Posts Tagged suffragists
Woman and her Sphere
5 Owen’s Row
London EC1V 4NP
Index to Catalogue
Suffrage Non-fiction: Items 1-8
Suffrage Biography: Items 9-12
Suffrage Ephemera: Items 13-90
Suffrage Postcards: Real Photographic: Items 91-109
Suffrage Postcards: Suffrage Artist: Items 110-114
Suffrage Postcards: Commercial Comic: Items 115-137
General Non-fiction: Items 138-271
General Biography: Items 272-383
General Ephemera: Items 384-495
General Postcards: Items 496-499
Sheet Music: Items 500-509
General Fiction: Items 510-536
Women and the First World War: Items 537-547
- BLACKBURN, Helen Record of Women’s Suffrage; a record of the women’s suffrage movement in the British Isles with biographical sketches of Miss Becker Williams & Norgate 1902  Extremely useful – in fact, indispensable as a history of the 19th-century suffrage movement. Includes the names of many supporters and a chronological bibliography. With 27 illustrations and several ‘pull-out’ charts, In fine condition – clean, tight and bright, Scarce £95
- CRAWFORD, Elizabeth (ed) Campaigning for the Vote: Kate Parry Frye’s Suffrage Diary Francis Boutle 2013  Kate Frye was an organiser for the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. Her diary tells us what it was like to stage a day-to-day campaign – from 1910-1914 – and then to see the campaign bearing fruit in after years. Paper covers – mint £15
- KENT, Susan Sex and Suffrage in Britain, 1860-1914 Princeton University Press 1987  Fine in d/w (which has one slight nick) £20
- MORGAN, David Suffragists and Liberals: the politics of woman suffrage in Britain Basil Blackwell 1975  Fine in d/w £15
- ROVER, Constance Love, Morals and the Feminists Routledge 1970  Good in d/w – though ex-library £18
- SCHREINER, Olive Woman and Labour T.Fisher Unwin 1911  If you have seen the film ‘The Suffragette’ you may remember that Maud Potts (aka Carey Mulligan) inherits a book by Olive Schreiner – ‘Dreams’ – and quotes from it. Schreiner was a strong influence on the early-20th-c suffrage movement and ‘Woman and Labour’, concerned with socialism and gender equality, is dedicated to Lady Constance Lytton. This particular copy bears on its front cover the large label of the Irishwomen’s Reform League Lending Library open to the public 29 South Anne Street Dublin (and then with further info re opening times etc). Inside, the free front end paper carries another ‘Irishwomen’s Reform League’ label (rather attractively printed in green on white paper). Above the label is the signature of Louie Bennett, founder in 1911 of the Irishwomen’s Reform League, and at the bottom of the page is an address, presumably hers, ‘Undercliff, Killiney.’ The label has been added after the ink signature and address were written and my interpretation is that Louie Bennett had bought this book, for herself and then gavve it to the lending library of her new organisation. As a text ‘Woman and Labour’ was central to the desire to change the social and economic position of women that motivated the IRL. Items connected to the Irish suffrage movement are very scarce. In good condition. £120 SOLD
- STRACHEY, Ray The Cause: a short history of the women’s movement in Great Britain G. Bell 1928  This copy belonged to Lord McGregor – author of ‘Divorce in England’ , a book that includes a very useful bibliography of works on women’s rights. He has laid in the book a collection of newspaper cuttings, from the 1950s to 1970s, relating to the position of women. The copy of the book is in good condition – but he had bought it as an ex-library copy and has added a few pencilled notes on the back pastedown. An interesting association copy.
- WOMEN’S UNIONIST ORGANISATION Handbook for Women Organisers and Workers 1928 (revised ed)  Issued by Conservative Central Office to give guidance to those hoping to attract the newly-enfranchised woman voter to the Party.The Women’s Unionist Organisation formed in 1918/1919 (it became the Women’s National Advisory Committee in 1928); the Handbook states on its first page: ‘It is essential that the Conservative and Unionist Party should adopt every possible means to interest the women of the country in public affairs, and to ensure their close co-operation with men in political work.’ To do this it was felt to be still necessary for women to have their own organisation. Among the reasons given were that women were able to meet at different hours from men and were interested in different aspects of policy. Chapters include ‘How to form a Women’s Branch and a Women’s Section’, Model Rules for a Women’s Branch’, ‘Hints for Workers on Canvassing and Visiting’, How to Raise Money and How to Spend it’, and ‘Election Hints’. The importance of serving tea at meetings is not overlooked. The first issue of the ‘Handbook’ appeared in 1925 – but now, in 1928, all women over 21 had the vote. £35
- (DUNIWAY) Ruth Barnes Moynihan Rebel for Rights: Abigail Scott Duniway Yale University Press 1983  Abigal Scott Duniway (1834-1915), American suffragist, journalist, and national leader. Fine in d/w £5
- (FAWCETT) David Rubinstein A Different World for Women: the life of Millicent Garrett Fawcett Ohio State University Press 1991  Mint in d/w £15
- (LYTTON) Lady Betty Balfour (ed) Letters of Constance Lytton William Heinemann 1925  Very good – in purple cloth, with design by Sylvia Pankhurst on front cover £68
- (LYTTON) Lady Betty Balfour (ed) Letters of Constance Lytton William Heinemann 1925  Inlaid are cuttings about Lady Constance and an intriguing photograph of a portrait of her in which she is wearing both her hunger-strike medal and a ‘Holloway’ brooch. It’s not an image that I’ve seen before. Purple cloth cover, with design by Sylvia Pankhurst in purple, white and green (to match the cover of ‘Prisons and Prisoners’), is a little knocked and rubbed – internally good £80
- ALBUM OF PHOTOGRAPHS ‘SOUVENIR OF 1918 OR THE EVOLUTION OF THE SUFFRAGETTES’  A beautifully presented album recording what seems to have been a performance of a play based on ‘Spirit of ’76: the coming woman’, a play written c 1870 by Ariana and Daniel Curtis, The latter was a Bostonian lawyer, related to John Singer Sargent. Originally written for private performance it had then had success on the professional stage. The premise was that a man returned after years away to find that gender roles had been reversed. This ‘1918’ version presumably updated the story to take account of women’s recent enfranchisement. For, although the play was American in origin, the performance recorded in this album was certainly British. Apart from anything else ‘Suffragette’ wasn’t a usual US term – and the fact that it specifically describes it as a’ Souvenir of 1918′ gives it a peculiarly British association. The company is named as the ‘Moss-Baccanalian Theatre’ – which doesn’t tell us much – and the actors are not identified. The captions to the photographs do relate directly to the plot of ‘Spirit of ’76’, with the characters having the same names in both plays. It’s a little difficult to describe this item so do ask if you would like to see a scan or two of the pages. In fine condition – unique £350 SOLD
- ALICE ABADAM  once owned these two items: a copy of ‘Damaged Goods’, a play by Brieux, translated with a Preface by Bernard Shaw and a Foreword by Mrs Bernard Shaw. Laid in is a battered page from ‘The Suffragette News Sheet’ for April 1917, in which there is a review of ‘Damaged Goods’ by Alice Heale. Both the book (which has paper covers and is in very good condition) and the page of ‘The Suffragette News Sheet’ bear the ownership inscription ‘Miss Abadam’. Alice Abadam was a peripatetic suffrage speaker, much in demand, and tended to emphasis the moral aspect of the movement. Thus, this is a particularly fitting survivor from her library – as ‘Damaged Goods’ , as one mught suspect from the wording, deals with the problem of venereal disease.Incidentally any vestige of ‘The Suffragette News Sheet’ is something to remark – even one tatttered page.
- BRITTAIN, Vera The Married Woman in the Modern World The Suffragette Fellowship 1934  This lecture was delivered in 1933 and was the sixth organised by the Suffragette Fellowship to commemorate ‘the militant pioneers’. Paper covers – very good – 16pp – extremely scarce £80
- CAHILL, Richard Staunton A Lecture on Woman’s Rights, Cockermouth, 1888  The painting depicts a woman in neat, plain attire standing on a platform addressing an (unseen) audience. Behind her is a poster that reads ‘A Lecture on Woman’s Rights Will be Delivered [?] in the Lecture Hall of the Young Men’s Christian Association Cockermouth on Wednesday Mrs Smith.’
The painting is signed by the artist Richard Staunton Cahill and is dated 1888.
I can certainly place the artist, Irish-born though he was, very close to Cockermouth in the late 1870s/early 1880s.
The artist: -Richard Staunton Cahill – born c 1827 in Co Clare. Son of Charles Staunton Cahill who, in 1828/9, was a leading supporter of Catholic Emancipation and of Daniel O’Connell (the Liberator)
In 1850 Richard Cahill entered the Royal Hibernian Academy. He lived in Dublin but by 1863 had moved to London and then by 1875 was living in Nottingham and teaching at the Government School of Art there. He still had a Nottingham address in 1877 but by 1879 when he submitted works to the Royal Hibernian Academy of Arts his address was given as ‘Keswick’.
In the 1881 census he was living, with his sister, Agnes, in a boarding house in High Street, Crosthwaite. He gave his occupation as ‘artist’, ‘master School of Art’ – so it is possible that he was still employed in Nottingham and spent holidays in Cumberland.
In 1882 when he submitted works to the Irish Exhibition of Arts and Manufactures in Dublin his address was again given as ‘Keswick’.
On 24 March 1883 ‘The Graphic’ printed a poem Cahill had written protesting against the threat to ‘Lakeland’ posed by the new railway and roads. He must have been closely associated with Canon Rawnsley (who was about to move into Crosthwaite Vicarage) and the Lake District Defence Society. With his nephew (I think) C.S. Cahill, Richard Cahill wrote several songs – ‘Songs of the Lake’ – including ‘Beautiful Keswick’ and ‘Charming Windermere’.
As to the subject of the painting: – I know of a couple of women’s suffrage lectures given in Cockermouth in the early years of the suffrage campaign. On 1872 Friday 24 May 1872 a travelling speaker, Jessie Craigen, gave a lecture on ‘Women’s Rights at the Court House, Cockermouth – but I know from written descriptions that Jessie Craigen was large and blowsy – the antithesis of the neat figure in this painting.
Lydia Becker, the leader of the women’s suffrage meeting in Manchester, held meeting in Cockermouth on Tuesday 17 January 1882 – but, again, her features are very distinctive and these are not they. For full details of the 19th century women’s suffrage campaign in Cumberland see my Women’s Suffrage Movement: a regional survey p 24.
I suspect that the woman lecturer is in fact Miss Mary Smith of Finkle Street in Carlisle, whose ‘Autobiography of Mary Smith: schoolmistress and non-conformist’ was published in 1892. For many years Mary Smith ran a girls’ school from her home and was renowned for giving Penny Readings.
In 1868 she initiated a correspondence with Lydia Becker, who addressed her in a letter of 20 May 1868, as ‘Mrs Smith’.
On 2 April 1869, with Mary Smith’s encouragement, Miss Becker gave a ‘woman’s rights’ lecture in Carlisle, which was followed by the founding of the Carlisle branch of the National Society for Women’s Suffrage, with Mary Smith as its honorary secretary. The Carlisle branch was still in existence until at least 1872 but then fades from view.
In her autobiography Mary Smith is at pains to describe how she bought ‘plain and comfortable clothing’, writing ‘Nor was I ever ashamed of being plainly dressed’. One who knew her commented that ‘not unfrequently her dress was decidedly antiquated and old fashioned.’ The figure in the painting cuts a very neat figure, attired certainly in plain and comfortable clothing. Mary Smith’s Autobiography does not include any representation of her, alas, but I feel as certain as one can be – with no absolute proof – that it is she who is delivering the ‘Woman’s Rights’ lecture from that platform. I have, as yet, been unable to find a newspaper report of the lecture.
Mary Smith died in 1891 and had been ill for a few years before – so I rather think that the lecture had taken place considerably earlier than the date given on the painting. By 1888 (by which time Cahill can be found at a London address) ‘Woman’s Rights’ was no longer really the term that would be used. The suffrage campaign had been making some headway and by 1888 the term ‘women’s suffrage’ would have been more likely to have been used than ‘woman’s rights’, which was more of a 1870s usage.
The painting – oil on canvas – is in very good condition. £3,300
- CATHERINE COURTAULD  two photographs of the suffrage artist (about whom you can read in my new book ‘Art and Suffrage’) – taken, I think, from a family photograph album. They are mounted on two sides of one piece of card £12
- CAZALET, Thelma Mrs Pankhurst  An article about Mrs Pankhurst by Thelma Cazalet (MP for Islington East) in ‘The Listener’ (6 Nov 1935) in a series ironically titled ‘I Knew A Man’. I am not sure whether or not this is the same text as Thelma Cazalet’s Suffragette Fellowship pamphlet, ‘I Knew Mrs Panknhurst’. A 4-pp article – including photographs. The late-lamented ‘The Listener’ was a substantial journal in those days – this issue is 55 pages – in goodish condition – the front page is present but detached. £20
- CHURCH LEAGUE FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE Mission Week 1912 CLWS 1912  Single-sided leaflet (22cm high x 14cm wide) giving details of the main events of Mission Week. In good condition £45
- CHURCH LEAGUE FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE Resolutions Passed at the General Council, January 25, 1912  Single-sided sheet (34cm x 21cm) setting out the Resolutions, which included ‘That the Council consider means of breaking down the unfriendly attitude of the Ecclesiastical Press’; ‘That a better and more expensive brooch be made’, and that ‘Lady Day be observed throughout all the Branches as a Day of Intercession for the Women’s Movement’. Very good condition – has been folded £50 SOLD
- CICELY HAMILTON  photographed by Lena Connell, 50 Grove End Road, London NW. The close-up photograph is mounted on stiff card, which carries the logo of the Suffrage Shop and the words ‘Published by the Suffrage Shop’.Her name has been scratched on the emulsion, presumbably by the photographer, and Cicely Hamilton has signed the image, which probably dates from late-1909/1910. In fine condition – overall 20 cm high x 13 cm wide. £180
- CONFERENCE ON ELECTORAL REFORM Letter from Mr Speaker to the Prime Minister HMSO 1917  Section VIII reports ‘The Conference decided by a majority that some measure of woman suffrage should be conferred’. They were, however, still debating whether the age at which a woman could vote would be 30 or 35. An important document. 8-pp – foolscap £40 SOLD
- CORONATION PROCESSION 17 June 1911  A stereoscope photograph of ‘The Empire Car’ – part of the ‘Pageant of Empire’ part of the procession staged by the suffrage societies to mark the Coronation of George V. Very good £95 SOLD
23A DOWSON, Mrs Aubrey (compiler) [ 11522] The Women’s Suffrage Cookery Book no date (c.1912) One of the NUWSS’s most appealing fund raising projects – the book comprises recipes contributed from suffragists from around the country. The compiler of the book was a member of the Birmingham NUWSS, married to a nephew of Mrs Catherine Osler, the society’s president. The first recipe in the book – Egg Croquettes for Breakfast – was contributed by the wife of Catherine’s son, Julian. Among many other contributors are: Mrs Hilda Brackenbury (mother of the suffrage artists, Georgina and Marie), Mrs Helena Swanwick (Stuffed Filleted Plaice), Mrs Adair Impey of King’s Norton, Mrs Fawcett (Millicent), London (Chestnuts as a Vegetable), Ray Costelloe (later Strachey), Elinor Rendel, and Mrs Philip Snowden (Yorkshire Gingerbread). The recipes are interesting not only for their suffrage connection but as examples of everyday cookery of their day. At the end of the book are ‘Menus for Meals for Suffrage Workers’ – ‘It is not always easy to provide suitable food for workers who have to get their mmeals as best they can during a day’s hard and exacting work often lasting for 12 hours or more. it is essential that the meals should be sustaining and yet they must be simple and such as can be eaten quickly, and also made up of dishes which will keep hot without spoiling and can be eaten with impunity at any hour.’ There follows suggestions for suitable combinations of dishes for Luncheons and Suppers. The final recipe in the book is ‘For Cooking and Preserving a Good Suffrage Speaker’ and begins ‘Butter the speaker, when asking her to come, with a stamped and addressed envelope, post-card, or telegraph form for reply…’ It was contributed by Mrs Bertrand Russsell, Bagley Wood. (she was the former Alys Pearsall Smith). I’ve only sold three copies of the Cookery Book over the last 18 years . The last one was probably the most battered book that has ever passed through my hands – whereas this is the best-preserved example of the Women’s Suffrage Cookery Book that I have ever seen. It’s a measure of its success as a cookery book that copies tend to show evidence of the flour, eggs, fruit etc with which they came into contact on the kitchen table. Only against one recipe, ‘Potato Cake’, is there a short pencilled comment – ‘Should be eaten hot’ – to show that the recipes had received a cook’s attention. The book is clean and tight – with foxing on the free front end paper and the back pastedown. The book’s cover sports the colours of the NUWSS – red, white and green – a little rubbed around the edges – but generally in very good condition £600
- GREAT MEETINGS TO CONSIDER ‘THE RELIGIOUS ASPECT OF THE WOMEN’S MOVEMENT’  The Programme for the event that took place on Wednesday 19 June 1912 in the Queen’s Hall, Langham Place, London. The organiser was Miss Lucy Gardner, 7 Bigwood Road, Golders Green and the chairmen were Mrs Louise Creighton, widow of a former bishop of London, and the bishop of Oxford. Among the several other speakers were the bishop of Hull and Maude Royden. The programme also mentions that a ‘Quiet Day’ was being held on 12 June at Morley Hall, 26 George St, Hanover Square, London W where ‘Friends are invited to come in for silent or united prayer for longer or shorter periods.’ The 4-page programme (26cm high x 22 cm wide) includes a long list of ‘Supporters and Guarantors’ of the event. In good condition – has been folded -unusual – I’ve never seen a programme for this event before £100
- GRONNO, Arthur The Attempt to Capture the National Union of Teachers by Woman-Suffragists National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage no date   Pamphlet by a leading anti-suffragist protesting against a decision taken by the National Union of Teachers at their 1912 Hull conference to send a message of support for women’s suffrage to their local associations, while making clear that as an organisation it had no mandate to deal with ‘Woman Suffrage in any shape or form’. Gronno was outraged at this evidence of even mild support and expounds at length his reasons.8-pp pamphlet, in good condition, although missing itsstaples £55 SOLD
- ‘HELPING THE CAUSE’  Programme for The London Coliseum for week beginning 19 February 1912 – which includes on the bill a play, ‘Helping the Cause’, starring ‘Mrs Lily Langtry’. The play was described by ‘Variety’ as ‘a skit on the Suffragette movement. The plot deals with a titled woman seeking martyrdom in the cause of suffrage. The act is very funny, with some clever lines. It was the hit of the bill.’ The scene was set in a cell in ‘Holloway Gaol’ and besides ‘Lady Victoria Vanderville (played, of cours, by LL) the other characters are a Wardress, the Prison Doctor, the Prison Governor and other warders and attendants. The authors are given as Percy Fendall and Lady de Bathe – ‘Lady de Bathe’ being ‘Mrs Lily Langtry”s current married name. As far as I know Lily Langtry was at least a nominal member of the Actresses’ Franchise League – but presumably not averse to playing to popular anti-suffrage sentiment. Interesting – and unusual. Good £55
- INTERNATIONAL WOMAN SUFFRAGE CONGRESS  Budapest June 15-20 1913. This is a small advertising paper label/stamp (it has a sticky back) for the Congress – showing two graceful women stretching their arms, to hold hands across the globe. The type-face is very 1913. A pretty and interesting memento of the last pre-war international women’s gathering. Fine -amazingly ephemeral – and unusual. With the background printed in gold £85
- INTERNATIONAL WOMAN SUFFRAGE CONGRESS  Budapest June 15-20 1913. This is a small advertising paper label/stamp (it has a sticky back) for the Congress – showing two graceful women stretching their arms, to hold hands across the globe. The type-face is very 1913. A pretty and interesting memento of the last pre-war international women’s gathering. Fine -amazingly ephemeral – and unusual. With the background printed in blue £85
- JOAN HARVEY DREW  5 cliché verre plates + 4 prints made from them – the work of Joan Harvey Drew – artist, designer and embroiderer – who has a longish entry in my new book, ‘Art and Suffrage: a biographical dictionary of suffrage artists’. No suffrage artwork included here – although JHD’s design for her own bookplate is present both as a plate and as a print. All contained in an original ‘Ilford Chromatic Plates’ box.Very good £25
- LONDON AND NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR WOMEN’S SERVICE Report, October 1st 1938 to March 31st 1943  A Report giving details of how Women’s Service House fared during the early years of the war (bombed) and where the Library was accommodated (Oxford) – together with details of the Society’s perilous financial postition. Good £25
- MALE ELECTORS’ LEAGUE FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE  4-pp leaflet setting out the ‘spirit and purpose’ of the Male Electors’ League. Provisional Committee is: C.W. Bream Pearce, Glasgow, Ben Elmy, Congleton, Cheshire, Rev Alan Greenwell, MA, Leamington, Edmund Harvey, Waterford, Walter Lewin, Bebington, Cheshire. Secretary Frank Wolstenholme Elmy, Bebington, Cheshire. Has been folded, a little chipped and dusty around the edges. Very scarce £75
- MALE ELECTORS’ LEAGUE FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE  Membership form for Male Electors’ League – setting out the Object of the League and the Terms of Membership and including a slip that could have been detached and returned to Ben Elmy, indicating approval of the principle and purpose of the League. 1 page – fine condition – £50 SOLD
- MILLICENT GARRETT FAWCETT  studio photograph by W & D. Downey, no date (probably 1880s). Mounted – very good image – with narrow strip at left-hand edge of mount where it may have been fixed in an album £40
- MISS EMILY FAITHFULL  studio photograph by W & D Downey, 57 & 61 Ebury Street, London, together with a printed brief biography. £40
- NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE Mr J.R. Tolmie’s Reply to Mr L. Housman’s Pamphlet NLOWS no date (1913)  The pamphlet of Laurence Housman’s to which this refers is ‘The Physical Force Fallacy’. Pamphlet no 37 issued by the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. 4-pp – very good £65
Item # 36
- NUWSS BADGE  An enamelled pin badge made from die-stamped brass and a gilt finish, issued by the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies. It is circular -the top band of enamel is red and contains the words ‘National Union’, the central circle is green with ‘of’ and below is a white wavy band with ‘Women’s Suffrage Societies’, which merges into the lower rim containing the words ‘Constitutional Non-Party’. The badge head has a diameter of 7/8 in (about 22mm). When originally issued the badge had a stickpin by which it was fixed to clothing – but at some time this must have snapped and instead the badge now has a conventional brooch fitting, which looks as though it was added some time ago. The badges were made by ‘Fenwick, B’ham’ – but the maker’s name has been covered by the replacement fitting.
