womanandhersphere

This user hasn't shared any biographical information

Homepage: http://womanandhersphere.wordpress.com

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 29 July 1914

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

 

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman. Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. For the previous few weeks Kate’s fiancé, John Collins, had been renting  a room in another house in Claverton Street but he has now left for the West Country, to take up a position with a touring repertory company. Kate is feeling rather bereft.

Wednesday July 29th 1914

A busy morning of packing and cleaning and washing. I had ordered a chop so had my meal in – and [went]  out at 3. Took a coat and skirt to try and sell but no one would have it – so had to take it to the Office. Gladys was there – very important and bad tempered. How she snapped at me. Mrs Chapman came in and she was discussing the grave crisis of the War. The area is spreading. She is going to Austria – and Alexandra and Gladys too – to the Tyrol – but they will never get there if things develop.

Had tea and said good-bye to Miss Burnaby who is leaving the staff as she had a very good appointment elsewhere – and good-bye to Miss Simeon and Gladys. It seems so final somehow. I could wish I wasn’t going back. I have grown so sick of the work. In saying good-bye to Gladys she said to me ‘Please don’t make a speech’ in such a rude, aggressive manner. I tried to turn it off by saying if I were doing so it was because I had had so much practice lately, and she said ‘Oh, Yes. Mr McKillop has been in today singing your praises – saying how well you speak that you ought to be made to speak, and what a splendid organiser you are, and what a wonderful person altogether.’ So I suppose that was the trouble. I got my salary and holiday cheque and made off.

Bus to Whiteleys and shopped, tried to get rid of coat and skirt – bus to Oxford Street and strolled all round the British Museum as I remembered a shop buying off me once. No good – so I enjoyed the curio and picture shops. Walked down to the Strand – had a vile meal at Slaters there – walked to Trafalgar Square and got my 24 Pimlico bus back at 9 o’clock. I wonder when I shall stroll about London again. Finished my packing and then to bed.

How Kate must have disliked lugging an old coat and skirt around London all day – in the vain hope of selling them for a shilling or two. Especially having listened to others in the Office making plans for the kind of continental holiday she had once enjoyed – and never would again.

Kate had already had considerable experience of selling garments belonging to members of her family to a variety of ‘old clo” women – usually around Kensington – as well as jewellery – and even her parents’ old false teeth – so I imagine she had become rather inured to the associated humiliation. By ‘strolled around the British Museum’ she means, of course, the streets around the BM, rather than the Museum itself. Bloomsbury was then a centre for curio shops, second-hand bookshops and picture dealers and picture framers. It still is, to a certain extent, if one blanks out the tatty souvenir shops.

And the number 24 is still the bus that runs from Trafalgar Square to Pimlico.

See also Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary.

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

 

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 28 July 1914

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman. Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. For the previous few weeks Kate’s fiancé, John Collins, had been renting  a room in another house in Claverton Street but he has now left for the West Country, to take up a position with a touring repertory company. Kate is feeling rather bereft.

Tuesday July 28th 1914

Jobs of writing and tidying. Out at 2. Lunch at Slaters. Then to Office to work until 5.30. Bus to Victoria – shopping on my way back and a little unfurnished room hunting. Found some very nices ones in a respectable house in Charlwood Place. In 7.30. Meal at 8. Writing till bed at 10.30

A nondescript day – no mention of what she was reading in the newspaper of trouble in Ireland and Europe. But interesting to learn that Kate was contemplating taking an unfurnished room – something more permanent than her Claverton Street digs. All the furniture she possessed was in storage at Whiteleys. She had saved what she considered belonged to her from being auctioned the previous year when the family home, The Plat, and all its contents went under the hammer. In her diary she lovingly listed these few chairs, rugs, bookcases etc. It was little enough – but she longed to have a home of her own and her own furniture about her. Charlwood Place looks very appealing – and could almost be considered Belgravia rather than Pimlico – which would certainly have appealed to Kate. On occasion she had felt unable to reveal that she lived in Pimlico – then a rather declassé area.

See also Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary. Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

 

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 27 July 1914

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman. Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. For the previous few weeks Kate’s fiancé, John Collins, had been renting  a room in another house in Claverton Street but he has now left for the West Country, to take up a position with a touring repertory company. Kate is feeling rather bereft.

Monday July 27th 1914 [Kate has been staying for the weekend at the Kennels, a house in which her aunt Agnes Gilbey was living on the Gilbey estate at Wooburn]

Breakfast 8.30. Put my things together, had a talk to Mrs Wootten on the Telephone at The Plat then with Constance walked to the Manor Farm and she showed me all over it. It is a dream of a place, and the garden is perfect. Then she saw me off by the 11 o’clock train to Paddington.

At Maidenhead Mrs Burls was seeing her daughter Olga and ‘Emma Murry’ off and they got in my carriage – she recognised me so I had to chat. I was very absorbed in the paper. Great and serious news – a terrible conflict between the Nationalist Volunteers in Dublin and the Police – 3 shot dead and many wounded. Will this mean an Election? Things seem really serious in Ireland – and then the even more serious continental news.

By underground to Victoria and bus to Claverton St. Just unpacked my things and then bust to Victoria – lunch at Slaters and met Mrs Chapman at 3 o’clock and we went to Peckham together canvassing. We kept on until about 5.30 – having the usual sort of experiences – then tea together in an ABC and I saw Mrs Chapman off. I did some more canvassing, then bought an evening paper and went into a Lyons and ate a macaroon to read it. There is going to be serious war and Russia and Germany are beginning to fall out now. Oh dear.

To the Triangle at 7.45 – and our meeting at 8. I took the Chair and Miss Hawley and Miss D’Oyly were the speakers. I got the names of 10 sympathisers and we had  a nice meeting but did not keep it going so long as ususal. I was back home at 10.15. had some supper of a kind and then to bed.

The significance of looking around the Wooburn Manor Farm lay in the fact that Aunt Agnes Gilbey, together with her unmarried daughter, Constance, and her widowed daughter, Katie Finch-Smith, were soon to move into this house on their estate – and remain there for the remainder of their lives. Olga Burls who sat with Kate in her railway carriage on the way back to London was then about 17 years old and, with the middle name ‘Gilbey’, was in some way related to the family. I can only guess that ‘Emma Murry, whose name was put in quotes by Kate,’ was a dog – unless, of course, she was a maid!

As we can see Kate was still – just – marginally more concerned about events in Ireland, which might trigger a General Election and thereby disrupt her planned holiday break,  than with war preparations in Europe. And, of course, Peckham still needed to hear the message – ‘Votes for Women’.

See also Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary. Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

, ,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 26 July 1914

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman. Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. For the previous few weeks Kate’s fiancé, John Collins, had been renting  a room in another house in Claverton Street but he has now left for the West Country, to take up a position with a touring repertory company. Kate is feeling rather bereft.

Sunday, 26th July 1914 [Kate is staying for the weekend at the Kennels, a house in which her aunt Agnes Gilbey was living on the Gilbey estate at Wooburn]

A cold and showery day. I had a beautiful bath and was down to breakfast. Constance of course had been to Church but as she was not ‘feeling her best’ much to her annoyance she could not go to morning service. Aunt Agnes came downstairs and said she felt better. She stayed up until after supper. We had a fire in the drawing-room it was so chilly.

I wrote letters and chatted all the morning. Gilbert, Edith and their 3 daughters came to luncheon. A most uninteresting party – really Edith is a block. She never wrote to Mother when Daddie died – or referred to it in any way. She is horrible. Gilbert brought the news that the Stock exchange was in an awful way yesterday – in a state of collapse over the War rumours. Things are so allied nowadays that I suppose Servia and Austria make a panic everywhere – in case England is drawn in too. The ‘Chalklands’ family went off about 3.

I got ready and we went for a stroll all around the garden and on the hill. The valley did look lovely – the silver thread of the Thames running through it madee me very sad too – I cried a little. Then I sat out of doors until tea was ready, and just as we had started tea Newman’s Jack [that is Jack Gilbey, son of Newman Gilbey] – now a full blown Lieutenant and one of his younger brothers Frank arrived on a Motor Cycle. He has ridden from Aldershot and fetched his brother from Beaumont [Jesuit boarding school then at Old Windsor, Berkshire]  and came on to tea with his grandmother. They are most fascinating boys – Jack is a dear and so amusing. How well I remember the 3 in the old days Harry, Jack and Charlie. Charlie is now engaged to Lettice Watney. It seems simply absurd – she may be only a year or so older, but in type and character she seems a middle aged woman. What strange marriages they make.

After the two boys had gone Constance and I hurried off to evening service at the Parish Church. Mr Unsworth preached but was not very interesting. Back and changed for supper, when I had 2 goes of everything to make up, as I told them, for going supperless tomorrow. Bed at 10.10. They really have been more than kind and though I dreaded coming I have enjoyed myself.

The description of Constance ‘not feeling her best’ – inside Kate’s inverted commas – was probably a euphemism for ‘having her period’. In Kate Parry Frye: the long life of an Edwardian actress and suffragette  I do discuss the blight that menstruation appeared to cast over the lives of Kate’s circle – but I’ve not previously come across it as a reason for not being able to go to Morning Service. Unless, of course, when 11 o’clock came Constance was actually feeling unwell.

Gilbert and Edith Gilbey lived at ‘Chalklands’, a house at Bourne End that was subsequently owned by the writer Edgar Wallace. At this stage their family comprised three daughters (one of whom, Brenda, was to become too keen a supporter of Hitler for Kate’s liking at the beginning of the Second World War), to which a son was added in 1917.  All three of Newman Gilbey’s sons, Harry, Jack and Charlie, were fortunate enough to survive the coming war – although there were casualties among their cousins, including two of the sons of Gilbert and Newman’s sister, Agnes Shaw.

A few years earlier Lettice Watney had helped Kate organize a dance in aid of funds for the London Society for Women’s Suffrage –  in the days when Kate was still a volunteer for the Cause. Lettice was exactly a year older than Charlie Gilbey; they were married in June 1915. Lettice’s ancestry is inextricably linked, back through several generations, with the Gilbey and Gold families

Gilbey - Gold wedding

 

 

In April 1892 Kate and Agnes Frye were bridesmaids at this double Gilbey/Gold wedding . Agnes, carrying yellow roses, was among Mary’s bridesmaids – Kate was among Lizzie’s bridesmaids, who were themed with pink roses.  As Agnes remarked of a Blyth/Gold marriage in 1897  ‘Are they all going to marry each other?’ I can see that this phenomenon continues down until the present day.   Kate Parry Frye: the long life of an Edwardian actress and suffragette describes the way, for good and ill, the lives of the Frye family were intertwined with that of the Gilbeys.

See also Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary.

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

 

,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 25 July 1914

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

Kate

As a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing.

For the previous few weeks Kate’s fiancé, John Collins, had been renting  a room in another house in Claverton Street but he has now left for the West Country, to take up a position with a touring repertory company. Kate is feeling rather bereft.

Saturday July 25th 1914

Up and packed – and put my things in order and left with a cardboard Dress Box as my luggage at 12.15. To Victoria by bus and to Praed Street by train – had some lunch at Lyons and then to Paddington for the 2 o’clock train to Wooburn. Met Mr Woodward – he knew me and came up and spoke to me – it is years since we met. He had not heard of Daddie’s death.

I felt so awful going to the old place – I just glued my eyes to the window – I couldn’t help it – when we came to Winter Hill and Cock Marsh and the river and then the train stopped on the Bridge and I saw the dear old ‘Plat’. It was a gorgeous day, but a very high wind and the river was lashing about and the trees swaying and there stood the house. It really seems utterly grotesque that it should be all as it is – that the others live in poky lodging and I exist on £2 per week in a dreary London Bedsitting room – sometimes it seems it cannot be.

I saw Pratt on Bourne End platform and some of the old porters but most of the faces were new and the riff raff on the Platform was the usual holiday season tripper crew. Then on to Wooburn where Constance met me with the Victoria and took me for a lovely drive before going to the Kennels. The country looks too fair for words – and the Harvest is very forward. Aunt Agnes and Constance alone at the Kennels – and Aunt Agnes in bed as she does not feel very well. I went up to see her and she was ever so cheery and bright. Then Constance and I went in the garden and I had a feed of fruit – then a wander through the woods – back and another chat with Aunt Agnes.

Changed for dinner and then a chat to Constance until ten and then bed. She sees less narrow than she did. Of course I could not speak of my work – that is Taboo – but I mentioned one or two facts concerning it – that if, as seems possible, we are in for a General Election I shall not get off next week for my holiday etc and there didn’t seems quite such a stiffening. But perhaps someone she respects has come out for Suffrage – or is it the Bishop of Kensington? I shall be sorry if I can’t get away for a rest – it won’t be a real holiday, not a success I feel sure cooped up with Mother and Agnes at Worthing and all the nagging that goes on between them – but I don’t feel I can go on with this work without a break. I have grown to loathe it.

I suppose if an Election comes I shall go through with it but I shall much fear a collapse – and fought on the Irish Question we shan’t get a look in – shan’t be listened to. Now there seems such European complications – Austria and Servia. Perhaps our domestic parliamentary quarrels will have to take a second place. The papers seem full of rumours of trouble here and elsewhere.

 

Bourne End Regatta 1911 - showing the railway bridge in the background and the grounds of The Plat on the left

Bourne End Regatta 1911 – showing the railway bridge in the background on which Kate’s train halted and the grounds of The Plat on the left

It is rather fitting that Kate should make her first mention of the gathering clouds over Europe – as well as the situation in Ireland – on the day on which she returns to the scene of the ‘gay and reckless’ days of her childhood and youth. When the Fryes were living in The Plat, their house beside the river Thames at Bourne End in Buckinghamshire, it had seemed inconceivable the life should not carry on along the primrose path. But here was Kate looking down on The Plat and its grounds from her train, drawn to a halt on the railway bridge over the Thames, knowing that what had once seemed impossible had happened – her family was homeless and penniless. Perhaps the knowledge that catastrophes like this could happen made her more able to realise that something might occur  to push ‘our domestic parliamentary quarrels’ into second place.

These thoughts were going through Kate’s mind as she re-entered the world she had lost – the world of the wealthy Gilbey family. For she was on her way to spend the weekend with her aunt, Agnes Gilbey, and her cousin Constance, who were living at this time at the Kennels – one of the Gilbey homes on their Wooburn estate, a short distance from Bourne End. Here life ticked on as it always had – cocooned and comfortable – fuelled by the income from the extremely successful Gilbey wine and spirits empire.

As Kate says, she knew it didn’t really do to talk about her suffrage work even with Constance, who was her own age and a friend of her youth. Although – in what were to prove the final days of the pre-war suffrage movement – Kate did think she discerned a slight broadening of Constance’s sympathy in this regard. You can see from this how outré the   idea of ‘votes for women’ could still seem to some youngish women – despite or perhaps because of – all the campaigning, militant and non-militant, of the last few years. But, whatever her views on this, Constance was throughout her life to prove a good friend to Kate.

See also Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary.

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

 

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 24 July 1914

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here. KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman. Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. For the previous few weeks Kate’s fiancé, John Collins, had been renting  a room in another house in Claverton Street but he has now left for the West Country, to take up a position with a touring repertory company. Kate is feeling rather bereft.

Friday July 24th 1914 Felt rotten. Up late. Jobs and writing but practically gave myself a holiday. It was a very heavy day. I had ordered a chop to come in so ate my dinner within. Had tea and then out – but rather late as I had waited to see if we were in for  thunderstorm. Some supper at Lyons at Charing Cross – then to Covent Garden and up in the gallery to hear Charpentier’s ‘Louise’. It had already commenced but I found a seat near the door-  the Russian Opera at Drury Lane must have made a huge difference to Covent Garden. Edvina was singing as Louise. I was disappointed at first but I think it improves immensely as it goes along and the end is fine and so splendidly acted – it made one feel wrought up. It is a very elaborate opera. I heard Ruby Heye [sic - I can't really make out this name] – Ivan’s friend – in a small part and if she was the girl I picked out she was good. Not in until 12.15.

Louise Edvina (image courtesy of Past Tense Vancouver Histories website)

Louise Edvina (image courtesy of Past Tense Vancouver Histories website)

Louise Edvina was a Canadian soprano, the first to perform in London as ‘Louise’ in Charpentier’s eponymous opera. As Kate hints, the Drury Lane Theatre season of Russian opera and ballet rather eclipsed the Covent Garden Opera House offerings. Among the wonders of the 1914 Russian season were ‘Boris Gudonov’ with Chaliapin, ‘Prince Igor’, ‘Coq-d’Or and ‘Daphnis and Chloe’. ‘Ivan’ was Ivan Phillipowski, a young pianist whom Kate had met when they shared digs in Dover in 1913. Ivan was then in his late teens – very much younger than Kate – but he appears to have been rather smitten with her – or so Kate confided to her diary. Ivan was to have a  successful musical career and in the inter-war years Kate occasionally went to his concerts. Or, at least she went when she could do so without her husband knowing. John was clearly rather jealous.

See also Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary. Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

, ,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 23 July 1914

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing.

For the previous few weeks Kate’s fiancé, John Collins, had been renting  a room in another house in Claverton Street but he has now left for the West Country, to take up a position with a touring repertory company. Kate is feeling rather bereft.

‘Thursday July 23rd 1914

To Office to attend the Committee for the last time as we break up next week. It was simply awful – Alexandra Wright lost her temper before everyone and made a scene. And then Miss McGowan lost hers and was frantic and Gladys was very rude to her. I felt like walking downstairs and away, but I made myself go back and I gripped Ailie [Alexandra] by the arm and did what I could to soothe her.

Everyone left but Mrs Hartley- she is very good with everyone and we four went out to lunch at Harrods together. But it was all most sickening. Came back and worked in the office until 6 o’clock and did some packing up there. Bus to Victoria – shopped and walked down. Rested till my meal at 8 o’clock and afterwards some writing.’

Well, from my pretty extensive reading of the minutes of suffrage societies I can say that such scenes were not at all infrequent. Of course usually we can only glimpse the atmosphere in the committee room from the wording and tone of minutes of a meeting. Here we have it unglossed. This was a fight – but about what, heaven knows.

Mrs Hartley, who appears here as a peace-maker but about whom Kate can sometimes be quite sharp, has an interesting history. She was born Beatrice Julia Sichel in Timperley, Cheshire, in 1857 – daughter of Julius Sichel, a merchant and Austrian vice-consul, and his wife, Matilda Britannia (nee Lloyd).  Beatrice Sichel was orphaned after her mother died in 1872 and her father in 1874 – at Dinard. She was then adopted as her daughter by Eliza Lynn Linton, the novelist., and in 1880, at Hampstead, married Lion Hertz, who had been born in the Netherlands though a British subject. They had three children and, although I can find no record of Lion Hertz’s death in Britain, in the 1891 census Beatrice Hertz is described as a widow. By 1898 Mrs Hertz had changed/anglicized her surname – and those of her children – to ‘Hartley’. She had been hon secretary of the Hampstead branch of the London Society for Women’s Suffrage before defecting to help form the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage.

the_Gentle_Art_of_Cookery_coverMrs Hartley’s daughter, Olga, was co-author with Mrs Hilda Leyell of the rather influential The Gentle Art of Cookery (one of the re-issues of which I remember being delighted to receive as a Christmas present many, many years ago), was associated with her in ‘Culpeppers’, the chain of herbalist shops- as well as publishing at least a couple of novels. I’ve often wondered what cookery books Kate possessed when she had to start cooking in earnest after the end of the First World War. I wonder if the New Constitutional Society – and vegetarian – connection persuaded her to buy this book.

The war was to cast its shadow over Mrs Hartley – as Kate reveals in her diary  entry for 30 November  1918 – ‘Mrs Hartley’s son Lynn was killed a month or two back. Poor woman and that is a tragedy indeed, she was simply devoted to him. Poor Mrs Hartley’.

See also Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary.

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

, , , ,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 22 July 1914

 

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing.

For the previous few weeks Kate’s fiancé, John Collins, had been renting  a room in another house in Claverton Street but he has now left for the West Country, to take up a position with a touring repertory company. Kate is feeling rather bereft.

‘Wednesday July 22nd 1914

To meet Miss Jerningham at 11 at Victoria and with her to Peckham by Train and we canvassed until 1.30 and then had lunch together at Newmans. Back as far as Victoria and I did some shopping and got in at 3.30. Tea at 4.30 after a rest.

Changed and then bus to Victoria and train to Praed Street and to see Miss Lockyer. I had telephoned to her yesterday as I have been meaning to go for weeks. It poured with rain, but cleared up just as I got there. She was very pleasant and seemed glad to see me, but she is very flithered [sic]. Told me all about the Frank Whiteley Divorce case which is to come on and the reasons for it – all very terrible but it never seemed likely to be a success. She was a horrid little woman.

Then at 7 to Pembridge Crescent to have dinner with Alexandra and Gladys. Mr Wright was in to the meal but I did not see him afterwards. Both the girls rather miserable –  the cottage or rather the Mother at Hythe does not seem a success.’

 

‘Newmans’, which may have had branches in both Peckham and Brixton, was, I think, a provisions dealer – with a shop that also incorporated a cafe. It may have been similar to the shops in the chain – Leverett & Frye – operated from the 1870s by Kate’s father. At least one of the Leverett & Frye stores – the one in Charlotte Street in London – had included a cafe.

William Whitelely 'the Universal Provider' on board the Fryes' launch on the Thames in the good.old days

William Whitelely ‘the Universal Provider’ on board the Fryes’ launch on the Thames in the good.old days( Imaage from my Kate Parry Frye collection)

Miss Lockyer had been ‘lady housekeeper’ to William Whiteley, ‘the Universal Provider’. He had been the owner of Whiteley’s department store in Westbourne Grove before he was gunned down outside his office in 1907. Kate’s father had been a  friend of Whiteley and for a time the families had been close. In their teens Kate and her sister were often paired up – at dinners and at outings to Ascot – with Frank Whiteley and his brother, Will. As she grew older, however, Kate professed to lose interest in them, thinking them too ‘shoppy’, although still enjoying the occasional whirl through London in Frank’s car. Frank had married in 1904 but in 1914 had filed for divorce, citing the cause as his wife’s misconduct with Capt Lancelot Gladwin. The settlement of the divorce case was reported in newspapers on 1 August 1914 and Ethel Whiteley and Gladwin married in October. The ‘horrid little woman’ was, of course, the transgressing Mrs Whiteley, not Miss Lockyer.

Kate had known Gladys and Alexandra Wright since 1906, when they all campaigned for the Liberals at the General Election. it was thanks to them that she was working for the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. Their parents seem to have lived rather separate lives. The girls and Mrs Wright often rented houses in the Hythe area for extended periods, but I don’t think they were joined there by Mr Wright. You can read much more about Alexandra and Gladys in Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary.

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

 

 

 

, , ,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 21 July 1914

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing.

For the previous few weeks Kate’s fiancé, John Collins, had been renting  a room in another house in Claverton Street but he has now left for the West Country, to take up a position with a touring repertory company. Kate is feeling rather bereft.

Tuesday July 21st 1914

A very close day. Up late and did lots of jobs. Out 1.30 – lunch at Slaters and then to the Office where I worked until 5.30. Walked to Hyde Park Corner, then a bus to Victoria. Shopped and walked from there.

Started writing, dinner at 8 and more writing again. It does seem strange without John. He was arrived safely at Weston.

A most uncharacteristically short diary entry. A sultry day in London, uneventful hours at the Office. I’m sure we all know days like this .Working at the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage headquarters did not involve such a variety of thrills and spills as Kate had enjoyed/endured while organizing for them in the provinces. With the outbreak of war, however, life in the NCS Office would soon be very different – with Kate playing a leading role.

But I’m glad that this evening, back in her lonely room in Claverton Street, Kate felt sufficiently energized to begin some ‘writing’. Not letters, I think – she may have been making a start on a new play.

See also  Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary.

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 20 July 1914

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. John has a room along Claverton Street, at number 11.

Monday 20th July 1914

Woke up at 6 and thought of John and then went to sleep again. Called at 8. Breakfast at 9 and then slept on until 10.30 when I realised I had not breakfasted – so got up and recooked the egg and dressed and went out at 2 o’clock. Had some lunch and did some shopping – in at 3.30 – had a rest and went to sleep again.

Tea at 6 – and then off to Peckham for the open-air meeting. Self in Chair and Mrs Kerr as speaker. We finished at 10.15. Home soon after 11. We did not have quite such a big crowd as usual. I was bitterly tired.

Well, life certainly does seem dreary for Kate without John.

As yet Kate, who was a keen reader of newspapers, has not commented on events in Europe or in Ireland- and nor does she mention details of the increasingly militant WSPU campaign. For instance, on 14 July an attempt was made to burn down Cocken House, owned by Lord Durham, on 15 July the Secretary for Scotland was attacked with a dog whip, on this very Monday suffragettes interrupted a service in Perth Cathedral protesting against forcible feeding of suffragettes in Perth Prison, and on 17 July a WSPU member had attacked Thomas Carlyle’s portrait in the National Portrait Gallery (see my post about the current NPG exhibition commemorating this here). It was against this background that the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage continued with its strategy of holding open-air meetings in the hope of  converting the inhabitants of south London to the idea of ‘Votes for Women’.

See also  Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary.

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 19 July 1914

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. John has a room along Claverton Street, at number 11.

Sunday July 19th 1914

Slept until late. John came in early to fetch his things and then did his packing and made his arrangements and did not come until 12.30. We sent by bus to Charing Cross and had lunch at Appenrodts in the Strand.

Then a bus to Hampstead Heath. It looked very threatening and we had one shwoer, then it cleared off and we were able to wander and sit about – there were couples sitting and lying at every turn. It really is a most beautiful place. We wandered about and came to Spaniards Road so found our way to the Old Bull and Bush where we had a 1/- tea amd sat in the garden and watched people being photographed. It wasn’t very nice.

Then by Tube to Covent Garden and to the London Opera House to a meeting of the Theatrical folk called together by Mr Poel to consider the way of getting the Shakespeare Tercentenary Festival to come off in 1915 into the hands of the Profession. Stewart Headlam – very old now, was in the Chair. Mr Poel spoke, Mr Mulholland, Miss Horniman and Miss Lena Ashwell. It was a very small gathering in front. John and I were practically first in the theatre and sat in the front row – one was admitted on one’s performance card. Very few people of any note were there. It seemed strange to be figuring at a theatrical meeting again – but I always feel to belong more to that than anything and I do agree with Mr Poel that Shakespeare was an actor and wrote essentially for the stage and that we should claim him as one of us.

The meeting began at 8 and was not over until past 10. We walked to the Corner House – such a dense throng of people about the streets it was difficult to get along. I have never walked through Leicester Square before on a Sunday night – it is horrible. So as they close early Sundays we had to make a hasty meal of sandwiches. Walked to the Bus and only got one as far as Victoria and walked from there.

Said good-bye as John is due at rehearsal at 12 o’clock tomorrow at Weston-super-Mare and his cab is ordered for 6 am. He was miserable at saying good-bye. I should like to go and see him act for a week during my holiday. I mean to go if I can, but my plans never come off. Otherwise we are not due to meet until Christmas. He has signed on with the Alexander Marsh Repertory company for another year at the old salary £3 per week. It is splendid experience but if they are all as awful as he says they are he may get into some bad ways. I wonder if he can act. I have enjoyed having him here these three weeks – he is very cheery but I have often felt too tired to be nice. I have tried to give him a good time – the three weeks has slipped by.

He waited to see me upstairs and I waved from the window, and he walked backwards down the middle of the road. Then I shed a few tears. it’s all very miserable.

The Old Bull and Bush (Image courtesy of pubshistory.com website)

The Old Bull and Bush (Image courtesy of pubshistory.com website)

This really was a holiday for Kate and John -a wander on Hampstead Heath was such a typical London thing to do, but I don’t ever remember them going there before – and is fittingly poignant in retrospect as John’s farewell to peace-time London.  The garden behind the pub was dotted with tables and chairs where they sat to eat their 1/- (one shilling) tea.

William Poel, by Alfred Aaron Wolmark, 1907, Royal Shakespeare Company Collection, the artist's estate; (c) Mrs Diana S. Hall; Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation

William Poel, by Alfred Aaron Wolmark, 1907, Royal Shakespeare Company Collection, the artist’s estate; (c) Mrs Diana S. Hall; Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation

The tercentenary of Shakespeare’s birth actually fell in 1916. This gathering of the ‘Profession’ was probably in response to a meeting held in July by ‘ a group of distinguished men’ headed by Lord Bryce, president of the British Academy. It looks as though the ‘Profession’ felt it was being excluded from the commemoration plans and wanted to make its own mark. William Poel had founded the Elizabeth Stage Society in 1895 and as an actor and theatrical manager was particularly devoted to staging Shakespeare. Kate had had several brushes with him at the beginning of her theatrical career. Stewart Headlam was a leading clergyman – who, among his many activities, was involved with the London Shakespeare League, Annie Horniman and Lena Ashwell both ran their own theatre companies.

Throughout their lives John and Kate were devoted Shakespearean – and you will be able to read about their continuing involvement with the theatre in Kate Parry Frye: the long life of an Edwardian actress and sufffragette. In the 1920s John worked with the William Bridges-Adams company at the old wooden Shakespeare Memorial Theatre in Stratford-upon-Avon and even in the mid-1950s. well into their old age,  John and Kate were still making expeditions to Stratford to see productions starring the new generation of actors – Richard Burton, Anthony Quayle, Michael Redgrave and Peggy Ashcroft.

You can read my post about the London Opera House (which was in Kingsway) and the suffragette movement here.

Presumably John’s interview with Frank Benson a couple of days earlier had come to nothing and he had decided to tour again with the Alexander Marsh Repertory Company – which specialized in Shakespearean productions. It was, as Kate said, ‘good experience’ – but it was now over 10 years since he started in the theatre.

See also  Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary.

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

, ,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 18 July 1914

 


On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. John has a room along Claverton Street, at number 11.

Saturday 18 July 1914

Very tired – and struck work. Up late. John in about 12 and both went out at 12.15. Bus to Charing Cross – lunch off salad at Eustace Miles.

Then we tried to get in ‘The Belle of New York’ on John’s card – no good – so we wandered about and eventually got in ‘The Palace’ to see the Revue ‘The Passing Show’. I was so glad as I wanted to see Elsie Janis. She is clever -something quite out of the way, the real thing in talent and a beautiful dancer. The revue was funny in parts but a mad sort of affair – Arthur Playfair and Basil Hallam.

We walked to Piccadilly coming out – had tea at Lyons and then by bus to Earls Court to the Spanish Exhibition. A much commoner affair than the White City – like a Fair in parts but we enjoyed it. Had a good dinner which made us feel better and did a few side shows. The Spanish singing and dancing in the Empress Hall was too awful  – we were in fits. Stayed until just upon 12 – then a train to Victoria and walked down. Nearly one o’clock when I got in. I was very tired but not unhealthy – very different to last week and I had enjoyed the outing.

Eustace Miles’ Restaurant was the best-known vegetarian restaurant in London – see my post on the Eustace Miles Restaurant and Suffragettes. Incidentally Hallie Miles, Eustace’s wife, is one of the diarists who, with Kate, features in the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. So, as we think of Kate and John eating their salad at this restaurant 100 years ago today, we can ponder on the gossamer strands of coincidence that intertwine to place them both in a television programme in 2014.

‘The Belle of New York’ had been all the rage in the late 1890s and in her late teens Kate had loved to dance routines from the show – especially if she had an admiring audience.

song sheet cover for ‘You’re Here and I’m Here’ words by Harry B. Smith, music by Jerome D. Kern sung by Elsie Janis and Basil Hallam in Alfred Butt’s production of the revue The Passing Show, Palace Theatre, London, 20 April 1914 (photo: Foulsham & Banfield, London, 1914; published by Francis, Day & Hunter, London, and T.B. Harms & Francis, Day & Hunter, New York, 1914) (Image and caption courtesy of footlightNotes.tumblr.com

song sheet cover for ‘You’re Here and I’m Here’
words by Harry B. Smith, music by Jerome D. Kern
sung by Elsie Janis and Basil Hallam
in Alfred Butt’s production of the revue
The Passing Show, Palace Theatre, London, 20 April 1914
(photo: Foulsham & Banfield, London, 1914;
published by Francis, Day & Hunter, London, and
T.B. Harms & Francis, Day & Hunter, New York, 1914) (Image and caption courtesy of footlightNotes.tumblr.com)

‘The Passing Show’ had opened in April at the Palace Theatre in Shaftesbury Avenue. It was while playing in it that American-born Elsie Janis (1889-1956) and Basil Hallam met and fell in love.  However the War, now barely three weeks away, was soon to kill Hallam. In 1916, during the Battle of the Somme, he hurtled to his death from an observation balloon when his parachute failed. Elsie Janis worked throughout the War, entertaining British and American troops.

Poster for the Anglo-Spanish Exhibition (image courtesy of Swann Galleries, NY)

Poster for the Anglo-Spanish Exhibition (image courtesy of Swann Galleries, NY and Artvalue.com)

The Anglo-Spanish Exhibition was subtitled  ‘Sunny Spain’. A newspaper reported that ‘Spanish music and song will be a feature of the open-air entertainments’  and that ‘In the Empress Hall will be found realistic reproductions of Spanish cities, Spanish cathedrals, Spanish villages and pleasure resorts’  This was the nearest Kate was ever to come to Spain.  The Exhibition closed at midnight – so Kate and John had spent the whole evening there, staying until the very end.

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

, ,

Leave a comment

Suffrage Stories: 100 Years Ago Today – 17 July 1914: The National Portrait Gallery and Thomas Carlyle

One hundred years ago today – on 17 July 1914 – a suffragette, Margaret Gibb, who also went by the name of Ann Hunt, took a cleaver to a portrait of Thomas Carlyle that was hanging in the National Portrait Gallery. See the damaged portrait here.

Margaret Gibb was held by an attendant, charged and, on 21 July, sentenced to six months imprisonment. She was released on 27 July – presumably under the Cat and Mouse Act, having gone on hunger strike. See here for a surveillance picture of Margaret Gibb taken in the exercise yard at Holloway. On 31 August she was spotted again at the Gallery and, although the WSPU had called a halt to its campaign, was refused admission then – and in the future.

One hundred years later the NPG has  mounted al display case exhibition – in Room 31 –  showing something of the effect of WSPU militancy on the National Gallery and National Portrait Gallery. Margaret Gibb’s story is related and includes a comment to the effect that it was doubted that the picture’s attacker knew that Carlyle was a particular hero of Emmeline Pankhurst – an aperçu I remember making when referring to the damaged portrait in the entry on Emmeline Pankhurst’ in my The Women’s Suffrage Movement: a reference guide. I’d be rather thrilled if I was the originator of the comment – but I daresay others have thought of it independently. I was particularly struck by two small photographs of Mary Richardson in the display that date from 1918 and show her sitting, delicate and pretty, in a room neatly furnished with flowers and 18th-century furniture. This is an image far removed from the chopper-wielding attacker of the ‘Rokeby Venus’ – (see here for a post on Mary Richardson).

Christabel Pankhurst by Ethel Wright, 1909 (c) National Portrait Gallery, London; Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation

Christabel Pankhurst by Ethel Wright, 1909 (c) National Portrait Gallery, London; Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation

In the entrance – Room 30 – to the gallery that contains this display case the National Portrait Gallery has now hung the full-length  portrait of Christabel Pankhurst by Ethel Wright – opposite the Brackenbury portrait of her mother – Emmeline Pankhurst.  Christabel’s portrait, in which she is wearing a green dress – apparently a favourite colour – was painted in 1909 and first shown at the WSPU Skating Rink Exhibition. It was bought by Una Duval and remained in her family before being  bequeathed recently to the NPG.

Good as it is to raise the profile of the women’s suffrage campaign – all this attention on the WSPU only highlights for me the lack of attention given to the constitutional campaigners – those who worked for sixty years without wielding cleavers. So let me take the opportunity here of repeating my mantra  – and drawing attention to my post on the subject –  Make Millicent Fawcett Visible.

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

 

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 17 July 1914

 

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. John has a room along Claverton Street, at number 11.

Friday July 17th 1914

John arrived unexpectedly early, before I was up, but I just let him in to hear the news – he has had a letter from Benson saying he would see him, so was off. I had received a letter from Mr Dingle saying he could not speak – so as soon as I was up I went off to the Men’s League at Westminster and saw someone there who called Mr McKillop in from an office next door, and he like a lamb said he would come to Isleworth in Mr Dingle’s place. I expected to have to rush round London.

So I walked up to the A.A. and found John just having lunch with a very pretty woman and joined them as I wanted to hear what Benson said, but it was a very short interview. John saw me to Charing Cross then went off to a meeting and I came back to Victoria and bought some food then came in and had a rest and fell asleep.

John came in at 5 and we had a meat tea and then off together, Bus to Victoria – train to Hammersmith – train to Isleworth arriving at 7.15 – at the Upper Square. There were hundreds of children ready to greet us, I got a friendly feeling and they were very good but a great nuisance. John went off to find the Lorry as it was not punctual, but he missed it and it arrived alright and I got it fixed up.

By the time the speakers, Miss Dransfield in the Chair, Mrs Merivale Mayer and Mr McKillop and Miss Fraser to help had arrived we were absolutely mobbed – and we got a huge gathering. The first Suffrage meeting of any kind which had been held in Isleworth.

Mrs Mayer as usual was very disagreeable when she arrived, but it was really such a magnificent meeting she was quite pleased at the end, and as usual she spoke splendidly and we quite got the people round.

Having settled up early well came away together – Mr McKillop left us from the train, we parted from Mrs M.M. at Hammersmith and Miss Fraser at Victoria.

John and I were starving and we went into a restaurant at Victoria. John had salmon and cucumber – at 11.15! It was a lovely day.

John Collins was ‘resting’ at the moment – as is clear from the amount of time he was able to devote this month to helping Kate with her suffrage work. He would have been very excited about the prospect of employment in Frank Benson’s Company. The A.A., where Kate surprised him lunching with ‘a very pretty women’, was the Actors’ Association, the club in Covent Garden to which they both belonged.

The Men’s League for Women’s Suffrage to whose office Kate went for help when her speaker had failed was at 136 St Stephen’s House on the Embankment. The massive building was demolished, apparently in the early 1990s. We have already met the obliging Mr McKillop, who had for some years earlier been librarian to the fledgling London School of Economics. Kate had warmed to him after he praised her public speaking.

Upper Square, Isleworth (image courtesy of Hounslow Local studies website)

Well, this must have been the site of Isleworth’s first ‘Votes for Women’ meeting – or, at least, the first of which Kate had heard tell. Presumably during her canvassing she had met with plenty of local people who would have given her this kind of information. By ‘fixing up’ the Lorry Kate meant that she decorated it with posters – inquisitive children were suffragettes’ constant companions.

Calra Merivale Mayer

You can read about Mrs Merivale Mayer in Campaigning for the Vote - suffice it to say that Kate found her a great trial and, I am sure, knew nothing of her somewhat scandalous history. If she had known she would doubtless have felt vindicated in her dislike for this most difficult of the New Constitutional Society’s speakers. But Kate gave credit where it was due and often commented, as she does here, that despite the ructions she caused Mrs Mayer was an excellent speaker.

 

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

 

, , , ,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 17 July 1914

 

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. John has a room along Claverton Street, at number 11.

Friday July 17th 1914

John arrived unexpectedly early, before I was up, but I just let him in to hear the news – he has had a letter from Benson saying he would see him, so was off. I had received a letter from Mr Dingle saying he could not speak – so as soon as I was up I went off to the Men’s League at Westminster and saw someone there who called Mr McKillop in from an office next door, and he like a lamb said he would come to Isleworth in Mr Dingle’s place. I expected to have to rush round London.

So I walked up to the A.A. and found John just having lunch with a very pretty woman and joined them as I wanted to hear what Benson said, but it was a very short interview. John saw me to Charing Cross then went off to a meeting and I came back to Victoria and bought some food then came in and had a rest and fell asleep.

John came in at 5 and we had a meat tea and then off together, Bus to Victoria – train to Hammersmith – train to Isleworth arriving at 7.15 – at the Upper Square. There were hundreds of children ready to greet us, I got a friendly feeling and they were very good but a great nuisance. John went off to find the Lorry as it was not punctual, but he missed it and it arrived alright and I got it fixed up.

By the time the speakers, Miss Dransfield in the Chair, Mrs Merivale Mayer and Mr McKillop and Miss Fraser to help had arrived we were absolutely mobbed – and we got a huge gathering. The first Suffrage meeting of any kind which had been held in Isleworth.

Mrs Mayer as usual was very disagreeable when she arrived, but it was really such a magnificent meeting she was quite pleased at the end, and as usual she spoke splendidly and we quite got the people round.

Having settled up early well came away together – Mr McKillop left us from the train, we parted from Mrs M.M. at Hammersmith and Miss Fraser at Victoria.

John and I were starving and we went into a restaurant at Victoria. John had salmon and cucumber – at 11.15! It was a lovely day.

John Collins was ‘resting’ at the moment – as is clear from the amount of time he was able to devote this month to helping Kate with her suffrage work. He would have been very excited about the prospect of employment in Frank Benson’s Company. The A.A., where Kate surprised him lunching with ‘a very pretty women’, was the Actors’ Association, the club in Covent Garden to which they both belonged.

The Men’s League for Women’s Suffrage to whose office Kate went for help when her speaker had failed was at 136 St Stephen’s House on the Embankment. The massive building was demolished, apparently in the early 1990s. We have already met the obliging Mr McKillop, who had for some years earlier been librarian to the fledgling London School of Economics. Kate had warmed to him after he praised her public speaking.

Upper Square, Isleworth (image courtesy of Hounslow Local studies website)

Upper Square, Isleworth (image courtesy of Hounslow Local studies website)

Well, this must have been the site of Isleworth’s first ‘Votes for Women’ meeting – or, at least, the first of which Kate had heard tell. Presumably during her canvassing she had met with plenty of local people who would have given her this kind of information. By ‘fixing up’ the Lorry Kate meant that she decorated it with posters – inquisitive children were suffragettes’ constant companions.

Calra Merivale Mayer

Clara Merivale Mayer

You can read about Mrs Merivale Mayer in Campaigning for the Vote - suffice it to say that Kate found her a great trial and, I am sure, knew nothing of her somewhat scandalous history. If she had known she would doubtless have felt vindicated in her dislike for this most difficult of the New Constitutional Society’s speakers. But Kate gave credit where it was due and often commented, as she does here, that despite the ructions she caused Mrs Mayer was an excellent speaker.

 

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

, ,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 16 July 1914

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. John has a room along Claverton Street, at number 11.

Thursday July 16th 1914

Jobs and writing. John in in the morning. Out together at 1.30 and lunch at Slaters. Bus to the Office and John went in with a message and then joined me at the Tube and we went to Hammersmith and then train to Isleworth and we bill distributed until 6. It was very hot and we both got so tired. John was quite exhausted – says he couldn’t do my work. We got the Townsfolk – the Brewery people and the Pears soap people so did it thoroughly – 1000 handbills.

Then train to Hammersmith and just caught a nonstop train to Victoria and rushed in to change. Got in 7.45 – and was out again at 8 in my best and we went as hard as we could to the Shaftesbury Theatre to see ‘The Cinema Star’. Had Dress Circle seats. We were about 10 minutes late, but really we had enough. It is rot and there is very little real fun. It is a long time since I saw a London Musical comedy. I don’t think they improve. Miss Ward and Miss Cicely Courtneidge were the stars.

Supper at the Corner House. I felt deadly tired. All the world is now mad over prize fighting – Gunboat Smith v Carpentier. It was a sort of Mafeking night. We caught the 12.10 train from Charing Cross. Had to walk from Victoria and got in at 12.45.

 

Image courtesy of London Borough of Hounslow website

Image courtesy of London Borough of Hounslow website

Kate and John presumably stood at the Pears Soap factory gates, handing out handbills advertising the ‘Votes for Women’ meeting the New Constitutional Society was holding the next day in  Upper Square, Isleworth. The brewery they also canvassed was probably the Isleworth Brewery in St John’s Road.

”The Cinema Star’ had opened on 4 June and starred Jack Hulbert and Fay Compton as well as Cicely Courtneidge and Dorothy Ward.  The Shaftesbury Theatre was owned by Cicely Courtneidge’s father. With Harry Graham, Jack Hulbert had adapted the play from a German comic opera, ‘Die Kino-Konigin’, and it played very successfully, despite Kate’s verdict of ‘rot’, until the outbreak when anti-German sentiment resulted in its abrupt closure. Cicely Courtneidge and Jack Hulbert married in 1916.

Carpentier and Gunboat Smith (image courtesy of boxingshots.tumblr.com)

Carpentier (left) and Gunboat Smith fighting on 16 July 1914 (image courtesy of boxingshots.tumblr.com)

The American boxer, Gunboat Smith, had that evening fought the French champion, Georges Carpentier, at Olympia for the ‘White World Heavyweight Championship’. Smith was disqualified in the sixth round. Kate had good reason to describe street celebrations as ‘a sort of Mafeking night’. She had been in the Criterion Theatre on 18 May 1900 – when the relief of Mafeking was announced during an interval. By the time she left the theatre the streets of London were, as she put it, ‘alive with revelry’. You will be able to read all about Kate’s early life in the forthcoming e-book.

See also  Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary.

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

, , , ,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 15 July 1914

 



On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. John has a room along Claverton Street, at number 11.

 Wednesday July 15th 1914

Writing in the morning. John in at 11.30. Jobs. Out 1. Lunch together at Slaters. Coming out we met one of John’s Brother Officers when he was in the Field Artillery – Mr Graham. I have not seen him since the day we met at Burnham but he remembered me instantly. ‘Why, we went yachting’, he said. He is very nice looking.

Then John saw me off at Victoria for Lordship Lane – and though we asked two officials the train dashed on and landed at Crystal Palace. I was mad. Had to wait some time to get back – then a long walk to find Mrs Melling 75 Underhill Road and the meeting was half over. Miss McGowan had organised it and I had asked some of my new Peckham People and wanted to go to see them and because the Rev Hugh [Chapman] was down to speak – but I felt I was not going to meet him and he was not there. Ill and has had to go away. Miss McGowan was in the Chair, Mrs Chapman speaking. A very fine meeting, about 50 people there, but very few would join.

It started to pour with rain, but I had my coat and flew for a train and when I got out near home it was stopping a bit.

John was watching for me and came in with me while I tidied myself. He had changed. Then bus to Charing Cross – walked to the Popular had dinner and then to the St James’s Theatre to see ‘An Ideal Husband’. George Alexander not in it, and some one else playing Phyllis Neilson Terry’s part. It was a most cruel and awful performance – vilely and atrociously produced and most of them were in fits of laughter.

As for the play I could hardly sit it out – such Anti-suffrage old fashioned twaddle – as for the last act – tosh. I rose up and tramped out before the curtain fell. If I had paid for my seat I should have fussed. We were simply prancing with disgust. I never did like Oscar Wilde, but this play is the limit. Back by bus from the usual spot.

 

John Collins had, as a very young man, fought in the Boer War and ever since, as well as being an actor, had been a member of the Territorial Army – hence Kate’s mention of a ‘Brother Officer’. It was now not long before he would be involved in another war.

The New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage was clearly concentrating a good deal of its effort at this time on wooing the inhabitants of Peckham and East Dulwich. Kate had organized an open-air meeting in the centre of Peckham a couple of days ago – today’s was what was termed a ‘drawing-room meeting’ – in the home of a sympathiser. The Rev Hugh Chapman, whom Kate was keen not to miss, was the brother-in-law of the NCS president and was the vicar of the Queen’s Chapel of the Savoy. Kate was somewhat enamoured of him. For full details of her past – somewhat surreal – encounters with him see Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary.

Programme for the 1914 production of 'The Ideal Husband' (courtesy of oscarwildesociety,co.uk)

Programme for the 1914 production of ‘The Ideal Husband’ (courtesy of oscarwildesociety,co.uk)

The St James’s Theatre was in King Street, off St James’s Square, and in 1914 was owned and managed by Sir George Alexander. ‘An Ideal Husband’opened on 14 May 1914 and  closed on 24 July. The critics were rather more sympathetic to the production than was Kate. But then most were probably not suffragists! As Kate remarked, at least she – and, presumably, John – had not had to pay for their tickets. As members of the Profession they usually received complimentary tickets whenever they asked for them which, given that they were both addicted to theatre-going and  relatively impecunious, was just as well.

 

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

, ,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 14 July 1914

 


On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. John has a room along Claverton Street, at number 11.

Tuesday July 14th 1914

Felt much better. what a relief – I was bubbling over with the joy of life. John came in before I  had finished dressing but as I had to go out I left him at work on his Typewriter finishing something for the afternoon, and I went off to the Office, taking my dress for the afternoon with me.

Helped arrange things for the afternoon – and John came and he helped. Then when I could get away I changed and he and I went out to lunch and then back at 2.15 for the Summer Sale and Tea at the [ew].C[onstitutional] Hall. His work was to raffle signed photographs and mine to tie up parcels. But I never tied up one – the Palmist failed and I had to Palm – I hated it, but I really had quite a good time. Miss Lena Ashwell opened the Sale and though there did not seem many people we made quite a lot of money.

Mr Grein came straight from the Haymarket Theatre and the first Public Performance of ‘Ghosts’ as it has now been Licensed and had his hand read. But it was really very funny as he seemed to want to talk more about me – told me to go and see him – gave me his card, and said he liked my ‘eye’.

Gladys [Wright] was quite put about, ‘of course you will be leaving us now’ etc. She is quaint. But I do think the vain little man took rather a fancy to me and I imagine he is always on the look out for people likely to do him credit. I played up rather a game with him, but he quite took it all in. John was awfully upset.

John and I had tea together, and I think he enjoyed himself – he wore a new suit which was quite a success. We left soon as we could – rushed home and just tidied ourselves but no time for much – then out – no time for dinner – but straight to the Haymarket Theatre – Balcony stalls to see ‘Driven’. I enjoyed it immensely – beautifully produced and Alexandra Carlisle looking a perfect picture and greatly improved in her art and Owen Nares a fine actor – simply delightful in a most difficult part. Aubrey Smith as usual but good. The last act is idiotic, of course. John and I are certainly leading the gay and reckless life.

To supper at the Corner House. Waited for the last bus, but must just have missed it. Then found we had missed the last to Victoria – so made for the Underground. It had started to pour with rain by then and John in his new suit. We just caught the last train 12.20 and had to walk from Victoria, but fortunately the rain had not reached this district.

Burberry shop, Knightsbridge. The offices of the NCS were inside this building

Burberry shop, Knightsbridge. The offices of the NCS were on the ground floor inside this building. An arcade originally ran through – with the entrance just about where the bus is in this photo. Off the arcade were a number of small shops and offices

The New Constitutional Society’s Hall was close to their Office, inside Park Mansions Arcade in Knightsbridge. This is now the site of the Burberry Menswear Department (see ‘Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Frye and Knightsbridge’  ). Kate had developed her skill as a Palmist in her youth – in lieu of the more conventional accomplishments expected of a young woman – such as piano playing, singing, or reciting. In her early involvement with the women’s suffrage movement she had often, as a volunteer, provided palm-reading entertainment at bazaars and dances. (See ‘Palmist at the Women’s Freedom League Fair).

Lena ashwell

Lena Ashwell was a leading member of the Actresses’ Franchise League and, over the years had opened many a suffrage bazaar and fair.  A month from now she would be the instigator of the Women’s Theatre Camps Entertainments and of the Women’s Emergency Corps.

J. T. Grein - a photograph taken in 1898

J. T. Grein – a photograph taken in 1898

On Sunday 26 April 1914 Kate had been in charge of the box office  at the Court Theatre (later the Royal Court) when J.T. Grein staged a private performance of Ibsen’s ‘Ghosts’ as a fund-raising event for the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. This, of course, was before the Lord Chamberlain had removed his censorship of it by, as Kate explains, granting the play a performance Licence. Dutch-born Grein was a champion of European theatre.

‘Driven’, on the other hand, was a rather English comedy by E. Temple Thurston. The play’s run at the Haymarket came to an abrupt end at the outbreak of war – but in December was staged on Broadway, with Alexandra Carlisle again in the cast. The producer was Charles Frohman, with whose company Kate had had her first professional engagement ten years or so previously.

See also Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary.

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

, , , , , , , , , ,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 13 July 1914

 

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. John has a room along Claverton Street, at number 11.

Monday July 13th 1914

Up late. Letters all the morning. John came in and sat with me. Lunch together at Slaters, then I met Mrs Chapman and we went together to Peckham and canvassed. We had tea together and I saw her off about 5.30.

Then I wandered about and John met me at the corner of Rye Lane at 6. He had not had tea so I went with him to have some – then we strolled on the Rye and to the Triangle at 7.30. Had to take the Chair and, as Miss Feddon had not turned up at 8.15, I went on as long as I could as Miss D ‘Oyly was the only other speaker.

But Miss Feddon arrived and held the crowd for a long time. I had not wanted to speak before John, but as I had to I did it. He said he was surprised how well I did it – no hesitating and he heard one man in the crowd say ‘That’s the one I like to hear, she comes straight to the point.’

Miss D’Oyly went off early but Miss Feddon returned with us and we 3 went into a restaurant at Victoria and had some supper than we walked back and we saw her to Chichester Street. She is a nice woman but overwrought with militancy. The things that are going on are too awful, it is enough to wring anyone’s heart and mind.

I had felt really ill in the morning and feared a collapse, but I started on my white Liver Tabloids and they seemed to act by the evening. I felt decidedly better  Not in until 12 o’clock.

peckham1913b

 Perhaps Kate and John met at this corner – where Hanover Park meets Rye Lane? Probably not, but Williamsons looks a handy place to have some tea here. (Image courtesy of Transpontine website)

[Constance] Marguerite Fedden (1879-1962) came from a wealthy Bristol family and at this time was principal of a College of Housecraft and Domestic Science, 4 Chichester Street, Pimlico.  During the First World War she worked as a VAD nurse at Salonika. From Kate’s remarks she clearly was very troubled by the pitch of aggression that had now  been reached in the struggle between the militant suffragettes –  the WSPU – and the government.

A few days previously Mrs Pankhurst had yet again been arrested and  had immediately undergone a hunger and thirst strike. She was then released on a four-day licence, under the terms of the ‘Cat and Mouse’ Act. She was soon to be rearrested.

Other leading members of the WSPU, such as Flora Drummond, Annie Kenney and Norah Dacre Fox, were also under constant threat of rearrest after failing to comply with the terms of their licence. In May and June the number of arson and bomb attacks had escalated throughout the country and already in July there had been explosions at Rosslyn Chapel in Edinburgh and, on the day previous to this entry, at St John’s Westminster.

See also Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary.

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

 

,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 12 July 1914

 

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. John has a room along Claverton Street, at number 11.

Sunday July 12th 1914

It simply came down in sheets. I had a rest and got up late. John came in at 12 – we had meant to go into the country but it was awful and so tiring as there was thunder in the air and every now and again it seemed most oppressive. We went out at 1.30 – bus to Trafalgar Square.

We did not know where to go so dashed in a restaurant in the Haymarket – very expensive and full of smart people – so, as we were anything but smart, it was rather awful. However we had a very good lunch and bore our shabbiness with as much of an air as we could.

It was still pouring when we came out so there was nothing for it but to come back. John did some typing and then we had tea – and went out again at 6. Walked all along the Embankment and over on the other side by St Thomas’ Hospital. The Houses of Parliament do look lovely from there. Over Westminster Bridge and we sat in the Charing Cross Embankment Gardens until 9 when we were turned out.

Then to Appenrodts in the Strand for some supper and a very delicious salad. Back by bus. Not in till 11.30.

 

The view that Kate had of the  Houses of Parliament. A colour photograph taken in the evening in 1914 (Courtesy of the National Army Museum/BBC News websites)

The view that Kate had of the Houses of Parliament. A colour photograph taken in the evening in 1914 (Courtesy of the National Army Museum/BBC News websites)

Kate and John’s 12 July 1914 is the epitome of a peaceful, rather boring, London Sunday. I daresay we’ve all spent a day like this. The kind of day when it rains and rains and then clears up for a watery sunlit evening. Neither Kate or John had cooking facilities in the room – hence the regular eating out.

 

 

Appenrodt's flagship restaurant at 1 Coventry Street, London (courtesy of CardCow.com)

Appenrodt’s flagship restaurant at 1 Coventry Street, London (courtesy of CardCow.com)

Hermann Appenrodt had come to London in 1886 from Germany and had launched a very successful chain of delicatessens and restaurants. In 1914 he had three branches in the Strand. Appenrodt also had a branch in Paris which, a little over a month after Kate and John had enjoyed this Sunday supper, wa sto be badly damaged by an anti-German mob.

 

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 11 July 1914

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. John has a room along Claverton Street, at number 11.

Saturday July 11th 1914

I was most frightfully tired – really felt very seedy. Up late – then John came in, and we went out together and had some lunch in Lyons, but it was so nasty we did not get nourished. To the Duke of York’s Theatre by bus and Stalls to see ‘The Land of Promise’ which we enjoyed immensely.

The first act was real, the others impossible but the whole thing charming and so beautifully produced and acted. Irene Vanbrugh and Godfrey Tearle quite delightful both of them. It was quite like a professional matinee – nearly all pros. Gladys Cooper in a box – I don’t think her pretty and such a mean silly little face.

No end of people we knew and suddenly someone came up and spoke to me. For the moment I couldn’t remember and then the voice – Miss Mabel Wynne, the great fat girl in ‘Quality Street’ and grown quite slim. She knew me at once she said. I haven’t seen her since those days. She has been on the stage ever since, is very shoppy, and no nearer getting to London. Irene Vanbrugh got quite an ovation after every act – she is a brainy actress.

John and I went to the A.A. and there was Miss Wynne again – so we had a chat over tea. Then John and I by tube to the White City and there we strolled about. I was dead tired and had the rat horribly until we had some dinner when I revived a bit but felt anything but lively and walked about in rather a dead fashion.

We did not try many side shows and they were failures. Bostocks Zoo – heaps of performing lions but all very sad. We missed most of it as we went there last but we saw the poor dears fed. We also saw some wonderful racing on a miniature motor track, but John was seized with a panic fear so we came out.

It was really a most amusing evening there as the Eton and Harrow match had been played – Eton winning and all the boys, mothers  and fathers, cousins and uncles were there. It was a crush and crowd, all the side shows packed, crowds waiting for everything and so much real typical English excitement – not only amongst the young folks,  but even Mas and Pas, and all decorated with light blue.

It was a scene on the Witching Waves – they collared the whole corner and in the end had to stop it and get a policeman!!! How the boys enjoyed the joke. It made me feel very old to be walking round in that mournful manner in the midst of all that fun. We did not leave until 12 – got a train to Victoria and then had to walk. Oh I was tired.

Irene Vanbrugh (1872-1949)

Irene Vanbrugh (1872-1949)

‘The Land of Promise’ was a three-act comedy about life on the Canadian prairie written for Irene Vanbrugh by  Somerset Maugham. Kate had actually appeared alongside Godfrey Tearle- for one performance only – in Christopher St John’s censored play, ‘The Coronation’ [see Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye's Suffrage Diary pages 88-89]. Kate had met Mabel Wynne while touring in J.M. Barrie’s ‘Quality Street’ in 1903/4 – in the early days of  her stage career. Mabel had played the part of ‘Patty, a cheeky servant’.

The ‘A.A.’ was the Actors’ Association – a club – with premises at 10 King Street, Covent Garden.

Poster for the Anglo-American Exhibition, 1914

Poster for the Anglo-American Exhibition, 1914

After the theatre Kate and John went to the Anglo-American Exhibition, which had opened on 14 May, to celebrate a century of peace between Britain and America. Until 1908 this area at Shepherds Bush had been farmland before becoming first the site of the Franco-British Exhibition and then of the Olympics. The sideshows ‘such as made Coney Island one of the merriest spots in America’, as one newspaper report put it, were very much a feature of the exhibition.

Kate was very much an animal lover – hence her qualms about the ‘heaps of performing lions’. A little over a month later newspapers reported that  ‘Three healthy medium-sized elephants have been requisitioned from Bostock’s Zoo at the White City by the military authorities. It is presumed they will be used for heavy draught purposes. At the end of the war the elephants will be returned to the menagarie.’ I wonder what happened to those elephants?

The Eton and Harrow match clearly engaged the public in a way we can scarcely now imagine. Kate was not exaggerating the rumpus caused by the ‘rag’, as it was described between the rival supporters. On the following Monday morning the Daily Gazette Middlesborough reported that   ‘To clear up the traces of Saturday nights’ Eton and Harrow revels at the Anglo-American exhibition took until after midnight on Sunday and thiry wagons were needed to remove the litter of paper streamers and other debris.’  The ‘Witching Waves’, which according to Kate bore the brunt of the revelry, was one of the Coney Island sideshows . When the Prince of Wales had visited the Exhibition it had been difficult to remove him from ‘the little cars that navigate the rolling, heaving platform called ‘Witching Waves’.

The Witching Waves ride - an early type of bumper car ride (courtesy of gaping Hole Media Blog)

The Witching Waves ride – an early type of bumper car ride (courtesy of Gaping Hole Media Blog)

The Anglo-American Exhibition was brought to a premature end by the outbreak of war.

 

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

, , , , ,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 10 July 1914

 


On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. John has a room along Claverton Street, at number 11.

Friday July 10th 1914

Slept until 9. dressed after breakfast. Wrote letters at 11. A very hot day. Had letter from Kathie in answer to mine of good wishes – speaking in glowing terms of her engagement. I am glad she is happy.

John and I went out to lunch at Slaters. Then we both went to Office for the Banner and Leaflets. By bus to Hammersmith and train [to] Hounslow where we got rid of the rest of the thousand handbills. Had tea at 5.30.

To Broadway at 7.15 and the Lorry arrived at 7.30 and we decorated it, getting an enormous crowd of children round.

Then the speakers Mrs Kerr and Mr McKillop arrived and Mr Fox in the Chair. Miss Raynsford Jackson and Miss Arber came down to help with giving out notices. We had a huge crowd and ours was the first open air meeting ever held in Hounslow.

The people were a bit troublesome at first but came round wonderfully. We had a little passing trouble with tin trumpets and a gramophone but I managed to quell it and we really had a magnificent meeting.

John and I waited just to pay up and we came to Victoria by train from Heston Hounslow. Went into Rinaldo’s for supper. It would have been quite nice only there was the most awful drunken man there making a scene.

We walked down. Got in at 12 o’clock. A great relief to me to have the meeting over.

Hounslow Broadway c 1912 courtesy of postcardsthenand now.blogspot.com)

Hounslow Broadway c 1912 (courtesy of postcardsthenand now.blogspot.com)

Here, on The Broadway, Kate organized Hounslow’s first ever open-air ‘Votes for Women’ meeting. Her main speakers were Mrs Barbara Kerr, whose sister, Louisa Raynsford Jackson, we have already met, and John McKillop. The latter had, until 1909, been secretary to the London School of Economics and its first (part-time) librarian – but was now secretary to an MP. His wife, Margaret, was a lecturer in chemistry in King’s College, London, Woman’s Department. Interruptions from tin trumpets and gramophones were par for the course. At least there weren’t any vegetable or firework throwers – such as Kate had had to contend with on previous occasions. Inquisitive children were a suffrage organizer’s constant companions.

Rinaldo’s was an Italian restaurant at 15 Wilton Road, just opposite Victoria Station. in his Gourmet Guide to London (1914), Lieut-Gen Nathaniel Newnham-Davies describes the interior of Rinaldo’s – ‘Its walls a pleasant grey with decorations in high relief on the upper part, and on the stained glass of the skylight are paintings of game and fruit. Baskets of ferns in the shape of boats hang from the roof and there are always bunches of roses on the tables.’ Before setting up his own restaurant Rinaldo had worked at the Savoy – and The Gourmet Guide reported,  his restaurant attracted an aristocratic clientele. Alas that one drunk should have spoiled Kate’s pleasure. She had been entirely used to dining out in the best London restaurants in her younger days when her father appeared the epitome of prosperity – but that was now a vanished era.

A menu for a dinner at the Cafe Royal during the Fryes' glory days

A menu for a dinner at the Cafe Royal – enjoyed during the Fryes’ glory days

See also Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary.

Copyright

All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

 

, ,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 9 July 1914

 

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in a room at 49 Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. John has a room along Claverton Street, at number 11.

‘Thursday July 9th 1914

Hard at writing from 10 to 1. John came in and we went out together to lunch at Victoria. Then I went off to Hounslow by train and canvassed all up and down both sides of the High Street and all over the place, and at 6 o’clock at Parke Davis Dye works as the people came out.

Then a train back to Hounslow and train to Victoria and bus. In at 7.30. J. was watching at his window and saw me get out of the bus and came in with me and waited until 9 – when he was very good and went off and got supper by himself. I was so dead beat I felt I could not turn out again so ate some bread and cheese and fell into bed.’

Was Kate canvassing these shops on 9 July 1914? (Image courtesy Local Studies, Houslow Library Services)

Was Kate canvassing these shops on 9 July 1914? (Image courtesy Local Studies, Houslow Library Services)

Kate’s canvassing in Hounslow was for the purpose of drumming up attendance of a ‘Votes for Women’ meeting she is to hold tomorrow in the Broadway.

As WSPU militancy became even more intense the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage held to its principle of campaigning in a democratic manner. This may now be thought boring – failing to provide news fodder for the press then and for bloggers now – but it was non-militant political lobbying that in the end won women the vote.

In the few days previous to 9 July 1914  WSPU supporters had, besides continuing with their campaign of arson, concentrated their attention increasingly on the King and the Church. A  portrait of the King by Sir John Lavery had been damaged in the Royal Scottish Academy and a few days earlier when the King had visited Nottingham a well-known suffragette had been arrested carrying a suitcase containing bomb-making equipment. On 1 July there had been a disturbance during the enthronement of the new Bishop of Bristol and on 5 July Mrs Dacre Fox had interrupted the Bishop of London during a Westminster Abbey service – asking him to prevent forcible feeding. She was a prisoner on the run, who had been released from prison under the Cat and Mouse Act, and was promptly re-arrested outside the Abbey.

Kate must surely have a taken a bus to the Parke Davis dye works, which was quite a way down the Staines Road. [The site at 581 Staines Road, long ago rebuilt by Parke Davis, is now used by the Home Office as an immigration centre.] Kate was well used to standing at factory gates handing out handbills – hoping to entice the workers to her meetings. We shall see tomorrow how successful her canvass had been.

See also Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary.

, , ,

1 Comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 8 July 1914

 

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing.

Wednesday July 8th 1914 [Claverton Street]

Had a letter from home in the morning, with the news of Kathie Ellis’s engagement to Mr Hucks, the brother of Norah’s husband, and who has only been a widower for a year and has 7 children all under about 12 years of age. She is a brave woman. She writes most cheerfully so I suppose she is pleased.

It poured with rain early, but though showery it cleared up in time for me to meet Mrs Heath at Victoria at 11 and go with her to Peckham where we canvassed until 1.30. She returned to town and I had lunch then rode all the way to Hounslow by bus. It rained at first so I had to go inside – for an hour to Putney, then I had an hour outside.

I had to go to the Police, arrange about the Lorry etc – then back from Heston Hounslow to Victoria – and a bus home. Got in at 6.

Wrote letters until 7 – dressed, called in for John at no. eleven. We went by bus to Oxford Street where we hurriedly ate a sandwich then walked to the Kingsway Theatre and sat in the Stalls to see ‘The Great Adventure’. I had seen it before, but I was most anxious for John to do so, and he loved it. I think it a most gorgeous play, gloriously acted – Ainley is perfection. Miss Wish Wynne was out of it, but the girl who played her part was excellent.

We walked down the Strand in search of supper and went in to the Cabin – and had a most villainous meal. I could hardly touch mine – and plates etc were filthy and there were some most appalling looking foreign people in the place.

We just caught the 12 o’clock bus from Trafalgar Square. I was dead tired and so glad of bed.’

Kathie [Kathleen] Ellis (1882-1963) was one of the two daughters of Frank Ellis of Bishops Stortford, who, like Kate, was related by marriage to the Gilbey family – the firm that dominated the wine and spirit trade . Kate and Kathie had been close, although not bosom, friends since childhood. William Hucks’ first wife, Ethel, had died in spring 1913, aged only 34.

In her diary entry for 30 June 1913 Kate remarked  ‘the death of Mrs Willie Hucks at the birth of her eighth child. And no wonder – she has only been married about 10 years and was never a giant of strength. Poor thing – done to death – and what will those seven little mites do without her?’

Well, the answer to that rhetorical question was that Kathie Ellis became their stepmother. Hucks was an ‘engineer and distiller’ – one of the Gilbey/Blyth circle.

By 1914 the buses on which Kate travelled would have been powered by engines – rather than horses. The tops, however, were still uncovered – hence her need to take shelter from the rain by travelling inside. As a rule, ever since she was young, Kate had much preferred to travel on the top – even at a time when it was not considered appropriate for a girl or young woman to do so.

‘The Great Adventure’ was a play by Arnold Bennett, which had opened at the Kingsway Theatre, directed by Granville Barker, in March 1913. The actor Henry Ainley was one of Kate’s favourites.

Henry Ainley (courtesy of Cyranos.ch website)

Henry Ainley (courtesy of Cyranos.ch website)

The Cabin restaurant where Kate had her ‘villainous’ meal this evening was on the north side of the Strand, just to the west of Wellington Street. It was one of small chain. The unusually large number of foreign tourists in London that summer was particularly remarked, not only by Kate but also by the press. Knowing Kate, who was the epitome of Englishness, by ‘appalling looking’ she probably meant loud and extravagantly dressed.

See also Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary.

,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 7 July 1914

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing.

