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A Happy New Year: Introducing ‘Art and Suffrage: a biographical dictionary of suffrage artists’

A Very Happy New Year To All My Readerspearse-beatrice

This image (courtesy of The Women’s Library@LSE) will appear, among 100 or so others, in my new book, Art and Suffrage: a biographical dictionary of suffrage artists, to be published by Francis Boutle Publishers in June 2017.

The artist of this lovely card was previously unknown, but I have managed to identify her, which pleases me immensely as I have loved this image for many years – ever since I once, and only once, found – and sold – it in the form of a calendar for 1913 issued by the Artists’ Suffrage League.

The typescript is all ready to go to the publisher when the world reawakens on Tuesday 3 January 2017. It’s not too early to let me know if you would be interested in buying a copy of the published work. I can start taking orders now!

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Something A Little Different: Furrowed Middlebrow Books

rachel-ferguson-evenfieldBack in the summer I was delighted to receive a commission from a small reprint publisher, the Dean Street Press, to write an introduction to three novels by Rachel Ferguson that they were planning to reissue. I guessed why they had asked me… I had written the entry on her in the New Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. But I was especially pleased to have the opportunity to set out more about her life and to tease out links with the novels because she had spent her early years in Teddington, the suburb adjoining Twickenham, where I had spent my youth, and the road where she had lived was familiar to me. Two of the reissued novels, Evenfield and a

rachel-ferguson-a-harp-in-lowndes-squareHarp in Lowndes Square, in whole or in part conjure up life in late-Victorian Teddington as seen through her idiosyncratic eyes and, knowing from her autobiographies, that Rachel Ferguson was somewhat haunted by memories of her childhood, as I read the novels I could add another wraith, my teenaged self, to those wandering the path from the station or walking over the bridge to the more sophisticated Kingston shops. Needless to say this solipsistic reading is mine only.

The third of the reissued Ferguson novels is

rachel-ferguson-a-footman-for-the-peacock

A Footman for a Peacock, a fantastical tale set in the early years of the Second World War.

After I had delivered the Ferguson Introduction Dean Street then asked me to write one for another novel in this tranche of reissues, Winifred Peck’s Bewildering Cares.

winifred-peck-bewildering-caresI had read the author’s autobiographies some years ago and, as it happens, had very recently read a biography of her niece, Penelope Fitzgerald, which includes good background information on Winifred’s family – the Knoxes. Growing up, alongside her decidedly idiosyncratic brothers, in a clerical household, provided Winifred with plenty of material for her novels and, again, I was able to make links between her life and her fiction. Bewildering Cares covers a week in the life of a vicar’s wife in the early stages of the Second World War.

These novels are only three of nine that Dean Street Press have released this month (October 2016) under the ‘Furrowed Middlebrow’ imprint. Isn’t that a great name? It comes from the eponymous blog conducted by Scott, a Californian enthusiast for novels by British women writers (particularly those from the 20th-c inter-war years).  Do have a read of the blog – click here. His enthusiasm convinced Dean Street Press to reissue his chosen titles –  and more Furrowed Middlebrow reissues are planned.

I love the covers of all the new ‘Furrowed Middlebrow’ titles – and am delighted to be associated, even in this most distant way, with Eric Ravilious. They are all available in paperback – for details (and a view of all the other covers) – click here. They can be ordered direct from the publisher, or from Amazon, or the Book Depository, or from any bookshop. They are all also available as ebooks.

Update

For some unfathomable reason this series of reprints has been the target of a rather ridiculously vindictive Amazon reviewer who has spent a good deal of time in constantly rewriting the ill-conceived ‘thoughts’ that accompany her award of ‘one-star’ to all the ‘Furrowed Middlebrow’ books, which she clearly hasn’t even bothered to read. One blogger, ‘Stuck in a Book’, has called (click here to read his call to arms) for the sensible and interested to do what they can by asking readers of the books to give their own Amazon review (of course most readers would probably normally never think of doing any such thing) so that, if they like the books, they can improve the star rating. Such is Amazon nonsense.

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The Fallen Woman: A Short Film Based On A Foundling Museum Exhibition

Just before Christmas last year I visited an excellent exhibition – ‘The Fallen Woman’ – at the Foundling Museum in Coram Fields in Bloomsbury. I have now been alerted to a short film based on the exhibition made by Lily Ford, a recent PhD graduate from Birkbeck, and thought my ‘followers’ might find it of interest.

This is the description that accompanies the film:

‘Little is known about the unmarried mothers who had their babies taken in by London’s Foundling Hospital in the nineteenth century. This short film explores the predicament of these ‘blank mothers’, drawing on documents and images from ‘The Fallen Woman’, a recent exhibition at the Foundling Museum curated by Birkbeck’s Professor Lynda Nead. Using views of the historic interiors of the museum, contemporary accounts and the words of the mothers that were recorded by the Hospital committee, it seeks to reimagine the experience of these women. The film was made by Lily Ford during an AHRC Cultural Engagement Fellowship at Birkbeck.’
 

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Books And Ephemera For Sale: Catalogue 191

 

 

 

 

 

Woman and her Sphere

Catalogue 191

#48

#48

 

Elizabeth Crawford

e.crawford@sphere20.freeserve.co.uk

Index to Catalogue

Suffrage Non-fiction: Items 1-21

Suffrage Biography: Items 22-28

Suffrage Fiction: Items 29-39

Suffrage Ephemera: Items 40-119

Suffrage Ephemera (Kate Parry Frye Collection); Items 120-129

Suffrage Postcards: Real Photographic: Items 130-161

Suffrage Postcards: Suffrage Artist: Items 162-174

Suffrage Postcards: Commercial Comic: Items 175-204

General Non-fiction: Items 205-343

General Biography: Items 344-473

General Ephemera: Items 474-558

General Postcards: Items 559-563

General Fiction: Items 464-574

Women and the First World War: Items 575-589

 

Suffrage Non-fiction

 

  1. ANTHONY Jr, Charles The Social and Political Dependence of Women Longmans, Green, and Co 1880 (6th ed) [12058] This was one of the earliest books published in support of J.S. Mill’s proposed amendment to the 1867 Reform Bill – to give qualified women the vote. Interestingly he begins his tract with an analysis of the way in which ridicule was used to dismiss the idea of the enfranchised woman. Charles Anthony was the editor of the ‘Hereford Times’. Helen Blackburn lists the book in her Bibliography for ‘The Record of Women’s Suffrage’ . Very good internally in original decorated cloth, slight rubbing to head and tail of spine – unusual £65

 

  1. BILLINGTON-GREIG, Teresa The Militant Suffrage Movement: emancipation in a hurry Frank Palmer no date [1911] [14205] ‘I write this book in criticism of the militant suffrage movement beccause I am impelled to do so by forces as strong as those which kept me five years within its ranks….I am a feminist, a rebel, and a suffragist…’ She had been an early member of the WSPU and then a founding member of the Women’s Freedom League and tells the history of the movement from her viewpoint. An important and very scarce book. Good – ex-library                                                                                                                                           £120

 

  1. CAMPBELL, Olwen W. The Feminine Point of View Williams & Norgate 1952 [4231] The report of a Conference which began in the winter of 1947 and included among its members Teresa Billington-Greig and Margery Corbett Ashby. Olwen Campbell was the daughter of Mary Ward, who had been the leading light of the Cambridge Association for Women’s Suffrage. Very good in d/w £18

 

  1. CRAWFORD, Elizabeth The Women’s Suffrage Movement in Britain and Ireland: a regional survey Routledge 2006 [14221] Paper covers – fine condition £25

 

  1. CRAWFORD, Elizabeth (ed) Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary Francis Boutle 2013 [14148] Kate Frye was an organiser for the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. Her diary tells us what it was like to stage a day-to-day campaign – from 1910-1914 – and then to see the campaign bearing fruit in after years. Paper covers – mint £15

 

  1. GIBSON, Sir John The Emancipation of Women Gwasg Gomer 1992 [10973] First published in 1891. Gibson was editor of the ‘Cambrian News’ between 1875-1915 and a strong supporter of women’s suffrage in Wales. Soft covers – mint £12

 

  1. KENT, Susan Sex and Suffrage in Britain, 1860-1914 Princeton University Press 1987 [1361] Fine in d/w (which has one slight nick) £20

 

  1. LIDDINGTON, Jill Vanishing for the Vote: suffrage, citizenship and the battle for the census MUP 2014 [14224] Paper covers – fine £12

 

  1. MACKENZIE, Midge Shoulder To Shoulder Penguin 1975 [8062] The book of the acclaimed television series. Paper covers – large format – fine. Signed by members of the original ‘Shoulder to Shoulder’ team – including Sian Phillips (Emmeline Pankhurst) and Patricia Quinn (Christabel) SOLD

 

  1. MARTIN, Anna Mother and Social Reform NUWSS 1913 [11478] Two articles reprinted from the ‘Nineteenth Century and After’ issues of May and June 1913 as a booklet. Anna Martin, deeply concerned about the level of infant mortality and general ill-health of poor women and children, argues for easier separation in cases where the husband and father is neglectful or worse, the right of women to a ‘maintenance’ that is in some way defined. With a membership form for the NUWSS tipped in at the front, and a subscription form to ‘The Common Cause’ at the back. Paper covers (with a few nicks at edges) – very good condition -64pp £45

 

  1. METCALFE, A.E. Woman’s Effort: a chronicle of British women’s fifty years’ struggle for citizenship (1865-1914) B.H. Blackwell 1917 [14218] Essential for suffrage studies – the nearest thing there is to a contemporary study of the WSPU. In very good condition – and very scarce. This is the first copy I’ve had for sale in the last six years £95

 

  1. MILL, John Stuart Mill The Subjection of Women Longmans, Green, new edition 1906 [14193] With an introduction by Stanton Coit, whom Elizabeth Wolstenholme Elmy did not admire, but to whom she lent extensive notes, the use of which he acknowledges here. This edition was a v. popular item for selling from ‘literature’ tables at suffrage meetings.  Paper covers – very good                                                      £12

Another copy back cover corner torm

 

  1. MORGAN, David Suffragists and Liberals: the politics of woman suffrage in Britain Basil Blackwell 1975 [12133] Fine in d/w £15

 

  1. ROBINS, Elizabeth Way Stations Hodder & Stoughton 1913 [14082] A collection of her speeches, lectures and articles on women’s suffrage – some of which had previously appeared in print and some of which had not. Includes a speech given at the Albert Hall on 15 June 1912. Very good internally – cloth cover a little marked. On the front pastedown carries a little sticker showing that it was sold by the International Suffrage Shop and a label indicating that it had been available for lending (perhaps in one of the local suffrage societies shops/offices?) – scarce £85

 

  1. ROVER, Constance Love, Morals and the Feminists Routledge 1970 [4552] Good in d/w – though ex-library                                                                                                                                                  £18

 

  1. RUBINSTEIN, David Before the Suffragettes: women’s emancipation in the 1890s Harvester 1986 [13158] Soft covers – very good £15

 

  1. SANGER, Margaret Woman and the New Race Brentano’s (NY) 1921 (r/p) [7374] This particular copy of this book has a complicated suffrage-association history. It bears the ink inscription ‘Margaret Sanger, New York, Oct 14-1921’ (which I am sure is Sanger’s own writing). underneath is written – possibly with the same pen, the ink looks the same – but in a different hand ‘zum Andenken! Kitty Marion’. The book itself was in the ownership of Maud Fussell, an erstwhile member of the WSPU – and bears her ownership inscription written faintly in pencil. My reconstruction of the history of the book is that it was signed by Margaret Sanger, at the request of Kitty Marion (who was of German origin), who was working with her in New York, and was then given by Kitty Marion to Maud Fussell. Good                     £100

 

  1. SCHREINER, Olive Woman and Labour T.Fisher Unwin 1911 [14211] If you have seen the film ‘The Suffragette’ you may remember that Maud Potts (aka Carey Mulligan) inherits a book by Olive Schreiner – ‘Dreams’ – and quotes from it. Schreiner was a strong influence on the early-20th-c suffrage movement and ‘Woman and Labour’, concerned with socialism and gender equality, is dedicated to Lady Constance Lytton. This particular copy bears on its front cover the large label of the Irishwomen’s Reform League Lending Library open to the public 29 South Anne Street Dublin (and then with further info re opening times etc). Inside, the free front end paper carries another ‘Irishwomen’s Reform League’ label (rather attractively printed in green on white paper). Above the label is the signature of Louie Bennett, founder in 1911 of the Irishwomen’s Reform League, and at the bottom of the page is an address, presumably hers, ‘Undercliff, Killiney.’ The label has been added after the ink signature and address were written and my interpretation is that Louie Bennett had bought this book for herself and then gave it to the lending library of her new organisation. As a text ‘Woman and Labour’ was central to the desire to change the social and economic position of women that motivated the IRL. Items connected to the Irish suffrage movement are very scarce. In good condition.                     £120

 

  1. STOPES, Charlotte Carmichael British Freewomen: their historical privilege Swan Sonnenschein, 3rd ed 1907 [13137] An important volume in the historiography of the women’s suffrage movement. Mrs Stopes made use of material collected by Helen Blackburn. Good. £65

 

  1. STRACHEY, Ray The Cause: a short history of the women’s movement in Great Britain G. Bell 1928 [12059] This copy belonged to Lord McGregor – author of ‘Divorce in England’ , a book that includes a very useful bibliography of works on women’s rights. He has laid in the book a collection of newspaper cuttings, from the 1950s to 1970s, relating to the position of women. The copy of the book is in good condition – but he had bought it as an ex-library copy and has added a few pencilled notes on the back pastedown. An interesting association copy.
    £55

 

  1. VILLIERS, Brougham (ed) The Case for Women’s Suffrage Fisher Unwin 1907 [14150] A collection of essays by: Mabel Atkinson, Florence Balgarnie, Eva Gore-Booth, Robert Cholmeley, Charlotte Despard, Millicent Fawcett, Keir Hardie, Nellie Martel, Margaret McMillan, Rosalind Nash, Edith Palliser, Christabel Pankhurst, Emmeline Pankhurst, Constance Smedley, Brougham Villiers and Israel Zangwill. With an advertisement for the NUWSS on the inside back cover. A very important text – goodish interrnally – front hinge internally slightly loose -cloth cover bears traces of tape that once held a library marking. The front pastedown carries a bookplate ‘In Memoriam Sir William Harcourt 1827-1904’. Ironically, Sir William’s son, Vernon Harcourt, was a member of the post-1906 Liberal cabinet that did so much to hamper the cause of women’s suffrage. Scarce £65

  

Suffrage Biography

 

  1. (DUNIWAY) Ruth Barnes Moynihan Rebel for Rights: Abigail Scott Duniway Yale University Press 1983 [1205] Abigal Scott Duniway (1834-1915), American suffragist, journalist, and national leader. Fine in d/w £5

 

  1. (FAWCETT) David Rubinstein A Different World for Women: the life of Millicent Garrett Fawcett Ohio State University Press 1991 [12100] Mint in d/w £15

 

  1. GORDON, Helen The Prisoner: an experience of forcible feeding [by a Suffragette] Garden City Press 1911 [14080] ‘This sketch of a prisoner is an absolutely true statement of my own imprisonment of one month in October and November, 1909, in Strangeways Prison, Manchester.’ Helen Gordon Liddle (to give her her full name) had been arrested on 20 October, with Emily Wilding Davison, after breaking windows in protest against the exclusion of women from a local meeting, held by the Chancellor of Exchequer. On that same day she had witnessed Davison’s will. This is Helen’s account of her imprisonment, hunger strike and forcible feeding. Very good internally – paper covers (decorated by a prison arrow) very slightly chipped – a little foxing on the prelims – 75pp – extremely scarce £240

 

  1. (LYTTON) Lady Betty Balfour (ed) Letters of Constance Lytton William Heinemann 1925 [10628] Very good – in purple cloth, with design by Syvlia Pankhurst on front cover £68

 

  1. (LYTTON) Lady Betty Balfour (ed) Letters of Constance Lytton William Heinemann 1925 [14085] Inlaid are cuttings about Lady Constance and an intriguing photograph of a portrait of her in which she is wearing both her hunger-strike medal and a ‘Holloway’ brooch. It’s not an image that I’ve seen before.  Purple cloth cover, with design by Sylvia Pankhurst in purple, white and green (to match the cover of ‘Prisons and Prisoners’), is a little knocked and rubbed – internally good                                                                                  £80

 

  1. LYTTON, Lady Constance Prisons and Prisoners William Heinemann 1914 (2nd imp) [14114] Her prison experiences, both as herself, and, more horribly, in disguise as Jane Warton. With the ownership inscription of Eva Christy, 27 Circus Road Mansions, London NW8 – who in 1911 was 41 years old and a riding instructor. She must have acquired this copy some time after publication because she did not move to the Circus Road Mansions address until 1929, Perhaps she bought it second-hand…Very good internally – cloth cover somewhat rubbed £30

 

  1. (DAVISON) Ann Morley And Liz Stanley The Life and Death of Emily Wilding Davison: with Gertrude Colmore’s ‘The Life of Emily Davison’ Women’s Press 1988 [14055] A study of the life of Emily Wilding Davison, together with a reprint of Gertrude Colemore’s ‘The Life of Emily Wilding Davison’. Soft covers – very good £9

 

Suffrage Fiction

 

  1. FAIRBAIRNS, Zoe Stand We at Last Virago 1983 [1222] A picaresque novel, with a suffrage sequence. Paper covers – very good                                                                                                                       £4

 

  1. GIBBS, Philip Intellectual Mansions S.W. Hutchinson 1930 (r/p) [14223] First published in 1910 this is a story of lives lived in a mansion block on the borders of a (fictionalised) Battersea Park. The review in ‘Votes for Women’, 27 May 1910, stressed how the ‘most effective and literal description of certain phases of the women’s suffrage movement’ would be of great interest to readers of the paper. Philip Gibbs was a journalist and reccognised a newsworthy story. A lengthy scene set in the ‘King’s Hall’ (ie the Albert Hall) describes in graphic detail the attacks by stewards on women who attempted to question the prime minister about ‘Votes for Women’. Good internally – front cover of this small ‘Uniform Edition’ hanging on by a few threads. A good read                                                                                                                                                      £18

 

  1. HINE, Muriel The Man With the Double Heart John Lane 1914 [13336] The heroine’s mother is a Militant Suffragette; she is not. Good £18

 

  1. JOHNSTON, Sir Harry Mrs Warren’s daughter: a story of the women’s movement Chatto & Windus 1920 [1342] A suffrage novel. Very good – presentation copy from the author’s wife                    £35

 

  1. LEFROY, Ella Napier The Man’s Cause John Lane 1899 [13707] The author was Isabella Napier Lefroy (née Hastie) (1854-1919) – who also wrote under the pseudonym ‘E.N. Leigh Fry’. The novel contains much discussion of the Woman Question – and is among those I list under ‘Novels’ with suffrage content in my ‘Reference Guide’. Good and tight – just a little rubbed on edges- rather scarce £45

 

  1. LUCAS, E.V. Mr Ingleside Methuen, 15th ed, no date 1910/1912?) [14132] A novel with suffrage scenes. Only a reading copy – cloth worn – backstrip loose                                                                               £4

 

  1. MASEFIELD, John The Street of To-day J.M. Dent 2nd ed, 1911 [13708] Another from my ‘Reference Guide’ list of novels with pro-suffrage sentiment. ‘It seems to me that all the evils in modern life spring direcctly from the absence of women in government’, says one character. Masefield was a friend of Elizabeth Robins and a strong suffrage supporter. Very good £40

 

  1. MASSIE, Chris Esther Vanner Sampson Low, Marston & Co no date (1937) [1436] The heroine is a suffragette. Very good in d/w                                                                                                            £35

 

  1. PAGE, Gertrude The Winding Paths Hurst & Blackett c 1911 [8th ed] [12888] A novel with a suffrage theme. ‘The men call them “new Women” with derision, or mannish, or unsexed; but those who have been among them, and known them as friends, know that they hold in their ranks some of th most generous-hearted, unselfish, big-souled women who exist in England to-day…One such as the best of these was Ethel Hayward..’ Good £20

 

  1. SHAW, Bernard Press Cuttings: a topical sketch compiled from the editorial and correspondence columns of the Daily Papers Constable & Co no date (1909) [13000] as performed by the Civic and Dramatic Guild at the Royal Court Theatre, London, on the 9th July 1909. A suffragette play. In grey card covers a little chipped at edge £35

 

  1. SPENDER, Dale And HAYMAN, Carole (eds) How the Vote Was Won and other suffragette plays Methuen 1985 [14113] Besides the Cicely Hamilton play of the title, also includes, among the seven included in this edition, ‘Votes for Women’ by Elizabeth Robins. With notes for performance by Carole Hayman. Soft covers – very scarce £30

 

 

Suffrage Ephemera

 

  1. ADELINE BOURNE [14197] Letter on the notepaper of the ‘Women’s Adjustment Board’, dated 9 November 1953,  letting the addresse know that she will ‘forward any letter of your to Miss Lily Elsie – with pleasure’. Typed with handwritten signature and additions. Adeline Bourne had been a founding member of the Actresses’ Franchise League and was now the Hon Sec of the Women’s Adjustment Board. Good SOLD

 

  1. BODICHON, Mrs Reasons for the Enfranchisement of Women London National Society for Women’s Suffrage, no date late 1860s? [9519] Printed by Head, Hole & Co, Farringdon Street and Ivy Lane, E.C. Scarce and important pamphlet -8pp – good                                                                                                £250

 

  1. CAHILL, Richard Staunton A Lecture on Woman’s Rights, Cockermouth, 1888 [13698] The painting depicts a woman in neat, plain attire standing on a platform addressing an (unseen) audience. Behind her is a poster that reads ‘A Lecture on Woman’s Rights Will be Delivered [?] in the Lecture Hall of the Young Men’s Christian Association Cockermouth on Wednesday Mrs Smith.’
    The painting is signed by the artist Richard Staunton Cahill and is dated 1888.
    I can certainly place the artist, Irish-born though he was, very close to Cockermouth in the late 1870s/early 1880s.
    The artist: -Richard Staunton Cahill – born c 1827 in Co Clare. Son of Charles Staunton Cahill who, in 1828/9, was a leading supporter of Catholic Emancipation and of Daniel O’Connell (the Liberator)
    In 1850 Richard Cahill entered the Royal Hibernian Academy. He lived in Dublin but by 1863 had moved to London and then by 1875 was living in Nottingham and teaching at the Government School of Art there. He still had a Nottingham address in 1877 but by 1879 when he submitted works to the Royal Hibernian Academy of Arts his address was given as ‘Keswick’.
    In the 1881 census he was living, with his sister, Agnes, in a boarding house in High Street, Crosthwaite. He gave his occupation as ‘artist’, ‘master School of Art’ – so it is possible that he was still employed in Nottingham and spent holidays in Cumberland.
    In 1882 when he submitted works to the Irish Exhibition of Arts and Manufactures in Dublin his address was again given as ‘Keswick’.
    On 24 March 1883 ‘The Graphic’ printed a poem Cahill had written protesting against the threat to ‘Lakeland’ posed by the new railway and roads. He must have been closely associated with Canon Rawnsley (who was about to move into Crosthwaite Vicarage) and the Lake District Defence Society. With his nephew (I think) C.S. Cahill, Richard Cahill wrote several songs – ‘Songs of the Lake’ – including ‘Beautiful Keswick’ and ‘Charming Windermere’.
    As to the subject of the painting: – I know of a couple of women’s suffrage lectures given in Cockermouth in the early years of the suffrage campaign. On 1872 Friday 24 May 1872 a travelling speaker, Jessie Craigen, gave a lecture on ‘Women’s Rights at the Court House, Cockermouth – but I know from written descriptions that Jessie Craigen was large and blowsy – the antithesis of the neat figure in this painting. Lydia Becker, the leader of the women’s suffrage meeting in Manchester, held meeting in Cockermouth on Tuesday 17 January 1882 – but, again, her features are very distinctive and these are not they. For full details of the 19th century women’s suffrage campaign in Cumberland see my Women’s Suffrage Movement: a regional survey p 24. I suspect that the woman lecturer is in fact Miss Mary Smith of Finkle Street in Carlisle, whose ‘Autobiography of Mary Smith: schoolmistress and non-conformist’ was published in 1892.  For many years Mary Smith ran a girls’ school from her home and was renowned for giving Penny Readings. In 1868 she initiated a correspondence with Lydia Becker, who addressed her in a letter of 20 May 1868, as ‘Mrs Smith’.
    On 2 April 1869, with Mary Smith’s encouragement, Miss Becker gave a ‘woman’s rights’ lecture in Carlisle, which was followed by the founding of the Carlisle branch of the National Society for Women’s Suffrage, with Mary Smith as its honorary secretary. The Carlisle branch was still inexistence  until at least 1872 but then fades from view.In her autobiography Mary Smith is at pains to describe how she bought ‘plain and comfortable clothing’, writing ‘Nor was I ever ashamed of being plainly dressed’. One who knew her commented that ‘not unfrequently her dress was decidedly antiquated and old fashioned.’ The figure in the painting cuts a very neat figure, attired certainly in plain and comfortable clothing. Mary Smith’s Autobiography does not include any representation of her, alas, but I feel as certain as one can be – with no absolute proof – that it is she who is delivering the ‘Woman’s Rights’ lecture from that platform. I have, as yet, been unable to find a newspaper report of the lecture.
    Mary Smith died in 1891 and had been ill for a few years before – so I rather think that the lecture had taken place considerably earlier than the date given on the painting. By 1888 (by which time Cahill can be found at a London address) ‘Woman’s Rights’ was no longer really the term that would be used. The suffrage campaign had been making some headway and by 1888 the term ‘women’s suffrage’ would have been more likely to have been used than ‘woman’s rights’, which was more of a 1870s usage.
    The painting – oil on canvas – is in very good condition.                                                               £3,300

 

  1. CHRISTABEL PANKHURST – SUFFRAGE FOR WOMEN SPEECH [13942] This is a 78-rpm record issued  by Symposium Records in the  early1980s – before the advent of the CD. It was a direct pressing, from the original master recorded by EMI Records Ltd ,of the speech specially recorded by Christabel in London on 18 December 1908. As such it is of historical interest in its own right. In mint (unplayed) condition                                                                                                                                                              £30

 

  1. CICELY HAMILTON [14166] photographed by Marie Leon, 30 Regent Street, London SW, in the guise of ‘Christian Davies’, the role she took in her ‘Pageant of Great Women’. The photograph appears in the ‘Pageant’ published by the Suffrage Shop in 1910. This is the photograph, which is tipped in to a mount, which in turn is mounted on a larger sheet, issued by the photographer, Marie Leon. The reverse of the paper mount is stamped ‘Not for Publication’. The photograph is signed by Cicely Hamilton. The item is in good condition (20cm high x 13 cm wide), although it carries a little light spotting                                                 £100

 

  1. CICELY HAMILTON [14167] photographed by Lena Connell, 50 Grove End Road, London NW. The close-up photograph is mounted on stiff card, which carries the logo of the Suffrage Shop and the words ‘Published by the Suffrage Shop’.Her name has been scratched on the emulsion, presumbably by the photographer, and Cicely Hamilton has signed the image, which probably dates from late-1909/1910. In fine condition – overall 20 cm high x 13 cm wide.                                                                                   £180

 

  1. CICELY HAMILTON [14168] signs a photograph taken by Lena Connell, 50 Grove End Road, London NW and published by the Suffrage Shop. There are two figures in the photograph,  representing the two main figures in Hamilton’s ‘The Pageant of Great Women’. One – ‘Justice’ – dressed in what, even in black and white, are surely golden robes, carries a sword in one hand and a set of scales in the other. The other figure is ‘Woman’. The photograph is not one that appears in the published edition of ‘The Pageant of Great Women’. For that, Lena Connell supplied only one photograph – most of the others being taken by Marie Leon. This photograph – and a couple of others that I catalogue in this section, must have been specially staged for photographing in Lena Connell’s studio and were probably taken in late-1909/1910. For ‘Woman’ in this photograph is Cicely Hamilton, who has signed the image. Alas, I cannot recognise who plays ‘Justice’. In fine condition (20cm high x 13 cm wide) – mounted on card – with the embossed logo of the Suffrage Shop. Most unusual £200

 

  1. CICELY HAMILTON [14169] signs a photograph taken by Lena Connell, 50 Grove End Road, London NW and published by the Suffrage Shop. There are two figures in the photograph,  representing the two main figures in Hamilton’s ‘The Pageant of Great Women’. One – ‘Justice’ – dressed in what, even in black and white, are surely golden robes, carries a sword in one hand and a set of scales in the other. The other figure is ‘Woman’. The photograph is not one that appears in the published edition of ‘The Pageant of Great Women’. For that, Lena Connell supplied only one photograph – most of the others being taken by Marie Leon. This photograph – and a couple of others that I catalogue in this section – must have been specially staged for photographing in Lena Connell’s studio and were probably taken in late-1909/1910. In this photograph ‘Woman’ has her face hidden but, having identified her in item #14169, I have no hesitation in stating that, again, she is played by Cicely Hamilton  Alas, I cannot recognise who plays ‘Justice’. In fine condition (20cm high x 13 cm wide) – mounted on card – with the embossed logo of the Suffrage Shop. Most unusual1 Au                    £200

 