In very good condition – very scarce £750
- NUWSS BADGE  Enamelled, rose-shaped, with a scalloped edge. At the centre is a five-petalled rose -surrounded by green ‘leaves’ – and around the outside is a black inscription: ‘National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies’ within a narrow black border. This is an extremely rare badge – made, not by any of the usual badge makers, but by ‘W Mark, Campden, Glos’. He was William Mark, of Chipping Campden, Gloucestershire, an Australian who in 1911 was living at The White House in Chipping Campden. From 1900 he had been a member of Ashbee’s Guild of Handicraft. Although I write about the badge in the section on ‘Jewellery’ in my ‘Reference Guide’, in nearly 35 years of dealing in this material I have never before had one for sale. In very good condition £1,000 SOLD
- PANKHURST, Christabel Broken Windows WSPU  Leaflet in which Christabel Pankhurst justified the actions taken by the ‘militant suffragists’ on 1 March 1912 – when they took part in a mass window-smashing demonstration. An extremely interesting and important statement. Double-sided leaflet (26cm high x 19cm wide) – in fair condition £125 SOLD
- PANKO  A suffragette card game, first mentioned in ‘Votes for Women’ in December 1909. The advertisement claimed ‘Not only is each picture in itself an interesting memento, but the game produces intense excitement without the slightest taint of bitterness’.The illustrations on the cards are by E.T. Reed, a ‘Punch’ cartoonist and the manufacturer was Messrs Peter Gurney Ltd. The cards in this set are in good condition – held in the game’s outer slipcase. The ‘Rules’ sheet is missing – as it so often is – but I am supplying a copy. All in all an excellent example of the merchandise generated by the suffragette movement. £350
- PUNCH CARTOON  13 March 1912, full-page, suffragettes wield hammers in the background as Roman-type matron, bearing a paper labelled ‘Woman’s Suffrage’ comments ‘To think that, after all these years, I should be the first martyr’. the heading is ‘In the House of Her Friends’ £12
- PUNCH CARTOON  5 March 1913.’The Majesty of the Law’ is the caption. Blind Justice stands with the scales in one hand and her sword wrapped round with a cloth labelled ‘Hunger Strike’. A house is in flames in the background. Full-page -very good £12
- PUNCH CARTOON  13 March 1912, full-page, suffragettes wield hammers in the background as Roman-type matron, bearing a paper labelled ‘Woman’s Suffrage’ comments ‘To think that, after all these years, I should be the first martyr’. the heading is ‘In the House of Her Friends’. £12
- PUNCH CARTOON  21 January 1912 – full page – ‘The Suffrage Split’. Sir George Askwith (the charismatic industrial conciliator), as ‘Fairy Peacemaker’, has tamed the dragon of the Cotton Strike – and Asquith, wrestling to keep a seat on the Cabinet horse turns to him ‘Now that you’ve charmed yon dragon I shall need ye to stop the strike inside this fractious gee-gee.’ £12
- PUNCH CARTOON  30 Nov 1910, scene is a suffragette demonstration, ‘Votes for Women’ flags flying. Two young street urchins observe and comment. Caption is ‘Man of the World (lighting up), “Well ‘ave to give it ’em, I expect, Chorlie”‘. Half-page illustration £12
- PUNCH CARTOON  13 July 1910, full-page – the caption is ‘Excelsior!’ as Suffragist puts her shoulder to the boulder of ‘Women’s Suffrage’ and says, ‘It’s no good talking to me about Sisyphus; he was only a man’ £12
- PUNCH CARTOON  6 July 1910 – ‘The Suffragette that Knew Jiu-Jitsu’. Backed by her ‘Votes for Women’ poster, she is hurling policemen over the fence. Half-page £12
- PUNCH CARTOON  2 December 1908 – a Bernard Partridge full-length illustration shows Asquith (Andromedus) chained to his rock – beset by the sea monster taunting him with her Votes for Women triton and searching for salvation from Persea – the Women’s National Anti-Suffrage League. Very good £12
- PUNCH CARTOON  21 October 1908 – full page – two burglars ‘on the way to suburban night-work’ pass a line of policemen marching in the opposite direction. The wallposter announces a Votes for Women demonstration in Parliament Square – and the burglars agree that ‘sufferajits’ are a good thing, keeping the police occupied they we they do. £12
- PUNCH CARTOON  24 June 1908. ‘The Militant Sex’. Haldane, the secretary of state for war, attired as Napoleon, comments on the serrried ranks of women marching behind him, banners aloft – to the WSPU’s ‘Woman’s Sunday’ rally in Hyde Park and thinks ‘Ah! if only I could get the men to come forward like that!’ A full-page illustration £12
- PUNCH CARTOON  1 January 1908. ‘Leap-Year: or, the Irrepressible Ski’. A suffragette, attired in her winter furs and scarves, sails through the air on her skis (both labelled ‘Agitation’) and carrying her ‘Votes for Women’ pennant. Full page – good £12
- PUNCH CARTOON  18 April 1906. ‘A Temporary Entaglement’ – a scene from ‘Vanity Fair’. Sir Henry Campbell Bannerman as Josh Sedley holds the wool as The Suffragette (aka Becky Sharp) winds it into a ball. The allusion is to the news that ‘The Prime Minister has promised to receive a deputation on the subject of Female Suffrage after Easter’. Full-page cartoon by Bernard Partridge £12
- PUNCH CARTOON  5 October 1927. As a young woman takes her gun from the ghillie an elderly gentleman (the Conservative Party) looks concerned and remarks ‘I hope she’s got enough ‘intuition’ not to let it off in my direction’. The remark is explained: ‘The question of extended suffrage for women [ie for those between 21 and 30] [in whose ‘intuition’ Mr Baldwin reposes so much confidence will be raised in the approaching Conference of the Conservative Party]. Full page £12
- PUNCH CARTOON  23 May 1928. A gentleman identified as Lord Banbury kneels in a ring (it’s an allusion to the Royal Tournament which was doubtless on at the time) and opens his umbrella to defend himself against the horde of cloche-hatted women who are rushing towards him carrying their flag for the ‘Equal Franchise Bill’. In the debate on the Representation of the People Act on 21 May 1928 Lord Banbury had attempted to move its rejection. Full-page cartoon – good – one corner creased £12
- PUNCH CARTOON  17 January 1906. ‘The Shrieking Sister’. The Sensible Woman (with her fur stole around her neck) addresses the dishevelled ‘suffragette’ (with a ‘Female Suffrage’ flag tied to her umbrella) – ‘You – help our cause? Why, you’re its worst enemy!’ They are standing outside a hall that advertises ‘Great Liberal Meeting’. A full-page Bernard Partridge cartoon £12
- PUNCH CARTOON  5 November 1913. Two young women are discussing ‘The Fifth of November’. One asks ‘Coming to our bonfire?’ The other replies ‘Ra-ther. Whose house are we burning?’ Quarter-page cartoon – fine £10
- PUNCH CARTOON  2 July 1913. ‘Advertising the Enemy’ ‘Painful position of M.P. returning to his hotel in the only clothes left him after a quiet bathe behind the rocks’. Chap dashes along the promenade shielded from the gaze of tittering women by only a ‘Votes for Women’ advertisement. Half-page £10
- PUNCH CARTOON  2 July 1913. Militant ‘Now, isn’t that provoking? Here’s a lovely big house to let and I’ve forgotten my matches!!’. Needless to say she’s a dowdy frump and is carrying a bag packed with paraffin, fire lighters and ‘votes for women’ notices. Half-page cartoon £10
- PUNCH CARTOON  18 June 1913. ‘Atmosphere of distrust at a garden party owing to rumour that a militant is present’. Love the stylish 1913 clothes – but all – men and women and children – are all looking over their (literal and proverbial) shoulders. Half-page cartoon £10
- PUNCH CARTOON  4 June 1913. Be-smutted woman kneels in front of her recalcitrant fireplace. ‘Militant suffragette (after long and futile efforts to light a fire for her tea-kettle) ‘And to think that only yesterday I burnt two pavilions and a church.’ Half-page cartoon £10
- PUNCH CARTOON  26 March 1913. ‘Burglary Up-To-Date’. Burglar has taken his swag from a safe and now writes ‘Votes for Women’ across the jemmied door. Half-page cartoon – good condition £10
- PUNCH CARTOON  19 March 1913. At a railway wayside halt the stationmaster asks the signalman to keep an eye on ‘the ole gal on the platform’ while he has his dinner. The signalman doesn’t think she’ll come to any harm but the stationmaster explains ‘I’m not thinkin’ of ‘er ‘ealth. I’m thinkin’ about my station. She might want to burn it down.’ Half-page cartoon – very good £10
- PUNCH CARTOON  5 March 1913. ‘The child is daughter to the woman’ is the caption. Suffragette mother returns after a strenuous day and is expecting some important correspondence. Her daughter, however, reveals she has torn up the letters to provide a paperchase for her dolls. Mother expostulates: ‘..Haven’t I often told you that letters are sacred things?’ A comment on suffragette attacks on post-boxes. A half-page cartoon – very good £10
- PUNCH CARTOON  26 February 1913. ‘Acidulated Golf’ is the caption. ‘Votes for Women’ has been incised in the golf course and golfers and caddies are puzzling out how to make their shots. A half-page cartoon – very good £10
- PUNCH CARTOON  5 February 1913. ‘How Militant Suffragettes Are Made’. A cheeky caddie explains to a visiting golfer that the old green they are passsing gets flooded and ‘so they’ve give it up to the lydies.’ A half-page cartoon – very good £10
- PUNCH CARTOON  5 February 1913. ‘A Pleasure Deferred’ is the caption. Asquith, during the course of a Society evening, is trapped behind a columnar ornamental fern pot by a demanding suffragette (in her best Edwardian evening clothes) asking to know why he had ‘cur’ her dance. He explains that ‘the M.C. objected to the pattern of my waisstcoat, and I had to go home and change it. but I’ll tell you what! Let me put you down for an extra at our private subscription dance next season’. I love it. The full-page cartoon refers to the Speaker’s rulingat the end of Jan 1913 that a proposed amendment to introduce women into the bill would so change it that it would have to be reintroduced as a new bill. Very good £12
- PUNCH CARTOON  29 January 1913. ‘Rag-Time in the House’ is the caption. Members of the government are enjoying the ‘Suffrage Free & Easy Go As You Please’ dance. Asquith, with an ‘Anti’ label, is keeping an eye on Lloyd George (wearing a ‘Pro’ armband) jitterbugs with Sir Edward. The sub-text is ‘Sir Edward Grey’s Woman Suffrage Amendment produces some curious partnerships’. Full-page cartoon – very good £12
- PUNCH CARTOON  23 June 1912. ‘Votes for Men and Women’ is the caption. John Bull is sitting comfortably and turns round as Nurse Asquith enters carrying a baby labelled ‘Franchise Bill’. In answer to JB’s query ‘she’ replies: ‘Well, Sir, it’s certainly not a girl, and I very much doubt if it’s a boy’. The government’s Franchise and Registration bill was given its first Reading on 18 June 1912. Full-page cartoon – very good £12
- PUNCH CARTOON  27 March 1912. A young suffragette is standing on a table addressing a crowd: ‘I defy anyone to name a field of endeavour in which men do not receive more consideration than women!’ A Voice from the Crowd retorts: ‘What about the bally ballet!’ A half-page cartoon – very good £10
- PUNCH CARTOON  7 December 1910. ‘Voter’s Vertigo’ is the caption. It is the second general election of 1910 and the voter is all in a tizz..muddling up all the campaign slogans..(e’g. ‘don’t tax the poor man’s dreadnought’ and ‘home rule for suffragettes’). A quarter of a page cartoon – very good £8
- PUNCH CARTOON  6 January 1909. ‘Hereditary Instinct’ is the caption. Suffragette mother, in her outdoor dress, takes time ‘from really important things’ to visit the nursery and finds her daughter distraught amidst a plethora of exciting-looking toys. When Mother asks what, with all these toys, can she possibly want she replies, ‘I want a vote!’ Half-page cartoon – very good £10
- PUNCH CARTOON  24 December 1908. Two male Anti-suffragists, perhaps lounging at the Club, are talking about the suffrage campaign. One says ‘The idea of their wantin’ to be like us!’ while the other agrees ‘Yes, makin’ themselves utterly ridiculous’. Half-page cartoon – very good £10
- SHOULDER TO SHOULDER  A Radio Times Special published to celebrate the first screening of the eponymous BBC series, April 1974. Very good £20 SOLD
- SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE  is the caption to this full page George Belcher cartoon, published in the Tatler on 12 August 1908. Two impoverished old women are talking in the street – a unconsciously joky exchange – which is the amusing part for the audience of the day (I won’t go into the rather laboured humour which, if it has any suffrage relevance, is only to mock woman’s supposed illogicality)- but what is interesting to us is that one of the old dears is standing holding an advertising bill for the magazine, ‘New Age’, on which the roughly sketched in legend reads something like ‘A Suffragette’s reply to Belfort Bax.’. For the book that sparked off the debate in New Age see item ? Bax had published an article ‘Feminism and Female Suffrage’ in the issue for 30 May, to which Millicent Murby had written a reply that appeared in the issue of 6 June, to which Bax had made a riposte in the issue of 8 August. Single page – very good £15
- SPALDING, Frances (ed) The Charleston Magazine:Charleston, Bloomsbury and the Arts Charleston Trust issue 19, Spring/Summer 1999  Includes an article ‘A Rich Network of Associations: Bloomsbury and Women’s Suffrage’, written by me (seems a very long time ago). Also an article on Frank Rutter that touches on his suffrage sympathies – and other interesting articles. A much lamented magazine. Fine – card covers £12
- STRACHEY, Ray The Women’s Movement in Great Britain: a short summary of its rise, methods and victories National Council of Women of Great Britain no date (c 1928)  A pamphlet abridged from Strachey’s ‘The Cause’. Chipped and rubbed – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £10
- TENTH CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL WOMAN SUFFRAGE ALLIANCE  Booklet published by the IWSA for the 10th congress – held at the Sorbonne, Paris, 30 May – 6 June 1926. Packed with information on the Congress’s timetable – full details of all meetings and attendees – and photographs of delegates – including a charming frontispiece portrait of Margery Corbett Ashby, the IWSA president.. Soft covers -34pp – good – scarce £95 SOLD
- THE FIGHTING SEX  This issue of the part-work ‘History of the 20th Century’ includes a section on the suffrage campaign – written by Trevor Lloyd (author of ‘Suffragettes International’). Paper covers – large format £5
- THE MARLBOROUGH THEATRE, Holloway Road, London  Theatre programme for the Boxing Day 1910 performance of ‘The Musical, Mirthful, Spectacular Pantomime DICK WHITTINGTON’ – a most appropriate choice as Dick Whittington is very much a local hero in Holloway. In this production the cook to Alderman Fitzwarren is ‘Eliza, a Suffragette’, played by Dan Crawley (1872-1912), an Irish comedian who had considerable success as a pantomime dame. Clearly at this time the idea of a ‘suffragette’ was a good fit for a cross-dressing humourous character. Incidentally, the Marlborough Theatre was designed by the renowned Frank Matcham and had opened in 1903. The programme is packed with advertisements for local businesses, including one for the Dimoline Piano Co whose owners were members of the WSPU and regular advertisers in ‘Votes for Women’. In good condition, with decorative cover £35
- THE NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR OPPOSING WOMAN SUFFRAGE  A small tin badge issued by the League- still bearing the label of its maker ‘The Merchant’s Portrait Co’ of Kentish Town, who were happy to take orders for badges from both sides of the suffrage movement.. The device of the NLOWS was a rose, thistle and shamrock which on this badge are rendered in white on a dark pink background. The lettering of the name of the League is on a black background round the rim of the badge. In very good condition £95 SOLD
- ‘THE RIGHTS OF WOMEN’  supplement to ‘The Graphic’, 1885, heralding the supplements to be issued in Nov and Dec 1885 on ‘Parliamentary Elections and Electioneering in the Old Days’. As its advertisement for the series The Graphic has chosen to use George Cruickshank’s ”The Rights of Women; or a view of the hustings with female suffrage, 1853.’ We see on the hustings the two candidates – ‘The Ladies’ Candidate’- Mr Darling’ and ‘The Gentleman’s Candidate – Mr Screwdriver – the great political economist’. Elegant Mr Darling is surrounded by ladies in bonnets and crinolines – Mr Screwdriver by ill-tempered-looking boors. The audience contains many women accompanied, presumably, by their husbands who are holding aloft a ‘Husband and Wife Voters’ banner. Another banner proclaims the existence of ‘Sweetheart Voters’ and riding in their midst is a knight in armour holding a ‘Vote for the Ladies’ Champion’ pennant. There do not appear to be many supporters of the opposition.
Single sheet 28 cm x 20.5 cm – a little foxed around the edges of the paper but barely afffecting the good, clear image of Crucikshank’s cartoon. £160
- THE SUFFRAGETTE  US Suffragette – wearing sash that proclaims this (ie ‘Suffragette’), holding aloft a ‘Suffragette’ pennant with one hand while she firmly squashes with the other a little Cupid, whose bow and arrow fly out of his hands. Under her foot is, I think, her heart. The caption is ‘You may think it fun, poor Cupid to snub,/With the hand of a Suffragette,/But he’s cunning and smart, aye, there’s the rub/Revenge is the trap he will set.’
The print is in colour – the Suffragette’s dress dates from c 1913/14, I think.
The sheet (18cm x 27 cm) is printed ‘Made in U.S.A.). In good condition – an item that would look attractive mounted and framed. £150
- THE WOMAN’S PARTY  The Woman’s Party [sic] took a full-page advertisement in a Shaftesbury Theatre programme for ‘Arlette’ (an operetta by George Grossmith and Edward Laurillard) to advertise a ‘Patriotic Meeting and Celebration of the Woman’s Suffrage Victory’ at the Royal Albert Hall on Saturday 16 March 1918. Notices of this Woman’s Party celebration are uncommon. It is the only full-page advertisement in the programme – which is in fair condition – a little creased and rubbed. £45 SOLD
- US SUFFRAGE ‘CINDERELLA’ STAMP  ‘Votes for the Woman Suffrage – 1915- Amendment in November’. A non-philatelic poster-type stamp showing a map of the USA, with ‘Equal Suffrage’ states coloured in yellow and ‘Manhood Suffrage’ states in black – probably the one designed by Caroline Katzenstein, executive secretary of the Equal Franchise Society of Philadelphia (see Florey, ‘Women’s Suffrage Memorabilia’ p.177). In fine condition £20
- VOTES FOR WOMEN, 26 July 1912  An incomplete copy – pp 693-698 (inc) and 703-708 (inc) – but gives a flavour £30
- WOMEN SHOULD VOTE LIBERAL Liberal Publication Dept, no date (1928?)  4-pp leaflet – appealing to the woman voter £5 SOLD
- WOMEN’S GUILD OF EMPIRE BADGE  Initials ‘W.G.E.’ in gold, within a white circle around which is the Guild’s motto, ‘Peace Unity Concord’, in gold lettering in a dark blue circle. The WGE, a right-wing organisation founded by Flora Drummond, Norah Dacre-Fox and Elsie Bowerman, was in some ways a successor to the Pankhursts’ Women’s Party – concentrating on combatting communism. I’ve never seen a WGE badge before. In very good condition £65 SOLD
- WOMEN’S LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOCIETY The Work of a Public Health Committee WLGS Oct 1918  4-pp leaflet, written by S.M. Smee, chairman of the Public Health Committee, 1912-14 and 1916-18. Good condition – with two punch hole in margin, with no loss of text £5
- WOMEN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL UNION Crowned with Honour: a speech by Mrs Annie Besant, at the Royal Albert Hall, 28 March 1912 Woman’s Press 1912  The speech was delivered in the aftermath of the prison sentences handed down after the window-smashing demonstration in early March 1912. In it she extols ‘the martyrs of this cause [who] wil also be crowned with honour, because they realise that to suffer means in the long run to succeed..’ Double-sided leaflet (24cm high x 20cm wide) – in very good condition £50 SOLD
- WSPU BROOCH  in the shape of a broad (convict) arrow – enamelled in purple, white and green within a silver surround. The WSPU had produced these brooches – described as ‘in the colours’ by 1909 (see, for instance, The Women’s Press advertisement in ‘Votes for Women’, 14 May 1909, p 650). They were produced in two editions – either silver or silver-plated. This brooch isn’t hallmarked and so must be, I think, one of the silver-plated variety. The reverse carries the maker’s mark of ‘J.R. Gaunt London’, a firm of Birmingham badge makers that had opened an office in London’s Conduit St in 1905. Although I knew of this WSPU brooch I have never before seen one – as far as I known, there is no example held in any public collection.. Extremely scarce. In fine condition £1,200 SOLD
- WSPU POSTER ‘The Cat and Mouse Act Passed by the Liberal Government’  An original of this celebrated WSPU poster – depicting a helpless suffragette, wearing her WSPU sash, caught in the jaws of the fierce ‘Liberal’ cat. The poster was first published by the WSPU in 1914 and refers to the ‘Prisoner’s Temporary Discharge for Ill-Health Act’ of 1913, under the terms of which imprisoned suffragettes on hunger-strike could be released because of ill-health and then re-imprisoned once they had recovered. The bottom of the poster carries the legend ‘The Liberal Cat. Voters Vote Against Him! Keep the Liberals Out.’ At the very bottom the poster exhorts the viewer to ‘Buy and Read The Suffragette’.
