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First World War – And Wars Before: Tracing Your Service Women Ancestors

This week I’m busy packing up books and ephemera to take on Friday to the Women’s History Network Conference – held this year at the University of Worcester. In this First World War centennial year Home Fronts: Gender, War and Conflict  is the Conference theme – see here for details.

I usually have a small  selection of ‘Women and the First World War’ material in my catalogues  (latest is  Number 185 – see here)  – and often when cataloguing spend time poring over photographs trying to identify the uniforms worn by young women of that period as they pose in studios or are photographed in camps or hospital wards – checking them against a variety of ad hoc sources.

Ingham

 

This rather pleasurable occupation will now become much easier – by consulting a fascinating book that comprehensively covers all the branches of the Services open to women.

In Tracing Your Service Women Ancestors Mary Ingham takes as her starting point the early 19th century – for it was then that the Army began to employ schoolmistresses to educate the children of the soldiers stationed in garrisons across the Empire . For this one service she cites holdings at The National Archives, National Army Museum, Adjutant General’s Corps Museum, British Library, Westminster College Archives and gives details of several printed sources.

VAD

She then covers in considerable detail all the nursing and medical services attached to the various branches of the armed services – from the Crimean War onwards. I must say I’m rather taken with the work in the First World War of the Almeric Paget Massage Corps, the honorary secretary of which was a niece of Charlotte Despard. And I know that I if I’d been a VAD I’d have been completely stymied by the instructions on how to pin on my nursing cap. However I’m sure many a period drama wardrobe mistress has welcomed such a diagram as is reproduced in the book. Flowing – and so fetching – that cap must have enticed many a young woman to join the Voluntary Aid Detachment. If we are looking now for details of the service of any one such woman Mary Ingham directs us to  a variety of archival sources.

Members of the WRNS and WRAF at Warsash Air Station 1918 (courtesy of RAF Museum website)

Members of the WRNS and WRAF at Warsash Air Station 1918 (courtesy of RAF Museum website)

The book then details the work of the Women’s Auxiliary services – and the WRNS, the WRAF, the Women’s Forage Corps and the Women’s Land Army.

Mary Ingham gives full and most helpful information on how to access the relevant records for all the services and, most usefully, lets us know when records are not available – or do not include as much information as we might expect. This kind of knowledge – doubtless accrued painfully  – is so useful in managing expectations. We don’t waste our time on wild goose chases – Mary has done the chasing for us.

I am sure that academic researchers and family historians alike will find Tracing Your Service Women Ancestors  both interesting and useful. And it’s packed with illustrations. More information may be found at Mary Ingham’s website.

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

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Books And Ephemera For Sale: Catalogue 185

Woman and her Sphere

Catalogue 185

Elizabeth Crawford
5 Owen’s Row
London EC1V 4NP

e.crawford@sphere20.freeserve.co.uk

Britannia Films still 1Image taken from item 390

Index to Catalogue

Non-fiction: Items 1-171
Biography: Items 172-241
Ephemera: Items 242-329
Postcards: Items 330-334
Fiction: Items 335-347
Suffrage Non-fiction: Items 348-367
Suffrage Biography (including ‘Terrero Bequest): Items 368-373
Suffrage Fiction: Items 374-386
Suffrage Ephemera: Items 387-453
Suffrage Ephemera (Kate Parry Frye Collection); Items 454-472
Suffrage Postcards: Real Photographic: Items 473-513
Suffrage Postcards: Commercial Comic: Items 514-555
Suffrage Postcards: Suffrage Artist: Items 556-559
Women and the First World War: Items 560-572
Women and the First World War Ephemera: Items 573-577
Women and the First World War Fiction: Items 578-579

Non-fiction

1. 500 HOUSEWIVES Five Hundred Household Hints Country Life 1926 [13563] The hints originated in ‘House & Garden’ – supplied by readers. Very good £8

2. AIKEN, Susan Et Al Dialogues/Dialogi: literary and cultural exchanges between (ex)Soviet and American Women Duke University Press 1994 [5218] Paper covers – mint £10

3. ALEXANDER, Sally Women’s Work in 19th-century London: a study of the years 1820-50 Journeyman Press 1983 [12147] First published in ‘The Rights and Wrongs of Women’ (ed Mitchell and Oakley, 1976). Soft covers – fine £8

4. ALLEN, Jennifer (ed) Lesbian Philosophies and Cultures State University of New York Press 1990 [5164] Paper covers – very good £5

5. ALLSOPP, Anne The Education and Employment of Girls in Luton, 1874-1924: widening opportunities and lost freedoms Boydell Press/Bedfordshire Historical Record Society 2005 [10963] Examines the education of Luton girls and its relationship with employment opportunities. Mint in d/w £20

6. ANDREWS, Maggie The Acceptable Face of Feminism: the Women’s Institute as a social movement Lawrence & Wishart 1997 [9533] Soft covers – mint £9

7. ANON Enquire Inside For Everything You Want to Know In Your Domestic and Social Life W. Foulsham no date [1930s?] [13576] Paper covers – good – some foxing £4

8. Anon The Intelligent Woman’s Guide to Shopping Retail Trading Standards Association no date [1935] [13564] ‘How to be sure of getting value for money. How to be sure of distinguising good quality from bad. How to be sure of paying the right price.’ Card covers – very good £10

9. ANON You And I Cookery Book: an effort to meet a need in the cheapest form Birling Publishing Co no date [1930s?/1940s?] [13577] A spin-off of the ‘You and I’ magazine, published in connected with the YWCA. ‘Over 1000 carefully selected household hints and reccipes’. I can’t work out when this was published – it contains several recipes with ‘War-time’ in their titles – but am not sure if this is looking back to WW1 or whether it was published during WW2. But others seem to use a surprising amount of sugar and eggs for cooking in a time of strict rationing. But, whenever, ‘Economy’, was the watchword. Paper covers – front cover present but detached – back cover missing £2

10. AVERY, Gillian Behold the Child: American children and their books 1621-1922 Bodley Head 1994 [12410] Studies how the literature of the old world influenced the new. With many illustrations. Heavy. Fine in fine d/w £10

11. BARRATT, Alexandra (ed) Women’s Writing in Middle English Longman 1992 [11954] In Longmans Annotated Texts series. Soft covers – fine £10

12. BASCH, Françoise Relative Creatures: Victorian women in society and the novel Schocken Books 1974 [13467] Very good £4

13. BEACHY, Robert Et Al (eds) Women, Business and Finance in 19th-century Europe: rethinking separate spheres Berg 2006 [9208] Fine £12

14. BEER, Janet Kate Chopin, Edith Wharton and Charlotte Perkins Gilman: studies in short fiction Palgrave 1997 r/p [11769] Focusses on a wide range of short fiction by these three women writers. Hardovers – fine £12

15. BERESFORD, John (ed) John Macdonald Memoirs of an Eighteenth-Century Footman Travels (1745-1779) Routledge 1928 (r/p) [11771] The footman was a Scottish highlander and through his eyes we see the maelstrom of 18th-century life – in England, Scotland and on the continent – as he travelled ‘in service.’ Excellent reading. Very good £12

16. BERRY, Mrs Edward And MICHAELIS, Madame (eds) 135 Kindergarten Songs and Games Charles and Dible, no date [1881] [9035] ‘These songs are printed to supply a want in English Kindergartens’ – the music is, of course, included – as are movement instructions. Mme Michaelis ran the Croydon Kindergarten. Very good £48

17. BLACK, Clementina Sweated Industry and the Minimum Wage Duckworth 1907 [11756] With an introduction by A.G. Gardiner, chairman of the executive committee of the National Anti-Sweating League £45

18. BLAIR, Kirstie Form & Faith in Victorian Poetry & Religion OUP 2012 [13693] By assessing the discourses of church architecture and liturgy the author demonstrates that Victorian poets both reflected on and affected ecclesiastical practices – and then focuses on particular poems to show how High Anglican debates over formal worship were dealt with by Dissenting, Broad Church, and Roman Catholic poets and other writers. Features major poets such as the Browning, Tennyson, Hopkins, Rossetti and Hardy – as well as many minor writers. Mint in d/w (pub price £62) £35

19. BLOCH, R. Howard Medieval Misogyny and the Invention of Western Romantic Love University of Chicago Press 1991 [11978] Soft covers – fine £18

20. BLOOM, Stanley The Launderette: a history Duckworth 1988 [10201] Soft covers – very good £10

21. BLUM, Deborah Ghost Hunters Century 2006 [9861] Study of the Society for Psychical Research, founded in 1882. Soft covers – mint £4

22. BOARD OF EDUCATION Special Reports on Educational Subjects vol 15 HMSO 1905 [12182] ‘School Training for the Home Duties of Women. part 1 The Teaching of “Domestic Science” in the United States of America’. Exhaustive – 374pp – paper covers – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £10

23. BOARD OF EDUCATION Special Reports on Educational Subjects vol 19 HMSO 1907 [12233] ‘School Training for the Home Duties of Women. Part III The Domestic Training of Girls in Germany and Austria’. Paper wrappers marked and worn -internally good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8

24. BOUCE, Paul-Gabriel (ed) Sexuality in 18th-century Britain Manchester University Press 1982 [11034] Includes essays by Roy Porter, Ruth Perry and Pat Rogers – among others. Very good in d/w £24

25. BOYD, Kenneth Scottish Church Attitudes to Sex, Marriage and the Family 1850-1914 John Donald 1980 [9679] Fine in d/w £18

26. BRAITHWAITE, Brian And BARRELL, Joan The Business of Women’s Magazines Kogan Page, 2nd ed 1988 [13721] Fine £8

27. BRANDON, Ruth Other People’s Daughters: the life and times of the governess Weidenfeld & Nicolson 2008 [11942] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £12

28. BREWSTER, Dorothy Virginia Woolf’s London George Allen & Unwin 1959 [11244] Very good in rubbed d/w £18

29. BRITTAIN, Vera Lady Into Woman: a history of women from Victoria to Elizabeth II Andrew Dakers 1953 [13161] Good – though ex-public library £8

30. BRUMBERG, Joan Jacobs Fasting Girls: the history of anorexia nervosa Vintage 2000 [11925] Soft covers – fine £8

31. BRUNN, Emilie Zum and EPINEY-BURGARD, Georgette Women Mystics in Medieval Europe Paragon House 1989 [11958] Translated from French. Soft covers – fine £12

32. BULLEY, A. Amy and WHITLEY, Margaret Women’s Work Methuen 1894 [12108] With a preface by Lady Dilke. In the ‘Social Questions of To-day’ series. Very good in original cloth – scarce £55

33. BURMAN, Sandra (ed) Fit Work for Women St Martin’s Press (NY) 1979 [12111] Presents a collection of papers which discuss the origins of the domestic ideal and its effects on activities usually undertaken by women. Fine in d/w £12

34. BURSTALL, Sara A. The Story of the Manchester High School for Girls 1871-1911 Manchester University Press 1911 [9219] Cover marked and faded – internally very good. Scarce £38

35. BUTLER, C.V. Domestic Service: an enquiry by the Women’s Industrial Council Garland Publishing 1980 [12114] Facsimile reprint of the study first published by G. Bell & Sons in 1916. £20

36. BY THE AUTHOR OF ENQUIRE WITHIN UPON EVERYTHING The Reason Why: Domestic Science Houlston & Sons c 1900? reprint [13573] First published in 1869 to give ‘Intelligible Reasons for the Various Duties which a Housewife has to Perform’. Introducing ‘science’ into the ‘domestic’. Answers to such questions as ‘Why does flesh when much boiled become tasteless and stringy?'; ‘Why do we blow the fire?'; ‘Why should hair too distant from the eyebrows be parted only in the centre?'; ‘Why is it necessar to turn mattresses at frequent intervals’ etc etc. Good £8

37. BYRNE, Katherine Tuberculosis and the Victorian Literary Imagination CUP 2010 [13430] Explores the representations of tuberculosis in 19th-century literature and culture. fears about gender roles, degeneration, national efficiency and sexual transgression all play their part in the portrayal of ‘consumption’, a disease which encompassed a variety of cultural associations. Mint in d/w (pub price £55) £35

38. BYTHELL, Duncan The Sweated Trades; outwork in 19th-century Britain Batsford 1978 [12110] Very good in d/w £12

39. CADBURY, Edward, MATHESON, M. Cecile and SHANN, George Women’s Work and Wages: a phase of life in an industrial city University of Chicago Press 1907 [8076] US edition of this study of women’s work in Birmingham. Good – inner hinge a little loose £50

40. CAIRNES, J.E. Political Essays Macmillan 1873 [11785] The Irish economist John Cairnes had long been a friend of Henry Fawcett, both part of the Blackheath circle centring on John Stuart Mill. When Millicent Fawcett (aged 23) published her ‘Political Economy for Beginners’ in 1870 Cairnes took it seriously, reviewed it and wrote to her ‘I have just finished my study of your useful little book and send you by this post my notes upon it. You will find I have some serious controversies with you.’ Three years later, when he published ‘Political Essays’ , he sent Millicent a copy – inscribing it ‘MG Fawcett from the author’. A ‘From the Author’ slip has survived the handling of the last 140 years – and Millicent Fawcett has added her delightful bookplate to the front pastedown. However, an inquisitive inspection reveals that not all the pages are cut. Latterly the book was in the library of O.R. McGregor (Professor Lord McGregor of Durris) author of ‘Divorce in England’ which had, for its time, 1957, an excellent bibliography – revealing the author’s wide interest in ‘women’s history’. On the spine the cloth binding is chipped – missing in parts – would benefit from rebacking. Otherwise a good copy – and a very interesting association copy £150

41. CALVERTON, V.F. and SCHMALHAUSEN, S.D. (eds) Sex in Civilsation Macaulay Co (NY) 1929 (reprint) [12650] With an introduction by Havelock Ellis. Contributors include Beatrice Forbes-Robertson Hale, Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Margaret Sanger. Good – 719pp – heavy £12

42. CANTARELLA, Eva Bisexuality in the Ancient World Yale University Press, 2nd ed 2002 [12444] Soft covers – fine £5

43. CHAPONE, Mrs On the Improvement of the Mind together with Dr Gregory’s, Legacy to His Daughters and Lady Pennington’s, Advice to Her Absent Daughter, with An Additional letter on the Management and Education of Infant Children Scott, Webster and Geary, no date c. 1835 [9555] A compendium of Good Conduct – a ‘four in one’. With engraved frontispiece and title page -good in slightly rubbed half leather and marbled boards £38

44. CHECKLAND, Olive Philanthropy in Victorian Scotland: social welfare and the voluntary principle John Donald Ltd 1980 [9241] Fine in fine d/w £20

45. CLAPP, Elizabeth and JEFFREY, Julie Roy (eds) Women, Dissent and Anti-Slavery in Britain and America, 1790-1865 OUP 2011 [13422] Essays by David Turley, Timothy Whelan, Alison Twells, Clare Midgeley, Carol Lasser, Julie Roy Jeffrey, Stacey robertson and Judie Newman – with an Introduction by Elizabeth Clapp. Mint in d/w (pub price £60) £25

46. CLARKE, Norma Dr Johnson’s Women Hambledon and London 2000 [9736] investigates lives of Elizabeth Carter, Charlotte Lennox, Elizabeth Montagu, Hester Thrale and Fanny Burney – exploring their relationship with Dr Johnson, with each other and with the world of letters. Excellent reading. Mint in d/w £8

47. CLARKE, Patricia The Governesses: letters from the colonies 1862-1882 Hutchinson 1985 [12463] Fine in fine d/w £7

48. COHEN, Monica Professional Domesticity in the Victorian Novel: women, work and home CUP 1998 [12419] Offers new readings of narratives by Jane Austen, Charlotte Bronte, Dickens, George Eliot, Emily Eden etc to show how domestic work, the most feminine of all activities, gained much of its social credibility by positioning itself in relation to the emergent professions. Soft cover – fine £25

49. COLLET, Clara Report by Miss Collet of the Statistics of Employment of Women and Girls HMSO 1894 [7203] Report prepared under the aegis of the Board of Trade – Employment of Women (Labour Department). Very good – 152pp – bound into new protective card covers £65

50. COLLET, Clara Report by Miss Collet on the Money Wages of Indoor Domestic Servants HMSO 1899 [7207] Women workers were in the overwhelming majority of those considered in this report. Fascinating information. Very good in original card covers £55

51. COWAN, Ruth Schwartz More Work For Mother: the ironies of household technology from the open hearth to the microwave Basic Books (NY) 1983 [10355] Very good in d/w £10

52. CRAIG, Elizabeth Housekeeping Collins 1947 [13047] With many photographs. In ‘Elizabeth Craig’s Household Library’ series. Good in torn d/w £8

53. CRAWFORD, Elizabeth Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle Francis Boutle 2009 (r/p) [12677] Pioneering access to education at all levels for women, including training for the professions, the women of the Garrett circle opened the way for women to gain employment in medicine, teaching, horticulture and interiior design – and were also deeply involved in the campaign for women’s suffrage. Soft covers, large format, over 70 illustrations. Mint – new book £25

54. DAILY MAIL YEAR BOOK 1913 Daily Mail 1913 [8388] Interesting snapshot of the period. Soft covers – good £18

55. DAVID, Deirdre (ed) The Cambridge Companion to the Victorian Novel CUP 2012 (2nd ed) [13411] This second edition includes essays by Kate Flint, Caroline Levine, Nancy Armstrong, Lyn Pykett and Clare Pettit – amongst others. Soft covers – mint £15

56. DAVIDOFF, L and HAWTHORN, R A Day in the life of a Victorian Domestic Servant Allen & Unwin 1976 [13726] Soft covers – very good – scarce £10

57. DAVIDOFF, Leonore Worlds Between: historical perspectives on gender and class Routledge 1995 [12115] Soft covers – fine £12

58. DAVIES, Emily Thoughts On Some Questions Relating to Women, 1860-1908 Bowes and Bowes (Cambridge) 1910 [13774] A selection of papers written by Emily Davies between 1860 and 1908. This copy bears the ink ms. inscription ‘Presented by Rev J. Ll. Davies D.D. This name, however, has been mistranscribed on label of The Working Men’s College Library – to which it was presented – as ‘Rev J.H. Davies D.D.’. John Llewelyn Davies was, of course, the very influential, liberal and supportive brother of Emily Davies. First edition, maroon cloth on cover a little marked and with a stain on free front endpapers. Otherwise clean and tight – with excellent photograph of Miss Davies as frontispiece. A scarce book £80

59. DICKENS, Andrea Janelle Female Mystic: great women thinkers of the Middle Ages I.B. Tauris 2009 [11947] Soft covers – fine £10

60. DON VANN, J. and VANARSDEL, Rosemary T. (eds) Periodicals of Queen Victoria’s Empire: an exploration University of Toronto Press 1996 [9600] Fine in fine d/w £18

61. DURHAM, Edith High Albania Virago 1985 [10802] First published in 1909. Soft covers – very good £8

62. DYHOUSE, Carol Feminism and the Family in England 1880-1939 Basil Blackwell 1989 [11224] Soft covers – very good £12

63. ELLIS, Mrs Sarah Stickney The Select Works Henry G. Langley (New York) 1844 [11234] Includes ‘The Poetry of Life’, ‘Pictures of Private Life’, ‘A Voice From the Vintage, on the force of example addressed to those who think and feel’ Good in original decorative cloth £48

64. FAERY, Rebecca Blevins Cartographies of Desire: captivity, race, & sex in the shaping of the American nation University of Oklahoma Press 1999 [5930] Soft covers – mint £8

65. FINDLAY, J.J. (ed) The Young Wage-Earner and the Problem of His Education: essays and reports Sigwick and Jackson 1918 [8026] For ‘His Education’ read also ‘Hers’. The essays include: ‘From Home Life to Industrial Life: with special reference to adolescent girls, by James Shelley, prof of education, University College, Southampton; ‘The Young Factory Girl’ by emily Matthias, superintendent of women employees, the Phoenix Dynamo Manufacturing Co, Bradford and the reports include: ‘Working Girls and Trade Schools (London)’ by Theodora Pugh and ‘The Sons and Daughters of Farming Folk’ by J.J. Findlay. Very good £25

66. FRYE, Susan And ROBERTSON, Karen (Eds) Maids and Mistresses, Cousins and Queens: women’s alliances in early modern England OUP 1999 [7435] A collection of essays exploring how early modern women associated with other women in a variety of roles, from alewives to midwives, prostitutes to pleasure seekers, slaves to queens, serving maids to ladies in waiting …’. Fine £28

67. FULLER, Sophie The Pandora Book of Women Composers Pandora 1994 [8979] Fine in d/w £15

68. GARRETT, Rhoda and Agnes Suggestions for House Decoration in Painting, Woodwork, and Furniture Macmillan 1876 [13706] Rhoda and Agnes Garrett set up their house decorating business in 1874. A study of their work constitutes one section in my book ‘Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle’ and demonstrates that the illustrations in ‘House Decoration’ were based on the rooms that Rhoda and Agnes knew best – those in their own home at 2 Gower Street, Bloomsbury. This copy is in quite good condition – cover a little rubbed and marked (books in the ‘Art at Home’ series, of which this is one, were, rather ironically, not very well produced!) £110

69. GEORGE, W.L. Eddies of the Day Cassell 1919 [1248] Includes a section on ‘Woman and the Future’. Good £4

70. GEZARI, Janet Last Things:Emily Bronte’s Poems OUP 2007 [11027] A study of the poems, reinstating them at the heart of Romantic and Victorian concerns while at the same time underlining their enduring relevance for readers today. Mint in d/w £15

71. GILBERT, Sandra And GUBAR, Susan No Man’s Land: the place of the woman writer in the twentieth century Yale University Press 1994 [8899] Vol 3 – ‘Letters From the Front’ .477pp – mint in d/w £25

72. GOLDSMITH, Margaret Women and the Future Lindsay Drummond 1946 [12101] A study of what the position was likely to be in the post-Second World War world. Scarce.Fine – in very slightly chipped d/w £25

73. GOLDSMITH, Margaret Women at War Lindsay Drummond Ltd (1943) [12602] Study of women’s work and life during the Second World War. Many photographs. Good £20

74. GULLET, Gayle Becoming Citizens: the emergence and development of the California women’s movement 1880-1911 University of Illinois Press 2000 [5082] Paper covers – mint £8

75. HARTLEY, C. GASGOINE Motherhood and the Relationship of the Sexes Eveleigh Nash 1917 [13724] Includes a chapter ‘The Position of Women as Affected by the War’. Good – uncommon £10

76. HASLETT, Caroline The Electrical Handbook for Women English Universities’ Press revised ed, 1936 [13682] All the housewife needed to know about electricity in the home. Fine in elegantly period d/w. (See also items 272 and 273) £12

77. HELSINGER, Elizabeth Et Al (eds) The Woman Question: Social Issues, 1837-1883 Manchester University Press 1983 [12150] Volume II of ‘The Woman Question: Society and Literature in Britain and America, 1837-1883′. Fine £15

78. HELSINGER, Elizabeth K. Et Al (eds) The Woman Question: Society and Literature in Britain and America, 1837-1883 Manchester University Press 1983 [12151] Vol 1, ‘Defining Voices’. Focuses on representative texts, figures and controversies for what they reveal about the general character of the Woman Question rather than their historical connections with earlier and later phases of the debate. Fine £15

79. HILEY, Michael Victorian Working Women: portraits from life Gordon Fraser 1979 [13340] Photographs of working women most of them collected during the second half of the 19th century by A.J. Munby. Paper covers – very good £12

80. HILL, Georgiana Women in English Life: from mediaeval to modern times Richard Bentley 1896 [10453] An excellent study – in two volumes. Most of the second volume is devoted to the position of women at the end of the 19th century – written by one who was very much involved with the woman’s movement. Very good – a little bumped at top and bottom of spine. A scarce set £95

81. HOFFMAN, P.C. They Also Serve: the story of the shop worker Porcupine Press 1949 [13728] Soft covers – very good £15

82. HOLCOMBE, Lee Victorian Ladies at Work: middle-class working women in England and Wales 1850-1914 David & Charles 1973 [11226] Very good in chipped d/w £25

83. HOLLIS, Patricia Ladies Elect: women in English local government 1865-1914 OUP 1987 [13264] Excellent study. Paper covers – good – now a scarce book £23

84. HOLT, Anne A Ministry To The Poor: being a history of the Liverpool Domestic Mission Society, 1836-1936 Henry Young (Liverpool) 1936 [9243] Very good – scarce £45

85. HOLTBY, Winifred Women John Lane 1941 (r/p) [12102] First published in 1934. Good reading copy – spine nicked and marked £12

86. HONEY, Michael Keith Black Workers Remember: an oral history of segregation, unionism, and the freedom struggle University of California Press 1999 [6020] Mint in d/w – 482pp £12

87. HORSFIELD, Margaret Biting the Dust: the joys of housework Fourth Estate 1997 [10183] Mint in d/w £10

88. HOUSMAN, Laurence Ploughshare and Pruning-Hook: ten lectures on social subjects Swarthmore Press 1919 [1322] A collection of papers, originally given as lectures – including ‘What is Womanly?’ (1911) and ‘Art and Citizenship’ (1910). Very good in d/w £10

89. (HUTCHINSON) Kathleen Coburn (ed) The Letters of Sara Hutchinson from 1800 to 1835 Routledge 1954 [9604] Friend of Mary and William Wordsworth – loved by Coleridge. Good £18

90. JEFFREYS, Sheila The Spinster and Her Enemies: feminism and sexuality 1880-1930 Pandora 1985 [12445] Soft covers – fine £8

91. JOHNSON, Patricia E. Hidden Hands: working-class women and Victorian social-problem fiction Ohio University Press 2001 [10784] ‘Argues that the female industrial worker became more dangerous to represent than the prostitute or the male radical because the worker exposed crucial contradictions between the class and gender ideologies of the period and its economic realities’. Soft covers – mint £15

92. KAPLAN, Cora Sea Changes: culture and feminism Verso 1986 [12414] Soft covers – fine £8

93. KAYE, Elaine A History of Queen’s College, London, 1848-1972 Chatto 1972 [12467] The first college for the higher education of women. Very good in d/w £6

94. KENEALY, Arabella Feminism and Sex-Extinction E.P. Dutton & Co (NY) 1920 [12107] Anti-feminist eugenicist polemic. US edition is scarce. Very good internally – cloth cover a little bumped and rubbed £25

95. KERTZER, David and BARBAGLIO, Marzio (eds) Family Life in the Long Nineteenth Century 1789-1913 Yale University Press 2002 [11037] A collection of essays under the headings: Economy and Family Organization: State, Religion, Law and the Family; Demographic Forces; Family Relations. 420pp Heavy. Mint in d/w £18

96. KING, Barbara P.G.S.G: a history 1905-1946 privately published 1989 [12569] A history of Pate’s Grammar School for Girls – ‘Cheltenham’s other girls’ school. Soft covers – fine £18

97. KING, Brenda Silk and Empire Manchester University Press [9845] A study of the Anglo-Indian silk trade, challenging the notion that Britain always exploited its empire. Mint in d/w (pub price £55) £25

98. KIRBY, Joan (ed) The Plumpton Letters and Papers CUP for the Royal Historical Society 1996 [10954] Letters addressed mainly to Sir William Plumpton (1404-80) and his son, Sir Robert (1453-1525). Good in marked d/w- but has perhaps been exposed to damp at some point £10

99. KIRKHAM, Margaret Jane Austen, Feminism and Fiction Harvester 1983 [12415] Soft covers – fine £10

100. KLEIN, Viola Working Wives: a survey of facts and opinions concerning the gainful employment of married women in Britain Institute of Personnel Management no date (1960) [12267] A survey carried out in co-operation with Mass Observation Ltd. Paper covers faded – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £10

101. LEE, Julia Sun-Joo The American Slave Narrative and the Victorian Novel OUP 2010 [13436] Investigates the shaping influence of the American slave narrative on the Victorian novel in the years between the British Abolition Act and the American Emancipation Proclamation – and argues that Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Gaskell, Thackeray and Dickens integrated into their works generic elements of the slave narrative. Mint in d/w (pub price £40) £15

102. LERNER, Gerda The Creation of Feminist Consciousness: from the middle ages to 1870 OUP 1993 [11921] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £13