Kate is back in Claverton Street, after a weekend in Worthing. Although she is a keen reader of newspapers, by the end of the first week of July she has made no comment on the events in Sarajevo.

‘Tuesday July 7th 1914

Writing. John in at 11.30 and out together at 1 and to Slaters for lunch. I can’t keep him out so it doesn’t seem any use trying. He is as absolutely devoted as ever – seems to care for nothing or nobody but me – it’s extraordinary and had now been going on eleven years with undiminished fervour. Poor dear I wish I could make him happy.

After lunch we proceeded to get to Isleworth but quite lost ourselves as we went by train from Victoria to Spring Grove then walked a long way to the Main Road and then had to take a bus. Then I had to visit the Police about the meeting and get a lorry which took about 2 hours and found Mr Rix had got the wrong information – that there is no Green but the meeting must be held in the Upper Square and the thousand hand bills will have to be altered. John says that organising is far harder work than the Stage.

Back by train to Hammersmith – tube to Knightsbridge and to the office at 4.45. ..I left with John at 6 o’clock.

We rushed home and changed, then a bus to Charing Cross, a sandwich and to the Criterion Theatre to see ‘A Scrap of Paper’. We were both bored, it wan’t particularly interesting as a revival – not played well and the play is rotten. Nancy Price was poor. I feel sure I saw Mrs Kendal in it. I seemed to remember how she did certain bits, with what art – she was wonderful. I think we were both tired and aching for a meal.

We went to the Corner House and had supper and just caught the last Pimlico bus. In at 12.15. John had Dress Circle seats given him – so we were very luxuriously treated. I was tired by the end of things.’

The beauty of Kate’s diary – from the point of view of studying the work of a suffrage organiser  –  is that it doesn’t cover up all the tediousness involved in running a ‘Votes for Women’ campaign. Kate does not gloss over the mishaps that – like here at Isleworth- will require someone to alter by hand a 1000 printed handbills. Amongst the collection of ephemera that she left I have similar flyers – with additions or alterations made in her own handwriting. This is not the view of the suffrage campaign that you will glean from reading published accounts – such as in the suffrage newspapers. This is real life. See also Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary.

‘A Scrap of Paper’ , a ‘comic drama’ adapted from a French play by the Victorian playwright John Palgrave Simpson, had first been staged in 1861. Mrs (Madge) Kendal, a renowned Victorian actress and theatre manager, had indeed,  back in the 1880s/90s, played in ‘A Scrap of Paper’ and Kate was certainly correct in remembering having seen such a production.

The Lyons Corner House in Coventry Street. The Criterion Theatre is just out of view in the left of the photo. This picture dates from many years after Kate's July 1914 visit - but gives us an orientation on her world

The Lyons Corner House in Coventry Street. The Criterion Theatre is just out of view in the left of the photo. This picture dates from many years after Kate’s July 1914 visit – but gives us an orientation on her world

‘Slaters’ and the ‘Corner House’ were both chains of restaurants for diners of modest means. The Corner House restaurants were part of the chain run by Lyons that opened in 1909. It was doubtless in the one in Coventry Street, a quick dash across the road from the Criterion Theatre, that Kate and John had for their longed-for supper this evening.

 

 

, , ,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 6 July 1914

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. John and Kate have joined them there this weekend.

  ‘Monday July 6th 1914

The  Marine Parade, Worthing, c 1914 (courtesy of excellent Sussex PhotoHistory website)

The Marine Parade, Worthing, c 1914 (courtesy of excellent Sussex PhotoHistory website)

Windy, rain early and then it cleared up. All 4 out to the shops and Parade and John photographed us on the Beach. Lunch at 1 o’clock, but no bus turned up for the train we had arranged – so we walked to the station and carried our things and caught the next train – 3.5 – had to change at Brighton – it was very crowded.

[Back in London] I came in and unpacked finding all serene at Claverton Street – then John came in and saw me in the Peckham train at 7 o’clock. He wanted to come but I couldn’t let him – he will get bored of suffrage.

We had rather a peculiar meeting – only myself, Miss Raynsford Jackson – not much good in the open air – and Mrs Fox from Hounslow who made the crowd shout and I had to get up in the end and smooth down. I had to speak again at some length.

Miss R.J and I came back in the train. I got out at the Embankment and walked from there. In at 10.30. Bread and cheese and ham with tomatoes which I had brought up from Worthing. then bed. felt very tired.’

As a paid employee of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage, Kate was kept busy organising ‘Votes for Women’ meetings in the London suburbs. This one at Peckham was, as Kate tells us, held in the early evening in the open-air.

Louisa Raynsford Jackson was c 56 years old – and a volunteer speaker for the NCS. Her sister, Mrs Barbara Kerr, who lived in the wealthy enclave of The Boltons in Kensington, was one of the NCS’ leading supporters.  Their father had been a prosperous Blackburn textile manufacturer, whose house, Clayton Grange, had been burned down by cotton workers in 1878, during riots protesting against a 10% cut in wages.

\one side of the mug  (shown on the left) commemorates the burning down of the Raynsford Jacksons' house in 1878 (courtesy of the BBC website and Blackburn Museum)

One side of the mug (shown on the left) commemorates the burning down of the Raynsford Jacksons’ house in 1878 (courtesy of the BBC website and Blackburn Museum)

Years later Mrs Barbara Kerr inquired in Blackburn if any one could find for her one of these mugs.

See also Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 5 July 1914

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. John and Kate have joined them there this weekend.

‘Sunday July 5th 1914

I felt very rotten from natural causes so did not mind the rain and the wet – it poured nearly all day. I came down late – then brushed Mickie, slept on the sofa in the afternoon, some writing in the evening, and Agnes, John and I went for a stroll about 6.30. Very grey and quite cold. What a change from last week.’

By ‘natural causes’ Kate, as you might guess, meant that she was suffering with her period. In Kate Parry Frye: Edwardian actress and suffragette  I discuss the way that menstruation affected Kate and her close companions.

Kate with Mickie. Photographed on the riverside at Bourne End, with The Plat, which until 1913 was her home, in the background

Kate with Mickie. Photographed on the riverside at Bourne End, with The Plat, which until 1913 was her home, in the background

Mickie was Kate’s dog – a Pomeranian – a type that required a good deal of grooming. Mickie was a ‘theatrical’ dog, acquired by Kate and John in 1904 to appear in the opening scene of a play they were touring. Mickie was adored.

Coincidentally, when Sylvia Pankhurst visited her sister in her Parisian exile in early 1914  she mentioned that during their interview Christabel was nursing a small Pomeranian.

Kate always had some ‘writing’ on the go. If she was not busy with her diary, there were always letters – and stories and plays – all but one of which were unpublished – to keep her occupied.

 

See also Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary

 

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 4 July 1914

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. Through her day-to-day experience we can see how the war stole up on one Everywoman.

Kate was at this time 36 years old, living in Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing. John and Kate have joined them there this weekend.

Saturday July 4th 1914

We 3 had breakfast at 9 and John and I out at 10.30. We sat on the Beach all the morning. [In the evening] On the Pier and saw the performance by the Pierrot Troupe. It made Mother laugh so was a success.

We were not in till 10.15 when we had a large supper.’

Worthing Pier, 1914 (courtesy of  Worthing History website)

Worthing Pier, 1914 (courtesy of Worthing History website)

Worthing Pier had reopened barely a month before Kate’s visit- on 29 May 1914 – after it had been badly damaged during a storm at Easter 1913.

These pierrots were playing at Hastings - but, who knows, they may also have had an engagement on Worthing Pier. (Courtesy of pascoeandcompany.co

These pierrots were playing at Hastings – but, who knows, they may also have had an engagement on Worthing Pier. (Courtesy of pascoeandcompany.com)

 

See also Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary

 

2 Comments

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 3 July 1914

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

Kate

As a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. She was at this time living in Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins. Her father died in March 1914 and her mother and sister, Agnes, now all but penniless, are living in rented rooms in Worthing.

Friday July 3rd 1914

It poured early and then drizzled. John with me to Victoria where I was to meet Miss Arber at 11. Together to Peckham where we canvassed [for the New Constitutional Society for Women's Suffrage]. I was quite glad of a coat I had taken for the rain. We had lunch together and back to Victoria.

I came straight in by bus and packed up my things. John arrived at 4 – he had been about all day so I sent him off to pack and then met him at no 11 [Claverton Street, Pimlico] with my luggage and we took a bus to Victoria and caught the 4.30 train to Worthing.

We toiled to Milton St with our luggage – they were surprised to see us so early. Agnes looks better, but Mother looks so ill, I think, and seems quiet and depressed. John has a bedroom at the end of the road. It is ever so cold here.

Joseph Chamberlain

It was in the day’s paper – the death of Joseph Chamberlain. He has been a name only for many years – but I can remember him as a great power – before his Tariff Reform days and the consequent breaking up after the disappointment of defeats.’

Kate (and her father, who had been a Liberal MP in the 1890s, did not support Joseph Chamberlain’s Liberal Unionists. For a  post describing how Kate campaigned for the Progressive Liberal candidate at the 1907 LCC election see here.

 

See also Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

, ,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: The Lead-Up To War: 2 July 1914

On 7 August 2014 ITV will publish an e-book, Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette.  Based on her prodigious diary, this is my account of Kate Frye’s life and is a tie-in with the forthcoming ITV series ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’. For details of the TV series and its accompanying books see here.

KateAs a lead-up to publication I thought I’d share with you some entries from Kate’s diary from the month before the outbreak of war. She was at this time living in Claverton Street in Pimlico and working in the Knightsbridge headquarters of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. It was now nine years since she had become engaged to (minor) actor John Collins.

Thursday July 2nd 1914 

To office. Attended the Committee. To lunch at Harrods with Mrs Hartley, Alexandra [Wright] and Gladys [Wright] and Miss Bessie Hatton. Work at the office all afternoon. John arrived for me at 5.30pm. I left with him and we came back in a bus to Claverton Street.

I tidied myself and then by bus to Tottenham Court Road where we had a mysterious fish dinner. We liked the first half as we were extremely hungry and then it palled.

Then we strolled to the Scala Theatre and John got 2 dress circle seats for ‘La Dame aux Camelias’. Lydia Yavorska. Parts of it were a scream as all her things are, but she was very lovely in parts – and especially just at the end – she did look so dead. Some of the characters were vilely played. Ambrose Flower – he is rather winning – just like an Elenor Glynn [ sic] man – but just a prop for the dear Princess to fall up against – or on to. She looked a picture – but some of her frocks were hideous. Back by bus.’

The Scala Theatre was just behind Tottenham Road, on the corner of Charlotte and Tottenham streets. The theatre was only ten years old in 1914, built to the architect Frank Verity’s design in 1904 on the site of a series of older theatres. .

Kate doesn’t put the design of this production of ‘La Dame Aux Camelias’ in an artistic pigeon hole – but in the 15 July 1914 issue of  ‘Tatler’ it is described as ‘Futurist’. The article is titled ‘”Infernal Decorations or What Stripes and Squares a Love of Futurism is Leading Us.”‘ Perhaps it was the ‘stripes and squares’ that made some of the dresses appear ‘hideous’ in Kate’s eyes.

Lydia Yavorska

Kate refers to Lydia Yavorska (b. 1869) as ‘the dear Princess’ because the Russian-born actress had acquired by marriage the title Princess Bariatintsky.  Of her performance as Marguerite in this production ‘The Times’ critic wrote ‘she is not the actress to spare herself in the forcible delineation of the part’s emotion. Indeed her third act gave the opportunity for more tears and cries than we have ever heard or seen in a single act before.’ Kate had seen her playing Nora in ‘The Doll’s House’ on 30 March 1911 when she had described her as ‘a pretty creature and – in spite of her very broken English, excellent and so fascinating.’

‘La Dame Aux Camelias’ ran at the Scala from 22 June to 4 July 1914.

, , ,

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Diary: Coming Soon: Kate Frye On Both The Small – And Even Smaller – Screens

 

ITV have issued this press release which includes mention of my forthcoming e-book, to be published by ITV, Kate Parry Frye: the long life of an Edwardian actress and suffragette.

ITV marks First World War centenary by telling the people’s story in partnership with Imperial War Museums

The extraordinary stories of ordinary people whose lives were transformed during the First World War will be told in their own words in a landmark new series for ITV, made in partnership with Imperial War Museums

Marking the centenary of the outbreak of the war in 1914, the experiences of men and women, young and old, from across Britain and the social classes that divided society at the time, are vividly brought to life in 4×60 series The Great War: The People’s Story, produced by Shiver [ITV Studios].

As part of ITV’s partnership with IWM, a book accompanying the series will also be published as well as three e-books. In addition to its partnership with IWM, ITV is also announcing two other programmes to mark the First World War centenary.

With narration from Olivia Colman, The Great War: The People’s Story tells the real-life stories of soldiers, from privates to officers, their wives and girlfriends left behind, and people from Britain’s villages and cities.  They are portrayed by a cast of actors including Alison Steadman, Daniel Mays, Claire Foy, Brian Cox, Romola Garai, MyAnna Buring and Matthew McNulty, who speak their words as they were written in their diaries and letters.

These moving accounts, revealing their intimate thoughts and feelings offer a raw insight into the profound impact of being caught up in a conflict that would change their lives – and Britain – forever.  Sourced from archives and libraries across the country, selected in partnership with Imperial War Museums, which provided much of the material, and brought to life by actors – each story conveys the hopes, fears, heroism and tragedies of countless ordinary British people…  made all the more powerful by the fact that every word is real.

Diane Lees, Director General of IWM, said: “IWM is pleased to have worked in partnership with ITV on the development of The People’s Story – The Great War. The Imperial War Museum was established while the First World War was still being fought, to ensure future generations would remember those who contributed during the conflict. This series, featuring a number of people whose diaries and letters are held in the museum’s archives, gives an insight into some of the experiences and innermost thoughts of individuals from the time. Now that the war is out of living memory, it is up to our generation to ensure that their stories are and continue to be told – the stories of ordinary people living through extraordinary times.”

Richard Klein, ITV Director of Factual, said: “This programme gives the stage to the authentic voice of the British people as they endured over four years of the greatest violence in human history. The diaries, letters and memoirs of privates and officers, wives and mothers, working class and the well-to-do all brilliantly and emotionally document the journey from the patriotism and positivity at the start of war to the gradual understanding of the deadly and mind-shattering realities of modern warfare to the final days of simple endurance and exhaustion. This is a beautifully composed portrait of a country during a war that changed everything for everyone.”

Ollie Tait, Executive Producer of The Great War: The People’s Story for Shiver added: “Alongside the heartbreak and horror of war, Britain was changing at an amazing pace for everyone and there is something hugely powerful about reliving this through the people who never thought their voices would be heard. We really wanted ‘The People’s Story’ to be a world apart from the usual approach to the First World War and to make it about us, to bring to life the treasured letters that are tucked away in attics across the nation.”

ITV Studios Global Entertainment (ITVS GE) and Imperial War Museums have signed a deal with Random House for The Great War: The People’s Story, a hardback non-fiction book to accompany the TV series. Written by Izzy Charman, the TV series producer, and published in partnership with Imperial War Museums, the book provides a narrative of the war years as seen through the eyes of the people featured in the show. The book will be available from 31st July.

ITVS GE will also be publishing three e-books based on three of the individuals in the TV series. Written by daughter Pamela Campbell, Reg Evans DCM – A Hero’s War In His Own Words is about a young soldier who was one of the first people to undergo facial surgery in Britain after a gunshot wound to the face. In Alan Lloyd – The Lost Generation, Izzy Charman tells the story of the just-married officer, a member of the privileged Lloyds banking family, who died in battle. Author Elizabeth Crawford explores the story of a working suffragette in Kate Parry Frye – The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette whose suffrage society turned to war work. All three e-books will be available from 31st July.

  • Press contact: 

grant.cunningham@itv.com

************************************************************************************

Romola Garai plays Kate Parry Frye in The Great War: The People’s Story.

Pic 1 Kate Jan 1906I tell the whole story of Kate’s life (1878-1959) – based on her own outstanding diaries – in Kate Parry Frye: The Long Life of an Edwardian Actress and Suffragette to be published by ITV as an e-book on 7 August 2014.

Kate’s years as the organizer for a suffrage society are told in Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary, published by Francis Boutle in 2013.

Kate Frye cover

, , , ,

Leave a comment

Mariana Starke: Toxophilia – And Then To Italy, 1791

1791 was a most important year in the life of Mariana Starke. 

We last met her in January of that year when, with her friend and patron, Mrs Crespigny, she attended her play, The Widow of Malabar,  on the first night of its second season at the Theatre Royal Covent Garden.

Mrs Crespigny’s diary reveals that during the next few months she and Mariana met frequently – sometimes in Camberwell and sometimes in Epsom. Among their circle were the family of Henry Martin, who had become Comptroller of the Navy in 1790 and the news of whose baronetage Mrs Crespigny noted in her diary on 21 June 1791.

The Martins had at one time lived at Ashtead, a short distance down the Dorking Road from the Starkes’ Hylands House, but were probably now resident at Little Farm, near Tooting. ‘Miss Martin’ – presumably the eldest of his four daughters – was frequently included in parties to the theatre and opera and Mrs Crespigny mentions dining with Mrs Martin, together with Mariana, on 4 April, a day she described as ‘the first shooting day at Epsom’.

Mrs Crespigny’s diary relates that she and Mariana next met in Camberwell on 2 May – when they were joined by ‘Thomas on his matrimonial business’. This ‘Thomas’, I am sure, refers to the Rev Joseph Thomas for, on 6 May, ‘Miss Parkhurst dined and slept here’. Mellicent Parkhurst, Mariana’s very close friend and co-author, was soon to marry the Rev Thomas. I cannot, though, explain why the Rev Thomas was discussing ‘matrimonial business’ – apparently in Mellicent’s absence – with the inhabitants of Grove House. On 7 May, after dinner, Mariana and Mellicent returned to Epsom.

Mariana was back at Grove House on 24 May and on the 25th Mrs Crespigny notes that she ‘gave my first archery party’. Mrs Crespigny was a keen archer – for excellent articles about this aspect of her life see  A toxophilite – Mary de Crespigny née Clarke (1749 – 1812) and, for another much older article, here.

 

After John Emes & Robert Smirke To His Royal Highness George Prince of Wales This Plate representing a Meeting of The Society of Royal British Archers in Gwersyllt Park, Denbighshire, aquatint by Cornelis Apostool, [Siltzer p.335], 1794, John Emes. The scene illustrates the popularity of the Royal British Archers, or Royal Toxophilite Society, amongst women (albeit only of a high social standing) as one of the few sports in which they compete at all, let alone on equal terms. The original painting is in the British Museum, the landscape being the work of Robert Emes, who also published the print, while the figures were painted by Robert Smirke. Retrieved from http://www.bloomsburyauctions.com/detail/13420/1154.0. Image and caption courtesy of A toxophilite - Mary de Crespigny née Clarke (1749 - 1812) see http://ayfamilyhistory.blogspot.co.uk/

After John Emes & Robert Smirke To His Royal Highness George Prince of Wales This Plate representing a Meeting of The Society of Royal British Archers in Gwersyllt Park, Denbighshire, aquatint by Cornelis Apostool, [Siltzer p.335], 1794, John Emes. The scene illustrates the popularity of the Royal British Archers, or Royal Toxophilite Society, amongst women (albeit only of a high social standing) as one of the few sports in which they compete at all, let alone on equal terms. The original painting is in the British Museum, the landscape being the work of Robert Emes, who also published the print, while the figures were painted by Robert Smirke. Retrieved from http://www.bloomsburyauctions.com/detail/13420/1154.0. Image and caption courtesy of A toxophilite – Mary de Crespigny née Clarke (1749 – 1812) see http://ayfamilyhistory.blogspot.co.uk/

Mariana was at Grove House to enjoy that first archery party and on Friday 27 May accompanied Mrs Crespigny to Blackheath.  This day, the diary records, was ‘The great anniversary of the archers at Blackheath. We all went  – in my uniform. Miss Starke went home afterwards.’ Anecdotes of Archery describes that ‘grand meeting’ on Blackheath, which was attended by a good number of ‘Societies of Archers’, including such groups as the Surrey Bowmen, the Kentish Bowmen and the Woodmen of Arden. The report also records that ‘Numbers of women were likewise dressed in the uniforms of the societies.’ I am sure Mariana would have very much enjoyed donning a uniform. Did she draw a bow?

On Monday 21 August Mrs Crespigny spent the night at Hylands House after a day of archery in the course of which she presented the Surrey Bowmen with a silver arrow as a prize for a competition.

St Martin's Church 1807 Drawn by J Nixon, Engraved by S Rawle Image courtesy of Surrey Libraries and is held in the  Epsom & Ewell Local And Family History Centre. Image courtesy Epsom and Ewell History Explorer website

St Martin’s Church 1807
Drawn by J Nixon, Engraved by S Rawle
Image courtesy of Surrey Libraries and is held in the
Epsom & Ewell Local And Family History Centre. Image courtesy Epsom and Ewell History Explorer website

On  19 September 1791 Mrs Crespigny met Mariana in town. Although she makes no entry in clear script, surely both she and Mariana were in attendance three days later at St Martin’s Church in Epsom when, on 22 September, Mellicent Parkhurst married the Rev Thomas? The Rev Jonathan Boucher conducted the ceremony and the witnesses were Mellicent’s father, John Parkhurst, and her half-sister, Susanna Altham. I note that in the entry in the parish register the Rev Joseph Thomas is described as ‘of Camberwell’ – which may explain why he was discussing wedding plans in Grove House a few months earlier. I mention that Mrs Crespigny made no entry in clear script because large sections of her diary are written in shorthand and I haven’t checked whether there is such any such passage for that date.

Mrs Crespigny saw Mariana on several occasions in October. On 17th she slept at Hylands House after attending an archery match at Epsom and on the 22nd Mrs Starke, Mariana and Louisa arrived at Grove House for a short visit.

However, the atmosphere over these few days seems to have been less than calm. On  23rd October Mariana and Mary Crespigny had words -though quite what it was about is difficult now to ascertain. The diary entry appears to read ‘Miss S was very unkind to me relative to the grog and the Bow  – and said things that hurt me. I was very ill in consequence.’

The following day, Monday 24 October, Mrs Crespigny records that she ‘Had a sad day with the distress of Mr Browning  & Miss Louisa’ This may, perhaps, be explained by the next-day’s entry – Wednesday 25 October Mr & Mrs Starke & Misses Starke  & Scott, who I parted with to oblige them, set off for Nice.

”Scott’ was a woman, a maid or nurse, who until now had been in Mrs Crespigny’s employ and to whom, on her departure with the Starkes, she gave a guinea. That the Starke family was setting out for the south of France late in the autumn and despite the state of turmoil in that country would indicate that the state of health of Louisa Starke certainly – and probably also both her mother and father – had become increasingly critical. All were suffering from tuberculosis.

As early as 1779/1780 Mrs Starke, discussing her ill-health in a letter to Mrs William Hayley, had commented that ‘an hour’s talking would produce a spitting of blood’. In an April 1781 letter to William Hayley Mariana mentioned that they had been staying at Brighthelmstone for the previous two months on account of her mother’s health. The sea air was, of course, considered efficacious for pulmonary complaints. In a letter of 1787 or 1788 Mrs Starke mentioned that she and Louisa had spent a few weeks at Brighthelmstone, leaving her husband and Mariana at Hylands House.

In the Introduction to the 1815 edition of Letters from Italy (which is the one I have to hand) Mariana writes that she hopes the work will be of use ‘to those of my compatriots who, in consequence of pulmonary complaints, are compelled to exchange their native soil for the renovating sun of Italy’ and mentions that her observations on health are ‘the result of seven years’ experience; during which period my time and thoughts were chiefly occupied by endeavours to mitigate the sufferings of those most dear to me.’ Alas, little of the time abroad was devoted to nursing her sister Louisa, who, aged just 20, died at Nice on 18 April 1792, barely six months after leaving England. Had Mrs Crespigny’s comment on 24 October 1791 about ‘the distress of Mr Browning and Miss Louisa’ been a comment on a romance thwarted by her illness?

Having buried Louisa in Nice the Starke party – which Mariana describes in Letters from Italy as four in number (comprising, presumably, herself, her mother and father and ‘Scott’)- set out for Italy. In Letter 1, dated Nice, September 1792, Mariana writes that they undertook the journey over the Alps to Turin at the end of May.

On 3 November 1791 Mrs de Crespigny had noted in her diary that Mr and Mrs Starke and party had arrived at Calais and on 3 December that she had received ‘letters from Lyons’. Were those from Mariana?

I wondered briefly if Mrs Crespigny could have been the recipient of the originals of the Letters on which Mariana eventually based her book? It is the kind of role a close friend and patroness might fulfil but I must swiftly state that I have seen no evidence whatsoever to suggest that this was so. Indeed, perhaps rather surprisingly, I have come across no mention of Mrs Crespigny in any of Mariana’s manuscript letters that I have read.

The dedication in the 1815 edition of Letters from Italy is to Mellicent Thomas ‘as a small testimony of gratitude for her great kindness in having corrected th epress, and aided, by her deep and extensive classical knowledge, the labours of The Author’. Mariana would surely have acknowledged any specific interest taken in her work by the woman to whom she had made such a fulsome dedication in The Poor Soldier.

However, it is Mrs Crespigny we must thank (or at least those of us who follow the life of Mariana Starke in intimate detail must thank) for alerting us to the exact date when the Starkes’ coach swept out of the gates of Hylands House, taking Mariana to Italy and her destiny.

, , , , , , , , , , ,

Leave a comment

Suffrage Stories: What Links Charles Dickens, The Rokeby Venus And The Number 38 Bus?

Mary Richardson, c 1913

Mary Richardson, c 1913. This image of her was included in the sheet of ‘surveillance photographs’ of known suffragettes sent to museums and art galleries

I was asked the other day to speak briefly on Woman’s Hour about Mary Richardson, the suffragette who took a hatchet to the Velasquez painting, The Toilet of Venus  -known as The Rokeby Venus ,  while it was on display in the National Gallery in March 1914. Rokeby-Venus-slashed-close-up-426x365 You can listen to the resulting piece – which includes a clip from a 1957 Woman’s Hour interview with Mary Richardson – here.

Looking again at Mary Richardson’s story – as she tells it in her suffragette autobiography, Laugh a Defiance –  I was interested in a brief mention she made of the house from which she set out for the National Gallery on that fateful day – Tuesday 10 March 1914. It was a house  in which she had been given shelter when she was let out of Holloway the previous October under the terms of the ‘Cat and Mouse Act’,  after going on hunger strike. She continued to live there clandestinely – as a ‘mouse’ – evading the police.

As she tells it, this house in Doughty Street in Bloomsbury had once been the home of Charles Dickens but was now under the charge of a ‘Mrs Lyon’. Investigation reveals that in 1914  the house that was Dickens’ home from 1837-9 and is now the Charles Dickens Museum was, together with number 49, a boarding house run by a Miss Jane Lyons. J010106 Mary Richardson wrote that she knew immediately that it was to Dickens’ house that she had been brought. Indeed she would have, for as she left the motor car that had carried her from Holloway she would have seen this plaque, which had  been placed on the front of 48 Doughty Street by the LCC in 1903. Once settled into the boarding house doubtless she would have heard from Miss Lyons more about  the famous connection that gave cachet to the establishment.

Number 48 Doughty Street was acquired by the Dickens Fellowship in 1923 and opened as the Museum in 1925. Interestingly the Museum has quite recently acquired number 49 – so that the two houses are now interlinked as  they presumably were when Mary Richardson was given shelter in Miss Lyons’ boarding house. Charles dickens houseWhen Mary Richardson made her  acquaintance in 1914 Miss Lyons would have been 78 years old. She may well have been given the honorary title of ‘Mrs’ and it isn’t particularly surprising that Mary Richardson had, 40 years or so later, slightly misremembered her surname. The only information that Mary Richardson offers about ‘Mrs Lyon’ was that she had once been housekeeper to Benjamin Disraeli. Could that have been true?

Jane Lyons had been born in Plymouth in 1836, one of the eldest in a large family – of possibly 12 children. Her  father, Moses Lyons (who also gave his name on various censuses as ‘Lewis Lyons’ and ‘Morris Lyons’) was a licentiate of the Society of Apothecaries – that is, he was qualified as a doctor and practised as both a doctor and as a dentist. He had been born in Coventry c 1811;  his mother had been born in Russia. The family were probably Jewish in origin – although there is no evidence that they practised that religion. One sister, certainly, was married in a Congregational church. In 1871 the Lyons family was living in the Islington area of Birmingham and Jane Lyons worked with her mother and five of her sisters in the family’s stationers shop.

By 1881 Jane Lyons had come to London and on the night of the census, 3 April 1881, was living in a boarding house at 72 Gower Street in Bloomsbury, described as an ‘annuitant’. So it doesn’t appear that  she was Disraeli’s housekeeper at the time of his death –  which occurred 16 days after the census was taken. But I suppose it is not impossible that she was so employed at some time during the previous decade.

By 1891 Jane Lyons was housekeeper at ‘Brunswick House’, 56 Hunter Street, Bloomsbury.  Here lived 45 boarders – all women – most of whom were working – as teachers, typists, clerks, and artists.

48 Doughty Street - post 1903

48 Doughty Street – post 1903

Ten years later, in 1901, Jane Lyons was the proprietor of a ‘Private Hotel and Boarding House’ at 48 & 49 Doughty Street.  Here, on the day of the census, she had 24 boarders – all women – again clerks, teachers and typists (and a stockbroking nephew). By 1911 Miss Lyons’ clientele had slightly changed – now numbering a good half-dozen men among her boarders.

Miss Lyons, as a single woman running her own business, was very much the type of woman we might expect to support the ‘votes for women campaign’ – perhaps as a member of the Tax Resistance League. But from Mary Richardson’s evidence she went that bit further and gave active support to those who were evading the police. According to Mary, while she was living at number 48 Annie Kenney, who was also on the run, stayed for a time in Miss Lyons’ boarding house. I wish I knew more about Miss Lyons.

In Laugh a Defiance Mary Richardson relates that she had planned her attack on the RokebyVenus in advance – presumably while living under Miss Lyons’ roof. Indeed she states that she had sought approval from Christabel Pankurst for her plan. But never once in Laugh a Defiance  can I find any mention of the fact that since March 1912 Christabel had been living in Paris. Mary Richardson refers to her as though she were living close by, convenient for consultation. I find it difficult to believe that in those febrile months in 1914 Mary Richardson was in such close contact with Christabel. Did she, 40 years later, feel it necessary to justify her actions by implying that she was always ‘acting on orders’?

The sequence of events ran like this. Mrs Pankhurst was arrested in Glasgow during the evening of Monday 9 March – after something of a battle with the police at a meeting in the St Andrew’s Hall. Around her was a bodyguard of women –  one of whom was Mrs Lillian Dove-Willcox, with whom Mary Richardson was closely associated.

Lillian Dove-Willcox (photo courtesy Bath In Time website)

Lillian Dove-Willcox (photo courtesy Bath In Time website)

After one of her hunger strikes Mary had recuperated at Lillian’s cottage in the Wye Valley and their friendship seems to have lasted all Mary’s life.  Symbol Songs, a collection of poems she published in 1916 contains  ”The Translation of the Love I Bear Lillian Dove’ – and it was Lillian (by now, after remarriage, Mrs Lillian Buckley) who wrote Mary’s obituary for the Suffragette Fellowship newsletter.   It wouldn’t surprise me that if the ‘Rokeby Venus’ plan had been shared with anyone, it had been shared with Lilian Dove-Willcox, who travelled back from Glasgow on the train in which Mrs Pankhurst was being escorted by the police.

However the train stopped at a station short of Euston and Mrs Pankhurst was taken off it and driven straight to Holloway in order to avoid the suffragette crowds that were awaiting her at the terminus. The news of her arrest was in the Tuesday morning papers. I don’t really want to add any (quite gratuitous) speculation to Mary Richardson’s already rather unreliable memoir, but I’m going to anyway.

Could Mary Richardson have seen Lilian Dove-Willcox early that Tuesday morning and  heard first-hand of the dramatic events in the St Andrew’s Hall? And dramatic they were. It was a violent scene – with clubs wielded by the women and a gun – loaded with blanks – fired by Janie Allan, a wealthy Scottish supporter. A report from the front line, made by a close friend, or even the knowledge that such a friend had been involved in such a battle could have been the real catalyst for choosing this day of all days for putting her plan into action.  Doughty Street is only a short distance from Euston. Although Mary Richardson says in a radio interview that she was in the National Gallery as early as 10 am, The Times report, Wednesday 11 March, mentions that she was there at 11 .

Mary Richardson is not explicit as to whether she had already purchased her weapon of choice – a butcher’s chopper – although she does state that she bought it in the Theobald’s Road – a main road close to Doughty Street .However, because, as she repeatedly explains, she fixed the chopper into her sleeve with a chain of safety pins (though I can’t quite work out how the first in the chain was attached to the chopper??) it seems unlikely that she would have undertaken this rather cumbersome exercise on her way to the National Gallery, suggesting that she had the chopper already primed, as it were, in her room in the boarding house.

In another BBC radio interview, broadcast on 23 April 1961 – click here to listen to it – Mary Richardson revealed that she had chosen the Rokeby Venus  because she hated women being used as nudes in paintings – she had seen the picture gloated over by men, and she ‘thought it sensuous’. In the 1957 Woman’s Hour interview she mentioned that she felt the painting was held in high regard because it was so financially valuable  (it had cost £45,000 when purchased in 1906), whereas Mrs Pankhurst’s life counted for nothing. Presumably she was unaware that it was a fellow suffragist, Christiana Herringham, who had been the driving force in the setting up of the National Art Collections Fund – the organization that bought the painting for the nation.

In the later interviews Mary Richardson doesn’t mention that Mrs Pankhurst had only just been rearrested – but tells the story as though Mrs Pankhurst had been held for a long time, on hunger strike,  in a damp underground cell in Holloway – and that her life was in danger. But, as we see, Mrs Pankhurst could have barely reached Holloway by the time Mary set out from number 48.richardson laugh a defianceI have mentioned that Mary Richardson’s Laugh a Defiance  is an unreliable memoir. At the most basic level the account she gives of her involvement in the suffragette campaign is not chronologically accurate – rather she presents a series of incidents, in each of which she takes a starring role. I have little doubt that the purpose of Laugh a Defiance was to raise funds.  It doesn’t appear that Mary Richardson was ever in full-time employment and, although she had presumably inherited some money from her family,  at the end of her life the income must have dwindled. At the time of her death in 1961 she was living in a single room – in Hastings. Obviously in order for such a book to sell it did have to be packed with dramatic incident.

I can find no reviews of the book in contemporary newspapers or magazines – or, to be accurate, in ones that are now digitized. The only quote used in its publicity by the publisher, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, was a remark by C.V. [Veronica] Wedgwood who on the radio programme, The Critics, described it as ‘A document – ingenious and absolutely genuine’. Well, yes, ‘ingenious’ is perhaps the word to describe Laugh a Defiance  for although Wedgwood was an historian she clearly had not interrogated the accuracy of the ‘document’.

Leaving aside quibbles about who did what, when or where, the book contains laughable examples of  ‘cod history’ – such as when Mary in Holloway describes her view onto what she describes as the site, in Elizabethan times, of the banqueting hall of the Earls of Warwick. Doubting very much that those Earls had ever had a London home in Parkhurst Road, Holloway, I did a little research to try to discover what had been in Mary Richardson’s mind. The answer: that when the prison was built in the mid-19th century the architect copied the design of the gatehouse from Warwick Castle. Such is the way that the most innocuous facts  become corrupted and I’m certain that Mary Richardson’s suffragette autobiography contains many more such elisions and half-truths.  Rubbed up and polished, they presented a dashing and easily digested history designed to appeal to the general reader.

I have always wondered what her fellow suffragettes made of Mary Richardson’s  Laugh a Defiance - and of her two broadcasts. The Suffragette Fellowship, the organization to which many former members of the WSPU and the Women’s Freedom League belonged, was by no means devoid of factional infighting. Certainly she appears to have felt quite at ease when, a couple of years after the book was published (but before the radio programmes were broadcast), she attended a Suffragette Fellowship reunion at Caxton Hall (you can watch her here on a Pathe newsreel as she shows her very distinctive hunger-strike medal to a policeman. I wonder if any comments were made about the accuracy of her recollections?

For instance, as far as I can discover,  no member of the WSPU ever mentioned that Mary Richardson was, as she claimed, at the Derby watching Emily Wilding Davison as she stepped into the path of the King’s horse. Why was such a valuable first-hand account not written up in The Suffragette  or Votes for Women? Why was she not called as a witness at the inquest? In her telling the expedition to Epsom was not clandestine –  rather she was following an order from Headquarters to go there to sell The Suffragette.  She doesn’t go so far as to say that she accompanied Emily Davison but somehow out of the seething Derby crowd – the hundreds of thousands that swarmed over Epsom Downs –  she was able to spot Emily and position herself at the opposite side of the track at Tattenham Corner. Exciting reading – but is it history?

However, Mary Richardson’s account in Laugh a Defiance of her attack on the Rokeby Venus  accords very accurately with the contemporary newspaper reports.  There was, of course, no need to dress up that drama – for she was (with Venus) undoubtedly the star of that particular episode.

As this is a blog post – not an academic article – I will allow myself another flight of fancy. I live not far from Doughty Street and am a regular passenger on the No 38 bus that runs along Theobalds Road.  By 1914 this bus route had been in operation for a couple of years and, unless Mary Richardson walked to the National Gallery, may well have carried her as far as Cambridge Circus, bringing her within striking distance, as it were, of the Gallery. It is these gossamer connections – the layers of history through which we pass – that continue to amuse me. If I were sufficiently fanciful I could link Mary Richardson and the Rokeby Venus  to both the number 38 bus, on which, incidentally, I travelled part of the way to my date with her in the Woman’s Hour studio, and to Charles Dickens, the shade of whose footstep she touched as she made her determined way over the threshold of 48 Doughty Street that March morning.

P.S. Coincidentally another nude, George Clausen’s Primavera,  attacked by Maude Kate Smith in the RA Summer Exhibition in 1914, was sold by Christies on 17 June 2014, the day after my Woman’s Hour piece – for £92,500. You can listen to Miss Smith describing how she attacked the painting in a recording held by the Women’s Library@LSE.

, , , , , , ,

3 Comments

Suffrage Stories: Emily Wilding Davison: Centennial Celebrations

WHRThe Women’s History Review asked me to write a ‘Viewpoint’ about the 2013 100th anniversary commemoration of the death of Emily Wilding Davison.

EWD Funeral Procession Programme

The resulting article – ‘Emily Wilding Davison: centennial celebrations’ – is now available to read online at the WHR website. The first 50 viewers can access it free here. After the 50 viewings are exhausted, access, I’m afraid, is charged. But you can, of course, always read a print copy in your library!

EWD funeral

 

,

Leave a comment

Suffrage Stories/ Walks: The Actresses’ Franchise League – And Kate Frye

The Actresses’ Franchise League  was founded in December 1908. Its purpose was to stage propaganda plays, the majority of which were specially written by members, hold meetings, sell suffrage literature and give lectures. Kate Frye, who considered herself a professional actress, attended her first meeting of the AFL on 23 March 1909.

3 Bedford Street, Covent Garden

3 Bedford Street, Covent Garden

The venue for this first meeting, 3 Bedford Street, Covent Garden – just a few steps from The Strand – was very familiar to Kate. For on 11 December 1901 she had gone through that door and climbed the stairs to the studio and office near the top of the building where actor/manager Ben Greet ran his Acting Academy. There and then Kate had enrolled as a drama student. The story of her time at the Academy and her subsequent stage career is told in The Great War: The People’s Story – Kate Parry Frye: Edwardian actress and suffragette - which ITV will be publishing as an e-book in August to coincide with their The Great War: The People’s Story series.

3 Bedford st 6

Of that first AFL meeting Kate wrote in her diary:

‘Tuesday March 23rd 1909

[Afternoon] went by bus to Bedford Street, Strand – the old Ben Greet Academy Room where we used to rehearse – to the Actresses’ League for Women Franchise meeting. Who should be there but Miss [Ada]  Moore, who introduced me to Eva Moore and as she is going to be on our Dance Committee we shall meet again on Monday. She didn’t seem to like me much but I am used to treating all Suffrage women as merely women not little Queens. I had a long talk to Miss Moore who was charming as ever.

Eva Moore with her husband, H.V. Esmond

Eva Moore with her husband, H.V. Esmond

 

Kate had known Ada Moore quite well since the late 1890s – and was rather entranced by all the Moore sisters. During her time as a suffrage organizer, she often arranged meetings at which another Moore sister, Mrs Emily Pertwee, was the speaker. Eva Moore had obviously been a little too distant for Kate’s liking when they met on this occasion. She eventually resigned from the AFL after a play written for them by her husband, H.V. Esmond, was deemed too light-hearted for its propaganda purpose.

3 Bedford st 3

Although the lower half of the building appears to be empty at the moment – and a little sad – it’s not difficult to imagine the tyro actors and actresses – numbering among them Sybil Thorndike – climbing  the stairs to the top of the building to be put through their paces by Ben Greet. Or the members of the AFL  feeling at home in a building decorated with wreaths and swags.

3 Bedford st 8

 

 

3 Bedfford st 7

A month later – in April 1909 –  the AFL began to hold their meetings in the Criterion Restaurant. Kate was a regular attender at these meetings, often acted as a steward and faithfully recorded in her diary her impression of the occasions. For more about the AFL at the Criterion see here.

For more about Kate Frye and her involvement in the suffrage campaign see here.

 

 

, , , ,

Leave a comment

Books And Ephemera For Sale: Catalogue 184

Woman and her Sphere

Catalogue 184

Elizabeth Crawford

5 Owen’s Row

London EC1V 4NP

e.crawford@sphere20.freeserve.co.uk

Marriage Market 1950 001

Image is taken from # 588

1.500 HOUSEWIVES Five Hundred Household Hints Country Life 1926 [13563] The hints originated in ‘House & Garden’ – supplied by readers. Very good £8

2.ALEXANDER, Sally Women’s Work in 19th-century London: a study of the years 1820-50 Journeyman Press 1983 [12147] First published in ‘The Rights and Wrongs of Women’ (ed Mitchell and Oakley, 1976). Soft covers – fine £8

3.ANDREWS, Maggie The Acceptable Face of Feminism: the Women’s Institute as a social movement Lawrence & Wishart 1997 [9533] Soft covers – mint £9

4.ANDREWS, Malcolm Dickensian Laughter: essays on Dickens & humour OUP 2013 [13418] Examines and reflects on Dickens’ techniques for making us laugh. Mint in d/w (pub price £20) £15

5.ANON Enquire Inside For Everything You Want to Know In Your Domestic and Social Life W. Foulsham no date [1930s?] [13576] Paper covers – good – some foxing £4

6.Anon The Intelligent Woman’s Guide to Shopping Retail Trading Standards Association no date [1935] [13564] ‘How to be sure of getting value for money. How to be sure of distinguising good quality from bad. How to be sure of paying the right price.’ Card covers – very good £10

7.ANON You And I Cookery Book: an effort to meet a need in the cheapest form Birling Publishing Co no date [1930s?/1940s?] [13577] A spin-off of the ‘You and I’ magazine, published in connected with the YWCA. ‘Over 1000 carefully seleccted household hints and reccipes’. I can’t work out when this was published – it contains several recipes with ‘War-time’ in their titles – but am not sure if this is looking back to WW1 or whether it was published during WW2. But others seem to use a surprising amount of sugar and eggs for cooking in a time of strict rationing. But, whenever, ‘Economy’, was the watchword. Paper covers – front cover present but detached – back cover missing £2

8.AVERY, Gillian Behold the Child: American children and their books 1621-1922 Bodley Head 1994 [12410] Studies how the literature of the old world influenced the new. With many illustrations. Heavy. Fine in fine d/w £10
9.BARRATT, Alexandra (ed) Women’s Writing in Middle English Longman 1992 [11954] In Longmans Annotated Texts series. Soft covers – fine £10
10.BASCH, Françoise Relative Creatures: Victorian women in society and the novel Schocken Books 1974 [13467] Very good £4

11.BERRY, Mrs Edward And MICHAELIS, Madame (eds) 135 Kindergarten Songs and Games Charles and Dible, no date [1881] [9035] ‘These songs are printed to supply a want in English Kindergartens’ – the music is, of course, included – as are movement instructions. Mme Michaelis ran the Croydon Kindergarten. Very good £48

12.BLACK, Clementina Sweated Industry and the Minimum Wage Duckworth 1907 [11756] With an introduction by A.G. Gardiner, chairman of the executive committee of the National Anti-Sweating League £45

13.BLAIR, Kirstie Form & Faith in Victorian Poetry & Religion OUP 2012 [13693] By assessing the discourses of church architecture and liturgy the author demonstrates that Victorian poets both reflected on and affected ecclesiastical practices – and then focuses on particular poems to show how High Anglican debates over formal worship were dealt with by Dissenting, Broad Church, and Roman Catholic poets and other writers. Features major poets such as the Browning, Tennyson, Hopkins, Rossetti and Hardy – as well as many minor writers. Mint in d/w (pub price £62) £35

14.BLOCH, R. Howard Medieval Misogyny and the Invention of Western Romantic Love University of Chicago Press 1991 [11978] Soft covers – fine £18

15.BLOOM, Stanley The Launderette: a history Duckworth 1988 [10201] Soft covers – very good £10

16.BOARD OF EDUCATION Special Reports on Educational Subjects vol 15 HMSO 1905 [12182] ‘School Training for the Home Duties of Women. part 1 The Teaching of “Domestic Science” in the United States of America’. Exhaustive – 374pp – paper covers – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £10

17.BOARD OF EDUCATION Special Reports on Educational Subjects vol 19 HMSO 1907 [12233] ‘School Training for the Home Duties of Women. Part III The Domestic Training of Girls in Germany and Austria’. Paper wrappers marked and worn -internally good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8

18.BOSANQUET, Mrs Bernard Rich and Poor Macmillan 2nd ed, reprinted,1908 [12641] The Introduction begins ‘The separation between rich and poor in our large towns, and more especially in London, has often been pointed out as one of the most characteristic and threatening signs of the times.’ Plus ça change. A plea – with facts, figures and case studies – for greater understanding between the classes. £12

19.BRANDON, Ruth Other People’s Daughters: the life and times of the governess Weidenfeld & Nicolson 2008 [11942] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £12

20.BRITTAIN, Vera Lady Into Woman: a history of women from Victoria to Elizabeth II Andrew Dakers 1953 [13161] Good – though ex-public library £8
21.BROOKE, Christopher The Medieval Idea of Marriage OUP 1989 [11985] Fine in fine d/w £15

22.BROWN, Marie Sweated Labour: a study of homework Low Pay Unit 1975 (r/p) [13112] Full of real-life stories as well as facts and figures. 26pp – fine in paper covers £10

23.BRUMBERG, Joan Jacobs Fasting Girls: the history of anorexia nervosa Vintage 2000 [11925] Soft covers – fine £8

24.BRUNN, Emilie Zum and EPINEY-BURGARD, Georgette Women Mystics in Medieval Europe Paragon House 1989 [11958] Translated from French. Soft covers – fine £12

25.BULLEY, A. Amy and WHITLEY, Margaret Women’s Work Methuen 1894 [12108] With a preface by Lady Dilke. In the ‘Social Questions of To-day’ series. Very good in original cloth – scarce £55

26.BUNDTZEN, Lynda The Other Ariel Sutton 2005 [12035] An examination of Plath’s original typescript for ‘Ariel’, comparing it to the version that was published by Ted Hughes. First published 2001. Soft covers – mint £5

27.BURMAN, Sandra (ed) Fit Work for Women St Martin’s Press (NY) 1979 [12111] Presents a collection of papers which discuss the origins of the domestic ideal and its effects on activities usually undertaken by women. Fine in d/w £12

28.BURSTALL, Sara A. The Story of the Manchester High School for Girls 1871-1911 Manchester University Press 1911 [9219] Cover marked and faded – internally very good. Scarce £38

29.BUTLER, C.V. Domestic Service: an enquiry by the Women’s Industrial Council Garland Publishing 1980 [12114] Facsimile reprint of the study first published by G. Bell & Sons in 1916. £20

30.BY THE AUTHOR OF ENQUIRE WITHIN UPON EVERYTHING The Reason Why: Domestic Science Houlston & Sons c 1900? reprint [13573] First published in 1869 to give ‘Intelligible Reasons for the Various Duties which a Housewife has to Perform’. Introducing ‘science’ into the ‘domestic’. Answers to such questions as ‘Why does flesh when much boiled become tasteless and stringy?'; ‘Why do we blow the fire?'; ‘Why should hair too distant from the eyebrows be parted only in the centre?'; ‘Why is it necessar to turn mattresses at frequent intervals’ etc etc. Good £8

31.BYRNE, Katherine Tuberculosis and the Victorian Literary Imagination CUP 2010 [13430] Explores the representations of tuberculosis in 19th-century literature and culture. fears about gender roles, degeneration, national efficiency and sexual transgression all play their part in the portrayal of ‘consumption’, a disease which encompassed a variety of cultural associations. Mint in d/w (pub price £55) £35

32.BYTHELL, Duncan The Sweated Trades; outwork in 19th-century Britain Batsford 1978 [12110] Very good in d/w £12

33.CADBURY, Edward, MATHESON, M. Cecile and SHANN, George Women’s Work and Wages: a phase of life in an industrial city University of Chicago Press 1907 [8076] US edition of this study of women’s work in Birmingham. Good – inner hinge a little loose £50

34.CALVERTON,V.F.and SCHMALHAUSEN, S.D. (eds) Sex in Civilsation Macaulay Co (NY) 1929 (reprint) [12650] With an introduction by Havelock Ellis. Contributors include Beatrice Forbes-Robertson Hale, Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Margaret Sanger. Good – 719pp – heavy £12

35.CANTARELLA, Eva Bisexuality in the Ancient World Yale University Press, 2nd ed 2002 [12444] Soft covers – fine £5

36.CHAPONE, Mrs On the Improvement of the Mind together with Dr Gregory’s, Legacy to His Daughters and Lady Pennington’s, Advice to Her Absent Daughter, with An Additional letter on the Management and Education of Infant Children Scott, Webster and Geary, no date c. 1835 [9555] A compendium of Good Conduct – a ‘four in one’. With engraved frontispiece and title page -good in slightly rubbed half leather and marbled boards £38

37.CHICAGO, Judy and LUCIE-SMITH, Edward Women and Art: contested territory Weidenfeld and Nicolson 1999 [12425] Judy Chicago and Edward Lucie-Smith choose significant images of women – and discuss the many issues that arise. Large format – heavy – fine in fine d/w £12

38.CLAPP, Elizabeth and JEFFREY, Julie Roy (eds) Women, Dissent and Anti-Slavery in Britain and America, 1790-1865 OUP 2011 [13422] Essays by David Turley, Timothy Whelan, Alison Twells, Clare Midgeley, Carol Lasser, Julie Roy Jeffrey, Stacey robertson and Judie Newman – with an Introduction by Elizabeth Clapp. Mint in d/w (pub price £60) £25

39.CLARKE, Patricia The Governesses: letters from the colonies 1862-1882 Hutchinson 1985 [12463] Fine in fine d/w £7

40.COHEN, Monica Professional Domesticity in the Victorian Novel: women, work and home CUP 1998 [12419] Offers new readings of narratives by Jane Austen, Charlotte Bronte, Dickens, George Eliot, Emily Eden etc to show how domestic work, the most feminine of all activities, gained much of its social credibility by positioning itself in relation to the emergent professions. Soft cover – fine £25

41.COLLET, Clara Report by Miss Collet of the Statistics of Employment of Women and Girls HMSO 1894 [7203] Report prepared under the aegis of the Board of Trade – Employment of Women (Labour Department). Very good – 152pp – bound into new protective card covers £65

42.COLLET, Clara Report by Miss Collet on the Money Wages of Indoor Domestic Servants HMSO 1899 [7207] Women workers were in the overwhelming majority of those considered in this report. Fascinating information. Very good in original card covers £55

43.COWAN, Ruth Schwartz More Work For Mother: the ironies of household technology from the open hearth to the microwave Basic Books (NY) 1983 [10355] Very good in d/w £10

44.CRAIG, Elizabeth Housekeeping Collins 1947 [13047] With many photographs. In ‘Elizabeth Craig’s Household Library’ series. Good in torn d/w £8

45.CRAWFORD, Elizabeth Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle Francis Boutle 2009 (r/p) [12677] Pioneering access to education at all levels for women, including training for the professions, the women of the Garrett circle opened the way for women to gain employment in medicine, teaching, horticulture and interior design – and were also deeply involved in the campaign for women’s suffrage. Soft covers, large format, over 70 illustrations. Mint – new book £25

46.DAVID, Deirdre (ed) The Cambridge Companion to the Victorian Novel CUP 2012 (2nd ed) [13411] This second edition includes essays by Kate Flint, Caroline Levine, Nancy Armstrong, Lyn Pykett and Clare Pettit – amongst others. Soft covers – mint £15

47.DAVIDOFF, Leonore Worlds Between: historical perspectives on gender and class Routledge 1995 [12115] Soft covers – fine £12

48.DAVIS, Natalie Zemon Society and Culture in Early Modern France Polity Press 1998 (r/p) [11944] Soft covers – fine £14

49.DAVISON, Peter The Fading Smile: poets in Boston from Robert Lowell to Sylvia Plath W.W. Norton 1994 [12031] Soft covers – fine £12

50.DICKENS, Andrea Janelle Female Mystic: great women thinkers of the Middle Ages I.B. Tauris 2009 [11947] Soft covers – fine £10

51.DINNERSTEIN, Dorothy The Rocking of the Cradle and the Ruling of the World Women’s Press 1987 [11937] Soft covers – fine £7

52.DUBY, Georges Medieval Marriage: two models from 12th-century France John Hopkins University Press 1991 (r/p) [11984] Soft covers – fine £12

53.DYHOUSE, Carol Feminism and the Family in England 1880-1939 Basil Blackwell 1989 [11224] Soft covers – very good £12

54.ELLIS, Mrs Sarah Stickney The Select Works Henry G. Langley (New York) 1844 [11234] Includes ‘The Poetry of Life’, ‘Pictures of Private Life’, ‘A Voice From the Vintage, on the force of example addressed to those who think and feel’ Good in original decorative cloth £48

55.EVERGATES, Theodore (ed) Aristocratic Women in Medieval France University of Pennsylvania Press 1999 [11979] Soft covers – very good £17
56.FAWCETT, MILLICENT Political Economy for Beginners Macmillan, 7th ed 1889 [4335] Reasonable copy – ex College of Preceptors Library £16

57.FINDLAY, J.J. (ed) The Young Wage-Earner and the Problem of His Education: essays and reports Sigwick and Jackson 1918 [8026] For ‘His Education’ read also ‘Hers’. The essays include: ‘From Home Life to Industrial Life: with special reference to adolescent girls, by James Shelley, prof of education, University College, Southampton; ‘The Young Factory Girl’ by emily Matthias, superintendent of women employees, the Phoenix Dynamo Manufacturing Co, Bradford and the reports include: ‘Working Girls and Trade Schools (London)’ by Theodora Pugh and ‘The Sons and Daughters of Farming Folk’ by J.J. Findlay. Very good £25

58.FLESHER, Caroline McCracken The Doctor Dissected: a cultural autopsy of the Burke & Hare murders OUP 2012 [13434] Canvasses a wide range of media – from contemporary newspaper accounts and private correspondenc to Japanese comic books and videogames to analyse the afterlife of the Burke and Hare murders and consider its singular place in Scottish history. Mint in d/w (pub price £41.99) £28

59.GILBERT, Sandra And GUBAR, Susan No Man’s Land: the place of the woman writer in the twentieth century Yale University Press 1994 [8899] Vol 3 – ‘Letters From the Front’ .477pp – mint in d/w £25

60.GOLDSMITH, Margaret Women and the Future Lindsay Drummond 1946 [12101] A study of what the position was likely to be in the post-Second World War world. Scarce.Fine – in very slightly chipped d/w £25

61.GOLDSMITH, Margaret Women at War Lindsay Drummond Ltd (1943) [12602] Study of women’s work and life during the Second World War. Many photographs. Good £20

62.HASLETT, Caroline The Electrical Handbook for Women English Universities’ Press revised ed, 1936 [13682] All the housewife needed to know about electricity in the home. Fine in elegantly period d/w £12

63.HELSINGER, Elizabeth Et Al (eds) The Woman Question: Social Issues, 1837-1883 Manchester University Press 1983 [12150] Volume II of ‘The Woman Question: Society and Literature in Britain and America, 1837-1883′. Fine £15

64.HELSINGER, Elizabeth K. Et Al (eds) The Woman Question: Society and Literature in Britain and America, 1837-1883 Manchester University Press 1983 [12151] Vol 1, ‘Defining Voices’. Focuses on representative texts, figures and controversies for what they reveal about the general character of the Woman Question rather than their historical connections with earlier and later phases of the debate. Fine £15

65.HILEY, Michael Victorian Working Women: portraits from life Gordon Fraser 1979 [13340] Photographs of working women most of them collected during the second half of the 19th century by A.J. Munby. Paper covers – very good £12

66.HILL, Georgiana Women in English Life: from mediaeval to modern times Richard Bentley 1896 [10453] An excellent study – in two volumes. Most of the second volume is devoted to the position of women at the end of the 19th century – written by one who was very much involved with the woman’s movement. Very good – a little bumped at top and bottom of spine. A scarce set £95

67.HOLCOMBE, Lee Victorian Ladies at Work: middle-class working women in England and Wales 1850-1914 David & Charles 1973 [11226] Very good in chipped d/w £25

68.HOLLIS, Patricia Ladies Elect: women in English local government 1865-1914 OUP 1987 [13264] Excellent study. Paper covers – good – now a scarce book £23

69.HOLT, Anne A Ministry To The Poor: being a history of the Liverpool Domestic Mission Society, 1836-1936 Henry Young (Liverpool) 1936 [9243] Very good – scarce £45

70.HOLTBY, Winifred Women John Lane 1941 (r/p) [12102] First published in 1934. Good reading copy – spine nicked and marked £12

71.HORSFIELD, Margaret Biting the Dust: the joys of housework Fourth Estate 1997 [10183] Mint in d/w £10

72.JAMES, Selma Sex, Race and Class Falling Wall Press 1975 [13193] Paper covers – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5

73.JAMES, Simon Maps of Utopia: H.G. Wells, modernity, and the end of culture OUP 2012 [13414] Begins with the late-Victorian debate about the effect of reading, especially reading fiction, tha tfollowed the 1870 Education Act and considers WEls’s best known scientific novels, important social novels, as well as less-known texts.Mint in d/w (pub price £53) £28

74.JEFFREYS, Sheila The Spinster and Her Enemies: feminism and sexuality 1880-1930 Pandora 1985 [12445] Soft covers – fine £8

75.JOHNSON, Patricia E. Hidden Hands: working-class women and Victorian social-problem fiction Ohio University Press 2001 [10784] ‘Argues that the female industrial worker became more dangerous to represent than the prostitute or the male radical because the worker exposed crucial contradictions between the class and gender ideologies of the period and its economic realities’. Soft covers – mint £15

76.KAPLAN, Cora Sea Changes: culture and feminism Verso 1986 [12414] Soft covers – fine £8

77.KAYE, Elaine A History of Queen’s College, London, 1848-1972 Chatto 1972 [12467] The first college for the higher education of women. Very good in d/w £6

78.KENEALY, Arabella Feminism and Sex-Extinction E.P. Dutton & Co (NY) 1920 [12107] Anti-feminist eugenicist polemic. US edition is scarce. Very good internally – cloth cover a little bumped and rubbed £25

79.KING, Barbara P.G.S.G: a history 1905-1946 privately published 1989 [12569] A history of Pate’s Grammar School for Girls – ‘Cheltenham’s other girls’ school. Soft covers – fine £18

80.KIRKHAM, Margaret Jane Austen, Feminism and Fiction Harvester 1983 [12415] Soft covers – fine £10

81.KLEIN, Viola Working Wives: a survey of facts and opinions concerning the gainful employment of married women in Britain Institute of Personnel Management no date (1960) [12267] A survey carried out in co-operation with Mass Observation Ltd. Paper covers faded – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £10

82.KROLL, Judith Chapters in a Mythology: the poetry of Sylvia Plath Sutton 2007 [12022] First published in 1976. Soft covers – fine £7

83.LARSEN, Timothy A People of One Book: the Bible and the Victorians OUP 2011 [13407] Case studies of representative figures, from Elizabeth Fry to Florence Nightingale, from C.H. Spurgeon to Grace Aguilar to demonstrate the scripture-saturated culture of 19th-century England. Mint in d/w (pub price £76) £25

84.LEE, Julia Sun-Joo The American Slave Narrative and the Victorian Novel OUP 2010 [13436] Investigates the shaping influence of the American slave narrative on the Victorian novel in the years between the British Abolition Act and the American Emancipation Proclamation – and argues that Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Gaskell, Thackeray and Dickens integrated into their works generic elements of the slave narrative. Mint in d/w (pub price £40) £15

85.LERNER, Gerda The Creation of Feminist Consciousness: from the middle ages to 1870 OUP 1993 [11921] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £13

86.LEWIS, Judith Schneid In the Family Way: childbearing in the British aristocracy, 1760-1860 Rutgers University Press 1986 [8652] Very good in slightly chipped d/w £25

87.LLEWELYN DAVIES, Margaret (ed) Life As We Have Known it by Co-operative Working Women Virago 1977 [12131] First published in 1931- with an introduction by Virginia Woolf. Soft covers – good £7
88.LLEWELYN DAVIES, Margaret (ed) Maternity: letters from working women collected by the Women’s Co-operative Guild Virago 1984 (r/p) [12143] First published in 1915. Soft covers – very good £8

89.LLEWELYN DAVIES, Margaret (ed) Maternity: letters from working women collected by the Women’s Co-operative Guild Virago 1978 [13159] First published in 1915. Soft covers – very good £8

90.LOANE, M. An Englishman’s Castle Edward Arnold 1909 [9060] Martha Loane was a district nurse – this study of the homes of the poor is the result of her social investigation. Good £18

91.LOFTIE, W.J. A Plea for Art in the House: with special reference to the economy of collecting works of art, and the importance of taste in education and morals Macmillan 1879 (r/p) [13338] First published in 1876 – around the same time as Rhoda and Agnes Garrett’s book in the same series ‘Art at Home’ – and evincing many of the same touchstone’s of taste in home decoration. Goodish – a little rubbed and bumped £18

92.LOOTENS, Tricia Lost Saints: silence, gender, and Victorian literary canonization University Press of Virginia 1996 [12398] Fine in d/w £35

93.LYNCH, Mary Sewing Made Easy The World’s Work 1940 [13572] Co-published with Garden City Books (NY). How to make your 1940 costume – acknowledgement is made to Simplicity Patterns many of whose patterns are included in the book. Very good – large format £8

94.MACCARTHY, B.G. The Female Pen; women writers and novelists 1621-1818 Cork University Press 1994 [12412] First published in 1944, this edition with an introduction by Janet Todd. Soft covers – 530pp – fine £12

95.MCCRACKEN, Peggy The Romance of Adultery: queenship and sexual transgression in old French literature University of Pennsylvania Press 1998 [11976] Fine in fine d/w £38

96.MCGREGOR, O.R. Divorce in England: a centenary study Heinemann 1957 [10426] Very good in d/w £20

97.McMILLAN, Margaret The Child and the State The National Labour Press 1911 [11641] In which she advocated giving poor children a more broad and humane education than they currently were receiving. Vol 9 in the Socialist Library series. Card covers – very good £28

98.MALVERY, Olive Christian Baby Toilers Hutchinson 1907 [8216] A study of the child workers of Edwardian Britain. Good £38

99.MARKS, Lara Metropolitan Maternity maternity and infant welfare services in early 20th century London Rodopi 1996 [11624] Soft covers – fine £22

100.MARTIN, Jane Women and the Politics of Schooling in Victorian and Edwardian England Leicester University Press 1999 [10781] Mint (pub price £65) £35

101.MASON, Michael The Making of Victorian Sexuality OUP 1994 [10599] Fine in d/w £14

102.MEARS, Ann Success in Shopping Arrowsmith 1927 [13562] ‘How to tell, at sight: Good Eggs from Bad; Fresh Fish from Stale etc etc; ‘How to Distinguish the Best: in Blankets, Tennis-Racquets, Dogs, Firewood, Scissors etc’. Very good in dustwrapper (latter is split at spine) £15

103.METROPOLITAN BOROUGH OF HACKNEY Catalogue of Books in the Public Libraries Public Libraries Committee, Hackney no date [1911?] [13479] A listing of all the books held in Hackney Public Libraries c 1910. Each book’s listing gives the name of author, title and date of publication. Very interesting £25

104.MILL, John Stuart The Subjection of Women Longmans, Green, Reader & Dyer 1869 (2nd ed) [13460] In original mustard embossed cloth – top inch or so of spine split and frayed. With faded shelf-mark sticker on spine and label on front paste-down of the Burnley Mechanics’ Institute. Front inside hinge a little stretched. Otherwise good internally. I’m pleased to think that the members of the Mechanics’ Institute took such an obvious interest in the subject. £85

105.MOTION, Andrew (ed) Interrupted Lives in Literature National Portrait Gallery 2004 [11964] Studies of Angela Carter, Katherine Mansfield, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Christopher Marlow, Edward Thomas and Sylvia Plath. Soft covers – fine £7

106.NEWMAN, Barbara From Virile Woman to WomanChrist: studies in medieval religion and literature University of Pennsylvania Press 1995 [11946] Soft covers – fine £15

107.NORWICH HIGH SCHOOL 1875-1950 privately printed, no date [1950] [9612] A GPDST school. Very good internally – green cloth covers sunned – ex-university library £15

108.NUNN, Pamela Gerrish Victorian Women Artists Women’s Press 1987 [7106] Very good in d/w £18

109.O’NEILL, Judith (ed) Critics on Charlotte and Emily Bronte Allen & Unwin 1968 [11974] Soft covers – internally good – although contents, clean and tight, have parted from covers £3

110.Onlywomen Press Love Your Enemy?: the debate between heterosexual feminism and political lesbianism Onlywomen Press 1981 [13471] Soft covers – good £3

111.ORIGO, Iris The Merchant of Prato: daily life in a medieval Italian city Penguin 1992 (r/p) [11988] Soft covers – fine £5

112. ORRINSMITH, Mrs The Drawing Room: its decoration and furniture Macmillan 1877 [9344] In the ‘Art at Home’ series. ‘The author has endeavoured to give more particular directions as to the furnishing and adornment of the Drawing-Room than was possible in the Miss Garretts’ volume treating of the whole subject of ‘House Decoration’ .’ Very good – missing free front end paper many illustrations – a scarce book £45

113.OTTER, Samuel Philadelphia Stories: America’s literature of race and freedom OUP 2010 [13423] An account of Philadelphia’s literary history. Hardback – mint in d/w £12

114.PALMER, Beth Women’s Authorship and Editorship in Victorian Culture OUP 2011 [13432] Draws on extensive periodical and archival material to bring new perspectives to the study of sensation fiction in the Victorian period. Mint in d/w (pub price £60) £35

115.PEDERSEN, Frederik Marriage Disputes in Medieval England Hambledon 2000 [11977] The records of the church courts of the province of York, mainly dating from the 14th c, provide a welcome light on private, family life and on individual reactions to it. Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £25

116.PHILLIPS, Margaret Mann Willingly to School: memories of York College for Girls 1919-1924 Highgate Publications 1989 [13124] Good in card covers – though ex-library £10

117.RAPPOPORT, Jill Giving Women: alliance and exchange in Victorian culture OUP 2012 [13413] examines the literary expression and cultural consequences of English women’s giving from the 1820s to the First World War – in the work of Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Elizabeth Gaskell and Christina Rossetti – as well as in literary annuals and political pamphlets. Through giving, women redefined the primary allegiances of teh everyday lives, forged public coalitions, and advanced campaigns for abolition, slum reform, eugenics, and suffrage. Mint in d/w (pub price £45.99) £32

118.RENDALL, Jane The Origins of Modern Feminism: women in Britain, France and the United States 1780-1860 Macmillan 1985 [9461] Soft covers – very good £15

119.RODENSKY, Lisa (ed) The Oxford Handbook of the Victorian Novel OUP 2013 [13431] A cornucopia! Mint in d/w – heavy – 808pp. (pub price £95) £50

120.ROYDEN, A. Maude Political Christianity G.P. Putnams’ 1923 (r/p) [13120] Dedicated to members of the Guildhouse congregation. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8

121.SERVADIO, Gaia Renaissance Woman I.B. Taurus 2005 [11982] Fine in fine d/w £8

122.SHIMAN, Lilian Women and Leadership in Nineteenth-Century England Macmillan 1992 [4783] Fine in d/w (which has slight tear at top of spine) £28

123.SHOWALTER, Elaine Inventing Herself: claiming a feminist intellectual heritage Picador 2001 [11934] An exploration of feminist intellectuals from the 18th century to the present – from Mary Wollstonecraft to Naomi Woolf. Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £15

124.SLATER, Michael The Great Dickens Scandal Yale University Press 2012 [13420] How Dickens sought to cover up his relationship with Ellen Ternan. Mint in d/w (pub price £20) £8

125.SMITH, R.D.(edits and introduces) The Writings of Anna Wickham: free woman and poet Virago 1984 [12037] Soft covers – very good £5

126.SOLANAS, Valerie SCUM Manifesto Matriarchy Study Group 1981 [13123] Good – ex-library £6

127.SPRING RICE, Margery Working-Class Wives: their health and conditions Virago 1989 (r/p) [12123] Second edition. First published in 1939. £5