  1. CICELY HAMILTON [14170] signs a photograph taken by Lena Connell, 50 Grove End Road, London NW and published by the Suffrage Shop.  In this Cicely Hamilton stands alone, representing ‘Woman’ from her ‘The Pageant of Great Women’. The photograph is not one that appears in the published edition of ‘The Pageant of Great Women’.. For that, Lena Connell supplied only one photograph – most of the others being taken by Marie Leon. This photograph – and a couple of others that I catalogue in this section – must have been specially staged for photographing in Lena Connell’s studio, probably in late 1909/1910. In fine condition (20cm high x 13 cm wide) – mounted on card – with the embossed logo of the Suffrage Shop. Most unusual     £200

 

  1. CONFERENCE ON ELECTORAL REFORM Letter from Mr Speaker to the Prime Minister HMSO 1917 [12181] Section VIII reports ‘The Conference decided by a majority that some measure of woman suffrage should be conferred’. They were, however, still debating whether the age at which a woman could vote would be 30 or 35. 8-pp – foolscap £10
  1. CONGR-INT- PRO- SUFFRAGIO-FEMINILE -ROMA -MCMXXXIII [14207] is the inscription on the obverse of a small bronze circular medal given to particiapants in the 9th Congress of the International Women’s Suffrage Alliance held in Rome in 1923. The front of the medal bears the head of a woman crowned with laurels and what looks like a castle. At that time Margery Corbett-Ashby was the Alliance’s President. A scarce and unusual item                                                                                                                  SOLD

 

  1. CORONATION PROCESSION 17 June 1911 [11274] A stereoscope photograph of ‘The Empire Car’ – part of the ‘Pageant of Empire’ part of the procession staged by the suffrage societies to mark the Coronation of George V. Very good                                                                                                                     £95

 

  1. DAILY HERALD 27 FEBRUARY 1913 [14063] among many other interesting items of news – Mrs Pankhurst is committed for trial – without being given bail and Lilian Lenton describes how she was forcibly fed. Good – although disbound                                                                                                           £25

 

  1. DAILY HERALD APRIL 14, 1913 [14064] Contains the news that Mrs Pankhurst has been released from prison and reports barracking of WSPU speakers in Hyde Park and on Wimbledon Common and of the WSPU march from Kingsway to Holloway Prison (in which Kate Frye took part). Very good        £35

 

  1. DAILY HERALD MARCH 26, 1913 [14065] Includes a long article – ‘How I was Tortured’ – by Sylvia Pankhurst. Very good                                                                                                                         £55

 

  1. ELMY, Elizabeth Wostenholme Woman’s Franchise: the need of the hour ILP 2nd ed, no date [1907] [12760] A campaigner for women’s suffrage since the mid-1860s, she had put aside a lifetime’s aversion to party politics and joined the Manchester ILP in 1904. This article was originally published in the ‘Westminster Review’. In her concise style she analyses the events of the previous 40 years and demands that Liberal MPs who profess to support women’s suffrage honour their pledges.                                                        £65

 

  1. GOLDEN JUBILEE CELEBRATION [14103] flyer for the Celebration held in Central Hall, Westminster on 27 March 1968. Speakers included Thelma Cazalet-Keir, president of the Fawccett Society, Joyce Grenfell, Grace Roe, Baroness Sumerskill, Mrs Margaret Thatcher MP and Shirley Williams – alongside (in bold type) Harold Wilson, Edward Heath and Jeremy Thorpe. Well, well – but it was nearly 50 years ago…                                                                                                                                                         SOLD

 

  1. ‘HEADS I WIN, TAILS YOU LOSE’ c 1916 [14180] ‘(A political forecast addressed to those suffragists who flatter themselves that adult suffrage is possible before the principle of Woman Suffrage has been admitted in practise by first granting the Vote to Women “on the same terms as it is, or may be, granted to men”‘. Then follows an ‘Extract from a Daily Paper referrring to the Prime Minister’s Speech on Woman Suffrage towards the end of 1916 or 1917.’ A 4-pp leaflet – with no hint of a publisher given – showing up Asquith’s Machievellian political thinking – in a truly Orwellian piece of political forecasting. From internal evidence the piece was written during the First World War – but presumably some time before ‘the end of 1916 or 1917’. It ends by stating in bold print ‘So the Bill became a MANHOOD SUFFRAGE Bill and passed into lawin due course, and women were never thoguht of again save as amiable and over-worked beasts of burden.’ A most interesting item. Very good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library                                                                      £30

 

  1. HMSO Representation of the People Act, 1918 HMSO 1918 [6844] Section 4 (Franchises [Women]) of Part I was what it had all been about. 162pp -good – missing, I think, paper covers SOLD

 

  1. ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS 12 December 1908 [14072] Full-page – front-page –  illustration by ‘S.Begg’ [Samuel Begg] of ‘The Woman with the Whip: the militant Suffragettes’ new weapon in use at the Albert Hall’. The woman was Helen Ogston, at that time a member of the WSPU but later to be an organiser with the New Constitional Society for Women’s Suffrage. She features regularly in the pages of ‘Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary’. Single sheet – very good                                         £25

 

  1. ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS 20 June 1908 [14070] Full-page line-drawing illustration of the ‘Great Women who led the Procession: Mrs Fawcett, Lady Frances Balfour, Miss Emily Davies, and Dr Bryant.’ The House of Commons looms in the background. Single                                                                 £25

 

  1. ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS 25 January 1908 [14073] ‘The Right Argument: which is fitter to have the vote?’. Full-page illustrated by H.H. Flere. In an attic room a young woman sits at her sewing machine, her baby asleep in a basket on the floot beside her, while her husband lies in a drunken stupor on the bed. A policeman has opened the door and she is turning round in alarm. The ILN caption tells us that ‘Without discussing the wisdom of the tactics adopted by the women advocates of votes for women, it cannot be denied that there are thousands of cases, such as that which our artist has illustrated, where the wife is far better fitted to exercise the suffrage than the husband. Our picture tells its own story better than any words.’ Single sheet – very good                                                                                                                                            £15

 

  1. ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS 27 June 1908 [14069] ‘Women More Militant Than Ever: Suffragists in Hyde Park’ A full page devoted to photos of the WSPU’s ‘Women’s Sunday’ demonstration held in Hyde Park on  21 June 1908. Single sheet – very good                                                                  £25

 

  1. JUS SUFFRAGII Vingt-cinq ans de l’Alliance Internationale pour le Suffrage et L’Action civique et politique des Femmes 1904-1929 Jus Suffragii no date (c 1929) [14185] A history, in French, of the work of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance. With photographs. Paper covers -36pp – good SOLD

 

  1. L’EFFORT LIBRE F. Rieder & Co (Paris) Dec 1913 [14118] Contains a 20-pp article (in French), ‘Les Suffragistes militantes’ by Israel Zangwill. Paper covers – very good £18

 

  1. L’EGLISE CATHOLIQUE N’EST PAS OPPOSEE AU SUFFRAGE DES FEMMES [14186] Published by the ‘Comité du Club des Femmes de Montréal c 1921. One-sided leaflet – rubbed – ex-Women’s Library                                                                                                                                                   £1

 

  1. LADY CONSTANCE LYTTON – LETTER  [14049] to ‘Mrs Jenkinson’, written from The Danes, Hertford on December 21, 1899. The letter refers to Constance’s ‘Aunt T’ – Mrs Teresa Earle (author of  the best-selling ‘Pot-Pourri from a Surrey Garden’- and the fact that ‘Max’, clearly a close relation, is due back at the front very soon – this was during the Boer War- ‘How heart breaking itis the amount of sorrow all round us.’ 4-pp -fine                                                                                                                            £120

 

  1. LEIGH SMITH, Barbara A Brief Summary in Plain Language of the Most Important Laws Concerning Women; together with a few observations thereon Holyoake & Co, 2nd edition revised with addition 1856 [9033] Barbara Leigh Smith (later Barbara Bodichon) was 27 years old when she wrote this pamphlet, first published in 1854 as part of her campaign to change the Married Women’s Property Acts. This pamphlet is extremely scarce (I have never had a copy for sale before), bound inside recent paper covers. Rather amusingly, the printed price of ‘Threepence’ has been scored through and ‘1 1/2 d’ added – a comment, presumably, then on the interest being shown in the campaign by a public not yet awakened to the cause. Very good £280

 

  1. LENA CONNELL PHOTOGRAPHS ELLEN TERRY [14173] Nine studio photographs of Ellen Terry mounted in an ‘accordion’ type portfolio. 1) She stands facing the camera wearing a wide dark straw hat with flowers and a dustcoat, across which hangs a satchel. She is holding gloves in her left hand; 2) Ellen Terry is sitting, photographed in profile from the left, without a hat, wearing a loose light-coloured gown. Her hair is looped up, forming a sort of crown. She leans on a book on a table, looking at an object she holds in her hands; 3) Wearing the same outfit she is seated at a table, holding a large album, but looking at the camera; 4) Taken on the same occasion, she is seen in three-quarter profile, holding a picture in her hands; 5) Wearing the same dress, she is looking towards the camera while leaning on a table, left elbow resting on an open book, with a number of photographs in her hands; 6) She is photographed from behind as she turns to the left. She is wearing the same loose gown as in the previous photographs; 7) Taken on the same occasion, she turns towards the camera, resting her face on her hands, her elbows resting on the open book; 8) Wearing the same loose gown she looks down at the album that appears in #3; 9) She is photographed in three-quarter profile, wearing the hat and loose dustcoat in which she appeared in # 1. She looks at the camera while holding up a book, with spectacles tucked into her left hand. The photographs, each 9 cm wide x 14cm high, mounted on brown card (23 cm high x 15.5 cm wide, are not identified as by Lena Connell – but, of course, there is no doubt that she was the photographer – the format of the portfolio being the same as that for stock number 14172. The photographs were probably taken c late 1909/1910. None, as far as I can see, appear in the Ellen Terry entry in theNational Portrait Gallery’s ‘Later Victorian Portraits’. All in mint condition – an amazing survival                             £800

 

  1. LENA CONNELL PHOTOGRAPHS ELLEN TERRY, MAINLY AS ‘NANCE OLDFIELD’ [14172] Eight photographs mounted in an ‘accordion’ type portfolio. 1) Ellen Terry dressing for her role as ‘Nance Oldfield’ in Cicely Hamilton’s ‘Pageant of Great Women’. She is sitting facing a mirror in which we see her reflection; 2) Ellen Terry dressed as ‘Nance Oldfield’. She is seen in profile from the left, holding an object in her raised left hand; 3) Ellen Terry as ‘Nance Oldfield’. She is seen in profile from the left, holding a book (I think) which is resting against a casket; 4) Ellen Terry as ‘Nance Oldfield’ in three-quarter profile. The casket is now open – her right hand is holding up the lid, while she holds an object in her left; 5) Ellen Terry as ‘Nance Oldfield’ – sitting in front of the closed casket. She is photographed in profile; 6) Ellen Terry as ‘Nance Oldfield’. The image is nearly identical to no 1 above – but in here her reflection is centred in the mirror; 7) Ellen Terry in day dress. She is shown in left profile, near a window that is covered by a light curtain, with a pot or vase of flowers to her right; 8) Ellen Terry in day dress. She is photographed in profile, sitting on a window seat, with her knees drawn up. At the window is a light curtain and on the windowsill is a vase of  daffodils. The photographs, each 9 cm wide x 14cm high,  mounted on brown card (23 cm high x 15.5 cm wide), are not identified as by Lena Connell – but, of course, there is no doubt that she was the photographer. She is credited in the published edition of ‘The Pageant of Great Women’ with one of ‘Nance Oldfield’ photographs in which Ellen Terry sits before a mirror. The photographs were taken c late 1909/1910. All in mint condition – an amazing survival                                                                                                                                              £700

 

  1. LONDON AND NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SERVICE Report, October 1st 1938 to March 31st 1943 [13447] A Report giving details of how Women’s Service House fared during the early years of the war (bombed) and where the Library was accommodated (Oxford) – together with details of the Society’s perilous financial postition. Good                                                                                        £25

 

  1. MANCHESTER NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE [14106] ‘Form to be filled up by persons desirous of assisting to promote the object of the society’. Printed form to raise money for the ‘Special fund of one thousand pounds for the work during the year 1886’ – the secretary was Miss Becker, 28 Jackson’s Row, Albert Square, Manchester. Single sheet – rather marked and chipped. Extremely ephemeral – and, therefore, scarce                                                                                                                          £40
  1. MARY PHILLIPS [14220] A fat ringbinder of research material  (much of it photocopied from diverse sources) relating to Mary Phillips, successively organizer for the WSPU,  the East London Federation of the Suffragettes, the United Suffragists, the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage, the Women’s International League and the Save the Children Fund. The research material concentrates on her suffrage activity. Together with an original copy of her  15-pp pamphlet ‘The Militant Suffrage Campaign ”, which she published privately in 1957. This tells ‘in a concise form the story of the “Votes for Women Canpaign”‘ and explains ‘the reasoned policy on which it was based.’ The pamphlet is very good in its paper covers. An interesting and useful collection                                                                                                        £125

 

  1. MEN’S LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Gladstone on Woman Suffrage MLOWS c. 1909 [13146] The Men’s League for Opposing Woman Suffrage was founded in early 1909 and in 1910 merged with the Women’s National Anti-Suffrage League to form the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. This pamphlet – reproducing the Grand Old Man’s words on the subject is pamphlet no 3 issued by the Men’s League, presumably quite soon after its founding in 1909. 4-pp – good, with some foxing, scarce                                                                                                                                                              £78

 

  1. MEN’S LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Is Woman Suffrage A Logical Outcome of Democracy? MLOWS c 1909 [13147] Pamphlet no 6 published by the short-lived Men’s League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. 4-pp – very good – scarce £60

 

  1. MISS EMILY FAITHFULL [14029] studio photograph by W & D Downey, 57 & 61 Ebury Street, London, together with a printed brief biography.                                                                               £40

 

  1. MISS MORGAN, OF BRECON The Duties of Citizenship Women’s Local Government Society c 1912 [13916] Extracts reprinted from a paper read at the Annual Conference of the National Union of Women Workers, Manchester, October 27th 1896. By the time this leafet was issued Miss Morgan had been Mayor of Brecon, 1911-12. 4-pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5

 

  1. MRS A. BLANCO WHITE  [14107] 4-page campaigning  pamphlet for Amber Blanco White (erstwhile mistress of H.G. Wells) as Labour candidate for Hendon, at the General Election, 1935. Good – has been folded                                                                                                                                                              £35

 

  1. NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE The ‘Conciliation’ Bill: Revised Version NLOWS no date (1911) [13152] The 2-sided leaflet, no 33 in the series, is headed ‘Against Votes for Women’ and ends with ‘Vote and Work Against Votes For Women In Parliamentary Affairs’. Very good – very scarce £75

 

  1. NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Mr J.R. Tolmie’s Reply to Mr L. Housman’s Pamphlet NLOWS no date (1913) [13145] The pamphlet of Laurence Housman’s to which this refers is ‘The Physical Force Fallacy’. Pamphlet no 37 issued by the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. 4-pp – very good £65

 

  1. NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Woman Suffrage and the Factory Acts NLOWS no date [13155] A 4-pp leaflet, no 8 in the NLOWS series, pointing out that the ‘Women’s Party’ (ie pro-suffrage campaigners) were opposed to the ‘humane acts’ limiting women’s work in factory etc because ‘most of them harbour such a jealous mistrust of men that they suppose even their evidently disinterested actions to be prompted by insidious and harmful motive.’ The leaflet concludes ‘To grant women the franchise would therefore be to raise a fresh obstacle in the way of progress and to defer reforms still necessary for the welfare of the working classes..’ Very good – very scarce                                                                  £75

 

 

  1. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES BADGE [14208] red enamel bar badge – sporting the words ‘Women’s Suffrage’. Although the badge does not explicitly state that it was issued by the NUWSS, I am sure that it was. The Women’s Library holds examples. The badge is a little wavy with some loss to the enamel around the ‘E’ of ‘Women’s and between  the two words – but still a good example of a scarce object                                                                                                                                   SOLD

 

  1. NO SYMPATHY NECESSARY [14031] Cartoon by Harry Low. Two old gentleman are conversing in a railway carriage. Smith: ‘Well, and how’s the wife, old man?’ Brown: ‘Do you know, since she’s joined this “Votes for Women” business, I’ve hardly had a chance to ask her. She has so many meeting to attend that she is only at home about an hour every day.’ Smith: ‘Great Scott! You have my sympathy.’ Brown: ‘Oh! I don’t mind; an hour soon slips away.’ Published in  late 1913. Good – a full page – with a little foxing on edges well away from image.                                                                                                                                £15

 

  1. [OSBERT LANCASTER] ‘GREAT NEWS! AUNT ETHEL HAS JUST BEEN CHOSEN TO PLAY MOTHER CHRISTMAS AT THE WOMEN’S LIB BAZAAR’ [14110] Original pen and ink illustration (with blue shading indicating half-tone) by Osbert Lancaster, the legendary ‘Daily Express’ cartoonist. Maudie Littlehampton is talking on the telephone as ‘Mother Christmas’ walks by. The paper is folded and the caption, in the artist’s hand, appears on the folded piece adjacent to the drawing, which he has signed. On the reverse is a rubber stamp ‘Stock 20 Nov 1971.’ Women’s Lib was very much in the news at this time – exactly a year earlier women protestors had disrupted the Miss World competition, held in the Royal Albert Hall, and a month before the cartoon appeared the Women’s Lib Movement had held its second conference.                       £350

 

  1. PANK-A-SQUITH [14206] a board game, first advertised in ‘Votes for Women’ in the issue of 10 December 1909. ‘Not only is each picture in itself an interesting memento, but the game produces intense excitement without th slightest taint of bitterness.’  It is played somewhat on the ‘Snakes and Ladders’ principle, the squares representing scenes and incidents from the suffrage movement. The playing board is in lovely condition – the colouring of all the pictures bright. The outside of the good, solid folding board  (so much more substantial than the recent reproduction) is rubbed and scuffed round the edges – as might be expected after 119 years. The board is sold, as is only too usual, without the playing figures although it does come with a print-out of the rules and is ready for playing! Very scarce                                                                   SOLD

 

  1. PANKHURST, E. Sylvia Pankhurst The Birth-rate: notes and views on the report of the National Birth-Rate Commission, 1916 The Workers’ Suffrage Federation no date (1916) [14108] Eight-page report . Good – has been folded – scarce £65

 

  1. PETERSEN, H. Frances The Belief in Innate Rights NUWSS no date [1913] [13100] 12-pp pamphlet printed for the NUWSS by the Women’s Printing Society – reprinted from the ‘Law Magazine and Review’. Good in original paper covers £12

 

  1. PETHICK-LAWRENCE MEMORIAL COMMITTEE Memories of Fred and Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence Pethick-Lawrence Memorial Committee 1963 [14201] Reminiscences by those who knew them. – with a list of contributors to the Memorial Fund. 16-pp in card covers (which is decorated with a purple, white and green stripe). Fine £35

 

  1. PICTURE POST, 7 February 1948 [14104] Includes an article on ‘Have Women Justified the Vote?’ – to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the 1918 Act – includes interview with Margaret Bondfield    £15

 

  1. PUNCH CARTOON [12768] 13 March 1912, full-page, suffragettes wield hammers in the background as Roman-type matron, bearing a paper labelled ‘Woman’s Suffrage’ comments ‘To think that, after all these years, I should be the first martyr’. the heading is ‘In the House of Her Friends’                               £10

 

  1. PUNCH CARTOON [12772] 10 January 1912 -full page – ‘United We Differ’. Lloyd George and Lewis Harcourt are back to back on a platform. Lloyd George addressing his side, where a Votes for Women’ banner is to be seen, cries ‘Votes for Women! Don’t you listen to my esteemed colleague!’. While addressing his, male, crowd cries ‘No Votes for Women! My esteemed colleague is talking nonsense!’. Asquith’s cabinet was split on this issue. Very good                                                                                                                           £10

 

  1. PUNCH CARTOON [12777] 21 January 1912 – full page – ‘The Suffrage Split’. Sir George Askwith (the charismatic industrial conciliator), as ‘Fairy Peacemaker’, has tamed the dragon of the Cotton Strike – and Asquith, wrestling to keep a seat on the Cabinet horse turns to him ‘Now that you’ve charmed yon dragon I shall need ye to stop the strike inside this fractious gee-gee.’                                                                     £10

 

 

  1. SHOULDER TO SHOULDER [14088] A Radio Times Special published to celebrate the first screening of the eponymous BBC series, April 1974. Very good                                                                      £20

 

  1. SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE [12661] is the caption to this full page George Belcher cartoon, published in the Tatler on 12 August 1908. Two impoverished old women are talking in the street – a unconsciously joky exchange – which is the amusing part  for the audience of the day (I won’t go into the rather laboured humour which, if it has any suffrage relevance, is only to mock woman’s supposed illogicality)- but what is interesting to us is that one of the old dears is standing holding an advertising bill for the magazine, ‘New Age’, on which the roughly sketched in legend reads something like ‘A Suffragette’s reply to Belfort Bax.’. For the book that sparked off the debate in New Age see item ? Bax had published an article ‘Feminism and Female Suffrage’ in the issue for 30 May, to which Millicent Murby had written a reply that appeared in the issue of  6 June, to which Bax had made a riposte in the issue of  8 August. Single page – very good                            £15

 

  1. SOCIALISTS AND SUFFRAGETTES  [14157] cited in an entry in an autograph album ‘A Song of the Simple Life’ – in which a poor working man is addressed by a ‘wicked socialist’ who trys to explain how he is being exploited by his aristocratic landlord and his boss ‘Mr C’. His wife is then approached by a suffragette who told her ”Tis time you had a vote & need it, like the well fed folk; For while you still continue, as you are, without defence, The Earl & Mr C will thrive by this & that pretence’. The poem is accompanied by a page of rather effective line drawings – one of which shows the ‘Suffragette as the wife saw her’ – she is the image of Charlotte Despard, made so recognisable with her mantilla – and ‘as the husband saw her’ – she is the stereotype – hat with feather, umbrella, ‘votes for women’ flag, glasses and plaid suit with a hint of a divided skirt. This piece of artistry is signed – in September 1909 – by Frederick Augustus Carlton Smith (1884-1966), a young solicitor. During the First World War Carlton Smith, who, from the testimonials he received, was clearly a man who had involved himself in social work with the Congregational church, was a conscientious objector. By then he was living at 79 Athenaeum Road, Whetstone, London N. 4-pp – in good condition. A lively contemporary view.                                                                                                                                                    £35

 

  1. STANDING JOINT COMMITTEE OF INDUSTRIAL WOMEN’S ORGANISATIONS The Position of Women after the War Co-operative Printing Society, no date (1917?) [14098] The Report was presented to the Joint Committee on Labour Problems After the War. The organisations represented on the Committee were: the Women’s Trade Union League, the Women’s Co-operative Guild, the Women’s Labour League, the National Federation of Women Workers, and the Railway Women’s Guild. 20-pp – very good £25

 

  1. STRACHEY, Philippa Memorandum On The Position of English Women In Relation to That of English Men London & National Society for Women’s Service 1935 [14097] ‘..an attempt to give a simple account of the present position of women of England as compared with that of the men…The facts have been collected from material in the Women’s Service Library at 29 Marsham Street…’ 23-pp pamphlet. Paper covers – very good £15

 

  1. STRACHEY, Ray The Women’s Movement in Great Britain: a short summary of its rise, methods and victories National Council of Women of Great Britain no date (c 1928) [13109] A pamphlet abridged from Strachey’s ‘The Cause’. Chipped and rubbed – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £10

 

  1. SUFFRAGETTES AT HOME [14033] Cartoon by Arthur Wallis Mills, published in ‘Punch’ in 1909. The scene is a drawing room at teatime. All the ladies, bar one, are attired in frothy teagowns and flowery hats. The odd one out is sulking in tailored coat and skirt, and plain beret. He: ‘I say, that lady over there looks rather out of it’. She: ‘Yes, you see, most of us here have been in prison two or three times, and she, poor dear, has only been bound over.’ Good – cut out from a page of the magazine                                                 £10

 

  1. ‘THE CONCILIATION BILL FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE [14039] which passed its Second Reading in the House of Commons, on May 5th, with a Majority of 167′. A double-sided large leaflet published by the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies in 1911, setting out the advantages of the Conciliation Bill. Amongst the points it made was that under this bill 1 million would get the vote – whereas the 7 and a half million men would still comprise the vast majority of electors. Very good                                        £55

 

  1. THE FIGHTING SEX [14074] This issue of the part-work ‘History of the 20th Century’ includes a section on the suffrage campaign – written by Trevor Lloyd (author of ‘Suffragettes International’). Paper covers – large format                                                                                                                                         £5

 

  1. ‘THE RIGHTS OF WOMEN’ [13690] supplement to ‘The Graphic’, 1885, heralding the supplements to be issued in Nov and Dec 1885 on ‘Parliamentary Elections and Electioneering in the Old Days’. As its advertisement for the series The Graphic has chosen to use George Cruickshank’s ”The Rights of Women; or a view of the hustings with female suffrage, 1853.’ We see on the hustings the two candidates –  ‘The Ladies’ Candidate’- Mr Darling’ and ‘The Gentleman’s Candidate – Mr Screwdriver – the great political economist’. Elegant Mr Darling is surrounded by ladies in bonnets and crinolines – Mr Screwdriver by ill-tempered-looking boors. The audience contains many women accompanied, presumably, by their husbands who are holding aloft a ‘Husband and Wife Voters’ banner. Another banner proclaims the existence of ‘Sweetheart Voters’ and riding in their midst is a knight in armour holding a ‘Vote for the Ladies’ Champion’ pennant. There do not appear to be many supporters of the opposition.
    Single sheet 28 cm x 20.5 cm – a little foxed around the edges of the paper but barely afffecting the good, clear image of Crucikshank’s cartoon.                                                                                                       £160

 

  1. THE SUFFRAGETTE [13691] US Suffragette – wearing sash that proclaims this (ie ‘Suffragette’), holding aloft a ‘Suffragette’ pennant with one hand while she firmly squashes with the other a little Cupid, whose bow and arrow fly out of his hands. Under her foot is, I think, her heart. The caption is ‘You may think it fun, poor Cupid to snub,/With the hand of a Suffragette,/But he’s cunning and smart, aye, there’s the rub/Revenge is the trap he will set.’The print is in colour – the Suffragette’s dress dates from c 1913/14, I think.The sheet (18cm x 27 cm) is printed ‘Made in U.S.A.). In good condition – an item that would look attractive mounted and framed.                                                                                                        £150

 

  1. ‘THE SUFFRAGETTE’ [14156] A record  issued by the British Zonophone Co Ltd, ‘spoken by Mr Will Evans’. Will Evans (1866-1931) was a popular music hall artiste. As I mention in the entry ‘Songs, Music and Poetry’ in my ‘The Women’s Suffrage Movement: a reference guide’, another record titled ‘The Suffragette’ was recorded by Harry Nelson on the Regal label in 1914 – and I don’t know whether or not the two ditties are different. In the original sleeve, suggesting the record was purchased from ‘Chidzey’s, Music and Music Instrument Stores, 21 Parsons Street, Banbury’. The record appears to be in good condition – but I cannot vouch for the sound quality as I have no means of playing it. Scarce – I’ve never had this record for sale before £45

 

  1. THE SUFFRAGETTE, 2 MAY 1913 [14060] An issue printed under trying circumstances. The paper’s cover contains only one word – ‘Raided’ – and inside gives details of the police raid on WSPU headquarters, Lincoln’s Inn House, the arrest of its office staff and their subsequent trial. Christabel Pankhurst takes a full page to describe ‘What Militancy Means’. Fair condition – has been folded -spine separating -frayed round edges 8-pp – scarce                                                                                                                                        £95

 

  1. ‘THE SUFFRAGETTES’ IN DOWNING STREET [14111] page from ‘Black & White’ , 26 May 1906. A picture drawn to commemorate the joint deputation of the suffrage societies to beard Campbell-Bannerman at No 10. What is interesting is that the artist has chosen as the figure to represent the women on this occasion Elizabeth Wolstenholme Elmy. She is shown, with her flowing white ringlets, and, for the occasion, has donned a hat. She is standing in front of a table, behind which Campbell-Bannerman lolls – a large bundle of paper – presumably yet another petition – lies on the table. Keir Hardie is also recognisable, sitting with folded arms. Good – one page                                                                                                                        £18

 

  1. THE WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES: WHAT IS THEIR PURPOSE? [14037] double-sided leaflet published by the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies. The last para reads: ‘It is claimed that the proposed reform would bring with it a better representation of important interests and sentiments, a fuller measure of justice all round, and a more widely diffused sense of civic responsibility. The burden of justifying the existing disablility seems to lie on those who maintain the outworn tradition of exclusion.’       £35

 

  1. VICTORIA LIDIARD [14228] obituary of the 102-year-old suffragette, published in the ‘Daily Telegraph’, 13 October 1992. A cutting                                                                                         SOLD

 

  1. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 16 August 1912 [13190] Complete copy – although the pages are detached. The main news in this issue is of the sentencing in Dublin of Mary Leigh and Gladys Evans. Fair reading copy – scarce                                                                                                                                                 £60

 

  1. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 26 July 1912 [13188] An incomplete copy – pp 693-698 (inc) and 703-708 (inc) – but gives a flavour                                                                                                                    £30

 

  1. VOTES FOR WOMEN, 27 September 1912 [13496] Complete issue. Chipped and rubbed and with some – interesting – annotations                                                                                                      SOLD

 