The poster measures 41.5 cm x 56cm (16″ x 22″) – the size issued for placing in a window. The poster is reassuringly distressed – it shows many neat crease lines – and some slight loss at the edges – but nothing affecting the image itself. In my opinion the damage only adds to its air of authenticity. The poster is held in a wooden frame, the backing plate covered by a page from ‘The People’, 5 Nov 1933. My supposition is that it lay, tighttly folded and unregareded for c 20 years – but was then resurrected to be framed and hung on the wall. Suffragette posters are extremely scarce. In over 30 years I’ve only had four for sale – and never a copy of this one. I doubt I shall ever find another one. £2,000 SOLD
SUFFRAGE POSTCARDS: REAL PHOTOGRAPHIC
- CHRISTABEL PANKHURST  photographed by Lizzie Caswell Smith, 309 Oxford Street, London W. Head and shoulders oval portrait, The caption is ‘Miss Christabel Pankhurst The Women’s Social and Political Union 4 Clement’s Inn, London WC. It was published by Sandle Bros. The card has been pinned up at its four corners and then roughly removed leaving holes – but in no way affecting the image £30
- DR THEKLA HULTIN  The Finnish MP is photographed at her desk. She sent the card from Helsingfors (Helsinki) on 12 April 1917 to Mrs Louisa Thompson-Price of the Women’s Freedom League. From the message on the reverse it would appear that the two women shared a birthday ‘I wish you all the best (including the vote) in the following 50 years…’ Very good – posted – very unusual £120
- FLORA DRUMMOND  She wears her WSPU (or as it was at this time ‘NWSPU’) regalia – peaked hat, epaulette, and ‘Votes for Women’ sash. The card bears the printed caption ‘General Drummond, the National Women’s Social and Political Union, 4 Clement’s Inn’. The photograph was taken by Lizzie Caswall Smith (309 Oxford St) and published by Sandle Bros. Unposted – fine condition – scarce. £180
- ‘HOLLOWAY CASTLE’  photographic postcard of Holloway prison – showing its towers and turrets. The card has been posted but unfortunately I can’t quite make out the year date. However the jokey message refers to a young man thinking ‘of spending his summer holidays, board & lodgings free’ there – so the card may pre-date1902 when it became a women’s prison. However the facade did not change between then and the arrival of the first suffragette prisoners in 1906. In very good condition – posted £12
- LADY CONSTANCE LYTTON CARD – SIGNED  Real photographic card of Lady Constance sitting at a desk, reading. The photograph us by Lafayette (Glasgow) and is captioned ‘Lady Constance Lytton Women’s Social and Political Union 4 Clement’s Inn Strand W.C.’ I think the card dates to the early days of the WSPU (she isn’t yet wearing a hunger strike medal, which she does in later portrait photos – and the use of the ‘WSPU’ name rather than ‘National Women’s Social and Political Union’ which was used after the split with the Women’s Freedom League makes me think it was published c 1907). The card is signed by Lady Constance underneath the caption. Good – unposted – with a slight crease to the middle of the right hand edge of the card £190
- MISS GLADICE KEEVIL  Portrait photograph of Gladys Keevil ‘National Women’s Social and Political Union, 4 Clement’s Inn, WC’. The photographer was Lena Connell, who, in an interview in the Women’s Freedom League paper, ‘The Vote’, dated her involvement with the suffrage movement to this commission – photographing Gladice Keevil soon after her release from prison in 1908. Gladice was considered one of the prettiest of the WSPU organisers. You can read about her in my ‘Reference Guide’. In very good condition – unposted – with slight crease on bottom left-hand corner (not affeting the image) where it has been held in an album. Unusual £95 SOLD
- MISS TERESA BILLINGTON  Real photographic postcard – full-length studio portrait. The card is headed ‘Votes for Women’ and underneath her name captioned ‘The Women’s Social and Political Union, 4 Clement’s Inn, Strand, London WC.’ It must date from before October 1907 which was when, with Mrs Despard, she broke from the WSPU to found the Women’s Freedom League. She married in February 1907, becoming Mrs Billington-Greig, so it is likely that the card predates her wedding, making it a very early WSPU card. Fine – Unposted £120
- MR AND MRS PETHICK LAWRENCE AND MISS CHRISTABEL PANKHURST GOING TO BOW STREET, OCTOBER 14 1908  Christabel was on trial, charged with inciting crowds to ‘rush’ the House of Commons – but she and the Pethick Lawrences look very cheerful. Published by Sandle Bros for the National Women’s Social and Political Union. Fine – unposted – scarce £180
- MRS CHARLOTTE DESPARD  real photographic postcard of her – taken in profile. She is sitting reading a book. On the reverse, written in pencil, is ‘Mrs Despard – (Sister of Sir John General French) & President of the Women’s Suffrage National Aid Corps, organised by the Women’s Freedom League. return to Mrs Thomson-Price, 42 Parkhill Rd, Hampstead’. £30
- MRS CHARLOTTE DESPARD  real photographic card, photograph by Lena Connell. Fine – unposted £30
- MRS EMMELINE PANKHURST  photograph by F. Kehrhahn & Co, Bexleyheath. She is wearing one of the WSPU shield-shaped badges – and looks very beautiful. The sitter isn’t identified, but Mrs Pankhurst is unmistakable. The photograph had been taken at the same time – or had been cropped from and reproduced as a separate image – as a full length portrait (#14536). The card was published by Kehrhahn – about whom you can find out more here https://wp.me/p2AEiO-ge. Unusual – probably dates from c 1909. In fine condition £120
- MRS LILIAN M. HICKS  – photographed by Lena Connell – an official Women’s Freedom League photographic postcard. Mrs Hicks had been an early member of the WSPU, but left to join the WFL in the 1907 split, returning in 1910 to the WSPU. Fine – unposted £35
- MRS PANKHURST  ‘Founder and Hon sec, National Women’s Social and Political Union, 4, Clement’s Inn, Strand, WC’ – photograph of Mrs Pankhurst by Schmidt, Manchester – probably dating from c 1908- certainly after the Women’s Freedom League broke away from the WSPU in the autumn of 1907. Mrs P may be wearing a circular ‘Votes for Women’-type badge – but it is pale in colour and merges into her embroidered blouse. The card is captioned ‘Votes for Women’. Good – unusual – unposted but a a little rubbed and marked around the edges £50
- MRS PANKHURST  Full-lenth portrait by F. Kehrhahn of Bexleyheath.- captioned ‘Mrs Pankhurst’ She is wearing a WSPU badge and holds a dangling lorngnette in one hand while the other rests on an open book, is wearing a WSPU badge. Very good – unposted £120
- MRS PETHICK-LAWRENCE  She stands, three-quarter length, with her hands behind her back. The caption is ‘Joint Editor of “Votes for Women” – ‘Honorary Treasurer National Women’s Social and Political Union 4 Clement’s Inn, W.c.’ Very good – unposted £65
- MRS WOLSTENHOLME ELMY  real photographic postcard of one of the suffrage campaigns most earnest workers and one of the WSPU’s earliest supporters. The photograph was taken in May 1907 when the WSPU-nominated photographer called at her home. Fine – unposted – scarce £120
- THE NEW LIBERAL GOVERNMENT:MEMBERS OF THE CABINET  Group photograph of the members of the Liberal government elected in January 1906 – with Campbell-Bannerman as prime minister. Very good condition – unposted £8
- THE WOMEN’S GUILD OF EMPIRE Banner Making for the Great Demonstration, April 17th 1926  The Women’s Guild of Empire organized a demonstration at the critical time just before the General Strike to protest against ‘strikes and revolutionary activity in industry’. The march, which brought women (including, wrote Elsie Bowerman to the editor of ‘The Spectator’, ‘wives of working women who have had personal experience of strikes’) from all regions of the country to London, ended with a Mass Meeting in the Albert Hall, with Mrs Flora Drummond in the chair.The photograph shows Mrs D inspecting banners – ‘Efficiencey and Enterprise’ and another, the wording partially hidden, which may say ‘Best within the Empire’ (??) Issued by the Women’s Guild of Empire c 1926. Fine – unposted – unusual £95
- THE WOMEN’S GUILD OF EMPIRE Mrs Flora Drummond – Controller-in-Chief  Card published c 1926 by The Women’s Guild of Empire, from its headquarters at 24 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1. Fine -unposted – unusual £95
SUFFRAGE POSTCARDS: SUFFRAGE ARTIST CARDS
- MRS POYSER AGAIN  ‘I’m not dnyin’ the women are foolish. The Almighty made ’em to match the men.’ Mrs Poyser is a character from ‘Adam Bede’ – a woman with a rough exterior and a heart of gold. Here is is indicating the House of Commons (‘the men’) as she holds up her ‘No Taxation without Representation’ standard. The card was published by the Artists’ Suffrage League and was posted in, I think, June 1909 to Miss Allwood at the Dairy College, Kingston, Derby, and the sender notes ‘Bought this at a Woman’s Suffrage Garden Fete.’ Fair – a little creased – unusual £85
- THE ANTI-SUFFRAGIST  as a butterfly on a card by the artist, Ernestine Mills. The accompanying verse, ‘I don’t want to fly’, said she ‘I only want to squirm’/She drooped her wings defectedly/But still her voice was firm/’I do not want to be a fly/I want to be a worm….’ is by Charlotte Perkins Stetson (Gilman). A pretty coloured card – published herself by Ernestine Mills. Fine – unposted £120
- THOMSON-PRICE, Louisa Types of Anti-Suffragists  ‘The gentleman who thinks that ‘Women have no right to Vote because they can’t defend their Country.’ The gentleman is a weedy pen-pusher. Louisa Thomson-Price was an early member of the Women’s Freedom Le’ague, became a consultant editor of its paper, ‘The Vote’, and was a director of Minerva Publishing, publisher of the paper. She contributed a series of cartoons – including this one – in 1909/10. Louisa Thomson Price took part in the WFL picket of the House of Commons and was very much in favour of this type of militancy. Very good – slight marks across two corners where it has been held in an album – scarce £120
- THOMSON-PRICE, Louisa Types of Anti-Suffragists  ‘The gentleman who thinks that women ought not to work and therefore under-pays his typist’. The gentleman depicted is clearly a plutocrat. Louisa Thomson-Price was an early member of the Women’s Freedom League, became a consultant editor of its paper, ‘The Vote’, and was a director of Minerva Publishing, publisher of the paper. She contributed a series of cartoons – including this one – in 1909/10. Louisa Thomson Price took part in the WFL picket of the House of Commons and was very much in favour of this type of militancy. Very good – scarce £120
- YOUNG NEW ZEALAND  cycles on her modern bicycle with its two wheels equal in size. The front one is labelled ‘Male and Female’ and the back one ‘Equal Electoral Rights’. She calls out to old John Bull who is struggling atop a penny farthing, ‘Oh Grandpapa! what a funny old machine. Why don’t you get one like mine?’ The artist is JHD [Joan Harvey Drew]. Published by the Artists’ Suffrage League. Very good- unposted – v scarce £120
SUFFRAGE POSTCARDS: COMMERCIAL ARTIST CARDS
- ARE WE DOWNHEARTED? NO!  Black and white postcard by Donald McGill – suffragette, holding on to her ‘Votes for Women’ banner, is carried into the Police Court by a policeman – her bottom very much to the fore – her umbrella fallen to the ground. Good – posted in Battersea on, I think, 24 December 1906 £45
- ‘AT THE SUFFRAGETTE MEETINGS  you can hear some plain things – and see them too!’ – is the caption to a card showing depictions of suffragettes as buck-toothed old maids. Very good – unposted £45
- BUT SURELY MY GOOD WOMAN DON’T YOU YEARN FOR SOMETHING …  The suffragettes are canvassing on the doorstep. The artist is Arthur Moreland; the publisher is C.W. Faulkner. Very good – unposted £45
- I PROTEST AGAINST MAN-MADE LAWS  The suffragette is in the dock. Artist is Arthur Moreland; publisher C.W. Faulkner. Very good – unposted £45
- ‘IT’S EQUAL RIGHTS- IT’S EQUAL PAY  They Hav’nt no time for me to-day’ says Cupid. Mabel Lucie Atwell is the artist – of this Valentine’s Day card. I would date it to the 1920s – card is unposted – published by Valentine’s. Fine condition £10
- NOW MADAM – WILL YOU GO QUIETLY OR SHALL I HAVE TO USE FORCE?  The suffragette is interrupting a meeting. Artist is Arthur Moreland; publisher is C.W. Faulkner. Fair – unposted £35
- ONCE I GET MY LIBERTY, NO MORE WEDDING BELLS FOR ME!  says harrassed dad as his wife walks out the door, leaving him to care for the babies. On the wall is a ‘Votes for Women’ poster. This is an American card sent from Washington to Illinois – but the message carried in the picture is very similar to those of British cards £35
- PETTICOAT GOVERNMENT  presumably the result of enfranchising women – Wife wields poker as her husband crawls out from under the tea table. She says, ‘Come along, come along, come along do, I’ve been waiting here for you’. Good – posted from London to Wincanton on 24 June 1911 £10
- SOUTHWOLD EXPRESS  ‘A slight engine trouble causes a delay – but is soon remedied’ is the caption. The artist/publisher is Reg Carter – in the ‘Sorrows of Southwold’ series. There are a number of joky cards about the Southwold train. In this one a suffragette sitting in a tree is taking advantage of a breakdown to lob a bomb – shouting ‘Votes for Women’. Very good £35
- THE SUFFRAGETTE Addresses a meeting of Citizens  A card from a Raphael Tuck series. ‘the Suffragette’ – masculinized, wild-eyed, and wearing a boater and tie harangues a few snotty-nosed childrenIn Raphael Tuck ‘The Suffragette’ Good – posted in 1908 £45
- THE SUFFRAGETTE’S VISION  Mrs Speaker sits enthroned – attended by a woman bearing the mace. During the years of the suffrage campaign opponents, while appalled at the thought that if women were given the vote there might one day be women members in the House of Commons, felt that the idea of a woman Speaker was just too ridiculous to contemplate. Good – posted to ‘Miss Horning, Waterloo House, Southchurcch Avenue, Southend-on-Sea’ who my researches reveal as ‘Miss Ethel Horning’, the daughter of a grocer. I think the card was posted in 1910 (by ‘Elsie’, who lived in Enfield) when she would have been c 22 years old. £45
- THEM PESKY SUFFRAGETTES WANTS EVERYTHING FOR THEMSELVES  says old man confronted with a door labelled ‘For Ladies Only’. A US postcard. Fine – unposted £30
- A THING OF THE PAST, OLD DEAR.  Harridan – wispy hair, big feet, short skirt – being carried off by policeman – while her companion, with ‘Votes for Women’ placard, looks on. Fair – a little creased – an English card originally but issued here, I think, by an American publisher. Certainly it was posted in the US to a Nevada address in 1908 £20
- THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT MAN BUILT  ‘And this is the home of the poor suffragette/And there’s room for a great many more of them in it yet…’ Burly suffragette being taken in hand by a policeman – with the towers of Holloway in the background. In BB London series. Very good- unposted £45
- VALENTINE SERIES:COMPARISONS The Attitude of Politicians towards Women’s Suffrage  1) At Election Time (when the politician willingly accepts a petition) 2) At Westminster (when a policeman holds the suffragette back as she tries to present a petition to an MP). Staged photographic scenes in colour. Very good -uncommon – unposted £38
- VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Gimme a Vote You Cowards  Printed in red and balck on white – policemen have a suffragette flat on the ground – while other comrades demosntrate around. Good – has been posted, but stamp removed £45
- VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Give Us a Vote Ducky! Oh do, There’s a Dear  wheedle three women as they make up to an aging gent. The caption reads ‘Why not try the Good Old Way?’ The sender has added little ink comments of her own (at least I think the sender was a woman). Good. Posted on 17 August 1907. £45
- VALENTINE SUFFRAGETTE SERIES Safe in the Arms of a Policeman  Printed in red and black on white – dishevelled viragos are carried away by red-faced policemen. Good £45
- VALENTINE’S SERIES The Visiting Magistrate (Scene, In Holloway Prison)  Magistrate: ‘What can I do for you? Have you any complaints to make?’ Suffragette: ‘Yes, I have one demand – Votes for Women’. Staged photographic scene in colour. Very good – unposted £38
- VALENTINE’S SERIES:COMPARISONS Comparisons are Odious  1) The male political prisoner (sits in his cell equipped with bookcase, wine and cigar) 2) The female political prisoner (the suffragette sits in her bare cell holding her duster and skilly).Staged photographic scenes in colour. Very good – uncommon – unposted £38
- VOTES FOR WOMEN  placard is planted beside young girl standing on a barrel under the Trafalgar Square lion. A policeman walks in the background. One of a posed photographic Raphael Tuck series. Fair – a little creased – posted £25
- WHEN WOMEN VOTE: Washing Day  Father is in the kitchen bathing baby, while his wife and her friends sit in the parlour playing cards and eating chocolates – commenting ‘Yes, my old man is a lazy old wretch’. And that’s what will happen when women have the vote. Mitchell and Watkins series. Posted in 1908 £45
- ‘WHERE ARE YOU GOING TO, MY PRETTY MAID?’  ‘I’m going a-voting Sir,’ she saud. ‘And who shall you vote for, my pretty?’ ‘That Duck in plus fours, kind sir’, she said’. The Flapper Vote. Young lady in short skirt and cloche hat has singled out the best-looking of the candidates as her choice. The artist is Donald McGill. Unposted – but probably dates from 1928 – around the time of the election at which women under 30 could vote for the first time. Very good £10
- REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONERS FROM CONNECTICUT OF THE COLUMBIAN EXHIBITION OF 1893 AT CHICAGO Case, Lockwood and Brainard Co 1898  Fine – many photographs £15
- ALLEN, Jennifer (ed) Lesbian Philosophies and Cultures State University of New York Press 1990  Paper covers – very good £5
- ALLSOPP, Anne The Education and Employment of Girls in Luton, 1874-1924: widening opportunities and lost freedoms Boydell Press/Bedfordshire Historical Record Society 2005  Examines the education of Luton girls and its relationship with employment opportunities. Mint in d/w £20
- ANDREWS, Maggie The Acceptable Face of Feminism: the Women’s Institute as a social movement Lawrence & Wishart 1997  Soft covers – mint £9
- Anon The Intelligent Woman’s Guide to Shopping Retail Trading Standards Association no date   ‘How to be sure of getting value for money. How to be sure of distinguising good quality from bad. How to be sure of paying the right price.’ Card covers – very good £10
- ANON You And I Cookery Book: an effort to meet a need in the cheapest form Birling Publishing Co no date [1930s?/1940s?]  A spin-off of the ‘You and I’ magazine, published in connected with the YWCA. ‘Over 1000 carefully seleccted household hints and reccipes’. I can’t work out when this was published – it contains several recipes with ‘War-time’ in their titles – but am not sure if this is looking back to WW1 or whether it was published during WW2. But others seem to use a surprising amount of sugar and eggs for cooking in a time of strict rationing. But, whenever, ‘Economy’, was the watchword. Paper covers – front cover present but detached – back cover missing £2
- ASHTON-WARNER, Sylvia Teacher: the testament of an inspired teacher Virago 1980  With new introduction by Dora Russell. Soft covers – fine – signed by Carmen Callil on free front endpaper. £9
- BANET-WEISER, Sarah The Most Beautiful Girl in the World: beauty pageants and national identity University of California Press 1999  Paper covers – mint £5
- BASCH, Françoise Relative Creatures: Victorian women in society and the novel Schocken Books 1974  Very good £4
- BERRY, Mrs Edward And MICHAELIS, Madame (eds) 135 Kindergarten Songs and Games Charles and Dible, no date   ‘These songs are printed to supply a want in English Kindergartens’ – the music is, of course, included – as are movement instructions. Mme Michaelis ran the Croydon Kindergarten. Very good £48
- BLAIR, Kirstie Form & Faith in Victorian Poetry & Religion OUP 2012  By assessing the discourses of church architecture and liturgy the author demonstrates that Victorian poets both reflected on and affected ecclesiastical practices – and then focuses on particular poems to show how High Anglican debates over formal worship were dealt with by Dissenting, Broad Church, and Roman Catholic poets and other writers. Features major poets such as the Browning, Tennyson, Hopkins, Rossetti and Hardy – as well as many minor writers. Mint in d/w (pub price £62) £35
- BLOOM, Stanley The Launderette: a history Duckworth 1988  Soft covers – very good £3
- BLUM, Deborah Ghost Hunters Century 2006  Study of the Society for Psychical Research, founded in 1882. Soft covers – mint £4
- BOARD OF EDUCATION Special Reports on Educational Subjects vol 15 HMSO 1905  ‘School Training for the Home Duties of Women. part 1 The Teaching of “Domestic Science” in the United States of America’. Exhaustive – 374pp – paper covers – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £10
- Boucé, Paul-Gabriel (ed) Sexuality in 18th-century Britain Manchester University Press 1982  Includes essays by Roy Porter, Ruth Perry and Pat Rogers – among others. Very good in d/w £24
- BOYD, Kenneth Scottish Church Attitudes to Sex, Marriage and the Family 1850-1914 John Donald 1980  Fine in d/w £18
- BRAITHWAITE, Brian And BARRELL, Joan The Business of Women’s Magazines Kogan Page, 2nd ed 1988  Fine £8 SOLD
- BRANCA, Patricia Women in Europe since 1750 Croom Helm 1978  Paper covers – very good £10
- BRANDON, Ruth Other People’s Daughters: the life and times of the governess Weidenfeld & Nicolson 2008  Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £12
- BRUMBERG, Joan Jacobs Fasting Girls: the history of anorexia nervosa Vintage 2000  Soft covers – fine £8
- BRYANT, Margaret The Unexpected Revolution: a study in the history of the education of women and girls in the nineteenth century University of London Institute of Education  An excellent study. Soft covers – fine £18
- BULLEY, A. Amy and WHITLEY, Margaret Women’s Work Methuen 1894  With a preface by Lady Dilke. In the ‘Social Questions of To-day’ series. Very good in original cloth – scarce £55
- BUNDTZEN, Lynda The Other Ariel Sutton 2005  An examination of Plath’s original typescript for ‘Ariel’, comparing it to the version that was published by Ted Hughes. First published 2001. Soft covers – miint £5
- BURMAN, Sandra (ed) Fit Work for Women St Martin’s Press (NY) 1979  Presents a collection of papers which discuss the origins of the domestic ideal and its effects on activities usually undertaken by women. Fine in d/w £12
- BURSTALL, Sara A. The Story of the Manchester High School for Girls 1871-1911 Manchester University Press 1911  Very good internally – slightly marked cover £38
- BYRNE, Katherine Tuberculosis and the Victorian Literary Imagination CUP 2010  Explores the representations of tuberculosis in 19th-century literature and culture. fears about gender roles, degeneration, national efficiency and sexual transgression all play their part in the portrayal of ‘consumption’, a disease which encompassed a variety of cultural associations. Mint in d/w (pub price £55) £35
- CALLEN, Anthea Angel in the Studio: women in the arts and crafts movement 1870-1914 Astragal Books 1979  Widely researched and beautifully illustrated. Fine in d/w £35
- CALVERTON, V.F. and SCHMALHAUSEN, S.D. (eds)
Sex in Civilsation Macaulay Co (NY) 1929 (reprint)  With an introduction by Havelock Ellis. Contributors include Beatrice Forbes-Robertson Hale, Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Margaret Sanger. Good – 719pp – heavy £12
- (CANHAM) Elizabeth Canham Pilgrimage to Priesthood SPCK 1983  An Englishwoman -who was a priest in New York. Paper covers – very good £5
- CHASE, Ellen Tenant Friends in Old Deptford Williams and Norgate 1929  With an introduction from the work of Octavia Hill. Ellen Chase (1863-1949) was an American who in 1886 came over from Boston to work with Octavia Hill. The book begins with a chapter describing ‘The management of houses on the Octavia Hill plan’ and ends with ‘Notes on house management’ – in between are descriptions of life in the slum ‘courts’ of Deptford. This copy bears the ownership inscription of ‘Elizabeth Sturge 2 Durdham Park Bristol’ (a house that, incidentally, now bears a blue plaque recording her occupancy) – one of Bristol’s pioneers in the field of women’s suffrage and women’s education Very good – scarce £85
- CLARKE, Patricia The Governesses: letters from the colonies 1862-1882 Hutchinson 1985  Fine in fine d/w £7
- COHEN, Monica Professional Domesticity in the Victorian Novel: women, work and home CUP 1998  Offers new readings of narratives by Jane Austen, Charlotte Bronte, Dickens, George Eliot, Emily Eden etc to show how domestic work, the most feminine of all activities, gained much of its social credibility by positioning itself in relation to the emergent professions. Soft cover – fine £25
- COLLET, Clara Report by Miss Collet on the Money Wages of Indoor Domestic Servants HMSO 1899  Women workers were in the overwhelming majority of those considered in this report. Fascinating information. Very good in original card covers £55
- CRAIG, Elizabeth Housekeeping Collins 1947  With many photographs. In ‘Elizabeth Craig’s Household Library’ series. Good in torn d/w £8
- CRAWFORD, Elizabeth Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle Francis Boutle 2009 (r/p)  Pioneering access to education at all levels for women, including training for the professions, the women of the Garrett circle opened the way for women to gain employment in medicine, teaching, horticulture and interiior design – and were also deeply involved in the campaign for women’s suffrage. Soft covers, large format, over 70 illustrations. Mint – new book £25
- CROSLAND, Margaret Women of Iron and Velvet and the books they wrote in France Constable 1976  Study of the French women writers who came after George Sand. Fine in d/w £3
- DALY, Mary Pure Lust: elemental feminist philosophy Women’s Press 1984  Paper covers – mint £4
- DAVID, Deirdre (ed) The Cambridge Companion to the Victorian Novel CUP 2012 (2nd ed)  This second edition includes essays by Kate Flint, Caroline Levine, Nancy Armstrong, Lyn Pykett and Clare Pettit – amongst others. Soft covers – mint £15
- DE BEAUVOIR, Simone The Second Sex Cape, 2nd imp 1954  Good £8
- DICKENS, Andrea Janelle Female Mystic: great women thinkers of the Middle Ages I.B. Tauris 2009  Soft covers – fine £10
- DON VANN, J. and VANARSDEL, Rosemary T. (eds) Periodicals of Queen Victoria’s Empire: an exploration University of Toronto Press 1996  Fine in fine d/w £18
- DYHOUSE, Carol Feminism and the Family in England 1880-1939 Basil Blackwell 1989  Soft covers – very good £12
- ELLIS, Mrs Sarah Stickney The Select Works Henry G. Langley (New York) 1844  Includes ‘The Poetry of Life’, ‘Pictures of Private Life’, ‘A Voice From the Vintage, on the force of example addressed to those who think and feel’
Good in original decorative cloth £48
- FINDLAY, J.J. (ed) The Young Wage-Earner and the Problem of His Education: essays and reports Sigwick and Jackson 1918  For ‘His Education’ read also ‘Hers’. The essays include: ‘From Home Life to Industrial Life: with special reference to adolescent girls, by James Shelley, prof of education, University College, Southampton; ‘The Young Factory Girl’ by emily Matthias, superintendent of women employees, the Phoenix Dynamo Manufacturing Co, Bradford and the reports include: ‘Working Girls and Trade Schools (London)’ by Theodora Pugh and ‘The Sons and Daughters of Farming Folk’ by J.J. Findlay. Very good
- FREVERT, Ute Women in German History: from bourgeois emancipation to sexual liberation Berg 1989  Fine in d/w £8
- FRYE, Susan And ROBERTSON, Karen (Eds) Maids and Mistresses, Cousins and Queens: women’s alliances in early modern England OUP 1999  A collection of essays exploring how early modern women associated with other women in a variety of roles, from alewives to midwives, prostitutes to pleasure seekers, slaves to queens, serving maids to ladies in waiting …’. Fine £28
- GILBERT, Sandra And GUBAR, Susan No Man’s Land: the place of the woman writer in the twentieth century Yale University Press 1994  Vol 3 – ‘Letters From the Front’ .477pp – mint in d/w £25
- GREER, Germaine Slip-Shod Sibyls: recognition, rejection and the woman poet Viking 1995  Fine in d/w £8
- HARTLEY, C. GASQUOINE Motherhood and the Relationship of the Sexes Eveleigh Nash 1917  Includes a chapter ‘The Position of Women as Affected by the War’. Good – uncommon £10
- HASLETT, Caroline Teach Yourself Household Electricity English Universities Press, 3rd ed 1953  ‘It is but a short span in time since electric cookers and fires, vacuum-cleaners and washing-machines were timidly approached novelties, since electricity in the home meant electric light and little else; yet see to-day how far the well-electrified home outstrips these meagre limitations, how commonplace a sight is a well-equipped kitchen’. Good in torn d/w £5
- HASLETT, Caroline (ed) The Electrical Handbook For Women The English Universities Press Ltd, 3rd ed 1939  Packed with information – diagrams and photographs. Very good in chipped d/w £12
- HELSINGER, Elizabeth Et Al (eds) The Woman Question: Social Issues, 1837-1883 Manchester University Press 1983  Volume II of ‘The Woman Question: Society and Literature in Britain and America, 1837-1883’. Fine £15
- HELSINGER, Elizabeth K. Et Al (eds) The Woman Question: Society and Literature in Britain and America, 1837-1883 Manchester University Press 1983  Vol 1, ‘Defining Voices’. Focuses on representative texts, figures and controversies for what they reveal about the general character of the Woman Question rather than their historical connections with earlier and later phases of the debate. Fine £15 SOLD