103. LEVINE, Philippa Victorian Feminism 1850-1900 Hutchinson 1987 [13727] Paper covers – very good £5

104. LEWIS, Judith Schneid In the Family Way: childbearing in the British aristocracy, 1760-1860 Rutgers University Press 1986 [8652] Very good in slightly chipped d/w £25

105. LITOFF, Judy Barrett And SMITH, David C. We’re In This War, Too: World War II Letters from American Women in Uniform OUP 1994 [8310] Fine in d/w £16

106. LLEWELYN DAVIES, Margaret (ed) Life As We Have Known it by Co-operative Working Women Virago 1977 [13729] First published in 1931- with an introduction by Virginia Woolf. Soft covers – good £5

107. LLEWELYN DAVIES, Margaret (ed) Maternity: letters from working women collected by the Women’s Co-operative Guild Virago 1984 (r/p) [12143] First published in 1915. Soft covers – very good £8

108. LOANE, M. An Englishman’s Castle Edward Arnold 1909 [9060] Martha Loane was a district nurse – this study of the homes of the poor is the result of her social investigation. Good £18

109. LOFTIE, W.J. A Plea for Art in the House: with special reference to the economy of collecting works of art, and the importance of taste in education and morals Macmillan 1879 (r/p) [13338] First published in 1876 – around the same time as Rhoda and Agnes Garrett’s book in the same series ‘Art at Home’ – and evincing many of the same touchstone’s of taste in home decoration. Goodish – a little rubbed and bumped £18

110. LOOTENS, Tricia Lost Saints: silence, gender, and Victorian literary canonization University Press of Virginia 1996 [12398] Fine in d/w £35

111. (LUXEMBOURG) Richard Abraham Rosa Luxembourg: a life for the International Berg 1989 [1399] Mint in d/w £10

112. LYNN, Susan Progressive Women in Conservative Times: racial justice, peace, and feminism, 1945 to the 1960s Rutgers University Press 1992 [5219] Paper covers – mint £10

113. MCCANN, Jean Thomas Howell and the School at Llandaff D. Brown (Cowbridge) 1972 [10608] Good – ex-university library £15

114. MACCARTHY, B.G. The Female Pen; women writers and novelists 1621-1818 Cork University Press 1994 [12412] First published in 1944, this edition with an introduction by Janet Todd. Soft covers – 530pp – fine £12

115. MCCRACKEN, Peggy The Romance of Adultery: queenship and sexual transgression in old French literature University of Pennsylvania Press 1998 [11976] Fine in fine d/w £38

116. MCGREGOR, O.R. Divorce in England: a centenary study Heinemann 1957 [10426] Very good in d/w £20

117. MACKIE, Vera Creating Socialist Women in Japan: gender, labour and activism, 1900-1937 CUP 1997 [5222] Mint in d/w £8

118. McMILLAN, Margaret The Child and the State The National Labour Press 1911 [11641] In which she advocated giving poor children a more broad and humane education than they currently were receiving. Vol 9 in the Socialist Library series. Card covers – very good £28

119. MALVERY, Olive Christian Baby Toilers Hutchinson 1907 [8216] A study of the child workers of Edwardian Britain. Good £38

120. MANN, Susan And CHENG, Yu-Yin (eds) Under Confucian Eyes: writings on gender in Chinese history University of California Press 2001 [6064] Soft covers – mint £10

121. MARKS, Lara Metropolitan Maternity maternity and infant welfare services in early 20th century London Rodopi 1996 [11624] Soft covers – fine £22

122. MARTIN, Jane Women and the Politics of Schooling in Victorian and Edwardian England Leicester University Press 1999 [10781] Mint (pub price £65) £35

123. MASON, Michael The Making of Victorian Sexuality OUP 1994 [10599] Fine in d/w £14

124. MEARS, Ann Success in Shopping Arrowsmith 1927 [13562] ‘How to tell, at sight: Good Eggs from Bad; Fresh Fish from Stale etc etc; ‘How to Distinguish the Best: in Blankets, Tennis-Racquets, Dogs, Firewood, Scissors etc’. Very good in dustwrapper (latter is split at spine) £15

125. MILL, John Stuart The Subjection of Women Longmans, Green, Reader & Dyer 1869 (2nd ed) [13460] In original mustard embossed cloth – top inch or so of spine split and frayed. With faded shelf-mark sticker on spine and label on front paste-down of the Burnley Mechanics’ Institute. Front inside hinge a little stretched. Otherwise good internally. I’m pleased to think that the members of the Mechanics’ Institute took such an obvious interest in the subject. £85

126. MONK, Una New Horizons: a hundred years of women’s migration HMSO 1963 [11031] Very good in slightly torn d/w £20

127. MOTION, Andrew (ed) Interrupted Lives in Literature National Portrait Gallery 2004 [11964] Studies of Angela Carter, Katherine Mansfield, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Christopher Marlow, Edward Thomas and Sylvia Plath. Soft covers – fine £7

128. MUMM, Susan (ed) All Saints Sisters of the Poor: an Anglican Sisterhood in the 19th century Boydel Press/Church of England Record Society 2001 [10964] A history of the Sisterhood that was founded by Harriet Brownlow Byron in 1850 to work in the slums of Marylebone – but then spread its net much wider. This volume comprises material drawn from the Sisterhood’s archives. V. interesting. Mint £30

129. NEWMAN, Barbara From Virile Woman to WomanChrist: studies in medieval religion and literature University of Pennsylvania Press 1995 [11946] Soft covers – fine £15

130. NORWICH HIGH SCHOOL 1875-1950 privately printed, no date [1950] [9612] A GPDST school. Very good internally – green cloth covers sunned – ex-university library £15

131. NUNN, Pamela Gerrish Victorian Women Artists Women’s Press 1987 [7106] Very good in d/w £18

132. ORRINSMITH, Mrs The Drawing Room: its decoration and furniture Macmillan 1877 [9344] In the ‘Art at Home’ series. ‘The author has endeavoured to give more particular directions as to the furnishing and adornment of the Drawing-Room than was possible in the Miss Garretts’ volume treating of the whole subject of ‘House Decoration’ .’ Very good – missing free front end paper many illustrations – a scarce book £45

133. OSBORNE, Honor And MANISTY, Peggy A History of the Royal School for Daughters of Officers of the Army 1864-1965 Hodder & Stoughton 1966 [10609] Good – ex-university library £12

134. PALMER, Beth Women’s Authorship and Editorship in Victorian Culture OUP 2011 [13432] Draws on extensive periodical and archival material to bring new perspectives to the study of sensation fiction in the Victorian period. Mint in d/w (pub price £60) £35

135. PALMER, Paulina Lesbian Gothic: transgressive fictions Cassell 1999 [5267] Paper covers – mint £5

136. PEDERSEN, Frederik Marriage Disputes in Medieval England Hambledon 2000 [11977] The records of the church courts of the province of York, mainly dating from the 14th c, provide a welcome light on private, family life and on individual reactions to it. Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £25

137. PHILLIPS, M. And TOMPKINSON, W.S. English Women in Life and Letters OUP 1927 [9151] Describes the lives of Englishwomen of the past, some rich, others poor and unknown – using both historical sources and fiction – from the 14th century to the mid 19th. Very good £20

138. PHILLIPS, Margaret Mann Willingly to School: memories of York College for Girls 1919-1924 Highgate Publications 1989 [13124] Good in card covers – though ex-library £10

139. POOVEY, Mary Uneven Developments: the ideological work of gender in mid-Victorian England Virago 1989 [13730] Paper covers – fine £12

140. RAPPOPORT, Jill Giving Women: alliance and exchange in Victorian culture OUP 2012 [13413] examines the literary expression and cultural consequences of English women’s giving from the 1820s to the First World War – in the work of Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Elizabeth Gaskell and Christina Rossetti – as well as in literary annuals and political pamphlets. Through giving, women redefined the primary allegiances of teh everyday lives, forged public coalitions, and advanced campaigns for abolition, slum reform, eugenics, and suffrage. Mint in d/w (pub price £45.99) £32

141. RENDALL, Jane The Origins of Modern Feminism: women in Britain, France and the United States 1780-1860 Macmillan 1985 [9461] Soft covers – very good £15

142. ROTONDARO, Anna Women at Work on London’s Transport 1905-1978 Tempus 2004 [11050] Collection of images charting the history of women at work on London’s transport. Soft covers – mint £6

143. ROYDEN, A. Maude Political Christianity G.P. Putnams’ 1923 (r/p) [13120] Dedicated to members of the Guildhouse congregation. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8

144. SEARLE, Arthur (ed) Barrington Family Letters 1628-1632 Royal Historical Society 1983 [10955] In the main letters to Lady Joan Barrington, the focal point of the extended family, the dowager and respected matriarch on a recognisable early 17th-century pattern. Very good £12

145. SHIMAN, Lilian Women and Leadership in Nineteenth-Century England Macmillan 1992 [4783] Fine in d/w (which has slight tear at top of spine) £28

146. SHOWALTER, Elaine Inventing Herself: claiming a feminist intellectual heritage Picador 2001 [11934] An exploration of feminist intellectuals from the 18th century to the present – from Mary Wollstonecraft to Naomi Woolf. Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £15

147. SMITH, R.D.(edits and introduces) The Writings of Anna Wickham: free woman and poet Virago 1984 [12037] Soft covers – very good £5

148. SPENDER, Dale Time and Tide Wait for No Man: the story of a feminist political weekly in the 1920s Pandora 1984 [13732] Selections from the first 15 years of ‘Time and Tide’. Soft covers – fine £6

149. SPRING RICE, Margery Working-Class Wives: their health and conditions Virago 1989 (r/p) [12123] Second edition. First published in 1939. £5

150. STAFFORD, H.M. Queenswood: the first sixty years 1894-1954 privately printed 1954 [9643] History of the school. Good – ex-college library £12

151. STANLEY, Liz Et Al (eds) Auto/Biography: Bulletin of the British Sociological Association Study Group on Auto/Biography (1993) [10494] Vol 2, no 1 ‘Research Practices’. Soft covers – fine £9

152. STENTON, Doris Mary The English Woman in History Allen & Unwin 1957 [8440] Good reading copy – ex-library £15

153. STONE, Dorothy The National: the story of a pioneer college Robert Hale 1976 [8231] History of the pioneering domestic economy training college – The National Training College of Domestic Subjects. Fine in d/w £12

154. TAYLOR, Barbara Mary Wollstonecraft and the Feminist Imagination CUP 2003 [11898] Soft covers – fine £17

155. THE EDITOR OF ‘ENQUIRE WITHIN UPON EVERYTHING’ The Practical Housewife: a complete encyclopaedia of domestic economy and family medical guide Houlston & Sons new ed, no date [c 1890s?] [13569] ‘Will lessen the cares of domestic management, aid the practice of household economy and prove a help in many emergencies.’ The index runs from ‘Ablution, the importance of’ to ‘Zinc ointment’. Good £10

156. THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEAR BOOK AND DIRECTORY 1904 A & C Black 1904 [10837] Indispensable source of information. Very good internally in library binding £80

157. THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEAR-BOOK AND DIRECTORY FOR 1888 JUBILEE EDITION Hatchard’s 1888 [11772] edited by ‘L.M. H.’ [Louisa Hubbard], comprising Part I Englishwomen and their work in Queen Victoria’s reign and Part II Directory for 1888. A wonderful source – full of details of names and addresses. Very good and tight in decorative boards, a little darkened and marked with age. Extremely scarce £195

158. THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEARBOOK AND DIRECTORY 1901 A & C Black 1901 [11770] Ed by Emily Janes. Packed with information. Good internally – cloth covers marked – scarce £80

159. THORMAHLEN, Marianne The Brontes and Religion CUP 2004 [12430] Soft covers – fine £30

160. TOBIN, Beth Fowkes Superintending the Poor: charitable ladies and paternal landlords in British fiction, 1770-1860 Yale University Press 1993 [9806] Mint in d/w £18

161. TYLECOTE, Mabel The Education of Women at Manchester University 1883 to 1933 Manchester University Press 1941 [13139] With a newscutting obituary of Dame Mabel Tylecote laid in. Good – scarce £40

162. VALENZE, Deborah The First Industrial Woman OUP 1995 [10786] Examines the underlying assumptions about gender and work that informed the transformation of English society, and in turn, ideas about economic progress. Charts the birth of a new economic order resting on social and sexual hierarchies which remain a part of our contemporary lives. Soft covers – mint £15

163. VEAL, Irene Wartime Recipes: collected by Irene Veal as published in the ‘Radio Times’ Letts Quikref Diaries – Authorised by the BBC no date (c 1940) [13741] Apart from the recipes culled from the ‘Radio Times’ Irene Veal appears to have gathered some from a few chums – such as Richard Tauber and Lupino Lane.Packed with recipes, nterspersed with evocative advertisements. Soft covers -36pp – very good – very scarce £18

164. VINCE, Mrs Millicent Decoration and Care of the Home W. Collins 1923 [12870] Mrs Vince had been a pupil of the pioneer ‘House Decorator’, Agnes Garrett. Very good in rubbed d/w £18

165. WANDOR, Michelene Post-War British Drama: looking back in gender Routledge, revised edition 2001 [5897] Soft covers – mint £12

166. WEBSTER’S ROYAL RED BOOK or Court and Fashionable Register for May 1876
Webster and Larkin 1876 [12154] A London street guide (Abbey Gardens, St John’s Wood to Young St, Kensington) giving the names of individual householders – combined with a list of the names and addresses of the ‘Fashionable’ – a wide swathe of middle-class London. A very useful directory. In fair condition – very good internally -clean and tight – but decorative, gilt embossed cloth is rubbed and sewing has parted at inside back cover. This early directory is quite scarce £30
167. WOODHOUSE, Annie Fantastic Women: sex, gender and transvestism Macmillan 1989 [5282] Mint in d/w £5

168. WILLIAMS, A. Susan Ladies of Influence: women of the elite in interwar Britain Allen Lane 2000 [8087] Studies of, among others, Edith, Marchioness of Londonderry, Katharine, Duchess of Atholl, Nancy Cunard, and Stella, Marchioness of Reading. Fine in very good d/w £12

169. WINSTEAD, Karen (ed) Chaste Passions: medieval English virgin martyr legends Cornell University Press 2000 [11983] Soft covers – very good £9

170. WOODBRIDGE, Linda Women and the English Renaissance: literature and the nature of womankind 1540-1620 Harvester 1984 [11986] Hardcover -very good internally – a few small inkspots to front board £25

171. WOODS, Edgar & Diana Things That Are Not Done: an outspoken commentary on popular habits and a guide to correct conduct Universal Publications, no date (1937) [10612] Good £12

Biography

172. The Ladies’ Who’s Who (with which is incorporated the Ladies’ Court Book and Guide – including Anglo-American Section) The International Art & Publishing Co, Ltd 1923 [13709] 759-pp of biographical reference – and advertisements. Good and tight in red cloth covers decorated in gilt £55

173. (ADDAMS) Louise Knight Jane Addams: Spirit in Action Norton 2011 [13405] Biography of the US campaigner for international peace and social justice. Mint in d/w £10

174. ALLEN, Alexandra Travelling Ladies: Victorian Adventuresses [13198] Studies of Daisy Bates, Isabella Bird Bishop, Midlred Cabele and Evangeline and Francesca French, Alexandra David-Neel, Jane Digby el Mesrab, Kate Marsden, Marianne North and May French Sheldon. Fine in d/w £10

175. (AMBERLEY) Bertrand and Patricia Russell (eds) The Amberley Papers: the letters and diaries of Lord and Lady Amberley Hogarth Press 1937 [11044] The epitome of radical liberalism in the mid-19th-century. Both died tragically young. Good £45

176. (ARNOLD-FOSTER) T.W. Moody and R.A.J. Hawkins (eds) Florence Arnold-Foster’s Irish Journal OUP 1988 [1043] She was the niece and adopted daughter of W.E. Foster. The journals covers the years 1880-1882 when he was chief secretary for Ireland. Fine in slightly rubbed d/w £10

177. (BEALE) Elizabeth Raikes Dorothea Beale of Cheltenham Constable 1908 [11045] Good £15

178. BELL, Alan (ed and with an introduction by) Sir Leslie Stephen’s ‘Mausoleum Book’ OUP 1977 [13199] Intimate autobiography written for Stephen’s immediate family after the death of his wife, Julia, the mother of Vanessa and Virginia. Very good in d/w £12

179. BELL, MAUREEN, PARFIT, GEORGE AND SHEPHERD, SIMON A Biographical Dictionary of English Women Writers 1560-1720 G.K. Hall 1990 [11878] Expands the boundaries of what is conventionally recognized as 17th century English literature by uncovering, reintroducing and documenting the lives and works of more than 550 English women who wrote betwen 1580-1720. Fine in d/w £25

180. (BERGMAN-OSTERBERG) Jonathan May Madame Bergman-Osterberg Harrap for the University of London Institute of Education 1969 [13722] Life and work of the Swedish teacher of gymnastics who introduced her methods to Britain – founding a college to train gymnastics teachers. Very good in d/w £8

181. (BERRY) Lewis Melville (ed) The Berry Papers: being the correspondence hitherto unpublished of Mary and Agnes Berry (1763-1852) John Lane 1914 [13674] Most engaging letters. With numerous illustrations. Very good £18

182. (BRONTE) Dudley Green Patrick Bronte: father of genius The History Press 2008 [12452] Fine in fine d/w £10

183. (BURNEY) Joyce Hemlow (ed) Fanny Burney: selected letters and journals OUP 1986 [12030] Follows her career from her romantic marriage to the impoverished French émigré General d’Arblay to her death 46 years later. Fine in fine d/w £12

184. (BUTTS) Nathalie Blondel (ed) The Journals of Mary Butts Yale University Press 2002 [12460] 500pp – heavy – mint in mint d/w £20

185. (CLARKE) Mary G. Clarke A Short Life of Ninety Years privately printed 1973 [11352] An interesting life – born in Aberdeen into the Anderson family (her uncle was Skelton Anderson, husband of Elizabeth Garrett), she attended the local high school, and then went to Girton – before entering a lifetime of teaching, culminating in the headmistress-ship of Manchester High School for Girls. Very good – cover slightly marked £18

186. (CLIVE) Mary Clive (ed) Caroline Clive: from the diary and family papers of Mrs Archer Clive (1801-1873) Bodley Head [11101] Life among the ‘Landed Gentry’ – beautifully edited by Mary Clive – who had the knack. Good in rubbed d/w £10

187. (COBBE) Frances Power Cobbe Life of Frances Power Cobbe : as told by herself Swan Sonnenschein 1904 [11475] The Posthumous – and best – edition – ‘With Additions by the Author and Introduction by Blanche Atkinson’. Fine – rather scarce £75

188. (DE STAEL/CONSTANT) Renee Winegarten Germaine de Stael and Benjamin Constant: a dual biography Yale University Press 2008 [11963] Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £12

189. (DUNIWAY) Ruth Barnes Moynihan Rebel for Rights: Abigail Scott Duniway Yale University Press 1983 [1205] Abigal Scott Duniway (1834-1915), American suffragist, journalist, and national leader. Fine in d/w £5

190. DUNFORD, Penny A Biographical Dictionary of Women Artists in Europe and America since 1850 Harvester 1990 [10850] Fine £35

191. (EDEN) Violet Dickinson (Ed) Miss Eden’s Letters Macmillan 1919 [9339] Born, a Whig, in 1797. Her letters are full of social detail. In 1835 she went to India with her brother when he became governor-general. Very good £28

192. (GARDINER), Sarah (ed) Leaves from a Young Girl’s Diary: the journal of Margaret Gardiner 1840-41 Tuttle, Moorhouse & Taylor Co (NY) 1927 [13478] The journal kept by Margaret Gardiner who, with her father, a NY State Senator, her mother and her sister (who was to become the wife of a US President), sailed across the Atlantic to Europe. They landed at Liverpool and then proceeded to ‘do’ Europe. Delightful. Very good – scarce £45

193. (GLASPELL) Barbara Ozieblo Susan Glaspell: a critical biography University of North Carolina Press 2000 [12016] Soft covers – fine in fine d/w £18

194. (HAMMOND) Mrs John Hays Hammond A Woman’s Part in a Revolution Longmans, Green 1987 [6083] The ‘Revolution’ was the Boer War – her husband was imprisoned by the Boers. Good £30

195. (HARRISON) Amy Greener A Lover of Books: the life and literary papers of Lucy Harrison J.M. Dent 1916 [11054] Lucy Harrison (a niece of Mary Howitt) studied at Bedford College, then taught for 20 years at a school in Gower St (Charlotte Mew was a pupil at the school and v. attached to Miss Harrison) and then became headmistress of the Mount School, York. Good – pasted onto the free front end paper is a presentation slip from the editor, Amy Greener, to Mary Cotterell £18

196. HAYS, Frances Women of the Day: a biographical dictionary of notable contemporaries J.B. Lipincott (Philadelphia) 1885 [12594] A superb biographical source on interesting women. Good in original binding – with library shelf mark in ink on spine- scarce £75

197. (HOWE) Valarie Ziegler Diva Julia: the public romance and private agony of Julia Ward Howe Trinity Press International 2003 [11892] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £10

198. (HUGHES) Rosa Hobhouse Mary Hughes: her life for the dispossesed Rockliff 1949 [13723] The daughter of the author of ‘Tom Brown’s School Days’, she spent her life working amongst the poor in London’s East End. Good – scarce £8

199. (HUMBERT) Agnes Humbert Résistance: memoirs of Occupied France Bloomsbury 2008 [12392] Memoirs of Agnes Humbert (1894-1963), an art historian who helped form one of the first organised groups of the French Resistance. First published in France in 1946, this translation, by Barbara Mellor, is the first in English. Mint in d/w £5

200. (JAMESON) Clara Thomas Love and Work Enough: the life of Anna Jameson Macdonald 1967 [12070] Good £10

201. (JAMESON) G.H. Needler (ed) Letters of Anna Jameson to Ottilie von Goethe OUP 1939 [12451] Very good internally – cover marked £20

202. (JAMESON) Judith Johnston Anna Jameson: Victorian, feminist, woman of letters Scolar Press 1997 [12461] An examination of Jameson’s non-fiction writing in the context of her life. Mint in mint d/w £20

203. (JEX-BLAKE) Margaret Todd The Life of Sophia Jex-Blake Macmillan 1918 [13515] Interesting biography of a difficult woman – founder of the London School of Medicine for Women. Very good – with slight marking on front cloth cover. £30

204. KELSALL, Helen Berridge House Who’s Who, 1893-1957 privately published [1957] [13005] A list of all the pupils and staff of the National Society’s Training College for Domestic Subjects – with a short history of the college. Paper covers – good £12

205. LANE, Maggie Literary Daughters Robert Hale 1989 [10844] Studies of Fanny Burney, Maria Edgeworth, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Charlotte Bronte, George Eliot, Emily Dickinson, Beatrix Potter and Virginia Woolf – and their fathers. Very good in d/w £15

206. (LOVELACE) Benjamin Woolley The Bride of Science: romance, reason and Byron’s daughter Macmillan 1999 [12000] Biography of Ada Lovelace £10

207. (LYTTON) Lady Constance Lytton Prisons and Prisoners: some personal experiences by Constance Lytton and Jane Warton, spinster Virago 1988 [13734] Her prison experiences, both as herself, and, more horribly, in disguise as Jane Warton. Reprint of the 1914 edition. Soft covers – fine £6

208. (MANSFIELD) Jeffrey Meyers Katherine Mansfield: A Darker View Cooper Square Press 2002 [12393] Biography of Katherine Mansfield, first published in 1978 and reissued with a new introduction. Soft covers – ming £6

209. (MARTIN) Sarah Martin A Brief Sketch of the Life of the Late Miss Sarah Martin of Great Yarmouth: with extracts from the Parliamentary Reports on Prisons; her own Prison Journals etc C. Barber (Yarmouth) 2nd ed, 1844 [12756] Prison visitor, dressmaker, Sunday School teacher. Her comments on the prisoners are particularly interesting. Good in original cloth £35

210. MARTINDALE, Hilda Some Victorian Portraits and Others Allen & Unwin 1948 [6071] Biographical essays of members of her circle – including Adelaide Anderson, factory inspector. Very good in d/w £18

211. (MAYNARD) Catherine B. Firth Constance Louisa Maynard: mistress of Westfield College Allen & Unwin 1949 [11033] Very good – scarce £15

212. (MCLAREN) Willis Pickard The Member for Scotland; a life of Duncan McLaren John Donald 2011 [13404] Priscilla Bright McLaren, doyenne of the Edinburgh Suffrage Society, was his (third) wife. Soft covers – mint £15

213. (MEYNELL) Dame Alix Meynell Public Servant, Private woman: an autobiography Gollancz 1988 [11385] Interesting background information on her family, the Dowsons, who ran the Nottingham Women’s Suffrage Society – as well as her own memoirs of life as an administrative grade civil servant and the wife of Sir Francis Meynell. Fine in d/w £12

214. (MONTGOMERY) Catherine Andronik Kindred Spirit: a biography of L.M. Montgomery, creator of Anne of Green Gables Athenaeum 1993 [12441] Very good- in fine d/w £8

215. (MOODIE/TRAILL) Charlotte Gray Sisters in the Wilderness: Susanna Moodie and Catherine Parr Traill, pioneers of the Canadian backwoods Duckworth 2001 [11887] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £12

216. [MORGAN] Sydney Lady Morgan Passage From My Autobiography Richard Bentley 1859 [13675] ‘The following pages are the simple records of a transition existence, socially enjoyed, and pelasantly and profitably occupied, during a journey of a few months from Ireland to Italy.’ Good – in original decorative mauve cloth £18

217. (MORRELL) Robert Gathorne-Hardy (ed) Ottoline:the early memoirs of Lady Ottoline Morrell; Ottoline at Garsington: memoirs of Lady Ottoline Morrell Faber, 1963 and Faber, 1974 (respectively [9499] Two volumes together, as a set – both good in d/w £28

218. NEWNHAM COLLEGE REGISTER 1871-1950 privately printed [11776] packed with biographical information on students and staff. Soft covers – 2 vols – good – although backing on vol 1 is coming unstuck and outermost cover of vol II is missing- internally very good – scarce £40

219. (NICHOL) Anna Stoddart Elizabeth Pease Nichol Dent 1899 [12999] (1807-1897) Scottish Quaker – daughter of the founder of the Peace Society, suffragist, chartist, anti-vivesectionist. Very good – scarce £35

220. (NIGHTINGALE) Lynn McDonald (ed) Florence Nightingale’s European Travels Wilfrid Laurier Press 2004 [11112] Her correspondence, and a few short published articles, from her youthful European travels. She is an excellent observer and reporter. Fine in d/w – 802pp £45

221. (NORTON) Jane Gray Perkins The Life of Mrs Norton John Murray 1910 [3537] Very good £16

222. (NOURSE) Mary Alice Keekin Burke Elizabeth Nourse, 1859-1938: a salon career National Museum of American Art 1983 [6767] A study of the artist. Soft covers – large format – many illustrations – very good £15

223. (OSBORN) Emily Osborn (ed) Political and Social Letters of a Lady of the Eighteenth Century: 1721-1771 Griffith Farren, Okeden and Welsh (London) 1890 [12054] Living in London and Chicksands (Bedfordshire), she managed her son’s involved estate. Her letters reveal to us 18th-century life – political, social and domestic. Very good internally -paper on spine and corners a little rubbed – gift inscription, 1895, to ‘Lady Strathmore’ – the present Queen’s great-grandmother £45

224. (PHILIPS) Philip Webster Souers The Matchless Orinda Harvard University Press 1931 [9602] An account of the life of Mrs Katherine Philips, the first woman in England to gain the reputation of a poetess.Good – ex university library £28

225. (PUREFOY) G. Eland (ed) Purefoy Letters 1735-1753 Sidgwick & Jackson 1931 [9338] The letters of Elizabeth Purefoy (1672-1765), whose husband died in 1704, and her son, Henry Purefoy. Elizabeth Purefoy was, as her epitaph recorded, ‘a woman of excellent understanding, prudent and frugal’ and her letters are full of domestic detail. Very good – two volumes £40

226. (RHYS) Francis Wyndham And Diana Melly (eds) Jean Rhys Letters 1931-1966 Deutsch 1984 [9507] Very good in d/w £12