128.STAFFORD, H.M. Queenswood: the first sixty years 1894-1954 privately printed 1954 [9643] History of the school. Good – ex-college library £12

129.STANLEY, Liz Et Al (eds) Auto/Biography: Bulletin of the British Sociological Association Study Group on Auto/Biography (1993) [10494] Vol 2, no 1 ‘Research Practices’. Soft covers – fine £9

130.STEARNS, Peter Gender in World History Routledge 2000 [12568] ‘Explores continuities, change and patterns over time. It provides a distinctive approach to the exploration of historical meanings of femininity and masculinity, as well as a contrubtion to world history itself.’ Soft covers – mint £8

131.STEVENS, John Medieval Romance: themes and approaches Hutchinson University Library 1973 [11945] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £15

132.STONE, S. A. Home-Making: practical household hints C. Arthur Pearson 1915 [13570] One quails at the amount of routine work that was expected of the housewife and clearly, even when dirt was so much more of a threat and smoke pollution so much more damaging, it can’t really have been necessary to do all that the writers of such guides stipulated. I’m exhausted just reading it. Good reading copy £8

133. TAYLOR, Barbara Mary Wollstonecraft and the Feminist Imagination CUP 2003 [11898] Soft covers – fine £17

134.TAYLOR, James Baordroom Scandal: the criminalization of company fraud in 19th-century Britain OUP 2013 [13435] Mint in d/w (pub price £60) £38

135.THE EDITOR OF ‘ENQUIRE WITHIN UPON EVERYTHING’ The Practical Housewife: a complete encyclopaedia of domestic economy and family medical guide Houlston & Sons new ed, no date [c 1890s?] [13569] ‘Will lessen the cares of domestic management, aid the practice of household economy and prove a help in many emergencies.’ The index runs from ‘Ablution, the importance of’ to ‘Zinc ointment’. Good £10

136.THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEAR BOOK AND DIRECTORY 1904 A & C Black 1904 [10837] Indispensable source of information. Very good internally in library binding £80

137.THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEAR-BOOK AND DIRECTORY FOR 1888 JUBILEE EDITION Hatchard’s 1888 [11772] edited by ‘L.M. H.’ [Louisa Hubbard], comprising Part I Englishwomen and their work in Queen Victoria’s reign and Part II Directory for 1888. A wonderful source – full of details of names and addresses. Very good and tight in decorative boards, a little darkened and marked with age. Extremely scarce £195

138.THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEARBOOK AND DIRECTORY 1901 A & C Black 1901 [11770] Ed by Emily Janes. Packed with information. Good internally – cloth covers marked – scarce £80

139.THORMAHLEN, Marianne The Brontes and Religion CUP 2004 [12430] Soft covers – fine £30

140.TINDALL, Gillian Three Houses, Many Lives: the story of a Cotswold vicarage, a Surrey boarding school and a London home Vintage 2013 [13417] Once again Gillian Tindall works her magic. I loved it (I bought my own copy!) £5

141.TOBIN, Beth Fowkes Superintending the Poor: charitable ladies and paternal landlords in British fiction, 1770-1860 Yale University Press 1993 [9806] Mint in d/w £18

142.TOMAN, John Kilvert’s World of Wonders; growing up in mid-Victorian England Lutterworth Press 2013 [13419] Presents the diarist Francis Kilvert as a typical mid-Victorian, excited by the scientific and tchnological forces ushering in the modern world. Describes the diarist’s upbringing and education to show the origins of his outlook. Soft covers – mint (pub price £25) £18

143.TYLECOTE, Mabel The Education of Women at Manchester University 1883 to 1933 Manchester University Press 1941 [13139] With a newscutting obituary of Dame Mabel Tylecote laid in. Good – scarce £40

144.WAGNER, Erica Ariel’s Gift: Ted Hughes, Sylvia Plath and the story of ‘Birthday Letters’ Faber 2000 [12021] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £8

145.WALLER, Jane And VAUGHAN-REES, Michael Women in Uniform 1939-45 Papermac 1989 [10344] Paper covers – large format £12

146.WALTER, Natasha Living Dolls: the return of sexism Virago 2010 (r/p) [11936] Soft covers – fine £9

147.WEBSTER’S ROYAL RED BOOK or Court and Fashionable Register for May 1876 Webster and Larkin 1876 [12154] A London street guide (Abbey Gardens, St John’s Wood to Young St, Kensington) giving the names of individual householders – combined with a list of the names and addresses of the ‘Fashionable’ – a wide swathe of middle-class London. A very useful directory. In fair condition – very good internally -clean and tight – but decorative, gilt embossed cloth is rubbed and sewing has parted at inside back cover. This early directory is quite scarce £30

148.WINSTEAD, Karen (ed) Chaste Passions: medieval English virgin martyr legends Cornell University Press 2000 [11983] Soft covers – very good £9

149.WOODBRIDGE, Linda Women and the English Renaissance: literature and the nature of womankind 1540-1620 Harvester 1984 [11986] Hardcover -very good internally – a few small inkspots to front board £25

150.WOODS, Edgar & Diana Things That Are Not Done: an outspoken commentary on popular habits and a guide to correct conduct Universal Publications, no date (1937) [10612] Good £12

 

General Biography

 

151.(ADDAMS) Louise Knight Jane Addams: Spirit in Action Norton 2011 [13405] Biography of the US campaigner for international peace and social justice. Mint in d/w £10

152.ALLEN, Alexandra Travelling Ladies: Victorian Adventuresses [13198] Studies of Daisy Bates, Isabella Bird Bishop, Midlred Cabele and Evangeline and Francesca French, Alexandra David-Neel, Jane Digby el Mesrab, Kate Marsden, Marianne North and May French Sheldon. Fine in d/w £10

153.(ALLEN) John C. Hirsh Hope Emily Allen: medieval scholarship and feminism Pilgrim Books (Oklahoma) 1988 [11995] Biography of an American medieval scholar, born in 1883 – who spent time at Newnham. Fine £15

154.(ALVAREZ) Al Alvarez Where Did it All Go Right: an autobioraphy Richard Cohen Books 1999 [12013] Poet, critic, novelist, poker player , rock climber- and friend of Ted Hughes and Sylvia Plath. Fine in fine d/w £6

155.BELL, Alan (ed and with an introduction by) Sir Leslie Stephen’s ‘Mausoleum Book’ OUP 1977 [13199] Intimate autobiography written for Stephen’s immediate family after the death of his wife, Julia, the mother of Vanessa and Virginia. Very good in d/w £12

156.BELL, MAUREEN, PARFIT, GEORGE AND SHEPHERD, SIMON A Biographical Dictionary of English Women Writers 1560-1720 G.K. Hall 1990 [11878] Expands the boundaries of what is conventionally recognized as 17th century English literature by uncovering, reintroducing and documenting the lives and works of more than 550 English women who wrote betwen 1580-1720. Fine in d/w £25

157.(BERR) Hélène Berr Journal Maclehose 2008 [12439] The diary of a young Jewish woman in occupied Paris. Translated from the French by David Bellos, with an introduction and an essay by David Bellos and an afterword by Mariette Job. Fine in fine d/w £6

158.(BERRY) Lewis Melville (ed) The Berry Papers: being the correspondence hitherto unpublished of Mary and Agnes Berry (1763-1852) John Lane 1914 [13674] Most engaging letters. With numerous illustrations. Very good £18

159.(BRONTE) Dudley Green Patrick Bronte: father of genius The History Press 2008 [12452] Fine in fine d/w £10
160.(BRONTE) Margaret Smith (ed) Selected Letters of Charlotte Bronte OUP

2010 [13426] With a new introduction by Janet Gezari. Soft covers – mint £3
161.(BRONTES) Brian Wilks The Illustrated Brontes of Haworth: scenes and characters from the lives and writings of the Bronte sisters Collins 1986 [12448] Fine in fine d/w £8

162.(BURNEY) Joyce Hemlow (ed) Fanny Burney: selected letters and journals OUP 1986 [12030] Follows her career from her romantic marriage to the impoverished French émigré General d’Arblay to her death 46 years later. Fine in fine d/w £12

163.(BURNEY) Kate Chisholm Fanny Burney: her life 1752-1840 Vintage 1999 [11969] Soft covers – fine £5

164.(BUTTS) Nathalie Blondel (ed) The Journals of Mary Butts Yale University Press 2002 [12460] 500pp – heavy – mint in mint d/w £20

165.(CLARKE) Mary G. Clarke A Short Life of Ninety Years privately printed 1973 [11352] An interesting life – born in Aberdeen into the Anderson family (her uncle was Skelton Anderson, husband of Elizabeth Garrett), she attended the local high school, and then went to Girton – before entering a lifetime of teaching, culminating in the headmistress-ship of Manchester High School for Girls. Very good – cover slightly marked £18

166.(CLIFT) Max Brown Charmian and George; the marriage of George Johnston and Charmian Clift Rosenberg 2004 [12457] The tempestuous relationship of two Australian writers. Soft covers -mint £10

167.(COBBE) Frances Power Cobbe Life of Frances Power Cobbe : as told by herself Swan Sonnenschein 1904 [11475] The Posthumous – and best – edition – ‘With Additions by the Author and Introduction by Blanche Atkinson’. Fine – rather scarce £75

168.(COLET) Francine du Plessix Gray Rage and Fire: a life of Louise Colet – pioneer feminist, literary star, Flaubert’s muse Hamish Hamilton 1994 [11994] Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £6

170.CRAWFORD, Anne et al (eds) Europa Biographical Dictionary of British Women: over 1000 notable women from Britain’s Past Europa 1983 [12408] Soft covers – 536pp – fine £10

171.(DE STAEL/CONSTANT) Renee Winegarten Germaine de Stael and Benjamin Constant: a dual biography Yale University Press 2008 [11963] Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £12

172.(DU MAURIER) Judith Cook Daphne: a portrait of Daphne du Maurier Bantam Press 1991 [12400] Very good in d/w £5

173.(DU MAURIER) Martin Shallcross The Private World of Daphne Du Maurier Robson Books 1991 [12399] Biography – by a friend. Fine in d/w £5

174.(EDEN) Violet Dickinson (Ed) Miss Eden’s Letters Macmillan 1919 [9339] Born, a Whig, in 1797. Her letters are full of social detail. In 1835 she went to India with her brother when he became governor-general. Very good £28

175.(ELEANOR) Ralph Turner Eleanor of Aquitaine Yale University Press 2009 [11956] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £15

176.(ELIOT) Carole Seymour-Jones Painted Shadow: a lfie of Vivienne Eliot Constable & Robinson 2001 [11992] Fine in fine d/w £9

177.(EUGENIE) Joyce Cartlidge Empress Eugénie: her secret revealed Magnum Opus Press 2008 [13468] The mystery of an illegitimate child…Soft covers – fine £5

178.(FRAME) Janet Frame An Autobiography Women’s Press 1991 (r/p) [11999] Contains the three vols that comprise her autobiography – ‘To the Is-land’, ‘An Angel at My Table’ and ‘The Envoy from Mirror City’. Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £10

179.(GARDINER), Sarah Gardiner (ed) Leaves from a Young Girl’s Diary: the journal of Margaret Gardiner 1840-41 Tuttle, Moorhouse & Taylor Co (NY) 1927 [13478] The journal kept by Margaret Gardiner who, with her father, a NY State Senator, her mother and her sister (who was to become the
wife of a US President), sailed across the Atlantic to Europe. They landed at Liverpool and then proceeded to ‘do’ Europe. Delightful. Very good – scarce £45

180.(GAUTIER) Joanna Richardson Judith Gautier: a biography Quartet 1986 [12432] Biography of French woman of letters – and muse. Soft covers – fine £6

181.(GLASPELL) Barbara Ozieblo Susan Glaspell: a critical biography University of North Carolina Press 2000 [12016] Soft covers – fine in fine d/w £18

182.(HAMMOND) Mrs John Hays Hammond A Woman’s Part in a Revolution Longmans, Green 1987 [6083] The ‘Revolution’ was the Boer War – her husband was imprisoned by the Boers. Good £30

183.HAYS, Frances Women of the Day: a biographical dictionary of notable contemporaries J.B. Lipincott (Philadelphia) 1885 [12594] A superb biographical source on interesting women. Good in original binding – with library shelf mark in ink on spine- scarce £75

184.(HOWE) Valarie Ziegler Diva Julia: the public romance and private agony of Julia Ward Howe Trinity Press International 2003 [11892] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £10

185.(HUMBERT) Agnes Humbert Résistance: memoirs of Occupied France Bloomsbury 2008 [12392] Memoirs of Agnes Humbert (1894-1963), an art historian who helped form one of the first organised groups of the French Resistance. First published in France in 1946, this translation, by Barbara Mellor, is the first in English. Mint in d/w £5

186.(JAMESON) Clara Thomas Love and Work Enough: the life of Anna Jameson Macdonald 1967 [12070] Good £10

187.(JAMESON) G.H. Needler (ed) Letters of Anna Jameson to Ottilie von Goethe OUP 1939 [12451] Very good internally – cover marked £20

188.(JAMESON) Judith Johnston Anna Jameson: Victorian, feminist, woman of letters Scolar Press 1997 [12461] An examination of Jameson’s non-fiction writing in the context of her life. Mint in mint d/w £20

189.[JEBB] Alice Salomon Eglantyne Jebb Union Internationale de Secours Aux Enfants 1936 [13170] Short study in French. Paper covers – 53pp – very good £5

190.(JEX-BLAKE) Margaret Todd The Life of Sophia Jex-Blake Macmillan 1918 [13515] Interesting biography of a difficult woman – founder of the London School of Medicine for Women. Very good – with slight marking on front cloth cover. £30

191.KELSALL, Helen Berridge House Who’s Who, 1893-1957 privately published [1957] [13005] A list of all the pupils and staff of the National Society’s Training College for Domestic Subjects – with a short history of the college. Paper covers – good £12

192.(LAWRENCE) Rosie Jackson Frieda Lawrence Pandora 1994 [12009] Includes ‘Not I, But the Wind and other autobiographical writings’. Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £8

193.(LEIGH) Michael and Melissa Bakewell Augusta Leigh: Byron’s half-sister – a biography Chatto & Windus 2000 [12012] Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £8

194.(LIDDELL) Simon Winchester The Alice Behind Wonderland OUP 2011 [13406] ‘Using Charles Dodgson’s published writings, private diaries, and of course his photographic portraits, Winchester gently exposes the development of Lewis Carroll and the making of his Alice.’ Mint in d/w £6

195.(LOVELACE) Benjamin Woolley The Bride of Science: romance, reason and Byron’s daughter Macmillan 1999 [12000] Biography of Ada Lovelace £10

196.(MARTIN) Sarah Martin A Brief Sketch of the Life of the Late Miss Sarah Martin of Great Yarmouth: with extracts from the Parliamentary Reports on Prisons; her own Prison Journals etc C. Barber (Yarmouth) 2nd ed, 1844 [12756] Prison visitor, dressmaker, Sunday School teacher. Her comments on the prisoners are particularly interesting. Good in original cloth £35

197.MARTINDALE, Hilda Some Victorian Portraits and Others Allen & Unwin 1948 [6071] Biographical essays of members of her circle – including Adelaide Anderson, factory inspector. Very good in d/w £18

198.(MCLAREN) Willis Pickard The Member for Scotland; a life of Duncan McLaren John Donald 2011 [13404] Priscilla Bright McLaren, doyenne of the Edinburgh Suffrage Society, was his (third) wife. Soft covers – mint £15

199.MEYERS, Jeffrey Katherine Mansfield: A Darker View Cooper Square Press 2002 [12393] Biography of Katherine Mansfield, first published in 1978 and reissued with a new introduction. Soft covers – ming £6

200.(MONTGOMERY) Catherine Andronik Kindred Spirit: a biography of L.M. Montgomery, creator of Anne of Green Gables Athenaeum 1993 [12441] Very good- in fine d/w £8

201.(MONTGOMERY) Mary Rubio and Elizbeth Waterston (eds) The Selected Journals of L.M. Montgomery: vol 1 1889-1910 OUP 1985 [12426] Fine in very good d/w -424pp – heavy £15

202.(MOODIE/TRAILL) Charlotte Gray Sisters in the Wilderness: Susanna Moodie and Catherine Parr Traill, pioneers of the Canadian backwoods Duckworth 2001 [11887] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £12

203.[MORGAN] Sydney Lady Morgan Passage From My Autobiography Richard Bentley 1859 [13675] ‘The following pages are the simple records of a transition existence, socially enjoyed, and pelasantly and profitably occupied, during a journey of a few months from Ireland to Italy.’ Good – in original decorative mauve cloth £18

204.NEWNHAM COLLEGE REGISTER 1871-1950 privately printed [11776] packed with biographical information on students and staff. Soft covers – 2 vols – good – although backing on vol 1 is coming unstuck and outermost cover of vol II is missing- internally very good – scarce £40

205.(NICHOL) Anna Stoddart Elizabeth Pease Nichol Dent 1899 [12999] (1807-1897) Scottish Quaker – daughter of the founder of the Peace Society, suffragist, chartist, anti-vivesectionist. Very good – scarce £35

206.(NOURSE) Mary Alice Keekin Burke Elizabeth Nourse, 1859-1938: a salon career National Museum of American Art 1983 [6767] A study of the artist. Soft covers – large format – many illustrations – very good £15

207.(ORIGO) Caroline Moorehead Iris Origo: Marchesa of Val d’Orcia John Murray 2000 [12007] Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £6

208.(OSBORN) Emily Osborn (ed) Political and Social Letters of a Lady of the Eighteenth Century: 1721-1771 Griffith Farren, Okeden and Welsh (London) 1890 [12054] Living in London and Chicksands (Bedfordshire), she managed her son’s involved estate. Her letters reveal to us 18th-century life – political, social and domestic. Very good internally -paper on spine and corners a little rubbed – gift inscription, 1895, to ‘Lady Strathmore’ – the present Queen’s great-grandmither £45

209.PARRY, Melanie (ed) Chambers Biographical Dictionary of Women Chambers 1996 [12421] Soft covers – fine – 741pp – heavy £10

210.(PASTON) Helen Castor Blood and Roses Faber 2004 [11981] A family biography tracing the Pastons’ story across three generations. Mint in mint d/w £8

211.PHILLIPS, John, QUENNELL, Peter and SAGE, Lorna (contributors) The Last Edwardians: an illustrated history of Violet Trefusis and Alice Keppel Boston Athenaeum 1985 [12424] Selections from an exhibition held in 1985-6 in the USA. Packed with illustrations. Card covers – large format – some pages have come loose from the (im)perfect binding – but all present. £8

212.(PLATH/HUGHES) Diane Middlebrook Her Husband: Hughes and Plath: a marriage Little,Brown 2004 [12020] Fine in fine d/w £8

213.(RHYS) Francis Wyndham And Diana Melly (eds) Jean Rhys Letters 1931-1966 Deutsch 1984 [9507] Very good in d/w £12

214.(RIDING) Deborah Baker In Extremis; the life of Laura Riding Hamish Hamilton 1993 [11989] Fine in very good d/w £7

215.(ROBINS) Octavia Wilberforce Backsettown & Elizabeth Robins published for private circulation 1952 [13258] A little tribute – telling how Elizabeth Robins came to set up the retreat at Backsettown in Sussex. With lovely photograph of Elizabeth Robins tipped in as frontispiece. Fine in paper wraps – with a birthday inscription on free front endpaper – scarce £38

216.(ROBINSON) Paula Byrne Perdita; the life of Mary Robinson HarperCollins 2004 [12017] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £5

217. [RUSKIN] Mary Lutyens (ed) Young Mrs Ruskin in Venice: the picture of society and life with John Ruskin 1849-1852 Vanguard Press (NY) 1965 [13200] Very good in d/w £12

218.(SARTON) Margot Peters May Sarton: a biography Ballantine 1998 [12001] Soft covers – fine £10

219.(SEWELL) Mrs Bayly The Life and Letters of Mrs Sewell James Nisbet, 3rd ed 1889 [2667] Memoir of the Quaker writer of moral didactics for children; she was mother of Anna Sewell. Good £12

220.SICHERMAN, Barbara et al (eds) Notable American Women: The Modern Period Belknap Press of Harvard University Press 1980 [12418] Soft covers – 773pp – heavy – very good £12

221.(SIMPSON) Morrice McCrae Simpson: the turbulent life of a medical pioneer Birlinn 2011 [13433] The discoverer of ‘the blessed chloroform’ and, as such, an important figure in ‘woman’s sphere’. Soft covers – mint £5

222.(ST TERESA OF AVILA) St Teresa of Avila by Herself Penguin Classics 1957 (r/p) [11950] Soft covers – fine £6

223.(STOREY) Joyce Storey Our Joyce Broadsides 1987 [10389] Life in pre-Second World War Bristol. Soft covers – very good £4

224.(STOREY) STOREY, Joyce Joyce’s War 1939-1945 Virago 1992 (r/p) [13482] Soft covers -very good £4

225.(STOWE) Joan Hedrick Harriet Beecher Stowe OUP 1994 [11991] Soft covers – fine £9

226.(STUART) Hon. James A. Home (ed) Letters of Lady Louisa Stuart to Miss Louisa Clinton David Douglas (Edinburgh) 1901 & 1903 [13335] Two volumes – complete set. The first volume covers the period 1817 to 1825 and the second volume (called ‘Second Series’) that from1826 to 1834. Society observed. Very good – two volumes together £38

227.(SWAN) Mildred Robertson Nicoll The Letters of Annie S. Swan Hodder & Stoughton 1946 (r/p) [9668] Good reading copy. £10

228.(THACKERAY) John Aplin Memory and Legacy: A Thackeray Family Biography 1876-1919 Lutterworth Press 2011 [13409] Draws extensively on private collection of descendants of the 19th-century Thackerays and focuses principally on the later years of Anne Thackeray Ritchie, whose amazingly intricate network of family and friendships offers fresh insights into the artistic milieu of the late-Victorian and Edwardian eras. Soft covers – very good £15

229.(TREFUSIS) Philippe Jullian and John Phillips Violet Trefusis: life and letters Hamish Hamilton 1976 [12443] Fine in fine d/w £8

230.(TUDOR) Maria Perry Sisters to the King deutsch 2002 [12024] Lives of the sisters of Henry VIII – Queen Margaret of Scotland and Queen Mary of France. Soft covers – fine £4

231.(TWINING) Louisa Twining Recollections of My Life and Work Edward Arnold 1893 [10625] She was an early ‘social worker’ – involved with workhouse visiting, promoting the idea of poor law inspectors and was herself a poor law guardian. Very good – scarce £68

232.(WARD) John Sutherland Mrs Humphry Ward: eminent Victorian, pre-eminent Edwardian OUP 1990 [12008] Fine in very good d/w £8

233.(WATERSTON) Lucy Bean And Elizabeth Van Heyningen (eds) The Letters of Jane Elizabeth Waterston 1866-1905 Van Riebeeck Society (Cape Town) 1983 [13266] A Scotswoman, she went as a missionary to Africa – to the Cape – returning to Britain in 1874 to train as a doctor – first, for a short time, with Sophia Jex-Blake in Edinburgh and then as one of the first students at the London School of Medicine, qualifying in 1879. She then returned to Africa, eventually settling in Cape Town, where, during his period there as editor of the Cape Times , one of her closest friends, although v much younger than her, was Edmund Garrett, cousin to Millicent Garrett Fawcett, on whose commission to investigate concentration camps during the Boer War, Jane Waterston served. Fine £25

234.(WEST) Carl Rollyson Rebecca West; a saga of the century Hodder & Stoughton 1995 [11993] Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £7

General Ephemera

 

235.The Australian Army at War; an official record of service in two hemispheres 1939-1944 HMSO 1944 [12221] Soft covers -72pp – with photographs £2

236.Mother India’s Daughters: the significance of the Women’s Movement Women’s International League no date [1934] [13073] ‘The Women’s Movement in India is growing with a rapidity and vigour which is probably without parallel..it is essential that British men and women should be prepared to give it their understanding, sympathy and support. 8-pp pamphlet – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8

237.National Women Citizens’ Association 1918-1968 NWCA 1968 [12278] Paper covers – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5

238.Registration Requirements for 1929 Register HMSO 1928 [12222] Schedules setting out the requirements for registering on the first electoral register under the 1928 Representation of the People Act. 10-pp pamphlet – good – ex-Women’s Library £2

239.ACT NO XIX OF 1929 (Passed by the Indian Legislature) An Act To Restrain the Solemnisation of Child Marriages [13472] Received the Assent of the Governor General, 1 Oct 1929. 4pp – good £3

240.AN ACT TO CONSOLIDATE AND AMEND THE STATUTE LAW OF ENGLAND AND IRELAND RELATING TO OFFENCES AGAINST THE PERSON [6 AUGUST 1861] HMSO [12555] Withdrawn from the collection of the Association of Moral and Social Hygiene. The Act is marked ‘see page 829′ – and on that page the act is concerned with the ‘Rape, Abduction, and Defilement of Women’. 24-pp – good £5

241.ANDERSON, Dame Adelaide The Employment of Children in Egyptian Industry International Labour Office 1930 [12266] Reprinted from the International Labour Review, Dec 1930. Paper covers – 32pp – good £4

242.ASSOCIATION FOR MORAL AND SOCIAL HYGIENE Collection of Annual Reports [12313] A collection of 13 of the Association’s Annual Reports – 7th (1921/22)-15th (1929/30); 29th (1950)-33rd (1954). Packed with information – and names of members, Paper covers – all in good condition – 13 items – together £50

243.ASSOCIATION FOR PROMOTING THE EMPLOYMENT OF HIGH SCHOOL GIRLS IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLWORK Report of Meeting Held at the Westminster Town Hall on Wed Nov 12th 1902 [13043] The Association was formed in 1897 and was disbanded in 1905. The Association’s aim, at its most basic, of promoting the employment of middle-class young women – ie those who had attended high schools – in working-class – ie elementary – schools. ‘Higher teachers are now at last waking up to the absolute necessity of training, and Elementary teachers are far more cultured than they were five or ten years ago.’16-pp pamphlet – good £4

244.ASSOCIATION OF ASSISTANT MISTRESSES Education Policy (with special reference to Secondary Education) AAM no date (1920s?) [13042] 4-pp leaflet. Good – ex-Board of Education library £2

245.ASSOCIATION OF ASSISTANT MISTRESSES IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS The Teaching of English 1907 [12706] A paper given by Miss C.L. Thomson at the 1907 Annual Meeting of the Association. 16-pp pamphlet – good – ex-Board of Education library £8

246.ASSOCIATION OF HEAD MISTRESSES Memorandum Forwarded to the President of the Board of Education, 5 Jan 1907 [12698] 8-pp pamphlet dealing with the issue of the length of the school day and whether afternoon classes should be compulsory or optional. Good – ex-Board of Education libary £5

247.ASSOCIATION OF TECHNICAL INSTITUTIONS Collection of Proceedings at the Annual General Meetings [13223] Proceedings of the meetings held in 1895, 1896, 1897, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1902. Each c 34pp, in original paper covers (some covers present but detached). As a collection £20
20

248.ASSOCIATION OF UNIVERSITY WOMEN TEACHERS Thirtieth Annual Report, 1912-1913 AUWT 1914 [13216] Includes a (slightly surprisingly) long list of the members. Soft covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £10
249.AUTOGRAPHS (2) [13058] A sheet of paper on which are fixed the cut-out signatures of Marie, Lady Willoughby de Broke, Maud Selborne (the Countess of Selborne), Florence E. Barrett, Henrietta Barnett, Margery Corbett Ashby, Dorothy Jewson, Mabel Dearmer and Hester Kempthorne (wife of a bishop) £45

250.AUTOGRAPHS – LEAGUE OF CHURCH MILITANT [13060] 4 sheets of paper to which are fixed 28 cut-out signatures of members of the League of Church Militant, the successor to the Church League for Women’s Suffrage. The signatures include thos of Margaret Benn (Lady Stansgate), Hope Joseph (artist), Evelyn Morrison (a WSPU activist), Edith Picton-Turbervill and M.A.R. Tuker. Many of the signatures are identified by pencilled annotations. Together £35

251.AUTOGRAPHS – THE GUILDHOUSE [13061] The Guildhouse was an ecumenical place of worship and cultural centre founded in 1921 by Maude Royden. On 4 sheets of paper are fixed 25 cut-out signatures, including those of Maude Royden, Hudson Shaw, Daisy Dobson (Maude Royden’s secretary), Zoe Procter (former WSPU activist), and Katherine Courtney (of the NUWSS). Together £45

252.BARTON, Dorothea Women’s Minimum Wages 1921 [12269] reprinted from the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, July 1921. Paper covers -c 40pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £6

253.BESANT, Sir Walter ‘From Thirteen to Seventeen': Continuation Evening Classes, Recreative and Practical James Clarke 1903 [12828] Inner Mission Pamphlet, No 7 – First issued in 1893. Good – 8pp – ex-Board of Education library £5

255.BOARD OF EDUCATION [12263] Third Report (July 1938) and Fourth Report (Oct 1938) of the Burnham Committee on Scales of Salaries for Teachers in Secondary Schools . Card covers – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £4

256.BOARD OF EDUCATION List of Elementary Schools and Training Colleges under the Administration of the Board 1902-1903 HMSO 1903 [13333] The lists include the number of pupils at each school, the average attendance and the amount the school received in an annual grant. This is bound with (1) ‘Lists of Secondary Schools, Science and Art Schools and Classes, and Evening Schools under the Administration of the Board 1902-1903′. The lists give details of the number of pupils attending day and night classes in both Science and in Art and the total ammount allocated in grants to each school. (2) ‘Evening Schools Aided by Parliamentary Grants’, giving the number of pupils receiving grants. Packed with information on schools and classes in England and Wales. Leather bound, 193pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £28

257.BOARD OF EDUCATION Reorganisation of Public Elementary Schools in England and Wales 1937-38 HMSO 1939 [12540] ‘Statistics for the area of each local education authority showing numer of departments on 31 march 1938 by type of department, number of pupils, aged under 11 and 11 and over respectively, in each type of department together with summaries, by type of area, for England and Wales’. Paper covers – 64pp – good £8

258.BRITISH, CONTINENTAL, AND GENERAL FEDERATION FOR THE ABOLITION OF GOVERNMENT REGULATION OF PROSTITUTION Fourth Annual Report British, Continental, and General Federation 1879 [12322] Covers the year 1878-79. Paper covers – good – a little creased and chipped £12

259.BRITISH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION Report of Committee on Industrial Health in Factories BMA 1941 [12334] 43-pp wartime report – paper covers – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3

260.BRITTAIN, Vera (introduces) Prisoners’ Circle: essays by ex-prisoners Prison Medical Reform Council 1943 [12280] Paper covers – 32pp – good £5

261.BUTLER, Josephine (ed) The Storm Bell Ladies’ National Association for the Abolition of State Regulation of Vice Feb 1899 [9802] Single issue. Contains the rather touching notice: ‘If there should occasionally be some delay or irregularity in the appearance of the Storm Bell, I beg my Friends to judge its Editor leniently….As I have no Sub-Editor, it will be understood that it is not always easy to prepare even so humble a periodical as this, in time to be out exactly at the right date.’ Fine – scarce £28

262.BYLES, Marie Domicile of Married Women The United Associations, Sydney 1930s?? [12538] 4-pp leaflet on the question of the domicile of married women in Australia. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £2

263.CAMPBELL, Dame Janet Infant Mortality Ministry of Health 1929 [12257] International Inquiry of the Health Organisation of the League of Nations, English Section. Paper covers – 118pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8

264.CARPENTER, J. Estlin The Promotion of International Peace Through Universities National Peace Council 1912 [13210] ‘A Paper read at the Eighth National Peace Congress, 1912′. 12-pp – paper covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £8

265.CENSUS OF SCOTLAND 1911 VOL II Report of the Twelfth Decennial Census of Scotland HMSO [1913] [12385] Missing front blue paper cover and some pages at end that cover talbels XLVI-LI – but 562pp are present and correct. Withdrawn from the Women’s Library £15

266.CHARITY ORGANISATION REVIEW Vol X (New Series) July To Dec 1901 Longmans, Green 1902 [9244] half-yearly bound volume of the COS’s own magazine. Very good £28

267.CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY D.R. Sharpe Centralised Registration of Assistance COS 1911 [9236] Paper read on 31 May 1911 at the Annual National Conference of Charity Organisation Societies. Paper covers – 14pp pamphlet – good – unusual £18

268.CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY Miss Pike Friendly Visiting and Personal Service COS 1911 [9238] Paper read on 1 June 1911 at the Annual National Conference of Charity Organisation Societies. Paper covers – 11pp – good – a little foxing – unusual £20

269.CHURCH OF ENGLAND MORAL WELFARE COUNCIL The Threshold of Marriage: a practical guide for all who intend to be married in church The Church Assembly 1949 [12548] Paper covers – 36pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2

270.CO-OPERATIVE HOLIDAYS ASSOCIATION [12798] 3-pp pamphlet, reprinted from ‘Modern Language Teaching’, June 1910, setting out the work of this Associaiton, which had begun by the Congregational Church in industrial Lancashire, together with Annual Reports for the year ending Sept 30th, 1910 and Annual Report for the year ending Sept 30th 1911. Interesting – 3 items – the Annual Reports v good – the pamphlet rubbed and split (with no loss of text) – ex-Board of Education library – as a collection £15
271.COMMISSION OF ENQUIRY INTO INDUSTRIAL UNREST: Report of the Commission for Wales HMSO 1917 [13215] 50pp – good reading copy – bound into later card covers – ex-Board of Education Library £12

272.COMMITTEE ON THE NEGLECT OF SCIENCE Harrison and Son 1917 [12816] The committee was set up in Mary 1916, including among its members Sir Ray Lankester, Sir Hugh Bell and Lord Rayleigh, and was appointed by the Government to investigate scientific education in Secondary Schools. Clearly at a time of war it was considered very important to improve the country’s engagement with science. Two items: 1) Report for the Year 1916-17, dated July 1917, 16pp; 2) The Scheme for Examination for Class 1 of the Civil Service recommending that ‘a course of Science extending over several years shall have formed a serious part of every candidate’s previous education.’ , Nov 1917, 7pp. In good condition – ex-Board of Education library – together £10

273.CONTINUATION SCHOOLS [12811] A collection of material relating to ‘Continuation Schools’ (evening classes). 1) Evidence given by Rev J.B. Paton, D.D. before the Education Commission, Wm Isbister Ltd, 1887, 16pp; 2) The Continuation of Elementary Education: a paper by William Lant Carpenter read at the Society of Arts, Feb 8th 1888, pub by the Recrative Evening Schools’ Association, 24pp; 3) Continuation Evening Classes; recreative and practical by Walter Besant, pub by the Recreative Evening Schools’ Association, 1886, paper covers, 8pp; 4) Continuation Schools: recreative and practical by J. Edward Flower, pub by the Recreative Evening Schools’ Association, 1894, 8pp; 5) Continuation Schools by Charles Henry Watt, pub for the Manchester Statistical Society, 1896, 24pp; 7) Recreative Instruction of Young People by the Rev Dr J.B. Paton, a paper read at a conference of the National Vigilance Association, pub by James Clarke, [first pub 1886, this issue probably 1902]; 8pp; 8) A Plea for Recreative Continuation Schools: evening schools under healthy conditions by the Rev J.B. Paton,, 4th ed (first pub 1885), 12pp; 9) Secondary Education for the Industrial Classes of England, a memorandum prepared by request of the Council of Recreative Evening Schools Association for the Royal Commission on Secondary Education by J.B. Paton, MA, DD, pub by the Recreative Evening Schools Association, 1904 (first issued 1895); 10 The Continuation Schools’ Bill Explained and Commended by the Rev J.B. Paton, Inner Mission Pamphlet, Second Series, no 6, 1905, 12pp; 11) Continuation Schools from a Higher Point of View by J.B. Paton, DD, Inner Mission Pamphlet, Second Series, no 7, 1905, 16pp; 12) report on an Enquiry into the Working of Evening Schools in the County of Cheshire, 1907, 12pp – with detailed pull-out tables; 13) The Problem of the Continuation School and its successful solution in Germany. A Consecutive Policy by R.H. Best and C.K. Ogden, pub by P.S. King, 1914, paper covers ( more or less detached), 80pp; 14) Port Sunlight Works Continuation School; An Address given to the Soap and Candle Trades at Birmingham on 16 March 1920 by J. Knox, MA, printed at the request of the Joint Industrial Council, 1920, paper covers, 22pp; 15) Day Continuation Schools, pub by Federal Council of Lancashire and Cheshire Teachers’ Associations, Sept 1943, 4pp. All in good condition – all paper covers – all ex-Board of Education library. As a collection – together £45

274.CRIMINAL JUSTICE ACT HMSO [12557] 1) Criminal Justice Adminstration Act, 1914 – ‘An Act to diminish the number of cases committed to prison, to amend the Law with respect to the treatment and punishment of young offenders, and otherwise to improve the administration of criminal justice’.- 36pp – good; 2) Criminal Justice Act, 1925 – ‘An Act to amend the law with respect to the administration of criminal justice in England, and otherwise to amend the criminal law’ – 44pp – good; 3) Criminal Justice Act, 1948 – ‘An Act to abolish penal servitude, hard labour, prison divisions and sentence of whipping ‘etc – 110pp – good. Together £5

275.DAME IRENE WARD (1895-1980) [12477] Collecction of letters and cards from Irene Ward (Conservative MP for, first, in 1931, Wallsend and then, 1950, Tyneside) to a friend, Cynthia Josephine Romilly (after her marriage in 1964, Romilly-Luscombe) (1914-2001) – together with a colleciton of cuttings about Irene Ward that her correspondent pasted onto album sheets – together with a quantity of loose cuttings – following the MP’s career – from the early 1940s. The correspondence continues into the late 1970s. Good – as a collection. £65

276.DEPARTMENTAL COMMITTEE ON THE TRAINING APPOINTMENT AND PAYMENT OF PROPBATION OFFICERS Report of the Departmental Committee on the Training, Appointment and Payment of Probation Officers HMSO 1922 [12292] Paper covers – 32pp – fair – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2

277.DINNER AND PRESENTATION TO MISS ALISON NEILANS [12351] 4-pp leaflet, reprinted from ‘The Shield’, Dec 1938, describing the ‘Silver Jubilee dinner held at St Ermin’s Hotel, Westminster, to celebrate Miss Neilans’ 25 years work with the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene’. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8

278.DISINHERITANCE The Remedies of Lord Astor’s Bill [12561] an article reprinted from ‘The Observer’, Sept 6, 1928. ‘Lord Astor introduced a Bill in the House of Lords last session to modify, to a limited extent, the right of arbitrary disinheritance possessed by spouses and parents in England and Wales and occasionally exercised.’ Double-sided sheet – good £1

279.EASTMAN, Linda The Child, the School, and the Library reprinted from the Library Journal 1896 [12783] She was employed by the Public Library, Dayton, Ohio and the address was given at the first annual meeting of the Ohio Library Association, Cleveland. Small, 22-pp pamphlet – ex-Board of Education library – good £5

280.EQUAL PAY CAMPAIGN COMMITTEE AND STATUS OF WOMEN COMMITTEE Equal Pay: a reply to the chancellor of the Exchequer 1947 [12273] Double-sided leaflet – creased and nicked £1

281.FABIAN WOMEN’S GROUP Summary of Eight Papers and Discussions upon the Disabilities of Mothers as Workers Fabian Women’s Group (Private Circulation) 1910 [12973] Papers by Mrs Pember Reeves, Dr Ethel Vaughan-Sawyer, Mrs Spence Weiss, Mrs Bartrick Baker, Mrs Stanbury, Mrs S.K. Ratcliffe, Miss B.L. Hutchins, Mrs O’Brien Harris. Paper covers – good £15

282.FEDERAL COUNCIL OF LANCASHIRE AND CHESHIRE TEACHERS’ ASSOCIATION Day Continuation Schools Sept 1943 [13023] with copy attached of a letter from the Federal Council welcoming the 1944 Education Act. Good – ex-Board of Education library £2

283.FEDERATION OF SOCIETIES OF TEACHERS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION [13329] Two of the Federation’s annual reports. First Annual Report (Oct 1935-Sept 1936), 6pp; Fourth Annual Report (October 1938-Dec 1939), 12pp. Both soft covers, both very good. Together £12

284.FEMINIST ARTS NEWS Vol 3 no 3 1990 [13114] This issue is titled ‘Politics of Location/Culture of Dislocation: Irish Women – Britain. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3

285. FEMINIST ARTS NEWS Vol 3 No 4 1990 [13117] This issue is titled ‘Women, Modernism, Modernity’. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3

286.FEMINIST ARTS NEWS Vol 3 No 1 1990 [13115] This issue is titled ‘Tourism and Cultural Imperialism’. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3

287.FRIENDS’ CENTRAL EDUCATION COMMITTEE Inspection of Friends’ Boarding Schools by the Board of Education: General Report 1905 [13331] J.W. Headlam was Director of the Enquiry and the author of the Report. Soft covers – 50pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £12

288.GIRLS’ OWN ANNUAL, Oct 1896-Sept 1897 [3123] Very good internally – in slightly worn publisher’s binding. Includes a series of articles on ‘What are the provincial county councils doing for girls?’ and all the usual wonderful mix – plus the Extra Christmas Number and an extra Diamond Jubilee Number. Heavy £20

289.GOULD, Frederick J. Why Educate? [12860] A lecture given under the auspices of the National Union of Women Teachers, in connection with the Annual Educational Week-end in Chesterfield, September 24, 1926. Paper covers – good – 15pp. Together with a 2-sided leaflet on Educational Reform pub by the Rationalist Association. Both in goodish condition – ex-Board of Education library £4

290.HARRIS, E.M. Married Women in Industry Institute of Personnel Management 1954 [12293] Paper covers – 30pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3

291.HARTOG, P.J. The Owens College, Manchester Co-operative Printing Society 1895 [13224] A description and history of the College – with photographs. Originally presented by the author to Michael Sadler – paper covers – 31pp – ex-Board of Education Library £5

292.HILL, Charles H. E. Memorandum on the National Service Acts, 1939-41 and other emergency legislation prepared for the War Resisters’ International War Resisters’ International 1942 [12367] 16-pp pamphlet – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £4

293.HILLS, John W. and WOODS, Maurice Poor Law Reform: a practical programme West Strand Publishing Co 1912 [12831] ‘The scheme of the Unionist Social Reform Committee’ – with an introduction by F.E. Smith, KC, MP. Soft covers present – but front cover detached – otherwise good – 63pp – ex- Board of Education library £5

294.HMSO Factories (No 2) Bill HMSO 1926 [12300] Concerned with working conditions. 102pp – lacking paper covers – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2

295.HMSO Third Report from the Select Committee on National Expenditure: Health and Welfare of Women in War Factories HMSO 1942 [12219] 24-pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £8

296.HOMERTON COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE [12782] Reports of the Congregational Board of Education on its Training College, Homerton Undenominational College – for the years ending 30 June 1900, 1901, 1902., 1903, 1905. All in good condition – ex Board of Education library – 3 items together £28

297.HORTICULTURAL EDUCATION ASSOCIATION The H.E.A Year Book vol 1 1932 [12862] Card covers present but detached – 92pp – plus many pages of advertisements. Good – ex-Board of Education library £5
298.HOSMER, Harriet [13465] 2pp handwritten letter, on black-edged note paper, written by the American sculptor, Harriet Hosmer (1830-1908), from her studio in Rome – at ’38 Gregoriana’. She is inviting ‘Mrs Newton’ to her studio and giving details of the times of her ‘open house’. Mrs Newton, with her husband, is in Rome on a visit. There is no date – but probably 1860s or 1870s? Fine £20

299.HOUSEWIFE [13578] 3 issues of this popular magazine – for April & August 1941 and September 1943. Packed with evocative advertisements – and war-time making-do. Interesting. Good – three together £8

300.ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN (SCOTLAND) ACT, 1930 HMSO 1930 [12565] ‘An Act to amend the alw as to the duration and recovery of aliment for, and the custody of, illegitimate children in Scotland, and for other purposes connected therewith.’ 4-pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £1

301.INDUSTRIAL HEALTH RESEARCH BOARD OF THE MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL Absence from Work: Prevention of Fatigue HMSO no date (1944) [12288] Life of the war-worker. Paper covers – 20pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £4

302.INDUSTRIAL HEALTH RESEARCH BOARD OF THE MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL Why Is She Away?: the problem of sickness among women in industry HMSO no date (1945) [12295] Soft covers – 22pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £4

303.INTER-ALLIED INFORMATION COMMITTEE Women Under Axis Rule HMSO [1943] [13694] No 7 in the ‘Conditions in Occupied Territories’ Reports. good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £10

304.[JEX-BLAKE] Margaret Todd Sophia Jex-Blake [13519] Obituary article by Jex-Blake’s close friend – reprinted from the Royal Free Hospital Magazine. 8-pp – printed by the Women’s Printing Society – fine – in paper covers £12

305.JEX-BLAKE, Sophia Medical Education for Women 1872 [13518] ‘The substance of a lecture delivered on April 26th 1872, in St George’s Hall, London, The Rt Hon, the Earl of Shaftesbury in the Chair’. The lecture is enhanced by a multitude of footnotes and appendices. Paper wrappers – 86pp. All is good – except that the bottom few lines of pp83-86 (inc) and the back wrapper have disappeared – damp? Very scarce – COPAC lists copies held only at Bristol, Sheffield, Glasgow, LSE & the Women’s Library @ LSE. £55

306.JOSEPHINE BUTLER SOCIETY NEWSLETTER [12346] issues for 1973, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1989, 1990, 1992, 2006 . 11 items – paper covers – in good condition Together £6

307.KLEIN, Viola Employing Married Women Institute of Personnel Management 1961 [12291] Paper covers – 52pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5

308.LEAGUE OF NATIONS HMSO [12558] International Labour Conference: 1) Draft Conventions and Recommendations adopted by the Conference at its 12th session, 30 May-21 June 1929. 34pp; 2) Draft Conventions and Recommendations adopted by the conference at its 16th Session 12 April-30 April 1932. 34pp; 3) Draft Conventions and Recommendation adopted by the Conference at its 18th Session 4 June-23 June 1934. 30pp. All good – together £4

309.LEAGUE OF NATIONS [12559] Council for the Representation of Women in the League of Nations, Annual Report 1926-7. Millicent Fawcett was present at the Annual Meeting of the Council, of which Mrs Ogilvie Gordon was President, in Nov 1927. 4-pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £1

310.LOCAL GOVERNMENT BOARD Supplement in continuation of the Report of the Medical Officer of the Board for 1914-15 Containing a Report on Maternal Mortality in connection with childbearing and its relation to Infant Mortality. HMSO 1915 [12256] The 44th Annual Report of the Local Government Board, 1914-15. Complete, but missing its paper covers – otherwise good – 140pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8

311.LONDON INSTITUTE FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF PLAIN NEEDLEWORK Annual Report for the Year ending September 30th, 1909 1909 [13041] 24pp – good in card covers – ex-Board of Education library £8

312.LONDON PROGRESSIVE EDUCATION COUNCIL Report Jan 1904-June 30, 1905 1905 [12553] The Council’s suggested election policy for the forthcoming 1906 General Election included, amongst other items, ‘All schools maintained by public money should be under complete public management and control.’ ‘The Council is the only organisation i London for promoting the principles of National Education, efficient, progressive, free, unsectarian, and under popular control’. With a list of donors and subscribers. 4-pp – good £2

313.MACCARTHY, Fiona Work for Married Women Conservative Political Centre 1966 [12297] Paper covers – 18pp – good- withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2

314.MANNING, E. A. Moral Teaching in Schools: a paper read at the Social Science Congress, Brighton Edward Stanford Oct 1875 [13208] Elizabeth Adelaide Manning was, among other things, for many years hon sec of the National Indian Association. Paper covers – 16pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £12

315.MARTINDALE, Hilda Autograph letter [13473] to ‘Mr Lively’ (I think that is the name) who had been very encouraging about her book. The date is 27 July 1939 so the book must have been ‘Women Servants of the State’. She is sending him a copy of the book and remarks ‘The reviews have been good but the sales bad!). I sheet £5

316.MELLORS, Robert Evening School in the Villages of Nottinghamshire 1910 [13024] ‘An appeal to the ladies and gentlemen of every class in the county to aid in the formation and management of evening schools adapted to local industrial conditions.’ Mr Mellors was an alderman on Nottinghamshire County Council. 20-pp pamphlet – good – ex-Board of Education library £4

317.MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND NATIONAL SERVICE Time Rates of Wages and Hours of Labour HMSO 1952 [12298] Covers every type of employment for coal mining to cinema usherette. Paper covers – 248pp £8

318.MINUTE OF THE FRIENDS’ ABOLITIONIST ASSOCIATION ON THE DECEASE OF JOSEPHINE BUTLER [12347] 4-pp leaflet marking the death of Josephine Butler – containing a facsmile of her last message, dated 30 May 1906, to the Friends’ Association. Good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2

319.MORAL INSTRUCTION LEAGUE Our Future Citizens: how is character cultivated in board schools MIL 1900 [13022] 16-pp pamphlet – ex-Board of Education library £4

320.NATIONAL FEDERATION OF BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL WOMEN’S CLUBS OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND The Changing Pattern: report on the training of older woman NFBPWC 1966 [12296] Paper covers – 24pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3

321.NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE The National Health Service (Service Committees and Tribunal) Regulations 1948 HMSO 1948 [12551] 30-pp – good – withdrawn from the collection of the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene – good – with some marginal pencilled emphases. £1

322.NATIONAL UNION OF FAMILY ASSOCIATIONS World Congress for Family and Population 1947 [12532] The Congress was held in Paris in June 1947. Paper covers – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3

323.NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN WORKERS OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND Collection of Conference Reports [13207] Papers Read at the Conferences held at Cheltenham and Gloucester, 1903; Birmingham, 1905; Tunbridge Wells, 1906; Manchester, 1907; Aberdeen, 1908; and Lincoln, 1910. The Papers cover a wide range of the subjects close to the heart of the actively philanthropic women involved with the NUWW. The speakers included, at random, Margaret Bondfield, Henrietta Barnett, Millicent Fawcett, Sarah Siddons Mair, Eunice Murray, Honnor Morten, Mrs George Cadbury, Dorothea Beale, Sarah Burstall, Mary MacArthur, Sarah Dickenson and Margaret Irwin. 6 volumes – good reading copies – they have been disbound at some point from an all-encompassing binding and the sewing is no longer tight. Ex-Board of Education Library. Scarce. As a collection £80

324.NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE ASSOCIATION OF SCHOOLMASTERS Co-education or Separation? no date (pre 1914) [13028] 12-pp pamphlet in card covers – ex-Board of Education library £2

325.NORWEGIAN JOINT COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL POLICY The Status of Women in Norway Today 1953 [13173] Paper covers -67 pp – with photographs – with drawn from the Women’s Library £3

326.PALLISTER, Minnie Socialism for Women ILP no date [1924] [12759] ‘Not only the “Intelligent” Women but for all Women’ – with a nod to G.B. Shaw. Paper covers -18-pp pamphlet – good £18

327.POST OFFICE HMSO [12541] 1) Decision of Industrial Court July 1927: Manipulative Grades – Post Office. In the course of the claims and counter claims sets out all the grades and pay of Post Office workers. Paper covers, 212pp ; 2) Report of the Committee on the Inland Telegraph Service 1927, pub 1928. Paper covers – 28pp. Two items – good – together £3

328.PRIMROSE LEAGUE Dance Card [12476] for a Primrose League Dance organised by the North Kensington (Hamilton Habitation on 23 January 1908 at the Ladbroke Hall. Green’s Imperial Orchestra provided the music and on the reverse of the card is a list of the dances – beginning with a Polka and ending with a Sir Roger de Coverley. Thick card – all edges gilt – with a punch hole at one corner (through which a silken twist would once have been threaded – either to loop around the wrist – or, perhaps, attached to a pencil). This card has not been completed with the names of the lucky partners. Very good – unusual £15

329.PROBATION OF OFFENDERS ACT 1907 HMSO 1907 [12554] Paper covers – 8-pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £1

330.REGULATIONS FOR THE CATHOLIC GIRLS’ SCHOOL AT UGBROOK Printed by J.E. Searle (Chudleigh) 1841 [2052] ‘Approved by the Rt Revd the Vicar Apostolic of the Western District of England, for the Catholic Girls School at Ugbrook, in the County of Devon, under the protection of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St Joseph’.’The Catholic girls’ School at Ugbrook is intended by Lord Clifford to be henceforth solely for the education of the female children of those who are or have been tenants, servants, or labourers on his estate, or tradesmen in the employ of his family at Ugbrook…’ Together with ‘Catholic Confirmation at Ugbrook’, reprinted from ‘The Western Times’, 8 January 1842. ‘Thinking that a report of the proceedings [the Confirmation] would be interesting to our readers, on account of the peculiar form of the ceremony itself …and more especially on account of the inroad made into the Protestant flock of the deserted vicarage of Chudleigh..’ Two items – card covers – very good – together £25

331.Catholic Confirmation at Ugbrook [12570] reprinted from ‘The Western Times’8 January 1842. ‘Thinking that a report of the proceedings [the Confirmation] would be interesting to our readers, on account of the peculiar form of the ceremony itself …and more especially on account of the inroad
made into the Protestant flock of the deserted vicarage of Chudleigh..’ The chapel at Ugbrook is the oldest Catholic parish church in south-west England. Card wrappers – very good £10

332.REPORT FROM THE SELECT COMMITTEE OF THE HOUSE OF LORDS On the Age of Marriages Bill HMSO 1929 [12381] Paper covers – 14pp – fair – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2

333.REPORT OF A DEPARTMENTAL COMMITTEE ON THE PREVALENCE OF VENEREAL DISEASE AMONG THE BRITISH TROOPS IN INDIA HMSO 1897 [12353] 33-pp foolscap Report – together with – ‘A Rough Record 1858-1935 on the work of the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene, in connection with the British Army in India’ – 8-pp foolscap report. In good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £12

334.REPORT OF THE STREET OFFENCES COMMITTEE HMSO 1928 [12372] The Committee included Margery Fry. Good – 50pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5

335.RICH, Adena Women Under Our Immigration and Naturalization Laws 1949 [12382] The post-war US position. Reprinted from ‘The Social Science Review’ – self covers – fair – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2

336.ROBERT BROWNING HALL SERIES OF SOCIAL TRACTS: nO 2 The Labour Movement in Religion [13227] Talk by the Warden, Herbert Stead on 6 Jan 1895. Paper covers – 8pp – fair – ex-Board of Education Library £3

337.ROBERT BROWNING HALL SOCIAL TRACTS: NO 1 The State and the Unemployed by Sir John Gorst MP [13226] A speech delivered by Gorst on 9 May 1895 in Robert Browning Hall, Walworth. 8-pp leaflet – fair – ex-Board of Education Library £4

338.ROYDEN, A. Maude The Hour and the Church Allen & Unwin 1918 [12232] Soft covers – very good – withdrawn from the Women’s library £10

339.SADLER, M.E. How Far Can We Learn Anything of Practical Value from the Study of Foreign Systems of Education? Surrey Advertiser Office (Guildford) [1900] [12822] Printed at the behest of the Educational Conference of Managers and Teachers in the Guildford District. Good – in original paper wrappers – 19pp – ex-Board of Education library £5

340.SHAFTS ed. by Margaret Shurmer Sibthorpe 1892 [12501] Volume 1 – issue no 1 – 3 Nov 1892 – of this ‘progressive’ radical woman’s paper. This first issue contains an article on The Pioneer Club – whose – members were just the readership at which ‘Shafts’ was aiming – on ‘Type-Writing as an Employment for Women’ – on ‘Social Purity’ by ‘A Working Woman’ – and a review by Frances Lord (first English translator of Ibsen) of ‘Peter Ibbetson’ by George du Maurier.- noted as the first in a series of ‘short notes on Books containing Occult, Psychical or Mystical Teaching.’ ‘Shafts’ caught the fin-de-siècle zeitgeist. First issue – very good condition – very scarce £48

341.SHARPE, J.A. Plebian Marriage in Stuart England: some evidence from popular literature [12571] reprinted from the Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 1986. Card wrappers – 22pp. With some pencilled marginal annotations. £3

342.SMALL COLLECTION DOCUMENTING THE ACADEMIC PROGRESS OF MURIEL LONG AT THE COUNTY HIGH SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, WEST KIRBY 1920-1926 [12613] The tenor of Muriel’s school reports is ‘very fair’ – and we all know what that means. But she was clearly much younger than the average age of the class and does quite well in maths and science. Generally her conduct is ‘very good’ but at least one report notes ‘rather noisy in the class room’.Included in the collection are a number of programmes for Speech Day and Annual Sports. In 1926 Muriel went on to Underwood Commercial College in Liverpool to learn shorthand and typing (1st in the class in ‘Office Routine’). I think Muriel married in 1940 and died in 2006 – leaving bequests to Venice in Peril and the Royal Overseas League – so it doesn’t look as though being graded only ‘very fair’ at Scripture, Ancient History etc had prevented her taking an interest. An eclectic collection of material £45

343.SOCIAL SERVICE IN LONDON P.S. King Sept 1920 [12785] ‘A pamphlet containing: 1) A List of Bureaux of Service; 2) A List of the Chief Statutory and Voluntary Organisations Neeting the Help of Volunteers; 3) A List of Training Courses whre those Inexperienced in Social Work may receive the Necessary Training; 4) A List of Men’s and Women’s Settlements in London.’ 36-pp pamphlet, internally good, paper covers present but detached – ex-Board of Education library £8

344.SUMMARY JURISDICTION (MARRIED WOMEN) ACT, 1895 HMSO [12563] An Act to amend the Law relating to the Summary Jurisdiction of Magistrates in reference to Married Women. Paper covers – 8pp – good. Together with ‘ Summary Jurisdiction (Separation and Mainenance) Bill to Amend the Married Women (Maintenance) Acts 1895 and 1920, and section 5 of the Licensing Act, 1905. Paper covers – 6pp – good. And An Act to amend the Law relating to Separation and Maintenance Orders, 1925 – paper covers – 4pp. All withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £2

345.TEACHERS’ GUILD Helps to Self-Help for Teachers by Assurance and Investment through the Teachers’ Guild 1901 [13221] Paper covers – 28pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £8

346.TEACHERS’ GUILD OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND Collection of Annual Reports [13217] Reports for 1896-1897; 1897; 1899; 1900; 1901-1902; 1904-1905; 1905-1906; 1906; 1907-1908; 1908; 1909-10; 1910; 1911-12. The Guild represented both male and female teachers. With much detail of local branches. Each Report c 90pp, in original paper covers (the occasional cover present, but detached) – all in good condition. Together – 13 items £80

347.TEACHERS’ GUILD OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND List of Members Alphabetically Arranged 1913 [13218] Names and addresses – very useful. Women teachers appear to be in the majority. Soft covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £15

348.THE ASSOCIATION FOR MORAL AND SOCIAL HYGIENE The Alison Neilans Memorial Lectures AMSH [12337] 2 of these annual lectures: 1) No 5 Mary Stocks, Josephine Butler and the Moral Standards of Today, 1961; 2) No 6 T.C.N. Gibbens, The Clients of Prostitutes, 1962. paper covers – in good condition, withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £8

349.THE ASSOCIATION OF HEAD MISTRESSES List of Public Secondary Schools for Girls 1903 1903 [13045] Card covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £10

350.THE ASSOCIATION OF HEAD MISTRESSES List of Public Secondary Schools for Girls 1905 1905 [13046] Card covers – good – ex-Board of Education library £10

351.THE EDUCATIONAL MUSEUM OF THE TEACHERS’ GUILD OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND A Catalogue of the Historical Section 1896 [13219] A list of the costumes, tables, charts, photographs, maps and lantern slides that were available for hire by teachers. Interesting. Paper covers – 20pp – fair – ex-Board of Education Library £8

352.THE EMPLOYMENT COMMITTEE OF THE INCORPORATED ASSOCIATION OF HEADMISTRESSES OF PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN CO-OPERATION WITH THE MINISTRY OF LABOUR Annual Report for 1930 HMSO 1931 [12261] Paper covers – 14pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3

353.THE FELLOWSHIP CLUB LTD [13330] ‘The Fellowship Club was opened by Mrs M.I. Scott in 1921…The object of the Club is to provide an international centre, resident and non-resident, for those who are in sympathy with modern progressive movements’. The Club was at 45,46, 51 and 52 Lancaster Gate. This booklet contains four photos of the Club as well as details of its services (eg totally vegetarian catering) and charges. Soft covers – good – unusual £12

354.THE HOME ARTS & INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION A Collection of the Association’s Reports [13332] The Home Arts & Industries Association was founded in 1884 by Eglantyne Jebb and was instrumental in spearheading a revived interest in the craft movement. The Association had its office and studios in the Royal Albert Hall. The collection comprises the Reports for 1902, 1905, 1906 (1 two-sided leaflet and a 4-pp leaflet setting out barest details of the Association, which appears to have been undergoing a financial crisis. I am not sure whether there were reports for 1907 and 1908), 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918. Most in very good condition (that for 1902 may be disbound, front page is present, but loose). – ex-Board of Education Library. Together £55

355.THE IMPORTANCE OF TRAINING AND EQUIPMENT TO THE ADULT SCHOOL TEACHER 1904 [12829] A paper read at the National Adult School Council at Leeds, October 8th, 1904. Good – 12 pp – ex-Board of Education library £4

356.THE INDUSTRIAL COURT Decision of Industrial Court No 1325: Manipulative Grades – Post Office HMSO July 1927 [12379] The case was between the Union of Post Office Workers and the Post Office. In the course of the lengthy expositions, a vast amount of information is given on the working of the Post Office at the time – revealing in great detail the work done by women, which had been the first section of the Civil Service to employ women. Soft covers – 212pp -good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8

357.THE LAUNDRY INDUSTRY EDUCATION BOARD Education, Training and Scholarships in the Laundry Industry Laundry Industry Education Board 1953 (revised) [13214] A vanished world of work. Paper covers – 16pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £8

358.THE MILLGATE MONTHLY A Popular Magazine Devoted to Association, Education, Literature and General Advancement [13676] Vol II Jan 1907-Vol VII – Part II April 1912. Packed with articles to interest social historians and those interested in women’s history. Articles on, for instance, Margaret McMillan, Margaret Heitland, Henrietta Barnett, school clinics, garden cities, a woman’s lodging house etc. A fat, heavy bound volume containing over 4 years’ worth of issues – with lots of photographs. Very £18

360.THE SHIELD [12339] ‘The Official Organ of the British Committee of the International Federation for the Abolition of State Regulation of Vice’ – 5 issues. 1) August 1911; 2) Feb-March 1926; 3) May 1940; 4) Oct 1961; 5) Nov 1970 (Centenary Number) All paper covers – good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. – together £12

361.THE TEACHERS’ GUILD OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND Scheme of Proposed Teachers’ Guild Friendly Society (Sickness and Accident Fund) 1897 [13220] Insurance for teachers. The contributions for women teachers is set higher arising ‘from the fact that amonst women the frequency, if not the duration of sickness, is very much greater than amongst men of coresponding ages, and to provide for both on the same terms would be inequitable and unsafe.’ Soft covers – 12pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £8

362.THE UPLANDS ASSOCIATION The Uplands Circular [13475] The Uplands Association was an organisation pledged to reform school life and teaching. Its first principle was ‘All types of schooling to be pursued as far as climatic conditions will permit in the open air’. They ran a Summer School each year at Glastonbury and issued a newsletter ‘The Uplands Circular’. Issue for Feb 1922. Good – 8pp – ex-Board of Education Library £3
363.THE VIGILANCE RECORD [12336] ‘The Organ of the National Vigilance Association’, 3 issues: 1) 15 January 1888, ed Mrs Ormiston Chant 2) April 1926 3) April 1928. All withdrawn from the Women’s Library – in good condition – nicked and creassed at edges. Together £10

364.TOWN POLICE CLAUSES ACT, 1889 An Act to amend the provisions relating to Hackney Carriages of the Town Police Clauses Act, 1847 HMSO 24 June 1889 [12547] Withdrawn from the Associaiton for Moral and Social Hygiene Collection, the Women’s Library. 4-pp – good £2

365.UNIVERSITY TRAINING FOR WELFARE WORK IN INDUSTRY & COMMERCE A Report issued by the Joint University Council for Social Studies P.S. King 1921 [12546] ‘The Joint University Council for Social Studies has for its object the co-ordination and development of the work of Social Study Departments in connection with the Universities of Great Britain and Ireland. The Hon Sec of the Council was Elizabeth Macadam. Among the members of the committee was Rose Squire. Paper covers – 18pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s library £6

366.VICTORIA UNIVERSITY:THE OWEN’S COLLEGE MANCHESTER Prospectus of the Arts, Science, and Law Department and Department for Women and of Evening and Popular Courses [12683] Prospectuses for Sessions 1896-7, 1898-9, 1899-1900, including full details of the contents of all courses. In good condition in original wrappers (the wrapper for 1896-7 torn and detached) – -each prospectus c 170pp – ex-Board of Education library.. 3 items – as a collection £45

367.WELSH DEPARTMENT, BOARD OF EDUCATION Scheme for the Collection of Rural Lore in Wales: an educational experiment to be carried out through the medium of the schools and colleges Welsh Dept, Board of Education 1919 [13032] card covers – 24pp – good – ex-Board of Education library £4

368.WHITE, Florence The Spinsters Manifesto!!: a detailed statement of the case for contributory (non-retiring) pensions at 55 National Spinsters Pensions Association 1945 [11346] ‘We herewith present the case for pension consideration for single women at 55, trusting that after perusal you will be impressed by the reasonable nature of the reform advocated, agreeing with us that single women are indeed the OVERLOOKED SECTION in the present Social Insurance Proposals’. Pamphlet -12pp – fine £28

369.WILKINS, Mrs Roland The Training and Employment of Education Women in Horticulture and Agriculture Women’s Farm and Garden Association 1927 [13213] Soft covers – 52pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £25

370.WILLS AND INTESTACIES (FAMILY MAINTENANCE) BILL HMSO 1930 [12564] ‘The object of this bill is to secure that, in the distribution of the estate of a testator or testatrix, a surviving husband or wife and any surviving children who are of an age necessitating parental support shall have
a statutory right to certain provision out of the estate in order to secure the funds necessary for their maintenance.’ Paper covers – 14pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library – good £2

371.WILSON, Dr Helen Prostitution and the Law is prostitution a trade? Association for Moral and Social Hygiene [1926] [13469] reprinted from ‘The Shield’, March 1926. 8-pp pamphlet. Very good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £10

372.WOMAN AT HOME (Annie S. Swan’s Magazine) Hodder & Stoughton 1894 [13692] Includes chapters from Annie Swan’s ‘Elizabeth Glen, M.B.; the experiences of a lady doctor’, as well as the usual wide range of interviews, articles -including fashion, cookery and house furnishing, and stories. Good – hundreds of pages! £18

373.A WOMAN’S RIGHT TO CHOOSE Abortion Law Reform Association Why we must fight the Abortion (Amendment) Bill and how to go about it [13197] 20-pp pamphlet giving ‘Some Information about the Abortion (Amendment) Bill’ – and including a ‘List of Members of Parliament who voted AGAINST the Bill’s Second Reading, 7 Feb 1975) £8

374.WOMEN SPEAKING Oct 1966 [12386] Includes a short article on the work of the Open Door International. Soft covers – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2

375.WOMEN’S EMPLOYMENT FEDERATION Careers: a memorandum on openings and trainings for girls and women 1964 [12281] The 21st ed. Soft covers – 146pp – very good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5

376.WOMEN’S EMPLOYMENT FEDERATION Memorandum on Openings and Trainings for Women WEF 1936 [12270] Paper covers – good -20pp £8

377.WOMEN’S EMPLOYMENT FEDERATION Women Want to Work: some notes on prospects, training and finding work for the older woman with a good educational background WEF 1964 [12271] Paper covers – 44pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £4

378.WOMEN’S GROUP ON PUBLIC WELFARE Loneliness: an enquiry into causes and possible remedies National Council of Social Service revised ed 1964 [12552] An interesting snapshot of one aspect of the early 1960s. Soft covers – 72pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5

379.WOMEN’S INDUSTRIAL COUNCIL Annual Report, 1904-5 [12703] packed with information on the work of the WIC – including that of its Central Lending Library for Working Girls’ Clubs, its Central Association for Circulating Pictures (to Girls’ Clubs), a list of its lectures, names of its subscribers etc. Paper covers – very good – ex-Education Library £15

380.WOMEN’S INDUSTRIAL COUNCIL Nineteenth Annual Report 1912-13 [12704] Includes a long, v interesting and wide-ranging list of lectures given – as well as details of the work undertaken by the council – including the trades into which it had undertaken investigations. Paper covers – very good – ex-Board of Education library £15

381.WRIGHT, Helena Marriage Modern Churchman’s Union no date (1920s?) [12265] No 8 in ‘ a series of ten booklets dealing with religious matters of current interest.’ Good -20pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2

General Postcards

 

382.BEDFORD COLLEGE The Common Room [13254] Real photographic card – I can see a print of G. F.Watts’ ‘Hope’ among the pictures – and is that a portrait of Emily Penrose over the fireplace? I’m not sure. Very good – printed in Berlin so probably dates from pre-1914 – unposted £10

383.CLARK’S COLLEGE, CIVIL SERVICE Preparing for the Lady Clerk’s G.P.O. Exam [9233] Photograph of the young women preparing for this exam which, if they passed, offered a chance of bettering themselves. Very good – unposted £12

