course, but this was the greatest progress that a suffrage bill had made since 1897. The leaders of the NUWSS thought that the time was ripe to capitalise on this quasi- success and show the country how well-organised and united women could be in publicising their claim to citizenship. Incidentally there was also a new prime minister to impress. Asquith had just taken office in April, succeeding the dying Campbell-Bannerman.

The image used on the advertising flyer for the procession was also used a little later on the badge given to those organising local NUWSS societies throughout the country. We can see that the bugler girl is calling her comrades to rally to the banner  – and it was banners that were recognised at the time – and are remembered today – as the most significant visual element of that procession a hundred years ago.

The journalist James Douglas, reporting for the Morning Leader put it rather well ‘They have recreated the beauty of blown silk and tossing embroidery. The procession was like a medieval festival, vivid with simple grandeur, alive with an ancient dignity.’

‘Blown silk and tossing embroidery’- a wonderful phrase – conjuring up an alluring image.. In fact a high wind that afternoon meant that the silk was certainly blown and the embroidery tossed.

And his observation that the procession was like a medieval festival – invoking concepts of ‘grandeur’ and of ‘ancient dignity’ – was just what the organisers were aiming for. The designer of the majority of the banners was Mary Lowndes, a successful professional artist, very much a product of the Arts and Crafts movement, who specialised in the designing of stained glass. A year later she put down on paper her thoughts on ‘Banners and Banner Making’, tracing women’s involvement in this craft right back to the ‘warrior maidens’ of a romanticized – if not an entirely  mythical – medieval past. She lamented the use in recent years of manufactured banners – the implication being that these were carried by male groups – both civil or military – but that ‘now into public life comes trooping the feminine; and with the feminine creature come the banners of past time’ She applauds what she calls ‘the new thing’ – writing that by this she means the ‘political societies started by women, managed by women and sustained by women. In their dire necessity they have started them; with their household wit they manage them; in their poverty, with ingenuity and many labours, they sustain them.’

The NUWSS had actually staged its first procession through the streets of London the previous year – in February 1907.  This had had a startling novelty value – it really was the first time that large numbers of middle-class women had taken to the streets. On that occasion, too, banners had played their part. However February was not a good month for a procession – it was not for nothing that the occasion acquired the soubriquet the ‘Mud March’(for more about the Mud March see here). To be fair – the timing of the procession had been chosen with a purpose – to coincide with the opening of parliament (which was then held in February). However the NUWSS organisers learned from their mistake and June was chosen as a more suitable season for their second public procession.

Instructions NUWSS procession June 1908

Instructions NUWSS procession June 1908 BackThis particular June Saturday was selected because the International Conference for Women’s Suffrage was about to be held in Amsterdam – it was starting on Monday 15 June. This meant that many important delegates from around the world were passing through London and were able to take part in the British demonstration. The other main suffrage organisation, the WSPU – the Women’s Social and Political Union – had chosen the following Sunday, 21 June, on which to stage their most ambitious rally yet – it was to be known as ‘Woman’s Sunday’– processions culminating in a rally in Hyde Park. The two events have sort of rolled into one in the popular memory – but the NUWSS procession was the first of the two. The WSPU, too, carried a brilliant display of banners – but most of theirs were made by commercial manufacturers and, sadly, none seems to have survived.

An announcement that the NUWSS procession was to take place on 13 June was made in a letter that appeared in the Times on 8 May. This was signed by leaders of the NUWSS, including Millicent Fawcett, the president. The letter stated that ‘Professional women, University women, women teachers, women artists, women musicians, women writers, women in business, nurses, members of political societies of all parties, women trades unionists, and co-operative women all have their own organizations and will be grouped in the procession under their own distinctive banners, which have been specially designed for the occasion by the Artists’ League for Women’s Suffrage.’ The letter then appealed both for funds to help pay for the banners and ‘for the personal support and presence in the procession of women who conscientiously hold that every kind of constitutional action should be taken in support of the rights they claim.’

So what was this Artists’ Suffrage League?

It had been founded in January 1907 by Mary Lowndes to involve professional women artists in preparations for the Mud March. Among the founding members were an Australian artist, Dora Meeson Coates, and Emily Ford, whose sister, Isabella, was a member of the procession’s organising committee. The Fords came from a Leeds Quaker family with a long history of involvement in the suffrage movement. Emily was by now living and working in a studio in Chelsea, a close neighbour of Dora Meeson Coates and of other women artists who supported the suffrage cause. The ASL’s secretary was Barbara Forbes, Mary Lowndes’ companion – and sister-in-law – who worked alongside her in her stained glass business.

The Artists’ Suffrage League representatives on the NUWSS committee organising the 13 June procession were Mary Lowndes and Mrs Christiana Herringham. In 1903 Mrs Herringham had been the originator of the National Arts Collection Fund, which made its first purchase of a painting in 1906. Ironically this was Velazquez Rokeby Venus, which in 1914 was to be badly damaged by the action of a militant suffragette, Mary Richardson (for more about this incident see here and here). Mrs Herringham had been a supporter of suffrage societies since at least 1889, and by 1907 was subscribing to both the NUWSS and the WSPU.

In a letter to the Times that appeared on the day of the procession, Millicent Fawcett noted that, besides Mary Lowndes and Emily Ford, other artists involved in the production of the banners included May Morris, daughter of William Morris, and Mrs Adrian Stokes – she was an Austrian artist, Marianne Stokes, who had been a friend of Millicent Fawcett for some years – for instance they were both staying with mutual friends at Zennor in Cornwall when the 1891 census was taken. From newspaper reports it would appear that ’80 ladies’ had been involved in the production of 70-80 embroidered banners that were made specifically for this procession – and that they had been working on them since the beginning of the year.

Amazingly – of the banners made by the Artists’ Suffrage League for this procession many are still in existence – most of them held in the Women’s Library@LSE, with another selection housed in the Museum of London. We are extremely fortunate in that not only have the banners themselves been preserved, but so have the original designs. For in the Women’s Library collection is the actual album in which Mary Lowndes sketched out her designs for the banners, the colours to be used indicated in watercolour, and, in many instances, with swatches of likely fabric also attached. However, the designs that were included in the album are not dated and one cannot assume that all necessarily relate to banners designed for the June 1908 procession. For instance the album contains a design for a banner for the Manchester Federation of the NUWSS– but the Federation didn’t come into existence until 1910.  So I have tried to be careful and to relate the designs to the reality of the banners as described in newspaper reports of the day. There are a few newspaper photographs of sections of the procession but, on the whole, they are not as helpful in identifying specific banners as are the words that accompanied them. The NUWSS missed a trick in that, unlike the WSPU the following week, they did not think of publishing photographs of the procession as postcards.

However the procession – and its banners – certainly did attract columns of newsprint – a good selection of which were carefully cut out and pasted up in another album kept by the Artists’ Suffrage League. In fact a leaflet was printed by the NUWSS containing extracts from the press reports specifically about the banners.

The ASL banners had been on display in Caxton Hall, Westminster, for a couple of days before the procession – and the press had been invited along to view them. The Daily Chronicle reporter had clearly got the message – writing that ‘the beauty of the needlework.. should convince the most sceptical that it is possible for a woman to use a needle even when she is also wanting a vote’.

It was not only the skill of the needlewomen that was remarked on. The Times was always rather loathe to give any credit to the suffrage cause, but was prompted – after its usual weasel words casting doubt as to whether the procession caused ‘great masses of the people to be deeply moved on the suffrage question’-, to admit that ‘in every other respect its success is beyond challenge. To begin with, the organization and stage-management were admirable, and would have reflected credit on the most experienced political agent. Nothing was left to chance or improvisation: and no circumstance that ingenuity or imagination could contrive was lacking to make the show imposing to the eye. Those taking part in the demonstration were all allotted their appointed stations, and every care had been taken to enable those stations to be found with the greatest ease.

It was 3 o’clock when the start was made. At the head was borne the banner of the NUWSS, on which was inscribed the legend ‘The franchise is the keystone of liberties’. Beneath the folds of this banner – which has not survived – marched Lady Frances Balfour and Mrs Henry Fawcett, wearing her cap and gown – the robes of her honorary doctorate from St Andrews University.

Then, as the Times, reported, came all the provincial detachments. The NUWSS could trace its descent from the first suffrage society that had been formed in 1866 – but by 1908 it had been transformed out of all recognition from this first, very tentative, incarnation. Through the 19th century local groups had been formed in towns and cities around the county, aligning themselves with the main societies – in London, Manchester, Bristol, Birmingham and Edinburgh.  In 1896 they all grouped together under the umbrella of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies. The NUWSS had continued to develop and in 1907 had adopted a new constitution and strengthened its organisational structure. The provincial societies, although they had a measure of autonomy, were given strong leadership from the London headquarters. But it was the London Society, under the command of Philippa Strachey, that was responsible for the organisation of the procession – just as she had the Mud March the previous year.

It was important to the organisers that it should be made clear that the procession was representative of women of the entire country – which was why so much emphasis was given to indicate on the banners the names of the towns from which they came. As a convenient shorthand the designs for these banners used existing emblems associated with the town or region. The Westminster Gazette took the point, commenting that ‘Nothing like them for artistic skill, elegance and emblematic accuracy – to say nothing of their great number – has ever been seen in a public demonstration of this kind before.’

And the Scotsman reported, ‘The most remarkable feature of the procession was the great display of banners and bannerettes. It was said there were as many as 800 of them, and the designs and mottoes which they bore appeared to be almost as numerous. Many of them were effective works of art, and bore striking inscriptions’. Unfortunately few of these local, provincial, banners are amongst those that have survived. They would have been taken back to the home town and were certainly then used in many other local demonstrations – before, I suppose, eventually becoming damaged or forgotten. That is why it is so fortunate that we have Mary Lowndes’ original designs as a record of what has disappeared.

The provincial detachments processed in alphabetical order. First came Bath, then Birkenhead, Birmingham, Blackburn, and Bradford. Of these we have no record of either the design or the banners themselves – which were probably designed and made locally.

But then came Brighton. And I know that this Mary Lowndes design really was made up into the banner carried on the day – because it appears in a photograph published in the Daily Mirror. The dolphins were a long-established symbol of the town – appearing in the Brighton coat of arms and ‘In deo fidemus’ was certainly the town’s motto at the beginning of 20th century. The swatches attached to the album design, however, indicate that the colours used were dark and light green and gold – rather than blue that appears here

By 1908 the Brighton Society had over 350 members and as Brighton is close to London the society should have been able to produce a sizeable contingent of supporters to walk with their banner.

 I found this next design particularly interesting, referring as it does to the Bristol Women’s Reform Union  –not a name that will be very familiar even to close students of the suffrage movement – which is why it is rather exciting to see its existence given credence by this design. The society had been founded in the early 1900s by Anna Maria and Mary Priestman from Bristol – radical liberal, Quaker campaigners – whose involvement went back to the very first years of the suffrage movement. The Reform Union existed in parallel to the main suffrage society in Bristol, but aimed to set the question of the suffrage in the context of wider social reform. It finally amalgamated with the Bristol NUWSS society in 1909.

Image ccourtesy The National Museum of Wales

Image ccourtesy The National Museum of Wales

Next came Cardiff – one newspaper reporting that the ‘Dragon of Cardiff excited general attention’. There is no design for Cardiff in the Lowndes album but the photograph above – shown carried during the 1913 Suffrage Pilgrimage – is proof of its existence.

Next came the women of Cheltenham. The town had over the years proved to be a very effective centre of the suffrage campaign in Gloucestershire. A fashionable spa, the town was attractive to single women of means. In 1907 the town had collected 900 signatures to the Women’s Franchise Declaration – another in the long series of mammoth petitions that had been presented to parliament. The Cheltenham banner has not survived – but a newspaper report does tells us that it bore the motto ‘Be Just and Fear Not’

 The design of this next banner – beneath which marched the women of East Anglia – had been, in part at least, suggested to Mary Lowndes by Millicent Fawcett – an East Anglian herself – whose hometown was Aldeburgh on the Suffolk coast  In her report of the procession that appeared in the Times on the big day, she particularly mentioned this banner – writing that it ‘shows the three crowns of the East Anglian St Edmund and a representation of the wolf traditionally associated with the miraculous preservation of the martyr’s head – and the motto – Non angeli, sed Angli’. Many of the elements – the three crowns and the wolf – are still in the coat of arms of Bury St Edmunds. The wording is the reverse of what Pope Gregory is reputed to have uttered when, in 573AD , he was shown some captive British children in Rome – that is ‘Not Angles, but Angels’ – the rewording is supposed to mean ‘Not angels, but Angles – that is, citizens.’ A nice hit at the ‘Angel in the House’

Army banner Picture5 And here is a photograph taken on the day – showing the banner with in front from left to right, Lady Frances Balfour, Millicent Fawcett, Emily Davies and Sophie Bryant, headmistress of North London Collegiate.

For the Mud March the previous year Millicent Fawcett had not worn academic dress –but it had been decided that today it would be worn –  to imbue the occasion with as much dignity as possible .  Next to her, with bonnet, bag and umbrella, is Emily Davies who, in 1866, with Elizabeth Garrett, had handed to John Stuart Mill the very first women’s suffrage petition. She was now 76 and yet was still to be around, in 1918, to cast her vote for the first time. One newspaper reported Emily Davies saying on 13 June ‘It is a great day for the movement, I would not have missed it for the world.’

Scotland was, of course, represented in the procession. Here is Mary Lowndes’ design for the banner – and here is the reality. The black and red, triple-towered castle is as it appeared at the time on the city of Edinburgh coat of arms – with the thistles added  to highlight Scotland’s commitment to the cause.

The next banner of which we have a record is that for Fleet, in Hampshire..I must admit that when I saw the design for this banner in the Lowndes album I was a little doubtful as to whether the town of Fleet would have mustered a contingent for this particular procession – there is no record of a suffrage society in the town at this time. But to my delight I came across a newspaper report that specifically mentioned this banner – which was made up, as shown, in yellow and orange – and with the motto as depicted – ’Delay of Justice is Injustice’ – an ancient proverbial concept – the wording put into this form by Walter Savage Landor. Because this Fleet banner was proved to be ‘right’ I have extrapolated from this that so are other Surrey and Hampshire ones the designs for which are in the Lowndes album

Thus Guildford is just such a one – depicting Guildford castle and two woolpacks – anciently the town’s staple trade– both of which feature on the Borough of Guildford coat of arms today.  A Guildford NUWSS society was definitely formed in 1909 but I don’t think that there was one in 1908. However this area of Surrey was the home of women who were not only committed suffragists – but who also had long association with the Arts and Crafts movement – and clearly the combination of suffrage and needlework was appealing. Christiana Herringham’s sister, Theodora Powell, was the secretary of the Godalming society formed in 1909 – and she was also instrumental in the founding of the Guildford society. The president of that was Mrs Mary Watts, widow of the artist, G.F. Watts

Godalming Women's Suffrage banner (image courtesy of Godalming Museum)

Godalming Women’s Suffrage banner (image courtesy of Godalming Museum)

By the way, a later Godalming banner was worked by Gertrude Jekyll and is now held in a local museum.

Next came the banner of Haslemere and Hindhead – a banner of which we know – although it is now lost – because it was described in the press reports

It bore what might appear the surprising motto:

‘Weaving fair and weaving free

England’s web of destiny’

At least one scholar has assumed that Haslemere – then a small sleepy Surrey town – could not have been associated with the weaving industry – and, as one can so easily do, made the assumption that a Lancashire name with a similar name must have been intended – but in 1908 Haslemere did support a weaving industry – of a sort. It was far removed from the dark satanic mills of Lancashire – but had been founded in 1894 as a branch of the Peasants Art Society – weaving cotton and linen. Haslemere was in fact a haven of an artistic community. By 1909 it, too, like Godalming and Guildford, had its own NUWSS society. The secretary was a Miss D. Hecht, whose father was something to do with Food Reform Society and whose mother gave suffrage At Homes.

The next banner in the alphabetical procession was that of North Herts, which, according to the press report, ‘declared in black and white that it was undaunted’. To put it more prosaically the banner included the wording ‘North Herts’ and ‘Undaunted’. It had been known as the Hitchin Suffrage society – but became North Herts Women’s Suffrage Association, with Lord Lytton as its president – his sisters, Lady Betty Balfour and Lady Constance Lytton were also associated with the society, though Lady Constance was, of course, much more famous for her association with the WSPU. One of the secretaries of the Association, Mrs Edward Smithson, who lived in Hitchen, had been a founder member in the 1880s of the York Suffrage Society – an example of the dedication that many women, whose names are not now remembered, had given over decades to the suffrage cause.

(Image courtesy of Kirlees Museums and Galleries)

(Image courtesy of Kirlees Museums and Galleries)

Next came Huddersfield. There is a Huddersfield banner still extant, held in the Tolson Museum in Huddersfield. It, too, is a work of art, designed and made by a local suffragist, Florence Lockwood – depicting local mills and with the motto ‘Votes for Women’. This wording might more usually be associated with the WSPU than with the NUWSS, but Florence Lockwood definitely gave the banner to the local NUWSS society. However I rather think that it post-dated 1908 – and was probably not the one carried in the 1908 procession

Hull’s banner, however, probably was – although it wasn’t singled out for mention in any newspaper report. In fact the Hull NUWSS society, which had been founded in 1904 by Dr Mary Murdoch, sent the largest contingent of any provincial society to walk in this suffrage procession. Local members subscribed over £100 to meet the expense of the trip and hired a special train for the occasion .The device of the three crowns is still used today on the city coat of arms

Keswick, too, had a banner in the procession – described as an ‘exquisitely painted view of Derwentwater’. In fact the Keswick society had two banners at its disposal – the one that Catherine Marshall, the young and energetic secretary of the society,  refers to at one point – with no further description – as ‘our banner’ and a private one lent by her cousin’s wife, Mrs John Marshall of Derwent Island. It is possible that it was to this one that the press report referred. The ‘our banner’ one is, I think, the one that still exists, with Catherine Marshall’s papers in the Cumbria Record Office.

A Kingston NUWSS society was formed in 1908 – here is the design for its banner. The swan seems to have been a fanciful device conjured up by Mary Lowndes– the Kingston coat of arms at the time sported three salmon – with no mention of a swan.

 The Sheffield Daily Telegraph commented particularly on the Leeds banner, noting ‘One device with the golden fleece bore the phrase ‘Leeds for Liberty’’ – so we can be certain that this banner was indeed carried in the procession. Leeds had a long history of involvement in the suffrage movement. The fleece, three stars and owls all derive from the Leeds coat of arms . ‘Leeds for Liberty’ certainly has a heartier ring to it than the city’s motto, which was (and is)  ‘Pro Rege et Lege’ (for King and the Law). Annotation on the design shows that the banner was 4ft 4” wide by 6ft 6in high. ‘With bamboo poles and cords complete £2. The lovely blue and gold strips are given by Mrs – Herringham. The owls are silver.’

Leicester, too, had a long history of involvement in the suffrage movement. By 1908 there had been a local suffrage society in the town for 36 years and here is Mary Lowndes’ design for their banner.

After Leicester came Liverpool. The Liverpool NUWSS society had taken its banner very seriously – commissioning a local artist to design it. It is a most impressive work of art – featuring a Liver bird and a galleon and carrying the message –  ‘Liverpool Women Demand the Vote’. The society had opened a shop in Bold St, one of Liverpool’s most fashionable thoroughfares, and in the days before the procession, displayed the banner there. On 13 June members of all Merseyside branches accompanied their banner to London, travelling on specially hired trains. The banner still exists – now in the care of Merseyside Museums.

The next design – that for a banner for Newcastle - highlights the difficulty of assigning a date to a design. Newcastle certainly had a banner in the June 1908 procession – but I am not convinced that it was this one, designed by Mary Lowndes. Newspaper reports of the June procession describe Newcastle’s banner as carrying the message, ‘Newcastle demands the Vote’ – perhaps along the lines of the Liverpool one. Needless to say the three castles do feature on the city’s coat of arms – of which red, white and black are the dominant colours. The design may have been changed, or used on another occasion.

Next came North Berwick. An attractive design – and the town’s coat of arms does includes the ferry boat. I haven’t come across a suffrage society specific to North Berwick, but there were clearly women from the town who were sympathizers.

Next came the banners of Nottingham and Oxford. We know that the members of the Oxford society cooperated with the Birmingham society to reserve seats on a special train and that 85 members travelled to London on the day, accompanied by their banner. Unfortunately, however, it doesn’t appear to have survived.

Portsmouth women, too, carried a banner – remarked on by the press for its motto, echoing Nelson, ‘Engage the enemy more closely’. It, too, has disappeared

We do, however, have a record of the design of Purley’s banner – although I don’t think Purley ever supported a suffrage society – but it presumably formed part of the Surrey coterie – its banner designed by Mary Lowndes. I must say that, although I have been able to decode most symbols on the banner designs, I couldn’t fathom out why this one should have what appeared to be shamrocks across the top. But they may, just possibly, be oak leaves – the Purley oaks – an ancient local landmark – feature in one version of an old coat of arms

Next in the alphabetical order came Reading. And there was a Reading banner – for newspaper reports mention that ‘A dozen women tugged at the ropes of the big banner of Reading to prevent it being blown over’. Alas it has vanished.

Likewise there was a banner for Redhill, and one for Sevenoaks, the latter carrying the motto, ‘What concerns all should have the consent of all’, and for Stratford-on-Avon. All have disappeared.

We do, however, have the design for the Walton banner – again part of the Surrey group.

The Warwick banner was designed by Mary Lowndes. I haven’t been able to establish that the motto has any significant relevance to the town. But it is a good strong message

 By way of contrast the West Dorset design in the album is very faint – the faintest of all. Whether or not it was made up I am not sure – nor whether it was carried in this procession – but it is evidence that even in that quiet rural area women suffragists were sufficiently stirred to request a banner to represent them.

The Woking banner carries the motto ‘In arduis fortitudo’- fortitude in adversity’. I think the design displays a degree of artistic licence – the town didn’t receive a coat of arms until 1930. An NUWSS society was formed in the town in 1910 – and of course the fact that one of its residents, Ethel Smyth, gave sanctuary to Emmeline Pankhurst when she was released from hunger striking, did ensure it some suffragette notoriety.

We know that contingents of supporters from Worcester and York – together with their banners – also took part in the procession – but neither banner has survived.

A large Irish contingent was also present – marching under at least one banner, which I have seen faintly in a newspaper photograph. And with the marchers were Thomas and Anna Maria Haslam, both of whom had been leaders of the campaign in Ireland since 1866 – and both of whom were now over 80. It is an indication of how seriously the procession was taken that, despite age and infirmity, they had made the effort to travel over from Dublin to take part in the procession.

The local societies were followed by a group of colonial and foreign representatives, many of whom, as I have already noted, were passing through London that weekend on their way to Amsterdam. It was, of course, thought appropriate that some women pioneers of countries other than England should be commemorated by this group.

Advance knowledge that this was to happen had irritated one correspondent to the Times, for, writing from Kensington on 10 June, ‘E.M. Thompson’ had declared, ‘A few days ago I found a youthful adherent of the suffragist cause industriously embroidering a woman’s name on a small bannerette intended for the great occasion. Neither she nor I had ever heard of this lady before, but my devoted young friend was quite satisfied with her task, and informed me that it was the name of an “American pioneer, now dead”. Personally I have no particular wish for a vote, but under any circumstances I should most emphatically refuse to march under an American banner in company with Russian, Hungarian and French women, to demand from the English government a vote to which I considered that I was entitled as an Englishwoman. It seems to me little short of impertinence for those who, up to the present, have failed to get votes in their own countries, to interfere with our home politics, and by swelling the size of the procession to help to give a wrong impression of the number of women in England in favour of the movement.’

Army Banner Picture6 I wonder which of the ‘American pioneers, now dead’ was being commemorated in embroidery by that industrious young suffragist?  Banners had certainly been made to flaunt the names of Susan B Anthony, Lucy Stone and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. The two former banners are still held in the Women’s Library.

The Elizabeth Cady Stanton one, however, is not with them. It was assumed to be just missing – that is ‘missing’ in a general sense – like many other of the banners. However when undertaking this research, I discovered that in August 1908 this particular banner had been sent over to New York – sent by Elizabeth Cady Stanton’s daughter, Harriot Stanton Blatch, to whom it had been presented. She and her daughter, Mrs de Forest, had been present at the Albert Hall meeting on 13 June. As the New York Times reported ’The most gorgeous souvenir is the “Elizabeth Cady Stanton” banner of white velvet and purple satin that was used to decorate the Albert Hall. The name is embroidered in enormous letters in purple and green, the suffrage colours, and the whole mounted on a background of white velvet).’ As you can see from this report there was already some confusion as to what constituted suffrage colours. The purple, white and green combination was first used by the WSPU the following Sunday – for their Hyde Park rally. But there is no doubt that the Elizabeth Cady Stanton banner was carried in the NUWSS procession on 13 June.

Among those marching with the American contingent were women representing the Equality League of Self-Supporting Women of New York, the organisation founded by Harriot Stanton Blatch in 1906 – and which later changed its name to the Women’s Political Union. Also present were the niece of Susan B. Anthony and the Rev Anna Shaw, who was one of the speakers at the Albert Hall meeting. She specifically mentioned that she and her fellow Americans had not come to tell British lawgivers what to do for the women of this country – they could do that for themselves – but to extend to them the right hand of comradeship in the warfare which they were waging. A statement that was greeted, according to the newspaper report, by cheers.

Australian bannerThe Commonwealth of Australia was represented by a banner – painted rather than sewn – that had been designed by Dora Meeson Coates.  It bore the message ‘Trust the Women Mother As I Have Done ‘, a reference to the fact that Australia had granted women the vote 6 years preciously, in 1902. That banner was given by the Fawcett Library to the Australian government in 1998 and now hangs in Parliament House in Canberra.

As already noted there were delegates from other countries – such as Russia, Hungary and South Africa – in the procession, marching under the banner of the International Delegates – now held in The Women’s Library.

Reports suggest that the banner celebrating Marie Curie, then considered, at least by the women’s movement, as one of the foremost living scientists of the day, was carried by Frenchwomen. This is Mary Lowndes’ design for it.

After all the provincial societies came the Second Detachment –  comprising doctors and other women graduates. I always thought it rather touching that the printed leaflets setting out the arrangements for the day specifically mentioned that there would be robing rooms available at 18 & 19 Buckingham St, just off the Strand, and at the Albert Hall to allow some privacy for the arranging of academic dress.

This group clearly impressed the Times. Their reporter wrote ‘Next marched the women doctors, in caps and gowns, followed by the lady graduates of the Universities of the UK, most of whom were also in academic dress. A brave show they made’.

Harding lunaticsThe fact that women were now being granted academic degrees by many of Britain’s universities was often used in other propaganda material – such as this poster designed by Emily Harding Andrews. (For more information about this artist see here.)

The intention was, of course, to emphasise women’s suitability for citizenship – particularly when contrasted with those whom they considered less worthy examples of the male of the species.

The Liverpool Post and Mercury reported that ‘One of the most beautiful banners was the doctors’; it was of rich white silk, with the word ‘Medicine’ in gold letters across the top, a silver serpent embroidered in the centre, and a border of palest green on which were worked the rose, shamrock, and thistle.’ The banner is now missing – but, quite by accident, I did come across a photograph of it in one of the Women Library’s archival holdings [Vera Holme album 7VJH/5/2/14].

The leading women doctors of the day – Elizabeth Garrett Anderson and her sister-in-law, Mary Marshall, together with Flora Murray, Elizabeth Knight and Elizabeth Wilkes were among those walking in this section.

The doctors carried banners commemorating Elizabeth Blackwell, the first British woman to qualify as a doctor –  although she had had to do so in the US. This banner is now held in the Women’s Library collection. The letters and the symbol are appliquéd.  The symbolism is interesting. Instead of the rod of Asclepius (a snake entwined around rod – the symbol of the authority of medicine) here it is entwined around a lamp. The lamp was associated with the light of knowledge and might also be a version of the cup of Hygiea – the daughter of Asclepius – who was celebrated in her own right as a giver of health.

Another banner commemorates Edith Pechey Phipson, who had been a member of the first small group of women to qualify as doctors after Elizabeth Garrett. In 1906 she had represented Leeds at the International Women’s Suffrage Alliance conference at Copenhagen and had been one of the leaders of the Mud March in February 1907.  She had died just a couple of months before, on 14 April 1908, and this banner was obviously intended as a special tribute. Perhaps we could date its manufacture to the preceding two months.  It survives in the Women’s Library collection.

The profession of Education was represented by a specific banner.  The Sheffield Daily Telegraph helpfully described it, reporting that ‘Miss Philippa Fawcett has presented the education banner, with its device of an owl and a small boy climbing the ladder of learning’.  It has, however, disappeared

 But that carried by the Graduates of the University of London  – designed by Mary Lowndes – is now in the Museum of London collection.

Cambridge was represented by a particularly beautiful banner, now on permanent display in Newnham College. As a newspaper reported, ‘’The alumnae of Cambridge University, a detachment nearly 400 strong, were headed by the gorgeous banner of light blue silk which has been designed for the occasion,’ It was noted that these women didn’t wear academic dress – because the university still refused to grant them degrees – and would, of course, continue to do so for many more years. They did, however, as was reported, wear ‘on their shoulders favours of light blue ribbon’.  Mary Lowndes had designed the banner and, as executed, the words ‘Better is Wisdom Than Weapons of War’ (a quotation from Ecclesiastes) were added below the Cambridge device. The pale blue silk had been given by Mrs Herringham from a quantity of materials that she had brought back from her travels in India.

After the Cambridge brigade marched business women. There were:

Shorthand Writers.  The motto on their banner – designed by Mary Lowndes and held in the Women’s Library, is rather cleverly lifted from Robert Browning’s Asolando.  And then came the Office Workers – their banner now, I think,held  in the Museum of London. The Manchester Guardian described its device as, ‘Three black ravens bearing quills on a gold ground ‘

Next came a group of very active suffragists – the Women Writers’ Suffrage League -mustered under a striking banner that had already given rise to controversy,

This is the design in Mary Lowndes’ album. But the clerk to the Scriveners Company had written a letter, published in the Times on 12 June, saying that he had read that a banner bearing the arms of the Scriveners was to be carried and that any such banner certainly did not have the approval of his company. As it was, on the banner, as executed, WRITERS was substituted for SCRIVENERS. A letter from Mary Lowndes, published in the Times on 13 June, insisted that a black eagle upon a silver ground was certainly not the blazon of the Scriveners’ Company – but it would seem that the women had changed the associated wording at some point after the design was made.

women writers bannerThe resulting banner, worked by Mrs Herringham, appliquéd in black and cream velvet, was given by Cicely Hamilton and Evelyn Sharp and was carried in the 1908 procession by them and by Sarah Grand, Beatrice Harraden and Elizabeth Robins. Cicely Hamilton wrote of the banner that it was ‘distinctive in black and white, impressive in velvet, and swelling, somewhat too proudly for comfort, in a gusty breeze’. This photograph was probably taken on a later occasion.  In 1908 among the other women marching behind this banner were Mrs Thomas Hardy and Flora Annie Steele. This banner is now in the Museum of London collection.

Beside the banner advertising their own society, members of the Women Writers’ Suffrage League carried with them another series of banners now held here in the Women’s Library – banners bearing such names as Jane Austen and Charlotte and Emily Bronte. The Sheffield Daily Telegraph particularly noted this one – writing ‘Names of famous women are emblazoned on some of the banners and ‘Emily Bronte and Charlotte Bronte’ are two which Yorkshire women will be pleased to see on a simple green banner’. The addition of a white rose stresses the women’s Yorkshire connection.

Others commemorated Fanny Burney and Maria Edgeworth. The Museum of London also now holds another two from this series – commemorating Elizabeth Barrett Browning and George Eliot.

After the writers came banners glorifying Great Women of the Past. This was an obvious theme – and one that was to be used in later processions and stagings – such as Cicely Hamilton’s ‘Pageant of Great Women’.

These banners have survived well. Most were designed by Mary Lowndes and all were made by members of the ASL. Of them the Sunday Times wrote ‘The new banners of the movement are wonderful. Many of the banners were designed to celebrate the memory of the great women of all ages, from Vashti, Boadicea and Joan of Arc down to Mrs Browning, George Eliot and Queen Victoria. It was an attempt to represent pictorially the Valhalla of womanhood…As the procession moved away it presented a vista made up of wonderful colours, and it reminded one somehow of a picturesquely clad mediaeval army, marching out with waving gonfalons to certain victory.’

Reports indicate that a banner to Vashti led this element of the procession – but no trace of it remains.

Next came Boadicea. This is Mary Lowndes design – the actual banner is now in the Museum of London collection. Boadicea was a popular heroine of the moment – the bronze statue of her riding her chariot beside Westminster Bridge, right opposite Parliament, had been erected just six years previously, in 1902. In December 1906 each guest at the banquet at the Savoy put on by the NUWSS for released WSPU prisoners had been given what was described as ‘an emblematic picture of Queen Boadicea driving in a chariot, carrying a banner with the message “Votes for Women”‘. And by the autumn of 1908 the WSPU was selling in its shops ‘Boadicea’ brooches.

Joan of Arc was another great heroine of the suffrage movement and the idea of the warrior maiden with God on her side was invoked by both the constitutional and militant societies. Joan’s own banner was loved by her ’40 times better than her sword’, wrote Mrs Fawcett in a short biographical essay on Joan published by the NUWSS. The title page of this biographical pamphlet carries the same emblem of the crown and the crossed swords as appears here on the banner. The motto is, of course, Joan’s own.

In 1909 Elsie Howey, a WSPU activist, dressed as Joan and rode on horseback to greet Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence on her release from prison. You can see a photograph of Elsie in that week’s issue of Votes for Women. In 1909 a Jeanne d’Arc Suffrage League was formed in New York and on 3 June 1913 Emily Wilding Davison is reputed to have stood before the statue of Joan that took pride of place at that year’s WSPU summer fair  -before setting off for Epsom and martyrdom. The statue had Joan’s words inscribed around the base – ‘Fight On, and God Will Give Victory’ and these were the words emblazoned on a banner carried at Emily’s funeral 11 days later. Perhaps unsurprisingly, in 1912 the Catholic Women’s Suffrage League’s banner, designed by Edith Craig, had St Joan as its motif and a few years later the society actually renamed itself the St Joan’s Social and Political Alliance. And, it was a version of Joan, uttering the words ‘At Last’, that the NUWSS used to greet the eventual attainment of partial suffrage in 1918. Images of Joan are to be found in the work of many women artists associated with the suffrage movement – Annie Swynnerton and Ernestine Mills spring to mind.

St Catherine of Siena, another woman visionary who combined piety with political involvement, also merited a banner Josephine Butler had written a biography of St Catherine in 1878. The banner was probably designed by Mary Lowndes and is held in the Women’s Library. Siena’s colours are black and white and the lily is symbolically associated with St Catherine

St Teresa’s banner, again designed by Mary Lowndes, is now in Museum of London. She featured also in Cicely Hamilton’s Pageant of Great Women  - as the only woman on whom the title ‘Doctor of the Church’ has ever been conferred.

The banner to a Scottish heroine, Black Agnes of Dunbar – is now in the collection of the Museum of Scotland in Chambers St, Edinburgh. Of it the Daily Telegraph wrote ‘ There was one flag which attracted much attention. It was carried in front of the Dunfermline deputation. On a yellow ground was the representation of a portcullis, and beneath the large letters “Black Agnes of Dunbar” were the lines reminiscent of the defence of Dunbar castle by the Countess of March nearly 6 centuries ago: “Came they early, came they late, They found Black Agnes at the gate”. The banner perhaps should be placed earlier – with the provincial societies – but it fits well here – alongside the banner to

Katherine Bar-Lass – Katherine Douglas – who tried to save King James I by putting her arm in place of a missing locking bar in a door. This event took place in Perth and it may be that this banner heralded the deputation from that town. The banner is now held in the Women’s Library collection.

There is no difficulty in explaining why Queen Elizabeth I should be commemorated among the Great Women with a magnificent banner. Indeed the queen was something of a favourite of Millicent Fawcett who, in August 1928, unveiled an ancient statue of the queen at St Dunstans in the West, Fleet Street, having worked with a campaign for its restoration. She even left money to ensure its upkeep. (For more about Millicent Fawcett and the statue of Queen Elizabeth see here.)

Millicent Fawcett had also championed Mary Wollstonecraft, whose reputation during the 19th century had never recovered from William Godwin’s memoir of her. Mrs Fawcett wrote a preface to an edition of Vindication of the Rights of Woman, published in 1891, the first for 40 years. Mary Wollstonecraft’s banner is held in the Women’s Library.