227. (ROBINS) Octavia Wilberforce Backsettown & Elizabeth Robins published for private circulation 1952 [13258] A little tribute – telling how Elizabeth Robins came to set up the retreat at Backsettown in Sussex. With lovely photograph of Elizabeth Robins tipped in as frontispiece. Fine in paper wraps – with a birthday inscription on free front endpaper – scarce £38

228. (RUSKIN) Mary Lutyens (ed) Young Mrs Ruskin in Venice: the picture of society and life with John Ruskin 1849-1852 Vanguard Press (NY) 1965 [13200] Very good in d/w £12

229. (SEWELL) Mrs Bayly The Life and Letters of Mrs Sewell James Nisbet, 3rd ed 1889 [2667] Memoir of the Quaker writer of moral didactics for children; she was mother of Anna Sewell. Good £12

230. SICHERMAN, Barbara et al (eds) Notable American Women: The Modern Period Belknap Press of Harvard University Press 1980 [12418] Soft covers – 773pp – heavy – very good £12

231. (STUART) Hon. James A. Home (ed) Letters of Lady Louisa Stuart to Miss Louisa Clinton David Douglas (Edinburgh) 1901 & 1903 [13335] Two volumes – complete set. The first volume covers the period 1817 to 1825 and the second volume (called ‘Second Series’) that from1826 to 1834. Society observed. Very good – two volumes together £38

232. (SOYER) Ruth Cowen Relish: the extraordinary life of Alexis Soyer, Victorian celebrity chef Weidenfeld 2006 [9824] Chef and kitchen designer to the Reform Club and reformer of army catering. Mint in d/w £8

233. (SYRETT) Netta Syrett The Sheltering Tree: an autobiography Bles 1939 [13712] Very good in d/w £25

234. (TENNYSON) James O. Hoge Lady Tennyson’s Journal University Press of Virginia 1981 [9675] Fine in d/w £18
235. (TROUBRIDGE) Jaqueline Hope-Nicholson (ed) Life Amongst the Troubridges: journals of a young Victorian 1873-1884 by Laura Troubridge John Murray 1966 [9324] Very good in rubbed d/w £10

236. (TUCKER) Agnes Giberne A Lady of England: the life and letters of Charlotte Maria Tucker Hodder & Stoughton 1895 [9599] The standard biography of a popular children’s and religious

writer – who spent the later years of her life as a missionary in India. Good – though ex-university library £28
237. (TUSSAUD) Kate Berridge Waxing Mythical: the life and legend of Madame Tussaud John Murray 2006 [9827] Fine in d/w £8

238. (TWINING) Louisa Twining Recollections of My Life and Work Edward Arnold 1893 [10625] She was an early ‘social worker’ – involved with workhouse visiting, promoting the idea of poor law inspectors and was herself a poor law guardian. Very good – scarce £68

239. (WATERSTON) Lucy Bean And Elizabeth Van Heyningen (eds) The Letters of Jane Elizabeth Waterston 1866-1905 Van Riebeeck Society (Cape Town) 1983 [13266] A Scotswoman, she went as a missionary to Africa – to the Cape – returning to Britain in 1874 to train as a doctor – first, for a short time, with Sophia Jex-Blake in Edinburgh and then as one of the first students at the London School of Medicine, qualifying in 1879. She then returned to Africa, eventually settling in Cape Town, where, during his period there as editor of the\i Cape Times\i0 , one of her closest friends, although v much younger than her, was Edmund Garrett, cousin to Millicent Garrett Fawcett, on whose commission to investigate concentration camps during the Boer War, Jane Waterston served. Fine £25

240. (WHARTON) R.W.B. Lewis And Nancy Lewis The Letters of Edith Wharton Simon & Schuster 1988 [9747] Fine in fine d/w – 654pp £12

241. (WOOLF) Virginia Woolf A Writer’s Diary Hogarth Press, 6th imp 1972 [9368] Fine in d/w (previous owner’s name neatly written on free front endpaper) £12

Ephemera

242. The Australian Army at War; an official record of service in two hemispheres 1939-1944 HMSO 1944 [12221] Soft covers -72pp – with photographs £2

243. Mother India’s Daughters: the significance of the Women’s Movement Women’s International League no date [1934] [13073] ‘The Women’s Movement in India is growing with a rapidity and vigour which is probably without parallel..it is essential that British men and women should be prepared to give it their understanding, sympathy and support. 8-pp pamphlet – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8

244. Registration Requirements for 1929 Register HMSO 1928 [12222] Schedules setting out the requirements for registering on the first electoral register under the 1928 Representation of the People Act. 10-pp pamphlet – good – ex-Women’s Library £2

245. VICTORIA LEAGUE – BATH BRANCH – AWARD OF MERIT [13771] The Victoria League was founded by women in 1901 to promote greater understanding between all parts of the British Empire – concentrating on hospitality and education. This certificate – Award of Merit – was awarded to Francis A. Bodger – for ‘Australia’, presumably an essay. Francis Ainsworth Bodger was born in 1877, in 1911 was a sergeant in the Royal Artillery, and died in Bath in 1940. The certificate gives the name of the Branch President as Leila Cubitt, and she died in Bath in 1951. The decorative certificate has at its centre a black & white illustration by Robert Anning Bell ‘What is the Flag of England Winds of the World Declare’. Good £12

246. ACT NO XIX OF 1929 (Passed by the Indian Legislature) An Act To Restrain the Solemnisation of Child Marriages [13472] Received the Assent of the Governor General, 1 Oct 1929. 4pp – good £3

247. ASSOCIATION FOR MORAL AND SOCIAL HYGIENE Collection of Annual Reports [12313] A collection of 13 of the Association’s Annual Reports – 7th (1921/22)-15th (1929/30); 29th (1950)-33rd (1954). Packed with information – and names of members, Paper covers – all in good condition – 13 items – together £50

248. ASSOCIATION FOR PROMOTING THE EMPLOYMENT OF HIGH SCHOOL GIRLS IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLWORK Report of Meeting Held at the Westminster Town Hall on Wed Nov 12th 1902 [13043] The Association was formed in 1897 and was disbanded in 1905. The Association’s aim, at its most basic, of promoting the employment of middle-class young women – ie those who had attended high schools – in working-class – ie elementary – schools. ‘Higher teachers are now at last waking up to the absolute necessity of training, and Elementary teachers are far more cultured than they were five or ten years ago.’16-pp pamphlet – good £4

249. ASSOCIATION OF ASSISTANT MISTRESSES Education Policy (with special reference to Secondary Education) AAM no date (1920s?) [13042] 4-pp leaflet. Good – ex-Board of Education library £2

250. ASSOCIATION OF ASSISTANT MISTRESSES IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS The Teaching of English 1907 [12706] A paper given by Miss C.L. Thomson at the 1907 Annual Meeting of the Association. 16-pp pamphlet – good – ex-Board of Education library £8

251. ASSOCIATION OF HEAD MISTRESSES Memorandum Forwarded to the President of the Board of Education, 5 Jan 1907 [12698] 8-pp pamphlet dealing with the issue of the length of the school day and whether afternoon classes should be compulsory or optional. Good – ex-Board of Education libary £5

252. ASSOCIATION OF UNIVERSITY WOMEN TEACHERS Thirtieth Annual Report, 1912-1913 AUWT 1914 [13216] Includes a (slightly surprisingly) long list of the members. Soft covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £10

253. AUTOGRAPHS (2) [13058] A sheet of paper on which are fixed the cut-out signatures of Marie, Lady Willoughby de Broke, Maud Selborne (the Countess of Selborne), Florence E. Barrett, Henrietta Barnett, Margery Corbett Ashby, Dorothy Jewson, Mabel Dearmer and Hester Kempthorne (wife of a bishop) £45

254. AUTOGRAPHS – LEAGUE OF CHURCH MILITANT [13060] 4 sheets of paper to which are fixed 28 cut-out signatures of members of the League of Church Militant, the successor to the Church League for Women’s Suffrage. The signatures include thos of Margaret Benn (Lady Stansgate), Hope Joseph (artist), Evelyn Morrison (a WSPU activist), Edith Picton-Turbervill and M.A.R. Tuker. Many of the signatures are identified by pencilled annotations. Together £35

255. AUTOGRAPHS – THE GUILDHOUSE [13061] The Guildhouse was an ecumenical place of worship and cultural centre founded in 1921 by Maude Royden. On 4 sheets of paper are fixed 25 cut-out signatures, including those of Maude Royden, Hudson Shaw, Daisy Dobson (Maude Royden’s secretary), Zoe Procter (former WSPU activist), and Katherine Courtney (of the NUWSS). Together £45

256. BARTON, Dorothea Women’s Minimum Wages 1921 [12269] reprinted from the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, July 1921. Paper covers -c 40pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £6

257. BINFIELD, Clyde Belmont’s Portias: Victorian nonconformists and middle-class education for girls Dr Williams’ Trust 1981 [9158] The 35th Friends of Dr Williams’s Library Lecture. Paper covers – 35pp – good – scarce £18

258. BOARD OF EDUCATION List of Elementary Schools and Training Colleges under the Administration of the Board 1902-1903 HMSO 1903 [13333] The lists include the number of pupils at each school, the average attendance and the amount the school received in an annual grant. This is bound with (1) ‘Lists of Secondary Schools, Science and Art Schools and Classes, and Evening Schools under the Administration of the Board 1902-1903′. The lists give details of the number of pupils attending day and night classes in both Science and in Art and the total ammount allocated in grants to each school. (2) ‘Evening Schools Aided by Parliamentary Grants’, giving the number of pupils receiving grants. Packed with information on schools and classes in England and Wales. Leather bound, 193pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £28

259. BRITISH, CONTINENTAL, AND GENERAL FEDERATION FOR THE ABOLITION OF GOVERNMENT REGULATION OF PROSTITUTION Fourth Annual Report British, Continental, and General Federation 1879 [12322] Covers the year 1878-79. Paper covers – good – a little creased and chipped £12

260. BRITISH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION Report of Committee on Industrial Health in Factories BMA 1941 [12334] 43-pp wartime report – paper covers – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3

261. BUTLER, Josephine (ed) The Storm Bell Ladies’ National Association for the Abolition of State Regulation of Vice Feb 1899 [9802] Single issue. Contains the rather touching notice: ‘If there should occasionally be some delay or irregularity in the appearance of the Storm Bell, I beg my Friends to judge its Editor leniently….As I have no Sub-Editor, it will be understood that it is not always easy to prepare even so humble a periodical as this, in time to be out exactly at the right date.’ Fine – scarce £28

262. BYLES, Marie Domicile of Married Women The United Associations, Sydney 1930s?? [12538] 4-pp leaflet on the question of the domicile of married women in Australia. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £2

263. CAMPBELL, Dame Janet Infant Mortality Ministry of Health 1929 [12257] International Inquiry of the Health Organisation of the League of Nations, English Section. Paper covers – 118pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8

264. CARPENTER, J. Estlin The Promotion of International Peace Through Universities National Peace Council 1912 [13210] ‘A Paper read at the Eighth National Peace Congress, 1912′. 12-pp – paper covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £8

265. CHARITY ORGANISATION REVIEW Vol X (New Series) July To Dec 1901 Longmans, Green 1902 [9244] half-yearly bound volume of the COS’s own magazine. Very good £28

266. CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY D.R. Sharpe Centralised Registration of Assistance COS 1911 [9236] Paper read on 31 May 1911 at the Annual National Conference of Charity Organisation Societies. Paper covers – 14pp pamphlet – good – unusual £18

267. CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY Miss Pike Friendly Visiting and Personal Service COS 1911 [9238] Paper read on 1 June 1911 at the Annual National Conference of Charity Organisation Societies. Paper covers – 11pp – good – a little foxing – unusual £20

268. COMMISSION OF ENQUIRY INTO INDUSTRIAL UNREST: Report of the Commission for Wales HMSO 1917 [13215] 50pp – good reading copy – bound into later card covers – ex-Board of Education Library £12

269. DAME IRENE WARD (1895-1980) [12477] Collecction of letters and cards from Irene Ward (Conservative MP for, first, in 1931, Wallsend and then, 1950, Tyneside) to a friend, Cynthia Josephine Romilly (after her marriage in 1964, Romilly-Luscombe) (1914-2001) – together with a colleciton of cuttings about Irene Ward that her correspondent pasted onto album sheets – together with a quantity of loose cuttings – following the MP’s career – from the early 1940s. The correspondence continues into the late 1970s. Good – as a collection. £65

270. DINNER AND PRESENTATION TO MISS ALISON NEILANS [12351] 4-pp leaflet, reprinted from ‘The Shield’, Dec 1938, describing the ‘Silver Jubilee dinner held at St Ermin’s Hotel, Westminster, to celebrate Miss Neilans’ 25 years work with the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene’. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8

271. EASTMAN, Linda The Child, the School, and the Library reprinted from the Library Journal 1896 [12783] She was employed by the Public Library, Dayton, Ohio and the address was given at the first annual meeting of the Ohio Library Association, Cleveland. Small, 22-pp pamphlet – ex-Board of Education library – good £5

272. ELECTRICAL ASSOCIATION FOR WOMEN [13702] Rather attractive blue enamel and silver badge – the shield shape badge hanging from a bar engraved ‘Nottingham Branch Vice President’. The EAW was founded in 1924 to ‘popularise the domestic use of electricity’. The Nottinghamshire Archives hold records of the very active Nottingham branch of the EAW. (See also item 76) Very good £20

273. ELECTRICAL ASSOCIATION FOR WOMEN BADGE – NOTTINGHAM BRANCH [13700] Rather attractive blue enamel and silver badge – the shield shape badge hanging from a bar engraved ‘Nottingham Branch Chairman’. The EAW was founded in 1924 to ‘popularise the domestic use of electricity’. The Nottinghamshire Archives hold records of the very active Nottingham branch of the EAW. (See also item 76) Very good £20

274. FABIAN WOMEN’S GROUP Summary of Eight Papers and Discussions upon the Disabilities of Mothers as Workers Fabian Women’s Group (Private Circulation) 1910 [12973] Papers by Mrs Pember Reeves, Dr Ethel Vaughan-Sawyer, Mrs Spence Weiss, Mrs Bartrick Baker, Mrs Stanbury, Mrs S.K. Ratcliffe, Miss B.L. Hutchins, Mrs O’Brien Harris. Paper covers – good £15

275. FEDERATION OF SOCIETIES OF TEACHERS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION [13329] Two of the Federation’s annual reports. First Annual Report (Oct 1935-Sept 1936), 6pp; Fourth Annual Report (October 1938-Dec 1939), 12pp. Both soft covers, both very good. Together £12

276. FRIENDS’ CENTRAL EDUCATION COMMITTEE Inspection of Friends’ Boarding Schools by the Board of Education:General Report 1905 [13331] J.W. Headlam was Director of the Enquiry and the author of the Report. Soft covers – 50pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £12

277. GIRLS’ OWN ANNUAL, Oct 1896-Sept 1897 [3123] Very good internally – in slightly worn publisher’s binding. Includes a series of articles on ‘What are the provincial county councils doing for girls?’ and all the usual wonderful mix – plus the Extra Christmas Number and an extra Diamond Jubilee Number. Heavy £20

278. GOULD, Frederick J. Why Educate? [12860] A lecture given under the auspices of the National Union of Women Teachers, in connection with the Annual Educational Week-end in Chesterfield, September 24, 1926. Paper covers – good – 15pp. Together with a 2-sided leaflet on Educational Reform pub by the Rationalist Association. Both in goodish condition – ex-Board of Education library £4

279. HARRIS, E.M. Married Women in Industry Institute of Personnel Management 1954 [12293] Paper covers – 30pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3

280. HILL, Charles H. E. Memorandum on the National Service Acts, 1939-41 and other emergency legislation prepared for the War Resisters’ International War Resisters’ International 1942 [12367] 16-pp pamphlet – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £4

281. HMSO Third Report from the Select Committee on National Expenditure: Health and Welfare of Women in War Factories HMSO 1942 [12219] 24-pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £8

282. HOMERTON COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE [12782] Reports of the Congregational Board of Education on its Training College, Homerton Undenominational College – for the years ending 30 June 1900, 1901, 1902., 1903, 1905. All in good condition – ex Board of Education library – 3 items together £28

283. HOSMER, Harriet [13465] 2pp handwritten letter, on black-edged note paper, written by the American sculptor, Harriet Hosmer (1830-1908), from her studio in Rome – at ’38 Gregoriana’. She is inviting ‘Mrs Newton’ to her studio and giving details of the times of her ‘open house’. Mrs Newton, with her husband, is in Rome on a visit. There is no date – but probably 1860s or 1870s? Fine £20

284. HOUSEWIFE [13578] 3 issues of this popular magazine – for April & August 1941 and September 1943. Packed with evocative advertisements – and war-time making-do. Interesting. Good – three together £8

285. INTER-ALLIED INFORMATION COMMITTEE Women Under Axis Rule HMSO [1943] [13694] No 7 in the ‘Conditions in Occupied Territories’ Reports. good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £10

286. [JEX-BLAKE] Margaret Todd Sophia Jex-Blake [13519] Obituary article by Jex-Blake’s close friend – reprinted from the Royal Free Hospital Magazine. 8-pp – printed by the Women’s Printing Society – fine – in paper covers £12

287. JEX-BLAKE, Sophia Medical Education for Women 1872 [13518] ‘The substance of a lecture delivered on April 26th 1872, in St George’s Hall, London, The Rt Hon, the Earl of Shaftesbury in the Chair’. The lecture is enhanced by a multitude of footnotes and appendices. Paper wrappers – 86pp. All is good – except that the bottom few lines of pp83-86 (inc) and the back wrapper have disappeared – damp? Very scarce – COPAC lists copies held only at Bristol, Sheffield, Glasgow, LSE & the Women’s Library @ LSE. £55

288. LEAGUE OF NATIONS HMSO [12558] International Labour Conference: 1) Draft Conventions and Recommendations adopted by the Conference at its 12th session, 30 May-21 June 1929. 34pp; 2) Draft Conventions and Recommendations adopted by the conference at its 16th Session 12 April-30 April 1932. 34pp; 3) Draft Conventions and Recommendation adopted by the Conference at its 18th Session 4 June-23 June 1934. 30pp. All good – together £4

289. LEAGUE OF NATIONS [12559] Council for the Representation of Women in the League of Nations, Annual Report 1926-7. Millicent Fawcett was present at the Annual Meeting of the Council, of which Mrs Ogilvie Gordon was President, in Nov 1927. 4-pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £1

290. LOCAL GOVERNMENT BOARD Supplement in continuation of the Report of the Medical Officer of the Board for 1914-15 Containing a Report on Maternal Mortality in connection with childbearing and its relation to Infant Mortality. HMSO 1915 [12256] The 44th Annual Report of the Local Government Board, 1914-15. Complete, but missing its paper covers – otherwise good – 140pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8

291. LONDON INSTITUTE FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF PLAIN NEEDLEWORK Annual Report for the Year ending September 30th, 1909 1909 [13041] 24pp – good in card covers – ex-Board of Education library £8

292. ‘LOVE, HOPE & PATIENCE – THESE MUST BE THY GRACES’ [13781] is the motto on a badge, wound on a metal ribbon underneath a shield shape -enamel on gold-coloured metal. The background enamel colour is purple, there is a green stripe vertically at an angle through the centre and on top of that are three white lilies’. The quote is Coleridge’s. Does anybody recognise this – surely a badge for a girls’ school or college? It is a substantial object – and does have a maker’s mark on the back – but I cannot make it out. In very good condition £10

293. Manchester High School for Girls [11374] Letter dated 2 April 1873 from Edward Freeman (Somerleaze, Wells, Somerset) writes to ‘My dear Lord’ (possibly a Bishop?) ‘I see your name as a “patron” of the new Girls School to be set up at Manchester. ..I would venture to recommend a candidate for the place of Head Mistress, which I hear that the Committee are going about to fill.’ His recommendation is Miss Macarthur ‘who has been governess in my house for nearly five years. ..She is in correspondence with Miss Vernon, to whom Mrs Kitchener first spoke of her…I think the best witness of my opinion of her is that I have set her to write one of my series of small histories, a History of Scotland which I hope will be out soon.’ ‘though she does not actually understand Latin and Greek, she knows all abou them..’ Unfortunately Miss Macarthur was not appointed; there being far better qualified candidates competing for this sought after position. She was Margaret A.R. Macarthur, born in Scotland in 1842 and was the author of ‘History of Scotland’ in Freeman’s Historical Course for Schools. It would be interesting to find out what happened to her. Mss – 4pp – fine £45

294. MANNING, E. A. Moral Teaching in Schools: a paper read at the Social Science Congress, Brighton Edward Stanford Oct 1875 [13208] Elizabeth Adelaide Manning was, among other things, for many years hon sec of the National Indian Association. Paper covers – 16pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £12

295. MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND NATIONAL SERVICE Time Rates of Wages and Hours of Labour HMSO 1952 [12298] Covers every type of employment for coal mining to cinema usherette. Paper covers – 248pp £8

296. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN WORKERS OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND Collection of Conference Reports [13207] Papers Read at the Conferences held at Cheltenham and Gloucester, 1903; Birmingham, 1905; Tunbridge Wells, 1906; Manchester, 1907; Aberdeen, 1908; and Lincoln, 1910. The Papers cover a wide range of the subjects close to the heart of the actively philanthropic women involved with the NUWW. The speakers included, at random, Margaret Bondfield, Henrietta Barnett, Millicent Fawcett, Sarah Siddons Mair, Eunice Murray, Honnor Morten, Mrs George Cadbury, Dorothea Beale, Sarah Burstall, Mary MacArthur, Sarah Dickenson and Margaret Irwin. 6 volumes – good reading copies – they have been disbound at some point from an all-encompassing binding and the sewing is no longer tight. Ex-Board of Education Library. Scarce. As a collection £80

297. PALLISTER, Minnie Socialism for Women ILP no date [1924] [12759] ‘Not only the “Intelligent” Women but for all Women’ – with a nod to G.B. Shaw. Paper covers -18-pp pamphlet – good £18

298. PRIMROSE LEAGUE Dance Card [12476] for a Primrose League Dance organised by the North Kensington (Hamilton Habitation on 23 January 1908 at the Ladbroke Hall. Green’s Imperial Orchestra provided the music and on the reverse of the card is a list of the dances – beginning with a Polka and ending with a Sir Roger de Coverley. Thick card – all edges gilt – with a punch hole at one corner (through which a silken twist would once have been threaded – either to loop around the wrist – or, perhaps, attached to a pencil). This card has not been completed with the names of the lucky partners. Very good – unusual £15

299. REPORT OF A DEPARTMENTAL COMMITTEE ON THE PREVALENCE OF VENEREAL DISEASE AMONG THE BRITISH TROOPS IN INDIA HMSO 1897 [12353] 33-pp foolscap Report – together with – ‘A Rough Record 1858-1935 on the work of the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene, in connection with the British Army in India’ – 8-pp foolscap report. In good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £12

300. ROYDEN, A. Maude The Hour and the Church Allen & Unwin 1918 [12232] Soft covers – very good – withdrawn from the Women’s library £10

301. SENIOR, Mrs Nassau Pauper Schools HMSO 1875 [10457] ‘Copy ”of a Letter addressed to the President of the Local Government Board by Mrs Nassau Senior, lately an Inspector of the Board, being a reply to the observation of Mr Tufnell, also a former inspector upon her report on pauper schools’. This was a follow-up to Mrs Senior’s 1874 report. 24pp – large format – disbound. £55

302. SIR HENRY JONES [11407] writes a glowing testimonial for his former pupil, Mabel Atkinson, a candidate for a lectureship at the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire. She was a graduate of Glasgow University and was then a research student at LSE, a Fabian and a suffragette. .LSE Library holds some material on her. Fine £48

303. SMALL COLLECTION DOCUMENTING THE ACADEMIC PROGRESS OF MURIEL LONG AT THE COUNTY HIGH SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, WEST KIRBY 1920-1926 [12613] The tenor of Muriel’s school reports is ‘very fair’ – and we all know what that means. But she was clearly much younger than the average age of the class and does quite well in maths and science. Generally her conduct is ‘very good’ but at least one report notes ‘rather noisy in the class room’.Included in the collection are a number of programmes for Speech Day and Annual Sports. In 1926 Muriel went on to Underwood Commercial College in Liverpool to learn shorthand and typing (1st in the class in ‘Office Routine’). I think Muriel married in 1940 and died in 2006 – leaving bequests to Venice in Peril and the Royal Overseas League – so it doesn’t look as though being graded only ‘very fair’ at Scripture, Ancient History etc had prevented her taking an interest. An eclectic collection of material £45

304. TEACHERS’ GUILD OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND Collection of Annual Reports [13217] Reports for 1896-1897; 1897; 1899; 1900; 1901-1902; 1904-1905; 1905-1906; 1906; 1907-1908; 1908; 1909-10; 1910; 1911-12. The Guild represented both male and female teachers. With much detail of local branches. Each Report c 90pp, in original paper covers (the occasional cover present, but detached) – all in good condition. Together – 13 items £80

305. TEACHERS’ GUILD OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND List of Members Alphabetically Arranged 1913 [13218] Names and addresses – very useful. Women teachers appear to be in the majority. Soft covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £15

306. THE ASSOCIATION FOR MORAL AND SOCIAL HYGIENE The Alison Neilans Memorial Lectures AMSH [12337] 2 of these annual lectures: 1) No 5 Mary Stocks, Josephine Butler and the Moral Standards of Today, 1961; 2) No 6 T.C.N. Gibbens, The Clients of Prostitutes, 1962. paper covers – in good condition, withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £8

307. THE ASSOCIATION OF HEAD MISTRESSES List of Public Secondary Schools for Girls 1903 1903 [13045] Card covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £10

308. THE ASSOCIATION OF HEAD MISTRESSES List of Public Secondary Schools for Girls 1905 1905 [13046] Card covers – good – ex-Board of Education library £10

310. THE HOME ARTS & INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION A Collection of the Association’s Reports [13332] The Home Arts & Industries Association was founded in 1884 by Eglantyne Jebb and was instrumental in spearheading a revived interest in the craft movement. The Association had its office and studios in the Royal Albert Hall. The collection comprises the Reports for 1902, 1905, 1906 (1 two-sided leaflet and a 4-pp leaflet setting out barest details of the Association, which appears to have been undergoing a financial crisis. I am not sure whether there were reports for 1907 and 1908), 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918. Most in very good condition (that for 1902 may be disbound, front page is present, but loose). – ex-Board of Education Library. Together £55

311. THE LAUNDRY INDUSTRY EDUCATION BOARD Education, Training and Scholarships in the Laundry Industry Laundry Industry Education Board 1953 (revised) [13214] A vanished world of work. Paper covers – 16pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £8

312. THE SHIELD [12339] ‘The Official Organ of the British Committee of the International Federation for the Abolition of State Regulation of Vice’ – 5 issues. 1) August 1911; 2) Feb-March 1926; 3) May 1940; 4) Oct 1961; 5) Nov 1970 (Centenary Number) All paper covers – good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. – together £12

313. THE SPHERE, 19 June 1915 [3498] Includes double-page spread – with photographs – on ‘Women as war nurses: scenes in the war hospitals in France, England and Russia’. Complete issue – disbound – probably missing back cover -good £12

314. THE SPHERE, 25 March 1916 [3497] Includes photographs and text about London work rooms of the Red Cross – making slippers, knitting, sewing – under chandeliers in Grosvenor Sq house. Complete issue – disbound -probably missing back cover – good £12

315. THE SPHERE, 31 May 1919 [1723] single page with words and pictures showing women workers making shells at the Wolseley Motor Works. Good £3

316. THE VIGILANCE RECORD [12336] ‘The Organ of the National Vigilance Association’, 3 issues: 1) 15 January 1888, ed Mrs Ormiston Chant 2) April 1926 3) April 1928. All withdrawn from the Women’s Library – in good condition – nicked and creassed at edges. Together £10

317. TOULMIN, Camilla A Story of the Factories (c 1842) [6136] ‘It was on a fine summer morning in the year 1841 that three young persons, the children of an agricultural labourer, presented themselves at a certain railway station, and, after obtaining third-class tickets, might have been seen waiting for the arrival of the train…’ They had left their native Dorsetshire to travel to Manchester.. Short story – a tract – 32pp – recently bound in card covers – very good £18