  1. VOTES FOR WOMEN BROOCH/BADGE [14209] This solidly metal brooch/badge bears the message ‘Votes for Women’ in a three-legged swirl in raised metal bands against a dark blue enamel background. There is no maker’s mark and I cannot attribute it to any particular suffrage society. However, hesitant as I am ever to give a ‘suffrage’ credential to an item without a believable provenance, I am convinced that this is ‘right’ – ie it is of the period. It may have been the work of an individual craftsman – or, more likely, woman. Certainly most unusual – and, as such, scarce. I have never seen another. In very good condition.             SOLD

 

  1. VOTES FOR WOMEN CONVICTS LUNATICS & WOMEN ALL HAVE NO VOTES [14219] is the message of a printed handbill measuring 20cm wide x 30 cm high. ‘Votes for Women’  and its accompanying decorative underlining device is printed in red and the rest of the wording is in black on white paper. The combination of the ‘Votes for Women’ heading, the colouring and the typeface leads me to think that this is perhaps a Women’s Social and Political Union handbill pre-dating spring 1908. Red was a colour used on early WSPU material before Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence devised the purple, white and green branding for the June 1908 London demonstration. However, having never seen another example of this particular handbill, I can not offer certain proof. The sentiment – ‘Convicts, Lunatics & Women all have No Votes’ – is one that both the Artists’ Suffrage League and the Suffrage Atelier both wittily rendered in visual form for posters and postcards. The handbill is held in a discreet oak frame, giving overall dimensions for the whole object of 38cm wide x 45cm high. In good condition – unusual                                                                               £550

 

  1. VOTES FOR WOMEN DECEMBER 31, 1908 [14066] Includes an article  -‘What is Womanly’ – by Laurence Housman – and a photograph taken on  ‘Christabel Pankhurst’s day’ – a celebration held on 22 December to mark her release from prison, together with her mother and Mary Leigh. Christabel and Emmeline are riding in a carriage, adorned by a ‘To Victory’ banner. On the opposite page is a lengthy description of the celebration that followed in the Queen’s Hall. Very good                                                             SOLD

 

  1. VOTES FOR WOMEN FRIDAY APRIL 30, 1909 [14061] With a cartoon on the front by ‘A Patriot’ (Alfred Peasrse) making reference to the’Brawling Bill’ that was to be introduced to protect Parliament from suffragettes. Good condition – the spine has been taped and a couple of  the 24pp are loose – but clean and unfolded                                                                                                                                              £65

 

  1. WHITTINGTON LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY Married Women, Their New Rights [14040] ‘The 9th August, 1870, was a day of Emancipation for Married Women’ – and this little 4-page leaflet is clear evidence that at least one insurance company was quick of the mark to develop this new market. Very good – unusual                                                                                                                                                £35

 

  1. WOMEN SHOULD VOTE LIBERAL Liberal Publication Dept, no date (1928?) [2307] 4-pp leaflet – appealing to the woman voter £5

 

  1. WOMEN’S LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOCIETY The Work of a Public Health Committee WLGS Oct 1918 [12177] 4-pp leaflet, written by S.M. Smee, chairman of the Public Health Committee, 1912-14 and 1916-18. Good condition – with two punch hole in margin, with no loss of text £5

 

  1. WOMEN’S NATIONAL ANTI-SUFFRAGE LEAGUE On Suffragettes: extracts from ‘What’s Wrong With The World’ by G.K. Chesterton WNASL c 1909 [13151] ‘They do not create revolution; what they do create is anarchy’. 2-sided leaflet – noo 30 in the WNASL’s series of leaflets – very good – very scarce £78

 

  1. WOMEN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL UNION Is the English Law Unjust to Women The Woman’s Press no date (post-1908) [14203] Written by ‘Frederick Pethick Lawrence, Barrister-at-Law’ in which he sets out how the law is unjust to the female sex – as a girl, as an unmarried woman, as a wife, as a mother, as a widow and as a citizen. Single sheet – printed both sides. In good condition – a little creased. £85

 

Kate Parry Frye Collection

 

  1. EQUAL RIGHTS RALLY 3 JULY 1926 [13912] snapshot taken by John Collins, Kate’s husband, of women with banners entering Hyde Park. One of the banners is that of Tunbridge Wells ‘Do Well Doubt Not’. Very good – as far as I know there are very few – if any – other photos of this rally                     SOLD

 

  1. EQUAL RIGHTS RALLY 3 JULY 1926 [13913] snapshot by John Collins, Kate’s husband, of women walking into Hyde Park for the rally. The banners of the North London Society for Equal Citizenship and the London Society for Women’s Service are being carried. If anyone else was taking photos that day, they do not seem to have made their way into public collections. Very good – very scarce.                            SOLD

 

  1. INVITATION CARD TO AN INFORMAL TALK ON THE SUBJECT OF THE ‘ENFRANCHISEMENT OF WOMEN’ [13757] Kate was there that evening  – 12 Dec 1907 – at a talk given by Clementina Black and Malcolm Mitchell at the home of Miss Green at 14 Warwick Crescent. Good – card a little grubby – or at least a little less than gleaming white                                                   SOLD

 

  1. Kate and Agnes Frye  [13927] canoeing in the flooded garden of The Plat. Large mounted photograph taken in June 1903 by a local (Maidenhead) photographer (see this post on my blog – https://womanandhersphere.com/2014/02/10/2119/). There is foxing on the mount – but the photograph is fine                                                                                                                                                              £40

 

  1. Kate Frye (now Mrs Collins) [13931] dressed in her costume for her final professional role on the stage – as ‘The Nun’s Mother’ in ‘The Miracle’. A mounted studio photograph taken in Oxford in 1933 SOLD

 

  1. Kate Frye (using her stage name – Katharine Parry) in the costume she wore in Act III of ‘Thoroughbred’  [13924] mounted studio photograph taken in Dublin in Aug 1904 when she was on tour there. Kate has annotated the photograph on the back with all the details                                   SOLD

 

  1. LETTER FROM MRS ADELINE CHAPMAN [13795] to ‘Mrs Parry Collins’ dated 15 August 1918, thanking Kate for her contribution to the gifts given to her – as president of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage – on the society’s disbandonment. Typed on a sheet of the NCS’s headed notepaper. Very good                                                                                                                                               SOLD

 

  1. NEW CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE The Conciliation Bill Explained [13402] Two-sided leaflet. The text is very much the same as that of the Men’s League for Women’s Suffrage leaflet ‘The Conciliation Bill Explained’ – but suitably adapted and definitely issued in 1911. The leaflet is printed by the St Clements Press, the printer to the WSPU. Very good – has been folded – and with tag where Kate Frye fixed it into her diary                                                                                                    SOLD

 

  1. PHOTOGRAPH OF KATE FRYE WITH HER LANDLADIES, THE MISSES BURKITT [13372] – aunts of  WSPU suffragette Hilda Burkitt – in their Dover garden, May 1913. See ‘Campaigning for the Vote’ p 153                                                                                                                             £100

 

  1. WOMEN’S TEXTILE AND OTHER WORKERS’ REPRESENTATION COMMITTEE The Labour Party & Women’s Enfranchisement: a Personal Statement by J. Keir Hardie MP [13395] 4-pp leaflet, reprinted from the ‘Labour Leader’, 1 Feb 1907. Very good – has been folded and with tag on back page where Kate Frye fixed it in her  diary alongside the entry for 9 Feb 1907.                                             SOLD

 

Suffrage Postcards

Real Photographic

 

  1. ANNIE KENNEY [13858] photographed by Lambert Weston & Son, 39 Brompton Square, London. She looks very earnest and ethereal – I think the card dates from c 1909. Fine – unposted             £120

 

  1. ARREST OF CAPT. C.M. GONNE [13886] Member of the Men’s Political Union for Women’s Enfranchisement, Parliament Square, November 18th, 1910.’ Capt Gonne was photographed by the ‘Daily Mirror’ being escorted by two policemen during the ‘Black Friday’ tumult. Capt Charles Melvill Gonne (1862-1926), Royal Artillery, was  the author of ‘Hints on Horses’ (John Murray, 1904), an active suffragist, who supported his wife, a tax resister, and was a cousin of Maud Gonne, the Irish nationalist heroine. Good plus (a couple of spots of foxing and a little rubbing at one corner) -unusual –  unposted                             £80

 

  1. CHRISTABEL PANKHURST [13865] black and white photograph of the portrait of Christabel by Ethel Wright, with Christabel’s printed signature along the bottom of the card. The card will date from c 1909, when the portrait was first exhibited. Having been owned by the family of Una Dugdale since that time, the portrait was bequeathed to the National Portrait Gallery in 2011 and is on permanent display. This postcard – which is in fine condition and unposted- represents one of the WSPU’s ingenious methods of fund-raising.                                                                                                                                                              £80

 

  1. CHRISTABEL PANKHURST [13866] photographed by Lambert Weston and Son (Lambert Weston and Son Ltd – Folkestone and Dover) I think the card dates from c 1907/8. Fine – unposted           £60

 

  1. CHRISTABEL PANKHURST [14217] photographed by Lizzie Caswell Smith, 309 Oxford Street, London W. Head and shoulders oval portrait, The caption is ‘Miss Christabel Pankhurst The Women’s Social and Political Union 4 Clement’s Inn, London WC. It was published by Sandle Bros. The card has been pinned up at its four corners and then roughly removed leaving holes – but in no way affecting the image £30

 

  1. CICELY HAMILTON [12954] photograph by Lena Connell. Fine – unposted                                                                                                                                                         SOLD

 

  1. FABIAN WOMEN’S GROUP BANNER [14165] is shown against the base of Nelson’s Column in Trafalgar Square as Fabian women address a crowd – mainly of men. The banner, which was designed by May Morris, reads ‘Fabian Women’s Group Equal Opportunities for men and women.’ From the women’s clothes I would date the event to c 1910 – and, narrowing the occasion down even further, think the photograph was taken on 9 July 1910 at a demonstration organised in Trafalgar Square by the London Society for Women’s Suffrage. The photographer is facing towards the National Gallery, with the women speakers at the base of Nelson’s Column to the left. Individuals are not sufficiently clear as to enable identification – but a very interesting photograph showing a Fabian Women’s rally. I do not know of any other image of May Morris’ Fabian Women’s banner. Unposted – although with some pencilled notes on the reverse in German about the scene in Trafalgar Sq. I don’t think I’ve ever before seen an image of a Fabian Women’s rally – or of their banner. Very good                                                                                                                                      SOLD

 

  1. FANCY DRESS PARTY OR A PLAY? [13635] photo of group of men, women and children in vaguely early 20th century attire – with a sign ‘Votes for Women’ prominently displayed. I suspect it may date from the 1920s.                                                                                                                                   £25

 

  1. LADY CONSTANCE LYTTON CARD – SIGNED [13971] Real photographic card of Lady Constance sitting at a desk, reading. The photograph us by Lafayette (Glasgow) and is captioned ‘Lady Constance Lytton Women’s Social and Political Union 4 Clement’s Inn Strand W.C.’ I think the card dates to the early days of the WSPU (she isn’t yet wearing a hunger strike medal, which she does in later portrait photos – and the use of the ‘WSPU’ name rather than ‘National Women’s Social and Political Union’ which was used after the split with the Women’s Freedom League makes me think it was published c 1907). The card is signed by Lady Constance underneath the caption. Good – unposted – with a slight crease to the middle of the rigght hand edge of the card                                                                                                                       £190

 

  1. LONDON LIFE. ‘VOTES FOR WOMEN’ [13621] A real photograph of a woman selling issue no 2 of ‘The Suffragette’ (the paper, edited by Christabel Pankhurst, that succeeded ‘Votes for Women’ in Oct 1912, after the removal of the Pethick-Lawrences from the leadership of the WSPU). She is not young, is elegantly dressed, and is wearing her ‘Holloway’ brooch, indicating that she has been imprisoned for the Cause.  Ib Rotary Photographic Series ‘London Life’ – fine – a very clear image -unposted                                           £65

 

  1. LONDON LIFE – ‘VOTES FOR WOMEN’  [13988] A small, smart cart carries an advertising hoarding for ‘The Suffragette’. It is stationary, the horse waiting patiently as his lady driver poses for a photograph, piles of the newspaper at her feet. My observations leave me to think that the photograph was taken in Kingsway – close to the WSPU office in Lincoln’s Inn House – opposite the entrance to Wild Court. The building on the corner of that street (now a Belgo) has changed little since 1913 when this photograph must have been taken. It was posted to South Africa, with no message, on 11 November 1913 – proving that, as the hoarding proclaims, it appealed to ‘Suffragettes Everywhere’, Very good – unusual                                                     SOLD

 

  1. MISS CHRISTABEL PANKHURST [13864] She is pictured in profile,sitting in a wicker chair in a garden, wearing a cool-looking cotton or voile dress.She has a newspaper on her knee which another photograph taken on the same occasion reveals to have been ‘The Suffragette’ – (see NPG x32608). The photograph was taken in Sept 1913 in France, to where she had escaped  eighteen months earlier. The postcard was published by Lambert Weston and son Ltd (Dover, Folkestone and 39 Brompton Square, London SW). Fine – unposted – scarce                                                                                                                                                 £180

 

  1. MR AND MRS PETHICK LAWRENCE AND MISS CHRISTABEL PANKHURST GOING TO BOW STREET, OCTOBER 14 1908 [13860] Christabel was on trial, charged with inciting crowds to ‘rush’ the House of Commons – but she and the Pethick Lawrences look very cheerful. Published by Sandle Bros for the National Women’s Social and Political Union. Fine – unposted – scarce                            SOLD

 

  1. MRS CHARLOTTE DESPARD [13276] real photographic postcard of her – taken in profile. She is sitting reading a book. On the reverse, written in pencil, is ‘Mrs Despard – (Sister of Sir John General french) & President of the Women’s Suffrage National Aid Corps, organised by the Women’s Freedom League. return to Mrs Thomson-Price, 42 Parkhill Rd, Hampstead’.                                                                              £30

 

  1. MRS CHARLOTTE DESPARD [13630] real photographic card, photograph by Lena Connell. Fine – unposted                                                                                                                                              £30

 

  1. MRS DESPARD PRESIDENT [14215] The Women’s Freedom League, 1 Robert Street, Adelphi, London W.C. Rather unusually this is a full-length photograph of Mrs Despard – clearly taken in a studio. The photographer is given as ‘M.P.C. London NW’ which I’m pretty certain stands for the Merchants’ Portrait Company which was based in Kentish Town and which is known for the photographic badges it issued for leaders of the suffrage societies. The card was published by the WFL. In good condition – with one tiny scuff on one edge.Unusual                                                                                                                           £40

 

  1. MRS LILIAN M. HICKS [13854] – photographed by Lena Connell – an official Women’s Freedom League photographic postcard. Mrs Hicks had been an early member of the WSPU, but left to join the WFL in the 1907 split, returning in 1910 to the WSPU. Fine – unposted                                                        £35

 

  1. MRS PANKHURST [13633] photograph by Jacolette.  Her ‘Holloway Prison’ brooch is pinned to her artistic blouse . Very good – unposted                                                                                                £55

 

  1. MRS PANKHURST, MISS ANNIE KENNEY, & MRS PETHICK LAWRENCE [13883] photographed in an open-topped car. At least Mrs Pankhurst and Annie are seated inside – on the back seat – while Mrs Pethick Lawrence stands alongside. All three women are wearing motor scarves to protect their hats. I think the car is ‘W.S. 95′ [ie Women’s Suffrage’], an Austin, painted and upholstered in the colours, with white wheels and a green body lined with a narrow purple stripe  that the WSPU presented to Mrs Pethick Lawrence on her release from prison in April 1909.The cloth-capped driver is Mr Rapley from Holmwood, Surrey, where the Pethick Lawrences had their country house. The card was published by Sandle Bros and the type face used for the caption is the same as that for the ‘Rush the House of Commons’ postcards that date from October 1909 – so I would deduce that this card was published around the same time. Fine – unposted           SOLD

 

  1. MRS PETHICK-LAWRENCE [13634] She stands, three-quarter length, with her hands behind her back.  The caption is ‘Joint Editor of “Votes for Women” – ‘Honorary Treasurer National Women’s Social and Political Union 4 Clement’s Inn, W.c.’ Very good – unposted                                                            £55

 

  1. MRS WOLSTENHOLME ELMY [13870] real photographic postcard of one of the suffrage campaigns most earnest workers and one of the WSPU’s earliest supporters. The photograph was taken in May 1907 when the WSPU-nominated photographer called at her home. Fine – unposted – scarce        £120

 

  1. ‘RUINS OF ST KATHERINE’S CHURCH, BURNT DOWN MAY 6 1913’ [11824] Real photographic card. There are several images published on postcards of the ruins of St Catherine’s (this is the correct spelling; the card’s publisher was a bit slapdash) Church at Hatcham in Surrey, for the burning of which the suffragettes were thought responsible – but I have never seen this one before.                            £35

 

  1. THE DROVE, NONINGTON [13713] photographic card showing Rose Cottage which the sender remarks is ‘next door to us’. A jokey card, written by ‘Nell’ and ‘Joe’. Above the addressee’s name is written in large letters ‘Votes for Women (perhaps by Nell) and underneath ‘(I don’t think)’ has been added (perhaps by Joe). Posted in Nonington, Kent, in 1912. Very good – another little example of how ‘Votes for Women’ had entered the public consciousness.                                                                                                        £15

 

  1. THE IMPRISONED LEADERS 22 May 1912 Portrait photo of Mrs Pankhurst, flanked by similar images of Emmeline and Frederick Pethick-Lawrence  [13615] on a real photographic card published by F. Kehrhahn & Co (for more on whom see https://womanandhersphere.com/2013/01/17/suffrage-stories-the-wspu-photographer-dora-and-the-nazis/) In May it looked as though the leaders were united in their imprisonment; on their release a different story emerged. Fine – unusual – unposted                                                     £65

 

  1. THE WOMEN’S GUILD OF EMPIRE Banner Making for the Great Demonstration, April 17th 1926 [13686] The Women’s Guild of Empire organized a demonstration at the critical time just before the General Strike to protest against ‘strikes and revolutionary activity in industry’. The march, which brought women (including, wrote Elsie Bowerman to the editor of ‘The Spectator’, ‘wives of working women who have had personal experience of strikes’) from all regions of the country to London, ended with a Mass Meeting in the Albert Hall, with Mrs Flora Drummond in the chair.The photograph shows Mrs D inspecting banners – ‘Efficiencey and Enterprise’ and another, the wording partially hidden, which may say ‘Best within the Empire’ (??) Issued by the Women’s Guild of Empire c 1926. Fine – unposted – unusual                               £95

 

  1. THE WOMEN’S GUILD OF EMPIRE Mrs Flora Drummond – Controller-in-Chief [13685] Card published c 1926 by The Women’s Guild of Empire, from its headquarters at 24 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1.  Fine -unposted –  unusual                                                                                           £95

 

  1. VOTES FOR WOMEN [13256] one of those real photographic ‘comic’ cards with young man dressed as a woman standing behind a table and a large ‘Votes for Women’ blackboard. He is holding a large knife (I think) in one hand and a bottle of beer – Benksins Watford – in the other. It is signed across the bottom right corner ‘Your old Pal Dan’                                                                                                                    £35

 

  1. VOTES FOR WOMEN [13663] placard is planted beside young girl standing on a barrel under the Trafalgar Square lion. A policeman walks in the background. One of a posed photographic Raphael Tuck series. Fair – a little creased – posted                                                                                                              £25

 

  1. WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE CORONATION PROCESSION 17 JUNE 1911 [13977] A bird’s eye view of a section of the procession showing the Actresses’ Franchise League contingent – their banner borne at the fore. Kate Frye is surely in there somewhere. In her diary she wrote ‘ I was a Group Captain and had the announcement round my arm and much enjoyed the dignity. Was not with any very interesting people but it didn’t matter as I was so taken up with myself. Lena Ashwell, all the Moores etc were up in front. I was the 3rd section behind the third Floral Arch – very pretty it all looked .’ The Floral Arch is there in the photograph. Before the Procession began Kate had been ‘to Adelphi House Terrace [AFL] to get my ribbons and decorate my pole with roses and green I had brought up.’ Good – although there is a crease across the card but it in no way interferes with the image. Unposted                                                                                      SOLD

 

  1. WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE CORONATION PROCESSION 17 JUNE 1911 [13978] A bird’s eye view of the procession obviously taken by the same photographer responsible for item 157. Now the procession passing under his gaze (for I daresay it was a ‘he’) is depicting the countries in which women already had voting rights. In the foreground are women carrying the US flag and bannerettes such as that proclaiming ‘Women Have the Vote in Utah’. In the centre of the picture women are carrying a flag for ‘Finland’ – and behind the procession stretches way back into the distance. Very good with a slight crease to the top left-hand corner where it has been held in an album. Unposted                                                                                         SOLD

 

  1. WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE CORONATION PROCESSION 17 JUNE 1911 [13979] Photograph by H Searjeant, 159 Ladbroke Grove, showing a section of the ‘Historical Pageant’ element of the procession. This came just before the ‘Representatives of countries where women have the vote’ shown in item [CHECK  stock no 13979] and illustrated how women in the past had weilded political power. Abbesses are processing to the left of the image and in the centre a marcher holds a bannerette declaring that Alice de Bigad Countess Marshall sent two representatives to Parliament in the reign of Edward III. Fine – unposted                        £120

 

  1. DESTRUCTION OF GRAND STAND BY SUFFRAGETTES AT HURST PARK SUNDAY JUNE 18 1913 [13990] Real photographic postcard by Young’s, Teddington – no 3 in the series. The scene left by Kitty Marion and Clara (Betty) Giveen on the night of 8 June 1913 after they had ‘lit a beacon’ for Emily Davison – who had died, unbeknownst to them, a few hours earlier. (See full details https://womanandhersphere.com/2013/06/07/suffrage-stories-kitty-marion-emily-wilding-davison-and-hurst-park/). Fine – posted from Esher to Norfolk on 30 June 1913 – the message begins ‘Just another for your collection’. Very scarce                                                                                                                      £180

 

 

 

Suffrage Postcards

Suffrage Artists’ Cards

 

  1. COMPANIONS IN DISGRACE [14026] – the sweet girl graduate stands, robed, alongside a convict in his arrowed suit. The heading is ‘Polling Booth’ and the caption ‘Companions in Disgrace’ refers to  their shared characteristic. The verse below explains further: ‘Convicts and Women kindly note,/ Are not allowed to have the vote…’ etc. Published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Good – the card’s shiny surface is a little yellowing on the right-hand side – unposted                                                                                       £85

 

  1. IS THIS RIGHT? [14025] Working woman, with laden basket braced on her shoulders, stands in the rain addressing prosperous man who stands under his open umbrella labelled ‘Franchise’. She asks ‘Why can’t I have an umbrella too? The Voter (for that is what the man is) replies, ‘You can’t. You ought to stop at home’. The woman expostulates, ‘Stop at home indeed! I have my Living to earn’. The artist is Mary Lowndes and the card was published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Fine – unposted                                              £150

 

  1. MRS POYSER AGAIN [14024] ‘I’m not dnyin’ the women are foolish. The Almighty made ’em to match the men.’ Mrs Poyser is a character from ‘Adam Bede’ – a woman with a rough exterior and a heart of gold. Here is is indicating the House of Commons (‘the men’) as she holds up her ‘No Taxation without Representation’ standard. The card was published by the Artists’ Suffrage League and was posted in, I think, June 1909 to Miss Allwood at the Dairy College, Kingston, Derby, and the sender notes ‘Bought this at a Woman’s Suffrage Garden Fete.’ Fair – a little creased – unusual                                                       £85

 

  1. OXFORD WOMEN STUDENTS’ SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE [13976] A colour photograph of the banner designed for the Oxford Women’s Students’ Society for Women’s Suffrage – designed for them by Edmund New. His signature and ‘1912’ are printed under the image. On the reverse is printed ‘Published by the Oxford Women Students’ Society for Women’s Suffrage by permission of Edmund H. New’. Fine – unposted – scarce                                                                                                                     £100

 

  1. POLLING STATION [14019] A policeman stands guard as all types of men make their way into the polling station while women – including a mother, a graduate, a nurse and an artist are forbidden to enter. Published by the Suffrage Atelierne – unposted – scarce                                                               SOLD

 

  1. SEVEN TO TWO! [14010] Silhouette figures – 2 women stand to one side while 7 men, their trades or professions identified by their clothing, make their way to the Polling Station. The caption explains ‘Seven to eight million men have VOTES. Only one-and-a-half to two million women would be entitled to vote if what we are asking for is granted.’ An attempt to allay the fear that women would dominate the electorate if the Conciliation Bill was passed. Published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Fine – unposted             £120

 

  1. THE ANTI-SUFFRAGIST [13969] as a butterfly on a card by the artist, Ernestine Mills. The accompanying verse, ‘I don’t want to fly’, said she ‘I only want to squirm’/She drooped her wings defectedly/But still her voice was firm/’I do not want to be a fly/I want to be a worm….’ is by Charlotte Perkins Stetson (Gilman). A pretty coloured card – published herself by Ernestine Mills. Fine – unposted                               £120

 

  1. THE APPEAL OF WOMANHOOD [13953] Black and white card by Louise Jacobs depicting ‘Womanhood’ hold a scroll saying ‘We Want the Vote to Stop the White Slave Traffic, Sweated Labour, and to Save the Children’. Behind ‘Womanhood’ are an array of downtrodden women and behind them the Houses of Paliament. This image was issued as a riposte to a similar one carrying the anti-suffrage message ‘No Votes Thank You’. Published by the Suffrage Atelier. In fine condition – scarce                                      £150

 

  1. THOMSON-PRICE, Louisa Types of Anti-Suffragists [14015] ‘The gentleman who thinks that ‘Women have no right to Vote because they can’t defend their Country.’  The gentleman is a weedy pen-pusher. Louisa Thomson-Price was an early member of the Women’s Freedom Le’ague, became a consultant editor of its paper, ‘The Vote’,  and was a director of Minerva Publishing, publisher of the paper. She contributed a series of cartoons – including this one – in 1909/10. Louisa Thomson Price took part in the WFL picket of the House of Commons and was very much in favour of this type of militancy. Very good  – slight marks across two corners where it has been held in an album – scarce                                                                                                    £120

 

  1. THOMSON-PRICE, Louisa Types of Anti-Suffragists [14016] ‘The gentleman who thinks that women ought not to work and therefore under-pays his typist’.  The gentleman depicted is clearly a plutocrat. Louisa Thomson-Price was an early member of the Women’s Freedom League, became a consultant editor of its paper, ‘The Vote’,  and was a director of Minerva Publishing, publisher of the paper. She contributed a series of cartoons – including this one – in 1909/10. Louisa Thomson Price took part in the WFL picket of the House of Commons and was very much in favour of this type of militancy. Very good – scarce                                    £120

 

  1. ‘WHO SPENDS THE TAXES?’ [14009] is the caption – and the printed message down the right-hand side is ‘No Representation’. A little girl, pushing her doll in a pushchair, addresses a boy as he is about to enter a shop. He says ‘Look here – I’m going in here to spend my penny and your penny – I shall buy just what I like with them ’cause I’m a man, and you’ll have to stay outside and take what I geet you, ’cause you’re only a woman’. The artist was H.S. Adkins and the card was published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. The card has a message on the back – but must have been sent in an envelope as it is unstamped and unfranked. Very good                                                                                                                                                            £150

 

  1. WHY WON’T THEY LET THE WOMEN HELP ME? [14226] reprint by the Communist Party of Great Britain of the original Joan Harvey Drew card issued by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Good – unposted                                                                                                                                                                £5

 

  1. YOUNG NEW ZEALAND [13997] cycles on her modern bicycle with its two wheels equal in size. The front one is labelled ‘Male and Female’ and the back one ‘Equal Electoral Rights’.  She calls out to old John Bull who is struggling atop a penny farthing, ‘Oh Grandpapa! what a funny old machine. Why don’t you get one like mine?’ The artist is JHD [Joan Harvey Drew]. Published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Very good- unposted – v scarce                                                                                                                            £120

 

 

Suffrage Postcards

Commercial Comic Cards

 

  1. ARE WE DOWNHEARTED? NO! [13603] Black and white postcard by Donald McGill – suffragette, holding on to her ‘Votes for Women’ banner, is carried into the Police Court by a policeman – her bottom very much to the fore – her umbrella fallen to the ground. Good –  posted in Battersea on, I think, 24 December 1906                                                                                                                                                              £45

 

  1. ‘AT THE SUFFRAGETTE MEETINGS [13612] you can hear some plain things – and see them too!’ – is the caption to a card showing depictions of suffragettes as buck-toothed old maids. Very good – unposted                                                                                                               £45

 

  1. BUT SURELY MY GOOD WOMAN DON’T YOU YEARN FOR SOMETHING … [13649] The suffragettes are canvassing on the doorstep.  The artist is Arthur Moreland; the publisher is C.W. Faulkner. Very good – unposted                                                                                                                                  £45

 

  1. ‘ELECTION TIME IN CAMBRIDGE’ [14214] This card depicts a series of vignettes relating to one of the 1910 General Elections – as experienced in Cambridge. In the centre is a ‘Votes for Women’ campaigner, elegantly dressed and dwarfing all the little men assembled on their knees around her. The publisher of the card is not identified but is signed ‘H.A. Moden 1910’. A check through the 1911 census suggests that the artist may be Harry A. Moden, a clerk to a scientific instrument manufacturer, who lived in Cambridge – and had rather ‘artistic’ writing. A Harry Moden is certainly known as a postcard illustrator of the period. In fine condition – unposted. I have never seen this card before.                                                                                SOLD