- HESSELGRAVE, Ruth Avaline Lady Miller and the Batheaston Literary Circle Yale University Press 1927  An 18th-century Bath literary salon. Lady Miller was the first English woman to describe her travels in Italy. Fine £55
- HILL, Georgiana Women in English Life: from mediaeval to modern times Richard Bentley 1896  An excellent study – in two volumes. Most of the second volume is devoted to the position of women at the end of the 19th century – written by one who was very much involved with the woman’s movement. Very good – a little bumped at top and bottom of spine. A scarce set £75
- HOFFMAN, P.C. They Also Serve: the story of the shop worker Porcupine Press 1949  Soft covers – very good £8
- HOLDSWORTH, Angela Out of the Doll’s House: the story of women in the 20th century BBC 1988 (r/p)  Paper covers – very good £5
- HOLLIS, Patricia Ladies Elect: women in English local government 1865-1914 OUP 1987  Excellent study. Paper covers – good – now a scarce book £23
- HOLT, Anne A Ministry To The Poor: being a history of the Liverpool Domestic Mission Society, 1836-1936 Henry Young (Liverpool) 1936  Very good – scarce £45
- hooks, bell Salvation: black people and love Women’s Press 2001  Soft covers – fine £5
- hooks, bell and WEST, Cornel Breaking Bread: insurgent black intellectual life South End Press (Boston) 1991  Soft covers – fine £5
- HORSFIELD, Margaret Biting the Dust: the joys of housework Fourth Estate 1997  Mint in d/w £5
- HOUSMAN, Laurence Ploughshare and Pruning-Hook: ten lectures on social subjects Swarthmore Press 1919  A collection of papers, originally given as lectures – including ‘What is Womanly?’ (1911) and ‘Art and Citizenship’ (1910). Very good in d/w £10
- (HUTCHINSON) Kathleen Coburn (ed) The Letters of Sara Hutchinson from 1800 to 1835 Routledge 1954  Friend of Mary and William Wordsworth – loved by Coleridge. Good £18
- JAMES, Selma Sex, Race and Class Falling Wall Press 1975  Paper covers – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5
- JEFFREYS, Sheila The Spinster and Her Enemies: feminism and sexuality 1880-1930 Pandora 1985  Soft covers – fine £8
- JOHNSON, Patricia E. Hidden Hands: working-class women and Victorian social-problem fiction Ohio University Press 2001  ‘Argues that the female industrial worker became more dangerous to represent than the prostitute or the male radical because the worker exposed crucial contradictions between the class and gender ideologies of the period and its economic realities’. Soft covers – mint £15
- KAPLAN, Cora Sea Changes: culture and feminism Verso 1986  Soft covers – fine £8
- KAPLAN, Gisela Contemporary Western European Feminism Allen & Unwin 1992  Fine in d/w £5
- KENEALY, Arabella Feminism and Sex-Extinction E.P. Dutton & Co (NY) 1920  Anti-feminist eugenicist polemic. US edition is scarce. Very good internally – cloth cover a little bumped and rubbed £25
- KERTZER, David and BARBAGLIO, Marzio (eds) Family Life in the Long Nineteenth Century 1789-1913 Yale University Press 2002  A collection of essays under the headings: Economy and Family Organization: State, Religion, Law and the Family; Demographic Forces; Family Relations. 420pp Heavy. Mint in d/w £18
- KIRKHAM, Margaret Jane Austen, Feminism and Fiction Harvester 1983  Soft covers – fine £10
- KRISHNAMURTI, G Women Writers of the 1890’s Henry Sotheran 1991  Catalogue of the exhibition of 500 books by 230 ‘New Woman’ writers held in London in the summer of 1991. Each entry bears a description of the book and most include comments. With an introduction by Margaret Drabble. 9 colour & 7 monochrome illustrations. Very good £12
- KROLL, Judith Chapters in a Mythology: the poetry of Sylvia Plath Sutton 2007  First published in 1976. Soft covers – fine £7
- LEE, Julia Sun-Joo The American Slave Narrative and the Victorian Novel OUP 2010  Investigates the shaping influence of the American slave narrative on the Victorian novel in the years between the British Abolition Act and the American Emancipation Proclamation – and argues that Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Gaskell, Thackeray and Dickens integrated into their works generic elements of the slave narrative. Mint in d/w (pub price £40) £15
- LLEWELYN DAVIES, Margaret (ed) Life As We Have Known it by Co-operative Working Women Virago 1977  First published in 1931- with an introduction by Virginia Woolf. Soft covers – good £5
- LLEWELYN DAVIES, Margaret (ed) Maternity: letters from working women collected by the Women’s Co-operative Guild Virago 1984 (r/p)  First published in 1915. Soft covers – very good £8
- LOFTIE, W.J. A Plea for Art in the House: with special reference to the economy of collecting works of art, and the importance of taste in education and morals Macmillan 1879 (r/p)  First published in 1876 – around the same time as Rhoda and Agnes Garrett’s book in the same series ‘Art at Home’ – and evincing many of the same touchstone’s of taste in home decoration. Goodish – a little rubbed and bumped £18
- LOOTENS, Tricia Lost Saints: silence, gender, and Victorian literary canonization University Press of Virginia 1996  Fine in d/w £35
- (LUXEMBOURG) Richard Abraham Rosa Luxembourg: a life for the International Berg 1989  Mint in d/w £10
- MCCANN, Jean Thomas Howell and the School at Llandaff D. Brown (Cowbridge) 1972  Good – ex-university library £15
- MACCARTHY, B.G. The Female Pen; women writers and novelists 1621-1818 Cork University Press 1994  First published in 1944, this edition with an introduction by Janet Todd. Soft covers – 530pp – fine £12
- MCQUISTON, Liz Women in Design: a contemporary view Trefoil 1988  Highlights the work of 43 designers from Britain, the US, Europe and Japan. Very good in d/w £5
- MACKIE, Vera Creating Socialist Women in Japan: gender, labour and activism, 1900-1937 CUP 1997  Mint in d/w £18
- MALMGREEN, Gail Neither Bread nor Roses: utopian feminists and the English working class, 1800-1850 John L. Noyce (Brighton). 1978 (r/p)  A ‘Studies in Labour’ pamphlet – 44pp. Soft covers – very good £15
- MALOS, Ellen (ed) The Politics of Housework Allison & Busby 1980  Fine in d/w £4
- MARKS, Lara Metropolitan Maternity maternity and infant welfare services in early 20th century London Rodopi 1996  Soft covers – fine £22
- MARTIN, Jane Women and the Politics of Schooling in Victorian and Edwardian England Leicester University Press 1999  Mint (pub price £65) £35
- MASON, Michael The Making of Victorian Sexuality OUP 1994  Fine in d/w £14
- MEWS, Hazel Frail Vessels: woman’s role in women’s novels from Fanny Burney to George Eliot Athlone Press 1969  Very good in d/w £12
- MOLE, Mrs A. And WATERMAN, Miss Alys 20th Century Cookery: how to cook by electricity British Electrical Development Association, revised ed no date (1930s)  ‘An indispensable handbook for the Housewife or Cook, giving recipes of 100 dainty dishes which can be prepared without trouble and at small cost.’ Instructions for using electrical equipment – cooker, refrigerator and water heater – and recipes. Card covers – very jazz age – good internally – covers a little rubbed and paper missing from narrow spine £8
- MUMM, Susan (ed) All Saints Sisters of the Poor: an Anglican Sisterhood in the 19th century Boydel Press/Church of England Record Society 2001  A history of the Sisterhood that was founded by Harriet Brownlow Byron in 1850 to work in the slums of Marylebone – but then spread its net much wider. This volume comprises material drawn from the Sisterhood’s archives. V. interesting. Mint £30
- NORWICH HIGH SCHOOL 1875-1950 privately printed, no date   A GPDST school. Very good internally – green cloth covers sunned – ex-university library £15
- ORRINSMITH, Mrs The Drawing Room: its decoration and furniture Macmillan 1877  In the ‘Art at Home’ series. ‘The author has endeavoured to give more particular directions as to the furnishing and adornment of the Drawing-Room than was possible in the Miss Garretts’ volume treating of the whole subject of ‘House Decoration’ .’ Very good – missing free front end paper many illustrations – a scarce book £45
- OSBORNE, Honor And MANISTY, Peggy A History of the Royal School for Daughters of Officers of the Army 1864-1965 Hodder & Stoughton 1966  Good – ex-university library £12
- PALMER, Beth Women’s Authorship and Editorship in Victorian Culture OUP 2011  Draws on extensive periodical and archival material to bring new perspectives to the study of sensation fiction in the Victorian period. Mint in d/w (pub price £60) £35
- PHILLIPS, Angel And RAKUSEN, Jill Our Bodies Ourselves: a health book by and for women Penguin 1978  The British edition. Paper covers – fine – 592 pp £4
- PHILLIPS, M. And TOMPKINSON, W.S. English Women in Life and Letters OUP 1927  Describes the lives of Englishwomen of the past, some rich, others poor and unknown – using both historical sources and fiction – from the 14th century to the mid 19th. Very good £20
- PHILLIPS, Margaret Mann Willingly to School: memories of York College for Girls 1919-1924 Highgate Publications 1989  Good in card covers – though ex-library £10
- POOVEY, Mary Uneven Developments: the ideological work of gender in mid-Victorian England Virago 1989  Paper covers – fine £12
- PURKISS, Diane The Witch in History: early modern and 20th century representations Routledge 1996  Soft covers – mint £12
- RAPPOPORT, Jill Giving Women: alliance and exchange in Victorian culture OUP 2012  examines the literary expression and cultural consequences of English women’s giving from the 1820s to the First World War – in the work of Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Elizabeth Gaskell and Christina Rossetti – as well as in literary annuals and political pamphlets. Through giving, women redefined the primary allegiances of teh everyday lives, forged public coalitions, and advanced campaigns for abolition, slum reform, eugenics, and suffrage. Mint in d/w (pub price £45.99) £32
- RENDALL, Jane The Origins of Modern Feminism: women in Britain, France and the United States 1780-1860 Macmillan 1985  Soft covers – very good £15
- ROBINSON, Annabel, PURKIS, John, MASSING, Ann A Florentine Procession: a painting by Jane Benham Hay at Homerton College, Cambridge Homestead Press (Cambridge) 1997  A study of the Pre-raphaelite style painting and its artist – who was a friend of Bessie Rayner Parkes. With colour reproduction of the large painting. Paper covers – mint £8
- ROBINSON, Jane Angels of Albion: women of the Indian mutiny Viking 1996  Very good in rubbed d/w £8
- ROBINSON, Jane Pandora’s Daughters: the secret history of enterprising women Constable 2002  A study of 100 or so women, over 25 centuries, who chose to make an independent way through life. Fine in d/w £10
- SALES, Roger Jane Austen and Representations of Regency England Routledge 1996  Soft covers – mint £15
- SCHOESER, Mary Fabrics and Wallpapers Bell & Hyman 1986  In ‘Twentieth Century Design’ series. Soft covers – very good £7
- SEARLE, Arthur (ed) Barrington Family Letters 1628-1632 Royal Historical Society 1983  In the main letters to Lady Joan Barrington, the focal point of the extended family, the dowager and respected matriarch on a recognisable early 17th-century pattern. Very good £12
- SEIDLER, Victor The Achilles Heel Reader: men, sexual politics and socialism Routledge 1991  Paper covers – mint £5
- SHIMAN, Lilian Women and Leadership in Nineteenth-Century England Macmillan 1992  Fine in d/w (which has slight tear at top of spine) £28
- SHOWALTER, Elaine Inventing Herself: claiming a feminist intellectual heritage Picador 2001  An exploration of feminist intellectuals from the 18th century to the present – from Mary Wollstonecraft to Naomi Woolf. Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £15
- SHOWALTER, Elaine A Literature of Their Own: from Charlotte Bronte to Doris Lessing Virago 1991 (r/p)  Soft covers – fine – with the signature of Carmen Callil, founder of Virago, on free front endpaper £9
- SIMETI, Mary Taylor Travels with a Medieval Queen Weidenfeld & Nicolson 2002  Retracing the footsteps of a 12th-century princess, Constance of Hauteville, through Germany and Italy. Mint in d/w £12
- SPENDER, Dale Invisible Women: the schooling scandal Women’s Press 1989  Pioneering research on sexism in education. Paper covers – mint £2
- SPROULE, Anna The Social Calendar Blandford Press 1978  Takes us through the Season. Very good in d/w £5
- STAFFORD, H.M. Queenswood: the first sixty years 1894-1954 privately printed 1954  History of the school. Good – ex-college library £12
- STANLEY, Liz Et Al (eds) Auto/Biography: Bulletin of the British Sociological Association Study Group on Auto/Biography (1993)  Vol 2, no 1 ‘Research Practices’. Soft covers – fine £9
- STENTON, Doris Mary The English Woman in History Allen & Unwin 1957  Good reading copy – ex-library £15
- SUTHERLAND, Elizabeth Five Euphemias: women in medieval Scotland 1200-1420 Constable 1999  Two hundred years of Scottish history, through the lives of five women, all related, and all called Euphemia. Fine in d/w £12
- TAYLOR, Barbara Mary Wollstonecraft and the Feminist Imagination CUP 2003  Soft covers – fine £17
- THE EDITOR OF ‘ENQUIRE WITHIN UPON EVERYTHING’ The Practical Housewife: a complete encyclopaedia of domestic economy and family medical guide Houlston & Sons new ed, no date [c 1890s?]  ‘Will lessen the cares of domestic management, aid the practice of household economy and prove a help in many emergencies.’ The index runs from ‘Ablution, the importance of’ to ‘Zinc ointment’. Good £10
- THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEAR BOOK AND DIRECTORY 1904 A & C Black 1904  Indispensable source of information. Very good internally in library binding £80
- THE ENGLISHWOMAN’S YEARBOOK AND DIRECTORY 1901 A & C Black 1901  Ed by Emily Janes. Packed with information. Good internally – cloth covers marked – scarce £80
- TOBIN, Beth Fowkes Superintending the Poor: charitable ladies and paternal landlords in British fiction, 1770-1860 Yale University Press 1993  Mint in d/w £18
- TODD, Janet Gender, Art and Death Continuum (NY) 1993  Mint in d/w £14
- TYLECOTE, Mabel The Education of Women at Manchester University 1883 to 1933 Manchester University Press 1941  With a newscutting obituary of Dame Mabel Tylecote laid in. Good – scarce £40
- VALENZE, Deborah The First Industrial Woman OUP 1995  Examines the underlying assumptions about gender and work that informed the transformation of English society, and in turn, ideas about economic progress. Charts the birth of a new economic order resting on social and sexual hierarchies which remain a part of our contemporary lives. Soft covers – mint £15
- VINCE, Mrs Millicent Decoration and Care of the Home W. Collins 1923  Mrs Vince had been a pupil of the pioneer ‘House Decorator’, Agnes Garrett. Very good in rubbed d/w £18
- WALKER, Alice Living By the Word: selected writings 1973-1987 Women’s Press 1988  Soft covers – good £3
- WANDOR, Michelene Post-War British Drama: looking back in gender Routledge, revised edition 2001  Soft covers – mint £12
- WEBSTER’S ROYAL RED BOOKor Court and Fashionable Register for May 1876 Webster and Larkin 1876  A London street guide (Abbey Gardens, St John’s Wood to Young St, Kensington) giving the names of individual householders – combined with a list of the names and addresses of the ‘Fashionable’ – a wide swathe of middle-class London. A very useful directory. In fair condition – very good internally -clean and tight – but decorative, gilt embossed cloth is rubbed and sewing has parted at inside back cover. This early directory is quite scarce £30
- (WOLLSTONECRAFT) John Windle Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin: a bibliography of the first and early editions with briefer notes on later editions and translations Oak Knoll Press 2nd ed. 2000  Fine £5
- WOODS, Edgar & Diana Things That Are Not Done: an outspoken commentary on popular habits and a guide to correct conduct Universal Publications, no date (1937)  Good £12
- The Ladies’ Who’s Who (with which is incorporated the Ladies’ Court Book and Guide – including Anglo-American Section) The International Art & Publishing Co, Ltd 1923  759-pp of biographical reference – and advertisements. Good and tight in red cloth covers decorated in gilt £55
- (ADDAMS) Louise Knight Jane Addams: Spirit in Action Norton 2011  Biography of the US campaigner for international peace and social justice. Mint in d/w £10
- (ALLEN) John C. Hirsh Hope Emily Allen: medieval scholarship and feminism Pilgrim Books (Oklahoma) 1988  Biography of an American medieval scholar, born in 1883 – who spent time at Newnham. Fine £15
- (ALVAREZ) Al Alvarez Where Did it All Go Right: an autobioraphy Richard Cohen Books 1999  Poet, critic, novelist, poker player , rock climber- and friend of Ted Hughes and Sylvia Plath. Fine in fine d/w £6
- (AMBERLEY) Bertrand and Patricia Russell (eds) The Amberley Papers: the letters and diaries of Lord and Lady Amberley Hogarth Press 1937  The epitome of radical liberalism in the mid-19th-century. Both died tragically young. Good £45
- ANON (Agnes Maud Davies) A Book with Seven Seals Cayme Press 1928  First edition of a classic of Victorian childhood – I think perhaps it is a ‘faction’ – am not sure that it is actually a memoir. If I said that it strikes me as having a hint of Rachel Ferguson about it, those that are familiar with her work will know what I mean. The author’s name was withheld for this first edition. An elegant book – cover a little blotched £15
- (ARNOLD-FOSTER) T.W. Moody and R.A.J. Hawkins (eds) Florence Arnold-Foster’s Irish Journal OUP 1988  She was the niece and adopted daughter of W.E. Foster. The journals covers the years 1880-1882 when he was chief secretary for Ireland. Fine in slightly rubbed d/w £10
- (ASHBURTON) Virginia Surtees The Ludovisi Goddess: the life of Louisa Lady Ashburton Michael Russell 1984  She was possibly proposed to by Browning – and was the patroness (and perhaps lover) of Harriet Hosmer. Fine in d/w £18
- (BEALE) Elizabeth Raikes Dorothea Beale of Cheltenham Constable 1908  Good £15
- (BEETON) Kathryn Hughes The Short Life and Long Times of Mrs Beeton Harper 2006  Excellent biography. Soft covers – fine £6
- BELL, Alan (ed and with an introduction by) Sir Leslie Stephen’s ‘Mausoleum Book’ OUP 1977  Intimate autobiography written for Stephen’s immediate family after the death of his wife, Julia, the mother of Vanessa and Virginia. Very good in d/w £12
- (BELL) Regina Marler (ed) Selected Letters of Vanessa Bell Moyer Bell (US) 1998  Soft covers – very good £15
- (BENSON) Arthur C. Benson Life and Letters of Maggie Benson John Murray 1918  Life of an exceptionally able – although ultimately tragic – woman – member of the rather extraordinary Benson family. Good £28
- (BEWICK) Jenny Uglow Nature’s Engraver: the life of Thomas Bewick Faber 2006  Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £10
- (BRANDIS), Marianne Brandis Frontiers and Sanctuaries: a woman’s life in Holland and Canada McGill-Queen’s University Press 2006  The life of Madzy Brender a Brandis (1910-1984) – her experiences in war, as an immigrant and pioneer, wife and mother, writer and painter, and an invalid. Mint in slightly nicked d/w £10
- (BRETTEL) Caroline Brettell Writing Against the Wind: a mother’s life history SR Books 1999  Biography of the author’s mother, a Canadian journalist, who worked from the 1930s to the 1980s. Interesting. Mint £8
- (BRONTES) Brian Wilks The Illustrated Brontes of Haworth: scenes and characters from the lives and writings of the Bronte sisters Collins 1986  Fine in fine d/w £8
- (BROUGHTON) Marilyn Wood Rhoda Broughton: profile of a novelist Paul Watkins 1993  Rhoda Broughton (1840-1920) was one of the most famous and successful late-Victorian women novelists. Fine in d/w £15
- (BURNEY) Janice Farrar Thaddeus Frances Burney: a literary life St Martin’s Press 2000  Soft covers – very good £8
- (BURNEY) Joyce Hemlow (ed) Fanny Burney: selected letters and journals OUP 1986  Follows her career from her romantic marriage to the impoverished French émigré General d’Arblay to her death 46 years later. Fine in fine d/w £12
- (BURNEY) Kate Chisholm Fanny Burney: her life 1752-1840 Vintage 1999  Soft covers – fine £5
- (CAMERON) Victoria Olsen From Life: Julia Margaret Cameron and Victorian photography Aurum Press 2003  Fine in d/w £15
- (CASSON) Elizabeth Sprigge Sybil Thorndike Casson Gollancz 1971  Biography of the actress. Good internally – ex-school library £2
- CHAPMAN, Barbara Boxing Day Baby QueenSpark Market Books 1994  She was born in Brighton on Boxing Day in 1927. Soft covers – 34pp – very good £4
- (CLIVE) Mary Clive (ed) Caroline Clive: from the diary and family papers of Mrs Archer Clive (1801-1873) Bodley Head  Life among the ‘Landed Gentry’ – beautifully edited by Mary Clive – who had the knack. Good in rubbed d/w £10
- CRAWFORD, Anne et al (eds) Europa Biographical Dictionary of British Women: over 1000 notable women from Britain’s Past Europa 1983  Soft covers – 536pp – fine £10
- (DAYUS) Kathleen Dayus The Best of Times Virago 1991  The 4th volume in her autobiography. Soft covers – very good £5
- (DAYUS) Kathleen Dayus Her People Virago 1982  Soft covers – very good. With Carmen Callil’s bookplate on inside front cover and her signature on title page. £5
- (DE STAEL/CONSTANT) Renee Winegarten Germaine de Stael and Benjamin Constant: a dual biography Yale University Press 2008  Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £12
- (DU MAURIER) Judith Cook Daphne: a portrait of Daphne du Maurier Bantam Press 1991  Very good in d/w £5
- (DU MAURIER) Martin Shallcross The Private World of Daphne Du Maurier Robson Books 1991  Biography – by a friend. Fine in d/w £5
- (EDEN) Violet Dickinson (Ed) Miss Eden’s Letters Macmillan 1919  Born, a Whig, in 1797. Her letters are full of social detail. In 1835 she went to India with her brother when he became governor-general. Very good £28
- (ELEANOR) Ralph Turner Eleanor of Aquitaine Yale University Press 2009  Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £15
- (ELIOT) Carole Seymour-Jones Painted Shadow: a lfie of Vivienne Eliot Constable & Robinson 2001  Fine in fine d/w £9
- (ELIZABETH) Philip Yorke (ed) Letters of Princess Elizabeth of England, daughter of King George III, and Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg written for the most part to Miss Louisa Swinburne T. Fisher Unwin 1898  Full of social details – letters written both from England and Germany. Good £38
- (EUGENIE) Joyce Cartlidge Empress Eugénie: her secret revealed Magnum Opus Press 2008  The mystery of an illegitimate child…Soft covers – fine £5
- (FRAME) Janet Frame An Autobiography Women’s Press 1991 (r/p)  Contains the three vols that comprise her autobiography – ‘To the Is-land’, ‘An Angel at My Table’ and ‘The Envoy from Mirror City’. Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £10
- (GAUTIER) Joanna Richardson Judith Gautier: a biography Quartet 1986  Biography of French woman of letters – and muse. Soft covers – fine £6
- (GLADSTONE) Lucy Masterman (ed) Mary Gladstone (Mrs Drew): her diaries and letters Methuen 1930  Daughter of Gladstone, born in 1847, excellent diary and letters, 1858-to her death (1927). Very good in d/w £18
- (GLASPELL) Barbara Ozieblo Susan Glaspell: a critical biography University of North Carolina Press 2000  Soft covers – fine in fine d/w £18
- (HALDANE) Elizabeth Haldane From One Century to Another Alexander Maclehose 1937  She was born in 1862, into an eminent Scottish Liberal family – an interesting autobiography by one who was at the heart of things. Good – cover marked – remains of Boots Library label £12
- (HAMMOND) Mrs John Hays Hammond A Woman’s Part in a Revolution Longmans, Green 1987  The ‘Revolution’ was the Boer War – her husband was imprisoned by the Boers. Good £30
- (HARRISON) Amy Greener A Lover of Books: the life and literary papers of Lucy Harrison J.M. Dent 1916  Lucy Harrison (a niece of Mary Howitt) studied at Bedford College, then taught for 20 years at a school in Gower St (Charlotte Mew was a pupil at the school and v. attached to Miss Harrison) and then became headmistress of the Mount School, York. Good – pasted onto the free front end paper is a presentation slip from the editor, Amy Greener, to Mary Cotterell £18
- HAYS, Frances Women of the Day: a biographical dictionary of notable contemporaries J.B. Lipincott (Philadelphia) 1885  A superb biographical source on interesting women. Good in original binding – with library shelf mark in ink on spine- scarce £75
- (HOOKS) Bell Hooks Wounds of Passion: a writing life Women’s Press 1998  A memoir describing her struggle to become a writer. Soft covers – fine £4
- (HOWARD) Elizabeth Jane Howard Slipstream: a memoir Macmillan 2002  Fine in d/w £8
- (HOWE) Valarie Ziegler Diva Julia: the public romance and private agony of Julia Ward Howe Trinity Press International 2003  Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £10
- (JAMESON) Clara Thomas Love and Work Enough: the life of Anna Jameson Macdonald 1967  Good £10
- (JAMESON) G.H. Needler (ed) Letters of Anna Jameson to Ottilie von Goethe OUP 1939  Very good internally – cover marked £20
- (JAMESON) Storm Jameson Journey from the North: autobiography of Storm Jameson Virago 1984  Soft covers – good – 2 volumes complete £12
- (JEBB) Alice Salomon Eglantyne Jebb Union Internationale de Secours Aux Enfants 1936  Short study in French. Paper covers – 53pp – very good £5
- (KNIGHT) Roger Fulford (ed) The Autobiography of Miss Knight: lady companion to Princess Charlotte William Kimber 1960  Born in 1757, Ellis Cornelia Knight was appointed to the household of Queen Charlotte in 1805. Very good in torn dustwrapper £12
- LANE, Maggie Literary Daughters Robert Hale 1989  Studies of Fanny Burney, Maria Edgeworth, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Charlotte Bronte, George Eliot, Emily Dickinson, Beatrix Potter and Virginia Woolf – and their fathers. Very good in d/w £15
- (LAWRENCE) Rosie Jackson Frieda Lawrence Pandora 1994  Includes ‘Not I, But the Wind and other autobiographical writings’. Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £8
- (LEIGH) Michael and Melissa Bakewell Augusta Leigh: Byron’s half-sister – a biography Chatto & Windus 2000  Hardcovers – fine in fine d/w £8
- (LIDDELL) Simon Winchester The Alice Behind Wonderland OUP 2011  ‘Using Charles Dodgson’s published writings, private diaries, and of course his photographic portraits, Winchester gently exposes the development of Lewis Carroll and the making of his Alice.’ Mint in d/w £6
- (MACAULAY) Jane Emery Rose Macaulay: a writer’s life John Murray 1991  Soft covers – fine £6
- MARTINDALE, Hilda Some Victorian Portraits and Others Allen & Unwin 1948  Biographical essays of members of her circle – including Adelaide Anderson, factory inspector. Very good in d/w £18
- (MARTYN) Christopher Hodgson (compiler) Carrie: Lincoln’s Lost Heroine privately published 2010  A biographical anthology of works relating to Caroline Eliza Derecourt Martyn, socialist. Soft covers – fine £10
- MAVINGA, Isha McKenzie And PERKINS, Thelma In Search of Mr McKenzie: two sisters’ quest for an unknown father Women’s Press 1991  An intriguing search to find their black father – their mother was white and Jewish. Soft covers – good £5
- (MAYNARD) Catherine B. Firth Constance Louisa Maynard: mistress of Westfield College Allen & Unwin 1949  Very good – scarce £15
- (MONTGOMERY) Catherine Andronik Kindred Spirit: a biography of L.M. Montgomery, creator of Anne of Green Gables Athenaeum 1993  Very good- in fine d/w £8
- (MONTGOMERY) Mary Rubio and Elizbeth Waterston (eds) The Selected Journals of L.M. Montgomery: vol 1 1889-1910 OUP 1985  Fine in very good d/w -424pp – heavy £15
- (MOODIE/TRAILL) Charlotte Gray Sisters in the Wilderness: Susanna Moodie and Catherine Parr Traill, pioneers of the Canadian backwoods Duckworth 2001  Hardcover – fine in fine d/w £12
- (MORGAN) Mary Campbell Lady Morgan: the life and times of Sydney Owenson Pandora 1988  Soft covers – fine £10
- NEWNHAM COLLEGE REGISTER 1871-1950 privately printed  packed with biographical information on students and staff. Soft covers – 2 vols – good – although backing on vol 1 is coming unstuck and outermost cover of vol II is missing- internally very good – scarce £40
- (NICE) Miranda Seymour The Bugatti Queen: in search of a motor-racing legend Simon & Schuster 2004  Romantic life of Helle Nice, who set land-speed records for Bugatti in the 1930s. Fine in d/w £8
- (NIGHTINGALE) Lynn McDonald (ed) Florence Nightingale’s European Travels Wilfrid Laurier Press 2004  Her correspondence, and a few short published articles, from her youthful European travels. She is an excellent observer and reporter. Fine in d/w – 802pp £45
- (OSBORN) Emily Osborn (ed) Political and Social Letters of a Lady of the Eighteenth Century: 1721-1771 Griffith Farren, Okeden and Welsh (London) 1890  Living in London and Chicksands (Bedfordshire), she managed her son’s involved estate. Her letters reveal to us 18th-century life – political, social and domestic. Very good internally -paper on spine and corners a little rubbed – gift inscription, 1895, to ‘Lady Strathmore’ – the present Queen’s great-grandmither £45
- PARRY, Melanie (ed) Chambers Biographical Dictionary of Women Chambers 1996  Soft covers – fine – 741pp – heavy £10
- (PASTON) Helen Castor Blood and Roses Faber 2004  A family biography tracing the Pastons’ story across three generations. Mint in mint d/w £8
- (PHILIPS) Philip Webster Souers The Matchless Orinda Harvard University Press 1931  An account of the life of Mrs Katherine Philips, the first woman in England to gain the reputation of a poetess.Good – ex university library £28
- (PILKINGTON) Norma Clarke Queen of the Wits: a life of Laetitia Pilkington Faber 2008  Biography of a woman of the 18th century – poetess, fallen woman and wit. Mint in d/w £17
- (PLATH/HUGHES) Diane Middlebrook Her Husband: Hughes and Plath: a marriage Little,Brown 2004  Fine in fine d/w £8
- (PUREFOY) G. Eland (ed) Purefoy Letters 1735-1753 Sidgwick & Jackson 1931  The letters of Elizabeth Purefoy (1672-1765), whose husband died in 1704, and her son, Henry Purefoy. Elizabeth Purefoy was, as her epitaph recorded, ‘a woman of excellent understanding, prudent and frugal’ and her letters are full of domestic detail. Very good – two volumes £40