318. WHITE, Florence The Spinsters Manifesto!!: a detailed statement of the case for contributory (non-retiring) pensions at 55 National Spinsters Pensions Association 1945 [11346] ‘We herewith present the case for pension consideration for single women at 55, trusting that after perusal you will be impressed by the reasonable nature of the reform advocated, agreeing with us that single women are indeed the OVERLOOKED SECTION in the present Social Insurance Proposals’. Pamphlet -12pp – fine £28

319. WILKINS, Mrs Roland The Training and Employment of Education Women in Horticulture and Agriculture Women’s Farm and Garden Association 1927 [13213] Soft covers – 52pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £25
320. WILSON, Dr Helen Prostitution and the Law: is prostitution a trade? Association for Moral and Social Hygiene [1926] [13469] reprinted from ‘The Shield’, March 1926. 8-pp pamphlet. Very good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £10

321. WOMAN AT HOME (Annie S. Swan’s Magazine) Hodder & Stoughton 1894 [13692] Includes chapters from Annie Swan’s ‘Elizabeth Glen, M.B.; the experiences of a lady doctor’, as well as the usual wide range of interviews, articles -including fashion, cookery and house furnishing, and stories. Good – hundreds of pages! £18

322. WOMEN’S EMPLOYMENT FEDERATION Careers: a memorandum on openings and trainings for girls and women 1964 [12281] The 21st ed. Soft covers – 146pp – very good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5

323. WOMEN’S GROUP ON PUBLIC WELFARE Loneliness: an enquiry into causes and possible remedies National Council of Social Service revised ed 1964 [12552] An interesting snapshot of one aspect of the early 1960s. Soft covers – 72pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5

324. WOMEN’S INDUSTRIAL COUNCIL Annual Report, 1904-5 [12703] packed with information on the work of the WIC – including that of its Central Lending Library for Working Girls’ Clubs, its Central Association for Circulating Pictures (to Girls’ Clubs), a list of its lectures, names of its subscribers etc. Paper covers – very good – ex-Education Library £15 SOLD

325. WOMEN’S INDUSTRIAL COUNCIL Nineteenth Annual Report 1912-13 [12704] Includes a long, v interesting and wide-ranging list of lectures given – as well as details of the work undertaken by the council – including the trades into which it had undertaken investigations. Paper covers – very good – ex-Board of Education library £15

326. WOMEN’S INSTITUTE badge [13715] Very crisp enamel and metal badge – ‘For Home and Country’ £6

327. WOMEN’S INSTITUTE CHINA [13778] Cup, saucer and plate – white china rimmed in gold – with WI logo – ‘For Home and Country’ on each piece – in green, red and gold – dating from 1930s/1940s. Just imagine the Institute teas such china has witnessed. No manufacturer’s mark. In fine condition £20

328. WOMEN’S INTERNATIONAL PEACE CRUSADE [13703] Programme for Re-Union at Large Caxton Hall, Westminster, S.W. on Thursday March 21st 1935. Sylvia Pankhurst took the Chair and there were speeches by former suffragette Mrs Edith Mansell-Moullin, Walter Greenwood, author of ‘Loe on the Dole’ and Canon Dick Sheppard – amongst others. 4-pp – very good

329. WORKING WOMEN IN THE USA [12572] Collection of pamphlets. 1) The Family Status of Breadwining Women: a study of material in the census schedules in a selected locality, US Department of Labor, 1922; 2) The Occupational Progress of Women: an interpretation of census statistics of women in gainful occupations, US Department of Labor, 1922; 3) The Nonworking Time of Industrial Women Workers: study by students of the Hudson Shore Labor School under the direction of Juliet Fisher, Fuly 1940, Bulletin of the Women’s Bureau no 181, 1940; :4) Lifting Heavy Weights in Defense Industries, Women’s Bureau US Department of Labor, 1941; 5) Women Workers in Their Family Environment, Women’s Bureau US Department of Labor no 183, 1941; 6) ‘Equal Pay’ for Women in War Industries, Women’s Bureau no 196, 1942; 7) Progress Report on Women War Workers’ Housing, Special Bulletin no 17 of the Women’s Bureau, 1944; 8) International Labour Office, The Declaration of Philadelphia, adopted at the 26th Session of the International Labour Conference, 1944; 9) When You Hire Women, US Department of Labor, Women’s Bureau Special Bulletin no 14, 1944; 10) Employment Opportunities for Women in Professional Accounting, US Department of Labor Women’s Bureau Bulletin no 258, 1955; 11) Job Horizons for the College Woman, US Department of Labor Women’s Bureau Pamphlet One, 1956; 12) ‘Older’ Women as Office Workers, US Department of Labor Women’s Bureau, 1953; 13) Employment Opportunities for Women in Legal Work, US Department of Labor Women’s Bureau Bulletin no 265, 1958; 14) Women in the World Today: Notes on Women’s Employment in the United States and Nine European Countires, US Department of Labor, 1963; 15) Employment Opportunities for Women: Secretary, Typist, Stenographer, Other Clerical, US Department of Labor Women’s Bureau Bulletin 263, 1957; 16) Why Not Be An Engineer?, US Department of Labor Women’s Bureau, c 1966 and another, probably 1970s version; 17) Background Facts on Women Workers in the United States, US Department of Labor Women’s Bureau, 1967 All in good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £15

Postcards

330. BEDFORD COLLEGE The Common Room [13254] Real photographic card – I can see a print of G. F.Watts’ ‘Hope’ among the pictures – and is that a portrait of Emily Penrose over the fireplace? I’m not sure. Very good – printed in Berlin so probably dates from pre-1914 – unposted £10

331. CLARK’S COLLEGE, CIVIL SERVICE Preparing for the Lady Clerk’s G.P.O. Exam [9233] Photographic postcard of the young women preparing for this exam which, if they passed, offered a chance of bettering themselves. Very good – unposted £12

332. GEORGE LANSBURY, MP, LCC [13279] real photographic postcard published by the Church Socialist League, London branch, pre – First World War. Fine – unposted £25

333. KITCHEN AND HOUSEHOLD STAFF [13689] photographed in a large kitchen – difficult to know if it is that of a large house or of an institution – but I rather think a house. There are maids in overalls and aprons and kitchen staff standing in front of a long wooden table – with a mincer clamped to it – and an array of bowls and implements. All are women except for one man, earing a white jacket. Definitely Edwardian – an unusual photograph of ‘downstairs’. Good – unposted £6 SOLD

334. MERCHANT TAYLORS’ SCHOOL FOR GIRLS [11781] Real photographic postcard of the exterior of the Crosby, Liverpool, girls’ school. The ink message on the back includes ‘The view is of Aunty Nina’s school..’ and continues onto the front of the card on white space to the side of the photograph. Posted in, I think, 1933. Good £10

Fiction

335. BEHN, Aphra Ten Pleasures of Marriage and the second part of The Confession of the New Married Couple printed for the Navarre Society 1950 [12468] With an introduction by John Harvey. Good – corners a little bumped £10

336. CLIFT, Charmian Walk to the Paradise Gardens Harper & Bros (NY) 1960 [12458] First US edition of this Australian novel. Very good in very good d/w, which is slightly chipped at top and bottom of spine £25

337. FALCONER, Lanoe Mademoiselle Ixe T. Fisher Unwin 7th ed, 1924 [12648] In Cabinet Library series £5

338. FEINSTEIN, Elaine The Russian Jerusalem Carcanet 2008 [12394] A novel of Russia – both Putin’s and Stalin’s – with poems and pictures. Soft covers – mint £5

339. FRANCK, Julia The Blind Side of the Heart Harvill 2009 [12404] Translated from the German by Anthea Bell. Portrayal of a family through two world wars. Fine in fine d/w £5

340. FREED, Lynn The Servants’ Quarters Houghton Mifflin Harcourt 2009 [11975] ‘A witty, original take on ‘Beauty and the Beast’ featuring a fiercely intrepid young Jewish girl plagued by fears of the Holocaust, a wealthy, cultured aristocrat horribly disfigured in World War II and a mother whose ambitions know no bounds.’ Fine in fine d/w £7

341. HASTINGS, Lady Flora Poems William Blackwood 1841 [5816] The poems of poor Lady Flora were edited for publication by her sister. Lady Flora, a lady in waiting at court in 1838, was suspected of being pregnant, though unmarried. In fact her body was swollen with illness – and she died. Everybody was then v. sorry. Pasted onto the free front endpaper is a black-bordered printed ‘Elegy on the Death of Lady Flora Hastings.’ Annotation in ink reveals that the copy had in 1882 belonged to Mr John Gladstone, 39 Gunter Grove, Redcliffe Gardens, London S.W.. Latterly the copy had been held in the City of Cardiff Reference Library – perhaps given to it by Mr Gladstone. It bears a ‘Withdrawn from Stock’ stamp as well as the library label on the front pastedown. The copy, in its original decorative green cloth, is worn along spine and hinge to front board is tender – contents very good £25

342. JOHNSON, Sue The Broken Book Allen & Unwin (Australia) 2004 [12454] A novel inspired by the life of the Australian writer, Charmian Clift. Soft covers – mint £6

343. LEHMANN, Beatrix Rumour of Heaven Methuen, 2nd ed 1935 [4120] Good £7

344. MATHESON, Annie Selected Poems Old and New Henry Frowde 1899 [1439] Very good £10

345. TAYLOR, Mary Miss Miles OUP 1990 [12413] Mary Taylor was the life-long friend of Charlotte Bronte. This edition with an introduction by Janet Horowitz Murray. Soft covers – very good £6

346. TRAVERS, Graham [pseud of Margaret Todd] Mona MacLean: medical student William Blackwood, 14th ed 1899 [11784] Novel written by Sophia Jex-Blake’s friend and biographer. Cover marked – scarce £38

347. WINTERSON, Jeanette (ed) Passion Fruit: romantic fiction with a twist Pandora 1986 [5723] A collection of short stories. Paper covers – fine £6

Suffrage Non-fiction

348. ANTHONY Jr, Charles The Social and Political Dependence of Women Longmans, Green, and Co 1880 (6th ed) [12058] This was one of the earliest books published in support of J.S. Mill’s proposed amendment to the 1867 Reform Bill – to give qualified women the vote. Interestingly he begins his tract with an analysis of the way in which ridicule was used to dismiss the idea of the enfranchised woman. Charles Anthony was the editor of the ‘Hereford Times’. Helen Blackburn lists the book in her Bibliography for ‘The Record of Women’s Suffrage’ . Very good internally in original decorated cloth, slight rubbing to head and tail of spine – unusual £65

349. ATKINSON, Diane Funny Girls: cartooning for equality Penguin 1997 [12164] Soft covers – very good £5

350. BLACKBURN, Helen (ed) A Handbook for Women engaged in social and political work J.W. Arrowsmith 1895 [3534] Packed with information and names; Helen Blackburn’s precise intelligence shines through. Two pull-out diagrams. Very good – and very scarce £80

351. CAMPBELL, Olwen W. The Feminine Point of View Williams & Norgate 1952 [4231] The report of a Conference which began in the winter of 1947 and included among its members Teresa Billington-Greig and Margery Corbett Ashby. Olwen Campbell was the daughter of Mary Ward, who had been the leading light of the Cambridge Association for Women’s Suffrage. Very good in d/w £18

352. DOBBIE, B.M. Willmott Dobbie A Nest of Suffragettes in Somerset: Eagle House, Batheaston Batheaston Society 1979 [13585] The story of the Blathwayt family and their involvement in the women’s suffrage movement – copiously illustrated by the photographs taken by Col Blathwayt. Soft covers – quite scarce £26

353. DOVE, Iris Yours in the Cause: suffragettes in Lewisham, Greenwich and Woolwich Lewisham Library Services and Greenwich Library Services 1988 [13110] 22-pp in card covers. Withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Scarce £25

354. GIBSON, Sir John The Emancipation of Women Gwasg Gomer 1992 [10973] First published in 1891. Gibson was editor of the ‘Cambrian News’ between 1875-1915 and a strong supporter of women’s suffrage in Wales. Soft covers – mint £12

355. KENT, Susan Sex and Suffrage in Britain, 1860-1914 Princeton University Press 1987 [1361] Fine in d/w (which has one slight nick) £20

356. KING, Elspeth The Scottish Women’s Suffrage Movement People’s Palace, Glasgow 1978 [13272] Soft-covered booklet that was published to accompany the ‘Right to Vote’ exhibition organised by the People’s Palace Museum to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the 1928 Representation of the People Act. Very good £12

357. LEWIS, Jane Before the Vote was Won: arguments for and against women’s suffrage 1864-1896 Routledge (Women’s Source Library) 1987 [12099] A very useful collection of texts. Fine in d/w £28

358. MARKINO, Yoshio My Idealed John Bullesses Constable 1913 [7381] A Japanese illustrator – includes a long chapter, with illustrations, about Christabel Pankhurst and the WSPU. Good – with decorative cloth cover. Bears the ownership inscription of the novelist Beatrice Kean – scarce £155

359. MARTIN, Anna Mother and Social Reform NUWSS 1913 [11478] Two articles reprinted from the ‘Nineteenth Century and After’ issues of May and June 1913 as a booklet. Anna Martin, deeply concerned about the level of infant mortality and general ill-health of poor women and children, argues for easier separation in cases where the husband and father is neglectful or worse, the right of women to a ‘maintenance’ that is in some way defined. With a membership form for the NUWSS tipped in at the front, and a subscription form to ‘The Common Cause’ at the back. Paper covers (with a few nicks at edges) – very good condition -64pp £45

360. MORGAN, David Suffragists and Liberals: the politics of woman suffrage in Britain Basil Blackwell 1975 [12133] Fine in d/w £15

361. MORRELL, Caroline ‘Black Friday': violence against women in the suffragette movement Women’s Research and Resources Centre Publications 1981 [13705] An excellent, balanced, study of what happened in Parliament Square on 18 November 1910 – and the aftermath. Many of the questions that the author poses have not yet been answered. A pamphlet No 9 in the ‘Explorations in Feminism’ series. Soft covers – very good – and very scarce £45

362. PETHICK-LAWRENCE, Frederick The Women’s Fight for the Vote The Woman’s Press 1910 [13138] One of the classics of the women’s suffrage campaign. Very good internally – delightfully decorated cover (purple and gold) slightly rubbed and faded- – very scarce £150

363. ROVER, Constance Love, Morals and the Feminists Routledge 1970 [4552] Good in d/w – though ex-library £18

364. RUBINSTEIN, David Before the Suffragettes: women’s emancipation in the 1890s Harvester 1986 [13158] Soft covers – very good £15

365. SEAWELL, Molly Elliot The Ladies’ Battle Macmillan Co (NY) 1911 [11143] She was an American novelist who here argues against women’s suffrage, maintaining that if women were to vote an unlooked-for ‘general revolution’ would be inaugurated. Good – uncommon £38

366. STOPES, Charlotte Carmichael British Freewomen: their historical privilege Swan Sonnenschein, 3rd ed 1907 [13137] An important volume in the historiography of the women’s suffrage movement. Mrs Stopes made use of material collected by Helen Blackburn. Good. £65

367. STRACHEY, Ray The Cause: a short history of the women’s movement in Great Britain G. Bell 1928 [12059] This copy belonged to Lord McGregor – author of ‘Divorce in England’ , a book that includes a very useful bibliography of works on women’s rights. He has laid in the book a collection of newspaper cuttings, from the 1950s to 1970s, relating to the position of women. The copy of the book is in good condition – but he had bought it as an ex-library copy and has added a few pencilled notes on the back pastedown. An interesting association copy. £55

Suffrage Biography

368. (FAWCETT) David Rubinstein A Different World for Women: the life of Millicent Garrett Fawcett Ohio State University Press 1991 [12100] Mint in d/w £15

369. (LYTTON) Lady Betty Balfour (ed) Letters of Constance Lytton William Heinemann 1925 [10628] Very good – in purple cloth, with design by Syvlia Pankhurst on front cover £68

370. (SLATE/SLAWSON) Tieri Thompson (ed) Dear Girl: the diaries and letters of two working women 1897-1917 The Women’s Press 1987 [13731] Letters and diaries of two women whose friendship was played out against the background of the suffrage movement. Paper covers – very good £6

***

THREE BOOKS FROM ‘THE TERRERO BEQUEST’ – a library of 2000 books left to the Working Men’s College under the terms of the will of Manuel Terrero and given to the College library by his widow, Janie Terrero, in 1928. Janie Terrero had been a member of the NUWSS in 1905 but by the time she moved to Pinner in 1910 had for some time been a member of the WSPU. The couple were wealthy and were lavish with their hospitality at their home, Rockstone House, holding frequent fund-raising garden parties for the WSPU. Janie Terrero took part in the March 1912 window-smashing campaign, took part in two hunger strikes and was forcibly fed. These books are evidence of the loving care she took over many years to add to the texts her own connection to the authors and to the movement of which she was a central player

371. (LYTTON) Constance Lytton Prisons and Prisons: Some Personal Experience by Constance Lytton and Jane Warton, Spinster William Heinemann 1914 [13772] Janie Terrero’s copy which she has embellished with, at the front, pasted-in cuttings of long reviews of the book (‘The Daily News’, 7 March 1914, ‘The Observer’, 8 March 1914), an obituary of Lady Constance ( ‘The Times’, 24 May 1923) and a report of her funeral (‘The Times’, 28 May 1923) and with the end of a signed autograph note to her from Lady Constance – ‘So glad to hear your excellent meeting is bearing fruit’. At the back she has pasted (over the pages of notices of the publisher’s forthcoming books) Christabel Pankhurst’s article on the book, published in ‘The Suffragette’, March 13th and 20th 1914, This first edition of the book is bound in purple cloth, with Sylvia Pankhurst’s ‘sower’ medallion on the front cover. In very good condition (with library stamps in the usual manner) £145

372. PANKHURST, E. Sylvia The Suffragette: The history of the women’s militant suffrage movement 1905-10 Gay and Hancock 1911 [13773] Janie Terrero has embellished her copy of this book with two real photographic WSPU postcards. One shows Mrs Pankhurst being arrested in Victoria Street on 13 February 1908 and the other shows Christabel speaking in Trafalgar Square – inviting the audience to ‘rush’ the House of Commons, 13 October 1908. In addition she has pasted a very interesting letter written by Eli\abeth Robins and published in ‘The Times’, 4 May 1921 in which she stoutly defends the WSPU policy of militancy – one of her arguments being that suffragettes had the means to kill or injure their opponents if they had chosen to do so. In purple cloth, as issued, with Sylvia Pankhurst’s ‘portcullis’ design in gilt on the front cover- with the symbolic arrow picked out in purple, white and green. An item from the Terrero Bequest, with Manuel Terrero’s decorative bookplate and the Working Men’s College Terrero Bequest label – and usual library stamps. An attractive association copy of a relatively scarce book – the first UK edition £180

373. (PANKHURST) Emmeline Pankhurst Mrs Pankhurst’s Own Story Eveleigh Nash 1914 [13775] Janie Terrero’s personalised copy of Emmeline Pankhurst’s autobiography. On the free front endpaper the copy bears the ink inscription ‘With love to Janie – Manuel – November 1914′. Underneath this is pasted the signature from a letter from Mrs Pankhurst – ‘affectionately yours E. Pankhurst’. On the front pastedown is the last section of another letter from Mrs P to the socialist Terreros – ‘The Labour Party! What we want sympathisers with the Labour Party to do is to use their influence to make that party do its duty by the women. Affectionately yours E. Pankhurst.’ Pasted to the same page is a cutting from ‘The Daily News’ 1 March 1924 sympathetically commenting on a parade in front of the House of Commons calling for equal rights. Janie Terrero (for I am sure it is her pen) has underlined a passage that begins ‘The glorious crusade of the suffragettes has passed into history …’ Opposite the page bearing Manuel Terrero’s bookplate and details of the Terrero Bequest is another ‘Daily News’ cutting (10 November 1914) – a review of this book (‘published today’) – a review that is less than kind. ‘The Daily News’ seems to have undergone something of a Damascene conversion in the course of the ten years between 1914 and 1924. On other pages are pasted reviews from the TLS, 12 November 1914, and on the back pastedown a real bonus – a lovely studio photograph of Mrs Pankhurst – it is a rather uncommon image – not one that was issued as a postcard -and not one with which I’m familiar – probably taken probably c 1909. The book is in very good condition – with all the usual collection of library stamps £400

***

Suffrage Fiction

374. ARMOUR, Margaret Agnes of Edinburgh Andrew Melrose 1911 [3719] A novel of its time – the suffrage movement although not central to the plot – flows along behind, occasionally breaking the surface in a discussion of women’s rights and attitudes to the campaign. Interesting – very scarce – I’ve only seen it previously in the Briitish Library. Very good in rubbed paper wrapper – with a little card inlaid – showing that it had been presented to Nesta Prichard, of Form Vb, as a prize for mathematics. £40

375. FAIRBAIRNS, Zoe Stand We at Last Virago 1983 [1222] A picaresque novel, with a suffrage sequence. Paper covers – very good £4

376. HINE, Muriel The Man With the Double Heart John Lane 1914 [13336] The heroine’s mother is a Militant Suffragette; she is not. Good £18

377. JOHNSTON, Sir Harry Mrs Warren’s daughter: a story of the women’s movement Chatto & Windus 1920 [1342] A suffrage novel. Very good – presentation copy from the author’s wife £35

378. LEFROY, Ella Napier The Man’s Cause John Lane 1899 [13707] The author was Isabella Napier Lefroy (née Hastie) (1854-1919) – who also wrote under the pseudonym ‘E.N. Leigh Fry’. The novel contains much discussion of the Woman Question – and is among those I list under ‘Novels’ with suffrage content in my ‘Reference Guide’. Good and tight – just a little rubbed on edges- rather scarce £45

379. LUCAS, E.V. Mr Ingleside Methuen, 7th ed, no date 1910/1912?) [1397] A novel with suffrage scenes. Very good £8

380. MASEFIELD, John The Street of To-day J.M. Dent 2nd ed, 1911 [13708] Another from my ‘Reference Guide’ list of novels with pro-suffrage sentiment. ‘It seems to me that all the evils in modern life spring direcctly from the absence of women in government’, says one character. Masefield was a friend of Elizabeth Robins and a strong suffrage supporter. Very good £40

381. MCLEOD, Irene Rutherford Songs to Save a Soul Chatto and Windus 1916 (7th ed) [13186] A collection of poems. An introductory note states that some had been previously published in, amongst other journals, ‘Votes for Women’. Irene McLeod had been a member of the WSPU’s Young Purple, White and Green Association and of its Drummers’ Union. Very good £20

382. MASSIE, Chris Esther Vanner Sampson Low, Marston & Co no date (1937) [1436] The heroine is a suffragette. Very good in d/w £35

383. PAGE, Gertrude The Winding Paths Hurst & Blackett c 1911 [8th ed] [12888] A novel with a suffrage theme. ‘The men call them “new Women” with derision, or mannish, or unsexed; but those who have been among them, and known them as friends, know that they hold in their ranks some of th most generous-hearted, unselfish, big-souled women who exist in England to-day…One such as the best of these was Ethel Hayward..’ Good £20

384. ROBERTS, Katherine Pages From the Diary of a Militant Suffragette Garden City Press 1910 [11202] There has been some doubt about whether this is an autobiography or fiction. I tend to think that it is fiction – clearly written by an active suffragette – but am not further forward about who Katherine Roberts was. Extremely interesting – and vivid. Paper covers – a little chipped – but a very good copy – clean and tight – of a very scarce book £250

385. SHAW, Bernard Press Cuttings: a topical sketch compiled from the editorial and correspondence columns of the Daily Papers Constable & Co no date (1909) [13000] as performed by the Civic and Dramatic Guild at the Royal Court Theatre, London, on the 9th July 1909. A suffragette play. In grey card covers a little chipped at edge £35

386. VYNNE, Nora The Pieces of Silver Andrew Melrose 1911 [13337] One of the dedicatees of this novel is Franklin Thomasson, whose family had a long association with the women’s suffrage movement. The heroine is a feminist journalist and political campaigner – as was the author, who co-authored, with Helen Blackburn, ‘Women Under the Factory Acts 1903′ (see item # ). While not being categorically ‘suffrage’, it is so very close to that genre that I have included it in this section. A scarce book £48

Suffrage Ephemera

387. A Brief Review of the Women’s Suffrage Movement since its Beginning in 1832 [NUWSS], printed by Vacher & Sons April 1911 [13505] 16-pp pamphlet. Very good – would be fine but it has lost its staples. With the ownership inscription of a ‘Mrs Kerr’ on the cover. £35

388. ADA HINES [12587] (1872-1949) of ‘The Nook’, Ashton-on-Mersey, was an artist and a suffragette – the joint founder, in 1909, with her friend and fellow artist, Lucy Fildes, of the Manchester branch of the Women’s Freedom League. Here is an opportunity to acquire a small oil painting by her – unframed – on board – entitled ‘Sunset’. Signed but undated – rather atmospheric. £75

389. BODICHON, Mrs Reasons for the Enfranchisement of Women London National Society for Women’s Suffrage, no date late 1860s? [9519] Printed by Head, Hole & Co, Farringdon Street and Ivy Lane, E.C. Scarce and important pamphlet -8pp – good £250

390. BRITANNIA FILMS: THE SUFFRAGETTE [13770] A Photograph Album with, on the cover, the remains of a printed label for ‘Britannia Films’. This film company was set up by Pathé at the end of 1911 to produce British feature films, while Pathé continued to produce newsreels. At the end of 1913 one of the films released by Britannia was called ‘The Suffragette’. The description given of the film by the British Film Institute – which I faithfully recorded in the list of ‘suffragette films’ in ‘The Women’s Suffrage Movement: a reference guide’ is of the vaguest – ‘A disowned schoolmistress’s uncle destroys her father’s amended will ‘ And yet this hokum plot can be followed through the first 17 film stills in this ‘Britannia Films’ album. One scene is set in a suffragette office, its walls lined with (real) newspaper posters – such as one recording the death of Emily Davison at the 1913 Derby. In another the heroine is setting light to a fuse leading inside a house – suffragette arson.The International Movie Data Base names the actress playing the heroine as Agnes Glynne and a male lead as James Carew (who was, or had been, the very much younger husband of Ellen Terry) As there is no extant copy of the film and the British Film Institute holds no archival stills – these images are the only known surviving record of this once topical film.
The ‘Suffragette’ images are followed in the Album by a further 11 stills (one of which is over-exposed) from another film – one which features a police raid on an Opium Den. All ‘The Suffragette’ stills are crisp and clear – an excellent record. The other images (except for the one over-exposure) are also very clear – especially those set in the Opium Den. As so few records survive of the spate of films that featured suffragette themes this one, clearly filmed between June 1913 (cf the Derby poster) and Dec 1913 (its release), is an important survivor. £1,500 SOLD