As is the rich and beautiful banner is to the astronomer Caroline Herschel, the discoverer of five new comets. Lady Caroline Gordon, the very elderly grand-daughter of Caroline’s brother, Sir William Herschel, had a letter published in the Times of 12 June 1908. She wrote ‘I observe that in the woman’s suffrage procession tomorrow it is intended to carry banners bearing, among others, the names of Caroline Herschel and Mary Somerville, thereby associating these honoured names with the cause. A more unfounded inference could hardly be drawn. My great aunt, Miss Herschel, never ceased during her very long life to insist on the fact that she was only her brother’s amanuensis, and it was the glory of her life to feel that she had a real work to do and a province all her own, which was to help him in his arduous labours, and keep worries and troubles from him. She sank herself and her own great and valuable discoveries entirely. All who knew Mrs Somerville (and I was one of them) can testify to the great humility and simplicity of mind which were her characteristics. Her work was done for work’s sake, not for any wish to show what a woman could do. Such a thought would be utterly distasteful to her. To think that the names of these two noble women should be paraded through the streets of London in such a cause as woman’s suffrage is very bitter to all of us who love and revere their memories’.

Here is Mary Somerville’s banner. On 15 June Millicent Fawcett replied in the Times (her letter was dated 13 June – she had taken the time and trouble on such a busy day to write it).‘May I be permitted to point out that suffragists believe that the names of “distinguished women who did noble work in their sphere” are in themselves an argument against relegating a whole sex to a lower political status than felons and idiots? This is quite independent of whether the particular distinguished women named on the banners were suffragists or not. The names of Joan of Arc and Queen Elizabeth are found on the banners. The inference is surely clear. Lady Gordon affirms that her distinguished great-aunt Caroline Herschel was no suffragist. No one in their senses would expect a German lady born in 1750 to be one. Her services to astronomy were well recognized in the scientific world of her time. Her extreme modesty gave an additional luster to her name. Her chief work in astronomy was undertaken and carried through after her brother’s death and it was for this that she was awarded the gold medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1828. Mrs Somerville’s case is quite different. She belongs to our own nation and to the modern world, and was an ardent suffragist. She wrote expressing her deep gratitude to JS Mill for raising the question of women’s suffrage in parliament. She signed parliamentary petitions again and again in favour of removing the political disabilities of women, and was a member from its foundation to the date of her death in 1872 of the London Society for promoting the movement.’

 Mary Kingsley, the  traveller and explorer, was another heroine who merited a banner, although no supporter of women’s suffrage.

The Elizabeth Fry banner was designed by Mary Lowndes and was, I know, donated by a Miss Prothero. Although I don’t know exactly who Miss Prothero was, I am sure there must be a Quaker connection. It is now in Museum of London collection. Josephine Butler had died only 18 months before the procession. Her banner is now held in the Women’s Library.

 Lydia Becker was very suitably represented by the pick and shovel of the pioneer.  She had worked for over 20 years at the suffrage coal face – organizing, devising, interviewing, writing, lobbying and speaking. Her banner, unfortunately, is one of the few of this series that is now missing, another being that commemorating a very Victorian heroine, Grace Darling, a figure who features in many of the suffrage pageants..

The final banner in the sequence, a rich riot of colour commemorating other pioneers  is held safely in the Women’s Library collection. The first four it lists are particularly related to Bristol.

After the Pioneers came the artists, the musicians and the actors. The beautiful banner made for the Artists’ Suffrage League itself is now in the Museum of London. Christiana Herringham helped to embroider it – with its motto ‘Alliance Not Defiance’, supplying silks for it that were among those she had brought back from India.

A banner bearing the heading ‘Music’, designed by Mary Lowndes, was given by ‘Mrs Dawes and worked by her and her daughters’ – but has now disappeared.

Jenny Lind’s banner, was carried in the procession by her daughter, Mrs Raymond Maude, who was described as ‘a striking figure in green and white, with a Tuscan hat’ [ I think a ‘Tuscan hat’ was a wide-brimmed straw hat]. The banner was designed by Mary Lowndes and is now held in the Women’s Library collecction.

Artists were represented by Mary Moser, who, with Anglica Kaufmann, was the first woman  to be elected to the Royal Academy. She was renowned as a flower painter –and was paid the enormous sum of £900 for the decorations, which notably featured roses, of a room she painted at Frogmore for Queen Charlotte. These decorations can still be seen – as can this banner, now in the Women’s Library collection.

Angelica Kauffman also had a banner– but it is now lost.

Sarah Siddons’ banner which was carried in this section of the procession is now held in the Museum of London.

As is the banner to ‘Victoria, Queen and Mother’ – which was carried in the procession of Maud Arncliffe –Sennet – who, I must say, I always think of as something of a self-publicist – an opinion not actually belied by finding that she had had, or caused to have had, a photograph taken of herself on the day, holding the banner – there is a copy of that postcard, too, in the Museum of London collection.

After the banners commemorating the heroines of the past came one celebrating Florence Nightingale – then still alive – a heroine in her own lifetime. The banner was carried by a contingent of hospital nurses, marching in their uniforms. The Daily Express  reported that ‘The Florence Nightingale banner received the greatest notice. It bore the word “Crimea”, and at the sight old soldiers saluted and bared their heads.’

As an added gloss I might mention that in June 1908 a bill to allow for the registration of qualified nurses was before parliament –it passed its second reading on 6 July and many leading suffragists, such as Millicent Fawcett, Isabella Ford, and Hertha Ayrton had signed a letter to the Times in support of the bill.

There followed also groups of women farmers and gymnasts, each with their own banner. Women gardeners carried a banner worked in earthy colours – green and brown,  with the device of a rake and a spade. All these now, unfortunately, are lost.

After the nurses came the Homemakers – we can see the banner here – although the photograph was probably taken on another occasion. As the Sheffield Daily Telegraph put it, ‘The sacred fire of the domestic hearth is pictured by the home workers, who ‘remember their homeless sisters, and demand the vote’. Another newspaper report describes this contingent as comprising ‘Housekeepers, cooks, kitchenmaids and general servants’ – and laments that they were not wearing their uniforms. Note also in the photograph the banners for Marylebone, Camberwell and North Kensington.

After the home makers – came working women – working women of all sorts, carrying a variety of banners. These would appear to be plainer than the Artists’ Suffrage League ones and were locally made.

After the working women came the Liberal women, who, as one newspaper reported, bore a banner announcing that they demanded the vote…as well as Conservatives, who were led by Lady Knightley of Fawsley, and by Fabians, whose banner, had been designed by May Morris, with the motto ‘Equal Opportunities for Men and Women.’.

Then came members of the Women’s Freedom League – the press particularly mentioned its leader, Mrs Despard, together with Teresa Billington-Greig and young Irene Miller,  The WFL banner was black and yellow, figured with a device of Holloway, where many of its members had recently been imprisoned, and with the inscription ‘Stone walls do not a prison make’. The WSPU, although not invited to take part, did supply a banner under their insignia – declaring ‘Salutation and Greeting. Success to the Cause’.

Finally, closing the long procession, came the hosts –  London Society of the NUWSS. This is the design for the society’s banner. The banner itself is now in the Museum of London collection

This section included detachments from the various London boroughs – such as Camberwell, Croydon, Chelsea and Holborn. The Daily Telegraph tells us that ‘The Holborn deputation was headed by a picture of some of the ancient shops opposite Holborn Bars, and the words “The old order changeth”.  Enfield’s banner survives and is now in the Museum of London – but we have no design for it so it probably was not one of Mary Lowndes’ creations.

This design for Wandsworth in the Mary Lowndes album has the initials ‘A.G.’ at the side – and I did wonder if these could possibly refer to Agnes Garrett – sister of Millicent Fawcett. It is by no means impossible that she was involved in the banner-making – given that her professional career had been devoted to the designing and making of furnishings. But I don’t know.

Wimbledon was a very committed suffrage stronghold – both of the NUWSS and of the WSPU – and both groups featured the windmill on their banners. Of the NUWSS one only this design survives – but the Women’s Library does hold the actual WSPU banner.

All in all the procession, which was accompanied by 15 brass and silver bands, – one reporter particularly mentioned that hearing the Marseilles being played in these circumstances quite brought a tear to his eye – and the Albert Hall rally that followed, were both deemed a great success. Afterwards a decision was made by the NUWSS to keep the banners together and tour them. It was realised that ‘undoubtedly we have here an opportunity of presenting an artistic feast of the first order under circumstances that make it in itself, and in all attendant conditions that may be grouped around it, a unique act of propaganda.’

They lent out the banners to the local societies, charging £3 10s for all 76 banners or £2 for half the number –with the express proviso that they were not to be used for what was termed ‘outdoor work’..

In 1908 exhibitions of the banners were held at Manchester, Cambridge, Birmingham, Liverpool, Camberwell, Glasgow and Edinburgh. Lady Frances Balfour opened those last two – and performed the honours again at Brighton in January and Fulham in March 1909. We can be sure that the local societies made the most of these occasions. I know that when the banner exhibition was held in December 1908 at the Glasgow Fine Art Institute it was accompanied by tea, a small string band and a pianola. The Society clearly expected a reasonable attendance, finding it worthwhile to buy in – to sell to visitors – 200 copies of the pamphlet describing the banners.

Thus not only did the banners allow suffragists to rally round as they were paraded through the streets but they also provided a focus for further conscious and fund-raising efforts that neatly combined a forceful political message with what been described, very eloquently, as the power of ‘the subversive stitch’.


Kate Frye was a banner bearer – for North Kensington – in this procession – and you can read all about her experience on the day here.


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Suffrage Stories/Women Artists: Emily Jane Harding Andrews

Harding lunatics

Many of you familiar with the propaganda produced by the British women’s suffrage campaign will recognise this image, which was  printed by Weiners of Acton and published as a poster by the Artists’ Suffrage League. In The Spectacle of Women, Lisa Tickner dates it to c 1908; the catalogue of The Women’s Library@LSE to c 1912. I would tend to support the earlier date.

The artist is known to be Emily Jane Harding Andrews. But who was she? What can we discover of the life behind that image?

She was born Emily Jane Harding in 1851 at Clifton in Bristol, the eldest of the several children of Thomas Giles Harding (1827-1899), a commercial traveller, and his wife, Rosa Jane (nee May). Emily and her sister, Rosa Elizabeth Harding, were educated at Clifton Ladies’ College and in October 1868 both gained certificates of art in the second grade in a prize giving at the Bristol School of Art.

By 1871 the family had moved to London . They moved around the Kensington, Hammersmith, Shepherds Bush area but their first address was 21 Holland Road, Kensington. Emily clearly continued with her art studies. She exhibited portrait miniatures at the Royal Academy in 1877, 1897, 1898. Now in the National Portrait Gallery is a chalk portrait of Arthur Penrhyn Stanley (d 1881), dean of Westminster. Was this the work that she exhibited at the RA in 1877?

By the time the 1881 census was taken Emily was married to a fellow artist, Edward William Andrews – although I cannot find a record of the marriage. He was ten years older than her and had been born in Kidderminster. By the time he was 21 was describing himself on the census form as ‘Artist portrait painter’. The only paintings I can locate by him are copies of two portraits after Gainsborough – see here.

In 1881 Emily and her husband were living, with one servant, at 23 Iverson Road, west Hampstead. By 1891 they had moved to Chalcot Gardens, Hampstead, an area popular with artists, and now had no servant. In 1901, still fending for themselves, they were living in a flat in 95 Fitzjohn’s Avenue, Hampstead.

Through the 1880s and 1890s Emily produced illustrations for a series of books – mainly for children. They included Bright Pages for Children of All Ages, 1886, Helen Milman’s The Little Ladies, 1890, Merry Moments for Little Folks by Rose E May, published by Frederick Warne, 1893. Emily’s sister, Rosa (or Rose) had married Frederick Lamartine May, son of a well-known bookseller, and a relation on their mother’s side. She also provided the illustrations for Disagreeable Duke: a Christmas whimsicality for holiday boys and girls by Elinor Davenport-Adams, published by George Allen, 1894 and in the same year for Lullabies of Many Lands by the editor and translator Alma Strettell, 

Frontispiece from 'Slav Tales'

Frontispiece from ‘Slav Tales’


In 1896 Emily Harding (the name under which she then published her work) was both the translator (from the French) and the illustrator of  Fairy Tale of the Slav Peasants and Herdsman by  Alex Chodsko, published by George Allen.

Another of Emily Harding's illustrations from 'Slav Tales'

Another of Emily Harding’s illustrations from ‘Slav Tales’

I don’t know how Emily Harding Andrews made contact with the Artists’ Suffrage League, although it’s hardly surprising, moving as she did in artistic, bookselling and publishing circles. Besides the poster illustrated as the introduction to this article, Emily Harding Andrews designed another for the ASL – ‘Coming in with the Tide – Mrs Partington’ – and was on sufficiently close terms with Mary Lowndes, the ASL’s leading light, to propose a design for a Christmas card -sent with an informal note on the reverse. It can now be found in Mary Lownes’ ASL album in the Women’s Library@LSE.

A rough design by Emily Harding Andrews for a suffragette Christmas card. It was never issued Image courtesy of VADS)

A rough design by Emily Harding Andrews for a suffragette Christmas card. It was never issued Image courtesy of VADS)

Emily Harding Andrews' comments on the reverse of her draft design (Image courtesy of VADS)

Emily Harding Andrews’ comments on the reverse of her draft design (Image courtesy of VADS)


Although clearly supportive of the suffrage campaign, Emily Andrews, like Mary Lowndes, did not boycott the 1911 census. This shows us that – married for 31 years, with no children – she was living, aged 61, as a boarder at 15 Bank Place, Bayswater. She still described herself as an artist. Her husband, on the other hand, was enumerated in his one-room studio at 48 Fortune Green Road, Hampstead. Had they separated?

Edward Andrews died in 1915, while living at 1 Linden Gardens, Hornsey Lane. He left £160; his wife is not named as an executor.

I next find Emily Harding Andrews in 1918, living at 6 St George’s Square, Camden, at the same address as another artist of her generation, Julia Bracewell Folkard and an Elizabeth Folkard. However, this seems to have been Emily’s base for only a short time and I can find no further trace of her for another 17 years, until in August 1935, aged 85, she set sail for Sydney, Australia. On the passenger list her address is given as ‘South Street Mission, Hammersmith’, although in what capacity she was living there I cannot say.

Gertrude, one of Emily’s much younger sisters, had emigrated to Australia with her husband, Edward Nevill Parker, in the 1890s. He had died in 1931 and I suspect that, in her old age, Emily went out to join Gertrude for I next find her living at Illawa, Judd Street, Cronulla, Sutherland, NSW. Emily died in Sutherland in August 1940 and her ashes were scattered in Woronora Cemetery, which was also the last resting place of her sister and, years later, of a nephew.

This is only the briefest outline of a long life lived. I shall have to imagine all those decades of London days, of Emily living and working in a succession of studio flats, of visiting publishers, of struggling to gain commissions, of the brief flowering of interest in the suffrage campaign, of, perhaps, sinking with old age into penury and then, the last adventure, sailing to the other side of the world – to the heat and light of Australia.


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Women Artists: ‘Painting Days At School of Art Are Perfect Bliss’ (1892-1914)

I originally gave this paper at the Women’s History Network Conference, Southampton, September 2005

 ‘Painting Days at School of Art are perfect bliss: the manuscript diary (1892-1914) of Sarah Madeleine Martineau, art student and craft worker’.

This paper is based on the manuscript diary of Sarah Madeleine Martineau, the first entry in which is for 1 January 1892 and the last for 25 January 1914. I bought the diaries a few years ago, at the time giving them merely a cursory glance and registering only that the world they depicted was one that appealed. At odd intervals I have undertaken some research into the life and work of Sarah Madeleine Martineau and now think that what the diaries reveal is of some general interest.

the Martineaus' house at 122 King's Avenue would have been very similar to this, no 103. (Image courtesy of  Ideal Homes: A History of the South-East London Suburbs)

The Martineaus’ house at 122 King’s Avenue would have been very similar to this, no 104. (Image courtesy of Ideal Homes: A History of the South-East London Suburbs)

She was born in London at 4 South Road (later 122 King’s Avenue), Clapham Park, on 2 May 1872, the final child in the family of David Martineau, the senior partner in a firm of sugar refiners and a leading Clapham Liberal. David Martineau’s grandfather was a brother to the father of Harriet Martineau and Dr James Martineau. In 1856 David and his wife, Sarah, settled in South Road, in leafy Clapham Park. The Martineaus’ house and its immediate neighbours have been demolished, making way for tower blocks, but it was then quite new, was large, double-fronted and detached, set well back from the road, with stabling, and grounds ample enough to include a tennis court.

The Martineaus were Unitarians and with another South London family, the Nettlefolds of Streatham Grove, Norwood, were pillars of the Unitarian church in Effra Road, Brixton. The Martineau family comprised four sons and four daughters, the eldest child, Daisy, being 16 years older than Madeleine. Of the Martineaus’ sons, two married Nettlefold sisters; Unitarians tended to stick together. Although enjoying an active social life the younger Martineau daughters do not seem to have attended many formal parties or dances. Of the daughters only Daisy married; Lillie, Lucy and Lena (such were the diminutives by which they were known) probably lived together in the family home, certainly until the 1940s, and then either together, or near each other, in south London, for the rest of their long lives. At the 1891 census besides members of the immediate family there were also living in the house a cook, a parlour maid, two house maids and a 20-year old cousin, Charles Worthington. Lena possibly had a tenderesse for Charlie; she always mentions any little attention she received from him, but in 1895 he died suddenly – the relevant entry reads: ‘Charlie, the sweetest man that ever lived is dead. He died on Christmas day..’

David Martineau’s sister, Mary, who lived close by with their mother, can be spotted as a member of many of the women’s causes of the day, for instance signing the 1889 Declaration in Favour of Women’s Suffrage. Lena Martineau and her sister Lucy, who was three years older, had been boarders at Roedean school in Sussex, which, recently founded, was much favoured by the daughters of the wealthy non-conformist middle class. When Lena begins her diary in an exercise book in January 1892 one of the first entries relates that Barbara Shore Smith, who had been a contemporary at Roedean, had come to stay and in May 1892 Lena and Lucy went to visit Barbara, then at Girton, staying in lodgings near the college. Lena must have been well aware of all the feminist causes of the day, but, although writing her diary through the years of the main suffrage activity, makes no comment whatsoever on any aspect of the woman question. It must also be mentioned that in the entire 22 years covered by the diary she only mentions one book. On 23 February 1893 she wrote, ‘Have been reading a book called ‘Mona Maclean, medical student’, & think it splendid.’

Perhaps Lena was uninterested in the written word but her free-thinking, prosperous, well-educated family set great store by art.  Lucy and Lena were clearly given every encouragement to practise any aspect of art in which they were interested. Thus apart from visiting friends, playing tennis, taking what seem exceptionally long walks and bicycle rides, and helping with bazaars and garden parties, Lena seems to have been fully occupied with attending art classes and visiting galleries. There were prominent role models very close to home. The two daughters of Dr James Martineau, Gertrude and Edith, together with their sister-in-law, Clara Martineau, were all working artists, exhibiting regularly at the Royal Academy and at the Dudley Gallery. Their work now sells well – a watercolour by Edith Martineau sold for over £3,500 in 2005. The Martineaus were committed visitors to art galleries. For instance in the diary’s first year, on 22 April, Lena wrote, ‘Lucy and I met Papa at the private view of the Old Water Colours. It was very hot and full, but a good many very nice pictures.’ I am afraid that Lena’s criticism of the art that she took such care to see rarely rises above this level of comment.

In her new diary on Friday 8 January 1892 Lena Martineau wrote: ‘Art School began again on Monday, but we did not go till Tues. I have a side view of the girl so shall soon have done it..’  The Art School that she and Lucy attended was Clapham Art School, in Vernon Road, Clapham High Street, which had been founded in 1885 and was associated with the Government Schools at South Kensington – students were expected to take the Government examinations. In January 1892 Lena was taking drawing and painting classes, which she very much enjoyed, writing on 3 February ‘Joy! Mr Nightingale [the headmaster] told me that I am to begin painting my next head’ and on 21 February the entry that gave this paper its title ‘Painting days at School of Art are perfect bliss!’. In May she sat exams in the Life and Antique – ‘Given the choice of faun or the discobolus, we did the latter’. In July she heard that she had passed the exams, both 2nd class.

After a summer break, some of which was spent sketching in Wales, Lena returned in October to Clapham Art School. Her entry adds, ‘Found that Miss Pemberton is working there now’.

Sophie Pemberton

Sophie Pemberton

From the context it would appear that Lena already knew Sophie Pemberton, a Canadian artist, just three years older, who had already studied in Paris at the Academie Julien. Her father was the first surveyor general for Vancouver Island and Sophie was living in Alexandra House in Kensington, which had been built to house women music and art students and to where she often invited Lena for tea. It was – and remains, though much altered – a rather glamorous hostel, replete with terracotta panels and intricate Doulton tiles and picture panels.

In May Lena took Life and Still-life exams. Of the latter she wrote ‘the group was a top hat and two oranges on green baize!. Got home in time for some tennis’. On the 29th there was the recurrence of a problem that plagued the art school, ‘I went to the Art School but finding no model returned – & had my hair cut.’  I suspect that Clapham School of Art did not meet Sophie Pemberton’s standards because she instigated a move to Westminster School of Art in Tufton Street, Dean’s Yard, where, by October, she, Lucy and Lena were enrolled. As with the Clapham School, Westminster followed the South Kensington regime. It is worth noting that Lena chose to attend such a school, where the syllabus was geared to an examination system, rather than one of the many art schools established to cater for the ‘ladies’ market.

Of Mr Loudan, the principal instructor at Westminster and a portrait and genre painter, Lena remarked ‘Very squashing, makes me scrape out but does not say much’. On 7 December she wrote ‘Today Mr Loudan was very crushing to me’. However she persevered happily, the following March reporting that  ‘Our new model on Monday was a boy and on Thursday Mr Loudan praised me for better colouring and came twice to me’.  That May she again sat the Life and Antique exam. All this intermingled with much gallery visiting; Venetian pictures at the New Gallery, a visit to Herkomer’s studio to see the work of some of his Bushey students (‘Very good some of them’.), and to the Guildhall (‘splendid exhibition’). She returned to Westminster Art School in October and on the 4th recorded ‘Lucy and I went to town today for the summer sketch criticisms at school of art. Mr Loudan presented me with £3, as third prize for the year’s composition sketches. Delightful surprise..’

In the autumn of 1897 Lena and Lucy travelled over to Park Walk, Chelsea, to visit the complex of the Stanley Studios, where Sophie Pemberton was based. Sophie’s star was on the ascendant; that year she had exhibited for the first time at the Royal Academy summer exhibition. Unfortunately there was no studio available there, and with Ethel Le Rossignol, a school friend with whom they proposed to share and who much later became a practitioner of spirit-channeled art, Lucy and Lena embarked on a search.  By the end of November they had found a studio, at a rent of £35 a year – and were very pleased with it. They had fun arranging to move in, buying things with which to decorate, including a new stove and oriental rugs. Lena hired models and also arranged for family and friends to sit for her. The studio gave the sisters an opportunity to invite round their friends, in a way they probably did not do at home. On 6 March ‘Barbara Nightingale came to tea at studio yesterday’. [Barbara Nightingale was the same person as Barbara Shore-Smith – there had been a change of family name.] In April Lucy had a picture accepted by the Royal Academy, Lena describes the subject as being 3 parrots; the exhibition catalogue gives it the title ‘Red, White and Blue’. The picture was sold to a Captain B for 7 guineas.

In 1899 and 1900 Lena continued working from the studio, concentrating on pictures to submit to the Royal Academy. However they were all rejected or crowded out. In the summers, with Lucy and Ethel Le Rossignol, she took sketching lessons from professional artists, the first year in Mayfield in Sussex and the next summer at Brockham Green in Surrey. In November 1900 she returned to the Westminster Art School, taking lessons in modelling from life.

She also began to learn metal repoussé, possibly at the Westminster School – her diary is not entirely clear on the point. Lena was following the spirit of the times. There had in the last five years been a definite upsurge of interest in craft work. Lena, however, quickly gave up this class in order to attend a modelling design class at St John’s School of Art and Science at New Cross, where a Mr Miller and a Miss Jean Milne, who had been fellow students at Westminster, were master and assistant mistress. Lena placed the receipt for the course (10/- for the term ending 12 April) between the pages of her diary and began modelling a door knocker.

However, for whatever reason, at the end of the term she did not continue at New Cross, but went over to Chelsea to investigate the modelling class at the South West Polytechnic in Manresa Road. She duly joined that class and ‘settled to join the handicraft studio for metal repousse on Tuesday afternoons’. In May she sat a Modelling Design exam, which she passed 1st class, and a Life exam and was awarded a book prize in the National Competition work at South Kensington for her ‘head of Papa’. The National Competition was run by the Science and Art Department of the Committee of the Council on Education and several thousand students from art schools around the country competed for the prizes.

In October Lena began classes again, taking a modelling life class at the Manresa Road Polytechnic and one in modelling design at St John’s. She was also doing metal work, perhaps at the polytechnic. I think she must have given up her studio some time before this and in November (1902) when she decided to make a commitment to metal work and bought a muffle furnace, she made her workshop at home in the harness room. In December she went over to Whitechapel to the Sir John Cass Institute ‘as I think of going there for metal work and design after Christmas’. The Sir John Cass Institute had only opened the previous June so Lena was obviously well aware of developments in the field of craft education. She then left the St John School of Art at New Cross and in January 1903 ‘started work at the Sir John Cass Technical Institute’. The head of the Arts and Crafts Department was Richard Llewellyn Rathbone, Harold Stabler was teacher of drawing and design, Gilbert Bayes was teacher of modelling, and there were also teachers of jewellery and enamelling.

Lena took the enamelling class on Tuesday evenings, jewellery on Wednesdays and design on Fridays. During the day on Tuesdays she still attended modelling classes at the Polytechnic.

'Walberswick Marshes' by Bertram Priestman (courtesy of BBC - Your Paintings)

‘Walberswick Marshes’ by Bertram Priestman (courtesy of BBC – Your Paintings)

She continued with these classes until the end of the summer term and then went to Walberswick with Lucy to take sketching lessons from Bertram Priestman. She returned to the Cass in October and found that Jean Milne was also now working there. Among her fellow students were Violet and Frances Ramsay and Thalia How. She attended the Cass for all three terms that year and returned to Walberswick in September for two more weeks of sketching with Bertram Priestman.

When she returned to the Cass in October 1904 she learned that she had received a book prize for a figure she had sent up to the National Competition. She once again rented a studio, this time in Tachbrook Street. Lena was now established in her jewellery making; a pendant she had made was given to Barbara Nightingale as a wedding present as she embarked for India to marry  ‘a Mr Stephens’. In her studio she began modelling a bust of her father and began another happy round of studio teas; Jean Milne and Thalia Howe were among the guests. She continued at the Cass throughout 1905, receiving a prize for metal work at the end of the year.

Catalogue of the Arts and Crafts Exhibition, 1906

Catalogue of the Arts and Crafts Exhibition, 1906

In January 1906 she had at least two pendants accepted for the Arts and Crafts Exhibition at the Grafton Galleries. One of her pieces was described in the Exhibition catalogue as a necklace and enamel pendant and was priced at £2 12s 6d. There was increasing organization in her area of the art world and in April she notes the first meeting of the Sir John Cass Arts and Crafts Society and in May that she had ‘applied to join a new club called the United Arts Club.’ The Studio reported that as ‘it is hoped the club will become a recognised medium for effecting sales, it was of importance to establish at the outset the standard of work which will entitle members to the privilege of having their work included in the quarterly exhibitions’. Lena was accepted as a member.

In June the Sir John Cass Arts and Crafts Society held its first exhibition and Lena noted in her diary ‘One of mine is to be photoed for the Art Journal’. In fact the December 1906 issue of the Art Journal includes both a silver necklace and a copper and enamel candlestick by Madeleine Martineau. Among the other pieces photographed were a copper tea caddy by Jean Milne, a pendant each by Thalia How and Violet Ramsay and a brooch and a necklace by Harold Stabler.

In November 1907 at the Cass annual show Lena exhibited two jewel cases and a metal fruit dish with a figure pedestal.  In December she received a prize from the Cass Institute, the book selected being a copy of Lewis Day’s Enamelling. In May 1908 she ‘took up a case of jewellery to agents for Liverpool exhibition’, in November she was exhibiting at the Sir John Cass society show and also sent a case of jewellery to a show in Cambridge. At the end of the month she ‘took a case of jewellery to the United Arts Club and another to the Lyceum Club’. From the Cambridge show she received a first class certificate.

She does not mention if any items were sold from these exhibitions. In February 1906 she had noted that a ‘pendant I sent to show at Alderley Edge has 2nd prize and is sold to Katherine Greg’ and that from the Cass show in November 1907  ‘one thing of mine was bought, a copper clasp’. In February 1909 came her first commission. The relevant entry reads ‘I have been to Club today to meet lady who wishes for a gold medal to be made for the poets club to award the best poem’. The lady was a Mrs Higginbotham and the Club was the United Arts. Lena began the medal on 11 April and delivered it two months later. She had not been working at it all this time; she had enjoyed a two-week holiday in Italy. However on 20 July she received ‘ a rude letter from Mrs Higginbothom this morning refusing to take the medal, and saying it is not worth more than 15/- to a guinea!. Tho all 18ct gold with pearls and enamel.’ Lena reported the matter to the Club who arranged for her to make an appointment to speak to Mrs Higginbotham in person.

Harold Stabler

Harold Stabler

However Harold Stabler advised her not to go but to write. The matter ended with Mrs Higginbotham returning the medal to her. There is no mention of her ever receiving another commission. She kept busy in the autumn, exhibiting jewellery at an exhibition in Dresden and at the Cass society’s annual show.

In January 1910 she took a case of jewellery and an epergne to the New Gallery for display at the Arts and Crafts Exhibition and two cases of jewellery to the Society of Women Artists. She is noted as an exhibitor in the catalogues of both exhibitions. Her work shown at the Arts and Crafts Exhibition included a gold pendant and chain, entitled ‘ St Cecilia’; a gold necklace, a gold enamelled pendant and a gold necklace with tourmalines. For what it is worth it so happens that in the copy of the catalogue held by the British Library Lena Martineau’s pieces have been annotated in the margin in pencil. There are very few other markings – Cobden Sanderson’s books are so marked – and the impression is that the holder of the catalogue walking around the exhibition had approved of her pieces. There is no indication, however, of whom this visitor was.

In February 1911 she won 1st prize in the competition organised by the Studio for the design for a necklace pendant . The prize was 3 guineas – and, of course, her name was published in the magazine. In June when the Studio reported on an exhibition organised by the Sir John Cass Arts and Crafts Society it mentioned that ‘the jewellery included a dainty gold necklace by Miss Martineau’. Then on 24 November her father died. For whatever reason after this she made very few diary entries and the diary ends, at the bottom of the final page of the book, on 19 March 1914. I do not know if she carried on with her diary beyond the final 1914 entry. Until November 1911 entries had been made quite regularly and contain far more detail than I have been able to include in this paper.

Moreover, in the few 1913 and 1914 entries she makes no mention of any artistic endeavour. However, a (February, I think) 1914 article in the Studio ,‘Some Examples of Modern English Jewellery’, is illustrated with what the magazine says is ‘a small selection of recent work by artists whose productions are familiar to exhibition visitors’. Among the artists so recognized was S. Madeleine Martineau, with an ‘enamelled gold pendant with four pears, wreath and bird repousse’.

Lena's pendant - second row far right - illustrated in 'The Studio', 1914

Lena’s pendant – second row far right – illustrated in ‘The Studio’, 1914

As the Studio describes the work illustrated in the article as ‘recent’ it is likely that this piece was less than three years old, – that it was in fact made in the period after the last mention in her diary of her jewellery work. However, when the next Arts and Crafts Exhibition was held in 1916 Lena Martineau was not an exhibitor, although Violet and Frances Ramsay, Jean Milne and Thalia How all were. This would seem to be reasonably definite proof that she was by then no longer part of the arts and crafts scene.

But life has odd quirks. It was because the bird piece had been photographed for the Studio that when it was bought c. 1973, as part of a collection, by a dealer specialising in art nouveau jewellery, he was able to identify its maker. As Lena Martineau only died in 1972 – aged over 100 – my surmise is that the piece, along with others in the same collection, had remained with her all her life and had formed part of her estate. Once the dealer was able to identify this piece, others in the same collection were attributed to her.

Lena's bird pendant as illustrated in V. Becker, 'Art Nouveau Jewelry', 1985

Lena’s bird pendant  – top left – as illustrated in V. Becker, ‘Art Nouveau Jewelry’, 1985

Around the same time, interest in arts and crafts and art nouveau jewellery was developing, and two books by Vivienne Becker, Art Nouveau Jewelry and Antique and Twentieth Jewellery: a guide for collectors, drew on this art nouveau dealer’s stock of photographs for illustrations. A few facts about Lena Martineau’s life were surmised, mostly incorrectly.

It is not my contention that Lena was a feminist icon, a forgotten heroine. What is interesting about the life revealed in the diary is its very ordinariness. She had no struggle to receive her art education; her family backed her in her attendance at classes, in renting studios, and by sitting for her. Her diary reveals how much freedom a young woman – 20 when it opens – had in following her inclinations in this direction. There is nothing in her diary to suggest that she felt thwarted or discontented in any way. Moreover, whether or not she deserves the accolade, Sarah Madeleine Martineau has now entered the canon as an arts and crafts jeweller, the presumption being, merely because she is included, that her work was exceptional. However, in reality it is only because it has been possible to identify a little of her work – although that certainly is because she was considered by her contemporaries (except for Mrs Higginbotham) as being more than competent – that she has received this measure of recognition. Her diary gives a fascinating glimpse into the life behind the pendants.
Sarah Madeleine’s Manuscript Diary is now held in the collection of The Women’s Library@LSE.


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Kate Frye’s Diary: Armistice 1918 And Remembrance Days 1928 and 1956


John Collins

John Collins

For the latter part of the First World War Kate Parry Collins (nee Frye) lived in a cottage in the tiny Buckinghamshire hamlet of Berghers Hill – on tenterhooks for news of her husband, John, who had been fighting in France since the end of 1916. He was awarded the Military Cross for bravery during the Battle of Arras – and, to Kate’s great relief, came through the war unscathed. We can imagine the emotion that lay behind the following entry in her daily diary.

Monday November 11th 1918 [Berghers Hill]

I was thinking and wondering every inch of the morning, and could not settle to anything. Was cleaning a collection of shoes about 11.30 in my room, the windows were open – I sat up and listened. Boom-Boom-Boom – then a Hooter and then I thought it time to bestir myself and went in to Agnes [her sister] then downstairs to Kathleen [the daily maid] and out to listen to the various sounds proclaiming that the Armistice has been signed. And thank God for our many and great mercies. Mother was down the hill and had called at the Manor House – the news was all over the green [Wooburn Green] and soon up here – and the remarks of the hill were marvellous. As soon as I could settle to anything I sat me down and wrote to John. Is he safe, and will he really be spared to come home to me?

[She eventually manages to buy a copy of the Daily Telegraph] ‘Yes, the glorious news, as announced ‘Surrender of Germany’ Armistice signed at 5 a.m. Cease fire at 11 a.m. The D.T. has news of Abdication of the Kaiser and Crown Prince, and flight to Holland. The whole of Germany is seething with revolution. It seems as if it will be a second Russia.

Kate snapped shopping in London in the 1920s

Kate snapped by a street photographer while shopping in London in the 1920s

Ten years later, Kate and John were living in a tiny north Kensington flat. For the past three years, at 11 o’clock on Remembrance Day,  they usually visited the Royal Artillery memorial at Hyde Park Corner – John having been a member of the RA. But on this special 10th anniversary of the Armistice they planned to join in the main London celebration. Kate was determined that she would have a Sunday free from domestic chores in order to dedicate herself to remembrance.

Saturday November 10th  1928 [Leinster Square, London]

A great day of preparation so as to be free for Remembrance tomorrow. So John went out for me and did the rest of the shopping and I first did the usual housework and a bit extra then dinner at 5.30. Shoulder of lamb, onion sauce, potatoes, sprouts, apple crowdies and a large one for tomorrow. Then cleared away, washed up, put all ready for the morning and scrubbed the kitchen. Sat down rather broken – but determined to wake at 7 tomorrow.

Sunday November 11th  1928

I woke at 7.30 and up straightway and J and I both up to breakfast. Up – washed breakfast and off. Train to Westminster – a packed tram and an impossible place – such a crowd. I jumped on a bus to get out of it. fortunately it took us to Charing Cross. We tried Whitehall from top – no good. I was afraid of the crowd – so eventually just off by Whitehall Court and heard the singing and the last post – a marvellous two minutes silence. A rest in the Club – then an hour and a quarter pilgrimage to pass the Cenotaph – again most wonderful. Came on to rain so made for Lyons for lunch in Victoria Street. Then to go through the Abbey past the Tomb [of the Unknown Warrior] and for the 3 o’clock service.