 

  1. ‘HI! MISS! YER TROWSERS IS A-COMING DOWN’ [12507] shouts tyke to elegant young woman sporting ‘harem’ trousers. Pre-First World War, pub by Felix McGlennon. Not actually ‘suffrage’ but of the time. Very good – very glossy                                                                                                                      £25

 

  1. I PROTEST AGAINST MAN-MADE LAWS [13648] The suffragette is in the dock. Artist is Arthur Moreland; publisher C.W. Faulkner. Very good – unposted                                                               £45

 

  1. NOW MADAM – WILL YOU GO QUIETLY OR SHALL I HAVE TO USE FORCE? [13650] The suffragette is interrupting a meeting. Artist is Arthur Moreland; publisher is C.W. Faulkner. Fair – unposted                                                                                                                                                              £35

 

  1. ONCE I GET MY LIBERTY, NO MORE WEDDING BELLS FOR ME! [13999] says harrassed dad as his wife walks out the door, leaving him to care for the babies. On the wall is a ‘Votes for Women’ poster. This is an American card sent from Washington to Illinois – but the message carried in the picture is very similar to those of British cards                                                                                                                      £35

 

  1. PETTICOAT GOVERNMENT [14096] presumably the result of enfranchising women – Wife wields poker as her husband crawls out from under the tea table. She says, ‘Come along, come along, come along do, I’ve been waiting here for you’. Good – posted from London to Wincanton on 24 June 1911          £10

 

  1. SOUTHWOLD EXPRESS [13658] ‘A slight engine trouble causes a delay – but is soon remedied’ is the caption. The artist/publisher is Reg Carter – in the ‘Sorrows of Southwold’ series. There are a number of joky cards about the Southwold train. In this one a suffragette sitting in a tree is taking advantage of a breakdown to lob a bomb – shouting ‘Votes for Women’. Very good                                                                   £35

 

  1. SUFFRAGETTE SUMMER FESTIVAL  [14227] privately, relatively recently made postcard of suffragettes in elegant white dresses and hats (at least one with what is obviously a purple, green and white belt) standing outside the Empress Rooms in Kensington holding placards to advertise the WSPU Summer Festival. It was at the Festival that Emily Davison spent her last evening before setting off for the Derby. An excellent and interesting image, although not an original photograph.                                                              £12

 

  1. ‘SUFFRAGETTENSTREICHE’ [14164] a most unusual postcard, published by Verlag G. Horváth, Wien VI, Hirschengasse 15. The front is for the address and then it opens out to display a double-page of a marching song – ‘Suffragettenstreiche’ – words and music. The words are, of course, German – and speak of the police seeking in vain for suffragettes – until at last they make a triumphant arrest. Within the song is a plug for Wiktorin lamps – with a note to the address of the company – Wiktorin & Co, Wien V./2. My German is non-existent and Google Translate isn’t really able to cope with the colloquialisms of such a song, so the opportunity is here for someone more knowledgeable to uncover the story. The words and music carry onto the back page and towards the bottom is a space for ‘Gruss’ – ‘Greetings’. There was a 1913 French film, ‘Mefaits des suffragettes’ that was released in Germany as ‘Suffragetten-streiche’, which in turn translates as ‘Suffragette Pranks’, although whether or not this song has anything to do with the film, I don’t know. The publisher, Geza Horváth, was Hungarian born but lived in Vienna where he worked as a composer and arranger and ran a music school.. On the card the name of the composer is given as ‘Jul. Holzer’, which was a German translation of Horváth’s name. So we have him as both the composer of the music and the publisher of the card.
    A most unusual card – both in form and content. I certainly have never seen another example.   SOLD

 

  1. THE LADIES CLUB [14216] Captioned: ‘The Old Order Changeth’ – Edwardian lady is departing the rather arts and crafts sitting room, leavin g herhusband smoking his pipe and darning a sock in front of the fire. As she goes she says ‘Have got a card tournament at the Club old chappie. You needn’t sit up. Ta, Ta!’  The card is one of Ladies’ Club series depicting women and club life from different angles. The card was posted in Colchester in 1906. Very good                                                                                                           £12

 

  1. THE SUFFRAGETTE Addresses a meeting of Citizens [13620] A card from a Raphael Tuck series. ‘the Suffragette’ – masculinized, wild-eyed, and wearing a boater and tie harangues a few snotty-nosed childrenIn Raphael Tuck ‘The Suffragette’ Good – posted in 1908                                                    £45

 

  1. THEM PESKY SUFFRAGETTES WANTS EVERYTHING FOR THEMSELVES [14000] says old man confronted with a door labelled ‘For Ladies Only’. A US postcard. Fine – unposted          £30

 

  1. A THING OF THE PAST, OLD DEAR. [13667] Harridan – wispy hair, big feet, short skirt – being carried off by policeman – while her companion, with ‘Votes for Women’ placard, looks on. Fair – a little creased – an English card originally but issued here, I think, by an American publisher. Certainly it was posted in the US to a Nevada address in 1908                                                                                                               £20

 

  1. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT [13550] ‘And these are the members who’ve been sitting late/Coming out arm in arm, from a lengthy debate…’ Fashionably dressed couple, he in top hat and frock coat emerge, engaged in reasonable discussion, from the Houses of Parliament. An ink line at under the text carries the message ‘Will we ever live to see this.’ In BB London Series. Very good – posted in Clapton on 12 May 1909.                                                                                                                                                    £45

 

  1. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT [13552] ‘And this is the home of the poor suffragette/And there’s room for a great many more of them in it yet…’ Burly suffragette being taken in hand by a policeman – with the towers of Holloway in the background. In BB London series. Very good- unposted         £45

 

  1. THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT [13610] ‘The House that our statesmen for years have controlled/Ruling the world with mind fearless and bold/Can Woman expect to rule such a House/She that’s afraid of a poor little mouse….’ Suffragettes stands on stool as mouse scuttles past – with House of Commons in background. Good – posted 1912                                                                                                   £45

 

  1. VALENTINE SERIES:COMPARISONS The Attitude of Politicians towards Women’s Suffrage [13808] 1) At Election Time (when the politician willingly accepts a petition) 2) At Westminster (when a policeman holds the suffragette back as she tries to present a petition to an MP). Staged photographic scenes in colour. Very good -uncommon – unposted                                                                                         £38

 

  1. VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Gimme a Vote You Cowards [13605] Printed in red and balck on white – policemen have a suffragette flat on the ground – while other comrades demosntrate around. Good – has been posted, but stamp removed                                                                                      £45

 

  1. VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Give Us a Vote Ducky! Oh do, There’s a Dear [13606] wheedle three women as they make up to an aging gent. The caption reads ‘Why not try the Good Old Way?’ The sender has added little ink comments of her own (at least I think the sender was a woman). Good. Posted on 17 August 1907.                                                                                                                             £45

 

  1. VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Safe in the Arms of a Policeman [13604] Printed in red and black on white – dishevelled viragos are carried away by red-faced policemen. Good £45

 

  1. VALENTINE’S SERIES An Appeal to John Bull [13811] The epigraph is :’The woman’s cause is man’s; they rise or fall/Together, dwarfed or godlike, bound or free’. Tennyson.The suffragette in prison holds out her hands for help from a surly John Bull who has turned his back to her. Staged photographic scene in colour. Good – with a spot of surface lost near the bottom of the card and graze to a piece of the text       £45

 

  1. VALENTINE’S SERIES A Suffragette in Prison [13812] ‘The long dark night is almost gone,/And freedom’s morn is drawing near;/From prison cell she sees the dawn/Of woman’s liberty appear’ is the caption. Staged photographic scene – of suffragette standing on her stool to look out of the window of her cell – in colour. Good -with a spot of the surface lost near the bottom of the card and slight marking to left of text. Unposted                                                                                                                                             £38

 

  1. VALENTINE’S SERIES The Visiting Magistrate (Scene, In Holloway Prison) [13813] Magistrate: ‘What can I do for you? Have you any complaints to make?’ Suffragette: ‘Yes, I have one demand – Votes for Women’. Staged photographic scene in colour. Very good – unposted                                              £38

 

  1. VALENTINE’S SERIES:COMPARISONS Comparisons are Odious [13809] 1) The male political prisoner (sits in his cell equipped with bookcase, wine and cigar) 2) The female political prisoner (the suffragette sits in her bare cell holding her duster and skilly).Staged photographic scenes in colour. Very good – uncommon – unposted                                                                                                                                            £38

 

  1. VALENTINE’S SERIES:COMPARISONS Oh, what a Difference! [13810] 1) Reception of a Constitutional Deputation to the British Parliament at Westminster (the suffragettes, holding their petition, approach a line of policemen – beneath a sign saying ‘St Stephens 1/4 mile’ 2) Its result (the suffragette is marched away by the police. Staged photographic scenes in colour. Fine – uncommon – unposted                 £50

 

  1. VOTES FOR WOMEN: OUR VIEWS AT SOUTHEND-ON-SEA [13944] Sufragette with purple, white and green ribbon around her hat and a purple, white and green tie is holding a ‘Votes for Women’ placard (which incorporates the Sylvia Pankhurst-designed angel motif), advertising ‘Our Views at Southend-on-Sea’. Behind are two photos of Southend’s pier and front. Similar cards were produced for various other seaside resorts.                                                                                                                                                 £35

 

  1. WHEN WOMEN VOTE: Washing Day [13636] Father is in the kitchen bathing baby, while his wife and her friends sit in the parlour playing cards and eating chocolates – commenting ‘Yes, my old man is a lazy old wretch’. And that’s what will happen when women have the vote. Mitchell and Watkins series. Posted in 1908                                                                                                                                                     £45

 

 

General Non-Fiction

 

 

  1. 500 HOUSEWIVES Five Hundred Household Hints Country Life 1926 [13563] The hints originated in ‘House & Garden’ – supplied by readers. Very good £8

 

  1. ALLEN, Jennifer (ed) Lesbian Philosophies and Cultures State University of New York Press 1990 [5164] Paper covers – very good £5

 

  1. ALLSOPP, Anne The Education and Employment of Girls in Luton, 1874-1924: widening opportunities and lost freedoms Boydell Press/Bedfordshire Historical Record Society 2005 [10963] Examines the education of Luton girls and its relationship with employment opportunities. Mint in d/w £20

 

  1. ANDREWS, Maggie The Acceptable Face of Feminism: the Women’s Institute as a social movement Lawrence & Wishart 1997 [9533] Soft covers – mint £9

 

  1. ANON Enquire Inside For Everything You Want to Know In Your Domestic and Social Life W. Foulsham no date [1930s?] [13576] Paper covers – good – some foxing £4

 

  1. Anon The Intelligent Woman’s Guide to Shopping Retail Trading Standards Association no date [1935] [13564] ‘How to be sure of getting value for money. How to be sure of distinguising good quality from bad. How to be sure of paying the right price.’ Card covers – very good £10

 

  1. ANON You And I Cookery Book: an effort to meet a need in the cheapest form Birling Publishing Co no date [1930s?/1940s?] [13577] A spin-off of the ‘You and I’ magazine, published in connected with the YWCA. ‘Over 1000 carefully seleccted household hints and reccipes’. I can’t work out when this was published – it contains several recipes with ‘War-time’ in their titles – but am not sure if this is looking back to WW1 or whether it was published during WW2. But others seem to use a surprising amount of sugar and eggs for cooking in a time of strict rationing. But, whenever, ‘Economy’, was the watchword. Paper covers – front cover present but detached – back cover missing £2

 

  1. AVERY, Gillian Behold the Child: American children and their books 1621-1922 Bodley Head 1994 [12410] Studies how the literature of the old world influenced the new. With many illustrations. Heavy. Fine in fine d/w £10

 

 

  1. BALFOUR, Margaret and YOUNG, Ruth The Work of Medical Women in India OUP 1929 [14125] With a foreword by Mary Scharlieb. Very good internally – cloth covers good – extremely scarce £55

 

  1. BASCH, Françoise Relative Creatures: Victorian women in society and the novel Schocken Books 1974 [13467] Very good £4

 

  1. (BERRY) Lewis Melville (ed) The Berry Papers: being the correspondence hitherto unpublished of Mary and Agnes Berry (1763-1852) John Lane 1914 [13674] Most engaging letters. With numerous illustrations. Very good £18

 

  1. BERRY, Mrs Edward And MICHAELIS, Madame (eds) 135 Kindergarten Songs and Games Charles and Dible, no date [1881] [9035] ‘These songs are printed to supply a want in English Kindergartens’ – the music is, of course, included – as are movement instructions. Mme Michaelis ran the Croydon Kindergarten. Very good £48

 

  1. BLACK, Clementina Sweated Industry and the Minimum Wage Duckworth 1907 [11756] With an introduction by A.G. Gardiner, chairman of the executive committee of the National Anti-Sweating League £45

 

  1. BLAIR, Kirstie Form & Faith in Victorian Poetry & Religion OUP 2012 [13693] By assessing the discourses of church architecture and liturgy the author demonstrates that Victorian poets both reflected on and affected ecclesiastical practices – and then focuses on particular poems to show how High Anglican debates over formal worship were dealt with by Dissenting, Broad Church, and Roman Catholic poets and other writers. Features major poets such as the Browning, Tennyson, Hopkins, Rossetti and Hardy – as well as many minor writers. Mint in d/w (pub price £62) £35

 

  1. BLUM, Deborah Ghost Hunters Century 2006 [9861] Study of the Society for Psychical Research, founded in 1882. Soft covers – mint £4

 

  1. BOARD OF EDUCATION Special Reports on Educational Subjects vol 15 HMSO 1905 [12182] ‘School Training for the Home Duties of Women. part 1 The Teaching of “Domestic Science” in the United States of America’. Exhaustive – 374pp – paper covers – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £10

 

  1. BOARD OF EDUCATION Special Reports on Educational Subjects vol 19 HMSO 1907 [12233] ‘School Training for the Home Duties of Women. Part III The Domestic Training of Girls in Germany and Austria’. Paper wrappers marked and worn -internally good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8

 

  1. Boucé, Paul-Gabriel (ed) Sexuality in 18th-century Britain Manchester University Press 1982 [11034] Includes essays by Roy Porter, Ruth Perry and Pat Rogers – among others. Very good in d/w £24

 

  1. BRAITHWAITE, Brian And BARRELL, Joan The Business of Women’s Magazines Kogan Page, 2nd ed 1988 [13721] Fine £8

 

  1. BRANDON, Ruth Other People’s Daughters: the life and times of the governess Weidenfeld & Nicolson 2008 [11942] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £12

 

  1. BRITTAIN, Vera Lady Into Woman: a history of women from Victoria to Elizabeth II Andrew Dakers 1953 [13161] Good – though ex-public library £8

 

  1. BRUMBERG, Joan Jacobs Fasting Girls: the history of anorexia nervosa Vintage 2000 [11925] Soft covers – fine £8

 

  1. BRYANT, Margaret The Unexpected Revolution: a study in the history of the education of women and girls in the nineteenth century University of London Institute of Education [14116] An excellent study. Soft covers – fine £18

 

  1. BURSTALL, Sara A. The Story of the Manchester High School for Girls 1871-1911 Manchester University Press 1911 [14213] Cover marked and faded – internally good. Scarce                         £38

 

  1. BY THE AUTHOR OF ENQUIRE WITHIN UPON EVERYTHING The Reason Why: Domestic Science Houlston & Sons c 1900? reprint [13573] First published in 1869 to give ‘Intelligible Reasons for the Various Duties which a Housewife has to Perform’. Introducing ‘science’ into the ‘domestic’. Answers to such questions as ‘Why does flesh when much boiled become tasteless and stringy?’; ‘Why do we blow the fire?’; ‘Why should hair too distant from the eyebrows be parted only in the centre?’; ‘Why is it necessar to turn mattresses at frequent intervals’ etc etc. Good £8

 

  1. BYRNE, Katherine Tuberculosis and the Victorian Literary Imagination CUP 2010 [13430] Explores the representations of tuberculosis in 19th-century literature and culture. fears about gender roles, degeneration, national efficiency and sexual transgression all play their part in the portrayal of ‘consumption’, a disease which encompassed a variety of cultural associations. Mint in d/w (pub price £55) £35

 

  1. CALVERTON, V.F. and SCHMALHAUSEN, S.D. (eds) Sex in Civilsation Macaulay Co (NY) 1929 (reprint) [12650] With an introduction by Havelock Ellis. Contributors include Beatrice Forbes-Robertson Hale, Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Margaret Sanger. Good – 719pp – heavy £12

 

  1. CHAPMAN, Beatrice Wallis And CHAPMAN, Mary Wallis Status of Women Under English Law: a compendious epitome of legislative enactments and social and political events arranged as a continuous narrative with references to authorities and acts of Parliament George Routledge 1909 [13800] ‘..rendering easily accessible the main facts of the political position of women from 1066 to the present-day.’ Good – and scarce. £65

 

  1. CHAPONE, Mrs On the Improvement of the Mind together with Dr Gregory’s, Legacy to His Daughters and Lady Pennington’s, Advice to Her Absent Daughter, with An Additional letter on the Management and Education of Infant Children  Scott, Webster and Geary, no date c. 1835 [9555] A compendium of Good Conduct – a ‘four in one’. With engraved frontispiece and title page -good  in slightly rubbed half leather and marbled boards                                                                                                                                    £38

 

  1. CHASE, Ellen Tenant Friends in Old Deptford Williams and Norgate 1929 [13804] With an introduction from the work of Octavia Hill. Ellen Chase (1863-1949) was an American who in 1886 came over from Boston to work with Octavia Hill. The book begins with a chapter describing ‘The management of houses on the Octavia Hill plan’ and ends with ‘Notes on house management’ – in between are descriptions of life in the slum ‘courts’ of Deptford. This copy bears the ownership inscription of ‘Elizabeth Sturge 2 Durdham Park Bristol’ (a house that, incidentally, now bears a blue plaque recording her occupancy) – one of Bristol’s pioneers in the field of women’s suffrage and women’s education Very good – scarce £85

 

  1. CLAPP, Elizabeth and JEFFREY, Julie Roy (eds) Women, Dissent and Anti-Slavery in Britain and America, 1790-1865 OUP 2011 [13422] Essays by David Turley, Timothy Whelan, Alison Twells, Clare Midgeley, Carol Lasser, Julie Roy Jeffrey, Stacey robertson and Judie Newman – with an Introduction by Elizabeth Clapp. Mint in d/w (pub price £60) £25

 

  1. CLARKE, Patricia The Governesses: letters from the colonies 1862-1882 Hutchinson 1985 [12463] Fine in fine d/w £7

 

  1. COHEN, Monica Professional Domesticity in the Victorian Novel: women, work and home CUP 1998 [12419] Offers new readings of narratives by Jane Austen, Charlotte Bronte, Dickens, George Eliot, Emily Eden etc to show how domestic work, the most feminine of all activities, gained much of its social credibility by positioning itself in relation to the emergent professions. Soft cover – fine £25

 

  1. COLLET, Clara Report by Miss Collet of the Statistics of Employment of Women and Girls HMSO 1894 [7203] Report prepared under the aegis of the Board of Trade – Employment of Women (Labour Department). Very good – 152pp – bound into new protective card covers £65

 

  1. COLLET, Clara Report by Miss Collet on the Money Wages of Indoor Domestic Servants HMSO 1899 [7207] Women workers were in the overwhelming majority of those considered in this report. Fascinating information. Very good in original card covers £55

 

  1. CORNFORD, L. Cope And YERBURY, F.R. Roedean School Ernest Benn 1927 [4826] Large format – heavily illustrated – photographs and line drawings – good internally, spine cloth split £5

 

  1. CRAIG, Elizabeth Housekeeping Collins 1947 [13047] With many photographs. In ‘Elizabeth Craig’s Household Library’ series. Good in torn d/w £8

 

  1. CRAWFORD, Elizabeth Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle Francis Boutle 2009 (r/p) [12677] Pioneering access to education at all levels for women, including training for the professions, the women of the Garrett circle opened the way for women to gain employment in medicine, teaching, horticulture and interiior design – and were also deeply involved in the campaign for women’s suffrage. Soft covers, large format, over 70 illustrations. Mint – new book £25

 

  1. DAVID, Deirdre (ed) The Cambridge Companion to the Victorian Novel CUP 2012 (2nd ed) [13411] This second edition includes essays by Kate Flint, Caroline Levine, Nancy Armstrong, Lyn Pykett and Clare Pettit – amongst others. Soft covers – mint £15

 

  1. DAVIES, Emily Thoughts On Some Questions Relating to Women, 1860-1908 Bowes and Bowes (Cambridge) 1910 [13774] A selection of papers written by Emily Davies between 1860 and 1908. This copy bears the ink ms. inscription ‘Presented by Rev J. Ll. Davies D.D. This name, however, has been mistranscribed on label of The Working Men’s College Library – to which it was presented – as ‘Rev J.H. Davies D.D.’. John Llewelyn Davies was, of course, the very influential, liberal and supportive brother of Emily Davies. First edition, maroon cloth on cover a little marked and with a stain on free front endpapers. Otherwise clean and tight – with excellent photograph of Miss Davies as frontispiece. A scarce book £80

 

  1. DICKENS, Andrea Janelle Female Mystic: great women thinkers of the Middle Ages I.B. Tauris 2009 [11947] Soft covers – fine £10

 

  1. DON VANN, J. and VANARSDEL, Rosemary T. (eds) Periodicals of Queen Victoria’s Empire: an exploration University of Toronto Press 1996 [9600] Fine in fine d/w £18

 

  1. DYHOUSE, Carol Feminism and the Family in England 1880-1939 Basil Blackwell 1989 [11224] Soft covers – very good £12

 

  1. ELLIS, Mrs Sarah Stickney The Select Works Henry G. Langley (New York) 1844 [11234] Includes ‘The Poetry of Life’, ‘Pictures of Private Life’, ‘A Voice From the Vintage, on the force of example addressed to those who think and feel’
    Good in original decorative cloth £48

 

  1. FINDLAY, J.J. (ed) The Young Wage-Earner and the Problem of His Education: essays and reports Sigwick and Jackson 1918 [8026] For ‘His Education’ read also ‘Hers’. The essays include: ‘From Home Life to Industrial Life: with special reference to adolescent girls, by James Shelley, prof of education, University College, Southampton; ‘The Young Factory Girl’ by emily Matthias, superintendent of women employees, the Phoenix Dynamo Manufacturing Co, Bradford and the reports include: ‘Working Girls and Trade Schools (London)’ by Theodora Pugh and ‘The Sons and Daughters of Farming Folk’ by J.J. Findlay. Very good
    £25

 

  1. FREVERT, Ute Women in German History: from bourgeois emancipation to sexual liberation Berg 1989 [5066] Fine in d/w £8

 

  1. FRYE, Susan And ROBERTSON, Karen (Eds) Maids and Mistresses, Cousins and Queens: women’s alliances in early modern England OUP 1999 [7435] A collection of essays exploring how early modern women associated with other women in a variety of roles, from alewives to midwives, prostitutes to pleasure seekers, slaves to queens, serving maids to ladies in waiting …’. Fine £28

 

  1. GATHORNE-HARDY, Jonathan The Rise and Fall of the British Nanny Victorian (& Modern History) Book Club 1972 [2578] Good in d/w £3

 

  1. GILBERT, Sandra And GUBAR, Susan No Man’s Land: the place of the woman writer in the twentieth century Yale University Press 1994 [8899] Vol 3 – ‘Letters From the Front’ .477pp – mint in d/w £25

 

  1. GOLDSMITH, Margaret Women and the Future Lindsay Drummond 1946 [12101] A study of what the position was likely to be in the post-Second World War world. Scarce.Fine – in very slightly chipped d/w £25

 

  1. GOLLANCZ, Victor (ed) The Making of Women: Oxford essays in feminism Allen & Unwin 2n ed, 1918 [13782] Contributions from, among others, Maude Royden and Eleanor Rathbone. Good – scarce £65

 

  1. HARTLEY, C. GASQUOINE Motherhood and the Relationship of the Sexes Eveleigh Nash 1917 [13724] Includes a chapter ‘The Position of Women as Affected by the War’. Good – uncommon £10

 

  1. HASLETT, Caroline Teach Yourself Household Electricity English Universities Press, 3rd ed 1953 [14121] ‘It is but a short span in time since electric cookers and fires, vacuum-cleaners and washing-machines were timidly approached novelties, since electricity in the home meant electric light and little else; yet see to-day how far the well-electrified home outstrips these meagre limitations, how commonplace a sight is a well-equipped kitchen’. Good in torn d/w £5

 

  1. HASLETT, Caroline (ed) The Electrical Handbook For Women The English Universities Press Ltd, 3rd ed 1939 [14122] Packed with information – diagrams and photographs. Very good in chipped d/w £12

 

  1. HELSINGER, Elizabeth Et Al (eds) The Woman Question: Social Issues, 1837-1883 Manchester University Press 1983 [12150] Volume II of ‘The Woman Question: Society and Literature in Britain and America, 1837-1883’. Fine £15

 

  1. HELSINGER, Elizabeth K. Et Al (eds) The Woman Question: Society and Literature in Britain and America, 1837-1883 Manchester University Press 1983 [12151] Vol 1, ‘Defining Voices’. Focuses on representative texts, figures and controversies for what they reveal about the general character of the Woman Question rather than their historical connections with earlier and later phases of the debate. Fine £15

 

  1. HESSELGRAVE, Ruth Avaline Lady Miller and the Batheaston Literary Circle Yale University Press 1927 [3020] An 18th-century Bath literary salon. Lady Miller was the first English woman to describe her travels in Italy. Fine £55

 

  1. HILL, Georgiana Women in English Life: from mediaeval to modern times Richard Bentley 1896 [10453] An excellent study – in two volumes. Most of the second volume is devoted to the position of women at the end of the 19th century – written by one who was very much involved with the woman’s movement. Very good – a little bumped at top and bottom of spine. A scarce set £75

 

  1. HOFFMAN, P.C. They Also Serve: the story of the shop worker Porcupine Press 1949 [13735] Soft covers – very good £8

 

  1. HOLCOMBE, Lee Victorian Ladies at Work: middle-class working women in England and Wales 1850-1914 David & Charles 1973 [11226] Very good in chipped d/w £25

 

  1. HOLDSWORTH, Angela Out of the Doll’s House: the story of women in the 20th century BBC 1988 (r/p) [4809] Paper covers – very good £5

 

  1. HOLLIS, Patricia Ladies Elect: women in English local government 1865-1914 OUP 1987 [13264] Excellent study. Paper covers – good – now a scarce book £23

 

  1. HOLT, Anne A Ministry To The Poor: being a history of the Liverpool Domestic Mission Society, 1836-1936 Henry Young (Liverpool) 1936 [9243] Very good – scarce £45

 

  1. HORSFIELD, Margaret Biting the Dust: the joys of housework Fourth Estate 1997 [10183] Mint in d/w £5

 

  1. (HUTCHINSON) Kathleen Coburn (ed) The Letters of Sara Hutchinson from 1800 to 1835 Routledge 1954 [9604] Friend of Mary and William Wordsworth – loved by Coleridge. Good £18

 

  1. JAMES, Selma Sex, Race and Class Falling Wall Press 1975 [13193] Paper covers – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5

 

  1. JEFFREYS, Sheila The Spinster and Her Enemies: feminism and sexuality 1880-1930 Pandora 1985 [12445] Soft covers – fine £8

 

  1. JOHNSON, Patricia E. Hidden Hands: working-class women and Victorian social-problem fiction Ohio University Press 2001 [10784] ‘Argues that the female industrial worker became more dangerous to represent than the prostitute or the male radical because the worker exposed crucial contradictions between the class and gender ideologies of the period and its economic realities’. Soft covers – mint £15

 

  1. KAPLAN, Cora Sea Changes: culture and feminism Verso 1986 [12414] Soft covers – fine £8

 

  1. KAPLAN, Gisela Contemporary Western European Feminism Allen & Unwin 1992 [4983] Fine in d/w £5

 

  1. KENEALY, Arabella Feminism and Sex-Extinction E.P. Dutton & Co (NY) 1920 [12107] Anti-feminist eugenicist polemic. US edition is scarce. Very good internally – cloth cover a little bumped and rubbed                                                                                                                                                              £25

 

  1. KERTZER, David and BARBAGLIO, Marzio (eds) Family Life in the Long Nineteenth Century 1789-1913 Yale University Press 2002 [11037] A collection of essays under the headings: Economy and Family Organization: State, Religion, Law and the Family; Demographic Forces; Family Relations. 420pp Heavy. Mint in d/w £18

 

  1. KIRKHAM, Margaret Jane Austen, Feminism and Fiction Harvester 1983 [12415] Soft covers – fine £10

 

  1. KLEIN, Viola Working Wives: a survey of facts and opinions concerning the gainful employment of married women in Britain Institute of Personnel Management no date (1960) [12267] A survey carried out in co-operation with Mass Observation Ltd. Paper covers faded – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £10

 

  1. LEE, Julia Sun-Joo The American Slave Narrative and the Victorian Novel OUP 2010 [13436] Investigates the shaping influence of the American slave narrative on the Victorian novel in the years between the British Abolition Act and the American Emancipation Proclamation – and argues that Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Gaskell, Thackeray and Dickens integrated into their works generic elements of the slave narrative. Mint in d/w (pub price £40) £15

 

  1. LEVINE, Philippa Victorian Feminism 1850-1900 Hutchinson 1987 [13727] Paper covers – very good £5

 