391. CAHILL, Richard Staunton A Lecture on Woman’s Rights, Cockermouth, 1888 [13698] The painting depicts a woman in neat, plain attire standing on a platform addressing an (unseen) audience. Behind her is a poster that reads ‘A Lecture on Woman’s Rights Will be Delivered [?] in the Lecture Hall of the Young Men’s Christian Association Cockermouth on Wednesday Mrs Smith.’ The painting is signed by the artist Richard Staunton Cahill and is dated 1888. I can certainly place Cahill, Irish-born though he was, very close to Cockermouth in the late 1870s/early 1880s. The artist: -Richard Staunton Cahill – born c 1827 in Co Clare. Son of Charles Staunton Cahill who, in 1828/9, was a leading supporter of Catholic Emancipation and of Daniel O’Connell (the Liberator) In 1850 Richard Cahill entered the Royal Hibernian Academy. He lived in Dublin but by 1863 had moved to London and then by 1875 was living in Nottingham and teaching at the Government School of Art there. He still had a Nottingham address in 1877 but by 1879 when he submitted works to the Royal Hibernian Academy of Arts his address was given as ‘Keswick’. In the 1881 census he was living, with his sister, Agnes, in a boarding house in High Street, Crosthwaite. He gave his occupation as ‘artist’, ‘master School of Art’ – so it is possible that he was still employed in Nottingham and spent holidays in Cumberland. In 1882 when he submitted works to the Irish Exhibition of Arts and Manufactures in Dublin his address was again given as ‘Keswick’. On 24 March 1883 ‘The Graphic’ printed a poem Cahill had written protesting against the threat to ‘Lakeland’ posed by the new railway and roads. He must have been closely associated with Canon Rawnsley (who was about to move into Crosthwaite Vicarage) and the Lake District Defence Society. With his nephew (I think) C.S. Cahill, Richard Cahill wrote several songs – ‘Songs of the Lake’ – including ‘Beautiful Keswick’ and ‘Charming Windermere’. As to the subject of the painting: – I know of a couple of women’s suffrage lectures given in Cockermouth in the early years of the suffrage campaign. On Friday 24 May 1872 a travelling speaker, Jessie Craigen, gave a lecture on ‘Women’s Rights at the Court House, Cockermouth – but I know from written descriptions that Jessie Craigen was large and blowsy – the antithesis of the neat figure in this painting. Lydia Becker, the leader of the women’s suffrage meeting in Manchester, held meeting in Cockermouth on Tuesday 17 January 1882 – but, again, her features are very distinctive and these are not they. For full details of the 19th century women’s suffrage campaign in Cumberland see my Women’s Suffrage Movement: a regional survey p 24. I suspect that the woman lecturer is in fact Miss Mary Smith of Finkle Street in Carlisle, whose ‘Autobiography of Mary Smith: schoolmistress and non-conformist’ was published posthumously in 1892. For many years Mary Smith ran a girls’ school from her home and was renowned for giving Penny Readings. In 1868 she initiated a correspondence with Lydia Becker, who addressed her in a letter of 20 May 1868, as ‘Mrs Smith’.
On 2 April 1869, with Mary Smith’s encouragement, Miss Becker gave a ‘woman’s rights’ lecture in Carlisle, which was followed by the founding of the Carlisle branch of the National Society for Women’s Suffrage, with Mary Smith as its honorary secretary. The Carlisle branch was still in existence until at least 1872 but then fades from view. In her autobiography Mary Smith is at pains to describe how she bought ‘plain and comfortable clothing’, writing ‘Nor was I ever ashamed of being plainly dressed’. One who knew her commented that ‘not unfrequently her dress was decidedly antiquated and old fashioned.’ The figure in the painting cuts a very neat figure, attired certainly in plain and comfortable clothing. Mary Smith’s Autobiography does not include any representation of her, alas, but I feel as certain as one can be – with no absolute proof – that it is she who is delivering the ‘Woman’s Rights’ lecture from that platform. I have, as yet, been unable to find a newspaper report of the lecture. Mary Smith died in 1891 and had been ill for a few years before – so I rather think that the lecture had taken place considerably earlier than the date given on the painting. By 1888 (by which time Cahill can be found at a London address) ‘Woman’s Rights’ was no longer really the term that would be used. The suffrage campaign had been making some headway and by 1888 the term ‘women’s suffrage’ would have been more likely to have been used than ‘woman’s rights’, which was more of a 1870s usage – and so I would place this event – in the Young Men’s Christian Association Lecture Hall in Cockermouth – at some time in the 1870s. I can think of no other painted representation of a 19th-century ‘women’s rights’ occasion. As such this painting can be said to be unique. The painting – oil on canvas – is in very good condition – the colours very clear – has been recently reframed and, I think, cleaned. £3,300

392. COLLECTION OF LETTERS FROM SYBIL THORNDIKE TO FREDERICK AND EMMELINE PETHICK LAWRENCE [13779] The Women’s Library@LSE contains a recording of Sybil Thorndike reminiscing about her connection to the suffragette movement – and this collection of letters is evidence of her continued association with the Pethick Lawrences. for instance in a letter of 9 April 1924, written from the New Theatre (in reply to one from Emmeline) Sybil writes ‘I cannot tell you how much it means to have appreciation like yours – because you have done so much for all us women – you have always been a stimulant and an inspiration to others…’ The play about which Emmeline had written her appreciation was Shaw’s ‘Saint Joan’ in which Sybil Thorndike played the title role and which had had its London premiere on 26 March 1924. Another letter (dated 13 March and written from 35 Wood Street, Westminster) refers to a letter from Frederick Pethick Lawrence on her performance in Medea. Another couple of letters to Emmeline (dated 29 June and 1 July) relate to a request from Emmeline to pass on a request to George Bernard Shaw – which Sybil had carried out – saying that she didn’t usually undertake such a mission ‘but I excused myself to him by saying it was because of you!’). She also eventually regrets that she is unable to speak at an evening meeting – because she is always in the theatre. In April 1938 there is a brief correspondence about ‘Peace activities’ – with Sybil asking if there are any marches etc that she might take part in ‘I feel so very confused about what we ought to do. I do know we mustn’t fight with arms – it’s time we found a new way.’ By the 1950s Sybil was writing to ‘My dear Fred’ – in April 1954, a month after Emmeline’s death, accepting an invitation (‘I do feel honoured’) to speak at her memorial reception. Altogether 10 letters from Sybil and 1 carbon of a letter to her from Emmeline. In good condition – an interesting archive. The letters were kept by the Pethick Lawrences’ (that is Emmeline, Frederick and then by Lady Helen Pethick Lawrence – Fred’s second wife) – they bear numerical reference numbers and some are annotated to show the date they were answered. £180 SOLD

393. CONSERVATIVE AND UNIONIST WOMEN’S FRANCHISE ASSOCIATION A Reply to the Anti-Suffragists CUWFA [13191] 4-pp leaflet written by Annesley Horsfall. Pages detached – edges very nicked – but text untouched. Withdrawn from the Women’s Library £12

394. CORONATION PROCESSION 17 June 1911 [11274] A stereoscope photograph of ‘The Empire Car’ – part of the ‘Pageant of Empire’ part of the procession staged by the suffrage societies to mark the Coronation of George V. Very good £95

395. DESPARD, Charlotte Women’s Franchise and Industry Women’s Freedom League [1912] [13714] With the ownership signature ‘Dorothy M. Zimmern, June 1912′ and the stamp ‘Withdrawn from the British Library of Political and Economic Science’. In 1915 Dorothy [Dorothea] Zimmern, with Lucy Wyatt, compiled ‘Woman in Industry: a bibliography, published by the Women’s Industrial Council. ‘Women’s franchise and Industry’ is an 8pp pamphlet – with membership form for the Women’s Freedom League on the inside back cover, a list of publications on the back.and a portrait of Charlotte Despard on the front cover. Good – a few chips and rubs £38

396. ELMY, Elizabeth Wostenholme Woman’s Franchise: the need of the hour ILP 2nd ed, no date [1907] [12760] A campaigner for women’s suffrage since the mid-1860s, she had put aside a lifetime’s aversion to party politics and joined the Manchester ILP in 1904. This article was originally published in the ‘Westminster Review’. In her concise style she analyses the events of the previous 40 years and demands that Liberal MPs who profess to support women’s suffrage honour their pledges. £65

397. FAWCETT, Mrs Henry Home and Politics an address delivered at Toynbee Hall and elsewhere Women’s Printing Society 1894 [12939] A much reproduced speech – first given c 1890. This printing does not bear a date but probably c 1900. It carries the ownership stamp of Margaret Clark, Street, Somerset who in 1909 married Arthur Gillett – so probably predates 1909. 8pp – a little creased and marked – but tight £35

398. HILL, MISS OCTAVIA Women and the Suffrage 1910 [13150] 2-sided leaflet, reproducing a letter from Octavia Hill to the Editor of the ‘Times’, dated 14 July 1910. In this she repudiates the necessity of votes for women – ‘Let the woman seek the quiet paths of helpful real work, be set on finding where she is wanted, on her duties, not on her rights…’ The 2-sided leaflet was printed by the National Press Agency Ltd and does not carry the imprimatur of the anti-suffrage society, although I imagine that group was probably behind its publication, the NPA being their usual printer. Good – very scarce £68

399. HMSO Representation of the People Bill HMSO 1917 [13074] ‘A Bill to Amend the Law with respect to Parliamentary and Local Government Franchises..etc’. Clause 4 allowed the vote to women over the age of 30. 42 pages – a good reading copy – missing its paper covers £15

400. IN MEMORIAM Rt Hon Lord and Lady (Emmeline) Pethick-Lawrence of Peaslake [13195] 4-pp leaflet describing the various commemorations of the lives of the Pethick-Lawrences. Issued by the Suffragette Fellowship under the names of Lady (Helen) Pethick-Lawrence and Grace Roe. Good £15

401. KELLEY, Florence Persuasion or Responsibility? National American Woman Suffrage Association c 1905? [13076] Vol 2, No 8 in ‘Political Equality Series’. Small format – 4pp – good – with shelfmark – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5

402. LEIGH SMITH, Barbara A Brief Summary in Plain Language of the Most Important Laws Concerning Women; together with a few observations thereon Holyoake & Co, 2nd edition revised with addition 1856 [9033] Barbara Leigh Smith (later Barbara Bodichon) was 27 years old when she wrote this pamphlet, first published in 1854 as part of her campaign to change the Married Women’s Property Acts. This pamphlet is extremely scarce (I have never had a copy for sale before), bound inside recent paper covers. Rather amusingly, the printed price of ‘Threepence’ has been scored through and ‘1 1/2 d’ added – a comment, presumably, then on the interest being shown in the campaign by a public not yet awakened to the cause. Very good £280

403. LONDON AND NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SERVICE Report, October 1st 1938 to March 31st 1943 [13447] A Report giving details of how Women’s Service House fared during the early years of the war (bombed) and where the Library was accommodated (Oxford) – together with details of the Society’s perilous financial postition. Good £25

404. LYDIA BECKER [12607] Letter from Lydia Becker to ‘Mr Levi’ – written from 85 Carter St, Greenyes, Manchester on ‘Oct 16′ – I have worked out that the year is1868. ‘Mr Levi’ is probably Prof Leone Levi, to whom she had sent a pamphlet a few days earlier. I think, in response, he had written to her in admiration asking for some material from her for his autograph book. In this letter, in return, she writes ‘I have written out my three Norwich prospositions ,[these are drawn from her address at Norwich to the British Association Section F on 25 Aug 1868] which I hope may serve your purpose as a curiosity! for your autograph book, and a bone of contention for your friends.’ These ‘three Norwich propositions’ are set out on a separate sheet. But, in addition, in her 4-pp mss letter she sets out ‘my general wishes and conclusions as to the rights of women’.. All the material has been carefully attached to a sheet that once was page 77 in a collection of autograph material. Incidentally the material on the reverse, p 78, is in Italian, lending credence to my supposition that the correspondent was Leone Levi, who had left his native Italy for Liverpool in 1844. A very interesting letter – very good £95

405. MCCABE, Joseph Woman in Political Evolution Watts & Co 1909 [9803] An overview -from ‘ Woman Before Civilisation’ to ‘The Moral Base of Enfranchisement.’Paper wrappers – one nick at spine eats into the margin of a few pages -and a tiny bit of text is lost on two pages, but does not interfere with reading. £28

406. MCLAREN, Lady ‘Better and Happier': An Answer from the Ladies’ Gallery to the Speeches in Opposition to the Women’s Suffrage Bill, February 28th, 1908 T. Fisher Unwin 1908 [13102] I have always been rather an admirer of Laura McLaren and her straight-forward prose. 46-pp – paper covers present but detached – text otherwise good and tight – scarce £75

407. MARSHALL, Catherine Women’s Suffrage Election Campaign in Cumberland [13678] ‘Reprint of letter sent to the Local Press Jan 5th 1910′. Catherine Marshall was the very active NUWSS local secretary in Cumberland, here describing the efforts that suffragists were making during the first general election of 1910. Single-sided leaflet – the bottom section of the form, which readers were requested to return to the society indicating the active help they could give, is present, but has separated along its perforation. £15

408. MEN’S LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Gladstone on Woman Suffrage MLOWS c. 1909 [13146] The Men’s League for Opposing Woman Suffrage was founded in early 1909 and in 1910 merged with the Women’s National Anti-Suffrage League to form the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. This pamphlet – reproducing the Grand Old Man’s words on the subject is pamphlet no 3 issued by the Men’s League, presumably quite soon after its founding in 1909. 4-pp – good, with some foxing, scarce £78

409. MEN’S LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Is Woman Suffrage A Logical Outcome of Democracy? MLOWS c 1909 [13147] Pamphlet no 6 published by the short-lived Men’s League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. 4-pp – very good – scarce £60

410. MISS MORGAN, OF BRECON The Duties of Citizenship Women’s Local Government Society c 1912 [12946] Extracts reprinted from a paper read at the Annual Conference of the National Union of Women Workers, Manchester, October 27th 1896. By the time this leafLet was issued Miss Morgan had been Mayor of Brecon, 1911-12. 4-pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £15

411. NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE The ‘Conciliation’ Bill: Revised Version NLOWS no date (1911) [13152] The 2-sided leaflet, no 33 in the series, is headed ‘Against Votes for Women’ and ends with ‘Vote and Work Against Votes For Women In Parliamentary Affairs’. Very good – very scarce £75

412. NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Manifesto: No Votes for Women [13512] ”Why the nation is opposed to the grant of the Parliamentary Vote to Women’. Among the reasons for opposing Votes for Women is ‘(f) Because any proposal to give votes to women would result in swamping the male voter and making women the real rulers of the Empire.’ Leaflet 52 in the NLOWS series. 4pp – fine – scarce £75

413. NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Mr J.R. Tolmie’s Reply to Mr L. Housman’s Pamphlet NLOWS no date (1913) [13145] The pamphlet of Laurence Housman’s to which this refers is ‘The Physical Force Fallacy’. Pamphlet no 37 issued by the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. 4-pp – very good £65

414. NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Woman Suffrage and the Factory Acts NLOWS no date [13155] A 4-pp leaflet, no 8 in the NLOWS series, pointing out that the ‘Women’s Party’ (ie pro-suffrage campaigners) were opposed to the ‘humane acts’ limiting women’s work in factory etc because ‘most of them harbour such a jealous mistrust of men that they suppose even their evidently disinterested actions to be prompted by insidious and harmful motive.’ The leaflet concludes ‘To grant women the franchise would therefore be to raise a fresh obstacle in the way of progress and to defer reforms still necessary for the welfare of the working classes..’ Very good – very scarce £75

415. NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE BADGE [13725] The League’s enamel badge. The device of the NLOWS was a rose, thistle and shamrock which on this badge are rendered in white on a dark pink background. The lettering of the name of the League is picked out in gold from a black background. The badge hangs from a safety pin, which I’m pretty sure is the original clasp. Very good – unusual £250

416. NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE CENTRAL COMMITTEE: First Report of the Executive Committee presented at the General Meeting of the Central Committee held on Wednesday 17 July 1872 National Society for Women’s Suffrage 1872 [12931] See my ‘Women’s Suffrage Movement: a reference guide’ as to how and why the Central Committee came into being. This – the Committee’s first report, contains lists of names of members of the Committee, of subscribers, and of the Local Committtes around England and Scotland that affiliated to the Central. In original paper covers – rubbed – very scarce £95

417. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES [3986] with the Men’s League (Portsmouth branches) – Programme for an evening meeting that began with a musical recital, followed by the singing of suffrage songs (the words are printed – one of them is by Margaret O’Shea, sister of the secretary of the Portsmouth NUWSS society and then a speech by Lady Balfour followed by more singing and then a closing speech by Alice Abadam. Interestingly the Vote of Thanks is seconded by Alderman Sanders, LCC, who in 1908 was Labour parliamentary candidate for Portsmouth and whose wife, Beatrice, was financial secretary to the WSPU. I think this programme may date from 1908 – because there is a mention at its foot of an Exhibition of Banners (Fuller’s tea Rooms, Palmerston Road) – and such exhibitions were common after the June 1908 Hyde Park rally. 1 sheet -good £180

418. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES Final Report of the Professional Women’s Patriotic Service Fund NUWSS Oct 1915 [12943] ‘The Fund began work in Jan 1915, when a Committee was formed for the purpose of assisting professional women, by paying their salaries and offering their services to organisations which are dealing with war needs.’ I knew nothing of this short-lived Fund before reading this Report. It lists, on the one had, donors and, on the other, the positions in which they had placed needy ‘professional’ women. The Fund was wound up when it became clear that its services were no longer required. The Committee included, among others, Mrs Auerbach, Mrs Fawcett, Catherine Marshall, Ray Strachey, Dr Jane Walker – and its secretary was Kathleen Courtney. 12pp – good – scarce £50

419. PANKHURST, Christabel International Militancy WSPU 1915 [13502] ‘A speech delivered at Carnegie Hall, New York, January 13th, 1915′. 24-pp pamphlet, paper covers (with photograph of Christabel Pankhurst). Fine – just with a couple of rust marks from spine staples – in original paper wrappers. Scarce £100

420. PETERSEN, H. Frances The Belief in Innate Rights NUWSS no date [1913] [13100] 12-pp pamphlet printed for the NUWSS by the Women’s Printing Society – reprinted from the ‘Law Magazine and Review’. Good in original paper covers £12

421. PETHICK-LAWRENCE, Emmeline and Frederick (eds) VOTES FOR WOMEN VOL III Oct 1909-Sept 1910 [12407] Hefty bound volume of the WSPU weekly newspaper, in original Sylvia Pankhurst-designed boards. Signs of wear at leather corners – spines rebacked – ex Reading University Library – with library label on back boards. Internally very clean and tight, except for page of the Index where paper has split, but with no loss of text.. £900

422. PHILLIPS, Mary The Militant Suffrage Campaign privately printed 1957 [11357] ‘This pamphlet is designed to tell in a concise form the story of the ‘Votes for Women Canpaign’ and to explain the reasoned policy on which it was based.’ Mary Phillips had been a leading WSPU organizer. Soft covers – 15pp – scarce £65

423. PHOTOGRAPH OF GROUP OF SUFFRAGETTES IN PRISON UNIFORM [13623] The photograph has attached to it on the reverse a typed slip identifying the women as suffragettes ‘lined up for transport to Holloway Prison in London’ and refers to this happening ‘before the War’. The photo agency is Acme News which operated from the early 1920s to 1952 and I think this image is a ‘reprint’ issued in the inter-war years. I would suggest that this photograph is an example of how newspapers get things wrong. I doubt very much that this photograph was of suffragettes waiting to be taken to Holloway – rather it is a group of WSPU members who donned replica prison clothing to make a point about how women protestors were being treated. The women are all wearing long dark dresses marked by two prison arrows, white apron and bonnet and with a large cloth hanging down, tucked into their waistband. Each sports a large disc giving their block and cell number in Holloway’s DX wing.They may have been taking part in a rally – such as that outside Holloway on 7 November 1908 when suffragettes wore replica prison clothing in public for the first time – or it may have been to celebrate prison releases. One of the women carries a scroll, perhaps one of the certificates given to those members of the WSPU who had been imprisoned. Anyway, by the time the image was reused by the Acme Agency the idea that women might once have dressed up in replica prison uniform had clearly been forgotten – and what had been a staged appearance had now been converted into a new reality. Well, we all know that if you know anything about anything in a newspaper it’s usually wrong. Whateverr its provenance this is a very good, clear image – all the women look very much like real people. 25cm x 20 cm – very good £65

424. POTT, Gladys Report of Lecture by Miss Pott on the Anti-Suffrage Movement [13511] ‘Delivered at 67 Westbourne Terrace, W. on Tuesday December 12th 1911. Sir Bartle Frere presiding’. Gladys Pott was the Anti-Suffrage Movement strongest ammunition. In ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ Kate Frye gives a wonderful description of watching Miss Pott in action – ‘ a most harsh, repellent and unpleasing woman. She began by saying we should not get sentiment from her and we did not. ,,’ Certainly you get the flavour of her style from this Lecture – particularly in the treatment of questioners – all faithfully reported. The Lecture was published by the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. 16pp – very good – I am not sure whether it was issued with a paper wrapper but, if so, that isn’t present now. COPAC records a copy held by LSE Library – and nowhere else. Scarce £95

425. PUNCH CARTOON [12767] 13 July 1910, full-page – the caption is ‘Excelsior!’ as Suffragist puts her shoulder to the boulder of ‘Women’s Suffrage’ and says, ‘It’s no good talking to me about Sisyphus; he was only a man’ £10

426. PUNCH CARTOON [12768] 13 March 1912, full-page, suffragettes wield hammers in the background as Roman-type matron, bearing a paper labelled ‘Woman’s Suffrage’ comments ‘To think that, after all these years, I should be the first martyr’. the heading is ‘In the House of Her Friends’ £10

427. PUNCH CARTOON [12772] 10 January 1912 -full page – ‘United We Differ’. Lloyd George and Lewis Harcourt are back to back on a platform. Lloyd George addressing his side, where a Votes for Women’ banner is to be seen, cries ‘Votes for Women! Don’t you listen to my esteemed colleague!’. While addressing his, male, crowd cries ‘No Votes for Women! My esteemed colleague is talking nonsense!’. Asquith’s cabinet was split on this issue. Very good £10

428. PUNCH CARTOON [12777] 21 January 1912 – full page – ‘The Suffrage Split’. Sir George Askwith (the charismatic industrial conciliator), as ‘Fairy Peacemaker’, has tamed the dragon of the Cotton Strike – and Asquith, wrestling to keep a seat on the Cabinet horse turns to him ‘Now that you’ve charmed yon dragon I shall need ye to stop the strike inside this fractious gee-gee.’ £10

429. ROBERTSON, Margaret Working Men and Women’s Suffrage NUWSS Aug 1913 [12937] Margaret Robertson was a university graduate and NUWSS organiser. This pamphlet was written at a time when the NUWSS had set up its Election Fighting Fund to support Labour Party candidates – and was intended for distribution amongst trade unionists. Small format, 24pp in card covers £35

430. SNOWDEN, Philip The Dominant Issue Feb 1913 [12945] A comment on the ‘Franchise Bill fiasco’ – that is, Asquith’s promise that a Manhood Suffrage Bill would be amended to include women – and the Speaker’s eventual ruling that such an amendment would destroy the Bill. Pamphlet reproducing an article first published in ‘The Christian Commonwealth’ . Good – a little foxed and grubby £25

431. SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE [12661] is the caption to this full page George Belcher cartoon, published in the Tatler on 12 August 1908. Two impoverished old women are talking in the street – a unconsciously joky exchange – which is the amusing part for the audience of the day (I won’t go into the rather laboured humour which, if it has any suffrage relevance, is only to mock woman’s supposed illogicality)- but what is interesting to us is that one of the old dears is standing holding an advertising bill for the magazine, ‘New Age’, on which the roughly sketched in legend reads something like ‘A Suffragette’s reply to Belfort Bax.’. For the book that sparked off the debate in New Age see item ? Bax had published an article ‘Feminism and Female Suffrage’ in the issue for 30 May, to which Millicent Murby had written a reply that appeared in the issue of 6 June, to which Bax had made a riposte in the issue of 8 August. Single page – very good £15

432. SPALDING, Frances (ed) The Charleston Magazine: Charleston, Bloomsbury and the Arts Charleston Trust issue 19, Spring/Summer 1999 [12652] Includes an article ‘A Rich Network of Associations: Bloomsbury and Women’s Suffrage’, written by me (seems a very long time ago). Also an article on Frank Rutter that touches on his suffrage sympathies – and other interesting articles. A much lamented magazine. Fine – card covers £12

433. ST JOAN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL ALLIANCE [13681] badge for the society formerly known as the Catholic Women’s Suffrage Society which was founded in 1911 and in 1923 changed it’s name to the St Joan Social and Political Alliance. The badge, which dates from between 1923 and 1950 is printed with a gold and white fleur-de-lys motif in the centre, blue ground, gold, white and blue border with printed inscription: ‘St Joan’s Social & Political Alliance’. It is made of paper covered with plastic, over metal base. In good condition £35

434. STOPES, Mrs C.C. The Constitutional Basis of Women’s Suffrage Darien Press (Edinburgh) 1908 [13684] reprinted from the ‘fortnightly Review’, Sept 1908. 16-pp pamphlet. An ownership inscription on the top right of the front cover appears to be ‘E. C. Haig’ – and I am wondering whether the pamphlet was originally owned by Evelyn Cotton Haig (1863-1954), sister of Florence and Cecilia Haig – all strong supporters of the WSPU. Evelyn Haig lived with her sisters in Comely Bank Ave in Edinburgh – and may well have known Mrs Stopes. An Edinburgh ownership certainly ties in with the Edinburgh publication. Very good £45

435. STRACHEY, Ray The Women’s Movement in Great Britain: a short summary of its rise, methods and victories National Council of Women of Great Britain no date (c 1928) [13109] A pamphlet abridged from Strachey’s ‘The Cause’. Chipped and rubbed – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £10

436. SUFFRAGETTE FELLOWSHIP Roll of Honour Suffragette Prisoners 1905-1914 Suffragette Fellowship no date [1966] [13107] 16-pp, double column, listing all the suffragette prisoners that the Suffragette Fellowship knew of. A couple of names have been added in ink. Internally fine – cover has shelf markings etc – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Scarce £150

437. THE ENGLISH REVIEW, JUNE 1913 [5463] Includes an article, ‘The Truth About White Slavery’ by Teresa Billington-Greig in which, with (as always) clear-minded logic, she suggests that a climate of hysteria had been whipped up (not least by the writings of members of the WSPU) – and that ‘the Mothers of the new Church are threatening the future by the whitewashing of women and the doctrine of the uncleanness of men’. Good – scarce £24

438. THE NATIONAL WOMEN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL UNION Sixth Annual Report The Woman’s Press 1912 [13506] ‘Including Cash Statement and Subscription List for the Year ended February 29th 1912, and Accounts of The Woman’s Press, January 1st-December 31st 1911.’ The Subscription List is a gold mine of names of WSPU members at this important time in the WSPU’s life. Laid in is a – very scarce & revealing – copy typed letter from Mabel Tuke (Honorary Secretary)- presumably sent to every subscriber – dated 22 June 1912 – with the Annual Report. Besides touching on the sale of ‘Votes for Women’ (circulation increasing, but, as everr, more help needed), and commenting on the Government’s proposed Reform Bill, the letter reveals that ‘it is now found necessary and expedient to transfer the Headquarters Officces to other premises…Great inconvenience has always been suffered from the scattered position of the various departments at 4 Clement’s Inn…Negotiations for a suitable building are in progress…’ I think Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence was released from prison (sentenced with her husband and Mrs Pankhurst on grounds of criminal conspiracy) on 22 June 1912 – so it looks as though plans were already underway while she and her husband were still in prison to move the WSPU out of
their territory of Clement’s Inn – a precursor for their ousting from the WSPU in October. Very good; the staples are missing – extremely scarce £280

439. ‘THE RIGHTS OF WOMEN’ [13690] supplement to ‘The Graphic’, 1885, heralding the supplements to be issued in Nov and Dec 1885 on ‘Parliamentary Elections and Electioneering in the Old Days’. As its advertisement for the series The Graphic has chosen to use George Cruickshank’s ”The Rights of Women; or a view of the hustings with female suffrage, 1853.’ We see on the hustings the two candidates – ‘The Ladies’ Candidate’- Mr Darling’ and ‘The Gentleman’s Candidate – Mr Screwdriver – the great political economist’. Elegant Mr Darling is surrounded by ladies in bonnets and crinolines – Mr Screwdriver by ill-tempered-looking boors. The audience contains many women accompanied, presumably, by their husbands who are holding aloft a ‘Husband and Wife Voters’ banner. Another banner proclaims the existence of ‘Sweetheart Voters’ and riding in their midst is a knight in armour holding a ‘Vote for the Ladies’ Champion’ pennant. There do not appear to be many supporters of the opposition. Single sheet 28 cm x 20.5 cm – a little foxed around the edges of the paper but barely afffecting the good, clear image of Crucikshank’s cartoon. £160

440. THE SUFFRAGETTE [13691] US Suffragette – wearing sash that proclaims this (ie ‘Suffragette’), holding aloft a ‘Suffragette’ pennant with one hand while she firmly squashes with the other a little Cupid, whose bow and arrow fly out of his hands. Under her foot is, I think, her heart. The caption is ‘You may think it fun, poor Cupid to snub,/With the hand of a Suffragette,/But he’s cunning and smart, aye, there’s the rub/Revenge is the trap he will set.’ The print is in colour – the Suffragette’s dress dates from c 1913/14, I think. The sheet (18cm x 27 cm) is printed ‘Made in U.S.A.). In good condition – an item that would look attractive mounted and framed. £150