384.GEORGE LANSBURY, MP, LCC [13279] real photographic postcard published by the Church Socialist League, London branch, pre – First World War. Fine – unposted £25

386.KITCHEN AND HOUSEHOLD STAFF [13689] photographed in a large kitchen – difficult to know if it is that of a large house or of an institution – but I rather think a house. There are maids in overalls and aprons and kitchen staff standing in front of a long wooden table – with a mincer clamped to it – and an array of bowls and implements. All are women except for one man, earing a white jacket. Definitely Edwardian – an unusual photograph of ‘downstairs’. Good – unposted £6

General Fiction

387.AITKEN, David Sleeping with Jane Austen No Exit Press 2000 [12417] Facetious crime novel. Soft covers – very good £4

388.BEHN, Aphra Ten Pleasures of Marriage and the second part of The Confession of the New Married Couple printed for the Navarre Society 1950 [12468] With an introduction by John Harvey. Good – corners a little bumped £10

389.Brontes, The Tales of Glass Town, Angria, and Gondal: selected writings OUP 2010 [13427] Edited with Introduction and Notes by Christine Alexander. Soft covers – mint £6

390.BUCKLEY, W.K. Sylvia’s Bells Small Poetry Press (California) 2007 (2nd ed) [12038] Poems. Soft covers – mint – signed by the author (although I daresay most copies are) £3

391.CLIFT, Charmian Walk to the Paradise Gardens Harper & Bros (NY) 1960 [12458] First US edition of this Australian novel. Very good in very good d/w, which is slightly chipped at top and bottom of spine £25

392.DOBSON, Joanne Death Without Tenure Poisoned Pen Press 2010 [12487] Political correctness in the English Department at New England’s Enfield College results in a threat to Karen Pelletier’s dream of tenure – and a death for our intrepid lecturer to investigate. A good read. Mint in d/w £12

393.DONOVAN, Anne Being Emily Canongate 2008 [11966] A ‘coming-of-age’ novel, set in Glasgow – with the spirit of Haworth lurking. Paperback Original – fine £5

394.FALCONER, Lanoe Mademoiselle Ixe T. Fisher Unwin 7th ed, 1924 [12648] In Cabinet Library series £5

395.FEINSTEIN, Elaine The Russian Jerusalem Carcanet 2008 [12394] A novel of Russia – both Putin’s and Stalin’s – with poems and pictures. Soft covers – mint £5

396.FERMI, Sarah Emily’s Journal Pegasus 2006 [11965] Written as if in her own words ‘Emily’s Journal’ explores in minute detail the possibilty that ‘Wuthering Heights’ was not entirely ‘invented’. Interrogates census records, parish registers, and wills – and marries the evidence with the contents of her works. Soft covers – fine £5

397.FRANCK, Julia The Blind Side of the Heart Harvill 2009 [12404] Translated from the German by Anthea Bell. Portrayal of a family through two world wars. Fine in fine d/w £5

398.FREED, Lynn The Servants’ Quarters Houghton Mifflin Harcourt 2009 [11975] ‘A witty, original take on ‘Beauty and the Beast’ featuring a fiercely intrepid young Jewish girl plagued by fears of the Holocaust, a wealthy, cultured aristocrat horribly disfigured in World War II and a mother whose ambitions know no bounds.’ Fine in fine d/w £7

399.GALGOCZI, Erzsébet Another Love Cleis Press 1980 [13461] ‘In 1959, In Budapest, a communist opposing the Soviets is an outlaw, a lesbian unthinkable, and Eva Szalánczky’s got the police on her back…’Soft covers – very good £2

400.GASKELL, Elizabeth Cranford OUP 2011 [13428] With introduction by Dinah Birch. Soft covers – mint £4
401.HUGHES, Ted Wolfwatching Faber 1989 [12032] Soft covers – very good £4

402.JOHNSON, Sue The Broken Book Allen & Unwin (Australia) 2004 [12454] A novel inspired by the life of the Australian writer, Charmian Clift. Soft covers – mint £6

403.KANE, Sarah Complete Plays Methuen Drama 2001 [12029] Introduced by David Greig. Comprises ‘Blasted’, ‘Phaedra’s love’, ‘Clansed’, Crave’, ‘4.48 Psychosis’, ‘Skin’. Soft covers – fine £10

404.MCLEOD, Irene Rutherford Songs to Save a Soul Chatto and Windus 1916 (7th ed) [13186] A collection of poems. An introductory note states that some had been previously published in, amongst other journals, ‘Votes for Women’. Irene McLeod had been a member of the WSPU’s Young Purple, White and Green Association and of its Drummers’ Union. Very good £20

405.MULFORD, Wendy (ed) The Virago Book of Love Poetry Virago 1990 [12039] Soft covers – fine £5

406.NELSON, Cary (ed) The Oxford Handbook of Modern and Contemporary American Poetry OUP 2012 [13429] Mint in d/w – heavy – 716pp (pub price £95) £50

407.RATCLIFFE, Dorothy Una Nightlights Bodley Head 1929 [13459] Illustrated by Cecile Walton. Poems for ‘nursery people’ – reminiscent of ‘The Child’s Garden of Verses’. Good – decorated blue cloth cover a little faded – internally very good £5

408.SHERWOOD, Mrs The Happy Family Houlston & Sons, new edition no date [3607] A little tract – paper covers. Fine £5

409.TAYLOR, Mary Miss Miles OUP 1990 [12413] Mary Taylor was the life-long friend of Charlotte Bronte. This edition with an introduction by Janet Horowitz Murray. Soft covers – very good £6

410.TRAVERS, Graham [pseud of Margaret Todd] Mona MacLean: medical student William Blackwood, 14th ed 1899 [11784] Novel written by Sophia Jex-Blake’s friend and biographer. Cover marked – scarce £38

411.VON ARNIM, Elizabeth The Enchanted April Virago 1986 [13493] Soft covers – fine £5

412.VYNNE, Nora The Pieces of Silver Andrew Melrose 1911 [13337] One of the dedicatees of this novel is Franklin Thomasson, whose family had a long association with the women’s suffrage movement. The heroine is a feminist journalist and political campaigner – as was the author, who co-authored, with Helen Blackburn, ‘Women Under the Factory Acts 1903′. A scarce book £48
Suffrage

 

Non-Fiction

413.ANTHONY Jr, Charles The Social and Political Dependence of Women Longmans, Green, and Co 1880 (6th ed) [12058] This was one of the earliest books published in support of J.S. Mill’s proposed amendment to the 1867 Reform Bill – to give qualified women the vote. Interestingly he begins his tract with an analysis of the way in which ridicule was used to dismiss the idea of the enfranchised woman. Charles Anthony was the editor of the ‘Hereford Times’. Helen Blackburn lists the book in her Bibliography for ‘The Record of Women’s Suffrage’ . Very good internally in original decorated cloth, slight rubbing to head and tail of spine – unusual £65

414.ATKINSON, Diane Funny Girls: cartooning for equality Penguin 1997 [12164] Soft covers – very good £5

415.BLACKBURN, Helen (ed) A Handbook for Women engaged in social and political work J.W. Arrowsmith 1895 [3534] Packed with information and names; Helen Blackburn’s precise intelligence shines through. Two pull-out diagrams. Very good – and very scarce £80

416.CAMPBELL, Olwen W. The Feminine Point of View Williams & Norgate 1952 [4231] The report of a Conference which began in the winter of 1947 and included among its members Teresa Billington-Greig and Margery Corbett Ashby. Olwen Campbell was the daughter of Mary Ward, who had been the leading light of the Cambridge Association for Women’s Suffrage. Very good in d/w £18

417.DOBBIE, B.M. Willmott Dobbie A Nest of Suffragettes in Somerset: Eagle House, Batheaston Batheaston Society 1979 [13585] The story of the Blathwayt family and their involvement in the women’s suffrage movement – copiously illustrated by the photographs taken by Col Blathwayt. Soft covers – quite scarce £26

418.DOVE, Iris Yours in the Cause: suffragettes in Lewisham, Greenwich andWoolwich Lewisham Library Services and Greenwich Library Services 1988 [13110] 22-pp in card covers. Withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Scarce £25

419.KENT, Susan Sex and Suffrage in Britain, 1860-1914 Princeton University Press 1987 [1361] Fine in d/w (which has one slight nick) £20

420.KING, Elspeth The Scottish Women’s Suffrage Movement People’s Palace, Glasgow 1978 [13272] Soft-covered booklet that was published to accompany the ‘Right to Vote’ exhibition organised by the People’s Palace Museum to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the 1928 Representation of the People Act. Very good £12

421.LEWIS, Jane Before the Vote was Won: arguments for and against women’s suffrage 1864-1896 Routledge (Women’s Source Library) 1987 [12099] A very useful collection of texts. Fine in d/w £28

422.MARKINO, Yoshio My Idealed John Bullesses Constable 1913 [7381] A Japanese illustrator – includes a long chapter, with illustrations, about Christabel Pankhurst and the WSPU. Good – with decorative cloth cover. Bears the ownership inscription of the novelist Beatrice Kean – scarce £155

423.MARTIN, Anna Mother and Social Reform NUWSS 1913 [11478] Two articles reprinted from the ‘Nineteenth Century and After’ issues of May and June 1913 as a booklet. Anna Martin, deeply concerned about the level of infant mortality and general ill-health of poor women and children, argues for easier separation in cases where the husband and father is neglectful or worse, the right of women to a ‘maintenance’ that is in some way defined. With a membership form for the NUWSS tipped in at the front, and a subscription form to ‘The Common Cause’ at the back. Paper covers (with a few nicks at edges) – very good condition -64pp £45

424.MORGAN, David Suffragists and Liberals: the politics of woman suffrage in Britain Basil Blackwell 1975 [12133] Fine in d/w £15

425.PANKHURST, Sylvia The Suffragette: the history of the women’s militant suffrage movement 1905-1910 The Woman’s Journal (Boston) 1911 [4798] This history of the British militant suffrage movement was first published in the USA – this copy bears the pinprick library mark of Louisville Free Public Library – very good – scarce £85

426.PETHICK-LAWRENCE, Frederick The Women’s Fight for the Vote The Woman’s Press 1910 [13138] One of the classics of the women’s suffrage campaign. Very good internally – delightfully decorated cover (purple and gold) slightly rubbed and faded- – very scarce £150

427.RUBINSTEIN, David Before the Suffragettes: women’s emancipation in the 1890s Harvester 1986 [13158] Soft covers – very good £15

428.STOPES, Charlotte Carmichael British Freewomen: their historical privilege Swan Sonnenschein, 3rd ed 1907 [13137] An important volume in the historiography of the women’s suffrage movement. Mrs Stopes made use of material collected by Helen Blackburn. Good. £65

429.STRACHEY, Ray The Cause: a short history of the women’s movement in Great Britain G. Bell 1928 [12059] This copy belonged to Lord McGregor – author of ‘Divorce in England’ , a book that includes a very useful bibliography of works on women’s rights. He has laid in the book a collection of newspaper cuttings, from the 1950s to 1970s, relating to the position of women. The copy of the book is in good condition – but he had bought it as an ex-library copy and has added a few pencilled notes on the back pastedown. An interesting association copy. £55

Suffrage Biography

430.(FAWCETT) David Rubinstein A Different World for Women: the life of Millicent Garrett Fawcett Ohio State University Press 1991 [12100] Mint in d/w £15

431.(LYTTON) Lady Betty Balfour (ed) Letters of Constance Lytton William Heinemann 1925 [10628] Very good – in purple cloth, with design by Syvlia Pankhurst on front cover £68

432.(PANKHURST) Emmeline Pankhurst My Own Story Eveleigh Nash 1914 [13265] Mrs Pankhurst’s authobiography, written with the help of the American journalist, Rheda Childe Dorr. Good – scarce £55

 

Suffrage Fiction

 

433.ARMOUR, Margaret Agnes of Edinburgh Andrew Melrose 1911 [3719] A novel of its time – the suffrage movement although not central to the plot – flows along behind, occasionally breaking the surface in a discussion of women’s rights and attitudes to the campaign. Interesting – very scarce – I’ve only seen it previously in the Briitish Library. Very good in rubbed paper wrapper – with a little card inlaid – showing that it had been presented to Nesta Prichard, of Form Vb, as a prize for mathematics. £40

434.HINE, Muriel The Man With the Double Heart John Lane 1914 [13336] The heroine’s mother is a Militant Suffragette; she is not. Good £18

435.JOHNSTON, Sir Harry Mrs Warren’s daughter: a story of the women’s movement Chatto & Windus 1920 [1342] A suffrage novel. Very good – presentation copy from the author’s wife £35

436.PAGE, Gertrude The Winding Paths Hurst & Blackett c 1911 [8th ed] [12888] A novel with a suffrage theme. ‘The men call them “new Women” with derision, or mannish, or unsexed; but those who have been among them, and known them as friends, know that they hold in their ranks some of th most generous-hearted, unselfish, big-souled women who exist in England to-day…One such as the best of these was Ethel Hayward..’ Good £20

437.QUINN, Anthony Half the Human Race Cape 2011 [12485] ‘London. In the sweltering summer of 1911, the streets ring to the cheers of the new king’s coronation, and to the cries of suffragist women marching for the vote. One of them is the 21-year-old daughter of a middle-class Islington family fallen on hard times…Forced to abandon her dream of a medical career she is now faced with another hard choice – to maintain lawful protest against an intransigient government or to join the glass-breaking militants in the greatest cause…’ I was, I must admit, surprised to find it engaging and intelligent – rather more convincing than many of the early 20th-century suffragist novels. And there’s a man and cricket in there as well. A good read. Mint in mint d/w – signed by the author £12

438.ROBERTS, Katherine Pages From the Diary of a Militant Suffragette Garden City Press 1910 [11202] There has been some doubt about whether this is an autobiography or fiction. I tend to think that it is fiction – clearly written by an active suffragette – but am not further forward about who Katherine Roberts was. Extremely interesting – and vivid. Paper covers – a little chipped – but a very good copy – clean and tight – of a very scarce book £250

440.SHAW, Bernard Press Cuttings: a topical sketch compiled from the editorial and correspondence columns of the Daily Papers Constable & Co no date (1909) [13000] as performed by the Civic and Dramatic Guild at the Royal Court Theatre, London, on the 9th July 1909. A suffragette play. In grey card covers a little chipped at edge £35

Suffrage Ephemera

441.A Brief Review of the Women’s Suffrage Movement since its Beginning in 1832 [NUWSS], printed by Vacher & Sons April 1911 [13505] 16-pp pamphlet. Very good – would be fine but it has lost its staples. With the ownership inscription of a ‘Mrs Kerr’ on the cover. £35

442.BODICHON, Mrs Reasons for the Enfranchisement of Women London National Society for Women’s Suffrage, no date late 1860s? [9519] Printed by Head, Hole & Co, Farringdon Street and Ivy Lane, E.C. Scarce and important pamphlet -8pp – good £250

443.CONSERVATIVE AND UNIONIST WOMEN’S FRANCHISE ASSOCIATION A Reply to the Anti-Suffragists CUWFA [13191] 4-pp leaflet written by Annesley Horsfall. Pages detached – edges very nicked – but text untouched. Withdrawn from the Women’s Library £12

444.CORONATION PROCESSION 17 June 1911 [11274] A stereoscope photograph of ‘The Empire Car’ – part of the ‘Pageant of Empire’ part of the procession staged by the suffrage societies to mark the Coronation of George V. Very good £95

445.ELMY, Elizabeth Wostenholme Woman’s Franchise: the need of the hour ILP 2nd ed, no date [1907] [12760] A campaigner for women’s suffrage since the mid-1860s, she had put aside a lifetime’s aversion to party politics and joined the Manchester ILP in 1904. This article was originally published in the ‘Westminster Review’. In her concise style she analyses the events of the previous 40 years and demands that Liberal MPs who profess to support women’s suffrage honour their pledges. £65

446.FAWCETT, Mrs Henry Home and Politics an address delivered at Toynbee Hall and elsewhere Women’s Printing Society 1894 [12939] A much reproduced speech – first given c 1890. This printing does not bear a date but probably c 1900. It carries the ownership stamp of Margaret Clark, Street, Somerset who in 1909 married Arthur Gillett – so probably predates 1909. 8pp – a little creased and marked – but tight £35

447.HILL, MISS OCTAVIA Women and the Suffrage 1910 [13150] 2-sided leaflet, reproducing a letter from Octavia Hill to the Editor of the ‘Times’, dated 14 July 1910. In this she repudiates the necessity of votes for women – ‘Let the woman seek the quiet paths of helpful real work, be set on finding where she is wanted, on her duties, not on her rights…’ The 2-sided leaflet was printed by the National Press Agency Ltd and does not carry the imprimatur of the anti-suffrage society, although I imagine that group was probably behind its publication, the NPA being their usual printer. Good – very scarce £68

448.HMSO Representation of the People Bill HMSO 1917 [13074] ‘A Bill to Amend the Law with respect to Parliamentary and Local Government Franchises..etc’. Clause 4 allowed the vote to women over the age of 30. 42 pages – a good reading copy – missing its paper covers £15

449.IN MEMORIAM Rt Hon Lord and Lady (Emmeline) Pethick-Lawrence of Peaslake [13195] 4-pp leaflet describing the various commemorations of the lives of the Pethick-Lawrences. Issued by the Suffragette Fellowship under the names of Lady (Helen) Pethick-Lawrence and Grace Roe. Good £15

450.KELLEY, Florence Persuasion or Responsibility? National American Woman Suffrage Association c 1905? [13076] Vol 2, No 8 in ‘Political Equality Series’. Small format – 4pp – good – with shelfmark – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5

451.LEIGH SMITH, Barbara A Brief Summary in Plain Language of the Most Important Laws Concerning Women; together with a few observations thereon Holyoake & Co, 2nd edition revised with addition 1856 [9033] Barbara Leigh Smith (later Barbara Bodichon) was 27 years old when she wrote this pamphlet, first published in 1854 as part of her campaign to change the Married Women’s Property Acts. This pamphlet is extremely scarce (I have never had a copy for sale before), bound inside recent paper covers. Rather amusingly, the printed price of ‘Threepence’ has been scored through and ‘1 1/2 d’ added – a comment, presumably, then on the interest being shown in the campaign by a public not yet awakened to the cause. Very good £280

453.LONDON AND NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SERVICE Report, October 1st 1938 to March 31st 1943 [13447] A Report giving details of how Women’s Service House fared during the early years of the war (bombed) and where the Library was accommodated (Oxford) – together with details of the Society’s perilous financial postition. Good £25

454.LYDIA BECKER [12607] Letter from Lydia Becker to ‘Mr Levi’ – written from 85 Carter St, Greenyes, Manchester on ‘Oct 16′ – I have worked out that the year is1868. ‘Mr Levi’ is probably Prof Leone Levi, to whom she had sent a pamphlet a few days earlier. I think, in response, he had written to her in admiration asking for some material from her for his autograph book. In this letter, in return, she writes ‘I have written out my three Norwich prospositions ,[these are drawn from her address at Norwich to the British Association Section F on 25 Aug 1868] which I hope may serve your purpose as a curiosity! for your autograph book, and a bone of contention for your friends.’ These ‘three Norwich propositions’ are set out on a separate sheet. But, in addition, in her 4-pp mss letter she sets out ‘my general wishes and conclusions as to the rights of women’.. All the material has been carefully attached to a sheet that once was page 77 in a collection of autograph material. Incidentally the material on the reverse, p 78, is in Italian, lending credence to my supposition that the correspondent was Leone Levi, who had left his native Italy for Liverpool in 1844. A very interesting letter – very good £95

455.MCCABE, Joseph Woman in Political Evolution Watts & Co 1909 [9803] An overview -from ‘ Woman Before Civilisation’ to ‘The Moral Base of Enfranchisement.’Paper wrappers – one nick at spine eats into the margin of a few pages -and a tiny bit of text is lost on two pages, but does not interfere with reading. £28

456.MCLAREN, Lady ‘Better and Happier': An Answer from the Ladies’ Gallery to the Speeches in Opposition to the Women’s Suffrage Bill, February 28th, 1908 T. Fisher Unwin 1908 [13102] I have always been rather an admirer of Laura McLaren and her straight-forward prose. 46-pp – paper covers present but detached – text otherwise good and tight – scarce £75

457.(MARSH) Suffragette Fellowship Memories of Charlotte Marsh published for the Suffragette Fellowship by Marion Lawson June 1961 [12979] Paper covers – tribute to a leading WSPU activist – 20-pp pamphlet -card covers reproduces her hunger strike medal. Good -carries library marks – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Scarce £30

458.MARSHALL, Catherine Women’s Suffrage Election Campaign in Cumberland [13678] ‘Reprint of letter sent to the Local Press Jan 5th 1910′. Catherine Marshall was the very active NUWSS local secretary in Cumberland, here describing the efforts that suffragists were making during the first general election of 1910. Single-sided leaflet – the bottom section of the form, which readers were requested to return to the society indicating the active help they could give, is present, but has separated along its perforation. £15

459.MEN’S LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Gladstone on Woman Suffrage MLOWS c. 1909 [13146] The Men’s League for Opposing Woman Suffrage was founded in early 1909 and in 1910 merged with the Women’s National Anti-Suffrage League to form the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. This pamphlet – reproducing the Grand Old Man’s words on the subject is pamphlet no 3 issued by the Men’s League, presumably quite soon after its founding in 1909. 4-pp – good, with some foxing, scarce £78

460.MEN’S LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Is Woman Suffrage A Logical Outcome of Democracy? MLOWS c 1909 [13147] Pamphlet no 6 published by the short-lived Men’s League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. 4-pp – very good – scarce £60

461.MISS MORGAN, OF BRECON The Duties of Citizenship Women’s Local Government Society c 1912 [12946] Extracts reprinted from a paper read at the Annual Conference of the National Union of Women Workers, Manchester, October 27th 1896. By the time this leafet was issued Miss Morgan had been Mayor of Brecon, 1911-12. 4-pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £15

462.NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE The ‘Conciliation’ Bill: Revised Version NLOWS no date (1911) [13152] The 2-sided leaflet, no 33 in the series, is headed ‘Against Votes for Women’ and ends with ‘Vote and Work Against Votes For Women In Parliamentary Affairs’. Very good – very scarce £75

463.NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Manifesto: No Votes for Women [13512] ”Why the nation is opposed to the grant of the Parliamentary Vote to Women’. Among the reasons for opposing Votes for Women is ‘(f) Because any proposal to give votes to women would result in swamping the male voter and making women the real rulers of the Empire.’ Leaflet 52 in the NLOWS series. 4pp – fine – scarce £75

464.NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Mr J.R. Tolmie’s Reply to Mr L. Housman’s Pamphlet NLOWS no date (1913) [13145] The pamphlet of Laurence Housman’s to which this refers is ‘The Physical Force Fallacy’. Pamphlet no 37 issued by the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. 4-pp – very good £65

465.NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Woman Suffrage and the Factory Acts NLOWS no date [13155] A 4-pp leaflet, no 8 in the NLOWS series, pointing out that the ‘Women’s Party’ (ie pro-suffrage campaigners) were opposed to the ‘humane acts’ limiting women’s work in factory etc because ‘most of them harbour such a jealous mistrust of men that they suppose even their evidently disinterested actions to be prompted by insidious and harmful motive.’ The leaflet concludes ‘To grant women the franchise would therefore be to raise a fresh obstacle in the way of progress and to defer reforms still necessary for the welfare of the working classes..’ Very good – very scarce £75

466.NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE CENTRAL COMMITTEE: First Report of the Executive Committee presented at the General Meeting of the Central Committee held on Wednesday 17 July 1872 National Society for Women’s Suffrage 1872 [12931] See my ‘Women’s Suffrage Movement: a reference guide’ as to how and why the Central Committee came into being. This – the Committee’s first report, contains lists of names of members of the Committee, of subscribers, and of the Local Committtes around England and Scotland that affiliated to the Central. In original paper covers – rubbed – very scarce £95

467.NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES [3986] with the Men’s League (Portsmouth branches) – Programme for an evening meeting that began with a musical recital, followed by the singing of suffrage songs (the words are printed – one of them is by Margaret O’Shea, sister of the secretary of the Portsmouth NUWSS society and then a speech by Lady Balfour followed by more singing and then a closing speech by Alice Abadam. Interestingly the Vote of Thanks is seconded by Alderman Sanders, LCC, who in 1908 was Labour parliamentary candidate for Portsmouth and whose wife, Beatrice, was financial secretary to the WSPU. I think this programme may date from 1908 – because there is a mention at its foot of an Exhibition of Banners (Fuller’s tea Rooms, Palmerston Road) – and such exhibitions were common after the June 1908 Hyde Park rally. 1 sheet -good £180

468.NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES Final Report of the Professional Women’s Patriotic Service Fund NUWSS Oct 1915 [12943] ‘The Fund began work in Jan 1915, when a Committee was formed for the purpose of assisting professional women, by paying their salaries and offering their services to organisations which are dealing with war needs.’ I knew nothing of this short-lived Fund before reading this Report. It lists, on the one had, donors and, on the other, the positions in which they had placed needy ‘professional’ women. The Fund was wound up when it became clear that its services were no longer required. The Committee included, among others, Mrs Auerbach, Mrs Fawcett, Catherine Marshall, Ray Strachey, Dr Jane Walker – and its secretary was Kathleen Courtney. 12pp – good – scarce £50

469.PANKHURST, Christabel International Militancy WSPU 1915 [13502] ‘A speech delivered at Carnegie Hall, New York, January 13th, 1915′. 24-pp pamphlet, paper covers (with photograph of Christabel Pankhurst). Fine – just with a couple of rust marks from spine staples – in original paper wrappers. Scarce £100

470.PANKHURST, EMMELINE ET AL Suffrage Speeches From the Dock: Conspiracy Trial, Old Bailey, May 15th-22nd 1912 The Woman’s Press, no date (1912) [12965] The speeches given during their trial for conspiracy by Mrs Pankhurst, Mrs Pethick-Lawrence, Mr Pethick Lawrence and Tim Healy (counsel for the defence). They were reprinted and published by the WSPU’s publishing arm, the Woman’s Press. Fair – first 4 pages present but detached – spine reinforced with sellotape – paper covers chipped and carry library shelf marks – withdrawn from the Women’s Library- extremely scarce £55

471.PETERSEN, H. Frances The Belief in Innate Rights NUWSS no date [1913] [13100] 12-pp pamphlet printed for the NUWSS by the Women’s Printing Society – reprinted from the ‘Law Magazine and Review’. Good in original paper covers £12

472.PETHICK-LAWRENCE, Emmeline and Frederick (eds) VOTES FOR WOMEN VOL III Oct 1909-Sept 1910 [12407] Hefty bound volume of the WSPU weekly newspaper, in original Sylvia Pankhurst-designed boards. Signs of wear at leather corners – spines rebacked – ex Reading University Library – with library label on back boards. Internally very clean and tight, except for page of the Index where paper has split, but with no loss of text.. £900

473.PHILLIPS, Mary The Militant Suffrage Campaign privately printed 1957 [11357] ‘This pamphlet is designed to tell in a concise form the story of the ‘Votes for Women Canpaign’ and to explain the reasoned policy on which it was based.’ Mary Phillips had been a leading WSPU organizer. Soft covers – 15pp – scarce £65

474.PHOTOGRAPH OF GROUP OF SUFFRAGETTES IN PRISON UNIFORM [13623] The photograph has attached to it on the reverse a typed slip identifying the women as suffragettes ‘lined up for transport to Holloway Prison in London’ and refers to this happening ‘before the War’. The photo agency is Acme News which operated from the early 1920s to 1952 and I think this image is a ‘reprint’ issued in the inter-war years. It is difficult to date the original – which is I would imagine of women who, if they are awaiting transport to Holloway, have actually already been on remand, because otherwise they would not have been in prison uniform. I think it must be of a group of women arrested after one of the WSPU demonstrations between Oct 1906 and early 1912 and I would tend towards the early part of this period.The voluminous prison garb doesn’t give much away in the clues to the date. They are all wearing large discs giving their block and cell number in Holloway’s DX wing. It is a very good, clear image – they all look very much like real people. 25cm x 20 cm – very good £65

475.POTT, Gladys Report of Lecture by Miss Pott on the Anti-Suffrage Movement [13511] ‘Delivered at 67 Westbourne Terrace, W. on Tuesday December 12th 1911. Sir Bartle Frere presiding’. Gladys Pott was the Anti-Suffrage Movement strongest ammunition. In ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ Kate Frye gives a wonderful description of watching Miss Pott in action – ‘ a most harsh, repellent and unpleasing woman. She began by saying we should not get sentiment from her and we did not. ,,’ Certainly you get the flavour of her style from this Lecture – particularly in the treatment of questioners – all faithfully reported. The Lecture was published by the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. 16pp – very good – I am not sure whether it was issued with a paper wrapper but, if so, that isn’t present now. COPAC records a copy held by LSE Library – and nowhere else. Scarce £95

476.PUNCH CARTOON [12767] 13 July 1910, full-page – the caption is ‘Excelsior!’ as Suffragist puts her shoulder to the boulder of ‘Women’s Suffrage’ and says, ‘It’s no good talking to me about Sisyphus; he was only a man’ £10

477.PUNCH CARTOON [12768] 13 March 1912, full-page, suffragettes wield hammers in the background as Roman-type matron, bearing a paper labelled ‘Woman’s Suffrage’ comments ‘To think that, after all these years, I should be the first martyr’. the heading is ‘In the House of Her Friends’ £10

478.PUNCH CARTOON [12772] 10 January 1912 -full page – ‘United We Differ’. Lloyd George and Lewis Harcourt are back to back on a platform. Lloyd George addressing his side, where a Votes for Women’ banner is to be seen, cries ‘Votes for Women! Don’t you listen to my esteemed colleague!’. While addressing his, male, crowd cries ‘No Votes for Women! My esteemed colleague is talking nonsense!’. Asquith’s cabinet was split on this issue. Very good £10

479.PUNCH CARTOON [12777] 21 January 1912 – full page – ‘The Suffrage Split’. Sir George Askwith (the charismatic industrial conciliator), as ‘Fairy Peacemaker’, has tamed the dragon of the Cotton Strike – and Asquith, wrestling to keep a seat on the Cabinet horse turns to him ‘Now that you’ve charmed yon dragon I shall need ye to stop the strike inside this fractious gee-gee.’ £10

480.ROBERTSON, Margaret Working Men and Women’s Suffrage NUWSS Aug 1913 [12937] Margaret Robertson was a university graduate and NUWSS organiser. This pamphlet was written at a time when the NUWSS had set up its Election Fighting Fund to support Labour Party candidates – and was intended for distribution amongst trade unionists. Small format, 24pp in card covers £35

481.SNOWDEN, Philip The Dominant Issue Feb 1913 [12945] A comment on the ‘Franchise Bill fiasco’ – that is, Asquith’s promise that a Manhood Suffrage Bill would be amended to include women – and the Speaker’s eventual ruling that such an amendment would destroy the Bill. Pamphlet reproducing an article first published in ‘The Christian Commonwealth’ . Good – a little foxed and grubby £25

482.SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE [12661] is the caption to this full page George Belcher cartoon, published in the Tatler on 12 August 1908. Two impoverished old women are talking in the street – a unconsciously joky exchange – which is the amusing part for the audience of the day (I won’t go into the rather laboured humour which, if it has any suffrage relevance, is only to mock woman’s supposed illogicality)- but what is interesting to us is that one of the old dears is standing holding an advertising bill for the magazine, ‘New Age’, on which the roughly sketched in legend reads something like ‘A Suffragette’s reply to Belfort Bax.’. For the book that sparked off the debate in New Age see item ? Bax had published an article ‘Feminism and Female Suffrage’ in the issue for 30 May, to which Millicent Murby had written a reply that appeared in the issue of 6 June, to which Bax had made a riposte in the issue of 8 August. Single page – very good £15

483.SPALDING, Frances (ed) The Charleston Magazine: Charleston, Bloomsbury and the Arts Charleston Trust issue 19, Spring/Summer 1999 [12652] Includes an article ‘A Rich Network of Associations: Bloomsbury and Women’s Suffrage’, written by me (seems a very long time ago). Also an article on Frank Rutter that touches on his suffrage sympathies – and other interesting articles. A much lamented magazine. Fine – card covers £12

484.ST JOAN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL ALLIANCE [13681] badge for the society formerly known as the Catholic Women’s Suffrage Society which was founded in 1911 and in 1923 changed it’s name to the St Joan Social and Political Alliance. The badge, which dates from between 1923 and 1950 is printed with a gold and white fleur-de-lys motif in the centre, blue ground, gold, white and blue border with printed inscription: ‘St Joan’s Social & Political Alliance’. It is made of paper covered with plastic, over metal base. In good condition £35

485.STOPES, Mrs C.C. The Constitutional Basis of Women’s Suffrage Darien Press (Edinburgh) 1908 [13684] reprinted from the ‘fortnightly Review’, Sept 1908. 16-pp pamphlet. An ownership inscription on the top right of the front cover appears to be ‘E. C. Haig’ – and I am wondering whether the pamphlet was originally owned by Evelyn Cotton Haig (1863-1954), sister of Florence and Cecilia Haig – all strong supporters of the WSPU. Evelyn Haig lived with her sisters in Comely Bank Ave in Edinburgh – and may well have known Mrs Stopes. An Edinburgh ownership certainly ties in with the Edinburgh publication. Very good £45

486.STRACHEY, Ray The Women’s Movement in Great Britain: a short summary of its rise, methods and victories National Council of Women of Great Britain no date (c 1928) [13109] A pamphlet abridged from Strachey’s ‘The Cause’. Chipped and rubbed – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £10

487.SUFFRAGETTE FELLOWSHIP Roll of Honour Suffragette Prisoners 1905-1914 Suffragette Fellowship no date [1966] [13107] 16-pp, double column, listing all the suffragette prisoners that the Suffragette Fellowship knew of. A couple of names have been added in ink. Internally fine – cover has shelf markings etc – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Scarce £150

488.THE ENGLISH REVIEW, JUNE 1913 [5463] Includes an article, ‘The Truth About White Slavery’ by Teresa Billington-Greig in which, with (as always) clear-minded logic, she suggests that a climate of hysteria had been whipped up (not least by the writings of members of the WSPU) – and that ‘the Mothers of the new Church are threatening the future by the whitewashing of women and the doctrine of the uncleanness of men’. Good – scarce £24

489.THE NATIONAL WOMEN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL UNION Sixth Annual Report The Woman’s Press 1912 [13506] ‘Including Cash Statement and Subscription List for the Year ended February 29th 1912, and Accounts of The Woman’s Press, January 1st-December 31st 1911.’ The Subscription List is a gold mine of names of WSPU members at this important time in the WSPU’s life. Laid in is a – very scarce & revealing – copy typed letter from Mabel Tuke (Honorary Secretary)- presumably sent to every subscriber – dated 22 June 1912 – with the Annual Report. Besides touching on the sale of ‘Votes for Women’ (circulation increasing, but, as everr, more help needed), and commenting on the Government’s proposed Reform Bill, the letter reveals that ‘it is now found necessary and expedient to transfer the Headquarters Officces to other premises…Great inconvenience has always been suffered from the scattered position of the various departments at 4 Clement’s Inn…Negotiations for a suitable building are in progress…’ I think Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence was released from prison (sentenced with her husband and Mrs Pankhurst on grounds of criminal conspiracy) on 22 June 1912 – so it looks as though plans were already underway while she and her husband were still in prison to move the WSPU out of their territory of Clement’s Inn – a precursor for their ousting from the WSPU in October. Very good; the staples are missing – extremely scarce £280

490. ‘THE RIGHTS OF WOMEN’ [13690] supplement to ‘The Graphic’, 1885, heralding the supplements to be issued in Nov and Dec 1885 on ‘Parliamentary Elections and Electioneering in the Old Days’. As its advertisement for the series The Graphic has chosen to use George Cruickshank’s ”The Rights of Women; or a view of the hustings with female suffrage, 1853.’ We see on the hustings the two candidates – ‘The Ladies’ Candidate’- Mr Darling’ and ‘The Gentleman’s Candidate – Mr Screwdriver – the great political economist’. Elegant Mr Darling is surrounded by ladies in bonnets and crinolines – Mr Screwdriver by ill-tempered-looking boors. The audience contains many women accompanied, presumably, by their husbands who are holding aloft a ‘Husband and Wife Voters’ banner. Another banner proclaims the existence of ‘Sweetheart Voters’ and riding in their midst is a knight in armour holding a ‘Vote for the Ladies’ Champion’ pennant. There do not appear to be many supporters of the opposition. Single sheet 28 cm x 20.5 cm – a little foxed around the edges of the paper but barely afffecting the good, clear image of Crucikshank’s cartoon. £160

491.THE SUFFRAGETTE [13691] US Suffragette – wearing sash that proclaims this (ie ‘Suffragette’), holding aloft a ‘Suffragette’ pennant with one hand while she firmly squashes with the other a little Cupid, whose bow and arrow fly out of his hands. Under her foot is, I think, her heart. The caption is ‘You may think it fun, poor Cupid to snub,/With the hand of a Suffragette,/But he’s cunning and smart, aye, there’s the rub/Revenge is the trap he will set.’ The print is in colour – the Suffragette’s dress dates from c 1913/14, I think. The sheet (18cm x 27 cm) is printed ‘Made in U.S.A.). In good condition – an item that would look attractive mounted and framed. £150

493.’THE VOTE’ POSTCARD ALBUM [13274] An original green cloth-covered postcard album – sold by the Women’s Freedom League. It has a faded white and gold central panel containing its title ‘The Vote Album’ [ I think the design was by Eva Claire - showing the Suffragists at the door of the State, which is barred and bolted against them. Seeking entrance are the Women of the Nation; graduates in academic dress standing side by side with working women.] This particular album once belonged to Mrs Louisa Thomson Price, who was born Louisa Catherine Sowdon in 1864 and died in 1926. She was the daughter of a Tory military family but from an early age rebelled against their way of thinking and became a secularist and a Radical. She was impressed by Charles Bradlaugh of the National Secular Society. In 1888 she married John Sansom, who was a member of the executive of the NSS. She worked as a journalist from c 1886 – as a political writer, then a very unusual area for women, and drew cartoons for a radical journal, ‘Political World’. She was a member of the Council of the Society of Women Journalists. After the death of her first husband, in 1907 she married George Thomson Price. She had no children from either marriage. Louisa Thomson Price was an early member of the Women’s Freedom League, became a consultant editor of its paper, The Vote, and was a director of Minerva Publishing, publisher of the paper. She contributed a series of cartoons – including these 6 that were then produced as postcards. The ‘Jack Horner’ cartoon was also issued as a poster for, I think, the January 1910 General Election. Louisa Thomson Price took part in the WFL picket of the House of Commons and was very much in favour of this type of militancy. In her will she left £250 to the WFL. and £1000 to endow a Louisa Thomson Price bed at the Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Hospital. When she died Mrs Thomson Price was living at 17 Belsize Park Gardens, Hampstead, and her will was witnessed by Edith Alexander, a professional nurse, who, I’m sure, ran a nursing home at that address. Also living at that address were Miss Edith Alexandra Hartley and Miss Martha Poles Hartley, the latter being the elder sister of the father of the novelist, L.P. Hartley. Interestingly, when they were young, the son and daughter (Olga and Leonard – born ‘Lion’) of Mrs Beatrice Hartley, leading light in the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage, to whom Kate Frye makes constant reference in her diary (see ‘Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary’) sent a birthday card to Edith Alexander at 17 Belsize Park Gardens, referring to her as ‘Aunty Edith’. They were no blood relations to Edith Alexander, their mother having married their father, Lion Herz, in 1880 and, after 3 children and a separation, at some time between 1893 and 1898 changed the family surname from ‘Herz’ to ‘Hartley’.. As far as I can tell there is no tie of blood between Mrs Beatrice Hartley and Miss Edith Alexandra Hartley – I can only presume that, with Miss Edith Alexander, they were all close friends. The card from Olga and Leonard, together with many more addressed to Edith Alexander, are still held in the postcard album. I assume that after Mrs Thomson Price’s death ‘The Vote Postcard Album’ remained in 17 Belsize Park Gardens and was taken over by Miss Alexander as a place to put her own postcards – none of which have any suffrage relevance. But the Album itself is an extremely scarce example of Women’s Freedom League merchandise £350

494.VOTES FOR WOMEN, 16 August 1912 [13190] Complete copy – although the pages are detached. The main news in this issue is of the sentencing in Dublin of Mary Leigh and Gladys Evans. Fair reading copy – scarce £60

495.VOTES FOR WOMEN, 26 July 1912 [13188] An incomplete copy – pp 693-698 (inc) and 703-708 (inc) – but gives a flavour £30

496.VOTES FOR WOMEN, 26 July 1912 [13495] runs from front page (p 693) to p 698 and then from p 703-708 (back page) – i.e. pp 699, 700, 701 and 702 are missing. Much about the attack on Asquith and the Theatre Royal, Dublin, by Mary Leigh and Gladys Evans and that by Helen Craggs on Lewis Harccourt’s house. Fair condition £30

497.VOTES FOR WOMEN, 27 September 1912 [13176] At this date the paper, owned and edited by Emmeline and Frederick Pethick-Lawrence, was still the mouthpiece of the WSPU. However this issue contains both news of the Pethick-Lawrences’ imminent return from Canada and that of the WSPU’s move from Clement’s Inn to Lincoln’s Inn House. The two items – and that describing the large meeting to be held in the Albert Hall – were not unconnected, I think. This is one of the last issues of the paper before the Pethick-Lawrences were ousted from the WSPU. In fair condition – splits on spine – and some annotation, probably contemporary. Scarce £95

498.VOTES FOR WOMEN, 27 September 1912 [13496] Complete issue. Chipped and rubbed and with some – interesting – annotations £60

499.VOTES FOR WOMEN ADVERTISEMENT [13262] for a WSPU meeting to be held at the Royal Albert Hall on 29 April 1909 – to be chaired by Mrs Pethick Lawrence, with Mrs Pankhurst and Christabel Pankhurst as speakers with a ‘Special Presentation to Women who have suffered Imprisonment for Woman Suffrage’. This ‘Special Presentation’ was that of the ‘Holloway’ brooches given, for the first time, to released prisoners. The advertisement appears in the programme for the Royal Adelphi Theatre in which John Galsworthy’s play ‘Strife’ was running. The play, produced by Granville Barker, had Lillah McCarthy in the cast and had had its first performance at the Duke of York’s Theatre on 9 March 1909. On the illustrated cover of this 4-pp programme is written in hand the date 1 April 1909. The proprietors of the Adelphi were A. & E. Gatti – and the coloured cover illustration shows happy customers doubtless enjoying an after-theatre supper at their restaurant.. In fair condition – £25

500.’VOTES FOR WOMEN’ AT THE ‘COURT’ [13327] A page from the ‘Bystander’ 24 April 1907 – with illustrations by Norman Morrow of characters and scenes from Elizabeth Robins’ play ‘Votes for Women’, which was staged to some acclaim at the Royal Court Theatre in April 1907. Kate Frye had seen the play on 16 April and writes of it in her diary (see here). She had in fact worked alongside the play’s star, Edith Wynne Matthison, five years or so earlier during her short stage career. The drawings show all the main characters as well as a rendition of the famous Trafalgar Square meeting scene. Very good £28

501.WOMEN’S LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOCIETY Local Government Elections in England and Wales: Qualifications for Candidates WLGS May 1918 [12170] 1-page leaflet – very good condition £10

502.WOMEN’S LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOCIETY A New Franchise WLGS Feb 1918 [12169] 1-page, double-sided, leaflet, written by Margaret Kilgour, setting out the qualifications for voting in local government elections under the new ‘Representation of the People’ Act 1918. Good – with two punch holes in the wide margin and slight tear inward from the left-hand margin, with no loss of text £8

503.WOMEN’S LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOCIETY The Parish Meeting and Parish Council LGS 1919 [13154] 4-pp leaflet explaining the scope and powers of the parish council. It was issued in January 1919, under the name of (Miss) C.G. K. Scovell who adds ‘The country looks to its women voters to arouse interest in local affairs, and to take their share of the steady and unobtrusive work that has to be done by Parish Councils.’ Miss Scovell lived in Sussex – and this leaflet was printed in Hove. Good £48

504.WOMEN’S LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOCIETY Registration in England and Wales: Women Occupiers and their Votes WLGS July 1905 [12171] 1-page, double sided, leaflet setting out the position after the Eduation Act of 1902 had abolished School Boards, by which women rate payers were no longer automatically qualified to vote and it was necessary for women occupiers to be registered. The 1902 Act was another in a series of acts that actively disenfranchised women of local government rights that they had gained in the 3rd quarter of the 19th century – and was one of the causes of the impetus given to the suffrage campaign at the beginning of the 20th. This leaflet, which is withdrawn from the Women’s Library, has an ink emendation to the final paragraph, noting that the fact that a woman could not be a candidate for county, borough or metropolitan borough councils had been remedied by the passing of the 1907 Qualification of Women Act. Fair condition, edges rubbed and nicked £12

505.WOMEN’S LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOCIETY The Work of a Public Health Committee WLGS Oct 1918 [12177] 4-pp leaflet, written by S.M. Smee, chairman of the Public Health Committee, 1912-14 and 1916-18. Good condition – with two punch hole in margin, with no loss of text £5

506.WOMEN’S NATIONAL ANTI-SUFFRAGE LEAGUE On Suffragettes: extracts from ‘What’s Wrong With The World’ by G.K. Chesterton WNASL c 1909 [13151] ‘They do not create revolution; what they do create is anarchy’. 2-sided leaflet – noo 30 in the WNASL’s series of leaflets – very good – very scarce £78

Ephemera from Kate Frye’s Collection

 

508.FREE CHURCH LEAGUE FOR WOMAN SUFFRAGE Flyer (Preliminary Notice) for a Spring Fair [13393] to be held at Rectory Road Hall, Stoke Newington on 17 and 18 April 1913 (see ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ p 149). With a handwritten addition to the effect that ‘Countess Brassey opens first day’ and ….’Mrs Sadd Brown’. Good – has been folded (by Kate Frye – presumably carried with her to the Fair) and with short tag on reverse where she then fixed into her diary £120

509.MEN’S LEAGUE FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE The Conciliation Bill Explained [13401] Two-sided leaflet, dating from mid 1910. The text, while explaining the Conciliation Bill, which had passed its Second Reading in July 1910, also clearly sought to allay the fears of male electors as to the consequences if the Bill were to be passed. Very good – has been folded – and with tag on reverse where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary £100

510.NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES The Repression of a Disenfranchised Sex – by Cicely Hamilton [13400] 4-sided leaflet, reprinted, Sept 1908, from the ‘Sunday Times’ of 15 March 1908. Good – with tag on reverse where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary – scarce £100

511.NEW CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE The Conciliation Bill Explained [13402] Two-sided leaflet. The text is very much the same as that of the Men’s League for Women’s Suffrage leaflet ‘The Conciliation Bill Explained’ – but suitably adapted and definitely issued in 1911. The leaflet is printed by the St Clements Press, the printer to the WSPU. Very good – has been folded – and with tag where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary £100

512.New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage Flyer for meeting at Hythe on 1 Nov 1911 [13370] See ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ p 75. With Mr Baillie-Weaver’s name inserted as a speaker in Kate Fyre’s hand. With short tag on reverse where the flyer was fixed in Kate’s diary £150

513.New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage Flyer for meeting at Market Hill, Halstead, 27 July 1911 [13368] See ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ p 61. With short tag on reverse where it has been fixed in Kate’s diary £150

514.New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage Flyer for NCS meeting 22 March 1911 at East Dereham [13363] See ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ p 38 £150

515.NORTH KENSINGTON WOMEN’S LIBERAL ASSOCIATION Seventh Annual Report 1897-98 [12529] Includes names and addresses of the Association’s members. A drawing-room meeting was held on 29 April 1898 at which an address was to be given ‘on ‘Women’s Sufrage’ and especially on the question whether women should work for Liberal Parliamentary candidates who were opposed to their franchise. As the attendance was very small the address was not given.’ However at a Special Meeting held a couple of weeks later ‘after a long discussion, a resolution was passed in favour of not working for such candidates. The Committee regret that the attendance was small, an intimation that the important question of Women’s Suffrage does not take that foremost place in the thoughts of the Association that it should do.’ Paper covers – 14pp – very good – tip of corner missing fromback paper cover – scarce £65

516.THE WOMEN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL UNION A Reply to Mr Gladstone: Frog-marching in Liverpool Prison [13396] One (no 65) of the large format leaflets produced by the WSPU during the Jan 1910 General Election. This one specifically addresses the Home Secretary on the treatment of Suffrage prisoners. Fine – has been folded and with tag where it has been fixed in Kate Frye’s diary £100

517.WOMEN’S TEXTILE AND OTHER WORKERS’ REPRESENTATION COMMITTEE The Labour Party & Women’s Enfranchisement: a Personal Statement by J. Keir Hardie MP [13395] 4-pp leaflet, reprinted from the ‘Labour Leader’, 1 Feb 1907. Very good – has been folded and with tag on back page where iKate Frye fixed it in her diary alongside the entry for 9 Feb 1907. £100

518.PHYSICAL CULTURE. HEALTH EXERCISES [12520] ‘Mrs Hemingway (Mrs Josef Conn’s representative) gives private lessons to ladies and children in figure training and breathing exercises, also treatment by muscular exercises for Flat foot. Weak ankles’ etc etc. Mrs Hemingway lived at 4 Swiss Terrace, S. Hampstead. Mrs Josef Conn, who lived in Paris, was a well-known proponent of health exercise, influencing Prunella Stack, the founder of the Fitness League. Kate Frye attended her classes for a short time. Single sheet – very good condition £15

SUFFRAGE POSTCARDS
Real Photographic

519.ARREST OF CAPT. C.M. GONNE [12914] Member of the Men’s Political Union for Women’s Enfranchisement, Parliament Square, November 18th, 1910.’ Capt Gonne was photographed by the ‘Daily Mirror’ being escorted by two policemen during the ‘Black Friday’ tumult. Capt Charles Melvill Gonne (1862-1926), Royal Artillery, was the author of ‘Hints on Horses’ (John Murray, 1904), an active suffragist, who supported his wife, a tax resister, and was a cousin of Maud Gonne, the Irish nationalist heroine. Very good -unusual – unposted £120

520.BOTHER THE MEN! I’ve Still Got My Eye on You [13660] Little boy hides behind the music sheet of that well known song ‘Bother the Men’. Posed photograph. Fine- unposted £30

521.CHRISTABEL PANKHURST [13616] photographed by Lambert Weston and Son, 27 New Bond St. I think the card dates from c 1907/8. Fine – unposted £75

522.CICELY HAMILTON [12954] photograph by Lena Connell. Fine – unposted £120

523.CORONATION PROCESSION 17 JUNE 1911 [13618] Photograph taken from above near Hyde Park Corner. The image is exceptionally crisp. Fine – unposted £95

524.COUNTESS RUSSELL [13241] real photographic postcard – headed ‘Votes for Women’ of ‘Countess Russell Member of National Executive Committee Women’s Freedom League’. The card depicts Countess Russell photographed in a studio setting – and is signed in ink ‘Yours sincerely Mollie Russell’. She was the second wife of Frank Russell, 2nd Earl Russell, the elder brother of Bertrand. Mollie was described by George Santyana as ‘a fat, florid Irishwoman, with black curls, friendly manners and emotional opinions: a political agitator and reformer.’ The photograph in no way belies the physical description. She and Russell were divorced in 1915. Fine – unposted – scarce – I have never seen this card before £120

525.DESTRUCTION OF GRAND STAND BY SUFFRAGETTES AT HURST PARK SUNDAY JUNE 18 1913 [13542] Real photographic postcard by Young’s, Teddington. The scene left by Kitty Marion and Clara (Betty) Giveen after they had lit a beacon for Emily Davison – who had died, unbeknownst to them, a few hours earlier. (See full details). Fine – the message on the reverse is dated 5 July – the card was posted at Molesey Park – so the sender was clearly a local resident who, in fact, mentions that she (I’m sure it is a ‘she’) had ‘just returned from Kingston’. Very scarce £180

526.DR THEKLA HULTIN [13168] The Finnish MP is photographed at her desk. She sent the card from Helsingfors (Helsinki) on 12 April 1917 to Mrs Louisa Thompson-Price of the Women’s Freedom League. From the message on the reverse it would appear that the two women shared a birthday ‘I wish you all the best (including the vote) in the following 50 years…’ Very good – posted – very unusual £120

527.EDITH CRAIG [12955] photographed by Lena Connell, published at The Suffrage Shop, 31 Bedford Street (therefore the card dates from c 1910 – before its removal in 1911 south of the Strand). Fine – unposted £120

528.FANCY DRESS PARTY OR A PLAY? [13635] photo of group of men, women and children in vaguely early 20th century attire – with a sign ‘Votes for Women’ prominently displayed. I suspect it may date from the 1920s. £25

529.FORTISSIMO [12875] – real photograph, – toddler holds the songsheet for ‘Bother the Men’, dating from the 1880s. Published by Rotary Photo, this is one in a series. Posted by Dick on 21 December 1908 to Master Harry Day of 9 Arthur St, Pembroke Dock, with the message ‘Harry boy – learning Dada’s Xmas Song.’ Good £28

530.GREAT VOTES FOR WOMEN DEMONSTRATION IN HYDE PARK [13163] The WSPU rally on Sunday 21 June 1908. Crowds as far as the eye can see – with massed banners, including those of Cardiff and Newport, waving in the breeze. Fine – published by Sandle Bros – unposted £85

531.HATHERLEIGH CARNIVAL [13558] Hatherleigh in Devon has staged a carnival each year in November since 1903. This postcard is a sepia photograph of three children – I rather think they are all boys – dressed as women – glamorously bedecked in flowers – standing beside a vehicle that I think is a bicycle – which is similarly decorated – with flowers and paper lanterns (?) – and bears a large notice ‘Votes for Women’. Good – unposted £55

532.I WANT MY VOTE [13661] cries a (real, posed) baby – with screwed up eyes and wailing mouth. The message on the back, written by Jack to Dorothy reads ‘Just to say that you can have it, as far as I am concerned’. Good – posted £20

533.LONDON LIFE. ‘VOTES FOR WOMEN’ [13621] A real photograph of a woman selling issue no 2 of ‘The Suffragette’ (the paper, edited by Christabel Pankhurst, that succeeded ‘Votes for Women’ in Oct 1912, after the removal of the Pethick-Lawrences from the leadership of the WSPU). She is not young, is elegantly dressed, and is wearing her ‘Holloway’ brooch, indicating that she has been imprisoned for the Cause. Ib Rotary Photographic Series ‘London Life’ – fine – a very clear image -unposted £80

534.MISS MARY GAWTHORPE [13553] The caption is ‘Votes for Women’ and she is described as ‘Organiser, Women’s Social and Political Union,4 Clement’s Inn, Strand, W.C. The card was posted in South Kensington on 31 Oct 1908 – the writer says ‘This is one of the speakers I heard on Thursday. She is splendid…’. The sender probably heard Mary Gawthorpe at the WSPU meeting held in the Albert Hall on Thursday 29 oct 1908. Good £65

535.MRS CHARLOTTE DESPARD [13276] real photographic postcard of her – taken in profile. She is sitting reading a book. On the reverse, written in pencil, is ‘Mrs Despard – (Sister of Sir John General french) & President of the Women’s Suffrage National Aid Corps, organised by the Women’s Freedom League. return to Mrs Thomson-Price, 42 Parkhill Rd, Hampstead’. £55

536.MRS CHARLOTTE DESPARD [13630] real photographic card, photograph by Lena Connell. Fine – unposted £65

537.MRS EMMELINE PANKHURST [13240] real photographic postcard. She is wearing a shield-shaped WSPU badge – in the chevron design. Fine – unposted – a rather unusual image – the first I’ve had in stock since 2000. £75

538.MRS HENRY FAWCETT, LL.D [13239] ‘President of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies’, is the caption below her photograph by Lizzie Caswall Smith. Probably dates from c 1910. Fine – unposted -although written on the back in pencil is ‘Return to Mrs Thomson-Price 42 Parkhill Road, Hampstead N.W.’ The card comes from the collection of Louisa Thomson-Price, one of the leading members of the Women’s Freedom League. £60

539.MRS LILIAN M. HICKS [11634] – photographed by Lena Connell – an official Women’s Freedom League photographic postcard. Mrs Hicks had been an early member of the WSPU, but left to join the WFL in the 1907 split, returning in 1910 to the WSPU. Fine – unposted £35

540.MRS MARTEL [13255] Real photographic postcard captioned ‘Mrs Martel National Women’s Social and Political Union, 4 Clement’s Inn, W.C.’ Cornish-born Nellie Martel had emigrated to Australia and on her return devoted herself to the WSPU. She had a reputation as a gaudy dresser and certainly here she is dripping in flounces and jewllery – with a rather charingly amused smile. Very good – unposted – scarce. £90

541.MRS PANKHURST AT TRAFALGAR SQUARE INVITING THE AUDIENCE TO ‘RUSH’ THE HOUSE OF COMMONS ON 13 OCTOBER [13617] Published by Sandle Bros for the National Union of Women’s Social and Political Union in 1908. Fine – unposted £75

542.MRS PETHICK-LAWRENCE [13634] She stands, three-quarter length, with her hands behind her back. The caption is ‘Joint Editor of “Votes for Women” – ‘Honorary Treasurer National Women’s Social and Political Union 4 Clement’s Inn, W.c.’ Very good – unposted £55

543.PHOTOGRAPH TAKEN OUTSIDE THE WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE COMMITTEE ROOM [13549] in Hoe Street, Walthamstow. The photograph shows a group on the pavement outside the Committee Rooms with a board on which is written ‘New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage’. In front of them, on the road, is parked a large motor car, to the front of which is attached another large board inscribed in large letters ‘New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage’. Sitting in the car and waving a large flag is an elegant, grandly be-hatted woman. I have never before seen a photograph of the New Constitutional Society at work, as it were. Kate Frye, our main source of information on the NCS, was not yet quite involved in that society – in fact on the day this card was posted, 28 October 1910, she was attending a meeting of the Actresses’ Franchise League at their office – so I can give no inside information on the NCS campaign at this Walthamstow by-election. This by-election was of particular interest to suffrage campaigners because the Liberal candidate was a cabinet minister, Sir John Simon. Election day was on Tuesday 1 November and the sender of the card, who posted it from Leyton at 7 pm on Friday 28th Oct, was one of the NCS campaigners. She tells her correspondent that ‘We are frantically busy working at Walthamstow By Election. Meetings every day and evening.’ She does not, alas, sign her name – but the recipient was Mrs Radcliffe Crocker of Brant Ridge, Bourne End, Bucks. This is something of a coincidence because Kate Frye called on Mrs Crocker the following 1 May (1911) when she was canvassing for support for a new NCS suffrage society in Bourne End (her home town). Mrs Crocker, the widow of an eminent dermatologist, was, Kate tells us, ‘in, but no good’ – so doubtless hadn’t been particularly impressed by the postcard sender’s Walthamstow campaigning. From the photograph I think that the NCS must have been sharing a committeee room with the Men’s Suffrage League – it certainly is not the Committee Room taken by the WSPU. Above the door is a sign ‘Men’s League Walk In’ – the windows are lined with posters and, with the Men’s League, the Women’s Freedom League and the WSPU, the NCS took part the following day in a procession through Walthamstow that ended with a meeting in Walthamstow Palace Theatre. There is no photographer or publisher of the postcard named – the photo may have been taken by a NCS member – and the image is of the sepia type – rather than crisp black and white. However the image is quite clear – most interesting on a variety of counts – and extremely unusual – I won’t say unique because there were clearly more than one card issued – but I should imagine the chances of finding another were extremely remote. £200

544.’RUINS OF ST KATHERINE’S CHURCH, BURNT DOWN MAY 6 1913 [11824] Real photographic card. There are several images published on postcards of the ruins of St Catherine’s (this is the correct spelling; the card’s publisher was a bit slapdash) Church at Hatcham in Surrey, for the burning of which the suffragettes were thought responsible – but I have never seen this one before. £35

545.’SUFFRAGETTE’ POSTCARD [13243] real photographic card – though it must be staged. Set in what appears to be the country – with trees and flowers – it shows a woman in loose-fitting jacket and long skirt – with one of the shield-shaped chevron WSPU badges pinned to her lapel, being apprehended by a policeman in helmet and uniform and sporting an imposing display of medals. The point of the photograph is that the woman is holding out for him to see a copy of the ‘Suffragette’ newspaper. I have never seen this image before. It is issued as a postcard – but no photographer or publisher is cited. Most unusual – unposted – very good (with a slight crease at the bottom right-hand corner where it has been held in (Louisa Thomson-Price’s) postcard album £120

546.SUFFRAGETTE PROCESSION [13545] Real photographic postcard – an unusual view of the 1911 ‘Coronation Procession’. The photograph, published as a postcard by J. J. Samuels, 371 Stramd, London W.C., shows the ‘Pageant of Great Women’ part of the procession walking the street that goes out of Trafalgar and merges into Pall Mall. The photograph has been taken from an upper window of one of the buildings on the south side of the street and gives an excellent view not only of the procession but of London’s buildings decorated for the Coronation. The streets are packed with onlookers. Unposted – reverse a little grubby but the front is in very good condition. Unusual £120

548. THE IMPRISONED LEADERS 22 May 1912 Portrait photo of Mrs Pankhurst, flanked by similar images of Emmeline and Frederick Pethick-Lawrence [13615] on a real photographic card published by F. Kehrhahn & Co (for more on whom see here). In May it looked as though the leaders were united in their imprisonment; on their release a different story emerged. Fine – unusual – unposted £80

549. THE WOMEN’S GUILD OF EMPIRE Mrs Flora Drummond – Controller-in-Chief [13685] Card published c 1926 by The Women’s Guild of Empire, from its headquarters at 24 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1. Fine -unposted – unusual £95

550.THE WOMEN’S GUILD OF EMPIRE Banner Making for the Great Demonstration, April 17th 1926 [13686] The Women’s Guild of Empire organized a demonstration at the critical time just before the General Strike to protest against ‘strikes and revolutionary activity in industry’. The march, which brought women (including, wrote Elsie Bowerman to the editor of ‘The Spectator’, ‘wives of working women who have had personal experience of strikes’) from all regions of the country to London, ended with a Mass Meeting in the Albert Hall, with Mrs Flora Drummond in the chair.The photograph shows Mrs D inspecting banners – ‘Efficiencey and Enterprise’ and another, the wording partially hidden, which may say ‘Best within the Empire’ (??) Issued by the Women’s Guild of Empire c 1926. Fine – unposted – unusual £95

551.VOTES FOR WOMEN [13256] one of those real photographic ‘comic’ cards with young man dressed as a woman standing behind a table and a large ‘Votes for Women’ blackboard. He is holding a large knife (I think) in one hand and a bottle of beer – Benksins Watford – in the other. It is signed across the bottom right corner ‘Your old Pal Dan’ £35

552.VOTES FOR WOMEN [13663] placard is planted beside young girl standing on a barrel under the Trafalgar Square lion. A policeman walks in the background. One of a posed photographic Raphael Tuck series. Fair – a little creased – posted £25

554.WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Miss Sarah Benett [12950] photographed by Lena Connell. In this studio photograph Sarah Benett is wearing her WFL Holloway brooch; she was for a time the WFL treasurer. She was also a member of the WSPU and of the Tax Resistance League. This photograph by Lena Connell was also used on a WFL-published postcard – but this one is not attributed to the WFL. The background to the image is little irridescent. £100

555.WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Mrs Amy Sanderson [12919] Women’s Freedom League, 1 Robert Street, Adelphi, London WC. She had been a member of the WSPU, and, as such had endured one term of imprisonment, before helping to found the WFL in 1907. She is, I think, wearing her WFL Holloway brooch in the photograph. Card, published by WFL, fine – unusual – unposted £150

556.WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Mrs Edith How-Martyn , ARCS, BSc [12917] Hon Sec Women’s Freedom League 1 Robert Street, Adelphi, London WC. She is wearing herWFL Holloway brooch. Photographed by M.P. Co (London) – which I think is probably the Merchants Portrait Co in Kentish Town that did a fair amount of work for the WFL. The card is headed ‘Votes for Women’ and was published by the WFL. Fine – unposted £120

557.WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Mrs Marion Holmes [12921] card headed ‘Votes for Women’ published by the Women’s Freedom League, 1 Robert St, Adelphi, London WC. Mrs Holmes was joint editor of the WFL paper ‘The Vote’. She is photoraphed wearing herWFL Holloway badge as well as one of the WFL enamel badges. Fine – unusual – unposted £120

SUFFRAGE POSTCARDS
Artist’s cards

 

559.ARE WE DOWNHEARTED? NO! [13603] Black and white postcard by Donald McGill – suffragette, holding on to her ‘Votes for Women’ banner, is carried into the Police Court by a policeman – her bottom very much to the fore – her umbrella fallen to the ground. Good – posted in Battersea on, I think, 24 December 1906 £45

560.’AT THE SUFFRAGETTE MEETINGS [13612] you can hear some plain things – and see them too!’ – is the caption to a card showing depictions of suffragettes as buck-toothed old maids. Very good – unposted £45

562.BUT SURELY MY GOOD WOMAN DON’T YOU YEARN FOR SOMETHING … [13649] The suffragettes are canvassing on the doorstep. The artist is Arthur Moreland; the publisher is C.W. Faulkner. Very good – unposted £45

563.CLEARANCE SALE [13642] ‘Special Bargains in Men’ Lot 4 includes ‘Hundreds of meek, mild and bitter, small size, suitable for Suffragettes and New Woman. The majority dumb and cannot argue’. Fair – posted in 1907 £20

564.’FOR A SUFFRAGETTE’ [13646] is the caption to a real coloured photograph of the Fordwich ducking stool hung over the river’s edge, near Canterbury. The accompanying rhyme runs, ‘The Ducking-Stool and a nice deep pool Was our fore-fathers’ plan for a scold; And could I have my way, each Suffragette today Should ‘take the chair’ and find the water cold.’ Very good – unposted £45

566.HENRY FAWCETT, FRS, MP AND MRS FAWCETT [13280] black and white photograph of the double portrait by Ford Madox Brown, from the National Portrait Gallery collection. This particular card dates from before the First World War, having once formed part of Mrs Louisa Thomson Price’s suffragette postcard collection. Good – with a couple of creases at the top corners where it has been held in the album. £15

567.’HI! MISS! YER TROWSERS IS A-COMING DOWN’ [12507] shouts tyke to elegant young woman sporting ‘harem’ trousers. Pre-First World War, pub by Felix McGlennon. Not actually ‘suffrage’ but of the time. Very good – very glossy £25

568.I PROTEST AGAINST MAN-MADE LAWS [13648] The suffragette is in the dock. Artist is Arthur Moreland; publisher C.W. Faulkner. Very good – unposted £45

569.I WANT A VOTE [13644] is the flag that caricature suffragette is carrying. The caption is ‘A perfect woman, nobly planned/To warn, to comfort & command’. Behind her is a notice ‘Give me a vote and see what I’ll do’. The artist is John Hassall and the publisher is J. Miles and Co. Interestingly this card is a sample sent out bu Miles and the typed message reads ‘These cards by Hassal may be obtained at the following prices..’ and then he sets them out – beginning with 1/6 for 100. Sent to a gentleman in Park Square, London NW. Fair £20

570.I’VE GOT MY VOTE [13666] says grotesque Edwardian suffragette as she sits under a notice ‘A.D. 2000 Votes for Women’. She is sitting on a bench alongside her cat, which has a ‘Votes for Women’ notice attached to its tail. Deconstruct that. Published by Philco Publishing and posted in October 1909. Good £25

571.IF WE CAN’T HAVE THE VOTE, WE CAN WEAR THE TROUSERS [13655] says woman, dressed in harem trousers, standing on platform in a park surrounded by a crowd of men. The photograph is a posed, photographic and coloured. Very good – posted £35

572.JACK AT SEA: NO FEAR OF THE LICENSING BILL OR SUFFRAGETTES [13557] is the caption to colour picture showing sailor sitting on coiled rope on his ship – knocking back a tot. The coupling of the Licensing Bill with mention of Suffragettes probably dates the card to 1908 – when the government was proposing a controversial new Licensing Bill. In Sept 1908 there was a large procession through London, culminating with a mass rally in Hyde Park, to protest against the Licensing Bill – just as there had been similar events staged in June in support of women’s suffrage. Very good – unposted – unusual £55

578.’NOT IN THOSE TROUSERS’ [12506] is the caption to a hand-painted postcard (the artist has initialed it ‘K.S.’). The subject of the remark is a lady in a purple and green outfit – a long tunic over ‘harem’ trousers – wearing a green and purple hat and carrying an umbrella. The author of the remark, a dapper gentleman, stands in the background. The colouring may indicate that a suffrage inference might be drawn – the style of dress certainly points to an early-20th-century date. Very good – unposted £15

579.NOW MADAM – WILL YOU GO QUIETLY OR SHALL I HAVE TO USE FORCE? [13650] The suffragette is interrupting a meeting. Artist is Arthur Moreland; publisher is C.W. Faulkner. Fair – unposted £35

580.PARODIES OF THE LATEST PANTOMIME SONGS [13632] is the caption to staged real photographic scene – ostensibly the House of Commons – where among the top-hatted men, a couple of women (one looking amazingly like Helena Bonham Carter as she will appear in the film ‘The Suffragette’,) The lyrics underneath the picture are headed: ‘I don’t care if there’s a girl there’ – which was a popular song in 1909. The lines now read ‘Well, I don’t care if you send girls there,/Since in Parliament they’d like to e;/I don’t care if there’s a girl there/Just to keep me company./Young or old girls, shy or bold girls,/May all be called M.P./I don’t care if you send girls there,/And a pretty one to sit next me.’ Good – posted July 1909. £45