  1. LEWIS, Judith Schneid In the Family Way: childbearing in the British aristocracy, 1760-1860 Rutgers University Press 1986 [8652] Very good in slightly chipped d/w £25

 

  1. LIDDINGTON, Jill The Long Road to Greenham: feminism and anti-militarism in Britain since 1820 Virago 1989 [7630] Soft covers – very good £10

 

  1. LLEWELYN DAVIES, Margaret (ed) Life As We Have Known it by Co-operative Working Women Virago 1977 [13729] First published in 1931- with an introduction by Virginia Woolf. Soft covers – good £5

 

  1. LLEWELYN DAVIES, Margaret (ed) Maternity: letters from working women collected by the Women’s Co-operative Guild Virago 1984 (r/p) [12143] First published in 1915. Soft covers – very good £8

 

  1. LOANE, M. An Englishman’s Castle Edward Arnold 1909 [9060] Martha Loane was a district nurse – this study of the homes of the poor is the result of her social investigation. Good £18

 

  1. LOFTIE, W.J. A Plea for Art in the House: with special reference to the economy of collecting works of art, and the importance of taste in education and morals Macmillan 1879 (r/p) [13338] First published in 1876 – around the same time as Rhoda and Agnes Garrett’s book in the same series ‘Art at Home’ – and evincing many of the same touchstone’s of taste in home decoration. Goodish – a little rubbed and bumped £18

 

  1. LOOTENS, Tricia Lost Saints: silence, gender, and Victorian literary canonization University Press of Virginia 1996 [12398] Fine in d/w £35

 

  1. LYNCH, Mary Sewing Made Easy The World’s Work 1940 [13572] Co-published with Garden City Books (NY). How to make your 1940 costume – acknowledgement is made to Simplicity Patterns many of whose patterns are included in the book. Very good – large format £8

 

  1. MCCANN, Jean Thomas Howell and the School at Llandaff D. Brown (Cowbridge) 1972 [10608] Good – ex-university library £15

 

  1. MACCARTHY, B.G. The Female Pen; women writers and novelists 1621-1818 Cork University Press 1994 [12412] First published in 1944, this edition with an introduction by Janet Todd. Soft covers – 530pp – fine £12

 

  1. MCGREGOR, O.R. Divorce in England: a centenary study Heinemann 1957 [10426] Very good in d/w £10

 

  1. MCQUISTON, Liz Women in Design: a contemporary view Trefoil 1988 [5013] Highlights the work of 43 designers from Britain, the US, Europe and Japan. Very good in d/w £5

 

  1. MALMGREEN, Gail Neither Bread nor Roses: utopian feminists and the English working class, 1800-1850 John L. Noyce (Brighton). 1978 (r/p) [9147] A ‘Studies in Labour’ pamphlet – 44pp. Soft covers – very good £15

 

  1. MALVERY, Olive Christian Baby Toilers Hutchinson 1907 [8216] A study of the child workers of Edwardian Britain. Good £38

 

  1. MANNIN, Ethel Practitioners of Love: some aspects of the human phenomenon Hutchinson 1969 [2689] A study of ‘Civilised Man’s inordinate capacity for the biological and psychological process called “falling in love”‘. Perhaps Ethel Mannin is ripe for reappraisal. Very good in d/w £3

 

  1. MARKS, Lara Metropolitan Maternity maternity and infant welfare services in early 20th century London Rodopi 1996 [11624] Soft covers – fine £22

 

  1. MARTIN, Jane Women and the Politics of Schooling in Victorian and Edwardian England Leicester University Press 1999 [10781] Mint (pub price £65) £35

 

  1. MASON, Michael The Making of Victorian Sexuality OUP 1994 [10599] Fine in d/w      £14

 

  1. MEWS, Hazel Frail Vessels: woman’s role in women’s novels from Fanny Burney to George Eliot Athlone Press 1969 [3801] Very good in d/w £12

 

  1. MILL, John Stuart The Subjection of Women Longmans, Green, Reader & Dyer 1869 (2nd ed) [13460] In original mustard embossed cloth – top inch or so of spine split and frayed. With faded shelf-mark sticker on spine and label on front paste-down of the Burnley Mechanics’ Institute. Front inside hinge a little stretched. Otherwise good internally. I’m pleased to think that the members of the Mechanics’ Institute took such an obvious interest in the subject. £85

 

  1. MINISTRY OF LABOUR & NATIONAL SERVICE Report on Post-War Organisation of Private Domestic Employment HMSO 1945 [13836] Interesting snapshot of society on the cusp of change. Paper covers – fine – 26pp £12

 

  1. MORRIS, A.J.A (ed) Edwardian Radicalism, 1900-1914: some aspects of British radicalism Routledge 1974 [1489] Articles on ‘The Radical Press’, ‘1906: Revival and Revivalism’ (by Stephen Koss), ‘H.G. Wells and the Fabian Society’ (by Margaret Cole); ‘Socialism and progressivism in the political thought of Ramsay MacDonald’, amongst others – but no mention of the women’s movement. Times change, I doubt that such an omission would pass muster now. Very good in d/w                                                                        £10

 

  1. MUMM, Susan (ed) All Saints Sisters of the Poor: an Anglican Sisterhood in the 19th century Boydel Press/Church of England Record Society 2001 [10964] A history of the Sisterhood that was founded by Harriet Brownlow Byron in 1850 to work in the slums of Marylebone – but then spread its net much wider. This volume comprises material drawn from the Sisterhood’s archives. V. interesting. Mint £30

 

  1. NORWICH HIGH SCHOOL 1875-1950 privately printed, no date [1950] [9612] A GPDST school. Very good internally – green cloth covers sunned – ex-university library £15

 

  1. ORRINSMITH, Mrs The Drawing Room: its decoration and furniture Macmillan 1877 [9344] In the ‘Art at Home’ series. ‘The author has endeavoured to give more particular directions as to the furnishing and adornment of the Drawing-Room than was possible in the Miss Garretts’ volume treating of the whole subject of ‘House Decoration’ .’ Very good – missing free front end paper many illustrations – a scarce book £45

 

  1. OSBORNE, Honor And MANISTY, Peggy A History of the Royal School for Daughters of Officers of the Army 1864-1965 Hodder & Stoughton 1966 [10609] Good – ex-university library £12

 

  1. OWENS, Rosemary Cullens Did Your Granny Have a Hammer?: a history of the Irish Suffrage Movement 1876-1922 Attic Press 1985 [14089] A collection of documents in facsmile and a badge and postcards relating to the Irish women’s suffrage envelope. Held in a plastic envelope (I think that it is complete) plus ‘User’s Notes’. Fine £45

 

  1. PALMER, Beth Women’s Authorship and Editorship in Victorian Culture OUP 2011 [13432] Draws on extensive periodical and archival material to bring new perspectives to the study of sensation fiction in the Victorian period. Mint in d/w (pub price £60) £35

 

  1. PALMER, Paulina Lesbian Gothic: transgressive fictions Cassell 1999 [5267] Paper covers – mint £5

 

  1. PAPWORTH, L. Wyatt and ZIMMERN, Dorothy M. The Occupations of Women according to the census of England and Wales, 1911 Women’s Industrial Council 1914 [14190] Soft covers – very good – ex-Women’s Library £20

 

  1. PHILLIPS, M. And TOMPKINSON, W.S. English Women in Life and Letters OUP 1927 [9151] Describes the lives of Englishwomen of the past, some rich, others poor and unknown – using both historical sources and fiction – from the 14th century to the mid 19th. Very good £20

 

  1. PHILLIPS, Margaret Mann Willingly to School: memories of York College for Girls 1919-1924 Highgate Publications 1989 [13124] Good in card covers – though ex-library £10

 

  1. POOVEY, Mary Uneven Developments: the ideological work of gender in mid-Victorian England Virago 1989 [13730] Paper covers – fine £12

 

  1. RAPPOPORT, Jill Giving Women: alliance and exchange in Victorian culture OUP 2012 [13413] examines the literary expression and cultural consequences of English women’s giving from the 1820s to the First World War – in the work of Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Elizabeth Gaskell and Christina Rossetti – as well as in literary annuals and political pamphlets. Through giving, women redefined the primary allegiances of teh everyday lives, forged public coalitions, and advanced campaigns for abolition, slum reform, eugenics, and suffrage. Mint in d/w (pub price £45.99) £32

 

  1. RENDALL, Jane The Origins of Modern Feminism: women in Britain, France and the United States 1780-1860 Macmillan 1985 [9461] Soft covers – very good £15

 

  1. ROBINSON, Annabel, PURKIS, John, MASSING, Ann A Florentine Procession: a painting by Jane Benham Hay at Homerton College, Cambridge Homestead Press (Cambridge) 1997 [2465] A study of the Pre-raphaelite style painting and its artist – who was a friend of Bessie Rayner Parkes. With colour reproduction of the large painting. Paper covers – mint £8

 

  1. ROBINSON, Jane Angels of Albion: women of the Indian mutiny Viking 1996 [4240] Very good in rubbed d/w £8

 

  1. ROBINSON, Jane Pandora’s Daughters: the secret history of enterprising women Constable 2002 [11214] A study of 100 or so women, over 25 centuries, who chose to make an independent way through life. Fine in d/w £10

 

  1. ROYDEN, A. Maude Political Christianity G.P. Putnams’ 1923 (r/p) [13120] Dedicated to members of the Guildhouse congregation. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8

 

  1. SALES, Roger Jane Austen and Representations of Regency England Routledge 1996 [11362] Soft covers – mint £15

 

  1. SEARLE, Arthur (ed) Barrington Family Letters 1628-1632 Royal Historical Society 1983 [10955] In the main letters to Lady Joan Barrington, the focal point of the extended family, the dowager and respected matriarch on a recognisable early 17th-century pattern. Very good £12

 

  1. SEIDLER, Victor The Achilles Heel Reader: men, sexual politics and socialism Routledge 1991 [5302] Paper covers – mint £5

 

  1. SHIMAN, Lilian Women and Leadership in Nineteenth-Century England Macmillan 1992 [4783] Fine in d/w (which has slight tear at top of spine) £28

 

  1. SHOWALTER, Elaine Inventing Herself: claiming a feminist intellectual heritage Picador 2001 [11934] An exploration of feminist intellectuals from the 18th century to the present – from Mary Wollstonecraft to Naomi Woolf. Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £15

 

  1. SPROULE, Anna The Social Calendar Blandford Press 1978 [4639] Takes us through the Season. Very good in d/w £5

 

  1. STAFFORD, H.M. Queenswood: the first sixty years 1894-1954 privately printed 1954 [9643] History of the school. Good – ex-college library £12

 

  1. STANLEY, Liz Et Al (eds) Auto/Biography: Bulletin of the British Sociological Association Study Group on Auto/Biography (1993) [10494] Vol 2, no 1 ‘Research Practices’. Soft covers – fine £9

 

  1. STENTON, Doris Mary The English Woman in History Allen & Unwin 1957 [8440] Good reading copy – ex-library £15

 

  1. TAYLOR, Barbara Mary Wollstonecraft and the Feminist Imagination CUP 2003 [11898] Soft covers – fine £17

 

  1. TAYLOR, Jane Contributions of Q.Q. Jackson & Walford 5th ed, 1855 [1699] The majority of these essays were first published in the ‘Youth’s Magazine’, between 1816 and 1822. Good in original cloth     £15

 

  1. THE EDITOR OF ‘ENQUIRE WITHIN UPON EVERYTHING’ The Practical Housewife: a complete encyclopaedia of domestic economy and family medical guide Houlston & Sons new ed, no date [c 1890s?] [13569] ‘Will lessen the cares of domestic management, aid the practice of household economy and prove a help in many emergencies.’ The index runs from ‘Ablution, the importance of’ to ‘Zinc ointment’. Good £10

 

  1. THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEAR BOOK AND DIRECTORY 1904 A & C Black 1904 [10837] Indispensable source of information. Very good internally in library binding £80

 

  1. THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEARBOOK AND DIRECTORY 1901 A & C Black 1901 [11770] Ed by Emily Janes. Packed with information. Good internally – cloth covers marked – scarce £80

 

 

  1. TOBIN, Beth Fowkes Superintending the Poor: charitable ladies and paternal landlords in British fiction, 1770-1860 Yale University Press 1993 [9806] Mint in d/w £18

 

  1. TODD, Janet Gender, Art and Death Continuum (NY) 1993 [3972] Mint in d/w      £14

 

  1. TYLECOTE, Mabel The Education of Women at Manchester University 1883 to 1933 Manchester University Press 1941 [13139] With a newscutting obituary of Dame Mabel Tylecote laid in. Good – scarce £40

 

  1. VALENZE, Deborah The First Industrial Woman OUP 1995 [10786] Examines the underlying assumptions about gender and work that informed the transformation of English society, and in turn, ideas about economic progress. Charts the birth of a new economic order resting on social and sexual hierarchies which remain a part of our contemporary lives. Soft covers – mint £15

 

  1. VINCE, Mrs Millicent Decoration and Care of the Home W. Collins 1923 [12870] Mrs Vince had been a pupil of the pioneer ‘House Decorator’, Agnes Garrett. Very good in rubbed d/w £18

 

  1. WANDOR, Michelene Post-War British Drama: looking back in gender Routledge, revised edition 2001 [5897] Soft covers – mint £12

 

  1. WEBSTER’S ROYAL RED BOOK
     or Court and Fashionable Register for May 1876 Webster and Larkin 1876 [12154] A London street guide (Abbey Gardens, St John’s Wood to Young St, Kensington) giving the names of individual householders – combined with a list of the names and addresses of the ‘Fashionable’ – a wide swathe of middle-class London. A very useful directory. In fair condition – very good internally -clean and tight – but decorative, gilt embossed cloth is rubbed and sewing has parted at inside back cover. This early directory is quite scarce       £30

 

  1. (WOLLSTONECRAFT) John Windle Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin: a bibliography of the first and early editions with briefer notes on later editions and translations Oak Knoll Press 2nd ed. 2000 [14229] Fine £5

 

  1. WOLPE, Anne-Marie Some Processes in Sexist Education Women’s Research and Resources Centre 1977 [6635] Explorations in Feminism series no1977. Soft covers – very good £8

 

  1. WOODS, Edgar & Diana Things That Are Not Done: an outspoken commentary on popular habits and a guide to correct conduct Universal Publications, no date (1937) [10612] Good £12

 

 

General Biography

 

 

  1. The Ladies’ Who’s Who (with which is incorporated the Ladies’ Court Book and Guide – including Anglo-American Section) The International Art & Publishing Co, Ltd 1923 [13709] 759-pp of biographical reference – and advertisements. Good and tight in red cloth covers decorated in gilt £55

 

  1. (ADDAMS) Louise Knight Jane Addams: Spirit in Action Norton 2011 [13405] Biography of the US campaigner for international peace and social justice. Mint in d/w £10

 

  1. ALLEN, Alexandra Travelling Ladies: Victorian Adventuresses [13198] Studies of Daisy Bates, Isabella Bird Bishop, Midlred Cabele and Evangeline and Francesca French, Alexandra David-Neel, Jane Digby el Mesrab, Kate Marsden, Marianne North and May French Sheldon. Fine in d/w                           £10

 

  1. (ALLEN) John C. Hirsh Hope Emily Allen: medieval scholarship and feminism Pilgrim Books (Oklahoma) 1988 [11995] Biography of an American medieval scholar, born in 1883 – who spent time at Newnham. Fine £15

 

  1. (ALVAREZ) Al Alvarez Where Did it All Go Right: an autobioraphy Richard Cohen Books 1999 [12013] Poet, critic, novelist, poker player , rock climber- and friend of Ted Hughes and Sylvia Plath. Fine in fine d/w £6

 

  1. (AMBERLEY) Bertrand and Patricia Russell (eds) The Amberley Papers: the letters and diaries of Lord and Lady Amberley Hogarth Press 1937 [11044] The epitome of radical liberalism in the mid-19th-century. Both died tragically young. Good £45

 

  1. ANON (Agnes Maud Davies) A Book with Seven Seals Cayme Press 1928 [8552] First edition of a classic of Victorian childhood – I think perhaps it is a ‘faction’ – am not sure that it is actually a memoir. If I said that it strikes me as having a hint of Rachel Ferguson about it, those that are familiar with her work will know what I mean. The author’s name was withheld for this first edition. An elegant book – cover a little blotched £15

 

  1. (ARNOLD-FOSTER) T.W. Moody and R.A.J. Hawkins (eds) Florence Arnold-Foster’s Irish Journal OUP 1988 [1043] She was the niece and adopted daughter of W.E. Foster. The journals covers the years 1880-1882 when he was chief secretary for Ireland.  Fine in slightly rubbed d/w                                      £10

 

  1. (ASHBURTON) Virginia Surtees The Ludovisi Goddess: the life of Louisa Lady Ashburton Michael Russell 1984 [8886] She was possibly proposed to by Browning – and was the patroness (and perhaps lover) of Harriet Hosmer. Fine in d/w £18

 

 

  1. (BEALE) Elizabeth Raikes Dorothea Beale of Cheltenham Constable 1908 [11045] Good      £15

 

  1. (BEETON) Kathryn Hughes The Short Life and Long Times of Mrs Beeton Harper 2006 [10918] Excellent biography. Soft covers – fine £6

 

  1. BELL, Alan (ed and with an introduction by) Sir Leslie Stephen’s ‘Mausoleum Book’ OUP 1977 [13199] Intimate autobiography written for Stephen’s immediate family after the death of his wife, Julia, the mother of Vanessa and Virginia. Very good in d/w £12

 

  1. BELL, MAUREEN, PARFIT, GEORGE AND SHEPHERD, SIMON A Biographical Dictionary of English Women Writers 1560-1720 G.K. Hall 1990 [11878] Expands the boundaries of what is conventionally recognized as 17th century English literature by uncovering, reintroducing and documenting the lives and works of more than 550 English women who wrote betwen 1580-1720. Fine in d/w £25

 

  1. (BELL) Regina Marler (ed) Selected Letters of Vanessa Bell Moyer Bell (US) 1998 [9313] Soft covers – very good £15

 

  1. (BEWICK) Jenny Uglow Nature’s Engraver: the life of Thomas Bewick Faber 2006 [11894] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £10

 

  1. (BRANDIS), Marianne Brandis Frontiers and Sanctuaries: a woman’s life in Holland and Canada McGill-Queen’s University Press 2006 [9966] The life of Madzy Brender a Brandis (1910-1984) – her experiences in war, as an immigrant and pioneer, wife and mother, writer and painter, and an invalid. Mint in slightly nicked d/w £10

 

  1. (BRETTEL) Caroline Brettell Writing Against the Wind: a mother’s life history SR Books 1999 [10009] Biography of the author’s mother, a Canadian journalist, who worked from the 1930s to the 1980s. Interesting. Mint £8

 

  1. (BRONTE) Dudley Green Patrick Bronte: father of genius The History Press 2008 [12452] Fine in fine d/w £10

 

  1. (BRONTES) Brian Wilks The Illustrated Brontes of Haworth: scenes and characters from the lives and writings of the Bronte sisters Collins 1986 [12448] Fine in fine d/w £8

 

  1. (BROUGHTON) Marilyn Wood Rhoda Broughton: profile of a novelist Paul Watkins 1993 [11657] Rhoda Broughton (1840-1920) was one of the most famous and successful late-Victorian women novelists. Fine in d/w £15

 

  1. (BURNEY) Janice Farrar Thaddeus Frances Burney: a literary life St Martin’s Press 2000 [10546] Soft covers – very good £8

 

  1. (BURNEY) Joyce Hemlow (ed) Fanny Burney: selected letters and journals OUP 1986 [12030] Follows her career from her romantic marriage to the impoverished French émigré General d’Arblay to her death 46 years later. Fine in fine d/w £12

 

  1. (BURNEY) Kate Chisholm Fanny Burney: her life 1752-1840 Vintage 1999 [11969] Soft covers – fine £5

 

  1. CHAPMAN, Barbara Boxing Day Baby QueenSpark Market Books 1994 [10402] She was born in Brighton on Boxing Day in 1927. Soft covers – 34pp – very good £4

 

  1. (CLIVE) Mary Clive (ed) Caroline Clive: from the diary and family papers of Mrs Archer Clive (1801-1873) Bodley Head [11101] Life among the ‘Landed Gentry’ – beautifully edited by Mary Clive – who had the knack. Good in rubbed d/w £10

 

  1. (COLETTE) Herbert Lottman Colette: a life Minerva 1991 [2785] Paper covers – good £2

 

  1. CRAWFORD, Anne et al (eds) Europa Biographical Dictionary of British Women: over 1000 notable women from Britain’s Past Europa 1983 [12408] Soft covers – 536pp – fine £10

 

  1. (DAYUS) Kathleen Dayus The Best of Times Virago 1991 [11526] The 4th volume in her autobiography. Soft covers – very good £5

 

  1. (DAYUS) Kathleen Dayus Her People Virago 1982 [9503] Soft covers – very good. With Carmen Callil’s bookplate on inside front cover and her signature on title page. £5

 

  1. DE FRECE, LADY Recollections of Vesta Tilley Hutchinson 1934 [13896] Her autobiography. Good conditiion. Scarce £35

 

  1. (DE STAEL/CONSTANT) Renee Winegarten Germaine de Stael and Benjamin Constant: a dual biography Yale University Press 2008 [11963] Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £12

 

  1. (DU MAURIER) Judith Cook Daphne: a portrait of Daphne du Maurier Bantam Press 1991 [12400] Very good in d/w £5

 

  1. (DU MAURIER) Martin Shallcross The Private World of Daphne Du Maurier Robson Books 1991 [12399] Biography – by a friend. Fine in d/w £5

 

  1. (EDEN) Violet Dickinson (Ed) Miss Eden’s Letters Macmillan 1919 [9339] Born, a Whig, in 1797. Her letters are full of social detail. In 1835 she went to India with her brother when he became governor-general. Very good £28

 

  1. (ELEANOR) Ralph Turner Eleanor of Aquitaine Yale University Press 2009 [11956] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £15

 

  1. (ELIOT) Carole Seymour-Jones Painted Shadow: a lfie of Vivienne Eliot Constable & Robinson 2001 [11992] Fine in fine d/w £9

 

  1. (ELIZABETH) Philip Yorke (ed) Letters of Princess Elizabeth of England, daughter of King George III, and Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg written for the most part to Miss Louisa Swinburne T. Fisher Unwin 1898 [8520] Full of social details – letters written both from England and Germany. Good £38

 

  1. (EUGENIE) Joyce Cartlidge Empress Eugénie: her secret revealed Magnum Opus Press 2008 [13468] The mystery of an illegitimate child…Soft covers – fine £5

 

  1. (FRAME) Janet Frame An Autobiography Women’s Press 1991 (r/p) [11999] Contains the three vols that comprise her autobiography – ‘To the Is-land’, ‘An Angel at My Table’ and ‘The Envoy from Mirror City’. Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £10

 

  1. (GAUTIER) Joanna Richardson Judith Gautier: a biography Quartet 1986 [12432] Biography of French woman of letters – and muse. Soft covers – fine £6

 

  1. (GLADSTONE) Lucy Masterman (ed) Mary Gladstone (Mrs Drew): her diaries and letters Methuen 1930 [8409] Daughter of Gladstone, born in 1847, excellent diary and letters, 1858-to her death (1927). Very good in d/w £18

 

  1. (GLASPELL) Barbara Ozieblo Susan Glaspell: a critical biography University of North Carolina Press 2000 [12016] Soft covers – fine in fine d/w £18

 

  1. (HAMMOND) Mrs John Hays Hammond A Woman’s Part in a Revolution Longmans, Green 1987 [6083] The ‘Revolution’ was the Boer War – her husband was imprisoned by the Boers. Good £30

 

  1. (HARRISON) Amy Greener A Lover of Books: the life and literary papers of Lucy Harrison J.M. Dent 1916 [11054] Lucy Harrison (a niece of Mary Howitt) studied at Bedford College, then taught for 20 years at a school in Gower St (Charlotte Mew was a pupil at the school and v. attached to Miss Harrison) and then became headmistress of the Mount School, York. Good – pasted onto the free front end paper is a presentation slip from the editor, Amy Greener, to Mary Cotterell £18

 

  1. HAYS, Frances Women of the Day: a biographical dictionary of notable contemporaries J.B. Lipincott (Philadelphia) 1885 [12594] A superb biographical source on interesting women. Good in original binding – with library shelf mark in ink on spine- scarce £75

 

  1. (HOOKS) bell hooks Bone Black: memories of girlhood Women’s Press 1997 [7137] Soft covers – mint £5

 

  1. (HOOKS) Bell Hooks Wounds of Passion: a writing life Women’s Press 1998 [10848] A memoir describing her struggle to become a writer. Soft covers – fine £4

 

  1. (HOWARD) Elizabeth Jane Howard Slipstream: a memoir Macmillan 2002 [10523] Fine in d/w £8

 

  1. (HOWE) Valarie Ziegler Diva Julia: the public romance and private agony of Julia Ward Howe Trinity Press International 2003 [11892] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £10

 

  1. (JACQUIER) Sir Francis Meynell introduces The Diary of Ivy Jacquier 1907-1926 Gollancz 1960 [14232] Diary of an Ango-French girl/woman – beginning with her time at a school in Eastbourne. Later she studied art in Dresden, lived in pre-1st World War Paris, did voluntary work in a Lyons hospital, and after the war married a Scot and lives in the Lake District and London. A diary to relish. Very good in d/w £10

 

  1. (JAMESON) Clara Thomas Love and Work Enough: the life of Anna Jameson Macdonald 1967 [12070] Good £10

 

  1. (JAMESON) G.H. Needler (ed) Letters of Anna Jameson to Ottilie von Goethe OUP 1939 [12451] Very good internally – cover marked £20

 

  1. (JAMESON) Judith Johnston Anna Jameson: Victorian, feminist, woman of letters Scolar Press 1997 [12461] An examination of Jameson’s non-fiction writing in the context of her life. Mint in mint d/w £20

 

  1. (JAMESON) Storm Jameson Journey from the North: autobiography of Storm Jameson Virago 1984 [9685] Soft covers – good – 2 volumes complete £12

 

  1. [JEBB] Alice Salomon Eglantyne Jebb Union Internationale de Secours Aux Enfants 1936 [13170] Short study in French. Paper covers – 53pp – very good                                                                       £5

 

  1. (JEX-BLAKE) Margaret Todd The Life of Sophia Jex-Blake Macmillan 1918 [13515] Interesting biography of a difficult woman – founder of the London School of Medicine for Women. Very good – with slight marking on front cloth cover. £30

 

  1. KELSALL, Helen Berridge House Who’s Who, 1893-1957 privately published [1957] [13005] A list of all the pupils and staff of the National Society’s Training College for Domestic Subjects – with a short history of the college. Paper covers – good                                                                                                     £12

 

  1. (KNIGHT) Roger Fulford (ed) The Autobiography of Miss Knight: lady companion to Princess Charlotte William Kimber 1960 [8543] Born in 1757, Ellis Cornelia Knight was appointed to the household of Queen Charlotte in 1805. Very good in torn dustwrapper £12

 

  1. LANE, Maggie Literary Daughters Robert Hale 1989 [10844] Studies of Fanny Burney, Maria Edgeworth, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Charlotte Bronte, George Eliot, Emily Dickinson, Beatrix Potter and Virginia Woolf – and their fathers. Very good in d/w £15

 

  1. (LAWRENCE) Rosie Jackson Frieda Lawrence Pandora 1994 [12009] Includes ‘Not I, But the Wind and other autobiographical writings’. Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £8

 

  1. (LEIGH) Michael and Melissa Bakewell Augusta Leigh: Byron’s half-sister – a biography Chatto & Windus 2000 [12012] Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £8

 

  1. (LIDDELL) Simon Winchester The Alice Behind Wonderland OUP 2011 [13406] ‘Using Charles Dodgson’s published writings, private diaries, and of course his photographic portraits, Winchester gently exposes the development of Lewis Carroll and the making of his Alice.’ Mint in d/w £6

 

  1. (MACAULAY) Jane Emery Rose Macaulay: a writer’s life John Murray 1991 [11888] Soft covers – fine £6

 

  1. MARTINDALE, Hilda Some Victorian Portraits and Others Allen & Unwin 1948 [6071] Biographical essays of members of her circle – including Adelaide Anderson, factory inspector. Very good in d/w £18

 

  1. (MARTYN) Christopher Hodgson (compiler) Carrie: Lincoln’s Lost Heroine privately published 2010 [14222] A biographical anthology of works relating to Caroline Eliza Derecourt Martyn, socialist. Soft covers – fine £10

 

  1. MAVINGA, Isha McKenzie And PERKINS, Thelma In Search of Mr McKenzie: two sisters’ quest for an unknown father Women’s Press 1991 [10418] An intriguing search to find their black father – their mother was white and Jewish. Soft covers – good £5

 

  1. (MAYNARD) Catherine B. Firth Constance Louisa Maynard: mistress of Westfield College Allen & Unwin 1949 [11033] Very good – scarce £15

 

  1. (MONTGOMERY) Catherine Andronik Kindred Spirit: a biography of L.M. Montgomery, creator of Anne of Green Gables Athenaeum 1993 [12441] Very good- in fine d/w £8

 

  1. (MONTGOMERY) Mary Rubio and Elizbeth Waterston (eds) The Selected Journals of L.M. Montgomery: vol 1 1889-1910 OUP 1985 [12426] Fine in very good d/w -424pp – heavy £15

 