Kate in bed - headphones at the ready

Kate in bed – headphones at the ready

Home by bus, raining still – the queue [stretching] from Trafalgar Square. Our dinner – frightfully tired. Service on wireless. Bed – then Albert Hall meeting in bed with one earphone each up to 11pm. A really wonderful day of Remembrance.

Twenty-eight years later, after several years of caring for John at home as he became increasingly afflicted with dementia, Kate was finally forced to allow him to be admitted to the local asylum. They did not have sufficient money to pay nursing-home fees. She recorded the following entry in her diary on the first Remembrance Day after he was lost to her.

11th November 1956 [Hill Top, Berghers Hill]

To Cenotaph at Wooburn. I sat and wept – but tried to pull myself out of the tears. But so sad without John here with me. Remembering all the 11 o’clocks we had heard together.

KateTo discover more about the entirety of Kate’s life – her upbringing, her involvement with the suffrage movement, her marriage, her London flats, her life in a Buckinghamshire hamlet, her love of the theatre, her times as an actress, her efforts as a writer, her life on the Home Front during two world wars, her involvement with politics – and her view of the world from the 1890s until October 1958  – do read the e-book, Kate Parry Frye: the long life of an Edwardian actress and suffragette published by ITV as a tie-in with their series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. It can be downloaded from  from iTunes – http://bit.ly/PSeBKPFITVal. or  from Amazon.

I’d love to hear what you think of Kate and the life she lived. 

To read in detail about Kate’s involvement in the women’s suffrage campaign – in a beautifully-produced, highly illustrated, conventional paper book – see  Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary.


All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

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Suffrage Stories: Kitty Marion, Arson, A Route Taken – And A Touch Of Solipsism

On Sunday 2 November the Radio 3 Sunday Feature told – very briefly – the story of Kitty Marion, music-hall artiste, suffragette, and arsonist.

At the planning stage the producer was kind enough to invite me to contribute to the programme – with the brief to discuss something of Kitty’s suffragette activities. The  most notorious of these – or, at least, the most publicly known – was the burning down of the stadium at the Hurst Park racecourse at Molesey. This she did with the aid of an accomplice, Clara (Betty) Giveen. You can read how and why they acted as they did in –  Suffrage Stories: Kitty Marion, Emily Wilding Davison And Hurst Park

Hurst Park racecourse ran alongside the Thames just across the river from Hampton Court and although much of it was sold for redevelopment in the 1960s, the remaining open space and the layout of roads and fields have changed  little in the past 100 years, making it worthy of a visit for a spot of location radio. It was decided, therefore, that we should retrace the arsonists’ footsteps.

I offered to drive our little party  from central London to Molesey, a journey that I know like the back of my proverbial hand. For the road that leads down to Hampton Court passes the house on Twickenham Green where I grew up and which remained in my family for over 50 years.Moreover, during my schooldays I had made the journey between Twickenham Green and Hampton every day – for the first few years on that now all but forgotten vehicle, the trolley bus.

By way of a detour and for my younger readers - the 667 trolleybus en route from Twickenham to Hampton Court

By way of a detour and for my younger readers – the 667 trolleybus en route from Twickenham to Hampton Court

Now, in September 2014, our destination was Molesey Cricket Club, which lies, as it did in 1913, next to the erstwhile racecourse. In her unpublished autobiography Kitty mentions that, having left the road, she and Betty crossed a cricket field and so, leaving the cricket club car park, we made our way down a ditch (I with much less agility than my younger companions), through brambles and  into the open sunshine of Hurst Park.

Hurst Park pk cat 182


We looked over towards where the racecourse stadium had once stood and imagined the scene – as shown in this photograph –  revealed by the light of day on Monday 9 June 1913. The fire set by the two women had taken hold very quickly, rather taking them by surprise, and they, with the gas mains exploding, throwing up fountains of fire, they had fled the scene.

I was particularly interested in the next stage of Kitty and Betty’s night excursion. For a long time I had suspected that their journey on foot might have taken them past 15 The Green, Twickenham, but I had never before had occasion to research the matter. That their destination had been a house close to Kew Gardens Station was well known – but what roads had they taken to get there?

In fact the newspaper reports of their trial provide the answer. For they had been spotted at various points on their journey – the sight of two young(ish) women walking unaccompanied through the night had not gone unremarked. The first sighting – by a tramdriver – was at 12.45 am on the road between Hampton Court and Hampton and the second, most importantly, was at Fulwell, which lies between Hampton and Twickenham.

Twickenham Green c 1920s. The scene is still remarkably unchanged. No 15 is just out of the picture on the right - the house identical to the one on the right here. (Photo courtesy of Twickenham Museum)

Twickenham Green c 1920s. The scene is still remarkably unchanged. No 15 is just out of the picture on the right. The house is identical to the one shown on the right here. (Photo courtesy of Twickenham Museum)

So, there it was – a proof that satisfied me. For from Fulwell the direct route took them right past Twickenham Green – probably along the very pavement you see on the right of the above photograph.

Kitty and Betty continued through Twickenham Junction and East Twickenham, crossed over the river and  were next seen in Richmond at 2.50 am. Alerted to the fire, the police at Hampton Court had sent constables on bicycles to scour the roads. This clearly produced no immediate result but  telegraphic messages had also been sent out to all police stations which may be why, in the early hours of the morning, police in Richmond and Kew were on the look out for likely suffragette suspects.

Making no attempt to keep out of sight, Kitty and Betty were walking along Kew Road when, at the corner of Pagoda Avenue, they attracted the attention of a policeman . He followed them down to Lower Mortlake Road where, as they seemed to be lost, he questioned them. They then wandered through the streets, with the police constable following, until in the end he it was who pointed the way to their destination – West Park Road.

Police in this area may well have been on particular alert because suffragettes had recently damaged plants in the Kew Gardens orchid house  and had set the tea room alight.  A middle-aged, middle-class suffragette, Ella Stevenson, who lived in Cumberland Road, a few streets away from West Park Road, had in March been found guilty of putting phosphorous into the post box at post office in Richmond’s main street, George Street . Edwy Clayton, a scientific chemist whose home, ‘Glengariff’, in Kew Road Kitty and Betty had walked past – was at this very moment on trial at the Old Bailey on a charge of conspiracy connected with the Kew Gardens tea room and other WSPU arson attacks.

Thanks to the producer’s iPhone map, we were better equipped than Kitty and Betty and, weaving our way through the Kew streets, arrived with little difficulty at what had been their ‘safe house’. This in 1913 was the home of Dr Casey and his wife, Isabella, and daughter, Eileen. The two women were dedicated suffragettes and Mrs Casey’s action in allowing a key to her house to be in the possession of Kitty Marion, a woman she did not know, seems to have shocked the court at the subsequent trial even more than the arson itself.

Thanks  to the spontaneous kindness of the present owner we were able to record briefly inside the atmospheric Edwardian villa – noting original interior fittings – such as the fireplace with the overmantle mirror in which Kitty must surely have glanced as she and Betty waited for what they must have expected – the knock of a policeman on the door.

The knock of course did come, Kitty and Betty were tried, found guilty of arson and sentenced. Kitty went on hunger strike and was released under the Cat and Mouse Act on a couple of occasions. On the second she was taken to Nurse Pine’s Nursing Home at 9 Pembridge Gardens in Kensington (she mentions ‘Piney’ in her autobiography) from where, after a decoy was employed, she escaped.

Nurse Catherine Pine ran her nursing home in this large Kensington villa

Nurse Catherine Pine ran her nursing home in this large Kensington villa

From then until her re-arrest in January 1914 Kitty Marion was on the run, working, as she put it, to ‘communicate with the government’. It was a dangerous time.


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Suffrage Stories: Mrs Pankhurst’s Headstone – And Its Sculptor

Brompton Cemetery - with Mrs Pankhurst's headstone

Brompton Cemetery – with Mrs Pankhurst’s headstone

Emmeline Pankhurst died, at the age of 69, in a Wimpole Street nursing home on 14 June 1928. On 18 June her funeral service was held in St John’s, Smith Square (a church in which, incidentally, there had, in early March 1914, been an explosion attributed to suffragette activity). Afterwards her coffin was taken to Brompton Cemetery for burial. Among the hundreds attending both ceremonies was Kate Parry Frye (now Mrs Collins). In her diary Kate described the day:

 Monday June 18th 1928  [London: Flat C, 57 Leinster Square]

Cloudy and a cold wind but the rain kept off. Two buses to Westminster and to St John’s Church Smith Square. Had no ticket but being very early before 10 – I was let in up in the Gallery of the Church and sat over the Chancel and in front of Mrs Pankhurst’s Coffin. The flowers were marvellous – most beautiful. A wonderful service but very sad – sad in itself and to see & feel us all so old and grey and ill. A bus to Brompton Cemetery an enormous crowd there. Followed the Coffin and saw the end –  then got away.

That occasion, fittingly enough, marked the end of Kate’s involvement with the women’s suffrage campaign.  Kate, whose years as an active suffragist are faithfully recorded in her diary (published as Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary) made no mention in her diary of the passing a couple of weeks later – on 2 July – of the Representation of the People (Equal Franchise) Act.  It was as though, with the death of Emmeline Pankhurst, a chapter in her life had closed (though you can find out very much more about her life before and after suffrage in Kate Parry Frye: the long life of an Edwardian actress and suffragette).

I was thinking of Kate on a deliciously dank autumn morning last week when I found myself in the neighbourhood of Brompton Cemetery and thought I mustn’t let the opportunity pass to walk yet again in her footsteps. I had visited Mrs Pankhurst’s grave some years ago – but that was before I had encountered Kate Frye and before the day of the digital camera – or blogs. Now I imagined  Kate there, among the large number of women who crowded around on that windy way. Confined to the paths, most could have seen little of the ceremony.

DSC01354(1)I’m not sure that Kate returned to the Cemetery so doubt that she ever saw the headstone that was erected some time after Emmeline Pankhurst’s burial. The grave is easily found – on the left-hand of the central path, encountered soon after you’ve passed through the imposing North Lodge  (Old Brompton Road) entrance. It was also one of the very few graves at which flowers have recently been left. I suspect that such tributes are regularly made and, needless to say, as you will see from the photo, they are likely to approximate WSPU colours.

The tall headstone is sloping slightly – although perhaps not as much as my photography suggests!

As I quote in the entry on Emmeline Pankhurst in my The Women’s Suffrage Movement: a reference guide, the headstone was ‘designed by Julian P. Allan, whom Kitty Marshall described as “a clever girl”.’ When researching (in pre-internet days) for that book (published in 1999) I had neither the time nor, indeed, the resources to attempt to discover who this ‘clever girl’ was. Now a little digging has produced her intriguing story.

Julian Phelps Allan was born Eva Dorothy Allan in Hampshire in 1892 – so ‘the clever girl’ was actually 36 at the time of Emmeline Pankhurst’s death. After the registration of her birth we next catch sight of her nine months later as she sets sail with her mother (‘Mrs Allan’) and her brothers, 5-year-old Leonard and 3-year-old Cecil, bound for Belize. Well, of course I immediately wondered why they were making that journey and set out to explore all the various databases that might prove useful.

I slowly pieced the answer together. They were returning to British Honduras where Mr Allan – Gordon Allan (1856-?) – was surveyor-general. In 1885-6 he had published ‘A Plan of Belize’. Further research uncovered his marriage in 1884 in west London to Ada Phelps Richards, the eldest in the large family of a widowed brewer. Before taking over the family firm her father had been a civil engineer and Ada had been born in Brazil, presumably when he was engaged on some south American scheme. I suspect that Gordon Allan died in the 1890s in British Honduras because I next found his son, Cecil G. Allan (who had been born in British Honduras) in 1901 as a pupil at the London Orphanage Asylum at Watford. The criterion for admission to that establishment was that the pupil had to be fatherless – but not, apparently, motherless.

For in 1911 Ada Phelps Allan was still alive – a patient in the Merchant Taylors’ Convalescent Home for Ladies at Bognor. Indeed she did not die until 1944. In 1911 her daughter, Eva, was boarding in the home of carpenter and joiner at 40 Achilles Road, West Hampstead.  The census recorded her as ‘student at college’. Her landlady’s daughter was a student at Clark’s College so perhaps that was where Eva also was studying. It was an appropriate educational institution for a young woman of her background – and, probable lack of means – to attend. Clark’s very successfully trained young men and women to pass the Civil Service examinations.

I can imagine – though don’t know for certain – that Eva spent the following few years working efficiently in offices – until she became a member, during the First World War, of the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps. She served as a ‘unit administrator’ – the equivalent of officer rank.

After the war she studied sculpture at the Westminster School of Art and then at the Royal Academy Schools. You can read an account of her work as a sculptor here. The commission for Mrs Pankhurst’s headstone came early in her career. Doubtless she moved in circles that overlapped with those of suffrage activists. It was also around this time that she dropped ‘Eva Dorothy’ in favour of the more androgynous ‘Julian Phelps’ (‘Phelps’ being her maternal grandfather’s second name – and  a name inherited by her mother and most of her mother’s siblings).



The headstone she made for Emmeline Pankhurst is of red sandstone, in the form of a Celtic cross. The  inscription is simple – ‘In Loving Memory of Emmeline Pankhurst wife of R.M. Pankhurst LLD At Rest June 14 1928.’ No mention of children, or a life’s work for women.


The shaft carries this somewhat enigmatic haloed figure.



The head of the cross shows what I take to be the hand of God reaching down from the heavens as two angels minister in some symbolic way.

I wonder how the commission was described in the brief to the sculptor?

See here for Julian Allan’s own – very different – memorial. I’m rather amazed to discover that she was actually still alive when I first came across her name –  researching The Reference Guide She died in 1996 – aged 103.


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Books And Ephemera For Sale: Catalogue 186

Woman and her Sphere

Catalogue 186


Elizabeth Crawford




Index to Catalogue

Non-fiction: Items 1-183

Biography: Items 184-260

Ephemera: Items 261-339

Postcards: Items 340-343

Fiction: Items 344-377

Suffrage Non-fiction: Items 378-396

Suffrage Biography (including ‘Terrero Bequest): Items 397-400

Suffrage Fiction: Items 401-413

Suffrage Ephemera: Items 414-478

Suffrage Ephemera (Kate Parry Frye Collection); Items 479-495

Suffrage Postcards: Real Photographic: Items 496-532

Suffrage Postcards: Commercial Comic: Items 533-572

Suffrage Postcards: Suffrage Artist: Items 573-576

Women and the First World War: Items 577-581

Women and the First World War Ephemera: Items 582-590

Women and the First World War Fiction: Items 591-592



Holloway Jingles

Item # 403




  1. 500 HOUSEWIVES Five Hundred Household Hints Country Life 1926 [13563] The hints originated in ‘House & Garden’ – supplied by readers. Very good                                                               £8


  1. ALEXANDER, Sally Women’s Work in 19th-century London: a study of the years 1820-50 Journeyman Press 1983 [12147] First published in ‘The Rights and Wrongs of Women’ (ed Mitchell and Oakley, 1976). Soft covers – fine £8


  1. ALLEN, Jennifer (ed) Lesbian Philosophies and Cultures State University of New York Press 1990 [5164] Paper covers – very good                                                                                                 £5


  1. ALLSOPP, Anne The Education and Employment of Girls in Luton, 1874-1924: widening opportunities and lost freedoms Boydell Press/Bedfordshire Historical Record Society 2005 [10963] Examines the education of Luton girls and its relationship with employment opportunities. Mint in d/w £20


  1. ANDREWS, Maggie The Acceptable Face of Feminism: the Women’s Institute as a social movement Lawrence & Wishart 1997 [9533] Soft covers – mint £9


  1. ANON Enquire Inside For Everything You Want to Know In Your Domestic and Social Life W. Foulsham no date [1930s?] [13576] Paper covers – good – some foxing                                    £4


  1. Anon The Intelligent Woman’s Guide to Shopping Retail Trading Standards Association no date [1935] [13564] ‘How to be sure of getting value for money. How to be sure of distinguising good quality from bad. How to be sure of paying the right price.’ Card covers – very good                                  £10


  1. ANON You And I Cookery Book: an effort to meet a need in the cheapest form Birling Publishing Co no date [1930s?/1940s?] [13577] A spin-off of the ‘You and I’ magazine, published in connected with the YWCA. ‘Over 1000 carefully selected household hints and recipes’. I can’t work out when this was published – it contains several recipes with ‘War-time’ in their titles – but am not sure if this is looking back to WW1 or whether it was published during WW2. But others seem to use a surprising amount of sugar and eggs for cooking in a time of strict rationing. But, whenever, ‘Economy’, was the watchword. Paper covers – front cover present but detached – back cover missing £2


  1. BANET-WEISER, Sarah The Most Beautiful Girl in the World: beauty pageants and national identity University of California Press 1999 [5141] Paper covers – mint £5

10      BARRATT, Alexandra (ed) Women’s Writing in Middle English Longman 1992 [11954] In Longmans        Annotated Texts series. Soft covers – fine                                                                                 £10

11. BASCH, Françoise Relative Creatures: Victorian women in society and the novel Schocken Books 1974 [13467] Very good £4

12. BEACHY, Robert Et Al (eds) Women, Business and Finance in 19th-century Europe: rethinking separate spheres Berg 2006 [9208] Fine £12

13. BEER, Janet Kate Chopin, Edith Wharton and Charlotte Perkins Gilman: studies in short fiction Palgrave 1997 r/p [11769] Focusses on a wide range of short fiction by these three women writers. Hardovers – fine £12

14. BEIER, Ruth Science and Gender: a critique of biology and its theories on women Pergamon Press 1984 [13491] Soft covers – good £5

15. BERESFORD, John (ed) John Macdonald Memoirs of an Eighteenth-Century Footman Travels (1745-1779) Routledge 1928 (r/p) [11771] The footman was a Scottish highlander and through his eyes we see the maelstrom of 18th-century life – in England, Scotland and on the continent – as he travelled ‘in service.’ Excellent reading. Very good                                                                  £12

16. BERRY, Mrs Edward And MICHAELIS, Madame (eds) 135 Kindergarten Songs and Games Charles and Dible, no date [1881] [9035] ‘These songs are printed to supply a want in English Kindergartens’ – the music is, of course, included – as are movement instructions. Mme Michaelis ran the Croydon Kindergarten. Very good                                                                                           £48

17. BLACK, Clementina Sweated Industry and the Minimum Wage Duckworth 1907 [11756] With an introduction by A.G. Gardiner, chairman of the executive committee of the National Anti-Sweating League                                                                                                                                       £45

18. BLAIR, Kirstie Form & Faith in Victorian Poetry & Religion OUP 2012 [13693] By assessing the discourses of church architecture and liturgy the author demonstrates that Victorian poets both reflected on and affected ecclesiastical practices – and then focuses on particular poems to show how High Anglican debates over formal worship were dealt with by Dissenting, Broad Church, and Roman Catholic poets and other writers. Features major poets such as the Browning, Tennyson, Hopkins, Rossetti and Hardy – as well as many minor writers. Mint in d/w (pub price £62)                                                      £35

19. BLOCH, R. Howard Medieval Misogyny and the Invention of Western Romantic Love University of Chicago Press 1991 [11978] Soft covers – fine                                                                         £18

20. BLOOM, Stanley The Launderette: a history Duckworth 1988 [10201] Soft covers – very good £3

21. BOARD OF EDUCATION Special Reports on Educational Subjects vol 15 HMSO 1905 [12182] ‘School Training for the Home Duties of Women. part 1 The Teaching of “Domestic Science” in the United States of America’. Exhaustive – 374pp – paper covers – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £10

22. BOARD OF EDUCATION Special Reports on Educational Subjects vol 19 HMSO 1907 [12233] ‘School Training for the Home Duties of Women. Part III The Domestic Training of Girls in Germany and Austria’. Paper wrappers marked and worn -internally good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library                                                                                                                                                      £8

23. Boucé, Paul-Gabriel (ed) Sexuality in 18th-century Britain Manchester University Press 1982 [11034] Includes essays by Roy Porter, Ruth Perry and Pat Rogers – among others. Very good in d/w £24

24. BOYD, Kenneth Scottish Church Attitudes to Sex, Marriage and the Family 1850-1914 John Donald 1980 [9679] Fine in d/w                                                                                                            £18

25. BRAITHWAITE, Brian And BARRELL, Joan The Business of Women’s Magazines Kogan Page, 2nd ed 1988 [13721] Fine                                                                                                           £8

26. BRANDON, Ruth Other People’s Daughters: the life and times of the governess Weidenfeld & Nicolson 2008 [11942] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £12

27. BRITTAIN, Vera Lady Into Woman: a history of women from Victoria to Elizabeth II Andrew Dakers 1953 [13161] Good – though ex-public library £8

28. BRUMBERG, Joan Jacobs Fasting Girls: the history of anorexia nervosa Vintage 2000 [11925] Soft covers – fine £8

29. BRUNN, Emilie Zum and EPINEY-BURGARD, Georgette Women Mystics in Medieval Europe Paragon House 1989 [11958] Translated from French. Soft covers – fine                               £12

30. BULLEY, A. Amy and WHITLEY, Margaret Women’s Work Methuen 1894 [12108] With a preface by Lady Dilke. In the ‘Social Questions of To-day’ series. Very good in original cloth – scarce £55

31. BURDETT, Sir Henry (ed) How To Become a Nurse Scientific Press Ltd, 9th ed no date (but c 1917) [13803] Previous editions had been titled ‘The Nursing Profession: how and where to train’. Packed with information – particularly of all the institutions at which a nurse could receive training – both at home and in the countries of the Empire. The free front end paper bears the ownership inscription of ‘Maud W. Chambers Dec 15 1917′. In fine condition with lovely picture of an ideal nurse on the front. Scarce                                                                                                                                                    £65

32. BURMAN, Sandra (ed) Fit Work for Women St Martin’s Press (NY) 1979 [12111] Presents a collection of papers which discuss the origins of the domestic ideal and its effects on activities usually undertaken by women. Fine in d/w                                                                                                              £12

33. BURSTALL, Sara A. The Story of the Manchester High School for Girls 1871-1911 Manchester University Press 1911 [9219] Cover marked and faded – internally  very good. Scarce          £38

34. BUTLER, C.V. Domestic Service: an enquiry by the Women’s Industrial Council Garland Publishing 1980 [12114] Facsimile reprint of the study first published by G. Bell & Sons in 1916. £20

35. BY THE AUTHOR OF ENQUIRE WITHIN UPON EVERYTHING The Reason Why: Domestic Science Houlston & Sons c 1900? reprint [13573] First published in 1869 to give ‘Intelligible Reasons for the Various Duties which a Housewife has to Perform’. Introducing ‘science’ into the ‘domestic’. Answers to such questions as ‘Why does flesh when much boiled become tasteless and stringy?'; ‘Why do we blow the fire?'; ‘Why should hair too distant from the eyebrows be parted only in the centre?'; ‘Why is it necessar to turn mattresses at frequent intervals’ etc etc. Good £8

36. BYRNE, Katherine Tuberculosis and the Victorian Literary Imagination CUP 2010 [13430] Explores the representations of tuberculosis in 19th-century literature and culture. fears about gender roles, degeneration, national efficiency and sexual transgression all play their part in the portrayal of ‘consumption’, a disease which encompassed a variety of cultural associations. Mint in d/w (pub price £55)                                                                                                                                                    £35

37. BYTHELL, Duncan The Sweated Trades; outwork in 19th-century Britain Batsford 1978 [12110] Very good in d/w £12

38. CADBURY, Edward, MATHESON, M. Cecile and SHANN, George Women’s Work and Wages: a phase of life in an industrial city University of Chicago Press 1907 [8076] US edition of this study of women’s work in Birmingham. Good – inner hinge a little loose £50

39. CAIRNES, J.E. Political Essays Macmillan 1873 [11785] The Irish economist John Cairnes had long been a friend of Henry Fawcett, both part of the Blackheath circle centring on John Stuart Mill. When Millicent Fawcett (aged 23) published her ‘Political Economy for Beginners’ in 1870 Cairnes took it seriously, reviewed it and wrote to her ‘I have just finished my study of your useful little book and send you by this post my notes upon it. You will find I have some serious controversies with you.’ Three years later, when he published ‘Political Essays’ , he sent Millicent a copy – inscribing it ‘MG Fawcett from the author’. A ‘From the Author’ slip has survived the handling of the last 140 years – and Millicent Fawcett has added her delightful bookplate to the front pastedown. However, an inquisitive inspection reveals that not all the pages are cut. Latterly the book was in the library of O.R. McGregor (Professor Lord McGregor of Durris) author of ‘Divorce in England’ which had, for its time, 1957, an excellent bibliography – revealing the author’s wide interest in ‘women’s history’. On the spine the cloth binding is chipped – missing in parts – would benefit from rebacking. Otherwise a good copy – and a very interesting association copy                                                                                                                       £125

40. CALVERTON, V.F. and SCHMALHAUSEN, S.D. (eds) Sex in Civilsation Macaulay Co (NY) 1929 (reprint) [12650] With an introduction by Havelock Ellis. Contributors include Beatrice Forbes-Robertson Hale, Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Margaret Sanger. Good – 719pp – heavy                         £12

41. CHAPMAN, Beatrice Wallis And CHAPMAN, Mary Wallis Status of Women Under English Law: a compendious epitome of legislative enactments and social and political events arranged as a continuous narrative with references to authorities and acts of Parliament George Routledge 1909 [13800] ‘..rendering easily accessible the main facts of the political position of women from 1066 to the present-day.’ Good – and scarce.                                                                                                           £65

42. CHAPONE, Mrs On the Improvement of the Mind together with Dr Gregory’s, Legacy to His Daughters and Lady Pennington’s, Advice to Her Absent Daughter,  with An Additional letter on the Management and Education of Infant Children  Scott, Webster and Geary, no date c. 1835 [9555] A compendium of Good Conduct – a ‘four in one’. With engraved frontispiece and title page -good  in slightly rubbed half leather and marbled boards                                                                                                        £38

43. CHASE, Ellen Tenant Friends in Old Deptford Williams and Norgate 1929 [13804] With an introduction from the work of Octavia Hill. Ellen Chase (1863-1949) was an American who in 1886 came over from Boston to work with Octavia Hill. The book begins with a chapter describing ‘The management of houses on the Octavia Hill plan’ and ends with ‘Notes on house management’ – in between are descriptions of life in the slum ‘courts’ of Deptford. This copy bears the ownership inscription of ‘Elizabeth Sturge 2 Durdham Park Bristol’ (a house that, incidentally, now bears a blue plaque recording her occupancy) – one of Bristol’s pioneers in the field of women’s suffrage and women’s education Very good – scarce                                                                                                                                       £85

44. CHECKLAND, Olive Philanthropy in Victorian Scotland: social welfare and the voluntary principle John Donald Ltd 1980 [9241] Fine in fine d/w £20

45. CLAPP, Elizabeth and JEFFREY, Julie Roy (eds) Women, Dissent and Anti-Slavery in Britain and America, 1790-1865 OUP 2011 [13422] Essays by David Turley, Timothy Whelan, Alison Twells, Clare Midgeley, Carol Lasser, Julie Roy Jeffrey, Stacey robertson and Judie Newman – with an Introduction by Elizabeth Clapp. Mint in d/w (pub price £60)                                                                           £25

46.CLARKE, Norma Dr Johnson’s Women Hambledon and London 2000 [9736] investigates lives of Elizabeth Carter, Charlotte Lennox, Elizabeth Montagu, Hester Thrale and Fanny Burney – exploring their relationship with Dr Johnson, with each other and with the world of letters. Excellent reading. Mint in d/w                                                                                                                                               £8

47. CLARKE, Patricia The Governesses: letters from the colonies 1862-1882 Hutchinson 1985 [12463] Fine in fine d/w £7

48.COHEN, Monica Professional Domesticity in the Victorian Novel: women, work and home CUP 1998 [12419] Offers new readings of narratives by Jane Austen, Charlotte Bronte, Dickens, George Eliot, Emily Eden etc to show how domestic work, the most feminine of all activities, gained much of its social credibility by positioning itself in relation to the emergent professions. Soft cover – fine £25

49.COLLET, Clara Report by Miss Collet of the Statistics of Employment of Women and Girls HMSO 1894 [7203] Report prepared under the aegis of the Board of Trade – Employment of Women (Labour Department). Very good – 152pp – bound into new protective card covers                              £65

50.COLLET, Clara Report by Miss Collet on the Money Wages of Indoor Domestic Servants HMSO 1899 [7207] Women workers were in the overwhelming majority of those considered in this report. Fascinating information. Very good in original card covers                                                                         £55

51.CORNFORD, L. Cope And YERBURY, F.R. Roedean School Ernest Benn 1927 [4826] Large format – heavily illustrated – photographs and line drawings – good internally, spine cloth split £5

52.COWAN, Ruth Schwartz More Work For Mother: the ironies of household technology from the open hearth to the microwave Basic Books (NY) 1983 [10355] Very good in d/w £10

53.CRAIG, Elizabeth Housekeeping Collins 1947 [13047] With many photographs. In ‘Elizabeth Craig’s Household Library’ series. Good in torn d/w                                                                              £8

54.CRAWFORD, Elizabeth Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle Francis Boutle 2009 (r/p) [12677] Pioneering access to education at all levels for women, including training for the professions, the women of the Garrett circle opened the way for women to gain employment in medicine, teaching, horticulture and interiior design – and were also deeply involved in the campaign for women’s suffrage. Soft covers, large format, over 70 illustrations. Mint – new book £25

55.DAVID, Deirdre (ed) The Cambridge Companion to the Victorian Novel CUP 2012 (2nd ed) [13411] This second edition includes essays by Kate Flint, Caroline Levine, Nancy Armstrong, Lyn Pykett and Clare Pettit – amongst others. Soft covers – mint                                                                       £15

56.DAVIDOFF, L and HAWTHORN, R A Day in the life of a Victorian Domestic Servant Allen & Unwin 1976 [13726] Soft covers – very good – scarce                                                             £10

57.DAVIES, Emily Thoughts On Some Questions Relating to Women, 1860-1908 Bowes and Bowes (Cambridge) 1910 [13774] A selection of papers written by Emily Davies between 1860 and 1908. This copy bears the ink ms. inscription ‘Presented by Rev J. Ll. Davies D.D. This name, however, has been mistranscribed on label of The Working Men’s College Library – to which it was presented – as ‘Rev J.H. Davies D.D.’. John Llewelyn Davies was, of course, the very influential, liberal and supportive brother of Emily Davies. First edition, maroon cloth on cover a little marked and with a stain on free front endpapers. Otherwise clean and tight – with excellent photograph of Miss Davies as frontispiece. A scarce book                                                                                                                                                    £80

58.DAVIS, James Edward Prize Essay on the Laws for the Protection of Women Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans 1854 [13820] The Associate Institution for Improving and Enforcing the Laws for the Protection of Women was formed in the 1840s to lobby for legal reforms to suppress the trafficc in women. In 1850 it offered a prize for the best essay on ‘The Laws for the Protection of  Women’. The competition was won by James Edward Davis, a Middle Temple barrister, and was duly published by the Institution. The work both covers the history of British laws for the protection of women and makes suggestions for improvements and also discusses similar laws in other countries. Good in original red cloth covers. .247pp. Very scarce. The British Library apparently holds only a microfilm copy.                             £230

59.DICKENS, Andrea Janelle Female Mystic: great women thinkers of the Middle Ages I.B. Tauris 2009 [11947] Soft covers – fine £10

60.DON VANN, J. and VANARSDEL, Rosemary T. (eds) Periodicals of Queen Victoria’s Empire: an exploration University of Toronto Press 1996 [9600] Fine in fine d/w £18

61.DURHAM, Edith High Albania Virago 1985 [10802] First published in 1909. Soft covers – very good                                                                                                                                                     £8

62. DYHOUSE, Carol Feminism and the Family in England 1880-1939 Basil Blackwell 1989 [11224] Soft covers – very good                                                                                                             £12

63.ELLIS, Mrs Sarah Stickney The Select Works Henry G. Langley (New York) 1844 [11234] Includes ‘The Poetry of Life’, ‘Pictures of Private Life’, ‘A Voice From the Vintage, on the force of example addressed to those who think and feel’. Good in original decorative cloth                                                                                              £48

64.FINDLAY, J.J. (ed) The Young Wage-Earner and the Problem of His Education: essays and reports Sigwick and Jackson 1918 [8026] For ‘His Education’ read also ‘Hers’. The essays include: ‘From Home Life to Industrial Life: with special reference to adolescent girls, by James Shelley, prof of education, University College, Southampton; ‘The Young Factory Girl’ by emily Matthias, superintendent of women employees, the Phoenix Dynamo Manufacturing Co, Bradford and the reports include: ‘Working Girls and Trade Schools (London)’ by Theodora Pugh and ‘The Sons and Daughters of Farming Folk’ by J.J. Findlay. Very good                                                             £25

65. FREVERT, Ute Women in German History: from bourgeois emancipation to sexual liberation Berg 1989 [5066] Fine in d/w £8

66. FRYE, Susan And ROBERTSON, Karen (Eds) Maids and Mistresses, Cousins and Queens: women’s alliances in early modern England OUP 1999 [7435] A collection of essays exploring how early modern women associated with other women in a variety of roles, from alewives to midwives, prostitutes to pleasure seekers, slaves to queens, serving maids to ladies in waiting …’. Fine £28

67. FULFORD, Roger Votes for Women: the story of a struggle Faber 1957 [2579] Still an interesting study. Bears the ownership inscription of Hazel Mews, author of ‘Frail Vessels’ . Fine in d/w            £5

68. FULLER, Sophie The Pandora Book of Women Composers Pandora 1994 [8979] Fine in d/w   £15

69. GARRETT, Rhoda and Agnes Suggestions for House Decoration in Painting, Woodwork, and Furniture Macmillan 1876 [13706] Rhoda and Agnes Garrett set up their house decorating business in 1874. A study of their work constitutes one section in my book ‘Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle’  and demonstrates that the illustrations in ‘House Decoration’ were based on the rooms that Rhoda and Agnes knew best – those in their own home at 2 Gower Street, Bloomsbury. This copy is in quite good condition – cover a little rubbed and marked (books in the ‘Art at Home’ series, of which this is one, were, rather ironically, not very well produced!)                                                         £110

70. GEZARI, Janet Last Things: Emily Bronte’s Poems OUP 2007 [11027] A study of the poems, reinstating them at the heart of Romantic and Victorian concerns while at the same time underlining their enduring relevance for readers today. Mint in d/w £15

71. GILBERT, Sandra And GUBAR, Susan No Man’s Land: the place of the woman writer in the twentieth century Yale University Press 1994 [8899] Vol 3 – ‘Letters From the Front’ .477pp – mint in d/w                                                                                                                                             £25

72. GLENDINNING, Caroline And MILLAR, Jane (eds) Women and Poverty in Britain Wheatsheaf 1987 [5232] Mint in d/w                                                                                                             £5

73. GOLDSMITH, Margaret Women and the Future Lindsay Drummond 1946 [12101] A study of what the position was likely to be in the post-Second World War world. Scarce.Fine – in very slightly chipped d/w                                                                                                                                             £25

74. GOLLANCZ, Victor (ed) The Making of Women: Oxford essays in feminism Allen & Unwin 2n ed, 1918 [13782] Contributions from, among others, Maude Royden and Eleanor Rathbone. Good – scarce £65

75. GULLET, Gayle Becoming Citizens: the emergence and development of the California women’s movement 1880-1911 University of Illinois Press 2000 [5082] Paper covers – mint £8

76. HARRISON, Austin Pandora’s Hope; a study of woman Heinemann 1925 [4724] Good internally – cover chipped and bumped £2

77. HARTLEY, C. GASGUOINE Motherhood and the Relationship of the Sexes  Eveleigh Nash 1917 [13724] Includes a chapter ‘The Position of Women as Affected by the War’. Good – uncommon    £10

78. HELSINGER, Elizabeth Et Al (eds) The Woman Question: Social Issues, 1837-1883 Manchester University Press 1983 [12150] Volume II of ‘The Woman Question: Society and Literature in Britain and America, 1837-1883′. Fine £15

79. HELSINGER, Elizabeth K. Et Al (eds) The Woman Question: Society and Literature in Britain and America, 1837-1883 Manchester University Press 1983 [12151] Vol 1, ‘Defining Voices’. Focuses on representative texts, figures and controversies for what they reveal about the general character of the Woman Question rather than their historical connections with earlier and later phases of the debate. Fine                                                                                                                                                    £15

80. HILL, Georgiana Women in English Life: from mediaeval to modern times Richard Bentley 1896 [10453] An excellent study – in two volumes. Most of the second volume is devoted to the position of women at the end of the 19th century – written by one who was very much involved with the woman’s movement. Very good – a little bumped at top and bottom of spine. A scarce set £75

81. HOFFMAN, Lois And YOUNGBLADE, Lise Mothers at Work: effects on children’s well-being CUP 1999 [5115] Paper covers – mint £5