- (RHYS) Francis Wyndham And Diana Melly (eds) Jean Rhys Letters 1931-1966 Deutsch 1984  Very good in d/w £12
- (RICHARDSON) Gloria G. Fromm (ed) Windows on Modernism: selected letters of Dorothy Richardson University of Georgia Press 1995  Over 700pp – mint in d/w £55
- (RIDING) Deborah Baker In Extremis; the life of Laura Riding Hamish Hamilton 1993  Fine in very good d/w £7
- (RUSKIN) Mary Lutyens (ed) Young Mrs Ruskin in Venice: the picture of society and life with John Ruskin 1849-1852 Vanguard Press (NY) 1965  Very good in d/w £12
- (SARTON) May Sarton At Eighty-Two: a journal Women’s Press 1996  The last of her celebrated journals. Paper covers – mint £7
- (SARTON) May Sarton (ed. Susan Sherman) Selected Letters, 1916-1954 Women’s Press 1997  Paper covers – fine £3
- (SEEBOHM) Victoria Glendinning A Suppressed Cry: life and death of a Quaker daughter Routledge 1969  The short, sad life of Winnie Seebohm, smothered by her loving family. She enjoyed a month at Newnham in 1885, before returning home and dying. Good in d/w – though ex-library £4
- SICHERMAN, Barbara et al (eds) Notable American Women: The Modern Period Belknap Press of Harvard University Press 1980  Soft covers – 773pp – heavy – very good £12
- (SIMPSON) Morrice McCrae Simpson: the turbulent life of a medical pioneer Birlinn 2011  The discoverer of ‘the blessed chloroform’ and, as such, an important figure in ‘woman’s sphere’. Soft covers – mint £5
- (SLATE/SLAWSON) Tieri Thompson (ed) Dear Girl: the diaries and letters of two working women 1897-1917 The Women’s Press 1987  Letters and diaries of two women whose friendship was played out against the background of the suffrage movement. Paper covers – very good
- (SOYER) Ruth Cowen Relish: the extraordinary life of Alexis Soyer, Victorian celebrity chef Weidenfeld 2006  Chef and kitchen designer to the Reform Club and reformer of army catering. Mint in d/w £8
- (ST TERESA OF AVILA) St Teresa of Avila by Herself Penguin Classics 1957 (r/p)  Soft covers – fine £6
- STARK, Freya The Coast of Incense: autobiography 1933-1939 John Murray 1953  Covers her travels in Egypt, the Middle East and South Arabia. Good in chipped d/w £6
- (STEAD) Chris Williams Christina Stead: a life of letters Virago 1989  Soft covers – fine £8
- (STOREY) Joyce Storey Our Joyce Broadsides 1987  Life in pre-Second World War Bristol. Soft covers – very good £4
- (STOREY) STOREY, Joyce Joyce’s War 1939-1945 Virago 1992 (r/p)  Soft covers -very good £4
- (STOWE) Joan Hedrick Harriet Beecher Stowe OUP 1994  Soft covers – fine £9
- (STUART) Hon. James A. Home (ed) Letters of Lady Louisa Stuart to Miss Louisa Clinton David Douglas (Edinburgh) 1901 & 1903  Two volumes – complete set. The first volume covers the period 1817 to 1825 and the second volume (called ‘Second Series’) that from1826 to 1834. Society observed. Very good – two volumes together £38
- (TENNYSON) James O. Hoge Lady Tennyson’s Journal University Press of Virginia 1981  Fine in d/w £18
- (TREFUSIS) Philippe Jullian and John Phillips Violet Trefusis: life and letters Hamish Hamilton 1976  Fine in fine d/w £8
- (TREFUSIS/SACKVILLE-WEST) Mitchell Leaska & John Phillips (ed) Violet to Vita: the letters of Violet Trefusis to Vita Sackville-West Mandarin 1989  Paper covers – fine £8
- (TROUBRIDGE) Jaqueline Hope-Nicholson (ed) Life Amongst the Troubridges: journals of a young Victorian 1873-1884 by Laura Troubridge John Murray 1966  Very good in rubbed d/w £10
- (TUCKER) Agnes Giberne A Lady of England: the life and letters of Charlotte Maria Tucker Hodder & Stoughton 1895  The standard biography of a popular children’s and religious writer – who spent the later years of her life as a missionary in India. Good – though ex-university library £28
- (TWINING) Louisa Twining Recollections of My Life and Work Edward Arnold 1893  She was an early ‘social worker’ – involved with workhouse visiting, promoting the idea of poor law inspectors and was herself a poor law guardian. Very good – scarce £68
- (VICTORIA) Agatha Ramm (ed) Beloved and Darling Child: last letters between Queen Victoria and her eldest daughter 1886-1901 Alan Sutton 1990  Mint in d/w £10
- (VICTORIA) Dorothy Marshall The Life and Times of Victoria Weidenfeld & Nicolson 1992 (r/p)  Lavishly illustrated. Mint in d/w £10
- WALKER, Alice The Same River: honoring the difficult Women’s Press 1996  ‘A meditation on life, spirit, art, and the making of the film\ ‘The Color Purple ‘ ten years later. Fine in d/w £6
- (WARD) John Sutherland Mrs Humphry Ward: eminent Victorian, pre-eminent Edwardian OUP 1990  Fine in very good d/w £8
- (WARWICK) Charlotte Fell-Smith Mary Rich, Countess of Warwick (1625-1678), her family and friends Longmans, Green 1901  Very good £45
- (WEAVER) Jane Lidderdale And Mary Nicholson Dear Miss Weaver: Harriet Shaw Weaver 1876-1961 Faber 1970  The woman behind The Egoist and patron of James Joyce. Very good in d/w £20
- (WEETON) Edward Hall (ed) Miss Weeton journal of a governess OUP, 1936 and 1939  In two volumes – covering the years 1807-11 and 1811-25 – shows what life was like for an unprotected female (albeit one of great strength of character) in the North of England (Huddersfield, Wigan, Liverpool), Wales and London. Very good £60
- (WHARTON) R.W.B. Lewis And Nancy Lewis The Letters of Edith Wharton Simon & Schuster 1988  Fine in fine d/w – 654pp £12
- (WOLLSTONECRAFT) JOHNSON, Claudia (ed) The Cambridge Companion to Mary Wollstonecraft CUP 2002  Soft covers – mint £10
- (WOOLF) Joanne Trautmann Banks (ed) Virginia Woolf: Congenial Spirits: selected letters Pimlico 2003  Soft covers – mint £12
- (WOOLF) Mitchell Leaska Granite and Rainbow; the hidden life of Virginia Woolf Picador 2000  Soft covers – fine £6
- (WOOLF) Virginia Woolf A Writer’s Diary Hogarth Press, 6th imp 1972  Fine in d/w (previous owner’s name neatly written on free front endpaper) £12
- (WORTH) Edith Saunders The Age of Worth: courtier to the Empress Eugenie Longmans 1954  Interesting social history. Good – though ex-Boots library, with label pasted on to front cover. £5
- The Australian Army at War; an official record of service in two hemispheres 1939-1944 HMSO 1944  Soft covers -72pp – with photographs £2
- Catholic Confirmation at Ugbrook  reprinted from ‘The Western Times’8 January 1842. ‘Thinking that a report of the proceedings [the Confirmation] would be interesting to our readers, on account of the peculiar form of the ceremony itself …and more especially on account of the inroad made into the Protestant flock of the deserted vicarage of Chudleigh..’ The chapel at Ugbrook is the oldest Catholic parish church in south-west England. Card wrappers – very good £10
- The Home Friend (New Series) SPCK 1854  4 vols of miscellany of fact and fiction. Very good in embossed decorative original cloth – together £45
- VICTORIA LEAGUE – BATH BRANCH – AWARD OF MERIT  The Victoria League was founded by women in 1901 to promote greater understanding between all parts of the British Empire – concentrating on hospitality and education. This certificate – Award of Merit – was awarded to Francis A. Bodger – for ‘Australia’, presumably an essay. Francis Ainsworth Bodger was born in 1877, in 1911 was a sergeant in the Royal Artillery, and died in Bath in 1940. The certificate gives the name of the Branch President as Leila Cubitt, and she died in Bath in 1951. The decorative certificate has at its centre a black & white illustration by Robert Anning Bell ‘What is the Flag of England Winds of the World Declare’. Good £12
- AN ACT TO CONSOLIDATE AND AMEND THE STATUTE LAW OF ENGLAND AND IRELAND RELATING TO OFFENCES AGAINST THE PERSON [6 AUGUST 1861] HMSO  Withdrawn from the collection of the Association of Moral and Social Hygiene. The Act is marked ‘see page 829’ – and on that page the act is concerned with the ‘Rape, Abduction, and Defilement of Women’. 24-pp – good £5
- ANDERSON, Dame Adelaide The Employment of Children in Egyptian Industry International Labour Office 1930  Reprinted from the International Labour Review, Dec 1930. Paper covers – 32pp – good £4
- ASSOCIATION OF ASSISTANT MISTRESSES Education Policy; with special reference to Secondary Education no date (early 20th c)  4-pp leaflet – good – ex-Board of Education library £5
- ASSOCIATION OF ASSISTANT MISTRESSES Education Policy (with special reference to Secondary Education) AAM no date (1920s?)  4-pp leaflet. Good – ex-Board of Education library £2
- ASSOCIATION OF ASSISTANT MISTRESSES IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS The Teaching of English 1907  A paper given by Miss C.L. Thomson at the 1907 Annual Meeting of the Association. 16-pp pamphlet – good – ex-Board of Education library £8
- (AUSTEN) Frederick Bussby Jane Austen in Winchester Friends of Winchester Cathedral  Essay delineating Jane Austen’s links to Winchester. Soft covers – pamphlet – fine £8
- AUTOGRAPHS – THE GUILDHOUSE  The Guildhouse was an ecumenical place of worship and cultural centre founded in 1921 by Maude Royden. On 4 sheets of paper are fixed 25 cut-out signatures, including those of Maude Royden, Hudson Shaw, Daisy Dobson (Maude Royden’s secretary), Zoe Procter (former WSPU activist), and Katherine Courtney (of the NUWSS). Together £45
- BINFIELD, Clyde Belmont’s Portias: Victorian nonconformists and middle-class education for girls Dr Williams’ Trust 1981  The 35th Friends of Dr Williams’s Library Lecture. Paper covers – 35pp – good – scarce £18
- BOARD OF EDUCATION  Third Report (July 1938) and Fourth Report (Oct 1938) of the Burnham Committee on Scales of Salaries for Teachers in Secondary Schools . Card covers – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £4
- BOARD OF EDUCATION List of Elementary Schools and Training Colleges under the Administration of the Board 1902-1903 HMSO 1903  The lists include the number of pupils at each school, the average attendance and the amount the school received in an annual grant. This is bound with (1) ‘Lists of Secondary Schools, Science and Art Schools and Classes, and Evening Schools under the Administration of the Board 1902-1903’. The lists give details of the number of pupils attending day and night classes in both Science and in Art and the total ammount allocated in grants to each school.
(2) ‘Evening Schools Aided by Parliamentary Grants’, giving the number of pupils receiving grants. Packed with information on schools and classes in England and Wales. Leather bound, 193pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £28
- BOARD OF EDUCATION Reorganisation of Public Elementary Schools in England and Wales 1937-38 HMSO 1939  ‘Statistics for the area of each local education authority showing numer of departments on 31 march 1938 by type of department, number of pupils, aged under 11 and 11 and over respectively, in each type of department together with summaries, by type of area, for England and Wales’. Paper covers – 64pp – good £8
- BRAYNE, F.L. The Neglected Partner The Village Welfare Association 1949  ‘This pamphlet is a sequel to ‘The Peasants’ Home’, which appeals for a new approach to the problem of increasing the supply of food and raising the standard of living in the less-developed countries.’ ‘ As a district Officer in the Punjab after the 1914-1918 war, Mr F.L. Brayne was a pioneer of rural reconstruction in India.’ Card covers – 20pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2
- BRITISH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION Report of Committee on Industrial Health in Factories BMA 1941  43-pp wartime report – paper covers – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3
- BRITTAIN, Vera (introduces) Prisoners’ Circle: essays by ex-prisoners Prison Medical Reform Council 1943  Paper covers – 32pp – good £5
- BRONTE SOCIETY GAZETTE  Issues for 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002 (issues 23-26 inc). Fine – together £6
- BRONTE SOCIETY TRANSACTION  issues from vol 25 part 1 (April 2000)-vol 35 number 2 (July 2010) inclusive. 13 in all. Fine- each issue £1
- BRONTE SOCIETY TRANSACTIONS  Vol 20, part 4, 1991. Fine £1
- BRONTE SOCIETY TRANSACTIONS  vol 22 (1997). Fine £1
- BRONTE SOCIETY TRANSACTIONS  vol 23, part 1 (April 1998). Fine £1
- CARNARVONSHIRE EDUCATION COMMITTEE Interim Report of the Moral Education Committee 1918  Paper covers – 20pp – good – ex-Board of Education library £4
- CENSUS OF SCOTLAND 1911 VOL II Report of the Twelfth Decennial Census of Scotland HMSO   Missing front blue paper cover and some pages at end that cover talbels XLVI-LI – but 562pp are present and correct. Withdrawn from the Women’s Library £15
- CHARITY ORGANISATION REVIEW Vol X (New Series) July To Dec 1901 Longmans, Green 1902  half-yearly bound volume of the COS’s own magazine. Very good £28
- CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY D.R. Sharpe Centralised Registration of Assistance COS 1911  Paper read on 31 May 1911 at the Annual National Conference of Charity Organisation Societies. Paper covers – 14pp pamphlet – good – unusual £18
- CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY H. Holman A Restatement of the First Principles of Charity Organisation Work COS 1912  Paper read on 21 May 1912 at the 21st Annual National Conference of Charity Organisation Societies, Manchester. Paper covers – 24pp – good – unusual £25
- CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY J.W. Pennyman The Cost of Good Work COS 1895  A Paper read at the Cheltenham Charity Organisation Conference. ‘How shall we estimate the cost of good work? To do this we shall have to realise what is meant by good work, and to consider the special needs of our locality.’ A discussion of the financial costs of local charity. COS Occasional Paper No 57. 6-pp – unusual £18
- CHARITY ORGANISATION SOCIETY Miss Pike Friendly Visiting and Personal Service COS 1911  Paper read on 1 June 1911 at the Annual National Conference of Charity Organisation Societies. Paper covers – 11pp – good – a little foxing – unusual £20
- COHEN, Lesley Women’s Organisations in Great Britain 1985/86 Women’s National Commission 1985  Soft covers – 84-pp – very good £3
408a CO-OPERATIVE WOMEN’S GUILD CUP AND SAUCER -or perhaps better described as a mug and plate. Both pieces are decorated with the well-known image of the woman in apron, with a basket, looking out over a milltown to a new dawn – and with the Guild’s motto ‘Of whole heart cometh hope’. With the ‘Windsor’ china mark of the Co-operative Wholesale Society. I rather think the mug, with its narrow base, was made so it could be balanced on the ‘plate’ – so members could drink their tea and eat their biscuits as they chatted after meetings. But that may be fanciful. Founded in 1883, the Guild dissolved as a national organisation in 2016. Very good – with one tiny chip on underside of saucer/plate – unusual £30
- CORNHILL MAGAZINE, May 1912 Smith, Elder 1912  Includes an article by Ella Sykes, ‘At a women’s hostel in Canada’. Ella Sykes was a member of the Colonial Intelligence League for Educated Women and visited Canada, in the guise of a ‘home help’, on the League’s behalf to spy out the land. Soft covers – very good £8
- CRIMINAL JUSTICE ACT HMSO  1) Criminal Justice Adminstration Act, 1914 – ‘An Act to diminish the number of cases committed to prison, to amend the Law with respect to the treatment and punishment of young offenders, and otherwise to improve the administration of criminal justice’.- 36pp – good; 2) Criminal Justice Act, 1925 – ‘An Act to amend the law with respect to the administration of criminal justice in England, and otherwise to amend the criminal law’ – 44pp – good; 3) Criminal Justice Act, 1948 – ‘An Act to abolish penal servitude, hard labour, prison divisions and sentence of whipping ‘etc – 110pp – good. Together £5
- DAILY MIRROR 2 October 1940  The headline is ‘First Women to win GM’. – describing the actions that had led to three A.R.P. women being awarded the George Medal for Valour. Very good £4
- DAVIES, Dilys The Problem of Girls’ Education in Wales Association for Promoting the Education of Girls in Wales 1887  ‘An Address delivered before the Welsh National Society of Liverpool, on January 13th 1887’. ‘The need of education is never felt more keenly than by the woman whose faculiteis have been undeveloped by wise guidance in childhood, and who is thrown unexpectedly on her own resources to fend for herself, and earn an honest living’. Very sensible. 14-pp pamphlet – very good – but with foxing £18
- DECORATIVE BANNER – ‘AM I NOT A WOMAN AND A SISTER’  This banner probably dates from the second half of the 20th century and has been well made…but for what purpose? It is not a commercial production – some of the stitching has been done by hand and other parts by a sewing machine. The felt lettering is glued on. It may have been made for use in a pageant or theatrical performance – and, if so, care was taken …the backing of the banner is a heavy cotton ensuring that it hangs well. Approx 130cm long by 54 cm wide. In very good condition – most unusual £450
- DEPARTMENTAL COMMITTEE ON THE TRAINING APPOINTMENT AND PAYMENT OF PROPBATION OFFICERS Report of the Departmental Committee on the Training, Appointment and Payment of Probation Officers HMSO 1922  Paper covers – 32pp – fair – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2
- DISINHERITANCE The Remedies of Lord Astor’s Bill  an article reprinted from ‘The Observer’, Sept 6, 1928. ‘Lord Astor introduced a Bill in the House of Lords last session to modify, to a limited extent, the right of arbitrary disinheritance possessed by spouses and parents in England and Wales and occasionally exercised.’ Double-sided sheet – good £1
- ELIZA COOK’S JOURNAL VOLS 1-3  Runs from issue 1, 5 May 1849 to issue 156, 24 April 1852. Very good condition – half leather and marbled boards. Each vol £38
- FEDERATION OF SOCIETIES OF TEACHERS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION  Two of the Federation’s annual reports. First Annual Report (Oct 1935-Sept 1936), 6pp; Fourth Annual Report (October 1938-Dec 1939), 12pp. Both soft covers, both very good. Together £12
- FRIENDS’ CENTRAL EDUCATION COMMITTEE Inspection of Friends’ Boarding Schools by the Board of Education:
General Report 1905  J.W. Headlam was Director of the Enquiry and the author of the Report. Soft covers – 50pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £12
- GIRLS’ OWN ANNUAL, Oct 1891- Sept 1892  Very good internally – with Extra Christmas Number 1891 and Extra Summer Number 1892 bound in- in publisher’s binding – spine leather rubbed and torn. Includes the colour reproduction of a painting by Kate Greenaway. Heavy £30
- GIRLS OWN ANNUAL, Oct 1895- Sept 1896  Includes an article on the Bryant & May match girls; ‘A young servant’s outfit, and what to buy for it’. Very good – in decorative binding £35
- GIRLS’ OWN ANNUAL, Oct 1896-Sept 1897  Very good internally – in slightly worn publisher’s binding. Includes a series of articles on ‘What are the provincial county councils doing for girls?’ and all the usual wonderful mix – plus the Extra Christmas Number and an extra Diamond Jubilee Number. Heavy £20
- GRUBBE, JULIA HARRIET  A collection of photograph and over 20 letters relating to Julia Harriet Grubbe (1845-1907), the daughter of John Eustace Grubbe, magistrate, parliamentary agent and sometime mayor of Southwold. A very large page carries 11 photographs of Julia, covering the whole of her life. In the 1880s/90s, from which period most of the letters (all written to her) date, she lived with her parents and four unmarried siblings in Park Lane, Southwold. A study of the letters gives an insight into the concerns of a woman of her class and time. In very good condition £45
- HARVEY, L.D. The Education of the Girl: the necessity of fitting her education to her life Bulletin of the Wisconsin State Board of Industrial Education 1912  Bulletin No 4 – 10-pp pamphlet – very good in original wrappers – ex-Board of Education library £8
- HMSO Ministry of Health, Survey of Relief to Widows and Children (1919) 1920  Missing its outer wrappers otherwise very good – 186pp £12
- HMSO National Advisory Committee on the Employment of Older Men and Women HMSO  The First Report, Oct 1953 and Second Report, Dec 1955. Paper covers – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £4
- HMSO A Study of the Factors which have operated in the past and those which are operating now to determine the distribution of women in industry 1930  Paper covers – very good – 33pp £18
- HUTCHINS, B.L. Woman’s Industrial Career Sheratt & Hughes Oct 1909  Reprinted from The Sociological Review. Paper covers – good £9
- ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN (SCOTLAND) ACT, 1930 HMSO 1930  ‘An Act to amend the alw as to the duration and recovery of aliment for, and the custody of, illegitimate children in Scotland, and for other purposes connected therewith.’ 4-pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £1
- INDUSTRIAL HEALTH RESEARCH BOARD OF THE MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL Absence from Work:
Prevention of Fatigue HMSO no date (1944)  Life of the war-worker. Paper covers – 20pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £4
- JOSEPHINE BUTLER  photograph of her- head and shoulders – by Elliott and Fry. Has been someone’s pin-up – pin mark at top of card – well clear of photograph. Fair £10
- LEAGUE OF HEALTH AND BEAUTY BADGE  shiny metal badge made by H W Miller Ltd Birmingham to be worn by members of the League of Health and Beauty, founded in 1930 by Mollie Bagot-Stack. The badge bears the figure of a woman dancing against a background of sea and sky and around the rim the legend WOMEN’S LEAGUE OF HEALTH & BEAUTY and the motto MOVEMENT IS LIFE. Probably dates from 1960s/70s. Attractive – fine condition £10 SOLD
- LEAGUE OF NATIONS Reports HMSO 1928  1) Report on the 46th and 47th Sessions of the Council of the League of Nations; 2) Report on the 48th Session of the Council of the League of Nations; 3) Report of the 51st and 52nd Sessions of the Council of the League of Nations. Three items – good – together £3
- LETTER FROM ELLEN BOWYER  to, I think, the editor of a journal. The letter is dated 12 May 1893 and was written from her home in Brighton (25 Park Crescent). She was Lady Ellen Bowyer (1832-1899), wife of Sir William, and had contributed articles on a variety of topics – such as ‘Women in Government’, Woman in Spiritual Supremacy’, ‘The Birthright of Woman’ etc. She was also the author of ‘Clairaudient Thought: the divine romance of love and war’, 1898. In the letter she discusses her various literary works and mentions that ‘there is not much improvement in Sir William’s health’ – in fact he died 18 days later. 4-pp mss letter – very good £15
- LOCKHART, Leonard The Backward Child: a plea for special action 1935  ‘Based on an address to the joint Advisory Committee f the Notts. Education Committee, 5 Dec 1935.’ Paper covers – good – 8pp £4
- McMILLAN, Margaret The Future of Our Young People Co-operative Union 1911  Paper covers – 12pp – good – ex-Board of Education library £12
- MINISTRY OF HOUSING AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT Moving from the Slums HMSO 1956  Seventh Report of the Housing Management Sub-committee of the Central Housing Advisory Committee. Paper covers – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £4
- MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND NATIONAL SERVICE Time Rates of Wages and Hours of Labour HMSO 1952  Covers every type of employment for coal mining to cinema usherette. Paper covers – 248pp £8
- NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF GIRLS’ CLUBS Clubs and Club Making University of London Press 1943  A history – and then 13 chapters on how to run a club. Soft covers – 104pp – good – ex-Board of Education library £25
- NATIONAL BOARD FOR PRICES AND INCOMES The Pay and Conditions of Service of Workers in the Laundry and Dry Cleaning Industry HMSO 1971  A 100-page report. Good – ex-library £2
- NATIONAL FEDERATION OF BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL WOMEN’S CLUBS OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND The Changing Pattern: report on the training of older woman NFBPWC 1966  Paper covers – 24pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3
- NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE The National Health Service (Service Committees and Tribunal) Regulations 1948 HMSO 1948  30-pp – good – withdrawn from the collection of the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene – good – with some marginal pencilled emphases. £1
- NATIONAL UNION OF FAMILY ASSOCIATIONS World Congress for Family and Population 1947  The Congress was held in Paris in June 1947. Paper covers – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £3
- NATIONAL UNION OF WOMEN’S TEACHERS How Equal Pay would Help Industry and Decrease Unemployment 1930s?  Single page leaflet – fine £8
- NOBLE WOMEN; Windows in the Lady Chapel Liverpool Cathderal Liverpool Cathedral (no date)  Booklet describing the stained glas window, designed by James Hogan in 1921 and painted by A.A. Burcombe of Whitefriars Studios. The ‘noble women’ included those with Liverpool connections, such as Jemima Clough, Josephine Butler and Agnes Jones, as well as ones, such as Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Christina Rossetti, who did not. 16-pp – card covers – very good £4
- NORWEGIAN JOINT COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL POLICY The Status of Women in Norway Today 1953  Paper covers -67 pp – with photographs – with drawn from the Women’s Library £3
- PAOLA AND FRANCESCA  programme for the production of ‘Paola and Francesca’ by Stephen Phillips staged by George Alexander at the St James’s Theatre in March 1902. The cast included Elizabeth Robins, Henry Ainley, Lilian Braithwaite and Evelyn Millard. The programme conmprises, as well as the cast list, a long history of the story of Paola and Francesca, notes on the costumes, the scenery, and the music. Good condition £5
- PAUPER HOSPITALS AND SCHOOLS Return of ‘all district and separate pauper hospitals (including asylums of the Metropolitan Asylum District), also of district and separate pauper schools, built during the past ten years; giving the name of hospital or school; names of unions contribution; class of inmates; extent of area; cost of site; cost of building; number of inmates; exclusive of officers; cost per head on number to be accommodated; and number of inmates on 1 May 1885 HMSO 1885  6 foolscap pages. Very good – disbound £20
- PIDDINGTON, A.B. The Next Step: a family basic income Macmillan, 2nd imp 1922  A discussion of how a ‘Living Wage’ could be introduced in Australia. Paper covers – 68pp – good £6
- PROBATION OF OFFENDERS ACT 1907 HMSO 1907  Paper covers – 8-pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £1
- REFORMATORIES AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOLS (COMMITTALS) Returns showing the comparative number of committals of boys and girls to reformatories and industrial schools April 1872  ‘Shows comparative number of committals of boys and girls to reformatories and industrial schools in 1870, with the number of cases in which the parents have been charged with such payment towards their children’s cost at such schools as may be considered equal to the expense they are saved by so throwing their children on public support, together with a comparative statement of the number of cases in which such charge has been adjudged, with that of the charges actually recovered and regularly paid.’ Raw facts. 4 foolscap pp – disbound £28
- REPORT FROM THE SELECT COMMITTEE OF THE HOUSE OF LORDS On the Age of Marriages Bill HMSO 1929  Paper covers – 14pp – fair – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2
- REPORT OF A DEPARTMENTAL COMMITTEE ON THE PREVALENCE OF VENEREAL DISEASE AMONG THE BRITISH TROOPS IN INDIA HMSO 1897  33-pp foolscap Report – together with – ‘A Rough Record 1858-1935 on the work of the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene, in connection with the British Army in India’ – 8-pp foolscap report. In good condition – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £12
- REPORT OF THE STREET OFFENCES COMMITTEE HMSO 1928  The Committee included Margery Fry. Good – 50pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5
- REVIEW OF REVIEWS  edited by W.T. Stead. the first volume, January-June 1890. As Stead spotted, here was a gap in the market, enabling the interested observer to keep a finger on the pulse of the world. With v useful indexes to articles in current periodicals. Very good £25
- RICH, Adena Women Under Our Immigration and Naturalization Laws 1949  The post-war US position. Reprinted from ‘The Social Science Review’ – self covers – fair – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £2
- ROBERT BROWNING HALL SERIES OF SOCIAL TRACTS: nO 2 The Labour Movement in Religion  Talk by the Warden, Herbert Stead on 6 Jan 1895. Paper covers – 8pp – fair – ex-Board of Education Library £3
- ROBERT BROWNING HALL SOCIAL TRACTS: NO 1 The State and the Unemployed by Sir John Gorst MP  A speech delivered by Gorst on 9 May 1895 in Robert Browning Hall, Walworth. 8-pp leaflet – fair – ex-Board of Education Library £4
- RYLE, Effie Women’s Life in the Nineteenth Century as seen in English fiction National Adult School Union, no date [c. 1930?]  16-pp booklet giving brief background information about women’s lives in the 19th century, a ‘Suggested Plan for Study by a Group’ and notes for using\i Shirley\i0 , \i Mary Barton\i0 ,\i The Old Wives’ Tale\i0 and\i Kipps\i0 to explore the issues raised. Soft covers – good £12
- SCOTCH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT Memorandum on the Teaching of Music in Scottish Primary Schools HMSO 1909  In original blue wrappers – good – 23pp – ex-Board of Education library. £5
- SENIOR, Mrs Nassau Pauper Schools HMSO 1875  ‘Copy ”of a Letter addressed to the President of the Local Government Board by Mrs Nassau Senior, lately an Inspector of the Board, being a reply to the observation of Mr Tufnell, also a former inspector upon her report on pauper schools’. This was a follow-up to Mrs Senior’s 1874 report.