  1. (MOODIE/TRAILL) Charlotte Gray Sisters in the Wilderness: Susanna Moodie and Catherine Parr Traill, pioneers of the Canadian backwoods Duckworth 2001 [11887] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £12

 

  1. (MORGAN) Mary Campbell Lady Morgan: the life and times of Sydney Owenson Pandora 1988 [9355] Soft covers – fine £10

 

  1. (MORGAN) Sydney Lady Morgan Passage From My Autobiography Richard Bentley 1859 [13675] ‘The following pages are the simple records of a transition existence, socially enjoyed, and pelasantly and profitably occupied, during a journey of a few months from Ireland to Italy.’ Good – in original decorative mauve cloth £18

 

  1. (MORRELL) Robert Gathorne-Hardy (ed) Ottoline:the early memoirs of Lady Ottoline Morrell; Ottoline at Garsington: memoirs of Lady Ottoline Morrell Faber, 1963 and Faber, 1974 (respectively [9499] Two volumes together, as a set – both good in d/w £28

 

  1. NEWNHAM COLLEGE REGISTER 1871-1950 privately printed [11776] packed with biographical information on students and staff.   Soft covers – 2 vols – good – although backing on vol 1 is coming unstuck and outermost cover of vol II is missing- internally very good – scarce                                             £40

 

  1. (NICE) Miranda Seymour The Bugatti Queen: in search of a motor-racing legend Simon & Schuster 2004 [10532] Romantic life of Helle Nice, who set land-speed records for Bugatti in the 1930s. Fine in d/w £8

 

  1. (NIGHTINGALE) Lynn McDonald (ed) Florence Nightingale’s European Travels Wilfrid Laurier Press 2004 [11112] Her correspondence, and a few short published articles, from her youthful European travels. She is an excellent observer and reporter. Fine in d/w – 802pp £45

 

  1. (NOURSE) Mary Alice Keekin Burke Elizabeth Nourse, 1859-1938: a salon career National Museum of American Art 1983 [6767] A study of the artist. Soft covers – large format – many illustrations – very good £15

 

  1. (OSBORN) Emily Osborn (ed) Political and Social Letters of a Lady of the Eighteenth Century: 1721-1771 Griffith Farren, Okeden and Welsh (London) 1890 [12054] Living in London and Chicksands (Bedfordshire), she managed her son’s involved estate. Her letters reveal to us 18th-century life – political, social and domestic. Very good internally -paper on spine and corners a little rubbed – gift inscription, 1895, to ‘Lady Strathmore’ – the present Queen’s great-grandmither £45

 

  1. PARRY, Melanie (ed) Chambers Biographical Dictionary of Women Chambers 1996 [12421] Soft covers – fine – 741pp – heavy                                                                                                              £10

 

  1. (PASTON) Helen Castor Blood and Roses Faber 2004 [11981] A family biography tracing the Pastons’ story across three generations. Mint in mint d/w £8

 

  1. (PHILIPS) Philip Webster Souers The Matchless Orinda Harvard University Press 1931 [9602] An account of the life of Mrs Katherine Philips, the first woman in England to gain the reputation of a poetess.Good – ex university library £28

 

  1. (PILKINGTON) Norma Clarke Queen of the Wits: a life of Laetitia Pilkington Faber 2008 [11058] Biography of a woman of the 18th century – poetess, fallen woman and wit. Mint in d/w £17

 

  1. (PLATH/HUGHES) Diane Middlebrook Her Husband: Hughes and Plath: a marriage Little,Brown 2004 [12020] Fine in fine d/w £8

 

  1. (PORTER) Pamily Petro The Slow Breath of Stone: a Romanesque love story Fourth Estate 2005 [10461] Extremely interesting biography of Kingsley and Lucy Porter who in the 1920s documented the Romanesque abbeys of south-west France. Using these photographs and Lucy’s journal the author retraces their steps and their lives. Fine in d/w £8

 

  1. (PUREFOY) G. Eland (ed) Purefoy Letters 1735-1753 Sidgwick & Jackson 1931 [9338] The letters of Elizabeth Purefoy (1672-1765), whose husband died in 1704, and her son, Henry Purefoy. Elizabeth Purefoy was, as her epitaph recorded, ‘a woman of excellent understanding, prudent and frugal’ and her letters are full of domestic detail.  Very good – two volumes                                                                                    £40

 

  1. (RHYS) Francis Wyndham And Diana Melly (eds) Jean Rhys Letters 1931-1966 Deutsch 1984 [9507] Very good in d/w £12

 

  1. (RICHARDSON) Gloria G. Fromm (ed) Windows on Modernism: selected letters of Dorothy Richardson University of Georgia Press 1995 [6766] Over 700pp – mint in d/w £55

 

  1. (RIDING) Deborah Baker In Extremis; the life of Laura Riding Hamish Hamilton 1993 [11989] Fine in very good d/w £7

 

  1. (ROBINS) Octavia Wilberforce Backsettown & Elizabeth Robins published for private circulation 1952 [13258] A little tribute – telling how Elizabeth Robins came to set up the retreat at Backsettown in Sussex. With lovely photograph of Elizabeth Robins tipped in as frontispiece. Fine in paper wraps – with a birthday inscription on free front endpaper – scarce £38

 

  1. (ROBINSON) Paula Byrne Perdita; the life of Mary Robinson HarperCollins 2004 [12017] Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £5

 

  1. (RUSKIN) Mary Lutyens (ed) Young Mrs Ruskin in Venice: the picture of society and life with John Ruskin 1849-1852 Vanguard Press (NY) 1965 [13200] Very good in d/w £12

 

  1. (SARTON) Margot Peters
    May Sarton: a biography Ballantine 1998 [12001] Soft covers – fine                                              £10

 

  1. (SARTON) May Sarton At Eighty-Two: a journal Women’s Press 1996 [6103] The last of her celebrated journals. Paper covers – mint £7

 

  1. (SARTON) May Sarton (ed. Susan Sherman) Selected Letters, 1916-1954 Women’s Press 1997 [1627] Paper covers – fine £3

 

  1. (SEEBOHM) Victoria Glendinning A Suppressed Cry: life and death of a Quaker daughter Routledge 1969 [4276] The short, sad life of Winnie Seebohm, smothered by her loving family. She enjoyed a month at Newnham in 1885, before returning home and dying. Good in d/w – though ex-library £4

 

  1. SICHERMAN, Barbara et al (eds) Notable American Women: The Modern Period Belknap Press of Harvard University Press 1980 [12418] Soft covers – 773pp – heavy – very good £12

 

  1. (SIMPSON) Morrice McCrae Simpson: the turbulent life of a medical pioneer Birlinn 2011 [13433] The discoverer of ‘the blessed chloroform’ and, as such, an important figure in ‘woman’s sphere’. Soft covers – mint £5

 

  1. (SLATE/SLAWSON) Tieri Thompson (ed) Dear Girl: the diaries and letters of two working women 1897-1917 The Women’s Press 1987 [13731] Letters and diaries of two women whose friendship was played out against the background of the suffrage movement. Paper covers – very good
    £6

 

  1. (SMITH) David Thomson With Moyra McGusty (eds) The Irish Journals of Elizabeth Smith 1840-1850 Clarendon Press 1980 [2156] A selection from the journals of Elizabeth Smith of Baltiboys, C. Wicklow, giving a graphic account of the Irish famine of the 1840s. Fine in d/w £10

 

  1. SMITH, Glora Jarvis A Jarvis Tapestry Part II privately published 2003 [9287] ‘The story of an Edwardian family of Aylesbury at home and beyond, through the twenties and thirties to modern times’. Laminated covers – mint £5

 

  1. (SOYER) Ruth Cowen Relish: the extraordinary life of Alexis Soyer, Victorian celebrity chef Weidenfeld 2006 [9824] Chef and kitchen designer to the Reform Club and reformer of army catering. Mint in d/w £8

 

  1. (ST TERESA OF AVILA) St Teresa of Avila by Herself Penguin Classics 1957 (r/p) [11950] Soft covers – fine £6

 

  1. STARK, Freya The Coast of Incense: autobiography 1933-1939 John Murray 1953 [10564] Covers her travels in Egypt, the Middle East and South Arabia. Good in chipped d/w £6

 

  1. (STARKE) Gerlof Janzen (ed) Buy A Copy: recently discovered letters of the 19th-century travel guide writer Mariana Starke Robert Schreuder Grand Tour Publishers 2014 [14230] Beautifully illustrated edition of 17 recently-discovered letters written by my heroine Mariana Starke to a friend, Edgell Wyatt Edgell. While living in Rome Mariana was arranging to purchase copies of old master for this gentleman, suitably tailored to fit into his Surrey house. Packed with details about the Roman art world and English taste, amplified by the editor’s knowledgeable commentary. A good read. Soft covers – mint                                             £35

 

  1. (STEAD) Chris Williams Christina Stead: a life of letters Virago 1989 [11891] Soft covers – fine £8

 

  1. (STOREY) Joyce Storey Our Joyce Broadsides 1987 [10389] Life in pre-Second World War Bristol. Soft covers – very good £4

 

  1. (STOREY) STOREY, Joyce Joyce’s War 1939-1945 Virago 1992 (r/p) [13482] Soft covers -very good                                                                                                                                                                £4

 

  1. (STOWE) Joan Hedrick Harriet Beecher Stowe OUP 1994 [11991] Soft covers – fine      £9

 

  1. (STUART) Hon. James A. Home (ed) Letters of Lady Louisa Stuart to Miss Louisa Clinton David Douglas (Edinburgh) 1901 & 1903 [13335] Two volumes – complete set. The first volume covers the period 1817 to 1825 and the second volume (called ‘Second Series’) that from1826 to 1834. Society observed. Very good – two volumes together                                                                                                             £38

 

  1. (SWAN) Mildred Robertson Nicoll The Letters of Annie S. Swan Hodder & Stoughton 1946 (r/p) [9668] Good reading copy. £10

 

  1. (TENNYSON) James O. Hoge Lady Tennyson’s Journal University Press of Virginia 1981 [9675] Fine in d/w £18

 

  1. (TREFUSIS) Philippe Jullian and John Phillips Violet Trefusis: life and letters Hamish Hamilton 1976 [12443] Fine in fine d/w £8

 

  1. (TREFUSIS) Philippe Jullian And PHILLIPS, John Violet Trefusis: a biography including correspondence with Vita Sackville-West Methuen 1986 [10164] Soft covers – good £7

 

  1. (TROUBRIDGE) Jaqueline Hope-Nicholson (ed) Life Amongst the Troubridges: journals of a young Victorian 1873-1884 by Laura Troubridge John Murray 1966 [9324] Very good in rubbed d/w £10

 

  1. (TUCKER) Agnes Giberne A Lady of England: the life and letters of Charlotte Maria Tucker Hodder & Stoughton 1895 [9599] The standard biography of a popular children’s and religious writer – who spent the later years of her life as a missionary in India. Good – though ex-university library £28

 

  1. (TWINING) Louisa Twining Recollections of My Life and Work Edward Arnold 1893 [10625] She was an early ‘social worker’ – involved with workhouse visiting, promoting the idea of poor law inspectors and was herself a poor law guardian. Very good – scarce £68

 

  1. (VICTORIA) Agatha Ramm (ed) Beloved and Darling Child: last letters between Queen Victoria and her eldest daughter 1886-1901 Alan Sutton 1990 [6509] Mint in d/w £10

 

  1. (VICTORIA) Dorothy Marshall The Life and Times of Victoria Weidenfeld & Nicolson 1992 (r/p) [6510] Lavishly illustrated. Mint in d/w £10

 

  1. WALKER, Alice The Same River: honoring the difficult Women’s Press 1996 [9929] ‘A meditation on life, spirit, art, and the making of the film\ ‘The Color Purple ‘ ten years later. Fine in d/w £6

 

  1. (WARD) John Sutherland Mrs Humphry Ward: eminent Victorian, pre-eminent Edwardian OUP 1990 [12008] Fine in very good d/w £8

 

  1. (WARWICK) Charlotte Fell-Smith Mary Rich, Countess of Warwick (1625-1678), her family and friends Longmans, Green 1901 [1754] Very good £45

 

  1. (WEAVER) Jane Lidderdale And Mary Nicholson Dear Miss Weaver: Harriet Shaw Weaver 1876-1961 Faber 1970 [8925] The woman behind The Egoist and patron of James Joyce. Very good in d/w £20

 

  1. (WEETON) Edward Hall (ed) Miss Weeton journal of a governess OUP, 1936 and 1939 [7614] In two volumes – covering the years 1807-11 and 1811-25 – shows what life was like for an unprotected female (albeit one of great strength of character) in the North of England (Huddersfield, Wigan, Liverpool), Wales and London. Very good                                                                                                                            £60

 

  1. (WHARTON) R.W.B. Lewis And Nancy Lewis The Letters of Edith Wharton Simon & Schuster 1988 [9747] Fine in fine d/w – 654pp £12

 

  1. (WILBERFORCE) Pat Jalland (ed) Octavia Wilberforce: the autobiography of a pioneer woman doctor Cassell 1989 [14231] Companion to Elizabeth Robins and doctor to Virginia Woolf. Fine in d/w £12

 

  1. (WOLLSTONECRAFT) JOHNSON, Claudia (ed) The Cambridge Companion to Mary Wollstonecraft CUP 2002 [11365] Soft covers – mint £10

 

  1. (WOOLF) Joanne Trautmann Banks (ed) Virginia Woolf: Congenial Spirits: selected letters Pimlico 2003 [9367] Soft covers – mint £12

 

  1. (WOOLF) Mitchell Leaska Granite and Rainbow; the hidden life of Virginia Woolf Picador 2000 [9449] Soft covers – fine £6

 

  1. (WOOLF) Virginia Woolf A Writer’s Diary Hogarth Press, 6th imp 1972 [9368] Fine in d/w (previous owner’s name neatly written on free front endpaper) £12

 

  1. WORTHEN, John The Gang: Coleridge, the Hutchinsons and the Wordsworths in 1802 Yale University Press 2001 [12409] Draws on letters and diaries to illuminate the dynamics of the group at a time of intense creativity. Fine in fine d/w £8

 

 

General Ephemera

 

 

  1. VICTORIA LEAGUE – BATH BRANCH – AWARD OF MERIT [13771] The Victoria League was founded by women in 1901 to promote greater understanding between all parts of the British Empire – concentrating on hospitality and education. This certificate – Award of Merit – was awarded to Francis A. Bodger – for  ‘Australia’, presumably an essay. Francis Ainsworth Bodger was born in 1877, in 1911 was a sergeant in the Royal Artillery, and died in Bath in 1940. The certificate gives the name of the Branch President as Leila Cubitt, and she died in Bath in 1951. The decorative certificate has at its centre a black & white illustration by Robert Anning Bell ‘What is the Flag of England Winds of the World Declare’. Good £12

 

  1. ASSOCIATION OF ASSISTANT MISTRESSES Education Policy; with special reference to Secondary Education no date (early 20th c) [14163] 4-pp leaflet – good – ex-Board of Education library £5

 

  1. ASSOCIATION OF ASSISTANT MISTRESSES Education Policy (with special reference to Secondary Education) AAM no date (1920s?) [13042] 4-pp leaflet. Good – ex-Board of Education library £2

 

  1. ASSOCIATION OF ASSISTANT MISTRESSES IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS The Teaching of English 1907 [12706] A paper given by Miss C.L. Thomson at the 1907 Annual Meeting of the Association. 16-pp pamphlet – good – ex-Board of Education library £8

 

  1. ASSOCIATION OF HEAD MISTRESSES Memorandum Forwarded to the President of the Board of Education, 5 Jan 1907 [12698] 8-pp pamphlet dealing with the issue of the length of the school day and whether afternoon classes should be compulsory or optional. Good – ex-Board of Education libary £5

 

  1. (AUSTEN) Frederick Bussby Jane Austen in Winchester Friends of Winchester Cathedral [14187] Essay delineating Jane Austen’s links to Winchester. Soft covers – pamphlet – fine                            £8

 

  1. AUTOGRAPHS – THE GUILDHOUSE [13061] The Guildhouse was an ecumenical place of worship and cultural centre founded in 1921 by Maude Royden. On 4 sheets of paper are fixed 25 cut-out signatures, including those of Maude Royden, Hudson Shaw, Daisy Dobson (Maude Royden’s secretary), Zoe Procter (former WSPU activist), and Katherine Courtney (of the NUWSS). Together                                 £45

 

  1. BINFIELD, Clyde Belmont’s Portias: Victorian nonconformists and middle-class education for girls Dr Williams’ Trust 1981 [9158] The 35th Friends of Dr Williams’s Library Lecture. Paper covers – 35pp – good – scarce £18

 

  1. BOARD OF EDUCATION List of Elementary Schools and Training Colleges under the Administration of the Board 1902-1903 HMSO 1903 [13333] The lists include the number of pupils at each school, the average attendance and the amount the school received in an annual grant. This is bound with (1) ‘Lists of Secondary Schools, Science and Art Schools and Classes, and Evening Schools under the Administration of the Board 1902-1903’. The lists give details of the number of pupils attending day and night classes in both Science and in Art and the total ammount allocated in grants to each school.
    (2) ‘Evening Schools Aided by Parliamentary Grants’, giving the number of pupils receiving grants. Packed with information on schools and classes in England and Wales. Leather bound, 193pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library                                                                                                                                                 £28

 

  1. BUTLER, Josephine (ed) The Storm Bell Ladies’ National Association for the Abolition of State Regulation of Vice Feb 1899 [9802] Single issue. Contains the rather touching notice: ‘If there should occasionally be some delay or irregularity in the appearance of the Storm Bell, I beg my Friends to judge its Editor leniently….As I have no Sub-Editor, it will be understood that it is not always easy to prepare even so humble a periodical as this, in time to be out exactly at the right date.’ Fine – scarce £28

 

  1. CAMPBELL, Dame Janet Infant Mortality Ministry of Health 1929 [12257] International Inquiry of the Health Organisation of the League of Nations, English Section. Paper covers – 118pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8

 

  1. CHARITY ORGANISATION REVIEW Vol X (New Series) July To Dec 1901 Longmans, Green 1902 [9244] half-yearly bound volume of the COS’s own magazine. Very good                            £28

 

  1. CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY D.R. Sharpe Centralised Registration of Assistance COS 1911 [9236] Paper read on 31 May 1911 at the Annual National Conference of Charity Organisation Societies. Paper covers – 14pp pamphlet – good – unusual £18

 

  1. CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY H. Holman A Restatement of the First Principles of Charity Organisation Work COS 1912 [14100] Paper read on 21 May 1912 at the 21st Annual National Conference of Charity Organisation Societies, Manchester. Paper covers – 24pp – good – unusual £25

 

  1. CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY J.W. Pennyman The Cost of Good Work COS 1895 [14099] A Paper read at the Cheltenham Charity Organisation Conference. ‘How shall we estimate the cost of good work? To do this we shall have to realise what is meant by good work, and to consider the special needs of our locality.’ A discussion of the financial costs of local charity. COS Occasional Paper No 57. 6-pp – unusual £18

 

  1. CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY Miss Pike Friendly Visiting and Personal Service COS 1911 [9238] Paper read on 1 June 1911 at the Annual National Conference of Charity Organisation Societies. Paper covers – 11pp – good – a little foxing – unusual £20

 

  1. CLERKS WANTED [14189] Both Sexes! All Ages! – a double-sided leaflet published by the National Union of Clerks urging clerks to join the union even though they might think ‘this is “not quite the thing” for a clerk’. The Union’s offices were at 22 Rugby Chambers, Chapel St, London WC1. No date – but probably 1920s                                                                                                                                                                £3

 

  1. COLLECTION OF LEAFLETS CONCERNING THE 1929 GENERAL ELECTION [14188] Mainly Unionist leaflets – ‘Safety First’ was their campaigning message. Together with the Proportional Representation Society’s Report for the Year May 1929-April 1930. 17 items in good condition    £12

 

  1. CONSERVATIVE AND UNIONIST WOMEN’S FRANCHISE ASSOCIATION Why Conservative and Unionist Women Want the Vote: points for speakers CUWFA, no date (c 1912?) [6810] 4pp- leaflet – very good £35

 

  1. CORNHILL MAGAZINE, May 1912 Smith, Elder 1912 [7968] Includes an article by Ella Sykes, ‘At a women’s hostel in Canada’. Ella Sykes was a member of the Colonial Intelligence League for Educated Women and visited Canada, in the guise of a ‘home help’, on the League’s behalf to spy out the land. Soft covers – very good £8

 

  1. COUNCIL OF WOMEN CIVIL SERVANTS Higher Appointments Open to Women in the Civil Service P.S. King 1928 [12709] ‘It is believed that the number and the importance of the careers in the Civil Service open to women are not fully recognised…’. 8-pp pamphlet – good- ex-Board of Education library. £10

 

  1. DINNER AND PRESENTATION TO MISS ALISON NEILANS [12351] 4-pp leaflet, reprinted from ‘The Shield’, Dec 1938, describing the ‘Silver Jubilee dinner held at St Ermin’s Hotel, Westminster, to celebrate Miss Neilans’ 25 years work with the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene’. Good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library                                                                                                                    £8

 

  1. ELIZA COOK’S JOURNAL VOLS 1-3 [8594] Runs from issue 1, 5 May 1849 to issue 156, 24 April 1852. Very good condition – half leather and marbled boards. Each vol                                           £38

 

  1. FABIAN WOMEN’S GROUP Summary of Eight Papers and Discussions upon the Disabilities of Mothers as Workers Fabian Women’s Group (Private Circulation) 1910 [12973] Papers by Mrs Pember Reeves, Dr Ethel Vaughan-Sawyer, Mrs Spence Weiss, Mrs Bartrick Baker, Mrs Stanbury, Mrs S.K. Ratcliffe, Miss B.L. Hutchins, Mrs O’Brien Harris. Paper covers – good                                                                            £15

 

  1. FEDERATION OF SOCIETIES OF TEACHERS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION [13329] Two of the Federation’s annual reports. First Annual Report (Oct 1935-Sept 1936), 6pp; Fourth Annual Report (October 1938-Dec 1939), 12pp. Both soft covers, both very good. Together                                                 £12

 

  1. GIRLS’ OWN ANNUAL, Oct 1891- Sept 1892 [2459] Very good internally – with Extra Christmas Number 1891 and Extra Summer Number 1892 bound in- in publisher’s binding – spine leather rubbed and torn. Includes the colour reproduction of a painting by Kate Greenaway. Heavy                                      £30

 

  1. GIRLS OWN ANNUAL, Oct 1895- Sept 1896 [2441] Includes an article on the Bryant & May match girls; ‘A young servant’s outfit, and what to buy for it’.  Very good – in decorative binding             £35

 

  1. GIRLS’ OWN ANNUAL, Oct 1896-Sept 1897 [3123] Very good internally – in slightly worn publisher’s binding. Includes a series of articles on ‘What are the provincial county councils doing for girls?’ and all the usual wonderful mix – plus the Extra Christmas Number and an extra Diamond Jubilee Number. Heavy                                                                                                                                                              £20

 

  1. GRUBBE, JULIA HARRIET [14212] A collection of photograph and over 20 letters relating to Julia Harriet Grubbe (1845-1907), the daughter of John Eustace Grubbe, magistrate, parliamentary agent and sometime mayor of Southwold. A very large page carries 11 photographs of Julia, covering the whole of her life. In the 1880s/90s, from which period most of the letters (all written to her) date, she lived with her parents and four unmarried siblings in Park Lane, Southwold. A study of the letters gives an insight into the concerns of a woman of her class and time. In very good condition                                                                 £45

 

  1. HARRIS, E.M. Married Women in Industry Institute of Personnel Management 1954 [12293] Paper covers – 30pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3

 

  1. HENRY, S.A, Health of the Factory Worker in Wartime [4154] two lectures, by HM medical inspector of factories, reprinted from ‘The Lancet’, 11 and 18 Dec 1943. Paper covers – presentation copy from the author                                                                                                                                                                £5

 

  1. HMSO A Study of the Factors which have operated in the past and those which are operating now to determine the distribution of women in industry 1930 [3638] Paper covers – very good – 33pp £18

 

  1. HMSO Third Report from the Select Committee on National Expenditure: Health and Welfare of Women in War Factories HMSO 1942 [12219] 24-pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £8

 

  1. HMSO Ministry of Health, Survey of Relief to Widows and Children (1919) 1920 [3636] Missing its outer wrappers otherwise very good – 186pp £12

 

  1. HOMERTON COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE [12782] Reports of the Congregational Board of Education on its Training College, Homerton Undenominational College – for the years ending 30 June 1900, 1901, 1902., 1903, 1905. By this time Homerton College was training only women teachers.  All in good condition (the report for 1901 has a small hole pierced through it but with no loss of text) in paper covers. Ex Board of Education library with the usual library stamps and labels – 5 items together                     £28

 

  1. HUTCHINS, B.L. Women’s Industrial Career Sheratt & Hughes Oct 1909 [3631] Reprinted from The Sociological Review. Paper covers – good £9

 

  1. INDUSTRIAL HEALTH RESEARCH BOARD OF THE MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL Why Is She Away?: the problem of sickness among women in industry HMSO no date (1945) [12295] Soft covers – 22pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £4

 

  1. [JEX-BLAKE] Margaret Todd Sophia Jex-Blake [14196] Obituary article by Jex-Blake’s close friend – reprinted from the Royal Free Hospital Magazine. 8-pp – printed by the Women’s Printing Society – fine – in paper covers                                                                                                                                           £8

 

  1. KLEIN, Viola Employing Married Women Institute of Personnel Management 1961 [12291] Paper covers – 52pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library SOLD

 

  1. LEWISHAM WOMEN’S INSTITUTE  [7225] Programme of classes for 1957-58 – 12pp      £4

 

  1. LONDON INSTITUTE FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF PLAIN NEEDLEWORK Annual Report for the Year ending September 30th, 1909 1909 [13041] The Institute trained (women) teachers in needlework and knitting. The report includes a list of all those women who held its Diploma since its opening in 1878. 24pp – good in paper covers – ex-Board of Education library £8

 

  1. MACCARTHY, Fiona Work for Married Women Conservative Political Centre 1966 [12297] Paper covers – 18pp – good- withdrawn from the Women’s Library SOLD

 

  1. MANNING, E. A. Moral Teaching in Schools: a paper read at the Social Science Congress, Brighton Edward Stanford Oct 1875 [13208] Elizabeth Adelaide Manning was associated with the founding of Girton College, Cambridge, and was for many years a member of its executive committee. Paper covers – 16pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £12

 

  1. MARTINDALE, Hilda Autograph letter [13473] to ‘Mr Lively’ (I think that is the name) who had been very encouraging about her book. The date is 27 July 1939 so the book must have been ‘Women Servants of the State’. She is sending him a copy of the book and remarks ‘The reviews have been good but the sales bad!). I sheet                                                                                                                                                      £5

 

  1. MATHIEU, Nicole-Claude Ignored by Some, Denied by Others: the social sex category in sociology Women’s Research and Resources Centre Publications 1977 [2870] Paper covers – very good £4

 

  1. MINISTRY OF HOUSING AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT Moving from the Slums HMSO 1956 [12249] Seventh Report of the Housing Management Sub-committee of the Central Housing Advisory Committee. Paper covers – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £4

 

  1. MISSION HOME FOR ENGLISH WOMEN IN PARIS [14210] A printed report, issued in 1880, into the running of the Ada Leigh Home in Paris. There had been corscurating complaints about its management and the report is the result of an investigation by ‘Ed. Hutchinson of Sumner Place, South Kensington’. He exonerated Miss Leigh from any impropriety and in the course of his report gives an interesting survey of the work of the Home, which provided shelter in Paris for women and children with links to Britain. Has been folded, previously bound in volume, spine loose, small tear top page. 6 foolscap pages – 12 sides   £45

 

  1. NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S TEACHERS How Equal Pay would Help Industry and Decrease Unemployment 1930s? [10735] Single page leaflet – fine                                                                 £8

 

  1. NORWEGIAN JOINT COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL POLICY The Status of Women in Norway Today 1953 [13173] Paper covers -67 pp – with photographs – with drawn from the Women’s Library £3

 

  1. PALLISTER, Minnie Socialism for Women ILP no date [1924] [12759] ‘Not only the “Intelligent” Women but for all Women’ – with a nod to G.B. Shaw. Paper covers -18-pp pamphlet – good £18

 

  1. PAUPER HOSPITALS AND SCHOOLS Return of ‘all district and separate pauper hospitals (including asylums of the Metropolitan Asylum District), also of district and separate pauper schools, built during the past ten years; giving the name of hospital or school; names of unions contribution; class of inmates; extent of area; cost of site; cost of building; number of inmates; exclusive of officers; cost per head on number to be accommodated; and number of inmates on 1 May 1885 HMSO 1885 [9205] 6 foolscap pages. Very good – disbound £20

 

  1. REFORMATORIES AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOLS (COMMITTALS) Returns showing the comparative number of committals of boys and girls to reformatories and industrial schools April 1872 [9150] ‘Shows comparative number of committals of boys and girls to reformatories and industrial schools in 1870, with the number of cases in which the parents have been charged with such payment towards their children’s cost at such schools as may be considered equal to the expense they are saved by so throwing their children on public support, together with a comparative statement of the number of cases in which such charge has been adjudged, with that of the charges actually recovered and regularly paid.’ Raw facts. 4 foolscap pp – disbound £28

 