82. HOFFMAN, P.C. They Also Serve: the story of the shop worker Porcupine Press 1949 [13735] Soft covers – very good £8

83. HOLCOMBE, Lee Victorian Ladies at Work: middle-class working women in England and Wales 1850-1914 David & Charles 1973 [11226] Very good in chipped d/w £25

84. HOLDSWORTH, Angela Out of the Doll’s House: the story of women in the 20th century BBC 1988 (r/p) [4809] Paper covers – very good £5

85. HOLLIS, Patricia Ladies Elect: women in English local government 1865-1914 OUP 1987 [13264] Excellent study. Paper covers – good – now a scarce book £23

86. HOLT, Anne A Ministry To The Poor: being a history of the Liverpool Domestic Mission Society, 1836-1936 Henry Young (Liverpool) 1936 [9243] Very good – scarce £45

87. HORSFIELD, Margaret Biting the Dust: the joys of housework Fourth Estate 1997 [10183] Mint in d/w £5

88. HOUSMAN, Laurence Ploughshare and Pruning-Hook: ten lectures on social subjects Swarthmore Press 1919 [1322] A collection of papers, originally given as lectures – including ‘What is Womanly?’ (1911) and ‘Art and Citizenship’ (1910). Very good in d/w                                                     £10

89. HUNT, Peter (ed) Children’s Literature: an anthology Blackwell 2001 [2586] Soft covers – very good £5

90. (HUTCHINSON) Kathleen Coburn (ed) The Letters of Sara Hutchinson from 1800 to 1835 Routledge 1954 [9604] Friend of Mary and William Wordsworth – loved by Coleridge. Good              £18

91. JEFFREYS, Sheila The Spinster and Her Enemies: feminism and sexuality 1880-1930 Pandora 1985 [12445] Soft covers – fine £8

92. JOHNSON, Patricia E. Hidden Hands: working-class women and Victorian social-problem fiction Ohio University Press 2001 [10784] ‘Argues that the female industrial worker became more dangerous to represent than the prostitute or the male radical because the worker exposed crucial contradictions between the class and gender ideologies of the period and its economic realities’. Soft covers – mint £15

93. KANNENSTINE, Louis F. The Art of Djuna Barnes: duality and damnation New York University Press 1977 [2572] A study of the entire range of Djuna Barnes’ work. Fine in d/w £10

94. KAPLAN, Cora Sea Changes: culture and feminism Verso 1986 [12414] Soft covers – fine £8

95. KAPLAN, Gisela Contemporary Western European Feminism Allen & Unwin 1992 [4983] Fine in d/w                                                                                                                                               £5

96. KAYE, Elaine A History of Queen’s College, London, 1848-1972 Chatto 1972 [12467] The first college for the higher education of women. Very good in d/w                                                               £6

97. KENEALY, Arabella Feminism and Sex-Extinction E.P. Dutton & Co (NY) 1920 [12107] Anti-feminist eugenicist polemic. US edition is scarce. Very good internally – cloth cover a little bumped and rubbed                                                                                                                                        £25

98. KERTZER, David and BARBAGLIO, Marzio (eds) Family Life in the Long Nineteenth Century 1789-1913 Yale University Press 2002 [11037] A collection of essays under the headings: Economy and Family Organization: State, Religion, Law and the Family; Demographic Forces; Family Relations. 420pp Heavy. Mint in d/w                                                                                                                    £18

99.KESTNER, Joseph Protest & Reform: the British social narrative by women, 1827-1867 Methuen 1985 [2125] Very good in d/w £8

100. KING, Barbara P.G.S.G: a history 1905-1946 privately published 1989 [12569] A history of Pate’s Grammar School for Girls – ‘Cheltenham’s other girls’ school. Soft covers – fine £18

101. KING, Brenda Silk and Empire Manchester University Press  [9845] A study of the Anglo-Indian silk trade, challenging the notion that Britain always exploited its empire. Mint in d/w (pub price £55)   £25

102. KIRBY, Joan (ed) The Plumpton Letters and Papers CUP for the Royal Historical Society 1996 [10954] Letters addressed mainly to Sir William Plumpton (1404-80) and his son, Sir Robert (1453-1525). Good in marked d/w- but has perhaps been exposed to damp at some point                           £10

103. KIRKHAM, Margaret Jane Austen, Feminism and Fiction Harvester 1983 [12415] Soft covers – fine                                                                                                                                                    £10

104. KLEIN, Viola Working Wives: a survey of facts and opinions concerning the gainful employment of married women in Britain Institute of Personnel Management no date (1960) [12267] A survey carried out in co-operation with Mass Observation Ltd. Paper covers faded – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £10

105. LEE, Julia Sun-Joo The American Slave Narrative and the Victorian Novel OUP 2010 [13436] Investigates the shaping influence of the American slave narrative on the Victorian novel in the years between the British Abolition Act and the American Emancipation Proclamation – and argues that Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Gaskell, Thackeray and Dickens integrated into their works generic elements of the slave narrative. Mint in d/w (pub price £40)                                                                   £15

106. LERNER, Gerda The Creation of Feminist Consciousness: from the middle ages to 1870 OUP 1993 [11921] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £13

107. LEVINE, Philippa Victorian Feminism 1850-1900 Hutchinson 1987 [13727] Paper covers – very good                                                                                                                                                      £5

108. LEWIS, Judith Schneid In the Family Way: childbearing in the British aristocracy, 1760-1860 Rutgers University Press 1986 [8652] Very good in slightly chipped d/w £25

109. LITOFF, Judy Barrett And SMITH, David C. We’re In This War, Too: World War II Letters from American Women in Uniform OUP 1994 [8310] Fine in d/w £16

110. LLEWELYN DAVIES, Margaret (ed) Life As We Have Known it by Co-operative Working Women Virago 1977 [13729] First published in 1931- with an introduction by Virginia Woolf. Soft covers – good                                                                                                                                                      £5

111. LLEWELYN DAVIES, Margaret (ed) Maternity: letters from working women collected by the Women’s Co-operative Guild Virago 1984 (r/p) [12143] First published in 1915. Soft covers – very good £8

112. LOANE, M. An Englishman’s Castle Edward Arnold 1909 [9060] Martha Loane was a district nurse – this study of the homes of the poor is the result of her social investigation. Good                  £18

113, LOFTIE, W.J. A Plea for Art in the House: with special reference to the economy of collecting works of art, and the importance of taste in education and morals Macmillan 1879 (r/p) [13338] First published in 1876 – around the same time as Rhoda and Agnes Garrett’s book in the same series ‘Art at Home’ – and evincing many of the same touchstone’s of taste in home decoration. Goodish – a little rubbed and bumped £18

114.LOOTENS, Tricia Lost Saints: silence, gender, and Victorian literary canonization University Press of Virginia 1996 [12398] Fine in d/w £35

115. LYNCH, Mary Sewing Made Easy The World’s Work 1940 [13572] Co-published with Garden City Books (NY). How to make your 1940 costume – acknowledgement is made to Simplicity Patterns many of whose patterns are included in the book. Very good – large format                                       £8

116. MCCANN, Jean Thomas Howell and the School at Llandaff D. Brown (Cowbridge) 1972 [10608] Good – ex-university library                                                                                                       £15

117.MACCARTHY, B.G. The Female Pen; women writers and novelists 1621-1818 Cork University Press 1994 [12412] First published in 1944, this edition with an introduction by Janet Todd. Soft covers – 530pp – fine £12

118.MCCRACKEN, Peggy The Romance of Adultery: queenship and sexual transgression in old French literature University of Pennsylvania Press 1998 [11976] Fine in fine d/w £38

119.MACE, Jane Playing with Time: mothers and the meaning of literacy UCL Press 1998 [5260] Paper covers – mint £5

120. MCGREGOR, O.R. Divorce in England: a centenary study Heinemann 1957 [10426] Very good in d/w £10

121. McMILLAN, Margaret The Child and the State The National Labour Press 1911 [11641] In which she advocated giving poor children a more broad and humane education than they currently were receiving. Vol 9 in the Socialist Library series. Card covers – very good                                                  £28

122. MCQUISTON, Liz Women in Design: a contemporary view Trefoil 1988 [5013] Highlights the work of 43 designers from Britain, the US, Europe and Japan. Very good in d/w £5

123.MALVERY, Olive Christian Baby Toilers Hutchinson 1907 [8216] A study of the child workers of Edwardian Britain. Good                                                                                                          £38

124.MANNIN, Ethel Practitioners of Love: some aspects of the human phenomenon Hutchinson 1969 [2689] A study of ‘Civilised Man’s inordinate capacity for the biological and psychological process called “falling in love”‘. Perhaps Ethel Mannin is ripe for reappraisal. Very good in d/w £3

125.MARKS, Lara Metropolitan Maternity maternity and infant welfare services in early 20th century London Rodopi 1996 [11624] Soft covers – fine £22

126.MARTIN, Jane Women and the Politics of Schooling in Victorian and Edwardian England Leicester University Press 1999 [10781] Mint (pub price £65)                                                                £35

127.MASON, Michael The Making of Victorian Sexuality OUP 1994 [10599] Fine in d/w      £14

128.MEARS, Ann Success in Shopping Arrowsmith 1927 [13562] ‘How to tell, at sight: Good Eggs from Bad; Fresh Fish from Stale etc etc; ‘How to Distinguish the Best: in Blankets, Tennis-Racquets, Dogs, Firewood, Scissors etc’.  Very good in dustwrapper (latter is split at spine)                                                                                             £8

129.MEWS, Hazel Frail Vessels: woman’s role in women’s novels from Fanny Burney to George Eliot Athlone Press 1969 [3801] Very good in d/w £12

130.MILL, John Stuart The Subjection of Women Longmans, Green, Reader & Dyer 1869 (2nd ed) [13460] In original mustard embossed cloth – top inch or so of spine split and frayed. With faded shelf-mark sticker on spine and label on front paste-down of the Burnley Mechanics’ Institute. Front inside hinge a little stretched. Otherwise good internally. I’m pleased to think that the members of the Mechanics’ Institute took such an obvious interest in the subject.                                                               £85

131.MONK, Una New Horizons: a hundred years of women’s migration HMSO 1963 [11031] Very good in slightly torn d/w                                                                                                                        £20

132.MOTION, Andrew (ed) Interrupted Lives in Literature National Portrait Gallery 2004 [11964] Studies of Angela Carter, Katherine Mansfield, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Christopher Marlow, Edward Thomas and Sylvia Plath. Soft covers – fine                                                                                                    £7

133. MUMM, Susan (ed) All Saints Sisters of the Poor: an Anglican Sisterhood in the 19th century Boydel Press/Church of England Record Society 2001 [10964] A history of the Sisterhood that was founded by Harriet Brownlow Byron in 1850 to work in the slums of Marylebone – but then spread its net much wider. This volume comprises material drawn from the Sisterhood’s archives. V. interesting. Mint £30

134. NORWICH HIGH SCHOOL 1875-1950 privately printed, no date [1950] [9612] A GPDST school. Very good internally – green cloth covers sunned – ex-university library                                  £15

135.NUNN, Pamela Gerrish Victorian Women Artists Women’s Press 1987 [7106] Very good in d/w                                                                                                                                                    £18

136.ORRINSMITH, Mrs The Drawing Room: its decoration and furniture Macmillan 1877 [9344] In the ‘Art at Home’ series. ‘The author has endeavoured to give more particular directions as to the furnishing and adornment of the Drawing-Room than was possible in the Miss Garretts’ volume treating of the whole subject of ‘House Decoration’ .’ Very good – missing free front end paper many illustrations – a scarce book £45

137.OSBORNE, Honor And MANISTY, Peggy A History of the Royal School for Daughters of Officers of the Army 1864-1965 Hodder & Stoughton 1966 [10609] Good – ex-university library    £12

138.PALMER, Beth Women’s Authorship and Editorship in Victorian Culture OUP 2011 [13432] Draws on extensive periodical and archival material to bring new perspectives to the study of sensation fiction in the Victorian period. Mint in d/w (pub price £60)                                                                     £35

139. PALMER, Paulina Lesbian Gothic: transgressive fictions Cassell 1999 [5267] Paper covers – mint £5

140.PEDERSEN, Frederik Marriage Disputes in Medieval England Hambledon 2000 [11977] The records of the church courts of the province of York, mainly dating from the 14th c, provide a welcome light on private, family life and on individual reactions to it. Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w                 £25

141.PHILLIPS, M. And TOMPKINSON, W.S. English Women in Life and Letters OUP 1927 [9151] Describes the lives of Englishwomen of the past, some rich, others poor and unknown – using both historical sources and fiction – from the 14th century to the mid 19th. Very good                  £20

142.PHILLIPS, Margaret Mann Willingly to School: memories of York College for Girls 1919-1924 Highgate Publications 1989 [13124] Good in card covers – though ex-library £10

143.POOVEY, Mary Uneven Developments: the ideological work of gender in mid-Victorian England Virago 1989 [13730] Paper covers – fine £12

144.RAPPOPORT, Jill Giving Women: alliance and exchange in Victorian culture OUP 2012 [13413] examines the literary expression and cultural consequences of English women’s giving from the 1820s to the First World War – in the work of Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Elizabeth Gaskell and Christina Rossetti – as well as in literary annuals and political pamphlets. Through giving, women redefined the primary allegiances of teh everyday lives, forged public coalitions, and advanced campaigns for abolition, slum reform, eugenics, and suffrage. Mint in d/w (pub price £45.99) £32

145.RENDALL, Jane The Origins of Modern Feminism: women in Britain, France and the United States 1780-1860 Macmillan 1985 [9461] Soft covers – very good £15

146.REYNOLDS, Sian Britannica’s Typesetters: women compositors in Edinburgh Edinburgh University Press 1989 [1602] Fine in d/w £5

147.ROBINSON, Jane Angels of Albion: women of the Indian mutiny Viking 1996 [4240] Very good in rubbed d/w £8

148. ROTONDARO, Anna Women at Work on London’s Transport 1905-1978 Tempus 2004 [11050] Collection of images charting the history of women at work on London’s transport. Soft covers – mint                                                                                                                                                      £6

149.ROYDEN, A. Maude Political Christianity G.P. Putnams’ 1923 (r/p) [13120] Dedicated to members of the Guildhouse congregation. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library                            £8

150. SALES, Roger Jane Austen and Representations of Regency England Routledge 1996 [11362] Soft covers – mint                                                                                                                              £15

151. SCUTT, Jocelynne (ed) Breaking Through: women, work and careers Artemis (Australia) 1992 (r/p) [5125] Paper covers – mint £4

152.SEARLE, Arthur (ed) Barrington Family Letters 1628-1632 Royal Historical Society 1983 [10955] In the main letters to Lady Joan Barrington, the focal point of the extended family, the dowager and respected matriarch on a recognisable early 17th-century pattern. Very good                          £12

153.SEIDLER, Victor The Achilles Heel Reader: men, sexual politics and socialism Routledge 1991 [5302] Paper covers – mint £5

154.SHIMAN, Lilian Women and Leadership in Nineteenth-Century England Macmillan 1992 [4783] Fine in d/w (which has slight tear at top of spine)                                                                             £28

155. SHOWALTER, Elaine Inventing Herself: claiming a feminist intellectual heritage Picador 2001 [11934] An exploration of feminist intellectuals from the 18th century to the present – from Mary Wollstonecraft to Naomi Woolf. Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £15

156.SMITH, R.D.(edits and introduces) The Writings of Anna Wickham: free woman and poet Virago 1984 [12037] Soft covers – very good £5

157.SPENDER, Dale Time and Tide Wait for No Man: the story of a feminist political weekly in the 1920s Pandora 1984 [13733] Selections from the first 15 years of ‘Time and Tide’. Soft covers – fine £6

158.SPENDER, Dale And SARAH, Elizabeth Learning to Lose: sexism and education Women’s Press 1980 [1668] Paper covers – fine £3

159.SPROULE, Anna The Social Calendar Blandford Press 1978 [4639] Takes us through the Season. Very good in d/w                                                                                                                         £5

160.STAFFORD, H.M. Queenswood: the first sixty years 1894-1954 privately printed 1954 [9643] History of the school. Good – ex-college library £12

161.STANLEY, Liz Et Al (eds) Auto/Biography: Bulletin of the British Sociological Association Study Group on Auto/Biography (1993) [10494] Vol 2, no 1 ‘Research Practices’. Soft covers – fine £9

162.STENTON, Doris Mary The English Woman in History Allen & Unwin 1957 [8440] Good reading copy – ex-library                                                                                                                         £15

163.STONE, Dorothy The National: the story of a pioneer college Robert Hale 1976 [8231] History of the pioneering domestic economy training college – The National Training College of Domestic Subjects. Fine in d/w £12

164.TAYLOR, Barbara Mary Wollstonecraft and the Feminist Imagination CUP 2003 [11898] Soft covers – fine                                                                                                                                           £17

165.TAYLOR, Jane Contributions of Q.Q. Jackson & Walford 5th ed, 1855 [1699] The majority of these essays were first published in the ‘Youth’s Magazine’, between 1816 and 1822.  Good in original cloth                                                                                                                                                    £15

166.THE EDITOR OF ‘ENQUIRE WITHIN UPON EVERYTHING’ The Practical Housewife: a complete encyclopaedia of domestic economy and family medical guide Houlston & Sons new ed, no date [c 1890s?] [13569] ‘Will lessen the cares of domestic management, aid the practice of household economy and prove a help in many emergencies.’ The index runs from ‘Ablution, the importance of’ to ‘Zinc ointment’. Good £10

167.THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEAR BOOK AND DIRECTORY 1904 A & C Black 1904 [10837] Indispensable source of information. Very good internally in library binding                          £80

168.THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEAR-BOOK AND DIRECTORY FOR 1888 JUBILEE EDITION Hatchard’s 1888 [11772] edited by ‘L.M. H.’ [Louisa Hubbard], comprising Part I Englishwomen and their work in Queen Victoria’s reign and Part II Directory for 1888. A wonderful source – full of details of names and addresses. Very good and tight in decorative boards, a little darkened and marked with age. Extremely scarce                         £195

169. THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEARBOOK AND DIRECTORY 1901 A & C Black 1901 [11770] Ed by Emily Janes. Packed with information. Good internally – cloth covers marked – scarce £80

170.THORMAHLEN, Marianne The Brontes and Religion CUP 2004 [12430] Soft covers – fine     £30

171. TOBIN, Beth Fowkes Superintending the Poor: charitable ladies and paternal landlords in British fiction, 1770-1860 Yale University Press 1993 [9806] Mint in d/w £18

172.TODD, Janet Gender, Art and Death Continuum (NY) 1993 [3972] Mint in d/w               £14

173.TRIMMER, Mrs Abridgment of Scripture History consisting of Lessons selected from the Old Testament for the use of Schools and Families Rivington, stereotyped ed 1811 [3042] One of the most popular scripture textbooks of the 19th century. Good in original boards                               £15

174. TYLECOTE, Mabel The Education of Women at Manchester University 1883 to 1933 Manchester University Press 1941 [13139] With a newscutting obituary of Dame Mabel Tylecote laid in. Good – scarce                                                                                                                                         £40

175.VALENZE, Deborah The First Industrial Woman OUP 1995 [10786] Examines the underlying assumptions about gender and work that informed the transformation of English society, and in turn, ideas about economic progress. Charts the birth of a new economic order resting on social and sexual hierarchies which remain a part of our contemporary lives. Soft covers – mint                         £15

176.VEAL, Irene Wartime Recipes: collected by Irene Veal as published in the ‘Radio Times’ Letts Quikref Diaries – Authorised by the BBC no date (c 1940) [13741] Apart from the recipes culled from the ‘Radio Times’ Irene Veal appears to have gathered some from a few chums – such as Richard Tauber and Lupino Lane.Packed with recipes, nterspersed with evocative advertisements. Soft covers -36pp – very good – very scarce                                                                                                                                 £18

177. VINCE, Mrs Millicent Decoration and Care of the Home W. Collins 1923 [12870] Mrs Vince had been a pupil of the pioneer ‘House Decorator’, Agnes Garrett. Very good in rubbed d/w                £18

178. WANDOR, Michelene Post-War British Drama: looking back in gender Routledge, revised edition 2001 [5897] Soft covers – mint £12

179.WEBSTER’S ROYAL RED BOOK or Court and Fashionable Register for May 1876 Webster and Larkin 1876 [12154] A London street guide (Abbey Gardens, St John’s Wood to Young St, Kensington) giving the names of individual householders – combined with a list of the names and addresses of the ‘Fashionable’ – a wide swathe of middle-class London. A very useful directory. In fair condition – very good internally -clean and tight – but decorative, gilt embossed cloth is rubbed and sewing has parted at inside back cover. This early directory is quite scarce £30

180.WINSTEAD, Karen (ed) Chaste Passions: medieval English virgin martyr legends Cornell University Press 2000 [11983] Soft covers – very good £9

181.WOODBRIDGE, Linda Women and the English Renaissance: literature and the nature of womankind 1540-1620 Harvester 1984 [11986] Hardcover -very good internally – a few small inkspots to front board                                                                         £25

182. WOODHOUSE, Annie Fantastic Women: sex, gender and transvestism Macmillan 1989 [5282] Mint in d/w £5

183.WOODS, Edgar & Diana Things That Are Not Done: an outspoken commentary on popular habits and a guide to correct conduct Universal Publications, no date (1937) [10612] Good £12



184. The Ladies’ Who’s Who (with which is incorporated the Ladies’ Court Book and Guide – including Anglo-American Section) The International Art & Publishing Co, Ltd 1923 [13709] 759-pp of biographical reference – and advertisements. Good and tight in red cloth covers decorated in gilt £55

185. (ADDAMS) Louise Knight Jane Addams: Spirit in Action Norton 2011 [13405] Biography of the US campaigner for international peace and social justice. Mint in d/w £10

186. ALLEN, Alexandra Travelling Ladies: Victorian Adventuresses  [13198] Studies of Daisy Bates, Isabella Bird Bishop, Midlred Cabele and Evangeline and Francesca French, Alexandra David-Neel, Jane Digby el Mesrab, Kate Marsden, Marianne North and May French Sheldon. Fine in d/w       £10

187. (AMBERLEY) Bertrand and Patricia Russell (eds) The Amberley Papers: the letters and diaries of Lord and Lady Amberley Hogarth Press 1937 [11044] The epitome of radical liberalism in the mid-19th-century. Both died tragically young. Good                                                                               £45

188. AVERY, Gillian Behold the Child: American children and their books 1621-1922 Bodley Head 1994 [12410] Studies how the literature of the old world influenced the new. With many illustrations. Heavy. Fine in fine d/w £10

189. (BEALE) Elizabeth Raikes Dorothea Beale of Cheltenham Constable 1908 [11045] Good £15

190. BELL, Alan (ed and with an introduction by) Sir Leslie Stephen’s ‘Mausoleum Book’ OUP 1977 [13199] Intimate autobiography written for Stephen’s immediate family after the death of his wife, Julia, the mother of Vanessa and Virginia. Very good in d/w                                                            £12

191. BELL, MAUREEN, PARFIT, GEORGE AND SHEPHERD, SIMON A Biographical Dictionary of English Women Writers 1560-1720 G.K. Hall 1990 [11878] Expands the boundaries of what is conventionally recognized as 17th century English literature by uncovering, reintroducing and documenting the lives and works of more than 550 English women who wrote betwen 1580-1720. Fine in d/w                                                                                                                                         £25

192. (BERGMAN-OSTERBERG) Jonathan May Madame Bergman-Osterberg Harrap for the University of London Institute of Education 1969 [13722] Life and work of the Swedish teacher of gymnastics who introduced her methods to Britain – founding a college to train gymnastics teachers. Very good in d/w                                                                                                                                                      £8

 193. (BERRY) Lewis Melville (ed) The Berry Papers: being the correspondence hitherto unpublished of Mary and Agnes Berry (1763-1852) John Lane 1914 [13674] Most engaging letters. With numerous illustrations. Very good                                                                                                             £18

194. (BRONTE) Dudley Green Patrick Bronte: father of genius The History Press 2008 [12452] Fine in fine d/w £10

195. (BURNEY) Joyce Hemlow (ed) Fanny Burney: selected letters and journals OUP 1986 [12030] Follows her career from her romantic marriage to the impoverished French émigré General d’Arblay to her death 46 years later. Fine in fine d/w £12

196. (BUTTS) Nathalie Blondel (ed) The Journals of Mary Butts Yale University Press 2002 [12460] 500pp – heavy – mint in mint d/w                                                                                                         £20

197. (CLARKE) Mary G. Clarke A Short Life of Ninety Years privately printed 1973 [11352] An interesting life – born in Aberdeen into the Anderson family (her uncle was Skelton Anderson, husband of Elizabeth Garrett), she attended the local high school, and then went to Girton – before entering a lifetime of teaching, culminating in the headmistress-ship of Manchester High School for Girls. Very good – cover slightly marked                                                                                                              £18

198. (CLIVE) Mary Clive (ed) Caroline Clive: from the diary and family papers of Mrs Archer Clive (1801-1873) Bodley Head [11101] Life among the ‘Landed Gentry’ – beautifully edited by Mary Clive – who had the knack. Good in rubbed d/w                                                                                          £10

199. (DE BEAUVOIR) Helene Vivienne Wenzel (ed) Simone de Beauvoir: witness to a century Yale University Press Number 72 1986 [1938] Yale French Studies, no 72 – includes an interview with Simone de Beauvoir as well as articles about her and her work. Paper covers – very good £5

200. (DE STAEL/CONSTANT) Renee Winegarten Germaine de Stael and Benjamin Constant: a dual biography Yale University Press 2008 [11963] Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £12

201. DUNFORD, Penny A Biographical Dictionary of Women Artists in Europe and America since 1850 Harvester 1990 [10850] Fine                                                                                                    £35

202. (EDEN) Violet Dickinson (Ed) Miss Eden’s Letters Macmillan 1919 [9339] Born, a Whig, in 1797. Her letters are full of social detail. In 1835 she went to India with her brother when he became governor-general. Very good                                                                                                                    £28

 203. [GARDINER], Sarah Gardiner (ed) Leaves from a Young Girl’s Diary: the journal of Margaret Gardiner 1840-41 Tuttle, Moorhouse & Taylor Co (NY) 1927 [13478] The journal kept by Margaret Gardiner who, with her father, a NY State Senator, her mother and her sister (who was to become the wife of a US President), sailed across the Atlantic to Europe. They landed at Liverpool and then proceeded to ‘do’ Europe. Delightful. Very good – scarce                                                        £45

204. (GLASPELL) Barbara Ozieblo Susan Glaspell: a critical biography University of North Carolina Press 2000 [12016] Soft covers – fine in fine d/w £18

205. (HAMMOND) Mrs John Hays Hammond A Woman’s Part in a Revolution Longmans, Green 1987 [6083] The ‘Revolution’ was the Boer War – her husband was imprisoned by the Boers. Good £30

206. (HARRISON) Amy Greener A Lover of Books: the life and literary papers of Lucy Harrison J.M. Dent 1916 [11054] Lucy Harrison (a niece of Mary Howitt) studied at Bedford College, then taught for 20 years at a school in Gower St (Charlotte Mew was a pupil at the school and v. attached to Miss Harrison) and then became headmistress of the Mount School, York. Good – pasted onto the free front end paper is a presentation slip from the editor, Amy Greener, to Mary Cotterell £18

207. HAYS, Frances Women of the Day: a biographical dictionary of notable contemporaries J.B. Lipincott (Philadelphia) 1885 [12594] A superb biographical source on interesting women. Good in original binding – with library shelf mark in ink on spine- scarce                                                                       £75

208. (HOWE) Valarie Ziegler Diva Julia: the public romance and private agony of Julia Ward Howe Trinity Press International 2003 [11892] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £10

209. (HUGHES) Rosa Hobhouse Mary Hughes: her life for the dispossesed Rockliff 1949 [13723] The daughter of the author of ‘Tom Brown’s School Days’, she spent her life working amongst the poor in London’s East End. Good – scarce £8

210. (HUMBERT) Agnes Humbert Résistance: memoirs of Occupied France Bloomsbury 2008 [12392] Memoirs of Agnes Humbert (1894-1963), an art historian who helped form one of the first organised groups of the French Resistance. First published in France in 1946, this translation, by Barbara Mellor, is the first in English. Mint in d/w £5

211. (JAMESON) Clara Thomas Love and Work Enough: the life of Anna Jameson Macdonald 1967 [12070] Good £10

212. (JAMESON) G.H. Needler (ed) Letters of Anna Jameson to Ottilie von Goethe OUP 1939 [12451] Very good internally – cover marked                                                                                         £20

213. (JAMESON) Judith Johnston Anna Jameson: Victorian, feminist, woman of letters Scolar Press 1997 [12461] An examination of Jameson’s non-fiction writing in the context of her life. Mint in mint d/w £20

214. (JEX-BLAKE) Margaret Todd The Life of Sophia Jex-Blake Macmillan 1918 [13515] Interesting biography of a difficult woman – founder of the London School of Medicine for Women. Very good – with slight marking on front cloth cover.                                                                                  £30

215. KELSALL, Helen Berridge House Who’s Who, 1893-1957 privately published [1957] [13005] A list of all the pupils and staff of the National Society’s Training College for Domestic Subjects –  with a short history of the college. Paper covers – good                                                                                £12

216. LANE, Maggie Literary Daughters Robert Hale 1989 [10844] Studies of Fanny Burney, Maria Edgeworth, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Charlotte Bronte, George Eliot, Emily Dickinson, Beatrix Potter and Virginia Woolf – and their fathers. Very good in d/w                                                        £15

217. LEDUC, Violette Mad in Pursuit Rupert Hart-Davis 1971 [5499] Post-war literary Paris. Very good in chipped d/w                                                                                                                                 £3

218. (LOVELACE) Benjamin Woolley The Bride of Science: romance, reason and Byron’s daughter Macmillan 1999 [12000] Biography of Ada Lovelace £10

219. (MARTIN) Sarah Martin A Brief Sketch of the Life of the Late Miss Sarah Martin of Great Yarmouth: with extracts from the Parliamentary Reports on Prisons; her own Prison Journals etc C. Barber (Yarmouth) 2nd ed, 1844 [12756] Prison visitor, dressmaker, Sunday School teacher. Her comments on the prisoners are particularly interesting. Good in original cloth £35

220. MARTINDALE, Hilda Some Victorian Portraits and Others Allen & Unwin 1948 [6071] Biographical essays of members of her circle – including Adelaide Anderson, factory inspector. Very good in d/w                                                                                                                                                    £18

221. (MAYNARD) Catherine B. Firth Constance Louisa Maynard: mistress of Westfield College Allen & Unwin 1949 [11033] Very good – scarce                                                                                 £15

222. (MCLAREN) Willis Pickard The Member for Scotland; a life of Duncan McLaren John Donald 2011 [13404] Priscilla Bright McLaren, doyenne of the Edinburgh Suffrage Society, was his (third) wife. Soft covers – mint £15

223, MEYERS, Jeffrey Katherine Mansfield: A Darker View Cooper Square Press 2002 [12393] Biography of Katherine Mansfield, first published in 1978 and reissued with a new introduction. Soft covers – ming £6

224. (MEYNELL) Dame Alix Meynell Public Servant, Private woman: an autobiography Gollancz 1988 [11385] Interesting background information on her family, the Dowsons, who ran the Nottingham Women’s Suffrage Society – as well as her own memoirs of life as an administrative grade civil servant and the wife of Sir Francis Meynell.  Fine in d/w                                                                     £12

225. (MONTGOMERY) Catherine Andronik Kindred Spirit: a biography of L.M. Montgomery, creator of Anne of Green Gables Athenaeum 1993 [12441] Very good- in fine d/w £8

226. (MOODIE/TRAILL) Charlotte Gray Sisters in the Wilderness: Susanna Moodie and Catherine Parr Traill, pioneers of the Canadian backwoods Duckworth 2001 [11887] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £12

227. [MORGAN] Sydney Lady Morgan Passage From My Autobiography Richard Bentley 1859 [13675] ‘The following pages are the simple records of a transition existence, socially enjoyed, and pelasantly and profitably occupied, during a journey of a few months from Ireland to Italy.’ Good – in original decorative mauve cloth                                                                                                                                £18

228. (MORRELL) Robert Gathorne-Hardy (ed) Ottoline:the early memoirs of Lady Ottoline Morrell; Ottoline at Garsington: memoirs of Lady Ottoline Morrell Faber, 1963 and Faber, 1974 (respectively [9499] Two volumes together, as a set – both good in d/w                                                       £28

229. NEWNHAM COLLEGE REGISTER 1871-1950 privately printed  [11776] packed with biographical information on students and staff.   Soft covers – 2 vols – good – although backing on vol 1 is coming unstuck and outermost cover of vol II is missing- internally very good – scarce                      £40

230. (NICHOL) Anna Stoddart Elizabeth Pease Nichol Dent 1899 [12999] (1807-1897) Scottish Quaker – daughter of the founder of the Peace Society, suffragist, chartist, anti-vivesectionist. Very good – scarce                                                                                                                                                    £35

231. (NIGHTINGALE) Lynn McDonald (ed) Florence Nightingale’s European Travels Wilfrid Laurier Press 2004 [11112] Her correspondence, and a few short published articles, from her youthful European travels. She is an excellent observer and reporter. Fine in d/w – 802pp                                     £45

232. (NORTON) Jane Gray Perkins The Life of Mrs Norton John Murray 1910 [3537] Very good    £16

233. (NOURSE) Mary Alice Keekin Burke Elizabeth Nourse, 1859-1938: a salon career National Museum of American Art 1983 [6767] A study of the artist. Soft covers – large format – many illustrations – very good £15

234. (OSBORN) Emily Osborn (ed) Political and Social Letters of a Lady of the Eighteenth Century: 1721-1771 Griffith Farren, Okeden and Welsh (London) 1890 [12054] Living in London and Chicksands (Bedfordshire), she managed her son’s involved estate. Her letters reveal to us 18th-century life – political, social and domestic. Very good internally -paper on spine and corners a little rubbed – gift inscription, 1895, to ‘Lady Strathmore’ – the present Queen’s great-grandmother £45

235. (PHILIPS) Philip Webster Souers The Matchless Orinda Harvard University Press 1931 [9602] An account of the life of Mrs Katherine Philips, the first woman in England to gain the reputation of a poetess.Good – ex university library                                                                                          £28

236. (PINZER) Ruth Rosen & Sue Davidson The Maimie Papers Virago 1979 [5444] Correspondence, beginning in 1910, between Fanny Quincy Howe, a distinguished Bostonian, and Mainie Pinzer, a Jewish prostitute. Fascinating. Paper covers – very good                                                                        £5

237. (PUREFOY) G. Eland (ed) Purefoy Letters 1735-1753 Sidgwick & Jackson 1931 [9338] The letters of Elizabeth Purefoy (1672-1765), whose husband died in 1704, and her son, Henry Purefoy.  Elizabeth Purefoy was, as her epitaph recorded, ‘a woman of excellent understanding, prudent and frugal’ and her letters are full of domestic detail.  Very good – two volumes                                                   £40

238. (RHYS) Francis Wyndham And Diana Melly (eds) Jean Rhys Letters 1931-1966 Deutsch 1984 [9507] Very good in d/w                                                                                                                       £12

239. (ROBINS) Octavia Wilberforce Backsettown & Elizabeth Robins published for private circulation 1952 [13258] A little tribute – telling how Elizabeth Robins came to set up the retreat at Backsettown in Sussex. With lovely photograph of Elizabeth Robins tipped in as frontispiece. Fine in paper wraps – with a birthday inscription on free front endpaper – scarce                                                                                £38

240. (RUSKIN) Mary Lutyens (ed) Young Mrs Ruskin in Venice: the picture of society and life with John Ruskin 1849-1852 Vanguard Press (NY) 1965 [13200] Very good in d/w £12

241. (SARTON) May Sarton (ed. Susan Sherman) Selected Letters, 1916-1954 Women’s Press 1997 [1627] Paper covers – fine                                                                                                                       £3

242. (SEEBOHM) Victoria Glendinning A Suppressed Cry: life and death of a Quaker daughter Routledge 1969 [4276] The short, sad life of Winnie Seebohm, smothered by her loving family. She enjoyed a month at Newnham in 1885, before returning home and dying. Good in d/w – though ex-library £4

243. (SEWELL) Mrs Bayly The Life and Letters of Mrs Sewell James Nisbet, 3rd ed 1889 [2667] Memoir of the Quaker writer of moral didactics for children; she was mother of Anna Sewell. Good £12

244. SICHERMAN, Barbara et al (eds) Notable American Women: The Modern Period Belknap Press of Harvard University Press 1980 [12418] Soft covers – 773pp – heavy – very good £12

245. (SLATE/SLAWSON) Tieri Thompson (ed) Dear Girl: the diaries and letters of two working women 1897-1917 The Women’s Press 1987 [13731] Letters and diaries of two women whose friendship was played out against the background of the suffrage movement. Paper covers – very good £6