581.PERSUADING A SUFFRAGETTE [13664] a donkey (aka ‘suffragette’) is to be persuaded by the offer of a carrot. The artist is Ellaby, published by Misch & Co in their ‘Suffragette’ series £15

582.SALE! SALE! SALE! [13643] Bargains in Men. Lot 4 ‘Meek, Mild and Bitter, small size – suitable for Suffragettes and New Women..’ etc. The firm offering these Bargains is ‘Cupid & Hymen Ltd’. £20

583.SOUTHWOLD EXPRESS [13658] ‘A slight engine trouble causes a delay – but is soon remedied’ is the caption. The artist/publisher is Reg Carter – in the ‘Sorrows of Southwold’ series. There are a number of joky cards about the Southwold train. In this one a suffragette sitting in a tree is taking advantage of a breakdown to lob a bomb – shouting ‘Votes for Women’. Very good £45

584. STANDING UP FOR WOMEN’S RIGHTS [13640] She stands – in boater and tailored suit – on the tube train as the men sit, hiding behind their papers. Good – posted £25

585.SUFFRAGETTE IN ACTION [13613] Subtitled ‘Man’s Reward’ – Edwardian behatted lady strikes policeman over the helmet with a golf club. Good – posted in 1907. £45

586.’SUFFRAGETTES: [13641] Beauty and Intellect are superior to brute force’. Harridan on soapbox confronts her audience who ask ‘How’s your old man?’ and tell her ‘Go home & wash the baby!’ Published by Miller & Lang Ltd. The message on the reverse reads ‘Please will you pass this round to your friends that beliee in women having the vote. This is a sample of them. What do you think of them? I think myself they all of them that bellieve in it are a bit loose in there [sic] head.’ The signature seems to be merely ‘Liberal’. Very good – unposted £45

588.THE MARRIAGE MARKET IN 1950 A Glimpse Into The Future [13607] Shackled gentlemen of various description are paraded for inspection by the ladies – one with a lorgnette is peering at bowler-hatted individual. Another is labelled ‘Very docile 18/6′ and a clergyman is ‘Only 4d’. Very good – very colourful – unposted £45

590.THE SUFFRAGETTE Addresses a meeting of Citizens [13620] A card from a Raphael Tuck series. ‘the Suffragette’ – masculinized, wild-eyed, and wearing a boater and tie harangues a few snotty-nosed childrenIn Raphael Tuck ‘The Suffragette’ Good – posted in 1908 £45

591.THE SUFFRAGETTE NOT AT HOME [13647] Domestic chaos when the wife and mother is off to her meeting. The artist is Arthur Moreland; the publisher is C.W. Faulkener. Very good – posted £45

592.A THING OF THE PAST, OLD DEAR. [13667] Harridan – wispy hair, big feet, short skirt – being carried off by policeman – while her companion, with ‘Votes for Women’ placard, looks on. Fair – a little creased – an English card originally but issued here, I think, by an American publisher. Certainly it was posted in the US to a Nevada address in 1908 £20

593.THIS IS THE HOUSE THAN MAN BUILT [13551] And this is the policeman all tattered and torn/Who wished women voters had never been born,/Who nevertheless /Tho it caused him distress/Ran them all in,/In spite of their dress:/The poor Suffragette/Who wanted to get/Into The House than man built. With House of Commons in the background, a policeman is battered by one suffragette as he attempts to aprehend another – virgagos both, of course. In the BB London Series. In very good condition – posted on 30 April 1909 £45

594.THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT [13550] ‘And these are the members who’ve been sitting late/Coming out arm in arm, from a lengthy debate…’ Fashionably dressed couple, he in top hat and frock coat emerge, engaged in reasonable discussion, from the Houses of Parliament. An ink line at under the text carries the message ‘Will we ever live to see this.’ In BB London Series. Very good – posted in Clapton on 12 May 1909. £45

595.THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT [13552] ‘And this is the home of the poor suffragette/And there’s room for a great many more of them in it yet…’ Burly suffragette being taken in hand by a policeman – with the towers of Holloway in the background. In BB London series. Very good- unposted £45

596.THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT [13610] ‘The House that our statesmen for years have controlled/Ruling the world with mind fearless and bold/Can Woman expect to rule such a House/She that’s afraid of a poor little mouse….’ Suffragettes stands on stool as mouse scuttles past – with House of Commons in background. Good – posted 1912 £45

597.VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Gimme a Vote You Cowards [13605] Printed in red and balck on white – policemen have a suffragette flat on the ground – while other comrades demosntrate around. Good – has been posted, but stamp removed £45

598.VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Give Us a Vote Ducky! Oh do, There’s a Dear [13606] wheedle three women as they make up to an aging gent. The caption reads ‘Why not try the Good Old Way?’ The sender has added little ink comments of her own (at least I think the sender was a woman). Good. Posted on 17 August 1907. £45

599.VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Safe in the Arms of a Policeman [13604] Printed in red and black on white – dishevelled viragos are carried away by red-faced policemen. Good £45

600.’VOTES FOR WOMEN’ [13639] is the banner carried by the figure in this rather odd card, published by Bamforth. ‘She’ seems to be real – or at least a real man dressed as a rather ungainly woman – set against a painted mountainous background. ‘She is wearing skirt, tailored jacket, tyroleanish hat and, of course, carrying an umbrella. So we have a ‘Votes for Women’ banner and a ‘Votes for Women’ sash worn across the jacket – and the caption is ‘And loud that clarion voice replied’. Explanation is, I think, required. That caption is a line from a Longfellow poem in which a young man carried a banner ‘Excelsior’ through an Alpine village and is eventually found frozen in the mountain pass. Well, there you are – Edwardians were clearly expected to be well acquainted with Longfellow . Good – unposted £45

601.WHEN LOVELY WOMAN GETS THE VOTE [13619] She is in tousers and he is in skirt and pantaloons. ‘When Lovely Woman gets the Vote/The Men will look such Freaks!/She doesn’t want his hat and coat,/But Woman will wear the Breaks!’ isn’t that Funny! Very good – unposted £45

602.WHEN WOMEN VOTE ‘Darning His Wife’s Socks’ [13637] He juggles the darning and the baby, while his young wife sits reading, smoking a cigar and reading ‘Sporting Life’. A large notice on the wall – ‘Revised Marriage Rules’ points the way forward. Mitchell and Watkins series – posted Oct 1908 £45

603.WHEN WOMEN VOTE ‘Getting Married’ [13638] ‘Do you swear to obey your wife faithfully in eerything?’ Mitchell and Watkins series. Fine – posted in 1908

604.WHEN WOMEN VOTE: Washing Day [13636] Father is in the kitchen bathing baby, while his wife and her friends sit in the parlour playing cards and eating chocolates – commenting ‘Yes, my old man is a lazy old wretch’. And that’s what will happen when women have the vote. Mitchell and Watkins series. Posted in 1908 £45

605.WHO SAID VOTES FOR WOMAN!!! [13662] Postcard. Bulldog with specs and a pipe sits foursquare against a background of the Union Jack. Fine – unposted £15

606.YES, MADAM, BY YOUR BUMP OF PERSEVERANCE, [13654] IF YOU LIVE ANOTHER 1000 YEARS YOU MIGHT BECOME PRIME MINISTERESS. Phrenologist feels the bumps of a suffragette (she has spectacles, big feet, and a roll of paper labelled ‘Votes for Women’ rests on her ungainly knee). Drawings of the craniums of Charlie Peace (murderer) and Mr Balfour are pinned to the wall. The pencil-written message – mainly a birthday greeting – ends with ‘Vote for Women’. Posted in Chatteris to ‘Arthur Squires, Decorator etc, Chatteris’. Fair – card rather worn but image is bright £10

 

Suffrage Artists’ Societies cards

 

607.ARTISTS’ SUFFRAGE LEAGUE Miss Jane Bull [13010] addresses Master Johnnie Bull, asking, ‘Give me a bit of your Franchise Cake, Johnnie’ He replies ‘It wouldn’t be good for you’ She responds ‘How can you tell if you won’t let me try it? it doesn’t hurt those other little girls’ – she points to Finnish, New Zealand, Australian and Norwegian children – boys and girls.Postcard published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. The artists are ‘C.H. & D.M.’ Very good – unposted £95

608.COMPANIONS IN DISGRACE [13555] – the sweet girl graduate stands, robed, alongside a convict in his arrowed suit. The heading is ‘Polling Booth’ and the caption ‘Companions in Disgrace’ refers to their shared characteristic. The verse below explains further: ‘Convicts and Women kindly note,/ Are not allowed to have the vote…’ etc. Drawn by ‘C.H.’ and published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Very good – unposted £65

609.WOMEN WRITERS’ SUFFRAGE LEAGUE [13629] postcard designed by W.H. Margetson. ‘Woman’ is dragged from the feet of blind ‘Justice’ by the figure of ‘Prejudice’. In very good condition – the black and white version – unposted £55

610.YOUNG NEW ZEALAND [13230] cycles on her modern bicycle with its two wheels equal in size. The front one is labelled ‘Male and Female’ and the back one ‘Equal Electoral Rights’. She calls out to old John Bull who is struggling atop a penny farthing, ‘Oh Grandpapa! what a funny old machine. Why don’t you get one like mine?’ The artist is JHD [Joan Harvey Drew]. Published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Very good- unposted – v scarce £95

Women and First World War

 

611.BARTON, Edith And CODY, Marguerite Eve in Khaki: the story of the Women’s Army at home and abroad Thomas Nelson, no date (1918) [12577] Part I – in England by Edith M. Barton. Part II – In France by Marguerite Cody. The First World War and the early years of the WAAC. Very good £38

612.CAHILL, Audrey Fawcett Between the Lines: letters and diaries from Elsie Inglis’s Russian Unit Pentland Press 1999 [11675] Soft covers – mint £15

613.DEARMER, Mabel Letters from a Field Hospital: with a memoir of the author by Stephen Gwynn Macmillan 1916 [12640] In April 1915 Mabel Dearmer, the wife of the Christian socialist Rev Percy Dearmer, went out to work with Mrs Stobart in Serbia. She died of enteric fever in July. Very good internally – cream cloth cover a little grubby – scarce £75

614.FARMBOROUGH, Florence Russian Album 1908-1918 Michael Russell 1979 [12645] Photographs taken both before and during the First World War by Florence Farmborough, who first went to Russia in 1908 – and left in 1918. At the outbreak of war she served with the Russian Red Cross. An amazing collection. Large format, fine in d/w £28

615.[HALL] Edith Hall Canary Girls & Stockpots WEA Luton Branch 1977 [12884] Memories of life in the First World War – and of the ’20s and ’30s. During the War Edith Hall’s mother was landlady to munition workers – ‘the Canaries’ (so called because the chemicals turned their skin yellow) at the Hayes factories. Soft covers – signed by the author £10

616.(ROSS) Ishobel Ross Little Grey Partridge Aberdeen University Press 1988 [12153] ‘First World War diary of Ishobel Ross, who served with the Scottish Women’s Hospitals Unit in Serbia.’ With an introduction by Jess Dixon. Paper covers – fine £10

617.STONE, Gilbert (ed) Women War Workers: accounts contributed by representative workers of the work done by women in the more important branches of war employment George G. Harrap & Co 1917 [12631] With a foreword by Lady Jellicoe. Chapters on: munition work; the land; work as a postwoman; banking; as a bus conductor; driver of butcher’s delivery cart; nursing at the Front in France; work as a V.A.D.; working with ‘Concerts at the Front'; and welfare work. Includes a chapter on War Organisations for Women, full of facts and figures – with 12 photographs. Very good – a surprisingly scarce book £60

 

Women and First World War
Ephemera

618.The Deportation of Women and Girls from Lille Hodder & Stoughton 1916 [12197] ‘Translated textually from the Note addressed by the French Government to the Governments of Neutral Powers on the conduct of the German Authorities towards the population of the French Departments in the occupation of the enemy.’ 81-pp – paper covers – good £12

621.HMSO Munitions of War HMSO 1916 [12583] Order, dated June 26, 1916, of the Minister of Munitions. 4-pp leaflet – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £3

622.MEDICAL RESEARCH COMMITTEE AND DEPARTMENT OF SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH Reports of the Industrial Fatigue Research Board HMSO 1919 [12194] No 2 – The Output of Women Workers in Relation to Hours of Work in Shell-Making. 24-pp – good in original paper covers – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £15

623.SCOTTISH WOMEN’S FIRST AID CORPS [12892] natural-coloured linen canvas satchel with the initials ‘S.W.F.A.C.’ [Scottish Women's First Aid Corps] machine-embroidered in red on the front.The satchel hangs from a long red grosgrain ribbon strap which has a buckle for altering its length. The bag still contains an Esmarch’s Triangular Bandage – printed with images of how to apply, in a variety of ways, the bandage to wounded men, together with two packs labelled ‘Scottish Women’s First Aid Corps First Field Dressing’, supplied by J. Gordon Nicholson, Pharmaceutical Chemist, 15 Hanover Street, Edinburgh, and two small safety pins on a piece of card, presumably to be used for fixing the bandages. Luckily this SWFAC member was required to put the bandages to the test. The SWFAC had been formed in 1909 by Mary E. Macmillan and came into its own in the First World War, appealing to middle and upper-middle class women who wanted to ‘do their bit’. The SWFAC ran classes in First Aid and sick nursing and some of its recruits then went out to nurse in Italy and Serbia. Very good – an unusual survival £120

624.THE SPHERE, 19 June 1915 [3498] Includes double-page spread – with photographs – on ‘Women as war nurses: scenes in the war hospitals in France, England and Russia’. Complete issue – disbound – probably missing back cover -good £12

625.THE SPHERE, 25 March 1916 [3497] Includes photographs and text about London work rooms of the Red Cross – making slippers, knitting, sewing – under chandeliers in Grosvenor Sq house. Complete issue – disbound -probably missing back cover – good £12
626.THE SPHERE, 31 May 1919 [1723] single page with words and pictures showing women workers making shells at the Wolseley Motor Works. Good £3

Women and First World War
Fiction

627.MACAULAY, Rose Three Days Constable & Co 1919 [12622] Poems. Already an established novelist, during the First World War Rose Macaulay worked as a VAD nurse and a land girl and in early 1917 joined the War Office. Good – a little chipped on spine – in wrapper cover. £25

628.MARCHANT, Bessie A Girl Munition Worker: a story of a girl’s work during the Great War Blackie [1916] [13002] Novel of the First World by ‘the girls’ Henry’. This would appear to be a first edition -with an ownership inscription for ‘Xmas 1916′ on free front end paper In original pictorial cloth cover – cloth rubbed and corners bumped – very scarce £45

Coronation Procession

Image taken from # 444

*****

You can pay me by cheque or at http://www.Paypal.com, using my email address as the payee account, or by direct bank transfer

****
Perhaps also of interest:

 

The Women’s Suffrage Movement 1866-1928: A reference guideReference Guide

Elizabeth Crawford

‘It is no exaggeration to describe Elizabeth Crawford’s Guide as a landmark in the history of the women’s movement…’ History Today

Routledge, 2000 785pp paperback £74.99
Ebook £70

The Women’s Suffrage Movement in Britain and Ireland: a regional surveyRegional Survey

Elizabeth Crawford

‘Crawford provides meticulous accounts of the activists, petitions, organisations, and major events pertaining to each county.’ Victorian Studies

Routledge, 2008 320pp paperback £30
Ebook £26

Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle

Enterprising Women

Elizabeth Crawford

‘Crawford’s scholarship is admirable and Enterprising Women offers increasingly compelling reading’ Journal of William Morris Studies

Francis Boutle, 2002 338pp 75 illus paperback £25

To order see here

Campaigning for the Vote: The Suffrage Diary of Kate Parry Frye

Kate Frye cover

Edited by Elizabeth Crawford

An extract:

‘Saturday June 14th 1913. [Kate is lodging in Baker Street, London]
I had had a black coat and skirt sent there for Miss Davison’s funeral procession and the landlady had given me permission to change in her room. I tore into my black things then we tore off by tube to Piccadilly and had some lunch in Lyons. But the time was getting on – and the cortege was timed to start at 2 o’clock from Victoria. We saw it splendidly at the start until we were driven away from our position and then could not see for the crowds and then we walked right down Buckingham Palace Rd and joined in the procession at the end. It was really most wonderful – the really organised part – groups of women in black with white lilies – in white and in purple – and lots of clergymen and special sort of pall bearers each side of the coffin. She gave her life publicly to make known to the public the demand of Votes for Women – it was only fitting she should be honoured publicly by the comrades. It must have been most imposing. [Plus much more description of the procession as Kate follows it into King’s Cross station]

Campaigning for the Vote tells, in her own words, the efforts of a working suffragist to instil in the men and women of England the necessity of ‘votes for women’ in the years before the First World War. The detailed diary kept all her life by Kate Parry Frye (1878-1959) has been edited to cover 1911-1915, years she spent as a paid organiser for the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. The book constitutes that near impossibility – completely new primary material, published for the first time 100 years after the events it records.

With Kate for company we experience the reality of the ‘votes for women’ campaign as, day after day, in London and in the provinces, she knocks on doors, arranges meetings, trembles on platforms, speaks from carts in market squares, village greens, and seaside piers, enduring indifference, incivility and even the threat of firecrackers under her skirt.
Kate’s words bring to life the world of the itinerant organiser – a world of train journeys, of complicated luggage conveyance, of hotels – and hotel flirtations -, of boarding houses, of landladies, and of the ‘quaintness’ of fellow boarders. This was not a way of life to which she was born, for her years as an organiser were played out against the catastrophic loss of family money and enforced departure from a much-loved home. Before 1911 Kate had had the luxury of giving her time as a volunteer to the suffrage cause; now she depended on it for her keep.

No other diary gives such an extensive account of the working life of a suffragist, one who had an eye for the grand tableau – such as following Emily Wilding Davison’s cortege through the London streets – as well as the minutiae of producing an advertisement for a village meeting. Moreover Kate Frye gives us the fullest account to date of the workings of the previously shadowy New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. She writes at length of her fellow workers, never refraining from discussing their egos and foibles. After the outbreak of war in August 1914 Kate continued to work for some time at the society’s headquarters, helping to organize its war effort, her diary entries allowing us to experience her reality of life in war-time London.

Excerpts from Campaigning for the Vote featured in ‘The Women’s Rebellion’, episode 2 of Michael Portillo’s Radio 4 series, 1913: The Year Before –listen here

Published by Francis Boutle Publishers -to order see here

Wrap-around paper covers, 226 pp, over 70 illustrations, all drawn from Kate Frye’s personal archive. £14.99

ISBN 978 1903427 75 0

Copies of these books may be bought direct from the publishers- or ordered from any bookshop (terrestrial or online). Foyles has a good offer – see here

ITV has selected Kate Frye – to be portrayed by a leading young actress – as one of the main characters in ‘The People’s Story’, a documentary series to be launched in August mark the centenary of the outbreak of the First World War. Click here to view a trailer for the series.

In addition Kate Parry Frye: Edwardian actress and suffragette, Kate’s life story written by Elizabeth Crawford, will be issued as an e-book by ITV Publishing to coincide with the series.

***

Vanishing for the Vote

Vanishing for the Vote 1 001

Jill Liddington

Vanishing for the vote recounts what happened on one night, Sunday 2 April, 1911, when the Liberal government demanded every household comply with its census requirements. Suffragette organisations urged women, all still voteless, to boycott this census.
Many did. Some wrote ‘Votes for Women’ boldly across their schedules. Others hid in darkened houses or, in the case of Emily Wilding Davison, in a cupboard within the Houses of Parliament.
Yet many did not. Even some suffragettes who might be expected to boycott decided to comply – and completed a perfectly accurate schedule. Why?
Vanishing for the Vote explores the ‘battle for the census’ arguments that raged across Edwardian England in spring 1911. It investigates why some committed campaigners decided against civil disobedience tactics, instead opting to provide the government with accurate data for its health and welfare reforms.

This book plunges the reader into the turbulent world of Edwardian politics, so vividly recorded on census night 1911. Based on a wealth of brand-new documentary evidence, it offers compelling reading for history scholars and general readers alike.
With a Gazetteer, compiled by Elizabeth Crawford and Jill Liddington, showing how c 500 suffrage campaigners reacted to the census and giving details of their addresses and family circumstances.

See here for  many complementary ‘Suffrage Stories: 1911 census’. 

50 illustrations.
Manchester University Press:
Hardback £65
Paperback: £16.99

Leave a comment

Kate Frye’s Suffrage Diary: Buckingham Palace, 21 May 1914

A hundred years ago today, on 21 May 1914, having failed to influence the government, Mrs Pankhurst’s Women’s Social and Political Union, decided to appeal directly to the King. Kate Frye, although not a militant suffragette, was there – outside Buckingham Palace – to witness the scene. This is the copy of the Daily Sketch that she bought that day and kept all her life. 

 

DSC01301

 

 

The following is Kate’s diary entry:

‘Thursday May 21st 1914

To Office.Then in the afternoon I went to Buckingham Palace to see the Women’s deputation – led by Mrs Pankhurst which went to try and see the King. It was simply awful – oh! those poor pathetic women – dresses half torn off – hair down, hats off, covered with mud and paint and some dragged along looking in the greatest agony. But the wonderful courage of it all. One man led along – collar torn off – face streaming with blood – he had gone to protect them. Fancy not arresting them until they got into that state. It is the most wicked and futile persecution because they know we have got to have ‘Votes’ – and to think they have got us to this state – some women thinking it necessary and right to do the most awful burnings etc in order to bring the question forward. Oh what a pass to come to in a so-called civilised country. I shall never forget those poor dear women.

The attitude of the crowd was detestable – cheering the police and only out to see the sport. Just groups of women here and there sympathising, as I was. I saw Mrs Merivale Mayer, Miss Bessie Hatton and a good many women I knew by sight. I stayed until there was nothing more to be seen. The crowds were kept moving principally by the aid of a homely water cart. It was very awful. Mrs Pankhurst herself was arrested at the gates of the Palace. I did not see her but she must have passed quite close to me.

At the Buckingham Palace railings, 21 May 1914

At the Buckingham Palace railings, 21 May 1914

I went to Victoria and had some tea and tried to get cool, but I felt very sick. The King could have done something to prevent it all being so horrible – he isn’t much of a man. Back by bus [to the office of the New Constitutional Society where she was working]. They [Alexandra and Gladys Wright, friends and colleagues ] wanted to hear about it, but they don’t take quite the same view of it that I do. They seem so ‘material’ in all their deductions – it’s all so tremendously more than that.’

For much more about Kate Frye and her diary – published as Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s suffrage diary – click here

Kate Frye cover

, , , ,

2 Comments

Suffrage Stories: Shoulder To Shoulder – Conference And Campaign

 

Shoulder -To-Shoulder: Female Suffrage, Second-Wave Feminism and feminist TV Drama in the 1970s.

shoulder-to-shoulder

 

I very much enjoyed attending this conference -Shoulder To Shoulder: Female Suffrage, Second-Wave Feminism and feminist TV Drama in the 1970s – which focussed on ‘Shoulder to Shoulder’,  the BBC’s 6-part series about the militant suffrage movement, broadcast in 1974.

The conference was held on 15 and 16 May 2014 at Birkbeck College’s School of Arts in Gordon Square. Who would think that behind the familiar early-19th-century facade of no 43 lies a state-of-the art cinema and gallery? It was a pleasure to be there.

And even more of a pleasure to be in the audience for a screening of one of the episodes from the series. The one selected was Episode 2 – ‘Annie Kenney’, written by Alan Plater, directed by Waris Hussein and starring Georgia Brown as Annie Kenney. This was the first time I had ever seen the production. I have long known of the series, have sold copies of Midge McKenzie’s ‘spin-off’ book, and have even sold copies of the Radio Times Special that was produced to accompany the series, and the tie-in issue of Radio Times in which Margaret Drabble interviewed three surviving suffragettes, Grace Roe, Leonora Cohen and Cicely Hale. But I have never seen the programmes – we didn’t have a television in the 1970s.

shouldertoshoulder1I was very impressed by the episode I saw – impressed by the script and by the production. From a 2014 perspective faces, dresses, sets etc  all look persuasively Edwardian – no hint, I think, of the 1970s.

The script, too, is pleasingly accurate. There was much discussion at the conference about the fact that the writers of the series were reflecting the Pankhursts’  view of suffragette history, centring the story around the characters of Emmeline, Christabel and Sylvia Pankhurst and Annie Kenney. Nevertheless they do not shirk from dealing with the politics of the campaign in considerable detail. Would any drama series nowadays bother (dare!) to discuss the nitty-gritty of the  ballot for private members’ bills – and actually mention the name ‘Bamford Slack’?

After the screening of the Annie Kenney episode we were privileged to be party to a reunion discussion between cast and crew of the series, chaired by Dame Joan Bakewell.  Sian Phillips, who played Emmeline Pankhurst, Patricia Quinn,(Christabel) and Angela Down (Sylvia) were joined by two of the series’ directors, Waris Hussein and Moira Armstrong, and Graham Benson, the programme’s production manager. All had given up their time to come along and reminisce about the making of the series. It’s always so interesting to listen to insiders talking – and remarkable that 40 years on so many details were recalled.

I particularly liked the fact that, because the budget allowed for so few extras, rather than attempting to show the battle in Parliament Square on ‘Black Friday’, the damage wrought on the suffragettes was, instead, hinted at by filming the detritus left on the ground, while  a voice-over intoned a dispassionate account (from a newspaper, think). Very much an example of  ‘less is more’.

One thing that became very clear was that cast, crew and audience were united in hoping that  Shoulder To Shoulder would be made available on a DVD. In my bookselling capacity I am often asked if I know where such a thing might be obtained – and the answer is that, not only has the series rarely been rebroadcast, but there is no DVD. You can find  the series on You Tube – but it really should be  commercially available, with added background, context, interviews etc.  Apart from the interest and enjoyment it would give to the general viewer, what an excellent teaching tool it would be!

Dr Janet McCabe of Birkbeck and Dr Vicky Ball of De Montfort University are planning to launch a campaign to persuade the BBC to produce a DVD of Shoulder To Shoulder. There will be a petition and, to coordinate the campaign, a Facebook page. But in the meantime, if you are interested in giving your support you can email Janet McCabe at jmccabe@bbk.ac.uk or Vicky Ball at vicky.ball@dmu.ac.uk.

Radio times 1

, ,

9 Comments

Suffrage Stories: 1911 Census: View House of Commons Talk – Vanishing For The Vote – The Suffragette Boycott

Vanishing for the Vote 1 001

A couple of months ago, to coincide with the publication of  Dr Jill Liddington’s latest book, Vanishing for the Vote, I was pleased to take part in a three-hander talk – with Jill and Prof Pat Thane – in the House of Commons – in which we discussed the suffragette boycott of the 1911 census. This talk was videoed and has now been uploaded to the Parliamentary YouTube channel. You can view it here.

Jill and I had together undertaken the initial research into the identities of those who had either made clear on their census forms that they were not prepared to answer the government’s questions or who had failed to be included on any census return. This work resulted in a jointly-written article in History Workshop Journal – see here to read it – and a talk I gave at a National Archives conference on the 1911 census  – which you can listen to here.  The details of 500 women protesters may be found in the Gazetteer that Jill and I compiled and which comprises the final section of Vanishing for the Vote.

, , ,

Leave a comment

Suffrage Stories: The 1866 Suffrage Petition – And The Geyser

PetitionBack in the days when the world was young, there was no internet, and antiquarian booksellers – as well as the layman/woman book-buyer – had to search their quarry among the stacks of brick and mortar bookshops, my time, when not engaged in child care, was spent touring London and the market towns of southern England in search of the books and ephemera with which I and my customers might resurrect the women that were famously ‘hidden from history’.

These days have long passed away – now we need only sit at home and search internet book-selling sites,  trawling through the print-on-demand dross in the increasingly forlorn hope of finding the odd nugget of treasure. The corollary, of course, is that there are now precious few brick and mortar bookshops selling second-hand/antiquarian books.

In those olden days I even thought it occasionally worthwhile to take a tour down Portobello Road on a Saturday morning, not something I have  done  for a long time, now that Portobello’s landlords are handing the antiques arcades over to fashion chain stores. But that particular Saturday-morning visit was memorable because it was in a bookselling alcove in the warrens that stretch behind Portobello Road that I came across one of the most interesting finds of my bookselling career – a copy of the pamphlet edition of the 1866 women’s suffrage petition.

The petition itself comprised  a long scroll onto which were pasted the signatures of the (circa) 1500 women who, in the spring of 1866,  were prepared to put their names to a request (it was certainly not yet a demand) that women who met the requisite  property qualifications , as set out in the Reform bill then under discussion, should be able to cast a parliamentary vote alongside men. The petition had been organised by a group of women who formed themselves into a small informal committee – among their number being Barbara Bodichon, Bessie Rayner Parkes, Elizabeth Garrett, and Emily Davies.  John Stuart Mill, for whom they had campaigned when he had contested – and won – the Westminster parliamentary seat the previous year, had agreed to present the petition.

Emily Davies was the businesswoman of the group and it was she who decided that the names of those who had signed the petition should be printed in pamphlet form and sent to  the weekly papers so that, as she wrote on 18 July 1866 to Helen Taylor (Mill’s step-daughter), ‘ in case they take any notice, they make know what they are commenting on.’  Copies of the petition pamphlet were also sent to members of the House of Commons and the House of Lords.

The copy of ‘my’ 1866 petition pamphlet is, as you see, addressed to Earl Cathcart –  the 3rd Earl, Alan Frederick Cathcart. I suspect he was not overly interested in the rights of women.

I did sell the pamphlet almost as soon as I found it but, before parting with it, had the sense to take a photocopy. That sounds nothing extraordinary, but back in those days photocopiers were not the casual desk accessory that they are today and in order to process the petition’s 38 pages I had to visit the machine in the local library. How glad I am that I bothered to do so. For having easy access to those 1500 names allowed me not only to build up the pattern of political and friendship networks supporting the suffrage campaign that lies at the heart of The Women’s Suffrage Movement: a reference guidebut also provided a starting-point for researching The Women’s Suffrage Movement: a regional survey, in which the part each region, county and town played in the campaign is detailed.

Some of the names on the petition are well-known, but it is the unknown that I find particularly interesting. For example, Fanny Maughan of 214 Goswell Road, London EC  attracted my attention because that address is a very close to where I live. Although Fanny’s house has long been swept away to make room for a high-rise housing estate, I wanted to know how her name might have come to be on one of those petition slips.

She was born Fanny Elizabeth Seamer in Hackney in 1838, when her family was living in Down Terrace, Clapton. Her father, a hairdresser, died when she was young and her mother remarried John King, a piano maker. The ‘new’ family lived in Bishopsgate and Fanny acquired half-brothers, one of whom was named John Lovett King.   In 1863 Fanny married Benjamin Waddy Maughan in Islington and three years later signed the women’s suffrage petition.

How did Fanny Maughan come within the orbit of the petition gatherers? Well, there is a tiny possible clue in her half-brother’s middle name, from which I would guess that her step-father was connected to the circle surrounding William Lovett, chartist and artisan radical. More to the point her father-in-law, John Maughan, born into a non-conformist (Wesleyan) family, became a friend of William Lovett, an associate of George Holyoake, and a member of the London Secular Society. The men in these circle were all supportive of John Stuart Mill – and the petition – and someone must have suggested that a visit should be made to 214 Goswell Road, to request Fanny Maughan’s signature.

Although Fanny Maughan has left no discernible trace other than that signature on the petition, we have good reason to think daily of her husband. For 1n 1868 Benjamin Waddy Maughan invented the first domestic water heater that did not rely on solid fuel. His invention – which he called The Geyser – used gas to provide a constant stream of hot water.

Maughan's geyser  By 1881 he and Fanny were living at Heydon House, Quarry Road, Hastings and Benjamin was described on the census as ‘Gas Engineer Fitter, employing 28 hands’. However, by 1887, when Fanny died, the couple were back living in Islington and Benjamin had a factory at Gloucester Road in Hackney, just off Hackney Road.

Alas, all did not go well for Benjamin Maughan and the 1911 census shows him, described as ‘formerly house painter’, as an inmate of the Islington Workhouse, with a note that he had become deaf when he was 63 years old. I cannot even with certainty find a record of his death. But how interesting that the geyser, an invention that, in time, did much to unshackle women from household chores, should have been so closely associated with the 1866 women’s suffrage petition. I sincerely hope that Fanny Maughan – and the cook and the housemaid that the family were able to afford in the 1880s – were able to benefit from Benjamin’s invention.

 

Ann Dingsdale also researches the 1866 petition –  access her thesis here and her blog here

, ,

1 Comment

Suffrage Stories: Five Reasons To Love Sally Heathcote Suffragette

I knew only of Mary Talbot as the author of the Costa-winning Dotter of Her Father’s Eyes when, a year ago, she got in touch, sending me PDFs of the bulk of Sally Heathcote Suffragette and asking what I thought of it.

I had no hesitation in deciding that Sally Heathcote Suffragette was a winner.

FrontCovercropped-211x300

 

1) Not only does the book tell the story of the militant suffrage movement with clarity and verve, but, most interestingly, approaches the narrative from an unfamiliar angle.  And I must say it is an angle that appeals to me. For Sally’s  story applauds the efforts of Frederick and Emmeline Pethick Lawrence, whose work for the cause has been overshadowed by the antics of the more headline-grabbing suffragettes. By not offering any resistance to their ousting from the WSPU by Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst they have, until now, been consigned to the shadows.

The Pethick Lawrences were militant up to a point – they both went to prison – but they drew the line at bombings and fire-raising. Apart from the danger involved, they could see that this level of violence would only further antagonise both government and public.

Sally Heathcote  brings to the fore the social philanthropy – and socialism – that lay at the heart of the Pethick-Lawrences’ involvement in the suffrage cause and their support for pacifism during the First World War. They  effected ‘deeds’ – running the Maison Esperance, the Esperance Club and the Green Lady Hostel- as well as publishing ‘words’ – in the shape of the paper Votes for Women. You can read more about the Pethick-Lawrences’ work after their expulsion from the WSPU here.

2) I love the accuracy of Sally Heathcote – not only of the history, but of the visuals. For instance I was very taken by Kate Charlesworth’s drawing of the interior of Lincoln’s Inn House – as in the picture in the bottom frames here.

Metcalfe Woman's Effort_0001

Below is the interior of Lincoln’s Inn House in reality – a (rather blurry) photo I took in what is now a Bill’s Restaurant last summer. I just love the fact that the detailing of the staircase railing is so right.

Lincolns Inn House interior 2

 

I asked if either Kate or Mary had visited the building   – but no. We worked out that Bryan’s source had been this page in Votes for Women.

3) All the well-known suffrage scenes are captured brilliantly. You can see from Kate’s drawing of Christabel speaking in Trafalgar Square how her fresh-faced spontaneity had the power to entrance her audience.  And I do like the comment in the bottom right of the picture -there’s no doubt Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence’s prose was on occasion over-purpled.

 

 

Metcalfe Woman's Effort_0002

 

4) I love Sally because one page alone refers to two constituents of the suffrage campaign that have long appealed to me. The first is dear Elizabeth Wolstenholme Elmy, whose life-long efforts have until recently been sadly undervalued. I remember that when  the massively long text for my The Women’s Suffrage Movement: a reference guide was being copy-edited, the excellent editor did demur about the length of the entry on Mrs Elmy. However, I managed to convince him that she was really important and that back then, in 1999, very little had been written about her – so she was allowed her long entry. So I’m very pleased that Mary has taken notice of her. The postcard (and, of course, I’m very keen on real photographic postcards) shows her on Mrs Pankhurst’s platform during the 1908 Hyde Park rally. You can just see that Kate has drawn a hint of the bouquet that Mrs Elmy was carrying. Mrs E. mentioned in a letter that it was composed of ferns, purple lilies and lilies of the valley – the colours with which  Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence branded the WSPU for this grand occasion.

The second reference is to Maison Esperance – the dressmaking establishment set up by Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence to put her ideals into practice and provide her workers with good working conditions – such as an 8-hour day. I have always thought this a laudable and intriguing enterprise.  Alas, as Mary admits in another frame in the text, the experiment did not last long. Was the provision of good working conditions uneconomic? Or was it that the Maison’s garments did not flatter? Why did Emmeline, with her marketing skill, not get the Cara Delevingne or Alexa Chung of the day to be seen wearing them?   However, the associated girls’ club and the Green Lady Hostel at Littlehampton were successful.

Metcalfe Woman's Effort_0003

 

5) Finally, apart from everything else, I applaud the understated – but very pointed – message in the final frame.  Read the book – look at the pictures – and discover what this is.

 

Do have a look at Mary Talbot’s website to find out more about Sally Heathcote Suffragette  – about Mary and Bryan Talbot and Kate Charlesworth – and about associated conferences and book signings.

, , , ,

Leave a comment

Suffrage Stories: Anti-Suffrage Sneaks And Their Stealthy Stickering

Below is an item that I found in a postcard album compiled by Mrs Louisa Thomson Price, one of the leaders of the Women’s Freedom League.

Anti SuffrageMrs Thomson Price acquired this sticker at a ‘Anti-Suffrage campaign’ demonstration held on 16 July 1910 in Trafalgar Square  – during which men mingled with the crowd and stickered ‘well-known women suffragists’ with ‘Votes for Women Never’ slogans.  The Daily Telegraph, in describing the demonstration, particularly remarked on ‘the large number of suffragists and supporters of “votes for women” who were in attendance’,  commenting that ‘the militant Suffragists utilized the occasion as a great opportunity for doing propaganda work among the enemy.’

While Mrs Thomson Price declared that this stealthy stickering was ‘typical of the methods of the ‘Men’s League for Opposing Women’s Suffrage’, The Daily Telegraph reveals that ‘a most effective ending to the afternoon was the march past of the WSPU Drum and Fife Band playing ‘The Marseilles’. Well, that was certainly a more open spoiler.

This anti-suffrage demonstration was held a few days after the suffrage Conciliation Bill had passed its second reading in the House of Commons and  a week before the WSPU’s massive 23 July rally in Hyde Park.  The suffrage campaigners’ hopes were high -and the anti-suffragists were presumably just a little nervous. They need not have worried – for on the very day of the Hyde Park spectacular the prime minister, Asquith, informed Lord Lytton, chairman of the Conciliation Committee that the Conciliation Bill would progress no further than parliamentary session. It was yet another example of how difficult it was to get the political machine to change gear if those in the engine room were not minded to operate the levers.

Mrs Louisa Thomson Price (1864 -1926) was the daughter of a Tory military family but from an early age rebelled against their way of thinking and became a secularist and a Radical. In 1888 she married John Sansom, a member of the executive of the NSS.From c 1886  she worked as a journalist – as a political writer, then a very unusual area for women, and drew cartoons for a radical journal, ‘Political World’. She was a member of the Council of the Society of Women Journalists. After the death of her first husband, in 1907 she married George Thomson Price.

Louisa Thomson Price was an early member of the Women’s Freedom League, became a consultant editor of its paper, The Vote, and was a director of Minerva Publishing, publisher of the paper.  She took part in the WFL picket of the House of Commons and was very much in favour of this type of militancy. In her will she left £250 to the WFL. and £1000 to endow a Louisa Thomson Price bed at the Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Hospital.

 

 

 

, , ,

Leave a comment

Suffrage Stories: Words – As Well As Deeds

This article was published in the March 2003 issue of Antiquarian Book Review.

‘Deeds Not Words’ was Mrs Pankhurst’s motto. The slogan flourished in the early 20th century – it was even embroidered on a banner – a reaction to the apparently unproductive campaign for the enfranchisement of women that had already been waged for nearly 40 years.

Hammersmith deeds The debate as to whether the vote was won by the slow drip of reasoned argument or by the sharp crack of breaking glass is one that still occupies historians. Althought it is the deeds of Mrs Pankhurst’s suffragettes – the spectacle of processions, the breaking of windows, the burning of houses and churches – that has coloured the popular perception of the suffrage campaign, without the ‘words’ that had over many years shaped the idea that women had an equal right with men to citizenship, the ‘deeds’ would have been committed in a vacuum. The women’s suffrage campaign was, during its entire 62 years, underpinned by ‘Literature’ in all its guises.

Works written in support of women’s enfranchisement had little difficulty in achieving publication. The instigators of the movement were members of the articulate radical middle class and were in close contact with communicators. A tentative beginning had been made in 1851 with Harriet Taylor’s article The Enfranchisement of Women, which, shortly after her marriage to John Stuart Mill, was published anonymously in the Westminster Review ( a journal of which Mill had in the past been editor). This was followed in 1855 by a pamphlet, The Right of Women to the Elective Franchise, written by Agnes Pochin, wife of a future Liberal MP, and published by John Chapman, that ‘Publisher of Liberalisms’.

Among the names of the 1500 women who signed the suffrage petition that Mill presented to parliament in June 1866 (marking the formal beginning of the campaign), were several with connections to the publishing or bookselling trades – including  Elspet Strahan, sister of Alexander Strahan, a liberal with a zeal for social reform and the publisher of the eponymous publishing house. He had recently launched the Contemporary Review, in which he published an article on ‘female suffrage’ in March 1867, written by Lydia Becker.

Lydia Becker

Lydia Becker – with books

Based in Manchester, Lydia Becker was to be the driving force behind the 19th-century campaign. Among other signatories to the petition were Louisa Farrah, wife of a radical publisher and bookseller (282 Strand, London); Eliza Embleton, a bookseller from Leeds (Burley Street);  the wife of James Renshaw Cooper, a radical Manchester bookseller (1 Bridge Street); and the wife and daughter (both named ‘Harriet’) of Edward Truelove, radical publisher and antiquarian bookseller (2240 Strand), who had been imprisoned for publishing Robert Owen’s Physiology in Relation to Morals. (See here for an interesting blog by Dr Tony Shaw about Truelove and his grave, on which the two Harriets both appear.)

 

Edward Truelove's grave in Highgate Cemetery. Photo courtesy Dr Tony Shaw

Edward Truelove’s grave in Highgate Cemetery. Photo courtesy Dr Tony Shaw

Once the campaign had been launched, ‘words’ in support of women’s enfranchisement multiplied rapidly. The societies that had formed to promote the cause published a plethora of pamphlets – one of the first, of which 4500 copies were distributed, was a reprinting of the speech made by Mill to Parliament during the debate on the second reform bill in May 1867.

The accounts of the earliest Enfranchisement of Women Committee show that in its first year of existence over £94 was spent on printing. This was set against receipts from the sale of pamphlets of only £6 11s. Political publishing was not a profitable business. In reality, political publishers who were prepared to put their imprint on books and journals to promote the woman’s cause were not so unworldly as to risk their money. A study of the ledgers of companies, such as Trubner and H.S. King, reveals that many of the suffrage publications, including Lydia Becker’s The Women’s Suffrage Journal, were published only on a commission basis.

Under this arrangement, the author or the society undertook all the risk of publication, while the publishers merely provided the service of printing, binding and distribution, for which they gave the book their imprint, charged a fee and took a percentage of sales. Publishers’ ledgers, where they have survived, provide an interesting keyhole through which to view the suffrage campaign. Lists of payments make it possible to identify an author who published anonymously, the print order for a  book, journal or pamphlet can give us an idea of the ambition of the author or society; and the number of pulped gives a reason why so many of the items are now extremely scarce – and expensive.

The suffrage campaign appeared to have made such considerable progress in its first years that Mill, a canny businessman as well as philosopher, felt the time was ripe to publish the work that he had first drafted in the early 1860s on ‘the woman question’. As he wrote in a letter to The Times on 9 April 1869: ‘It is not specially on the Suffrage question, but on all the questions relating to women’s domestic subordination and social disabilities, all of which it discusses more fully than has been done hitherto. I think it will be useful, and all the more, it is sure to be bitterly attacked’. Mill knew full well the publicity value of controversy.

John Stuart Mill remained a hero to the more constitutionally-minded elements in the suffrage campaign

John Stuart Mill remained a hero to the more constitutionally-minded elements in the suffrage campaign

The Subjection of Women was published by Longmans in May 1869, went into a second edition in the same year, and has remained ever since a central text of the women’s movement.

Helen Blackburn, Women's Suffrage, 1902

Helen Blackburn, Women’s Suffrage, 1902

It took until 1902 for the first history of the campaign to appear. Women’s Suffrage: a record of the women’s suffrage movement in the British Isles with biographical sketches of Miss Becker was painstakingly compiled by Helen Blackburn, who had for many years worked as secretary of the Central Committee for Women’s Suffrage.

The new force that emerged in 1903, Mrs Emmeline Pankhurst’s Women’s Social and Political Union, did not delay so long before giving itself a distinctive history. A series of articles written by Sylvia Pankhurst, daughter of Emmeline, as The History of the Suffrage Movement, appeared in the WSPU’s new paper, Votes for Women, starting in the first issue in October 1907 and concluding in September 1909.

Pankhurst SuffragetteThis history was, naturally, shaped to emphasise the Pankhursts’ centrality to the movement. Bibliophiles might like to note that the book that emerged from the articles, The Suffragette: the history of the women’s militant movement, was first published in America in 1911 by Sturgis & Walton and sheets where only then shipped back to Britain, where it was subsequently published by Gay & Hancock.

The publication in 1912 of Women’s Suffrage: a short history of a great movement (TC & EC Jack), written by Millicent Fawcett, did something to redress the balance. She had been involved with the campaign since its earliest days and since 1907 had been leader of those who described themselves as ‘law-abiding’ in contradistinction to the militants.

Metcalfe Woman's EffortAgnes Metcalfe’s Woman’s Effort: a chronicle of British Women’s Fifty Years Struggle for Citizenship (1865-1914), published in 1917, gives a detailed overview of the campaign, concentrating on the efforts of the militants.

 

womensvictoryaft00fawcuoft_0009

In 1920 Mrs Fawcett completed her history of the suffrage campaign, begun in A Short History, with another pithy summary of events that had led to the passing of the Representation of the People Act, 1918,  granting the vote to women over the age of 30.

All these books were bought (as ownership inscriptions found in them testify) by sympathisers to the cause, were part of the stock of the small lending libraries run by many of the local suffrage societies and also found their way into the public library systems and even into prison libraries. While imprisoned, suffragettes were able to read lives, such as those of Joan of Arc and Garibaldi, that they considered (by analogy) relevant to their cause – the cult of the ‘hero’ clearly appealed to those conscious of their role in history.

Daniel Maclise, John Francis Maguire

Daniel Maclise, John Francis Maguire

Alongside the polemics, the women’s suffrage campaign also provided a rich seam mined by writers of fiction. John Francis Maguire, MP for Cork and an active supporter of the woman’s cause, was the first, publishing in 1871, a year before his death, a three-decker, The Next Generation (Hurst & Blackett). The action was set in 1891, by which time the ‘Rights of Woman’ movement..was a wonderful success [and had] long since been accepted with satisfaction almost universal’. Eighty-nine women MPs sat in parliament and Mrs Bates was chancellor of the exchequer.

The following year, ‘Arthur Sketchley’ in Mrs Brown on Women’s Rights (George Routledge) worked what Maguire had correctly identified as a ‘fruitful theme’, and demonstrated that his comic heroine, Martha Brown, had already got the measure of ‘women’s sufferages’. Mrs Brown surveys her first suffrage meeting: ‘Why, surely no Members of Parlyment aint a-coming to sich a ‘ole as this; for I’d ‘eard Miss Snapley a-braggin’ as Professor Fairplay were a-goin’ to take up the question in the chair, along with a old lady in the name of Mill, and a good many more as all ‘oped to be in Parlyment afore they died.’

The subject also, of course, lent itself to melodrama as well as to comedy. Emily Spender published in 1871 a novel, Restored (Hurst & Blackett, 1871) dedicated to the leader of the Bath society for women’s suffrage, of which she herself was an active member. In the novel a wicked husband, repossessing his young wife, declaims ‘If you had read your Bible a bit more, and John Stuart Mill, a little less, you would have been a better woman, Frederica.’ [Incidentally Emily Spender, the great-aunt of Sir Stephen Spender, spent her later years in Italyand was the model for E.M. Forster's 'Miss Lavish' in Room with a View.]

Throughout the 19th century, a stream of novels used support for, or antipathy to, the suffrage cause as a shorthand by which to delineate characters or to put plot machinery into gear. An indication that the campaign was losing its momentum at the end of the century may be surmised from the fact that between 1900 and 1906 no ‘suffrage’ novels were published.

Robins, The Convert. Photo courtesy of Lorne Bair

Robins, The Convert. Photo courtesy of Lorne Bair (click here to find a 1st US ed for sale)

However, in 1907, the year after the WSPU took its campaign to London, three novels appeared. The most famous of these is The Convert (Methuen) written by Elizabeth Robins, who was a keen supporter of the WSPU and based her scenes and personalities on activities of which she had been an eyewitness. Describing a suffrage rally in Trafalgar Square she drummed home the argument for the existence of the WSPU:

‘You’re in too big a hurry’, someone shouted, ‘All the Liberals want is a little time.’

‘Time! You seem not to know that the first petition in favour of giving us the Franchise was signed in 1866…We must try some other way. How did you working men get the suffrage?, we asked ourselves. Well, we turned to the records and we say. We don’t want to follow such a violent example. We would much rather not – but if that’s the only way we can make the country see we’re in earnest – we are prepared to show them.’

The Convert was in fact Elizabeth Robins’ novelisation of her play Votes for Women!,  written during the autumn of 1906 and  first staged at the Royal Court Theatre in April 1907. For Kate Parry Frye’s description of a visit to see the play on 16 April 1907 click here.

Elizabeth Robins, as author of 'Votes for Women!' featured on a card in 'The Game of the Suffragette'

Elizabeth Robins, as author of ‘Votes for Women!’, featured on a card in ‘The Game of the Suffragette’

In the years that followed, the real-life activities of the suffragettes were reflected by the derring-do of their fictional equivalents in a steady stream of novels. Novelists could now take their middle-class readers into places they might not previously have sought to enter – even the prison cell – and were given legitimate reason to describe the indignities that might be wrought on women’s bodies, whether through the horrors of force-feeding or at the hands of policemen in battle outside the House of Commons. A hero of one such tale (A. Mollwo, A Fair Suffragette) is racked by ‘the picture of [a] fragile, slender little body at the mercy of this yelling, excited crowd, torn first one way, then another, insulted by angry policemen, knocked under the feet of horses.’

Words describing the WSPU Deeds - from Kate Frye's diary

Words describing the WSPU Deeds – from Kate Frye’s diary

All in all, the wide range of  ‘suffrage’ literature published during the course of the campaign – histories, tracts, speeches, leaflets and novels – offers historians and collectors a fascinating lens through which to view not only the political battle in all its complication, but also the changing perception of the position of women that in the end was so necessary to the winning the vote.

 

, , , , , ,

Leave a comment

Women And The First World War: The Work Of Women Doctors

I wrote the following article back in 2006 and it was published in that July’s issue of Ancestors, a magazine published by The National Archives but now, alas, defunct.

The Work of Women Doctors in First World War

On 15 September 1914, six weeks after the outbreak of the First World War, Louisa Garrett Anderson, daughter of Britain’s first woman doctor, wrote to her mother, ‘This is just what you would have done at my age. I hope I shall be able to do it half as well as you would have done’. Louisa was writing in the train on her way to Paris where, with her companion, Dr Flora Murray, she proposed to set up a hospital to treat the war wounded.

Louisa Garrett Anderson (r) and Flora Murray - plus dog. (Phot0 courtesy of BBC website)

Louisa Garrett Anderson (r) and Flora Murray – plus dog. (Phot0 courtesy of BBC website)

Neither woman had any previous experience of tending male patients. Louisa was a surgeon in the New Hospital for Women, founded by her mother, and Flora was physician to the Women’s Hospital for Children that she and Louisa had established in London, in the Harrow Road.  Although it was now nearly 40 years since British women had become eligible to study and practise medicine, they were still barred from posts in most general hospitals. Their work was confined to general practice and to the hospitals that had been founded by women to treat women and children. The war, however, created new conditions and by its close around one-fifth of Britain’s women doctors had undertaken medical war work, both at home and, more particularly, abroad.

This experience was not at first gained through the conventional conduit of the Royal Army Medical Corps or through the joint committee of the British Red Cross Society and the Order of St John that had been formed to co-ordinate voluntary medical work. The War Office, believing it had sufficient reserves of male medical personnel, refused to employ women doctors in war zones. However in the chaos of war the relief of suffering was open to any groups – even groups of women – able to raise the necessary funds and staff.

In autumn 1914 British agencies, such as the Serbian Relief Fund, the Society of Friends, the Wounded Allies Relief Committee and the British Farmers, quickly organized medical teams for service overseas. Many of these, such as the Berry Mission and the Almeric Paget Massage Corps, were happy to include women doctors. Of other ‘free enterprises’ the Women’s Imperial Service League, the Women’s Hospital Corps, and the Scottish Women’s Hospitals employed only women doctors.

Mrs Stobart (centre) with her group in Antwerp. Sept 1914. Photo courtesy of Imperial War Museum Collection

Mrs Stobart (centre) with her group in Antwerp. Sept 1914. Photo courtesy of Imperial War Museum Collection

The Women’s Imperial Service League was formed by Mrs Mabel St Clair Stobart in August 1914. Unlike most women of her day Mrs Stobart already had experience of organizing a medical mission to a war zone. In 1912 she had founded the Women’s Convoy Corps, taking it to Bulgaria during the first Balkan war. Mrs Stobart’s team had comprised three women doctors, ‘for the purpose of fully demonstrating my argument that women are capable of undertaking all work in connection with the sick and wounded in warfare.’  Similarly, at the invitation of the Belgian Croix Rouge, on 22 September 1914 she took the Women’s Imperial Service League unit to Antwerp.

Florence Stoney, wearing the decorations she received for her service during the First World War

Florence Stoney, wearing the decorations she received for her service during the First World War

The doctor-in-charge was Dr Florence Stoney, who before the war had set up the x-ray department at the Royal Free and the New Hospital for Women and who brought with her the very latest in x-ray equipment.  Accompanying her were five other women, Drs Joan Watts, Helen Hanson, Mabel Ramsay (for her account of the expedition click  here) , Rose Turner and Emily Morris. As the Germans overran Belgium the women were quickly forced to evacuate.

In April 1915, after working for a time in France, the Stobart Unit set out for Serbia, under the auspices of the Serbian Relief Fund.  That country had lost many of its own doctors and was grateful for the assistance of the Unit, which by now comprised 15 women doctors. The Unit dealt with those wounded in battle but also played an important part in treating the neglected civilian population. Typhus was a major threat to the health of both soldiers and civilians and the Unit set up roadside dispensaries so that patients could be treated before they entered towns and spread infection further.  This work came to an end when Bulgaria invaded Serbia in October 1915 and the Unit was forced to retreat.

George James Rankin, Mrs M. A St Clair Stobart (Lady of the Black Horse(c) British Red Cross Museum and Archives; Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation)

George James Rankin, Mrs M. A St Clair Stobart (Lady of the Black Horse. (c) British Red Cross Museum and Archives; Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation)

Mrs Stobart, a feminist but fiercely independent, had not been directly involved in the pre-war suffrage campaign, unlike many of her doctors. Drs Helen Hanson and Dorothy Tudor, who went out to Bulgaria with her in 1912, were members of the Women’s Freedom League and Dr Mabel Ramsay had been secretary of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage society in Plymouth. Indeed women doctors, as a class, had been very much involved in the suffrage movement, the greater number being associated with the non-militant National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS). Most women could not afford to jeopardize their livelihood and professional standing by serving a prison term.

As tax payers many doctors were members of the Tax Resistance League, prepared to commit acts of civil disobedience that did not result in imprisonment.  Louisa Garrett Anderson and Flora Murray were relatively unusual in being supporters of Mrs Pankhurst’s Women’s Social and Political Union. Indeed in 1912 Louisa Garrett Anderson had joined the hunger strike when imprisoned in Holloway after taking part in a WSPU window-smashing raid. However on the outbreak of war the suffrage campaign was suspended and within eight days women doctors, both suffragettes and suffragists, were planning how best to give practical support to the war effort.

Louisa Garrett Anderson and Flora Murray wasted no energy in approaching the War Office. Instead, on 12 August, they called in person at the French Embassy, offering to raise and equip a surgical unit, comprising women doctors and trained nurses, for service in France. Within a week the French Red Cross had accepted this offer. The newly-formed Women’s Hospital Corps quickly raised £2000 and on 17 September 1914 Louisa Garrett Anderson was in Paris, writing that ‘we found Claridge’s Hotel [in which their hospital was to be housed] a gorgeous shell of marble and gilt without heating or crockery or anything practical but by dint of mild ‘militancy’ & unending push things have advanced immensely.’

Working alongside Anderson and Murray were Drs Gertrude Gazdar, Hazel Cuthbert and Grace Judge. On 27 September Louisa wrote to her mother: ‘The cases that come to us are very septic and the wounds are terrible. .. We have fitted up quite a satisfactory small operating theatre in the ‘Ladies Lavatory’ which has tiled floor and walls, good water supply & heating. I bought a simple operating table in Paris and we have arranged gas ring and fish kettles for sterilization…After years of unpopularity over the suffrage it is very exhilarating to be on top of the wave, helped and approved by everyone, except perhaps the English War Office, while all the time we are doing suffrage work – or woman’s work – in another form…I wish the whole organization for the care of the wounded…could be put into the hands of women. This is not military work. It is merely a matter of organisation, common sense, attention to detail and a determination to avoid unnecessary suffering and loss of life.’

In March 1915, after running a second hospital at Wimeueux, close to heavy fighting, the Women’s Hospital Corps received the accolade from the War Office of being put in charge of a new military hospital in London, housed in the former St Giles Workhouse in Endell Street, Covent Garden.

Endell Street Military Hospital, 1919. Courtesy  Wellcome Library, London. Wellcome Images images@wellcome.ac.uk

Endell Street Military Hospital, 1919. Courtesy Wellcome Library, London. Wellcome Images
images@wellcome.ac.uk

The hospital staff comprised women only and included 15 doctors, surgeons, ophthalmic surgeons, dental surgeons, an anaesthetist, bacteriological and pathological experts and seven assistant doctors and surgeons, together with a full staff of women assistants. Members of the executive staff were ‘attached’ to the Royal Army Medical Corps, holding equal rank and receiving equal pay with Army doctors, but were not commissioned and did not wear army uniform. Flora Murray’s rank was equivalent to that of a lieutenant-colonel and Louisa Garrett Anderson’s that of a major. For a ‘Woman’s Hour’ podcast about the Endell Street Hospital click here.

The hospital proved particularly successful in gaining the loyalty of its patients. One, Private Crouch, wrote in 1915 to his father in Australia: ‘The management is good, and the surgeons take great interest in and pains with their patients. They will persevere for months with a shattered limb, before amputation, to try to save it…The whole hospital is a triumph for women, and incidentally it is a triumph for suffragettes’. The Endell Street hospital was retained in service until October 1919, longer than many other temporary military hospitals, and in its time treated over 24,000 soldiers as in-patients and nearly the same number of out-patients.

Plaque commemorating the Endell Street Military Hospital (photo courtesy of Plaques of London website)

Plaque commemorating the Endell Street Military Hospital (photo courtesy of Plaques of London website)

Louisa Garrett Anderson who, like all the other women surgeons, had had no previous experience of trauma surgery, was particularly interested in the treatment of gunshot wounds. She backed the BIPP treatment (bismuth and iodoform paraffin paste), publishing articles on the subject in the Lancet. Both Murray and Anderson were, in 1917, among the first to be appointed CBE.

Elsie Inglis, 1916

Elsie Inglis, 1916

On the very day in August 1914 that Anderson and Murray were offering their assistance at the French Embassy, Elsie Inglis, a Scottish surgeon, proposed to a meeting in Edinburgh of the Scottish Federation of the NUWSS, of which she was secretary, that help should be given to the Red Cross. Matters swiftly progressed until Inglis was able to offer a unit of 100 beds to either the War Office or the Red Cross. After receiving a sharp rebuff, she, too, approached the French Ambassador with an offer to send hospital units to France. A similar proposition was also made to the Serbian authorities.

By 19 November 1914 the first Scottish Women’s Hospital Unit For Foreign Service was in Calais, dealing with an outbreak of typhoid. The doctor in charge was Alice Hutchinson, who in 1912 had been a member of Mrs Stobart’s Women’s Convoy Corps. In fact it was for service in Serbia that this unit had been recruited and, after dealing with the Calais emergency, by spring 1915 it was able to set up a 40-tent hospital at Valjevo, 80 miles from Belgrade.

Scottish Women's Hospitals Collecting box 1914-1918. Image courtesy of National MuseumsScotland. www.nms.ac.uk

Scottish Women’s Hospitals Collecting box 1914-1918. Image courtesy of National MuseumsScotland. http://www.nms.ac.uk

On 2 December 1914 the SWH’s first French unit (that is, the first intended for France) left Waverley Station, bound for Royaumont, where it was to be housed in a 13th-century Abbey.

Norah Neilson-Gray. The Scottish Women's Hospital : In The Cloister of the Abbaye at Royaumont. Dr. Frances Ivens inspecting a French patient. Picture courtesy Imperial War Museum Women's Work Section

Norah Neilson-Gray. The Scottish Women’s Hospital : In The Cloister of the Abbaye at Royaumont. Dr. Frances Ivens inspecting a French patient. Picture courtesy Imperial War Museum Women’s Work Section

The unit comprised seven doctors, under the charge of Dr Frances Ivens.  It was one of the hospitals closest to the front line and at its peak was, with 600 beds, the largest British voluntary hospital in France.  On 25 September 1915 Miss M. Starr, a VAD at Royaumont, wrote of a casualty that had just arrived, ’One arm will simply have to be amputated, he had had poison gas, as well, and the smell was enough to knock one down, bits of bone sticking out and all gangrene. It will be marvellous if Miss Ivens saves it, but she is going to try it appears, as it is his right arm. He went to X-ray, then to Theatre, and I believe the operation was rather wonderful, but I had no time to stop and see’. Four days later she wrote,  ‘The operating theatre is a horrible hell these days, it goes on till 2 and 3 in the morning. Then there is another fitted up temporarily on one of the Ward kitchens’.

In mid-1917 Royaumont opened a satellite camp hospital even closer to the line, at Villers Cotterets. From there in May 1918 Dr Elizabeth Courtauld wrote, ‘Terrible cases came in. Between 10.30 and 3.30 or 4 am we had to amputate six thighs and one leg, mostly by the light of bits of candle, held by the orderlies, and as for me giving the anaesthetic, I did it more or less in the dark at my end of the patient’.

Between January 1915 and February 1919 the surgeons at Royaumont and Villers Cotterets performed 7204 operations. The hospital had an excellent x-ray unit, necessary for locating bullets and shrapnel before surgery, and placed great importance on bacteriological examinations.  To prevent death from gas gangrene the doctors followed the procedure developed in 1915 of extensive excision of the wound, which was then kept open, with an appropriate dressing, for later suture.

In May 1915 a second Scottish Women’s hospital was established by the ‘Girton and Newnham’ Unit, in tents, near Troyes. Its doctors included Laura Sandeman, Louise McIlroy and Isabel Emslie.

In November 1915 the unit was moved from France to Salonika, attached to the French Expeditionary Force. By April 1915 Elsie Inglis was in Serbia, in charge of another unit, the ‘London’. She worked there and in Russia until the autumn of 1917 when, with her unit, she returned, mortally ill, dying the day after arriving at Newcastle.

In Serbia the necessity was less for war surgery than for combating disease. Dysentery, typhus and malaria were rife. The SWH laboratory attached to the Girton and Newnham Unit was the best equipped in Serbia and its pathologists were kept busy.  In it Isabel Emslie carried out cerebro-spinal fluid examinations for the consultant physician to the British Army, writing later, ‘I was proud and most willing to help by giving this voluntary contribution to the British, who had not thought fit to accept our SWHs.’

Girton and Newnham Unit of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals about to embark on board ship at Liverpool, October 1915. Photo courtesy of Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow Archive

Girton and Newnham Unit of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals about to embark on board ship at Liverpool, October 1915. Photo courtesy of Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow Archive

In the summer of 1916 another SWH unit, named the ‘American Unit’ because it was financed by money raised in the USA, was sent to Ostrovo, 85 miles from Salonika. It was to remain in Serbia until mid-1919. Isabel Emslie became its chief medical officer in 1918.

Dr Isabel Emslie. : Wellcome Library, London. Wellcome Images images@wellcome.ac.ukCourtesy

Dr Isabel Emslie. Courtesy Wellcome Library, London. Wellcome Images
images@wellcome.ac.uk

She later wrote, ‘I did the operating and was ably assisted by the keen young doctors, latterly arrived from home, who were able to brief me on the latest methods, for it was now four years since I had been home. I undertook major operations which I never imagined would have fallen to my lot, and I would never have had the temerity to tackle all the specialist operations if there had been anyone else capable of doing them. Looking back on a long life of medical work and service, I believe that my sojourn in Vranja was the most worth-while period of my war experience and possibly of my life’. The work of the SWH in Serbia only ended in March 1920, by which time over 60 British women doctors, some of whom were working independently of the SWH, had served in the country.

By 1916 the War Office, recognizing that the supply of male doctors was dwindling, reversed its policy and sent a contingent of 85 medical women to Malta. Others followed and, for the remainder of the war, were to be found working in Egypt, Salonika and the Sinai Desert. These women were attached to the RAMC, receiving 24s a day, the pay of a male temporary officer. However they did not have equal rights, were forced to pay for their own board and were not permitted to wear uniform.

In Britain, again in response to the shortage of male doctors, a few women were appointed to posts in military hospitals. For instance Dr Helena Wright was a surgeon at Bethnal Green Military Hospital and Dr Florence Stoney, following her work with Mrs Stobart’s Unit, was appointed to the x-ray department of the Fulham Military Hospital. In addition, as the war dragged on, new posts became available to women doctors in connection with the new women’s services, the WAAC, the WRNS, and the WRAF.

During the war the necessity of providing the country with doctors forced the medical profession to allow women access to schools previously the preserve of men. The London School of Medicine for Women also played its part, expanding rapidly until, by 1919, it was the largest medical school in the country.

In How to Become a Woman Doctor, published in 1918, the author optimistically wrote that ‘War-time appointments at large hospitals have given great satisfaction and done much to break down old conservative ideas’. However, with the return to peace, the forces of reaction regrouped. The Royal Free once again became the only London teaching hospital offering clinical instruction to women. Women doctors, even those who had gained extensive experience in all aspects of medicine during the previous four years, were relegated to the type of position that they had held before the war. Although doctors such as Louise McIlroy, Frances Ivens and Isabel Elmslie had distinguished post-war careers, these were not based on the practical experience they had gained during the war.

The war-work of women doctors was quickly forgotten. It is only in the last decade or so that detailed research on the subject has been published. This has been facilitated by war diaries and collections of letters donated to archives either by the women medical workers themselves or by their descendants. If you believe that you have in your possession any such material, do consider depositing it at one of the archives listed below.

 

Taking it further

Imperial War Museum, Lambeth Road, London SE1 6HZ  holds books, papers and photographs relating to the work of medical women in the First World War.

The Liddle Collection, Leeds University Library, University of Leeds, LS2 9JT – is a specialist collection of primary material relating to the First World War, including papers of women doctors.

The Wellcome Library, 210 Euston Road, London NW! 2BE  holds the archive of the Medical Women’s Federation, which includes some material relating to the work of women doctors in the First World War.

The Women’s Library@ LSE - holds papers relating to Louisa Garrett Anderson, Flora Murray and the Women’s  Hospital Corps

Mitchell Library, 201 North Street, Glasgow holds the main archive of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals

 

Further Reading

Eileen Crofton, The Women of Royaumont: a Scottish women’s hospital on the Western Front (Tuckwell Press, 1997)

Monica Krippner, The Quality of Mercy: women at war, Serbia 1915-18 (David & Charles, 1980)

Leah Leneman, In the Service of Life: the story of Elsie Inglis and the Scottish Women’s Hospitals (Mercat Press, 1994)

Flora Murray, Women as Army Surgeons (Hodder & Stoughton, 1920)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[

 

 

 

, , , , ,

Leave a comment

Suffrage Stories: The Women’s Tax Resistance League And The Sad End Of Mrs Kineton Parkes

98 St Martin's Lane, home of the Women's Tax Resistance League

98 St Martin’s Lane, home of the Women’s Tax Resistance League

Flat 10, Talbot House, 98 St Martin’s Lane, on the borders of Covent Garden, was from 1910 the office of the Women’s Tax Resistance League and the home of Mrs Margaret Kineton Parkes (1865-1920), its indefatigable secretary. In 1889  she had married William Kineton Parkes, novelist, art historian and librarian to the Nicholson Institute in Leek, Staffordshire, built as a memorial to Richard Cobden. The couple had two sons, Gabriel and Maxwell, but by 1909, when Margaret Kineton Parkes moved to London, they appear to have separated.

TRL Talbot House 98 st Martin's Lane

 

Needless to say Mrs Kineton Parkes was not at home on the night of 2 April 1911 when the census was taken. The Women’s Tax Resistance League had been one of the societies that strongly supported the WFL/WSPU call to boycott the census and she doubtless spent the night at the Aldwych Skating Rink and the Gardenia Restaurant. Her son, Maxwell, was enumerated at the Letchworth home of Clara Lee of Norton Way, Letchworth, who was herself a census evader. Gabriel Parkes spent census night in Wandsworth at the home of a fellow agricultural student.

I suspect that Mrs Kineton Parkes was dependent on her work for the Women’s Tax Resistance League for her income. She certainly sent out frequent letters to other societies, advertising her services as a lecturer. For further information see my The Women’s Suffrage Movement: a reference guide (entries under ‘Parkes, Mrs Margaret Kineton’ and’Tax Resistance League’).