441. ‘THE VOTE’ POSTCARD ALBUM [13274] An original green cloth-covered postcard album – sold by the Women’s Freedom League. It has a faded white and gold central panel containing its title ‘The Vote Album’ [ I think the design was by Eva Claire - showing the Suffragists at the door of the State, which is barred and bolted against them. Seeking entrance are the Women of the Nation; graduates in academic dress standing side by side with working women.] This particular album once belonged to Mrs Louisa Thomson Price, who was born Louisa Catherine Sowdon in 1864 and died in 1926. She was the daughter of a Tory military family but from an early age rebelled against their way of thinking and became a secularist and a Radical. She was impressed by Charles Bradlaugh of the National Secular Society. In 1888 she married John Sansom, who was a member of the executive of the NSS. She worked as a journalist from c 1886 – as a political writer, then a very unusual area for women, and drew cartoons for a radical journal, ‘Political World’. She was a member of the Council of the Society of Women Journalists. After the death of her first husband, in 1907 she married George Thomson Price. She had no children from either marriage. Louisa Thomson Price was an early member of the Women’s Freedom League, became a consultant editor of its paper, The Vote, and was a director of Minerva Publishing, publisher of the paper. She contributed a series of cartoons – including these 6 that were then produced as postcards. The ‘Jack Horner’ cartoon was also issued as a poster for, I think, the January 1910 General Election. Louisa Thomson Price took part in the WFL picket of the House of Commons and was very much in favour of this type of militancy. In her will she left £250 to the WFL. and £1000 to endow a Louisa Thomson Price bed at the Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Hospital. When she died Mrs Thomson Price was living at 17 Belsize Park Gardens, Hampstead, and her will was witnessed by Edith Alexander, a professional nurse, who, I’m sure, ran a nursing home at that address. Also living at that address were Miss Edith Alexandra Hartley and Miss Martha Poles Hartley, the latter being the elder sister of the father of the novelist, L.P. Hartley. Interestingly, when they were young, the son and daughter (Olga and Leonard – born ‘Lion’) of Mrs Beatrice Hartley, leading light in the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage, to whom Kate Frye makes constant reference in her diary (see ‘Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary’) sent a birthday card to Edith Alexander at 17 Belsize Park Gardens, referring to her as ‘Aunty Edith’. They were no blood relations to Edith Alexander, their mother having married their father, Lion Herz, in 1880 and, after 3 children and a separation, at some time between 1893 and 1898 changed the family surname from ‘Herz’ to ‘Hartley’.. As far as I can tell there is no tie of blood between Mrs Beatrice Hartley and Miss Edith Alexandra Hartley – I can only presume that, with Miss Edith Alexander, they were all close friends. The card from Olga and Leonard, together with many more addressed to Edith Alexander, are still held in the postcard album. I assume that after Mrs Thomson Price’s death ‘The Vote Postcard Album’ remained in 17 Belsize Park Gardens and was taken over by Miss Alexander as a place to put her own postcards – none of which have any suffrage relevance. But the Album itself is an extremely scarce example of Women’s Freedom League merchandise £350

442. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 16 August 1912 [13190] Complete copy – although the pages are detached. The main news in this issue is of the sentencing in Dublin of Mary Leigh and Gladys Evans. Fair reading copy – scarce £60

443. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 26 July 1912 [13188] An incomplete copy – pp 693-698 (inc) and 703-708 (inc) – but gives a flavour £30

444. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 26 July 1912 [13495] runs from front page (p 693) to p 698 and then from p 703-708 (back page) – i.e. pp 699, 700, 701 and 702 are missing. Much about the attack on Asquith and the Theatre Royal, Dublin, by Mary Leigh and Gladys Evans and that by Helen Craggs on Lewis Harccourt’s house. Fair condition £30

445. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 27 September 1912 [13176] At this date the paper, owned and edited by Emmeline and Frederick Pethick-Lawrence, was still the mouthpiece of the WSPU. However this issue contains both news of the Pethick-Lawrences’ imminent return from Canada and that of the WSPU’s move from Clement’s Inn to Lincoln’s Inn House. The two items – and that describing the large meeting to be held in the Albert Hall – were not unconnected, I think. This is one of the last issues of the paper before the Pethick-Lawrences were ousted from the WSPU. In fair condition – splits on spine – and some annotation, probably contemporary. Scarce £95

446. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 27 September 1912 [13496] Complete issue. Chipped and rubbed and with some – interesting – annotations £60

447. VOTES FOR WOMEN ADVERTISEMENT [13262] for a WSPU meeting to be held at the Royal Albert Hall on 29 April 1909 – to be chaired by Mrs Pethick Lawrence, with Mrs Pankhurst and Christabel Pankhurst as speakers with a ‘Special Presentation to Women who have suffered Imprisonment for Woman Suffrage’. This ‘Special Presentation’ was that of the ‘Holloway’ brooches given, for the first time, to released prisoners. The advertisement appears in the programme for the Royal Adelphi Theatre in which John Galsworthy’s play ‘Strife’ was running. The play, produced by Granville Barker, had Lillah McCarthy in the cast and had had its first performance at the Duke of York’s Theatre on 9 March 1909. On the illustrated cover of this 4-pp programme is written in hand the date 1 April 1909. The proprietors of the Adelphi were A. & E. Gatti – and the coloured cover illustration shows happy customers doubtless enjoying an after-theatre supper at their restaurant. In fair condition – £25

448. ‘VOTES FOR WOMEN’ AT THE ‘COURT’ [13327] A page from the ‘Bystander’ 24 April 1907 – with illustrations by Norman Morrow of characters and scenes from Elizabeth Robins’ play ‘Votes for Women’, which was staged to some acclaim at the Royal Court Theatre in April 1907. Kate Frye had seen the play on 16 April and writes of it in her diary (see http://tinyurl.com/mbj4jsh). She had in fact worked alongside the play’s star, Edith Wynne Matthison, five years or so earlier during her short stage career. The drawings show all the main characters as well as a rendition of the famous Trafalgar Square meeting scene. Very good £28

449. WOMEN’S LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOCIETY Local Government Elections in England and Wales: Qualifications for Candidates WLGS May 1918 [12170] 1-page leaflet – very good condition £10

450. WOMEN’S LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOCIETY A New Franchise WLGS Feb 1918 [12169] 1-page, double-sided, leaflet, written by Margaret Kilgour, setting out the qualifications for voting in local government elections under the new ‘Representation of the People’ Act 1918. Good – with two punch holes in the wide margin and slight tear inward from the left-hand margin, with no loss of text £8

451. WOMEN’S LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOCIETY Registration in England and Wales: Women Occupiers and their Votes WLGS July 1905 [12171] 1-page, double sided, leaflet setting out the position after the Eduation Act of 1902 had abolished School Boards, by which women rate payers were no longer automatically qualified to vote and it was necessary for women occupiers to be registered. The 1902 Act was another in a series of acts that actively disenfranchised women of local government rights that they had gained in the 3rd quarter of the 19th century – and was one of the causes of the impetus given to the suffrage campaign at the beginning of the 20th. This leaflet, which is withdrawn from the Women’s Library, has an ink emendation to the final paragraph, noting that the fact that a woman could not be a candidate for county, borough or metropolitan borough councils had been remedied by the passing of the 1907 Qualification of Women Act. Fair condition, edges rubbed and nicked £12

452. WOMEN’S LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOCIETY The Work of a Public Health Committee WLGS Oct 1918 [12177] 4-pp leaflet, written by S.M. Smee, chairman of the Public Health Committee, 1912-14 and 1916-18. Good condition – with two punch hole in margin, with no loss of text £5

453. WOMEN’S NATIONAL ANTI-SUFFRAGE LEAGUE On Suffragettes: extracts from ‘What’s Wrong With The World’ by G.K. Chesterton WNASL c 1909 [13151] ‘They do not create revolution; what they do create is anarchy’. 2-sided leaflet – noo 30 in the WNASL’s series of leaflets – very good – very scarce £78

***

Suffrage Ephemera
Kate Parry Frye Collection

454. FREE CHURCH LEAGUE FOR WOMAN SUFFRAGE Flyer (Preliminary Notice) for a Spring Fair [13393] to be held at Rectory Road Hall, Stoke Newington on 17 and 18 April 1913 (see ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ p 149). With a handwritten addition to the effect that ‘Countess Brassey opens first day’ and ….’Mrs Sadd Brown’. Good – has been folded (by Kate Frye – presumably carried with her to the Fair) and with short tag on reverse where she then fixed into her diary £120

455. INVITATION CARD TO AN INFORMAL TALK ON THE SUBJECT OF THE ‘ENFRANCHISEMENT OF WOMEN’ [13757] Kate was there that evening – 12 Dec 1907 – at a talk given by Clementina Black and Malcolm Mitchell at the home of Miss Green at 14 Warwick Crescent. Good – card a little grubby – or at least a little less than gleaming white £65

456. INVITATION TO A PUBLIC MEETING AT PADDINGTON BATHS TO BE ADDRESSED BY MRS HENRY FAWCETT [13750] This meeting, held on 5 Dec 1906,
at which Kate Frye acted as a steward had to be abandoned. As Kate described in her diary ‘It was Bedlam let loose’. Together with a printed note rearranging the meeting. Both are reproduced in ‘Kate Parry Frye: the long life of an Edwardian actress and suffragette’. Very good. The two together £150 SOLD

457. LONDON SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE [13760] single-sheet leaflet setting out the LSWS’s ‘Policy’.Printed by the Women’s Printing Society sometime after 1910 (the year in which the Society moved to 58 Victoria Street – the address given). Good – with tag attached £45 SOLD

458. LONDON SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE [13761] Printed letter from Philippa Strachey asking for help in collecting signatures to the Voters’ Petition during the General Election campaign (Jan 1910). Kate heeded the call. Good – has been folded – with tag attached £50

459. LONDON SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE Annual Meeting, Caxton Hall, November 10th 1908 – AGENDA [13746] Kate was there – ‘Thursday November 10th 1908 Agnes and I started off. Walked to Notting Hill Gate – went by train to St James’s Park and to the Caxton Hall for the Annual Meeting of the London Society of Woman’s Suffrage. Saw Mrs Harris, Miss Porter and Alexandra – also Mrs Stanbury and no end of the real workers. It was an exciting and stormy meeting and I enjoyed it. Lady Frances Balfour in the chair. Mrs Fawcett, Miss Sterling and Lady Grove spoke. Miss Garrett Anderson and Dr Flora Murray were moving resolutions to really turn the Society into a more Militant affair and as they already have the Social and Political Union and Women’s Freedom League I think we are better as we are. They were easily defeated. We waited to vote – then got away as quickly as we could. ‘ Good – single sheet – a little creased and rumpled – with a tag £45

460. LONDON SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE Annual Meeting, Caxton Hall, November 5th 1909 -AGENDA [13758] Together with ‘LIST OF PERSONS WHO HAVE BEEN PROPOSED FOR ELECTION’ – these included Clementina Black, Emily Davies, Millicent Fawcett. Kate was there. ‘Then I walked on to the Caxton Hall for the Annual Meeting of the London Society of the National Union for Women’s Suffrage. Had just a word with Gladys Wright, Mrs Carl Hentschel, her daughter and with Mrs Stanbury but sat alone and found a seat up near the platform. Lady Frances Balfour in the Chair. Mrs Fawcettt, Miss Emily Davies etc on the Platform and it was a most exciting meeting and everyone felt everything keenly and got most heated – as the agenda paper shows. Always the Anti-Militants against the Militants. I think Resolution 6 a mistake but it would not have done for it not to pass.’ Both very good – with tags attached. Two together £150

461. LONDON SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE Printed Letter from Millicent Fawcett & Frances Balfour [13745] – asking male recipients to sign the Electors’ Petition. This dates it to January 1910 – when Kate did undertake to canvass for signatures for the petiition for the LSWS. Single sheet – good – a little rumpled – with one of her tags attached £75

462. MAP OF THE WSPU/WFL PROCESSION OF 18 JUNE 1910. [13744] The map was a contemporary reprint of a page from ‘Votes for Women’ for 17 June 1910 and was issued to those thousands taking part. It shows where the separate sections should line up – from the Portsmouth and Petersfield WSPU at Westminster Bridge to the Peckham WSPU at Carmelite Street. The procession was to be led up Northumberland Avenue by University Graduates, Pharmacists and Women Sanitary Inspectors and members of the Men’s League. Kate Frye’s copy – with tag attached where she had fixed it in her diary. Fine – has been folded for over 100 years. Would look very good framed £200 SOLD

463. MEN’S LEAGUE FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE The Conciliation Bill Explained [13401] Two-sided leaflet, dating from mid 1910. The text, while explaining the Conciliation Bill, which had passed its Second Reading in July 1910, also clearly sought to allay the fears of male electors as to the consequences if the Bill were to be passed. Very good – has been folded – and with tag on reverse where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary £100

464. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES The Repression of a Disenfranchised Sex – by Cicely Hamilton [13400] 4-sided leaflet, reprinted, Sept 1908, from the ‘Sunday Times’ of 15 March 1908. Good – with tag on reverse where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary – scarce £100

465. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES Some Reasons Why Working Women Want the Vote [13759] Single sheet – has been folded – with tag attached £50 SOLD

466. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES Suggestions for Work in support of the Women’s Suffrage Bill, down for Second Reading on Friday, 28th February 1908 [13747] Sets out the ways in which pressure may be put on MPs. Single sheet – fine – has been folded £75

467. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES Women Suffragists’ Celebration [13381] Flyer printed for the celebrations to be held at Queen’s Hall, Langham Place on Thursday 21 February 1918 – ‘To Welcome the Extension of the Franchise to Women’. The flyer includes the long list of societies that were taking part – the WSPU was a notable exception. On the list was the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage – and this flyer bears the annotation in ink ‘Please get tickets from’ followed by the NCWS’s rubber stamp with their address in Knightsbridge. The Celebration didn’t take place on 21 Feb but rather on 13 March. I assume that, although the flyers had been printed, they had left insufficient time to organise it. Very good – very scarce £120

468. NEW CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE The Conciliation Bill Explained [13402] Two-sided leaflet. The text is very much the same as that of the Men’s League for Women’s Suffrage leaflet ‘The Conciliation Bill Explained’ – but suitably adapted and definitely issued in 1911. The leaflet is printed by the St Clements Press, the printer to the WSPU. Very good – has been folded – and with tag where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary £100

469. New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage Flyer for meeting at Market Hill, Halstead, 27 July 1911 [13368] See ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ p 61. With short tag on reverse where it has been fixed in Kate’s diary £150

470. NORTH KENSINGTON WOMEN’S LIBERAL ASSOCIATION Seventh Annual Report 1897-98 [12529] Includes names and addresses of the Association’s members. A drawing-room meeting was held on 29 April 1898 at which an address was to be given ‘on ‘Women’s Sufrage’ and especially on the question whether women should work for Liberal Parliamentary candidates who were opposed to their franchise. As the attendance was very small the address was not given.’ However at a Special Meeting held a couple of weeks later ‘after a long discussion, a resolution was passed in favour of not working for such candidates. The Committee regret that the attendance was small, an intimation that the important question of Women’s Suffrage does not take that foremost place in the thoughts of the Association that it should do.’ Paper covers – 14pp – very good – tip of corner missing fromback paper cover – scarce £65

471. THE WOMEN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL UNION A Reply to Mr Gladstone: Frog-marching in Liverpool Prison [13396] One (no 65) of the large format leaflets produced by the WSPU during the Jan 1910 General Election. This one specifically addresses the Home Secretary on the treatment of Suffrage prisoners. Fine – has been folded and with tag where it has been fixed in Kate Frye’s diary £100

472. WOMEN’S TEXTILE AND OTHER WORKERS’ REPRESENTATION COMMITTEE The Labour Party & Women’s Enfranchisement: a Personal Statement by J. Keir Hardie MP [13395] 4-pp leaflet, reprinted from the ‘Labour Leader’, 1 Feb 1907. Very good – has been folded and with tag on back page where iKate Frye fixed it in her diary alongside the entry for 9 Feb 1907. £100

***

Suffrage Postcards
Real Photographic

473. ARREST OF CAPT. C.M. GONNE [12914] Member of the Men’s Political Union for Women’s Enfranchisement, Parliament Square, November 18th, 1910.’ Capt Gonne was photographed by the ‘Daily Mirror’ being escorted by two policemen during the ‘Black Friday’ tumult. Capt Charles Melvill Gonne (1862-1926), Royal Artillery, was the author of ‘Hints on Horses’ (John Murray, 1904), an active suffragist, who supported his wife, a tax resister, and was a cousin of Maud Gonne, the Irish nationalist heroine. Very good -unusual – unposted £120

474. BOTHER THE MEN! I’ve Still Got My Eye on You [13660] Little boy hides behind the music sheet of that well known song ‘Bother the Men’. Posed photograph. Fine- unposted £30

475. CHRISTABEL PANKHURST [13616] photographed by Lambert Weston and Son, 27 New Bond St. I think the card dates from c 1907/8. Fine – unposted £75

476. CICELY HAMILTON [12954] photograph by Lena Connell. Fine – unposted £120

477. CORONATION PROCESSION 17 JUNE 1911 (1) [13718] The first in a sequence of two photographs, taken from on high – looking down as the solitary colour-bearer, Charlotte Marsh, approaches – and, behind her, Joan Annan Bryce as Joan of Arc, riding ‘a white palfrey’ – and then a group of ‘New Crusaders’ with their banner to the fore. Other groups stretch into the distance and come closer in the next photograph. Fine – unposted . £95

478. CORONATION PROCESSION 17 JUNE 1911 (2) [13618] The second of the sequence of photographs – taken from above – near Hyde Park Corner. Now the first figures have disappeared out of sight and the ‘New Crusaders’ and their banner are in the foreground. Behind them is a band – and then come Mrs Pankhurst and Mrs Pethick Lawrence, with Christabel in her academic gown – followed by the Prisoners’ banner and a body of women in white carrying pennants – ‘The Prisoners’ Pageant’. Another image in this sequence appears on p. 125 of Tickner, ‘Spectacle of’ Women’. It’s rather like watching a film.The image is exceptionally crisp. Fine – unposted £95

479. COUNTESS RUSSELL [13241] real photographic postcard – headed ‘Votes for Women’ of ‘Countess Russell Member of National Executive Committee Women’s Freedom League’. The card depicts Countess Russell photographed in a studio setting – and is signed in ink ‘Yours sincerely Mollie Russell’. She was the second wife of Frank Russell, 2nd Earl Russell, the elder brother of Bertrand. Mollie was described by George Santyana as ‘a fat, florid Irishwoman, with black curls, friendly manners and emotional opinions: a political agitator and reformer.’ The photograph in no way belies the physical description. She and Russell were divorced in 1915. Fine – unposted – scarce – I have never seen this card before £120

480. DER SCHRECKEN DER ENGLISCHEN SUFFRAGETTES. [13717] ‘Der schrecken der englischen Suffragettes. welche kürzlich das Schaufenster der Hamburg-Amerika-Linie im Werte von 2000 Mk zertrümmerten’ is the caption to a large-sized real photographic German postcard. The picture shows the damaged window – it is actually that to the left of the magnificent entrance to the Hamburg-Amerika Line’s magnificent (1906) building in Cockspur Street. The window is one large sheet of glass and it looks as though an attacck had been made in two places causing considerable damage. The whole window would have had to be replaced – the value of the damage being put at 2000 marks. Groups of men stand around – not a woman in sight. The card is 17.5cm x 12.5cm – and is an image I’ve never seen before.. The photographer – or agency for the photograph-was Paul Hoffmann & Co of Berlin. Good condition – unposted – very scarce £200

481. DESTRUCTION OF GRAND STAND BY SUFFRAGETTES AT HURST PARK SUNDAY JUNE 18 1913 [13542] Real photographic postcard by Young’s, Teddington. The scene left by Kitty Marion and Clara (Betty) Giveen after they had lit a beacon for Emily Davison – who had died, unbeknownst to them, a few hours earlier. (See full details http://womanandhersphere.com/2013/06/07/suffrage-stories-kitty-marion-emily-wilding-davison-and-hurst-park/). Fine – the message on the reverse is dated 5 July – the card was posted at Molesey Park – so the sender was clearly a local resident who, in fact, mentions that she (I’m sure it is a ‘she’) had ‘just returned from Kingston’. Very scarce £180

482. DR THEKLA HULTIN [13168] The Finnish MP is photographed at her desk. She sent the card from Helsingfors (Helsinki) on 12 April 1917 to Mrs Louisa Thompson-Price of the Women’s Freedom League. From the message on the reverse it would appear that the two women shared a birthday ‘I wish you all the best (including the vote) in the following 50 years…’ Very good – posted – very unusual £120

483. EDITH CRAIG [12955] photographed by Lena Connell, published at The Suffrage Shop, 31 Bedford Street (therefore the card dates from c 1910 – before its removal in 1911 south of the Strand). Fine – unposted £120

484. FANCY DRESS PARTY OR A PLAY? [13635] photo of group of men, women and children in vaguely early 20th century attire – with a sign ‘Votes for Women’ prominently displayed. I suspect it may date from the 1920s. £25

485. FORTISSIMO [12875] – real photograph, – toddler holds the songsheet for ‘Bother the Men’, dating from the 1880s. Published by Rotary Photo, this is one in a series. Posted by Dick on 21 December 1908 to Master Harry Day of 9 Arthur St, Pembroke Dock, with the message ‘Harry boy – learning Dada’s Xmas Song.’ Good £28

486. GREAT VOTES FOR WOMEN DEMONSTRATION IN HYDE PARK [13163] The WSPU rally on Sunday 21 June 1908. Crowds as far as the eye can see – with massed banners, including those of Cardiff and Newport, waving in the breeze. Fine – published by Sandle Bros – unposted £85

487. HAPPY CHRISTMAS AND A PROSPEROUS NEW YEAR 1931 [13719] This strikes me as an interesting and rather bizarre Christmas postcard – because under the greetings we see a photograph of horses thundering up to the finish, spectators cheering them on- and a number of policeman standing on the trackside of the rail. Under that photograph r an extremely length caption headed ‘The Geat and Most Sensational ‘Derby’ of 1913′. In this full details are given of this ‘the first motor bus Derby’ – with a record attendance. ‘During the running of the race, a suffragette rushed out at Tattenham Corner’, amongst the galloping thoroughbreds and brought down Anmer, His Majesty’s horse, which threw and severely injured the King’s jockey, Herbert Jones; the woman was so seriously hurt that she never regained consciousness’. The caption then goes on to describe in detail the disqualification of the first horse past the post – and to give a list of all the horses running and their jockeys. Another ‘greetings’ box contains the ditty ‘Swift as a flash the steeds go by at Epsom, matching stride by stride – but swifter far my thoughts shall fly to greet you at this Xmas-tide’ – followed by the signature – in ink -‘J.W. Fullwood’. £45

488. HATHERLEIGH CARNIVAL [13558] Hatherleigh in Devon has staged a carnival each year in November since 1903. This postcard is a sepia photograph of three children – I rather think they are all boys – dressed as women – glamorously bedecked in flowers – standing beside a vehicle that I think is a bicycle – which is similarly decorated – with flowers and paper lanterns (?) – and bears a large notice ‘Votes for Women’. Good – unposted £55

489. I WANT MY VOTE [13661] cries a (real, posed) baby – with screwed up eyes and wailing mouth. The message on the back, written by Jack to Dorothy reads ‘Just to say that you can have it, as far as I am concerned’. Good – posted £20

490. LONDON LIFE. ‘VOTES FOR WOMEN’ [13621] A real photograph of a woman selling issue no 2 of ‘The Suffragette’ (the paper, edited by Christabel Pankhurst, that succeeded ‘Votes for Women’ in Oct 1912, after the removal of the Pethick-Lawrences from the leadership of the WSPU). She is not young, is elegantly dressed, and is wearing her ‘Holloway’ brooch, indicating that she has been imprisoned for the Cause. Ib Rotary Photographic Series ‘London Life’ – fine – a very clear image -unposted £80

491. MISS MARY GAWTHORPE [13553] The caption is ‘Votes for Women’ and she is described as ‘Organiser, Women’s Social and Political Union, 4 Clement’s Inn, Strand, W.C. The card was posted in South Kensington on 31 Oct 1908 – the writer says ‘This is one of the speakers I heard on Thursday. She is splendid…’. The sender probably heard Mary Gawthorpe at the WSPU meeting held in the Albert Hall on Thursday 29 oct 1908. Good £65

492. MRS CHARLOTTE DESPARD [13276] real photographic postcard of her – taken in profile. She is sitting reading a book. On the reverse, written in pencil, is ‘Mrs Despard – (Sister of Sir John General french) & President of the Women’s Suffrage National Aid Corps, organised by the Women’s Freedom League. return to Mrs Thomson-Price, 42 Parkhill Rd, Hampstead’. £55

493. MRS CHARLOTTE DESPARD [13630] real photographic card, photograph by Lena Connell. Fine – unposted £65

494. MRS EMMELINE PANKHURST [13240] real photographic postcard. She is wearing a shield-shaped WSPU badge – in the chevron design. Fine – unposted – a rather unusual image – the first I’ve had in stock since 2000. £75

495. MRS HENRY FAWCETT, LL.D [13239] ‘President of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies’, is the caption below her photograph by Lizzie Caswall Smith. Probably dates from c 1910. Fine – unposted -although written on the back in pencil is ‘Return to Mrs Thomson-Price 42 Parkhill Road, Hampstead N.W.’ The card comes from the collection of Louisa Thomson-Price, one of the leading members of the Women’s Freedom League. £60

496. MRS LILIAN M. HICKS [11634] – photographed by Lena Connell – an official Women’s Freedom League photographic postcard. Mrs Hicks had been an early member of the WSPU, but left to join the WFL in the 1907 split, returning in 1910 to the WSPU. Fine – unposted £35

497. MRS MARTEL [13255] Real photographic postcard captioned ‘Mrs Martel National Women’s Social and Political Union, 4 Clement’s Inn, W.C.’ Cornish-born Nellie Martel had emigrated to Australia and on her return devoted herself to the WSPU. She had a reputation as a gaudy dresser and certainly here she is dripping in flounces and jewllery – with a rather charmingly amused smile. Very good – unposted – scarce. £90

498. MRS PANKHURST AT TRAFALGAR SQUARE INVITING THE AUDIENCE TO ‘RUSH’ THE HOUSE OF COMMONS ON 13 OCTOBER [13617] Published by Sandle Bros for the National Union of Women’s Social and Political Union in 1908. Fine – unposted £75
499. MRS PETHICK-LAWRENCE [13634] She stands, three-quarter length, with her hands behind her back. The caption is ‘Joint Editor of “Votes for Women” – ‘Honorary Treasurer National Women’s Social and Political Union 4 Clement’s Inn, W.c.’ Very good – unposted £55

500. PHOTOGRAPH TAKEN OUTSIDE THE WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE COMMITTEE ROOM [13549] in Hoe Street, Walthamstow. The photograph shows a group on the pavement outside the Committee Rooms with a board on which is written ‘New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage’. In front of them, on the road, is parked a large motor car, to the front of which is attached another large board inscribed in large letters ‘New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage’. Sitting in the car and waving a large flag is an elegant, grandly be-hatted woman. I have never before seen a photograph of the New Constitutional Society at work, as it were. Kate Frye, our main source of information on the NCS, was not yet quite involved in that society – in fact on the day this card was posted, 28 October 1910, she was attending a meeting of the Actresses’ Franchise League at their office – so I can give no inside information on the NCS campaign at this Walthamstow by-election. This by-election was of particular interest to suffrage campaigners because the Liberal candidate was a cabinet minister, Sir John Simon. Election day was on Tuesday 1 November and the sender of the card, who posted it from Leyton at 7 pm on Friday 28th Oct, was one of the NCS campaigners. She tells her correspondent that ‘We are frantically busy working at Walthamstow By Election. Meetings every day and evening.’ She does not, alas, sign her name – but the recipient was Mrs Radcliffe Crocker of Brant Ridge, Bourne End, Bucks. This is something of a coincidence because Kate Frye called on Mrs Crocker the following 1 May (1911) when she was canvassing for support for a new NCS suffrage society in Bourne End (her home town). Mrs Crocker, the widow of an eminent dermatologist, was, Kate tells us, ‘in, but no good’ – so doubtless hadn’t been particularly impressed by the postcard sender’s Walthamstow campaigning. From the photograph I think that the NCS must have been sharing a committeee room with the Men’s Suffrage League – it certainly is not the Committee Room taken by the WSPU. Above the door is a sign ‘Men’s League Walk In’ – the windows are lined with posters and, with the Men’s League, the Women’s Freedom League and the WSPU, the NCS took part the following day in a procession through Walthamstow that ended with a meeting in Walthamstow Palace Theatre. There is no photographer or publisher of the postcard named – the photo may have been taken by a NCS member – and the image is of the sepia type – rather than crisp black and white. However the image is quite clear – most interesting on a variety of counts – and extremely unusual – I won’t say unique because there were clearly more than one card issued – but I should imagine the chances of finding another were extremely remote. £200