246. (SMITH) David Thomson With Moyra McGusty (eds) The Irish Journals of Elizabeth Smith 1840-1850 Clarendon Press 1980 [2156] A selection from the journals of Elizabeth Smith of Baltiboys, C. Wicklow, giving a graphic account of the Irish famine of the 1840s. Fine in d/w                    £10

247. (SOYER) Ruth Cowen Relish: the extraordinary life of Alexis Soyer, Victorian celebrity chef Weidenfeld 2006 [9824] Chef and kitchen designer to the Reform Club and reformer of army catering. Mint in d/w £8

248. (STANLEY) Jane H. Adeane (ed) The Early Married Life of Maria Josepha Lady Stanley, with extracts from Sir John Stanleys ‘Praeterita’ Longmans, Green 1899 [1675] Follows the life of the engaging Maria Josepha from 1797 until 1817 – much social detail.  Very good internally – in  rubbed and bumped decorative binding                                                                                                                     £10

249. (STUART) Hon. James A. Home (ed) Letters of Lady Louisa Stuart to Miss Louisa Clinton David Douglas (Edinburgh) 1901 & 1903 [13335] Two volumes – complete set. The first volume covers the period 1817 to 1825 and the second volume (called ‘Second Series’) that from 1826 to 1834. Society observed. Very good – two volumes together                                                                           £38

250. (SYRETT) Netta Syrett The Sheltering Tree: an autobiography Bles 1939 [13712] Very good in d/w £25

251. (TENNANT) Violet Markham May Tennant: a portrait The Falcon Press 1949 [2243] Biography of the first woman Factory Inspector in England. Very good in chipped  d/w – a presentation copy from the author to Uplands School library                                                                                               £10

252. (TENNYSON) James O. Hoge Lady Tennyson’s Journal University Press of Virginia 1981 [9675] Fine in d/w                                                                                                                                         £18

253. (TROUBRIDGE) Jaqueline Hope-Nicholson (ed) Life Amongst the Troubridges: journals of a young Victorian 1873-1884 by Laura Troubridge John Murray 1966 [9324] Very good in rubbed d/w £10

254. (TUCKER) Agnes Giberne A Lady of England: the life and letters of Charlotte Maria Tucker Hodder & Stoughton 1895 [9599] The standard biography of a popular children’s and religious writer – who spent the later years of her life as a missionary in India. Good – though ex-university library          £28

255. (TUSSAUD) Kate Berridge Waxing Mythical: the life and legend of Madame Tussaud John Murray 2006 [9827] Fine in d/w £8

256. (TWINING) Louisa Twining Recollections of My Life and Work Edward Arnold 1893 [10625] She was an early ‘social worker’ – involved with workhouse visiting, promoting the idea of poor law inspectors and was herself a poor law guardian. Very good – scarce                                                         £68

257. (WATERSTON) Lucy Bean And Elizabeth Van Heyningen (eds) The Letters of Jane Elizabeth Waterston 1866-1905 Van Riebeeck Society (Cape Town) 1983 [13266] A Scotswoman, she went as a missionary to Africa – to the Cape – returning to Britain in 1874 to train as a doctor – first, for a short time, with Sophia Jex-Blake in Edinburgh and then as one of the first students at the London School of Medicine, qualifying in 1879. She then returned to Africa, eventually settling in Cape Town, where, during his period there as editor of the\i  Cape Times\i0 ,  one of her closest friends, although v much younger than her, was Edmund Garrett, cousin to Millicent Garrett Fawcett, on whose commission to investigate concentration camps during the Boer War, Jane Waterston served. Fine                                 £25

258.(WHARTON) R.W.B. Lewis And Nancy Lewis The Letters of Edith Wharton Simon & Schuster 1988 [9747] Fine in fine d/w – 654pp                                                                                                £12

259. (WOOLF) Virginia Woolf A Writer’s Diary Hogarth Press, 6th imp 1972 [9368] Fine in d/w (previous owner’s name neatly written on free front endpaper)                                                                £12

260. (WORDSWORTH) Robert Gittings And MANTON, Jo Dorothy Wordsworth OUP 1985 [4284] Fine in d/w                                                                                                                                           £5



261. Mother India’s Daughters: the significance of the Women’s Movement Women’s International League no date [1934] [13073] ‘The Women’s Movement in India is growing with a rapidity and vigour which is probably without parallel..it is essential that British men and women should be prepared to give it their understanding, sympathy and support. 8-pp pamphlet – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8

262. VICTORIA LEAGUE – BATH BRANCH – AWARD OF MERIT  [13771] The Victoria League was founded by women in 1901 to promote greater understanding between all parts of the British Empire – concentrating on hospitality and education. This certificate – Award of Merit – was awarded to Francis A. Bodger – for  ‘Australia’, presumably an essay. Francis Ainsworth Bodger was born in 1877, in 1911 was a sergeant in the Royal Artillery, and died in Bath in 1940. The certificate gives the name of the Branch President as Leila Cubitt, and she died in Bath in 1951. The decorative certificate has at its centre a black & white illustration by Robert Anning Bell ‘What is the Flag of England Winds of the World Declare’. Good                                                                                                                                          £12

263. ACT NO XIX OF 1929 (Passed by the Indian Legislature) An Act To Restrain the Solemnisation of Child Marriages  [13472] Received the Assent of the Governor General, 1 Oct 1929. 4pp – good                                                                                                                                                      £3

264. ASSOCIATION FOR MORAL AND SOCIAL HYGIENE Collection of Annual Reports  [12313] A collection of 13 of the Association’s Annual Reports – 7th (1921/22)-15th (1929/30); 29th (1950)-33rd (1954). Packed with information – and names of members, Paper covers – all in good condition – 13 items – together                                                                                                                                    £50

265. ASSOCIATION FOR PROMOTING THE EMPLOYMENT OF HIGH SCHOOL GIRLS IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLWORK Report of Meeting Held at the Westminster Town Hall on Wed Nov 12th 1902  [13043] The Association was formed in 1897 and was disbanded in 1905. The Association’s aim, at its most basic, of promoting the employment of middle-class young women  – ie those who had attended high schools – in working-class – ie elementary – schools. ‘Higher teachers are now at last waking up to the absolute necessity of training, and Elementary teachers are far more cultured than they were five or ten years ago.’16-pp pamphlet – good                                                              £4

266. ASSOCIATION OF ASSISTANT MISTRESSES Education Policy (with special reference to Secondary Education) AAM no date (1920s?) [13042] 4-pp leaflet. Good – ex-Board of Education library                                                                                                                                           £2

267. ASSOCIATION OF ASSISTANT MISTRESSES IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS The Teaching of English 1907 [12706] A paper given by Miss C.L. Thomson at the 1907 Annual Meeting of the Association. 16-pp pamphlet – good – ex-Board of Education library                              £8

268. ASSOCIATION OF UNIVERSITY WOMEN TEACHERS Thirtieth Annual Report, 1912-1913 AUWT 1914 [13216] Includes a (slightly surprisingly) long list of the members. Soft covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library                                                                                                      £10

269. AUTOGRAPHS (2)  [13058] A sheet of paper on which are fixed the cut-out signatures of Marie, Lady Willoughby de Broke, Maud Selborne (the Countess of Selborne), Florence E. Barrett, Henrietta Barnett, Margery Corbett Ashby, Dorothy Jewson, Mabel Dearmer and Hester Kempthorne (wife of a bishop)                                                                                                                                       £45

270. AUTOGRAPHS – LEAGUE OF CHURCH MILITANT  [13060] 4 sheets of paper to which are fixed 28 cut-out signatures of members of the League of Church Militant, the successor to the Church League for Women’s Suffrage. The signatures include thos of Margaret Benn (Lady Stansgate), Hope Joseph (artist), Evelyn Morrison (a WSPU activist), Edith Picton-Turbervill and M.A.R. Tuker. Many of the signatures are identified by pencilled annotations. Together                                              £35

271. AUTOGRAPHS – THE GUILDHOUSE  [13061] The Guildhouse was an ecumenical place of worship and cultural centre founded in 1921 by Maude Royden. On 4 sheets of paper are fixed 25 cut-out signatures, including those of Maude Royden, Hudson Shaw, Daisy Dobson (Maude Royden’s secretary), Zoe Procter (former WSPU activist), and Katherine Courtney (of the NUWSS). Together                                                                                                                                                    £45

272. BARTON, Dorothea Women’s Minimum Wages 1921 [12269] reprinted from the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, July 1921. Paper covers -c 40pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £6

273. BINFIELD, Clyde Belmont’s Portias: Victorian nonconformists and middle-class education for girls Dr Williams’ Trust 1981 [9158] The 35th Friends of Dr Williams’s Library Lecture. Paper covers – 35pp – good – scarce £18

274. BOARD OF EDUCATION List of Elementary Schools and Training Colleges under the Administration of the Board 1902-1903 HMSO 1903 [13333] The lists include the number of pupils at each school, the average attendance and the amount the school received in an annual grant. This is bound with  (1) ‘Lists of Secondary Schools, Science and Art Schools and Classes, and Evening Schools under the Administration of the Board 1902-1903′. The lists give details of the number of pupils attending day and night classes in both Science and in Art and the total ammount allocated in grants to each school. (2) ‘Evening Schools Aided by Parliamentary Grants’, giving the number of pupils receiving grants. Packed with information on schools and classes in England and Wales. Leather bound, 193pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library                                                                                                                 £28

275. BRITISH, CONTINENTAL, AND GENERAL FEDERATION FOR THE ABOLITION OF GOVERNMENT REGULATION OF PROSTITUTION Fourth Annual Report British, Continental, and General Federation 1879 [12322] Covers the year 1878-79. Paper covers – good – a little creased and chipped                                                                                                                  £12

276. BRITISH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION Report of Committee on Industrial Health in Factories BMA 1941 [12334] 43-pp wartime report – paper covers – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library   £3

277. BUTLER, Josephine (ed) The Storm Bell Ladies’ National Association for the Abolition of State Regulation of Vice Feb 1899 [9802] Single issue. Contains the rather touching notice: ‘If there should occasionally be some delay or irregularity in the appearance of the Storm Bell, I beg my Friends to judge its Editor leniently….As I have no Sub-Editor, it will be understood that it is not always easy to prepare even so humble a periodical as this, in time to be out exactly at the right date.’ Fine – scarce £28

278. BYLES, Marie Domicile of Married Women The United Associations, Sydney 1930s?? [12538] 4-pp leaflet on the question of the domicile of married women in Australia. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library.                                                                                                                         £2

279. CAMPBELL, Dame Janet Infant Mortality Ministry of Health 1929 [12257] International Inquiry of the Health Organisation of the League of Nations, English Section. Paper covers – 118pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library                                                                                        £8

280. CHARITY ORGANISATION REVIEW Vol X (New Series) July To Dec 1901 Longmans, Green 1902 [9244] half-yearly bound volume of the COS’s own magazine. Very good                    £28

281. CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY D.R. Sharpe Centralised Registration of Assistance COS 1911 [9236] Paper read on 31 May 1911 at the Annual National Conference of Charity Organisation Societies. Paper covers – 14pp pamphlet – good – unusual                                                         £18

282. CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY Miss Pike Friendly Visiting and Personal Service COS 1911 [9238] Paper read on 1 June 1911 at the Annual National Conference of Charity Organisation Societies. Paper covers – 11pp – good – a little foxing – unusual                                                £20

283. COMMISSION OF ENQUIRY INTO INDUSTRIAL UNREST: Report of the Commission for Wales HMSO 1917 [13215] 50pp – good reading copy – bound into later card covers – ex-Board of Education Library                                                                                                                      £12

284. DAME IRENE WARD (1895-1980)  [12477] Collecction of letters and cards from Irene Ward (Conservative MP for, first, in 1931, Wallsend and then, 1950, Tyneside)  to a friend, Cynthia Josephine Romilly (after her marriage in 1964, Romilly-Luscombe) (1914-2001) – together with a colleciton of cuttings about Irene Ward that her correspondent pasted onto album sheets – together with a quantity of loose cuttings –  following the MP’s career – from the early 1940s. The correspondence continues into the late 1970s. Good – as a collection.                                                                                             £65

285. DINNER AND PRESENTATION TO MISS ALISON NEILANS  [12351] 4-pp leaflet, reprinted from ‘The Shield’, Dec 1938, describing the ‘Silver Jubilee dinner held at St Ermin’s Hotel, Westminster, to celebrate Miss Neilans’ 25 years work with the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene’. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library                                                                                        £8

286. EASTMAN, Linda The Child, the School, and the Library reprinted from the Library Journal 1896 [12783] She was employed by the Public Library, Dayton, Ohio and the address was given at the first annual meeting of the Ohio Library Association, Cleveland. Small, 22-pp pamphlet – ex-Board of Education library – good                                                                                                              £5

287. ELECTRICAL ASSOCIATION FOR WOMEN  [13702] Rather attractive blue enamel and silver badge – the shield shape badge hanging from a bar engraved ‘Nottingham Branch Vice President’. The EAW was founded in 1924 to ‘popularise the domestic use of electricity’. The Nottinghamshire Archives hold records of the very active Nottingham branch of the EAW. Very good                          £20

288. FABIAN WOMEN’S GROUP Summary of Eight Papers and Discussions upon the Disabilities of Mothers as Workers Fabian Women’s Group (Private Circulation)  1910 [12973] Papers by Mrs Pember Reeves, Dr Ethel Vaughan-Sawyer, Mrs Spence Weiss, Mrs Bartrick Baker, Mrs Stanbury, Mrs S.K. Ratcliffe, Miss B.L. Hutchins, Mrs O’Brien Harris. Paper covers – good                                 £15

289. FEDERATION OF SOCIETIES OF TEACHERS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION  [13329] Two of the Federation’s annual reports. First Annual Report (Oct 1935-Sept 1936), 6pp; Fourth Annual Report (October 1938-Dec 1939), 12pp. Both soft covers, both very good. Together                         £12

290. FRIENDS’ CENTRAL EDUCATION COMMITTEE Inspection of Friends’ Boarding Schools by the Board of Education: General Report  1905 [13331] J.W. Headlam was Director of the Enquiry and the author of the Report. Soft covers – 50pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library                                                     £12

291. GIRLS’ OWN ANNUAL, Oct 1896-Sept 1897  [3123] Very good internally – in slightly worn publisher’s binding. Includes a series of articles on ‘What are the provincial county councils doing for girls?’ and all the usual wonderful mix – plus the Extra Christmas Number and an extra Diamond Jubilee Number. Heavy                                                                                                                          £20

292. GOULD, Frederick J. Why Educate?  [12860] A lecture given under the auspices of the National Union of Women Teachers, in connection with the Annual Educational Week-end in Chesterfield, September 24, 1926. Paper covers – good – 15pp. Together with a 2-sided leaflet on Educational Reform pub by the Rationalist Association. Both in goodish condition – ex-Board of Education library £4

293. HENRY, S.A, Health of the Factory Worker in Wartime  [4154] two lectures, by HM medical inspector of factories, reprinted from ‘The Lancet’, 11 and 18 Dec 1943. Paper covers – presentation copy from the author                                                                                                                                           £5

294. HILL, Charles H. E. Memorandum on the National Service Acts, 1939-41 and other emergency legislation prepared for the War Resisters’ International War Resisters’ International 1942 [12367] 16-pp pamphlet – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £4

295. HMSO Third Report from the Select Committee on National Expenditure: Health and Welfare of Women in War Factories HMSO 1942 [12219] 24-pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £8

296. HOMERTON COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE  [12782] Reports of the Congregational Board of Education on its Training College, Homerton Undenominational College – for the years ending 30 June 1900, 1901, 1902., 1903, 1905.  All in good condition – ex Board of Education library – 3 items together                                                                                                                                                    £28

297. HOSMER, Harriet  [13465] 2pp handwritten letter, on black-edged note paper, written by the American sculptor, Harriet Hosmer (1830-1908), from her studio in Rome – at ’38 Gregoriana’. She is inviting ‘Mrs Newton’ to her studio and giving details of the times of her ‘open house’. Mrs Newton, with her husband, is in Rome on a visit. There is no date – but probably 1860s or 1870s? Fine       £20

298. HOUSEWIFE  [13578] 3 issues of this popular magazine – for April & August 1941 and September 1943. Packed with evocative advertisements – and war-time making-do. Interesting. Good – each    £3

299. INTER-ALLIED INFORMATION COMMITTEE Women Under Axis Rule HMSO [1943] [13694] No 7 in the ‘Conditions in Occupied Territories’ Reports. good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library.                                                                                                                                                     £10

300.[JEX-BLAKE] Margaret Todd Sophia Jex-Blake  [13519] Obituary article by Jex-Blake’s close friend – reprinted from the Royal Free Hospital Magazine. 8-pp – printed by the Women’s Printing Society – fine – in paper covers                                                                                                                         £12

301. JEX-BLAKE, Sophia Medical Education for Women 1872 [13518] ‘The substance of a lecture delivered on April 26th 1872, in St George’s Hall, London, The Rt Hon, the Earl of Shaftesbury in the Chair’.  The lecture is enhanced by a multitude of footnotes and appendices. Paper wrappers – 86pp. All is good – except that the bottom few lines of pp83-86 (inc) and the back wrapper have disappeared – damp? Very scarce – COPAC lists copies held only at Bristol, Sheffield, Glasgow, LSE & the Women’s Library @ LSE.                                                                                                                         £55

302. LEAGUE OF NATIONS HMSO  [12558] International Labour Conference: 1) Draft Conventions and Recommendations adopted by the Conference at its 12th session, 30 May-21 June 1929. 34pp; 2) Draft Conventions and Recommendations adopted by the conference at its 16th Session 12 April-30 April 1932. 34pp; 3) Draft Conventions and Recommendation adopted by the Conference at its 18th Session 4 June-23 June 1934. 30pp. All good – together                                                                             £4

303. LEAGUE OF NATIONS  [12559] Council for the Representation of Women in the League of Nations, Annual Report 1926-7. Millicent Fawcett was present at the Annual Meeting of the Council, of which Mrs Ogilvie Gordon was President, in Nov 1927. 4-pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £1

304. LOCAL GOVERNMENT BOARD Supplement in continuation of the Report of the Medical Officer of the Board for 1914-15 Containing a Report on Maternal Mortality in connection with childbearing and its relation to Infant Mortality. HMSO 1915 [12256] The 44th Annual Report of the Local Government Board, 1914-15. Complete, but missing its paper covers – otherwise good – 140pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library                                                                                                                          £8

305. LONDON INSTITUTE FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF PLAIN NEEDLEWORK Annual Report for the Year ending September 30th, 1909 1909 [13041] 24pp – good in card covers – ex-Board of Education library                                                                                                                     £8

306. ‘LOVE, HOPE & PATIENCE – THESE MUST BE THY GRACES’  [13781] is the motto on a badge, wound on a metal ribbon underneath a shield shape -enamel on gold-coloured metal. The background enamel colour is purple, there is a green stripe vertically at an angle through the centre and on top of that are three white lilies’. The quote is Coleridge’s. Does anybody recognise this – surely a badge for a girls’ school or college? It is a substantial object – and does have a maker’s mark on the back – but I cannot make it out.  In very good condition                                                                             £10

307. Manchester High School for Girls  [11374] Letter dated 2 April 1873 from Edward Freeman (Somerleaze, Wells, Somerset) writes to ‘My dear Lord’ (possibly a Bishop?) ‘I see your name as a “patron” of the new Girls School to be set up at Manchester. ..I would venture to recommend a candidate for the place of Head Mistress, which I hear that the Committee are going about to fill.’ His recommendation is Miss Macarthur ‘who has been governess in my house for nearly five years. ..She is in correspondence with Miss Vernon, to whom Mrs Kitchener first spoke of her…I think the best witness of my opinion of her is that I have set her to write one of my series of small histories, a History of Scotland which I hope will be out soon.’ ‘though she does not actually understand Latin and Greek, she knows all abou them..’ Unfortunately Miss Macarthur was not appointed; there being far better qualified candidates competing for this sought after position. She was Margaret A.R. Macarthur, born in Scotland in 1842 and was the author of ‘History of Scotland’ in Freeman’s Historical Course for Schools. It would be interesting to find out what happened to her. Mss – 4pp – fine                                                                               £45

308. MANNING, E. A. Moral Teaching in Schools: a paper read at the Social Science Congress, Brighton Edward Stanford Oct 1875 [13208] Elizabeth Adelaide Manning was, among other things, for many years hon sec of the National Indian Association. Paper covers – 16pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £12

309. MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND NATIONAL SERVICE Time Rates of Wages and Hours of Labour HMSO 1952 [12298] Covers every type of employment for coal mining to cinema usherette. Paper covers – 248pp                                                                                                                                         £8

310. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN WORKERS OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND Collection of Conference Reports  [13207] Papers Read at the Conferences held at Cheltenham and Gloucester, 1903; Birmingham, 1905; Tunbridge Wells, 1906; Manchester, 1907; Aberdeen, 1908; and Lincoln, 1910. The Papers cover a wide range of the subjects close to the heart of the actively philanthropic women involved with the NUWW. The speakers included, at random, Margaret Bondfield, Henrietta Barnett, Millicent Fawcett, Sarah Siddons Mair, Eunice Murray, Honnor Morten, Mrs George Cadbury, Dorothea Beale, Sarah Burstall, Mary MacArthur, Sarah Dickenson and Margaret Irwin. 6 volumes – good reading copies – they have been disbound at some point from an all-encompassing binding and the sewing is no longer tight. Ex-Board of Education Library. Scarce. As a collection                             £80

311. PALLISTER, Minnie Socialism for Women ILP no date [1924] [12759] ‘Not only the “Intelligent” Women but for all Women’ – with a nod to G.B. Shaw. Paper covers -18-pp pamphlet – good £18

312. PRIMROSE LEAGUE Dance Card  [12476] for a Primrose League Dance organised by the North Kensington (Hamilton Habitation on 23 January 1908 at the Ladbroke Hall. Green’s Imperial Orchestra provided the music and on the reverse of the card is a list of the dances – beginning with a Polka and ending with a Sir Roger de Coverley. Thick card – all edges gilt – with a punch hole at one corner (through which a silken twist would once have been threaded – either to loop around the wrist – or, perhaps, attached to a pencil). This card has not been completed with the names of the lucky partners. Very good – unusual                                                                                                                                                    £15

313. REPORT OF A DEPARTMENTAL COMMITTEE ON THE PREVALENCE OF VENEREAL DISEASE AMONG THE BRITISH TROOPS IN INDIA HMSO 1897 [12353] 33-pp foolscap Report – together with – ‘A Rough Record 1858-1935 on the work of the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene, in connection with the British Army in India’ – 8-pp foolscap report. In good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together                                                                      £12

314. SENIOR, Mrs Nassau Pauper Schools HMSO 1875 [10457] ‘Copy ”of a Letter addressed to the President of the Local Government Board by Mrs Nassau Senior, lately an Inspector of the Board, being a reply to the observation of Mr Tufnell, also a former inspector upon her report on pauper schools’. This was a follow-up to Mrs Senior’s 1874 report.

24pp – large format – disbound.                                                                                                 £55

315. SIR HENRY JONES  [11407] writes a glowing testimonial for his former pupil, Mabel Atkinson, a candidate for a lectureship at the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire. She was a graduate of Glasgow University and was then a research student at LSE, a Fabian and a suffragette. .LSE Library holds some material on her.  Fine                                                                                  £48

316. SMALL COLLECTION DOCUMENTING THE ACADEMIC PROGRESS OF MURIEL LONG AT THE COUNTY HIGH SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, WEST KIRBY 1920-1926  [12613] The tenor of Muriel’s school reports is ‘very fair’ – and we all know what that means. But she was clearly much younger than the average age of the class and does quite well in maths and science. Generally her conduct is ‘very good’ but at least one report notes ‘rather noisy in the class room’.Included in the collection are a number of programmes for Speech Day and Annual Sports. In 1926 Muriel went on to Underwood Commercial College in Liverpool to learn shorthand and typing (1st in the class in ‘Office Routine’). I think Muriel married in 1940 and died in 2006 – leaving bequests to Venice in Peril and the Royal Overseas League – so it doesn’t look as though being graded only ‘very fair’ at Scripture, Ancient History etc  had prevented her taking an interest. An eclectic collection of material                                          £45

317. TEACHERS’ GUILD OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND Collection of Annual Reports  [13217] Reports for 1896-1897; 1897; 1899; 1900; 1901-1902; 1904-1905; 1905-1906; 1906; 1907-1908; 1908; 1909-10; 1910; 1911-12. The Guild represented both male and female teachers. With much detail of local branches. Each Report c 90pp, in original paper covers (the occasional cover present, but detached) – all in good condition. Together – 13 items                                                                               £80

318. TEACHERS’ GUILD OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND List of Members Alphabetically Arranged 1913 [13218] Names and addresses – very useful. Women teachers appear to be in the majority. Soft covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library                                                                £15

319. THE ASSOCIATION FOR MORAL AND SOCIAL HYGIENE The Alison Neilans Memorial Lectures AMSH  [12337] 2 of these annual lectures: 1) No 5 Mary Stocks, Josephine Butler and the Moral Standards of Today, 1961; 2) No 6 T.C.N. Gibbens, The Clients of Prostitutes, 1962. paper covers – in good condition, withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together                                       £8

320. THE ASSOCIATION OF HEAD MISTRESSES List of Public Secondary Schools for Girls 1903 1903 [13045] Card covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library                                        £10

321. THE ASSOCIATION OF HEAD MISTRESSES List of Public Secondary Schools for Girls 1905 1905 [13046] Card covers – good – ex-Board of Education library                                          £10

322. THE ENGLISH ILLUSTRATED  [4028] issue for June 1906. Includes an article on ‘The London Homes of Some Famous Women’ – lots of photographs and ‘Women in Parliament: an episode of the future?’ – a fictional fantasy. Covers missing – but otherwise very good                                    £6

323. THE FIRST REPORT OF THE BRISTOL REFUGE SOCIETY for the restoration of females who have unhappily fallen from virtue, ending 6 month 30, 1815; with a list of subscribers printed for Philip Rose, Broadmead 1815 [10463] An interesting publication – full of names and address of donors and subscribers. Many Bristol worthies – but also their associates from around the country. A very well produced facsimile. Paper covers – very good                                                                           £18

324. THE HOME ARTS & INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION A Collection of the Association’s Reports  [13332] The Home Arts & Industries Association was founded in 1884 by Eglantyne Jebb and was instrumental in spearheading a revived interest in the craft movement. The Association had its office and studios in the Royal Albert Hall. The collection comprises the Reports for 1902, 1905, 1906 (1 two-sided leaflet and a 4-pp leaflet setting out barest details of the Association, which appears to have been undergoing a financial crisis. I am not sure whether there were reports for 1907 and 1908), 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918. Most in very good condition (that for 1902 may be disbound, front page is present, but loose). – ex-Board of Education Library. Together          £55

325. THE LAUNDRY INDUSTRY EDUCATION BOARD Education, Training and Scholarships in the Laundry Industry Laundry Industry Education Board 1953 (revised) [13214] A vanished world of work. Paper covers – 16pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library                                                     £8

326. THE SHIELD  [12339] ‘The Official Organ of the British Committee of the International Federation for the Abolition of State Regulation of Vice’ – 5 issues. 1) August 1911; 2) Feb-March 1926; 3) May 1940; 4) Oct 1961; 5) Nov 1970 (Centenary Number) All paper covers – good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. – together                                                                                                £12

327. THE SPHERE, 19 June 1915  [3498] Includes double-page spread – with photographs – on ‘Women as war nurses: scenes in the war hospitals in France, England and Russia’. Complete issue – disbound – probably missing back cover -good                                                                                           £12

328. THE SPHERE, 25 March 1916  [3497] Includes photographs and text about London work rooms of the Red Cross – making slippers, knitting, sewing – under chandeliers in Grosvenor Sq house. Complete issue – disbound -probably missing back cover – good                                                              £12

329. THE SPHERE, 31 May 1919  [1723] single page with words and pictures showing women workers making shells at the Wolseley Motor Works.  Good                                                                   £3

330. THE VIGILANCE RECORD  [12336] ‘The Organ of the National Vigilance Association’, 3 issues: 1) 15 January 1888, ed Mrs Ormiston Chant 2) April 1926 3) April 1928. All withdrawn from the Women’s Library – in good condition – nicked and creassed at edges. Together                                      £10

331. TOULMIN, Camilla A Story of the Factories (c 1842) [6136] ‘It was on a fine summer morning in the year 1841 that three young persons, the children of an agricultural labourer, presented themselves at a certain railway station, and, after obtaining third-class tickets, might have been seen waiting for the arrival of the train…’ They had left their native Dorsetshire to travel to Manchester.. Short story – a tract – 32pp – recently bound in card covers – very good                                                                                £18

332. USEFUL WOMEN  [13802] ‘The League of Gentlewomen has been formed with the object of bringing into touch those who want certain kinds of work done with those who are ready and able to do it for them’ – thus reads the preamble to a 4-pp – rather smartly produced – leaflet for ‘Useful Women’. Their office was at 48 Dover Street, Mayfair, in the heart of what was then women’s clubland. The two partners in the enterprise are given as ‘Miss Kerr’ and ‘Mrs Dale’ and the leaflet comprises an A-Z of all the kinds of tasks ‘Useful Women’ would undertake – from ‘Advice and help on all domestic matters’ to ‘Zoo parties arranged.’ A list of referees is given – which includes Dr Elizabeth Sloan Chesser. ‘Useful Women’ had been formed in 1921 (possibly in Brighton) by Lilian Kerr. The financial basis for the scheme was that women  who wanted employment lent money to the company. In 1928 she sold the business to a company (presumably the Dover Street incarnation of Useful Women)- of which she was a managing director – paying herself £400 per annum. But being unable to pay back the loans made in 1929 she was judged bankrupt. In 1936 she applied for a discharge but this wasn’t allowed, the registrar taking a very dim view of what was termed her misconduct in accepting money she knew she couldn’t pay back. However Useful Women continued to trade from the Dover Street address certainly until the Second World War. One can only assume that those enquiring about zoo parties knew nothing of  the murky financial background of at least one of Useful Women’s partners. How well the firm would have fitted into an Eveyn Waugh novel. 4-pp – very nicely designed and printed leaflet – fine                 £25

333. WHITE, Florence The Spinsters Manifesto!!: a detailed statement of the case for contributory (non-retiring) pensions at 55 National Spinsters Pensions Association 1945 [11346] ‘We herewith present the case for pension consideration for single women at 55, trusting that after perusal you will be impressed by the reasonable nature of the reform advocated, agreeing with us that single women are indeed the OVERLOOKED SECTION in the present Social Insurance Proposals’. Pamphlet -12pp – fine £28

334. WILKINS, Mrs Roland The Training and Employment of Education Women in Horticulture and Agriculture Women’s Farm and Garden Association 1927 [13213] Soft covers – 52pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library                                                                                                                 £20

335. WILSON, Dr Helen Prostitution and the Law: is prostitution a trade? Association for Moral and Social Hygiene [1926] [13469] reprinted from ‘The Shield’, March 1926. 8-pp pamphlet. Very good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £10

336. WOMAN AT HOME (Annie S. Swan’s Magazine) Hodder & Stoughton 1894 [13692] Includes chapters from Annie Swan’s  ‘Elizabeth Glen, M.B.; the experiences of a lady doctor’, as well as the usual wide range of interviews, articles -including fashion, cookery and house furnishing, and stories. Good – hundreds of pages!                                                                                                                    £18

337.WOMEN’S GROUP ON PUBLIC WELFARE Loneliness: an enquiry into causes and possible remedies National Council of Social Service revised ed 1964 [12552] An interesting snapshot of one aspect of the early 1960s. Soft covers – 72pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5

338. WOMEN’S INSTITUTE CHINA  [13778] Cup, saucer and plate – white china rimmed in gold – with WI logo – ‘For Home and Country’  on each piece – in green, red and gold – dating from 1930s/1940s. Just imagine the Institute teas such china has witnessed. No manufacturer’s mark. In fine condition   £20

339. WORKING WOMEN IN THE USA  [12572] Collection of pamphlets. 1) The Family Status of Breadwining Women: a study of material in the census schedules in a selected locality, US Department of Labor, 1922; 2) The Occupational Progress of Women: an interpretation of census statistics of women in gainful occupations, US Department of Labor, 1922; 3) The Nonworking Time of Industrial Women Workers: study by students of the Hudson Shore Labor School under the direction of Juliet Fisher, Fuly 1940, Bulletin of the Women’s Bureau no 181, 1940; :4) Lifting Heavy Weights in Defense Industries, Women’s Bureau US Department of Labor, 1941; 5) Women Workers in Their Family Environment, Women’s Bureau US Department of Labor no 183, 1941; 6) ‘Equal Pay’ for Women in War Industries, Women’s Bureau no 196, 1942; 7) Progress Report on Women War Workers’ Housing, Special Bulletin no 17 of the Women’s Bureau, 1944; 8) International Labour Office, The Declaration of Philadelphia, adopted at the 26th Session of the International Labour Conference, 1944; 9) When You Hire Women, US Department of Labor, Women’s Bureau Special Bulletin no 14, 1944; 10) Employment Opportunities for Women in Professional Accounting, US Department of Labor Women’s Bureau Bulletin no 258, 1955; 11) Job Horizons for the College Woman, US Department of Labor Women’s Bureau Pamphlet One, 1956; 12) ‘Older’ Women as Office Workers, US Department of Labor Women’s Bureau, 1953; 13) Employment Opportunities for Women in Legal Work, US Department of Labor Women’s Bureau Bulletin no 265, 1958; 14) Women in the World Today: Notes on Women’s Employment in the United States and Nine European Countires, US Department of Labor, 1963; 15) Employment Opportunities for Women: Secretary, Typist, Stenographer, Other Clerical, US Department of Labor Women’s Bureau Bulletin 263, 1957; 16) Why Not Be An Engineer?, US Department of Labor Women’s Bureau, c 1966 and another, probably 1970s version; 17) Background Facts on Women Workers in the United States, US Department of Labor Women’s Bureau, 1967  All in good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together                                                                                                                       £15


340. BEDFORD COLLEGE The Common Room    [13254] Real photographic card – I can see a print of G. F.Watts’ ‘Hope’ among the pictures – and is that a portrait of Emily Penrose over the fireplace? I’m not sure. Very good – printed in Berlin so probably dates from pre-1914 – unposted                     £10

341. CLARK’S COLLEGE, CIVIL SERVICE Preparing for the Lady Clerk’s G.P.O. Exam   [9233] Photographic postcard of the young women preparing for this exam which, if they passed, offered a chance of bettering themselves. Very good – unposted                                                             £12

342. GEORGE LANSBURY, MP, LCC  [13279] real photographic postcard published by the Church Socialist League, London branch, pre – First World War. Fine – unposted                               £25

343. MERCHANT TAYLORS’ SCHOOL FOR GIRLS  [11781] Real photographic postcard of the exterior of the Crosby, Liverpool, girls’ school. The ink message on the back includes ‘The view is of Aunty Nina’s school..’ and continues onto the front of the card on white space to the side of the photograph. Posted in, I think, 1933. Good                                                                                                  £10


Fiction (Novels, Plays and Poetry)

344. BAILLIE, Joanna A Series of Plays in which it is attempted to delineate the stronger passions of the mind Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, & Brown, a new edition 1821 [2509] A handsome set – newly rebound in cloth £60

345. BEHN, Aphra Ten Pleasures of Marriage and the second part of The Confession of the New Married Couple printed for the Navarre Society 1950 [12468] With an introduction by John Harvey. Good – corners a little bumped £10

346. BIRTLES, Dora The Overlanders Virago 1987 [4304] First published in 1947 – an Australian novel. Paper covers – very good                                                                                                             £3

347. BLATCHFORD, Robert A Bohemian Girl and Mr Ginnis Clarion Newpaper Co Ltd 1901 (r/p) [2957] Good                                                                                                                                          £18

348. BRACKENBURY, Alison Bricks and Ballads Carcanet 2004 [9854] Poems. Soft covers – mint £3

349. BRADDON, M.E. Lady Audley’s Secret Virago 1985 [4463] First published in 1862. Still a page-turner. Paper covers – very good                                                                                                             £4

350. BUNBURY, Selina The Blind Girl of the Moor: a shepherd’s girl B. Wertheim, Aldine Chambers 1845 [3421] A moral tale – with a Scottish setting. Good – rebound £5

351. CLIFT, Charmian Walk to the Paradise Gardens Harper & Bros (NY) 1960 [12458] First US edition of this Australian novel. Very good in very good d/w, which is slightly chipped at top and bottom of spine                                                                                                                                                    £25

352. DEAN, Mrs Andrew A Splendid Cousin T. Fisher Unwin, 2nd ed 1893 [2993] Volume 20 in the Pseudonym Library. Very good internally – cloth cover a little rubbed                                    £15