  1. REPORT OF A DEPARTMENTAL COMMITTEE ON THE PREVALENCE OF VENEREAL DISEASE AMONG THE BRITISH TROOPS IN INDIA HMSO 1897 [12353] 33-pp foolscap Report – together with – ‘A Rough Record 1858-1935 on the work of the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene, in connection with the British Army in India’ – 8-pp foolscap report. In good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £12

 

  1. REPORT OF THE MABYS ASSOCIATION FOR THE CARE OF YOUNG GIRLS, 1922 1923 [12723] Founded by Mrs Nassau Senior in 1874 ‘to befriend and protect the girls brought up in the Guardians’ Schools, and those of other Public Authorities in the Metropolitan area. The Association tries to ensure for these girls the same chances in life and the same status as those girls who have been brought up in their own homes’. This Annual Report gives full detail of the Mabys work – the homes it ran – and its workers and supporters. Good – 34pp – ex-Board of Education library £15

 

  1. REPORT OF THE STREET OFFENCES COMMITTEE HMSO 1928 [12372] The Committee included Margery Fry. Good – 50pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5

 

  1. REVIEW OF REVIEWS [3887] edited by W.T. Stead. the first volume, January-June 1890. As Stead spotted, here was a gap in the market, enabling the interested observer to keep a finger on the pulse of the world. With v useful indexes to articles in current periodicals. Very good                                                   £25

 

  1. RYLE, Effie Women’s Life in the Nineteenth Century as seen in English fiction National Adult School Union, no date [c. 1930?] [8858] 16-pp booklet giving brief background information about women’s lives in the 19th century, a ‘Suggested Plan for Study by a Group’ and notes for using\i Shirley\i0 , \i Mary Barton\i0 ,\i The Old Wives’ Tale\i0 and\i Kipps\i0 to explore the issues raised. Soft covers – good                           £12

 

  1. SENIOR, Mrs Nassau Pauper Schools HMSO 1875 [10457] ‘Copy ”of a Letter addressed to the President of the Local Government Board by Mrs Nassau Senior, lately an Inspector of the Board, being a reply to the observation of Mr Tufnell, also a former inspector upon her report on pauper schools’. This was a follow-up to Mrs Senior’s 1874 report.
    24pp – large format – disbound. £28

 

  1. SIR HENRY JONES [11407] writes a glowing testimonial, dated 18 July 1901, for his former pupil, Mabel Atkinson, a candidate for a lectureship at the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire. She was a graduate of Glasgow University and was then a research student at LSE, a Fabian and a suffragette. .LSE Library holds some material on her.  Fine                                                                                  £48

 

  1. SMALL COLLECTION DOCUMENTING THE ACADEMIC PROGRESS OF MURIEL LONG AT THE COUNTY HIGH SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, WEST KIRBY 1920-1926 [12613] The tenor of Muriel’s school reports is ‘very fair’ – and we all know what that means. But she was clearly much younger than the average age of the class and does quite well in maths and science. Generally her conduct is ‘very good’ but at least one report notes ‘rather noisy in the class room’.Included in the collection are a number of programmes for Speech Day and Annual Sports, dating from the 1920s. In 1926 Muriel went on to Underwood Commercial College in Liverpool to learn shorthand and typing (1st in the class in ‘Office Routine’). I think Muriel married in 1940 and died in 2006 – leaving bequests to Venice in Peril and the Royal Overseas League – so it doesn’t look as though being graded only ‘very fair’ at Scripture, Ancient History etc  had prevented her taking an interest. An eclectic collection of material                                                                                          £45

 

  1. TEACHERS’ GUILD OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND Collection of Annual Reports [13217] Reports for 1896-1897; 1897; 1899; 1900; 1901-1902; 1904-1905; 1905-1906; 1906; 1907-1908; 1908; 1909-10; 1910; 1911-12. The Guild represented both male and female teachers. With much detail of local branches. Each Report c 90pp, in original paper covers (the occasional cover present, but detached) – all in good condition. Together – 13 items                                                                                                            £80

 

  1. TEACHERS’ GUILD OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND List of Members Alphabetically Arranged 1913 [13218] Names and addresses – very useful. Women teachers appear to be in the majority. Soft covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £15

 

  1. THE ASSOCIATION FOR MORAL AND SOCIAL HYGIENE The Alison Neilans Memorial Lectures AMSH [12337] 3 of these annual lectures: 1) No 5 Mary Stocks, Josephine Butler and the Moral Standards of Today, 1961; 2) No 6 T.C.N. Gibbens, The Clients of Prostitutes, 1962 and 3) A Summary of the Tenth Alison Neilans Memorial Lecture given by Dr R.D. Catterall, 1967.  Paper covers – in good condition, withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together                                                                                £10

 

  1. THE ASSOCIATION OF ASSISTANT HEADMISTRESSES IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS Memorandum and Articles of Association Busk, Mellor & Norris 1897 [14162] The Association was founded by a group of women teachers to, among other things, improve the status of teachers and to lobby for improvements in education. Good condition – in paper covers – 32pp – ex-Board of Education Library                                                                                                                                                              £12

 

  1. THE ASSOCIATION OF HEAD MISTRESSES List of Public Secondary Schools for Girls 1905 1905 [13046] Card covers – good – ex-Board of Education library £10

 

  1. THE GREAT PARTNERSHIP Women’s Liberal Federation 1949 [2879] ‘Being a report of the Enquiry Committee on Women’s Position in the Community set up by the Executive Committee of the Women’s Liberal Federation at the request of the Chairman of the Liberal Party Organisation’. Paper covers – 40pp – very good £2

 

  1. THE LAUNDRY INDUSTRY EDUCATION BOARD Education, Training and Scholarships in the Laundry Industry Laundry Industry Education Board 1953 (revised) [13214] A vanished world of work. Paper covers – 16pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £8

 

 

  1. THE POETRY REVIEW The Saint Catherine Press May 1912 [14151] Special ‘Women Poets’ issue. Includes articles on Christina Rossetti, Alice Meynell and Katherine Tynan – and reviews of others – such as Lady Margaret Sackville, Elizabeth Gibson Cheyne,Lilian Sauter, Zoe Akins etc. Paper covers – good £18

 

 

  1. THE SHIELD [12339] ‘The Official Organ of the British Committee of the International Federation for the Abolition of State Regulation of Vice’ – 5 issues. 1) August 1911; 2) Feb-March 1926; 3) May 1940; 4) Oct 1961; 5) Nov 1970 (Centenary Number) All paper covers – good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. – together                                                                                                                               £12

 

  1. THE SPECTATOR AUGUST 6 1836 [14067] Includes a report of a wife offered for sale at ‘the new Islington cattle market’. She fetched 26s.                                                                                           £20

 

  1. THE VIGILANCE RECORD [12336] ‘The Organ of the National Vigilance Association’, 3 issues: 1) 15 January 1888, ed Mrs Ormiston Chant 2) April 1926 3) April 1928. All withdrawn from the Women’s Library – in good condition – nicked and creassed at edges. Together                                                            £10

 

  1. TOULMIN, Camilla A Story of the Factories (c 1842) [6136] ‘It was on a fine summer morning in the year 1841 that three young persons, the children of an agricultural labourer, presented themselves at a certain railway station, and, after obtaining third-class tickets, might have been seen waiting for the arrival of the train…’ They had left their native Dorsetshire to travel to Manchester.. Short story – a tract – 32pp – recently bound in card covers – very good £18

 

  1. USEFUL WOMEN [13802] ‘The League of Gentlewomen has been formed with the object of bringing into touch those who want certain kinds of work done with those who are ready and able to do it for them’ – thus reads the preamble to a 4-pp – rather smartly produced – leaflet for ‘Useful Women’. Their office was at 48 Dover Street, Mayfair, in the heart of what was then women’s clubland. The two partners in the enterprise are given as ‘Miss Kerr’ and ‘Mrs Dale’ and the leaflet comprises an A-Z of all the kinds of tasks ‘Useful Women’ would undertake – from ‘Advice and help on all domestic matters’ to ‘Zoo parties arranged.’ A list of referees is given – which includes Dr Elizabeth Sloan Chesser.
    ‘Useful Women’ had been formed in 1921 (possibly in Brighton) by Lilian Kerr. The financial basis for the scheme was that women  who wanted employment lent money to the company. In 1928 she sold the business to a company (presumably the Dover Street incarnation of Useful Women)- of which she was a managing director – paying herself £400 per annum. But being unable to pay back the loans made in 1929 she was judged bankrupt. In 1936 she applied for a discharge but this wasn’t allowed, the registrar taking a very dim view of what was termed her misconduct in accepting money she knew she couldn’t pay back. However Useful Women continued to trade from the Dover Street address certainly until the Second World War. One can only assume that those enquiring about zoo parties knew nothing of  the murky financial background of at least one of Useful Women’s partners. How well the firm would have fitted into an Eveyn Waugh novel. 4-pp – very nicely designed and printed leaflet – fine                                                                                                                      £25

 

  1. WARWICK, The Countess Of Unemployment: its causes and consequences Twentieth Century Press, no date (c 1906) [14117] Pamphlet – 16pp – first published as two articles in the ‘Daily Mail’ in Feb 1906. Good internally. The rather grubby pink paper covers – with a v glamourous photograph of the author – are present – heavily chipped – but detached. Scarce                                                                                               £45

 

  1. WHITE, Florence The Spinsters Manifesto!!: a detailed statement of the case for contributory (non-retiring) pensions at 55 National Spinsters Pensions Association 1945 [11346] ‘We herewith present the case for pension consideration for single women at 55, trusting that after perusal you will be impressed by the reasonable nature of the reform advocated, agreeing with us that single women are indeed the OVERLOOKED SECTION in the present Social Insurance Proposals’. Pamphlet -12pp – fine £28

 

  1. WIGHTMAN, Clare Women At Work and In Society Modern Records Centre, Warwick University, 2nd ed 1991 [7541] Gives sources for the subject in the Warwick Modern Records Centre. Paper covers – fine £4

 

  1. WILKINS, Mrs Roland The Training and Employment of Education Women in Horticulture and Agriculture Women’s Farm and Garden Association 1927 [13213] Soft covers – 52pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £20

 

  1. WILSON, Dr Helen Prostitution and the Law: is prostitution a trade? Association for Moral and Social Hygiene [1926] [13469] reprinted from ‘The Shield’, March 1926. 8-pp pamphlet. Very good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £10

 

  1. WOMAN AT HOME (Annie S. Swan’s Magazine) Hodder & Stoughton 1894 [13692] Includes chapters from Annie Swan’s ‘Elizabeth Glen, M.B.; the experiences of a lady doctor’, as well as the usual wide range of interviews, articles -including fashion, cookery and house furnishing, and stories. Good – hundreds of pages!                                                                                                                                                               £18

 

  1. WOMAN’S WEEKLY [14155] A run of the magazine from the very first issue – 4 November 1911 – to 6 April 1912 plus the issue for 14 September 1912. Priced at 1 penny, the magazine is packed with advice about housekeeping, fashion – for women and children, childcare, and with serials by the likes of Annie S. Swan.  20 issues – all in very good condition (except that for 14 Sept 1912 which is good only). The No 1 issue is in particularly pristine condition.. Unusual to find such an early run of a magazine that is still with us. £80

 

  1. WOMAN’S WORK IN PROMOTING THE CAUSE OF HYGIENE [14191] 8-pp pamphlet – perhaps missing outer paper covers – although it’s difficult to tell if ones were issued. No author or society named – published by Jarrolds, Norwich. Probably published c 1880s. The final section advocates the possibility of employing women as ‘Factory Inspectresses, where women girls, and children are employed;.          £8

 

  1. WOMEN & LITERATURE, VOL 3, NO 2 Fall 1975 [7868] This issue contains the 1974 Bibliography of Women in British and American Literature, 1660-1900. Soft covers – very good £6

 

  1. WOMEN’S INDUSTRIAL COUNCIL Nineteenth Annual Report 1912-13 [12704] Includes a long, v interesting and wide-ranging list of lectures given – as well as details of the work undertaken by the council – including the trades into which it had undertaken investigations. Paper covers – very good – ex-Board of Education library                                                                                                                                 £15

 

 

General Postcards

 

 

  1. BEDFORD COLLEGE The Common Room  [13254] Real photographic card – I can see a print of G. F.Watts’ ‘Hope’ among the pictures – and is that a portrait of Emily Penrose over the fireplace? I’m not sure. Very good – printed in Berlin so probably dates from pre-1914 – unposted                                       £10

 

  1. CLARK’S COLLEGE, CIVIL SERVICE Preparing for the Lady Clerk’s G.P.O. Exam [9233] Photographic postcard of the young women preparing for this exam which, if they passed, offered a chance of bettering themselves. Very good – unposted                                                                                       £12

 

  1. GEORGE LANSBURY, MP, LCC [13279] real photographic postcard published by the Church Socialist League, London branch, pre – First World War. Fine – unposted                                          £5

 

  1. MERCHANT TAYLORS’ SCHOOL FOR GIRLS [11781] Real photographic postcard of the exterior of the Crosby, Liverpool, girls’ school. The ink message on the back includes ‘The view is of Aunty Nina’s school..’ and continues onto the front of the card on white space to the side of the photograph. Posted in, I think, 1933. Good                                                                                                                        £10

 

  1. THE CITY WOMAN’S CLUB: 8 Wine Office Court, Fleet Street, London EC4 [12471] postcard – linedrawing – depicting an exterior view of this club and two of its elegant young members. The club was opened c 1920 – this card probably dates from c 1930. Unposted -the card is a little creased at the top right – an unusual item                                                                                                                                                      £15

 

 

General Fiction

 

 

  1. BAILLIE, Joanna A Series of Plays in which it is attempted to delineate the stronger passions of the mind Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, & Brown, a new edition 1821 [2509] A handsome set – newly rebound in cloth £60

 

  1. BEHN, Aphra Ten Pleasures of Marriage and the second part of The Confession of the New Married Couple printed for the Navarre Society 1950 [12468] With an introduction by John Harvey. Good – corners a little bumped £10

 

  1. HALL, Marguerite Radclyffe- The Forgotten Island Chapman & Hall 1915 [7694] Poems. Very good – scarce £50

 

  1. HASTINGS, Lady Flora Poems William Blackwood 1841 [5816] The poems of poor Lady Flora were edited for publication by her sister. Lady Flora, a lady in waiting at court in 1838, was suspected of being pregnant, though unmarried. In fact her body was swollen with illness – and she died. Everybody was then v. sorry. Pasted onto the free front endpaper is a black-bordered printed ‘Elegy on the Death of Lady Flora Hastings.’ Annotation in ink reveals that the copy had in 1882 belonged to Mr John Gladstone, 39 Gunter Grove, Redcliffe Gardens, London S.W.. Latterly the copy had been held in the City of Cardiff Reference Library – perhaps given to it by Mr Gladstone. It bears a ‘Withdrawn from Stock’ stamp as well as the library albel on the front pastedown. The copy, in its original decorative green cloth, is worn along spine and hinge to front board is tender – contents very good £25

 

  1. MATHESON, Annie Selected Poems Old and New Henry Frowde 1899 [1439] Very good      £10
  2. PROCTER, Adelaide Anne Legends and Lyrics Bell & Daldy, 14th ed 1872 [1585] Poems by a leading member of the Langham-Place group. very good – leather, with gilt decorations and all edges gilt £15

 

  1. SCOTT, Sarah Millenium Hall Virago 1986 [5460] First published in 1762. Paper covers – very good £8

 

  1. SEWELL, Mrs Poems and Ballads Jarrold no date (1880s?) [1636] With a memoir of the author by Miss E.B. Bayly. Good internally – covers marked – in 2 vols                                                                     £8

 

  1. SHERWOOD, Mrs The Happy Family Houlston & Sons, new edition no date [3607] A little tract – paper covers. Fine £5

 

  1. TAYLOR, Mary Miss Miles OUP 1990 [12413] Mary Taylor was the life-long friend of Charlotte Bronte. This edition with an introduction by Janet Horowitz Murray. Soft covers – very good £6

 

  1. TRAVERS, Graham [pseud of Margaret Todd] Mona MacLean: medical student William Blackwood, 14th ed 1899 [11784] Novel written by Sophia Jex-Blake’s friend and biographer. Cover marked – scarce £38

 

 

Women and the First World War

 

 

  1. CROFTON, Eileen The Women of Royaumont: a Scottish women’s hospital on the Western Front Tuckwell Press 1997 [14225] Excellent study. Soft covers – very good £12

 

  1. DOUGLAS-PENNANT, Violet Under the Search-Light: the record of a great scandal Allen & Unwin 1922 [14129] In June 1918 Violet Douglas-Pennant was appointed Commandant, Women’s Royal Air Force – only to be dismissed two months later ‘by direction of Lord Weir and Sir Auckland Geddes on the advice of Lady Rhondda, who acted without enquiry on secret information supplied to her, as well as to Mr Tyson Wilson MP, and Miss P. Strachey, by Mrs Beatty and others’. How intriguing. The book takes 463 pp to cover the ‘scandal’. Douglas-Pennant wrote it as her self-justificatory account of events “so that my name & honour may at last be vindicated.” Includes recollections of her ten weeks’ in charge, a Who’s Who of the personalities involved & full details of the House of Lords Inquiry into her dismissal. Good £85

 

  1. [HALL] Edith Hall Canary Girls & Stockpots WEA Luton Branch 1977 [12884] Memories of life in the First World War – and of the ’20s and ’30s. During the War Edith Hall’s mother was landlady to munition workers – ‘the Canaries’ (so called because the chemicals turned their skin yellow) at the Hayes factories.
    Soft covers – signed by the author £10

 

  1. MCLAREN, Eva Shaw (ed) A History of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals Hodder & Stoughton 1919 [13710] A very full history of the work of the SWH in the First World War. With 57 illustrations, including a marvellous pull-out panoramic photograph of the Salonika hospital in 1918 – huts and tents as far as the eye can see. 408pp – very good – scarce                                                                                                          £65

 

  1. (SANDES) Flora Sandes An English Woman Sergeant in the Serbian Army Hodder & Stoughton 1916 [14128] Flora Sandes, a Red Cross volunteer, was the only woman to officially enlist as a soldier during the First World War, commissioned an officer in the Serbian army. Very good – a little knocked on the corners – and this original edition is quite scarce                                                                                               £55

 

  1. (THURSTAN) Violetta Thurstan Field Hospital and Flying Column: being the journal of an English nursing sister in Belgium and Russia G.P. Putnam’s 1915 [13739] Very good – very scarce £65

 

  1. BIBESCO, Princesse La Revue de Paris extrait du numero du 15 mai 1934: Lettres de Combattants Anglais Paris 1934 [11636] A lengthy review of ‘War Letters of Fallen Englishmen (Lettres de guerre d’hommes anglais qui sont tombes) compiled by Laurence Housman. She reviews it at length (24pp), quoting from letters of both the well known (Julian Grenfell, Edward Tennant) and the unknown. Very good – paper covers – offprint of the journal £4

 

  1. HMSO Munitions of War HMSO 1916 [12583] Order, dated June 26, 1916, of the Minister of Munitions. 4-pp leaflet – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £3

 

  1. HOBHOUSE, Mrs Henry ‘I Appeal Unto Caesar’: the case of the concientious objector Allen & Unwin, 2nd ed 1917 [14112] Polemic by Margaret Hobhouse (sister of Beatrice Webb), with introduction by Prof Gilbert Murray. This copy has ownership inscription of Elizabeth Robins (21 September ’17) and laid in is a cyclostyled letter from Mrs Hobhouse – signed by her – which begins ‘I send you a little book on the difficult problem of the Conscientious Objector, which I hope you will read and will pass on to others…’ Soft covers – 86pp – very good £75

 

  1. MEDICAL RESEARCH COMMITTEE AND DEPARTMENT OF SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH Reports of the Industrial Fatigue Research Board HMSO 1919 [12194] No 2 – The Output of Women Workers in Relation to Hours of Work in Shell-Making. 24-pp – good in original paper covers – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £15

 

  1. ‘ON WAR SERVICE’ BADGE [13699] Triangular metal badge with each word of ‘On War Service’ on one of its three sides – and the crown in the middle with ‘1916’ underneath. This badge was issued to women war workers – such as those working in the munition factories. Very good                                       £28
#584

#584

  1. SCOTTISH WOMEN’S FIRST AID CORPS [12892] natural-coloured linen canvas satchel with the initials ‘S.W.F.A.C.’ [Scottish Women’s First Aid Corps] machine-embroidered in red on the front.The satchel hangs from a long red grosgrain ribbon strap which has a buckle for altering its length. The bag still contains an Esmarch’s Triangular Bandage – printed with images of how to apply, in a variety of ways, the bandage to wounded men, together with two packs labelled ‘Scottish Women’s First Aid Corps First Field Dressing’, supplied by J. Gordon Nicholson, Pharmaceutical Chemist, 15 Hanover Street, Edinburgh, and two small safety pins on a piece of card, presumably to be used for fixing the bandages. Luckily this SWFAC member was required to put the bandages to the test. The SWFAC had been formed in 1909 by Mary E. Macmillan and came into its own in the First World War, appealing to middle and upper-middle class women who wanted to ‘do their bit’. The SWFAC ran classes in First Aid and sick nursing and some of its recruits then went out to nurse in Italy and Serbia. Very good – an unusual survival                                                                        £120

 

  1. SWANWICK, H.M. Women and War Union of Democratic Control [no date -1915] [14204] She was one of the founding members of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom in 1915 and resigned from the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies after it refused to send delegates to the International Women’s Congress at The Hague. Paper covers – good internally – front cover present but detached. £48

 

 

  1. THE LANDSWOMAN 1919 [14127] ‘The Journal of the Land Girl and every Country Woman’. Bound volume comprising issues from January 1919 (Vol II, no 1) to December 1919 (Vol II, no 12). 12 issues – in very good condition in original yellow cloth covers                                                                                 £135

 

  1. THE WOMEN’S IMPERIAL HEALTH ASSOCIATION Sixth Annual Report 1915 [12796] The Associations’s first Aim was ‘To teach the women of the Empire the elementary principles in health; particularly with reference to the care and nurture of children’. This annual report gives full details of the Association, its work, and its subscribers and supporters. Includes a section on the Health Department of the Women’s Emergency Corps, the group set up by Evelina Haverfield and other former members of the WSPU.With many photographs. Paper covers – 52pp – good – ex-Board of Education library                                        £10

 

  1. MACAULAY, Rose Three Days Constable & Co 1919 [12622] Poems. Already an established novelist, during the First World War Rose Macaulay worked as a VAD nurse and a land girl and in early 1917 joined the War Office. Good – a little chipped on spine – in wrapper cover.                                                       £25

 

END OF LIST 

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Perhaps these books may also be of interest:

Kate Parry Frye: the long life of an Edwardian actress and suffragette

cover e-book 

Published by ITV Ventures as a tie-in with the series: ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’ this e-book tells Kate’s life story from her Victorian childhood to her brave engagement with the Elizabethan New Age. For details see here (and many more posts on my website).

Available to download from iTunes or Amazon

***

 

Kate Frye cover

Campaigning for the Vote: The Suffrage Diary of Kate Parry Frye

Edited by Elizabeth Crawford

An extract

‘Saturday June 14th 1913. [Kate is lodging in Baker Street, London]

I had had a black coat and skirt sent there for Miss Davison’s funeral procession and the landlady had given me permission to change in her room. I tore into my black things then we tore off by tube to Piccadilly and had some lunch in Lyons. But the time was getting on – and the cortege was timed to start at 2 o’clock from Victoria. We saw it splendidly at the start until we were driven away from our position and then could not see for the crowds and then we walked right down Buckingham Palace Rd and joined in the procession at the end. It was really most wonderful – the really organised part – groups of women in black with white lilies – in white and in purple – and lots of clergymen and special sort of pall bearers each side of the coffin. She gave her life publicly to make known to the public the demand of Votes for Women – it was only fitting she should be honoured publicly by the comrades. It must have been most imposing. [Plus much more description of the procession as Kate follows it into King’s Cross station]

Campaigning for the Vote tells, in her own words, the efforts of a working suffragist to instil in the men and women of England the necessity of ‘votes for women’ in the years before the First World War. The detailed diary kept all her life by Kate Parry Frye (1878-1959) has been edited to cover 1911-1915, years she spent as a paid organiser for the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. The book constitutes that near impossibility – completely new primary material, published for the first time 100 years after the events it records.

With Kate for company we experience the reality of the ‘votes for women’ campaign as, day after day, in London and in the provinces, she knocks on doors, arranges meetings, trembles on platforms, speaks from carts in market squares, village greens, and seaside piers, enduring indifference, incivility and even the threat of firecrackers under her skirt.

Kate’s words bring to life the world of the itinerant organiser – a world of train journeys, of complicated luggage conveyance, of hotels – and hotel flirtations – , of boarding houses, of landladies, and of the ‘quaintness’ of fellow boarders. This was not a way of life to which she was born, for her years as an organiser were played out against the catastrophic loss of family money and enforced departure from a much-loved home. Before 1911 Kate had had the luxury of giving her time as a volunteer to the suffrage cause; now she depended on it for her keep.

No other diary gives such an extensive account of the working life of a suffragist, one who had an eye for the grand tableau – such as following Emily Wilding Davison’s cortege through the London streets – as well as the minutiae of producing an advertisement for a village meeting. Moreover Kate Frye gives us the fullest account to date of the workings of the previously shadowy New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. She writes at length of her fellow workers, never refraining from discussing their egos and foibles. After the outbreak of war in August 1914 Kate continued to work for some time at the society’s headquarters, helping to organize its war effort, her diary entries allowing us to experience her reality of life in war-time London.

Excerpts from Campaigning for the Vote featured in ‘The Women’s Rebellion’, episode 2 of Michael Portillo’s Radio 4 series, 1913: The Year Before –listen here

In his review of the series, published in ‘The Telegraph’, Charles Moore particularly drew attention to Kate’s contribution – see here.

 

Published by Francis Boutle Publishers – for details see here.

Wrap-around paper covers, 226 pp, over 70 illustrations, all drawn from Kate Frye’s personal archive.                                                                                          £14.99

ISBN 978 1903427 75 0

**

 

Reference Guide

The Women’s Suffrage Movement 1866-1928: A reference guide

Elizabeth Crawford

 

‘It is no exaggeration to describe Elizabeth Crawford’s Guide as a landmark in the history of the women’s movement…’  History Today

Routledge, 2000 785pp paperback £74.99 – Ebook £70

                   

 

 Regional Survey

 

The Women’s Suffrage Movement in Britain and Ireland: a regional survey

Elizabeth Crawford

 

Crawford provides meticulous accounts of the activists, petitions, organisations, and major events pertaining to each county.’ Victorian Studies

Routledge, 2008 320pp paperback £30

        Ebook           £26

**

Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle

Elizabeth Crawford

 Enterprising Women 1

‘Crawford’s scholarship is admirable and Enterprising Women offers increasingly compelling reading’ Journal of William Morris Studies

For further details see here

Francis Boutle, 2002 338pp 75 illus paperback £25

Copies of all of these books may be bought direct from the publishers or ordered from any bookshop (terrestrial or online)

 

 

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Caroline Crommelin and Florence Goring Thomas: 19thc Interior Decorators: Who Were They?

Caroline Anna de Cherois Crommelin (c 1854-1910) was born in Co Down, Ireland, one of the many children of Samuel  de la Cherois Crommelin of  Carrowdore Castle.

Carrowdore Castle

Carrowdore Castle

Although of gentle birth, the family had little money. Political unrest in Ulster forced a move to England and after their father’s death in 1885 Caroline Crommelin and her sisters found it necessary to work to support themselves.

May Crommelin

May Crommelin

Caroline’s elder sister, May, became a novelist and enjoyed a measure of popular success. In 1903 another sister, Constance, married John Masefield (who was very much her junior).

In 1886 another of the sisters, Florence, married a solicitor, Rhys Goring Thomas, and in the late 1880s with Caroline, who seems to have been the driving force, embarked on a career as a ‘lady decorator’. The pair were able to travel easily along the path blazed for them a decade earlier by Rhoda and Agnes Garrett.

Unlike the Garretts, Caroline and Florence do not appear to have had any specific training, although years later Caroline wrote that an apprenticeship was essential. Rather, they relied on what was assumed to be a natural taste absorbed from their early surroundings. In a later interview Caroline described how their father had given the two of them a room in Carrowdore Castle to do with as they wished and from painting and papering this room they had learned their trade. Whereas Rhoda and Agnes Garrett were happy to deal with drains and internal structures, I doubt that such practicalities fell within the Crommelin sisters’ remit.

It was ‘beautifying’ that was the word most often used to describe Caroline Crommelin’s work. An article by Mary Frances Billington in The Woman’s World, 1890, describes how in 1888 Caroline Crommelin  set up a depot at 12 Buckingham Palace Road for the ‘sale of distressed Irish ladies’ work’ and then ‘saw a wider market as a house-decorator, so she wrote ‘Art at Home’ on her door-plate, took into partnership her sister, Mrs Goring Thomas..and boldly set forth to hunt for old oak, rare Chippendale, beautiful Sheraton and Louis Seize furniture’. She attended auctions in all parts of the country and, in case there was any doubt as to the propriety of this involvement with trade, reported that she had no difficulty doing business with dealers, meeting only with civility.

Noting the popularity of old, carved oak, the sisters’ bought old plain oak pieces and then had them carved by their own craftsmen. There was always a stock of such pieces in their showroom.