Women's Tax Resistance League badge

Women’s Tax Resistance League badge

In February 1914 Maxwell Parkes set sail for Wellington, New Zealand, his occupation described on the passenger list as ‘Farming’, although he was later, in various documents, described as ‘traveller’ (as in ‘commercial traveller’) and as ‘photographer’.

In August 1914, with suffrage campaigning put aside for the duration of the war, Mrs Kineton Parkes became financial secretary to the newly founded Women’s Emergency Corps. In March 1915 she was given a cheque as a testimonial for her work for the Women’s Tax Resistance League. This was presented at a ceremony held at the home of  Miss Gertrude Eaton, who had been an active tax resister and the chairman of the meeting was Mrs Cecil Chapman, president of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage.

On 2 November 1917 another meeting was held by member of the Tax Resistance League at Gertrude Eaton’s home, this time to wish Margaret Kineton Parkes ‘heartiest good wishes for health, happiness and prosperity’ prior to her departure on 16 November for New Zealand, travelling out to stay with her son Maxwell near Dunedin. She left with the society the text of a history of the Tax Resistance League, which was I think published as a pamphlet in 1919.

During 1918 and 1919 Margaret Kineton Parkes travelled the length and breadth of New Zealand, lecturing on women’s war work, on the struggle for the vote in Britain, and advocating a total prohibition on the sale of alcohol in NZ. See here for her views on the latter as reported in the Wairarapa Daily Times, 8 August 1919.  You can read here her comments on the passing of theUK  Representation People Bill, as expressed to the reporter from the Otago Times, 15 February 1918.

Mrs Kineton Parkes was still lecturing at the end of November 1919 and her death on 13 May 1920 was described as ‘sudden’.

Seacliff Mental Institution, Dunedin, New Zealand

Seacliff Mental Hospital, Dunedin, New Zealand

In fact she died in the Seacliff Mental Hospital, some miles outside Dunedin, the institution in which the writer Janet Frame was many years later to be a patient. Mrs Kineton Parkes was only 55 years old; an inquest was held and the coroner’s report gave the cause of her death as ‘exhaustion from acute delirious mania’. A sad end.

 

 

 

 

 

Leave a comment

Suffrage Stories/Suffrage Collecting: WSPU Illuminated Address

Illuminated address presented to Adelaide McCarthy

Illuminated address presented to Adelaide McCarthy

Illuminated addresses such as this were first presented to WSPU prisoners on their release from Holloway in September 1908. 

The addresses, signed by Emmeline Pankhurst, were designed by Sylvia Pankhurst and incorporate the purple, white and green colours that the WSPU had adopted three months earlier, in June 1908. The ‘angel of freedom’ device was one that Sylvia was to use on other WSPU artefacts – a neat piece of WSPU ‘branding’.

As ever, the suffrage collector needs to be on guard against modern reproductions that pass as the original. As a dealer I was once offered what appeared to be the address presented to suffragette Clara Codd. However, always rather suspicious, my research quickly revealed it to be a copy sold, entirely legitimately, by Bath-in-Time (the gallery of Bath Central Library). I was told that the unfortunate person offering the address to me had bought it as the real thing from a (presumably) rather unscrupulous source. Caveat Emptor.

 

, , , ,

Leave a comment

Suffrage Stories:’We Believe That The Rousing Of The Irish People Had Best Be Left To Irish Women’

‘We believe that the rousing of the Irish people on this matter had best be left to Irish women’

This article is the text of a paper that I gave in 2003 at a conference held at Portsmouth University to mark the 100th anniversary of the founding of the WSPU. Ten years later we are now approaching the 100th anniversary, on 25 May, of the passing of the Government of Ireland Act, the campaign for which had been so closely entwined with that for ‘Votes for Women’. In the circumstances it seems timely to remind my readers of the important – and complicated – part that Irish politics played in the women’s suffrage campaign.

In 2003 I had decided to devote the paper to the Irish suffrage campaign because, although the Irish Question and the British government’s attempts to deal with it, had a profound philosophical and a practical impact on the WSPU campaign both in Ireland and in mainland Britain, it is not a subject that is often given much consideration at English conferences.

The title of the paper – ‘We believe that the rousing of the Irish people on this matter had best be left to Irish women’ – is taken from an article published in The Irish Citizen of 14 September 1912. This was a Dublin suffrage paper, founded a few months earlier with financial help from the Frederick and Emmeline Pethick-Lawrences, still (if only for another month) leaders of the WSPU. The article was written either by Hanna Sheey Skeffington, the leader of the militant Irish suffrage society, the Irish Women’s Franchise League, or by her husband, Francis, the paper’s editor, and was prompted by what the paper described as the first public meeting held by the WSPU in Dublin, at which the speakers had included Sylvia Pankhurst and Georgina Brackenbury.

The article continued: ‘Many will regret that the campaign for women’s suffrage in Ireland was not left entirely in the hands of the Irish suffrage societies, which are sufficiently numerous and sufficiently varied in their appeal. But the advent of the WSPU might have been predicted from the moment when Mr Redmond and his party decided to import Mr Asquith into Ireland. That some of the English militants would follow their chief enemy might have been foreseen. We believe however that the rousing of the Irish people on this matter had best be left to Irish women, who understand the psychology of their countrymen as the ablest English advocate never can.’

I will take these several sentences as my text and use them to analyse the Irish suffrage campaign and the WSPU’s part in it.

‘Many will regret that the campaign for women’s suffrage in Ireland was not left entirely in the hands of the Irish suffrage societies, which are sufficiently numerous and sufficiently varied in their appeal’. And indeed they were. The suffrage campaign had begun in the 1860s in Ireland as it had in England, although its early development had been even more hesitant in Dublin than it had in London. The Irish suffragists were initially drawn from the Quaker circles that had been long involved in radical causes, such as the anti-slavery campaign. However those women in Ireland who signed the 1866 petition were not sufficiently motivated to found a suffrage society immediately.

Thomas and Anna Maria Haslam, portrait by Sarah Cecilia Harrison, courtesy of the Hugh Lane Gallery, Dublin

Thomas and Anna Maria Haslam, portrait by Sarah Cecilia Harrison, courtesy of the Hugh Lane Gallery, Dublin

There was a Dublin committee between 1870 and 1873 but the campaign stagnated until 1876 when a new Dublin society was founded by Anna Maria and Thomas Haslam. This Dublin society was, although in its way radical for Ireland, not particularly effective.

In 1871 a Belfast committee had been formed by the formidable Isabella Tod; a close ally of Lydia Becker – and, like the Haslams, a staunch Unionist.

Isabella TodThis society certainly gives the impression of having more drive than that in Dublin and Isabella Tod maintained closer contact with Manchester and London than did Mrs Haslam.  Although both societies were affiliated to the Central Committee in London, they suffered from being at a distance from the political engine. There was also the feeling that the Irish suffragists were doubly at a disadvantage, not only, as all women, were they lobbying for entry into a political system which, by its very nature, was the only source of the entrance ticket, but for entry to the political machine of what was considered by many in Ireland to be that of a colonial power.  Perhaps as a result, the suffrage societies in both the south and the north concentrated their efforts in the 1880s and 1890s on local emancipation, campaigning to gain for women the municipal franchise – because Ireland had not been included in the acts that enfranchised single and widowed women ratepayers in England and Scotland in 1869 and 1882 respectively. During the course of this campaign Mrs Haslam strongly objected to what she saw as English interference. However, reading between the lines, the London societies saw her work as rather ineffective and actually criticized one of her pamphlets as inaccurate. Between 1886 and 1895 the Dublin suffrage society appears to have published no reports and held no public meetings, considering that the state of the country was unfavourable to such activity. However, in 1897 both the Dublin and Belfast societies joined the new National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) and from 1903 both were drawn into the revived suffragist campaign.

In Dublin, as in Manchester and London, this revived campaign led to the formation of a new type of suffrage society, the Irish Women’s Franchise League, founded in 1908 by women who were Irish Nationalists, but who were prepared, until the vote was achieved, to put the women’s cause before that of Home Rule.

Margaret Cousins

Margaret Cousins

The IWFL established links with the WSPU and in 1909 Margaret Cousins, one of its co-founders, spent three weeks in Clement’s Inn learning tactics directly from the WSPU. Ireland had long had a symbolic importance to the Pankhurst family as it had to all radicals. In her autobiography Emmeline Pankhurst particularly singles out the effect that the fate of the Manchester Martyrs had on her (they were hanged in the 1860s for the accidental killing of a policeman during a Fenian riot),  noting that it was this that brought home to her that ‘justice and judgment lie often a world apart’. According to Sylvia Pankhurst, her father was ‘the first English Parliamentary candidate to pledge himself to Irish self-government when he stood at a by-election in Manchester in 1883’. Christabel made her first visit to Dublin in March 1910, returning again in October 1911 and Mrs Pankhurst toured Ireland in October 1910, returning again in April 1911. The Irish Citizen was, therefore, not entirely correct in calling the WSPU’s 1912 meeting its first in Dublin. While in Cork in October 1910 Mrs Pankhurst had inaugurated a new branch of the IWFL, indicating how closely at that stage the two societies were working. As for the north, Mary Gawthorpe had visited Belfast at about the time of Christabel’s first visit to Dublin.

Ireland did certainly support a variety of suffrage societies. Whereas in England, Scotland and Wales new local societies, whether militant or constitutional, tended to be formed as branches of one of the main national societies, in Ireland many localities sponsored their own individual society. Besides Mrs Haslam’s Dublin-based society, now known as the  Irish Women’s Suffrage and Local Government Association,  and the IWFL, there was, for instance, the Munster Franchise League in co Cork, the Irish Women’s Suffrage Society in Belfast and many separate, small suffrage societies in individual towns.

Indeed, by 1911 the proliferation of societies was such that it was considered sensible to found a Federation of Irishwomen’s Suffrage Societies. The Federation soon developed a synergy of its own, leading quickly to the formation of the Irish Reform League based in Dublin, and of a new Belfast Suffrage Society. Neither the IWSS, nor the IWSLGA nor the Irish Women’s Franchise League joined the Federation. The effect of the suffrage lobby in Ireland, small as it was, was further diluted by these divisions.

The Irish suffrage campaign had to all intents and purposes been left for 45 years in the hands of Irish societies – which, battling against even greater cultural and political difficulties than had the women of mainland Britain, eventually achieved the municipal franchise for women but could hardly have been said to have roused the Irish people.

‘But the advent of the WSPU might have been predicted from the moment when Mr Redmond and his party decided to import Mr Asquith into Ireland.’

At a parliamentary level, from the 1880s to the outbreak of the First World War, there was a synergy between the woman’s movement and the Irish movements – both unionist and nationalist. All were pressure groups attempting to influence the political machine – that is parliament and, increasingly, the cabinet – and each development in the campaign of one affected in some way that of the other. The Irish Question, in parliamentary arithmetical terms, was at this time crucial to the possibility of the suffrage campaign’s success. After the second 1910 election, in December, the 84 members of the Irish parliamentary party, led by John Redmond, held the balance of power in the House of Commons and, on the understanding that a Home Rule bill would be introduced, agreed to support the Liberal party. Now, indeed, Irish women suffragists for a time considered that they were in a strong position, with two chances of success. The first as a result of any national measure introduced by the imperial parliament – that is the Liberal government backed by the Irish party – and as Irishwomen, under a Home Rule bill. However it became clear that the Irish party – as a party – was not interested in supporting women’s suffrage. Irish Nationalist MPs, whatever their personal feelings, were not prepared to load, as they saw it, a Home Rule bill with another controversial question. Unwilling to jeopardize any Home Rule bill by risking their influence with Asquith, who, it was rumoured, threatened to resign if the Conciliation bill was passed. they reneged a second time in 1912.

Until then, close as the IWFL was to the WSPU, it had not been able to imitate the WSPU’s electoral tactic of urging those who did have a vote to use it in such a way as to prevent a government candidate from being elected, the tactic that in Britain was summed up in the slogan, ‘Keep the Liberal Out’. Ironically, this was a technique which had been first used by the Irish nationalists under Parnell in the 1880s and which the Pankhursts adopted early in the WSPU campaign.  Between 1908 and 1911 the IWFL’s task, as Margaret Cousins put it, was, rather, ‘to see that votes for women was incorporated in the Home Rule Bill for which Ireland was fighting.’  In early 1913, when it had became clear that neither the Liberal party nor the Irish Parliamentary party was prepared to include women in any Home Rule bill, the IWFL did adopt a policy of opposing the election of nationalist candidates. The conflict between nationalism and suffragism haunted the Irish suffrage campaign.

In June 1912, despite a large demonstration by Irishwomen in Dublin, the government ignored a resolution from the IWFL to amend the Home Rule bill by adopting as the basis for its franchise the local government register – which would, of course, have given many women the vote. This marked a watershed in the Irish campaign. The IWFL now adopted not only the WSPU’s by-election policy but also its militant tactics – Hanna Sheey Skeffington and others broke windows of government buildings in Dublin. For a previous post about two of these other women – Rosalind and Leila Cadiz (aka as ‘the Murphy sisters’) – and the pendants which they received to commemorate their efforts see here.

Hanna Sheehy-Skeffington

Hanna Sheehy Skeffington

Although several of these women had already been imprisoned in England after taking part in WSPU- organized deputations or window-smashing raids, this was the first time that acts of physical suffrage militancy had been carried out in Ireland. Four of the women received prison sentences. In court, from the dock, Hanna Sheey Skeffington shouted, ‘Remember Mr Asquith is coming in July’. Irish nationalists considered this visit to be an indication of the government’s imprimatur on the Home Rule bill and the popular press was clear that any demonstrations by suffragettes would be classed as anti-nationalist, and therefore ‘English’. You can see how complicated Irish political priorities and the perception of them could be.

‘That some of the English militants would follow their enemy might have been foreseen.’  Indeed the WSPU campaign was now brought, with a vengeance, to Ireland. The Prime Minister’s speech on the second reading of the Reform bill early in July made clear that his government had no intention of extending the franchise to women. Thus, within a few weeks, the suffrage campaigners had seen both the chances of enfranchisement that they had been nurturing– whether under the Home Rule bill (which had particularly interested the Irish suffragettes) and the Reform bill (of interest to all women) swept aside.  Three WSPU members, Mary Leigh, Jennie Baines and Gladys Evans (the first two had been members of the WSPU since the earliest days) followed Asquith to Dublin. It later became clear that they had done this of their own initiative. Emmeline was staying with Christabel in Paris at the time; but both, of course, gave their firm support to the expedition after the event.

On 18 July Mary Leigh threw a hatchet, to which a suffrage message was attached, into the carriage in which Asquith was travelling through the streets of Dublin with John Redmond and that evening Gladys Evans attempted to set fire to the Theatre Royal, in which he was to speak (for more about Gladys Evans see here). There had hitherto been no attempts at suffrage arson in Ireland.  Members of the IWFL  harried Asquith, but in no such spectacular manner and the 27 July issue of The Irish Citizen, while full of their activities, does not directly report the WSPU attacks, except to print a letter from Margaret Cousins stating that ‘the IWFL had no connection with or knowledge of the action of English suffragettes in Dublin’.

Although distancing themselves from the WSPU, disliking what they saw as English interference in Ireland, the IWFL prisoners did embark on a sympathetic hunger strike with the WSPU prisoners, who had received lengthy jail sentences with penal servitude.. The Irishwomen, however, were not forcibly fed, this procedure being only carried out in Irish prisons on English prisoners. Jennie Baines and Mary Leigh were both released, ill, the former after 12 days, the latter after five weeks; Gladys Evans endured the forcible feeding until 3 October, when she was released into the care of a member of the IWFL This incursion into the south of Ireland by WSPU militants was, however, a ‘one-off’,  –  as the Irish Citizen had suggested the opportunity of harrassing Asquith on Irish soil had been too good to miss.

We believe, however, that the rousing of the Irish people in this matter had best be left to Irish women, who understand the psychology of their countrymen as the ablest English advocate never can.

The first acts of suffrage militancy in Ulster were committed by Irish suffragettes on 16 November 1912 when windows were broken in the GPO in Belfast as a protest against the defeat of Philip Snowden’s amendment to include women in the third Home Rule Bill. Two IWFL members had, for the same reason, broken windows in the Custom House in Dublin. Two months later, on 28 January 1913, when it seemed likely that the second reading of this Home Rule bill would pass without an amendment including women in the franchise, Margaret Cousins and others again attacked the windows of a government building, this time of Dublin Castle.  The women were each sentenced to a month’s imprisonment and went on hunger strike until they were treated as political prisoners. It is noteworthy that all acts of suffrage militancy in Ireland by Irish suffragettes up to this time were reaction to the continued failure to include women in Home Rule bills rather than in the Reform bills with which women in the rest of Britain were concerned.

By the autumn of 1913 with the Home Rule bill assured, although women were still excluded from it, the focus of the Irish suffrage campaign moved from Dublin to Ulster, reflecting the growing importance of that arena in national politics. This stage of the campaign was, however, to be, in the main, waged by the WSPU. The IWFL appears to have blamed the various Ulster suffrage societies for not working sufficiently hard and thus allowing a vacuum into which the WSPU could slip. In early September 1913 Sir Edward Carson announced that if a Home Rule bill were passed, he would set up a separate provisional government in Ulster. Moreover, a letter, dated 10 September, from Sir Edward to the secretary of the Ulster Unionist Council intimated that the draft articles of this Provisional Government would include the franchise for women on the basis of the Local Government Register. Needless to say Carson had never before been considered as a politician sympathetic to the suffrage cause – and suffrage campaigners, while on the surface accepting it as something of a coup, certainly wished to see this statement clarified. The WSPU – with Dorothy Evans as its organiser -had arrived as a formal presence in Ulster very shortly before and their aim over the next few months was to get Carson to state in public that women would be enfranchised under any Ulster government. This he never did.

If the arrival of the WSPU did not put much fear into Carson it certainly threw the Belfast-based Irish Women’s Suffrage Society into confusion. Shortly after the arrival of the WSPU in Belfast, the IWSS passed a resolution to declare itself in favour of militancy – if you couldn’t beat them, join them. Matters became even more complicated as individual members of the older societies changed allegiance. In fact by 20 April 1914 so many members of the IWSS had joined the Belfast branch of the WSPU that the former society collapsed. The Irish Citizen continued with its objection to an English society bringing its campaign to Ireland.   However, although the WSPU tactics might be classed as ‘English’ they were now being carried out by Irishwomen. Despite this, the Irish Women’s Suffrage Federation, in completely disassociating all its constituent societies from any involvement in militancy, stated ‘The Northern Committee of the IWSF wish to place on record their disapproval of the policy of the WSPU in Ulster, and to explain the fact that the WSPU is an English association, and has no connection with any Irish suffrage organisation’.

It is clear why the WSPU thought Ulster a particularly suitable arena in which to employ its militant tactics. The suffragette campaign in the whole of the United Kingdom in that year before the outbreak of the First World War was set against the background of increasing militarism in Ulster. The Ulster Volunteer Force had been formed in January 1913, an illegal organisation, but with strong links to both the Orange Order and the British army. In retaliation nationalist Ireland raised the Irish Volunteers. In her editorials in The Suffragette, Christabel Pankhurst drew legitimacy for her campaign of terrorism from the success that threats of violence by the UVF were achieving in Ulster. The WSPU, like the UVF, and unlike the IWFL in Dublin, did not confine itself to threats against government property only. Houses, bowling pavilions, pillar boxes and railway stations were fired, culminating on 31 July 1914 in an explosion in Lisburn Cathedral, after which Dorothy Evans and three other women were arrested, imprisoned and went on hunger strike, only being released after the outbreak of war.

There was never much WSPU action in the south of Ireland, although branches were set up in Dublin and in Cork, the latter by Geraldine Lennox, then on the run as a ‘mouse , and Flora Drummond spoke in Cork and Dublin in February 1914.  Nor, it must be said, was there much activity at all in 1914 from the IWFL. The political agenda was, of course, now concentrated on Ulster but it has also been suggested that the IWFL kept a low profile because it did not wish to be associated with what was perceived to be the ‘English’ campaign in the north. The WSPU was not particularly interested in rousing the Irish people, but was more intent on using and increasing the turmoil in Ulster as a means of putting pressure on the political machine at Westminster. As Christabel later put it in Unshackled, ‘It was not that we were concerned to question or assert the moral justification of Ulster’s militancy, actual or prospective, but we did claim the same immunity from prosecution and imprisonment for militant women whose grievance was at least equal and whose militancy was far milder’

The WSPU intervention in Ireland had the effect, then, of diminishing, for a year from September 1913, the campaign that had been waged by the Irish suffrage societies. We have no way of knowing whether the militant campaign might have had some positive effect – it was, of course, called off in August 1914. Dorothy Evans then returned to England – although she remained a close friend and co-worker of Hanna Sheey-Skeffington. That militancy – Unionist militancy, that is – could have an effect on the Asquith government was made clear when the Home Rule bill – which received the Royal Assent on 18 August 1914 – excluded Ulster, although its enaction was postponed until the end of the war.

Throughout the years of war the Irish suffrage societies carried on the campaign in their various ways. They found it was to be no easier to wrest the vote from Irish politicians than it had been from the English. In fact the Irish parliamentary party tried hard to prevent the extension to Ireland of the 1918 Representation of the People Bill, by which the Westminster parliament gave the vote to women over 30.

The Sheey Skeffingtons were probably correct, in principle, in stating that the rousing of the Irish was best left to Irishwomen.  However, there is no escaping the fact that in the years before the First World War, because there were so many Irish suffrage societies that, because of the divisive nature of Irish society in general, were unable to pool their efforts, little success had been achieved in influencing either the Irish public or Irish politicians to give women the vote. The WSPU was not interested in the nuances of the Irish Question, but saw Ireland – specifically Ulster – as another battle ground on which to engage with the enemy. Christabel Pankhurst used the parallels of the Unionist and the suffragette campaigns to emphasise the injustice being done to women by the Asquith government.

Perhaps the incursion from England gave the Irish societies food for thought. It is certainly true that during the war years the Irish societies managed a greater degree of co-operation than heretofore.  For the December 1918 general election the IWFL co-operated with Sinn Fein to run two women candidates, Winifred Carney in Belfast – who was not successful – and Constance Markievicz, in Dublin, who, famously, was – the first woman MP elected to the British parliament, although she did not take her seat at Westminster.

Constance Markievicz, police photo on her arrest after the Easter Rising in Dublin in 1916.

Constance Markievicz, police photo on her arrest after the Easter Rising in Dublin in 1916.

In 1922, six years before women in Britain, Irishwomen over 21 were granted the vote, albeit reluctantly, by the Irish parliament. In the final stage of the Irish suffrage campaign it was most certainly the effort of Irishwomen, still led by Hanna Sheey Skeffington, that achieved the final victory.

 

Further reading: E. Crawford, The Women’s Suffrage Movement in Britain and Ireland: a regional survey, Routledge, 2008 (paperback).

 

 

 

 

, , , , , , ,

2 Comments

Suffrage Stories: Millicent Fawcett’s Bookplate

Here is Millicent Fawcett’s bookplate


MGF bookplate
Rather lovely, I think.

New Dawn, Aesthetic Lilies, Aesthetic Dress (not that Millicent, unlike Rhoda and Agnes Garrett, ever favoured such a style in reality) and the tools of her trade, the Scales of Justice, Books, Pen and Ink

Artist unknown

For those who have not yet seen Millicent at work at her desk in the drawing room of 2 Gower Street, click here

2 Comments

Mariana Starke: With Thanks To Mrs Crespigny From ‘The Poor Soldier’, ‘The British Orphan’ And ‘The Widow of Malabar’

The period 1789-91 was a busy and important time for Mariana Starke, who was still only in her mid-twenties. For her very public success she owed everything to the patronage of Mrs Crespigny, for more about whom see Mariana Starke: The Mystery of the Bodleian Diary.

Mrs Crespigny, courtesy of Kelmarsh Hall and the Public Catalogue Foundation

Mrs Crespigny, courtesy of Kelmarsh Hall and the Public Catalogue Foundation

In March 1789 Mariana’s long poem, The Poor Soldier, An American Tale was published by J. Walter (who in 1787 had published her first work, A Theatre of Education). The work was advertised as ‘founded on a recent fact and inscribed to Mrs Crespigny’. The poem tells how Mrs Crespigny,  travelling in her coach across Westminster Bridge, stopped to give alms  to a beggar. He turned out to be an American Loyalist, Charles Short, who had lost his home, wife, children and leg during the American Revolution. Remaining loyal to the Crown, he had resisted the call to join the Congress forces and had ‘left his happy Cot, his fair domains/ To war for thee on Carolina’s Plains’.

The poem tells how Mrs Crespigny intervened to grant him his heart’s desire, a place, as a veteran soldier, in the Chelsea Hospital. Alas, though, the offer came too late for the Poor Soldier, who died before he could take up his place. Although Mariana was herself a true-blood Royalist/Loyalist, and those in America fighting to free themselves from Britain were of the planter class, I wonder if her knowledge of her great-grandfather’s involvement with Virginia – as the owner of tobacco plantations, added to her interest in this story. The poem proved sufficiently popular for the publisher to issue a second edition in July 1789.

A couple of weeks after the first publication of The Poor Soldier,  The Times reported on 7 April that ‘At Mrs Crespigny’s temporary theatre at her house at Camberwell Miss Starke and Mr Starke  took part in The Tragedy of Douglas.’ The performance had, in fact, taken place on 4 April with a cast that included Mrs Crespigny, her son, William, Mariana Starke, her brother, Richard, and a Mr Bayley. The play had been written by John Home in the 1750s but for this production Mrs Crespigny had given it a new, happy, ending. On 30 April the Public Advertiser reprinted her new Prologue, in which she warned that ”If in our play some alter’d scenes you find/They owe their merit to a female mind’.

Two months later, in July (as described in a previous post), ‘The Sword of Peace’,  was back on stage at the Theatre Royal Haymarket, and the text was published by J. Debrett..

In its issue dated 29 December 1789 The World mentioned that Mrs Crespigny was planning another theatrical and tried to dispel the rumour that the new play was ‘by a lady’. The report also mentioned that Mr Starke was’exerting his pencil’ and Miss C. Fanshaw had adorned the theatre with a Tragic and a Comic Muse ‘painted in a novel and very superior stile’. ‘Mr Starke’ was surely Mariana’s brother Richard and ‘Miss C. Fanshaw’  Catherine Fanshawe (1765-1834),who is now better known as a poet than a scenic designer, but see here for an example of her art . The Starkes had been very friendly for many years with the Fanshawes, who were Surrey neighbours.

This play, The British Orphan, opened at Mrs Crespigny’s Camberwell theatre on 7 April 1790.The Public Advertiser of 10 April reported that ‘The author of The British Orphan was not announced but he is certainly of the modern school. The principal incident of the piece is founded on the idea of suspended animation..”The dresses were extremely splendid and the scenery was characteristic and painted with great spirit’. For all the attempts to dissemble and pass the author off as a man, it was Mariana who was this author ‘of the modern school'; the play, alas, was never published and no text survives. The cast included Mrs Crespigny, Richard Starke, Mr Thomas (who may have been the Mr Thomas who was soon to marry Millecent Parkhurst), and a Mr Fitz-Gerald, who wrote the Prologue. The accompanying music was composed by R.J.S. Stevens, who mentions the experience in his Recollections. His work was a setting of a poem by Mariana, Saints and Angels hear our strains, hear our strains from purging fire. Interestingly, he appears to have been vehemently opposed to private theatricals ‘a species of entertainment very injurious to young minds; destructive of their innocence and modesty; and equally endangering their piece and happiness.’

Mrs Larpent, wife of the inspector of plays in the Lord Chamberlain’s office, was in the audience for the first night of The British Orphan, writing in her diary on 7 April ‘..to Camberwell to Mrs Crespigny’s to see Miss Starke and others, act The British Orphan, a tragedy written by Miss Starke. Mrs Crespigny acted the heroine, and Roxana, in The Sultan, which was the Afterpiece. The Scenery was very pretty, the dresses very elegant. The Acting outrée. And the whole absurd. I was shocked – I disapprove the whole. Acting revolts in Women against Feminine delicacy – in Men against Manly decorum – My spirits were hurt with contemplating so much folly, I could not be amused. I was sorry to see Miss Starke thus traverstie – and as she was – as I should grieve to see a worthy man I esteemed, intoxicated’. Mariana had, as author, presumably written for herself a part that required her, for some of her scenes, to  dress as a man – and thereby outrage Mrs Larpent’s sensitivities.   She was, in fact, the heroine, Eliza, who arises out of her coffin after a period of  suspended animation. Mrs Crespigny played her sister, Isabella.

Barely a month later, on 5 May, Mariana’s new play, The Widow of Malabar, was given its first public performance at the Theatre Royal Covent Garden. Embellished with the rituals of Indian sati – a burning funeral pyre – and with specially composed music, it was something of a spectacle. Mrs Larpent was again in the audience - ‘We went to the Play, saw The Widow of Malabar, a free translation from the French, by Miss Starke on the fate of an Indian widow, who burns herself. I was ennuiée. I will not criticise. Dramatic Interest is wanting, it is a showy performance’. If by  ‘showy performance’ she meant to single out one actress, she may have been referring to ‘Miss Brunton’, who The World reported on 6 May, had received the play as a present from Miss Starke, that is, this first night was a ‘Benefit’ performance for her. ‘Miss Brunton’ was likely to be Ann Brunton, the elder of a family of actress sisters.

Ann Brunton (as Cordelia in 'King Lear', 1785)..This engraving by T. Cook and William Brent, courtesy of Women in Theatre Collection, Univeristy of Illinois Library

Ann Brunton (as Cordelia in ‘King Lear’, 1785)..This engraving by T. Cook and William Brent, courtesy of Women in Theatre Collection, Univeristy of Illinois Library

Fortunately other critics, such as that writing for the Whitehall Evening Post (6 May), were kinder to The Widow of Malabar than was Mrs Larpent and on 27 May it was announced that ‘Miss Starke’s Widow has been accepted by Mr Harris for the next season’. Thus the play was back at the Theatre Royal Covent Garden for more performances in January 1791.

Thanks to the newly discovered diary in the Bodleian Library we know that Mrs Crespigny was in the theatre on that second, as it were, first night – 12 January – ‘Miss Starke’s play The Widow of Malabar came on and it went off extremely well  – but Lady Salisbury took my Box which caused great confusion’. She was back a week later on Wednesday 19 January forThird night of The Widow. Miss Starke had a very full house. I sent [?] vast numbers – filled 10 rows of pit & nearly all the Boxes – & numbers [?] into the Gallery.’

The play was a considerable success, often staged in succeeding years. Although derived from La Veuve du Malabar,  a play by Lemierre, Mrs Larpent was incorrect in referring to it as a translation, it was, rather, a free interpretation. In Mariana’s version the widow is saved from the funeral pyre by an Englishman. In the edition of Mariana’s play, published by William Lane in 1791, her dedication, dated 24 January,  is, unsurprisingly, to Mrs Crespigny, who had given such active support, not least of all by packing the theatre with her friends during the previous fortnight.

See D. O’Quinn, ‘Battling Hindu Superstition on the London Stage’ in M. Franklin (ed), Romantic Representations of British India, Routledge, 2006, for an interesting discussion of the text of Mariana Starke’s The Widow of Malabar.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

, , , ,

Leave a comment

Books And Ephemera For Sale: Catalogue 183

Woman and her Sphere

Catalogue 183

e.crawford@sphere20.freeserve.co.uk

IMG

 

See # 503

 

 
Non-fiction

1. 500 HOUSEWIVES Five Hundred Household Hints Country Life 1926 [13563] The hints originated in ‘House & Garden’ – supplied by readers. Very good £8

2. ALEXANDER, Lynn Women, Work and Representation: needlewomen in Victorian art and literature Ohio Unversity Press 2003 [11620] Hardcovers – mint in d/w £15

3. ALLSOPP, Anne The Education and Employment of Girls in Luton, 1874-1924: widening opportunities and lost freedoms Boydell Press/Bedfordshire Historical Record Society 2005 [10963] Examines the education of Luton girls and its relationship with employment opportunities. Mint in d/w £20

4. ANDREWS, Maggie The Acceptable Face of Feminism: the Women’s Institute as a social movement Lawrence & Wishart 1997 [9533] Soft covers – mint £9

5. ANON After the Dawn: a record of the pioneer work in Edinburgh for the higher education of women Oliver & Boyd 1939 [9159] Based on a scrapbook kept by Sarah Siddons Mair and other records contemporary with the 19th-century movement for higher education in Edinburgh. Very good £48

6. ANON Enquire Inside For Everything You Want to Know In Your Domestic and Social Life W. Foulsham no date [1930s?] [13576] Paper covers – good – some foxing £4

7. ANON The Intelligent Woman’s Guide to Shopping Retail Trading Standards Association no date [1935] [13564] ‘How to be sure of getting value for money. How to be sure of distinguising good quality from bad. How to be sure of paying the right price.’ Card covers – very good £10

8. ANON You And I Cookery Book: an effort to meet a need in the cheapest form Birling Publishing Co no date [1930s?/1940s?] [13577] A spin-off of the ‘You and I’ magazine, published in connected with the YWCA. ‘Over 1000 carefully seleccted household hints and reccipes’. I can’t work out when this was published – it contains several recipes with ‘War-time’ in their titles – but am not sure if this is looking back to WW1 or whether it was published during WW2. But others seem to use a surprising amount of sugar and eggs for cooking in a time of strict rationing. But, whenever, ‘Economy’, was the watchword. Paper covers – front cover present but detached – back cover missing £2

9. BARRACLOUGH, Arthur Et Al Practical Home Decorating and Repairs Odhams Press, no date (1930s?) [10318] Heavily illustrated £6

10. BASCH, Françoise Relative Creatures: Victorian women in society and the novel Schocken Books 1974 [13467] Very good £4

11. BEACHY, Robert Et Al (eds) Women, Business and Finance in 19th-century Europe: rethinking separate spheres Berg 2006 [9208] Fine £12

12. BENJAMIN, Marina (ed) Science and Sensibility: gender and scientific enquiry 1780-1945 Basil Blackwell 1994 [11668] An interesting collection of essays, Soft covers – mint £18

13. BERRY, James, BERRY, F.May Dickinson, BLEASE, W. Lyon The Story of a Red Cross Unit in Serbia J & A Churchill 1916 [13560] The unit, headed by Dr James Berry and his wife, Dr May Dickinson Berry, was known as the ‘Anglo-Serbian Hospital’ or the ‘Royal Free Hospital’ – one of the ‘many enterprises undertaken by the British peoples during the Great War’. An appendix lists all the members of the unit – which included women doctors as well as nurses and V.A.D.s Very good – with photographs £65

14. BERRY, Mrs Edward And MICHAELIS, Madame (eds) 135 Kindergarten Songs and Games Charles and Dible, no date [1881] [9035] ‘These songs are printed to supply a want in English Kindergartens’ – the music is, of course, included – as are movement instructions. Mme Michaelis ran the Croydon Kindergarten. Very good £48

15. BLACK, Clementina Sweated Industry and the Minimum Wage Duckworth 1907 [11756] With an introduction by A.G. Gardiner, chairman of the executive committee of the National Anti-Sweating League £45

16. BLAIR, Kirstie Form & Faith in Victorian Poetry & Religion OUP 2012 [13415] By assessing the discourses of church architecture and liturgy the author demonstrates that Victorian poets both reflected on and affected ecclesiastical practices – and then focuses on particular poems to show how High Anglican debates over formal worship were dealt with by Dissenting, Broad Church, and Roman Catholic poets and other writers. Features major poets such as the Browning, Tennyson, Hopkins, Rossetti and Hardy – as well as many minor writers. Mint in d/w (pub price £62) £35

17. BLOCH, R. Howard Medieval Misogyny and the Invention of Western Romantic Love University of Chicago Press 1991 [11978] Soft covers – fine £18

18. BLOOM, Stanley The Launderette: a history Duckworth 1988 [10201] Soft covers – very good £10

19. BOARD OF EDUCATION Special Reports on Educational Subjects vol 15 HMSO 1905 [12182] ‘School Training for the Home Duties of Women. part 1 The Teaching of “Domestic Science” in the United States of America’. Exhaustive – 374pp – paper covers – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £10

20. BOARD OF EDUCATION Special Reports on Educational Subjects vol 19 HMSO 1907 [12233] ‘School Training for the Home Duties of Women. Part III The Domestic Training of Girls in Germany and Austria’. Paper wrappers marked and worn -internally good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8

21. BOUCHERETT, Jessie and BLACKBURN, Helen Conditions of Working Women and the Factory Acts Elliot Stock 1896 [13341] An extremely scarce and interesting study. Boucherett and Blackburn were particularly concerned that women should not be barred from trades by the dictat of Parliament – rather that their working conditions should be improved. The final chapter consists of ‘The Report to the Society for the Employment of Women on the work of women in the white lead trade, at Newcastle-on-Tyne, March, 1895. With illustrations. Good (back cover marked) – and very scarce (I have never – in nearly 30 years – previously had a copy in stock) £55

22. BOYD, Kenneth Scottish Church Attitudes to Sex, Marriage and the Family 1850-1914 John Donald 1980 [9679] Fine in d/w £18

23. BRITTAIN, Vera Lady Into Woman: a history of women from Victoria to Elizabeth II Andrew Dakers 1953 [13161] Good – though ex-public library £8

24. BROWN, Mike The Day Peace Broke Out: the VE experience Sutton Publishing 2005 [8936] Describes VE-Day celebrations in Britain and across the world through the memories of those who were there. Illustrated with photographs, adverts, posters and cartoons. Soft covers – large format – mint £10

25. BURMAN, Sandra (ed) Fit Work for Women St Martin’s Press (NY) 1979 [12111] Presents a collection of papers which discuss the origins of the domestic ideal and its effects on activities usually undertaken by women. Fine in d/w £12

26. BURSTALL, Sara A. The Story of the Manchester High School for Girls 1871-1911 Manchester University Press 1911 [9219] Cover marked and faded – internally very good. Scarce £38

27. BY THE AUTHOR OF ENQUIRE WITHIN UPON EVERYTHING The Reason Why: Domestic Science Houlston & Sons c 1900? reprint [13573] First published in 1869 to give ‘Intelligible Reasons for the Various Duties which a Housewife has to Perform’. Introducing ‘science’ into the ‘domestic’. Answers to such questions as ‘Why does flesh when much boiled become tasteless and stringy?'; ‘Why do we blow the fire?'; ‘Why should hair too distant from the eyebrows be parted only in the centre?'; ‘Why is it necessar to turn mattresses at frequent intervals’ etc etc. Good £8

28. BYRNE, Katherine Tuberculosis and the Victorian Literary Imagination CUP 2010 [13430] Explores the representations of tuberculosis in 19th-century literature and culture. fears about gender roles, degeneration, national efficiency and sexual transgression all play their part in the portrayal of ‘consumption’, a disease which encompassed a variety of cultural associations. Mint in d/w (pub price £55) £35

29. CADBURY, Edward, MATHESON, M. Cecile and SHANN, George Women’s Work and Wages: a phase of life in an industrial city University of Chicago Press 1907 [8076] US edition of this study of women’s work in Birmingham. Good – inner hinge a little loose £50

30. CAIRNES, J.E. Political Essays Macmillan 1873 [11785] The Irish economist John Cairnes had long been a friend of Henry Fawcett, both part of the Blackheath circle centring on John Stuart Mill. When Millicent Fawcett (aged 23) published her ‘Political Economy for Beginners’ in 1870 Cairnes took it seriously, reviewed it and wrote to her ‘I have just finished my study of your useful little book and send you by this post my notes upon it. You will find I have some serious controversies with you.’ Three years later, when he published ‘Political Essays’ , he sent Millicent a copy – inscribing it ‘MG Fawcett from the author’. A ‘From the Author’ slip has survived the handling of the last 140 years – and Millicent Fawcett has added her delightful bookplate to the front pastedown. However, an inquisitive inspection reveals that not all the pages are cut. Latterly the book was in the library of O.R. McGregor (Professor Lord McGregor of Durris) author of ‘Divorce in England’ which had, for its time, 1957, an excellent bibliography – revealing the author’s wide interest in ‘women’s history’. On the spine the cloth binding is chipped – missing in parts – would benefit from rebacking. Otherwise a good copy – and a very interesting association copy £150

31. CAMDEN, Carroll The Elizabethan Woman Elsevier Press 1952 [9164] Covers her education, appearance, clothes, domestic relationships, and her place in society.Large format – good – top of spine slightly torn £18

32. CARTLAND, Barbara Barbara Cartland’s Book of Health Javelin 1985 [13580] Love the opening pages that set out ‘Barbara Cartland’s Experience on Health’ which begins in the 1930 when she studied Herbal Medicine with Mrs Leyel of Culpepper to 1984 when she was Deputy President of the St John Ambulance Brigade in Hertfordshire. Soft covers – good £2

33. CHAPONE, Mrs On the Improvement of the Mind together with Dr Gregory’s, Legacy to His Daughters and Lady Pennington’s, Advice to Her Absent Daughter, with An Additional letter on the Management and Education of Infant Children Scott, Webster and Geary, no date c. 1835 [9555] A compendium of Good Conduct – a ‘four in one’. With engraved frontispiece and title page -good in slightly rubbed half leather and marbled boards £38

34. CHECKLAND, Olive Philanthropy in Victorian Scotland: social welfare and the voluntary principle John Donald Ltd 1980 [9241] Fine in fine d/w £20

35. CLAPP, Elizabeth and JEFFREY, Julie Roy (eds) Women, Dissent and Anti-Slavery in Britain and America, 1790-1865 OUP 2011 [13422] Essays by David Turley, Timothy Whelan, Alison Twells, Clare Midgeley, Carol Lasser, Julie Roy Jeffrey, Stacey robertson and Judie Newman – with an Introduction by Elizabeth Clapp. Mint in d/w (pub price £60) £25

36. CLARK, Margaret Homecraft: a guide to the modern home and family Routledge, 3rd ed 1978 (r/p) [10288] The author was senior adviser for Home Economics for Derbyshire. The book was a textbook, suitable for school Home Economics courses. First published in 1966. Soft covers – very good £6

37. CLARKE, Patricia The Governesses: letters from the colonies 1862-1882 Hutchinson 1985 [12463] Fine in fine d/w £7

38. COHEN, Monica Professional Domesticity in the Victorian Novel: women, work and home CUP 1998 [12419] Offers new readings of narratives by Jane Austen, Charlotte Bronte, Dickens, George Eliot, Emily Eden etc to show how domestic work, the most feminine of all activities, gained much of its social credibility by positioning itself in relation to the emergent professions. Soft cover – fine £25

39. COLLET, Clara Report by Miss Collet of the Statistics of Employment of Women and Girls HMSO 1894 [7203] Report prepared under the aegis of the Board of Trade – Employment of Women (Labour Department). Very good – 152pp – bound into new protective card covers £65

40. COLLET, Clara Report by Miss Collet on the Money Wages of Indoor Domestic Servants HMSO 1899 [7207] Women workers were in the overwhelming majority of those considered in this report. Fascinating information. Very good in original card covers £55

41. COWAN, Ruth Schwartz More Work For Mother: the ironies of household technology from the open hearth to the microwave Basic Books (NY) 1983 [10355] Very good in d/w £10

42. CRAIG, Elizabeth Housekeeping Collins 1947 [13047] With many photographs. In ‘Elizabeth Craig’s Household Library’ series. Good in torn d/w £8

43. DAVID, Deirdre (ed) The Cambridge Companion to the Victorian Novel CUP 2012 (2nd ed) [13411] This second edition includes essays by Kate Flint, Caroline Levine, Nancy Armstrong, Lyn Pykett and Clare Pettit – amongst others. Soft covers – mint £15

44. DEMOOR, Marysa Their Fair Share: women, power and criticism in the ‘Athenaeum’ , from Millicent Garrett Fawcett to Katherine Mansfield, 1870-1920 Ashgate 2000 [11667] Mint £25

45. DICKENS, Andrea Janelle Female Mystic: great women thinkers of the Middle Ages I.B. Tauris 2009 [11947] Soft covers – fine £10

46. DINSHAW, Carolyn and WALLACE, David (eds) The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Women’s Writing CUP 2003 [11857] Soft covers – fine £12

47. DON VANN, J. and VANARSDEL, Rosemary T. (eds) Periodicals of Queen Victoria’s Empire: an exploration University of Toronto Press 1996 [9600] Fine in fine d/w £18

48. DOODY, Margaret Anne The True Story of the Novel Fontana 1998 [10562] Aims to prove that the novel is an ancient form – with a continuous history of 2000 years. Soft covers – very good £5

49. DURHAM, Edith High Albania Virago 1985 [10802] First published in 1909. Soft covers – very goo £8

50. DYHOUSE, Carol Feminism and the Family in England 1880-1939 Basil Blackwell 1989 [11224] Soft covers – very good £12

51. ELLIS, Mrs Sarah Stickney The Select Works Henry G. Langley (New York) 1844 [11234] Includes ‘The Poetry of Life’, ‘Pictures of Private Life’, ‘A Voice From the Vintage, on the force of example addressed to those who think and feel’
Good in original decorative cloth £48

52. ERICKSON, Amy Louise Women and Property in Early Modern England Routledge 2002 (r/p) [9730] Soft covers – fine internally – crease to front cover £15

53. EVERGATES, Theodore (ed) Aristocratic Women in Medieval France University of Pennsylvania Press 1999 [11979] Soft covers – very good £17

54. FADERMAN, Lillian Surpassing the Love of Men: romantic friendship & love between women from the Renaissance to the present Junction Books 1982 (r/p) [5162] Paper covers – large format – 500pp – very good £12

55. FARRELL, Christine My Mother Said…; the way young people learned about sex and birth control Institute for Social Studies in Medical Care 1978 [8997] Based on over 1500 interviews with a national random sample of 16- to 19-year olds in 1974-5. Very good in good d/w – though ex-library £10

56. FAWCETT, MILLICENT Political Economy for Beginners Macmillan, 7th ed 1889 [4335] Reasonable copy – ex College of Preceptors Library £16

57. FINDLAY, J.J. (ed) The Young Wage-Earner and the Problem of His Education: essays and reports Sigwick and Jackson 1918 [8026] For ‘His Education’ read also ‘Hers’. The essays include: ‘From Home Life to Industrial Life: with special reference to adolescent girls, by James Shelley, prof of education, University College, Southampton; ‘The Young Factory Girl’ by emily Matthias, superintendent of women employees, the Phoenix Dynamo Manufacturing Co, Bradford and the reports include: ‘Working Girls and Trade Schools (London)’ by Theodora Pugh and ‘The Sons and Daughters of Farming Folk’ by J.J. Findlay. Very good
£25

58. FULLER, Sophie The Pandora Book of Women Composers Pandora 1994 [8979] Fine in d/w £15

59. [GARDINER, Sarah (ed) Leaves from a Young Girl’s Diary: the journal of Margaret Gardiner 1840-41 Tuttle, Moorhouse & Taylor Co (NY) 1927 [13478] The journal kept by Margaret Gardiner who, with her father, a NY State Senator, her mother and her sister (who was to become the wife of a US President), sailed across the Atlantic to Europe. They landed at Liverpool and then proceeded to ‘do’ Europe. Delightful. Very good – scarce £45

60. GEZARI, Janet Last Things:
Emily Bronte’s Poems OUP 2007 [11027] A study of the poems, reinstating them at the heart of Romantic and Victorian concerns while at the same time underlining their enduring relevance for readers today. Mint in d/w £15

61. GILBERT, Sandra And GUBAR, Susan No Man’s Land: the place of the woman writer in the twentieth century Yale University Press 1994 [8899] Vol 3 – ‘Letters From the Front’ .477pp – mint in d/w £25

62. GILLESPIE, Diane F. (ed) The Multiple Muses of Virginia Woolf University of Missouri Press [7496] Fine in d/w £18

63. GOOD HOUSEKEEPING’S HOME ENCYCLOPAEDIA Ebury Press 1968 (r/p) [10297] Packed with information and illustrations. How very retro. Large format – very good in rubbed d/w – heavy £10

64. GREGORY, James Victorians Against the Gallows: capital punishment and the abolitionist movement in 19th-century Britain I.B. Tauris 2011 [13421] The first comprehensive study on the movement against Capital Punishment in Victorian Britain. Mint in d/w (pub price £65) £35

65. HALLSWORTH, Joseph and DAVIES, Rhys J The Working Life of Shop Assistants: a study of conditions of labour in the distributive trades privately published 1910 [11765] Fascinating insight into the working conditions and wages of a wide range of shop workers with description of some of the reforms that had been put in place. Very good in original cloth £35

66. HENNEY, E. And BYETT, J.D. Modern Home Laundrywork Dent, new, revised ed 1965 [10225] ‘The most authoritative book of its kind available to teachers, students and housewives.’ Good in chipped d/w £6

67. HILDEGARD OF BINGEN Selected Writings Penguin 2001 [11853] With introduction and notes by Mark Atherton. Soft covers – fine £6

68. HILEY, Michael Victorian Working Women: portraits from life Gordon Fraser 1979 [13340] Photographs of working women most of them collected during the second half of the 19th century by A.J. Munby. Paper covers – very good £12

69. HILL, Georgiana Women in English Life: from mediaeval to modern times Richard Bentley 1896 [10453] An excellent study – in two volumes. Most of the second volume is devoted to the position of women at the end of the 19th century – written by one who was very much involved with the woman’s movement. Very good – a little bumped at top and bottom of spine. A scarce set £95

70. HOLCOMBE, Lee Victorian Ladies at Work: middle-class working women in England and Wales 1850-1914 David & Charles 1973 [11226] Very good in chipped d/w £25

71. HOLT, Anne A Ministry To The Poor: being a history of the Liverpool Domestic Mission Society, 1836-1936 Henry Young (Liverpool) 1936 [9243] Very good – scarce £45

72. hooks, bell Salvation: black people and love Women’s Press 2001 [6689] Soft covers – fine £5

73. HORSFIELD, Margaret Biting the Dust: the joys of housework Fourth Estate 1997 [10183] Mint in d/w £10

74. HOUSEHOLD REFERENCE LIBRARY Household Management and Entertaining Fleetway House, no daty (1930s) [10276] An amazingly eclectic compilation – with many photographs. Good £12

75. HUGHES, Linda K. And LUND, Michal Victorian Publishing and Mrs Gaskell’s Work University Press of Virginia 1999 [9537] Fine in fine d/w £15

76. HUMM, Maggie A Reader’s Guide to Contemporary Feminist Literary Criticism Harvester Wheatsheaf 1994 [10538] Soft covers – fine £8

77. INTERNATIONAL WOMEN’S CONGRESS IN NURNBERG Living Reconciliation -Making Peace women’s strategies against oppression, war and armament Women of One World 1992 [13485] Soft covers – fine £5

78. JOHNSON, Patricia E. Hidden Hands: working-class women and Victorian social-problem fiction Ohio University Press 2001 [10784] ‘Argues that the female industrial worker became more dangerous to represent than the prostitute or the male radical because the worker exposed crucial contradictions between the class and gender ideologies of the period and its economic realities’. Soft covers – mint £15

79. KAPO, Remi A Savage Culture: racism – a black British view Quartet 1981 [5217] Paper covers – very good £4

80. KEDDIE, Nikki And BARON, Beth (eds) Women in Middle Eastern History: shifting boundaries in sex and gender Yale University Press 1991 [10511] The first study of gender relations in the Middle East from the earliest Islamic period to the present. Fine in d/w £15

81. KING, Barbara P.G.S.G: a history 1905-1946 privately published 1989 [12569] A history of Pate’s Grammar School for Girls – ‘Cheltenham’s other girls’ school. Soft covers – fine £18

82. LANTZ, Louise Old American Kitchenware 1725-1925 Williamsmead Publishers (USA) 1988 (r/p) [10283] Packed with illustrations. Soft covers – large format – very good £10

83. LARSEN, Timothy A People of One Book: the Bible and the Victorians OUP 2011 [13407] Case studies of representative figures, from Elizabeth Fry to Florence Nightingale, from C.H. Spurgeon to Grace Aguilar to demonstrate the scripture-saturated culture of 19th-century England. Mint in d/w (pub price £76) £25

84. LASDUN, Susan Making Victorians:
The Drummond Children’s World 1827-1832 Weidenfeld & Nicolson 1981 [13260] CHECK – WRITE BLURB. Fine in fine d/w £10

85. LEE, Julia Sun-Joo The American Slave Narrative and the Victorian Novel OUP 2010 [13436] Investigates the shaping influence of the American slave narrative on the Victorian novel in the years between the British Abolition Act and the American Emancipation Proclamation – and argues that Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Gaskell, Thackeray and Dickens integrated into their works generic elements of the slave narrative. Mint in d/w (pub price £40) £15

86. LERNER, Gerda The Creation of Feminist Consciousness: from the middle ages to 1870 OUP 1993 [11921] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £13

87. LEWIS, Judith Schneid In the Family Way: childbearing in the British aristocracy, 1760-1860 Rutgers University Press 1986 [8652] Very good in slightly chipped d/w £25

88. LITOFF, Judy Barrett And SMITH, David C. We’re In This War, Too: World War II Letters from American Women in Uniform OUP 1994 [8310] Fine in d/w £16

89. LOANE, M. An Englishman’s Castle Edward Arnold 1909 [9060] Martha Loane was a district nurse – this study of the homes of the poor is the result of her social investigation. Good £18

90. LOFTIE, W.J. A Plea for Art in the House: with special reference to the economy of collecting works of art, and the importance of taste in education and morals Macmillan 1879 (r/p) [13338] First published in 1876 – around the same time as Rhoda and Agnes Garrett’s book in the same series ‘Art at Home’ – and evincing many of the same touchstone’s of taste in home decoration. Goodish – a little rubbed and bumped £18

91. (LUXEMBOURG) Richard Abraham Rosa Luxembourg: a life for the International Berg 1989 [1399] Mint in d/w £10

92. LYNCH, Mary Sewing Made Easy The World’s Work 1940 [13572] Co-published with Garden City Books (NY). How to make your 1940 costume – acknowledgement is made to Simplicity Patterns many of whose patterns are included in the book. Very good – large format £8

93. MCCANN, Jean Thomas Howell and the School at Llandaff D. Brown (Cowbridge) 1972 [10608] Good – ex-university library £15

94. MCGREGOR, O.R. Divorce in England: a centenary study Heinemann 1957 [10426] Very good in d/w £20

95. McMILLAN, Margaret The Child and the State The National Labour Press 1911 [11641] In which she advocated giving poor children a more broad and humane education than they currently were receiving. Vol 9 in the Socialist Library series. Card covers – very good £28

96. MALMGREEN, Gail Neither Bread nor Roses: utopian feminists and the English working class, 1800-1850 John L. Noyce (Brighton). 1978 (r/p) [9147] A ‘Studies in Labour’ pamphlet – 44pp. Soft covers – very good £15

97. MALVERY, Olive Christian Baby Toilers Hutchinson 1907 [8216] A study of the child workers of Edwardian Britain. Good £38

98. MARKS, Lara Metropolitan Maternity maternity and infant welfare services in early 20th century London Rodopi 1996 [11624] Soft covers – fine £22

99. MARTIN, Jane Women and the Politics of Schooling in Victorian and Edwardian England Leicester University Press 1999 [10781] Mint (pub price £65) £35

100. MASON, Michael The Making of Victorian Sexuality OUP 1994 [10599] Fine in d/w £14

101. MEARS, Ann Success in Shopping Arrowsmith 1927 [13562] ‘How to tell, at sight: Good Eggs from Bad; Fresh Fish from Stale etc etc;
‘How to Distinguish the Best: in Blankets, Tennis-Racquets, Dogs, Firewood, Scissors etc’. Very good in dustwrapper (latter is split at spine) £15

102. MERTUS, Julie Kosovo: how myths and truths started a war University of California Press 1999 [6705] Soft covers – mint £8

103. METROPOLITAN BOROUGH OF HACKNEY Catalogue of Books in the Public Libraries Public Libraries Committee, Hackney no date [1911?] [13479] A listing of all the books held in Hackney Public Libraries c 1910. Each book’s listing gives the name of author, title and date of publication. Very interesting £25

104. MOLE, Mrs A. And WATERMAN, Miss Alys 20th Century Cookery: how to cook by electricity British Electrical Development Association, revised ed no date (1930s) [10213] ‘An indispensable handbook for the Housewife or Cook, giving recipes of 100 dainty dishes which can be prepared without trouble and at small cost.’ Instructions for using electrical equipment – cooker, refrigerator and water heater – and recipes. Card covers – very jazz age – good internally – covers a little rubbed and paper missing from narrow spine £8

105. MUMM, Susan (ed) All Saints Sisters of the Poor: an Anglican Sisterhood in the 19th century Boydel Press/Church of England Record Society 2001 [10964] A history of the Sisterhood that was founded by Harriet Brownlow Byron in 1850 to work in the slums of Marylebone – but then spread its net much wider. This volume comprises material drawn from the Sisterhood’s archives. V. interesting. Mint £30

106. NEWMAN, Barbara St Hildegard’s Theology of the Feminine University of California Press 1989 [11856] Soft covers – fine £10

107. NORWICH HIGH SCHOOL 1875-1950 privately printed, no date [1950] [9612] A GPDST school. Very good internally – green cloth covers sunned – ex-university library £15

108. NUNN, Pamela Gerrish Victorian Women Artists Women’s Press 1987 [7106] Very good in d/w £18

109. O’NEILL, Judith (ed) Critics on Charlotte and Emily Bronte Allen & Unwin 1968 [11974] Soft covers – internally good – although contents, clean and tight, have parted from covers £3

110. ORRINSMITH, Mrs The Drawing Room: its decoration and furniture Macmillan 1877 [9344] In the ‘Art at Home’ series. ‘The author has endeavoured to give more particular directions as to the furnishing and adornment of the Drawing-Room than was possible in the Miss Garretts’ volume treating of the whole subject of ‘House Decoration’ .’ Very good – missing free front end paper many illustrations – a scarce book £45

111. OSBORNE, Honor And MANISTY, Peggy A History of the Royal School for Daughters of Officers of the Army 1864-1965 Hodder & Stoughton 1966 [10609] Good – ex-university library £12

112. PAGET, Lady With Our Serbian Allies: Second Report printed for private circulation [1916] [13561] Gives a full account of the Serbian Relief Fund and the medical unit that it sent out to Serbia. Includes a list of the Unit’s staff. 134pp – in card covers – good except for the fact that the rear cover and last 2pp are detached (although present) – a concomitant effect of this type of glued binding, I’m afraid. Scarce £80

113. PALMER, Beth Women’s Authorship and Editorship in Victorian Culture OUP 2011 [13432] Draws on extensive periodical and archival material to bring new perspectives to the study of sensation fiction in the Victorian period. Mint in d/w (pub price £60) £35

114. PATTEN, Marguerite The Victory Cookbook Imperial War Museum 1995 (r/p) [10328] ‘Over 200 recipes which helped the nation celebrate on that special day and right up to the end of rationing in 1954′. Packed with illustrations. Soft covers – very good £8

115. PEACH, Linden Contemporary Irish and Welsh Women’s Fiction: gender, desire and power University of Wales Press 2008 [11572] The first comparative study of fiction by late 20th and 21st-century women writers from England, Southern Ireland and Wales. Soft covers – mint £15

116. PEDERSEN, Frederik Marriage Disputes in Medieval England Hambledon 2000 [11977] The records of the church courts of the province of York, mainly dating from the 14th c, provide a welcome light on private, family life and on individual reactions to it. Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £25

117. PHILLIPS, M. And TOMPKINSON, W.S. English Women in Life and Letters OUP 1927 [9151] Describes the lives of Englishwomen of the past, some rich, others poor and unknown – using both historical sources and fiction – from the 14th century to the mid 19th. Very good £20

118. PHILLIPS, Margaret Mann Willingly to School: memories of York College for Girls 1919-1924 Highgate Publications 1989 [13124] Good in card covers – though ex-library £10

119. PRINCE, Ancliffe (ed) The Complete Launderer Power Laundry Journal [10215] ‘Will constitute a useful foundation for the tyro to the study of a successful plant operation, and a constant source of guidance and inspiration to those already firmly estalished in the managerial saddle – for the most successful launderers are those who can always go on learning’. Everything one ever needed to know about setting up a professional laundry in the 1930s. With pages of photographs and advertisements. Very good £10

120. RAPPOPORT, Jill Giving Women: alliance and exchange in Victorian culture OUP 2012 [13413] examines the literary expression and cultural consequences of English women’s giving from the 1820s to the First World War – in the work of Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Elizabeth Gaskell and Christina Rossetti – as well as in literary annuals and political pamphlets. Through giving, women redefined the primary allegiances of teh everyday lives, forged public coalitions, and advanced campaigns for abolition, slum reform, eugenics, and suffrage. Mint in d/w (pub price £45.99) £32

121. RENDALL, Jane The Origins of Modern Feminism: women in Britain, France and the United States 1780-1860 Macmillan 1985 [9461] Soft covers – very good £15

122. RICHARDS, Anna The Wasting Heroine in German Fiction by Women 1770-1914 OUP 2004 [9691] Mint in d/w £12

123. RODENSKY, Lisa (ed) The Oxford Handbook of the Victorian Novel OUP 2013 [13431] A cornucopia! Mint in d/w – heavy – 808pp. (pub price £95) £50

124. ROYDEN, A. Maude Political Christianity G.P. Putnams’ 1923 (r/p) [13120] Dedicated to members of the Guildhouse congregation. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8

125. SAHGAL, Gita Et Al (eds) Refusing Holy Orders: women and fundamentalism in Britain Virago 1992 [9112] Soft covers – a little damage to cover £4

126. SHAABAN, Bouthaina Both Right and Left Handed: Arab women talk about their lives Women’s Press 1988 [6644] Soft covers – mint £5

127. SHAHAR, Shulamith The Fourth Estate: a history of women in the Middle Ages Routledge 1993 (r/p) [11858] Paper covers – fine £12

128. SHATTOCK, Joanne And WOLFF, Michael (eds) The Victorian Periodical Press: samplings and soundings Leicester University Press 1992 [3501] A collection of essays. Fine in d/w £28

129. SHIMAN, Lilian Women and Leadership in Nineteenth-Century England Macmillan 1992 [4783] Fine in d/w (which has slight tear at top of spine) £28

130. SHIRAZI, Faegheh Velvet Jihad: Muslim women’s quiet resistance to Islamic fundamentalism University Press of Florida 2009 [11615] Hardcovers – mint in d/w £20

131. SHOWALTER, Elaine A Jury of Her Peers: American women writers from Anne Bradstreet to Annie Proulx Virago 2009 [11900] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £12

132. SLATER, Michael The Great Dickens Scandal Yale University Press 2012 [13420] How Dickens sought to cover up his relationship with Ellen Ternan. Mint in d/w (pub price £20) £8

133. STAFFORD, H.M. Queenswood: the first sixty years 1894-1954 privately printed 1954 [9643] History of the school. Good – ex-college library £12

134. STANLEY, Liz Et Al (eds) Auto/Biography: Bulletin of the British Sociological Association Study Group on Auto/Biography (1993) [10494] Vol 2, no 1 ‘Research Practices’. Soft covers – fine £9

135. STARK, Freya East is West Century 1986 [10557] Her war-time experiences in Egypt, Palestine and Syria. First published in 1945. Soft covers – very good £5

136. STENTON, Doris Mary The English Woman in History Allen & Unwin 1957 [8440] Good reading copy – ex-library £15

137. STOBART, Mrs St Clair War and Women: from experience in the Balkans and elsewhere G.Bell & Sons 1913 [13567] An account of her adventures with the Women’s Convoy Corps that she took out to Serbia during the Balkan Wars in 1912. With photographs. Good reading copy – front hinge rather loose – spine cloth is tender free front end paper missing – one gathering in the prelims loose- probably not surprising because the copy was a presentation copy – presumably from Mrs St Clair Stobart – to the Women’s Freedom League – and formed partof their Lending Library at 1 Robert Street, Adelphi. A copy of a scarce book with interesting provenance that has clearly been well read £35

138. STONE, Dorothy The National: the story of a pioneer college Robert Hale 1976 [8231] History of the pioneering domestic economy training college – The National Training College of Domestic Subjects. Fine in d/w £12

139. STONE, S. A. Home-Making: practical household hints C. Arthur Pearson 1915 [13570] One quails at the amount of routine work that was expected of the housewife and clearly, even when dirt was so much more of a threat and smoke pollution so much more damaging, it can’t really have been necessary to do all that the writers of such guides stipulated. I’m exhausted just reading it. Good reading copy £8

140. STOREY, Joan Home Service Book: the answers to your everyday problems in the home Hodder & Stoughton 1955 [10275] With numerous photographs of, for instance, heating equipment – v. evocative. Good £6

141. Strauss, Rita The Beauty Book Cassell 1924 [13565] From ‘Skin and Complexion’ to ‘Cultivating Charm’ – it’s all there. With 8 photos of 1920s beauties. Good – in most evocative illustrated paper cover -
chipped – has obviously been read with great attention £8

142. TAYLOR, Barbara Mary Wollstonecraft and the Feminist Imagination CUP 2003 [11898] Soft covers – fine £17

143. THE EDITOR OF ‘ENQUIRE WITHIN UPON EVERYTHING’ The Practical Housewife: a complete encyclopaedia of domestic economy and family medical guide Houlston & Sons new ed, no date [c 1890s?] [13569] ‘Will lessen the cares of domestic management, aid the practice of household economy and prove a help in many emergencies.’ The index runs from ‘Ablution, the importance of’ to ‘Zinc ointment’. Good £10

144. THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEAR BOOK AND DIRECTORY 1904 A & C Black 1904 [10837] Indispensable source of information. Very good internally in library binding £80

145. THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEAR-BOOK AND DIRECTORY FOR 1888 JUBILEE EDITION Hatchard’s 1888 [11772] edited by ‘L.M. H.’ [Louisa Hubbard], comprising Part I Englishwomen and their work in Queen Victoria’s reign and Part II
Directory for 1888. A wonderful source – full of details of names and addresses. Very good and tight in decorative boards, a little darkened and marked with age. Extremely scarce £195

146. THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEARBOOK AND DIRECTORY 1901 A & C Black 1901 [11770] Ed by Emily Janes. Packed with information. Good internally – cloth covers marked – scarce £80

147. THORMAHLEN, Marianne The Brontes and Religion CUP 2004 [12430] Soft covers – fine £30

148. TINDALL, Gillian Three Houses, Many Lives: the story of a Cotswold vicarage, a Surrey boarding school and a London home Vintage 2013 [13417] Once again Gillian Tindall works her magic. I loved it (I bought my own copy!) £5

149. TOBIN, Beth Fowkes Superintending the Poor: charitable ladies and paternal landlords in British fiction, 1770-1860 Yale University Press 1993 [9806] Mint in d/w £18

150. TYLECOTE, Mabel The Education of Women at Manchester University 1883 to 1933 Manchester University Press 1941 [13139] With a newscutting obituary of Dame Mabel Tylecote laid in. Good – scarce £40

151. VALENZE, Deborah The First Industrial Woman OUP 1995 [10786] Examines the underlying assumptions about gender and work that informed the transformation of English society, and in turn, ideas about economic progress. Charts the birth of a new economic order resting on social and sexual hierarchies which remain a part of our contemporary lives. Soft covers – mint £15

152. VINCE, Mrs Millicent Decoration and Care of the Home W. Collins 1923 [12870] Mrs Vince had been a pupil of the pioneer ‘House Decorator’, Agnes Garrett. Very good in rubbed d/w £18

153. WALLER, Jane And VAUGHAN-REES, Michael Women in Uniform 1939-45 Papermac 1989 [10344] Paper covers – large format £12

154. WANDOR, Michelene Post-War British Drama: looking back in gender Routledge, revised edition 2001 [5897] Soft covers – mint £12

155. WEST, Rebecca The Young Rebecca: writings of Rebecca West 1911-17 Indiana University Press 1982 [11674] Selected and introduced by Jane Marcus. Soft covers – fine £12

156. WILLIAMS, A. Susan Ladies of Influence: women of the elite in interwar Britain Allen Lane 2000 [8087] Studies of, among others, Edith, Marchioness of Londonderry, Katharine, Duchess of Atholl, Nancy Cunard, and Stella, Marchioness of Reading. Fine in very good d/w £12

157. WOODS, Edgar & Diana Things That Are Not Done: an outspoken commentary on popular habits and a guide to correct conduct Universal Publications, no date (1937) [10612] Good £12

158. WREN, M.A. and HACKETT, P. James Allen: portrait enlarged privately printed 1968 [10853] Short biography of James Allen, founder of Dulwich College and JAGS. Soft covers – very good £8

159. ZIMMERMAN, Jan Once Upon the Future: a woman’s guide to tomorrow’s technology Pandora 1986 [5370] Paper covers – mint £4

Biography

160. (ADDAMS) Louise Knight Jane Addams: Spirit in Action, Norton 2011 [13405] Biography of the US campaigner for international peace and social justice. Mint in d/w £10

161. ALLEN, Alexandra Travelling Ladies: Victorian Adventuresses [13198] Studies of Daisy Bates, Isabella Bird Bishop, Midlred Cabele and Evangeline and Francesca French, Alexandra David-Neel, Jane Digby el Mesrab, Kate Marsden, Marianne North and May French Sheldon. Fine in d/w £10

162. (BEALE) Elizabeth Raikes Dorothea Beale of Cheltenham Constable 1908 [11045] Good £15

163. BELL, Alan (ed and with an introduction by) Sir Leslie Stephen’s ‘Mausoleum Book’ OUP 1977 [13199] Intimate autobiography written for Stephen’s immediate family after the death of his wife, Julia, the mother of Vanessa and Virginia. Very good in d/w £12