353. FALCONER, Lanoe Mademoiselle Ixe T. Fisher Unwin  7th ed, 1924 [12648] In Cabinet Library series                                                                                                                                                      £5

354. FEINSTEIN, Elaine The Russian Jerusalem Carcanet 2008 [12394] A novel of Russia – both Putin’s and Stalin’s – with poems and pictures. Soft covers – mint                                                          £5

355. FRANCK, Julia The Blind Side of the Heart Harvill 2009 [12404] Translated from the German by Anthea Bell. Portrayal of a family through two world wars. Fine in fine d/w                            £5

356. FREED, Lynn The Servants’ Quarters Houghton Mifflin Harcourt 2009 [11975] ‘A witty, original take on ‘Beauty and the Beast’ featuring a fiercely intrepid young Jewish girl plagued by fears of the Holocaust, a wealthy, cultured aristocrat horribly disfigured in World War II and a mother whose ambitions know no bounds.’ Fine in fine d/w                                                                                                        £7

357. HASTINGS, Lady Flora Poems William Blackwood 1841 [5816] The poems of poor Lady Flora were edited for publication by her sister. Lady Flora, a lady in waiting at court in 1838, was suspected of being pregnant, though unmarried. In fact her body was swollen with illness – and she died. Everybody was then v. sorry. Pasted onto the free front endpaper is a black-bordered printed ‘Elegy on the Death of Lady Flora Hastings.’ Annotation in ink reveals that the copy had in 1882 belonged to Mr John Gladstone, 39 Gunter Grove, Redcliffe Gardens, London S.W.. Latterly the copy had been held in the City of Cardiff Reference Library – perhaps given to it by Mr Gladstone. It bears a ‘Withdrawn from Stock’ stamp as well as the library label on the front pastedown. The copy, in its original decorative green cloth, is worn along spine and hinge to front board is tender – contents very good                                                  £25

358. JESSE, F. Tennyson Moonraker Virago 1981 [4464] First published in 1927. Paper covers – very good                                                                                                                                                      £3

359. JOHNSON, Sue The Broken Book Allen & Unwin (Australia) 2004 [12454] A novel inspired by the life of the Australian writer, Charmian Clift. Soft covers – mint                                                 £6

360. KREITMAN, Esther Deborah Virago 1983 [4467] First published in 1936. Paper covers – very good                                                                                                                                                      £3

361. LEHMANN, Beatrix Rumour of Heaven Virago 1987 [4466] First published in 1934. Paper covers – very good                                                                                                                                     £4

362. LEVERSON, Ada Love’s Shadow Chapman & Hall 1950 [3086] Reprint of the 1908 edition. Good                                                                                                                                                      £4

363. LITVINOV, Ivy She Knew She Was Right Virago 1988 [4457] Paper covers – very good   £3

364. MACDONALD, M.P. Trefoil: the story of a girl’s society Thomas Nelson no date (c 1908?) [2489] An Australian (Melbourne) girls’ story. Good £5

365. MATHESON, Annie Selected Poems Old and New Henry Frowde 1899 [1439] Very good £10

366. NEWLIN, Keith (ed) American Plays of the New Woman Ivan R. Dee (Chicago) 2000 [5449] Plays by William Vaughan Moore, Rachel Crothers, Augustus Thomas, Alice Gerstenberg, Susan Glaspell and Jesse Lynch Williams. Paper covers – mint                                                                                  £5

367. PARRIS, P.B. His Arms are Full of Broken Things Viking 1997 [2979] A novel based on the life of Charlotte Mew. Fine in d/w                                                                                                         £5

368. PIKE, G. Holden Daughters of the Flower Market: a story of four London bouquetieres Religious Tract Society, no date (c 1900?) [3612] Bears a 1904 (boys’) school prize label. Contains a wealth of social observation – and line-drawings £4

369. PROCTER, Adelaide Anne Legends and Lyrics Bell & Daldy, 14th ed 1872 [1585] Poems by a leading member of the Langham-Place group.  very good – leather, with gilt decorations and all edges gilt   £15

370. SERGEANT, Adeline Alison’s Ordeal James Nisbet no date (1903?) [2969] By a prolific and very professional novelist.                                                                                                                   £5

371. SIGOURNEY, Mrs (ed. F.W.N. Bailey) The Poetical Works of Mrs L.H. Sigourney G. Routledge 1857 [2428] Neatly rebound in cloth                                                                                        £10

372. TAYLOR, Mary Miss Miles OUP 1990 [12413] Mary Taylor was the life-long friend of Charlotte Bronte. This edition with an introduction by Janet Horowitz Murray. Soft covers – very good £6

373. TRAVERS, Graham [pseud of Margaret Todd] Mona MacLean: medical student William Blackwood, 14th ed 1899 [11784] Novel written by Sophia Jex-Blake’s friend and biographer. Cover marked – scarce £38

374. VON ARNIM, Elizabeth The Enchanted April Virago 1986 [13493] Soft covers – fine      £5

375. WOOD, Mrs Henry Mrs Halliburton’s Troubles Richard Bentley 1893 [2863] Good reading copy                                                                                                                                                      £4

376. WOOD, Mrs Henry The Red Court Farm Macmillan 1908 (r/p) [4449] Good reading copy £3

377. YEZIERSKA, Anzia Hungry Hearts and Other Stories Virago 1987 [4458] First published in 1920. Paper covers – very good                                                                                                             £3


Suffrage Non-fiction

378. ANTHONY Jr, Charles The Social and Political Dependence of Women Longmans, Green, and Co 1880 (6th ed) [12058] This was one of the earliest books published in support of J.S. Mill’s proposed amendment to the 1867 Reform Bill – to give qualified women the vote. Interestingly he begins his tract with an analysis of the way in which ridicule was used to dismiss the idea of the enfranchised woman. Charles Anthony was the editor of the ‘Hereford Times’. Helen Blackburn lists the book in her Bibliography for ‘The Record of Women’s Suffrage’ . Very good internally in original decorated cloth, slight rubbing to head and tail of spine – unusual                                                                      £65

379. ATKINSON, Diane Funny Girls: cartooning for equality Penguin 1997 [12164] Soft covers – very good £5

380. BLACKBURN, Helen (ed) A Handbook for Women engaged in social and political work J.W. Arrowsmith 1895 [3534] Packed with information and names; Helen Blackburn’s precise intelligence shines through. Two pull-out diagrams. Very good – and very scarce £80

381. CAMPBELL, Olwen W. The Feminine Point of View Williams & Norgate 1952 [4231] The report of a Conference which began in the winter of 1947 and included among its members Teresa Billington-Greig and Margery Corbett Ashby. Olwen Campbell was the daughter of Mary Ward, who had been the leading light of the Cambridge Association for Women’s Suffrage. Very good in d/w                        £18

382. DOBBIE, B.M. Willmott Dobbie A Nest of Suffragettes in Somerset: Eagle House, Batheaston Batheaston Society 1979 [13585] The story of the Blathwayt family and their involvement in the women’s suffrage movement – copiously illustrated by the photographs taken by Col Blathwayt. Soft covers – quite scarce £26

383. DOVE, Iris Yours in the Cause: suffragettes in Lewisham, Greenwich and Woolwich Lewisham Library Services and Greenwich Library Services 1988 [13110] 22-pp in card covers. Withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Scarce £25

384. GIBSON, Sir John The Emancipation of Women Gwasg Gomer 1992 [10973] First published in 1891. Gibson was editor of the ‘Cambrian News’ between 1875-1915 and a strong supporter of women’s suffrage in Wales. Soft covers – mint                                                                                                       £12

385. KENT, Susan Sex and Suffrage in Britain, 1860-1914 Princeton University Press 1987 [1361] Fine in d/w (which has one slight nick)                                                                                                 £20

386. LEWIS, Jane Before the Vote was Won: arguments for and against women’s suffrage 1864-1896 Routledge (Women’s Source Library) 1987 [12099] A very useful collection of texts. Fine in d/w £28

387. MARKINO, Yoshio My Idealed John Bullesses Constable 1913 [7381] A Japanese illustrator – includes a long chapter, with illustrations, about Christabel Pankhurst and the WSPU. Good – with decorative cloth cover. Bears the ownership inscription of the novelist Beatrice Kean – scarce                       £100

388. MARTIN, Anna Mother and Social Reform NUWSS 1913 [11478] Two articles reprinted from the ‘Nineteenth Century and After’ issues of May and June 1913 as a booklet. Anna Martin, deeply concerned about the level of infant mortality and general ill-health of poor women and children, argues for easier separation in cases where the husband and father is neglectful or worse, the right of women to a ‘maintenance’ that is in some way defined. With a membership form for the NUWSS tipped in at the front, and a subscription form to ‘The Common Cause’ at the back. Paper covers (with a few nicks at edges) – very good condition -64pp                                                                                                        £45

389. MORGAN, David Suffragists and Liberals: the politics of woman suffrage in Britain Basil Blackwell 1975 [12133] Fine in d/w                                                                                                         £15

390. MORRELL, Caroline ‘Black Friday': violence against women in the suffragette movement Women’s Research and Resources Centre Publications 1981 [13705] An excellent, balanced, study of what happened in Parliament Square on 18 November 1910 – and the aftermath. Many of the questions that the author poses have not yet been answered. A pamphlet No 9 in the ‘Explorations in Feminism’ series. Soft covers – very good – and very scarce                                                                                         £45

391. PETHICK-LAWRENCE, Frederick The Women’s Fight for the Vote The Woman’s Press 1910 [13138] One of the classics of the women’s suffrage campaign. Very good internally – delightfully decorated cover (purple and gold) slightly rubbed and faded- – very scarce                          £150

392. ROVER, Constance Love, Morals and the Feminists  Routledge 1970 [4552] Good in d/w – though ex-library                                                                                                                                    £18

393. RUBINSTEIN, David Before the Suffragettes: women’s emancipation in the 1890s Harvester 1986 [13158] Soft covers – very good                                                                                              £15

394. SEAWELL, Molly Elliot The Ladies’ Battle Macmillan Co (NY) 1911 [11143] She was an American novelist who here argues against women’s suffrage, maintaining that if women were to vote an unlooked-for ‘general revolution’ would be inaugurated. Good – uncommon                                           £38

395. STOPES, Charlotte Carmichael British Freewomen: their historical privilege Swan Sonnenschein, 3rd ed 1907 [13137] An important volume in the historiography of the women’s suffrage movement. Mrs Stopes made use of material collected by Helen Blackburn. Good. £65

396. STRACHEY, Ray The Cause: a short history of the women’s movement in Great Britain G. Bell 1928 [12059] This copy belonged to Lord McGregor – author of ‘Divorce in England’ , a book that includes a very useful bibliography of works on women’s rights. He has laid in the book a collection of newspaper cuttings, from the 1950s to 1970s, relating to the position of women. The copy of the book is in good condition – but he had bought it as an ex-library copy and has added a few pencilled notes on the back pastedown. An interesting association copy. £55


Suffrage Biography


          TWO BOOKS FROM ‘THE TERRERO BEQUEST’ – a library of 2000 books left to the Working Men’s College under the terms of the will of Manuel Terrero and given to the College library by his widow, Janie Terrero, in 1928. Janie Terrero had been a member of the NUWSS in 1905 but by the time she moved to Pinner in 1910 had for some time been a member of the WSPU. The couple were wealthy and were lavish with their hospitality at their home, Rockstone House, holding frequent fund-raising garden parties for the WSPU. Janie Terrero took part in the March 1912 window-smashing campaign, took part in two hunger strikes and was forcibly fed. These books are evidence of the loving care she took over many years to add to the texts her own connection to the authors and to the movement of which she was a central player

 397. (LYTTON) Constance Lytton Prisons and Prisons: Some Personal Experience by Constance Lytton and Jane Warton, Spinster William Heinemann 1914 [13772] Janie Terrero’s copy which she has embellished with, at the front, pasted-in cuttings of long reviews of the book (‘The Daily News’, 7 March 1914, ‘The Observer’, 8 March 1914), an obituary of Lady Constance ( ‘The Times’, 24 May 1923) and a report of her funeral (‘The Times’, 28 May 1923) and with the end of a signed autograph note to her from Lady Constance – ‘So glad to hear your excellent meeting is bearing fruit’. At the back she has pasted (over the pages of notices of the publisher’s forthcoming books) Christabel Pankhurst’s article on the book, published in ‘The Suffragette’, March 13th and 20th 1914, This first edition of the book is bound in purple cloth, with Sylvia Pankhurst’s ‘sower’ medallion on the front cover. In very good condition (with library stamps in the usual manner) £145

398. PANKHURST, E. Sylvia The Suffragette: The history of the women’s militant suffrage movement 1905-10 Gay and Hancock 1911 [13773] Janie Terrero has embellished her copy of this book with two real photographic WSPU postcards. One shows Mrs Pankhurst being arrested in Victoria Street on 13 February 1908 and the other shows Christabel speaking in Trafalgar Square – inviting the audience to ‘rush’ the House of Commons, 13 October 1908. In addition she has pasted a very interesting letter written by Eli\abeth Robins and published in ‘The Times’, 4 May 1921 in which she stoutly defends the WSPU policy of militancy – one of her arguments being that suffragettes had the means to kill or injure their opponents if they had chosen to do so. In purple cloth, as issued, with Sylvia Pankhurst’s ‘portcullis’ design in gilt on the front cover- with the symbolic arrow picked out in purple, white and green. An item from the Terrero Bequest, with Manuel Terrero’s decorative bookplate and the Working Men’s College Terrero Bequest label – and usual library stamps. An attractive association copy of a relatively scarce book – the first UK edition                                                                                                                             £180


399. (FAWCETT) David Rubinstein A Different World for Women: the life of Millicent Garrett Fawcett Ohio State University Press 1991 [12100] Mint in d/w £15

400. (LYTTON) Lady Betty Balfour (ed) Letters of Constance Lytton William Heinemann 1925 [10628] Very good – in purple cloth, with design by Syvlia Pankhurst on front cover                          £68


Suffrage Fiction and Poetry

401. ARMOUR, Margaret Agnes of Edinburgh Andrew Melrose 1911 [3719] A novel of its time – the suffrage movement although not central to the plot – flows along behind, occasionally breaking the surface in a discussion of women’s rights and attitudes to the campaign. Interesting – very scarce – I’ve only seen it previously in the Briitish Library. Very good in rubbed paper wrapper – with a little card inlaid – showing that it had been presented to Nesta Prichard, of Form Vb, as a prize for mathematics.           £40

402. HINE, Muriel The Man With the Double Heart John Lane 1914 [13336] The heroine’s mother is a Militant Suffragette; she is not. Good                                                                                       £18

403. JOHN, N.A. (collected and edited by) Holloway Jingles Written in Holloway Prison during March and April, 1912, published by the Glasgow Branch of the WSPU 1912 [13797] Poems written in Holloway by women who took part in the March 1912 window-smashing campaign. Among the authors are Margaret McPhun, Madeleine Rock, Emily Wilding Davison, Dr Alice Ker and Laura Grey (for more on whom see my website ahttp://womanandhersphere.com/2013/07/30/suffrage-stories-laura-grey-suffragettes-sex-poison-and-suicide/).

This copy is inscribed by ‘Fr Mc. C.’ to ‘Marjorie MacLaughlin, Breeze Mount Coleraine. ‘Fr Mc C’ was Father James McCarrroll, Roman Catholic chaplain to Holloway Prison, 1908 to 1916, and is referred to in a poem in the collection written by Kathleen Emerson (c 1885-1970). From a Protestant family, by 1911 Emerson was a widow, living with her parents in Dublin. She was secretary of the Irish Women’s Franchise League and in March 1912 took part in the window-smashing raid in London. She was sentenced to two months’ imprisonment – spent in Holloway – and contributed two poems to Holloway Jingles. The relevant verse reads:

‘But who is this now comes in view,/
His smiling face cheers others too?/
Father McCarroll, “here’s to you,”/
The only Man  in Holloway.’
In this copy this verse is the only one in the book marked – with lines down each edge of the text.

The recipient, Marjorie MacLaughlin (b c 1894), was the daughter of Daniel MacLaughlin, a Roman Catholic solicitor, and his wife Mary.The copy, with its original wrappers bound in, has been bound with scarlet morocco spine over marbled boards, the spine in uneven panels with black title label gilt. The original paper front wrapper includes a drawing of the interior of a Holloway cell. A wonderful item – particularly interesting because of its association with the Holloway chaplain. Extremely scarce £900

404. JOHNSTON, Sir Harry Mrs Warren’s daughter: a story of the women’s movement Chatto & Windus 1920 [1342] A suffrage novel.  Very good – presentation copy from the author’s wife           £35

405. LEFROY, Ella Napier The Man’s Cause John Lane 1899 [13707] The author was Isabella Napier Lefroy (née Hastie) (1854-1919) – who also wrote under the pseudonym ‘E.N. Leigh Fry’. The novel contains much discussion of the Woman Question – and is among those I list under ‘Novels’ with suffrage content in my ‘Reference Guide’. Good and tight – just a little rubbed on edges- rather scarce £45

406. LUCAS, E.V. Mr Ingleside Methuen, 7th ed, no date 1910/1912?) [1397] A novel with suffrage scenes.  Very good                                                                                                                                    £8

 407. MCLEOD, Irene Rutherford Songs to Save a Soul Chatto and Windus 1916 (7th ed) [13186] A collection of poems. An introductory note states that some had been previously published in, amongst other journals, ‘Votes for Women’. Irene McLeod had been a member of the WSPU’s Young Purple, White and Green Association and of its Drummers’ Union. Very good                                              £20

408. MASEFIELD, John The Street of To-day J.M. Dent 2nd ed, 1911 [13708] Another from my ‘Reference Guide’ list of novels with pro-suffrage sentiment. ‘It seems to me that all the evils in modern life spring direcctly from the absence of women in government’, says one character. Masefield was a friend of Elizabeth Robins and a strong suffrage supporter. Very good                                                  £40

409. MASSIE, Chris Esther Vanner Sampson Low, Marston & Co no date (1937) [1436] The heroine is a suffragette.  Very good in d/w                                                                                                  £35

410. PAGE, Gertrude The Winding Paths Hurst & Blackett c 1911 [8th ed] [12888] A novel with a suffrage theme. ‘The men call them “new Women” with derision, or mannish, or unsexed; but those who have been among them, and known them as friends, know that they hold in their ranks some of th most generous-hearted, unselfish, big-souled women who exist in England to-day…One such as the best of these was Ethel Hayward..’ Good                                                                                                              £20

411. ROBERTS, Katherine Pages From the Diary of a Militant Suffragette Garden City Press 1910 [11202] There has been some doubt about whether this is an autobiography or fiction. I tend to think that it is fiction – clearly written by an active suffragette – but am not further forward about who Katherine Roberts was. Extremely interesting – and vivid. Paper covers – a little chipped – but a very good copy – clean and tight – of a very scarce book                                                                                                    £250

412. SHAW, Bernard Press Cuttings: a topical sketch compiled from the editorial and correspondence columns of the Daily Papers Constable & Co no date (1909) [13000] as performed by the Civic and Dramatic Guild at the Royal Court Theatre, London, on the 9th July 1909. A suffragette play. In grey card covers a little chipped at edge £35

 413. VYNNE, Nora The Pieces of Silver Andrew Melrose 1911 [13337] One of the dedicatees of this novel is Franklin Thomasson, whose family had a long association with the women’s suffrage movement. The heroine is a feminist journalist and political campaigner – as was the author, who co-authored, with Helen Blackburn, ‘Women Under the Factory Acts 1903′. While not being categorically ‘suffrage’, it is so very close to that genre that I have included it in this section. A scarce book                                  £48


Suffrage Ephemera

414. A Brief Review of the Women’s Suffrage Movement since its Beginning in 1832 [NUWSS], printed by Vacher & Sons April 1911 [13505] 16-pp pamphlet.  Very good – would be fine but it has lost its staples. With the ownership inscription of a ‘Mrs Kerr’ on the cover.                                                    £35

415. ADA HINES     [12587] (1872-1949) of ‘The Nook’, Ashton-on-Mersey, was an artist and a suffragette – the joint founder, in 1909, with her friend and fellow artist, Lucy Fildes, of the Manchester branch of the Women’s Freedom League. Here is an opportunity to acquire a small oil painting by her – unframed – on board – entitled ‘Sunset’. Signed but undated – rather atmospheric.                                     £75

416. BIRMINGHAM BRANCH OF THE NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE  [13799] is the printed heading on this letter. Below it the line ‘Office: 4 Broad Street Corner’ has been scored through in ink and the address ’17 Frederick Road’ substituted. The letter is dated 11 May 1874 and is from ‘Eliza Sturge, secretary to the Birmingham suffrage society. She is writing to ‘Dear Madam’ concerning a donation that had been sent to her society after a suffrage meeting held in Wrexham on 24 March 1874. Eliza Sturge had been one of the speakers at the meeting, alongside Margaret Bright Lucas (sister of John Bright) and Mary Beedy, an American graduate who spent some time in England in the 1870s, travelling around the country as a suffrage lecturer. Miss Sturge notes in the letter that, as the speaking tour of north Wales, at which Wrexham was the first stop, had been organised by the Manchester Society she considered that the donation belonged rightly to them. This may suggest that ‘Madam’ to whom the letter is addressed may be Lydia Becker, secretary of the Manchester Society. The donation had come from ‘Mrs Darby’. ‘Mr Darby’ had chaired the Wrexham meeting. He was William Henry Darby of Brymbo, ironmaster, and she was his wife, Sarah. Eliza Sturge writes ‘how pleasant it is to have a voluntary gift of this sort – money getting or asking is generally a difficult endeavour. I do not think we have had a Women’s Suffrage meeting anywhere that has been followe by a spontaneous collectiom as at Wrexham and it is to you I understand that we are mainly indebted.’

4-pp – the inner edge of the first page is slightly obscured by the remains of (I imagine) adhesive where it has at some time been held in an album. The odd missing word (or part of word) can be guessed – except for the number of pounds of the donation (which was of £?.10.0). A conservator will, I am sure, be able to remove this added surface. All the other pages are completely unaffected and are clear and fresh. An interesting letter – linking Birmingham and Manchester to the early suffrage campaign in north Wales. Any material from these early years is very scarce                                                                          £130

417. BODICHON, Mrs Reasons for the Enfranchisement of Women London National Society for Women’s Suffrage, no date late 1860s? [9519] Printed by Head, Hole & Co, Farringdon Street and Ivy Lane, E.C. Scarce and important pamphlet -8pp – good                                                                            £250

418. CAHILL, Richard Staunton A Lecture on Woman’s Rights, Cockermouth, 1888  [13698] The painting depicts a woman in neat, plain attire standing on a platform addressing an (unseen) audience. Behind her is a poster that reads ‘A Lecture on Woman’s Rights Will be Delivered [?] in the Lecture Hall of the Young Men’s Christian Association Cockermouth on Wednesday Mrs Smith.’

The painting is signed by the artist Richard Staunton Cahill and is dated 1888.
I can certainly place the artist, Irish-born though he was, very close to Cockermouth in the late 1870s/early 1880s.
The artist: -Richard Staunton Cahill – born c 1827 in Co Clare. Son of Charles Staunton Cahill who, in 1828/9, was a leading supporter of Catholic Emancipation and of Daniel O’Connell (the Liberator)
In 1850 Richard Cahill entered the Royal Hibernian Academy. He lived in Dublin but by 1863 had moved to London and then by 1875 was living in Nottingham and teaching at the Government School of Art there. He still had a Nottingham address in 1877 but by 1879 when he submitted works to the Royal Hibernian Academy of Arts his address was given as ‘Keswick’.
In the 1881 census he was living, with his sister, Agnes, in a boarding house in High Street, Crosthwaite. He gave his occupation as ‘artist’, ‘master School of Art’ – so it is possible that he was still employed in Nottingham and spent holidays in Cumberland.
In 1882 when he submitted works to the Irish Exhibition of Arts and Manufactures in Dublin his address was again given as ‘Keswick’.
On 24 March 1883 ‘The Graphic’ printed a poem Cahill had written protesting against the threat to ‘Lakeland’ posed by the new railway and roads. He must have been closely associated with Canon Rawnsley (who was about to move into Crosthwaite Vicarage) and the Lake District Defence Society. With his nephew (I think) C.S. Cahill, Richard Cahill wrote several songs – ‘Songs of the Lake’ – including ‘Beautiful Keswick’ and ‘Charming Windermere’.
As to the subject of the painting: – I know of a couple of women’s suffrage lectures given in Cockermouth in the early years of the suffrage campaign. On 1872 Friday 24 May 1872 a travelling speaker, Jessie Craigen, gave a lecture on ‘Women’s Rights at the Court House, Cockermouth – but I know from written descriptions that Jessie Craigen was large and blowsy – the antithesis of the neat figure in this painting.
Lydia Becker, the leader of the women’s suffrage meeting in Manchester, held meeting in Cockermouth on Tuesday 17 January 1882 – but, again, her features are very distinctive and these are not they. For full details of the 19th century women’s suffrage campaign in Cumberland see my Women’s Suffrage Movement: a regional survey p 24.
I suspect that the woman lecturer is in fact Miss Mary Smith of Finkle Street in Carlisle, whose ‘Autobiography of Mary Smith: schoolmistress and non-conformist’ was published in 1892.  For many years Mary Smith ran a girls’ school from her home and was renowned for giving Penny Readings.
In 1868 she initiated a correspondence with Lydia Becker, who addressed her in a letter of 20 May 1868, as ‘Mrs Smith’.
On 2 April 1869, with Mary Smith’s encouragement, Miss Becker gave a ‘woman’s rights’ lecture in Carlisle, which was followed by the founding of the Carlisle branch of the National Society for Women’s Suffrage, with Mary Smith as its honorary secretary. The Carlisle branch was still in existence until at least 1872 but then fades from view.
In her autobiography Mary Smith is at pains to describe how she bought ‘plain and comfortable clothing’, writing ‘Nor was I ever ashamed of being plainly dressed’. One who knew her commented that ‘not unfrequently her dress was decidedly antiquated and old fashioned.’ The figure in the painting cuts a very neat figure, attired certainly in plain and comfortable clothing. Mary Smith’s Autobiography does not include any representation of her, alas, but I feel as certain as one can be – with no absolute proof – that it is she who is delivering the ‘Woman’s Rights’ lecture from that platform. I have, as yet, been unable to find a newspaper report of the lecture.
Mary Smith died in 1891 and had been ill for a few years before – so I rather think that the lecture had taken place considerably earlier than the date given on the painting. By 1888 (by which time Cahill can be found at a London address) ‘Woman’s Rights’ was no longer really the term that would be used. The suffrage campaign had been making some headway and by 1888 the term ‘women’s suffrage’ would have been more likely to have been used than ‘woman’s rights’, which was more of a 1870s usage.
The painting – oil on canvas – is in very good condition.                                                      £3,300

419. CONSERVATIVE AND UNIONIST WOMEN’S FRANCHISE ASSOCIATION A Reply to the Anti-Suffragists CUWFA  [13191] 4-pp leaflet written by Annesley Horsfall. Pages detached – edges very nicked – but text untouched. Withdrawn from the Women’s Library                               £12

420. CORONATION PROCESSION 17 June 1911  [11274] A stereoscope photograph of ‘The Empire Car’ – part of the ‘Pageant of Empire’ part of the procession staged by the suffrage societies to mark the Coronation of George V. Very good                                                                                         £95

421. DESPARD, Charlotte Women’s Franchise and Industry Women’s Freedom League [1912] [13714] With the ownership signature ‘Dorothy M. Zimmern, June 1912′ and the stamp ‘Withdrawn from the British Library of Political and Economic Science’. In 1915 Dorothy [Dorothea] Zimmern, with Lucy Wyatt, compiled ‘Woman in Industry: a bibliography, published by the Women’s Industrial Council.  ‘Women’s franchise and Industry’ is an 8pp pamphlet – with membership form for the Women’s Freedom League on the inside back cover, a list of publications on the back.and a portrait of Charlotte Despard on the front cover. Good – a few chips and rubs                                                                            £38

422. DYSON, Will Cartoons The Daily Herald 1914 [13801] A Second Collection of cartoons drawn by the celebrated Australian cartoonist, Will Dyson (1880-1938), and published in ‘The Daily Herald’. Among the 40 are 6 directly related to the suffrage campaign. He is, of course, supportive of the campaign. In goodish condition – the middle 2pp have come loose from the staples and the edges are a little rubbed. Could be broken up and the prints framed individually. Large format – 36 x 26 cm – paper covers    £85

423. ELMY, Elizabeth Wostenholme Woman’s Franchise: the need of the hour  ILP 2nd ed, no date [1907] [12760] A campaigner for women’s suffrage since the mid-1860s, she had put aside a lifetime’s aversion to party politics and joined the Manchester ILP in 1904. This article was originally published in the ‘Westminster Review’. In her concise style she analyses the events of the previous 40 years and demands that Liberal MPs who profess to support women’s suffrage honour their pledges.                   £65

424. FAWCETT, Mrs Henry Home and Politics an address delivered at Toynbee Hall and elsewhere Women’s Printing Society 1894 [12939] A much reproduced speech – first given c 1890. This printing does not bear a date but probably c 1900. It carries the ownership stamp of Margaret Clark, Street, Somerset who in 1909 married Arthur Gillett – so probably predates 1909. 8pp – a little creased and marked – but tight £10

445. HILL, MISS OCTAVIA Women and the Suffrage 1910 [13150] 2-sided leaflet, reproducing a letter from Octavia Hill to the Editor of the ‘Times’, dated 14 July 1910. In this she repudiates the necessity of votes for women – ‘Let the woman seek the quiet paths of helpful real work, be set on finding where she is wanted, on her duties, not on her rights…’ The 2-sided leaflet was printed by the National Press Agency Ltd and does not carry the imprimatur of the anti-suffrage society, although I imagine that group was probably behind its publication, the NPA being their usual printer. Good – very scarce          £68

426. HMSO Representation of the People Bill HMSO 1917 [13074] ‘A Bill to Amend the Law with respect to Parliamentary and Local Government Franchises..etc’. Clause 4 allowed the vote to women over the age of 30. 42 pages – a good reading copy – missing its paper covers                                       £15

427. IN MEMORIAM Rt Hon Lord and Lady (Emmeline) Pethick-Lawrence of Peaslake    [13195] 4-pp leaflet describing the various commemorations of the lives of the Pethick-Lawrences. Issued by the Suffragette Fellowship under the names of Lady (Helen) Pethick-Lawrence and Grace Roe. Good £15

428. KELLEY, Florence Persuasion or Responsibility? National American Woman Suffrage Association c 1905? [13076] Vol 2, No 8 in ‘Political Equality Series’. Small format – 4pp – good – with shelfmark – withdrawn from the Women’s Library                                                                                        £5

429. LEIGH SMITH, Barbara A Brief Summary in Plain Language of the Most Important Laws Concerning Women; together with a few observations thereon Holyoake & Co, 2nd edition revised with addition 1856 [9033] Barbara Leigh Smith (later Barbara Bodichon) was 27 years old when she wrote this pamphlet, first published in 1854 as part of her campaign to change the Married Women’s Property Acts. This pamphlet is extremely scarce (I have never had a copy for sale before), bound inside recent paper covers. Rather amusingly, the printed price of ‘Threepence’ has been scored through and ‘1 1/2 d’ added – a comment, presumably, then on the interest being shown in the campaign by a public not yet awakened to the cause. Very good £280

430. LONDON AND NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SERVICE Report, October 1st 1938 to March 31st 1943  [13447] A Report giving details of how Women’s Service House fared during the early years of the war (bombed) and where the Library was accommodated (Oxford) – together with details of the Society’s perilous financial postition. Good                                                        £25

431. LYDIA BECKER  [12607] Letter from Lydia Becker to ‘Mr Levi’ – written from 85 Carter St, Greenyes, Manchester on ‘Oct 16′ – I have worked out that the year is1868. ‘Mr Levi’ is probably Prof Leone Levi, to whom she had sent a pamphlet a few days earlier. I think, in response, he had written to her in admiration asking for some material from her for his autograph book. In this letter, in return, she writes ‘I have written out my three Norwich prospositions ,[these are drawn from her address at Norwich to the British Association Section F on 25 Aug 1868] which I hope may serve your purpose as a curiosity! for your autograph book, and a bone of contention for your friends.’ These ‘three Norwich propositions’ are set out on a separate sheet. But, in addition, in her  4-pp mss letter she sets out ‘my general wishes and conclusions as to the rights of women’.. All the material has been carefully attached to a sheet that once was page 77 in a collection of autograph material. Incidentally the material on the reverse, p 78, is in Italian, lending credence to my supposition that the correspondent was Leone Levi, who had left his native Italy for Liverpool in 1844. A very interesting letter – very good                                  £95

432. MCCABE, Joseph Woman in Political Evolution Watts & Co 1909 [9803] An overview -from ‘ Woman Before Civilisation’ to ‘The Moral Base of Enfranchisement.’Paper wrappers – one nick at spine eats into the margin of a few pages -and a tiny bit of text is lost on two pages, but does not interfere with reading.                                                                                                                                                    £28

433. MCLAREN, Lady ‘Better and Happier': An Answer from the Ladies’ Gallery to the Speeches in Opposition to the Women’s Suffrage Bill, February 28th, 1908 T. Fisher Unwin 1908 [13102] I have always been rather an admirer of Laura McLaren and her straight-forward prose. 46-pp – paper covers present but detached – text otherwise good and tight – scarce                                                 £75

434. MARSHALL, Catherine Women’s Suffrage Election Campaign in Cumberland  [13678] ‘Reprint of letter sent to the Local Press Jan 5th 1910′. Catherine Marshall was the very active NUWSS local secretary in Cumberland, here describing the efforts that suffragists were making during the first general election of 1910. Single-sided leaflet – the bottom section of the form, which readers were requested to return to the society indicating the active help they could give, is present, but has separated along its perforation.                                                                                                                                                    £15

435. MEN’S LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Gladstone on Woman Suffrage MLOWS c. 1909 [13146] The Men’s League for Opposing Woman Suffrage was founded in early 1909 and in 1910 merged with the Women’s National Anti-Suffrage League to form  the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. This pamphlet – reproducing the Grand Old Man’s words on the subject is pamphlet no 3 issued by the Men’s League, presumably quite soon after its founding in 1909. 4-pp – good, with some foxing, scarce                                                                                                           £78

436. MEN’S LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Is Woman Suffrage A Logical Outcome of Democracy? MLOWS c 1909 [13147] Pamphlet no 6 published by the short-lived Men’s League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. 4-pp – very good – scarce                                                             £60

437. MISS MORGAN, OF BRECON The Duties of Citizenship Women’s Local Government Society c 1912 [12946] Extracts reprinted from a paper read at the Annual Conference of the National Union of Women Workers, Manchester, October 27th 1896. By the time this leafet was issued Miss Morgan had been Mayor of Brecon, 1911-12. 4-pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library                               £15

438.  NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE The ‘Conciliation’ Bill: Revised Version NLOWS no date (1911) [13152] The 2-sided leaflet, no 33 in the series, is headed ‘Against Votes for Women’ and ends with ‘Vote and Work Against Votes For Women In Parliamentary Affairs’. Very good – very scarce                                                                                                             £75

439. NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Manifesto: No Votes for Women  [13512] ”Why the nation is opposed to the grant of the Parliamentary Vote to Women’. Among the reasons for opposing Votes for Women is ‘(f) Because any proposal to give votes to women would result in swamping the male voter and making women the real rulers of the Empire.’ Leaflet 52 in the NLOWS series. 4pp – fine – scarce                                                                                                            £75

440. NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Mr J.R. Tolmie’s Reply to Mr L. Housman’s Pamphlet NLOWS no date (1913) [13145] The pamphlet of Laurence Housman’s to which this refers is ‘The Physical Force Fallacy’. Pamphlet no 37 issued by the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. 4-pp – very good                                                                                           £65

441. NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Woman Suffrage and the Factory Acts NLOWS no date [13155] A 4-pp leaflet, no 8 in the NLOWS series,  pointing out that the ‘Women’s Party’ (ie pro-suffrage campaigners) were opposed to the ‘humane acts’ limiting women’s work in factory etc because ‘most of them harbour such a jealous mistrust of men that they suppose even their evidently disinterested actions to be prompted by insidious and harmful motive.’ The leaflet concludes ‘To grant women the franchise would therefore be to raise a fresh obstacle in the way of progress and to defer reforms still necessary for the welfare of the working classes..’ Very good – very scarce         £75

442. NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE BADGE  [13725] The League’s enamel badge. The device of the NLOWS was a rose, thistle and shamrock which on this badge are rendered in white on a dark pink background. The lettering of the name of the League is picked out in gold from a black background. The badge hangs from a safety pin, which I’m pretty sure is the original clasp. Very good – unusual                                                                                                      £250

443. NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE CENTRAL COMMITTEE: First Report of the Executive Committee presented at the General Meeting of the Central Committee held on Wednesday 17 July 1872 National Society for Women’s Suffrage 1872 [12931] See my ‘Women’s Suffrage Movement: a reference guide’ as to how and why the Central Committee came into being. This – the Committee’s first report, contains lists of names of members of the Committee, of subscribers, and of the Local Committtes around England and Scotland that affiliated to the Central. In original paper covers – rubbed – very scarce                                                                                                                   £95

444. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES  [3986] with the Men’s League (Portsmouth branches) – Programme for an evening meeting that began with a musical recital, followed by the singing of suffrage songs (the words are printed – one of them is by Margaret O’Shea, sister of the secretary of the Portsmouth NUWSS society and then a speech by Lady Balfour followed by more singing and then a closing speech by Alice Abadam. Interestingly the Vote of Thanks is seconded by Alderman Sanders, LCC, who in 1908 was Labour parliamentary candidate for Portsmouth and whose wife, Beatrice, was financial secretary to the WSPU. I think this programme may date from 1908 – because there is a mention at its foot of an Exhibition of Banners (Fuller’s tea Rooms, Palmerston Road) – and such exhibitions were common after the June 1908 Hyde Park rally. 1 sheet -good                      £180

445. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES Final Report of the Professional Women’s Patriotic Service Fund NUWSS Oct 1915 [12943] ‘The Fund began work in Jan 1915, when a Committee was formed for the purpose of assisting professional women, by paying their salaries and offering their services to organisations which are dealing with war needs.’ I knew nothing of this short-lived Fund before reading this Report. It lists, on the one had, donors and, on the other, the positions in which they had placed needy ‘professional’ women. The Fund was wound up when it became clear that its services were no longer required. The Committee included, among others,  Mrs Auerbach, Mrs Fawcett, Catherine Marshall, Ray Strachey, Dr Jane Walker – and its secretary was Kathleen Courtney. 12pp – good – scarce                                                                                                                                       £20

446. NUWSS BADGE  [13798] An enamelled pin badge made from die-stamped brass and a gilt finish, issued by the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies. It is circular and is affixed to clothing by means of a stickpin. The top band of enamel is red and contains the words ‘National Union’, the central circle is green with ‘of’ and below is a white wavy band with ‘Women’s Suffrage Societies’, which merges into the lower rim containing the words ‘Constitutional Non-Party’. The badge head has a diameter of 7/8 in (about 22mm). There is a single pin affixed (stickpin) to the reverse and the maker’s name – ‘Fenwick, B’ham’. The firm of Arthur Fenwick, medallists, badge makers, art enamellers etc, was established in Vyse Street, Birmingham in 1888. I don’t think I have had a badge like this in stock before.