501. ‘RUINS OF ST KATHERINE’S CHURCH, BURNT DOWN MAY 6 1913 [11824] Real photographic card. There are several images published on postcards of the ruins of St Catherine’s (this is the correct spelling; the card’s publisher was a bit slapdash) Church at Hatcham in Surrey, for the burning of which the suffragettes were thought responsible – but I have never seen this one before. £35

502. ‘SUFFRAGETTE’ POSTCARD [13243] real photographic card – though it must be staged. Set in what appears to be the country – with trees and flowers – it shows a woman in loose-fitting jacket and long skirt – with one of the shield-shaped chevron WSPU badges pinned to her lapel, being apprehended by a policeman in helmet and uniform and sporting an imposing display of medals. The point of the photograph is that the woman is holding out for him to see a copy of the ‘Suffragette’ newspaper. I have never seen this image before. It is issued as a postcard – but no
photographer or publisher is cited. Most unusual – unposted – very good (with a slight crease at the bottom right-hand corner where it has been held in (Louisa Thomson-Price’s) postcard album £120

503. SUFFRAGETTE PROCESSION [13545] Real photographic postcard – an unusual view of the 1911 ‘Coronation Procession’. The photograph, published as a postcard by J. J. Samuels, 371 Stramd, London W.C., shows the ‘Pageant of Great Women’ part of the procession walking the street that goes out of Trafalgar and merges into Pall Mall. The photograph has been taken from an upper window of one of the buildings on the south side of the street and gives an excellent view not only of the procession but of London’s buildings decorated for the Coronation. The streets are packed with onlookers. Unposted – reverse a little grubby but the front is in very good condition. Unusual £120

504. THE DROVE, NONINGTON [13713] photographic card showing Rose Cottage which the sender remarks is ‘next door to us’. A jokey card, written by ‘Nell’ and ‘Joe’. Above the addressee’s name is written in large letters ‘Votes for Women (perhaps by Nell) and underneath ‘(I don’t think)’ has been added (perhaps by Joe). Posted in Nonington, Kent, in 1912. Very good – another little example of how ‘Votes for Women’ had entered the public consciousness. £15

505. THE IMPRISONED LEADERS 22 May 1912 Portrait photo of Mrs Pankhurst, flanked by similar images of Emmeline and Frederick Pethick-Lawrence [13615] on a real photographic card published by F. Kehrhahn & Co (for more on whom see http://womanandhersphere.com/2013/01/17/suffrage-stories-the-wspu-photographer-dora-and-the-nazis/) In May it looked as though the leaders were united in their imprisonment; on their release a different story emerged. Fine – unusual – unposted £80

506. THE WOMEN’S GUILD OF EMPIRE Mrs Flora Drummond – Controller-in-Chief
[13685] Card published c 1926 by The Women’s Guild of Empire, from its headquarters at 24 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1. Fine -unposted – unusual £95

507. THE WOMEN’S GUILD OF EMPIRE Banner Making for the Great Demonstration, April 17th 1926 [13686] The Women’s Guild of Empire organized a demonstration at the critical time just before the General Strike to protest against ‘strikes and revolutionary activity in industry’. The march, which brought women (including, wrote Elsie Bowerman to the editor of ‘The Spectator’, ‘wives of working women who have had personal experience of strikes’) from all regions of the country to London, ended with a Mass Meeting in the Albert Hall, with Mrs Flora Drummond in the chair.The photograph shows Mrs D inspecting banners – ‘Efficiency and Enterprise’ and another, the wording partially hidden, which may say ‘Best within the Empire’ (??) Issued by the Women’s Guild of Empire c 1926. Fine – unposted – unusual £95

508. VOTES FOR WOMEN [13256] one of those real photographic ‘comic’ cards with young man dressed as a woman standing behind a table and a large ‘Votes for Women’ blackboard. He is holding a large knife (I think) in one hand and a bottle of beer – Benksins Watford – in the other. It is signed across the bottom right corner ‘Your old Pal Dan’ £35

509. VOTES FOR WOMEN [13663] placard is planted beside young girl standing on a barrel under the Trafalgar Square lion. A policeman walks in the background. One of a posed photographic Raphael Tuck series. Fair – a little creased – posted £25

510. WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Miss Sarah Benett [12950] photographed by Lena Connell. In this studio photograph Sarah Benett is wearing her WFL Holloway brooch; she was for a time the WFL treasurer. She was also a member of the WSPU and of the Tax Resistance
54
League. This photograph by Lena Connell was also used on a WFL-published postcard – but this one is not attributed to the WFL. The background to the image is little irridescent. £100

511. WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Mrs Amy Sanderson [12919] Women’s Freedom League, 1 Robert Street, Adelphi, London WC. She had been a member of the WSPU, and, as such had endured one term of imprisonment, before helping to found the WFL in 1907. She is, I think, wearing her WFL Holloway brooch in the photograph. Card, published by WFL, fine – unusual – unposted £150

512. WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Mrs Edith How-Martyn , ARCS, BSc [12917] Hon Sec Women’s Freedom League 1 Robert Street, Adelphi, London WC. She is wearing herWFL Holloway brooch. Photographed by M.P. Co (London) – which I think is probably the Merchants Portrait Co in Kentish Town that did a fair amount of work for the WFL. The card is headed ‘Votes for Women’ and was published by the WFL. Fine – unposted £120

513. WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Mrs Marion Holmes [12921] card headed ‘Votes for Women’ published by the Women’s Freedom League, 1 Robert St, Adelphi, London WC. Mrs Holmes was joint editor of the WFL paper ‘The Vote’. She is photoraphed wearing herWFL Holloway badge as well as one of the WFL enamel badges. Fine – unusual – unposted £120

Suffrage Postcards
Commercial comic cards

514. ARE WE DOWNHEARTED? NO! [13603] Black and white postcard by Donald McGill – suffragette, holding on to her ‘Votes for Women’ banner, is carried into the Police Court by a policeman – her bottom very much to the fore – her umbrella fallen to the ground. Good – posted in Battersea on, I think, 24 December 1906 £45

515. ‘AT THE SUFFRAGETTE MEETINGS [13612] you can hear some plain things – and see them too!’ – is the caption to a card showing depictions of suffragettes as buck-toothed old maids. Very good – unposted £45

516. BUT SURELY MY GOOD WOMAN DON’T YOU YEARN FOR SOMETHING … [13649] The suffragettes are canvassing on the doorstep. The artist is Arthur Moreland; the publisher is C.W. Faulkner. Very good – unposted £45

517. CLEARANCE SALE [13642] ‘Special Bargains in Men’ Lot 4 includes ‘Hundreds of meek, mild and bitter, small size, suitable for Suffragettes and New Woman. The majority dumb and cannot argue’. Fair – posted in 1907 £20

518. ‘FOR A SUFFRAGETTE’ [13646] is the caption to a real coloured photograph of the Fordwich ducking stool hung over the river’s edge, near Canterbury. The accompanying rhyme runs, ‘The Ducking-Stool and a nice deep pool Was our fore-fathers’ plan for a scold; And could I have my way, each Suffragette today Should ‘take the chair’ and find the water cold.’ Very good – unposted £45

519. ‘HI! MISS! YER TROWSERS IS A-COMING DOWN’ [12507] shouts tyke to elegant young woman sporting ‘harem’ trousers. Pre-First World War, pub by Felix McGlennon. Not actually ‘suffrage’ but of the time. Very good – very glossy £25

520. I PROTEST AGAINST MAN-MADE LAWS [13648] The suffragette is in the dock. Artist is Arthur Moreland; publisher C.W. Faulkner. Very good – unposted £45

521. I WANT A VOTE [13644] is the flag that caricature suffragette is carrying. The caption is ‘A perfect woman, nobly planned/To warn, to comfort & command’. Behind her is a notice ‘Give me a vote and see what I’ll do’. The artist is John Hassall and the publisher is J. Miles and Co. Interestingly this card is a sample sent out bu Miles and the typed message reads ‘These cards by Hassal may be obtained at the following prices..’ and then he sets them out – beginning with 1/6 for 100. Sent to a gentleman in Park Square, London NW. Fair £20

522. I’VE GOT MY VOTE [13666] says grotesque Edwardian suffragette as she sits under a notice ‘A.D. 2000 Votes for Women’. She is sitting on a bench alongside her cat, which has a ‘Votes for Women’ notice attached to its tail. Deconstruct that. Published by Philco Publishing and posted in October 1909. Good £25

523. IF WE CAN’T HAVE THE VOTE, WE CAN WEAR THE TROUSERS [13655] says woman, dressed in harem trousers, standing on platform in a park surrounded by a crowd of men. The photograph is a posed, photographic and coloured. Very good – posted £35

524. JACK AT SEA: NO FEAR OF THE LICENSING BILL OR SUFFRAGETTES [13557] is the caption to colour picture showing sailor sitting on coiled rope on his ship – knocking back a tot. The coupling of the Licensing Bill with mention of Suffragettes probably dates the card to 1908 – when the government was proposing a controversial new Licensing Bill. In Sept 1908 there was a large procession through London, culminating with a mass rally in Hyde Park, to protest against the Licensing Bill – just as there had been similar events staged in June in support of women’s suffrage. Very good – unposted – unusual £55

525. MILTON SERIES: YOU’LL VOTE AS I VOTE OR I’LL KNOW THE REASON WHY! [13669] says battle-axe of a wife (with umbrella) to her timid husband as they pass the Committee Room. c 1928 – in the ‘Milton’ series – unposted – fine £25

526. ‘NOT IN THOSE TROUSERS’ [12506] is the caption to a hand-painted postcard (the artist has initialed it ‘K.S.’). The subject of the remark is a lady in a purple and green outfit – a long tunic over ‘harem’ trousers – wearing a green and purple hat and carrying an umbrella. The author of the remark, a dapper gentleman, stands in the background. The colouring may indicate that a suffrage inference might be drawn – the style of dress certainly points to an early-20th-century date. Very good – unposted £15

527. NOW MADAM – WILL YOU GO QUIETLY OR SHALL I HAVE TO USE FORCE? [13650] The suffragette is interrupting a meeting. Artist is Arthur Moreland; publisher is C.W. Faulkner. Fair – unposted £35

528. PERSUADING A SUFFRAGETTE [13664] a donkey (aka ‘suffragette’) is to be persuaded by the offer of a carrot. The artist is Ellaby, published by Misch & Co in their ‘Suffragette’ series £15

529. SALE! SALE! SALE! [13643] Bargains in Men. Lot 4 ‘Meek, Mild and Bitter, small size – suitable for Suffragettes and New Women..’ etc. The firm offering these Bargains is ‘Cupid & Hymen Ltd’. £20

530. SOUTHWOLD EXPRESS [13658] ‘A slight engine trouble causes a delay – but is soon remedied’ is the caption. The artist/publisher is Reg Carter – in the ‘Sorrows of Southwold’ series. There are a number of joky cards about the Southwold train. In this one a suffragette sitting in a tree is taking advantage of a breakdown to lob a bomb – shouting ‘Votes for Women’. Very good £45

531. STANDING UP FOR WOMEN’S RIGHTS [13640] She stands – in boater and tailored suit – on the tube train as the men sit, hiding behind their papers. Good – posted £25

532. SUFFRAGETTE IN ACTION [13613] Subtitled ‘Man’s Reward’ – Edwardian behatted lady strikes policeman over the helmet with a golf club. Good – posted in 1907. £45

533. ‘SUFFRAGETTES: [13641] Beauty and Intellect are superior to brute force’. Harridan on soapbox confronts her audience who ask ‘How’s your old man?’ and tell her ‘Go home & wash the baby!’ Published by Miller & Lang Ltd. The message on the reverse reads ‘Please will you pass this round to your friends that beliee in women having the vote. This is a sample of them. What do you think of them? I think myself they all of them that bellieve in it are a bit loose in there [sic] head.’ The signature seems to be merely ‘Liberal’. Very good – unposted £45

534. THE SUFFRAGETTE [13769] is the caption of a card by Theo Penny published by the Rapid Photo Printing Co. Siny photographic surface – but card is drawn – the usual bunch of viragos – subtitle ‘The lady doth protest too much methings [Shakespeare Hamlet Act III, sc 2] . Fiar – has a crease £10

535. THE SUFFRAGETTE Addresses a meeting of Citizens [13620] A card from a Raphael Tuck series. ‘the Suffragette’ – masculinized, wild-eyed, and wearing a boater and tie harangues a few snotty-nosed childrenIn Raphael Tuck ‘The Suffragette’ Good – posted in 1908 £45

536. THE SUFFRAGETTE NOT AT HOME [13647] Domestic chaos when the wife and mother is off to her meeting. The artist is Arthur Moreland; the publisher is C.W. Faulkener. Very good – posted £45

537. THE SUFFRAGETTE QUESTION [13720] A black and white postcard – showing a woman busy at her stove – with the steam from her pot rising in the shape of a large question mark containing thoughts and dreams – ‘We want equal rights with men’ – with lines of women standing in a queue to place their votes in the ballot box. The artist is F.R. Morgan. A US card but very much influenced by the type published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Good £28

538. ‘THE “SUFFRAGETTE”. DOWN WITH TOM CATS’ [13767] Card by ‘Ellaby- depicting a vicious cat – holding a blank notice in its claw. Published by Philco Publishing Co, Holborn Place, London WC. Good – unposted £15

539. ‘THE “SUFFRAGETTE”. DOWN WITH TOM CATS’ [13768] Card by ‘Ellaby- depicting the same vicious cat – but the message held in its claw reads ‘Vote for Shes’. Fair – posted to Mr E Ellis in the Railway Bar, Portadown. The message begins ‘Teasing, Teasing. I was always Tasing..’ £15

540. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAN MAN BUILT [13551] And this is the policeman all tattered and torn/Who wished women voters had never been born,/Who nevertheless /Tho it caused him distress/Ran them all in,/In spite of their dress:/The poor Suffragette/Who wanted to get/Into The House than man built. With House of Commons in the background, a policeman is battered by one suffragette as he attempts to aprehend another – virgagos both, of course. In the BB London Series. In very good condition – posted on 30 April 1909 £45

541. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT [13550] ‘And these are the members who’ve been sitting late/Coming out arm in arm, from a lengthy debate…’ Fashionably dressed couple, he in top hat and frock coat emerge, engaged in reasonable discussion, from the Houses of Parliament. An ink line at under the text carries the message ‘Will we ever live to see this.’ In BB London Series. Very good – posted in Clapton on 12 May 1909. £45

542. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT [13552] ‘And this is the home of the poor suffragette/And there’s room for a great many more of them in it yet…’ Burly suffragette being taken in hand by a policeman – with the towers of Holloway in the background. In BB London series. Very good- unposted £45

543. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT [13610] ‘The House that our statesmen for years have controlled/Ruling the world with mind fearless and bold/Can Woman expect to rule such a House/She that’s afraid of a poor little mouse….’ Suffragettes stands on stool as mouse scuttles past – with House of Commons in background. Good – posted 1912 £45

544. VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Gimme a Vote You Cowards [13605] Printed in red and balck on white – policemen have a suffragette flat on the ground – while other comrades demosntrate around. Good – has been posted, but stamp removed £45

545. VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Give Us a Vote Ducky! Oh do, There’s a Dear [13606] wheedle three women as they make up to an aging gent. The caption reads ‘Why not try the Good Old Way?’ The sender has added little ink comments of her own (at least I think the sender was a woman). Good. Posted on 17 August 1907. £45

546. VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Safe in the Arms of a Policeman [13604] Printed in red and black on white – dishevelled viragos are carried away by red-faced policemen. Good £45

547. ‘VOTES FOR WOMEN’ [13639] is the banner carried by the figure in this rather odd card, published by Bamforth. ‘She’ seems to be real – or at least a real man dressed as a rather ungainly woman – set against a painted mountainous background. ‘She is wearing skirt, tailored jacket, tyroleanish hat and, of course, carrying an umbrella. So we have a ‘Votes for Women’ banner and a ‘Votes for Women’ sash worn across the jacket – and the caption is ‘And loud that clarion voice replied’. Explanation is, I think, required. That caption is a line from a Longfellow poem in which a young man carried a banner ‘Excelsior’ through an Alpine village and is eventually found frozen in the mountain pass. Well, there you are – Edwardians were clearly expected to be well acquainted with Longfellow . Good – unposted £45

548. WHEN LOVELY WOMAN GETS THE VOTE [13619] She is in tousers and he is in skirt and pantaloons. ‘When Lovely Woman gets the Vote/The Men will look such Freaks!/She doesn’t want his hat and coat,/But Woman will wear the Breaks!’ isn’t that Funny! Very good – unposted £45

549. WHEN WOMEN VOTE ‘Darning His Wife’s Socks’ [13637] He juggles the darning and the baby, while his young wife sits reading, smoking a cigar and reading ‘Sporting Life’. A large notice on the wall – ‘Revised Marriage Rules’ points the way forward. Mitchell and Watkins series – posted Oct 1908 £45

550. WHEN WOMEN VOTE ‘Getting Married’ [13638] ‘Do you swear to obey your wife faithfully in everything?’ Mitchell and Watkins series. Fine – posted in 1908 £45

551. WHO SAID VOTES FOR WOMAN!!! [13662] Postcard. Bulldog with specs and a pipe sits foursquare against a background of the Union Jack. Fine – unposted £15

552. A WOMAN CAN NOW HAVE HER SEAT IN PARLIAMENT [13704] I expect you can guess the play on words here. The buildings of Parliament are in the background as lady with large derrière haranguess a crowd of men. I would assume that the card dates from 1918 – and I think that is probably the postmark – but is practically indecipherable. Fair – rather rubbed £18

553. YES, MADAM, BY YOUR BUMP OF PERSEVERANCE, [13654] IF YOU LIVE ANOTHER 1000 YEARS YOU MIGHT BECOME PRIME MINISTERESS. Phrenologist feels the bumps of a suffragette (she has spectacles, big feet, and a roll of paper labelled ‘Votes for Women’ rests on her ungainly knee). Drawings of the craniums of Charlie Peace (murderer) and Mr Balfour are pinned to the wall. The pencil-written message – mainly a birthday greeting – ends with ‘Vote for Women’. Posted in Chatteris to ‘Arthur Squires, Decorator etc, Chatteris’. Fair – card rather worn but image is bright £10

554. I WANT MY VOTE! [13764] Perhaps the most common of suffrage cards. A kitten emotes – against a green, white and purple background. Very good – unposted £10

555. WE DON’T CARE IF WE NEVER HAVE A VOTE [13765] say Two Cats. ‘BB London series’ . Writtenj (but doesn’t seem to have been posted). Very good £15

Suffrage Postcards
Suffrage Artist Cards

556. ARTISTS’ SUFFRAGE LEAGUE Miss Jane Bull [13010] addresses Master Johnnie Bull, asking, ‘Give me a bit of your Franchise Cake, Johnnie’ He replies ‘It wouldn’t be good for you’ She responds ‘How can you tell if you won’t let me try it? it doesn’t hurt those other little girls’ – she points to Finnish, New Zealand, Australian and Norwegian children – boys and girls.Postcard published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. The artists are ‘C.H. & D.M.’ Very good – unposted £95

557. COMPANIONS IN DISGRACE [13555] – the sweet girl graduate stands, robed, alongside a convict in his arrowed suit. The heading is ‘Polling Booth’ and the caption ‘Companions in Disgrace’ refers to their shared characteristic. The verse below explains further: ‘Convicts and Women kindly note,/ Are not allowed to have the vote…’ etc. Drawn by ‘C.H.’ and published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Very good – unposted £65

558. WOMEN WRITERS’ SUFFRAGE LEAGUE [13629] postcard designed by W.H. Margetson. ‘Woman’ is dragged from the feet of blind ‘Justice’ by the figure of ‘Prejudice’. In very good condition – the black and white version – unposted £55

559. YOUNG NEW ZEALAND [13230] cycles on her modern bicycle with its two wheels equal in size. The front one is labelled ‘Male and Female’ and the back one ‘Equal Electoral Rights’. She calls out to old John Bull who is struggling atop a penny farthing, ‘Oh Grandpapa! what a funny old machine. Why don’t you get one like mine?’ The artist is JHD [Joan Harvey Drew]. Published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Very good- unposted – v scarce £95

Women and the First World War

560. ‘807’ A Woman At War: being experiences of an Army Signaller in France in 1917-1919 Privately Published (Liverpool: Daily Post Printers) no date (c 1928) [13736] ‘807’ was Maude Onions (1885-?), who, in 1907 had been a Post Office ‘learner’ in West Bromwich and by 1909 was a telephonist in Liverpool. In 1917 she was sent as a WAAC to France to work there as a signaller. A pithy account of her experience there- and the moral dilemmas with which the War presented her. She later became a pacificst. Very good & very scarce £55

561. ANON The Letters of Thomasina Atkins: Private (WAAC) on Active Service Hodder & Stoughton no date (1918) [13738] With a foreword by Mildred Aldrich. This is one of those books about which it is difficult to be entirely sure – are the letters genuine – or is it fiction? The general consensus – of reviewers in 1918 and of academics in the 21st century – is that they are real letters, written by a member of the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps to a woman friend (‘Peachie’). The only clues as to the author’s identity are that she had previously been an actress and that she was considerably younger than Mildred Aldrich (author of ‘Hilltop on the Marne’ and other accounts of the War), who had known her since she was a child. Good – with a damp stain along bottom of free front endpapers – ownership inscription (1918) and stamp of the ‘Royal Midland Counties Home for Incurables Castel Froma Lillington Road Leamington Spa’. Very scarce £55 SOLD

562. BARTON, Edith And CODY, Marguerite Eve in Khaki: the story of the Women’s Army at home and abroad Thomas Nelson, no date (1918) [12577] Part I – in England by Edith M. Barton. Part II – In France by Marguerite Cody. The First World War and the early years of the WAAC. Very good £38

563. CAHILL, Audrey Fawcett Between the Lines: letters and diaries from Elsie Inglis’s Russian Unit Pentland Press 1999 [11675] Soft covers – mint £15

564. CARR, Kent Women Who Dared; heroines of the Great War S.W. Partridge 1920 [13740] The women are mainly nurses and doctors and include ‘Nurse Cavell’, ‘The Women of the Hector Munro Field Ambulance Corps’, ‘The Women of Pervyse’, ‘Miss [Sarah] Macnaughtan’, ‘Lady Paget’, ‘Dr Elsie Inglis’, ‘Mrs St Clair Stobart’, ‘Mrs Percy Dearmer’, ‘and ‘Miss Violetta Thurstan’. Very good – very scarce £40

565. CHAUNCEY, A Women of the Royal Air Force WRAF Old Comrades Association no date (c 1920) [13742] The Women’s Royal Air Force was formed on 1 April 1918, at the same time as the Royal Air Force, and was formally disbanded on 1 April 1920. This is a survey of the WRAF’s work, both at home and overseas, as well as a personal account of her experiences in the Force by Alice Chauncey, who became an Instructor and Company Commander in the WRAF’s earliest days. With 13 photographs. Packed with detailed information. This is an extremely scarce item – COPAC lists only 2 copies – held by the Imperial War Museum and the Brotherton Collection, University of Leeds. It bears the ownership inscription of Lily I[sobel] Smith and her WRAF service number – 21965. I have checked her service record held by the National Archives and discover that she enrolled at Birmingham on 28 October 1918 and was demobilized at Tangmere on 15 September 1919. In 1919 she was 21 years old, 5ft 7 ins tall and of slight build. She had grey eyes, light brown hair, her work had been ‘Good’ and her personal conduct had been ‘Very satisfactory’. She had worked as a Fitter. Paper covers rubbed and a little chipped – an interesting and important survival £145 SOLD

566. DENT, Olive A V.A.D. in France Grant Richards Ltd 1917 [13743] Autobiographical account of nursing in France in the First World War. Good – with atmospheric pictorial cloth cover – a little rubbed and frayed around the edges. Scarce £48

567. FARMBOROUGH, Florence Russian Album 1908-1918 Michael Russell 1979 [12645] Photographs taken both before and during the First World War by Florence Farmborough, who first went to Russia in 1908 – and left in 1918. At the outbreak of war she served with the Russian Red Cross. An amazing collection. Large format, fine in d/w £28

568. [HALL] Edith Hall Canary Girls & Stockpots WEA Luton Branch 1977 [12884] Memories of life in the First World War – and of the ’20s and ’30s. During the War Edith Hall’s mother was landlady to munition workers – ‘the Canaries’ (so called because the chemicals turned their skin yellow) at the Hayes factories. Soft covers – signed by the author £10

569. (ROSS) Ishobel Ross Little Grey Partridge Aberdeen University Press 1988 [12153] ‘First World War diary of Ishobel Ross, who served with the Scottish Women’s Hospitals Unit in Serbia.’ With an introduction by Jess Dixon. Paper covers – fine £10

570. (SINCLAIR) May Sinclair A Journal of Impressions in Belgium Hutchinson 1915 [13737] May Sinclair helped fund Dr Hector Munro’s ambulance unit that operated in Ghent in the early days of the war. This is her account of the time she spent there. Very good – very scarce £65

571. STONE, Gilbert (ed) Women War Workers: accounts contributed by representative workers of the work done by women in the more important branches of war employment George G. Harrap & Co 1917 [12631] With a foreword by Lady Jellicoe. Chapters on: munition work; the land; work as a postwoman; banking; as a bus conductor; driver of butcher’s delivery cart; nursing at the Front in France; work as a V.A.D.; working with ‘Concerts at the Front'; and welfare work. Includes a chapter on War Organisations for Women, full of facts and figures – with 12 photographs. Very good – a surprisingly scarce book £60

572. (THURSTAN) Violetta Thurstan Field Hospital and Flying Column: being the journal of an English nursing sister in Belgium and Russia G.P. Putnam’s 1915 [13739] Very good – very scarce £65

Women and the First World War Ephemera

573. The Deportation of Women and Girls from Lille Hodder & Stoughton 1916 [12197] ‘Translated textually from the Note addressed by the French Government to the Governments of Neutral Powers on the conduct of the German Authorities towards the population of the French Departments in the occupation of the enemy.’ 81-pp – paper covers – good £12

574. HMSO Munitions of War HMSO 1916 [12583] Order, dated June 26, 1916, of the Minister of Munitions. 4-pp leaflet – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £3

575. MILITARY HOSPITAL FIRST WORLD WAR [13776] 5 x real photographic postcards of a ward in an English military hospital. It is Christmas and the ward is lavishly decorated with a Christmas tree, trailing greenery and the flags of the nations (or those of the Allies, I suppose) Nursing staff – I think from their uniforms that they are members of Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service – nurses and sisters- stand posed alongside patients in their ‘Convalescent Blue’ uniform – while other men lying in their beds turn to look to the camera. Army officers – including an Army chaplain – have arrived to add to the general festive cheer! Together with these cards is a full-length studio portrait photograph (taken in a studio in Oxford Street, London) of a young woman in uniform. This consists of a khaki-looking long belted and pocketed jacket – with a rather extravagant cross (presumably in red?) on a white arm band worn on her left arm, a skirt, shirt and tie – and topped with a pith helmet. Is this a FANY uniform, I wonder? The cards all came together and are associated with The Vote Postcard Album). Edith Alexander, who inherited the album (by default, I think) was a professional nurse and a nurse of that name was working at the Edmonton Military Hospital in 1916 – although whether the photograph is of her or of one of the other inhabitants of 17 Belsize Park Gardens, Hampstead, – or of someone else entirely – I don’t know! All the cards are in fine condition -very clear images – unposted. Together – 6 cards £40 SOLD

576. ‘ON WAR SERVICE’ BADGE [13699] Triangular metal badge with each word of ‘On War Service’ on one of its three sides – and the crown in the middle with ‘1916’ underneath. This badge was issued to women war workers – such as those working in the munition factories. Very good £28

577. SCOTTISH WOMEN’S FIRST AID CORPS [12892] natural-coloured linen canvas satchel with the initials ‘S.W.F.A.C.’ [Scottish Women's First Aid Corps] machine-embroidered in red on the front.The satchel hangs from a long red grosgrain ribbon strap which has a buckle for altering its length. The bag still contains an Esmarch’s Triangular Bandage – printed with images of how to apply, in a variety of ways, the bandage to wounded men, together with two packs labelled ‘Scottish Women’s First Aid Corps First Field Dressing’, supplied by J. Gordon Nicholson, Pharmaceutical Chemist, 15 Hanover Street, Edinburgh, and two small safety pins on a piece of card, presumably to be used for fixing the bandages. Luckily this SWFAC member was required to put the bandages to the test. The SWFAC had been formed in 1909 by Mary E. Macmillan and came into its own in the First World War, appealing to middle and upper-middle class women who wanted to ‘do their bit’. The SWFAC ran classes in First Aid and sick nursing and some of its recruits then went out to nurse in Italy and Serbia. Very good – an unusual survival £120

Women and the First World War Fiction

578. MACAULAY, Rose Three Days Constable & Co 1919 [12622] Poems. Already an established novelist, during the First World War Rose Macaulay worked as a VAD nurse and a land girl and in early 1917 joined the War Office. Good – a little chipped on spine – in wrapper cover. £25

579. MARCHANT, Bessie A Girl Munition Worker: a story of a girl’s work during the Great War Blackie [1916] [13002] Novel of the First World by ‘the girls’ Henry’. This would appear to be a first edition -with an ownership inscription for ‘Xmas 1916′ on free front end paper In original pictorial cloth cover – cloth rubbed and corners bumped – very scarce £45

END OF CATALOGUE LISTING

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Perhaps these books may also be of interest

cover e-book

Kate Parry Frye: the long life of an Edwardian actress and suffragette

Published by ITV Ventures as a tie-in with the series: ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’ this e-book tells Kate’s life story from her Victorian childhood to her brave engagement with the Elizabethan New Age. For details see here (and many more posts on this website).
Available to download from iTunes or Amazon

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Kate Frye coverCampaigning for the Vote: The Suffrage Diary of Kate Parry Frye

Edited by Elizabeth Crawford

An extract
‘Saturday June 14th 1913. [Kate is lodging in Baker Street, London]
I had had a black coat and skirt sent there for Miss Davison’s funeral procession and the landlady had given me permission to change in her room. I tore into my black things then we tore off by tube to Piccadilly and had some lunch in Lyons. But the time was getting on – and the cortege was timed to start at 2 o’clock from Victoria. We saw it splendidly at the start until we were driven away from our position and then could not see for the crowds and then we walked right down Buckingham Palace Rd and joined in the procession at the end. It was really most wonderful – the really organised part – groups of women in black with white lilies – in white and in purple – and lots of clergymen and special sort of pall bearers each side of the coffin. She gave her life publicly to make known to the public the demand of Votes for Women – it was only fitting she should be honoured publicly by the comrades. It must have been most imposing. [Plus much more description of the procession as Kate follows it into King’s Cross station]

Campaigning for the Vote tells, in her own words, the efforts of a working suffragist to instil in the men and women of England the necessity of ‘votes for women’ in the years before the First World War. The detailed diary kept all her life by Kate Parry Frye (1878-1959) has been edited to cover 1911-1915, years she spent as a paid organiser for the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. The book constitutes that near impossibility – completely new primary material, published for the first time 100 years after the events it records.