164. BELL, MAUREEN, PARFIT, GEORGE AND SHEPHERD, SIMON A Biographical Dictionary of English Women Writers 1560-1720 G.K. Hall 1990 [11878] Expands the boundaries of what is conventionally recognized as 17th century English literature by uncovering, reintroducing and documenting the lives and works of more than 550 English women who wrote betwen 1580-1720. Fine in d/w £25

165. (BRONTE) Dudley Green Patrick Bronte: father of genius The History Press 2008 [12452] Fine in fine d/w £10

166. (BRONTE) Margaret Smith (ed) Selected Letters of Charlotte Bronte OUP 2010 [13426] With a new introduction by Janet Gezari. Soft covers – mint £3

167. (BRONTES) Brian Wilks The Illustrated Brontes of Haworth: scenes and characters from the lives and writings of the Bronte sisters Collins 1986 [12448] Fine in fine d/w £8

168. CHAPMAN, Barbara Boxing Day Baby QueenSpark Market Books 1994 [10402] She was born in Brighton on Boxing Day in 1927. Soft covers – 34pp – very good £4

169. (CLARKE) Mary G. Clarke A Short Life of Ninety Years privately printed 1973 [11352] An interesting life – born in Aberdeen into the Anderson family (her uncle was Skelton Anderson, husband of Elizabeth Garrett), she attended the local high school, and then went to Girton – before entering a lifetime of teaching, culminating in the headmistress-ship of Manchester High School for Girls. Very good – cover slightly marked £18

170. (COBBE) Frances Power Cobbe Life of Frances Power Cobbe : as told by herself Swan Sonnenschein 1904 [11475] The Posthumous – and best – edition – ‘With Additions by the Author and Introduction by Blanche Atkinson’. Fine – rather scarce £75

171. (EDEN) Violet Dickinson (Ed) Miss Eden’s Letters Macmillan 1919 [9339] Born, a Whig, in 1797. Her letters are full of social detail. In 1835 she went to India with her brother when he became governor-general. Very good £28

172. (GASKELL) John Chapple (ed) Elizabeth Gaskell: the early years Manchester University Press 1997 [9614] Mint in d/w £18

173. (HAMMOND) Mrs John Hays Hammond A Woman’s Part in a Revolution Longmans, Green 1987 [6083] The ‘Revolution’ was the Boer War – her husband was imprisoned by the Boers. Good £30

174. (HARRISON) Amy Greener A Lover of Books: the life and literary papers of Lucy Harrison J.M. Dent 1916 [11054] Lucy Harrison (a niece of Mary Howitt) studied at Bedford College, then taught for 20 years at a school in Gower St (Charlotte Mew was a pupil at the school and v. attached to Miss Harrison) and then became headmistress of the Mount School, York. Good – pasted onto the free front end paper is a presentation slip from the editor, Amy Greener, to Mary Cotterell £18

175. (HOWARD) Elizabeth Jane Howard Slipstream: a memoir Macmillan 2002 [10523] Fine in d/w £8

176. (HOWE) Valarie Ziegler Diva Julia: the public romance and private agony of Julia Ward Howe Trinity Press International 2003 [11892] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £10

177. (JAMESON) Storm Jameson Journey from the North: autobiography of Storm Jameson Virago 1984 [9685] Soft covers – good – 2 volumes complete £12

178. (JERNINGHAM) Ernest Betham (ed) A House of Letters: being excerpts from the correspondence of Miss Charlotte Jerningham, Lady Jerningham, Coleridge, Lamb, Southey, Bernard and Lucy Barton, and others, with Matilda Betham Jarrolds [2179] ‘Also notes of some phases in the evolution of an English family’- the Bethams. Good £28

179. (JEX-BLAKE) Margaret Todd The Life of Sophia Jex-Blake Macmillan 1918 [13515] Interesting biography of a difficult woman – founder of the London School of Medicine for Women. Very good – with slight marking on front cloth cover. £30

180. KELSALL, Helen Berridge House Who’s Who, 1893-1957 privately published [1957] [13005] A list of all the pupils and staff of the National Society’s Training College for Domestic Subjects – with a short history of the college. Paper covers – good £12

181. LANE, Maggie Literary Daughters Robert Hale 1989 [10844] Studies of Fanny Burney, Maria Edgeworth, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Charlotte Bronte, George Eliot, Emily Dickinson, Beatrix Potter and Virginia Woolf – and their fathers. Very good in d/w £15

182. (LIDDELL) Simon Winchester The Alice Behind Wonderland OUP 2011 [13406] ‘Using Charles Dodgson’s published writings, private diaries, and of course his photographic portraits, Winchester gently exposes the development of Lewis Carroll and the making of his Alice.’ Mint in d/w £6

183. (MARTIN) Sarah Martin A Brief Sketch of the Life of the Late Miss Sarah Martin of Great Yarmouth: with extracts from the Parliamentary Reports on Prisons; her own Prison Journals etc C. Barber (Yarmouth) 2nd ed, 1844 [12756] Prison visitor, dressmaker, Sunday School teacher. Her comments on the prisoners are particularly interesting. Good in original cloth £35

184. MARTINDALE, Hilda Some Victorian Portraits and Others Allen & Unwin 1948 [6071] Biographical essays of members of her circle – including Adelaide Anderson, factory inspector. Very good in d/w £18

185. (MAYNARD) Catherine B. Firth Constance Louisa Maynard: mistress of Westfield College Allen & Unwin 1949 [11033] Very good – scarce £15

186. (MCLAREN) Willis Pickard The Member for Scotland; a life of Duncan McLaren John Donald 2011 [13404] Priscilla Bright McLaren, doyenne of the Edinburgh Suffrage Society, was his (third) wife. Soft covers – mint £15

187. (MOODIE/TRAILL) Charlotte Gray Sisters in the Wilderness: Susanna Moodie and Catherine Parr Traill, pioneers of the Canadian backwoods Duckworth 2001 [11887] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £12

188. (MORRELL) Robert Gathorne-Hardy (ed) Ottoline:the early memoirs of Lady Ottoline Morrell; Ottoline at Garsington: memoirs of Lady Ottoline Morrell Faber, 1963 and Faber, 1974 (respectively [9499] Two volumes together, as a set – both good in d/w £28

189. NEWNHAM COLLEGE REGISTER 1871-1950 privately printed [11776] packed with biographical information on students and staff. Soft covers – 2 vols – good – although backing on vol 1 is coming unstuck and outermost cover of vol II is missing- internally very good – scarce £40

190. (NICHOL) Anna Stoddart Elizabeth Pease Nichol Dent 1899 [12999] (1807-1897) Scottish Quaker – daughter of the founder of the Peace Society, suffragist, chartist, anti-vivesectionist. Very good – scarce £35
191. (NORTON) Jane Gray Perkins The Life of Mrs Norton John Murray 1910 [3537] Very good £16

192. (NOURSE) Mary Alice Keekin Burke Elizabeth Nourse, 1859-1938: a salon career National Museum of American Art 1983 [6767] A study of the artist. Soft covers – large format – many illustrations – very good £15

193. (PHILIPS) Philip Webster Souers The Matchless Orinda Harvard University Press 1931 [9602] An account of the life of Mrs Katherine Philips, the first woman in England to gain the reputation of a poetess.Good – ex university library £28

194. (PUREFOY) G. Eland (ed) Purefoy Letters 1735-1753 Sidgwick & Jackson 1931 [9338] The letters of Elizabeth Purefoy (1672-1765), whose husband died in 1704, and her son, Henry Purefoy. Elizabeth Purefoy was, as her epitaph recorded, ‘a woman of excellent understanding, prudent and frugal’ and her letters are full of domestic detail. Very good – two volumes £40

195. (RHYS) Francis Wyndham And Diana Melly (eds) Jean Rhys Letters 1931-1966 Deutsch 1984 [9507] Very good in d/w £12

196. (RICHARDSON) Gloria G. Fromm (ed) Windows on Modernism: selected letters of Dorothy Richardson University of Georgia Press 1995 [6766] Over 700pp – mint in d/w £55

197. (ROBINS) Octavia Wilberforce Backsettown & Elizabeth Robins published for private circulation 1952 [13258] A little tribute – telling how Elizabeth Robins came to set up the retreat at Backsettown in Sussex. With lovely photograph of Elizabeth Robins tipped in as frontispiece. Fine in paper wraps – with a birthday inscription on free front endpaper – scarce £38

198. [RUSKIN] Mary Lutyens (ed) Young Mrs Ruskin in Venice: the picture of society and life with John Ruskin 1849-1852 Vanguard Press (NY) 1965 [13200] Very good in d/w £12

199. (SIMPSON) Morrice McCrae Simpson: the turbulent life of a medical pioneer Birlinn 2011 [13433] The discoverer of ‘the blessed chloroform’ and, as such, an important figure in ‘woman’s sphere’. Soft covers – mint £5

200. (STANLEY) Jane H. Adeane (ed) The Early Married Life of Maria Josepha Lady Stanley, with extracts from Sir John Stanleys ‘Praeterita’ Longmans, Green 1899 [1675] Follows the life of the engaging Maria Josepha from 1797 until 1817 – much social detail. Very good internally – in rubbed and bumped decorative binding £10

201. STARK, Freya The Coast of Incense: autobiography 1933-1939 John Murray 1953 [10564] Covers her travels in Egypt, the Middle East and South Arabia. Good in chipped d/w £6

202. (STOREY) Joyce Storey Our Joyce Broadsides 1987 [10389] Life in pre-Second World War Bristol. Soft covers – very good £4

203. (STOREY) Joyce Storye Joyce’s War 1939-1945 Virago 1992 (r/p) [13482] Soft covers -very good £4

204. (STUART) Hon. James A. Home (ed) Letters of Lady Louisa Stuart to Miss Louisa Clinton David Douglas (Edinburgh) 1901 & 1903 [13335] Two volumes – complete set. The first volume covers the period 1817 to 1825 and the second volume (called ‘Second Series’) that from1826 to 1834. Society observed. Very good – two volumes together £38

205. (TENNYSON) James O. Hoge Lady Tennyson’s Journal University Press of Virginia 1981 [9675] Fine in d/w £18

206. (THACKERAY) John Aplin Memory and Legacy: A Thackeray Family Biography 1876-1919 Lutterworth Press 2011 [13409] Draws extensively on private collection of descendants of the 19th-century Thackerays and focuses principally on the later years of Anne Thackeray Ritchie, whose amazingly intricate network of family and friendships offers fresh insights into the artistic milieu of the late-Victorian and Edwardian eras. Soft covers – very good £15

207. (TREFUSIS) Philippe Jullian And PHILLIPS, John Violet Trefusis: a biography including correspondence with Vita Sackville-West Methuen 1986 [10164] Soft covers – good £7

208. (TROUBRIDGE) Jaqueline Hope-Nicholson (ed) Life Amongst the Troubridges: journals of a young Victorian 1873-1884 by Laura Troubridge John Murray 1966 [9324] Very good in rubbed d/w £10

209. (TUCKER) Agnes Giberne A Lady of England: the life and letters of Charlotte Maria Tucker Hodder & Stoughton 1895 [9599] The standard biography of a popular children’s and religious writer – who spent the later years of her life as a missionary in India. Good – though ex-university library £28

210. (TWINING) Louisa Twining Recollections of My Life and Work Edward Arnold 1893 [10625] She was an early ‘social worker’ – involved with workhouse visiting, promoting the idea of poor law inspectors and was herself a poor law guardian. Very good – scarce £68

211. UGLOW, Jennifer (ed) The Macmillan Dictionary of Women’s Biography Macmillan 1984 [7143] Soft covers – very good £10

212. (VICTORIA) Agatha Ramm (ed) Beloved and Darling Child: last letters between Queen Victoria and her eldest daughter 1886-1901 Alan Sutton 1990 [6509] Mint in d/w £10

213. (VICTORIA) Dorothy Marshall The Life and Times of Victoria Weidenfeld & Nicolson 1992 (r/p) [6510] Lavishly illustrated. Mint in d/w £10

214. (WARWICK) Charlotte Fell-Smith Mary Rich, Countess of Warwick (1625-1678), her family and friends Longmans, Green 1901 [1754] Very good £45

215. (WHARTON) R.W.B. Lewis And Nancy Lewis The Letters of Edith Wharton Simon & Schuster 1988 [9747] Fine in fine d/w – 654pp £12

216. (WOLLSTONECRAFT) William Godwin Memoir of Mary Wollstonecraft Constable 1928 [6080] The edition that retrieved the memoir from oblivion. Very good in chipped d/w £20

217. (WRIGHT) Margaret Lane Frances Wright and the ‘Great Experiment’ Manchester University Press 1972 [6081] An Owenite – the ‘Great Experiment’ was Nashoba, a utopian community in America. Very good £18

Ephemera

218. The Home Friend (New Series) SPCK 1854 [8313] 4 vols of miscellany of fact and fiction. Very good in embossed decorative original cloth – together £45

219. ASSOCIATION FOR PROMOTING THE EMPLOYMENT OF HIGH SCHOOL GIRLS IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLWORK Report of Meeting Held at the Westminster Town Hall on Wed Nov 12th 1902 [13043] The Association was formed in 1897 and was disbanded in 1905. The Association’s aim, at its most basic, of promoting the employment of middle-class young women – ie those who had attended high schools – in working-class – ie elementary – schools. ‘Higher teachers are now at last waking up to the absolute necessity of training, and Elementary teachers are far more cultured than they were five or ten years ago.’16-pp pamphlet – good £4

220. ASSOCIATION OF ASSISTANT MISTRESSES Education Policy (with special reference to Secondary Education) AAM no date (1920s?) [13042] 4-pp leaflet. Good – ex-Board of Education library £2

221. ASSOCIATION OF ASSISTANT MISTRESSES IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS The Teaching of English 1907 [12706] A paper given by Miss C.L. Thomson at the 1907 Annual Meeting of the Association. 16-pp pamphlet – good – ex-Board of Education library £8

222. ASSOCIATION OF HEAD MISTRESSES Memorandum Forwarded to the President of the Board of Education, 5 Jan 1907 [12698] 8-pp pamphlet dealing with the issue of the length of the school day and whether afternoon classes should be compulsory or optional. Good – ex-Board of Education libary £5

223. ASSOCIATION OF TECHNICAL INSTITUTIONS Collection of Proceedings at the Annual General Meetings [13223] Proceedings of the meetings held in 1895, 1896, 1897, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1902. Each c 34pp, in original paper covers (some covers present but detached). As a collection £20

224. ASSOCIATION OF UNIVERSITY WOMEN TEACHERS Thirtieth Annual Report, 1912-1913 AUWT 1914 [13216] Includes a (slightly surprisingly) long list of the members. Soft covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £10

225. BINFIELD, Clyde Belmont’s Portias: Victorian nonconformists and middle-class education for girls Dr Williams’ Trust 1981 [9158] The 35th Friends of Dr Williams’s Library Lecture. Paper covers – 35pp – good – scarce £18

226. BOARD OF EDUCATION List of Elementary Schools and Training Colleges under the Administration of the Board 1902-1903 HMSO 1903 [13333] The lists include the number of pupils at each school, the average attendance and the amount the school received in an annual grant. This is bound with (1) ‘Lists of Secondary Schools, Science and Art Schools and Classes, and Evening Schools under the Administration of the Board 1902-1903′. The lists give details of the number of pupils attending day and night classes in both Science and in Art and the total ammount allocated in grants to each school.
(2) ‘Evening Schools Aided by Parliamentary Grants’, giving the number of pupils receiving grants. Packed with information on schools and classes in England and Wales. Leather bound, 193pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £28

227. BRITISH ASSOCIATION ‘The Free-Place’ System British Association 1918 [13477] ‘Report of the Committee, consisting of Mr A.A. Buckmaster (Chairman), Mr Douglas Berridge (Sec), Mr C.H. Bothamley, Dr Lilian J. Clarke, Prof Barbara Foxley, Dr W. Garnett, Prof R.A. Gregory, Prof H. Bompas Smith, Dr H. Lloyd Snape and Miss C.M. Waters, appointed to inquire into and report upon the Effects of the ‘Free-Place’ System upon Secondary Education’. ‘This Free-place system is a name given to an arrangement by which, in return for certain State grants administered by the Board of Education, seconday schools, working in connection with the Board, offer a certain number of places in the school, free of all tuition fees, to pupils who have had at least two years’ previous education in public elementary schools/ Very interesting insight into secondary education at the end of the First World War. 13-pp – good reading copy – ex-Board of Education Library £8

228. BRITTAIN, Vera (introduces) Prisoners’ Circle: essays by ex-prisoners Prison Medical Reform Council 1943 [12280] Paper covers – 32pp – good £5

229. BRONTE SOCIETY GAZETTE [12065] Issues for 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002 (issues 23-26 inc). Fine – together £6

230. BRONTE SOCIETY TRANSACTION [12069] issues from vol 25 part 1 (April 2000)-vol 35 number 2 (July 2010) inclusive. 13 in all. Fine- each issue £1

231.BRONTE SOCIETY TRANSACTIONS [12066] Vol 20, part 4, 1991. Fine £1

232.BRONTE SOCIETY TRANSACTIONS [12067] vol 22 (1997). Fine £1

233.BRONTE SOCIETY TRANSACTIONS [12068] vol 23, part 1 (April 1998). Fine £1

234. BUTLER, Josephine (ed) The Storm Bell Ladies’ National Association for the Abolition of State Regulation of Vice Feb 1899 [9802] Single issue. Contains the rather touching notice: ‘If there should occasionally be some delay or irregularity in the appearance of the Storm Bell, I beg my Friends to judge its Editor leniently….As I have no Sub-Editor, it will be understood that it is not always easy to prepare even so humble a periodical as this, in time to be out exactly at the right date.’ Fine – scarce £28

235. CARPENTER, J. Estlin The Promotion of International Peace Through Universities National Peace Council 1912 [13210] ‘A Paper read at the Eighth National Peace Congress, 1912′. 12-pp – paper covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £8

236. CHARITY ORGANISATION REVIEW Vol X (New Series) July To Dec 1901 Longmans, Green 1902 [9244] half-yearly bound volume of the COS’s own magazine. Very good £28

237. CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY Right and Wrong as to School Feeding COS 1906 [9237] Facts and figures. Paper covers – 8pp – very good – unusual £18

238. CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY D.R. Sharpe Centralised Registration of Assistance COS 1911 [9236] Paper read on 31 May 1911 at the Annual National Conference of Charity Organisation Societies. Paper covers – 14pp pamphlet – good – unusual £18

239. CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY Miss Pike Friendly Visiting and Personal Service COS 1911 [9238] Paper read on 1 June 1911 at the Annual National Conference of Charity Organisation Societies. Paper covers – 11pp – good – a little foxing – unusual £20

240. CO-OPERATIVE HOLIDAYS ASSOCIATION [12798] 3-pp pamphlet, reprinted from ‘Modern Language Teaching’, June 1910, setting out the work of this Associaiton, which had begun by the Congregational Church in industrial Lancashire, together with
Annual Reports for the year ending Sept 30th, 1910 and Annual Report for the year ending Sept 30th 1911. Interesting – 3 items – the Annual Reports v good – the pamphlet rubbed and split (with no loss of text) – ex-Board of Education library – as a collection £15

241. COUNCIL OF WOMEN CIVIL SERVANTS Higher Appointments Open to Women in the Civil Service P.S. King 1928 [12709] ‘It is believed that the number and the importance of the careers in the Civil Service open to women are not fully recognised…’. 8-pp pamphlet – good- ex-Board of Education library. £10

242. DEPARTMENTAL COMMITTEE ON THE TRAINING APPOINTMENT AND PAYMENT OF PROPBATION OFFICERS Report of the Departmental Committee on the Training, Appointment and Payment of Probation Officers HMSO 1922 [12292] Paper covers – 32pp – fair – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2

243. ELIZA COOK’S JOURNAL VOLS 1-3 [8594] Runs from issue 1, 5 May 1849 to issue 156, 24 April 1852. Very good condition – half leather and marbled boards. Each vol £38

244. FABIAN WOMEN’S GROUP Summary of Eight Papers and Discussions upon the Disabilities of Mothers as Workers Fabian Women’s Group (Private Circulation) 1910 [12973] Papers by Mrs Pember Reeves, Dr Ethel Vaughan-Sawyer, Mrs Spence Weiss, Mrs Bartrick Baker, Mrs Stanbury, Mrs S.K. Ratcliffe, Miss B.L. Hutchins, Mrs O’Brien Harris. Paper covers – good £15

245. FEDERATION OF SOCIETIES OF TEACHERS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION [13329] Two of the Federation’s annual reports. First Annual Report (Oct 1935-Sept 1936), 6pp; Fourth Annual Report (October 1938-Dec 1939), 12pp. Both soft covers, both very good. Together £12

246. GARDNERS’ TRUST FOR THE BLIND Report of the Conference on Matters relating to the Blind Farmer and Sons 1902 [13222] The Conference was held at the Church House, Westminster on 22, 23, 23 April 1902. 258pp in original boards – good – ex-Board of Education Library £18

247. GIRLS’ OWN ANNUAL, Oct 1891- Sept 1892 [2459] Very good internally – with Extra Christmas Number 1891 and Extra Summer Number 1892 bound in- in publisher’s binding – spine leather rubbed and torn. Includes the colour reproduction of a painting by Kate Greenaway. Heavy £30

248. GIRLS’ OWN ANNUAL, Oct 1896-Sept 1897 [3123] Very good internally – in slightly worn publisher’s binding. Includes a series of articles on ‘What are the provincial county councils doing for girls?’ and all the usual wonderful mix – plus the Extra Christmas Number and an extra Diamond Jubilee Number. Heavy £20

249. HARRIS, E.M. Married Women in Industry Institute of Personnel Management 1954 [12293] Paper covers – 30pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3

250. HARTLEY COLLEGE, SOUTHAMPTON [12781] The precursor to Southampton University, Hartley College was founded in 1862, becoming a University College in 1902. This collection comprises prospectuses for: Day Classes in Arts and Science and Applied Science for sessions, 1899-1900, 1900-1901, 1901-1902. Prospectus for: Day Classes in Arts and Science and Engineering 1902-1903. Prospectuses for Day Classes in Arts and Science 1904-1905; 1905-1906, 1906-1907, 1907-1908. Prospectuses for Evening Classes 1899-1900, 1901-1902, 1902-1903, 1904-1905, 1905-1906, 1906-1907, 1907-1908. Prospectuses for Day and Evening Classes of the School of Art 1899-1900, 1901-1902. Prospectuses for the Day Training College for Men and Women 1902-1903, 1904-1905, 1905-1906, 1906-1907, 1907-1908. Prospectuses for Day Classes suitable for Medical and Dental Students 1904-1905, 1905-1906, 1907-1908. Prospectuses for Day Classes in Civil, Mechanical and Electrical Engineering 1904-1905, 1905-1906, 1906-1907, 1907-1908. All the courses cited were open to women as well as men. All in good condition – ex-Board of Education library – 29 items – as a collection £75

251. HARTOG, P.J. The Owens College, Manchester Co-operative Printing Society 1895 [13224] A description and history of the College – with photographs. Originally presented by the author to Michael Sadler – paper covers – 31pp – ex-Board of Education Library £5

252. HOMERTON COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE [12782] Reports of the Congregational Board of Education on its Training College, Homerton Undenominational College – for the years ending 30 June 1900, 1901, 1902., 1903, 1905. All in good condition – ex Board of Education library – 3 items together £28

253. HOSMER, Harriet [13465] 2pp handwritten letter, on black-edged note paper, written by the American sculptor, Harriet Hosmer (1830-1908), from her studio in Rome – at ’38 Gregoriana’. She is inviting ‘Mrs Newton’ to her studio and giving details of the times of her ‘open house’. Mrs Newton, with her husband, is in Rome on a visit. There is no date – but probably 1860s or 1870s? Fine £20

254. HOUSEWIFE [13578] 3 issues of this popular magazine – for April & August 1941 and September 1943. Packed with evocative advertisements – and war-time making-do. Interesting. Good – three together £8

255. HUTCHINS, B.L. Women’s Industrial Career Sheratt & Hughes Oct 1909 [3631] Reprinted from The Sociological Review. Paper covers – good £9

256. INDUSTRIAL HEALTH RESEARCH BOARD OF THE MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL Absence from Work:
Prevention of Fatigue HMSO no date (1944) [12288] Life of the war-worker. Paper covers – 20pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £4

257. INDUSTRIAL HEALTH RESEARCH BOARD OF THE MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL Why Is She Away?:
the problem of sickness among women in industry HMSO no date (1945) [12295] Soft covers – 22pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £4

258. [JEX-BLAKE] Margaret Todd Sophia Jex-Blake [13519] Obituary article by Jex-Blake’s close friend – reprinted from the Royal Free Hospital Magazine. 8-pp – printed by the Women’s Printing Society – fine – in paper covers £12

259. JEX-BLAKE, Sophia Medical Education for Women 1872 [13518] ‘The substance of a lecture delivered on April 26th 1872, in St George’s Hall, London, The Rt Hon, the Earl of Shaftesbury in the Chair’. The lecture is enhanced by a multitude of footnotes and appendices. Paper wrappers – 86pp. All is good – except that the bottom few lines of pp83-86 (inc) and the back wrapper have disappeared – damp? Very scarce – COPAC lists copies held only at Bristol, Sheffield, Glasgow, LSE & the Women’s Library @ LSE. £55

260. KLEIN, Viola Employing Married Women Institute of Personnel Management 1961 [12291] Paper covers – 52pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5

261. LONDON INSTITUTE FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF PLAIN NEEDLEWORK Annual Report for the Year ending September 30th, 1909 1909 [13041] 24pp – good in card covers – ex-Board of Education library £8

262. LONDON PROGRESSIVE EDUCATION COUNCIL Report Jan 1904-June 30, 1905 1905 [12553] The Council’s suggested election policy for the forthcoming 1906 General Election included, amongst other items, ‘All schools maintained by public money should be under complete public management and control.’ ‘The Council is the only organisation i London for promoting the principles of National Education, efficient, progressive, free, unsectarian, and under popular control’. With a list of donors and subscribers. 4-pp – good £2

263. LONDON (ROYAL FREE HOSPITAL) SCHOOL OF MEDICINE FOR WOMEN (UNIVERSITY OF LONDON) [13520] An appeal to build an extension – c 1915. Consists of a brief history of the School and photographs -interior and exterior – of the building and its begetters. Fine £25

264. MACCARTHY, Fiona Work for Married Women Conservative Political Centre 1966 [12297] Paper covers – 18pp – good- withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2

265. McMILLAN, Margaret The Future of Our Young People Co-operative Union 1911 [12743] Paper covers – 12pp – good – ex-Board of Education library £12

266. Manchester High School for Girls [11374] Letter dated 2 April 1873 from Edward Freeman (Somerleaze, Wells, Somerset) writes to ‘My dear Lord’ (possibly a Bishop?) ‘I see your name as a “patron” of the new Girls School to be set up at Manchester. ..I would venture to recommend a candidate for the place of Head Mistress, which I hear that the Committee are going about to fill.’ His recommendation is Miss Macarthur ‘who has been governess in my house for nearly five years. ..She is in correspondence with Miss Vernon, to whom Mrs Kitchener first spoke of her…I think the best witness of my opinion of her is that I have set her to write one of my series of small histories, a History of Scotland which I hope will be out soon.’ ‘though she does not actually understand Latin and Greek, she knows all abou them..’ Unfortunately Miss Macarthur was not appointed; there being far better qualified candidates competing for this sought after position. She was Margaret A.R. Macarthur, born in Scotland in 1842 and was the author of ‘History of Scotland’ in Freeman’s Historical Course for Schools. It would be interesting to find out what happened to her. Mss – 4pp – fine £45

267. MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND NATIONAL SERVICE Time Rates of Wages and Hours of Labour HMSO 1952 [12298] Covers every type of employment for coal mining to cinema usherette. Paper covers – 248pp £8

268. MORAL INSTRUCTION LEAGUE Our Future Citizens: how is character cultivated in board schools MIL 1900 [13022] 16-pp pamphlet – ex-Board of Education library £4

269. NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF GIRLS’ CLUBS Clubs and Club Making University of London Press 1943 [12747] A history – and then 13 chapters on how to run a club. Soft covers – 104pp – good – ex-Board of Education library £12

270. NATIONAL FEDERATION OF BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL WOMEN’S CLUBS OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND The Changing Pattern: report on the training of older woman NFBPWC 1966 [12296] Paper covers – 24pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3

271. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN WORKERS OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND Collection of Conference Reports [13207] Papers Read at the Conferences held at Cheltenham and Gloucester, 1903; Birmingham, 1905; Tunbridge Wells, 1906; Manchester, 1907; Aberdeen, 1908; and Lincoln, 1910. The Papers cover a wide range of the subjects close to the heart of the actively philanthropic women involved with the NUWW. The speakers included, at random, Margaret Bondfield, Henrietta Barnett, Millicent Fawcett, Sarah Siddons Mair, Eunice Murray, Honnor Morten, Mrs George Cadbury, Dorothea Beale, Sarah Burstall, Mary MacArthur, Sarah Dickenson and Margaret Irwin. 6 volumes – good reading copies – they have been disbound at some point from an all-encompassing binding and the sewing is no longer tight. Ex-Board of Education Library. Scarce. As a collection £80

272. NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE ASSOCIATION OF SCHOOLMASTERS Co-education or Separation? no date (pre 1914) [13028] 12-pp pamphlet in card covers – ex-Board of Education library £2

273. PALLISTER, Minnie Socialism for Women ILP no date [1924] [12759] ‘Not only the “Intelligent” Women but for all Women’ – with a nod to G.B. Shaw. Paper covers -18-pp pamphlet – good £18

274. PAUPER HOSPITALS AND SCHOOLS Return of ‘all district and separate pauper hospitals (including asylums of the Metropolitan Asylum District), also of district and separate pauper schools, built during the past ten years; giving the name of hospital or school; names of unions contribution; class of inmates; extent of area; cost of site; cost of building; number of inmates; exclusive of officers; cost per head on number to be accommodated; and number of inmates on 1 May 1885 HMSO 1885 [9205] 6 foolscap pages. Very good – disbound £20

275. REFORMATORIES AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOLS (COMMITTALS) Returns showing the comparative number of committals of boys and girls to reformatories and industrial schools April 1872 [9150] ‘Shows comparative number of committals of boys and girls to reformatories and industrial schools in 1870, with the number of cases in which the parents have been charged with such payment towards their children’s cost at such schools as may be considered equal to the expense they are saved by so throwing their children on public support, together with a comparative statement of the number of cases in which such charge has been adjudged, with that of the charges actually recovered and regularly paid.’ Raw facts. 4 foolscap pp – disbound £28

276. REGULATIONS FOR THE CATHOLIC GIRLS’ SCHOOL AT UGBROOK Printed by J.E. Searle (Chudleigh) 1841 [2052] ‘Approved by the Rt Revd the Vicar Apostolic of the Western District of England, for the Catholic Girls School at Ugbrook, in the County of Devon, under the protection of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St Joseph’.’The Catholic girls’ School at Ugbrook is intended by Lord Clifford to be henceforth solely for the education of the female children of those who are or have been tenants, servants, or labourers on his estate, or tradesmen in the employ of his family at Ugbrook…’ Together with ‘Catholic Confirmation at Ugbrook’, reprinted from ‘The Western Times’, 8 January 1842. ‘Thinking that a report of the proceedings [the Confirmation] would be interesting to our readers, on account of the peculiar form of the ceremony itself …and more especially on account of the inroad made into the Protestant flock of the deserted vicarage of Chudleigh..’ Two items – card covers – very good – together £25

277. REPORT OF THE MABYS ASSOCIATION FOR THE CARE OF YOUNG GIRLS, 1922 1923 [12723] Founded by Mrs Nassau Senior in 1874 ‘to befriend and protect the girls brought up in the Guardians’ Schools, and those of other Public Authorities in the Metropolitan area. The Association tries to ensure for these girls the same chances in life and the same status as those girls who have been brought up in their own homes’. This Annual Report gives full detail of the Mabys work – the homes it ran – and its workers and supporters. Good – 34pp – ex-Board of Education library £15

278. REVIEW OF REVIEWS [3887] edited by W.T. Stead. the first volume, January-June 1890. As Stead spotted, here was a gap in the market, enabling the interested observer to keep a finger on the pulse of the world. With v useful indexes to articles in current periodicals. Very good £25

279. ROBERT BROWNING HALL SERIES OF SOCIAL TRACTS: nO 2 The Labour Movement in Religion [13227] Talk by the Warden, Herbert Stead on 6 Jan 1895. Paper covers – 8pp – fair – ex-Board of Education Library £3

280. ROBERT BROWNING HALL SOCIAL TRACTS: NO 1 The State and the Unemployed by Sir John Gorst MP [13226] A speech delivered by Gorst on 9 May 1895 in Robert Browning Hall, Walworth. 8-pp leaflet – fair – ex-Board of Education Library £4

281. SENIOR, Mrs Nassau Pauper Schools HMSO 1875 [10457] ‘Copy ”of a Letter addressed to the President of the Local Government Board by Mrs Nassau Senior, lately an Inspector of the Board, being a reply to the observation of Mr Tufnell, also a former inspector upon her report on pauper schools’. This was a follow-up to Mrs Senior’s 1874 report.
24pp – large format – disbound. £55

282. SHAFTS ed. by Margaret Shurmer Sibthorpe 1892 [12501] Volume 1 – issue no 1 – 3 Nov 1892 – of this ‘progressive’ radical woman’s paper. This first issue contains an article on The Pioneer Club – whose – members were just the readership at which ‘Shafts’ was aiming – on ‘Type-Writing as an Employment for Women’ – on ‘Social Purity’ by ‘A Working Woman’ – and a review by Frances Lord (first English translator of Ibsen) of ‘Peter Ibbetson’ by George du Maurier.- noted as the first in a series of ‘short notes on Books containing Occult, Psychical or Mystical Teaching.’ ‘Shafts’ caught the fin-de-siècle zeitgeist. First issue – very good condition – very scarce £48

283. SIR HENRY JONES [11407] writes a glowing testimonial for his former pupil, Mabel Atkinson, a candidate for a lectureship at the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire. She was a graduate of Glasgow University and was then a research student at LSE, a Fabian and a suffragette. .LSE Library holds some material on her. Fine £48

284. SMALL COLLECTION DOCUMENTING THE ACADEMIC PROGRESS OF MURIEL LONG AT THE COUNTY HIGH SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, WEST KIRBY 1920-1926 [12613] The tenor of Muriel’s school reports is ‘very fair’ – and we all know what that means. But she was clearly much younger than the average age of the class and does quite well in maths and science. Generally her conduct is ‘very good’ but at least one report notes ‘rather noisy in the class room’.Included in the collection are a number of programmes for Speech Day and Annual Sports. In 1926 Muriel went on to Underwood Commercial College in Liverpool to learn shorthand and typing (1st in the class in ‘Office Routine’). I think Muriel married in 1940 and died in 2006 – leaving bequests to Venice in Peril and the Royal Overseas League – so it doesn’t look as though being graded only ‘very fair’ at Scripture, Ancient History etc had prevented her taking an interest. An eclectic collection of material £45

285. SMITH, Protheroe Introductory Address to the Course of Clinical Lectures at the Hospital for Women for the session of 1883-84 delivered October 11th 1883 J & A Churchill 1883 [3362] Protheroe Smith was one of the founders of the Soho Square hospital that specialised in the treatment of the diseases specific to women. Interesting summary of his views on the treatment of women. Paper covers – 11pp – very good £25

286. TEACHERS’ GUILD OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND Collection of Annual Reports [13217] Reports for 1896-1897; 1897; 1899; 1900; 1901-1902; 1904-1905; 1905-1906; 1906; 1907-1908; 1908; 1909-10; 1910; 1911-12. The Guild represented both male and female teachers. With much detail of local branches. Each Report c 90pp, in original paper covers (the occasional cover present, but detached) – all in good condition. Together – 13 items £80

287. TEACHERS’ GUILD OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND List of Members Alphabetically Arranged 1913 [13218] Names and addresses – very useful. Women teachers appear to be in the majority. Soft covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £15

288. THE ACLAND CHRONICLE April 1903 [12684] The second number of the ‘Acland Chronicle’ recording the work of the Acland Club for boys and girls that was associated with the Women’s University Settlement. Good in original wrppers – ex-Board of Education library £8

289. THE ASSOCIATION OF HEAD MISTRESSES List of Public Secondary Schools for Girls 1903 1903 [13045] Card covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £10

290. THE ASSOCIATION OF HEAD MISTRESSES List of Public Secondary Schools for Girls 1905 1905 [13046] Card covers – good – ex-Board of Education library £10

291. THE FELLOWSHIP CLUB LTD [13330] ‘The Fellowship Club was opened by Mrs M.I. Scott in 1921…The object of the Club is to provide an international centre, resident and non-resident, for those who are in sympathy with modern progressive movements’. The Club was at 45,46, 51 and 52 Lancaster Gate. This booklet contains four photos of the Club as well as details of its services (eg totally vegetarian catering) and charges. Soft covers – good – unusual £12

292. THE HOME ARTS & INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION A Collection of the Association’s Reports [13332] The Home Arts & Industries Association was founded in 1884 by Eglantyne Jebb and was instrumental in spearheading a revived interest in the craft movement. The Association had its office and studios in the Royal Albert Hall. The collection comprises the Reports for 1902, 1905, 1906 (1 two-sided leaflet and a 4-pp leaflet setting out barest details of the Association, which appears to have been undergoing a financial crisis. I am not sure whether there were reports for 1907 and 1908), 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918. Most in very good condition (that for 1902 may be disbound, front page is present, but loose). – ex-Board of Education Library. Together £55

293. THE LEAGUE OF SERVICE Report, 1910-1911 [12737] ‘The League of Service exists to bring such influences to bear upon the physical conditions and the homes of the chidlren of the nation that each child may at least begin life with a fair chance of attaining full development.’ The Report details the League’s work – in London only – with centres at King’s Cross, Marylebone and Battersea, each with its own ‘Mothers’ Dining Room’. Paper covers – 20pp -very good – ex-Board of Education library £15

294. THE TEACHERS’ GUILD OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND Scheme of Proposed Teachers’ Guild Friendly Society (Sickness and Accident Fund) 1897 [13220] Insurance for teachers. The contributions for women teachers is set higher arising ‘from the fact that amonst women the frequency, if not the duration of sickness, is very much greater than amongst men of coresponding ages, and to provide for both on the same terms would be inequitable and unsafe.’ Soft covers – 12pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £8

295. THE UPLANDS ASSOCIATION The Uplands Circular [13475] The Uplands Association was an organisation pledged to reform school life and teaching. Its first principle was ‘All types of schooling to be pursued as far as climatic conditions will permit in the open air’. They ran a Summer School each year at Glastonbury and issued a newsletter ‘The Uplands Circular’. Issue for Feb 1922. Good – 8pp – ex-Board of Education Library £3

296. THE WOMEN’S BRANCH FEDERATION Fifth Annual Report, 1912-13 [12744] ‘Affiliated to the Social Institutes’ Union’ – ‘unites existing Clubs and Social Institutes for women and girls of the industrial community by promoting amongst them mutual interest and friendly intercourse.’ Good – in original wrappers – 16pp – 2 photos -ex-Board of Education lbirary £12

297. THE WOMEN’S BRANCH FEDERATION Sixth Annual Report, 1913-14 [12745] ‘We can only conclude by saying that we have endeavoured to raise the standard of London Working Girls by encouraging them to take pleasure in interesting study, and employ their leisure hours in healthy and wholesome recreation.’ With details of all the affiliated Clubs. Paper covers – 16pp – good – ex-Board of Education library £12

298. THE WOMEN’S LEAGUE OF SERVICE Report, 1911-1912 [12738] The League of Service was now renamed – and, in addition to those detailed in the 1910-11 Report, now had Centres in Hammersmith, Croydon and Bristol. Paper covers – 34pp – very good – ex-Board of Education library £15

299. THREE WOMEN’S WORK [7170] Exhibition of Three Women’s Work, held at the Arlington Gallery in June 1934. The women were Lady Gertrude Crawford (Gold Medallist of the Worshipful Company of Turners), Phyllis Coryndon (Exhibitor of Needlework at the Royal Society of Miniature Painters), and Mary Ireland (the Originator of Fabric Mosaic). Catalogue of the exhibition – 8pp – giving details of the exhibitors’ backgrounds and listing the works for sale, with the prices asked. Good £5

300. VICTORIA UNIVERSITY:THE OWEN’S COLLEGE MANCHESTER Prospectus of the Arts, Science, and Law Department and Department for Women and of Evening and Popular Courses [12683] Prospectuses for Sessions 1896-7, 1898-9, 1899-1900, including full details of the contents of all courses. In good condition in original wrappers (the wrapper for 1896-7 torn and detached) – -each prospectus c 170pp – ex-Board of Education library.. 3 items – as a collection £45

301. WHITE, Florence The Spinsters Manifesto!!: a detailed statement of the case for contributory (non-retiring) pensions at 55 National Spinsters Pensions Association 1945 [11346] ‘We herewith present the case for pension consideration for single women at 55, trusting that after perusal you will be impressed by the reasonable nature of the reform advocated, agreeing with us that single women are indeed the OVERLOOKED SECTION in the present Social Insurance Proposals’. Pamphlet -12pp – fine £28

302. WILKINS, Mrs Roland The Training and Employment of Education Women in Horticulture and Agriculture Women’s Farm and Garden Association 1927 [13213] Soft covers – 52pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £25

303.A WOMAN’S RIGHT TO CHOOSE Abortion Law Reform Association Why we must fight the Abortion (Amendment) Bill and how to go about it [13197] 20-pp pamphlet giving ‘Some Information about the Abortion (Amendment) Bill’ – and including a ‘List of Members of Parliament who voted AGAINST the Bill’s Second Reading, 7 Feb 1975) £8

304. WOMEN’S CO-OPERATIVE GUILD 35th Annual Report, 1 May 1917-30 April 1918 [12750] Paper covers – 24pp – good – ex-Board of Education library £12

305. WOMEN’S CO-OPERATIVE GUILD 36th Annual Report 1 May 1918-30 April 1919 [12751] Paper covers – good – ex-Board of Education library £12

306. WOMEN’S EMPLOYMENT FEDERATION Memorandum on Openings and Trainings for Women, 1947-8 [12731] Packed with information on what post-war work opportunities were open to women – from Accountancy to Youth Leadership. With illuminating ads. Paper covers – 66pp – good – ex-Board of Education library £15

307. WOMEN’S INDUSTRIAL COUNCIL Annual Report, 1904-5 [12703] packed with information on the work of the WIC – including that of its Central Lending Library for Working Girls’ Clubs, its Central Association for Circulating Pictures (to Girls’ Clubs), a list of its lectures, names of its subscribers etc. Paper covers – very good – ex-Education Library £15

308. WOMEN’S INDUSTRIAL COUNCIL Nineteenth Annual Report 1912-13 [12704] Includes a long, v interesting and wide-ranging list of lectures given – as well as details of the work undertaken by the council – including the trades into which it had undertaken investigations. Paper covers – very good – ex-Board of Education library £15

309. WOMEN’S IMPERIAL HEALTH ASSOCIATION The Cry of the Children to the Mothers of Great Britain c. 1912 [12522] 1. ‘Please let me sleep in a cot all to myself and keep my nursery window open’. 2. ‘Please nurse me yourself (as God meant you to) till I am nine months old.’ etc. There are 10 ‘cries’. Single-sided sheet – fine condition £15

310. WOMEN’S NATIONAL HEALTH ASSOCIATION OF IRELAND The Care of the Baby! c 1912 [12523] ‘This leaflet tells us How to Save the Babies and how to bring them up to ber strong’. 4-pp leaflet beginning with ‘Advice on the care of Infants’ – which includes ‘Porter or wine should not be taken’ – by the nursing mother, that is, though later on the advice is ‘Never give a baby sips of whiskey, porter or the like’. Distributed by the Women’s Imperial Health Association’ – the rubber stamp of which appears on the back page. Very good condition £20

311. WOODFIELD 1951 [11792] Leaflet – folds out to three pages – with one separate page – a brochure for ‘Woodfield’ – a home for children. This is the type of home that doesn’t exist any longer – where parents left their children while they were abroad or otherwise engaged – rather than an orphanage or home for disturbed children. Woodfield was the home of Major and Mrs Whitelocke. ‘Our aim is still to provide at Woodfield the sort of nursery life which was a commonplace in our own childhood, and which made British Nannies so famous throughout Europe that no household of rank was considered complete without one.’ £5

POSTCARDS

312. BEDFORD COLLEGE The Common Room [13254] Real photographic card – I can see a print of G. F.Watts’ ‘Hope’ among the pictures – and is that a portrait of Emily Penrose over the fireplace? I’m not sure. Very good – printed in Berlin so probably dates from pre-1914 – unposted £10

313. CLARK’S COLLEGE, CIVIL SERVICE Preparing for the Lady Clerk’s G.P.O. Exam [9233] Photograph of the young women preparing for this exam which, if they passed, offered a chance of bettering themselves. Very good – unposted £12

314. GEORGE LANSBURY, MP, LCC [13279] real photographic postcard published by the Church Socialist League, London branch, pre – First World War. Fine – unposted £25

315. HORTICULTURAL COLLEGE FOR WOMEN, HEXTABLE [12876] real photographic postcard of Hextable House, home of Swanley Horticultural College (for details of which see Crawford, ‘Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle’). The card was posted on 19 Jan 1918 from, I assume, a student to her mother, with the message ‘Have arrived safely.’ Good £8

316. MERCHANT TAYLORS’ SCHOOL FOR GIRLS [11781] Real photographic postcard of the exterior of the Crosby, Liverpool, girls’ school. The ink message on the back includes ‘The view is of Aunty Nina’s school..’ and continues onto the front of the card on white space to the side of the photograph. Posted in, I think, 1933. Good £10

MUSIC HALL

317. KITTY GILLOW [10700] poses in top hat and tails – with cigar. A latter-day music-hall actress, she has signed her photograph – which was taken in Jersey in 1964 £5

318. MISS ELLA SHIELDS B. Feldman 1914 [10675] sings ‘Just One Kiss – Just Another One’ and is photographed in top hat and tails on the cover of the sheet music. The song was written by William Hargreaves and Dan Lipton. Very god £7

319. MISS ELLA SHIELDS Campbell, Connelly & Co 1925 [10678] sings ‘Show Me the Way to Go Home’, written by Irving King, and is photographed as an awkward young man on the cover of the sheet music. Good £6

320. MISS ELLA SHIELDS Lawrence Wright 1925 [10681] sings ‘When the Bloom is On the Heather’ and is photographed in top hat and tails on the cover of the sheet music. Very good £6

321. MISS ELLA SHIELDS Francis, Day & Hunter 1927 [10682] sings ‘I’m Looking Over a Four Leaf Clover’ and is photographed in close up on the cover wearing her top hat and white bow tie. Fair – some marks on cover £5

322. MISS ELLA SHIELDS Lawrence Wright 1929 [10688] sings ‘Home in Maine’ and is photographed in sailor attire on cover of sheet music. Good £6

323. MISS HETTY KING Francis, Day & Hunter 1908 [10684] sings ‘I’m Afraid to Come Home in the Dark’ and is photographed on the cover of the sheet music in extravagantly elegant top hat and tails. Very good £7

324. MISS NORA DELANEY Lawrence Wright 1929 [10687] sings ‘Glad Rag Doll’ and is photographed in male evening dress on the cover of the sheet music. Good £5

325. MISS VESTA TILLEY [10695] photographic postcard of her in waistcoat and trilby, together with a cigarette card of woman in male evening dress. Good – card posted in 1907 £6

326. MISS ZENA DARE [10693] photographic postcard of her in male attire. Very good – posted in 1906 £5

327. ‘MR WINIFRED WARD’ [10697] as she signs in ink (real signature) a photograph of herself in evening dress. She was an acclaimed male impersonater in the early 20th century. Fine £7

328. VESTA TILLEY Francis, Day & Hunter 1905 [10670] sings ‘Who Said, “Girls”?’. Sheet music featuring photograph on cover of Vesta Tilley in smart male attire. The ditty begins: ‘One day on a Western claim/Miners vow’d their lives were tame, For in that lonel spot there seldom girls had been.’ Good £7

329. VESTA TILLEY Francis, Day & Hunter 1896 [10672] sings ‘He’s Going In For this Dancing Now’, sheet music, written by E.W. Rogers. Very good – except that the front cover is semi-detached £5

330. VESTA TILLEY Francis, Day & Hunter 1894 [10683] sings ‘By the Sad Sea Waves’ and is photographed in colour on the cover of the sheet music. Good – though spine strengthened £7
FICTION

331. BAILLIE, Joanna A Series of Plays in which it is attempted to delineate the stronger passions of the mind Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, & Brown, a new edition 1821 [2509] A handsome set – newly rebound in cloth £60

332. BUNBURY, Selina The Blind Girl of the Moor: a shepherd’s girl B. Wertheim, Aldine Chambers 1845 [3421] A moral tale – with a Scottish setting. Good – rebound £5
333. BRONTE, Emily Wuthering Heights OUP 2009 [11721] Text edited by Ian Jack, with an introduction and additional notes by Helen Small. In World’s Classics series. Soft covers £4

334. Brontes, The Tales of Glass Town, Angria, and Gondal: selected writings OUP 2010 [13427] Edited with Introduction and Notes by Christine Alexander. Soft covers – mint £6

335. DALBY, Richard (ed) The Virago Book of Victorian Ghost Stories Virago 1988 [10714] Stories by, among others, Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Gaskell, Catherine Crowe, M.E. Braddon, Rhoda Broughton, Vernon Lee, Violet Hunt and Mary Cholomondeley. Fine in good d/w £8

336. GASKELL, Elizabeth Cranford OUP 2011 [13428] With introduction by Dinah Birch. Soft covers – mint £4

337. HASTINGS, Lady Flora Poems William Blackwood 1841 [5816] The poems of poor Lady Flora were edited for publication by her sister. Lady Flora, a lady in waiting at court in 1838, was suspected of being pregnant, though unmarried. In fact her body was swollen with illness – and she died. Everybody was then v. sorry. Pasted onto the free front endpaper is a black-bordered printed ‘Elegy on the Death of Lady Flora Hastings.’ Annotation in ink reveals that the copy had in 1882 belonged to Mr John Gladstone, 39 Gunter Grove, Redcliffe Gardens, London S.W.. Latterly the copy had been held in the City of Cardiff Reference Library – perhaps given to it by Mr Gladstone. It bears a ‘Withdrawn from Stock’ stamp as well as the library albel on the front pastedown. The copy, in its original decorative green cloth, is worn along spine and hinge to front board is tender – contents very good £25
338. INGELOW, Jean Poems George Routledge, no date (c 1900??) [3609] Good – cloth covers faded £3

339. KARLIN, Daniel (ed) The Penguin Book of Victorian Verse Penguin Press 1997 [6516] Fine in d/w – 850pp £12

340. MCLEOD, Irene Rutherford Songs to Save a Soul Chatto and Windus 1916 (7th ed) [13186] A collection of poems. An introductory note states that some had been previously published in, amongst other journals, ‘Votes for Women’. Irene McLeod had been a member of the WSPU’s Young Purple, White and Green Association and of its Drummers’ Union. Very good £20

341. NELSON, Cary (ed) The Oxford Handbook of Modern and Contemporary American Poetry OUP 2012 [13429] Mint in d/w – heavy – 716pp (pub price £95) £50

342. PIKE, G. Holden Daughters of the Flower Market: a story of four London bouquetieres Religious Tract Society, no date (c 1900?) [3612] Bears a 1904 (boys’) school prize label. Contains a wealth of social observation – and line-drawings £4

343. PROCTER, Adelaide Anne Legends and Lyrics Bell & Daldy, 14th ed 1872 [1585] Poems by a leading member of the Langham-Place group. very good – leather, with gilt decorations and all edges gilt £15

344. SCOTT, Diana (selects) Bread and Roses: women’s poetry in the 19th and 20th centuries Virago 1982 [4302] Paper covers – very good £9

345. SHERWOOD, Mrs The Happy Family Houlston & Sons, new edition no date [3607] A little tract – paper covers. Fine £5

346. SIGOURNEY, Mrs (ed. F.W.N. Bailey) The Poetical Works of Mrs L.H. Sigourney G. Routledge 1857 [2428] Neatly rebound in cloth £10

347. SINCLAIR,Catherine Modern Society; or, the March of the Intellect William Whyte 1837 [10803] Very good in half-leather and marbled boards £20

348. SPARK, Muriel Territorial Rights Macmillan 1979 [8910] Set in Venice. Very good in d/w £12

349. SWAN, Annie S. Aldersyde: a Border story of seventy years ago Oliphant, Anderson, & Ferrier 1885 (r/p) [9697] Good reading copy – cover marked £8

350. SWAN, Annie S. Carlowrie: or, among Lothian folk Oliphant, Anderson and Ferrier, no date, reprint (1890s?) [9696] Good reading copy £8

351. SWAN, Annie S. The Secret Panel Oliphant, Anderson & Ferrier 1896 (r/p [9701] Very good in decorative binding £8

352. SWAN, Annie S. The Strait Gate S.W. Partridge, no date (1890s?) [9706] Good in decorative binding £8

353. TAYLOR, Mary Miss Miles OUP 1990 [12413] Mary Taylor was the life-long friend of Charlotte Bronte. This edition with an introduction by Janet Horowitz Murray. Soft covers – very good £6

354. TRAVERS, Graham [pseud of Margaret Todd] Mona MacLean: medical student William Blackwood, 14th ed 1899 [11784] Novel written by Sophia Jex-Blake’s friend and biographer. Cover marked – scarce £38

355.VON ARNIM, Elizabeth The Enchanted April Virago 1986 [13493] Soft covers – fine £5

356. VYNNE, Nora The Pieces of Silver Andrew Melrose 1911 [13337] One of the dedicatees of this novel is Franklin Thomasson, whose family had a long association with the women’s suffrage movement. The heroine is a feminist journalist and political campaigner – as was the author, who co-authored, with Helen Blackburn, ‘Women Under the Factory Acts 1903′ (see item # ). While not being categorically ‘suffrage’, it is so very close to that genre that I have included it in this section. A scarce book £48

357.WOOD, Mrs Henry Roland Yorke Richard Bentley 1896 [6190] Good reading copy £6

358. YONGE, Charlotte M. A Book of Golden Deeds T. Nelson, no date, reprint [9698] Good reading copy £5

359. TROLLOPE, Anthony Can You Forgive Her? OUP (World’s Classics) 2011 [13445] Edited by Dinah Birch. Soft covers – mint £5

360. TROLLOPE, Anthony The Duke’s Children OUP (World’s Classics) 2011 [13443] Edited with an introduction and notes by Katherine Mullin and Francis O’Gorman. Soft covers – mint £5

A FEW ‘NON-WOMEN’

361. ANDREWS, Malcolm Dickensian Laughter: essays on Dickens & humour OUP 2013 [13418] Examines and reflects on Dickens’ techniques for making us laugh. Mint in d/w (pub price £20) £15

362. FLESHER, Caroline McCracken The Doctor Dissected: a cultural autopsy of the Burke & Hare murders OUP 2012 [13434] Canvasses a wide range of media – from contemporary newspaper accounts and private correspondenc to Japanese comic books and videogames to analyse the afterlife of the Burke and Hare murders and consider its singular place in Scottish history. Mint in d/w (pub price £41.99) £28

363. JAMES, Simon Maps of Utopia: H.G. Wells, modernity, and the end of culture OUP 2012 [13414] Begins with the late-Victorian debate about the effect of reading, especially reading fiction, that followed the 1870 Education Act and considers WEls’s best known scientific novels, important social novels, as well as less-known texts.Mint in d/w (pub price £53) £28

364. TOMAN, John Kilvert’s World of Wonders; growing up in mid-Victorian England Lutterworth Press 2013 [13419] Presents the diarist Francis Kilvert as a typical mid-Victorian, excited by the scientific and tchnological forces ushering in the modern world. Describes the diarist’s upbringing and education to show the origins of his outlook. Soft covers – mint (pub price £25) £18

SUFFRAGE NON-FICTION

365. BLACKBURN, Helen (ed) A Handbook for Women engaged in social and political work J.W. Arrowsmith 1895 [3534] Packed with information and names; Helen Blackburn’s precise intelligence shines through. Two pull-out diagrams. Very good – and very scarce £80

366. CAMPBELL, Olwen W. The Feminine Point of View Williams & Norgate 1952 [4231] The report of a Conference which began in the winter of 1947 and included among its members Teresa Billington-Greig and Margery Corbett Ashby. Olwen Campbell was the daughter of Mary Ward, who had been the leading light of the Cambridge Association for Women’s Suffrage. Very good in d/w £18

367. DOBBIE, B.M. Willmott Dobbie A Nest of Suffragettes in Somerset: Eagle House, Batheaston Batheaston Society 1979 [13585] The story of the Blathwayt family and their involvement in the women’s suffrage movement – copiously illustrated by the photographs taken by Col Blathwayt. Soft covers – quite scarce £26

368. KENT, Susan Sex and Suffrage in Britain, 1860-1914 Princeton University Press 1987 [1361] Fine in d/w (which has one slight nick) £20

369. KING, Elspeth The Scottish Women’s Suffrage Movement People’s Palace, Glasgow 1978 [13272] Soft-covered booklet that was published to accompany the ‘Right to Vote’ exhibition organised by the People’s Palace Museum to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the 1928 Representation of the People Act. Very good £12

370. MARKINO, Yoshio My Idealed John Bullesses Constable 1913 [7381] A Japanese illustrator – includes a long chapter, with illustrations, about Christabel Pankhurst and the WSPU. Good – with decorative cloth cover. Bears the ownership inscription of the novelist Beatrice Kean – scarce £155

371. MARTIN, Anna Mother and Social Reform NUWSS 1913 [11478] Two articles reprinted from the ‘Nineteenth Century and After’ issues of May and June 1913 as a booklet. Anna Martin, deeply concerned about the level of infant mortality and general ill-health of poor women and children, argues for easier separation in cases where the husband and father is neglectful or worse, the right of women to a ‘maintenance’ that is in some way defined. With a membership form for the NUWSS tipped in at the front, and a subscription form to ‘The Common Cause’ at the back. Paper covers (with a few nicks at edges) – very good condition -64pp £45

372. PANKHURST, Sylvia The Suffragette: the history of the women’s militant suffrage movement 1905-1910 The Woman’s Journal (Boston) 1911 [4798] This history of the British militant suffrage movement was first published in the USA – this copy bears the pinprick library mark of Louisville Free Public Library – very good – scarce £85

373. PETHICK-LAWRENCE, Frederick The Women’s Fight for the Vote The Woman’s Press 1910 [13138] One of the classics of the women’s suffrage campaign. Very good internally – delightfully decorated cover (purple and gold) slightly rubbed and faded- – very scarce £150

374. RUBINSTEIN, David Before the Suffragettes: women’s emancipation in the 1890s Harvester 1986 [13158] Soft covers – very good £15

375. SEAWELL, Molly Elliot The Ladies’ Battle Macmillan Co (NY) 1911 [11143] She was an American novelist who here argues against women’s suffrage, maintaining that if women were to vote an unlooked-for ‘general revolution’ would be inaugurated. Good – uncommon £38

376. STOPES, Charlotte Carmichael British Freewomen: their historical privilege Swan Sonnenschein, 3rd ed 1907 [13137] An important volume in the historiography of the women’s suffrage movement. Mrs Stopes made use of material collected by Helen Blackburn. Good. £65

377. STRACHEY, Ray The Cause: a short history of the women’s movement in Great Britain G. Bell 1928 [12059] This copy belonged to Lord McGregor – author of ‘Divorce in England’, a book that includes a very useful bibliography of works on women’s rights. He has laid in the book a collection of newspaper cuttings, from the 1950s to 1970s, relating to the position of women. The copy of the book is in good condition – but he had bought it as an ex-library copy and has added a few pencilled notes on the back pastedown. An interesting association copy. £55

 

SUFFRAGE BIOGRAPHY

378. (FAWCETT) David Rubinstein A Different World for Women: the life of Millicent Garrett Fawcett Ohio State University Press 1991 [12100] Mint in d/w £15

379. (LYTTON) Lady Betty Balfour (ed) Letters of Constance Lytton William Heinemann 1925 [10628] Very good – in purple cloth, with design by Syvlia Pankhurst on front cover £68

380. (PANKHURST) Emmeline Pankhurst My Own Story Eveleigh Nash 1914 [13265] Mrs Pankhurst’s authobiography, written with the help of the American journalist, Rheda Childe Dorr. Good – scarce £55

SUFFRAGE FICTION

381. ARMOUR, Margaret Agnes of Edinburgh Andrew Melrose 1911 [3719] A novel of its time – the suffrage movement although not central to the plot – flows along behind, occasionally breaking the surface in a discussion of women’s rights and attitudes to the campaign. Interesting – very scarce – I’ve only seen it previously in the Briitish Library. Very good in rubbed paper wrapper – with a little card inlaid – showing that it had been presented to Nesta Prichard, of Form Vb, as a prize for mathematics. £40

382. HINE, Muriel The Man With the Double Heart John Lane 1914 [13336] The heroine’s mother is a Militant Suffragette; she is not. Good £18

383. JOHNSTON, Sir Harry Mrs Warren’s daughter: a story of the women’s movement Chatto & Windus 1920 [1342] A suffrage novel. Very good – presentation copy from the author’s wife £35

384. PAGE, Gertrude The Winding Paths Hurst & Blackett c 1911 [8th ed] [12888] A novel with a suffrage theme. ‘The men call them “new Women” with derision, or mannish, or unsexed; but those who have been among them, and known them as friends, know that they hold in their ranks some of th most generous-hearted, unselfish, big-souled women who exist in England to-day…One such as the best of these was Ethel Hayward..’ Good £20

385. ROBERTS, Katherine Pages From the Diary of a Militant Suffragette Garden City Press 1910 [11202] There has been some doubt about whether this is an autobiography or fiction. I tend to think that it is fiction – clearly written by an active suffragette – but am not further forward about who Katherine Roberts was. Extremely interesting – and vivid. Paper covers – a little chipped – but a very good copy – clean and tight – of a very scarce book £250

386. SAUTER, Lilian Through High Windows Curtis & Davison (11a Church St, Kensington) 1911 [12880] Poems. Includes ‘Woman’s Plea for Suffrage’ and ‘Woman’s Song of Freedom.’. The latter was set to music by Annette Hullah and published by the London Society for Women’s Suffrage £25

387. SHAW, Bernard Press Cuttings: a topical sketch compiled from the editorial and correspondence columns of the Daily Papers Constable & Co no date (1909) [13000] as performed by the Civic and Dramatic Guild at the Royal Court Theatre, London, on the 9th July 1909. A suffragette play. In grey card covers a little chipped at edge £35

SUFFRAGE EPHEMERA
388. A Brief Review of the Women’s Suffrage Movement since its Beginning in 1832 [NUWSS], printed by Vacher & Sons April 1911 [13505] 16-pp pamphlet. Very good – would be fine but it has lost its staples. With the ownership inscription of a ‘Mrs Kerr’ on the cover. £35

389. ADA HINES [12587] (1872-1949) of ‘The Nook’, Ashton-on-Mersey, was an artist and a suffragette – the joint founder, in 1909, with her friend and fellow artist, Lucy Fildes, of the Manchester branch of the Women’s Freedom League. Here is an opportunity to acquire a small oil painting by her – unframed – on board – entitled ‘Sunset’. Signed but undated – rather atmospheric. £75

390. ANTI-SUFFRAGE CAMPAIGN [13053] Typed letter, dated 18 July 1910, from George Calderon, Acting Secretary to the Campaign Committee, on note paper headed ‘Anti-Suffrage Campaign’ and giving the names of committee members and the office address (Palace Chambers, Bridge Street, Westminster, S.W.) The letter thanks an MP for the ‘really splendid speech’ he gave ‘on Saturday’. Very good £25

391. BODICHON, Mrs Reasons for the Enfranchisement of Women London National Society for Women’s Suffrage, no date late 1860s? [9519] Printed by Head, Hole & Co, Farringdon Street and Ivy Lane, E.C. Scarce and important pamphlet -8pp – good £250

392. CONSERVATIVE AND UNIONIST WOMEN’S FRANCHISE ASSOCIATION A Reply to the Anti-Suffragists CUWFA [13191] 4-pp leaflet written by Annesley Horsfall. Pages detached – edges very nicked – but text untouched. Withdrawn from the Women’s Library £12

393. CORONATION PROCESSION 17 June 1911 [11274] A stereoscope photograph of ‘The Empire Car’ – part of the ‘Pageant of Empire’ part of the procession staged by the suffrage societies to mark the Coronation of George V. Very good £95

394. ELMY, Elizabeth Wostenholme Woman’s Franchise: the need of the hour ILP 2nd ed, no date [1907] [12760] A campaigner for women’s suffrage since the mid-1860s, she had put aside a lifetime’s aversion to party politics and joined the Manchester ILP in 1904. This article was originally published in the ‘Westminster Review’. In her concise style she analyses the events of the previous 40 years and demands that Liberal MPs who profess to support women’s suffrage honour their pledges. £65

395. FAWCETT, Mrs Henry Home and Politics an address delivered at Toynbee Hall and elsewhere Women’s Printing Society 1894 [12939] A much reproduced speech – first given c 1890. This printing does not bear a date but probably c 1900. It carries the ownership stamp of Margaret Clark, Street, Somerset who in 1909 married Arthur Gillett – so probably predates 1909. 8pp – a little creased and marked – but tight £35

396. HILL, MISS OCTAVIA Women and the Suffrage 1910 [13150] 2-sided leaflet, reproducing a letter from Octavia Hill to the Editor of the ‘Times’, dated 14 July 1910. In this she repudiates the necessity of votes for women – ‘Let the woman seek the quiet paths of helpful real work, be set on finding where she is wanted, on her duties, not on her rights…’ The 2-sided leaflet was printed by the National Press Agency Ltd and does not carry the imprimatur of the anti-suffrage society, although I imagine that group was probably behind its publication, the NPA being their usual printer. Good – very scarce £68

397. IN MEMORIAM Rt Hon Lord and Lady (Emmeline) Pethick-Lawrence of Peaslake [13195] 4-pp leaflet describing the various commemorations of the lives of the Pethick-Lawrences. Issued by the Suffragette Fellowship under the names of Lady (Helen) Pethick-Lawrence and Grace Roe. Good £15

398. LEIGH SMITH, Barbara A Brief Summary in Plain Language of the Most Important Laws Concerning Women; together with a few observations thereon Holyoake & Co, 2nd edition revised with addition 1856 [9033] Barbara Leigh Smith (later Barbara Bodichon) was 27 years old when she wrote this pamphlet, first published in 1854 as part of her campaign to change the Married Women’s Property Acts. This pamphlet is extremely scarce (I have never had a copy for sale before), bound inside recent paper covers. Rather amusingly, the printed price of ‘Threepence’ has been scored through and ‘1 1/2 d’ added – a comment, presumably, then on the interest being shown in the campaign by a public not yet awakened to the cause. Very good £280

399. LYDIA BECKER [12607] Letter from Lydia Becker to ‘Mr Levi’ – written from 85 Carter St, Greenyes, Manchester on ‘Oct 16′ – I have worked out that the year is1868. ‘Mr Levi’ is probably Prof Leone Levi, to whom she had sent a pamphlet a few days earlier. I think, in response, he had written to her in admiration asking for some material from her for his autograph book. In this letter, in return, she writes ‘I have written out my three Norwich prospositions ,[these are drawn from her address at Norwich to the British Association Section F on 25 Aug 1868] which I hope may serve your purpose as a curiosity! for your autograph book, and a bone of contention for your friends.’ These ‘three Norwich propositions’ are set out on a separate sheet. But, in addition, in her 4-pp mss letter she sets out ‘my general wishes and conclusions as to the rights of women’.. All the material has been carefully attached to a sheet that once was page 77 in a collection of autograph material. Incidentally the material on the reverse, p 78, is in Italian, lending credence to my supposition that the correspondent was Leone Levi, who had left his native Italy for Liverpool in 1844. A very interesting letter – very good £95

400. MCCABE, Joseph Woman in Political Evolution Watts & Co 1909 [9803] An overview -from ‘ Woman Before Civilisation’ to ‘The Moral Base of Enfranchisement.’Paper wrappers – one nick at spine eats into the margin of a few pages -and a tiny bit of text is lost on two pages, but does not interfere with reading. £28

401. MCLAREN, Lady ‘Better and Happier': An Answer from the Ladies’ Gallery to the Speeches in Opposition to the Women’s Suffrage Bill, February 28th, 1908 T. Fisher Unwin 1908 [13102] I have always been rather an admirer of Laura McLaren and her straight-forward prose. 46-pp – paper covers present but detached – text otherwise good and tight – scarce £75

402. (MARSH) Suffragette Fellowship Memories of Charlotte Marsh published for the Suffragette Fellowship by Marion Lawson June 1961 [12979] Paper covers – tribute to a leading WSPU activist – 20-pp pamphlet -card covers reproduces her hunger strike medal. Good -carries library marks – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Scarce £30

403. MEN’S LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Gladstone on Woman Suffrage MLOWS c. 1909 [13146] The Men’s League for Opposing Woman Suffrage was founded in early 1909 and in 1910 merged with the Women’s National Anti-Suffrage League to form the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. This pamphlet – reproducing the Grand Old Man’s words on the subject is pamphlet no 3 issued by the Men’s League, presumably quite soon after its founding in 1909. 4-pp – good, with some foxing, scarce £78