The badge is in very good condition – there is a tiny piece of enamel missing over the ‘O’ in ‘National’ but the chip can really only be seen with a magnifying glass. The pin itself is very firm.             £250

447. PANKHURST, Christabel International Militancy WSPU 1915 [13502] ‘A speech delivered at Carnegie Hall, New York, January 13th, 1915′. 24-pp pamphlet, paper covers (with photograph of Christabel Pankhurst). Fine – just with a couple of rust marks from spine staples – in original paper wrappers. Scarce                                                                                                                      £100

448. PETERSEN, H. Frances The Belief in Innate Rights NUWSS no date [1913] [13100] 12-pp pamphlet printed for the NUWSS by the Women’s Printing Society – reprinted from the ‘Law Magazine and Review’. Good in original paper covers                                                                                     £12

449. PETHICK-LAWRENCE, Emmeline and Frederick (eds) VOTES FOR WOMEN VOL III Oct 1909-Sept 1910  [12407] Hefty bound volume of the WSPU weekly newspaper, in original Sylvia Pankhurst-designed boards. Signs of wear at leather corners – spines rebacked – ex Reading University Library – with library label on back boards. Internally very clean and tight, except for page of the Index where paper has split, but with no loss of text..                                                                                           £900

450. PHILLIPS, Mary The Militant Suffrage Campaign privately printed 1957 [11357] ‘This pamphlet is designed to tell in a concise form the story of the ‘Votes for Women Canpaign’ and to explain the reasoned policy on which it was based.’ Mary Phillips had been a leading WSPU organizer. Soft covers – 15pp – scarce                                                                                                                                         £65

451. PHOTOGRAPH OF GROUP OF SUFFRAGETTES IN PRISON UNIFORM  [13623] The photograph has attached to it on the reverse a typed slip identifying the women as suffragettes ‘lined up for transport to Holloway Prison in London’ and refers to this happening ‘before the War’. The photo agency is Acme News which operated from the early 1920s to 1952 and I think this image is a ‘reprint’ issued in the inter-war years. I would suggest that this photograph is an example of how newspapers get things wrong. I doubt very much that this photograph was of suffragettes waiting to be taken to Holloway – rather it is a group of WSPU members who donned replica prison clothing to make a point about how women protestors were being treated.  The women are all wearing long dark dresses marked by two prison arrows, white apron and bonnet and with a large cloth hanging down, tucked into their waistband. Each sports a  large disc giving their block and cell number in Holloway’s DX wing.They may have been taking part in a rally – such as that outside Holloway on 7 November 1908 when suffragettes wore replica prison clothing in public for the first time – or it may have been to celebrate prison releases. One of the women carries a scroll, perhaps one of the certificates given to those members of the WSPU who had been imprisoned.  Anyway, by the time the image was reused by the Acme Agency the idea that women might once have dressed up in replica prison uniform had clearly been forgotten – and what had been a staged appearance had now been converted into a new reality. Well, we all know that if you know anything about anything in a newspaper it’s usually wrong. Whateverr its provenance this is a very good, clear image – all the women look very much like real people. 25cm x 20 cm – very good                                   £65

452. POTT, Gladys Report of Lecture by Miss Pott on the Anti-Suffrage Movement  [13511] ‘Delivered at 67 Westbourne Terrace, W. on Tuesday December 12th 1911. Sir Bartle Frere presiding’. Gladys Pott was the Anti-Suffrage Movement strongest ammunition. In ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ Kate Frye gives a wonderful description of watching Miss Pott in action – ‘ a most harsh, repellent and unpleasing woman. She began by saying we should not get sentiment from her and we did not. ,,’ Certainly you get the flavour of her style from this Lecture – particularly in the treatment of questioners – all faithfully reported. The Lecture was published by the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. 16pp – very good – I am not sure whether it was issued with a paper wrapper but, if so, that isn’t present now. COPAC  records a copy held by LSE Library – and nowhere else. Scarce                                                              £95

453. PUNCH CARTOON  [12767] 13 July 1910, full-page – the caption is ‘Excelsior!’ as Suffragist puts her shoulder to the boulder of ‘Women’s Suffrage’ and says, ‘It’s no good talking to me about Sisyphus; he was only a man’                                                                                                                     £10

454. PUNCH CARTOON  [12768] 13 March 1912, full-page, suffragettes wield hammers in the background as Roman-type matron, bearing a paper labelled ‘Woman’s Suffrage’ comments ‘To think that, after all these years, I should be the first martyr’. the heading is ‘In the House of Her Friends’ £10

455. PUNCH CARTOON  [12772] 10 January 1912 -full page – ‘United We Differ’. Lloyd George and Lewis Harcourt are back to back on a platform. Lloyd George addressing his side, where a Votes for Women’ banner is to be seen, cries ‘Votes for Women! Don’t you listen to my esteemed colleague!’. While addressing his, male, crowd cries ‘No Votes for Women! My esteemed colleague is talking nonsense!’. Asquith’s cabinet was split on this issue. Very good                                                                 £10

456. PUNCH CARTOON  [12777] 21 January 1912 – full page – ‘The Suffrage Split’. Sir George Askwith (the charismatic industrial conciliator), as ‘Fairy Peacemaker’, has tamed the dragon of the Cotton Strike – and Asquith, wrestling to keep a seat on the Cabinet horse turns to him ‘Now that you’ve charmed yon dragon I shall need ye to stop the strike inside this fractious gee-gee.’                                     £10

 457. ROBERTSON, Margaret Working Men and Women’s Suffrage NUWSS Aug 1913 [12937] Margaret Robertson was a university graduate and NUWSS organiser. This pamphlet was written at a time when the NUWSS had set up its Election Fighting Fund to support Labour Party candidates – and was intended for distribution amongst trade unionists. Small format, 24pp in card covers                            £35

 458. SNOWDEN, Philip The Dominant Issue Feb 1913 [12945] A comment on the ‘Franchise Bill fiasco’ – that is, Asquith’s promise that a Manhood Suffrage Bill would be amended to include women – and the Speaker’s eventual ruling that such an amendment would destroy the Bill.  Pamphlet reproducing an article first published in ‘The Christian Commonwealth’ . Good – a little foxed and grubby              £25

459. SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE  [12661] is the caption to this full page George Belcher cartoon, published in the Tatler on 12 August 1908. Two impoverished old women are talking in the street – a unconsciously joky exchange – which is the amusing part  for the audience of the day (I won’t go into the rather laboured humour which, if it has any suffrage relevance, is only to mock woman’s supposed illogicality)- but what is interesting to us is that one of the old dears is standing holding an advertising bill for the magazine, ‘New Age’, on which the roughly sketched in legend reads something like ‘A Suffragette’s reply to Belfort Bax.’. For the book that sparked off the debate in New Age see item ? Bax had published an article ‘Feminism and Female Suffrage’ in the issue for 30 May, to which Millicent Murby had written a reply that appeared in the issue of  6 June, to which Bax had made a riposte in the issue of  8 August. Single page – very good                                                                                                                        £15

460. SPALDING, Frances (ed) The Charleston Magazine: Charleston, Bloomsbury and the Arts Charleston Trust issue 19, Spring/Summer 1999 [12652] Includes an article ‘A Rich Network of Associations: Bloomsbury and Women’s Suffrage’, written by me (seems a very long time ago). Also an article on Frank Rutter that touches on his suffrage sympathies – and other interesting articles. A much lamented magazine. Fine – card covers £12

461. ST JOAN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL ALLIANCE  [13681] badge for the society formerly known as the Catholic Women’s Suffrage Society which was founded in 1911 and in 1923 changed it’s name to the St Joan Social and Political Alliance. The badge, which dates from between 1923 and 1950 is printed with a gold and white fleur-de-lys motif in the centre, blue ground, gold, white and blue border with printed inscription: ‘St Joan’s Social & Political Alliance’. It is made of paper covered with plastic, over metal base. In good condition                                                                                           £35

462. STOPES, Mrs C.C. The Constitutional Basis of Women’s Suffrage Darien Press (Edinburgh) 1908 [13684] reprinted from the ‘fortnightly Review’, Sept 1908. 16-pp pamphlet. An ownership inscription on the top right of the front cover appears to be ‘E. C. Haig’ – and I am wondering whether the pamphlet was originally owned by Evelyn Cotton Haig (1863-1954), sister of Florence and Cecilia Haig – all strong supporters of the WSPU. Evelyn Haig lived with her sisters in Comely Bank Ave in Edinburgh – and may well have known Mrs Stopes. An Edinburgh ownership certainly ties in with the Edinburgh publication. Very good                                                                                                                                  £45

463. STRACHEY, Ray The Women’s Movement in Great Britain: a short summary of its rise, methods and victories National Council of Women of Great Britain no date (c 1928) [13109] A pamphlet abridged from Strachey’s ‘The Cause’. Chipped and rubbed – withdrawn from the Women’s Library   £10

464. SUFFRAGETTE FELLOWSHIP Roll of Honour Suffragette Prisoners 1905-1914 Suffragette Fellowship no date [1966] [13107] 16-pp, double column, listing all the suffragette prisoners that the Suffragette Fellowship knew of. A couple of names have been added in ink. Internally fine – cover has shelf markings etc – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Scarce                                        £100

465. THE ENGLISH REVIEW, JUNE 1913  [5463] Includes an article, ‘The Truth About White Slavery’ by Teresa Billington-Greig in which, with  (as always) clear-minded logic, she suggests that a climate of hysteria had been whipped up (not least by the writings of members of the WSPU) – and that ‘the Mothers of the new Church are threatening the future by the whitewashing of women and the doctrine of the uncleanness of men’. Good – scarce                                                                                           £24

466. THE NATIONAL WOMEN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL UNION (WSPU) Sixth Annual Report The Woman’s Press 1912 [13506] ‘Including Cash Statement and Subscription List for the Year ended February 29th 1912, and Accounts of The Woman’s Press, January 1st-December 31st 1911.’ The Subscription List is a gold mine of names of WSPU members at this important time in the WSPU’s life. Laid in is a – very scarce & revealing – copy typed letter from Mabel Tuke (Honorary Secretary)- presumably sent to every subscriber – dated 22 June 1912 – with the Annual Report. Besides touching on the sale of ‘Votes for Women’   (circulation increasing, but, as everr, more help needed), and commenting on the Government’s proposed Reform Bill, the letter reveals that ‘it is now found necessary and expedient to transfer the Headquarters Officces to other premises…Great inconvenience has always been suffered from the scattered position of the various departments at 4 Clement’s Inn…Negotiations for a suitable building are in progress…’ I think Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence was released from prison (sentenced with her husband and Mrs Pankhurst on grounds of criminal conspiracy) on 22 June 1912 – so it looks as though plans were already underway while she and her husband were still in prison to move the WSPU out of their territory of Clement’s Inn – a precursor for their ousting from the WSPU in October. Very good; the staples are missing – extremely scarce                                                                                      £280

467. ‘THE RIGHTS OF WOMEN’  [13690] supplement to ‘The Graphic’, 1885, heralding the supplements to be issued in Nov and Dec 1885 on ‘Parliamentary Elections and Electioneering in the Old Days’. As its advertisement for the series The Graphic has chosen to use George Cruickshank’s ”The Rights of Women; or a view of the hustings with female suffrage, 1853.’ We see on the hustings the two candidates –  ‘The Ladies’ Candidate’- Mr Darling’ and ‘The Gentleman’s Candidate – Mr Screwdriver – the great political economist’. Elegant Mr Darling is surrounded by ladies in bonnets and crinolines – Mr Screwdriver by ill-tempered-looking boors. The audience contains many women accompanied, presumably, by their husbands who are holding aloft a ‘Husband and Wife Voters’ banner. Another banner proclaims the existence of ‘Sweetheart Voters’ and riding in their midst is a knight in armour holding a ‘Vote for the Ladies’ Champion’ pennant. There do not appear to be many supporters of the opposition.

Single sheet 28 cm x 20.5 cm – a little foxed around the edges of the paper but barely afffecting the good, clear image of Crucikshank’s cartoon.                                                                                     £160

468. THE SUFFRAGETTE  [13691] US Suffragette – wearing sash that proclaims this (ie ‘Suffragette’), holding aloft a ‘Suffragette’ pennant with one hand while she firmly squashes with the other a little Cupid, whose bow and arrow fly out of his hands. Under her foot is, I think, her heart. The caption is ‘You may think it fun, poor Cupid to snub,/With the hand of a Suffragette,/But he’s cunning and smart, aye, there’s the rub/Revenge is the trap he will set.’

The print is in colour – the Suffragette’s dress dates from c 1913/14, I think.
The sheet (18cm x 27 cm) is printed ‘Made in U.S.A.). In good condition – an item that would look attractive mounted and framed.                                                                                              £150

469. ‘THE VOTE’ POSTCARD ALBUM  [13274] An original green cloth-covered postcard album – sold by the Women’s Freedom League. It has a faded white and gold central panel containing its title ‘The Vote Album’  [ I think the design was by Eva Claire – showing the Suffragists at the door of the State, which is barred and bolted against them. Seeking entrance are the Women of the Nation; graduates in academic dress standing side by side with working women.] This particular album once belonged to Mrs Louisa Thomson Price, who was born Louisa Catherine Sowdon in 1864 and died in 1926. She was the daughter of a Tory military family but from an early age rebelled against their way of thinking and became a secularist and a Radical. She was impressed by Charles Bradlaugh of the National Secular Society. In 1888 she married John Sansom, who was a member of the executive of the NSS. She worked as a journalist from c 1886 – as a political writer, then a very unusual area for women, and drew cartoons for a radical journal, ‘Political World’. She was a member of the Council of the Society of Women Journalists. After the death of her first husband, in 1907 she married George Thomson Price. She had no children from either marriage.

Louisa Thomson Price was an early member of the Women’s Freedom League, became a consultant editor of its paper, The Vote,  and was a director of Minerva Publishing, publisher of the paper. She contributed a series of cartoons – including these 6 that were then produced as postcards. The ‘Jack Horner’ cartoon was also issued as a poster for, I think, the January 1910 General Election. Louisa Thomson Price took part in the WFL picket of the House of Commons and was very much in favour of this type of militancy. In her will she left £250 to the WFL. and £1000 to endow a Louisa Thomson Price bed at the Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Hospital. When she died Mrs Thomson Price was living at 17 Belsize Park Gardens, Hampstead, and her will was witnessed by Edith Alexander, a professional nurse, who, I’m sure, ran a nursing home at that address. Also living at that address were Miss Edith Alexandra Hartley and Miss Martha Poles Hartley, the latter being the elder sister of the father of the novelist, L.P. Hartley. Interestingly, when they were young,  the son and daughter (Olga and Leonard – born ‘Lion’) of Mrs Beatrice Hartley, leading light in the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage, to whom Kate Frye makes constant reference in her diary (see ‘Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary’) sent a birthday card to Edith Alexander at 17 Belsize Park Gardens, referring to her as ‘Aunty Edith’. They were no blood relations to Edith Alexander, their mother having married their father, Lion Herz, in 1880 and, after 3 children and a separation, at some time between 1893 and 1898 changed the family surname from ‘Herz’ to ‘Hartley’.. As far as I can tell there is no tie of blood between Mrs Beatrice Hartley and Miss Edith Alexandra Hartley  – I can only presume that, with Miss Edith Alexander, they were all close friends. The card from Olga and Leonard, together with many more addressed to Edith Alexander, are still held in the postcard album. I assume that after Mrs Thomson Price’s death ‘The Vote Postcard Album’ remained in 17 Belsize Park Gardens and was taken over by Miss Alexander as a place to put her own postcards – none of which have any suffrage relevance. But the Album itself is an extremely scarce example of Women’s Freedom League merchandise                                                    £350

470. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 16 August 1912  [13190] Complete copy – although the pages are detached. The main news in this issue is of the sentencing in Dublin of Mary Leigh and Gladys Evans. Fair reading copy – scarce                                                                                                                              £60

471. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 26 July 1912  [13188] An incomplete copy – pp 693-698 (inc) and 703-708 (inc) – but gives a flavour                                                                                                           £30

472. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 26 July 1912  [13495] runs from front page (p 693) to p 698 and then from p 703-708 (back page) – i.e. pp 699, 700, 701 and 702 are missing. Much about the attack on Asquith and the Theatre Royal, Dublin, by Mary Leigh and Gladys Evans and that by Helen Craggs on Lewis Harccourt’s house. Fair condition                                                                                              £30

793. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 27 September 1912  [13496] Complete issue. Chipped and rubbed and with some – interesting – annotations                                                                                                 £60

474. ‘VOTES FOR WOMEN’ AT THE ‘COURT’  [13327] A page from the ‘Bystander’ 24 April 1907 – with illustrations by Norman Morrow of characters and scenes from Elizabeth Robins’ play ‘Votes for Women’, which was staged to some acclaim at the Royal Court Theatre in April 1907. Kate Frye had seen the play on 16 April and writes of it in her diary (see http://tinyurl.com/mbj4jsh). She had in fact worked alongside the play’s star, Edith Wynne Matthison, five years or so earlier during her short stage career. The drawings show all the main characters as well as a rendition of the famous Trafalgar Square meeting scene. Very good                                                                                                                       £28

475. WOMEN’S LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOCIETY A New Franchise WLGS Feb 1918 [12169] 1-page, double-sided, leaflet, written by Margaret Kilgour, setting out the qualifications for voting in local government elections under the new ‘Representation of the People’ Act 1918. Good – with two punch holes in the wide margin and slight tear inward from the left-hand margin, with no loss of text £8

476. WOMEN’S LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOCIETY Registration in England and Wales: Women Occupiers and their Votes WLGS July 1905 [12171] 1-page, double sided, leaflet setting out the position after the Eduation Act of 1902 had abolished School Boards, by which women rate payers were no longer automatically qualified to vote and it was necessary for women occupiers to be registered. The 1902 Act was another in a series of acts that actively disenfranchised women of local government rights that they had gained in the 3rd quarter of the 19th century – and was one of the causes of the impetus given to the suffrage campaign at the beginning of the 20th. This leaflet, which is withdrawn from the Women’s Library, has an ink emendation to the final paragraph, noting that the fact that a woman could not be a candidate for county, borough or metropolitan borough councils had been remedied by the passing of the 1907 Qualification of Women Act. Fair condition, edges rubbed and nicked £12

477. WOMEN’S LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOCIETY The Work of a Public Health Committee WLGS Oct 1918 [12177] 4-pp leaflet, written by S.M. Smee, chairman of the Public Health Committee, 1912-14 and 1916-18. Good condition – with two punch hole in margin, with no loss of text           £5

478. WOMEN’S NATIONAL ANTI-SUFFRAGE LEAGUE On Suffragettes: extracts from ‘What’s Wrong With The World’ by G.K. Chesterton WNASL c 1909 [13151] ‘They do not create revolution; what they do create is anarchy’. 2-sided leaflet – no 30 in the WNASL’s series of leaflets – very good – very scarce £78



479. BOURNE END AND DISTRICT WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETY  [13791] Leaflet announcing that the society was started on 12 July 1911 – this copy annotated in ink with slight alterations and added addresses of the members of the committee. For the unannotated version see p 57 of ‘Campaigning for the Vote’. You can also read there all details of the meetings organised by Kate Frye in Bourne End and District – as she recorded them in her diary. Very good – and, I imagine, unique     £200

480. FREE CHURCH LEAGUE FOR WOMAN SUFFRAGE Flyer (Preliminary Notice) for a Spring Fair  [13393] to be held at Rectory Road Hall, Stoke Newington on 17 and 18 April 1913 (see ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ p 149). With a handwritten addition to the effect that ‘Countess Brassey opens first day’ and ….’Mrs Sadd Brown’. Good – has been folded (by Kate Frye – presumably carried with her to the Fair) and with short tag on reverse where she then fixed into her diary                       £120

481. INVITATION CARD TO AN INFORMAL TALK ON THE SUBJECT OF THE ‘ENFRANCHISEMENT OF WOMEN’  [13757] Kate was there that evening  – 12 Dec 1907 – at a talk given by Clementina Black and Malcolm Mitchell at the home of Miss Green at 14 Warwick Crescent. Good – card a little grubby – or at least a little less than gleaming white                                  £65

482. LETTER FROM ADELINE CHAPMAN AND BEATRICE HARTLEY  [13793] to members of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage, dated 4 June 1917, telling them that the NCS Committee has sent a resolution to the Prime Minister (Lloyd George) and Mr Bonar Law welcoming the ‘introduction of Women’s Suffrage in the Representation of the People Bill on the lines proposed by the Speaker’s Conference, and note with great satisfacction the large majority on the second reading of the Bill……etc’ The writers then ask NCS members to continue to lobby their MPs to ensure the bill becomes law.’ A cyclostyled letter on NCS headed paper. An interesting letter – I wonder if any other copy of it still exists? I certainly have never seen one – and no copy  is held in the small Women’s Library@LSE collection of material relating to the NCS (which, as far as I know, is the only archive that holds any of the Society’s papers) Very good                                                                                              £150

483. LETTER FROM MARY WAKE (ON BEHALF OF THE COMMITTEE OF THE NEW CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE)  [13792] dated January 1918 ‘It is with the greates joy and satisfaction that your Committee congratulate the members of the New Constitutional Society on the recent triumph in the House of Lords. Although not yet actually on the Statute Book we can for the first time regard women’s suffrage as practically fait accompli…etc’. A cyclostyled letter – on headed NCS notepaper – from a member of the NCS Committee. As far as I know this is the only copy of this letter that survives – although hundreds must have been sent out. £150

484. LETTER FROM MRS ADELINE CHAPMAN  [13795] to ‘Mrs Parry Collins’ dated 15 August 1918, thanking Kate for her contribution to the gifts given to her – as president of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage – on the society’s disbandonment. Typed on a sheet of the NCS’s headed notepaper. Very good                                                                                                              £100

485. LONDON SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE Annual Meeting, Caxton Hall, November 10th 1908 – AGENDA  [13746] Kate was there – ‘Thursday November 10th 1908. Agnes and I started off. Walked to Notting Hill Gate – went by train to St James’s Park and to the Caxton Hall for the Annual Meeting of the London Society of Woman’s Suffrage. Saw Mrs Harris, Miss Porter and Alexandra – also Mrs Stanbury and no end of the real workers. It was an exciting and stormy meeting and I enjoyed it. Lady Frances Balfour in the chair. Mrs Fawcett, Miss Sterling and Lady Grove spoke. Miss Garrett Anderson and Dr Flora Murray were moving resolutions to really turn the Society into a more Militant affair and as they already have the Social and Political Union and Women’s Freedom League I think we are better as we are. They were easily defeated. We waited to vote – then got away as quickly as we could. ‘

Good – single sheet – a little creased and rumpled – with a tag                                                 £45

486. LONDON SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE Annual Meeting, Caxton Hall, November 5th 1909 -AGENDA  [13758] Together with ‘LIST OF PERSONS WHO HAVE BEEN PROPOSED FOR ELECTION’ – these included Clementina Black, Emily Davies, Millicent Fawcett. Kate was there. ‘Then I walked on to the Caxton Hall for the Annual Meeting of the London Society of the National Union for Women’s Suffrage. Had just a word with Gladys Wright, Mrs Carl Hentschel, her daughter and with Mrs Stanbury but sat alone and found a seat up near the platform. Lady Frances Balfour in the Chair. Mrs Fawcettt, Miss Emily Davies etc on the Platform and it was a most exciting meeting and everyone felt everything keenly and got most heated – as the agenda paper shows. Always the Anti-Militants against the Militants. I think Resolution 6 a mistake but it would not have done for it not to pass.’ Both very good – with tags attached. Two together                                                                                          £150

487. MEN’S LEAGUE FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE The Conciliation Bill Explained  [13401] Two-sided leaflet, dating from mid 1910. The text, while explaining the Conciliation Bill, which had passed its Second Reading in July 1910, also clearly sought to allay the fears of male electors as to the consequences if the Bill were to be passed. Very good – has been folded – and with tag on reverse where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary                                                                                                                        £100

488. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES The Repression of a Disenfranchised Sex – by Cicely Hamilton    [13400] 4-sided leaflet, reprinted, Sept 1908,  from the ‘Sunday Times’ of 15 March 1908. Good – with tag on reverse where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary – scarce                                                                                                                                       £100

489. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES Suggestions for Work in support of the Women’s Suffrage Bill, down for Second Reading on Friday, 28th February 1908  [13747] Sets out the ways in which pressure may be put on MPs. Single sheet – fine – has been folded      £75

490. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES Women Suffragists’ Celebration  [13381] Flyer printed for the celebrations to be held at Queen’s Hall, Langham Place on Thursday 21 February 1918 – ‘To Welcome the Extension of the Franchise to Women’. The flyer includes the long list of societies that were taking part – the WSPU was a notable exception. On the list was the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage – and this flyer bears the annotation in ink ‘Please get tickets from’ followed by the NCWS’s rubber stamp with their address in Knightsbridge. The Celebration didn’t take place on 21 Feb but rather on 13 March. I assume that, although the flyers had been printed, they had left insufficient time to organise it. Very good – very scarce                                           £120

491. NEW CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE The Conciliation Bill Explained  [13402] Two-sided leaflet. The text is very much the same as that of the Men’s League for Women’s Suffrage leaflet ‘The Conciliation Bill Explained’ – but suitably adapted and definitely issued in 1911. The leaflet is printed by the St Clements Press, the printer to the WSPU. Very good – has been folded – and with tag where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary                                                £100

492. New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage Flyer for meeting at Market Hill, Halstead, 27 July 1911  [13368] See ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ p 61. With short tag on reverse where it has been fixed in Kate’s diary                                                                                                                          £150

493. NORTH KENSINGTON WOMEN’S LIBERAL ASSOCIATION Seventh Annual Report 1897-98  [12529] Includes names and addresses of the Association’s members. A drawing-room meeting was held on 29 April 1898 at which an address was to be given ‘on ‘Women’s Sufrage’ and especially on the question whether women should work for Liberal Parliamentary candidates who were opposed to their franchise. As the attendance was very small the address was not given.’ However at a Special Meeting held a couple of weeks later ‘after a long discussion, a resolution was passed in favour of not working  for such candidates. The Committee regret that the attendance was small, an intimation that the important question of Women’s Suffrage does not take that foremost place in the thoughts of the Association that it should do.’ Paper covers – 14pp – very good – tip of corner missing fromback paper cover – scarce    £65

494. THE WOMEN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL UNION A Reply to Mr Gladstone: Frog-marching in Liverpool Prison   [13396] One (no 65) of the large format leaflets produced by the WSPU during the Jan 1910 General Election. This one specifically addresses the Home Secretary on the treatment of Suffrage prisoners. Fine – has been folded and with tag where it has been fixed in Kate Frye’s diary                                                                                                                                         £100

495. WOMEN’S TEXTILE AND OTHER WORKERS’ REPRESENTATION COMMITTEE The Labour Party & Women’s Enfranchisement: a Personal Statement by J. Keir Hardie MP  [13395] 4-pp leaflet, reprinted from the ‘Labour Leader’, 1 Feb 1907. Very good – has been folded and with tag on back page where iKate Frye fixed it in her  diary alongside the entry for 9 Feb 1907.                   £100



Real Photographic

496. ARREST OF CAPT. C.M. GONNE  [12914] Member of the Men’s Political Union for Women’s Enfranchisement, Parliament Square, November 18th, 1910.’ Capt Gonne was photographed by the ‘Daily Mirror’ being escorted by two policemen during the ‘Black Friday’ tumult. Capt Charles Melvill Gonne (1862-1926), Royal Artillery, was  the author of ‘Hints on Horses’ (John Murray, 1904), an active suffragist, who supported his wife, a tax resister, and was a cousin of Maud Gonne, the Irish nationalist heroine. Very good -unusual –  unposted                                                                                 £120

497. BOTHER THE MEN! I’ve Still Got My Eye on You  [13660] Little boy hides behind the music sheet of that well known song ‘Bother the Men’. Posed photograph. Fine- unposted                       £30

498. CHRISTABEL PANKHURST  [13616] photographed by Lambert Weston and Son, 27 New Bond St. I think the card dates from c 1907/8. Fine – unposted                                                         £75

499. CICELY HAMILTON  [12954] photograph by Lena Connell. Fine – unposted             £120

500. COUNTESS RUSSELL  [13241] real photographic postcard – headed ‘Votes for Women’ of ‘Countess Russell Member of National Executive Committee Women’s Freedom League’. The card depicts Countess Russell photographed in a studio setting – and is signed in ink ‘Yours sincerely Mollie Russell’. She was the second wife of Frank Russell, 2nd Earl Russell, the elder brother of Bertrand. Mollie was described by George Santyana as ‘a fat, florid Irishwoman, with black curls, friendly manners and emotional opinions: a political agitator and reformer.’ The photograph in no way belies the physical description. She and Russell were divorced in 1915. Fine – unposted – scarce – I have never seen this card before      £120

501. DER SCHRECKEN DER ENGLISCHEN SUFFRAGETTES.     [13717] ‘Der schrecken der englischen Suffragettes. welche kürzlich das Schaufenster der Hamburg-Amerika-Linie im Werte von 2000 Mk zertrümmerten’ is the caption to a large-sized real photographic German postcard. The picture shows the damaged window – it is actually that to the left of the magnificent entrance to the Hamburg-Amerika Line’s magnificent (1906) building in Cockspur Street. The window is one large sheet of glass and it looks as though an attacck had been made in two places causing considerable damage. The whole window would have had to be replaced – the value of the damage being put at 2000 marks. Groups of men stand around – not a woman in sight.