24pp – large format – disbound. £28
- SOCIAL SCIENCE DEPARTMENT LSE Woman, Wife and Worker HMSO 1960  In the ‘Problems in Industry’ series, no 10, published by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research. ‘In recent years the subject of married women’s employment has been the theme of many heated arguments.’ Paper covers – fine £5
- ST HELENS EDUCATION COMMITTEE A Short Report on Some Experiments in Mental Testing Robert Gibson (Glasgow)   Written by John Houghton, Headmaster of Allanson Street Council Boys’ School, St Helens. Paper covers – 16pp – good £6
- SUMMARY JURISDICTION (MARRIED WOMEN) ACT, 1895 HMSO  An Act to amend the Law relating to the Summary Jurisdiction of Magistrates in reference to Married Women. Paper covers – 8pp – good. Together with ‘ Summary Jurisdiction (Separation and Mainenance) Bill to Amend the Married Women (Maintenance) Acts 1895 and 1920, and section 5 of the Licensing Act, 1905. Paper covers – 6pp – good. And An Act to amend the Law relating to Separation and Maintenance Orders, 1925 – paper covers – 4pp. All withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £2
- ‘SUNNYHOLME’, BOIS COMMON, CHESHAM, BUCKS 1930s?  ‘Bright country home, for children of respectable families, requiring change of air for a fortnight or longer, as desired’. 4-pp leaflet, setting out the Rules. Good – with ink, handwritten amendments £5
- SWANWICK, H.M. Women and War Union of Democratic Control [no date -1915]  She was one of the founding members of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom in 1915 and resigned from the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies after it refused to send delegates to the International Women’s Congress at The Hague. Paper covers – good internally – front cover present but detached. £48
- TEACHERS’ GUILD OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND Collection of Annual Reports  Reports for 1896-1897; 1897; 1899; 1900; 1901-1902; 1904-1905; 1905-1906; 1906; 1907-1908; 1908; 1909-10; 1910; 1911-12. The Guild represented both male and female teachers. With much detail of local branches. Each Report c 90pp, in original paper covers (the occasional cover present, but detached) – all in good condition. Together – 13 items £80
- TEACHERS’ GUILD OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND List of Members Alphabetically Arranged 1913  Names and addresses – very useful. Women teachers appear to be in the majority. Soft covers – good – ex-Board of Education Library £15
- THE ACLAND CHRONICLE April 1903  The second number of the ‘Acland Chronicle’ recording the work of the Acland Club for boys and girls that was associated with the Women’s University Settlement. Good in original wrppers – ex-Board of Education library £8
- THE ARTHUR AND ELIZABETH SCHLESINGER LIBRARY ON THE HISTORY OF WOMEN IN AMERICA 1964-1966 Two Year Report  After Mr Schlesinger’s death in 1965 the name of Radcliffe College’s Women’s Archive was changed to honour that of ‘the first scholar to draw the attention of the historical profession and the public to “The Role of Women in American History”‘. The Report gives an account of new acquisitions and new buildings. Paper covers – 28pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £2
- THE ASSOCIATION FOR MORAL AND SOCIAL HYGIENE The Alison Neilans Memorial Lectures AMSH  3 of these annual lectures: 1) No 5 Mary Stocks, Josephine Butler and the Moral Standards of Today, 1961; 2) No 6 T.C.N. Gibbens, The Clients of Prostitutes, 1962 and 3) A Summary of the Tenth Alison Neilans Memorial Lecture given by Dr R.D. Catterall, 1967. Paper covers – in good condition, withdrawn from the Women’s Library. Together £10
- THE FIRST REPORT OF THE BRISTOL REFUGE SOCIETY for the restoration of females who have unhappily fallen from virtue, ending 6 month 30, 1815; with a list of subscribers facsimile of the edition printed for Philip Rose, Broadmead 1815  An interesting publication – full of names and address of donors and subscribers. Many Bristol worthies – but also their associates from around the country. A very well produced facsimile. Paper covers – very good £18
- THE GREAT PARTNERSHIP Women’s Liberal Federation 1949  ‘Being a report of the Enquiry Committee on Women’s Position in the Community set up by the Executive Committee of the Women’s Liberal Federation at the request of the Chairman of the Liberal Party Organisation’. Paper covers – 40pp – very good £2
- THE HOUSEHOLD WASH A collection of modern postcards all associated with the household wash. 26 of the cards are reproductions of late-19th and early-20th century advertisements for e.g.Sunlight Soap, Recitts Blue, Rinso, Vim Persil etc. 8 cards are reproductions of various washing days. 2 cards are typograhical 1980s humour with a washing-day theme. Together with an original advertising 6-pp fold-out leaflet for E.G. Bentford’s Washing, Wringing and Mangling Machines. The leaflet is printed on both sides – showing, therefore, 12 of their lines of stock. The firm was based in Brighton – the leaflet dates from, I think, the beginning of the 20th century. The postcards are all unused and unposted. The advertising leaflet is in good condition. As a collection  £25
- THE INDUSTRIAL COURT Decision of Industrial Court No 1325: Manipulative Grades – Post Office HMSO July 1927  The case was between the Union of Post Office Workers and the Post Office. In the course of the lengthy expositions, a vast amount of information is given on the working of the Post Office at the time – revealing in great detail the work done by women, which had been the first section of the Civil Service to employ women. Soft covers – 212pp -good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £8
- THE LAUNDRY INDUSTRY EDUCATION BOARD Education, Training and Scholarships in the Laundry Industry Laundry Industry Education Board 1953 (revised)  A vanished world of work. Paper covers – 16pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £8
- THE LEAGUE OF SERVICE Report, 1910-1911  ‘The League of Service exists to bring such influences to bear upon the physical conditions and the homes of the chidlren of the nation that each child may at least begin life with a fair chance of attaining full development.’ The Report details the League’s work – in London only – with centres at King’s Cross, Marylebone and Battersea, each with its own ‘Mothers’ Dining Room’. Paper covers – 20pp -very good – ex-Board of Education library £15
- THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF WOMEN OF GREAT BRITAIN Handbook 1960-61 National Council of Women 1961  Packed with names and addresses. Soft covers -56pp – fine £3
- THE WOMEN’S BRANCH FEDERATION Fifth Annual Report, 1912-13  ‘Affiliated to the Social Institutes’ Union’ – ‘unites existing Clubs and Social Institutes for women and girls of the industrial community by promoting amongst them mutual interest and friendly intercourse.’ Good – in original wrappers – 16pp – 2 photos -ex-Board of Education lbirary £12
- THE WOMEN’S BRANCH FEDERATION Sixth Annual Report, 1913-14  ‘We can only conclude by saying that we have endeavoured to raise the standard of London Working Girls by encouraging them to take pleasure in interesting study, and employ their leisure hours in healthy and wholesome recreation.’ With details of all the affiliated Clubs. Paper covers -with photographs – 16pp – good – ex-Board of Education library £14
- THE WOMEN’S LEAGUE OF SERVICE Report, 1911-1912  The League of Service was now renamed – and, in addition to those detailed in the 1910-11 Report, now had Centres in Hammersmith, Croydon and Bristol. Paper covers – 34pp – very good – ex-Board of Education library £15
- WARWICK, The Countess Of Unemployment: its causes and consequences Twentieth Century Press, no date (c 1906)  Pamphlet – 16pp – first published as two articles in the ‘Daily Mail’ in Feb 1906. Good internally. The rather grubby pink paper covers – with a v glamourous photograph of the author – are present – heavily chipped – but detached. Scarce £45
- WIGHTMAN, Clare Women At Work and In Society Modern Records Centre, Warwick University, 2nd ed 1991  Gives sources for the subject in the Warwick Modern Records Centre. Paper covers – fine £4
- WILKINS, Mrs Roland The Training and Employment of Education Women in Horticulture and Agriculture Women’s Farm and Garden Association 1927  Soft covers – 52pp – good – ex-Board of Education Library £20
- WILLS AND INTESTACIES (FAMILY MAINTENANCE) BILL HMSO 1930  ‘The object of this bill is to secure that, in the distribution of the estate of a testator or testatrix, a surviving husband or wife and any surviving children who are of an age necessitating parental support shall have a statutory right to certain provision out of the estate in order to secure the funds necessary for their maintenance.’ Paper covers – 14pp – withdrawn from the Women’s Library – good £2
- WOMEN’S EMPLOYMENT FEDERATION Careers: a memorandum on openings and trainings for girls and women 1964  The 21st ed. Soft covers – 146pp – very good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5
- WOMEN’S EMPLOYMENT FEDERATION Memorandum on Openings and Trainings for Women WEF 1936  Opportunities for women – from Accountancy to Youth Leadership. Paper covers – good -20pp £15
- WOMEN’S EMPLOYMENT FEDERATION Women Want to Work: some notes on prospects, training and finding work for the older woman with a good educational background WEF 1964  Paper covers – 44pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £4
- WOMEN’S GROUP ON PUBLIC WELFARE Loneliness: an enquiry into causes and possible remedies National Council of Social Service revised ed 1964  An interesting snapshot of one aspect of the early 1960s. Soft covers – 72pp – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library £5
- WOMEN’S INDUSTRIAL COUNCIL Nineteenth Annual Report 1912-13  Includes a long, v interesting and wide-ranging list of lectures given – as well as details of the work undertaken by the council – including the trades into which it had undertaken investigations. Paper covers – very good – ex-Board of Education library £15
- BEDFORD COLLEGE The Common Room  Real photographic card – I can see a print of G. F.Watts’ ‘Hope’ among the pictures – and is that a portrait of Emily Penrose over the fireplace? I’m not sure. Very good – printed in Berlin so probably dates from pre-1914 – unposted £10
- CLARK’S COLLEGE, CIVIL SERVICE Preparing for the Lady Clerk’s G.P.O. Exam  Photographic postcard of the young women preparing for this exam which, if they passed, offered a chance of bettering themselves. Very good – unposted £12
- MERCHANT TAYLORS’ SCHOOL FOR GIRLS  Real photographic postcard of the exterior of the Crosby, Liverpool, girls’ school. The ink message on the back includes ‘The view is of Aunty Nina’s school..’ and continues onto the front of the card on white space to the side of the photograph. Posted in, I think, 1933. Good £10
- THE CITY WOMAN’S CLUB: 8 Wine Office Court, Fleet Street, London EC4  postcard – linedrawing – depicting an exterior view of this club and two of its elegant young members. The club was opened c 1920 – this card probably dates from c 1930. Unposted -the card is a little creased at the top right – an unusual item £15
SHEET MUSIC (MUSIC HALL)
- MISS ELLA SHIELDS B. Feldman 1914  sings ‘Just One Kiss – Just Another One’ and is photographed in top hat and tails on the cover of the sheet music. The song was written by William Hargreaves and Dan Lipton. Very god £7
- MISS ELLA SHIELDS Campbell, Connelly & Co 1925  sings ‘Show Me the Way to Go Home’, written by Irving King, and is photographed as an awkward young man on the cover of the sheet music. Good £6
- MISS ELLA SHIELDS Lawrence Wright 1925  sings ‘When the Bloom is On the Heather’ and is photographed in top hat and tails on the cover of the sheet music. Very good £6
- MISS ELLA SHIELDS Francis, Day & Hunter 1927  sings ‘I’m Looking Over a Four Leaf Clover’ and is photographed in close up on the cover wearing her top hat and white bow tie. Fair – some marks on cover £5
- MISS ELLA SHIELDS Lawrence Wright 1929  sings ‘Home in Maine’ and is photographed in sailor attire on cover of sheet music. Good £6
- MISS HETTY KING Francis, Day & Hunter 1908  sings ‘I’m Afraid to Come Home in the Dark’ and is photographed on the cover of the sheet music in extravagantly elegant top hat and tails. Very good £7
- MISS NORA DELANEY Lawrence Wright 1929  sings ‘Glad Rag Doll’ and is photographed in male evening dress on the cover of the sheet music. Good £5
- VESTA TILLEY Francis, Day & Hunter 1905  sings ‘Who Said, “Girls”?’. Sheet music featuring photograph on cover of Vesta Tilley in smart male attire. The ditty begins: ‘One day on a Western claim/Miners vow’d their lives were tame, For in that lonel spot there seldom girls had been.’ Good £7
- VESTA TILLEY Francis, Day & Hunter 1896  sings ‘He’s Going In For this Dancing Now’, sheet music, written by E.W. Rogers. Very good – except that the front cover is semi-detached £5
- VESTA TILLEY Francis, Day & Hunter 1894  sings ‘By the Sad Sea Waves’ and is photographed in colour on the cover of the sheet music. Good – though spine strengthened £7
- BAILLIE, Joanna A Series of Plays in which it is attempted to delineate the stronger passions of the mind Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, & Brown, a new edition 1821  A handsome set – newly rebound in cloth £60
- BEHN, Aphra Ten Pleasures of Marriage and the second part of The Confession of the New Married Couple printed for the Navarre Society 1950  With an introduction by John Harvey. Good – corners a little bumped £10
- BRADDON, M.E. Lady Audley’s Secret Virago 1985  First published in 1862. Still a page-turner. Paper covers – very good £4
- HASTINGS, Lady Flora Poems William Blackwood 1841  The poems of poor Lady Flora were edited for publication by her sister. Lady Flora, a lady in waiting at court in 1838, was suspected of being pregnant, though unmarried. In fact her body was swollen with illness – and she died. Everybody was then v. sorry. Pasted onto the free front endpaper is a black-bordered printed ‘Elegy on the Death of Lady Flora Hastings.’ Annotation in ink reveals that the copy had in 1882 belonged to Mr John Gladstone, 39 Gunter Grove, Redcliffe Gardens, London S.W.. Latterly the copy had been held in the City of Cardiff Reference Library – perhaps given to it by Mr Gladstone. It bears a ‘Withdrawn from Stock’ stamp as well as the library albel on the front pastedown. The copy, in its original decorative green cloth, is worn along spine and hinge to front board is tender – contents very good £25
- JESSE, F. Tennyson Moonraker Virago 1981  First published in 1927. Paper covers – very good £3
- KANE, Sarah Complete Plays Methuen Drama 2001  Introduced by David Greig. Comprises ‘Blasted’, ‘Phaedra’s love’, ‘Clansed’, Crave’, ‘4.48 Psychosis’, ‘Skin’. Soft covers – fine £10
- KOLLONTAI, Alexandra Love of Worker Bees Virago 1977  Soft covers – with Carmen Callil’s signature on free front endpaper and her book label on inside cover. Fine £10
- KREITMAN, Esther Deborah Virago 1983  First published in 1936. Paper covers – very good £3
- LEHMANN, Beatrix Rumour of Heaven Virago 1987  First published in 1934. Paper covers – very good £4
- LITVINOV, Ivy She Knew She Was Right Virago 1988  Paper covers – very good £3
- NEWLIN, Keith (ed) American Plays of the New Woman Ivan R. Dee (Chicago) 2000  Plays by William Vaughan Moore, Rachel Crothers, Augustus Thomas, Alice Gerstenberg, Susan Glaspell and Jesse Lynch Williams. Paper covers – mint £5
- PROCTER, Adelaide Anne Legends and Lyrics Bell & Daldy, 14th ed 1872  Poems by a leading member of the Langham-Place group. very good – leather, with gilt decorations and all edges gilt £15
- SCOTT, Sarah Millenium Hall Virago 1986  First published in 1762. Paper covers – very good £8
- SHERWOOD, Mrs The Happy Family Houlston & Sons, new edition no date  A little tract – paper covers. Fine £5
- SWAN, Annie S. Aldersyde: a Border story of seventy years ago Oliphant, Anderson, & Ferrier 1885 (r/p)  Good reading copy – cover marked £8
- SWAN, Annie S. Carlowrie: or, among Lothian folk Oliphant, Anderson and Ferrier, no date, reprint (1890s?)  Good reading copy £8
- SWAN, Annie S. The Secret Panel Oliphant, Anderson & Ferrier 1896 (r/p  Very good in decorative binding £8
- TAYLOR, Mary Miss Miles OUP 1990  Mary Taylor was the life-long friend of Charlotte Bronte. This edition with an introduction by Janet Horowitz Murray. Soft covers – very good £6
- TRAVERS, Graham [pseud of Margaret Todd] Mona MacLean: medical student William Blackwood, 14th ed 1899  Novel written by Sophia Jex-Blake’s friend and biographer. Cover marked – scarce £38
- WALKER, Alice The Color Purple Women’s Press 1983  Soft covers – good £3
- WALKER, Alice Good Night, Willie Lee, I’ll See You in the Morning Dial Press (NY) 1979  Soft covers – very good £4
- WALKER, Alice Horses Make a Landscape Look More Beautiful Women’s Press 1985  Poems. Soft covers – good £3
- WALKER, Alice Possesing the Secret of Joy Cape 1992  Fine in d/w £8
- WOOD, Mrs Henry The Red Court Farm Macmillan 1908 (r/p)  Good reading copy £3
- YEZIERSKA, Anzia Hungry Hearts and Other Stories Virago 1987  First published in 1920. Paper covers – very good £3
- YONGE, Charlotte M. A Book of Golden Deeds T. Nelson, no date, reprint  Good reading copy £5
- YONGE, Charlotte M. The Dove in the Eagle’s Nest Macmillan 1908 (r/p)  Very good £6
WOMEN AND THE FIRST WORLD WAR
- CROFTON, Eileen The Women of Royaumont: a Scottish women’s hospital on the Western Front Tuckwell Press 1997  Excellent study. Soft covers – very good £12
- DOUGLAS-PENNANT, Violet Under the Search-Light: the record of a great scandal Allen & Unwin 1922  In June 1918 Violet Douglas-Pennant was appointed Commandant, Women’s Royal Air Force – only to be dismissed two months later ‘by direction of Lord Weir and Sir Auckland Geddes on the advice of Lady Rhondda, who acted without enquiry on secret information supplied to her, as well as to Mr Tyson Wilson MP, and Miss P. Strachey, by Mrs Beatty and others’. How intriguing. The book takes 463 pp to cover the ‘scandal’. Douglas-Pennant wrote it as her self-justificatory account of events “so that my name & honour may at last be vindicated.” Includes recollections of her ten weeks’ in charge, a Who’s Who of the personalities involved & full details of the House of Lords Inquiry into her dismissal. Good £85
- (HALL) Edith Hall Canary Girls & Stockpots WEA Luton Branch 1977  Memories of life in the First World War – and of the ’20s and ’30s. During the War Edith Hall’s mother was landlady to munition workers – ‘the Canaries’ (so called because the chemicals turned their skin yellow) at the Hayes factories.
Soft covers – signed by the author £10
- HMSO Munitions of War HMSO 1916  Order, dated June 26, 1916, of the Minister of Munitions. 4-pp leaflet – good – withdrawn from the Women’s Library. £3
- HOBHOUSE, Mrs Henry ‘I Appeal Unto Caesar’: the case of the concientious objector Allen & Unwin, 2nd ed 1917  Polemic by Margaret Hobhouse (sister of Beatrice Webb), with introduction by Prof Gilbert Murray. This copy has ownership inscription of Elizabeth Robins (21 September ’17) and laid in is a cyclostyled letter from Mrs Hobhouse – signed by her – which begins ‘I send you a little book on the difficult problem of the Conscientious Objector, which I hope you will read and will pass on to others…’ Soft covers – 86pp – very good £75
- MUNITION WORKERS  – mainly women -pose for the photographer. They are wearing their caps and the triangular-shaped munition workers badge can be seen pinned to many of the overall dresses. Young men sit at the front – displaying the fruits of their labours – shells.There were a number of munitions factories in Bradford, including the Low Moor munitions factory that suffered a large explosion in 1916. There’s no clue as to the name of the factory in the photograph. The card bears the imprint of the Belle Vue Studios, Bradford – which was one of the best-known in the city and was in business until 1985. Good condition – appears to have been cut down by about 1 cm at some time £35
- SCOTTISH WOMEN’S FIRST AID CORPS  natural-coloured linen canvas satchel with the initials ‘S.W.F.A.C.’ [Scottish Women’s First Aid Corps] machine-embroidered in red on the front.The satchel hangs from a long red grosgrain ribbon strap which has a buckle for altering its length. The bag still contains an Esmarch’s Triangular Bandage – printed with images of how to apply, in a variety of ways, the bandage to wounded men, together with two packs labelled ‘Scottish Women’s First Aid Corps First Field Dressing’, supplied by J. Gordon Nicholson, Pharmaceutical Chemist, 15 Hanover Street, Edinburgh, and two small safety pins on a piece of card, presumably to be used for fixing the bandages. Luckily this SWFAC member was required to put the bandages to the test. The SWFAC had been formed in 1909 by Mary E. Macmillan and came into its own in the First World War, appealing to middle and upper-middle class women who wanted to ‘do their bit’. The SWFAC ran classes in First Aid and sick nursing and some of its recruits then went out to nurse in Italy and Serbia. Very good – an unusual survival £120
- SCOTTISH WOMEN’S HOSPITALS FUND  paper charity pin flag – double-sided – showing the Scottish thistle surmounted by the legend ‘Scottish Women’s Hospitals for Foreign Service’ and underneath ‘NUWSS’. In good condition £15
- SCOTTISH WOMEN’S HOSPITALS FUND  charity lapel-pin paper flag showing the lion rampant and the legend ‘Scottish Women’s Hospitals Fund’ printed in red – double sided. In good condition £15
- YOUR KING & COUNTRY WANT YOU a woman’s recruiting song Chappell & Co 1914  Sheet music – words & music by Paul A. Rubens. The cover is illustrated by John Hassall. ‘The entire profits from the sale of this song will be devoted to Queen Mary’s “Work for Women” Fund’. ‘Oh! we don’t want to lose you but we think you ought to go. For your King and your Country both need you so; We shall want you and miss you but with all our might and main. We shall cheer you, thank you, kiss you when you come back again’. Makes the spine creep. 6-pp – very good £38
- MACAULAY, Rose Three Days Constable & Co 1919  Poems. Already an established novelist, during the First World War Rose Macaulay worked as a VAD nurse and a land girl and in early 1917 joined the War Office. Good – a little chipped on spine – in wrapper cover. £25
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Art and Suffrage: a biographical dictionary of suffrage artists discusses the lives and work of over 100 artists, each of whom made a positive contribution to the women’s suffrage campaign. Most, but not all, the artists were women, many belonging to the two suffrage artists’ societies – the Artists’ Suffrage League and the Suffrage Atelier. Working in a variety of media –producing cartoons, posters, banners, postcards, china, and jewellery – the artists promoted the suffrage message in such a way as to make the campaign the most visual of all those conducted by contemporary pressure groups.