404. MEN’S LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Is Woman Suffrage A Logical Outcome of Democracy? MLOWS c 1909 [13147] Pamphlet no 6 published by the short-lived Men’s League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. 4-pp – very good – scarce £60

405. MISS MORGAN, OF BRECON The Duties of Citizenship Women’s Local Government Society c 1912 [12946] Extracts reprinted from a paper read at the Annual Conference of the National Union of Women Workers, Manchester, October 27th 1896. By the time this leafet was issued Miss Morgan had been Mayor of Brecon, 1911-12. 4-pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £15

406. NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE The ‘Conciliation’ Bill: Revised Version NLOWS no date (1911) [13152] The 2-sided leaflet, no 33 in the series, is headed ‘Against Votes for Women’ and ends with ‘Vote and Work Against Votes For Women In Parliamentary Affairs’. Very good – very scarce £75

407. NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Manifesto: No Votes for Women [13512] ”Why the nation is opposed to the grant of the Parliamentary Vote to Women’. Among the reasons for opposing Votes for Women is ‘(f) Because any proposal to give votes to women would result in swamping the male voter and making women the real rulers of the Empire.’ Leaflet 52 in the NLOWS series. 4pp – fine – scarce £75

408. NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Mr J.R. Tolmie’s Reply to Mr L. Housman’s Pamphlet NLOWS no date (1913) [13145] The pamphlet of Laurence Housman’s to which this refers is ‘The Physical Force Fallacy’. Pamphlet no 37 issued by the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. 4-pp – very good £65

409. NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Woman Suffrage and the Factory Acts NLOWS no date [13155] A 4-pp leaflet, no 8 in the NLOWS series, pointing out that the ‘Women’s Party’ (ie pro-suffrage campaigners) were opposed to the ‘humane acts’ limiting women’s work in factory etc because ‘most of them harbour such a jealous mistrust of men that they suppose even their evidently disinterested actions to be prompted by insidious and harmful motive.’ The leaflet concludes ‘To grant women the franchise would therefore be to raise a fresh obstacle in the way of progress and to defer reforms still necessary for the welfare of the working classes..’ Very good – very scarce £75

410. NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE CENTRAL COMMITTEE: First Report of the Executive Committee presented at the General Meeting of the Central Committee held on Wednesday 17 July 1872 National Society for Women’s Suffrage 1872 [12931] See my ‘Women’s Suffrage Movement: a reference guide’ as to how and why the Central Committee came into being. This – the Committee’s first report, contains lists of names of members of the Committee, of subscribers, and of the Local Committtes around England and Scotland that affiliated to the Central. In original paper covers – rubbed – very scarce £95

411. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES [3986] with the Men’s League (Portsmouth branches) – Programme for an evening meeting that began with a musical recital, followed by the singing of suffrage songs (the words are printed – one of them is by Margaret O’Shea, sister of the secretary of the Portsmouth NUWSS society and then a speech by Lady Balfour followed by more singing and then a closing speech by Alice Abadam. Interestingly the Vote of Thanks is seconded by Alderman Sanders, LCC, who in 1908 was Labour parliamentary candidate for Portsmouth and whose wife, Beatrice, was financial secretary to the WSPU. I think this programme may date from 1908 – because there is a mention at its foot of an Exhibition of Banners (Fuller’s tea Rooms, Palmerston Road) – and such exhibitions were common after the June 1908 Hyde Park rally. 1 sheet -good £180

412. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES Final Report of the Professional Women’s Patriotic Service Fund NUWSS Oct 1915 [12943] ‘The Fund began work in Jan 1915, when a Committee was formed for the purpose of assisting professional women, by paying their salaries and offering their services to organisations which are dealing with war needs.’ I knew nothing of this short-lived Fund before reading this Report. It lists, on the one had, donors and, on the other, the positions in which they had placed needy ‘professional’ women. The Fund was wound up when it became clear that its services were no longer required. The Committee included, among others, Mrs Auerbach, Mrs Fawcett, Catherine Marshall, Ray Strachey, Dr Jane Walker – and its secretary was Kathleen Courtney. 12pp – good – scarce £50

413. PANKHURST, Christabel A Challenge [13508] ‘Miss Pankhurst’s unpublished Article in this week’s ‘Votes for Women’, 8 March 1912. This was the week that Christabel eluded the police and escaped to Paris – and ‘Votes for Women’ was censored. The article that was to have been included was, instead, issued by the WSPU as a leaflet. It ends by promising ‘Repression will make the fire of rebellion burn brighter. Harsher punishment will be a direct invitation to more drastic acts of militancy.’ I don’t remember ever seeing this leaflet before. one-sided – chipped at one edge and with a slight slit – but with no loss of text. Good – and very scarce £75

414. PANKHURST, Christabel International Militancy WSPU 1915 [13502] ‘A speech delivered at Carnegie Hall, New York, January 13th, 1915′. 24-pp pamphlet, paper covers (with photograph of Christabel Pankhurst). Fine – just with a couple of rust marks from spine staples – in original paper wrappers. Scarce £100

415. PANKHURST, EMMELINE ET AL Suffrage Speeches From the Dock: Conspiracy Trial, Old Bailey, May 15th-22nd 1912 The Woman’s Press, no date (1912) [12965] The speeches given during their trial for conspiracy by Mrs Pankhurst, Mrs Pethick-Lawrence, Mr Pethick Lawrence and Tim Healy (counsel for the defence). They were reprinted and published by the WSPU’s publishing arm, the Woman’s Press. Fair – first 4 pages present but detached – spine reinforced with sellotape – paper covers chipped and carry library shelf marks – withdrawn from the Women’s Library- extremely scarce £55

416. PETHICK-LAWRENCE, Emmeline and Frederick (eds) VOTES FOR WOMEN VOL III Oct 1909-Sept 1910 [12407] Hefty bound volume of the WSPU weekly newspaper, in original Sylvia Pankhurst-designed boards. Signs of wear at leather corners – spines rebacked – ex Reading University Library – with library label on back boards. Internally very clean and tight, except for page of the Index where paper has split, but with no loss of text.. £900

417. PHILLIPS, Mary The Militant Suffrage Campaign privately printed 1957 [11357] ‘This pamphlet is designed to tell in a concise form the story of the ‘Votes for Women Canpaign’ and to explain the reasoned policy on which it was based.’ Mary Phillips had been a leading WSPU organizer. Soft covers – 15pp – scarce £65

418. PHOTOGRAPH OF GROUP OF SUFFRAGETTES IN PRISON UNIFORM [13623] The photograph has attached to it on the reverse a typed slip identifying the women as suffragettes ‘lined up for transport to Holloway Prison in London’ and refers to this happening ‘before the War’. The photo agency is Acme News which operated from the early 1920s to 1952 and I think this image is a ‘reprint’ issued in the inter-war years. It is difficult to date the original – which is I would imagine of women who, if they are awaiting transport to Holloway, have actually already been on remand, because otherwise they would not have been in prison uniform. I think it must be of a group of women arrested after one of the WSPU demonstrations between Oct 1906 and early 1912 and I would tend towards the early part of this period.The voluminous prison garb doesn’t give much away in the clues to the date. They are all wearing large discs giving their block and cell number in Holloway’s DX wing. It is a very good, clear image – they all look very much like real people. 25cm x 20 cm – very good £65

419. POTT, Gladys Report of Lecture by Miss Pott on the Anti-Suffrage Movement [13511] ‘Delivered at 67 Westbourne Terrace, W. on Tuesday December 12th 1911. Sir Bartle Frere presiding’. Gladys Pott was the Anti-Suffrage Movement strongest ammunition. In ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ Kate Frye gives a wonderful description of watching Miss Pott in action – ‘ a most harsh, repellent and unpleasing woman. She began by saying we should not get sentiment from her and we did not. ,,’ Certainly you get the flavour of her style from this Lecture – particularly in the treatment of questioners – all faithfully reported. The Lecture was published by the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. 16pp – very good – I am not sure whether it was issued with a paper wrapper but, if so, that isn’t present now. COPAC records a copy held by LSE Library – and nowhere else. Scarce £95

420. PUNCH CARTOON [12767] 13 July 1910, full-page – the caption is ‘Excelsior!’ as Suffragist puts her shoulder to the boulder of ‘Women’s Suffrage’ and says, ‘It’s no good talking to me about Sisyphus; he was only a man’ £10

421. PUNCH CARTOON [12768] 13 March 1912, full-page, suffragettes wield hammers in the background as Roman-type matron, bearing a paper labelled ‘Woman’s Suffrage’ comments ‘To think that, after all these years, I should be the first martyr’. the heading is ‘In the House of Her Friends’ £10

422. PUNCH CARTOON [12772] 10 January 1912 -full page – ‘United We Differ’. Lloyd George and Lewis Harcourt are back to back on a platform. Lloyd George addressing his side, where a Votes for Women’ banner is to be seen, cries ‘Votes for Women! Don’t you listen to my esteemed colleague!’. While addressing his, male, crowd cries ‘No Votes for Women! My esteemed colleague is talking nonsense!’. Asquith’s cabinet was split on this issue. Very good £10

423. PUNCH CARTOON [12777] 21 January 1912 – full page – ‘The Suffrage Split’. Sir George Askwith (the charismatic industrial conciliator), as ‘Fairy Peacemaker’, has tamed the dragon of the Cotton Strike – and Asquith, wrestling to keep a seat on the Cabinet horse turns to him ‘Now that you’ve charmed yon dragon I shall need ye to stop the strike inside this fractious gee-gee.’ £10

424. SNOWDEN, Philip The Dominant Issue Feb 1913 [12945] A comment on the ‘Franchise Bill fiasco’ – that is, Asquith’s promise that a Manhood Suffrage Bill would be amended to include women – and the Speaker’s eventual ruling that such an amendment would destroy the Bill. Pamphlet reproducing an article first published in ‘The Christian Commonwealth’. Good – a little foxed and grubby £25

425. STRACHEY, Ray The Women’s Movement in Great Britain: a short summary of its rise, methods and victories National Council of Women of Great Britain no date (c 1928) [13109] A pamphlet abridged from Strachey’s ‘The Cause’. Chipped and rubbed – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £10

426. SUFFRAGETTE FELLOWSHIP Roll of Honour Suffragette Prisoners 1905-1914 Suffragette Fellowship no date [1966] [13107] 16-pp, double column, listing all the suffragette prisoners that the Suffragette Fellowship knew of. A couple of names have been added in ink. Internally fine – cover has shelf markings etc – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Scarce £150

427. THE ENGLISH REVIEW, JUNE 1913 [5463] Includes an article, ‘The Truth About White Slavery’ by Teresa Billington-Greig in which, with (as always) clear-minded logic, she suggests that a climate of hysteria had been whipped up (not least by the writings of members of the WSPU) – and that ‘the Mothers of the new Church are threatening the future by the whitewashing of women and the doctrine of the uncleanness of men’. Good – scarce £24

428. THE NATIONAL WOMEN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL UNION Sixth Annual Report The Woman’s Press 1912 [13506] ‘Including Cash Statement and Subscription List for the Year ended February 29th 1912, and Accounts of The Woman’s Press, January 1st-December 31st 1911.’ The Subscription List is a gold mine of names of WSPU members at this important time in the WSPU’s life. Laid in is a – very scarce & revealing – copy typed letter from Mabel Tuke (Honorary Secretary)- presumably sent to every subscriber – dated 22 June 1912 – with the Annual Report. Besides touching on the sale of ‘Votes for Women’ (circulation increasing, but, as everr, more help needed), and commenting on the Government’s proposed Reform Bill, the letter reveals that ‘it is now found necessary and expedient to transfer the Headquarters Officces to other premises…Great inconvenience has always been suffered from the scattered position of the various departments at 4 Clement’s Inn…Negotiations for a suitable building are in progress…’ I think Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence was released from prison (sentenced with her husband and Mrs Pankhurst on grounds of criminal conspiracy) on 22 June 1912 – so it looks as though plans were already underway while she and her husband were still in prison to move the WSPU out of their territory of Clement’s Inn – a precursor for their ousting from the WSPU in October. Very good; the staples are missing – extremely scarce £280

429. ‘THE VOTE’ POSTCARD ALBUM [13274] An original green cloth-covered postcard album – sold by the Women’s Freedom League. It has a faded white and gold central panel containing its title ‘The Vote Album’ [ I think the design was by Eva Claire - showing the Suffragists at the door of the State, which is barred and bolted against them. Seeking entrance are the Women of the Nation; graduates in academic dress standing side by side with working women.] This particular album once belonged to Mrs Louisa Thomson Price, who was born Louisa Catherine Sowdon in 1864 and died in 1926. She was the daughter of a Tory military family but from an early age rebelled against their way of thinking and became a secularist and a Radical. She was impressed by Charles Bradlaugh of the National Secular Society. In 1888 she married John Sansom, who was a member of the executive of the NSS. She worked as a journalist from c 1886 – as a political writer, then a very unusual area for women, and drew cartoons for a radical journal, ‘Political World’. She was a member of the Council of the Society of Women Journalists. After the death of her first husband, in 1907 she married George Thomson Price. She had no children from either marriage.
Louisa Thomson Price was an early member of the Women’s Freedom League, became a consultant editor of its paper, The Vote, and was a director of Minerva Publishing, publisher of the paper. She contributed a series of cartoons – including these 6 that were then produced as postcards. The ‘Jack Horner’ cartoon was also issued as a poster for, I think, the January 1910 General Election. Louisa Thomson Price took part in the WFL picket of the House of Commons and was very much in favour of this type of militancy. In her will she left £250 to the WFL. and £1000 to endow a Louisa Thomson Price bed at the Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Hospital. When she died Mrs Thomson Price was living at 17 Belsize Park Gardens, Hampstead, and her will was witnessed by Edith Alexander, a professional nurse, who, I’m sure, ran a nursing home at that address. Also living at that address were Miss Edith Alexandra Hartley and Miss Martha Poles Hartley, the latter being the elder sister of the father of the novelist, L.P. Hartley. Interestingly, when they were young, the son and daughter (Olga and Leonard – born ‘Lion’) of Mrs Beatrice Hartley, leading light in the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage, to whom Kate Frye makes constant reference in her diary (see ‘Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary’) sent a birthday card to Edith Alexander at 17 Belsize Park Gardens, referring to her as ‘Aunty Edith’. They were no blood relations to Edith Alexander, their mother having married their father, Lion Herz, in 1880 and, after 3 children and a separation, at some time between 1893 and 1898 changed the family surname from ‘Herz’ to ‘Hartley’.. As far as I can tell there is no tie of blood between Mrs Beatrice Hartley and Miss Edith Alexandra Hartley – I can only presume that, with Miss Edith Alexander, they were all close friends. The card from Olga and Leonard, together with many more addressed to Edith Alexander, are still held in the postcard album. I assume that after Mrs Thomson Price’s death ‘The Vote Postcard Album’ remained in 17 Belsize Park Gardens and was taken over by Miss Alexander as a place to put her own postcards – none of which have any suffrage relevance. But the Album itself is an extremely scarce example of Women’s Freedom League merchandise £750

430. THE WOMEN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL UNION What Shall We Do With The Militant Suffragettes? [13509] ‘The Vicar of St James’s and Militancy’ An article by Edwin A. Mould, Vicar of St James’s, Piccadilly – published by the Women’s Social and Political Union as a 2-sided, large, leaflet – c 1913. I don’t remember ever seeing this before. Good – scarce £55

431. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 16 August 1912 [13190] Complete copy – although the pages are detached. The main news in this issue is of the sentencing in Dublin of Mary Leigh and Gladys Evans. Fair reading copy – scarce £60

432. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 26 July 1912 [13188] An incomplete copy – pp 693-698 (inc) and 703-708 (inc) – but gives a flavour £30

433. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 26 July 1912 [13495] runs from front page (p 693) to p 698 and then from p 703-708 (back page) – i.e. pp 699, 700, 701 and 702 are missing. Much about the attack on Asquith and the Theatre Royal, Dublin, by Mary Leigh and Gladys Evans and that by Helen Craggs on Lewis Harcourt’s house. Fair condition £30

434. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 27 September 1912 [13176] At this date the paper, owned and edited by Emmeline and Frederick Pethick-Lawrence, was still the mouthpiece of the WSPU. However this issue contains both news of the Pethick-Lawrences’ imminent return from Canada and that of the WSPU’s move from Clement’s Inn to Lincoln’s Inn House. The two items – and that describing the large meeting to be held in the Albert Hall – were not unconnected, I think. This is one of the last issues of the paper before the Pethick-Lawrences were ousted from the WSPU. In fair condition – splits on spine – and some annotation, probably contemporary. Scarce £95

435. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 27 September 1912 [13496] Complete issue. Chipped and rubbed and with some – interesting – annotations £60

436. VOTES FOR WOMEN ADVERTISEMENT [13262] for a WSPU meeting to be held at the Royal Albert Hall on 29 April 1909 – to be chaired by Mrs Pethick Lawrence, with Mrs Pankhurst and Christabel Pankhurst as speakers with a ‘Special Presentation to Women who have suffered Imprisonment for Woman Suffrage’. This ‘Special Presentation’ was that of the ‘Holloway’ brooches given, for the first time, to released prisoners. The advertisement appears in the programme for the Royal Adelphi Theatre in which John Galsworthy’s play ‘Strife’ was running. The play, produced by Granville Barker, had Lillah McCarthy in the cast and had had its first performance at the Duke of York’s Theatre on 9 March 1909. On the illustrated cover of this 4-pp programme is written in hand the date 1 April 1909. The proprietors of the Adelphi were A. & E. Gatti – and the coloured cover illustration shows happy customers doubtless enjoying an after-theatre supper at their restaurant.. In fair condition – £25

437. ‘VOTES FOR WOMEN’ AT THE ‘COURT’ [13327] A page from the ‘Bystander’ 24 April 1907 – with illustrations by Norman Morrow of characters and scenes from Elizabeth Robins’ play ‘Votes for Women’, which was staged to some acclaim at the Royal Court Theatre in April 1907. Kate Frye had seen the play on 16 April and writes of it in her diary (see http://tinyurl.com/mbj4jsh). She had in fact worked alongside the play’s star, Edith Wynne Matthison, five years or so earlier during her short stage career. The drawings show all the main characters as well as a rendition of the famous Trafalgar Square meeting scene. Very good £28
438. WOMEN’S NATIONAL ANTI-SUFFRAGE LEAGUE On Suffragettes: extracts from ‘What’s Wrong With The World’ by G.K. Chesterton WNASL c 1909 [13151] ‘They do not create revolution; what they do create is anarchy’. 2-sided leaflet – noo 30 in the WNASL’s series of leaflets – very good – very scarce £78

439. WOMEN’S NATIONAL ANTI-SUFFRAGE LEAGUE Woman’s Suffrage and Women’s Wages WNASL c 1909 [13156] ‘The leaflet concludes Woman Suffrage therefore has nothing to do with wages, and the interests of woman workers can be promoted, and are constantly being promoted in quite other ways.’ One of the ways that the League thought would help solve the problem of the inequality of wages between the sexes would be ‘The more even distribution of the female population throughout the terrotory of the Empire, by means of emigration’. Two-sided leaflet – very good – very scarce £65

440. INDUSTRIAL AND PROFESSIONAL WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETY with THE NEW CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE Flyer for a meeting held at the Memorial hall, Farringdon Street, London, on 11 November 1910 [13389] The meeting was a joint one promoted by the two societies. Together with a cyclostyled ‘Instructions to Stewards’. Kate Frye was a steward on that occasion. Both items very good, with tags to the reverse of each where Kate fixed them into her diary. Together £150

441. MEN’S LEAGUE FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE The Conciliation Bill Explained [13401] Two-sided leaflet, dating from mid 1910. The text, while explaining the Conciliation Bill, which had passed its Second Reading in July 1910, also clearly sought to allay the fears of male electors as to the consequences if the Bill were to be passed. Very good – has been folded – and with tag on reverse where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary £100

442. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES Bye-election Policies Compared Oct 1908 [12525] Double-sided, two-columned leaflet in which the NUWSS compares the different elements of its bye-election policy with that of the WSPU. The NUWSS had incorporated material supplied by Christabel Pankhurst into the WSPU statements. Fine – a little tag remaining on the second side – not affecting text – where it has been pasted into album – very scarce £55

443. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES Leading Facts of the Movement for the Parliamentary Enfranchisement of Women c 1907 [12526] 4-pp leaflet setting out the principal dates and achievements in the advance towards enfranchisement. Good – a little creased £55

444. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES The Repression of a Disenfranchised Sex – by Cicely Hamilton [13400] 4-sided leaflet, reprinted, Sept 1908, from the ‘Sunday Times’ of 15 March 1908. Good – with tag on reverse where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary – scarce £100

445. NEW CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE The Conciliation Bill Explained [13402] Two-sided leaflet. The text is very much the same as that of the Men’s League for Women’s Suffrage leaflet ‘The Conciliation Bill Explained’ – but suitably adapted and definitely issued in 1911. The leaflet is printed by the St Clements Press, the printer to the WSPU. Very good – has been folded – and with tag where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary £100

446. THE WOMEN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL UNION Electors of Great Britain! [13391] 4-pp election address produced by the WSPU at the Dec 1910 General Election. On the front is ‘A Patriot”s well-known cartoon of ‘The Right Dishonourable Double-Face Asquith’ – and the gist of the campaign is ‘Every vote given AGAINST the Government is a vote given for human liberty and justice to women. Vote for the Women, and Keep the Liberal Out.’ Fine – has been folded and with a small tag where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary. Very scarce £200

447. THE WOMEN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL UNION A Letter To A Liberal Woman [13398] Two-sided, large format leaflet (No 62) under the signature of Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence. Issued at the time of the Jan 1910 General Election and urging Liberal women not to give any help to the Liberals in the campaign. Fine – has been folded and with tag on reverse where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary £100

448.THE WOMEN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL UNION A Reply to Mr Gladstone: Frog-marching in Liverpool Prison [13396] One (no 65) of the large format leaflets produced by the WSPU during the Jan 1910 General Election. This one specifically addresses the Home Secretary on the treatment of Suffrage prisoners. Fine – has been folded and with tag where it has been fixed in Kate Frye’s diary £100

449. WOMEN’S TAX RESISTANCE LEAGUE No Vote. No Tax [13394] 4-pp leaflet (c Nov 1910) written by Mrs Ethel Ayres Purdie (see my website for post on Mrs Ayres Purdie, Kingsway and (Alas) Covent Garden Tube Station). In this leaflet she sets out the tax position vis à vis women, noting that ‘plans are now in process of evolution, for making the sale by auction of resisters’ goods as difficult as possible’, and remarking that, having been advised to reclaim any tax that ought to be refunded by the Revenue, many women are passing on such monies to the WTRL. Very good – unusual – with small tag on reverse where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary. £120

450. WOMEN’S TEXTILE AND OTHER WORKERS’ REPRESENTATION COMMITTEE The Labour Party & Women’s Enfranchisement: a Personal Statement by J. Keir Hardie MP [13395] 4-pp leaflet, reprinted from the ‘Labour Leader’, 1 Feb 1907. Very good – has been folded and with tag on back page where iKate Frye fixed it in her diary alongside the entry for 9 Feb 1907. £100

451. ROBERTSON, Margaret Working Men and Women’s Suffrage NUWSS Aug 1913 [12937] Margaret Robertson was a university graduate and NUWSS organiser. This pamphlet was written at a time when the NUWSS had set up its Election Fighting Fund to support Labour Party candidates – and was intended for distribution amongst trade unionists. Small format, 24pp in card covers £35

SUFFRAGE POSTCARDS
Real photographic

452. ARREST OF CAPT. C.M. GONNE [12914] Member of the Men’s Political Union for Women’s Enfranchisement, Parliament Square, November 18th, 1910.’ Capt Gonne was photographed by the ‘Daily Mirror’ being escorted by two policemen during the ‘Black Friday’ tumult. Capt Charles Melvill Gonne (1862-1926), Royal Artillery, was the author of ‘Hints on Horses’ (John Murray, 1904), an active suffragist, who supported his wife, a tax resister, and was a cousin of Maud Gonne, the Irish nationalist heroine. Very good -unusual – unposted £120

453. CHRISTABEL PANKHURST [13616] photographed by Lambert Weston and Son, 27 New Bond St. I think the card dates from c 1907/8. Fine – unposted £75

454.CICELY HAMILTON [12954] photograph by Lena Connell. Fine – unposted £120

455. CORONATION PROCESSION 17 JUNE 1911 [13618] Photograph taken from above near Hyde Park Corner. The image is exceptionally crisp. Fine – unposted £95

456. COUNTESS RUSSELL [13241] real photographic postcard – headed ‘Votes for Women’ of ‘Countess Russell Member of National Executive Committee Women’s Freedom League’. The card depicts Countess Russell photographed in a studio setting – and is signed in ink ‘Yours sincerely Mollie Russell’. She was the second wife of Frank Russell, 2nd Earl Russell, the elder brother of Bertrand. Mollie was described by George Santyana as ‘a fat, florid Irishwoman, with black curls, friendly manners and emotional opinions: a political agitator and reformer.’ The photograph in no way belies the physical description. She and Russell were divorced in 1915. Fine – unposted – scarce – I have never seen this card before £120

457. DESTRUCTION OF GRAND STAND BY SUFFRAGETTES AT HURST PARK SUNDAY JUNE 18 1913 [13542] Real photographic postcard by Young’s, Teddington. The scene left by Kitty Marion and Clara (Betty) Giveen after they had lit a beacon for Emily Davison – who had died, unbeknownst to them, a few hours earlier. (See full details http://womanandhersphere.com/2013/06/07/suffrage-stories-kitty-marion-emily-wilding-davison-and-hurst-park/). Fine – the message on the reverse is dated 5 July – the card was posted at Molesey Park – so the sender was clearly a local resident who, in fact, mentions that she (I’m sure it is a ‘she’) had ‘just returned from Kingston’. Very scarce £180

458. DR THEKLA HULTIN [13168] The Finnish MP is photographed at her desk. She sent the card from Helsingfors (Helsinki) on 12 April 1917 to Mrs Louisa Thompson-Price of the Women’s Freedom League. From the message on the reverse it would appear that the two women shared a birthday ‘I wish you all the best (including the vote) in the following 50 years…’ Very good – posted – very unusual £120

459. EDITH CRAIG [12955] photographed by Lena Connell, published at The Suffrage Shop, 31 Bedford Street (therefore the card dates from c 1910 – before its removal in 1911 south of the Strand). Fine – unposted £120

460. FORTISSIMO [12875] – real photograph, – toddler holds the songsheet for ‘Bother the Men’, dating from the 1880s. Published by Rotary Photo, this is one in a series. Posted by Dick on 21 December 1908 to Master Harry Day of 9 Arthur St, Pembroke Dock, with the message ‘Harry boy – learning Dada’s Xmas Song.’ Good £28

461. GREAT VOTES FOR WOMEN DEMONSTRATION IN HYDE PARK [13163] The WSPU rally on Sunday 21 June 1908. Crowds as far as the eye can see – with massed banners, including those of Cardiff and Newport, waving in the breeze. Fine – published by Sandle Bros – unposted £85

462. HATHERLEIGH CARNIVAL [13558] Hatherleigh in Devon has staged a carnival each year in November since 1903. This postcard is a sepia photograph of three children – I rather think they are all boys – dressed as women – glamorously bedecked in flowers – standing beside a vehicle that I think is a bicycle – which is similarly decorated – with flowers and paper lanterns
(?) – and bears a large notice ‘Votes for Women’. Good – unposted £55

463. LONDON LIFE. ‘VOTES FOR WOMEN’ [13621] A real photograph of a woman selling issue no 2 of ‘The Suffragette’ (the paper, edited by Christabel Pankhurst, that succeeded ‘Votes for Women’ in Oct 1912, after the removal of the Pethick-Lawrences from the leadership of the WSPU). She is not young, is elegantly dressed, and is wearing her ‘Holloway’ brooch, indicating that she has been imprisoned for the Cause. Rotary Photographic Series ‘London Life’ – fine – a very clear image -unposted £80

464. MISS GRACE ROE [12958] The caption is ‘UNDAUNTED’!’ She is being marched out of the WSPU headquarters, Lincolns Inn House, by police, arrested in May 1914. She was not released from prison until under the amnesty in August. The postcard photography was by courtesy of the ‘Daily Mirror’. An iconic image. Fine – unposted – scarce. £190

465. MISS MARY GAWTHORPE [13553] The caption is ‘Votes for Women’ and she is described as ‘Organiser, Women’s Social and Political Union,
4 Clement’s Inn, Strand, W.C. The card was posted in South Kensington on 31 Oct 1908 – the writer says ‘This is one of the speakers I heard on Thursday. She is splendid…’. The sender probably heard Mary Gawthorpe at the WSPU meeting held in the Albert Hall on Thursday 29 oct 1908. Good £65

466. MISS MURIEL MATTERS OF AUSTRALIA, LECTURER [12918] Women’s Freedom League 1 Robert Street, Adelphi, London WC. The card, headed ‘Votes for Women’ , shows Muriel Matters seated, reading a book and was published by the WFL Fine – unposted £120

467. MRS CHARLOTTE DESPARD [13276] real photographic postcard of her – taken in profile. She is sitting reading a book. On the reverse, written in pencil, is ‘Mrs Despard – (Sister of Sir John General french) & President of the Women’s Suffrage National Aid Corps, organised by the Women’s Freedom League. return to Mrs Thomson-Price, 42 Parkhill Rd, Hampstead’. £45

468. MRS EMMELINE PANKHURST [13240] real photographic postcard. She is wearing a shield-shaped WSPU badge – in the chevron design. Fine – unposted – a rather unusual image – the first I’ve had in stock since 2000. £75

469. MRS HENRY FAWCETT, LL.D [13239] ‘President of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies’, is the caption below her photograph by Lizzie Caswall Smith. Probably dates from c 1910. Fine – unposted -although written on the back in pencil is ‘Return to Mrs Thomson-Price 42 Parkhill Road, Hampstead N.W.’ The card comes from the collection of Louisa Thomson-Price, one of the leading members of the Women’s Freedom League. £60

470. MRS LILIAN M. HICKS [11634] – photographed by Lena Connell – an official Women’s Freedom League photographic postcard. Mrs Hicks had been an early member of the WSPU, but left to join the WFL in the 1907 split, returning in 1910 to the WSPU. Fine – unposted £35

471. MRS MARTEL [13255] Real photographic postcard captioned ‘Mrs Martel National Women’s Social and Political Union, 4 Clement’s Inn, W.C.’ Cornish-born Nellie Martel had emigrated to Australia and on her return devoted herself to the WSPU. She had a reputation as a gaudy dresser and certainly here she is dripping in flounces and jewllery – with a rather charingly amused smile. Very good – unposted – scarce. £90

472. MRS PANKHURST AT TRAFALGAR SQUARE INVITING THE AUDIENCE TO ‘RUSH’ THE HOUSE OF COMMONS ON 13 OCTOBER [13617] Published by Sandle Bros for the National Union of Women’s Social and Political Union in 1908. Fine – unposted £75

473. PHOTOGRAPH TAKEN OUTSIDE THE WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE COMMITTEE ROOM [13549] in Hoe Street, Walthamstow. The photograph shows a group on the pavement outside the Committee Rooms with a board on which is written ‘New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage’. In front of them, on the road, is parked a large motor car, to the front of which is attached another large board inscribed in large letters ‘New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage’. Sitting in the car and waving a large flag is an elegant, grandly be-hatted woman. I have never before seen a photograph of the New Constitutional Society at work, as it were. Kate Frye, our main source of information on the NCS, was not yet quite involved in that society – in fact on the day this card was posted, 28 October 1910, she was attending a meeting of the Actresses’ Franchise League at their office – so I can give no inside information on the NCS campaign at this Walthamstow by-election. This by-election was of particular interest to suffrage campaigners because the Liberal candidate was a cabinet minister, Sir John Simon. Election day was on Tuesday 1 November and the sender of the card, who posted it from Leyton at 7 pm on Friday 28th Oct, was one of the NCS campaigners. She tells her correspondent that ‘We are frantically busy working at Walthamstow By Election. Meetings every day and evening.’ She does not, alas, sign her name – but the recipient was Mrs Radcliffe Crocker of Brant Ridge, Bourne End, Bucks. This is something of a coincidence because Kate Frye called on Mrs Crocker the following 1 May (1911) when she was canvassing for support for a new NCS suffrage society in Bourne End (her home town). Mrs Crocker, the widow of an eminent dermatologist, was, Kate tells us, ‘in, but no good’ – so doubtless hadn’t been particularly impressed by the postcard sender’s Walthamstow campaigning. From the photograph I think that the NCS must have been sharing a committeee room with the Men’s Suffrage League – it certainly is not the Committee Room taken by the WSPU. Above the door is a sign ‘Men’s League Walk In’ – the windows are lined with posters and, with the Men’s League, the Women’s Freedom League and the WSPU, the NCS took part the following day in a procession through Walthamstow that ended with a meeting in Walthamstow Palace Theatre. There is no photographer or publisher of the postcard named – the photo may have been taken by a NCS member – and the image is of the sepia type – rather than crisp black and white. However the image is quite clear – most interesting on a variety of counts – and extremely unusual – I won’t say unique because there were clearly more than one card issued – but I should imagine the chances of finding another were extremely remote. £200

474. ‘RUINS OF ST KATHERINE’S CHURCH, BURNT DOWN MAY 6 1913 [11824] Real photographic card. There are several images published on postcards of the ruins of St Catherine’s (this is the correct spelling; the card’s publisher was a bit slapdash) Church at Hatcham in Surrey, for the burning of which the suffragettes were thought responsible – but I have never seen this one before. £35

475. ‘SUFFRAGETTE’ POSTCARD [13243] real photographic card – though it must be staged. Set in what appears to be the country – with trees and flowers – it shows a woman in loose-fitting jacket and long skirt – with one of the shield-shaped chevron WSPU badges pinned to her lapel, being apprehended by a policeman in helmet and uniform and sporting an imposing display of medals. The point of the photograph is that the woman is holding out for him to see a copy of the ‘Suffragette’ newspaper. I have never seen this image before. It is issued as a postcard – but no photographer or publisher is cited. Most unusual – unposted – very good (with a slight crease at the bottom right-hand corner where it has been held in (Louisa Thomson-Price’s) postcard album £120

476. SUFFRAGETTE PROCESSION [13545] Real photographic postcard – an unusual view of the 1911 ‘Coronation Procession’. The photograph, published as a postcard by J. J. Samuels, 371 Stramd, London W.C., shows the ‘Pageant of Great Women’ part of the procession walking the street that goes out of Trafalgar and merges into Pall Mall. The photograph has been taken from an upper window of one of the buildings on the south side of the street and gives an excellent view not only of the procession but of London’s buildings decorated for the Coronation. The streets are packed with onlookers. Unposted – reverse a little grubby but the front is in very good condition. Unusual £120

477. THE IMPRISONED LEADERS 22 May 1912 Portrait photo of Mrs Pankhurst, flanked by similar images of Emmeline and Frederick Pethick-Lawrence [13615] on a real photographic card published by F. Kehrhahn & Co (for more on whom see http://womanandhersphere.com/2013/01/17/suffrage-stories-the-wspu-photographer-dora-and-the-nazis/) In May it looked as though the leaders were united in their imprisonment; on their release a different story emerged. Fine – unusual – unposted £80

478. THE WOMEN’S GUILD OF EMPIRE [12877] ‘souvenir packet’ of 6 postcards, in their original printed paper envelope, published by the Women’s Guild of Empire. The cards are: 1) ‘Women’s Guild of Empire Committee’ – the 6 members of the Committee, who included Flora Drummond and Elsie Bowerman, sit around a table; 2) Mrs R.S Henderson, president; 3) Mrs Flora Drummond, Controller-in-Chief; 4) WGE banner ‘Peace Unity Concord’ surrounded by members; 5) Banner Making for the Great Demonstration April 17th 1926 – Mrs Drummond under an ‘Efficiency and Enterprise’ banner; 6) ‘Women Pipers from the Lothians’ – with Mrs Drummond in control Scottishness was to the fore. An extremely rare set – I have never seen any of these cards before – and, in general, there are few images of the Guild of Empire and its work. The printed envelope carries details of the ‘Objects’ of the Guild and of its work. All cards in pristine condition – dating, I assume, to c 1926. As a set £220

479. VOTES FOR WOMEN [13256] one of those real photographic ‘comic’ cards with young man dressed as a woman standing behind a table and a large ‘Votes for Women’ blackboard. He is holding a large knife (I think) in one hand and a bottle of beer – Benksins Watford – in the other. It is signed across the bottom right corner ‘Your old Pal Dan’ £35

480. VOTES FOR WOMEN: The Long and the Short of It [13602] Real photographic card of a young Lancashire lass is marched through Parliament’s Palace Yard by two tall policemen.. She is shouting, her hair is loose and her skirt has been pulled open at the waistband, buttons undone. Underneath the caption, the sender has written in ink ‘I saw this the other night was it….?’ But that question was probably intended as a joke. Posted in South Lambeth to Clapton on 31 December 1908. Very good £75

481. WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Miss Sarah Benett [12950] photographed by Lena Connell. In this studio photograph Sarah Benett is wearing her WFL Holloway brooch; she was for a time the WFL treasurer. She was also a member of the WSPU and of the Tax Resistance League. This photograph by Lena Connell was also used on a WFL-published postcard – but this one is not attributed to the WFL. The background to the image is little irridescent. £100

482. WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Mrs Amy Sanderson [12919] Women’s Freedom League, 1 Robert Street, Adelphi, London WC. She had been a member of the WSPU, and, as such had endured one term of imprisonment, before helping to found the WFL in 1907. She is, I think, wearing her WFL Holloway brooch in the photograph. Card, published by WFL, fine – unusual – unposted £150

483. WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Mrs Edith How-Martyn , ARCS, BSc [12917] Hon Sec Women’s Freedom League 1 Robert Street, Adelphi, London WC. She is wearing herWFL Holloway brooch. Photographed by M.P. Co (London) – which I think is probably the Merchants Portrait Co in Kentish Town that did a fair amount of work for the WFL. The card is headed ‘Votes for Women’ and was published by the WFL. Fine – unposted £120

484. WOMEN’S FREEDOM LEAGUE Mrs Marion Holmes [12921] card headed ‘Votes for Women’ published by the Women’s Freedom League, 1 Robert St, Adelphi, London WC. Mrs Holmes was joint editor of the WFL paper ‘The Vote’. She is photoraphed wearing herWFL Holloway badge as well as one of the WFL enamel badges. Fine – unusual – unposted £120

SUFFRAGE POSTCARDS:
Suffrage Artists’ Cards

485. ARTISTS’ SUFFRAGE LEAGUE Miss Jane Bull [13010] addresses Master Johnnie Bull, asking, ‘Give me a bit of your Franchise Cake, Johnnie’ He replies ‘It wouldn’t be good for you’ She responds ‘How can you tell if you won’t let me try it? it doesn’t hurt those other little girls’ – she points to Finnish, New Zealand, Australian and Norwegian children – boys and girls.Postcard published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. The artists are ‘C.H. & D.M.’ Very good – unposted £95

486. COMPANIONS IN DISGRACE [13555] – the sweet girl graduate stands, robed, alongside a convict in his arrowed suit. The heading is ‘Polling Booth’ and the caption ‘Companions in Disgrace’ refers to their shared characteristic. The verse below explains further: ‘Convicts and Women kindly note,/ Are not allowed to have the vote…’ etc. Drawn by ‘C.H.’ and published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Very good – unposted £65

487. YOUNG NEW ZEALAND [13230] cycles on her modern bicycle with its two wheels equal in size. The front one is labelled ‘Male and Female’ and the back one ‘Equal Electoral Rights’. She calls out to old John Bull who is struggling atop a penny farthing, ‘Oh Grandpapa! what a funny old machine. Why don’t you get one like mine?’ The artist is JHD [Joan Harvey Drew]. Published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Very good- unposted – v scarce £95

SUFFRAGE POSTCARDS:
Commercial Artists’ cards

488. ARE WE DOWNHEARTED? NO! [13603] Black and white postcard by Donald McGill – suffragette, holding on to her ‘Votes for Women’ banner, is carried into the Police Court by a policeman – her bottom very much to the fore – her umbrella fallen to the ground. Good – posted in Battersea on, I think, 24 December 1906 £45

489. ‘AT THE SUFFRAGETTE MEETINGS [13612] you can hear some plain things – and see them too!’ – is the caption to a card showing depictions of suffragettes as buck-toothed old maids. Very good – unposted £45

490. A BIRTHDAY ‘GRATING’ [13622] a Donald McGill postcard. ‘Though your hand I cannot grasp/Though your face I cannot see/To greet you on your Birthday/I send this card to thee’. Young woman is handing a card up to the grating of ‘H.M. Prison Suffragette Block’ – as a hand reaches out to grasp it. Good. Posted on, I think, 18 August 1914 £45

491. ‘HI! MISS! YER TROWSERS IS A-COMING DOWN’ [12507] shouts tyke to elegant young woman sporting ‘harem’ trousers. Pre-First World War, pub by Felix McGlennon. Not actually ‘suffrage’ but of the time. Very good – very glossy £25

492. JACK AT SEA: NO FEAR OF THE LICENSING BILL OR SUFFRAGETTES [13557] is the caption to colour picture showing sailor sitting on coiled rope on his ship – knocking back a tot. The coupling of the Licensing Bill with mention of Suffragettes probably dates the card to 1908 – when the government was proposing a controversial new Licensing Bill. In Sept 1908 there was a large procession through London, culminating with a mass rally in Hyde Park, to protest against the Licensing Bill – just as there had been similar events staged in June in support of women’s suffrage. Very good – unposted – unusual £55

493. ‘NOT IN THOSE TROUSERS’ [12506] is the caption to a hand-painted postcard (the artist has initialed it ‘K.S.’). The subject of the remark is a lady in a purple and green outfit – a long tunic over ‘harem’ trousers – wearing a green and purple hat and carrying an umbrella. The author of the remark, a dapper gentleman, stands in the background. The colouring may indicate that a suffrage inference might be drawn – the style of dress certainly points to an early-20th-century date. Very good – unposted £15

494. SUFFRAGETTE IN ACTION [13613] Subtitled ‘Man’s Reward’ – Edwardian behatted lady strikes policeman over the helmet with a golf club. Good – posted in 1907. £45

495. THE MARRIAGE MARKET IN 1950 A Glimpse Into The Future [13607] Shackled gentlemen of various description are paraded for inspection by the ladies – one with a lorgnette is peering at bowler-hatted individual. Another is labelled ‘Very docile 18/6′ and a clergyman is ‘Only 4d’. Very good – very colourful – unposted £45

496. THE SUFFRAGETTE Addresses a meeting of Citizens [13620] A card from a Raphael Tuck series. ‘the Suffragette’ – masculinized, wild-eyed, and wearing a boater and tie harangues a few snotty-nosed childrenIn Raphael Tuck ‘The Suffragette’ Good – posted in 1908 £45

497. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAN MAN BUILT [13551] And this is the policeman all tattered and torn/Who wished women voters had never been born,/Who nevertheless /Tho it caused him distress/Ran them all in,/In spite of their dress:/The poor Suffragette/Who wanted to get/Into The House than man built. With House of Commons in the background, a policeman is battered by one suffragette as he attempts to aprehend another – virgagos both, of course. In the BB London Series. In very good condition – posted on 30 April 1909 £45

498. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT [13550] ‘And these are the members who’ve been sitting late/Coming out arm in arm, from a lengthy debate…’ Fashionably dressed couple, he in top hat and frock coat emerge, engaged in reasonable discussion, from the Houses of Parliament. An ink line at under the text carries the message ‘Will we ever live to see this.’ In BB London Series. Very good – posted in Clapton on 12 May 1909. £45

499. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT [13552] ‘And this is the home of the poor suffragette/And there’s room for a great many more of them in it yet…’ Burly suffragette being taken in hand by a policeman – with the towers of Holloway in the background. In BB London series. Very good- unposted £45

500. THIS IS ‘THE HOUSE’ THAT MAN BUILT [13609] And these are the Suffragettes of note/determinded to fight for their right to vote;/For they mean to be, each one an M.P./And they’ll keep their vow some fine day you’ll see,/For the Suffragette is determined to get/Into, ‘The House’ that man built. Elegantly dressed ladies stand waving their ‘Votes for Women’ notices in front of the Houses of Parliament.. In very good condition – posted in 1912 £45

501. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT [13610] ‘The House that our statesmen for years have controlled/Ruling the world with mind fearless and bold/Can Woman expect to rule such a House/She that’s afraid of a poor little mouse….’ Suffragettes stands on stool as mouse scuttles past – with House of Commons in background. Good – posted 1912 £45

502. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT [13611] ‘And this is the poor little Suffragette/Who tried, Oh so hard/ in this House to get…..’ Suffragette in prison clothes sits eating her gruel with the House of Commons in the background. Very good – posted in 1910. £45

503. VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Gimme a Vote You Cowards [13605] Printed in red and balck on white – policemen have a suffragette flat on the ground – while other comrades demosntrate around. Good – has been posted, but stamp removed £45

504. VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Give Us a Vote Ducky! Oh do, There’s a Dear [13606] wheedle three women as they make up to an aging gent. The caption reads ‘Why not try the Good Old Way?’ The sender has added little ink comments of her own (at least I think the sender was a woman). Good. Posted on 17 August 1907.

505. VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Safe in the Arms of a Policeman[13604] Printed in red and black on white – dishevelled viragos are carried away by red-faced policemen. Good £45

506. WHEN LOVELY WOMAN GETS THE VOTE [13619] She is in tousers and he is in skirt and pantaloons. ‘When Lovely Woman gets the Vote/The Men will look such Freaks!/She doesn’t want his hat and coat,/But Woman will wear the Breaks!’ isn’t that Funny! Very good – unposted £45

FIRST WORLD WAR

507. BARTON, Edith And CODY, Marguerite Eve in Khaki:the story of the Women’s Army at home and abroad Thomas Nelson, no date (1918) [12577] Part I – in England by Edith M. Barton. Part II – In France by Marguerite Cody. The First World War and the early years of the WAAC. Very good £38

508. CAHILL, Audrey Fawcett Between the Lines: letters and diaries from Elsie Inglis’s Russian Unit Pentland Press 1999 [11675] Soft covers – mint £15

509. DEARMER, Mabel Letters from a Field Hospital: with a memoir of the author by Stephen Gwynn Macmillan 1916 [12640] In April 1915 Mabel Dearmer, the wife of the Christian socialist Rev Percy Dearmer, went out to work with Mrs Stobart in Serbia. She died of enteric fever in July. Very good internally – cream cloth cover a little grubby – scarce £75

510. DENT, Olive A V.A.D. in France Grant Richards Ltd 1917 [12636] Autobiographical account of nursing in France in the First World War. Very good, with atmospheric pictorial cloth cover £75

511. FARMBOROUGH, Florence Russian Album 1908-1918 Michael Russell 1979 [12645] Photographs taken both before and during the First World War by Florence Farmborough, who first went to Russia in 1908 – and left in 1918. At the outbreak of war she served with the Russian Red Cross. An amazing collection. Large format, fine in d/w £28

512. [HALL] Edith Hall Canary Girls & Stockpots WEA Luton Branch 1977 [12884] Memories of life in the First World War – and of the ’20s and ’30s. During the War Edith Hall’s mother was landlady to munition workers – ‘the Canaries’ (so called because the chemicals turned their skin yellow) at the Hayes factories.
Soft covers – signed by the author £10

513. MCLAREN, Eva Shaw (ed) A History of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals Hodder & Stoughton 1919 [12638] A very full history of the work of the SWH in the First World War. With 57 illustrations, including a marvellous pull-out panoramic photograph of the Salonika hospital in 1918 – huts and tents as far as the eye can see. 408pp – very good -with new endpapers and a little foxing – scarce £65

514. MARLOW, Joyce (ed) The Virago Book of Women and the Great War Virago 1998 [11926] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £12

515. (ROSS) Ishobel Ross Little Grey Partridge Aberdeen University Press 1988 [12153] ‘First World War diary of Ishobel Ross, who served with the Scottish Women’s Hospitals Unit in Serbia.’ With an introduction by Jess Dixon. Paper covers – fine £10

516. STONE, Gilbert (ed) Women War Workers: accounts contributed by representative workers of the work done by women in the more important branches of war employment George G. Harrap & Co 1917 [12631] With a foreword by Lady Jellicoe. Chapters on: munition work; the land; work as a postwoman; banking; as a bus conductor; driver of butcher’s delivery cart; nursing at the Front in France; work as a V.A.D.; working with ‘Concerts at the Front'; and welfare work. Includes a chapter on War Organisations for Women, full of facts and figures – with 12 photographs. Very good – a surprisingly scarce book £60
FIRST WORLD WAR EPHEMERA

517. The Deportation of Women and Girls from Lille Hodder & Stoughton 1916 [12197] ‘Translated textually from the Note addressed by the French Government to the Governments of Neutral Powers on the conduct of the German Authorities towards the population of the French Departments in the occupation of the enemy.’ 81-pp – paper covers – good £12

518. BIBESCO, Princesse La Revue de Paris extrait du numero du 15 mai 1934: Lettres de Combattants Anglais Paris 1934 [11636] A lengthy review of ‘War Letters of Fallen Englishmen (Lettres de guerre d’hommes anglais qui sont tombes) compiled by Laurence Housman. She reviews it at length (24pp), quoting from letters of both the well known (Julian Grenfell, Edward Tennant) and the unknown. Very good – paper covers – offprint of the journal £4

519. GRANT, LILIAS and MOIR, ETHEL ‘Uncensored Diary’ and ‘Uncensored Letters’ [12590] Lilias Grant wrote the ‘Uncensored Diary’ and her friend, Ethel Moir, the ‘Uncensored Letters’ while on service together – as orderlies – with Dr Elsie Inglis’ Serbian-Russian Unit of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals in Rumania and Russia between August 1916 and April 1917. Also in that unit were Elsie Bowerman and Yvonne Fitzroy – and many other figures now well known to students of the SWH make frequent appearances. Ethel Moir did further service with the SWH between Feb 1918 and Jan 1919 with the ‘Elsie Inglis Unit’ in Salonika, Verbiliani and Hordiack and recorded that experience in a second section of the ‘Uncensored Letters’. These foolscap typescripts (or, in the case of the Moir Letters, a xerox of the tss) have been bound and were each inscribed by Lilias Grant (by then Mrs Lilias Dyson) and given in 1972 to her friends Nina and Ian Cameron of North Petherton, Somerset. Laid in the Moir volume is a letter from her husband, Dacre Dyson, explaining that there are only 3 copies of the Moir tss (and, by inference, also of the Grant Diary). One set is this set, owned by the Camerons, one is in the possession of Ethel Moir’s sister and the Dysons’ own set is destined, in due course, to be given to Edinburgh Central Library. Lilias Dyson died in 1975 and her husband in 1980 and their set of tss is now in the ECL. Indeed it was after reading the tss there that the playwright Abigail Docherty wrote her SWH play ‘Sea, Land and Sky’, staged at the Tron Theatre in Glasgow in 2010. Audrey Cahill published excerpts from the diary and letters in ‘Between the Lines’ (see item # ). Although she been unable to find anything further about Lilias Grant, the extra information provided in the laid-in letter and note that accompanies these volumes has made it possible to establish that, born in York in 1880, in 1922 she married Dacre Dyson, a Ceylon tea planter. They lived in Ceylon until at least 1938 and after the Second World War were living in Burley in Hampshire. Ethel Moir and Lilias Grant, who were both living in Inverness, had been friends before, together, joining the SWH The whereabouts of the third set of the tss is at the moment unknown.
The tss have been very well bound and are in fine condition (with one very small scuff on the spine of ‘Uncensored Letters’) – with presentation inscription from Lilias Grant and laid-in letter and note from her husband. Extremely scarce £500

520. HMSO Munitions of War Employment and Remuneration of Girls under 18 years of age on Munition Work of a class customarily done by Male Labour of 18 years and over HMSO 1916 [12190] Order dated July 6, 1916. 4-pp leaflet – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £8

521. HMSO Munitions of War HMSO 1916 [12583] Order, dated June 26, 1916, of the Minister of Munitions. 4-pp leaflet – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £3

522. MEDICAL RESEARCH COMMITTEE AND DEPARTMENT OF SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH Reports of the Industrial Fatigue Research Board HMSO 1919 [12194] No 2 – The Output of Women Workers in Relation to Hours of Work in Shell-Making. 24-pp – good in original paper covers – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £15

523. SCOTTISH WOMEN’S FIRST AID CORPS [12892] natural-coloured linen canvas satchel with the initials ‘S.W.F.A.C.’ [Scottish Women's First Aid Corps] machine-embroidered in red on the front.The satchel hangs from a long red grosgrain ribbon strap which has a buckle for altering its length. The bag still contains an Esmarch’s Triangular Bandage – printed with images of how to apply, in a variety of ways, the bandage to wounded men, together with two packs labelled ‘Scottish Women’s First Aid Corps First Field Dressing’, supplied by J. Gordon Nicholson, Pharmaceutical Chemist, 15 Hanover Street, Edinburgh, and two small safety pins on a piece of card, presumably to be used for fixing the bandages. Luckily this SWFAC member was required to put the bandages to the test. The SWFAC had been formed in 1909 by Mary E. Macmillan and came into its own in the First World War, appealing to middle and upper-middle class women who wanted to ‘do their bit’. The SWFAC ran classes in First Aid and sick nursing and some of its recruits then went out to nurse in Italy and Serbia. Very good – an unusual survival £120

524. THE WOMEN’S IMPERIAL HEALTH ASSOCIATION Sixth Annual Report 1915 [12796] The Associations’s first Aim was ‘To teach the women of the Empire the elementary principles in health; particularly with reference to the care and nurture of children’. This annual report gives full details of the Association, its work, and its subscribers and supporters. With many photographs. Paper covers – 52pp – good – ex-Board of Education library £10

FIRST WORLD WAR FICTION

525. MACAULAY, Rose Three Days Constable & Co 1919 [12622] Poems. Already an established novelist, during the First World War Rose Macaulay worked as a VAD nurse and a land girl and in early 1917 joined the War Office. Good – a little chipped on spine – in wrapper cover. £25

526. MARCHANT, Bessie A Girl Munition Worker: a story of a girl’s work during the Great War Blackie [1916] [13002] Novel of the First World by ‘the girls’ Henry’. This would appear to be a first edition -with an ownership inscription for ‘Xmas 1916′ on free front end paper In original pictorial cloth cover – cloth rubbed and corners bumped – very scarce £45
Prices are net, postage is extra at cost. Orders will be sent at the
cheapest rate, consistent with safety, unless I am instructed otherwise.

You can pay me by cheque or at http://www.Paypal.com, using my email address as the payee account, or by direct bank transfer

 

 

 

Prices are net, postage is extra at cost.  Orders will be sent at the

cheapest rate, consistent with safety, unless I am instructed otherwise.

 

You can pay me by cheque or at www.Paypal.com, using my email address as the payee account, or by direct bank transfer

 

IMG_0001

# 480  from the catalogue

 

 

 

Perhaps also of interest:

 

The Women’s Suffrage Movement 1866-1928: A reference guide

Elizabeth Crawford

 

Reference Guide

‘It is no exaggeration to describe Elizabeth Crawford’s Guide as a landmark in the history of the women’s movement…’  History Today

Routledge, 2000 785pp paperback £74.99

                   Ebook                        £70     

 

 

The Women’s Suffrage Movement in Britain and Ireland: a regional survey

Elizabeth Crawford

Regional Survey

Crawford provides meticulous accounts of the activists, petitions, organisations, and major events pertaining to each county.’ Victorian Studies

Routledge, 2008 320pp paperback £30

                                   Ebook           £26

 

Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle

Elizabeth Crawford

 Enterprising Women

‘Crawford’s scholarship is admirable and Enterprising Women offers increasingly compelling reading’ Journal of William Morris Studies

Francis Boutle, 2002 338pp 75 illus paperback £25

http://www.francisboutle.co.uk/product_info.php?cPath=17&products_id=7

 

NOW PUBLISHED

 

Campaigning for the Vote: The Suffrage Diary of Kate Parry Frye

Edited by Elizabeth Crawford

Kate Frye cover

An extract

‘Saturday June 14th 1913. [Kate is lodging in Baker Street, London]

I had had a black coat and skirt sent there for Miss Davison’s funeral procession and the landlady had given me permission to change in her room. I tore into my black things then we tore off by tube to Piccadilly and had some lunch in Lyons. But the time was getting on – and the cortege was timed to start at 2 o’clock from Victoria. We saw it splendidly at the start until we were driven away from our position and then could not see for the crowds and then we walked right down Buckingham Palace Rd and joined in the procession at the end. It was really most wonderful – the really organised part – groups of women in black with white lilies – in white and in purple – and lots of clergymen and special sort of pall bearers each side of the coffin. She gave her life publicly to make known to the public the demand of Votes for Women – it was only fitting she should be honoured publicly by the comrades. It must have been most imposing. [Plus much more description of the procession as Kate follows it into King’s Cross station]

Campaigning for the Vote tells, in her own words, the efforts of a working suffragist to instil in the men and women of England the necessity of ‘votes for women’ in the years before the First World War. The detailed diary kept all her life by Kate Parry Frye (1878-1959) has been edited to cover 1911-1915, years she spent as a paid organiser for the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. The book constitutes that near impossibility – completely new primary material, published for the first time 100 years after the events it records.

With Kate for company we experience the reality of the ‘votes for women’ campaign as, day after day, in London and in the provinces, she knocks on doors, arranges meetings, trembles on platforms, speaks from carts in market squares, village greens, and seaside piers, enduring indifference, incivility and even the threat of firecrackers under her skirt.

Kate’s words bring to life the world of the itinerant organiser – a world of train journeys, of complicated luggage conveyance, of hotels – and hotel flirtations – , of boarding houses, of landladies, and of the ‘quaintness’ of fellow boarders. This was not a way of life to which she was born, for her years as an organiser were played out against the catastrophic loss of family money and enforced departure from a much-loved home. Before 1911 Kate had had the luxury of giving her time as a volunteer to the suffrage cause; now she depended on it for her keep.

No other diary gives such an extensive account of the working life of a suffragist, one who had an eye for the grand tableau – such as following Emily Wilding Davison’s cortege through the London streets – as well as the minutiae of producing an advertisement for a village meeting. Moreover Kate Frye gives us the fullest account to date of the workings of the previously shadowy New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. She writes at length of her fellow workers, never refraining from discussing their egos and foibles. After the outbreak of war in August 1914 Kate continued to work for some time at the society’s headquarters, helping to organize its war effort, her diary entries allowing us to experience her reality of life in war-time London.

Excerpts from Campaigning for the Vote featured in ‘The Women’s Rebellion’, episode 2 of Michael Portillo’s Radio 4 series, 1913: The Year Before –listen here http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b02mxyyz

 

Published by Francis Boutle Publishers – http://www.francisboutle.co.uk/product_info.php?products_id=102&osCsid=f25354bc872ffc120b251b6b63915492

Wrap-around paper covers, 226 pp, over 70 illustrations, all drawn from Kate Frye’s personal archive.                                                                                          £14.99

ISBN 978 1903427 75 0

Copies of these books may be bought direct from the publishers or ordered from any bookshop (terrestrial or online – Foyles online has a particularly good offer on Campaigning for the Vote  – see http://www.foyles.co.uk/Public/Shop/Search.aspx?searchBy=1&term=crawford+campaigning+for+the+vote&quick=true)

ITV has selected Kate Frye – to be portrayed by a leading young actress – as one of the main characters in ‘The People’s Story’, a documentary series to be launched in July mark the centenary of the outbreak of the First World War. Click here http://tinyurl.com/py2x3p4 -to view a trailer for the series. In addition Kate’s Story: the life and times of Kate Parry Frye (1878-1959), written by Elizabeth Crawford, will be issued as an e-book by ITV Publishing to coincide with the series.

 

 

,

Leave a comment

Mariana Starke: ‘The Sword Of Peace’, 1788

On 9 August 1788  Mariana Starke’s play, The Sword of Peace; or, a Voyage of Love, received the first of six public performances that season at London’s Theatre Royal, Haymarket.  

sword of peace

This was certainly not the first play that Mariana had written,  but was the first to be professionally staged. See Mariana Starke: First Productions for mention of Ethelinda, which, possibly in 1787, Mariana had sent to George Colman, the manager of the Theatre Royal. He had been encouraging, but in the end had rejected it. He would, therefore, have been an obvious choice to receive her next dramatic work and in the Preface to the published edition of The Sword of Peace she thanks him most warmly. To Mariana’s play Colman added a Prologue and his son an Epilogue.

In her introduction to the online edition of The Sword of Peace Jeanne Moskal has suggested that prior to its short run at the Theatre Royal, the play may already have been produced in the private theatre of her friend and patron Mary Crespigny [see Mariana Starke: The Mystery of the Bodleian Diary]. This is possible, but if such a production was staged it is surprising that papers such as ”The World and Fashionable Advertiser’ and ”The Public Advertiser’ make no mention of it, while carrying information of other theatricals at Camberwell Grove that  involved Mariana and her brother, Richard. Mrs Crespigny’s activities were good ‘copy’for these papers and it seems unlikely they would have overlooked such an interesting item.

As the reader can so easily consult the online text of The Sword of Peace, together with the associated apparatus of notes which includes a summary of the play, I will not repeat it here, but would like to make one observation.

The Starkes' home, Hylands House, Epsom

Hylands House, Epsom, 0ne-time home of Governor Starke and his family’  (the two brick bays being a rather unfortunate later addition). A house, in the late 18th-century, replete with memories of and talk about life in India

This is an idea that occurred to me as to what Mariana might mean in her Preface when she observes that ‘the character of David Northcote is a real one. To Indians this is needless: the sketch, however, is not too faint, I hope, for others: it was dictated by a heart glowing with gratitude and admiration of his noble and unbounded goodness!’

It has been suggested, by Jeanne Moskal among others, that ‘David Northcote’ is based on Lord Cornwallis, who succeeded Warren Hastings as Governor-General of India. This assumption is quite probably correct. Hastings had been arrested in 1787, at a time when Mariana would probably have been writing the play; his trial was underway in Westminster Hall when The Sword of Peace played at the Theatre Royal. As ‘David Northcote’ was created as an exemplar of a good man in the midst of venality it may well be that Mariana was commending Cornwallis .

However, with the Hastings trial figuring so prominently in the news it seems just a little odd for the author to hope, even with the falsest of modesty, that ‘the sketch is not too faint’. Actually at the time it must have seemed blindingly obvious.  It occurred to me, however, that she may actually have had in mind a model for ‘David Northcote’ found rather closer to home, but more distant in time – one about which there might more justifiably be  a fear that the ‘sketch’ might be too  ‘faint’ .

Could ‘David Northcote’ have been modelled on Mariana’s father, Richard Starke, who, even at this time, 30 years after he had been forced from office, was always known as ‘Governor Starke’?

The name of the character does have resonances close to Mariana’s own circle. ‘David’ could be a nod to Fort St David, from which her father was ousted in 1756 by ambitious Robert Clive.

Mariana would have discussed the making of her play with her great friend, Millecent Parkhurst, whose father, John Parkhurst, was giving her advice on the construction of her dramas. John Parkhurst’s wife was born Millecent Northey, whose  family lived at Woodcote House, Epsom. When Mariana was pondering a surname for the hero of The Sword of Peace could she have created it out of this local association? For an essay on the Northeys and Woodcote House see here.

Among the final lines of the play, when Mr Northcote is created ‘Resident’, one of the characters describes how

‘They [the local inhabitants] do nothing but call him father—they keep blessing him and his children; and King George and his children; and their great prophet and his children’.

Would – could – that mention of ‘blessing him and his children’ have been a knowing authorial wink. The emphasising italics are in the original and there does not seem any reason for an allusion to Northcote’s children in terms of the play. Indeed, there is no mention of his being married, or having children. So was that a little joke -Mariana calling blessings on herself and her siblings, as well as her father -that the audience might have shared?

In terms of the plot of The Sword of Peace, a slight parallel between the careers of ‘David Northcote’ and Richard Starke occurred in 1752 when Governor Floyer of Fort St David was dismissed – accused of allowing a ‘Spirit of Gaming’  and ‘general neglect and want of order’ to prevail, as well as running up ‘Extravagant Expences’. Among the men entrusted to reinstate order was Richard Starke.

On 1 May 1787 ‘Governor Starke and family’ and ‘other names to India not unknown’ were present in the Playhouse, Covent Garden, for the performance of a new farce, Bonds Without Judgment, or, the Loves of Bengal, performed as a benefit for the actress, Mrs Wells. The plot concerns the fate of two young women who are sent to India in search of husbands…There is no mention in the World and Fashionable Advertiser’ report of 2 May 1787 of the author of the piece, but I understand it was one Edward Topham. The piece was acted for four nights in May 1787 but was never printed.

Could this play have motivated Mariana  to write her own? It is worth mentioning that the Prologue to ‘Bonds Without Judgment’ was written by ‘Mr Berkley’, surely her friend and collaborator, George Monck Berkeley (for whom see Mariana Starke: First Productions). In fact Oulton, The History of the Theatres of London suggests that Berkeley rather than Topham may have been the author of the entire piece. Incidentally, Mrs Crespigny took a very numerous party to Bonds Without Judgment.

The Sword of Peace was published in 1789, in London by J. Debrett and in Dublin by H. Chamberlaine, and returned to the Theatre Royal that year, on 30 July, for a further four perfomances.

 

Source: H.D. Love, Vestiges of Old Madras

P.S. UPDATE I knew that Mariana was not Richard and Mary Starke’s first born; a son, John, had died shortly before she was born and was buried at Epsom. I have now just found the gory details in a news report  in ‘The Public Advertiser’ of 21 June 1762, to the effect that this young boy, aged 20 months, had died the previous week after falling out of the coach in which he was ‘taking an airing’ with some women servants and was then run over by the vehicle’s wheels. Horrific.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

It has been suggested

 

performed  9 Aug 1788 at the Haymarket – for a total of 6 times. Had first showing at Mrs de Crespigny’s theatre? – any real proof

1789 The Sword of Peace pub 1789 (Performed 4 times at Haymarket in 1789 – check)

 

[David Northcote is hero. She says in Preface 'the character of David Northcote is a real one' - Based on her father??

Family called Northey lived at Woodcote House, Epsom – they were Millecent Thomas’s mother’s family – she had been Millecent Northey]

In a previous post, Mariana Starke: Father Is Worsted By Robert Clive, I suggested that it might be possible to make a reading of The Sword of Peace based on Mariana’s knowledge of the way in which Robert Clive had ousted her father from his position as deputy-governor of Fort St David, leading to his resignation from the East India Company service and his retirement to England.

 

Introduction to ‘Sword of Peace’, 9 August 1788

‘a woman, however possessed of genius, wit, vivacity, or knowledge of the world, unless she continues to veil them under the modest, delicate reserve, which should ever characterise her sex, destroys their effects, and renders herself a being pitied by men of sense, envied, yet ridiculed, by every woman of her acquaintance.

When once a woman is known to write, if in company she converses with vivacity, she is immediately condemned as thinking ‘no one can speak but herself’. If she is silent, ‘oh, she’s employed taking off the company!’ Thus, can she neither speak, laugh, nor be serious, with impunity; every action is misconstrued, and her features, dress, person, etc the constant topic with those who have not abilities to judge, nor candour sufficient to praise her.’

 

 

“”Starke grew up in India, where her father, Richard Starke, served as governor of the British East India Company’s post at Fort St. George in Madras [no – he was deputy governor of Fort St David until 1756. what after??]. She launched her literary career with two plays about India, produced in London: The Sword of Peace (1788), an original comedy; and The Widow of Malabar (1791), an “imitation” of La Veuve de Malabar by Le Mierre. They were moderately successful, but the criticism seems to have mortified Starke, inspiring her to turn to the genres of travel writing and poetry, which did not demand that the writer involve herself in the public matters of production, rehearsal, and performance.””

“The Sword of Peace; or, a Voyage of Love, a sentimental comedy in five acts, was probably first performed in the private theater of drama patron Mary Champion Crespigny of Camberwell [no proof of this/ or just from preface?]; it premiered at the Theatre Royal at Haymarket, with a prologue by George Colman the Elder, the theatre’s manager, and an epilogue by George Colman the Younger, on Saturday, August 9, 1788, the last new piece of the summer season. It was performed six times in 1788 and four times in 1789. It received mixed reviews. The actors—Miss (Elizabeth) Farren, Mrs. (Stephen George) Kemble, and Mr. (John) Bannister, Jr.—were particularly praised, and a contemporary diarist records general applause for the play from a crowded house. (2) But Starke was also blasted for a lack of verisimilitude, and despite her efforts at self-defense, this opprobrium is still attached to the play’s reputation as late as 1832. In her self-defense, Starke also denied a rumor that called her a grocer’s daughter and an adventuress who wrote the play only to keep her family from starving. Her distress and embarrassment are palpable in the preface to the 2nd edition of Sword of Peace (1789) and in a letter to the Morning Chronicle, (3) and she declares her intention to disappear from the public gaze”2. Mary Julia Young, Memoirs of Mrs. Crouch, including a retrospect of the stage during the years she performed , 2 vols. (London: James Asperne, 1806) vol. II, p. 45. (back)
3. Mariana Starke, ‘Letter to The Morning Chronicle,’ rpt. in Biographica Dramatica; or, a companion to the playhouse: containing historical and critical memoirs…, ed. David Erskine Baker, Isaac Reed, and Stephen Jones, 3 vols. (London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1812).

 

 

, , ,

Leave a comment

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 426 other followers