The card is 17.5cm x 12.5cm – and is an image I’ve never seen before.. The photographer – or agency for the photograph-was Paul Hoffmann & Co of Berlin. Good condition – unposted – very scarce £200

502. DESTRUCTION OF GRAND STAND BY SUFFRAGETTES AT HURST PARK SUNDAY JUNE 18 1913  [13542] Real photographic postcard by Young’s, Teddington. The scene left by Kitty Marion and Clara (Betty) Giveen after they had lit a beacon for Emily Davison – who had died, unbeknownst to them, a few hours earlier. (See full details http://womanandhersphere.com/2013/06/07/suffrage-stories-kitty-marion-emily-wilding-davison-and-hurst-park/). Fine – the message on the reverse is dated 5 July – the card was posted at Molesey Park – so the sender was clearly a local resident who, in fact, mentions that she (I’m sure it is a  ‘she’) had ‘just returned from Kingston’. Very scarce                                                                                      £180

503. EDITH CRAIG  [12955] photographed by Lena Connell, published at The Suffrage Shop, 31 Bedford Street (therefore the card dates from c 1910 – before its removal in 1911 south of the Strand). Fine – unposted                                                                                                                                  £120

504. FANCY DRESS PARTY OR A PLAY?  [13635] photo of group of men, women and children in vaguely early 20th century attire – with a sign ‘Votes for Women’ prominently displayed. I suspect it may date from the 1920s.                                                                                                                  £25

505. FORTISSIMO  [12875] - real photograph, – toddler holds the songsheet for ‘Bother the Men’, dating from the 1880s. Published by Rotary Photo, this is one in a series. Posted by Dick on 21 December 1908 to Master Harry Day of 9 Arthur St, Pembroke Dock, with the message ‘Harry boy  – learning Dada’s Xmas Song.’ Good                                                                                                                     £28

506. GREAT VOTES FOR WOMEN DEMONSTRATION IN HYDE PARK  [13163] The WSPU rally on Sunday 21 June 1908. Crowds as far as the eye can see – with massed banners, including those of Cardiff and Newport, waving in the breeze. Fine – published by Sandle Bros – unposted       £85

507. HATHERLEIGH CARNIVAL  [13558] Hatherleigh in Devon has staged a carnival each year in November since 1903. This postcard is a sepia photograph of three children – I rather think they are all boys – dressed as women – glamorously bedecked in flowers – standing beside a vehicle that I think is a bicycle – which is similarly decorated – with flowers and paper lanterns (?) – and bears a large notice ‘Votes for Women’.  Good – unposted                                                                                                  £55

508. I WANT MY VOTE  [13661] cries a (real, posed) baby – with screwed up eyes and wailing mouth. The message on the back, written by Jack to Dorothy reads ‘Just to say that you can have it, as far as I am concerned’. Good – posted                                                                                                         £20

509. LONDON LIFE. ‘VOTES FOR WOMEN’  [13621] A real photograph of a woman selling issue no 2 of ‘The Suffragette’ (the paper, edited by Christabel Pankhurst, that succeeded ‘Votes for Women’ in Oct 1912, after the removal of the Pethick-Lawrences from the leadership of the WSPU). She is not young, is elegantly dressed, and is wearing her ‘Holloway’ brooch, indicating that she has been imprisoned for the Cause.  Ib Rotary Photographic Series ‘London Life’ – fine – a very clear image -unposted    £80

510. MISS MARY GAWTHORPE  [13553] The caption is ‘Votes for Women’ and she is described as ‘Organiser, Women’s Social and Political Union, 4 Clement’s Inn, Strand, W.C. The card was posted in South Kensington on 31 Oct 1908 – the writer says ‘This is one of the speakers I heard on Thursday. She is splendid…’. The sender probably heard Mary Gawthorpe at the WSPU meeting held in the Albert Hall on Thursday 29 oct 1908. Good    £65

511. MRS CHARLOTTE DESPARD  [13276] real photographic postcard of her – taken in profile. She is sitting reading a book. On the reverse, written in pencil, is ‘Mrs Despard – (Sister of Sir John General French) & President of the Women’s Suffrage National Aid Corps, organised by the Women’s Freedom League. return to Mrs Thomson-Price, 42 Parkhill Rd, Hampstead’.                                        £55

512. MRS CHARLOTTE DESPARD  [13630] real photographic card, photograph by Lena Connell. Fine – unposted                                                                                                                                  £65

513. MRS EMMELINE PANKHURST  [13240] real photographic postcard. She is wearing a shield-shaped WSPU badge – in the chevron design. Fine – unposted – a rather unusual image – the first I’ve had in stock since 2000.                                                                                                                    £75

514. MRS LILIAN M. HICKS  [11634] - photographed by Lena Connell – an official Women’s Freedom League photographic postcard. Mrs Hicks had been an early member of the WSPU, but left to join the WFL in the 1907 split, returning in 1910 to the WSPU. Fine – unposted                                 £35

515. MRS PANKHURST  [13633] photograph by Jacolette.  Her ‘Holloway Prison’ brooch is pinned to her artistic blouse . Very good – unposted                                                                                       £75

516. MRS PANKHURST     [13807] is photographed with her foot on the running board of a rather grand automobile (with a rack on the roof for luggage). She is wearing a bonnet and a long cape and looks elegant and lovely. The photographer was Dennis Moss, Cirencester – and in the background is a house gable of very Cotswoldy-looking stone. I see that Mrs Pankhurst was speaking in Cirencester in July 1911 and would think it likely that the photograph was taken on this occasion.. A superb image – uncommon – unposted                                                                                                                                    £95

517. MRS PANKHURST AT TRAFALGAR SQUARE INVITING THE AUDIENCE TO ‘RUSH’ THE HOUSE OF COMMONS ON 13 OCTOBER  [13617] Published by Sandle Bros for the National Union of Women’s Social and Political Union in 1908. Fine – unposted                   £75

518. MRS PETHICK-LAWRENCE  [13634] She stands, three-quarter length, with her hands behind her back.  The caption is ‘Joint Editor of “Votes for Women” – ‘Honorary Treasurer National Women’s Social and Political Union 4 Clement’s Inn, W.c.’ Very good – unposted                                           £55

519. PHOTOGRAPH TAKEN OUTSIDE THE WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE COMMITTEE ROOM  [13549] in Hoe Street, Walthamstow. The photograph shows a group on the pavement outside the Committee Rooms with a board on which is written ‘New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage’. In front of them, on the road, is parked a large motor car, to the front of which is attached another large board inscribed in large letters ‘New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage’. Sitting in the car and waving a large flag is an elegant, grandly be-hatted woman. I have never before seen a photograph of the New Constitutional Society at work, as it were. Kate Frye, our main source of information on the NCS, was not yet quite involved in that society – in fact on the day this card was posted, 28 October 1910, she was attending a meeting of the Actresses’ Franchise League at their office – so I can give no inside information on the NCS campaign at this Walthamstow by-election. This by-election was of particular interest to suffrage campaigners because the Liberal candidate was a cabinet minister, Sir John Simon. Election day was on Tuesday 1 November and the sender of the card, who posted it from Leyton at 7 pm on Friday 28th Oct, was one of the NCS campaigners. She tells her correspondent that ‘We are frantically busy working at Walthamstow By Election. Meetings every day and evening.’ She does not, alas, sign her name – but the recipient was Mrs Radcliffe Crocker of Brant Ridge, Bourne End, Bucks. This is something of a coincidence because Kate Frye called on Mrs Crocker the following 1 May (1911) when she was canvassing for support for a new NCS suffrage society in Bourne End (her home town). Mrs Crocker, the widow of an eminent dermatologist, was, Kate tells us, ‘in, but no good’ – so doubtless hadn’t been particularly impressed by the postcard sender’s Walthamstow campaigning.  From the photograph I think that the NCS must have been sharing a committeee room with the Men’s Suffrage League – it certainly is not the Committee Room taken by the WSPU. Above the door is a sign ‘Men’s League Walk In’ – the windows are lined with posters and, with the Men’s League, the Women’s Freedom League and the WSPU, the NCS took part the following day in a procession through Walthamstow that ended with a meeting in Walthamstow Palace Theatre. There is no photographer or publisher of the postcard named – the photo may have been taken by a NCS member – and the image is of the sepia type – rather than crisp black and white. However the image is quite clear – most interesting on a variety of counts – and extremely unusual – I won’t say unique because there were clearly more than one card issued – but I should imagine the chances of finding another were extremely remote.                                                          £200

520. ‘RUINS OF ST KATHERINE’S CHURCH, BURNT DOWN MAY 6 1913  [11824] Real photographic card. There are several images published on postcards of the ruins of St Catherine’s (this is the correct spelling; the card’s publisher was a bit slapdash) Church at Hatcham in Surrey, for the burning of which the suffragettes were thought responsible – but I have never seen this one before.   £35

521. ‘SUFFRAGETTE’ POSTCARD  [13243] real photographic card – though it must be staged. Set in what appears to be the country – with trees and flowers – it shows a woman in loose-fitting jacket and long skirt – with one of the shield-shaped chevron WSPU badges pinned to her lapel, being apprehended by a policeman in helmet and uniform and sporting an imposing display of medals. The point of the photograph is that the woman is holding out for him to see a copy of the ‘Suffragette’ newspaper. I have never seen this image before. It is issued as a postcard – but no photographer or publisher is cited. Most unusual – unposted – very good (with a slight crease at the bottom right-hand corner where it has been held in (Louisa Thomson-Price’s) postcard album                                                                               £120

522. SUFFRAGETTE PROCESSION  [13545] Real photographic postcard – an unusual view of the 1911 ‘Coronation Procession’. The photograph, published as a postcard by J. J. Samuels, 371 Stramd, London W.C., shows the ‘Pageant of Great Women’ part of the procession walking the street that goes out of Trafalgar and merges into Pall Mall. The photograph has been taken from an upper window of one of the buildings on the south side of the street  and gives an excellent view not only of the procession but of London’s buildings decorated for the Coronation. The streets are packed with onlookers. Unposted – reverse a little grubby but the front is in very good condition. Unusual                                 £120

523. THE DROVE, NONINGTON  [13713] photographic card showing Rose Cottage which the sender remarks is ‘next door to us’. A jokey card, written by ‘Nell’ and ‘Joe’. Above the addressee’s name is written in large letters ‘Votes for Women (perhaps by Nell) and underneath ‘(I don’t think)’ has been added (perhaps by Joe). Posted in Nonington, Kent, in 1912. Very good – another little example of how ‘Votes for Women’ had entered the public consciousness.                                                                   £15

524. THE IMPRISONED LEADERS 22 May 1912 Portrait photo of Mrs Pankhurst, flanked by similar images of Emmeline and Frederick Pethick-Lawrence     [13615] on a real photographic card published by F. Kehrhahn & Co (for more on whom see http://womanandhersphere.com/2013/01/17/suffrage-stories-the-wspu-photographer-dora-and-the-nazis/) In May it looked as though the leaders were united in their imprisonment; on their release a different story emerged. Fine – unusual – unposted               £80

525. THE WOMEN’S GUILD OF EMPIRE Mrs Flora Drummond – Controller-in-Chief  [13685] Card published c 1926 by The Women’s Guild of Empire, from its headquarters at 24 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1.  Fine -unposted –  unusual                                                                                  £95

 526. THE WOMEN’S GUILD OF EMPIRE Banner Making for the Great Demonstration, April 17th 1926  [13686] The Women’s Guild of Empire organized a demonstration at the critical time just before the General Strike to protest against ‘strikes and revolutionary activity in industry’. The march, which brought women (including, wrote Elsie Bowerman to the editor of ‘The Spectator’, ‘wives of working women who have had personal experience of strikes’) from all regions of the country to London, ended with a Mass Meeting in the Albert Hall, with Mrs Flora Drummond in the chair.The photograph shows Mrs D inspecting banners – ‘Efficiencey and Enterprise’ and another, the wording partially hidden, which may say ‘Best within the Empire’ (??) Issued by the Women’s Guild of Empire c 1926. Fine – unposted – unusual                                                                                                                                                    £95

527. VOTES FOR WOMEN  [13256] one of those real photographic ‘comic’ cards with young man dressed as a woman standing behind a table and a large ‘Votes for Women’ blackboard. He is holding a large knife (I think) in one hand and a bottle of beer – Benksins Watford – in the other. It is signed across the bottom right corner ‘Your old Pal Dan’                                                                                                  £35

528. VOTES FOR WOMEN  [13663] placard is planted beside young girl standing on a barrel under the Trafalgar Square lion. A policeman walks in the background. One of a posed photographic Raphael Tuck series. Fair – a little creased – posted                                                                                          £25

529. WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Miss Sarah Benett  [12950] photographed by Lena Connell. In this studio photograph Sarah Benett is wearing her WFL Holloway brooch; she was for a time the WFL treasurer. She was also a member of the WSPU and of the Tax Resistance League. This photograph by Lena Connell was also used on a WFL-published postcard – but this one is not attributed to the WFL. The background to the image is little irridescent.                                                                           £100

530. WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Mrs Amy Sanderson  [12919] Women’s Freedom League, 1 Robert Street, Adelphi, London WC. She had been a member of the WSPU, and, as such had endured one term of imprisonment, before helping to found the WFL in 1907. She is, I think, wearing her  WFL Holloway brooch in the photograph. Card, published by WFL, fine – unusual – unposted    £150

531. WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Mrs Edith How-Martyn , ARCS, BSc  [12917] Hon Sec Women’s Freedom League 1 Robert Street, Adelphi, London WC. She is wearing her WFL Holloway brooch. Photographed by M.P. Co (London) – which I think is probably the Merchants Portrait Co in Kentish Town that did a fair amount of work for the WFL. The card is headed ‘Votes for Women’ and was published by the WFL. Fine – unposted                                                                                  £120

532.WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Mrs Marion Holmes  [12921] card headed ‘Votes for Women’ published by the Women’s Freedom League, 1 Robert St, Adelphi, London WC. Mrs Holmes was joint editor of the WFL paper ‘The Vote’. She is photographed wearing her WFL Holloway badge as well as one of the WFL enamel badges. Fine – unusual – unposted                                                           £120



Commercial cards

533. ARE WE DOWNHEARTED? NO!  [13603] Black and white postcard by Donald McGill – suffragette, holding on to her ‘Votes for Women’ banner, is carried into the Police Court by a policeman – her bottom very much to the fore – her umbrella fallen to the ground. Good –  posted in Battersea on, I think, 24 December 1906                                                                                                           £45

534. ‘AT THE SUFFRAGETTE MEETINGS  [13612] you can hear some plain things – and see them too!’ – is the caption to a card showing depictions of suffragettes as buck-toothed old maids. Very good – unposted                                                                                                                                    £45

535. BUT SURELY MY GOOD WOMAN DON’T YOU YEARN FOR SOMETHING …  [13649] The suffragettes are canvassing on the doorstep.  The artist is Arthur Moreland; the publisher is C.W. Faulkner. Very good – unposted                                                                                                                £45

536. ‘FOR A SUFFRAGETTE’  [13646] is the caption to a real coloured photograph of the Fordwich ducking stool hung over the river’s edge, near Canterbury. The accompanying rhyme runs, ‘The Ducking-Stool and a nice deep pool Was our fore-fathers’ plan for a scold; And could I have my way, each Suffragette today Should ‘take the chair’ and find the water cold.’  Very good – unposted    £45

537. ‘HI! MISS! YER TROWSERS IS A-COMING DOWN’  [12507] shouts tyke to elegant young woman sporting ‘harem’ trousers. Pre-First World War, pub by Felix McGlennon. Not actually ‘suffrage’ but of the time. Very good – very glossy                                                                                   £25

538. I PROTEST AGAINST MAN-MADE LAWS  [13648] The suffragette is in the dock. Artist is Arthur Moreland; publisher C.W. Faulkner. Very good – unposted                                                     £45

539. I WANT A VOTE  [13644] is the flag that caricature suffragette is carrying. The caption is ‘A perfect woman, nobly planned/To warn, to comfort & command’. Behind her is a notice ‘Give me a vote and see what I’ll do’. The artist is John Hassall and the publisher is J. Miles and Co. Interestingly this card is a sample sent out bu Miles and the typed message reads ‘These cards by Hassal may be obtained at the following prices..’ and then he sets them out – beginning with 1/6 for 100. Sent to a gentleman in Park Square, London NW. Fair                                                                                                         £20

540. IF WE CAN’T HAVE THE VOTE, WE CAN WEAR THE TROUSERS  [13655] says woman, dressed in harem trousers, standing on platform in a park surrounded by a crowd of men. The photograph is a posed, photographic and coloured. Very good – posted                                                     £35

541. ‘NOT IN THOSE TROUSERS’  [12506] is the caption to a hand-painted postcard (the artist has initialed it ‘K.S.’). The subject of the remark is a lady in a purple and green outfit – a long tunic over ‘harem’ trousers – wearing a green and purple hat and carrying an umbrella. The author of the remark, a dapper gentleman, stands in the background. The colouring may indicate that a suffrage inference might be drawn – the style of dress certainly points to an early-20th-century date. Very good – unposted       £15

542. NOW MADAM – WILL YOU GO QUIETLY OR SHALL I HAVE TO USE FORCE?  [13650] The suffragette is interrupting a meeting. Artist is Arthur Moreland; publisher is C.W. Faulkner. Fair – unposted                                                                                                                                    £35

543. SOUTHWOLD EXPRESS  [13658] ‘A slight engine trouble causes a delay – but is soon remedied’ is the caption. The artist/publisher is Reg Carter – in the ‘Sorrows of Southwold’ series. There are a number of joky cards about the Southwold train. In this one a suffragette sitting in a tree is taking advantage of a breakdown to lob a bomb – shouting ‘Votes for Women’. Very good                                       £45

544. STANDING UP FOR WOMEN’S RIGHTS  [13640] She stands – in boater and tailored suit – on the tube train as the men sit, hiding behind their papers.  Good – posted                                       £25

545. THE SUFFRAGETTE Addresses a meeting of Citizens  [13620] A card from a Raphael Tuck series. ‘the Suffragette’ – masculinized, wild-eyed, and wearing a boater and tie harangues a few snotty-nosed childrenIn Raphael Tuck ‘The Suffragette’ Good – posted in 1908                                           £45

546. THE SUFFRAGETTE NOT AT HOME  [13647] Domestic chaos when the wife and mother is off to her meeting. The artist is Arthur Moreland; the publisher is C.W. Faulkener. Very good – posted £45

 547. ‘THE “SUFFRAGETTE”. DOWN WITH TOM CATS’     [13767] Card by ‘Ellaby- depicting a vicious cat – holding a blank notice in its claw. Published by Philco Publishing Co, Holborn Place, London WC. Good – unposted                                                                                                               £15

548. ‘THE “SUFFRAGETTE”. DOWN WITH TOM CATS’     [13768] Card by ‘Ellaby- depicting the same vicious cat – but the message held in its claw reads ‘Vote for Shes’. Fair – posted to Mr E Ellis in the Railway Bar, Portadown. The message begins ‘Teasing, Teasing. I was always Tasing..’         £15

549. THE SUFFRAGETTE QUESTION  [13720] A black and white postcard – showing a woman busy at her stove – with the steam from her pot rising in the shape of a large question mark containing thoughts and dreams – ‘We want equal rights with men’ – with lines of women standing in a queue to place their votes in the ballot box. The artist is F.R. Morgan. A US card but very much influenced by the type published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Good                                                                     £28

550. A THING OF THE PAST, OLD DEAR.  [13667] Harridan – wispy hair, big feet, short skirt – being carried off by policeman – while her companion, with ‘Votes for Women’ placard, looks on. Fair – a little creased – an English card originally but issued here, I think, by an American publisher. Certainly it was posted in the US to a Nevada address in 1908                                                                         £20

551. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAN MAN BUILT  [13551] And this is the policeman all tattered and torn/Who wished women voters had never been born,/Who nevertheless /Tho it caused him distress/Ran them all in,/In spite of their dress:/The poor Suffragette/Who wanted to get/Into The House than man built. With House of Commons in the background, a policeman is battered by one suffragette as he attempts to aprehend another – virgagos both, of course. In the BB London Series. In very good condition – posted on 30 April 1909                                                                                                          £45

552. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT  [13550] ‘And these are the members who’ve been sitting late/Coming out arm in arm, from a lengthy debate…’ Fashionably dressed couple, he in top hat and frock coat emerge, engaged in reasonable discussion, from the Houses of Parliament. An ink line at under the text carries the message ‘Will we ever live to see this.’ In BB London Series. Very good – posted in Clapton on 12 May 1909.                                                                                                                        £45

553. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT  [13552] ‘And this is the home of the poor suffragette/And there’s room for a great many more of them in it yet…’ Burly suffragette being taken in hand by a policeman – with the towers of Holloway in the background. In BB London series. Very good- unposted                                                                                                                                    £45

554. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT  [13610] ‘The House that our statesmen for years have controlled/Ruling the world with mind fearless and bold/Can Woman expect to rule

such a House/She that’s afraid of a poor little mouse….’ Suffragettes stands on stool as mouse

scuttles past – with House of Commons in background. Good – posted 1912                                     £45

555. VALENTINE SERIES:COMPARISONS The Attitude of Politicians towards Women’s Suffrage  [13808] 1) At Election Time (when the politician willingly accepts a petition) 2) At Westminster (when a policeman holds the suffragette back as she tries to present a petition to an MP). Staged photographic scenes in colour. Very good -uncommon – unposted                                                                 £50

556. VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Gimme a Vote You Cowards  [13605] Printed in red and balck on white – policemen have a suffragette flat on the ground – while other comrades demosntrate around. Good – has been posted, but stamp removed                                                               £45

557. VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Give Us a Vote Ducky! Oh do, There’s a Dear  [13606] wheedle three women as they make up to an aging gent. The caption reads ‘Why not try the Good Old Way?’ The sender has added little ink comments of her own (at least I think the sender was a woman). Good. Posted on 17 August 1907.                                                                                            £45

558. VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Safe in the Arms of a Policeman [13604] Printed in red and black on white – dishevelled viragos are carried away by red-faced policemen. Good £45

559. VALENTINE’S SERIES A Suffragette in Prison  [13812] ‘The long dark night is almost gone,/And freedom’s morn is drawing near;/From prison cell she sees the dawn/Of woman’s liberty appear’ is the caption. Staged photographic scene – of suffragette standing on her stool to look out of the window of her cell – in colour. Good -with a spot of the surface lost near the bottom of the card and slight marking to left of text. Unposted                                                                                                            £45

560. VALENTINE’S SERIES The Visiting Magistrate (Scene, In Holloway Prison)  [13813] Magistrate: ‘What can I do for you? Have you any complaints to make?’ Suffragette: ‘Yes, I have one demand – Votes for Women’. Staged photographic scene in colour. Very good – unposted                               £50

561. VALENTINE’S SERIES:COMPARISONS Comparisons are Odious  [13809] 1) The male political prisoner (sits in his cell equipped with bookcase, wine and cigar) 2) The female political prisoner (the suffragette sits in her bare cell holding her duster and skilly).Staged photographic scenes in colour. Very good – uncommon – unposted                                                                                                    £50

562. VALENTINE’S SERIES:COMPARISONS Oh, what a Difference!  [13810] 1) Reception of a Constitutional Deputation to the British Parliament at Westminster (the suffragettes, holding their petition, approach a line of policemen – beneath a sign saying ‘St Stephens 1/4 mile’ 2) Its result (the suffragette is marched away by the police. Staged photographic scenes in colour. Fine – uncommon – unposted                                                                                                                                    £50

563. ‘VOTES FOR WOMEN’  [13639] is the banner carried by the figure in this rather odd card, published by Bamforth. ‘She’ seems to be real – or at least a real man dressed as a rather ungainly woman – set against a painted mountainous background. ‘She is wearing skirt, tailored jacket, tyroleanish hat and, of course, carrying an umbrella. So we have a ‘Votes for Women’ banner and a ‘Votes for Women’ sash worn across the jacket – and the caption is ‘And loud that clarion voice replied’. Explanation is, I think, required. That caption is a line from a Longfellow poem in which a young man carried a banner ‘Excelsior’ through an Alpine village and is eventually found frozen in the mountain pass. Well, there you are – Edwardians were clearly expected to be well acquainted with Longfellow . Good – unposted                            £45

564. WHEN LOVELY WOMAN GETS THE VOTE  [13619] She is in trousers and he is in skirt and pantaloons. ‘When Lovely Woman gets the Vote/The Men will look such Freaks!/She doesn’t want his hat and coat,/But Woman will wear the Breaks!’ Isn’t that Funny! Very good – unposted            £45

565. WHEN WOMEN VOTE ‘Darning His Wife’s Socks’  [13637] He juggles the darning and the baby, while his young wife sits reading, smoking a cigar and reading ‘Sporting Life’. A large notice on the wall – ‘Revised Marriage Rules’ points the way forward. Mitchell and Watkins series – posted Oct 1908 £45

566. WHEN WOMEN VOTE ‘Getting Married’     [13638] ‘Do you swear to obey your wife faithfully in everything?’ Mitchell and Watkins series. Fine – posted in 1908 £45

567. WHEN WOMEN VOTE: Washing Day  [13636] Father is in the kitchen bathing baby, while his wife and her friends sit in the parlour playing cards and eating chocolates – commenting ‘Yes, my old man is a lazy old wretch’. And that’s what will happen when women have the vote. Mitchell and Watkins series. Posted in 1908                                                                                                                           £45

568. WHO SAID VOTES FOR WOMAN!!!  [13662] Postcard. Bulldog with specs and a pipe sits foursquare against a background of the Union Jack. Fine – unposted                                       £15

569. A WOMAN CAN NOW HAVE HER SEAT IN PARLIAMENT  [13704] I expect you can guess the play on words here. The buildings of Parliament are in the background as lady with large derrière harangues a crowd of men. I would assume that the card dates from 1918 – and I think that is probably the postmark – but is practically indecipherable. Fair – rather rubbed                                        £18

570. YES, MADAM, BY YOUR BUMP OF PERSEVERANCE,  [13654] IF YOU LIVE ANOTHER 1000 YEARS YOU MIGHT BECOME PRIME MINISTERESS. Phrenologist feels the bumps of a suffragette (she has spectacles, big feet, and a roll of paper labelled ‘Votes for Women’ rests on her ungainly knee). Drawings of the craniums of Charlie Peace (murderer) and Mr Balfour are pinned to the wall. The pencil-written message – mainly a birthday greeting – ends with ‘Vote for Women’. Posted in Chatteris to ‘Arthur Squires, Decorator etc, Chatteris’. Fair – card rather worn but image is bright     £10

571. WE DON’T CARE IF WE NEVER HAVE A VOTE  [13765] say Two Cats. ‘BB London series’ . Writtenj (but doesn’t seem to have been posted). Very good                                                   £15

572. SALE! SALE! SALE!  [13643] Bargains in Men. Lot 4 ‘Meek, Mild and Bitter, small size – suitable for Suffragettes and New Women..’ etc. The firm offering these Bargains is ‘Cupid & Hymen Ltd’.                                                                                                                                                    £20



Suffrage Artists’ Cards

573. ARTISTS’ SUFFRAGE LEAGUE Miss Jane Bull  [13010] addresses Master Johnnie Bull, asking, ‘Give me a bit of your Franchise Cake, Johnnie’ He replies ‘It wouldn’t be good for you’  She responds ‘How can you tell if you won’t let me try it? it doesn’t hurt those other little girls’ – she points to Finnish, New Zealand, Australian and Norwegian children – boys and girls.Postcard published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. The artists are ‘C.H. & D.M.’ Very good – unposted                                    £95

574. COMPANIONS IN DISGRACE  [13555] - the sweet girl graduate stands, robed, alongside a convict in his arrowed suit. The heading is ‘Polling Booth’ and the caption ‘Companions in Disgrace’ refers to  their shared characteristic. The verse below explains further: ‘Convicts and Women kindly note,/ Are not allowed to have the vote…’ etc. Drawn by ‘C.H.’ and published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Very good – unposted                                                                                                                         £65

575. WOMEN WRITERS’ SUFFRAGE LEAGUE  [13629] postcard designed by W.H. Margetson. ‘Woman’ is dragged from the feet of blind ‘Justice’ by the figure of ‘Prejudice’. In very good condition – the black and white version – unposted                                                                                     £55

576. YOUNG NEW ZEALAND  [13230] cycles on her modern bicycle with its two wheels equal in size. The front one is labelled ‘Male and Female’ and the back one ‘Equal Electoral Rights’.  She calls out to old John Bull who is struggling atop a penny farthing, ‘Oh Grandpapa! what a funny old machine. Why don’t you get one like mine?’ The artist is JHD [Joan Harvey Drew]. Published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Very good- unposted – v scarce                                                                                                 £95


Women and the First World War

 577. BARTON, Edith And CODY, Marguerite Eve in Khaki: the story of the Women’s Army at home and abroad Thomas Nelson, no date (1918) [12577] Part I – in England by Edith M. Barton. Part II – In France by Marguerite Cody. The First World War and the early years of the WAAC. Very good £38

578. [HALL] Edith Hall Canary Girls & Stockpots WEA Luton Branch 1977 [12884] Memories of life in the First World War – and of the ’20s and ’30s. During the War Edith Hall’s mother was landlady to munition workers – ‘the Canaries’ (so called because the chemicals turned their skin yellow) at the Hayes factories. Soft covers – signed by the author                                                                                             £10

579. MCLAREN, Eva Shaw (ed) A History of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals Hodder & Stoughton 1919 [13710] A very full history of the work of the SWH in the First World War. With 57 illustrations, including a marvellous pull-out panoramic photograph of the Salonika hospital in 1918 – huts and tents as far as the eye can see.  408pp – very good – scarce                                                                    £65

580. STONE, Gilbert (ed) Women War Workers: accounts contributed by representative workers of the work done by women in the more important branches of war employment George G. Harrap & Co 1917 [12631] With a foreword by Lady Jellicoe. Chapters on: munition work; the land; work as a postwoman; banking; as a bus conductor; driver of butcher’s delivery cart; nursing at the Front in France; work as a V.A.D.; working with ‘Concerts at the Front'; and welfare work. Includes a chapter on War Organisations for Women, full of facts and figures – with 12 photographs. Very good – a surprisingly scarce book £60

581. (THURSTAN) Violetta Thurstan Field Hospital and Flying Column: being the journal of an English nursing sister in Belgium and Russia G.P. Putnam’s 1915 [13739] Very good – very scarce £65


Women and First World War Ephemera

 582. ANNIE CATON IN HER WAAC UNIFORM  [13817] of full-length gaberdine frock-coat and felt hat. A duplicate from the Annie Caton collection (see #586). Three-quarter-length portrait – issued as a postcard. Unposted                                                                                                                    £15

583. ANNIE CATON IN WAAC UNIFORM  [13818] a studio portrait photograph  taken in Rouen – not a postcard. Here she is wearing a thigh-length smock over jodphurs and long boots. Her felt hat is tipped up at the side. A duplicate from the Annie Caton collection (see # 586). The photograph is in very good condition, though the surrounding card is a little creased.                                                        £15

584. AUTOMATIC SCREW MACHINE DEPT: THE GRAMOPHONE CO., HAYES War Service June 1917   [13814] Sixty women munition worker stand posed in overalls and mob caps for the photograph with, in the front sittng, nine men, foremen and office workers, and three women office workers. In the background is a factory building. The Gramophone Co (later EMI) had been founded in London in 1897 and by 1914 was selling over 4 million records a year. However during the war production was turned over to munitions. Photo by Charlesworth, Southall. photograph 29cm x 20 cm set in an original card mount. A very clear photograph – some foxing on mount                                    £65

585. HMSO Munitions of War HMSO 1916 [12583] Order, dated June 26, 1916, of the Minister of Munitions. 4-pp leaflet – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library.                                    £3

586. LARGE COLLECTION OF PAPERS, POSTCARDS AND PHOTOGRAPHS RELATING TO WAAC ANNIE CATON AND HER SERVICE IN FRANCE DURING THE FIRST WORLD WAR  [13815] A rare set of various memorabilia relating to Miss Annie (Nance) Caton (born 1887 – died in Birmingham in 1971) who enrolled in the Queen Mary’s Army Auxiliary Corps during the Great War and served near the Front Line in France during the conflict. She was the daughter of Richard Caton, a furniture dealer, who died in early 1915. Nance, one of several daughters, had worked as a dressmaker since the age of 14. In 1921 she married J.S. E. McNeil, to whom some of the war-time postcards are addressed.

The papers, photos, 117 postcards etc cover the period of her service  right through the First World War and through to the 1960s when she was a member of the  of the Birmingham Branch of the WRAC Association which incorporated the wartime ATS and WW1 QMAAC. Copies of her service record (she joined the WAAC on 7 Aug 1917) are included with the papers. In the 1950s her daughter worked at the original ATV studios.
The papers include: National Service letter thanking her for volunteering for the Auxiliary Army service in France (bit worn but all there)-Enrolment No N W 398; Candidates Form of Summons for interview at the Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool; A reference from the Mayor of Blackpool dated 8 June 1917. An original copy of a Special Order by Lieut Colonel G C G Blunt, DSO, OBE, RASC Commanding Base MT Depot dated 24 Oct 1919 sent from Calais following some ignorant and unjustified criticism recently published in the Press – an interesting document and gives an indication of the general feeling about women moving in a male dominated world.
Postcards and photos of Nance in uniform and civilian clothes; 2 postcards showing the whole team – one marked St Maur rue Bouguet ‘WAAC’ Billet Rouen 1918 and the other one on the back identifies Nance and refers to the “stout officer just behind me is ‘our mother ‘(Miss Llennehan) and the Suffragette is the Chief boss” (Mrs Chalmers Watson, I think).  Rare and interesting postcard of the women in their canteen. 2 WAAC postcards sent by Nance to her Mother. Larger photo of all the Third Echelon including male officers in Rouen
Over a hundred interesting postcards – all apart from 13 sent by Nance from France to her Mother throughout her service-the details/words on the back are as interesting as the cards themselves and tell a story of her life in France during the war – all have the official censor mark on them-decent condition.
Copy of her ‘Termination of Service in Queen Mary’s Army Auxiliary Corps’ certificate – a little worn around the edges.
Various papers from the period after the war into the 1960s including a couple of interesting newspaper cuttings and paperwork relating to Nance’s role in the WRAC Association.. The cuttings are of the period – headed ‘The feminine old soldiers ‘!
Interesting postcard of Nance in 1919 at the ex service parade in Blackpool with local dignitaries
A rare WAAC  card created for Christmas 1917 and marked WAAC, BEF France. The card was instigated by Nance and has 6 other signatures of women serving with her
Together with a collection of family postcards. All in all a treasure trove for further research.

587. ‘ON WAR SERVICE’ BADGE  [13699] Triangular metal badge with each word of ‘On War Service’ on one of its three sides – and the crown in the middle with ‘1916’ underneath. This badge was issued to women war workers – such as those working in the munition factories. Very good                 £28

588. SCOTTISH WOMEN’S FIRST AID CORPS  [12892] natural-coloured linen canvas satchel with the initials ‘S.W.F.A.C.’ [Scottish Women’s First Aid Corps] machine-embroidered in red on the front.The satchel hangs from a long red grosgrain ribbon strap which has a buckle for altering its length. The bag still contains an Esmarch’s Triangular Bandage – printed with images of how to apply, in a variety of ways, the bandage to wounded men, together with two packs labelled ‘Scottish Women’s First Aid Corps First Field Dressing’, supplied by J. Gordon Nicholson, Pharmaceutical Chemist, 15 Hanover Street, Edinburgh, and two small safety pins on a piece of card, presumably to be used for fixing the bandages. Luckily this SWFAC member was required to put the bandages to the test. The SWFAC had been formed in 1909 by Mary E. Macmillan and came into its own in the First World War, appealing to middle and upper-middle class women who wanted to ‘do their bit’. The SWFAC ran classes in First Aid and sick nursing and some of its recruits then went out to nurse in Italy and Serbia. Very good – an unusual survival    £120

589. THE LANDSWOMAN: the Journal of the National Association of Landswomen   [13806] issue for May 1920. Contains Association News from the National Association of Landswomen – and masses of articles of interest to women working in horticulture and agriculture – many of whom had gained their experience working with the Land Army during the First World War. Good – one page loose where staple has rusted                                                                                                                                   £25

590. WAACS 1917/18  [13816] This is a duplicate of a postcard in the Annie Caton WAAC Collection (see # 586). So we know that Annie (Nance) is seated in the centre of the front row and she identifies the “stout officer just behind me is ‘our mother ‘(Miss Llennehan) and the Suffragette is the Chief boss” (Mrs Chalmers Watson, I think). I think the photograph was taken in England before they sailed for France. Fine – unposted                                                                                                                          £30


Women and First World War Poetry

591. HENDERSON, Mary H.J. In War and Peace: songs of a Scotswoman Erskine Macdonald 1918 [13805] With a foreword by John Oxenham. Mary Henderson from Dundee worked the Scottish Women’s Hospitals unit in Russia and Rumania. ‘A devoted upholder of Woman’s Suffrage’. Good                                                                                                                                                    £28

592. MACAULAY, Rose Three Days Constable & Co  1919 [12622] Poems. Already an established novelist, during the First World War Rose Macaulay worked as a VAD nurse and a land girl and in early 1917 joined the War Office. Good – a little chipped on spine – in wrapper cover.                            £25





When women voteItem # 566



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Perhaps these books may also be of interest:

cover e-bookKate Parry Frye: the long life of an Edwardian actress and suffragette

Published by ITV Ventures as a tie-in with the series: ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’ this e-book tells Kate’s life story from her Victorian childhood to her brave engagement with the Elizabethan New Age. For details see here (and many more posts on my website).

Available to download from iTunes or Amazon



Kate Frye coverCampaigning for the Vote: The Suffrage Diary of Kate Parry Frye

Edited by Elizabeth Crawford

An extract

‘Saturday June 14th 1913. [Kate is lodging in Baker Street, London]

I had had a black coat and skirt sent there for Miss Davison’s funeral procession and the landlady had given me permission to change in her room. I tore into my black things then we tore off by tube to Piccadilly and had some lunch in Lyons. But the time was getting on – and the cortege was timed to start at 2 o’clock from Victoria. We saw it splendidly at the start until we were driven away from our position and then could not see for the crowds and then we walked right down Buckingham Palace Rd and joined in the procession at the end. It was really most wonderful – the really organised part – groups of women in black with white lilies – in white and in purple – and lots of clergymen and special sort of pall bearers each side of the coffin. She gave her life publicly to make known to the public the demand of Votes for Women – it was only fitting she should be honoured publicly by the comrades. It must have been most imposing. [Plus much more description of the procession as Kate follows it into King’s Cross station]

Campaigning for the Vote tells, in her own words, the efforts of a working suffragist to instil in the men and women of England the necessity of ‘votes for women’ in the years before the First World War. The detailed diary kept all her life by Kate Parry Frye (1878-1959) has been edited to cover 1911-1915, years she spent as a paid organiser for the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. The book constitutes that near impossibility – completely new primary material, published for the first time 100 years after the events it records.

With Kate for company we experience the reality of the ‘votes for women’ campaign as, day after day, in London and in the provinces, she knocks on doors, arranges meetings, trembles on platforms, speaks from carts in market squares, village greens, and seaside piers, enduring indifference, incivility and even the threat of firecrackers under her skirt.

Kate’s words bring to life the world of the itinerant organiser – a world of train journeys, of complicated luggage conveyance, of hotels – and hotel flirtations – , of boarding houses, of landladies, and of the ‘quaintness’ of fellow boarders. This was not a way of life to which she was born, for her years as an organiser were played out against the catastrophic loss of family money and enforced departure from a much-loved home. Before 1911 Kate had had the luxury of giving her time as a volunteer to the suffrage cause; now she depended on it for her keep.

No other diary gives such an extensive account of the working life of a suffragist, one who had an eye for the grand tableau – such as following Emily Wilding Davison’s cortege through the London streets – as well as the minutiae of producing an advertisement for a village meeting. Moreover Kate Frye gives us the fullest account to date of the workings of the previously shadowy New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. She writes at length of her fellow workers, never refraining from discussing their egos and foibles. After the outbreak of war in August 1914 Kate continued to work for some time at the society’s headquarters, helping to organize its war effort, her diary entries allowing us to experience her reality of life in war-time London.

Excerpts from Campaigning for the Vote featured in ‘The Women’s Rebellion’, episode 2 of Michael Portillo’s Radio 4 series, 1913: The Year Before –listen here

In his review of the series, published in ‘The Telegraph’, Charles Moore particularly drew attention to Kate’s contribution – see here.


Published by Francis Boutle Publishers – for details see here.

Wrap-around paper covers, 226 pp, over 70 illustrations, all drawn from Kate Frye’s personal archive.                                                                                          £14.99

ISBN 978 1903427 75 0




Crawford Ref GuideThe Women’s Suffrage Movement 1866-1928: A reference guide

Elizabeth Crawford

‘It is no exaggeration to describe Elizabeth Crawford’s Guide as a landmark in the history of the women’s movement…’  History Today

Routledge, 2000 785pp paperback £74.99 – Ebook £70



Crawford Regional SurveyThe Women’s Suffrage Movement in Britain and Ireland: a regional survey

Elizabeth Crawford

Crawford provides meticulous accounts of the activists, petitions, organisations, and major events pertaining to each county.’ Victorian Studies

Routledge, 2008 320pp paperback £30

        Ebook           £26


garrettEnterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle

Elizabeth Crawford


‘Crawford’s scholarship is admirable and Enterprising Women offers increasingly compelling reading’ Journal of William Morris Studies

For further details see here

Francis Boutle, 2002 338pp 75 illus paperback £25

Copies of all of these books may be bought direct from the publishers or ordered from any bookshop (terrestrial or online)


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