In the hundred plus years since it was created, the artwork of the suffrage movement has never been so widely disseminated and accessible as it is today, the designs as appealing as they were during the years before the First World War when the suffrage campaign was at its height. Yet hitherto little has been known about most of the artists who produced such popular images. Art and Suffrage remedies this lack and sets their artistic contribution to the suffrage cause within the context of their reanimated lives, giving biographical details, including addresses, together with information on where their work may be seen.
With over 100 illustrations, in black-and-white and in colour.
Published by Francis Boutle Soft cover £20
Perhaps these books may also be of interest:
Kate Parry Frye: the long life of an Edwardian actress and suffragette
Published by ITV Ventures as a tie-in with the series: ‘The Great War: The People’s Story’ this e-book tells Kate’s life story from her Victorian childhood to her brave engagement with the Elizabethan New Age. For details see here (and many more posts on my website).
Available to download from iTunes or Amazon
Campaigning for the Vote: The Suffrage Diary of Kate Parry Frye
Edited by Elizabeth Crawford
‘Saturday June 14th 1913. [Kate is lodging in Baker Street, London]
I had had a black coat and skirt sent there for Miss Davison’s funeral procession and the landlady had given me permission to change in her room. I tore into my black things then we tore off by tube to Piccadilly and had some lunch in Lyons. But the time was getting on – and the cortege was timed to start at 2 o’clock from Victoria. We saw it splendidly at the start until we were driven away from our position and then could not see for the crowds and then we walked right down Buckingham Palace Rd and joined in the procession at the end. It was really most wonderful – the really organised part – groups of women in black with white lilies – in white and in purple – and lots of clergymen and special sort of pall bearers each side of the coffin. She gave her life publicly to make known to the public the demand of Votes for Women – it was only fitting she should be honoured publicly by the comrades. It must have been most imposing. [Plus much more description of the procession as Kate follows it into King’s Cross station]
Campaigning for the Vote tells, in her own words, the efforts of a working suffragist to instil in the men and women of England the necessity of ‘votes for women’ in the years before the First World War. The detailed diary kept all her life by Kate Parry Frye (1878-1959) has been edited to cover 1911-1915, years she spent as a paid organiser for the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. The book constitutes that near impossibility – completely new primary material, published for the first time 100 years after the events it records.
With Kate for company we experience the reality of the ‘votes for women’ campaign as, day after day, in London and in the provinces, she knocks on doors, arranges meetings, trembles on platforms, speaks from carts in market squares, village greens, and seaside piers, enduring indifference, incivility and even the threat of firecrackers under her skirt.
Kate’s words bring to life the world of the itinerant organiser – a world of train journeys, of complicated luggage conveyance, of hotels – and hotel flirtations – , of boarding houses, of landladies, and of the ‘quaintness’ of fellow boarders. This was not a way of life to which she was born, for her years as an organiser were played out against the catastrophic loss of family money and enforced departure from a much-loved home. Before 1911 Kate had had the luxury of giving her time as a volunteer to the suffrage cause; now she depended on it for her keep.
No other diary gives such an extensive account of the working life of a suffragist, one who had an eye for the grand tableau – such as following Emily Wilding Davison’s cortege through the London streets – as well as the minutiae of producing an advertisement for a village meeting. Moreover Kate Frye gives us the fullest account to date of the workings of the previously shadowy New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage. She writes at length of her fellow workers, never refraining from discussing their egos and foibles. After the outbreak of war in August 1914 Kate continued to work for some time at the society’s headquarters, helping to organize its war effort, her diary entries allowing us to experience her reality of life in war-time London.
Excerpts from Campaigning for the Vote featured in ‘The Women’s Rebellion’, episode 2 of Michael Portillo’s Radio 4 series, 1913: The Year Before –listen here
In his review of the series, published in ‘The Telegraph’, Charles Moore particularly drew attention to Kate’s contribution – see here.
Published by Francis Boutle Publishers – for details see here.
Wrap-around paper covers, 226 pp, over 70 illustrations, all drawn from Kate Frye’s personal archive. £14.99
ISBN 978 1903427 75 0
The Women’s Suffrage Movement 1866-1928: A reference guide
‘It is no exaggeration to describe Elizabeth Crawford’s Guide as a landmark in the history of the women’s movement…’ History Today
Routledge, 2000 785pp paperback £74.99 – Ebook £70
The Women’s Suffrage Movement in Britain and Ireland: a regional survey
‘Crawford provides meticulous accounts of the activists, petitions, organisations, and major events pertaining to each county.’ Victorian Studies
Routledge, 2008 320pp paperback £30
Enterprising Women: the Garretts and their circle
‘Crawford’s scholarship is admirable and Enterprising Women offers increasingly compelling reading’ Journal of William Morris Studies
For further details see here
Francis Boutle, 2002 338pp 75 illus paperback £25
Copies of all of these books may be bought direct from the publishers or ordered from any bookshop (terrestrial or online)
Suffrage Stories: ‘The Lost World Of The Suffragettes’ – New Documentary Now Available On Radio iPlayer
An alert to all those interested in suffrage history.
Now available on iPlayer – a brand-new, hour-long programme based around the invaluable recordings made in the 1970s by Professor Sir Brian Harrison of former suffragists and suffragettes.
Called ‘The Lost World of the Suffragettes’, the programme is presented by Jane Garvey and, alongside the many strong and evocative voices of the suffrage protagonists, features the voice of Professor Sir Brian Harrison, interviews with Jad Adams, Diane Atkinson, Helen Pankhurst and myself – and music making by Naomi Paxton and Clare Mooney. The programme covers a wide range of subjects – from the political situation, violent militancy, prison and forcible feeding, to the comic representations of suffragettes by their contemporaries.
The programme is a Made-in-Manchester production for which I acted as co-producer with Ashley Byrne.
Suffrage Stories: Woman’s Hour Discussion: Who Won The Vote For Women – Suffragists or Suffragettes?
In the week that marked the 150th anniversary of the presentation of the first women’s suffrage petition, Woman’s Hour invited June Purvis and me to ‘debate’ the issue of whether the vote was won by the constitutional Suffragist campaign or by that of the millitant Suffragettes.
I spoke for the Suffragists.
You can listen to the conversation here (at c 28 min).
On 13 October 2008 I gave the following talk in King’s Norton, Birmingham. It was part of a series of lectures to commemorate the restoration of the Old Grammar School and the Saracen’s Head, which in 2004 had won the BBC’ ‘Restoration’ television series.
I chose the title ‘From Frederick Street to Winson Green’ because it is interesting to trace the growth of the women’s suffrage movement in Birmingham through the streets and buildings in which the men and women of the city conducted their campaign. We will see that this campaign moved slowly from a domestic environment, from the villas (particularly the drawing rooms) of its main protagonists – into the public buildings and then the streets of Birmingham. And it was in Winson Green, the city’s castellated jail, that in 1909 the campaign which had begun 43 years earlier, took on a completely different and very much more dangerous aspect, that for which it has become notorious, when it was in there that suffragettes were forcibly fed for the first time in Britain.
But to begin at the beginning – it is worth bearing in mind that the campaign for women’s enfranchisement was just one among many in which liberal-minded men and women of the mid-19th century were interested. The campaigns for, example, land reform, anti-vaccination, compulsory education, early closing, and the Sunday opening of museums and art galleries were ones to which equal attention was devoted by their adherents. In 1866 the country was aware that parliamentary reform was in the air. It was over 30 years since the last attempt at reform and those who had industrialised Britain were determined that their exclusion from the franchise should be remedied. John Bright, who from 1858 had been Birmingham’s Radical MP, was at the forefront of this agitation. It was not, however, around Bright, who, unlike the rest of his remarkable family, was never in favour of giving any women the vote, but around another Radical MP, John Stuart Mill, that the campaign to include women in this potentially enlarged electorate was to centre. When Mill was elected to the Westminster seat in 1865 it was on a manifesto that included women as a category in a proposed enlarged franchise
A year later, in June 1866, he presented to Parliament a petition, signed by 1499 women, asking that the vote should be given to women on the same terms as it was given to men. This did not, of course, mean that all women should have a vote – any more than it meant all men – the capacity to vote was still to be determined by a property qualification. This petition includes only three names definitely from the Birmingham area – one woman lived at King’s Heath and two in Hockley. None of these women played any significant part in the ensuing campaign and it is likely that they were each asked to give their signature by a friend or relation from outside the area. There was clearly not yet an existing ‘feminist network’ in Birmingham, although this situation was soon to be remedied by the arrival at 10 Chad Road,
Edgbaston in c. 1867 of William Taylor and his young family. He was a member of a family that was closely involved both by business and marriage with the Courtaulds, manufacturers in Essex of that most eminently Victorian material – crape. Courtauld and Taylor fortunes were built on the backs, literally, of mourning Britons. William’s brother, Peter Alfred Taylor, was the very wealthy and very radical MP for Leicester. P.A. Taylor’s wife, Clementia, had been very active in the campaign to abolish slavery – as well as in numerous other radical causes – and was a member of the committee that organised that first women’s suffrage petition. William Taylor’s wife, Caroline, had signed the petition while they were living in Bridgwater. The family was Unitarian (as were so many others of their fellow campaigners of this period) and William is described in the 1871 census as an iron merchant and manufacturer.
The 1867 Reform Bill, when passed, did not, of course, include women in the enlarged franchise and groups of men and women in London and Manchester slowly formed themselves into the nuclei of a continuing campaign to put further petitions before parliament. At the time this was seen as the correct way in which to exert pressure on parliament; methods were to change over the years.
A committee of this National Society for Women’s Suffrage was formed in Birmingham on 21 April 1868 ‘in accordance with the request of Mrs P. Taylor, the Secretary of the London Suffrage Society, who had urged Mrs William Taylor, of Birmingham, and Miss Johnson to take up the matter’. A month later the committee held its first public meeting at the Exchange Rooms in New Street. William and Caroline Taylor were from the first members of the Birmingham executive committee and in 1868 Caroline was its treasurer. The first secretary was Mary Johnson, who had already been subscribing to the main London suffrage society in 1867. She lived with her parents, George and Fanny Johnson, at 90 Wheeley’s Road in Edgbaston. George Johnson is described in the 1871 census as an Independent minister. Lydia Becker, who was secretary of the very influential women’s suffrage society in Manchester, acted as Mary Johnson’s mentor, giving her guidance in setting up and running the society.
However in 1870 after her marriage, Mary Johnsonmoved to West Bromwich and was succeeded as secretary by Eliza Mary Sturge who lived at 17 Frederick Street (long ago renamed ‘Frederick Road’). She was the 28-year-old daughter of Charles Sturge, alderman of the city, brother of Joseph Sturge. The latter was by then dead, but very much alive in the Birmingham municipal memory. In the 1820s he had been one of the most vociferous campaigners against slavery and had been secretary of the Birmingham Anti-Slavery Society – even going out to the West Indies to inspect conditions there for himself. In the 1840s Joseph Sturge had been a leading campaigner in favour of the repeal of the Corn Laws, had throughout his life been an ardent supporter of free trade, peace and temperance, an advocate of manhood suffrage, founder of the Complete Suffrage Union, but, like John Bright, was not prepared to include women in any proposed enlarged franchise.
After his death, in 1862 a fountain and statue had been dedicated to his memory at Five Ways, in Edgbaston and it is still there, despite all the road alterations. His brother, Charles, who worked in business with him as a corn merchant, was also involved in Joseph’s philanthropic endeavours but, unlike him gave practical, financial, support to the women’s suffrage movement. In 1871 he lived with his two daughters, Eliza and Maria, at 17 Frederick Street and it was from her home that Eliza conducted the business of the Birmingham Women’s Suffrage Society. The Sturges were Quakers and were related to the Clark family – the Quaker shoe makers – of Street in Somerset, who with other Sturge cousins were influential in the Bristol women’s suffrage society.
Having taken over the role of secretary in Birmingham, Eliza quickly became an active speaker in the suffrage cause. It was the policy of the suffrage societies around the country to attempt to influence both the existing, male, electorate and the women of the country by holding public meetings, using both local and imported speakers to lay out the arguments for women’s right to a vote in pithy speeches. In December 1871 there had been such a meeting in Birmingham, held in the Masonic Hall and described as crowded and highly successful.
Millicent Garrett Fawcett came from London to speak at it. Eliza Sturge herself also took to the road as a suffrage speaker. In 1872, for instance, she was a speaker at suffrage meetings in both Bristol and Rochdale. A speech she gave on 6 December that year at BirminghamTown Hall was reprinted as a pamphlet. In the course of this speech she mentions that ‘I know that I can go and return from public meetings alone at night without experiencing the slightest difficulty or annoyance’, which says something about the streets of Birmingham at the time and gives us an idea of how Eliza Sturge occupied her evenings! Millicent Garrett Fawcett was again a speaker and her speech was also reprinted. In it she made the point that ‘I can scarcely imagine that the Birmingham politicians, who took so prominent part in the reform agitation for the extension of the suffrage to working men, can be blind to the patent fact that all the most convincing arguments used during that agitation in favour of admitting the working classes to representation apply with equal cogency to the case of women.’ In 1873, very soon after women became eligible to stand, Eliza Sturge was elected as a member of the Birmingham School Board, of which Joseph Chamberlain was then the chairman. She was a Liberal supporter but in the 1870s despaired at the Liberal Party’s lack of interest in the woman’s cause.
As well as holding public meetings, members of the Birmingham society also undertook personal canvassing and the distribution of pamphlets in some of the wards of the city. However they were always at this time hampered by a lack of funds. At the beginning of the 1870s the society had a subscribing membership of about 30 and had only slightly increased its numbers by the end of the decade. The society’s annual reports are notably brief in comparison with those of, for instance, the Manchester or Edinburgh societies, But in March 1873 the society did manage to move its affairs out of Frederick St and into an office in central Birmingham, at 4 Broad Street Corner and spent £3 13s on its furnishing.
In 1872, the executive committee of the society also included the Rev Henry Crosskey and his wife, who, like the Taylors, were also recent arrivals in Birmingham. He was a Unitarian minister and had previously been living in Glasgow.
In Birmingham he became minister of the congregation of the Church of the Messiah in Broad Street, a large Gothic building which reflected, as Pevsner put it, ‘the importance of Unitarians in Birmingham in the second half of the 19th century’. Under Crosskey the Church of the Messiah became an intellectual centre, a place where ideas about society were openly and critically discussed. Crosskey had long been associated with such radical causes as the Young Italy movement (Garibaldi and Mazzini were heroes to all the early supporters of women’s suffrage) and in Birmingham found a comrade in George Dawson, another independent nonconformist minister. Dawson had been a Baptist but in 1847 had opened his own church, the Church of the Saviour, in the middle of the city. His congregation included many people – Kenricks, Martineaus and Chamberlains -who were to become influential in the civic life of Birmingham. Dawson’s message was that the church should eschew fixed creeds and work towards the greater good, urging citizens to give all their talents for the service of the city. Dawson, thus, was a promoter of the ‘civic gospel’ that led Birmingham, in the 1870s and 1880s, to acquire the reputation for being the best-governed city in the world. Dawson had as early as the 1840s made clear that he was concerned about the position of women in society. It is unsurprising, therefore, to discover that his wife was also a member of the executive committee of the suffrage society at this time.
By 1878 Eliza Sturge had moved with her father and sister to Bewdley, from where, for a time she continued to act as secretary to the suffrage society. But by 1885 the honorary secretaryship had been taken over by Catherine Osler, who was finally to retire, as president of the society, 35 years later in 1920. As Catherine Courtauld Taylor, daughter of William and Caroline Taylor of 10 Chad Road, she had subscribed 1/- to the Birmingham Women’s Suffrage Society when it was founded in 1868; she was then 14. In 1873 she had married, in Crosskey’s Church of the Messiah, Alfred Clarkson Osler, a member of the wealthy Birmingham family of glass manufacturers. From both their families Catherine and Alfred Osler inherited a radical liberal tradition and from about 1884 Catherine was president of the Birmingham Women’s Liberal Association. All 4 of their children were to become active in the women’s suffrage movement. With increasing prosperity the Oslers moved to a large house in Edgbaston, ‘Fallowfields’, in Norfolk Road, the scene of a plethora of drawing-room meetings at which the question of women’s suffrage was discussed.
When Catherine Osler became secretary of the suffrage society her unmarried sister, Edith, became treasurer. It will have become clear that the 19th-century suffrage campaign in Birmingham, as in the rest of the country, was very much a middle-class affair – indeed very much an Edgbaston affair. With the vote firmly allied to a property qualification, it would only be householders and ratepayers who would benefit from any extension of the vote. There were, however, even within the middle-class pro-suffragists, degrees of liberalism. The 19th-century campaign split in 1888 along the lines of the split in the Liberal Party over Home Rule for Ireland. In Birmingham, as in the country at large, Joseph Chamberlain was one of the most prominent of the Liberal Unionists (those against Home Rule); the Oslers, unlike most of the Birmingham industrial families, who followed Chamberlain, were members of the more radical wing – followers of Gladstone in supporting Home Rule. This schism was reflected in a split in the national suffrage society so that for most of the 1890s the suffrage movement rather lost its focus, although individual members and societies were extremely active.
In 1892 Birmingham was chosen as the venue for a national conference organized by one of the splinter societies, the Women’s Emancipation Union, perhaps the most radical of these societies, with an agenda that demanded equality with men in every aspect of life. Although it is doubtful that Catherine Osler was actually a member of this society she did chair one session of this conference and proposed a resolution supporting the inclusion of women in any reformed scheme of local government. One of the leading members of the Women’s Emancipation Union was an interesting Birmingham woman. She was Caroline Smith, the sister of George Jacob Holyoake, Chartist and secularist, the last man in England to be sentenced on a charge of atheism. They were the eldest children in a large family, living in the 1820s in comparative poverty at 1 Inge Street in central Birmingham. As a child George Holyoake worked as a whitesmith alongside his father in the Eagle Foundry. Their mother had a small home workshop making horn buttons, before being put out of work by the growth of larger manufacturers. The Holyoakes were obviously an able family. However nothing is known about Caroline’s early life except that at some point she married a William Benjamin Smith, who had been born in Kings Norton around 1822. When the 1871 census was taken they were living at 19 Carpenter Road, Edgbaston. Although the Smiths’ house has now disappeared, it was presumably not unlike those that do remain – that is to say a large stucco Regency villa – a far cry from the house cum workshop in Inge Street where Caroline grew up. She was a member of the executive committee of the Birmingham Women’s Suffrage Society in 1885 but had clearly been attracted to the more radical movement and by 1892 was the national treasurer of the Women’s Emancipation Union.
It was doubtless its central position in the country that made Birmingham a popular venue for national conferences because again it was here, in 1896, that the main suffrage societies made a concerted effort to regroup. It was proposed that past differences be put aside and that they should unite as the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies, it being recognised that, after 30 years of campaigning – and the goal little nearer achievement – there was a need to present a common front from the centre. Although no parliamentary bill in favour of women’s suffrage was presented between 1897 and 1904 the suffrage movement did benefit from a more effective central organisation and this enthusiasm permeated down to the local societies. In October 1900 the minutes of the Birmingham society record that one of its best ever drawing-room meetings had been held in a private house at which 100 ladies were present and 26 new members enrolled. In 1902 the annual meeting of the Birmingham society – held in the Grand Hotel – was addressed by Sir Oliver Lodge, principal of Birmingham University. His speech was published as a pamphlet‘ so that today we can read that he thought, ‘The vote itself is a trivial affair, but its artificial withholding is a gratuitous insult: I am not surprised that the arbitrary withholding on that small function is one that galls out of all proportion to its importance. I recognize the desirability of doing away with artificial obstacles, and giving to everyone a clear field and an equal chance – a fair share in education, an open entrance to the professions, and a fair and reasonable opportunity of service in every direction.’
By this time Catherine Osler had become president of the Birmingham society and in 1903-4, with help from paid organizers (the movement was definitely moving away from involvement on a purely voluntary basis), she had supervised the opening of new branches in Coventry, Warwick, Redditch, and Leamington. At this time the Birmingham Women’s Suffrage Society thought it advisable to undertake work among working women, as was being done in Lancashire among the women textile workers. The Birmingham society began with the women chain makers of Cradley, paying for an organizer to go around from yard to yard, talking to the women about the suffrage issue.
In early 1904 they conducted another campaign amongst the Cradley nail makers. During 1907 the society held 30 meetings in Birmingham and the surrounding district and in 1908 drew in £8 6s 3d in subscriptions – making it the second largest society (after London) in England.
The increasing activity of the Birmingham Women’s Suffrage Society was not only due to better central organization but doubtless owed something to the impetus provided by the arrival on the suffrage scene of a new ginger group. This was the Women’s Social and Political Union, which had been founded in October 1903 in Manchester by Mrs Emmeline Pankhurst, but which had only really begun to make an impact with the arrest and imprisonment in October 1905 (in Manchester) of Mrs Pankhurst’s eldest daughter, Christabel, and of Annie Kenney on charges of obstructing the police.
The WSPU determined to win the vote by what they termed ‘militant methods’, that is, in order to bring pressure to bear on the Cabinet they were prepared to do more than hold orderly public meetings and present petitions to parliament through MPs. The political process itself had evolved since the 1860s; it was clear that individual members of parliament had little real power (that now resided in the Cabinet) and that no bill in favour of women’s suffrage would have a chance of passing into law unless it was presented as a government measure. What actually were ‘militant methods’ was never clearly defined by the WSPU – members more or less set their own limits, and that militancy escalated as the years passed. Initially WSPU strategy was to hold large meetings at the beginning of each session of parliament in a hall, such as Caxton Hall, close to the House of Commons, and for a deputation, often led by Mrs Pankhurst herself, to attempt to present a petition to the Prime Minister, who would invariably refuse to see them. The police would attempt to prevent them reaching Parliament and brawling would ensue.
This all attracted marvellous publicity, in a way in which drawing-room meetings in Edgbaston never had. The WSPU provided newspapers with ‘news’, that is, spectacle that was recorded in the photographs that had only lately superseded the engravings with which newspapers had been illustrated, and with the kind of behaviour that, because it was considered ‘extreme’, was, therefore, ‘news’.
Although the WSPU opened branches around the country it was increasingly autocratically controlled from Clement’s Inn, its London centre, by the Pankhursts and their fellow leaders, Emmeline and Frederick Pethick-Lawrence. The WSPU did not, like the NUWSS societies, foster local centres run by local women, Instead organizers were appointed by Clement’s Inn to the main cities and were expected to work to orders. These organizers were moved frequently around in order that they might not develop too close local attachments.
The Pankhursts’ autocratic system was not put in place without difficulty. In the autumn 1907 one group, which perhaps might be roughly characterized as a more left-wing element, broke away from the WSPU. When first founded in Manchester the WSPU had drawn support from the local Labour party and women had been drawn into it through their interest in furthering the cause of Labour as well as of women. When it became clear that, as well as forbidding any democracy within their own society, the Pankhursts were not interested in supporting the Labour party at parliamentary elections, a group, under the leadership of Charlotte Despard, withdrew and formed the Women’s Freedom League.
Thus in Edwardian Britain there were three main suffrage groupings, the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies, which sought the vote using constitutional methods, the Women’s Social and Political Union that employed militant methods, and the Women’s Freedom League that was prepared to use militant methods against the political process (such as attacking the ballot box and picketing parliament) but would not countenance harm to people or property. Interestingly, although by 1913 the WFL had 59 branches, it only had two in the West Midlands, in Wolverhampton and the Potteries, and never supported a branch in Birmingham, although on occasion, during general election campaigns, for instance, WFL speakers, such as its leader, Charlotte Despard, did come to speak in Birmingham.
The most active member of the WFL in the West Midlands was Emma Sproson, who had been a member of the WSPU in 1906, but joined the WFL after the 1907 split. She was a keen supporter of the Labour Party. Mrs Pankhurst had stayed with Emma Sproson when she visited Wolverhampton in 1906 to speak to local members of the Labour Party.