The ‘Arts at Home Premises’ were opened in Victoria Street, London, in early 1891. I think their house was at 167a Victoria Street – certainly by 1898 this was Caroline Crommelin’s work premises, but it’s possible that in the late 1880s she was working from 143 Victoria Street. Of the ‘Arts at Home’ premises The Sheffield Telegraph (9 March 1891) described how’charmingly arranged rooms, stored with delightful old oak, Sheraton, and Chippendale furniture, quaint brass ornaments, old silver, beautiful tapestries, and old china were crowded all afternoon with the many friends of the clever hostesses.’..The oak room featured a delightful ‘cosy corner’ in dark oak with blue china arranged on the top ledge against the pink walls. May Billington’s article includes a line-drawing of a corner of the ‘Arts at Home’ showroom.

In its 23 November 1895 issue the York Herald commented of Caroline Crommelin that  ‘Her house in Victoria St is conspicuous to the passer by for the pretty arrangement of its curtains, and inside the artistic element is even more apparent. Miss Crommelin has been very successful as a house beautifier and her opinion has been much sought after and esteemed by those who like the home to be dainty and harmonious.’

In 1891 the sisters also displayed their wares at the Women’s Handicrafts Exhibition at Westminster Town Hall. The Manchester Times singled them (‘two of our cleverest art decorators’) out for praise.  ‘These ladies have shown that… old oak furniture need not be gloomy and dusty and that new furniture may be made to look as good as old, even if the old be Chippendale or Sheraton, Queen Anne or Dutch marqueterie.’

One of Caroline Crommelin’s first ‘beautifying’ commissions was carried out for Lord and Lady Dufferin on the British Embassy in Rome in 1890/1891. The Manchester Guardian (8 Oct 1889) reported that she redecorated the entire embassy. Doubtless this plum commission was not unconnected to the fact that the Dufferin estate in Co Down was a mere 10 miles from Carrowdore Castle; the families were presumably known to each other. Rather more surprising is the claim made in an interview with her in the Women’s Penny Paper, 23 Nov 1889,  that she had ‘supplied nearly all the furniture to Lord Cholmondeley’s old place at Houton [sic].  Houghton Hall was let to tenants during the 19th century so, perhaps, there is a kernel of truth buried in this statement – but I don’t think we need go looking at Houghton as it is today for evidence of Caroline Crommelin’s involvement in its decoration.

In interviews Caroline Crommelin also made clear that she  ‘undertakes, when required, to furnish  a whole or any part of a house, either going with the customer to different firms or selecting for them’ and ‘does not confine herself to decorative work alone, and will put up blinds or attend to the whitewashing of a ceiling with the most professional alacrity’.

Both Caroline and Florence were supporters of the campaign to give the vote to women householders and were keen to see women’s advancements in the professions – particularly as architects.

In 1895 Caroline Crommelin married Robert Barton Shaw, nephew of a former Recorder of Dublin, who in the 1901 census return is described as an estate agent. I wonder if his wife helped in ‘beautifying’ houses he had for sale? In 1901 they were living at 50 Morpeth Mansions, Morpeth Terrace. Caroline in this census return is described as an ’employer’. Florence lived close by -in 1891 at 3 Morpeth Terrace. However hers was to be a short-lived career – she died in 1895, aged only 37, a few months before her sister’s marriage. In the 1889 Penny Paper interview Florence was quoted as saying ‘I believe everybody is happier for working. It carries  one into a new life, and one does not have time to think of being ill’. In the light of her early death this has a certain poignancy, suggesting she may have had a chronic illness to overcome.

Caroline carried on the business on her own and in 1903 teamed up with her sister, May, to write a chapter on ‘Furniture and Decoration’ in Some Arts and Crafts (ed Ethel Mckenna), published in The Woman’s Library series by Chapman & Hall. In this they ran through the various periods of furniture and room design but did not bother to disguise their support for one style in particular. ‘Anyone of artistic feeling is sensible of a singular sense of well-being on entering a genuine Queen Anne sitting-room. If analysed, the sensation will be found to arise from an instantaneous inner perception that all is in just proportion. The height and size of the room obey accurate laws. Its ceiling is relieved by geometrical designs. The walls are half-wainscoted; the polished floor shows up the tapestry-like carpet in the centre. The ornaments of furniture and general decoration are neither profuse, grotesque, nor severe. In all, the fatal “too much” is avoided.’

Caroline Crommelin (or, rather, Mrs Barton Shaw)  died at 18 Albion Place, Ramsgate on 1 February 1910.

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All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

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Women Artists: ‘Painting Days At School of Art Are Perfect Bliss’ (1892-1914)

I originally gave this paper at the Women’s History Network Conference, Southampton, September 2005

 ‘Painting Days at School of Art are perfect bliss: the manuscript diary (1892-1914) of Sarah Madeleine Martineau, art student and craft worker’.

This paper is based on the manuscript diary of Sarah Madeleine Martineau, the first entry in which is for 1 January 1892 and the last for 25 January 1914. I bought the diaries a few years ago, at the time giving them merely a cursory glance and registering only that the world they depicted was one that appealed. At odd intervals I have undertaken some research into the life and work of Sarah Madeleine Martineau and now think that what the diaries reveal is of some general interest.

the Martineaus' house at 122 King's Avenue would have been very similar to this, no 103. (Image courtesy of  Ideal Homes: A History of the South-East London Suburbs)

The Martineaus’ house at 122 King’s Avenue would have been very similar to this, no 104. (Image courtesy of Ideal Homes: A History of the South-East London Suburbs)

She was born in London at 4 South Road (later 122 King’s Avenue), Clapham Park, on 2 May 1872, the final child in the family of David Martineau, the senior partner in a firm of sugar refiners and a leading Clapham Liberal. David Martineau’s grandfather was a brother to the father of Harriet Martineau and Dr James Martineau. In 1856 David and his wife, Sarah, settled in South Road, in leafy Clapham Park. The Martineaus’ house and its immediate neighbours have been demolished, making way for tower blocks, but it was then quite new, was large, double-fronted and detached, set well back from the road, with stabling, and grounds ample enough to include a tennis court.

The Martineaus were Unitarians and with another South London family, the Nettlefolds of Streatham Grove, Norwood, were pillars of the Unitarian church in Effra Road, Brixton. The Martineau family comprised four sons and four daughters, the eldest child, Daisy, being 16 years older than Madeleine. Of the Martineaus’ sons, two married Nettlefold sisters; Unitarians tended to stick together. Although enjoying an active social life the younger Martineau daughters do not seem to have attended many formal parties or dances. Of the daughters only Daisy married; Lillie, Lucy and Lena (such were the diminutives by which they were known) probably lived together in the family home, certainly until the 1940s, and then either together, or near each other, in south London, for the rest of their long lives. At the 1891 census besides members of the immediate family there were also living in the house a cook, a parlour maid, two house maids and a 20-year old cousin, Charles Worthington. Lena possibly had a tenderesse for Charlie; she always mentions any little attention she received from him, but in 1895 he died suddenly – the relevant entry reads: ‘Charlie, the sweetest man that ever lived is dead. He died on Christmas day..’

David Martineau’s sister, Mary, who lived close by with their mother, can be spotted as a member of many of the women’s causes of the day, for instance signing the 1889 Declaration in Favour of Women’s Suffrage. Lena Martineau and her sister Lucy, who was three years older, had been boarders at Roedean school in Sussex, which, recently founded, was much favoured by the daughters of the wealthy non-conformist middle class. When Lena begins her diary in an exercise book in January 1892 one of the first entries relates that Barbara Shore Smith, who had been a contemporary at Roedean, had come to stay and in May 1892 Lena and Lucy went to visit Barbara, then at Girton, staying in lodgings near the college. Lena must have been well aware of all the feminist causes of the day, but, although writing her diary through the years of the main suffrage activity, makes no comment whatsoever on any aspect of the woman question. It must also be mentioned that in the entire 22 years covered by the diary she only mentions one book. On 23 February 1893 she wrote, ‘Have been reading a book called ‘Mona Maclean, medical student’, & think it splendid.’

Perhaps Lena was uninterested in the written word but her free-thinking, prosperous, well-educated family set great store by art.  Lucy and Lena were clearly given every encouragement to practise any aspect of art in which they were interested. Thus apart from visiting friends, playing tennis, taking what seem exceptionally long walks and bicycle rides, and helping with bazaars and garden parties, Lena seems to have been fully occupied with attending art classes and visiting galleries. There were prominent role models very close to home. The two daughters of Dr James Martineau, Gertrude and Edith, together with their sister-in-law, Clara Martineau, were all working artists, exhibiting regularly at the Royal Academy and at the Dudley Gallery. Their work now sells well – a watercolour by Edith Martineau sold for over £3,500 in 2005. The Martineaus were committed visitors to art galleries. For instance in the diary’s first year, on 22 April, Lena wrote, ‘Lucy and I met Papa at the private view of the Old Water Colours. It was very hot and full, but a good many very nice pictures.’ I am afraid that Lena’s criticism of the art that she took such care to see rarely rises above this level of comment.

In her new diary on Friday 8 January 1892 Lena Martineau wrote: ‘Art School began again on Monday, but we did not go till Tues. I have a side view of the girl so shall soon have done it..’  The Art School that she and Lucy attended was Clapham Art School, in Vernon Road, Clapham High Street, which had been founded in 1885 and was associated with the Government Schools at South Kensington – students were expected to take the Government examinations. In January 1892 Lena was taking drawing and painting classes, which she very much enjoyed, writing on 3 February ‘Joy! Mr Nightingale [the headmaster] told me that I am to begin painting my next head’ and on 21 February the entry that gave this paper its title ‘Painting days at School of Art are perfect bliss!’. In May she sat exams in the Life and Antique – ‘Given the choice of faun or the discobolus, we did the latter’. In July she heard that she had passed the exams, both 2nd class.

After a summer break, some of which was spent sketching in Wales, Lena returned in October to Clapham Art School. Her entry adds, ‘Found that Miss Pemberton is working there now’.

Sophie Pemberton

Sophie Pemberton

From the context it would appear that Lena already knew Sophie Pemberton, a Canadian artist, just three years older, who had already studied in Paris at the Academie Julien. Her father was the first surveyor general for Vancouver Island and Sophie was living in Alexandra House in Kensington, which had been built to house women music and art students and to where she often invited Lena for tea. It was – and remains, though much altered – a rather glamorous hostel, replete with terracotta panels and intricate Doulton tiles and picture panels.

In May Lena took Life and Still-life exams. Of the latter she wrote ‘the group was a top hat and two oranges on green baize!. Got home in time for some tennis’. On the 29th there was the recurrence of a problem that plagued the art school, ‘I went to the Art School but finding no model returned – & had my hair cut.’  I suspect that Clapham School of Art did not meet Sophie Pemberton’s standards because she instigated a move to Westminster School of Art in Tufton Street, Dean’s Yard, where, by October, she, Lucy and Lena were enrolled. As with the Clapham School, Westminster followed the South Kensington regime. It is worth noting that Lena chose to attend such a school, where the syllabus was geared to an examination system, rather than one of the many art schools established to cater for the ‘ladies’ market.

Of Mr Loudan, the principal instructor at Westminster and a portrait and genre painter, Lena remarked ‘Very squashing, makes me scrape out but does not say much’. On 7 December she wrote ‘Today Mr Loudan was very crushing to me’. However she persevered happily, the following March reporting that  ‘Our new model on Monday was a boy and on Thursday Mr Loudan praised me for better colouring and came twice to me’.  That May she again sat the Life and Antique exam. All this intermingled with much gallery visiting; Venetian pictures at the New Gallery, a visit to Herkomer’s studio to see the work of some of his Bushey students (‘Very good some of them’.), and to the Guildhall (‘splendid exhibition’). She returned to Westminster Art School in October and on the 4th recorded ‘Lucy and I went to town today for the summer sketch criticisms at school of art. Mr Loudan presented me with £3, as third prize for the year’s composition sketches. Delightful surprise..’

In the autumn of 1897 Lena and Lucy travelled over to Park Walk, Chelsea, to visit the complex of the Stanley Studios, where Sophie Pemberton was based. Sophie’s star was on the ascendant; that year she had exhibited for the first time at the Royal Academy summer exhibition. Unfortunately there was no studio available there, and with Ethel Le Rossignol, a school friend with whom they proposed to share and who much later became a practitioner of spirit-channeled art, Lucy and Lena embarked on a search.  By the end of November they had found a studio, at a rent of £35 a year – and were very pleased with it. They had fun arranging to move in, buying things with which to decorate, including a new stove and oriental rugs. Lena hired models and also arranged for family and friends to sit for her. The studio gave the sisters an opportunity to invite round their friends, in a way they probably did not do at home. On 6 March ‘Barbara Nightingale came to tea at studio yesterday’. [Barbara Nightingale was the same person as Barbara Shore-Smith – there had been a change of family name.] In April Lucy had a picture accepted by the Royal Academy, Lena describes the subject as being 3 parrots; the exhibition catalogue gives it the title ‘Red, White and Blue’. The picture was sold to a Captain B for 7 guineas.

In 1899 and 1900 Lena continued working from the studio, concentrating on pictures to submit to the Royal Academy. However they were all rejected or crowded out. In the summers, with Lucy and Ethel Le Rossignol, she took sketching lessons from professional artists, the first year in Mayfield in Sussex and the next summer at Brockham Green in Surrey. In November 1900 she returned to the Westminster Art School, taking lessons in modelling from life.

She also began to learn metal repoussé, possibly at the Westminster School – her diary is not entirely clear on the point. Lena was following the spirit of the times. There had in the last five years been a definite upsurge of interest in craft work. Lena, however, quickly gave up this class in order to attend a modelling design class at St John’s School of Art and Science at New Cross, where a Mr Miller and a Miss Jean Milne, who had been fellow students at Westminster, were master and assistant mistress. Lena placed the receipt for the course (10/- for the term ending 12 April) between the pages of her diary and began modelling a door knocker.

However, for whatever reason, at the end of the term she did not continue at New Cross, but went over to Chelsea to investigate the modelling class at the South West Polytechnic in Manresa Road. She duly joined that class and ‘settled to join the handicraft studio for metal repousse on Tuesday afternoons’. In May she sat a Modelling Design exam, which she passed 1st class, and a Life exam and was awarded a book prize in the National Competition work at South Kensington for her ‘head of Papa’. The National Competition was run by the Science and Art Department of the Committee of the Council on Education and several thousand students from art schools around the country competed for the prizes.

In October Lena began classes again, taking a modelling life class at the Manresa Road Polytechnic and one in modelling design at St John’s. She was also doing metal work, perhaps at the polytechnic. I think she must have given up her studio some time before this and in November (1902) when she decided to make a commitment to metal work and bought a muffle furnace, she made her workshop at home in the harness room. In December she went over to Whitechapel to the Sir John Cass Institute ‘as I think of going there for metal work and design after Christmas’. The Sir John Cass Institute had only opened the previous June so Lena was obviously well aware of developments in the field of craft education. She then left the St John School of Art at New Cross and in January 1903 ‘started work at the Sir John Cass Technical Institute’. The head of the Arts and Crafts Department was Richard Llewellyn Rathbone, Harold Stabler was teacher of drawing and design, Gilbert Bayes was teacher of modelling, and there were also teachers of jewellery and enamelling.

Lena took the enamelling class on Tuesday evenings, jewellery on Wednesdays and design on Fridays. During the day on Tuesdays she still attended modelling classes at the Polytechnic.

'Walberswick Marshes' by Bertram Priestman (courtesy of BBC - Your Paintings)

‘Walberswick Marshes’ by Bertram Priestman (courtesy of BBC – Your Paintings)

She continued with these classes until the end of the summer term and then went to Walberswick with Lucy to take sketching lessons from Bertram Priestman. She returned to the Cass in October and found that Jean Milne was also now working there. Among her fellow students were Violet and Frances Ramsay and Thalia How. She attended the Cass for all three terms that year and returned to Walberswick in September for two more weeks of sketching with Bertram Priestman.

When she returned to the Cass in October 1904 she learned that she had received a book prize for a figure she had sent up to the National Competition. She once again rented a studio, this time in Tachbrook Street. Lena was now established in her jewellery making; a pendant she had made was given to Barbara Nightingale as a wedding present as she embarked for India to marry  ‘a Mr Stephens’. In her studio she began modelling a bust of her father and began another happy round of studio teas; Jean Milne and Thalia Howe were among the guests. She continued at the Cass throughout 1905, receiving a prize for metal work at the end of the year.

Catalogue of the Arts and Crafts Exhibition, 1906

Catalogue of the Arts and Crafts Exhibition, 1906

In January 1906 she had at least two pendants accepted for the Arts and Crafts Exhibition at the Grafton Galleries. One of her pieces was described in the Exhibition catalogue as a necklace and enamel pendant and was priced at £2 12s 6d. There was increasing organization in her area of the art world and in April she notes the first meeting of the Sir John Cass Arts and Crafts Society and in May that she had ‘applied to join a new club called the United Arts Club.’ The Studio reported that as ‘it is hoped the club will become a recognised medium for effecting sales, it was of importance to establish at the outset the standard of work which will entitle members to the privilege of having their work included in the quarterly exhibitions’. Lena was accepted as a member.

In June the Sir John Cass Arts and Crafts Society held its first exhibition and Lena noted in her diary ‘One of mine is to be photoed for the Art Journal’. In fact the December 1906 issue of the Art Journal includes both a silver necklace and a copper and enamel candlestick by Madeleine Martineau. Among the other pieces photographed were a copper tea caddy by Jean Milne, a pendant each by Thalia How and Violet Ramsay and a brooch and a necklace by Harold Stabler.

In November 1907 at the Cass annual show Lena exhibited two jewel cases and a metal fruit dish with a figure pedestal.  In December she received a prize from the Cass Institute, the book selected being a copy of Lewis Day’s Enamelling. In May 1908 she ‘took up a case of jewellery to agents for Liverpool exhibition’, in November she was exhibiting at the Sir John Cass society show and also sent a case of jewellery to a show in Cambridge. At the end of the month she ‘took a case of jewellery to the United Arts Club and another to the Lyceum Club’. From the Cambridge show she received a first class certificate.

She does not mention if any items were sold from these exhibitions. In February 1906 she had noted that a ‘pendant I sent to show at Alderley Edge has 2nd prize and is sold to Katherine Greg’ and that from the Cass show in November 1907  ‘one thing of mine was bought, a copper clasp’. In February 1909 came her first commission. The relevant entry reads ‘I have been to Club today to meet lady who wishes for a gold medal to be made for the poets club to award the best poem’. The lady was a Mrs Higginbotham and the Club was the United Arts. Lena began the medal on 11 April and delivered it two months later. She had not been working at it all this time; she had enjoyed a two-week holiday in Italy. However on 20 July she received ‘ a rude letter from Mrs Higginbothom this morning refusing to take the medal, and saying it is not worth more than 15/- to a guinea!. Tho all 18ct gold with pearls and enamel.’ Lena reported the matter to the Club who arranged for her to make an appointment to speak to Mrs Higginbotham in person.

Harold Stabler

Harold Stabler

However Harold Stabler advised her not to go but to write. The matter ended with Mrs Higginbotham returning the medal to her. There is no mention of her ever receiving another commission. She kept busy in the autumn, exhibiting jewellery at an exhibition in Dresden and at the Cass society’s annual show.

In January 1910 she took a case of jewellery and an epergne to the New Gallery for display at the Arts and Crafts Exhibition and two cases of jewellery to the Society of Women Artists. She is noted as an exhibitor in the catalogues of both exhibitions. Her work shown at the Arts and Crafts Exhibition included a gold pendant and chain, entitled ‘ St Cecilia’; a gold necklace, a gold enamelled pendant and a gold necklace with tourmalines. For what it is worth it so happens that in the copy of the catalogue held by the British Library Lena Martineau’s pieces have been annotated in the margin in pencil. There are very few other markings – Cobden Sanderson’s books are so marked – and the impression is that the holder of the catalogue walking around the exhibition had approved of her pieces. There is no indication, however, of whom this visitor was.

In February 1911 she won 1st prize in the competition organised by the Studio for the design for a necklace pendant . The prize was 3 guineas – and, of course, her name was published in the magazine. In June when the Studio reported on an exhibition organised by the Sir John Cass Arts and Crafts Society it mentioned that ‘the jewellery included a dainty gold necklace by Miss Martineau’. Then on 24 November her father died. For whatever reason after this she made very few diary entries and the diary ends, at the bottom of the final page of the book, on 19 March 1914. I do not know if she carried on with her diary beyond the final 1914 entry. Until November 1911 entries had been made quite regularly and contain far more detail than I have been able to include in this paper.

Moreover, in the few 1913 and 1914 entries she makes no mention of any artistic endeavour. However, a (February, I think) 1914 article in the Studio ,‘Some Examples of Modern English Jewellery’, is illustrated with what the magazine says is ‘a small selection of recent work by artists whose productions are familiar to exhibition visitors’. Among the artists so recognized was S. Madeleine Martineau, with an ‘enamelled gold pendant with four pears, wreath and bird repousse’.

Lena's pendant - second row far right - illustrated in 'The Studio', 1914

Lena’s pendant – second row far right – illustrated in ‘The Studio’, 1914

As the Studio describes the work illustrated in the article as ‘recent’ it is likely that this piece was less than three years old, – that it was in fact made in the period after the last mention in her diary of her jewellery work. However, when the next Arts and Crafts Exhibition was held in 1916 Lena Martineau was not an exhibitor, although Violet and Frances Ramsay, Jean Milne and Thalia How all were. This would seem to be reasonably definite proof that she was by then no longer part of the arts and crafts scene.

But life has odd quirks. It was because the bird piece had been photographed for the Studio that when it was bought c. 1973, as part of a collection, by a dealer specialising in art nouveau jewellery, he was able to identify its maker. As Lena Martineau only died in 1972 – aged over 100 – my surmise is that the piece, along with others in the same collection, had remained with her all her life and had formed part of her estate. Once the dealer was able to identify this piece, others in the same collection were attributed to her.

Lena's bird pendant as illustrated in V. Becker, 'Art Nouveau Jewelry', 1985

Lena’s bird pendant  – top left – as illustrated in V. Becker, ‘Art Nouveau Jewelry’, 1985

Around the same time, interest in arts and crafts and art nouveau jewellery was developing, and two books by Vivienne Becker, Art Nouveau Jewelry and Antique and Twentieth Jewellery: a guide for collectors, drew on this art nouveau dealer’s stock of photographs for illustrations. A few facts about Lena Martineau’s life were surmised, mostly incorrectly.

It is not my contention that Lena was a feminist icon, a forgotten heroine. What is interesting about the life revealed in the diary is its very ordinariness. She had no struggle to receive her art education; her family backed her in her attendance at classes, in renting studios, and by sitting for her. Her diary reveals how much freedom a young woman – 20 when it opens – had in following her inclinations in this direction. There is nothing in her diary to suggest that she felt thwarted or discontented in any way. Moreover, whether or not she deserves the accolade, Sarah Madeleine Martineau has now entered the canon as an arts and crafts jeweller, the presumption being, merely because she is included, that her work was exceptional. However, in reality it is only because it has been possible to identify a little of her work – although that certainly is because she was considered by her contemporaries (except for Mrs Higginbotham) as being more than competent – that she has received this measure of recognition. Her diary gives a fascinating glimpse into the life behind the pendants.
Sarah Madeleine’s Manuscript Diary is now held in the collection of The Women’s Library@LSE.

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Suffrage Stories: Mrs Pankhurst’s Headstone – And Its Sculptor

Brompton Cemetery - with Mrs Pankhurst's headstone

Brompton Cemetery – with Mrs Pankhurst’s headstone

Emmeline Pankhurst died, at the age of 69, in a Wimpole Street nursing home on 14 June 1928. On 18 June her funeral service was held in St John’s, Smith Square (a church in which, incidentally, there had, in early March 1914, been an explosion attributed to suffragette activity). Afterwards her coffin was taken to Brompton Cemetery for burial. Among the hundreds attending both ceremonies was Kate Parry Frye (now Mrs Collins). In her diary Kate described the day:

 Monday June 18th 1928  [London: Flat C, 57 Leinster Square]

Cloudy and a cold wind but the rain kept off. Two buses to Westminster and to St John’s Church Smith Square. Had no ticket but being very early before 10 – I was let in up in the Gallery of the Church and sat over the Chancel and in front of Mrs Pankhurst’s Coffin. The flowers were marvellous – most beautiful. A wonderful service but very sad – sad in itself and to see & feel us all so old and grey and ill. A bus to Brompton Cemetery an enormous crowd there. Followed the Coffin and saw the end –  then got away.

That occasion, fittingly enough, marked the end of Kate’s involvement with the women’s suffrage campaign.  Kate, whose years as an active suffragist are faithfully recorded in her diary (published as Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary) made no mention in her diary of the passing a couple of weeks later – on 2 July – of the Representation of the People (Equal Franchise) Act.  It was as though, with the death of Emmeline Pankhurst, a chapter in her life had closed (though you can find out very much more about her life before and after suffrage in Kate Parry Frye: the long life of an Edwardian actress and suffragette).

I was thinking of Kate on a deliciously dank autumn morning last week when I found myself in the neighbourhood of Brompton Cemetery and thought I mustn’t let the opportunity pass to walk yet again in her footsteps. I had visited Mrs Pankhurst’s grave some years ago – but that was before I had encountered Kate Frye and before the day of the digital camera – or blogs. Now I imagined  Kate there, among the large number of women who crowded around on that windy way. Confined to the paths, most could have seen little of the ceremony.

DSC01354(1)I’m not sure that Kate returned to the Cemetery so doubt that she ever saw the headstone that was erected some time after Emmeline Pankhurst’s burial. The grave is easily found – on the left-hand of the central path, encountered soon after you’ve passed through the imposing North Lodge  (Old Brompton Road) entrance. It was also one of the very few graves at which flowers have recently been left. I suspect that such tributes are regularly made and, needless to say, as you will see from the photo, they are likely to approximate WSPU colours.

The tall headstone is sloping slightly – although perhaps not as much as my photography suggests!

As I quote in the entry on Emmeline Pankhurst in my The Women’s Suffrage Movement: a reference guide, the headstone was ‘designed by Julian P. Allan, whom Kitty Marshall described as “a clever girl”.’ When researching (in pre-internet days) for that book (published in 1999) I had neither the time nor, indeed, the resources to attempt to discover who this ‘clever girl’ was. Now a little digging has produced her intriguing story.

Julian Phelps Allan was born Eva Dorothy Allan in Hampshire in 1892 – so ‘the clever girl’ was actually 36 at the time of Emmeline Pankhurst’s death. After the registration of her birth we next catch sight of her nine months later as she sets sail with her mother (‘Mrs Allan’) and her brothers, 5-year-old Leonard and 3-year-old Cecil, bound for Belize. Well, of course I immediately wondered why they were making that journey and set out to explore all the various databases that might prove useful.

I slowly pieced the answer together. They were returning to British Honduras where Mr Allan – Gordon Allan (1856-?) – was surveyor-general. In 1885-6 he had published ‘A Plan of Belize’. Further research uncovered his marriage in 1884 in west London to Ada Phelps Richards, the eldest in the large family of a widowed brewer. Before taking over the family firm her father had been a civil engineer and Ada had been born in Brazil, presumably when he was engaged on some south American scheme. I suspect that Gordon Allan died in the 1890s in British Honduras because I next found his son, Cecil G. Allan (who had been born in British Honduras) in 1901 as a pupil at the London Orphanage Asylum at Watford. The criterion for admission to that establishment was that the pupil had to be fatherless – but not, apparently, motherless.

For in 1911 Ada Phelps Allan was still alive – a patient in the Merchant Taylors’ Convalescent Home for Ladies at Bognor. Indeed she did not die until 1944. In 1911 her daughter, Eva, was boarding in the home of carpenter and joiner at 40 Achilles Road, West Hampstead.  The census recorded her as ‘student at college’. Her landlady’s daughter was a student at Clark’s College so perhaps that was where Eva also was studying. It was an appropriate educational institution for a young woman of her background – and, probable lack of means – to attend. Clark’s very successfully trained young men and women to pass the Civil Service examinations.

I can imagine – though don’t know for certain – that Eva spent the following few years working efficiently in offices – until she became a member, during the First World War, of the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps. She served as a ‘unit administrator’ – the equivalent of officer rank.

After the war she studied sculpture at the Westminster School of Art and then at the Royal Academy Schools. You can read an account of her work as a sculptor here. The commission for Mrs Pankhurst’s headstone came early in her career. Doubtless she moved in circles that overlapped with those of suffrage activists. It was also around this time that she dropped ‘Eva Dorothy’ in favour of the more androgynous ‘Julian Phelps’ (‘Phelps’ being her maternal grandfather’s second name – and  a name inherited by her mother and most of her mother’s siblings).

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The headstone she made for Emmeline Pankhurst is of red sandstone, in the form of a Celtic cross. The  inscription is simple – ‘In Loving Memory of Emmeline Pankhurst wife of R.M. Pankhurst LLD At Rest June 14 1928.’ No mention of children, or a life’s work for women.

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The shaft carries this somewhat enigmatic haloed figure.

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The head of the cross shows what I take to be the hand of God reaching down from the heavens as two angels minister in some symbolic way.

I wonder how the commission was described in the brief to the sculptor?

See here for Julian Allan’s own – very different – memorial. I’m rather amazed to discover that she was actually still alive when I first came across her name –  researching The Reference Guide She died in 1996 – aged 103.

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All the articles on Woman and Her Sphere and are my copyright. An article may not be reproduced in any medium without my permission and full acknowledgement. You are welcome to cite or quote from an article provided you give full acknowledgement.

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