With Kate for company we experience the reality of the ‘votes for women’ campaign as, day after day, in London and in the provinces, she knocks on doors, arranges meetings, trembles on platforms, speaks from carts in market squares, village greens, and seaside piers, enduring indifference, incivility and even the threat of firecrackers under her skirt.

Kate’s words bring to life the world of the itinerant organiser – a world of train journeys, of complicated luggage conveyance, of hotels – and hotel flirtations – , of boarding houses, of landladies, and of the ‘quaintness’ of fellow boarders. This was not a way of life to which she was born, for her years as an organiser were played out against the catastrophic loss of family money and enforced departure from a much-loved home. Before 1911 Kate had had the luxury of giving her time as a volunteer to the suffrage cause; now she depended on it for her keep.

No other diary gives such an extensive account of the working life of a suffragist, one who had an eye for the grand tableau – such as following Emily Wilding Davison’s cortege through the London streets – as well as the minutiae of producing an advertisement for a village meeting. Moreover Kate Frye gives us the fullest account to date of the workings of the previously shadowy New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. She writes at length of her fellow workers, never refraining from discussing their egos and foibles. After the outbreak of war in August 1914 Kate continued to work for some time at the society’s headquarters, helping to organize its war effort, her diary entries allowing us to experience her reality of life in war-time London.

Excerpts from Campaigning for the Vote featured in ‘The Women’s Rebellion’, episode 2 of Michael Portillo’s Radio 4 series, 1913: The Year Before –listen here 
In his review of the series, published in ‘The Telegraph’, Charles Moore particularly drew attention to Kate’s contribution – see here.

Published by Francis Boutle Publishers – for details see here.
Wrap-around paper covers, 226 pp, over 70 illustrations, all drawn from Kate Frye’s personal archive. £14.99
ISBN 978 1903427 75 0

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Crawford Ref Guide

The Women’s Suffrage Movement 1866-1928: A reference guide

Elizabeth Crawford

‘It is no exaggeration to describe Elizabeth Crawford’s Guide as a landmark in the history of the women’s movement…’ History Today
Routledge, 2000 785pp paperback £74.99 – Ebook £70

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Crawford Regional Survey

The Women’s Suffrage Movement in Britain and Ireland: a regional survey
Elizabeth Crawford

‘Crawford provides meticulous accounts of the activists, petitions, organisations, and major events pertaining to each county.’ Victorian Studies
Routledge, 2008 320pp paperback £30
Ebook £26

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Enterprising Women

Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle

Elizabeth Crawford

‘Crawford’s scholarship is admirable and Enterprising Women offers increasingly compelling reading’ Journal of William Morris Studies

For further details see here
Francis Boutle, 2002 338pp 75 illus paperback £25

Copies of all of these books may be bought direct from the publishers or ordered from any bookshop (terrestrial or online)

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Suffrage Stories: Bloomsbury Links in Life And Literature (Part 4)

For my first two posts on the links between ‘Bloomsbury’ and women’s suffrage see here and hereIn ‘Bloomsbury Links’ (Part 3) I mentioned that in 1916  Ray Strachey took over the post of parliamentary secretary to the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies and  moved to Westminster to be close to the NUWSS office. From 1916 until 1934  she was also chairman of the Women’s Service Bureau, which originated in the war work of the London Society for Women’s Service. In 1925, when the financial position of the latter society (now called the London Society for Women’s Service) was critical, funds were raised by the presentation at the Scala Theatre of two specially-staged charity performances of The Son of Heaven, a play written by Ray’s brother-in-law, Lytton Strachey.

The play – a’tragic melodrama’ -was set in China at the time of the 1900 Boxer Rebellion. It’s director was Alec Penrose, whose  (first) wife was the production’s wardrobe mistress, Ralph Partridge played ‘The Executioner’, Geoffrey Webb, later Slade professor of Fine Art at Cambridge, played ‘Wang Fu’ and Gerald Brennan was among the extras.  Gertrude Kingston -now elderly and a one-time member of the Actresses’ Franchise League, was the only ‘professional’ member of the cast.

The accompanying music was composed and conducted by William Walton – his first commission for the stage. Of it Constant Lambert (who played the timpany in the production’s orchestra) commented – ‘So great was [Walton's] obsession with ragtime that he was unable to prevent some unmistakeable touches of Gershwin from entering the score!). The critic from The Stage described the music as ‘ambitious and decidedly heavy’.

Duncan Grant designed the costumes and sets. These included an Omega Workshop screen and a carpet designed by Vanessa Bell, who was also responsible for the cover of the programme.

Vanessa Bell, Original design for carpet for 'Son of Heaven' c 1924 (courtesy of Henry Sotheran Fine Prints)

Vanessa Bell, Original design for carpet for ‘Son of Heaven’ c 1924 (courtesy of Henry Sotheran Fine Prints)

Robert Medley, a painter and member of the cast, remembered the colours used –  ‘clear ochres and greys, offset by pinks, oranges and emerald greens’ (Frances Spalding, Duncan Grant). The costumes were painted in a decidedly Omega style by Duncan Grant and Vanessa Bell and proved all  too much for Gertrude Kingston. She refused to wear her costume and the designers were forced to dress her instead in a black brocade ‘Manchu’ robe belonging to Lady Strachey. All in all it seems to have been a rather entertaining venture, although I cannot tell you how much money it raised for the LSWS.

WomensServiceHseIn 1930, when the London and National Society for Women’s Service (as it had confusingly been renamed in 1926) wished to publicise not only its existence but also that of their new purpose-built hall , ‘Although very doubtful of success, Miss [Philippa] Strachey undertook to approach Virginia Woolf, to ask if she would be willing to give a talk on ‘Literature’. In the event Virginia Woolf did agree to speak and on the appointed evening, 21 January 1931, shared the platform with her new friend, Dame Ethel Smyth, who spoke on ‘Music’.

The hall, with a library, restaurant and offices, was part of Women’s Service House, the  LNSWS’s new Westminster premises. Millicent Fawcett laid the foundation stone on 29 April 1929, barely three months before her death; the hall was intended as her memorial – rather more useful than a statue  but, alas, without a statue’s popular appeal (on this bee in my bonnet see more here). Known as the Millicent Fawcett Hall, it still stands at 31 Marsham Street, now put to good use by Westminster School as its drama centre.

Back in January 1931 the sub-committee of the London Society responsible for arranging the  evening’s entertainment felt obliged to install a microphone for Mrs Woolf – at the cost of £8; there was no suggestion that Dame Ethel required amplification.

The speakers attracted one of the society’s largest audiences and Virginia Woolf received a review in The Woman’s Leader (now, incidentally, edited by a niece of Mrs Pankhurst): ‘She “was with us, but not of us”. Her eyes are on the stars, as though she listens to some far-off song – but a song of which even an audience of modern and practical minded young women can catch an echo when Mrs Woolf speaks.’

ThreeGuineasThe ‘song’ proved to be the genesis for Three Guineas, and it was to the LNSWS’s library, adjacent to the hall, and to its librarian, Vera Douie, that Virginia Woolf turned when seeking verification of the facts, gathered into footnotes, that fuelled the book’s anger.

The Library at Women’s Service House, 1924 © & source The Women's Library

The Library at Women’s Service House, 1924
© & source The Women’s Library

In March 1938, for instance, she wrote enquiring about peace organisations and the numbers of women involved in working for peace. Vera Douie sent her a full reply, enclosing Mrs Fawcett’s pamphlet on ‘What the Vote Has Done’. A couple of months later , in gratitude for the help she had received, Virginia Woolf offered to supply the library with any books, new or antiquarian that it required. The offer was gratefully accepted; in 1938, for example, Virginia Woolf gave to the library both volumes of the newly published Miss Weeton. Journal of a Governess, a text from which she had copied quotations into her Three Guineas Reading Notebook, and in July 1940 paid for two books by Mary Carpenter, Juvenile Delinquents (1853) and Our Convicts (1864), that had appeared in the catalogue of an antiquarian bookseller. Both the latter are still part of the Cavendish Bentinck collection in the Women’s Library@LSE – although the name of their donor is not noted in the catalogue entry.

On 26 March 1941 Vera Douie wrote to Mrs Woolf to say how much she had enjoyed reading her biography of Roger Fry and asking, in her usual delicate manner, for two more books. This time, however, her request was in vain. Virginia Woolf was dead by the time the letter was delivered to Monks’s House.

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Suffrage Stories: ‘A Song Of Their Own’ – Ipswich Suffrage- And Ada Ridley In Particular

Song of their Own

I do enjoy reading studies of the work of local suffrage societies – and this is a good one.  Without over explaining the national campaign Joy Bounds neatly describes the particular work of Ipswich suffrage campaigners, setting their efforts in the wider context. Her research on Constance Andrews, the leading light of the Ipswich branch of the Women’s Freedom League,  is particularly welcome – and useful.

The delight of such studies is that names hitherto little known are brought to our attention. While it was outside the scope of Joy Bounds’ study to dwell in depth on the many individuals whom she highlights, it is now possible – in a blog such as this – to pick up the baton, as it were, and attempt to discover more about these women. Their engagement with the suffrage movement is, in a way, only an excuse.  I am still so curious about women’s lives.

In particular I am  interested in women who put their artistic skills to work for the suffrage cause and was keen therefore to discover more about the life of Ada Paul Ridley,who is mentioned in A Song of Their Own. She either designed or sewed (or perhaps  designed and helped sew) the banner (‘Be Just and Fear Not’) that the Ipswich contingent carried in the WSPU’s 1911 Coronation Procession. There is a suggestion that ‘her women’ worked it – I wonder who they were? The banner, alas, has long since disappeared.

Lisa Tickner includes Ada Ridley in her list of suffrage artists in an appendix to The Spectacle of Women, but mentions only her work on this banner and the fact that she had exhibited at the ‘London Salon’ in 1908. This was the first exhibition organized for the progressive Allied Artists’ Association Exhibition by Frank Rutter (a devout suffragist) – and held at the Albert Hall. I doubt that Ada Ridley was amongst the more progressive element, but she was keeping interesting company.

So who was Ada Ridley?

Well, she was born c 1864 and her sister, Elizabeth (Bessie), whom Joy Bounds mentions as also being  involved with Ipswich suffrage, was born in 1867. They were two of the four daughters (there were also two sons) of Albert Cowell Ridley, one of Ipswich’s leading businessmen. He was a wholesale druggist –  in partnership with Edward Grimwade (sometime mayor of Ipswich), trading as Grimwade, Ridley & Co. The firms premises were in Princes Street – and have long since made way for the iconic Willis building.

The Ridley family was non-conformist – Baptist. In the 1870s Albert Ridley was a member of the Ipswich Board of Guardians and in the 1880s, a Liberal,  was a elected to the Ipswich Town Council.

Formerly Helenscote, 73 Henley Road, Ipswich

Formerly Helenscote, 73 Henley Road, Ipswich9

The Ridleys  lived at Helenscote, 73  Henley Road, Ipswich – a large, gabled house. (The house, now known as Marlborough House was until relatively recently The Marlborough Hotel, but is now divided into flats.)

In the 1870s Edward Grimwade and his family lived close by – at 1 Henley Road. In April 1871 Grimwade chaired a meeting in Ipswich at which Rhoda Garrett was the main speaker, with her cousin, Millicent Garrett Fawcett, and her uncle,  Newson Garrett, sitting beside her on the platform. The Ipswich Journal - not a supporter of the woman’s cause - gives a lengthy, somewhat jaundiced account of the meeting – but it is clear that it was actually rather successful.

Grimwade’s daughter, Harriet, became secretary of the Ipswich committee of the National Society for Women’s Suffrage that was set up in the wake of this meeting. This suffrage society doesn’t appear to have been very active – although Harriet Grimwade definitely was. She was a very active philanthropist as well as eventually, in 1883, being elected a member of the Ipswich School Board.  When she first stood for the School Board, in 1880, the Ipswich Journal  paid her the rather back-handed compliment of saying that it would be as well if she were not elected as it would be a pity to distract her from her all her charitable work.

There was no mention of Albert Ridley’s presence at the 1871 meeting- although he may well have been there.  In fact there was a direct Garrett/Ridley relationship. Millicent’s sister, Alice, was married to Herbert Cowell, a cousin of Albert Cowell Ridley (Herbert’s father was brother to Albert’s mother). Despite Herbert’s expressed distaste for the women’s movement, Alice more or less defied him to succeed her sister, Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, as the member of the London School Board for Marylebone. I imagine that Albert Ridley’s views on the Woman Question tended more towards those of Edward Grimwade than those of Herbert Cowell.

Whatever they were, Albert Ridley did ensure that Ada had a good education. She attended Ipswich High School for Girls and, while a pupil there, in 1879  passed the government examination in Freehand Drawing, taken at the Ipswich School of Science and Art , in 1880 she received the school prize for Needlework – a copy of In Memoriam – and in 1881 won a prize at the Art School (though still a pupil at the High School) for the best drawing of a plant. Her reward was to be given said plant – a begonia. In 1883 she matriculated from the High School –  in the first division (University of London) and in 1884  moved to  the Ipswich School of Science and Art, where she was awarded a first class certificate in Botany- Elementary Stage. Ada clearly remained close to Harriet Youngman, who was headmistress of the High School during the time she was there. When the 1901 census was taken Ada was staying with her as a visitor in the cottage near Saffron Walden to which she had moved on retiring as headmistress.

Although the only sightings I have of Ada during the next ten years are as a rather successful tennis player (mixed doubles matches at the Ipswich Lawn Tennis Club) and as a pianist at various local entertainments, she clearly maintained her interest in art, winning a second price in a Studio  competition in 1894. In 1893 she was the judge of ‘Plain Needlework’ at an Industrial and Art Exhibition held at the Gainsborough House headquarters of the YWCA.

Albert Ridley died in 1896, leaving c £25,000 – out of which Ada and her siblings were each to receive £1000  immediately. Her mother died in 1916, leaving £14,000 – so I think we can assume that the family lived reasonably comfortably.

In April 1911 a service at Llanaber Church near Barmouth was held to dedicate reredos that Ada Ridley had helped carve. They had been designed in the Celtic Arts and Crafts style by John Dickson Batten, who was an illustrator and one of the early members of the Society of Painters in Tempera. The founder of this society was Christiana Herringham, a suffragist who in 1908 had helped embroider banners for the Artists’ Suffrage League and the Women Writers’ Suffrage League, as well as one for the Cambridge Suffrage Society. The Battens must have known Christiana Herringham and as in 1904 their Kensington home was at 16 Edwardes Square, they must have known Laurence Housman, who lived with his sister, Clemence, writer and artist, at 1 Pembroke Cottages, on the corner of the Square. It’s not too wild a guess to suppose that Ada Ridley was brought into this circle.

Anti-suffrage Alphabet (courtesy of UCL Library Services)

Anti-suffrage Alphabet (courtesy of UCL Library Services)

There is no doubt that by 1911 Ada most certainly was well acquainted with Laurence Housman  because in that year she was a contributor to a lovely book – An Anti Suffrage Alphabet – designed by Housman and which Leonora Tyson (of the Streatham WSPU) printed to order by hand. Earlier in the year, on census night (2 April), both Ada and Bessie Ridley had been absent from home. Their mother was enumerated at Helenscote with their unmarried brother and one of their nieces – but of her two resident daughters there was no trace. Were they spending the night at the Museum Rooms, taking part in the boycotting party that Joy Bounds describes so well?

But that is all I’ve been able to uncover. How did Ada spend the rest of her long life?  I can find no trace of any further involvement with either art or the woman’s cause. She seems such a capable woman that I can’t believe she sat at home doing nothing for the next 40 or so years. She died in Ipswich in 1958 – leaving c £17,000 -one of her executors being the niece who was staying in the house while her aunts were out gallivanting on census night.

 

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Suffrage Stories: Bloomsbury Links (Part 3)

I have written two previous posts about the Bloomsbury Group and Women’s Suffrage – see here and here, the latter one dealing with the involvement of Lady Strachey and her children. In this third Bloomsbury post I describe something of the importance of one of her daughters-in-law – Ray Strachey.

Ray Strachey

Ray Strachey

In 1911 Lady Strachey’s son, Oliver,  married, as his second wife, Ray, the daughter of Mary Costelloe (later Mary Berenson) and granddaughter of Hannah Whitall Smith, a Philadelphian Quaker and feminist.

The Costelloes’ association with the Cause stretched well back into the 19th century. In 1889 both Mary Costelloe and her mother had signed the Declaration in Favour of Women’s Suffrage organized by the Central Committee of the National Society for Women’s Suffrage. In the 1890s Mary, with her parents, her husband, and her sister Alys (who was later to marry Bertrand Russell), subscribed to the Central National Society for Women’s Suffrage. In March 1890 Frank Costelloe, Ray’s father, was described as a ‘warm friend’ to the Women’s Franchise League. It is therefore not surprising to discover that Ray Costelloe while a student at Newnham (1905-08) was an active member of the Cambridge University Women’s Suffrage Society, probably to the detriment of her academic work.

In the summer of 1908 Ray and her friend Elinor Rendel conducted a suffrage caravan tour of the Lake District. While on this tour the young women stayed at Keswick, at Hawse End, the home of Frank and Caroline Marshall, who had founded the local branch of the NUWSS, and who were the uncle and aunt of Ray (later Garnett) and Frances (later Partridge).

Catherine Marshall

Catherine Marshall

The Marshalls’ daughter, Catherine, moved to London and became parliamentary secretary of the NUWSS, in 1912 masterminding that society’s alliance withe the Labour party. Through family association the suffrage campaign drew into is maw the least likely followers; Julia Strachey, Oliver’s daughter by his first marriage, led an NUWSS procession in Littlehampton on 19 July 1913.

By 1913 Ray Strachey was chairman of the LSWS and Philippa Strachey was its secretary, the two forming an extremely affectionate and close working relationship that lasted until Ray’s death in 1940. A fellow worker for the Cause described how Ray Strachey was ‘someone who takes up lost causes and then they are no longer lost’ and particularly remarked how Ray always sought Pippa’s advice.

In 1916 Ray Strachey succeeded Catherine Marshall as parliamentary secretary of the NUWSS and in this capacity was responsible for supervising the passage of the Reform Bill that in 1918 at last gave women (over 30) the vote. Ray moved her household from Bloomsbury to Marsham Street in Westminster in order to be close to the society’s office.

strachey the causeAfter the end of the First World War Ray Strachey was editor of The Common Cause and then of its successor, The Woman’s Leader, 1920-23, and acted as political private secretary to Lady Astor after the latter’s election as the first woman member of the House of Commons. Ray Strachey was the author The Cause (1928) which stood for very many years as the only history of the ‘constitutional’ suffrage movement, and of Women’s suffrage and Women’s service: the history of the London and National Society for Women’s Service, 1927.

In 1938 Virginia and Leonard Woolf’s Hogarth Press published Our Freedom and Its Results, a collection of essays edited by Ray Strachey, which charts the effect of women’s emancipation on politics, law, employment, morals and social life.

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Kate Frye’s Diary: What Was Kate Doing One Hundred Years Ago Today – The Day She Appears On Our TV Screens?

Tonight Kate Parry Frye – in the guise of Romola Garai – appears on our television screens (Sunday 17 August, ITV at 9pm). What was she doing on this day 100 years ago?

Kate was still on holiday from her work with the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage, spending the time with her sister and mother in their rented rooms at 10 Milton Street, Worthing. However, this was no summer idyll such as the Fryes had enjoyed in days gone by. Then they had rented a large house and travelled down from London with their four servants, to spend a season by the sea. Now that they were virtually penniless, these rented rooms were all they could call home. In the life of Kate and, more tragically in that of  her sister, we see the jarring disconnect when young women, brought up to a life where marriage was to be their only trade, are left with insufficient money to support their social position and expectations. As such Kate’s life story is very much a tale of its time.

Monday August 17th 1914

Gorgeous day. Up and at house work. Out 12.30-  just to the shops. Wrote all the afternoon  and after tea to 6. Papers full of interest. Preparing for the biggest battle in the World’s History. There is no doubt the English have landed over there. I hear from John most days – that he is very busy but not a word of what his work is. Mickie [her Pomeranian] and I went out after tea. Agnes still a bit limp.

John Collins, Kate’s fiancé, who had long been an officer in the Territorial Army, had already been recalled to his barracks at Shoeburyness – leaving his engagement with a touring repertory theatre company. Kate’s sister, Agnes, at the first hint of the European trouble had taken to her bed, prostrate. Kate, a would-be playwright, was busy writing – although exactly what she was writing at this time she doesn’t divulge. On her death forty-five years later she left behind a box of unpublished scripts – and one that was published. She  hoped one day to achieve fame and fortune. As it was she would soon be back at work at her suffrage society’s headquarters – with a new role as organizer of their War Work Work Room.

Work Room set up by the New Constitutional Society for Women's Suffrage - of which Kate was in charge. Note the NCS flag in the background - the only image of it that survives

Work Room set up by the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage – of which Kate was in charge. Note the NCS flag in the background – the only image of it that survives

Kate

To discover more about the entirety of Kate’s life – her upbringing, her involvement with the suffrage movement, her marriage, her London flats, her life in a Buckinghamshire hamlet, her love of the theatre, her times as an actress, her efforts as a writer, her life on the Home Front during two world wars, her involvement with politics – and her view of the world from the 1890s until October 1958  – download the e-book – £4.99 – from iTunes – http://bit.ly/PSeBKPFITVal. or  £4.99 from Amazon.

I’d love to hear what you think of Kate and the life she lived. 

To read in detail about Kate’s involvement in the women’s suffrage campaign – in a beautifully-produced, highly illustrated, conventional paper book – see  Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary.

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All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

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NOW PUBLISHED: Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life Of An Edwardian Actress And Suffragette

Kate

 

Based on her prodigious diary, this e-book is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the  ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’, in which Romola Garai plays Kate. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here. Kate appeared in the episode on Sunday 17 August –  at 9pm on ITV.

To discover more about the entirety of Kate’s life – her upbringing, her involvement with the suffrage movement, her London flats, her life in a Buckinghamshire hamlet, her love of the theatre, her times as an actress, her efforts as a writer, her life on the Home Front during two world wars, her involvement with politics – and her view of the world from the 1890s until October 1958  – download the e-book from iTunes – http://bit.ly/PSeBKPFITVal. or  from Amazon .

Writing up her diary in her miserable rented room in Worthing on 7 August 1914 Kate could not have thought – even in her wildest dreams – and she certainly did on occasion allow herself wild dreams of fame – that one hundred years later YOU would be able to read her life story.

It is something of a fairytale – from the discovery of the boxes of wringing-wet diaries in a north London cellar to the publication of Kate’s story, now available for the World to read at the click of a mouse.  It is a dream realised, not only for the Kate I have got to know so well and who through her diary entries makes us privy to her hopes, but also for myself. To be given the chance to resurrect the story of an ‘ordinary’ woman (though she most certainly was not ordinary to herself) is the culmination of a lifetime of biographical reading.  Moreover it is ‘hidden lives’ -such as Kate’s – that have been of abiding interest.

There is a certain fitness that at a time when the major publishing conglomerates tend, for safety’s sake, to concentrate on the lives of those whose names are already known – for whom a market already exists – that it is a television company, ITV, that is taking a bow at a venture and allowing you to read the life of an ordinary woman. Kate, I am sure, would have been most interested to watch The Great War: the People’s Story. For her entire life she was entranced by the telling of tales – in novels, on the stage, on film, on radio and, in her latter years, on television and it so happens that the one play she succeeded in getting published was set on the Western Front – in the final hour of the Great War.

When editing Kate’s suffrage years as Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s suffrage diary I did briefly debate (and did so at much greater length in a post – Kate Frye and the Problem of the Diarist’s Multiple Roles)  the ethics of mining a diary and presenting only one aspect of the subject’s life. I have now been able to reconcile any doubts I might have had. Kate’s suffrage diary undoubtedly adds to our understanding of the suffrage campaign and it is now with considerable satisfaction that I am able to present to you Kate’s life in its entirety.

Coincidentally yesterday I spotted a new blog review of Campaigning for the Vote that not only gives a delightfully long review of that book – but also reveals that the writer is longing to know more about Kate and – at the last moment – is pleased to have just downloaded the e-book and begin a deeper acquaintance.

 

If you are interested to find out more about Kate’s involvement in the women’s suffrage campaign – in a beautifully-produced, highly illustrated, conventional paper book. .In London it is in stock in Foyles, Charing Cross Road, and at the Persephone Bookshop in Lamb’s Conduit Street. and is available by mail order from the publisher –  see  Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

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