In keeping with their practice, by November 1907 the WSPU had appointed as their organizer in Birmingham Annie Kenney’s younger sister, Nell, who was based at 22 Belgrave Road, Edgbaston. She had worked from the age of 10 in an Oldham mill, until forced by ill health to leave and become a shop assistant. Now in her mid- twenties she set about organizing Birmingham. She calmly notes in her report for the WSPU newspaper, Votes for Women, in November 1907, ‘I am visiting most of the influential people in Birmingham and surrounding districts’. She was also holding a series of drawing-room, open-air and factory-gate meetings, besides addressing different religious societies and women’s co-operative guilds. She notes that ‘Our meetings are being run on strictly economical lines. The outdoor meetings are being advertised by chalking the pavements or ringing the bell, and the audiences so far have been orderly and sympathetic’. On 20 November 1907 a well-publicized WSPU meeting was held at Birmingham Town Hall, with both Mrs Pankhurst and Mrs Pethick-Lawrence as speakers, and Christabel Pankhurst taking the chair. Regular, women-only meetings were held at this time on Thursdays at the Bristol Street Schools. In February 1908 a contingent of women travelled from Birmingham to London to take part in what was called ‘The Women’s Parliament’, a meeting held in Caxton Hall on the occasion of the opening of a new session of the ‘the men’s parliament’. In the ensuing fracas four women from Birmingham were among the 50 or so arrested and subsequently sent to Holloway.
Another Birmingham woman was arrested the next day while taking part in the deputation led by Mrs Pankhurst that attempted to approach the House of Commons.
In June 1908 the WSPU organized an extravagant demonstration in Hyde Park to which women from all over the country came. Birmingham was on the line from Wolverhampton along which travelled on the day a Special Train bringing Birmingham supporters to take part in the rally. Tickets for the train cost seven shillings return and could be bought from Stanford and Mann, booksellers in New Street, from James Pass’s music warehouse at 48 Cherry Street, or from Combridge at 4 and 5 New Street. The train left Birmingham at quarter to eight in the morning. When they got off the train at Euston the women lined up with thousands of others to process to Hyde Park.
One of the main speakers in Hyde Park, with her own platform from which to address the vast crowds, was Gladice Keevil,
considered one of the prettiest and most effective of WSPU speakers. She was a Londoner and was then 24 years old – she had already spent six weeks that year in Holloway. The Daily News report of the Hyde Park rally singled her out : ‘Miss Keevil was a particularly striking figure. Robed in flowing white muslin, her lithe figure swaying to every changing expression, and the animated face that smiled and scolded beneath the black straw hat and waving white ostrich feather, was the centre of one of the densest crowds’, showing that then, as now, it is the messenger rather than the message that captures the attention of the reporter. It was around this time that Gladice Keevil came to Birmingham, appointed WSPU National Organizer in the Midlands. She had already played her part in the conducting of the WSPU campaign at a by-election in Wolverhampton in May. WSPU election policy was to oppose the government (that is the Liberal) candidate in order, as they hoped, to bring pressure to bear on the government. At this Wolverhampton election the Liberal retained his seat with a majority of only eight (reduced from over 2800); the WSPU of course claimed that it was their campaign that had produced this close call. By the end of October 1908 Gladice Keevil had opened a WSPU office in Birmingham at 14 Ethel Street, which was to act as the headquarters for the Midlands. Evening At Homes were held there at 7.30 on Tuesdays, presumably attracting women who were working during the day, while afternoon
meetings were held for the leisured at the Edgbaston Assembly Rooms. Working closely with Gladice Keevil at this time was Bertha Ryland, the daughter of Mrs Alice Ryland, of 19 Hermitage Road,
Edgbaston, who in the mid 1870s had been a member of the executive committee of the Birmingham Women’s Suffrage Society and who had, with her daughter, transferred allegiance The Birmingham WSPU took its campaign into the Bourneville works and reported that many of the girls there wore the WSPU ‘Votes for Women’ badges. In February 1909 Christabel Pankhurst was the speaker at a meeting at the Town Hall and, as Votes for Women reported, ‘received an ovation the like of which no woman has ever experienced in Birmingham’.
A month later Mrs Pankhurst addressed a reception at the Midland Hotel, and a month after that Mrs Pethick-Lawrence led another Town Hall meeting. Birmingham was certainly not allowed to forget the women’s Familiar names appear in the list of WSPU activists; Miss Mathews and Miss Saxelby, for instance, have the same surnames as married women members of the 19th-century suffrage society, presumably attracted by the opportunity of more direct action offered by the WSPU. Catherine Osler’s daughters, Nellie and Dorothy, remained active members of the constitutional society and their brother, Julian was by this time a member of the Men’s League for Women’s Suffrage, the male counterpart of the NUWSS. Their other brother, John, was running the London side of the glass business and his wife was secretary of the Hampstead NUWSS society.
Gladice Keevil had introduced plenty of amusement for the young women of Birmingham; they could join the Votes for Women Corps and take to the street, standing in the gutter and attempt to persuade passers by to buy the WSPU newspaper. Again this activity seems to have been aimed at the leisured because quarter to 12 on a Friday morning was the rendevous time for the Corps to meet. Those sufficiently active could join the Cycling Scouts who, covering a 10-mile radius around Birmingham, took the suffrage message to out of the way places. There was also a Midlands WSPU horse-drawn caravan which in the summer toured the surrounding countryside.
Throughout the spring of 1909 there was also rather more sedentary activity that could be dedicated to the cause; the WSPU held in London a vast fund-raising bazaar, to which each district was encouraged to contribute goods for sale. The Midland group supported two stalls, one presided over by Mrs Kerwood, who had been one of the WSPU prisoners in March 1908, and the other by Mrs Gertrude Howey of Malvern, who had donated the campaigning caravan and whose daughter, Elsie, was one of the most active of the younger WSPU members. Women were encouraged to come from all over the country to visit the Exhibition, which was beautifully decorated by Sylvia Pankhurst, another of that remarkable family. Parties came down from Birmingham for the occasion on special excursion tickets. Birmingham women jewellers, including a Miss Myers and Annie Steen (of Woodfield Cottage, Woodfield Road, King’s Heath) contributed jewellery for sale on the Midland stall. Annie Steen was a regular advertizer in the pages of Votes for Women. In the 1901 census she had been described as an Art Teacher living at Mayfield Road, Kings Norton. Some of this jewellery would have been rendered with enamelling or stones in the WSPU ‘colours’; Annie Steen advertised in October 1909 ‘Handwrought jewellery in gold and silver set with stones in the colours’. Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence had introduced the colours, purple, white, and green, as ‘favours’ to be worn at the Hyde Park rally the previous year and WSPU branding had taken off in Birmingham. In a May 1909 report Gladice Keevil reminded members that hats, ties etc in the colours could be obtained from Romney, a milliner at 150 Broad Street and noted that one member was having the colours introduced into her wedding in every possible way, including the bouquets and the cake. Besides supplying jewellery to the cause Annie Steen also volunteered her drawing room for WSPU At Homes. Such meetings were also held at this time in the Women’s Hospital and in Queen’s College.
Birmingham hit the headlines in September 1909 when suffragettes (as WSPU members had been nicknamed in order to be differentiated from members of the non-militant societies, the suffragists) dramatically interrupted a meeting that Asquith was attempting to hold in the Bingley Hall. Birmingham had tried to protect itself against any likely outrage; nine-foot high barricades had lined the station platform and the main streets along which the prime minister had travelled. However one intrepid suffragette had penetrated the defence and had reached the roof of the hall, from where she proceeded to hurl down slates to the ground. The five suffragettes, only one of whom (Evelyn Hilda Burkitt, a secretary who lived at 214 Wellington Road, Perry Barr) was native to Birmingham, were arrested. Four were sentenced to three months’ imprisonment and the fifth, Mary Leigh, who was regarded as a repeat offender, was sentenced to four months’ imprisonment with hard labour in Winson Green. There they went on hunger strike. Mary Leigh had used the tactic, both in Holloway and in Walton jail, Liverpool, and on both occasions had starved herself out of prison before the end of her sentence. However by late September the Home Office, whose officials had been giving advice to the prison medical officers, decided that enough was enough and Winson Green staff were instructed to institute a regime of forcible or, as the Home Office preferred to call it, ‘artificial’ feeding.
The minutes of the Prison Visiting Committee for this period make interesting reading. Unlike the issues of Votes for Women in which the suffragettes told their story, the Committee minutes give a dispassionate account of the procedure, recording that attempts were first made to feed Mary Leigh with a spoon, and when she resisted, resort was made to feeding by a nasal tube, but that by the end of the month she was taking food from a feeding cup. The WSPU brought a case on her behalf against the Home Office and the Governor of Winson Green, to the effect that a prisoner had a right to refuse such ‘treatment’ as feeding, However, the Lord Chief Justice eventually ruled that it was a medical officer’s duty to prevent prisoners committing suicide. A statement made by Mary Leigh, ‘Forcible Feeding in Prison’, based on her experiences in Winson Green, was published by the WSPU. The Birmingham WSPU did what they could to capitalise on the prison’s notoriety; parades were organised to march around outside, the women singing to offer encouragement to the inmates, I have seen a postcard sent at the time by a certain Arthur Lewis, who wrote to his correspondent ‘No doubt you have heard of the Birmingham suffragettes being forcibly fed in the prison.. It is occurring only about 3 minutes walk from our house and nearly every night the suffragettes who are at liberty ride to the prison in sometimes wagonettes and sometimes a fruitier’s cart and blow bugles. There are always some policemen there and do not let the conveyance stop. One suffragette Mrs Leigh was released yesterday, Saturday.’ Indeed Much had been made of the release of Mrs Leigh who was taken to the Ethel Street office in a cab and then straight to a nursing home.
The sight, as it were, of the Liberal government forcibly feeding suffrage prisoners was too much for Catherine Osler and at the end of the year she resigned as president of the Birmingham Women’s Liberal Association, a position she had held for most of her adult life. She did not, however, condone militancy, as she made clear in a pamphlet, ‘Why Women Need the Vote’.
By January 1910, when the general election that resulted from the House of Lord’s rejection of Lloyd George’s budget was held, Gladice Keevil had been moved on from Birmingham to Exeter, a very marginal Liberal seat, which went, with an equally small majority to the Conservatives; obviously Gladice’s winning ways were thought an essential tool in this aspect of the campaign. Liberalism was presumably too entrenched in Birmingham for it to be thought worth more than the usual measure of campaigning. The new organiser was Dorothy Evans and a new office, which stayed open until 8 in the evening, was opened at 33 Paradise Street. Throughout 1910, with the Liberal government dependent on a greatly reduced majority, the WSPU put militancy on hold, taking at face value Asquith’s assurance that if a reform bill were to be introduced the government would make the question of a women’s suffrage amendment open to a free vote. Activity therefore in the country concentrated on keeping the issue in front of the electorate. Bertha Ryland and Hilda Burkitt were still active WSPU workers, attracting a range of high- profile WSPU speakers to Birmingham. Through the pages of Votes for Women the minutiae of the campaign can be traced; it certainly involved an incredible amount of organisation. By the end of the year the WSPU activists were even able to employ electricity to advertize a meeting at which Mrs Pankhurst was speaking in the Town Hall; lanterns were ‘fitted with electric light which shone through’ throwing up the words ‘Mrs Pankhurst, Town Hall, November 15’ and were carried around the streets. The lanterns had been made by members of the local Men’s Political Union – the WSPU’s male counterpart. Women might agitate for the vote but they obviously didn’t mess with electricity.
The Birmingham NUWSS society had reopened an office c 1908 at 10 Easy Row – it was apparent that they had been without a central office for several years. Catherine Osler had by now an extremely competent secretary to run the society – Mrs Florence Carol Ring. I have been unable to find out anything about Mrs Ring – perhaps some local researcher can – but believe she was a most efficient organizer. A notebook in the Archives is labelled ‘Town Hall Meetings: Method of organizing and procedure’ and is full of the most detailed notes of how to organize and advertize the suffrage society’s meetings. All the items are costed and this notebook highlights the orderliness and forward planning that went into NUWSS meetings in this period.
In the summer of 1910 the country’s NUWSS and WSPU societies jointly staged in London a grand rally, wonderfully decorated with banners. There would have been trainloads of participants from Birmingham.
The Birmingham Women’s Suffrage Society was behind the production of one of the NUWSS’s most appealing fund-raising projects, the Women’s Suffrage Cookery Book, edited by Mrs Aubrey Dowson, whose husband was a nephew of Catherine Osler. The recipes were gathered from suffragists all over the country – the first in the book, for Egg Croquettes is from Mrs Julian Osler, Catherine’s daughter-in-law.
The suffrage peace came to an end in November 1910 when it was announced that parliament was to be dissolved without women being any closer to getting the vote. This was not the outcome for which the suffrage societies, both constitutional and militant, had been working; the WSPU put in place prepared plans for a deputation to the House of Commons. This met with firm police resistance in Parliament Square.
Women were assaulted and the occasion went down in suffrage history as ‘Black Friday’. Dorothy Evans was among the women arrested but, because the Home Office realised that the occasion would be used as a wonderful source of propaganda by the WSPU, no charges were brought against her or any of the many others. However women who, a couple of days later, protested about the Parliament Square debacle by throwing stones at government offices, were arrested and charged. One of these, who was sentenced to two weeks’ imprisonment, was a Mrs Pattie Hall, who although originally from Manchester, where she and her husband had been very close associates of the Pankhursts in their Labour Party days, now lived in Edgbaston, at 56 Hagley Road. Her young daughter, Nellie, had taken part the previous year in the parades outside Winson Green and was to remain a supporter of Mrs Pankhurst until the latter’s death. A wonderful collection of Nellie Hall’s suffrage papers and ephemera (including a suffragette tea service and her hunger strike medal) is on loan to the Birmingham Museum. By mid 1911 the WSPU office had moved again – to 97 John Bright Street.
In April 1911 some members of the Birmingham WSPU joined in the boycott called on the census. One of these was Mrs Ethel Adair Impey, a Quaker, of Cropthorne, Middletonhall Road, King’s Norton. She was described on the census form, filled in by the registrar, as a ‘Suffragette, Information Refused’. In fact information was refused not only by her, but also by her husband, her son, her servant and about 6 nameless females.
In November 1911 after yet another long period of truce, Asquith announced that the government planned to introduce a manhood suffrage bill, which might, if the House of Commons desired, be amended to include women. An unlikelihood. This was the signal for women to take to the streets in London with stones, breaking more windows of government offices. Amongst the many arrested was Bertha Brewster, a young Birmingham woman whose mother had also long been a suffrage supporter. She was sentenced to 21 days’ imprisonment and on her release, with other Birmingham prisoners, she was given a hero’s welcome, in a room in Queen’s College, by the local WSPU. Dorothy Evans was among the many women arrested in London in March 1912 after smashing windows in the West End; Mrs Pankhurst had told the WSPU that ‘the argument of the broken pane of glass is the most valuable argument in modern politics’. Dorothy Evans was sentenced to two month’s imprisonment and a Miss Grew took over as organizer in Birmingham. Because there were too many suffragette prisoners to be accommodated in Holloway many were farmed out to prisons around the country. Twenty-five ordinary prisoners were moved from Winson Green in order to make way for suffragettes, who then went on hunger strike and were forcibly fed. Miss Grew organized members to go each night to stand outside the prison and cheer them on.
The prisoners appear to have made the most of their incarceration. They produced a hand-written, illustrated magazine, entitled The Hammerer’s Magazine – ‘for private circulation only’, its cover showing a hammer striking a pane of glass. One of the sketches, drawn on toilet paper, shows the 25 suffragettes in two rows seated on chairs, backs to the artist, with the prison gallery above, one warder at the front and another on the first-floor gallery. This is quite an important sketch, giving a rare view of life inside Winson Green..
The best poem in the magazine is probably one entitled ‘Winson Green in April & May 1912’ which appears to be written on the back of a Robertson’s Golden Shred marmalade wrapper! It begins:
Cling, clang of prison keys,
Slam bang of doors,
Wash slosh – Monday morn,
Water on the floors –
Tramp, tramp of prison feet,
Ring, rang of bells,
Clash smash of prison bars,
Suffragettes in cells.
Among the women imprisoned at this time was Maude Kate Smith from Birmingham, with whom Professor Brian Harrison recorded an excellent interview now held in the Women’s Library. Besides giving very graphic detail of her experience of forcible feeding, during the course of the interview Miss Smith reveals that there were plans afoot to blow up a Birmingham canal – for during 1912 and 1913 WSPU militancy escalated as the government’s intractability became more apparent.
Pillar boxes were fired – here is one comical comments on this method of militancy. More seriously, property (always at least intended to be empty) was also targeted. The actions of the government contributed towards what might now be seen as ‘terrorism’. In April 1913 parliament passed ‘The Cat and Mouse Act’, by which women prisoners who were being forcibly fed were to be released for a few days to recover their health and were required to return to prison to resume their sentence. Most of those released – the mice – did not bother to return to prison and in many instances the police did not bother to look for them. This ‘underground’ life did, however, have a momentum of its own. Mice, already branded as criminals, thought nothing of repeating their acts of arson (or, as they called it, ‘work’) and much of the damage, which was really quite extensive, was carried out by a dedicated few, travelling around the country, given shelter by well wishers.
For instance, on Christmas Day 1913 one young suffragette, Lilian Lenton, who had been arrested on a charge of setting fire to a house in Cheltenham, was released from prison after going on a hunger-and-thirst-strike – into the care of Mrs Edith Impey of King’s Norton. In April 1913 suffragettes were suspected of setting fire to a boathouse in Handsworth Park. In the same month the Morning Post reported that the suffragettes had planned to set fire to the Old Grammar School at Kings Norton, but had changed their minds when they saw its beauty. In June 1913 a house in Solihull was destroyed and in July one in Perry Bar and another in Selly Park was set on fire. Nellie Hall was charged on suspicion of having been involved with this last arson attack; she had been caught on 13 July after throwing a brick at Asquith’s car when he visited Birmingham and was sentenced to three weeks’ imprisonment. In October 1913 two local railway stations -Northfield (not far from here) and
Hagley Road were fired and in February 1914 Northfield Library was destroyed – the damage was estimated at £1000 – and on the same day a bomb exploded at Moor Hall Green. Soon after there were several other serious arson attempts in Birmingham; two houses and two cricket pavilions were set alight – at Smethick and Harborne. The slogan left at Harborne was ‘Down with sport, up with fair play for women’ – and there was a fire on the Midland railway at Kings Norton. .In March 1914 the Cathedral was defaced by suffrage slogans – including ‘Stop Forcible Feeding’ –which were daubed on much of its interior in white enamel paint. ‘Votes for Women’ was painted across the middle of the Burne- Jones window. On the vestry door was painted ‘The clergy must rise on our behalf’ Edgbaston Parish Church and St Stephen’s Selly Hill were also attacked.
On 17 May a grandstand at Bromford Bridge racecourse was destroyed and on 8 June Bertha Ryland, cleaver in hand, slashed a picture, ‘Master Thornhill’ by Romney, in Birmingham Art Gallery . She carried a letter giving an explanation of her conduct, saying ‘I attack this work of art deliberately as a protest against the government’s criminal injustice in denying women the vote, and also against the government’s brutal injustice in imprisoning, forcibly feeding, and drugging suffragist militants, while allowing Ulster militants to go free..’ The gallery was immediately closed for six weeks. After that it was not open after 5 in the afternoon and was closed all day Sunday; presumably the level of security had to be increased and the gallery could not afford to open for so many hours. A rule of ‘No muffs, wrist-bags or sticks’ was subsequently enforced.. Bertha Ryland, the presumably gently-nurtured daughter of Edgbaston (whose mother had 30 years earlier been intent on bringing art to the working-classes), had already spent a week in Holloway in November 1911 and, after taking part in the March 1912 window-smashing campaign in London, had been sentenced to six months’ imprisonment. She had spent four months in Winson Green prison, had gone on hunger strike and been forcibly fed.
After her arrest in the Art Gallery she went on hunger strike while held on remand. She then accepted bail, was too ill to stand trial at the July assizes, and still had not been sentenced when war broke out. She suffered permanent kidney damage as a result of her treatment in prison.
With Mrs Pankhurst in and out of prison under the Cat and Mouse Act and Christabel based in Paris, to where she had fled to escape the police, the WSPU leadership was
increasingly out of touch with day-to-day reality and the campaign was ricocheting out of control. It is my contention that the WSPU was only saved from real disaster by the outbreak of war. The Pankhursts then dropped all suffrage activity and rallied to the flag leaving many, but by no means all, of their supporters dumbfounded. Some of the latter group founded the United Suffragists, to carry on campaigning. In 1915 Bertha Brewster founded a Birmingham branch of the United Suffragists, with an office at 15 New Street.
The NUWSS had, of course, eschewed all the pre-war violence and concentrated on spectacle and politicking. The constitutional or ‘law-abiding’, as they termed themselves, societies had organised themselves into Federations to concentrate their efforts. Birmingham played a leading part in the Midlands (West) Federation and in June 1913 joined with the other societies in The Pilgrimage, a grand attempt to bring a dignified campaign to the country and the prime minister. The Birmingham society travelled along the route that brought pilgrims, with cockleshell badges pinned to their hats, from Carlisle to London. On 14 July 1913 the Birmingham Daily Mail carried a report of the arrival of the pilgrims in Birmingham. ‘At 5 o’clock a strong contingent of the Birmingham Women’s Suffrage Society marched from Easy Row to meet the pilgrims who had started early in the afternoon from Wolverhampton. At Great King St, Hockley, the visitors were joined by the local suffragists, and a procession was formed, headed by the Baskerville Band. Banners bearing the legends ‘Law Abiding’ and ‘By Reason, Not Force’ were prominently displayed’. The pilgrims that passed through Birmingham would have been among those who continued on to Oxford.
As far as politics was concerned, the NUWSS entered into an electoral alliance with the Labour party in order to support Labour candidates at by-elections and thereby subject Liberal candidates to rather more opposition that the usual lone Conservative – that is, they were prepared to turn by-elections into three-cornered fights. Catherine Osler supported the national executive in this, although by no means all local societies did. Birmingham was still radical. By 1913 the society had enrolled 1600 ‘Friends of Women’s Suffrage’, mainly working-class women who could not afford to pay the annual membership fee but were prepared to sign pledges of support. The society at this time suggested founding ‘Women’s Study Circles’ at which working women could meet in each others homes to discuss the suffrage issue; Mrs Osler’s pamphlet ‘Why Women need the Vote’ was one of the suggested texts, as was John Stuart Mill’s Subjection of Women. At this time the Society had over 700 full members.
Unlike the WSPU, the NUWSS societies carried on campaigning during the First World War, as well as supporting the war effort. There was a split in the NUWSS; a majority of its committee wished to withdraw this support and to join in a Women’s Peace Conference to be held at The Hague and it was in Birmingham in June 1915 that at a national conference this move was defeated.
Whether it was because of women’s contribution to the war effort, matters were at last reaching a resolution. In March 1917 Catherine Osler presided over a meeting held in the Midland Institute in support of the move to include women in the proposed Electoral Bill. When the first installment of enfranchisement (that is, to women over the age of 30) was granted in 1918 the NUWSS’s work was ostensibly finished. Catherine Osler was in the chair at the meeting in which the proposed amalgamation of the Birmingham Women’s Suffrage Society and the local branch of the National Union of Women Workers (‘workers’ in this usage were not working-class women but women workers in a cause – in a 19th-century sense – philanthropists). The amalgamated society became the Birmingham Society for Equal Citizenship. Catherine Osler, radical to the end, was keen that the lack of representatives of women’s labour organizations on the new body should be rectified, suggesting that the Women’s Co-operative Guild should be given three representatives. She finally resigned as president in 1920; a portrait of her was commissioned and was presented to the ArtGallery (see above). The surplus of the money raised to pay for the portrait was used to fund a scholarship in her name at Birmingham University, to allow women graduates to read for a postgraduate degree in the Faculty of Arts. It is still awarded from time until very recently.
As well as all this activity from the two main suffrage societies, Birmingham also had other smaller but active suffrage groups. In 1913 the Birmingham branch of the Church League for Women’s Suffrage operated from the home of Miss Griffiths at 34 Harborne Road, Edgbaston; that of the Conservative and Unionist Women’s Franchise Association from the home of Miss Adams at 56 Carlyle Road, Edgbaston, the Birmingham branch of the Men’s League for Women’s Suffrage was run by Mr Evans from 382 Moseley Road, and that of the Friends League for Women’s Suffrage from the home of Miss Joyce at 12 Frederick Road, Edgbaston (a few doors from where Eliza Sturge, also a Quaker, had campaigned nearly 45 years previously).
At the 1918 general election, the first at which women (albeit only those over 30 years of age) could both vote and stand as candidates, the main attention was focused on Smethwick where Christabel Pankhurst stood as a coalition candidate; she was defeated. At that election Birmingham’s first woman candidate (at Ladywood) was Mrs Margery Corbett Ashby, who stood as a Liberal, again unsuccessfully. The Women’s Library archive includes a 1975 interview with Dame Margery, as she had then become, in which she says that the idea of her standing against a Chamberlain in Birmingham was greeted by her family with hoots of laughter. She goes on to say that she didn’t have ‘the faintest idea of getting in – which would have been very inconvenient – but did so in order to get people used to the idea of a woman standing. That she did as well as other Liberal candidates around. And her candidature was greeted with surprise but with no ridicule.
The first woman to stand as a candidate for King’s Norton’s at a general election – in 1923 – was Elizabeth Cadbury, widow, by then, of George Cadbury, the chocolate manufacturer. She was a Liberal and was also unsuccessful. She lived at Manor House, Northfield, and was a city councillor for Kings Norton from 1919 to 1924. In 1928, 60 years after Birmingham’s campaign had been launched at the meeting in the Exchange Rooms, New Street, all women were given the vote on the same terms as men. However Birmingham did not have a woman MP until after the Second World War – with Mrs Edith Wills elected as Labour member for Duddeston in 1945 and Mrs Edith Pitt (Conservative) elected for Edgbaston in 1953 – the culmination of the campaign that had begun in 1866 with a mere three Birmingham names on that very first ‘women’s suffrage’ petition.
Birmingham Stories: Votes for Women
Suffragette Acts in Birmingham: Parliament UK